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Full text of "Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun"

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16 



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t4 ?- tOJXJJ i-^ULl UJaJI jJiil .[^j] j [I] J Ulljka UaJ Jbf iijAJd\ «1» ^ ^j* *** 

.291-290^ 
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19 



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18 



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V** U ^^Jl v Ljl Jl saL^ J JJL J| ^ ^ ^, ^ ^ 
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21 



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V>J ^-^ V^ 1 f L-l ^ AAdl V ^J1 VJ ^ ^ LjIj jiUj 

c > <dS <Uj . (142) ™%l5l^jl;" .LUJI dJUi j^j .1* ^ ^ 

Lr^j .^1 V J^i ^ ^^Ju t L^JU,lj i^,^ ougi ^ Ulj 
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>l . £1^1 j\ ,^U ^^^jUi^ ^i jji L^li ^j, oUUl ^ ^ ^l^ 

E. Destaing, 7>xto arafca en purler des Chleuhs du Sous, Paris, 1937 232 ■ V Loubi«rnac 
TextesarabesdesZaers,¥m-is, 1952, V .4A6. ' ' " uuulgadc ' 

■ [t-j] t [I] "*~ij* jj-jijJI jl_jJlj ***** 
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37 



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. >-i^_jj «jj— j^ 76 ajT (140) 
.[ v ] 4 [l]iJVldULil* 

.150 ^y> tl954 tSy^LSJl tFontes Graecae doctinarum politicarum hlamicarum 



36 



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4 4^Jip S-b-lj 4j1j Vj! jji^ui iJj^AiL a^Jl IJ14J "tijyjl ilji Ulj 
(145) i>L^L*Jl ^_j ^^1 ilj jlkLJl ^j JU .J a»j^p Jlp JL~*}\ 

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.(8 ^ A ^ t 1919-19J3 / 1338-1331 5y*UJl iU, 4fcr i*Sll j^) 



39 



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£j&\ j^j jl>!l dUi o^U^ ^y\ J_J ^^^Ji ^^U jlSj 
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diii olSj .ol^Jl j| JUJI <_s^ & J. gjA oLU5 ^ ^U ^ 
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.lyrlj t LfcS iSUlj iftlj ^J| J>a i ^ ^_ t " Jljy , ^ U " ^_ 
^l> dUS jj^dJL I^l5j .^L.p! o,L~,j j^jJI j^^jj ^jjj 
JlS ^j ^ j^u^l ^ ^ JLLi jl£ dUiS~j . (^Jl^o oLij ^j^ 

• Oj^-u r*->t*-)l d)j_L ^ ^Jl^p lp 

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• iM-L JjdJl ^i ^ l^ ^lj UJi^l s Ju* cJk t JjaJl o:^ 
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*j ci^LJl aJjJJI ^y ^jjJ^ ^^ JlS'j . ISLujJl jIjjJu (j^l^- *—^SOl 

IjjL^? J; . JjjJl ^ < jLxSCJ\ jIjj^j J-^^Jl <J[ ,jl jL^j i-ijjxJl k_ii^-l 

<. x__s^!>LJ ^li-l 4_;ljL*ij diill c-'La'iLp- i j-a jjJl_*_j i j^_Ail Jj.} ^y 

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.AjJ^jJI AJjjJl i iliailj tA^Lsj! AJjjJl i c....^g.ailj 

.<cu5c>tj jj^o ill J wK aUIj 



48 



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\j^i 01 ^1 l> u^ 1 ^~ ^ Jl^ 1 ^ ^' ^ JLS" La SIS} j 
■ £pj <ji ?yj ^j^I 0^ <rW^ ^i ^s J^cu-I <ul Jijj .^ isi 
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j^ll IjJjJj t^JJlj SjUaJ-l l_^»IJLo ^ io^Jl ^ jjj| ^jjjfc; tJi 

Jl ^U ^ ^j jj^ill ^xC- Jl f U-l ^j^ ^ I Jj&ij 4 J U^Vl J 
^ Lp» j J*jc~j 01531 ^LJ ^jU^I ^j j^J} IjJUjI tyU-| ^ 

