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THE  NEW  VERSE                                jc,

stanza that made case-hardened German critics squeal: Irr mir im
Ohre schallen \ Verse von Hdlderlin. \ In schneeiger Heinheit spiegeln \
Wolken sich im Urin. But there is pure poetry in such a poem as
Abends am Zaun - a masterpiece. Rich still fuses near and distant,
present and future, in his other verse book, Untergrundbahn (1949)!
For the rest he is the writer of numerous radio plays (Horspiele\
which he has contrived to enliven with inventiveness.

Of the humorous poets of today one of the best known is
ERICH KASTNER (see p. 374). Very popular, too, is the rollicking
verse of EUGEN ROTH (1895- ): Em Mensch (1935), Die Frau in der
Weltgeschichte (1936), Der Wunderdoktor (1939), Mensch und Un-
mensch (1948). He also writes serious verse, for the most part wist-
fully recording the season's moods: Traum des Jahres (1937), Rose
und Nessel (1951); and Novellen: Das Schmi^erhdusl (1950), tales
and anecdotes from the years of his boyhood in Munich. Buffoon-
ery runs riot in the rhyming of the itinerant cabaret mime JOACHIM
RINGELNATZ (1883-1934), whose pet pose was that of a drunken
sailor; his seafaring in early years provided him with the matter of
his Kuttel Daddeldu (1933). His Clownerien are collected in ... und
auf einmal steht es vor dir (1950); a good approach is Ausgewahlte
Gedichte (1950). Another Brettl-Dichter was FRED ENDRIKAT (1890-
1942); he began with Die lustige Arche (1935), a 'Tierfibel fur Jung
und Alt\ and continued with Hochst weltliche Sundenfibel (1939),
Liederliches und Lyrisches (1940), and Derfrohliche Diogenes (1942).
Verse undUeder (1949) is a selection.

Lack of space alone prevents an adequate appreciation of other
lyric poets, some of them young but forging ahead. A good intro-
duction is the Reclam anthology DeutscheljyrikderGegem)art(i.^ 5).
KURT ERICH MEURER (1891- ) is available in his Cellokon^ert. Aus-
gewdhlte Gedichte. PAUL CELAN (1920- ), a Slav by birth (bom at
Czernowitz in the Bukovina), made a good beginning with a
volume of surrealist verse, Mohn und Geddchtnis (1952); his aim
is to shadow forth the intimate interrelationship of things.
A selection of PETER GAN'S (1894- ) poems (Die Windrose, 1935;
Die Holunderflote, 1941) is now available in an Inselbiicherei num-
ber: Preis der Dinge. Vom Dichter ausgewtihlt (1956). There is some-
thing of Wilhelm Lehmann?s chthonic concepts in MARTIN KESSEL'S
(1901- ) Erwachen und Wiedersehen (1940) and Gesammelte Gedichte
(1951). WALTER HOLLERER'S (1922- ) expressed aim in Der andere
Gast (1952) is to create 'Bilder fur Bildloses*.