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Full text of "NHTSA NCAP 00009"

'kLr.j . ..iL. 



Report No. (to be assigned by NHTSA) 



VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 
- AGGRESS IVITY STUDY 

\ TEST REPORT 1 

VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS 

APPENDICES r * 

VOLUME II 



R. Yee 

R. Cropper 

S. Davis 

Contract No. DOT-KS-3-01942 
$111,121 



.AfiStofc 




June 1979 

TEST REPORT 

Document is available to the U.S. public through the 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, Virginia 22161 

Prepared for: 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 
NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20590 






Prepared for the Department of Transnortation, National Hiahwav 
Traffic Safety Administration, under Contract No. DOT-HS-8-0194 2 
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Depart- 
ment of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. 
The United States Government assumes no liability for the contents 
or use thereof. 



TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD TITLE PAGE 



1. Report No 



2. Government Accession No 



4. Title and Subtitle VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 
AGGRESSIVITY STUDY TEST REPORT I, VAN-TO-NH*SA 
FIXED TEST DEVICE HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS - VOLUME II 



7. Author (s) 



R. Yee, R. Cropper, S. Davis 



Recipient's Catalog No 



Report Date 
Ji 



June 1979 



6. Performing Orgn Code 



9. Performing Organization Name and Address 

Dynamic Science, Inc. 

A Talley Industries Company 

1850 West Pinnacle Peak Road 

Phoenix, Arizona 85027 



8. Performing Orgn Rpt No. 
3052-79-95B 



10. Work Unit No. 



12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 
U„S. Department of Transportation 

SSo^K^ZeEiS? SafSty Administration 
Washington, D.C. 20590 



11. Contract or Grant No, 
DOT-HS-8-01942, T.O. #4 



13. Type of Report and 
Period Covered 

TEST REPORT 
April - June 1979 



14. Sponsoring Agency Code 



15. Supplementary Notes ~ " ' 

fofea^teft! "^ ° f ' teStS * ^^ Z C ° ntainS a11 test data gathered 



16. Abstract 



DOt!hs!s oLl2 9h "v fUl r' S ^ le T "'^ t6StS WaS condu ^ed under Task 2 of 
DOT HS-8-01942, "Van Crashworthiness and Aggressivity Study." This report 

ESS £:elTst\° fTeStS T 2 - 1 ^^^ ^"-6/sy^eLic Lad-on^an- 
rra^Irf /*■ + - ? 6V1Ce ° raSh teStS> ^ diffe ^nt model vans were 

crashed at test speeds of 15, 25, and 30 mph. Tests 3052-1 through 3052-3 

ttaouahlo^l ^ ^ "** E " 15 ° Ec ° noli - Vans while Tests 3052-4 
through 3052-6 were conducted using 1979 Dodge B-200 Vans. 

The objective of these tests was to study the aggressivity of vans, to pro- 
vide baseline test data to support extension of FMVSS No. 208 to n and 
grading" " ^formation for the future FMVSS 400 series stands up- 

Thls report contains all calcomp plots of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device 

tabulated ore" H^l f" ""* ^ ^^ * ^^ * U t6St «»»"« 
!*£5S- ,.? and Potest vehicle dimensions, accelerometer location 

occu P ^t C dTta? SUmnarleS ° f eleCtr ° nlC data ^ S — rieS ° f 'i-l-ted 



17. Key Words NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Ford Econoline E-150 Van, 

Dodge B-200 Van, 

Aggressivity, 

Crashworthiness 



18. Distribution Statement 
Document available through the 
National Technical Information 
Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161 



19. Security Classif 
(of this report) 

Unclassified 



20 



Security Classif 
(of this page) 

Unclassified 



Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-69) 



21. Mo. Pages 



281 



2 2. P r i ce 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

P age 

APPENDIX A - CALCOMP PLOTS' FOR TEST 3052-1 A-l 

APPENDIX B - CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 30 52-2 3-1 

APPENDIX C - CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 3052-3 C-l 

APPENDIX D - CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 30 52-4 D-l 

APPENDIX E - CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 3052-5 E-l 

APPENDIX F - CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 3052-6 F-l 



IV 



APPENDIX A 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR 
TEST 3052-1 

FORD E-150 ECONOLINE VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 15.25 MPH 

TEST DATE: APRIL 10, 1979 



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A-39 




A-40 




A-42 




A-43 




A-44 



i Tf i i 


■ -yT"~ ^~H~ rr -tt 


1 1 M ! 


1 ! 1 j : 1 1 


1 M | i 




. f\ Li ri r H' r ™ r\ . -r**.r^ -4* — M r- t i rri r^ r% 




n4? 7i?^ Oil" i ' r II OPBR 


i ri (ju3T ±F]v TF^T ^i 9 < 


i Ml .-i j T / A " -. A ! ! k ii i- ! /' j k r 


i i r 4 » jiiiA'r^ -^fsT-h h m 


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11 l i_44b£ iCS-2-L U 


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1 CD-S 3 ^S 1 A, d^Pl fi- 


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on ' m 1 i i ' i 


i : i i mi i Ii 


1 ! ' 1 1 ! -r 




4 ; 1 i i 1 i F 


IXED TEST DEVICE STRING ^ *- 4 


" " Jl™ '""-< 1 _. _,_ i ._ . ! _L . MM P 


fYFFTJT TDM? TPR nVNAMTr 


! i ! 1 1 ! l 


uf IDLi J. X\JL T LL* i.HiI\ L/l I\iTJ. v l_LV^ 


.]"!") | ' 1 ! ID 


ISPLACEMENT i_L 


: | 1 1 | 1 1 ii 


1 i 1 ' ; 1 l 1 i 1 ; I 1 ! 1 i ! i | 


1 ' | 1 j ' 


M M 1 II 1 i II M i i Ml 


! 1 M IFi 


ORD E-150 VAN I | l 


( ,,„ 1 ' i | ! ! n 


7 — -re; o jr T\*r>TT\-J_L_ 1 I i 1 t 1 


f\| ! ! | ; 1 V 


v — lo. to MPH)' ! M 


1 i 1 


° 1 1 


1 


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I'LL __,_ 1 


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1 ' 


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rprr: 4 it 


1 : ! i 1 1 i ; ; M 1 i 


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.-+. ± .. . SP B-5 DATA INVALID DU 


E..4: - __ 


. j_. | 


: j 


ii .TO TRANSDUCER FAILURE 




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1 


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i l t i , 1 _ 


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1 ' i 


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A-45 




A-46 



APPENDIX B 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR 
TEST 3052-2 

FORD E-150 ECONOLINE VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 25.10 MPH 

TEST DATE: APRIL 11, 1979 



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B-42 




B-43 



ihto*#ttH+H- -ffl-tf J H-H-ftfiHHrif 


ffH+- i-m ^ff-Hp tf H~ -IrSf^ft -Tl-ijH ■ 




rr 4i-~ r-— rr*-^rr hffif rvrH 


^te^X + -IQ-. ^r fflf ?#fi- 


i j;r " " i "j *" T ~" " ' ._j i 


1 j ! m ! ! M ' ; i t | | i 1" i 




H""_ljr FIXED TEST DEVICE — -1 — i"f 


f I 1 


i i j 


j~ 4--^ STRING POTENTIOMETER ... 


j 1 




— i — i — — i 
■ i 


il .DYNAMIC DISPLACEMENT 


i . _ 


j"! "r* II 'I! 1 M II M II [ ! 1 1 r 


i 






1 "P^FORD E-150 VAN 


_^_ . .. j 




(k. ' 


X" i (V = 25.10 MPH) 




j | o ' 


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t "i" _n ~r "r ^ it ■ 


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■■£■-<*** 'n XV L < ^^ri" /P 


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il r pp p-^ DATA TNV 


ALIO DUK TH 1 






I 11 i INSTRUMENTATION 


FAILURE _i 


mm, i ' I I I l i ] 1 ' M i 1 ' ! 


1 1 1 1 i 1 1 j n r ~*~ ,„.," 


4_L 




1 1 1 t-\ ! A 1 4 N I MAI +N 1 4 1 rh AH 


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-- = — 1» _W4*4^4W -$^ 


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J— j... - FTYFH TF^T nF.VTCE r 






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{T STRING POTENTIOMETER 


r i i i li 




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1+ Hi DYNAMIC DISPLACEMENT b 


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I^Cb/^ D-'Tt ■ FIl TcR LEClTiHJ rHS T ^ 




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STRING POTENTIOMETER ' 




i DYNAMIC DISPLACEMENT + 


[ I 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 7 1 1 1 ! f 111 


i ' i ' 1 1 


■ i Fm^n p i en vim i i i i 


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i— r - "- M Q 


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B-45 



APPENDIX C 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR 
TEST 3052-3 

FORD E-150 ECONOLINE VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 30.02 MPH 

TEST DATE: APRIL 12, 1979 



C-l 



1 AVERAGE COMPARTMENT ACCETiERATION , 
+ VELOCITY AND DISPLACEMENT LOCATION 
tl AND 2 . _ 




C-3 






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f ' 



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FRONT AXLE ACCELERATION, VELOCITY - 



AND DISPLACEMENT LOCATION 6 






TT 



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C-6 




C-7 







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i ' ' ' i ' 


T-pi "£ "Si t : Ftp:: vfp : !: . d^FT ' 


i r "rl " Ti" i "" "j" " 


FRONT OCCUPANT HEADf ■-] h 


i 1 *r Y, 


Z ACCELERATION i 




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11 i 1 ] 1 




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p M r e ^^|^A^ fe^n^l '1 1 if 


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i . i t i i j i j i 




C-8 



WF& 




\- 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT CHEST 
X, Y, Z ACCELERATION 




- ■ -^W$bZ-7 t fr^'WJ\ ' ! 1 ' ' ! ^"t" rWil 


q±t30$J2l"43i±J" 


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t\ 1 1 • i 1 ■ ! ; 1 i i ! i i ! 


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! J_L _L " 


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1 1 


1 ' ' 1 ! | ; t 1 i i | i 


j j j 






j j LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 


CHEST ;-|— 1~ - 


1 1 i RESULTANT ACCELERAT 


TON 1 i 


i 1 ! ( i ! ' 1 ' l I iiiit 


iii> 


_T.__..-r._. ._...[ ^ "^ - 1- "11 ! 1 II 


_l_ ^ — "irt - 


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1 i 


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1 1 iqi 


3n ! ^ 


! t^Hijn Jj 


1 1 M i i 


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| j 




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M • 


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1 


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j 


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,C-43 

1 



i j ; ! i 

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_j_i.j_l.LjXT"__ !...L i. 



FIXED TEST DEVICE 
1:4 STRING POTENTIOMETER 

yr DYNAMIC DISPLACEMENT 

Jit FORD E-150 VAN 
^H (V = 30.02 MPH) 



T 

i-N 



3 






C-44 



1 j 


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1 


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i i -4-- 


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; i i i I I I i i i 


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EST DEVICE " "n"" 


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POTENT TOMPTFP i ! 


1 1 ' 


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! DISPLACEMENT .1_| L 


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M i ' ' ' ! ' ! ! i 1 1 ' i T?nDn c 


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n ^ 


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t: 4__ 


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t ■ " r " 


i 


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r '^ .„„« 


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C-45 




C-4 6 



APPENDIX D 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR 
TEST 3052-4 

DODGE B-200 VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 25.17 MPH 

TEST DATE: APRIL 17, 1979 



D-l 



P 



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4+1 LEFT COMPARTMENT ACCELERATION, 
j;jT VELOCITY AND DISPLACEMENT 
tJi: LOCATION 1 




D-2 



1 ! : ~ n " 1 


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-t-~M -+-i -r -+- -T -r ti 


Mil ' 


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\t J- 1 7 1-7 9 Hi S/i 1 If 


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! 1 i 1 AVERAGE COW 


IPARTMENT ACCELERATION , _l_ X 






j | 1 I VELOCITY AN 


iD DISPLACEMENT LOCATION""! — h \~ "" 


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III, 1 AND Z 


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i i i ij_ L_ 


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1 j 1 1 ! 1 1 i 1 1 S 1 1 1 1 1 


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! LEFT FIREWALL ACCELERATION L 
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= m_|r": 


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t ' — r 


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fF^+rH-^-'-^jT+Hrl^H- ; M-M-M ! : MM+^+M-^Mr—- ; + 


M i : ' ' i ; M , . M ■ , ; M 1 , : > M . j t . : | M = ] M . : ; ; ; : .. 


ii 1 ! • M : ■ ! i ' ; ' ' ' j 1 j i Mm l ' i ' » M ! ' | [ i 1 | ! M 1 : mm ; . 


1 1 ! i j , ■ | M j i | i M M ! ■ M ! ■ 1 : : 1 • ' ' M ! ; ■ ! ■ ! ' ' ' ' ' ' , 


t+T" ■" " m ■ ' ' i m ' , 1 i i i i i i m i . i j ; m i ! m ; jj i 


i | i i : i i ! ! M ■ 1 M 1 - , ! i | ; : ; < j M ; i i i ■ = m h M ■ ; 


i 1 ' ' i M M l jli;!,! i i | ■ 1 i i i ; ■ 1 < ; M : ; m i ff-% i i ■ .. 


Ii"! : 1 ' ! M M i i ' i ! M 1 : i ! ill: i II i M I'll ! ' ' ' P ' ' i ; l 


It i 1 | i • ; i . ! ! . • . ■ j ! ■ : [ M . . ; M < ! j M 1 : ■ ' s <\) j 1 M : 


MM M ; • : ■ 1 = M j ' [ ' MM ; ' 1 Mi ] M ; : N i i^l 1 Mi ! M ! Mi; 


■ i"i i ! ; r ! 1 i i | * 1 M j i 1 ■ > ' l<» ^ I i ■ ! M i i : ■ ; ; 


TT ■ 1 I 1 rn I ) I . M ! 1 ! i ; 1 j i | : | ■ | ! i ' l ' ■ , 1 I ! - ■ i : • . : 


'""' i ! ) H ' ! i M M l \ \ ' ; 1 ! ■ : ! ' ! ■ ! . 1 1 ' 1 . 1 1 j i ' j ! i ■ 1 i 


! i H n , r: i ' 1 ■ ! ! M ! ' : ! ' [ ' j ' 1 M M I 1 M : : ; , , 


' 1" 1 I^H^W..;,, - ! ' M i ' : M M i i I ! i M ' 1 ' ' ■ ; 


I «i| i i F^ y S 1 & h i ' i ! ! ! 1 { ! ! , M 1 i i ! ! M ' i i i ! 


T"t fi « Pg > £ ! h il ! 1 i 1 ! i i j 1 it.1 ! | : M 


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I] ri fM '" Or- ' , ' ! M ! | ; , | j j ■ | 1 j i 1 ! M tH ! ! i i 


M 1 rt-, 3J | fl - O rH H r,-T"i Mi 1 ! 1 " 1 1 M 1 'Pi A M j Mi ! ; ; i 


■ i r'n ^5 ^ ; 1 m' 1 M 1 i ; ' i i ' i n i : ; i ! I 


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• ' C'Q' M H ft i- W<N ! ' ' h h i • i m M 1 ' ; | 1 ' : , . 


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i V'W * 9 R '9 > ' * i ' ! ' 1 ! ! ! /i ' ' ! ' M- 1 j : ; ! , 


! i ! i!— r 1 ! fe ^ O q— ■ !m!! hi! : ' ' ! '1 * M 1 ' i ' ! ^ ' ' ! I ' ! 


1 : ; i 1 i f III i M ! ' i I MM t Ii i j i ; S : j M ' 1 1 i ! ' ! MM 


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"i M ! ? > i | I \\\\- i ' 1 M M M : ! i M j M m | i 1 ! | M : , m 


j ! jL ! 1 ' ! | > j 1 ! ! ! M . j 1 | i i ! 1 M .j . i . ! , 1 i h M - • 


! £' i ! : ! i i j M mm h h ; ; , 1 i f ! 1 M M m i nq : h h ! i 


i i I'F-'** ' ; ■ ' ' 1 : M ; i MM 1 ' ' h ! ! M M / ! ! I i : ' 6J M M h 


Mir !,i ; ' i ■ i I i I'M ! M l M i i Mi < m ! 4 ** > M M 1 H^ m ; . 1 


M 1 1 jlh | : ; . ! h 1 ! M , , M « i ; ! h h ; . . ' } 1 1 i ^ , , i : « ! 


' lj--^ S 1 i m . | i i i M | ' M M I M ! M ' : 1 'I'll M M M M 


1 /m i ; n r~^i M M m M ■■ m M m i M M ' ' 1 M ■■■ ] : 1 ! ; ! ' M ! M : 


i r T? ^ ! < i 1 i 1 M ; 1 ; M h : M 1 !, 1 i 1 ill > L M i 1 


1 ILIO {Ik j : [ i 1 i j h ! i M : : 1 j j i i i 1 M ! M ' ' ^ M M 


I ' F-TO ^ ! M i I I m M i ! 'Ml i : 1 1 ! ' 1 : III 1 1 ' M 


1 ' > i r> 1 i hi Mi M ' M | 1 .i h | M | ■ ! 1 A h ■ i 


MM- I ' > ' 1 i M 1 ' i 1 M 'i H ^ Ml 


M h ' I : ! ! j 1 m Mi ^ ! 1 1 H ?+ 1 


Mil hi i ( 1 i 1 ■ ! ii M 1 ?> h M git ' ! 1 


i -i ; i i 1 1 : | m ■ i ■ i 1 ■ h ! "M j i ! ' ! ' 


^ : i M 1 1 ! : M i M I it M ! M ' i ! i 'i I ! l 


! j:- \ 1 i i * ' i Mi ! / 1 ' 1 h h i ' h 1 


1 fc /-I ' 1 ' i ' 1 ' ! 1 l 1 '/fill 1 i j i ' ' 1 ' 


1- O i II i !m !| i 1 i/i 1 j ML y M 1 


L fi fill h i ! s 1 / 1 i M i 1 i t h 


F M M i ' M ] 1 i 1 /I i 1 ' Pi M ( 


P 1 1 ^ ! i 1 i i ! ' | ! V 1 ! ! M i L 1 


"""<-' ii 1 1 i i | i ! ! ! >^ f ' [ M i ilr r" ' ! 


i i I A » j 1 1 1 j | | 1 y i i • r ! 


Ill f T I h i h m 1 ! • / \ ■ ! i ri 


1 1 i 1 ; ! : ! /! i 1 |/ j ill i 


|M I 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 1 


1 '/ ' 1 1 M 


M i M / / f ' i ■ ' 


1 1 ° i i ; n ( ' i ' ! h 


fc'O • ' ' ' il ll 1 h It 


Si n ! i ^ !\f I h ! ! i 


f'n i I 1 J i)I ! ' rb • m 


H>^ I ! = ! / ; III 1 ! M rr I ! ; ; ' 


i uir> Tft M ' ' ' ' ' \ 1 \\\ \ M UJ ] ! M • 


t Ml M? 1 1 ! i \ 'll ! j i i i i i i 


•Hr-f 11 h | \ i // Mii: 


III ^ irl ' l ' ! ^ 1 1 ! ' i 1 ' ' 


i M *\ 1 ^ ! 'I ' ' ! ! 


i ' ! 1 1 I h ' ! -J -M- -4JL -H ' ' ' ' 


M 1 M | :< Uft i m ! | i 


_l ttri MM Ms l/l hi 


"T yt \ Ih \ M Lii i 


r T ' h V / 1 i h 


1 Bli 1 i 1 I I ' 1 1 > M ! i i 6J 1 1 I ! M 


i" 4 ir V i i i i i " "t :- ■ ■■■-- -■- f-\| Hi j 1 j j i m s 


I ^' 1 i (^ i l i 


I CCMHi ) 1 1 \ J I II! 


F ii tf ' ! ^71 i 1 ' ' 


L - 1 i 1 ! ^ 1 ll SUi 1 M i ! 


H " t i 1 M 


firli T ' I i 


1 V 3 4 ! : j 1 1 


M 1 f ' i A M M i 


"1 ! | luwmmmmmttmmmmwmmmiimJimmm ! Lj-l 1 in . ! 1 ! ^ : ! f ( 


1 J- -4 1 Jn.' tI i ^y M 1 4 ' ' "^ MM 1 M Ml 


1 J 2 '31 ! DB L l i G M M*-^ m h 


m JO h n ^ i " i i ! r i ! i! 


j i MM ' *^ T *if on - "i H > i lr\ i ' ^ 1 i ! M j 


1 ! | i. J I :K t Sl-l - H, HUmI I I 1 1 M 


.... j ( i E < i i ^ * r i M M 


i i • ' ! ' : i 


h ' i ' ! > 


! hi l 1 1 ! 1 


| I m 1 m i Ii m h ; i | I i i i i i i i i 1 



D-37 




D-38 



LEE 



■j_l 



+-L 



-M- 



■ "■ I ! . ,.!■!:' '~ L ~ ' r i " "1 L 



-U 



H- 




D-39 




D-40 




D-41 




t-^T 



44 



-U. 



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I I 



i_Li 



^ 



m 



TT 



i i ! I 



Mtifa'HmtLIJ 



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TT 



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wn 



m 



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D-42 




D-43 




D-4 4 




D-45 




D-46 



APPENDIX E 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR 
TEST 3052-5 

DODGE B-200 VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 30,22 MPH 

TEST DATE: APRIL 18, 1979 



E-l 




E-2 



nS 



fr± 



ca 



ftfe 



W 



R 



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J..i U_I_L1.J_L1J_U 



dttt 




-L1..L J_ 

AVERAGE COMPARTMENT ACCELERATION, 
VELOCITY AND DISPLACEMENT LOCATION 
1 AND 2 




E-3 




E-4 







! ' XL M J lL 1 J ' F 1 M 


1 [ i 1 i j 1 1 i ! i • 1 m III l.!l J J. '.!.._ J. 
lit. ENGINE ACCELERATION L . ;T.]lLLL.i. 