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• ^jjJlj Jlixs-Vl i_^aIJl« iJul LgJ 

c"dlyl" J*| jLJ y» ^jj| ^^J| JLJJU v ^i| ^ ^_, jt^Jl 

jj£, V t >U1 dU-L JlkLJl <o ( _^k d j . ol53lj oUUi ^ ^1 oLOL 
. jlkLJl jj^ jlS" jlj t ^| J5 J^i t j^tli j> uij ."* 8j jJ 
^^ 'j^J^J^jj-^ fUil Jl jljjjlj ^L^jJLip^JI c^^r^j 
cjM-' ^o-^h <-j£-~ oJl JjLo> ^ ^ L^Jl ^jjUJj i^^^J. dJUJJ 

"^Li^Jl lykj ^~o ^ ^J| a^a^ J^lj ^iL^^ ^ jUa_LJlj 



• [>_j] 1 [I] <lLJjI — j ^ jUaJ II j^J^j ** 



51 



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.^Vl eJLftLi As>t^L> Ha ^yii iwijljiajl Jji dilS 
( J^p ^p-lj ^r*^ j'j^' (V V** jL f 3 ^' '"^ (*L^Jlj j.,<gf dl^Jl i!ji Ulj 
jt-Ajj^aij r*-*jj-5 ^ >-^j ^ dUi <j! V[ .^j% jl^*pj *^5CL> jlJi^> 
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. a^P 4j[ M cjijjljjl^- yt tjLgJlj LUl j-li <dJlj 

"VL-^Jlj Ja-isLv-iJl 

•wo oljLillj Ja^Lv^illj i^Ml iL>Jl ASjJj ciUil oljLi -y> jl *1pI 
i Lgj (^Lo t^JaJJlj jLxivJl ^Jjujtj t^jJaiJlj Oj-v^Jlj jllSvJl 1— >Lj 

a J ±J| i iljjjl i^vJ ( -Lp ^Ju^J j^S (J\j La jljJ Jll L^Lo ^ J^J <. JuUuil 

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Ul ol ^ ^0 (jJjVl pLili-l Ji^J ^.^Jl ol5j .*"dUll JJ USL^JL 

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.[^] t [I] illjjTj J*-J»L— ill * 

. [ v ] 1 [I] . dUULI J-i UJUiJL ,Hfi*jU 



50 



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.1920 tjjJiU:. 



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^p jlkLJi ^j: ^ iu- CjU^j tUj&J^u ^j-o^Ui^-l UJ>Jl -J i^jUJl 

Jj^Jl J dUi OLlil Jlj Uj .L^JLS' 5-fr_;Vl Jlj^l jLi tjL>r-L-^..Vlj 

\JSj i^jJilL Jj^JI i-UJj a-— L*J1 aJjjJI J 1^x5! jj^>j LgiS' 4^«*>L-Vl 

.(-isSl^yi dijJu jj^j 4jj»Vl 4jjjJl ^IjiJi jcj^ ^JjuVu 



.ij^ 'jj-" j-» 66SjT(153) 
.314-313 j 310^ t4^ t ;LaJJUU^Lii; J d a Jl^iJ| .^^"jUloUj^il 



52 



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'If^JjJ j j^Vl ^1 Xaj ^jjj-] j [35] 



• iU! Ul^ al* iuUiM ^ oil _, Jj; ^J ajUll ^l^lj VJ ^L| j| ^Lp| 
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tyiit J^LJI V^^JI fVl y j^ U ^1 t jljJUJl y^j t JltJIj 

c/ f-^jj i^~r j^V i^L-ilj "il/Vlj oUS^Jlj d^Jlj ^^Ji5 



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.[ v ] 4 [l] jI^Ij ^jJIS" ** 



55 



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jlkLJ! ^Uz^l Ji^Vl jL^j tJjjJl dU; ^Ui, dUS ^ij 
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ajjjjl j^SJ U JlXp *— ^1 lift JjJdll JaI j» JjwUlll Jiiu L. I^Sj 

olft Jlo j^—oj . j^-UUl j^i Jj ^ JU^Vlj ft^l J* *UaJL 
Jlp *UjiJI jl dliij j>~ t"v*Lp" ^j^il II» J^ ^^ lii *Jaj!-l 

jjI jjS\ Ui- li oljil Jup ijj AJji Jj^U t jLj ^ ^I^j jl ( J^t 

dlL"" : jr"!^-^ J^ ^^^ ^^° ^ ' Uwl ^^ ^fc* ^^ ^ s, ^ i ^Js* 

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Ua^l"^ Jj-^3l IJLA^k^ojJ : <J J^ tU^lij^ |/^Ju*H 
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o^l ISL» .SjIjJIj ^U^iJl ^ Lg^-cj Ifol^ ^ Jj^l OLi. li^Aj 
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. [^] 1 [I] jii- v*!^ J^-^l ** 



