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Full text of "Modern Mechanical Engineering Vol-I"

SHOP  ARRANGEMENTS  AND  ORGANIZATION      173
the more specialized the firm's manufacture becomes, the greater is the
scope for the introduction of separation of tasks within the great subdivisions.
Thus, different sets of men will be engaged on the making of large and of
small cylinders, on pulleys, gear wheels, railway chairs, or any other articles
that are produced regularly in large quantities. This becomes amplified
in some machine work where the production of a complete mould is the
combined result of the labours of several men, none of whom are moulders
in the sense of being craftsmen. And while in the general class of foundries
the work is mostly done by the day, in all specialized tasks payment by the
piece is adopted. One foreman, with an assistant and a clerk, suffices for
the supervision of all the departments, but each has generally a leading hand,
who, by virtue of his experience and reliability, is placed in charge of it,
directing the routine, while he himself is engaged in the general work of the
department.