■4- LOCATION 5 [--i-ijH-- J T 


--- T--J-- -rrrr- i ■ i- '-i : .... i lL h > 


l ! i i i | j ; I i 1 ! |. — r 


: -Ti'ffiF± = T--?" : r-tf^-"" 


jf ' Li 1 _L -J__|.J_i- A- ' Li h-L 


tJJL'r- j T_.1_. _L _u|j _ 


— - 1 |i ! - -h^- , 


tiirft .... _m . . _. it.. -1-14— - 


S""t± ijit '" T 4 = -i : l =:= r^ 


J.44-4-] _j 14— l- ■— - M-H4»---r- 




i- "i ■ i ^^ \ [ -V n 


.ji Jh i , 1 _Li-4__t. ~ - - T - 


iih4tt=d±tiij:-i±biii:p~: 


ii>-*fr ~n i_" i ■ 


■h|._..„|.-jj^ , .. -i-j-j- .-f- - 


T'l'l II Ml ! ... _J ..- |I.- 


T~"t i X i- IT"±IZ' Mi -^ 


U_! _LU.___ i Lu _J _^_. -J_L... - 


-H i" h ■ j I TT^ n i i ! i i ^ i j i 


~t~ X t^ it -1 i | 


i i I 1 ' ' ' ! 1 


13* it -n j — j i ti r 


LlI-444- 4- -\- -L- h4-h - 


"2l jj mi "iT"' ^5 -IT l±t _ 


TTT tfr^ i - ' h j ---^ ^ t- 


^H„ r J 1 ' H^JJftw-i -r- ' ' ' ' 


44-L.4lL_4-Li.-U-j—--, -L4- -f 

CIS J ! ■ j *** ~ 1 \ '_«. _ . JHA _i , ■ j 1 


fflS^^^S^^^^^ 1 


vn |m1 ^i rr i ! ^ rr_r r 




"R^"f Kli J fi i ! 


! i M m i . .-. -44-i- ' 


Krpi •" Hi^" V T !• ..ZiT.. H 


4.4.I . i'l .. -4 -, r ■ 1 


"r^T" ~T~h~ | V 1 J I / i „i. 


! 1 1 ! Mi i i i 1 


w~ "I — TT"" \ : /■ 1 J ^7V _l 


J4I .■ -1 4' _L_ . . .. u4 1 - 


tj a 1 1 ' V / / " . 


! _L.U , ,I4l 1 .-l-.- 14- - 


T\"7R \L -H--H f ^j" r 


■ ! i I M ' 1 - - 4-7- -"- 


w~m~ t I'l i L±8ryi I ti r 


TTTl \~r M4 J L ILL ILIT 1 . 


_J «t-i M i ! !_J _ 4- J_ T.ATEPAT. Ar^^T.TTPnMPTTJ'P ' - ' -1- 


A \ i ii I i ■ ! i 1 i 1 I 




^f\ l \ i Mj DATA INVA. 


LID DUE TO LI .... j! 




1 1 1 


■f- | - 1 - — pj~f -■ ~j~ J TRANSDUCE. 


R FAILURE f | 1 J 1 j_ 


— f— ' — f— | - , ■ ~~ ** ii i 


_.!..! I i 1 ' 




I ' i 


i m s t 1 ! ; i 


1 j t ill 


T'"2_t ~L a n '■ ~tl' 


4-4- -i T 4-! T -E 


-| g- - 4 "L -1 j_" ' j 


f -4- -£ T TUl 1- 


TT~~C\r ""' - 1 L-L- ^!£_J_Lltl4 


LZ^-^t u m ■ L - ! - 


4- i- " 


i 1 1 1 h r\ t~ •*% H r 4 - hJ 1— ' 


p^"18r79 31^/liuQ 


l 1 I • 105 30o2-S ! 






~\~ 1^ TT^" fl& 2^-i \/:V 


-i-tJ 3x "frnriBE^ vfH 


-j ■ f V^ ■■ ' i r^ y \ ^^ — f ¥ ' r\ | 


I 1 M ^ 'f 1 — %* *-t L# w u . 1 1 l 1 


T fv Mil r 


1 ! j .Lb '1l _Lj _l_l 1 l 


J- r - ENGINE 


ACCELERATION , VELOCITY *- 






1 AND DIS 


PLACEMENT LOCATION 5X t 


T " "" I M ' 


1 1 . , . . 




1 


i 




I fHl _• . . — I. . 




. -\ — 




=£= 5--"" it it 




•— « _ t 


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1. , . , ,,.,.,,_ ,.,.,.._. 


CO 




•- - - . . . 1 






4,_„ — ^—i— - ■ ■ - 


°- - .ik_S-__ K _ . ^*, d ....J^-.^..- J. . .- 


jj | | M X 1 1 l^TfLL 1 M Jrrrl MIL 


srj--^^— <^rr ~ ^^ lZZl£~& ai 


"**^ "" "** ,— ]~ ~ 1 T"^ 


Z t I zr i 


1 L _L 


i ii r ^ X 




1 ' LL t - 5^-4^ 


i 


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v rn Nor I 




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ii :n x : i i : 








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FRONT AXLE ACCELERATION, VELOCITY 
AND DISPLACEMENT LOCATION 6 




E-6 





^ 1 I 1 , . X ,/ f , 


11 1 1 ri-ri 1-1-: t r 


_...-.io... -j ::j .:tj:u:.^4JxT: + ~'-*tz- : 


. ! 1 1 ! i 1 I 1 1 1 ! I J 1 ! i 1 _ 

REAR DECK ACCELERATION- ' - 

LOCATION 8 "h ■ ■ - 


hi - i j xx 


i 


1 ' ' ! I 1 


._„Litx .. [i 


■f- -h- -H -f- — 


i i i 




t i i 


1 ~ I 


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_j: 1 _i_ ^ 


t<X 1 i 


1 i 


t h \ ^t ' 


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1 i ' 




t t i 




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1 1 i 


If , 






i 


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, r » )\t\~ \ \ A 7\ \ J 




-t /\!\"" i \fl mjI ^ 


a, , L\ A j^i j ?. f ;\ 


l^^*«m^ 


u^ "t rf n\7 P n ' 


--Uxt ajJJJIJX v* L- I-Xj l&l> 1 


v 1 v ^ 1 1 1* \ 


i3. | 1 -/J ' IsJ 1 ' \f\ tW j 


1 ' 1 


lif ! I If v A V / / * 


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nt^I EX 41 ttLni 2lJ/X „ 


-J _,_ 


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"1" "T T" X 


1 1 \ ,,11 ft J\ w 


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i aj {**"! \ 4MJ mi ^ 


-U- r- - - -t- , - J- 




i | 


1 _p ' iJ V n / i * 


1 .._.. , , 1 


i^l | j\J J 1 i 


t 


T Q?I M ' ' j i 




[J j i i i 




V ] 


■ 


1 ' 


L. ._ . -. i 


' 1 ' 1 


1 


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. „ r 3 „ ^.nix jhrr ti.rn . 


±7" > X " it 


rn T 1 1 M f 1 ' 1 i 


_lTL. . T 


co I' 1 ! ! i JjJ.1„ , 


rn L-«- «.^„-^-^^ XL 


i- 




i j i j ' i - u . k ;«i>. | 1 i- ■ - 1 f^ I ,; J >. *» 


tl | Mllj^J-k 1 * ! ' 1 >%Wr u >^!f t - ' ' ' 


0i^-!l l 8-- ! 7'S 3'iS/iOC 


1 ' M ll^GIQ' 1 j 5 ^ "^ 5 ' 


i 1 IJ p i riy ;'ir ! ■ n i rn . 


' 1 1 1 1 1 1 ill ' X — 11 i ^ 1 i 


" x IP) 1 - i-il 'fly kV- 1 P/x 


1 ! 4~d \B)[\ 1 ■ 110 fD JH VAN 1 


CD WH ! < 1 1 ™* M rH v iA ! 


j < ] -t 1 M A 1 : i » J M^ JL r 1 v n r\ 


C rt ! | 1 i 1 1 1 i 1 1 




! 1 ' PFAP AYTF 


APCE DERATION. VELOCITY -- -r- 


, _ _, — ; ; r\Jli£\l\ rVAliri 




"'" _j_ j _ X ..U < -,-AND DISPU 


^CEMENT LOCATION 9 Z X 


: | f > t i ; 


' 1 ' 1 ! ' 1 ! 1 i 


JL II ' ' 


1 I M j 


_J_ ' _+fe- J L J_L 


M I 


Ti "r'f'f'n 


M "■"'■ "n 


( 1 


i U L __ 


' 1^ i 1 ' 


1 ! 1 t . x ... .. . 




7 ' 


• — ' 1 1 1 i 


t 


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i 1 


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-+ — HF ++ =>= -T- 1 - 


CO ^'j S K! ^ Iff 1 X 


i 1 




1 1 I 


s. ^^ I l 'TT^AiiL ' ) V 


/D <k> 1 v , ^ 


r^"' j-^v • i ! \ / fl ™i/\ "si Xl^V- 


— _l — Ai \ k?*^ ^' ^^ ^/- -r -^^ ■ —±M fca 


"QL. , > n 7gz3~"_j_"' ~ it xiittt ; 


V Kffr^' Vj^ ( ■- , J? "^^^^? I 


srt^ njr -^ j ~+-Jr1/ 


^JK" 1 


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" n \ ""i \ *f "" 


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f-l \ f J\ II / 


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si-riji x 


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::~-±rdJ:z:±^-±tU:z:i:!.±li. 


5FT FRONT OCCUPANT CHEST - -.-U X 

, Y, Z ACCELERATION "MllX 


1 ill 1 v 


i ij J_ | _ -rH~L --i --J LX 




nr x ti 'i "i i i i 1 i i 1 f i 


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FORCE/DISPU 
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t : i 


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M > 
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m 




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i|i! 




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' i 1 M 


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M ! M I M 


i i ! M i 1 Pr Mi 1 M i 


■ ! l 


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• i i Ttt I M | i Mi 


m ! i m r 


li ' i 1 :" ™^** J *»L.'"' TV 


i i ! 1 i ii j i M 


1 i ti H i MM 


' i ' M I \M ! i ! _| i ! j |^ 


M M | i i 1 j i M 


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1 M 1 1 I Ml; 


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1 1 : 1 


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1 : t 


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1 | M ; i | j j j j | 


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l M i i q- i M 


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"± JE 


ll : , 


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- 1 * 


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1 ; 


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lit 1 } ; M i - { 


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E-35 



APPENDIX F 

CALCOMP PLOTS FOR TEST 3052-6 

DODGE B-200 VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
SYMMETRIC HEAD-ON IMPACT 

TEST SPEED: 15.28 MPH 
TEST DATE: APRIL 19, 1979 



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j ; i ; -ii ( ] M M ■ M ; ! ; . = ■ \ \ • ! : ' ■ i ■ ' ! i , ' ' ■ i ' i ' M . C7J ' ■ r s 


Hm , I Mi : | ■ M . ■ Mil 1 i i I : . i 1 j : ■ : j ; ! M ' : M ^ M ' ' ' 


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E-46 



DtHKunicScienceJnc, 

alAMlYINDL'STRIKS Company 

3052 

June 15, 1979 



Mr, Steve. Peirce (NRD-12) 
Contract Technical Manager 
National Highway Traffic Safety 

Administration 
Trans Point Building 
2100 Second Street, S.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20590 

Subject: Transmittal of Test Report 1, Volumes I and II 

Reference: Contract DOT-HS-8-01942, "Van Crashworthiness and 
Aggressivity Study" 

Dear Steve: 

In accordance with the contractual requirements of the referenced 
program, we are forwarding the reproducible and eight (8) copies 
of Test Report 1, Volumes I and II. This report covers six Van-to- 
NHTSA Fixed Test Device tests conducted under Task 2 of the 
program. 



Sincerely, 



Sol Davis 

Manager 

Special Projects Department 



SD : bmv 
Enclosures 

cc: R. Yee 

Ms. Linda Sink (NAD-30) 

Office of Contracts and Procurement 

National Highway Traffic Safety 

Administration 
400 Seventh Street, S.W. r Room 5301 
Washington, D,C. 20590 



A „W,>n* QRfV57 • (K{\0\ Qd?-33fi0 



fi/fO ££C-<^ S>s?T??- 









I: ; 







F„ P e- yxxvpM 



Report No. (to be assigned by NHTSA) 



VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 
AGGRESSIVITY STUDY 

TEST REPORT 1 

VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS 

VOLUME I 



R, Yee 

R. Cropper 
S. Davis 

Contract No. DOT-HS-8-01942 
$111,121 




^mo^ 



June 1979 
TEST REPORT 



Document is available to the U.S. public through the 
National Technical Information Service, 
Springfield, Virginia 22161 

Prepared for: 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 
NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20590 



Prepared for the Department of Transportation, National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration, under Contract No.: D °T-HS-8-01942. 
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Depart- 
ment of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. 
The United States Government assumes no liability for the contents 
or use thereof. 



TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD TITLE PAGE 



1. Report No 



2. Government Accession No. 



4. Title and Subtitle VAN CRAS WORTHINESS AND 
AGGRESSIVITY STUDY, TEST REPORT I, VAN-TO-NHTSA 
FIXED TEST DEVICE HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS, VOLUME I 



3. Recipient's Catalog No 



T. Author (3 



R. Yee, R. Cropper, S. Davis 



9. Performing Organization Name and Address 

Dynamic Science, inc. 

A Talley Industries Company 

1850 West Pinnacle Peak Road 

Phoenix, Arizona 85027 



12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 

U. SI Department of Transportation 

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 

2100 Second Street, S.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20590 ■ 



Report Date 
June 1979 



6. Performing Orgn Code 



8. Performing Orgn Rpt No 
3052-79-95B/1449 



10. Work Unit No. 



11. Contract or Grant No. 
DOT-HS-8-01942, T.O. #4 



13. Type of Report and 
Period Covered 
TEST REPORT 
April - June 1979 



14. Sponsoring Agency Code 



15, Supplementary Notes 

Tests 1-6 of a series of 8 tests. 

six tests. 



Volume II contains Calcomp plots for the 



16, Abstract 

A series of eight full-scale van crash tests was conducted under Task 2 of 
contract DOT-HS-8-01942, "Van Crashwor thine ss and Aggressivity Study. This 
report presents the results of six symmetric, head-on Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test 
Device crash tests. Two different model vans were crashed at test^ speeds of 
15 25, and 30 mph. Tests 3052-1 through 3052-3 were conducted using 1979 
Ford E-150 Econoline Vans, while Tests 3052-4 through 3052-6 were conducted 
using 1979 Dodge B-200 Vans. 

The objective of these tests was to study the aggressivity of vans, to pro- 
vide baseline test data to support extension of FMVSS 208 to vans, and to 
provide initial information for the future FMVSS 400 series standards up- 
grading. 

This report contains all test results which include still photographs, di- 
mensions, accelerometer location identification summaries of electronic data, 
and summaries of simulated occupant data. Volume II of this report contains 
all Calcomp plots of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data for each 
test. 



17. Key Words NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
Ford E-150 Econoline Van, 
Dodge B-200 Van, 
Aggressivity, 
Crashworthiness 



18. Distribution Statement 
Available through National Technical 
Information Service, Springfield, 
Virginia 22161 



19. Security classif. 
(of this report) 
Unclassified 



20. Security Classif. 
(of this page) 
Unclassified 



21. No. Pages 
164 



22. Price 



Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-69) 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

1.0 INTRODUCTION X 

1.1 TEST OBJECTIVE 1 

1.2 TEST SCOPE 2 

1.3 VEHICLE INSTRUMENTATION 5 

1.3.1 Test Vehicle Instrumentation 5 

1.3.2 NHTSA Fixed Test Device Instrumen- 
tation. . • . 8 

1.4 PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENTATION- 8 

2.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-1) . . r> . . . . . 14 

3.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-2) 34 

\0\ 

4.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-3) .../!... 54 

5.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3 05 2-4) 74 

6.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-5) . . . . \\\ . . 94 

7.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-6) .... \s J 7 . 114 

8.0 ANALYSIS OF VEHICLE IMPACT VELOCITY CHANGES 134 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

Figure Page 
1-1 197 9 Chevrolet Impala Interface With NHTSA 



Fixed Test Device 



4 



1-2 Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 

Ford E-150 Van (Tests 3052-1, 2, and 3) 6 

1-3 Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 

Dodge B-200 Van (Tests 3052-4, 5, and 6) . . . . 7 

1-4 1979 Ford Econoline 150 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test 

Device Interface 9 

1-5 197 9 Dodge B-200 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Interface ° • • • • 1° 

1-6 Bumper/Test Device Interface - 197 9 Ford 

E-150 Van H 



xv 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CQNTD) 

Figure Page 

1-7 Bumper/Test Device Interface - 197 9 Dodge 

B-200 Van 12 

2-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-1) 18 

2-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-1) . . 19 

2-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-1) . -. • • 20 

2-4 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-1). 25 

2-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-1) 27 

3-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-2) 38 

3-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-2). . 39 

3-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-2). . . • 40 

3-4 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-2). . > 45 

3-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile ana 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-2) 47 

4-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-3) 58 

4-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-3 ) . . 59 

4-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-3). ... 60 

4-4 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-3) 65 

4-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-3) 67 

5-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-4) 78 

5-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-4) . . 79 

5-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-4). ... 80 

5-4 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Static Crush (Test 3052-4) 85 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CONTD) 
Figure Page 

5-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-4). . . 87 

6-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-5) 98 

6-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-5) . 99 

6-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-5) . . . 100 

6-4 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Static Crush (Test 3052-5), . . 105 

6-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-5) 107 

7-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-6) '■ 118 

7-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-6) . 119 

7-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-6)- . . . 120 

7-4 197 9 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Crush (Test 3052-6) 125 

7-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-6) 127 

8-1 Driver Head Injury Criteria (HIC) Versus 

Impact Speed 137 

8-2 RF Passenger Head Injury Criteria (HIC) 

Versus Impact Speed 137 

8-3 Driver Chest Severity Index (SI) Versus 

Impact Speed 138 

8-4 RF Passenger Chest Severity Index (SI) 

Versus Impact Speed 138 

8-5 Driver Peak Chest Resultant Versus Impact 

Speed • . . • . » ♦ 139 

8-6 RF Passenger Peak Chest Resultant Versus 

Impact Speed 139 

8-7 Driver Left Femur Load Versus Impact Speed. . . 14 
8-8 Driver Right Femur Load Versus Impact Speed . • 140 
8-9 RF Passenger Left Femur Load Versus Impact 



Speed 



141 



vi 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CONTD) 

Figure Page 

8-10 RF Passenger Right Femur Load Versus 

Impact Speed 141 

8-11 Dynamic Crush (Accelerometer Data) Versus 

Impact Speed. 143 

8-12 Dynamic Crush (Film Data) Versus Impact 

Speed i43 

8-13 Static Crush Versus Impact Speed 144 

8-14 Velocity Change (AV) Versus Impact Speed. . . . 144 

8-15 Average Compartment Acceleration Versus 

Impact Speed I 45 

8-16 Maximum Compartment Acceleration Versus 

Impact Speed. 1*5 

8-17 Maximum Engine Acceleration Versus Speed. ... 146 

8-18 Maximum Vehicle Inertia Force Versus 

Impact Speed 147 

8-19 Total Measured Load Cell Force Versus 

Impact Speed. •. 147 

8-20 Head and Chest Parameters Versus Vehicle 

Velocity Change (Van-to-Barrier Tests). . . « . 148 

8-21 Head and Chest Parameter Versus Average 
Compartment Acceleration (Van-to-Barrier 
Tests) - I 49 

LIST OF TABLES ■ 

Table Pa 9' e 

1-1 TEST MATRIX - VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 

AGGRESSIVITY STUDY - 3 052 3 

1-2 VEHICLE AND FIXED TEST DEVICE INSTRUMEN- 
TATION SUMMARY • 5 

1-3 CAMERA LOCATIONS FOR VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED 

DEVICE IMPACT TESTS 13 

2-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-1). 15 

2-2 VEHICLE INSPECTIONS SHEET (TEST 3052-1) .... 16 



Vll 



LIST OF TABLES (CQNTD) 

Table Page 

2-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-1) 17 

2-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-1). 17 

2-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-1) 21 

2-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-1) 22 

2-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS- 

(TEST 3052-1) 23 

2-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1). . . 24 

2-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) - 26 

2-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 

VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1). 28 

2-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 

3052-1) 29 

2-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-1) • . 30 

2-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-1) ; 31 

2-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 32 

2-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-1) 33 

2-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 

FORCE (TEST 3052-1) 33 

3-1- CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2) 35 

3-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3 052-2) 3 6 

3-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-2) 37 

3-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-2) • . . 37 



Vlll 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Pa 9 e 

' 3-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-2) 41 

3-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-2) 42 

3-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 

(TEST 3052-2) 43 

3-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 44 

3-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 46 

3-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 
3052-2) . . . • • • • 48 

3-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCLEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-2) 49 

3-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2). . 50 

3-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-2) -....'.... 51 

3-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 52 

3-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-2) 53 

3-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-2) . 53 

4-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-3) 55 

4-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-3) 56 

4-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-3) - • . 57 

4-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-3) 57 

4-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-3) 61 

4-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-3) 62 



IX 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 
Table Page 

4-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-3). • 63 

4-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3 052-3) 64 

4-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-3) . . . . 66 

4-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 
3052-3) . . . . 68 

4-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCEL EROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3 052-3). . . 69 

4-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-3) 70 

4-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-3) 71 

4-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-3). 72 

4-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY 

COLUMNS AND ROWS (TEST 3 052-3) 73 

4-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-3). . . 73 

5-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-4) . . 75 

5-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-4) .... 76 

5-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-4) 77 

5-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - DODGE B-20 VAN 

(TEST 3 052-4). 77 

5-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3 052-4) 81 

5-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-4) 82 

5-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-4) ....... 83 

5-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4) 84 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 
Table Pa ?Q 

5-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4)*. 86 

5-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4), . 88 

5-11 SUMMARY OF VHEICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 

{TEST 3052-4) 89 

5-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-4) , . 90 

5-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-4) 91 

5-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4). 92 

5-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-4) ....... 93 

5-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-4) 93 

6-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3 052-5) 95 

6-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3 052-5) • . . . 96 

6-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-5). ........ 97 

6-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-5) • . . . 97 

6-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-5) 101 

6-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-5) 102 

6-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-5) 103 

6-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 104 

6-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 106 

6-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5). . 108 



XI 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Pa 9 e 

6-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCEI,ERUMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-5) 109 

6-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-5) 110 

6-13 SUMMARY QF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-5). . HI 

6-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) . ........... 112 

6-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-5) . . 113 

6-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-5) • - 113 

7-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6) 115 

7-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-6) .... 116 

7-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3 052-6) 117 

7-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-6) 117 - 

7-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3 052-6) 121 

7-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-6) 122 

7-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-6). 123 

7-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) I 24 

7-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6). . . ♦ . . 126 

7-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 
3052-6) I 28 

7-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-6) • • • i29 

7-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-6) 130 



Xll 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Page 

7-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-6) . « 131 

7-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 132 

7-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY 

COLUMNS AND ROWS (TEST 3052-6) • 133 

7-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-6) 133 

8-1 COMPARISON OF OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA 13 6 

8-2 COMPARISON OF VEHICLE RESPONSE DATA, 142 



Xlll 



•1.0 INTRODUCTION 

A series of eight full-scale van crash tests was conducted as 
required under Task 2 of Contract No. DOT-HS-8-01942 (Task Order 
#4), "Van Crashworthiness and Aggressivity Study," sponsored by 
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, This report 
ptesents the results of Tests 3052-1 through 3052-6, symmetric, 
head-on Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device crash tests. This report 
is presented in two volumes* Volume I is the test report which 
contains summaries of all the test results. Volume II contains 
the Calcomp plots for all vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic 
data gathered during the conduct of these tests. 