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u^i s ^ ^ > ji ^u ^ ^ j H t ^ ^ liA 






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• 319 a^' 4 2:^-U-JJ 

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?-L/2il J^P CUol tiUJi .L>JJ jJLxJl ( _ s J[.»^ijg,^'i OjJL£j tst>L/2Jl ^ji^? 

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^j j-oi . a Lis L5 4/»liiJl Jii>- JLaJl ^J, ij..^sl[\ jU .^ib»-jJ! ^ (Jj^! 
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. f-jLtJl dip ^1 twi>-JJI jLi jl iiiVl aJta -ya ***jfo<j . ^JLxJI •j. His 



. [t--] <. [I] iiu^Jjl J^ j * 



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^ «L- L^^U^_ J^UOJIj JUiSl! J^U-I ^Ji ^ I^IzpIj tUU-l 

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Jl ^~Jlj • JUVl y> ^ ^j Lij t^^aJi ^ aJ IjJ^j a ^l^ J 

^ o\jy ,j^\J ax^JI Jl jl^j v >l J Ul^}) Jkl ^ Sj\j 
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LI l_JILj ^JiL}\ jij^Jl J-p ^ JLJ, ^^U ^jl>l J/ : ^^Jj 
(155) -^r. o* ^^ J^b a^ 1 ^ 1 . ^ -^ JL?^ (t-^'lij ^UJjJI 

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JsJA^iJl SUJI ^ o^Jlj dill! rfr L*-j LL-Vl J *UJI I^AUJ 
J ^^ dlb jlS" t iJ^b ^^^ J-U-l ^1 JLp Ij^^ili 4^L>.Sflj 



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. AjLi-lj A^^S^Jl J Lg-J JJi-l ^iC^JLv^oJ t fi j^}\ \^ Lft Jl>-L. a^A^J,! 
^j>- -Uj LgJlP <^*>Ll^V! J AXmS^3 aJLs x LwJ>l AJjjJI <_o-L^? Sz~s- )^Jvi 

e^Lp J aUI £U*> tAJlkll y> 

y ^j l? jjJuLoj ^_gJ jjyLLo ^J i^*^>-L« jL* Jj -j&OjI^j ^L-jIj 

JcJjjJl JaI (ju OwlpQl ^SC^XXi -[t-^Lp *!>Lx^Vl J -^jujajj AJlkll aJA 
i j Ol~A\ aJj Oil Jjil JP y>- aJ^-Jul aJjJiJI Jj&I J[ J^l, ^j . l^>-j 1^— 
Jij A_L>-lji!j aJ_v?I Jl ^i la.Z-'tV IJjSsLii Vj LUsL *-g-J ejt A_; Q j ■ ■ -.^^ 



106 



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l+J £L, U, JjjM ^\j] j|^J| j^j j [49] 



y jl ^ s^uJl cJLS- jl ^Jl ^ L.I cl^JU ^ Jla^Vlj l^JL. 
. Jj-OJ A^kJl SjloJl t^^j ^j| ^ULlj ojl&l 
J!^*JJ l^klilj LU^l JL.T cO^l t £_>^ <2Jj ^Oil oJL^ lilj 
~i~ 0j JI ^k, UU t£dJ -dL aK dl!S b\S lilj . j^UxJi js, ^ ^^Jj 
u ^ ! ^ J* ^jjJl o^Sj jOJ-i *U*I Jj . jiS/l ^ jJ^ jl J^ 

. *LJlj jy^l i,U> ^ jl^jJl j ^ i^y^JaJl 

IUJI oU*-)h L^J j^_ JjjJl ^\J\ j| dU > ji aJI y^-Vj 

c,^ jij ^iu^vi jV to ui5 u ^u, Vj ^^ duju t &iii ,^j 

• V*~k!l jj^.Vl ^ £>>U]I 

c?» ^ U Vr~< X^ 1 c/ e^ 1 0* f-fc^J o* 1 ^ o^ oUUi! U 
<y jl ^-j^lb oUUlj oLU-lj JI^Vl ^ jlj^J! ^ Jj^Jl j>.\J\ 