Test Report 2 presents the results of Tests 3052-7 and 3052-8 
Van-to-car symmetric, head-on impact tests. Test Report 3 pre- 
sents measurements gathered for accident investigation data relat- 
ing to vehicle crash trajectory and residual crush. Also included 
in this report are moment of inertia measurements made on each 
make/model vehicle tested using the NHTSA Mobile Parametric Measur- 
ing Device. 

1.1 TEST OBJECTIVE 

The object of these tests was to: 

• Study the crashworthiness and aggressivity of vans 

• Provide baseline van collision data to support FMVSS 
208, Occupant Crash Protection 

• Support current vehicle standards and provide initial 
information for future FMVSS 400 series standards up- 
grading . 



1.2 TEST SCOPE 

The test matrix and summary of test conditions for conducting 
the van crash tests are shown in Table 1-1. Test speeds of 15, 
25, 'and 30 mph were chosen as target speeds for two different 
models of vans which impacted the NHTSA Fixed Test Device. Tests 
3052-1 through 3052-3 were conducted using 1979 Ford E-150 Econo- 
line Vans, while Tests 3052-4 through 3052-6 were conducted using 
1979 Dodge B-200 Vans. The NHTSA Fixed Test Device is a unique, 
segmented, load-measuring barrier which was supported by a 36-inch 
extension which attached to a rigid barrier. Its frontal height 
was set to simulate the front of a Chevrolet Impala (see Figure 
1-1). * The front face of each load-measuring module used a 7" x 8" 
x 1-1/2" plywood surface instead of the six-inch aluminum honey- 
comb block. 

In each test, the van contained two instrumented Alderson 
Part 572, 50th percentile male anthropomorphic dummies (GFE) loca- 
ted in the two front outboard seating positions. Each occupant 
was restrained with the vehicle's production restraint system. 
(The Dodge Van's standard, two-point restraint system was replaced 
by the production, three-point restraint system.) The seat tracks 
were put at midposition, but not welded in place. Fuel was re- 
moved from the vans and replaced with water. Vehicles which con- 
tained tilt steering wheels were tested with the wheel placed in 
the lowermost driving position, per direction of the NHTSA Con- 
tract Technical Manager. 





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CONTOUR 33" HGT 



76.0. 
6 2 6. V HGT 

BUMPER 




15 24 
INCHES 



CHEVROLET 
IMPALA 



58.5 



BARRIER EXTENSION 




NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) / 

MOUNTING PLATE ^-WINDSHIELD 

7 

39.2 



GROUND REF 



/ 9-75 11.1 

/ fr.T7RR 



58,5 

(CURB WGT. CONFIG.) 



Figure 1-1. 1979 Chevrolet Impala Interface With NHTSa 
Fixed Test Device. 



1.3 VEHICLE INSTRUMENTATION 

See Table 1-2 for a summary of vehicle and Fixed Test Device 
instrumentation* A total of 87 data channels were used in conduct- 
ing these tests. Van instrumentation consisted of 41 data channels 
requiring the use of three Remote Sensing Control Modules (RSCM's). 
The NHTSA Fixed Test Device contained a total of 46 data channels 
requiring the use of 4 RSCM's. 



TABLE 1-2, VEHICLE AND FIXED TEST DEVICE INSTRUMENTATION SUMMARY 



Locations 



Van Instrumentation 
Vehicle Accelerometers* 
Dummy instrumentation: 



Data Channels 



19 



Femur (2) 






2 




16 




Seat Belt Load Cells: 
Lap (2) , Shoulder (1) 






2 


Total 


6 
41 - 


3 RSCM's 


NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
Instrumentation 






40 




40 




Load Cells 




String Potentiometers 






6 


Total 


6 
46 - 


4 RSCM's 


*See Figures 1-2 and 1-3 


for 


loca 


itions. 







1.3.1 Test Vehicle Instrumentation 



In addition to having two fully-instrumented anthropomorphic 
dummies, the test vehicle was instrumented with 19 accelerometers 
mounted in 9 locations. Figures 1-2 and 1-3 show the vehicle ac- 
celerometer locations for the Ford Van and Dodge Van, respectively. 



(X,Y,Z) (X) 



(X) + LONG 
](Y) '•+ LAT 




[T)(X.Y,Z) 

:x)[e][5](x,Y,z) 





(X) + LONG 



[¥)(.X,Y t Z) ~B [j]l,2(x1 

W\h) : — " 



Q ( 4(X,Y ( Z] 






Ford E-150 Van Accelerometer 


Locations 




M 
Expec 

Long. 
(G) 

50 
50 


aximum' 1 
ted Re< 

Lat. 
(G) 

100 

100 
200 


jding 


No. 

1 


Description of Location 
Left B-pillar near floor 


X** 
108 


Y** 

-29 

29 


z** 

26 
26 


Vert. 
(G) 


2 


Right B-pillar near floor 

Left firewall inside com- 
partment 


108 




3 


156 


-25 


34 


100 
100 


100 


4 


Right firewall inside 
compartment 


156 


16 


36 


100 


5 


Top engine block 


151 


3 


35 


200 


200 


6 


Front axle 


165 





12 


200 
50 


50 




7 


Vehicle center of gravity 


113 



-3 


12 


50 


8 


Cargo area over rear axle 


38 


28 


50 


50 


50 


9 


Rear axle 


37 


3 


8 


100 







*25- and 30-mph crashes only values reduced by 50% for 15-mph 

crashes. , , . 

**X coordinate - centerline of rear bumper; Y coordinate - 

vehicle centerline; Z coordinate - ground level. 



Figure 1-2. Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 
Ford E-150 Van (Tests 3052-1, 2 f and 3). 



(X,Y,Z) (X) 




(X) + LONG 
](Y) T + LAT 



(X) 



1 



|T] (X ( Y ' Z) 
x) H][a] (x ' y ' z) 

,Y,Z) 



SMi 



(Z) + VERT 





(X) + LONG 

- h) : 



_Q3,4(X,Y,Zl 




Dodge B-200 Van Accelerometer Locations 



Maximum' 



Expected Reading 
~~ Long. Lat. Vert 

No, Description of Location x** y^ z** (G) (G) (G) 

~~ ~ 50 



1 Left B-pillar near floor 108 -32 



26 



2 Right B-pillar near floor 108 32 26 



50 



Left firewall inside com- 
partment 



157 -24 41 



100 100 



4 Right firewall inside 



compartment 



152 



23 



38 



100 



5 Top engine block 



142 



34 



Front axle 



149 



200 



7 Vehicle center of. gravity 110 







26 



50 



8 Cargo area over rear axle 38 28 

48~~ 



50 



Rear axle 



15 



100 



100 



200 200 



50 



50 



100 



100 



200 



50 



50 



*25- and 30-mph crashes only — values reduced by 50% for 15-mph 
crashes. , . 

**X coordinate - centerline of rear bumper; Y coordinate - 
vehicle centerline; Z coordinate - ground level. 



Figure 1-3. Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 
Dodge B-200 Van (Tests 3052-4, 5, and 6). 



Dummy instrumentation and seat belt load cells required an addi- 
tional 22 data channels, making a total of 41 data channels required 
for van instrumentation ♦ 

1.3.2 NHTSA Fixed Test Device Instrumentation 

The Fixed Test Device was instrumented with forty 12.5 klb 
interface load cells and six Celesco dynamic string potentiom- 
eters. Figures 1-4 and 1-5 show the frontal interface areas for 
each model van. A side view of the van bumper/Test Device inter- 
face is shown in Figures 1-6 and 1-7 for each model van. The 
front face of the Fixed Test Device was modified to use 40 pieces 
of 1-1/2-inch thick, grade AB plywood rather than the standard 
6-inch 50 psi aluminum honeycomb. In addition, the Test Device 
was attached to a 36-inch extension from the fixed barrier and set 
at a frontal height similar to the front of a Chevrolet Impala. 

1.4 PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENTATION 

In all tests, seven high-speed cameras (five 1000 fps and two 
500 fps) and one panning camera (24 fps) were used to cover the 
crash event (see Table 1-3). Two of the cameras used were mounted 
on board the vans to observe occupant kinematics. In addition to 
high-speed cameras, black-and-white and color slides were taken to 
record pre-test and post-test vehicle and dummy positions. These 
items have been submitted to NHTSA. 



J 

f 
I 

' ; 

I V 

/ 
I 



DRIVER 
POSITION 



t t 

\ » 
i 1 
i i 

\ t 



D10 



CIO 



BIO 
Y.i I 



A10 



D9 



C9 



B9 



A9 



D8 



C8 



B8 

* 



A8 



D7 



C7 



B7 



A7 



D6 



C6 



B6 



A6 



82.25" 



r 



D5 
* 



C5 
* 



B5 
* 



A5 



D4 



C4 



B4 



A4 



D3 



C3 



B3 
* 



A3 



D2 



C2 



B2 



A2 
n 
— h - 

■ i 

■ i 
l« 

sL 



DU 



.CI 



Bl^ 



;ai 



66" 



78 



28.75" 



9.75" 



View from Rear of Test Device. 



♦Location of instrumentation modules that use 
1210-LT-12.5K load cells which have holes for 
string potentiometer cables. 



Figure 1-4. 1979 Ford Econoline 150 Van/NHTSA 
Fixed Test Device Interface. 



80" 



ll 



D10 



CIO 



BIO 

r i 

_j 



A10 



\ 
i 



DRIVER 
POSITION 



+-82.25" 



D9 



C9 



B9 



iA9 



D8 



C8 



B8 
* 



A8 



D7 



CI 



B7 



D6 



C6 



B6 



A7--A6 



i 
*-t 



D5 
* 



C5 



B5 



A5 



D4 



C4 



B4 



A4 



D3 



C3 



B3 
* 



-A3 



D2 



C2 



B2 

i 



■A2- 

L 



Dl 



CI 



Bl 



68" 



Al 
-U- 



76" 



9.75" 



V 



View from Rear of Test Device. 



*Location of instrumentation modules that use 
1210-LT-12.5K load cells which have holes for 
string potentiometers* 



Figure 1-5. 



1979 Dodge B-200 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test 
Device Interface* 



10 



NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) 
MOUNTING PLATE 




GROUND REFERENCE 



Figure 1-6. Bumper/Test Device Interface - 1979 Ford E-150 Van 



11 



NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) 
MOUNTING PLATE 




GROUND REFERENCE 



Figure 1-7, Bumper/Test Device Interface - 197 9 Dodge B-200 Van 



12 



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13 



2.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-1) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-1, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V Q = 15.25 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, . 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA, Appendix A (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



14 



TABLE 2-1 • CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3Q52-1) 



TEST NO. 



3052-1 



TEST DATE; April 10, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1313 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE : 61 



TEST TnwFTflnRATION: Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head- on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van __ 

VEHICLE NO. 2 
VEHICLE DATA 



NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

VEHICLE NO 



Overall Length/Width (in.) 
Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in. ) 

Longitudinal C.G* (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level ( in . ) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 
OCCUPANTS 
Type 
Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



186.5/79.4 



LF 1304 
LR 1156 



RF 1345 
RR 1185 



4990 

124.4 

58.4 





15.25 

-1.84 e 68 

17.09 

-25.14 @ 16 

-28.50 @ 54 

8.1 

0.0 
1.8 

6.9 
5.8. 

0,2 

Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 

41 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



>100,000 



46 



8 



*With respect to tow track centerline. 



15 



TABLE 2-2." VEHICLE" INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-1) 



Contractor :_Pynamic_Scienc^J_nc, Contract No.:_Q OT-HS-8-01942 

VIN NO.: E14HHEF439.7_.__, " ;ike: £°*d . 



NHTSJ\ No.: JR&P.. J 

Ynart 197_9_ Color: W ^*- e Model :^j^onoli neE-150 V^ n 

Auto Trans: ycsB no D PwrStncrinq: yes S no D Scats:^ Bench: _ 

ivr Brakes: yesH no Q Auto Speed Cent: yes Q no H Bucket: X 

Pwr Scats: ynsQnoGI Antl Skid Brnkc : ycsDnoS Split ^ 

rwr Windows: ycsQ no® Air Cond i t ioning : yosD no Q 

Tinted Glass: ynsH no G Rear Window Dcf . : yesD ™H 

Radio: ycsG no@ Brakes: drum:__R disc: ____ 

Clock: yesD »° (E 

Tire Sizc:_i_78il5.._ riy noting: 4 rUg. i Linet Goodyear 



Split 

Back 

Bench 



Total 351 
Qia8 Ply: Relted: X Rndial,_ _/Eng . Typo:_V______ Cyl indcr s : _8__Displ : CID 

Tra ns, V Pwd . Spend r. : _ .. 3 Shipping WriqhL: 4^4JLb Odometer: 3§8__5 



Dealer (name, addionn, and phone number) 



Remarks (list additional accessories not lird'od above) 

Sliding side door 

Pate of Hanufnclm,: 1-7? Dynamic Science No . : _. _865 ^ate Rncoivodt Jzi?^ 

Tilting Steering Wheel: y.-Q no0 Telescoping Storing Wheel : yesDnoS 

"Space Saver" Spare Tire yesG no@ 

Fuel Capacity: „_..__ -, * 

(From o.vtv't n manna 1 ) 



Res 



traint system: Standard . . la___ana j___ul_ter belts 



l i7T^7hV;i;";;t,HT',h;ouo"houj. ? Dcncr"^: Mirrors, carpeting, Jack wheel 

covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engrne coolant removed. 
100% water in fuel tank. 

2. Docs vehicle ,,hnv .vid.ncn of prior accident history? Describe: No 



3. Does vehicle r.hnw any significant corrosion? Describe: ^O 



4. Check condition of I he frnnl. bumper nnd frame: Satisfactory 



16 



TABLE 2-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-1) 



Test No. 3Q52-1 Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Science No. 865 

Engine Size 351 CID 

Engine Weight* (lb) 768 



Engine Height/Width (in.) 33.7/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in,) t 2 6.9 

Engine Length (in.) 19.8 

Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) m 28.7 

Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.J 17^,0/23.9 



^Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 2-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-1) 



Distances (in.) Driver Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 
Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 
Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal) 
Forehead to Header 



15. 





18. 


7 


27. 


2 


8. 


.5 


8 


.3 


25 


.1 


18 


.7 



24. 


2 


7. 


,3 


7 


.5 


21 


.8 


17 


.9 



17 




a ) Pre-test 




Figure 2-1 



b) Post- test 
Vehicle configuration (Teat 3052-1), 



18 



MUfcS 









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i 



TABLE 2-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-1) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time 
(msec) Crash Event ; 

Impact (visual) 

6 Grille hits Test Device 

14 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper strikes front tires 

24 Dummies start forward motion 

50 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (8.1. in.) 

58 Minimum right side wheelbase (123.7 in.); Passenger dummy 
knees strike dash 

60 Driver dummy hands strike dash 

64 Minimum left side wheelbase (123.7 in.); Driver dummy 
knees strike dash 

73 Passenger strikes engine cowling with left hand 

80 Left rear tire leaves ground 

85 Driver chest strikes steering wheel lower rim 

112 Maximum vehicle declination (2,5°) 

117 Driver head strikes steering wheel upper rim 

/ 122 Left rear tire recontacts ground 

127 Maximum forward motion of both dummies 

134 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

252 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

262 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

402 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (1.75°) 



21 



TABLE .2-6. SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-1) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van ^ 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head steering column None 

upper rim „ 

Chest - Steering Wheel None 

lower rim 

Knees : Lower dash panel None 

Glazing: Windshield 100% intact 



Doors : All opened easily 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Anchorages intact . No seat 
movement — 



Vehicle. Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Front: inch, 
Rear: inch 



Fuel Leakage: None : — 

General Observations: Bumper struck both tires and locked up 



front wheels. Van rebounded 7 inches. Very little vehicle in- 
terior intrusion* ; 



22 



TABLE 2-7 . PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-1) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


FORD ECONOLINE 


E-150 


VAN 












Pre- 

(. 


-test 
i.n. ) 


post-test 
(in.) 


Diff 
( 


erence 
in. ) 




LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


LS 




RS 


A 


124.2 


124.5 


124.3 




124.7 


-0.1 




-0.2 


B 


24.8 


25.0 


19.2 




19.3 


5.6 




5.7 


C 


37.3 


37.1 


37.3 




37.1 


0.0 




0.0 


D 


186.3 


186.6 


180.8 




181.1 


5.5 




5.5 


G 


109.5 


109.3 


109.6 




109.5 


-0.1 




-0.2 


I 


37.4 


37.4 


37.3 




37.4 


0.1 




0.0 





78.6 


78.3 


78.9 




78.6 


0.3 




0.3 


P 


42.3 


42.2 


42.7 




41.9 


0.4 




-0.3 


T 


22.4 


22.3 


24.0 




23.5 


1.6 




1.2 


y 


37.8 


37.5 


32.8 




32.7 


5.0 




4.8 


z 


39.4 


39.9 


33.9 




34.2 


5.5 




5.7 



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VEHICLE RIGHT 



Figure 2-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-1) 



25 



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36 



Figure 2-5, 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-1) . 



27 



TABLE 2-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES - 
FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 



Wheel Pre-test (in,) 
Location X* Y* Z 



Post-test (in,) Displacement (in,) 

Y Z 



X 



Top 136.2 -18.1 60.3 136.0 -17.7 61.1 -0.2 0.4 0.8 
Hub 132.7-18.1 53.7 132.6-17.7 54.5 -0.1 0.4 0.8 
Bottom 126.5 -18.1 49.5 126.9 -17.7 50.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 



*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 



28 



TABLE 2-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 3052-1) 
Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Test 3052-1 (15.2 5 mph) 



Maximum Minimum Maximum 
Acceleration Velocity Displacement 





Accelerometer 


A 
(G) 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 


T 
(msec) 


S 
(in.) 


T 


NO. 


Location 


(msec) 


IX 
2X 


Left Side B-pillar 
Right Side B-pillar 


-23.7 
-26.6 


16 
16 


-1.9 
-1.8 


70 

66 


+8.9 
+8.7 


53 
52 




Average IX & 2X 


-25.1 


16 


-1.8 


68 


+8.8 


53 



3X Left Side Firewall -45.5 26 -1.6 134 +8.5 54 

3Y Left Side Firewall -7.2 19 +0.8 56 +1.6 200 

3Z Left Side Firewall +12.9 17 -0.7 135 +1.9 116 

4X Right Side Firewall -32,9 35 -1.6. 139 +8.8 52 

4Y Right Side Firewall -6.6 34 -0.6 78 -0.3 200 

4Z Right Side Firewall -10.3 74 -1.1 168 +1.8 77 

5X Engine -28.5 54 -5.5 72 +10.0 54 

5Y Engine +4.4 50 -0.1 18 +1.8 200 

5Z Engine -7.4 66 -0.6 110 +2.0 73 



6X Front Axle -57.1 8 -1.5 69 +7.9 57 



7X Vehicle C.G. -25.3 44 -2.2 67 +8.8 53 

7Y Vehicle C.G. -3.6 21 -0.4 75 -0.1 100 

7Z Vehicle C.G. +27.0 37 +1.1 95 +2.5 200 

8X Rear Compartment -26.0 15 -2.3 68 +8.7 52 

8Y Rear Compartment -6.8 15 -0.5 17 . +1.0 200 

8Z Rear Compartment -29.0 29 -3.3 56 -2.1 106 



9X Rear Axle -44.1 15 -5.6 72 +8,0 54 



29 



TABLE 2-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-1) 


Vehicle: 1979 


Ford 


Econoline E 


-150 Van 












Test 3052-1 


(15.25 mph) 






Left 
Occu 


Front 
pant 


Right Front 
Occupant 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


HEAD 












X 




-16.2 
-8.2 


125 


-16.2 


130 


Y 


129 


+5.6 


86 


Z 
R* 


.+19.5 
+ 22.0 


94 
98 


+16.0 
+ 18.9 


91 
89 


HIC 




78 


74-142 


70 


60-152 


CHEST 


X 




-29.3 


78 


-23.0 


71 


Y 




-5.4 
-6.6 


95 


+6.0 


82 


Z 


95 


-4.9 


78 


R* 




+ 26.2 


• 80 


+21.4 


75 


SI 




81 


200 


62 

Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


200 






Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 










LF 




-98 


52 


-64 


46 


RT 




-1030 


68 


-231 


69 


*3-msec clip. 













30 



TABLE 2-13. SUMMARY OF 


RESTRAINT 


SYSTEM 


DATA 


(TEST 


3052-1) 


Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline 


■E- 


-150 


Van 


















Test 


3052- 


-1 (15, 


25 mph) 






Peak Load 
(lb) 




Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap. Belt 










787 






80 


Right Lap Belt 










899 






72 


Shoulder Belt 










1040 






83 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 










1416 






77 


Right Lap Belt 










868 






76 


Shoulder Belt 










925 






82 



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32 



TABLE 2-15. 


SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND 
ROWS (TEST 3052-1) 


Vehicle 


:: 1979 


Ford Econoline E-150 Van 






.er 


Test 3052-1 (lb. 2b mph) 




Paramet 


Peak Load 
(klbj 


Time 
(msec J 


Column 
Column 


1 

2 


3.14 
3.44 


45 
26 


Column 
Column 
Column 


3 
4 
5 


'23.32 

11.78 

0.56 


43 
49 
48 


Column 
Column 


6 

7 


1.28 

11.00 


15 
26 


Column 
Column 
Column 


8 
9 

10 


21.56 
5.38 
3.34 


44 
44 
45 


Row A 




13.90 


37 


Row B 
Row C 




56.68 
2.74 


45 
37 


Row D 




11.35 


29 



TABLE 2-16, COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-1) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Load Cell* Engine/Car** 

Force Iner t ia Force 

Force (klb) 82.50 -113.07 

Time (msec I 44 16 

*Sum of 40 load cells, ,„ooo iki 

**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4222 lb] 

plus engine acceleration times engine wei ght _(_76_8_ jj>)_j 



33 



3.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-2) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-2, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 25.10 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix B (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



34 



TABLE 3-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2) 



TEST NO 



3052-2 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1526 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE: 71 



TEST DATE: April 11, 1979 

TEST CONFIGURATION : Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2 

VEHICLE DATA 



NHTSA Fixed Test Device 



Overall Length/Width (in.) 
Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in. ) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in.) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level ( in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



VEHICLE NO. 1 


VEHICLE NO. 2 


186.6/79.4 




LF 1251 RF 1374 
LR 1191 RR 1181 




4997 


>100,000 


124.5 




59.1 
















25.10 





-2.77 @ 105 




27.87 




-29.54 <? 26 




-40.00 @ 54 


i 


15.3 




-0.9 

7.4 

13.1 

12.3 





1.7 



Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



41 



46 



*With respect to tow truck centerline. 



35 



TABLE 3-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-2) 



Contractor: Dynamic Science, Inc. 
vi» NO-t_ E14HHEE2507- 

NHTSA No. 

Year: 1979 



Contract No. 
Make: Ford 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



R&D 



Color 



Silver 



Auto Tr^ans: yes[x] noQ 

Pwr Brakes: yesg] noQ] 

pwr Seats: yesQ nog] 

Pwr Windows: yesQ no[x] 

Tinted Glass: yes0 noQ 

Radio: y e sQ no0 

Clockt yesQ no0 

Tire Size: L78-15 Ply Rating: 4 



Pwr Steering: yes (^ no |~| 

Auto Speed Cont: yesQ no0 

Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no 

Air Conditioning: yesQ no §J 

Rear Window Def.: yesQ no 
Brakes: drum: R disc: F 



Model: 


Econoline 


E- 


-150 Van 


Seats: 


Bench: 






(front) 


Bucket: 

Split 
Bench: 




X 










Split 
Back 
Bench : 







Mfg. & Li ne *_£an£ral 



Bia-s Ply: Belted:_ 

Trans, I Fwd. Speeds: 3 



X 



Radial 



Total 
/Enq.Type: V-8 Cylinders: 8 Displ: 3M cid 



Shipping Weight: 4128 



Odometer 



559.0 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) 

Sliding side door. 



Date of Manufacture: 1-79 



Tilting Steering Wheel: 



Fuel Capacity: 



(from owner's manual) 
Restraint System: standard lap and should er belt 



Dynamic Science No.: 866 Date Received: 3/12/70, 

yesQ nog] Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ noQ 

"Space Saver" Spare Tire yes □ noQ 



2. 



is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed, 
100% water in fuel tank. 

Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: NO 



3. Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



DS FORM 4200 



36 



TABLE 3-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-2) 



^ st No . 3052-2 Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Sc ience No- 866 



351 CID 



768 



Engine Size 

Engine Weight* (lb) 

Engine Height/Width (in,) 33.4/19. 2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.) _ . . 26^9 — 



Engine Length (in.) -Lid! 

Engine to Firewall (in.] . Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) . _J?8_ii 



Bumpe r Height (in.) (Min. /Max^) 16.9/24.0 

♦Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. • 



TABLE 3-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-2) 



Distances (i^.J Driver Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal] 14.8 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 1-9 4 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right * . 

Chest to Dash (horizontal] 25JL 

Forehead to Header ilii 



26.9 25.5 



8.1 



7.9 



6. 


4 


6. 


8 


21 


,5 


18 


.2 



37 



. 2 

I m 



■r\ 



J3 

i 




a) Pre— test 



i 
I 



T 




b) Post- test 



Figure 3-1- Vehicle configuration (Test 30S2-2} 



38 



till Vis 




Q^ h6 





aw Vib 




01 

CM 

in 
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& 

frt' 



40 



TABLE 3-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-2) 

VEHICLE-: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time 
(msec) ' Crash Event 

Impact (visual) 

5 Grille hits Test Device 

9 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper strikes front tires? Dummies start forward motion 

'34 Front tires hit barrier 

51 ' Hood curls over barrier and strikes load cells; Driver 
. strikes steering wheel lower rim with chest 

54 Driver hands strike dash; Passenger knees strike dash; 
Fender wells strike back of front tires 

60 Minimum right side wheelbase (121.1 in.); Driver knees hit 
dash; Passenger strikes engine cowling with left hand 

67 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (15,3 in.) 

68 Minimum left side wheelbase (122.0 in.) 
78 Driver head strikes steering wheel hub 
94 Maximum driver forward motion 

98 Maximum vehicle declination (3.5°) 

129; Maximum passenger forward motion 

147 Right rear tire leaves ground 

160 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

165 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

249 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

251 Right rear tire recontacts ground 

377 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (2.0°) 



41 



TABLE 3-6. SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-2) 

VEHICLE: 1979 Ford Econoline' E-150 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head- Steering wheel hub None 

Chest- Steering wheel None 

lower rim _ 

Knees Lower dash Lower dash 



Glazing: Windshield 100% intact but window cracked slightly on 
driver side. _^_____„ 





Doors: 


Difficult to 


open 
















■ 


Seat Belt 
moved 0*2 


Anchoraqes and Restraints: Seat 
inch forward , right seat moved 


belts 
.4 inch 


OK, Left 

forward 


seat 


Vehicle 
Front: 


Centerline to Barrier 
1 inch left 


Centerline: 




Rear: 


3 


inches 


right , 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leaked. Dumper struck both front 

tires. Steering wheel rotated in and upward lifting up dash 

panel. Eight inches static rebound. Hood struck top row of load 

cells. Load cell C-6 struck by Master Cylinder of Brake Booster 
in van. 



42 



TABLE 3-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-2) 




VEHICLE; 


: 1979 


FORD ECONOLINE 


E-150 


VAN 


>st 


Dif f ereni 
(in.) 






Pre- 
( 


-test 

in. ) 


POSt-t€ 

(in.] 


^e 




LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


LS 


RS 


A 


124.8 


. 125.2 


123.5 




123,5 


1.3 


1.7 


B 


24.7 


24.3 


15.8 




13.6 


8.9 


10.7 


C 


37.0 


37.2 


37.2 




37.1 


-0.2 


0.1 


D 


186.5 


186.7 


176.5 




174.2 


10.0 


12.5 


G 


109.4 


109.5 


110.2 




109.7 


-0.8 


-0.2 


I 


37.4 


37.3 


37.0 




37.0 


0.4 


0.3 





78.5 


78.1 


78.7 




79.5 


0.2 


1.4 


P 


42.4 


42.0 


42.2 




43.0 


-0.2 


1.0 


T 


22.4 


22.0 


25.4 




25 .0 


3.0 


3.0 


Y 


37.3 


37.3 


27.5 




26.9 


9.8 


10.4 


Z 


39.7 


39.9 


29.3 




27.5 


10.4 


12.4 



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4.2 



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3.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 



-V 7.4 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 




m 




.9 10.3 10,7 10.9 10.7 10.6 10.0 13.1 9.8 



Ll__l 1 J___LJ. 



(MAX) 



w 







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m mm 

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SL.1.:J--JL.1..L.T_.L-1-J-LJ™J 



36 



™i — 
30 



— i 1 r— 

24 18 12 
VEHICLE LEFT 



1 



INCHES 



™i — 
24 



12 18 
VEHICLE RIGHT 



30 36 



Figure 3-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-2) 



45 



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46 



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L__J.__1_._L_J.__1 I A^A 

f f f f f r~t 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 

— POST-TEST PROFILE 



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UL-J. 






36 



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36 



Figure 3-5. 



1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-2) . 



47 



TABLE 3-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES - 
FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 



Wheel 
Location 

Top 

Hub 

Bottom 



Pre-test (iru) 



X 



Z* 



135.7 -18.1 60,6 
132.0 -18*1 53.9 
126.3 -18.1 49,8 



Post-test (in.) 
X Y Z 



Displacement ( in . ) 
X Y Z 



133.9 -18.5 65.6 
131.8 -19.2 58.2 
127.8 -19.5 53.1 



-1.8 -0,4 5.0 

-0.2 -1.1 4.3 

1.5 -1.4 3.3 



*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 



48 



TABLE 3-11. SUMMARY OF 


VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 3052-2) 


Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econol 


ine E-150 Van 






Test 3052-2 (25.10 


mph) 




Maximum Minimum 
Acceleration Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 


Accelerometer 


A TV T 


S T 


No. Location 


(G) (msec) (mph) (msec) 


( in. ) (msec) 


IX Left Side B-pillar 
2X Right Side B-pillar 


-28.2 28 -3.0 119 ' 
-31.9 25 -2.8 89 


+15.9 63 
+16.2 66 


Average IX. & 2X 


-29.5 26 -2.8 105 


16.1 65 



3X Left Side Firewall 
3Y Left Side Firewall 
3Z Left Side Firewall 



8X 
8Y 
8Z 

9X 



-59.0 
-15.1 
+28.1 



27 
17 
14 



0.6 
0.3 
1.0 



107 

19 
12 



+14.9 70 

+10.2 200 

+4.1 129 



4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-80.1 


26 


-1.8 


103 


+16.2 


70 


4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-18.9 


25 


+1.3 


28 


+ 1.8 


200 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 


-15.9 


24 


-2.7 


142 


-2.2 


200 


5X 


Engine 


-40.0 


54 


-5.1 


73 


+17.0 


56 


5Y 


Engine 


-9.1 


81 


-0.8 


37 


-0.5 


200 


5Z 


Engine 


-7.9 


85 


-4.5 


169 


-5.2 


200 


6X 


Front Axle 


-73.7 


8 


-2.8 


101 


+14.9 


61 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-37.2 


41 


-3.5 


108 


+15.9 


64 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


-12.9 


37 


-1.4 


51 


-0.4 


71 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


+ 36.7 


58 


-2.4 


137 


-1.3 


200 



Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 



-30.2 

+4.8 

-27.5 



26 
42 
41 



3.4 
•0.6 
4.7 



95 
33 
59 



+15.8 63 
+1.0 200 
-5.8 181 



Rear Axle 



-53.5 



14 



4.2 



77 



+ 13.9 



63 



49 



TABLE 3-12. OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 305 2-2) 
Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Test 3052-2 (25.10 mph) 



Left Front 
Occupant 



Right Front 
Occupant 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec) 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec) 



HEAD 



X 


-61.3 


98 


-25.1 


137 


Y 


-12.5 


101 


+9.3 


86 


Z 


+46.9 


83 


+ 40.4 


96 


R* 


+64.6 


96 


+ 39.4 


98 



HIC 



557 



70-112 



393 



71-150 



CHEST 



X 


-45.8 


74 


-35.4 


77 


Y 


-6.3 


80 


+ 12.2 


85 



z 

R* 



+15.6 



60 



+41.4 



72 



+5.8 



+ 29.8 



75 



78 



SI 


289 


200 


171 


200 




Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 


LF 


-137 


61 


-141 


50 


RT 


-2851 


55 


-184 


29 


*3-msec clip. 



50 



TABLE 3-13. SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT 


SYSTEM 


DATA 


(TEST 


3052-2) 


Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline 


E- 


-150 


Van 




















Test 


3052- 


■2 


(25. 


10 


mph) 






Peak Load 
(lb) 








Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt . 








1260 










74 


Right Lap Belt 








1278 










65 


Shoulder Belt 








1319 










78 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 








1993 










71 


Right Lap Belt 








1249 










75 



Shoulder Belt 1513 83 



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52 



TABLE 3-15. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-2) 

Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Test 3052-2 (25.10 mph ) 



Peak Load Time 

Parameter (klbj (msec) 

34 
43 
26 
43 
58 
56 
25 
29 
26 
28 



Column 


1 


Column 


2 


Column 


3 


Column 


4 


Column 


5 


Column 


6 


Column 


7 


Column 


8 


Column 


9 


Column 


10 


Row A 




ROW B 




Row C 




Row D 





5 


.04 


4 


.96 


22 


.08 


16 


.50 


1 


.41 


7 


.45 


14 


.57 


25 


.52 


9 


.05 


3. 


,63 


12. 


26 


63. 


40 


10. 


66 


18. 


37 



29 
27 
56 
25 



TABLE 3-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-2) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Load Cell* Engine/Car** 

Force Inertia Force 

.r 

Force (klb) 93.76 138.31 

Time (msec) 25 28 



*Sum of 40 load cells. 
**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4229 lb J 
plus engine acceleration times engine weight (768 lbj. 



53 



4*0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-3) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No, 
3052-3, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V Q = 30.02 mph). 

This teport presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix C (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



54 



TABLE 4-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-3) 



I 
I 



April 12, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1422 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE: 76 





186.4/79.4 


LF 
LR 


1373 RF 1358 
1156 RR 1110 




4998 




124.5 




56.4 














30.02 




-1.95 @ 97 




31.97 




-34.87 @ 16 




-79.89 @ 38 




19.5 




0.7 
11.3 
16.4 
14.9 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



>100,000 



TEST NO. 3052-3 

TEST DATE 

TEST CONFIGURATION: Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 
VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

VEHICLE DATA VEHICLE NO 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

. Total Weight (lb) 
. Wheelbase (in. ) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in.) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) x 

Final Speed. (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
. (G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

o Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

o Hood Level (in. ) 

o Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 
. o Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



3.2 



Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



41 



46 



8 



r With respect to tow track centerline 



55 



contractor: Dynamic Science; Inc. 

VIN NO.: E14HHEC1109 

NHTSA No.: 

Year: 1979 



TABLE 4-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-3) 

[ Contract No.: DOT-HS-8-01942 

Make: 



Ford 



R&D 



Color: 



Silver 



Model: Econoline E-150 Van 



Auto Trans: yes£3 noQ Pwr Steering: yes(x] nojj Seats: Bench: 

(front) 
Pwr Brakes: yesQ noQ Auto Speed Cont: yesfx) noQ 



Bucket: x <D 



Pwr Seats: yesQ no0 Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no§ 

Pwr Windows: yesf] no lE] Air Conditioning: yes (x] no D 

Tinted Glass: yesjx) noQ Rear Window Def.: yesQ no0 

yesQ no(x] Brakes: drum: R disc : ^ 



Split 
Bench: 

Split 

Back 
Bench : 



Radio: 

Clock: yesQ nog] 

Tire Size: LR78-15 Ply Rating: 



Mfg. & Line: 



General 



Bias Ply: 



Belted: 



Total -. . - 
Radial X /Eng . Type: V ~ 8 Cylinders:^ Displ; -" 1 Cia 



Trans, I Fwd . Speeds 



Shipping Weight: 4129 



Odome 



ter: 475.6 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) ' . 

Double fold out side doors" NOTE: RF seat removed from van used in Test 

3052-1. Tilt steering wheel placed in 

lowermost position. 



Transmission cooler 
Inside hood latch 



Date of Manufacture: 12/78 Dynamic Science No.: 863 Date Received: 3/12/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: y es noQ Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ no0 



Fuel Capacity: 



(from owner's manual) 
Restraint System: Standard lap and shoulder belts 



Space Saver" Spare Tire yes □ no(3 



1. is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, wheel covers 
and wipers removed. Fluids except for engine coolant removed, 100% water in 
fuel tank. Passenger seat and belts used in Test 1. 



Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe 



NO 



3. Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of- the front .bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



DS FORM 4200 



56 



TABLE 4-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
iA CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 305 2-3) 



T»«t- No, 3052-3 • Tvpe ~Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
Car Model 1979 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Science No>_^63 __ 



351 CID 



768 



Engine Size 

Engine Weight* (lb) _ 

Engine Height/Width (in.] „ 32.2/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in,] 26 * 7 

Engine Length (in, J 



19-8 



in /<« i Not Applicable 

Engine to Firewall (m.J _ — t^f± — «: 

. 2R 3 

Bumper to Firewall (m.J ±2j. 



Bumper Height (in.] (Min . /Mgx^j^^^^^ X JL*2l(21i1 = 

'Includes engine and ri^id attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. . 



TABLE 4-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-3) 



birtl^ (in.)" Driver * , -Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal] 14^2 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim „ I 8 - 5 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal] 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 
Left 



28.0 25-9 



8.3 6.9 



Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal] 
Forehead to Header 



8.2 7.1 



25.4 21.7 



18.5 18.7 



'Tilt steering wheel set at lowermos t dri ving position. 



57 




a) pre-test 



er\ 




b) Post- test 



Figure 4-1 



Vetlic 



le Configuration (Test 30 5 2-3) 



58 



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60 



TABLE 4-5, CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-3) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time 
(msec) Crash Event . ._ 

Impact (visual) 

3 Grille hits Test Device 

7 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper hits front tires; Hood strikes top row of load 

; cells 

28 Driver starts forward motion 

31 Tires strike Test Device 

33 Passenger starts forward motion 

46 Fender wells strike back of front tires; Passenger knees 

strike dash 

54 passenger left hand strikes engine cowling; Driver knees 

strike dash 

59 Minimum wheelbase; Right side (120.8 in.); Left side 

(122.5 .in.) 

62 Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in neck 

68 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (19.5 in.) 

7 3 Driver hands and forearms strike dash 

78 Driver head strikes steering wheel hub 

88 Maximum driver forward motion 

92 Maximum vehicle declination (4.0°); Right rear tire leaves 
ground 

99 Passenger head hits dash 

107 Maximum passenger forward motion 

120 Left rear tire leaves ground 

149 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

185 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

195 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

304 Right rear tire recontacts ground 

336 Left rear tire recontacts ground 

529 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (3.25°) , 



61 



TABLE 4-6. SUMMAR Y OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-3) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Ford EconoIineE-150 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Lett Front Right Front 

Heac 3 steering wheel hub Top of dash 

and lower rim 

Chest None None 

Knees Lower dash Lower dash and air 

conditioner fan 

housing 

Glazing: Cracked on driver's side of vehicle „ 



Doors : Right passenger door difficult to open. Too ls required 
to open left driver door __ . 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Seat belts O K. Left seat 

moved 2.0 inches forward. Right seat moved 0,6 inch forward : 

Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 3.4 inches left, 
Front: 2.3 inches left __ . _ 



Fuel Leakage: None _ . 

General observations: Radiator leaked. Bumper struck both front 
tires. Steering column rotated upward. Seven inches static re- 



bound. Load cell C-6 struck by master cyli nder of brake booster 



of van. 



62 



TABLE 4-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-3) 




VEHICLE; 


. 1979 

Pre- 
(. 


FC 

-te 
in. 


RD ECONOLINE 


E-150 VAN 










St 

) 


Post-test 
(in.) 


Difference 
(in.) 




LS 




RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


A 
B 


124.6 
24.8 




124.4 
25.0 


120.0 

13.8 


124.4 
13.3 


4.6 
11.0 


0.0 
11.7 


C 


36.9 




37.0 


37.1 


37.0 


-0.2 


0.0 


D 


186.3 




186.4 


170.9 


174.7 


15.4 


11.7 


G 


109.3 




109.1 


109.3 


110.9 


0.0 


-1.8 


I 


. 37.5 




37.4 


36.1 


36.6 


1.4 


0.8 





77.0 




77.4 


77.1 


77.8 


0.1 


0.4 


P 


40.4 




40.8 


40.7 


41.5 


0.3 


0.7 


T 
Y 
Z 


20.4 
37.3 
39.5 




20.8 
37.3 
39.9 


22.6 
25.0 
25.5 


22.6 
24.7 
27.2 


2.2 
12.3 
14.0 


1.8 
12.6 

12.7 



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30 



—i 
36 



Figure 4-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-3) 



65 



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INCHES 



Figure 4-5* 



1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-3) . 



67 



TABLE 4-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES 
FGRD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-3) 



Wheel 
Location 

Top 

Hub 

Bottom 



Pre-test (in,) 
X* Y* Z 



Post-test (in.) 