109 



48 tdJliJl J^l 



4 AjLaJUxJ jZ*^ Aji^m (*'j-^' ojl&ll /j» lap- «J>- j^AJju y Jaiajl IjOj 

. 4i*» j^jjl ^j*j :M p'^Lzwu j/1 a^J +jj *_U 

^i <djl 4J^» liJjlkilj iJUail ^ oyl^J>l ^> SJj>t^wi,l JjJllI JL>- I J5^i 

. (174) SL-L; a\}\ 41~J jj. Jj , 8l >Lp 

^ y ^j -ulp a!!I ^U? ^1 Slij y ^J jl c^!>^] fjj\j ^jli Jj^ 
<uLp 4Jut oljlv? U^J ol^jcw /w» S y*-*-* j\S \s\ dUi jl ft-iplj . 4jjHa^> 

j-^p y jUVLi \j\./ s . r ....i\ pjtjJs^ ^L^>- ^y tj^Lwi.1 aJUi^I La^ tft-L-j 
. JSUxiJlj <-^J>\ tj* cUUi ^US" *_ajJlp (-jjii ^ aJJI jJjI- Uj t4jjLk^> 
.aji^^oJJ SJb^i^il JjjJl 4JjLka ^ 4Ujl*it o^lxii Ujl>- <dS" dJJS jlSCs 
(_j jLcdl *JL «j aJlp -Jul oljJuo L»J c-ilj>tjt^> {ja j^i UjL>- diii jlS" ISIj 



.(62) 



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I j^- J I 0J^~» 



108 



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j- *S Jb ^ <£^JI Jl^-Jl jl j [50] 



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a1jI J-Lc- ^y Jj^-° Pj-^ ( _ ? J[ IDjjl-*^ ^j^d «j^ r*-fc* -u5sp-j .aJ[ jjjc?-jj 

SjUj iAiLo Aj *U- ^ JJl A^ ^UjJlj ^I_^1L *-^U| aJ[ *JoLJL| ^>_jj 
. Jaii LJjJl ^l^ii Ju^2^U[aJIi!Ij .lj^i\ ^ :>L*Jl Sbf aJU-I^Lj 

AXP oil*.* U[j . «-jLll 11a ^o ^j^Jj t (1?5) AjOil A— L~jl ^y> Ajto-wJ Uj 

<y £*i>cil dUi JaI ^y J^-lj jl^-Ij J5 aJ^ jj^L, jl t^>*j L> *LSU-I 



i— L_Jl ujUT t^ljUJl ^1 .^l_Jl ^ ^IjUU ^b5 JI^Xp J'iJjll i-L-Jl" SjU (175) 
i-A-Jl ^_~Jl_j-4-l J_p- £l>j^>- iLLi s^IaJj^jUJl ^jj .1964 iOj^ t jl**^l tii^ J^ t-LJJil 

77j<? Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy ; Essays in Honor of Muhsin S. Mahdi ; 
Charles E. Butterworth ed., Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1992. 



Ill 



49 c^JliJI J^AJl 



jSc^\ JJLi caJjaJI ^ <T j 1 ^ 1 »ji*j LU^I ^lol J a^IjJI "JUJI 

s ^j J* ^j *yr^ j^-A *j»$j £j^i ^y^ ^ j .ujlp ^jjji 

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,j^j jlS"jl .lj£Lgi A^?Uai-l jjjl a^p 3^pj 'Pjj-Jl *>Ui toUU^Ji! 

• P,?^' o"^' J^-^ tijii» jiSc^Vij oij^Ji 

^JUJI ^ a_^j „L^Jl ^jijjl t J^2Jlj £^J1 j£j Jj^Jl j*>i^v j^Jl 
.SJ^-USl oUjJs^Jlj jijJl ^ AklLi^ U ij£S jl^jJl ij£L *\j$}\ ^LJ 
ilwJl ^j— J tU5b a^o%j ( j>\jJ-\ r-jj\ *\JJ> y>j t*-lj^Jl Ju^i lilj 
tO^p-ljkll ^ o J^j .aj^JI ^ ^^il ^j l^ji :>L~iJI jlS" jlj .A>-ly ^^ 