Displacement (in. 
X Y Z 



136.2 -18.1 60.3 
132.7 -18.1 53.7 
126.5 -18.1 -49.5 



136.0 -17.7 61.1 
132.6 -17.7 54.5 
126.9 -17.7 50.0 



-0.2 

-0.4 
0.4 



0.4 
0.4 
0.4 



0.8 
0.8 
0.5 



^Reference for X,'Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. . . 

Note: Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



68 



TABLE 4-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER 


DATA (TEST 3052-3) 


Vehicles 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 


Van 
















Test 


3052-3 


(30.02 


mph) 




•' 


Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


A 
(G) 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 

-1.8 


T 
(msec) 

104 


S 
(in.) 

+ 20.7 


T 


No. 


Location 


(msec) 


IX 


Left Side B-pillar 


-33.3 


16 


74 


2X 


Right Side B-pillar 


-36.4 


16 


-2.2 


94 


+19.7 


65 




Average IX & 2X 


-34.9 


16 


-2.0 


97 


20.1 


69 


3X 


Left Side Firewall 


-66.5 


25 


-1.4 


112 


+ 17.2 


86 


3Y 


Left Side Firewall 


+19.8 


18 


-0.2 


16 


+ 12.6 


200 


3Z 


Left Side Firewall 


+ 28.6 


13 


-5.0 


192 


-8.0 


200 


4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-7 2.2 


19 


+0.2 


97 


+23.5 


200 


4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-21.2 


20 


-1.3 


25 


+1.9 


200 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 


-22.8 


15 


-1.1 


17 


+ 10.2 


200 


5X 


Engine 


-79.9 


38 


-5.8 


50 


+ 16.9 


42 


5Y 


Engine 


-12.3 


94 


+ 3.7 


71 


+2.7 


95 


5Z 


Engine 


+ 8.2 


48 


+3.4 


53 


+ 3.0 
+16.4 
+20.0 


97 


6X 


Front Axle 


-83.1 


7 


-2.4 


94 


65 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-34.4 


49 


-3.0 


103 


67 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


+10.9 


39 


-0.9 


114 


+1.0 


85 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 
Rear Compartment 


+30.4 


25 


+ 4.2 


63 


+6.3 


200 


8X 


-33.4 


16 


-2.7 


99 


+ 19.9 


67 


8Y 


Rear Compartment 


+7.4 


86 


-0.5 


85 


-0.4 


185 


8Z 


Rear Compartment 


+28.3 


83 


-5.4 


60 


-4.4 


132 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-57.8 


26 


-3.2 


111 


+ 18.2 


83 



69 



TABLE 4-12. OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-3) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



HEAD 



Test 3052-3 (30.02 mph) 



Left Front 
Occupant 



Right Front 
Occupant 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 

(msec) 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec) 



CHEST 



HIC 



X 


-91.9 


83 


-104.3 


97 


Y 


-23.7 


85 


+29.0 


104 


Z 


+56.2 


72 


+66.8 


97 


R* 


+88.4 


85 


+100.4 


98 



929 



66-96 



1072 



81-109 



Z 

R* 

SI 



19.0 



91 



+60.0 



81 



561 



200 



Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 



T 
(msec) 



+11.7 



+39.3 



290 



Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 



X 


-60.2 


82 


-40.8 


69 


Y 


-19.5 


85 


+ 25.4 


76 



68 



76 



200 



T 
(msec) 



FEMURS 



*3-msec clip. 



LF 


-927 


52 


-1632 


49 


RT 


-2617 


56 


-953 


58 



70 



TABLE 4-13. SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 3052-3) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 



RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Test 3052-3 (30.02 mph) 
Peak Load Time 

(lb) (msec) 



Left Lap Belt 1481 75 



. Right Lap Belt 1410 74 



Shoulder Belt 1737 76 



71 



Left Lap Belt 2004 68 



Right Lap Belt 1271 68 



Shoulder Belt 1558 80 





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72 



TABLE 4 


1-15 


. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-3) 


Vehicle 


► • 


1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 




" 


.er 


Test 3052-3 (30.02 mph ) 




Paramet 


Peak Load 
(klb) 


Time 
(msec) 


Column 


1 


3.60 


34 


Column 


2 


6.64 


32 


Column 


3 


20.09 


22 


Column 


4 


17.23 


36 


Column 


5 


11.56 


37 


Column 


6 


22.09 


41 


Column 


7 


24.92 


38 


Column 


8 


24.68 


21 


Column 


9 


10.36 


21 


Column 


10 


10.76 


65 


Row A 




21.73 


37 


Row B 




51.44 


22 


Row C 




34.44 


36 


Row D 




26.36 


38 



TABLE 4-16, COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-3] 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Load Cell* , Engine/Car** 
Force Inertia Force 

Force (klb) 129-92 185,12 
Time {msec I 38 .. 36 

>Sum of 40 load cells. , ,.,,. 1U . 

**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4230 lb I 

plus engine acceleration times engine weight (768 lb) . 



73 



5,0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 30 52-4) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-4, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 25.17 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are-: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix D (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data* Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



74 



TABLE 5-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-4) 



3052-4 



April 17, 1979 



CONTRACT; 
TIME: 1138 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE: 82 °F 



TEST NO. ._ 

TEST DATE 

TEST CONFIGURATION: Van- to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 
VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 
VEHICLE NO. 2; NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
VEHICLE DATA 

Overall Length/Width (in,) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in.) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ ms,ec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



VEHICLE NO. 1 


VEHICLE NO. 2 


178.9/78.5 




LF 1250 RF 1291 
LR 1040 RR 1066 




4647 


>100,000 


109.5 




49.6 
















25.17 





-1.97 @ 96 




27.14 




-43.42 @ 15 




-62,11 @ 45 




16.7 




0.8 

8.6 

13.9 

14.5 





2.5 



Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



41 



46 



8 



r With respect to tow track centerline 



75 





TABLE 5- 


■2 

nc 


. VEHICLE INSPEC'l 

e, Inc. co 

Ha 


?ION Sr 

n t r a c t 
ke: Do< 

yesQJ 
yesQ 
yesQ 
yesQ 

y es D 

disc 

g . £ Li 

/Eng.T 
: 38 


tEET { 
Ho.': D 


TEST 3052- 


4) 




Contractor: 


Dynamic Sciei 
JF9X135433 
R&D 


OT-HS-8-01942 




VIN NO. : B21 
NHTSA No. : 


3ge 

noD 

no0 
no 
no0 


Model: 

Seats: 
(front) 

Goodyear 


B-200 Vc 

Bench: 
Bucket: 

Split 

Bench: 

Split 

Back 
Bench: 




Year: 1979 


* 






color: Tan 


in 


Auto Trans: 
Pwr Brakes: 
Pwr Seats: 
Pwr Windows: 
Tinted Glass: 
Radio: 


yesg) noQ 
yes[g noQ 
yesQ no[3 
yesQ no(3 
yesQ no{3 
yesQ noQ 

yesQ no(3 

8-15 Ply 

Belted: 
Speeds: 3 


Pwr Steering: 
Auto Speed Cont: 
Anti skid Brake: 
Air Conditioning: 
Rear Window Def.: 
Brakes: drum: 

Rating: 4 Mf 

X Radial 

Shipping Weight 


X 


Clock: 

Tire Size: J"? 


ne : 




Bias Ply: 
Trans, 1 Fwd . 


ype: V " 
55 


8 Cylind 
Odome 


ers: 8 
ter: 53 ' 


Total ocn .j 
Displ: 360 Cld 

.9 








- 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 

Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 

3530 N. Scottsdale Rd. 

Scottsdale, %Z 85251 



Remarks {list additional accessories not listed above) 
Fold-out Doors 

Date of Manufacture: 11/78 Dynamic Science No. : 844 Date Received: 3/2/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: ves Q no(x| Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ noQ 



Fuel Capacity: 22 gal 

(from owner's manual) 

Restraint System: Standard lap belts only.* 



"Space Saver" Spare Tire 



yesQ noQ 



1. Is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed, 
100% water in fuel tank. *Chrysler Corp. lap and shoulder belt system installed. 

2. Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: NO 



3. Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



PS FORM 4 200 



76 



TABLE *-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-4) 



T^Tno. 3052-4 . Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Dev ice 
Car Model 1979 Dodge B-200 VanDynamicJ>cience No. __j^_— === 



360 CID 



722 



Engine Size . 

Engine Weight* (lb) . 

Engine Height/Width (in-] 33.6/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in. J" ?^6 — 

20 2 
Engine Length" (in. ) _ : 



Engine to Firewall (in.) N ot Applicable 



22.2 



Bumper to Firewall (in.] 

Bumper Height (in.] (Min -/ Ma ^JL___ == ^__,_ J£^g/^1 



♦includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive, train. ' ; 



TABLE 5-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - DODGE B-200 VAN 
(TEST 3052-4} 



Distances (in.] _JDriver_ Passenger 



30.1 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal] 15.4 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim _ — 21j_8 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal] 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal] 
Forehead to Header 



7.1 



6.6 



25.1 



25.1 



31. 


5 


10. 


,2 


10 


.6 


29 


.9 


30 


.0 



77 




a) Pre-test 







b) Post-test 
Figure 5-1. Vehlnle Configuration (Test 3052-4) 

78 



9I3K6 




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in 
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sa 



TABLE 5-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-4) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Time 
(msec) Crash Event 



Impact (visual) 

4 Grille hits Test Device 

22 Fenders strike tires 

24 Dummies start forward motion 

36 . Fender wells strike back of front tires 

50 Hood latch fails; Windshield pulls out of molding 

54 Minimum wheelbase? Right side (99.5 in.); Left side 
(99.5 in.) 

68 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (16.7 in.) 

77 Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in neck; Passenger 
knees strike dash 

86 Driver strikes steering column hub with head 

92 Right rear tire leaves ground 

98 Left rear tire leaves ground; Maximum driver forward 
motion 

108 Passenger arms strike dash 

136 Maximum passenger forward motion 

150 Maximum vehicle declination (3.25°) 

182 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

306 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

355 Right rear tire recontacts ground 

366 Left rear tire recontacts ground 

460 Separation of vehicle and Test Device 

637 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (.3.75°) 



81 



TABLE 5-6, SUMMARY OF POST -TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-4) 
VEHICLE; 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head Steering column, Possibly strikes 

lower rim and hub right knee 

Chest None None 

Knees — ■ Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 



Glazing: 100% pulled from molding 



Doors : Both doors difficult to open 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Slight pulling of sheet 
metal around shoulder belt anchorages. Both seats moved forward 
2,7 inches 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 5 inches 
right. Front: 1.5 inches left 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations : Radiator leakage. Bumper struck both front 



tires and pushed them to the back of the fender wells. Hood latch 
failed. Steering wheel rotated upward, 5.5 inches static re- 
bound. 



82 



TABLE 5-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-4) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


DODGE B-200 


VAN 












Pre- 
{- 


-test 
in. ) 


POSt- 

(in 


test 
.) 


Diff 
( 


erence 
in. ) 




LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


A 


109.7 


109.3 


103.6 


102.8 


6.1 




6.5 


B 


2-9.1 


29.2 


20.7 


20.6 


8.4 




8.6 


C 


40.1 


40.3 


40.4 


40.4 


-0.3 




-0.1 


D 


178.9 


178.8 


164.7 


163.8 


14.2 




15.0 


G 


111.2 


110.9 


110.8 


110.6 


0.4 




0.3 


I \ 


37.0 


37.1 


35.4 


36.7 


1.6 




0.4 





77.8 


77.8 


80.5 


80.0 


2,7 




2.2 


P 


41.8 


42.0 


41.2 


40.7 


-0.6 




-1.3 


T 


23.3 


23.4 


26.4 


25.8 


3.1 




2.4 


Y 


27.1 


27.2 


20.6 


16.3 


6.5 




10.9 


Z 


30.7 


30.8 


18.5 


16.5 


12.2 




14.3 



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INCHES 



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VEHICLE RIGHT 



Figure 5-4. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-4) . 



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PRE-TEST PROFILE 
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1— 1— L_i 



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Figure 5-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-4) . 



87 



TABLE 


5-10 i STEERING 1 
VALUES - 

Pre-test (in.) 
X* Y* Z* 


WHEEL MEASUREME 
DODGE B-200 VAN 

Post-test ( 

X Y 


NTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
(TEST 3052-4) 


Wheel 
Location 


in. ) 

Z 


Displacement 
X Y 


(in.) 

Z 


Top 


137.0 -19.2 


60.9 


139.1 -20.5 


68.7 


2.1 


-1.3 


7.8 


Hub 


133.4 -19.2 


54.5 


135.7 -19.4 


62.4 


2.3 


-0.2 


7.9 


Bottom 


128.0 -19.2 


50.5 


131.4 -18.9 


57.9 


3.4 


0.3 


7.4 



*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper/ vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 



88 



TABLE 5-11. SUMMARY OF i 


VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER 


DATA 


(TEST 3052-4) 


Veh 


icle: 1979 Dodge B-200 


Van 


















Test 


3052-4 


(25.17 mph) 






Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


A 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 


T 
(msec 


S 
) (in.) 


T 


No. 


Location 


(G) 


(msec) 


IX 


Left Side B-pillar 


-40.9 


15 


-1.9 


81 


+16.8 


69 


2X 

i 


Right Side B-pillar 


-45.9 


15 


-2.2 


96 


+ 17.7 


72 




Average IX & 2X 


-43.4 


15 


-2.0 


96 


+17.3 


71 


3X 


Left Side Firewall 


-85.1 


22 


-1.3 


193 


+13.8 


71 


3Y 


Left Side Firewall 


-15.6 


24 


-2.4 


43 


-2.5 


200 


3Z 


Left Side Firewall 


-24.9 


27 


-1.1 


31 


+10.8 


2Q0 


4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-77.8 


58 


-3.3 


123 


+15.9 


64 


4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-34.2 


47 


-2.0 


30 


+2.3 


200 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 
Engine 


-23.5 


47 


-2.5 


67 


-1.9 


200 


5X 


-62.1 


45 


-4.4 


63 


+17.4 


50 


5Y 


Engine 


+8.1 


53 


-2.5 


116 


-3.5 


200 


5Z 


Engine 


-11.4 


57 


-1.5 


79 


+ 1.5 


200 


6X 


Front Axle 


-88.9 


26 


-0.7 


91 


+12.7 


75 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-42,8 


15 


-1.5 


82 


+1.7 


72 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


-10.7 


20 


-1.8 


42 


-1.8 


42 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


-40.8 


29 


-3.0 


400 


-3.0 


47 


8X 


Rear Compartment 


-42.5 


15 


-2.8 


91 


+ 17.1 


68 


8Y 


Rear Compartment 


+6.2 


21 


-0.3 


18 


+ 0.5 


68 


8Z 


Rear Compartment 


-29.5 


50 


-2.2 


91 


-2.0 


152 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-43.8 


66 


-5.2 


104 


+ 17.6 


65 



















89 



TABLE 5-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052- 


-4) 


Vehicle: 1979 


Dodge 


B-200 Van 
















Test 3052-4 


(25.17 mph) 








Left Front 
Occupant 


Right 
Occi 


Front 
ipant 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 

Value 

(G) 




T 
(msec) 


HEAD 


X 




-102.8 


97 


-20.5. 




137 


Y 




-31.3 


97 


+19.6 




122 


Z 




+52.0 


97 


+35.8 




94 


R* 




+85.5 


99 


+ 37.4 




117 


HIC 




660 


75-106 


409 




69t153 


CHEST 


X 




-44.4 


82 


-47.0 




82 


v Y 




-14.8 


90 


+15.9 




90 


Z 




-16.2 


110 


+10.9 
+ 36.7 




74 


R* 




+ 39.1 


80 


86 


SI 




277 


200 


206 




200 






Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 




T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 


LF 




-2346 


62 


-193 




25 


RT 




-980 


68 


-81 




32 


*3-msec clip. 



90 



TABLE 5-13. SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM 


DATA 


(TEST 


3052-4) 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 


Test 


3052- 


-4 (25. 


17 


mph) 


Peak Load 
(lb) 






Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 






Left Lap Belt* 1185 








65 


Right Lap Belt 1953 








69 


Shoulder Belt 1825 








81 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 1852 








77 


Right Lap Belt 2033 








78 


Shoulder Belt 1637 








87 



91 



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o 

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Q 



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e 

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X 

s 

* 



TABLE 5-15. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-4] 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 


Test 3052-4 (25.17 mph J 


Peak Load 
Parameter (klbj 


Time 
(msec J 


Column 1 6.37 


66 


Column 2 10.30 


.14 


Column 3 23.16 


18 


Column 4 7.96 


18 


Column 5 7,32 


46 


Column 6 16.11 


46 


Column 7 6.56 


41 


Column 8 19.08 


18 


Column 9 10.11 


14 


Column 10 5.38 


63 


Row A 31.57 


22 


Row B ' ■ ' 39.22 


16 


Row C 13.97 


4'6 


Row D •■ • 18.51 


42 



TABLE 5-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD 
FORCE (TEST 3052-4 J 


CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van < 




Load Cell* 
Force 


Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 


Force (klb) 93.40 
Time (msec] 4 5 


171.21 

15 


*Sum of 40 load cells. 
**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 
plus engine acceleration times engine 


times van weight (3925 lb] 
weight (722 lb) . 



93 



6.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-5) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-5, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 30.22 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs r 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix E (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
def lection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



94 



TABLE 6-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-5) 



April 18, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1143 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE 



73 



TEST NO.' _ 3052-5 

TEST DATE 

TEST CONFIGURATION : Van-to-NHT'SA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test D evice , 

VEHICLE DATA 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in.) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration {G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in. ) 

• Between Bumper^Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 41 46 

Number of Cameras 8 



VEHICLE NO. 1 


VEHICLE NO. 2 


178.8/78.5 




LF 1301 R'F 1305 
LR 1029 RR 1019 




4654 


>100,000 


109.5 




49.2 










o 





30.22 





-2.57 @ 98 




32.79 




-51.92 @ 14 




-90.31 @ 42 




19.1 




2.3 

9.1 

15.7 

16.6 





5.1 



Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



*With respect to tow track centerline 



95 





TABI 


J2 6-2. VEHICLE INSPECT! 

Science, Inc. Co , 

063 Ha) 


ON SHEET (TEST 

ntract No. : DOT 

<e : Dodge 

yes[3 no Q 
yesQ no(x] 
yesQ nod 
yesfx] no Q 
yesQ no@ 
disc: F 


3052-5) 
'-HS-8-01942 

Model: B-200 Va 

Seats: Bench: 
(front) 

Bucket: 

Split 
Bench: 

Split 

Back 
Bench : 

Ddyear 




Contractor: Dynamic 
VI N NO. : B21JF9X151 
NHTSA No.: R&D 




Year: ' 197 
Auto Trans: 


9 

yesg] 
yes[x) 
yesQ 

yesQ 

s: yesQ 
yesQ 

y« s D 

J7p-15 

Be 
3. Speeds 


color; Gray 

no[] Pwr Steering: 
no[] Auto Speed Cont: 
nojx] Anti Skid Brake: 
no(x] Air Conditioning: 
no[x] Rear Window Def.: 
no[^l Brakes: drum: R 
no[x| 
Ply Rating: . 4 Mf 

lted: X Radial 


n 


Pvr Brakes: 


X (1) 


Pwr Seats: 




Pvr Windows: 
Tinted Glasi 
Radio: 




Clock: 
Tire Size: 


g. & Line: 


Go< 




Bias Ply: 


/Eng.Type: V " 


-8 


Cylin 
Odom 


ders: 8 
eter: 36. 


Total 
Displ: 360 


Trans, f Fwc 


: 3 


Shipping Weight 


: 4032 




5 




, 





Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 
Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 
3530 N. Scott sdale 'Rd. 
Scottsdale, AZ 85251 



Remarks- (list additional accessories not listed above) 

Fold-out Doors 

Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 

Date of Manufacture: 12/78 Dynamic Science No.: 845 Date Received: 3/2/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: yesjxj no D Telescoping Steering Wheel: yes£] no0 

Fuel Capacity: -36 gal. "Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ no(3 

(from owner's manual) 

Restraint System: Standard lap belt onl y* 



1. is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed- All fluids except for engine coolant removed. 
100% water in fuel tank. Passenger seat used in Test 3052-4. * Chrysler Corp. lap 
and shoulder belt system installed. 

2. Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: NO 



3. "Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



96 
DS FORM 4200 



TABLE 6-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-5) 



Test No.^ 3052-5 Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 19 79 Dodge B-2Q0 Van Dynamic Science No. 845 

Engine Size 360 CID 

Engine Weight* (lb] 796 



Engine Height/Width (in.] 33.8/20.4 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.] 25 .9 

Engine Length (in.] 19.6 

Engine to Firewall (in.] __ Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) 22.3 

Bumper Height (in.] (Min./Max.] 16.9/24.9 



*Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 6-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-5] 



• Distances (in. ] Driver* Passenger 

Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal! 13. 5 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 1 9. 3 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal] 30.1 32.6 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 6.9 10.0 

Right 6.6 10.6 

Chest to Dash (horizontal] 25.5 28.4 

Forehead to Header 25.5 27.2 



*Tilt Steering wheel in lowermost position 



97 



fff 




bj Post- test 



Figure 6-1, Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-5} 



ol 




98 






i*L2hC 




1 

i 
i 

I 

■M 
H 
O 
ft 



I 

i 



99 




^tPSfl 





k£K r ' 



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m 

O 




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G 

s 



p 
i 
u 

I 



I 



■H 



I 



100 



TABLE 6-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-5) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Dodge B-20Q Van 

Time t • . 

(msec) _ Crash Event , 

. 0. ' impact (visual) 

3 Grill strikes Test Device 
18 Fenders strike front tires; Dummies start forward motion 

" 27 Hood latch fails 

33 Windshield pulls out of molding; Fender wells strike back 

of front tires 
46 Driver knees strike dash 
54 Hood strikes Test Device backing plate 

'57 ''Minimum right side wheelbase (96,9 in.); Passenger knees 

strike dash 
59 Minimum left side wheelbase (97,6 in.) 

62 Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in chest; 
Passengerleft arm strikes engine cowling 

66 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (19,1 in.) 

73 Driver arms strike dash 

77 Driver strikes steering wheel hub with head 

90 Driver maximum forward motion 

97. Rear tires leave ground 
1 131 Passenger maximum forward motion 
167 Maximum vehicle declination (4.0°) 
183 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 
252 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 
403 Rear tires recontact ground 
462 Vehicle separates from Test Device 
583 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (4.0°) 



101 



TABLE 6 - 6 • SUM MARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-5) 

VEHICLE ; 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 
Head- Steering wheel hub None 

Chest Steering wheel None 

lower rim • 

Knees Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 



Glazing : 100% pulled from molding 



Doors: Both doors difficult to open 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Sheet metal around driver 
shoulder belt anchor torn from upper door sill. Deformation of 



sheet metal around passenger shoulder belt anchor. Left seat 
moved 1 ' 0'. 3 inch forward, right seat moved 2.4 inches forward 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 2 inches right 
Front: 1 inch left 



Fuel Leakage : None 



General Observations : Radiator leakage. Bumper struck bo th front_ 
tires and pushed them to the back of the fender wells. Hood latch 
failed. Steering wheel rotated upward. 5.5 inches static re- 
bound . 



102 



TABLE 6-7, PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-5) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


DODGE B-200 


VAN 












Pre- 
(: 


-test 
In. ) 


post- 
(in 


test 


Diff 
( 


erence 
in. ) 




LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


A 


109.6 


109.3 


101.8 


101.5 


7.8 




7.8 


B 


29,0 


29.1 


19.3 


19.1 


9.7 




10.0 


C 


40.2 


40.3 


40.5 


40.6 


-0.3 




-0.3 


D 


178.9 


178.7 


161.6 


161.2 


17.3 




17.5 


G 


111.0 


110.8 


110.1 


110.2 


0.9 




0.6 


I 


36.9 


37.1 


34.1 


35.7 


2.8 




2.4 





78.0 


77.5 


80.6 


79.5 


2.6 




2.0 


P 


42.2 


41.8 


40.1 


42.5 


-2.1 




0.7 


T 


23.2 


22.8 


26.4 


25.5 


3.2 




2.7 


Y 


27.0 


26.9 


17.1 


15.2 


9.9 




11.7 


Z 


31.0 


30.8 


17.4 


15.3 


13.6 




15.5 



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104 




PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 





13.0 15.7 13.5 13.9 14.3 14.7 14.8 14.6 14 3 13.9 13.6 15.6 13.1 ^ 



W t 



(MAX) 



■^J^ 



U_J_1_1_1_1JL_L I J 



§ 14.5 15.0 15.0 15.5 15.9 16.3 16.6 16.4 16.1 15.9 15.2 15.3 15.1 

(MAX) 



CQ 



1 



r 1 1 i I 

36 30 24 18 12 

VEHICLE LEFT 



— r- 
12 



-i — 
IB 



— r~ 
24 



30 



36 



VEHICLE RIGHT 



INCHES 



Figure 6-4. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-5) . 



105 



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* 

x; • 

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1.4 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 

POST-TEST PROFILE 




M 



3.5 2.1 2.5 2.4 2.1 \ 




M=t 



5.1 3.6 3.7 2.3* 




2.4 2.1 1.8 1.5 

rr'T . 




m 

1.0 1.2 1.5 



l 1 1 1 1 r~ — i i ~ i 1 1 I 

36 30 24 18 12 6 6 12 18 2 4 30 36 



VEHICLE LEFT 



VEHICLE RIGHT 



INCHES 



Figure 6-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-5) . 



107 



TABLE 6-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 



~7iT~i Pre-test~ ~(in.) Post-test (in.) Displacement (in.) 
Lotion -X^ T* F _X__^__J L__J^ *_ 



133.6 -19.8 59.6 134.2 -21.2 65.0 0.6 -1.4 5.1 
Hub 131.9 -19.8 52.3 131.9 -19.5 58.0 0.0 0.3 5.7 



Top 



Bottom 



127.9 -19.8 46.6 127.5 -1 9 .9 53.3 -0.4 -0.1 6.7 

*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and around level, respectively. , . . '-^i„* 
Note! Tilt stelring wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



108 



TABLE 6-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 3052-5) 



Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



No. 



Accelerometer 
Location 



Test 3052-5 (30.22 mph) 

Maximum Minimum Maximum 

Acceleratio n Velocity Displacement 

- r~ v T S T 

(msec) (mph) (msec) (in.) (msec) 



A 
(G) 



IX Left Side B-pillar 
2X Right Side B-pillar 



-50.6 
-55.4 



14 
13 



-2.9 
-2.3 



98 
99 



+21.0 70 
+21.4 71 



Average IX S 2X 



-51.9 



14 



-2.6 



98 



*Data invalid due to transducer failure. 



+21.2 71 



3X 


Left 


Side Firewall 


-83. 


5 


35 


-9. 


4 


195 


+ 15. 


1 


45 


3Y 


Left 


Side Firewall 


-21. 


9 


27 


-3. 


9 


54 


-7. 


5 


200 


3Z 


Left 


Side Firewall 


-26. 


9 


24 


-0. 


7 


39 


+ 11. 


4 
8 


200 


4X 


Right 


Side Firewall 


-68. 


7 


16 


-1. 


1 


108 


+20. 


84 


4Y 


Right 


Side Firewall 


-11. 


1 


21 


-1. 


4 


60 


-0. 


7 


70 


4Z 


Right 


Side Firewall 


-26. 


8 


52 


-5. 


3 


63 


-6. 


2 


200 


5X 


Engine 


-90, 


.3 


42 


-5, 


.1 


50 


+ 18. 


.9 


45 


5Y 


Ehgine 


-141 


.1* 


63 


-23 


.9 


200 


-56 


.5 


200 


5Z 


Engine : . 


-9 


.8 


58 


-1 


.8 
.6 


70 
50 


+0 
+37 


.8 


200 


6X 


Front 
Vehic 


Axle 


-122 


.0 


14 


+4 


.9 
.2 


200 


7X 


ile'c.G.- 


-52 


.8 


14 


+0 


.8 


91 


+ 2 


200 


7Y 


Vehic 


:le C.G. 


+ 17 


.7 


46 


-0 


.6 


73 


-8 


.2 


200 


7Z 


Vehic 
Rear 


:le C.G. 


-36 


.9 


56 


+ 2 


.0 


119 


-8 


.2 


200 


8X 


Compartment 


-54 


.9 


13 


-3 


.9 


89 


+ 20 


.5 


68 


8Y 


Rear 


Compartment 


+9 


.0 


20 


-0 


.4 


17 ' 


+ 


.4 


174 


8Z 


Rear 
Rear 


Compartment 


-29 


.0 


28 


+ 2 


.4 


200 


-6 


.8 


200 


9X 


Axle 


-87 


.7 


53 


-0 


.4 


91 


+ 23 


.2 


200 



109 



TABLE 6-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052- 


•5) 


■■— ■ ■ 

Vehicle: 1979 Dodge 


B-200 Van 
















Test 3052- 


-5 


(30.22 mph) 






Left Front 
Occupant 




Right Front 
Occupant 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 










HEAD 




X 




-145.7 


82 




-27.6 


129 


Y 




-20.5 


88 




+ 23.4 


113 


Z 




+ 52.6 


85 




+ 55.6 


100 


R* 




+94.9 
1006 


85 




+55.2 


96 


HIC 


79-90 




724 


65-139 


CHEST 


X 




-48.5 


67 




-40.0 


75 


Y 




-8.3 


96 




+ 20.1 


85 


Z 


-20.4 


86 




+ 16.0 


69 


R* 


+46*0 
391 


79 
200 




+ 41.0 


79 


SI 


305 


200 






Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 
Value 

(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 














LF 




-789 


56 




-81 . 


176 


RT 




-2557 


56 




-232 


28 


*3-msec clip. 



110 



TABLE 6-13, SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 3052-5) 



Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Left Lap Belt 



Right Lap Belt 



Shoulder Belt 



RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Left Lap Belt 



Right Lap Belt 



Shoulder Belt 



Test 3052-5 (30,22 mph) 



Peak Load Time 

(lb) (msec) 



111 



1272 75 



1433 60 



1964 76 



1889 73 



2146 71 



1762 77 



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112 



TABLE 6 


-15 


. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL 
(TEST 3052-5) 


DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 




1979 Dodge B-200 Van 


' 


Vehicle 


er 






Test 


3052-5 (30.22 mph) 


Paramet 


Peak Load 
(klb) 


Time 
(msec I 









Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 
Column 


1 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 


4.37 

9.66 
25.02 
12.68 

8.74 
28.65 

8.73 

19.05 

11.69 

. 7.76 


42 
13 
• 16 
15 
38 
43 
38 
15 
12 
50 


Row A 
Row B 
Row C 
Row D 


29.33 
50.44 
19.58 
25.65 


16 
13 
44 
43 



TABLE 6-16 



COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-5) 



Ve h i c 1 e : 1979 Dodge J3- 20 0_Van 



Force (klb) 
Time (msec J 



Load Cell* 
Force 

114.57 

42 



Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 

200.95 

14 ' 



*Sum of 40 load cells. , /1Q rn tut 

**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (3858 lbl 

plus engine acceleration times engine weight (796 lb]. 



113 



7.0 ■ PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-6) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-6, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 15.28 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix F (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



114 



TABLE 7-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6 



TEST NO. 



3052-6 



TEST DATE; April 19, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1451 



DOT-HS-B-01942 
TEMPERATURE: 77 



VEHICLE NO, 1 



178.8/78. 


5 


LF 1300 RF 


1321 


4651 




109.3 




47.7 














15.28 




-1.84 @ . 


L59 


17.12 




-27.63 @ 


27 


-34.55 @ 


52 


7.5 




0.1 
1.8 
4.6 
6.5 





1.3 



Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #760 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



41 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



>100,000 



TEST CONFIGURATION : Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van ; 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
VEHICLE DATA 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 
LR 1015 RR 1015 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in. ) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



46 



8 



r With respect to tow track centerline. 



115 



TABLE 7-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-6) 



contractor: Dynamic Science, Inc . Contract no. ; DOT-HS-8-01942 

VINNO.: B21JF9X151062 Make: Dodge 

NHTSA No.: R&D 

Year: 1979 Color: Gray Model: 



B-200 Van 



Auto Trans: yes[x] no [3 pwr Steering: Y es [3 no d Seats: Bench: ' 

(front) 
Pwr Brakes: yesgj noQ Auto Speed Cont: yesQ no [x| Bucket: X (1) 

Pwr Seats: yesQ nojx] Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no0 Split 

Bench: 

Pvr Windows: yesM no|x) Air Conditioning: yes@ no D 

' Split 
Tinted Glass: yesQ no(H Rear Window Def . : yesQ no H Back 

Radio: yesQ nojx) Brakes: drum: R disc: F 

Clock: y es D no £D 

Tire Size: J78-15 Ply Rating:_4 Mfg. £ Line: Goodyear 



Bench: 



Total 



Bias Ply: Belted: X Radial /Eng.Type: V ~^ Cylinders: 8 Displ: 

Trans, I Fwd . Speeds: 3 Shipping Weight: 4005 Odometer: 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 

Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 
3530 N. Scottsdale Rd. 
Scott sdale, AZ 85251 



Remarks (lis.t additional accessories not listed above) 

Fold-out Doors 

Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 

Date of Manufacture: 12/78 Dynamic Science No.: 846 Date Received: 3/2/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: yesg] noQ Telescoping Steering Wheel: yes^ nog] 

Fuel Capacity: 36 gal. "Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ no@ 

(from owner's manual) 

Restraint System: Standard lap belt only* 



1. is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed. 
100% water in fuel tank. Passenger seat used in Test 3052-4 and -5. *Chrysler 
Corp. lap and shoulder belt system installed. 

2. Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: NO 



3. Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: -^q 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



116 
DS FORM 4200 



TABLE 7-3- SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-6) 



Test No. 3052-6 Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Dynamic Scienc e N o. 846 

Engine Size * 36Q CID — 



Engine Weight* (lb J 2!*> 

Engine Height/Width (in.) , 33. 5/19 + 4 

Bumper to Engine Block (in. J j= 5,7 — 

Engine Length (in.] iJL_8 

Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in. J . 22 « Q 



Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 15.6/24.7 



^Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 7-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
{TEST 3052-6) 



Distances (in.) Driver* Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal] 13.4 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 19.6 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 30-0 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left §^I 

Right 111 

Chest to Dash (horizontal) * 25 * 5 

Forehead to Header ,, j^_l^ 

*Tilt steering wheel in lowermost position. 



31. 


1 


10. 


.1 


10 


.4 


27 


.4 


25 


.6 







. 117 



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Figure 7-1- Vehicle Configuration (Tost 3052-6), 

118 



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120 



TABLE 7-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-6) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Time . 
(msec) __ _ Crash Event 

impact (visual) 

7 Grill strikes Test Device 

22 Fenders strike front tires 

24 Dummies start forward motion 

54 Minimum wheelbase; Right side (104.3 in.); Left side 
(102*8 in. ) 

56 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (7.5 in.) 

58 Driver knees hit dash 

73 Passenger left' hand strikes engine cowling 

83 Passenger knees hit dash 

114 Maximum vehicle declination (2.0°); Driver maximum 
forward motion 

119 Passenger maximum forward motion 

190 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

225 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

312 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

406 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (0.5°) 



121 



TABLE 7-6, SUMMARY. OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-6) 

VEHICLE: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 
Head . None None 

Chest- ' None None 

Knees Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 

Glazing: 100%. intact _ 



Poors : All opened easily 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Seat belts OK. No seat 
movement . __^__ 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 0.5 inch right 
Front: 1 inch right • __ 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leaked. Static rebound 67,6 
inches 



122 



TABLE 7-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-6) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


DODGE B-200 


VAN 












Pre- 
( 


-test 
in, ) 


POSt- 

(in 


test 
.) 


Diff 


erence 
in. ) 




LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


A 


109,2 


10-9.3 


107.6 


107.6 


1.6 




1,7 


B 


29.1 


29.1 


24.1 


23.6 


5.0 




5.5 


C 


40.3 


40.5 


40.3 


40.4 


0.0 




0.1 


D 


178.6 


178.9 


172.0 


171.6 


6.6 




7.3 


G 


110.6 


111.0 


110.8 


111.0 


-0.2 




0.0 


I 


37.1 


37.1 


36.7 


36.7 


0.4 




0.4 





77.5 


77.1 


77.5 


77.3 


0.0 




0.2 


P 


41.4 


41.4 


40.0 


40.2 


-1.4 




-1.2 


T 


22.9 


21.9 


23.0 


23.4 


0.1 




1.5 


y 


28.2 


28.0 


25.2 


25.1 


3.0 




2.9 


z 


30.9 


30.8 


24.5 


23.9 


6.4 




6.9 



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1 

1.1 
(MAX) 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 

POST-TEST PROFILE 




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H 



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r i i r i i n 1 1 1 1 1 1 

36 30 24 18 12 6 6 12 18 24 30 36 



VEHICLE LEFT 



VEHICLE RIGHT 



INCHES 



Figure 7-4, 



1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-6) . 



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126 



NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGE 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 



\ L 

T 

0.7 c-0.4 





r~ 

36 



30 



l 

24 



I 
18 



12 



VEHICLE LEFT 



INCHES 



12 18 24 
VEHICLE RIGHT 



30 



"1 
36 



Figure '7-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-6) • 



127 



TABLE 


7-10. 


STEI 
VAU 


:ring 

JES - 

m. ) 
Z* 


WHEEL 
DODGE 

Po 
X 


MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 


Wheel 
Location 


Pre-1 
X* 

134.0 


:est (] 
Y* 


st- 


-test ( 
Y 


in. ) 
Z 


Displacement 
X Y 


(in.) 
Z 


Top 


-19.8 


59.0 


. 134 


.8 


-19.8 


60.3 


0.8 


0.0 


1.3 


Hub 


132.1 


-19.8 


52.0 


132 


.4 


-20.0 


53.5 


0.3 


-0.2 


1.5 


Bottom 


128.4 


-19.8 


46.1 


128 


.3 


-19.4 


47.9 


-0.1 


0.4 


1.8 



^Reference for X f Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 
Note: Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



128 



TABLE 7-11. SUMMARY 


OF 


VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 


(TEST 3052-6) 


Veh 


icle: 1979 Dodge B- 


-200 


Van 
















Test 


3052-6 (15. 


28 mph) 




Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 




A< 


T 
(msec) 


V T 
(mph) (msec 


S T 


NO. 


Location 




(G) 


:) (in.) (msec) 


IX 
2X 


Left Side B-pillar 
Right Side B-pillar 


-28.6 
-27.2 


27 
24 


-1.7 200 
-2.1 151 


+9.0 62 

+8.8 60 




Average IX & 2X 




-27.6 


27 


-1.8 159 


+8.9 61 



3X 
3Y 
3Z 

4X 
4Y 
4Z 
5X 
5Y 
5Z 

6X 
7X 
7Y 
7Z 

8X 
8Y 

8Z 



Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 



37.1 
+8.4 
20.8 



32 
35 
34 



-1.9 
-0.7 
-1.0 



200 
46 
45 



+8.4 
+0.1 
+0.6 



Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 



-27.7 

+3.3 

-26.1 



24 

52 
36 



■2.2 

0.2 
2.9 



154 

17 

. 43 



+8.5 
+1.0 
-4.8 



63 
41 
36 



4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-38.9 


25 


-0.7 


149 


+9.2 


129 


4Y 


Right "Side Firewall 


-14.2 


34 


-1.3 


36 


+0.3 


180 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 


-12.7 


34 


+0.2 


99 


+1.1 


200 


5X 


Engine 


-34.6 


52 


-5.6 


84 


+12.3 


58 


5Y 


Engine 


-3.6 


120 


-2.3 


140 


-2.4 


194 


5Z 


Engine 


-8.5 


60 


-1.3 


95 


+ 2.0 


200 


6X 


Front Axle 


-62.8 


29 


-3.2 


195 


+ 6.4 


51 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-27.6 


25 


-2.1 


153 


+8.7 


60 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


-8.0 


33 


-0.6 


38 


-0.1 


66 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


-36.7 


28 


-5.2 


55 


-5.9 


200 



58 
200 
200 



9X 



Rear Axle 



-44.1 



31 



-4.0 



89 



+ 9.0 



57 



129 



TABLE 7-12. OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6) 
Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200.Van 



Test 3052-6 (15.28 mph) 



Left Front 
Occupant 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



-T 
(msec) 



Right Front 
Occupant 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec) 



HEAD 



X 


-17.3 


118 


-19.2 


121 


Y 


-5.9 


102 


+6.9 


109 


Z 


+19.0 


90 


+ 20.1 


89 


R* 


+21.1 


89 


+ 21.0 


91 



HIC 



74 



66-141 



97 



65-139 



CHEST 



X 


-25.4 


80 


-23.5 


72 


Y 


-3.9 


80 


+5.2 


89 


Z 


-7.6 


83 


-7.6 


96 


R* 


+ 25.7 


■82 


+ 22.9 


70 



SI 



77 



200 



58 



200 





Maximum 
Value 
(lb) ■ 


T 

(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 


LF 


-261 


■ 11 


, -66 


33 


RT 


-486 


163 


-148 


33 


*3-msec clip. 



130 



TABLE 7-13. SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 3052-6) 



Vehicle : 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Test 3052-6 (15,28 mph) 
Peak Load Time 

(lb) (msec) 



131 



Left Lap Belt 860 75 



' Right Lap Belt 


1098 


75 


Shoulder Belt 


1074 


79 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 


804 


75 


Right Lap Belt 


910 


75 


Shoulder Belt 


950 


75 



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132 



TABLE ' 


7-15 


. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 






(TEST 3052-6] 




Vehicle: 


1979 Dodge B-200 Van 








Test 3052-6 (15.28 mph J 






Peak Load 


Time 


Parameter 


(klb] 


(msec J 


Column 


1 


4.56 


37 


Column 


2 


8.81 


25 


Column 


3 


21.09 


30 


Column 


4 


8.52 


29 


Column 


5 


5.92 


20 


Column 


6. 


4.56 


20 


Column 


7 


6,03 


29 


Column 


8 


18.65 


30 


Column 


9 


8.64 


30 


Column 


10 


2.64 


55 


Row A 




39.00 


30 


Row B 




34.20 


28 


Row C 




1.46 


33 


Row D 




11.42 


35 



TABLE 7-16. 


COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD 
FORCE (TEST 3052-6 J 


CELL 


FORCE 


AND INERTIA 


Vehicle: 1979 


Dodge 3-200 Van 










Load Cell* 
Force 






Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 


Force (klb) 
Time (msec J 


81.12 
30 


7 111.43 

27 



*Sum of 40 load cells, 
**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (3855 lbj 
plus engine acceleration times engine weight (796 lb J. 