^Ls t^^^Olj t^jiJl jji ^L-iJl jlS" jlj .AjjJL Av?j^2>c^ L^I^>|j 

■ Sifj jl-bVl (j^jij iA^yVl ^ oL^J-1 j7 5ci tc-ApUa^j aj ^y^l 
"jyjj Jlj^*Jl '*p> ^S lJi» ^i S.U.UJI oLjip^Jlj jijJl S^ <_— -j 
**a1Sj AjU-I jji^j L^iijj a£UI t y M j>- ^ l^isljl ^ jlT LI aJjjJI^I 

jidJIj s=-">U-l JI>J jl lSJ~\ ^ Aj^py, ^ Jip li^Jj .yt^h jAj t/»y«il 

t>* ^J^ 1 c/ J-^ 2 ^ W V-***i ^J^ 1 ^J^ ^J^ i5jJ^ Jl^l jro 
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110 



uy*J-\ ^ y*li> aJL-j - iJu*Jl i^UJl 



> "UJI^J 4^1^ J 4<d iZLjJ, V ^j <dJ! ^jix, dLUa .Jbu Ul 

4A1p Jj>~*j cIp ^iy^j aJI jSL- cJI Uj dbUl ^jJL UUJ! y 

*iUp ^ i-UJl {j, dU^_J J^J Jp <U1 di*^> Lc aK dUS ^ J^Jlj 

.4jI1p *Jlj 4j 

dilp^i ^ itfl^l dl> c^jlj tdUl j^l Ai 4jU^ aJUI jU 
'f-fr 1 ^ ^J-A^J ^a*H C^aJIj t(H-r* J-L*Jl dUjJlj 4 oL_p ^ *-Aj^l 

'^ ^ij^j ^l> ^> Lc vlii^ljij cp^ip ^l ju^ tr& JdU 
• o^-lj o»Ji Lc 4~ip dlltoj 44^. dlljLJ>j 
O-b ^ ' J*L1 ^p dLUA, Vj d3^jj dlUpj dU^i dUl Wj 

• ^^>s> *i J^j > ^Ul ^iUs^ U Jjlj idUli dJ^Uj iSyH 

idiU ^-UL L$1p <pLi-|j tur ^L| oljL^Jl y dLU J^j jp 4JUI 
.Ifei J^-j y- -JJI >i ^Ij L^ .j^i ^1 ^ l^j_ JL* L^Jyj 
L$J tjx^jj idS^Jj db^^j di*jSj J ^J:j tdLvly ^ J j j 
L^Ip cyblj t«iU, o^j dU* ^ apU^ L$1p ^^j-a^Ij .dkJ dL^J 
. (177) >aij *Ll>OJ! ^ ^ 4 J^j ^p 4JJI Jli U5 cL^U 
J^ s^Uilj 4 (t l^j aJ_p aUI ^^U, 4UI Jj^-j jl*, Jl^Vl dUi »J| *J 
j*^b yl dLU >jj lilj . 6 j^u ^ ^JUaJl ^LJI jCI ^Lolj t<2S^>- 



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113 



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l_j dUi ,y SLpl^il <jwl^iilj 4 4ju^U]l OJdl 4^ dUi ^y ^yi^o L. 4J 
^J^p iL^UJ! ijJlil s-Xaj .dUJ^P oIa jU 4aUUJI txJUoUJ ^IS^-VU 

/ij.^g^-l JLp a5^ iaUl^l ji jUaL*Jl tJL^2^J 4/»j^jJ! ^^ip fzjLs2±\ 

i L^p aJJI ULpI Jij .iUiCi-! Ai>-j ^^jIp ^j <. { j^jj^\ L-Li cJlS' oi^j 

«JLs/2il j J^Jj 4Ajlk^-Vlj j-giJ! >ca dUil 4j j^-faxso 'wisS'j jlkLJl O^L^a 

'l^ ^ JUJl ^j ciijJdl y'LJ ^1 ^ 4— L-Jl « la j . LiJ ol* J> i^UJl 
iL«*>L«Vl aju^-UI 4-wax.^ L» ^^Ip l^> jjyo d^l^l ^>^ ^' ^i -y^J 
tiii> *— <blj 44^^ /»lSo>-l y> <^^csyA j^[ L^Jljis .|^aJ-^>- i_^^>tj 