133 



8.0 ANALYSIS OF VEHICLE IMPACT VELOCITY CHANGES 

Since test speeds of 15, 25 and 30 mph were chosen as target 
speeds, a reasonably good data base for examining the effects of 
impact velocity for van-to-fixed barrier impact tests was estab- 
lished. The methodology used, to study these effects was to plot 
various parameters against the actual test speeds conducted. 
Three types of response parameters were compared: 

• Occupant Parameters versus Impact Velocity (see Table 
8-1) 

- Head Injury Criteria (HIC) (Figures 8-1 and 8-2) 

- Chest Severity Index (SI) (Figures '8-3 and 8-4) 

- Peak Chest Acceleration (3 msec clip) (Figures 8-5 and 
8-6) 

- Femur Load (right and left femurs) (Figures 8-7 to 
8-10) 

• Vehicle Parameters versus Impact Velocity (see Table 
8-2) 

- Dynamic Crush (Film and Accelerometer Data) (Figures 
8-11 and 8-12) 

- Static Crush (Figure 8-13) 

- Velocity Change (Figure 8-14) 

- Average Compartment Acceleration - calculated using 
time when compartment acceleration nears ±1 g (Figure 
8-15) 

- Maximum Compartment Acceleration (Figure 8-16) 
' - Maximum , Engine Acceleration (Figure 8-17) 

- Vehicle Inertia Force calculated from (Figure 8-18): 

F = (M-a)vAN + < M, a) e ngine 

where M VAN = Mass °f Van less engine weight (lb) 

avAN = Acceleration of Van Occupant Compartment 
(G) 
M engine = Mass of Van Engine and Transmission (lb) 
a engine = Acceleration of Van Engine (G) 



134 



- Load Cell Force - NHTSA Fixed Test Device, total 40 
load cells (Figure 8-19) 

Occupant Parameters versus Vehicle Parameters (Figures 
8-20 and 8-21) 

- Head Injury Criteria versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Chest Severity Index versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Peak Chest Acceleration versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Head Injury Criteria versus Average Compartment Ac- 
celeration 

- Chest Severity Index versus Average Compartment Ac- 
celeration 

- Peak Chest Acceleration versus Average Compartment 
Acceleration 



135 





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Jits*,' 



«**■> 



1200 



800 



400 



DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



Figure 8-1 




10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Driver Head Injury Criteria (HIC) 
Versus Impact Speed. 



1200 



800 



400 



-1 

DODGE 1 
•+ FORD Vi 


i 

^AN/BARRIER 
\N/BARRIER 










/ i 








y . 





10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-2. RF Passenger 'Head Injury Criteria 
(HIC) Versus Impact Speed. 



137 



600 



400 



200 



1 
DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+" FORD VAN/BARRIER 























10 20 30 
SPEED - MPH 



4 



Figure 8-3. 



Driver Chest Severity Index (SI) 
Versus Impact Speed. 



600 



400 



200 



DODGE Vi 
+ FORD VA1 


ZVN/BARRIER 
tt/BARRIER 










J 






s 


^ 





Figure 8-4 . 



10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



RF Passenger Chest Severity Index 
(SI) Versus Impact Speed. 



138 



60 



I 
;s 

iJ H 

D ^ 

W O 

W 

.K U 
W 

W 1 

U ~ 

w 
> 

M 

P 



40 



20 



1 
DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+■ FORD VAN/BARRIER 




\ 



















10 



20 



30 



40 



SPEED 



MPH 



Figure 8-5 . 



Driver Peak Chest Resultant 
Versus Impact Speed. 



60 



DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 




SPEED - MPH 

Figure 8-6'. PF Passenger Peak Chest Result-ant 
Versus Impact Speed. 



139 



3000 



oo 



2000 



Q 
< 

O 

^ 1000 



O DODGE 
+ FORD V 

LIMIT = 


VAN/BARRIER 
AN/BARRIER 

2,250 LB 














■ 














r 







10 



20 
SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-7. Driver Left Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed. 



3000 



GO 



2000 



£ 1000 



O DODGE V 
+ FORD VA 

LIMIT = ; 


AN/BARRIER 
N /BARRIER 

2,250 LB 




— — — — ... — 



















10 



20 
SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-8 ♦ Driver Right Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed, 



140 



3000 



oo 2000 



< 

o 

D 

S 1000 



• O DODGE' VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 

I 
LIMIT = 2,250 LB 






o 

o 

\n 














O " 








Y 









10 20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Figure 8-9. RF Passenger Left Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed. 



3000 



CD 



2000 



a: 

§ 1000 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 

1 
LIMIT = 2,250 LB 
























v ■ .. 


/ } 


\ 




o 


=t^ 


J 



10 20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Figure 8-10 



RF Passenger Right Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed. 



141 



TABLE 8-2. COMPARISON OF VEHICLE RESPONSE DATA 

Test Test Test Test Test Test 

3052-1 3052-2 3052-3 3052-4 3052-5 3052-6 

Velocity - mph 15.25 25.10 30.02 25.17 30.22 15.28 

Delta Velocity - mph 17,09 27.87 31.97 27.14 32,79 17.12 

Accelerometer 

Dynamic Crush - in. 8.8 16,1 20.1 17,3 21.2 8.9 

e msec 53 65 69 71 71 61 

Film Dynamic 

Crush - in. 8.1 15,3 19.5 16.7 19.1 7.5 

? msec 50 67 68 68 66 56 

Static Crush - in, 6.9 13,1 16.4 14.5 16.6 6.5 

Peak Compartment 



Acceleration - 'G 
@ msec 


-25.1 
16 


-29.5 
26 


-34.9 
16 


-43.4 
15 


-51.9 
14 


-27.6 
27 


Average Acceler- 
ation - G 
@ msec 


-11.8 
66 


-15.1 
81 


-18.0 
78 


-15.0 
81 


-16.6 
90 


-10.5 
70 


Peak Engine Acceler- 
ation - G 
@ msec 


-28.5 
54 


-40.0 
54 


-79.9 
38 


-62.1 
45 


-90.3 
42 


-34.6 
52 


Fixed Test Device 
Force - klb 
@ ' msec 


82.50 
44 


97.36 
25 


129.92 
38 


93.40 
45 


114.57 
42 


81.12 
30 


Engine/Car Inertia 
Force - klb 
@ msec 


113.07 
16 


138.31 
28 


185.12 
36 


171.21 
15 


200.95 
14 


111.43 
27 



142 



30 



20 



10 



O DODGE 
+ FORD V 


1 

VAN/BARRIER 

AN/BARRIER 


• 





















10 



20 
SPEED -MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-11. Dynamic Crush (Accelerometer Data) 
Versus Impact Speed* 



30 



20 



10 



O DODGE 
+ FORD V 


i ■-■ 

VAN/BARRIER 
AN/BARRIER 






- 





















10 



20 
SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-12 



Dynamic Crush (Film Data) Versus 
Impact Speed „ 



143 



30 



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10 



I 

O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 






• 

















10 



20 
SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-13. Static Crush' Versus Impact Speed. 



40 



10 



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O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 




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Figure 8-14. Velocity Change (AV) Versus Impact Speed 

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NOTE: LOAD MEASURED USING 

NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 




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Figure B-19. Total Measured Load Cell Force Versus 
Impact Speed. 



147 



LEGEND 



1000 



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• DODGE VAN DRIVER 

O DODGE VAN PASSENGER 

▲ FORD VAN DRIVER 

A FORD VAN PASSENGER 









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Figure 8-20« Head and Chest Parameters Versus Vehicle 
Velocity Change (Van-to-Barrier Tests). 



148 



LEGEND 



1000 



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1000 



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• DODGE VAN DRIVER 

O DODGE VAN PASSENGER 

Aford VAN DRIVER 

A FORD VAN PASSENGER 




11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
AVERAGE COMPARTMENT ACCELERATION - G 

















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Head and Chest Parameters Versus Average Compartment 
Acceleration (Van-to-Barrier Tests). 



149 



















3BS&N 



1850 WESt PINNACLE PEAK ROAD PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85027 • 1602] 942-3300 



Report No. (to be assigned by NHTSA) 



-3osx-€ 



VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 
AGGRESS I VI TY STUDY 

TEST REPORT 1 

VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS 

VOLUME I 



R. Yee 

R. Cropper 

S. Davis 

Contract No. DOT-HS-8-01942 
$111,121 




June 1979 
TEST REPORT 



Document is available to the U.S. public through the 

National Technical Information Service, 

Springfield, Virginia 22161 



Prepared for: 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 
NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20590 



Prepared for the Department of Transportation, National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration, under Contract No,: DOT-HS-8-01942 . 
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Depart- 
ment of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. 
The United States Government assumes no liability for the contents 
or use thereof. 



TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD TITLE PAGE 



1. Report No 



2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 



4. Title and Subtitle VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 
AGGRESSIVITY STUDY, TEST REPORT I, VAN-TO-NHTSA 
FIXED TEST DEVICE HEAD-ON IMPACT TESTS, VOLUME I 



5. Report Date 
June 1979 



6. Performing Orgn Code 



7. Author (s) 



R. Yee r R. Cropper, S. Davis 



Performing Orgn Rpt No 
3052-79-95A 



9. Performing Organization Name and Address 
Dynamic Science, Inc. 

A Talley Industries Company 

1850 West Pinnacle Peak Road 

Phoenix, Arizona 85027 



10. Work Unit No 



11. Contract or Grant No. 
DOT-HS-8-01942, T.O. #4 



12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 
U. S. Department of Transportation 

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 

2100 Second Street, S.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20590 



13, Type of Report and 
Period Covered 
TEST REPORT 
April - June 1979 



14. Sponsoring Agency Code 



15. Supplementary Notes 

Tests 1-6 of a series of 8 tests. 

six tests. 



Volume II contains Calcomp plots for the 



16. Abstract 

A series of eight full-scale van crash tests was conducted under Task 2 of 
Contract DOT-HS-8-01942, "Van Crashworthiness and Aggressivity Study." This 
report presents the results of six symmetric, head-on Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test 
Device crash tests. Two different model vans were crashed at test speeds of 
15, 25, and 30 mph. Tests 3052-1 through 3052-3 were conducted using 1979 
Ford E-150 Econoline Vans, while Tests 3052-4 through 3052-6 were conducted 
using 1979 Dodge B-200 Vans. 

The objective of these tests was to study the aggressivity of vans, to pro- 
vide baseline test data to support extension of FMVSS 208 to vans, and to 
provide initial information for the future FMVSS 400 series standards up- 
grading. 

This report contains all test results which include still photographs, di- 
mensions, accelerometer location identification summaries of electronic data, 
and summaries of simulated occupant data. Volume II of this report contains 
all Calcomp plots of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data for each 
test. 



17. Key Words NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Ford E-150 Econoline Van, 

Dodge B-200 Van, 

Aggressivity, 

Crashworthiness 



18. Distribution Statement 
Available through National Technical 
Information Service, Springfield, 
Virginia 22161 



19. Security Classif. 
(of this report) 
Unclassified 



20 . Socur: ty Class l I 
(of this page) 
Unclassified 



21. No. Pages 
164 



22. Price 



Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-69) 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1 

1.1 TEST OBJECTIVE '. 1 

1.2 TEST SCOPE 2 

1.3 VEHICLE INSTRUMENTATION 5 

1.3.1 Test Vehicle Instrumentation 5 

1.3.2 NHTSA Fixed Test Device Instrumen- 
tation 8 

1.4 PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENTATION . 8 

2.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3 052-1) 14 

3.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-2) 34 

4.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3 052-3) 54 

5.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-4) 74 

6.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-5) 94 

7.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-6) 114 

8.0 ANALYSIS OF VEHICLE IMPACT VELOCITY CHANGES 134 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

Figure Page 

1-1 197 9 Chevrolet Impala Interface With NHTSA 

Fixed Test Device 4 

1-2 Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 

Ford E-150 Van (Tests 3052-1, 2, and 3) 6 

1-3 Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 

Dodge B-200 Van (Tests 3052-4, 5, and 6) . . • . 7 

1-4 1979 Ford Econoline 150 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test 

Device Interface 9 

1-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Interface 10 

1-6 Bumper/Test Device Interface - 1979 Ford 

E-150 Van 11 



IV 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CONTD) 

Figure Page 

1-7 Bumper/Test Device Interface - 1979 Dodge 

B-200 Van 12 

2-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-1) 18 

2-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-1). . 19 

2-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-1) . . • . 20 

2-4 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-1) 25 

2-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-1) 27 

3-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-2) 38 

3-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-2), . 39 

3-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-2). ... 40 

3-4 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-2). . / 45 

3-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile ana 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-2) 47 

4-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-3). 58 

4-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-3). . 59 

4-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-3). ... 60 

4-4 197 9 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush 

(Test 3052-3) 65 

4-5 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-3) 67 

5-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-4) 78 

5-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-4). . 79 

5-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-4) .... 80 

5-4 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Static Crush (Test 3052-4) 85 



v 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CONTD) 

Figure Page 

5-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-4). . <, 87 

6-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-5) 98 

6-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-5) . 99 

6-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-5) . . . 100 

6-4 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Static Crush (Test 3052-5) 105 

6-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-5) 107 

7-1 Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-6) 118 

7-2 Post-test Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-6) . 119 

7-3 Vehicle Dummy Configuration (Test 3052-6) . . . 120 

7-4 197 9 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and 

Crush (Test 3052-6) 125 

7-5 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and 

Static Intrusion (Test 3052-6) 127 

8-1 Driver Head Injury Criteria (HIC) Versus 

Impact Speed 137 

8-2 RF Passenger Head Injury Criteria (HIC) 

Versus Impact Speed 137 

8-3 Driver Chest Severity Index (SI) Versus 

Impact Speed 13 8 

8-4 RF Passenger Chest Severity Index (SI) 

Versus Impact Speed 138 

8-5 Driver Peak Chest Resultant Versus Impact 

Speed 13 9 

8-6 RF Passenger Peak Chest Resultant Versus 

Impact Speed 13 9 

8-7 Driver Left Femur Load Versus Impact Speed. . . 14 

8-8 Driver Right Femur Load Versus Impact Speed . . 14 

8-9 RF Passenger Left Femur Load Versus Impact 

Speed 141 



VI 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (CONTD) 

Figure Page 

8-10 RF Passenger Right Femur Load Versus 

Impact Speed 141 

8-11 Dynamic Crush (Accelerometer Data) Versus 

Impact Speed 14 3 

8-12 Dynamic Crush (Film Data) Versus Impact 

Speed 143 

8-13 Static Crush Versus Impact Speed 144 

8-14 Velocity Change (AV) Versus Impact Speed. . . . 144 

8-15 Average Compartment Acceleration Versus 

Impact Speed 145 

8-16 Maximum Compartment Acceleration Versus 

Impact Speed 145 

8-17 Maximum Engine Acceleration Versus Speed. • . . 14 6 

8-18 Maximum Vehicle Inertia Force Versus 

Impact Speed !47 

8-19 Total Measured Load Cell Force Versus 

Impact Speed 14 7 

8-20 Head and Chest Parameters Versus Vehicle 

Velocity Change (Van-to-Barrier Tests) 148 

8-21 Head and Chest Parameter Versus Average 
Compartment Acceleration (Van-to-Barrier 
Tests) ■• i49 

LIST OF TABLES 

Table Pa 9 e 

1-1 TEST MATRIX - VAN CRASHWORTHINESS AND 

AGGRESSIVITY STUDY - 3 052 3 

1-2 VEHICLE AND FIXED TEST DEVICE INSTRUMEN- 
TATION SUMMARY 5 

1-3 CAMERA LOCATIONS FOR VAN-TO-NHTSA FIXED 

DEVICE IMPACT TESTS 13 

2-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-1) 15 

2-2 VEHICLE INSPECTIONS SHEET (TEST 3 05 2-1) . . . . 16 



Vl l 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 
Table Pa 9e 

2-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-1) 17 

2-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-1) 17 

2-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-1) 21 

2-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-1) 22 

2-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 

(TEST 3052-1) 23 

2-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 24 

2-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 26 

2-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 

VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) . 28 

2-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 

3052-1) 29 

2-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3 052-1) • ♦ 30 

2-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-1) 31 

2-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 32 

2-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-1) 33 

2-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 

FORCE (TEST 3 052-1) 33 

3-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2) 35 

3-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-2) 36 

3-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-2) 37 

3-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-2) 37 



Vlll 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Page 

3-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-2) 41 

3-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-2) 42 

3-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 

(TEST 3052-2) 43 

3-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 44 

3-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 46 

3-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 
3052-2) 48 

3-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCLEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-2) 49 

3-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2). • 50 

3-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-2) 51 

3-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 52 

3-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-2). 53 

3-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-2) 53 

4-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-3) 55 

4-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-3) 56 

4-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3 052-3) 57 

4-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-3) 57 

4-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-3) 61 

4-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-3) 62 



IX 



LIST OF TABLES (CQNTD) 
Table Page 

4-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-3) 63 

4-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN {TEST 3052-3) 64 

4-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN {TEST 3052-3) . . • . 66 

4-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 
3052-3) 68 

4-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-3) 69 

4-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-3) 70 

4-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-3) - 71 

4-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - FORD 

ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-3) 72 

4-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY 

COLUMNS AND ROWS (TEST 3052-3) 73 

4-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-3) 73 

5-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-4) 75 

5-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-4) . . . . 76 

5-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-4) 77 

5 _4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - DODGE B-200 VAN 

(TEST 3052-4) ° 77 

5-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-4) 81 

5-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-4) 82 

5-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-4) 83 

5-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4) 84 



x 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Pa 9 e 

5-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

DODGE B-200 VAN. (TEST 3052-4) 86 

5-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4). . 88 

5-11 SUMMARY OF VHEICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-4) 89 

5-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-4) 90 

5-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-4) 91 

5-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4) 92 

5-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3 052-4) 93 

5-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-4) 93 

6-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3 052-5) 95 

6-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-5) • - • . 96 

6-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-5) 97 

6-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-5) 97 

6-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-5) 101 

6-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-5). 102 

6-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-5) 103 

6-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 104 

6-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 106 

6-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5). * 108 



xi 



LIST OF TABLES (CONTD) 

Table Pa 9 e 

6-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELERUMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-5) 109 

6-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-5) HO 

6-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-5) - • HI 

6-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 112 

6-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS 

AND ROWS (TEST 3052-5) * • H3 

6-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-5) 113 

7-1 CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6) 115 

7-2 VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-6) .... 116 

7-3 SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 

CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-6) 117 

7-4 PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 

(TEST 3052-6) H 7 

7-5 CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3 052-6) 121 

7-6 SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 

3052-6) . 122 

1-1 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASURE- 
MENTS (TEST 3052-6) 123 

7-8 EXTERIOR PROFILES AND STATIC CRUSH - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 124 

7-9 INTERIOR PROFILE AND STATIC INTRUSION - DODGE 

B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 126 

7-10 STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACE- 
MENT VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 
3052-6) 128 

7-11 SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA 

(TEST 3052-6) 129 

7-12 OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 

3052-6) I 30 



Xll 



J-KV-. *:' 



LIST OF TABLES (CQNTD) 

Table Pa 9 e 

7-13 SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 

3052-6) 131 

7-14 SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM LOAD CELL DATA - 

DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 132 

7-15 SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY 

COLUMNS AND ROWS (TEST 3 052-6) 133 

7-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND 

INERTIA FORCE (TEST 3052-6) 133 

8-1 COMPARISON OF OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA 13 6 

8-2 COMPARISON OF VEHICLE RESPONSE DATA 14 2 



Xlll 



1.0 INTRODUCTION 

A series of eight full-scale van crash tests was conducted as 
required under Task 2 of Contract No. DOT-HS-8-01942 (Task Order 
#4), "Van Crashworthiness and Aggressivity Study," sponsored by 
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, This report 
presents the results of Tests 3052-1 through 3052-6, symmetric, 
head-on Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device crash tests. This report 
is presented in two volumes. Volume I is the test report which 
contains summaries of all the test results. Volume II contains 
the Calcomp plots for all vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic 
data gathered during the conduct of these tests. 

Test Report 2 presents the results of Tests 3052-7 and 3052-8 
Van-to-car symmetric, head-on impact tests. Test Report 3 pre- 
sents measurements gathered for accident investigation data relat- 
ing to vehicle crash trajectory and residual crush. Also included 
in this report are moment of inertia measurements made on each 
make/model vehicle tested using the NHTSA Mobile Parametric Measur- 
ing Device. 

1.1 TEST OBJECTIVE 

The object of these tests was to: 

• Study the crashworthiness and aggressivity of vans 

• Provide baseline van collision data to support FMVSS 
208, Occupant Crash Protection 

• Support current vehicle standards and provide initial 
information for future FMVSS 400 series standards up- 
grading . 



1.2 TEST SCOPE 

The test matrix and summary of test conditions for conducting 
the van crash tests are shown in Table 1-1. Test speeds of 15, 
25, and 30 mph were chosen as target speeds for two different 
models of vans which impacted the NHTSA Fixed Test Device. Tests 
3052-1 through 3052-3 were conducted using 1979 Ford E-150 Econo- 
line Vans, while Tests 3052-4 through 3052-6 were conducted using 
1979 Dodge B-200 Vans. The NHTSA Fixed Test Device is a unique, 
segmented, load-measuring barrier which was supported by a 36-inch 
extension which attached to a rigid barrier. Its frontal height 
was set to simulate the front of a Chevrolet Impala (see Figure 
1-1). The front face of each load-measuring module used a 7" x 8" 
x 1-1/2" plywood surface instead of the six-inch aluminum honey- 
comb block. 

In each test, the van contained two instrumented Alderson 
Part 572, 50th percentile male anthropomorphic dummies (GFE) loca- 
ted in the two front outboard seating positions. Each occupant 
was restrained with the vehicle's production restraint system. 
(The Dodge Van's standard, two-point restraint system was replaced 
by the production, three-point restraint system.) The seat tracks 
were put at midposition, but not welded in place. Fuel was re- 
moved from the vans and replaced with water. Vehicles which con- 
tained tilt steering wheels were tested with the wheel placed in 
the lowermost driving position, per direction of the NHTSA Con- 
tract Technical Manager. 







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CONTOUR 33" HGT 




15 24 

INCHES 



CHEVROLET 
IMPALA 



58.5 



BARRIER EXTENSION 

NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) 
MOUNTING PLATE 




L- WINDSHIELD 



39.2 



GROUND REF. 



r . 