. 4j jJj*J> 1^^i3jx}\j *S jJi}\ "t\s-\y> y P-L-ilj tA^^^Js f-L^P- il ^i (JV^J 

JuLi 4d>r^~* Cri ^^ ^L-^ < »4^'j'j ^^ 4^ V~r^ ^-* (j-***^' cJ-^J 
4_^5o .U^Lo l*j j*,oj>j Zsy\ jylit sVj li 4y*Q9 ^-Ul J^ ^^ 4 jj»lll 

4LS"jil!j 4up -^Jl oL»L~Jlj A tr 2li-\j A^XjjJl *_jliVl y> 4JlkL-j aiJj^ 
.*&yjt Vj dil* a^p ^^Jc^u M Lc (tl^i! j—b'^j (j^>-Vl /»jbd 1 _ 5 Lp 4i^j 

: (176) ^^kJl ^CS y> HyC^ 4 v L53l ^j 



jiij .^ L-—9- .91-582 ^=.48^ t£jjlJ ^>Jl^i;i (176) 
(Zwr Geschichte des alteren arabischen Furstenspiegel, Leipziger Semitistische Studien, 
N. F. 3, Leipzig, 1952, p. 80 ff.) 

ynli> ^ ^y alJLij !_jU5" ^ A^-jJ (J^Jl! ijljj fJilj .821/6-205 i— iij^JI s-L* il^ c~c 
.34-26^ t 1949/1368 t^jiJl ^^J-l ^ JL*lj J_*>^> J-i^ iilJJu ^U^^Jiil -j>^ 
J^jC— I j_jS^ 01 J^>J.I ,j»j .ljJ>L^ jy^ ^1 ^1 j^ Jts- ^h\ Ojjl^ ^1 OjSC 01 -b^j^J 
(1978 o^ J^iJ J 203-198 ^ ;5 ^) jjVl ^^ J-lXJl ^ Sajl^l ilj^Jl ^UJl ^ 



112 



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ajAUI Jl**i«j jl dk^j v\J\j dLUw^l JiJl ^^^ dUxr Vj 
LJ ^kJlj cLp^J A^Li-lj t.UjVl j^V S^Lllj cd^l ^ o^Jlj 

L^lj ^jjU ^yl aJU tdlb ^j^ Le d3axp "J\ ^y J^j ^1^ J 

4jl (*-»*i i>° ^ <^-*^ ^ji^ i^&j .lift *^- J dL\J ^^Ulj 
J^rj _)p aUI jU . *U U iy-Uj tt> ^l Lc ^>^j ; ^ L^ Jj>_ 

• 0>J <*^*l jr" £«jj «, I j_^-j 13* j* JJ*I Jv 
aUI ^jJ^- pilj .^j^Jl jj^j ^jj| ^j a \f,jj ^^J ^ *^JLU-VJ 
dLb Jk*; ^j t o_^ju-I Uj p-gJjL- joi Jp ^I^Ll ul^i J JU: 

L. dlb J dlkjji; J jU t^ji^jl J_»| aj jip ^j; Vj .aJ jjLp" Sj 
<.tejjA\ c^JL dUi J £jj JLp ^ j_p!j .dLOi ^y^ dL_Lp jl«*L 
.dl%j^ dU ^s:j dLo dU jJl*, ol^iUlj cAUl ^JU-j 
a^J-I JJlj . oj^-li jj~\ c->Js-j blj .<u ojU !lg^ ojj*Ip lilj 
^ dLU .sj^Ij .dLupj ^ ^_~p ^S JS ^^p ^p ^^i^lj A^ *mIj 

i^uu j ^^.1 iL*» jji ju t^ji jj&i ^^ij . jjjJij v kji Jji 

4^*111 ^Ij v i£J) jV . v jXJI ^JLp sl^Llj VJ Ji£Jl w-ojJL- L^U-Tj 
aJ fLu V tfllij tl^U jJLu V a^JI jV A^iiU- a^JIj jjj}\j 

^ij: v ^^xJlj i0 ^l jlj^lj JU; 4JJ1 A^ j dUJu ^jij ij^-^l J-fj 

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50 t dJWl J-^aiJl 



jl cUj^-l UJ JjjJl ^p IjLi Vj tdLip Jl>-j Jp aU j^j Lc aJ *i *J 

i^^lxS'j l'Cx^s-j •yjjj\j tAJLalj aaaJI jJlj .-^j<-> jl j*UI j^ * -tj^ c^&jS 

t^jjjJl ^y <uiJ! c-^ll aj ^^ U J-^ail jU .4j (jJuoUJlj Jj>-j jp aJUI 
<uU -J^-j Vp aJJI (J J, <^> <j <— *^Xj Lc 4iy«ilj *"u1p dJ-lj t aJ v^JJailj 

oLL^ilj ^^Uil ^ ^LvJlj t Aj jA H\j (. aJ[ JjLSJIj caIS" ^J-l JLp JJjJi 

LS"jSj iaJ V^U-[j aJ Aiyw _Lj»J| il^Jj 4A?-j 1p aJUI ^y j*-* tLfjj . LglS" 

.dUjjo AiiJlj tdL A^oVlj tdiJlkl^J X r ^\j 

Jkjli tjj^dl JLp JJi JLijJlj . JjijJl Jl^ A^pb J..^a3Jlj . A^a ">L*25 ^>-l 
.I4I5 ^Ui J oyli .iL^i^L AjiL^Jl JLvJlj VjjjLII fljij .e^LcvJl J[ 

|JU^J t Aijytil JL^Ij (,AJ-Ly2j! JL^pVIj tOj^-Vl t_Ji? J ^-viiij Vj 
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.<L*\jS jb J Jbj* AJJI <=-LJji Ajlil^oj tAjUtf^oj JLhj 

t»_j iJJu! /w« "j^sxljj y*]\ c^jjj Lo jji oLi J J.,<gaii jl (*-L»j L»i 

? ft. t- 

;aJU .a^> A-^iL dijj-ol 9xi.^g:.«J V j tdiiJj^j dL*^ Jsjj^- J dUlj 

► j> 

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.dLLp A^jOJI Aj /» JJL^J LgAS" jj-*Vl 
jU ■ Oj^al i—A-15-o jl AJ dLUJ-P {j# AJjj \a*3 (j^LJl ^a ljj>-l ^j^-^o JJ, 
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ailJJ (j^ai^J Lo JaJl *■ j^x J -»J«Jl ^ dLip J^-J^i dilAj ^ (AAflJ^ ^^i 
AXjUS" C-^-l La Aj ^yi^Jj Ap-IjJ I j£ jiajl ^y-*^ J^- dU I *Aplj . dLt^P 



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jli ,dLU j>o Lc jjl^i i^\ J^ Ujj>j LjjJ! di_jj jj Sly 
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jU .LWIj 1^ 4UI d^_ o^pli *A±j t ^ajL ^^xpU c^Ui dLJ 
UJ jJ-1 t/;; fljj c jjv^sJ.1 i J ^ J ^/LSJI ^SLi jjii ^jl, J^-j j^ 4JJi 

4 bj^ - ,>U: Vj 4 !>U ^j Vj t ll^U ^Lc Vj t LJi j>£ Vj 

Vj t Ijjb %>U j^" Vj cULJl j^uE Vj t £|^ j^ Vj ^jIp^- 

jl o Laj jJUi ^ ^^^^j Vj t L>p ^ iVl £X ^j tS ^l ^JLL J 

.LJ^JI J s^l i _ J \^ i Cj ^ Vj t sLl>*o 
VJ UiJl J*| ^ ^ tr ULL dUi J^l.Ij ^L^i SjJ ul, p\j 

ISUi ^,1 ^ cr J J . ^ ^ ^| ^^ d ^ ft j ^ ^^ v ^ 
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50 cdJLiJ! J^LJl 
U-j ip 4JI f^ Ijj^S" 1^ iljJJl ^ (t-^J Js>j-~~-l!j jlkLJ! ^L>tv»l ^ 

t^-Ajj-aV JLliJlj t*-Ai"il; SjL*PJ A-Pj-!l £"!>L^— »lj JjjJlj (JjJjJlj 

^ o^-ij o^ li[ Jlj^Vl jl JlpIj .^_^ii a!IpVIj t^UjJ Jaij-lj 
4 jUjJl aj OLUj cajVjJI <u c-4jjj toL*Jl c^>«ivj tci jj c-£ (H^ 

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.o^J U JS^ Lli: <~rS\j dixplk! **j5L!-l dJuL^-lj dilj^ 



.JUL*-: jVl^lj^^W! 



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VJ15 ^ Vj t S LUJ ^ ^j tA i^j ^^ ^ l£^ ^ ^^ s/j .«j 

axp viiiii^, Vj .dUl j^Ij o^U; UJ dU i.j^J| j_^L| ^ dUi 
o^Jj t «*UL, ol^J-1 ojdi . c ^Udl J^ cj^Ij t dLpj ^ Ul 

.ikJi i^uu ;uuJi .L^jij ^a^ %ujji ,> ^ oyj cdiii^i 



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^ixp-li .^ iJa^Jl (j-w-^j jH^ JU^L, dU dL"LJjl ^Lwj p-^j 

j^i . (178) " j^^Jull ^ dkijU 4_i: ^ j^ ^j" : J^j > -JJI Jy 

.ll&Juaj SUp aj ^jlj <-Uli dLviJ s^Ji^li oLaJ! JUpI J^ail ^ i^i-l 

<u JujJj *j&^I di! ^jiJ j^iili dill. J^rj 3P <13l v-*^ (HA;^ t/ 
^ jlkLJ! ^ <-l^j .l^l^lilj l^>^ ^j ^U> ^ ^^i 

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JU j i^lj-tJlj ,>-Ji c5>J t J - AJI fA^ '^^^^ V^l a15' 3JjiJ 
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. jj^l ^1 xj> *ij ^^J! ^> V v* ^ J t C ] ,/ V^ 1 «/ ^^- J-^ 1 ^ 1 ;L * K *** 

. j^Vl ^1 x* v" (^ Wj 5 ^ 'ti^ 1 J^ 



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<ui ^ujj ^ u^iij ^ ^ji ^ 4JU1 a> i o^^ii ^L ;usi 

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°* 4/ ^ Jl ^ >ji (J U (HJl^L p^Ujj .^UL-I j^i-U, 

.Jill 
pJj dUi ^J jj ^ui J^ilj ^^ l^kpf lii ^Ul jl ^JLpIj 
J-^j ioLj! J^ <J IXJ, ^Vj J I ^|^ ^ 0j , ^tf ^ 

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t (183) jjn't^j az+m j\ jj^j <S-^>-\ j\ Jjj'% 4 ^Jju aS*>UL-|" : Jlij . ay-T 
tisM>- AjjU_* ^>l Jjl jj£li .4jjU^ ^1 Jjlj j^L-l iS*>U- ^J UjUaiJlj 

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Jsr" t/ ^^ JS 6 V 1 ^ 1 j^^J^i Jij . (184) "a1]| J^ ^ Uj^ 

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J-* JlS Ids' . JLJLl dUli JL4-I ^j U^J jJi\ ^ci . (18S 'iLkk^l 
url J^J ' A^ (_rl ^*^ jr* f-Ar^J c f-s-aj a^SC^ S-Uj . *-L-j aIp aJJI 

o-Uj y 4^o J^lj oy>L (j^jLaJl 4lal y ^JLJl i*JjVl ^Liiii-1 aJu>j .aJJu 



Concordance, I, 306b, lignes 7 et suivantes ; II, 70b, lignes 1 et suiv. J&\ (182) 

Concordance, II, 70b Jil (183) 

t JcS ^jtj. *-aJI 0-*Jl tioJJ-1 II* Jjj- ^kJI (184) 
Marius Canard "Les Expeditions des Arabes contre Constantinople dans Fhistoire et dans 
la legende", Journal asiatique, CCVIII (1926), 105. 

^ 't^J^ 1 ^[^ ^j ^JaJa-«iJl £Zi f-j^jA ^j (185) 

Marius Canard, op. cit. et Louis Massignon, Textes relatffs a la prise de Constantinople, 
in Oriens, VI (1953), p. 10-17. 



143 



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O. Loth, in Morgenlandische Forschungen, Leipzig, 1875, 261-309. 



142 



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R. Geyer, E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series N. S. No 6, Vienne et Londres, 1928, No 15, v. 44 

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F. Wiistenfeld : D;'e Chroniken der Stadt Mekka, Leipzig, 1855, 1, 170 et suiv 
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