5 11.1 58.5 

(CURB WGT. CONFIG.) 



Figure 1-1. 1979 Chevrolet Impala Interface With NHTSA 
Fixed Test Device. 



1.3 VEHICLE INSTRUMENTATION 

See Table 1-2 for a summary of vehicle and Fixed Test Device 
instrumentation. A total' of 87 data channels were used in conduct- 
ing these tests . Van instrumentation consisted of 41 data channels 
requiring the use of three Remote Sensing Control Modules (RSCM's). 
The NHTSA Fixed Test Device contained a total of 46 data channels 
requiring the use of 4 RSCM's. 



TABLE 1-2. VEHICLE AND FIXED TEST DEVICE INSTRUMENTATION SUMMARY 

Data Channels 



Van Instrumentation 

Vehicle Accelerometers* 

Dummy Instrumentation: 
Head (3) , Chest (3) , 
Femur (2) 

Seat Belt Load Cells: 
Lap (2), Shoulder (1) 

NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
Instrumentation 



Locations 



Total 



19 

16 
6 



41-3 RSCM's 



Load Cells 40 
String Potentiometers 6 


Total 


40 
6 
46 - 


- 4 RSCM's 


*See Figures 1-2 and 1-3 for locations- 







1.3.1 Test Vehicle Instrumentation 



In addition to having two fully-instrumented anthropomorphic 
dummies, the test vehicle was instrumented with 19 accelerometers 
mounted in 9 locations. Figures 1-2 and 1-3 show the vehicle ac- 
celerometer locations for the Ford Van and Dodge Van, respectively 



-Ttf 



(X,Y,Z) (X) 



(X 

(X) + LONG 




m ■+ lm 



CX) 



1 



(T|(X.Y # Z) 

0[s](k,y,z) 





JQ3r4(X / Y / Z) 



[F1TX7Y7Z1 [HQi , 2 (Xi[6] (x) 



Ford E-150 Van Accelerometer Locations 



No, Description of Location 
1 Left B-pillar near floor 



** 



108 -29 



26 



Maximum* 
Expected Reading 

Long. Lat. Vert, 
(G) (G) (G) 

50 



2 Right B-pillar near floor 108 29 26 



Left firewall inside com- 
partment 



156 -25 



34 



Right firewall inside 
compartment 



156 



16 



36 



Top engine block 



151 



35 



Front axle 



165 



12 



Vehicle center of gravity 113 



12 



8 Cargo area over rear axle 38 

9 Rear axle 37 



28 



8 



50 



100 



100 



200 



200 



50 



50 



100 



100 



100 



200 



50 



50 



100 



100 
200 



50 



50 



*25- and 30-mph crashes only — values reduced by 50% for 15-mph 
crashes . 
**X coordinate - centerline of rear bumper; Y coordinate - 
vehicle centerline; Z coordinate - ground level. 



Figure 1-2. Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 
Ford E-150 Van {Tests 3052-1, 2 f and 3). 




(X,Y,Z) (X) 
DB,9 





(X) + LONG 
! 



1 9 IX) ///Uai 



D3,4(X r Y l Z) 




Maximum* 
Expected Reading 

Long. Lat. Vert. 
No. Description o£ Location X^ Y^ Z^ (G) (G) (G) 

50 



D odge B-20Q Van Accelerometer Locations 

Description of Location 
1 Left' B-pillar near floor 



108 



32 



26 



2 Right B-pillar near floor 108 



32 



26 



50 



3 Left firewall inside com- 
partment 157 -24 



41 



100 



100 



100 



4 Right firewall inside 
compartment 

5 Top engine block 



152 



23 



38 



100 



100 



100 



142 



34 



200 



200 



200 



Front axle 



149 



200 



Vehicle center of. gravity 110 



26 



50 



50 



50 



Cargo area over rear axle 



38 



28 



50 



50 



50 



Rear axle 



48 







15 



100 



*25- and 30-mph crashes only — values reduced by 50% for 15-mph 
crashes. 
**X coordinate - centerline of rear bumper; Y coordinate - 
vehicle centerline; Z coordinate - ground level. 



Figure 1-3. Test Vehicle Accelerometer Instrumentation - 
Dodge B-200 Van (Tests 3052-4 , 5, and 6). 



Dummy instrumentation and seat belt load cells required an addi- 
tional 22 data channels, making a total of 41 data channels required 
for van instrumentation, 

1.3.2 NHTSA Fixed Test Device Instrumentation 

The Fixed Test Device was instrumented with forty 12,5 klb 
interface load cells and six Celesco dynamic string potentiom- 
eters. Figures 1-4 and 1-5 show the frontal interface areas for 
each model van. A side view of the van bumper/Test Device inter- 
face is shown in Figures 1-6 and 1-7 for each model van. The 
front face of the Fixed Test Device was modified to use 40 pieces 
of 1-1/2-inch thick, grade AB plywood rather than the standard 
6-inch 50 psi aluminum honeycomb. In addition, the Test Device 
was attached to a 36-inch extension from the fixed barrier and set 
at a frontal height similar to the front of a Chevrolet Impala. 

1.4 PHOTOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENTATION 

In all tests, seven high-speed cameras (five 1000 fps and two 
500 fps) and one panning camera (24 fps) were used to cover the 
crash event (see Table 1-3). Two of the cameras used were mounted 
on board the vans to observe occupant kinematics. In addition to 
high-speed cameras, black-and-white and color slides were taken to 
record pre-test and post-test vehicle and dummy positions. These 
items have been submitted to NHTSA. 



'/ 

t t 
I I 

t 

t \. 



DRIVER 
POSITION 



\\ 

\ i 
t i 

I i 

\ \ 
\ \ 
\ \ 
\ \ 



D10 



CIO 
id 



D10 
Nil 



A10 
i! ' 



D9 



C9 



4V 



B9 



A9 



D8 



C8 



D8 
* 



A8 



D7 



C7 



B7 



A7 



D6 



C6 



D6 



A6 



82.25" 



D5 



C5 
* 



B5 



A5 



D4 



C4 



B4 



A4 



D3 



C3 



B3 



A3 



D2 



C2 



B2 



A2 



D3J 



\ C1 






Al 



66" 



78" 



28.75" 



9.75" 



View from Rear of Test Device 



*Location of instrumentation modules that use 
1210-LT-12. 5K load cells which have holes for 
string potentiometer cables. 



Figure 1-4. 



1979 Ford Econoline 150 Van/NHTSA 
Fixed Test Device Interface. 




68" 



9.75" 



View from Rear of Test Device. 

♦Location of instrumentation modules that use 
1210-LT-12. 5K load cells which have holes for 
string potentiometers. 



Figure 1-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van/NHTSA Fixed Test 
Device Interface, 



10 



NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) 
MOUNTING PLATE 




GROUND REFERENCE 



Figure 1-6. Bumper/Test Device Interface - 1979 Ford E-150 Van. 



11 



NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 
ADJUSTABLE (VERTICAL) 
MOUNTING PLATE 




GROUND REFERENCE 



Figure 1-7. Bumper/Test Device Interface - 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



12 



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13 



2.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-1) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-1, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V Q = 15,25 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA, Appendix A (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



14 



TABLE 2-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-1) 



TEST NO. 3052-1 CONTRACT: DQT-HS-8-01942 

TEST DATE: April 10, 1979, TIME: 1313 TEMPERATURE: 61 °F 

TEST CONFIGURATION: Van- to-NHTSA' Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

VEHICLE DATA VEHICLE NO. 1 VEHICLE NO. 2 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 186.5/79.4 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) LF 1304 RF 1345 

LR 1156 RR 1185 

Total Weight (lb) 4990 >100,000 

Wheelbase (in.) 124.4 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 

of Front Axle) (in. ) 58.4 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 15.25 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) -1.84 @ 68 

Velocity Change (mph) 17.09 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 

Acceleration (G @ msec) -25.14 @ 16 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 

(G @ msec) -28.50 @ 54 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 

(Film Data) (in. ) 8.1 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 0.0 

• Hood Level (in.) 1.8 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 6.9 

• Bumper Level (in.) 5.8 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 

(in.) 0.2 

OCCUPANTS 

Type Alderson Part 572 

Location LF - #A03 

RF - #759 

Restraints Standard Lap and 

Shoulder Belt 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 41 46 

Number of Cameras 8 



*With respect to tow track centerline 



15 



TABLE 2-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 30b2-lJ 



rontracLoc:_ Dynamic .Science, _ Inc. -"'inLmct No..-_ DOT -HS-8-01942 

VIN NO.: E14HHEF4397 Make: Ford 



NIITSA No.: R &D .__ „_. 

w.ir: _1979 Color; _ White Model: Econo li ne E-150 Va n 

Auto Tmrv;: yer,[xl ' 10 [ 3 pwr ^'^' in 'P yes [x] no LJ Stints: Ucnch: 

(front) 
IVr Brakes: y^'-^Lx] no CI Auto Sped Cnnt: yes Q no Q Bucket: X 

I'wr Snats: V'^fJ "n [ x l Ant i Skid Prakr : yes □ no S Split 

Dench: 

I'wr Windows: yesf ] no (x) Air Conditioning! ycsLJ no bfl 

Split 

Tinted Glass: yns[xj nn [ J Ucv,r window Dof.: ynsQ no [g back 

Donch: _____ 

Padio: yes| ] no [xj Hrakes: drijni:__R disc: F 

Clock: y^L) '»' SI 

Tire Size: L78-15 (My HaMitvj: _4 Mf'j. f. Line: Goodyear 



Total 351 
ninr» Dy: HrH/'il: _X R.vli.U „/ Enc * - TvnctJ____8_ Cy * i - ndor s : 8 PispllCID 

Trans, * i'wd. Sj-n.-dr;: 3_ Sh i ppi iv) Wr i .|1.t : 4, 09 4 _ lb Odom(?tcr : 3B8.5 

Dealer (name , ncUh '*«-•;, ;i'itl phone number) 



Uf.mnrkr, < ] i s t. «u)d i • i oivi l ^rnvisoi irs not. lir.ln) above) 

Sliding side door 

Date of M.»nu!nciMP-: 1-79 Dynamic Science No . : _ 865 Uate Received: 3-12-79 

Tilt inn Steering Kh.^r.T : V'^O ""SI Telescopinq Steering Wheel: yes Q no[x) 

Fuel Capacity:_ "Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ no (x) 

~ I (Torn fv.v : n''r ' s rrt.trma 1 ) 

Restraint system: Standard lap and shoulder belts 



K~ \Tthn vPhi.-in -,i.nrk >h . mi.) im u i ? rirncrii.n: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, wheel 
covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed. 
100% water in fuel tank. 



2. Doer; vehicle ".h-.v 'n-l-nrc of prior ric.r 



ident history? Describe: No 



.1. Poos vrlnrlr r >r>v any ■; i qni f i rani corrosion? Prscribo: No 



1 . riu-ck c: n ml i t n*n **d H t « Itnnl hmnpet and I i nine : Satisfactory 



16 



TABLE 2-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-1) 



Test No . 3052-1 Tvoe Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Science No. 865 ^ 

Engine Siz^ " 35^11) 



825 



Engine Weight* (lb) 

Engine Height/Width (in.) 33.7/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.) 26^_9 — 

Engine Length (in.) t ild* — 



Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) _ ^lil 



Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 17.0/23.9 



♦Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 2-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-1) 



Distances (in J ^iver Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 15.0 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 1§_lZ 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 

Chest to Dash (horizontal) 25a 

Forehead to Header 18 * 7 - 



27.2 24.2 



8.5 



8.3 



7. 


,3 


7. 


.5 


21 


.8 


17 


.9 



17 



r- 




a) Pre-test 



T 

or 




b) Post-test 
Figure 2-1. Vehicle Configuration (Teat 3052-1) 

18 



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20 



TABLE 2-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-1) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time 

(msec) __ Crash Event 

Impact (visual) 

6 Grille hits Test Device 

14 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper strikes front tires 

24 Dummies start forward motion 

50 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (8.1 in.) 

58 Minimum right side wheelbase (123.7 in.); Passenger dummy 
knees strike dash 

60 ..Driver dummy hands strike dash 

64 Minimum left side wheelbase (123.7 in,)? Driver dummy 
knees strike dash 

73 Passenger strikes engine cowling with left hand 

80 Left rear tire leaves ground 

85 Driver chest strikes steering wheel lower rim 

112 Maximum vehicle declination (2,5°) 

117 Driver head strikes steering wheel upper rim 

122 Left rear tire recontacts ground 

v 127 Maximum forward motion of both dummies 

134 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

252 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

262 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

402 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (1.75°) ____ 



21 



( 
TABLE 2-6. SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-1) 

VEHICLE: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head Steering column None 

upper rim 

Chest S teering Wheel None 

lower rim 

Knees Lower dash panel None 



Glazing: Windshield 100% intact 



Doors : All opened easily 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Anchorages intact. No seat 
movement _^___ '. 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Front: inch, 
Rear: inch 



Fuel Leakage: None 

General Observations: Bumper struck both tires and locked up 
front wheels. Van rebounded 7 inches. Very little vehicle in- 
terior intrusion, _ 



22 



TABLE 2-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-1) 




VEHICLE: 


1979 


FORD ECONOLINE 


E-150 VAN 










Pre- 
( 


-test 
In. ) 


Post-test 
(in.) 


Difference 
(in.) 




LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


A 


124.2 


124.5 


124.3 


124.7 


-0.1 


-0.2 


B 
C 
D 


24.8 

37.3 

186.3 


25.0 

37.1 

186.6 


19.2 

37.3 

180.8 


19.3 

37.1 

181.1 


5.6 
0.0 

5.5 


5.7 
0.0 
5.5 


G . .. 
I 

P 


109.5 
37.4 
78.6 
42.3 


109.3 
37.4 
78.3 
42.2 


109.6 
37.3 
78.9 
42.7 


109.5 
37.4 
78.6 
41.9 


-0.1 
0.1 
0.3 
0.4 


-0.2 

• 0.0 

0.3 

-0.3 


T 
Y 
Z 


22.4 
37.8 
39.4 


22.3 
37.5 
39.9 


24.0 
32.8 
33.9 


23.5 
32.7 
34.2 


1.6 
5.0 
5.5 


1.2 
4.8 
5.7 



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PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 



6.9 




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36 



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— i 1 

24 18 

VEHICLE LEFT 



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12 



INCHES 



—i 1 1— 

12 18 24 

VEHICLE RIGHT 



30 



36 



Figure 2-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-1) 



25 



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PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 




■0.5 




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INCHES 



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30 36 



Figure 2-5. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-1) . 



27 



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TARLE 2-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES - 

FORD ECONOLt NE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-1) 

Pre-test (in,) Post-test (in.) Displacement (in.) 

y* y* Z* X Y Z X Y Z 



Wheel 
Location 

Top 

Hub 

Bottom 



136.2 -18.1 60.3 136.0 -17.7 61.1 -0.2 0.4 0.8 
132.7 -18.1 53.7 132.6 -17.7 54.5 -0.1 0.4 0.8 
126.5 -18.1 49.5 126.9 -17.7 50.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 



♦Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. ___^__ 



28 



TABLE 2-11. SUMMARY OF VEI 


IICLE A( 
- E-150 


XELEROMETER 


DATA (1 


7- 

FEST 30 


52-1) 


Vehic 


le: 1979 Ford Econoline 


Van 












Test . 

Maximum 
Acceleration 


3052-1 (15.25 

Minimum 
Velocity 


mph) 

Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


A 
(G) 


T 

(msec) 

16 

16 


V 
(mph) 

-1.9 
-1.8 


T 
(msec) 

70 
66 


S 
(in.) 

+8.9 
+8.7 


T 


No. 


Location 


(msec) 


IX 
2X 


Left Side B-pillar 
Right Side B-pillar 


-23.7 
-26.6 


53 
52 




Average IX & 2X 


-25.1 


16 


-1.8 


68 


+8.8 


53 


3X 
3Y 
3Z 


Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 


-45.5 

-7.2 

+ 12.9 


26 
19 
17 


-1.6 
+ 0.8 
-0.7 


134 

56 

135 


+8.5 
+1.6 
+1.9 


54 
200 
116 


4X 
4Y 
4Z 


Right Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 


-32.9 

-6.6 

-10.3 


35 
34 
74 


-1.6 
-0.6 

-1.1 


139 

78 

168 


+8.8 
-0.3 
+ 1.8 


52 

200 

77 


5X 
5Y 

5Z 


Engine 
Engine 
Engine 


-28.5 

+4.4 
-7.4 


54 
50 
66 


-5.5 
-0.1 
-0.6 


72 

18 

110 


+10.0 
+1.8 
+2.0 


54 

200 

73 


6X 


Front Axle 


-57.1 


8 


-1.5 


69 


+ 7.9 


57 


7X 
7Y 
7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 


-25.3 

-3.6 

+ 27.0 


44 
21 
37 


-2.2 
-0.4 
+ 1.1 


67 
75 
95 


+8.8 
-0.1 
+ 2.5 


53 
100 
200 


8X 

8Y 
8Z 


Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 


-26.0 

-6.8 

-29.0 


15 
15 
29 


-2.3 
-0.5 
-3.3 


68 
17 

56 


+8.7 
+ 1.0 
-2.1 


52 
200 
106 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-44.1 


15 


-5.6 


72 


+8.0 


54 



29 



TABLE 


2-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPC 


>NSE DATA SW 
-150 Van 


1M/ 
-1 


^RY (TEST 3052- 


1) 


Vehicle: 


1979 Ford 


Econo3,ine E 












Test 3052- 


(15.25 mph) 






Left Front 
Occupant 




Right Front 
Occupant 




Maximum 
Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


HEAD 














X 
Y 
Z 




-16*2 

-8.2 

+ 19.5 


125 




-16.2 


130 




129 

94 




+ 5.6 

+ 16.0 


86 




91 




R* 




+22.0 


98 




+18.9 


89 




HIC 




78 


74-142 




70 


60-152 


CHEST 




X 




-29.3 


78 




-23.0 


71 




Y 




-5.4 


95 




+ 6.0 


82 




Z 




-6.6 


95 




-4.9 


78 




R* 




+ 26.2 


80 




+ 21.4 


75 




SI 




81 


200 




62 


200 








Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 












LF 




-98 


52 




-64 


46 




RT 




-1030 


68 




-231 


69 


*3-msec c 


:lip. 















30 



1 










1 










1 


TABLE 2-13- SUMMARY QF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA 


(TEST 


3052-1) 




Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 








1 

1 


Test 3052- 

Peak Load 
(lb) 


-1 (15, 


.25 


mph) 




Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 








1 


Left Lap Belt 787 






80 


Right Lap Belt 899 






72 


1 


Shoulder Belt 1040 






83 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 








1 


Left Lap Belt 1416 






77 


Right Lap Belt 868 






76 


1 


Shoulder Belt 925 






82 










1 










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ill 










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***?**,..,,.. 31 



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32 



TABLE 2-15, SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-1) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 







Test 3052-1 (15.25 mph) 






Peak Load 


Time 


Parameter 


(klb) 


(msec) 


Column 


1 


3.14 


45 


Column 


2 


3.44 


26 


Column 


3 


23.32 


43 


Column 


4 


11.78 


49 


Column 


5 


0.56 


48 


Column 


6 


1.28 


15 


Column 


7 


11.00 


26 


Column 


8 


21.56 


44 


Column 


9 


5.38 


44 


Column 


10 


3.34 


45 


Row A 


13.90 


37 


Row B 




56.68 


45 


Row C 




2.74 


37 


Row D 




11.35 


29 



TABLE 2-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-1) 



•V 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Force (klb) 
Time (msec) 



Load Cell* 
Force 

82.50 
44 



Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 

112,16 

16 



*Sum of 40 load cells. . ia'm:* 

**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4165 
lb) plus engine acceleration ti mes engine weight (825 lb) . 



33 



3.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-2) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-2, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 25.10 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix B (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



34 



TABLE 3-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-2) 



TEST NO. 3052-2 CONTRACT: DOT-HS-8-01942 

TEST DATE: April 11, 1979, TIME: 1526 TEMPERATURE: 71 °F 

TEST CONFIGURATION: Van- to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

VEHICLE DATA 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level ( in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 

(in.) 0- 7 

OCCUPANTS 

Type Alderson Part 572 

Location LF - #A03 

RF - #759 

Restraints Standard Lap and 

Shoulder Belt 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 41 46 

Number of Cameras 8 



VEHICLE NO. 1 


VEHICLE NO. 2 


186.6/79.4 




LF 1251 RF 1374 
LR 1191 RR 1181 




4997 


>100,000 


124.5 




59.1 
















25.10 





-2.77 @ 105 




27.87 




-29.54 @ 26 




-40.00 @ 54 




15.3 




-0.9 

7.4 

13.1 

12.1 





*With respect to tow track centerline 



35 



TABLE 3-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-2) 



Contractor: Dynamic Science, In c. 
VIN NO.: E14HHEE2507 



Contract No. : DOT-HS-&-01942 
Make: Ford 



NHTSA No. : 

Year: 1979 



R&D 



Color 



Silver 



Model: Econoline E-150 Van 



Auto Trans: yes[x) noQ 

pwr Brakes: yes noQ 

Pwr Seats: yesQ nog] 

Pwr Windows: yesQ nogc] 

Tinted Glass: yesfTJ noQ 

Radio: yesQ no0 

Clock: yes[] noQ 

Tire Size: L78-15 Ply Rating: 4 



Pwr Steering: yes gj no Q 

Auto Speed Cant: yesQ no 

Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no 

Air Conditioning: yesQ no kJ 

Rear Window Def.: yesQ no0 

Brakes: drum: R disc: F 



Seats: Bench: 
(front) 

Bucket 

Split 
Bench: 



Split 

Back 

Bench 



Mfg. & Line: General 



Bias Ply: 



Belted:_ 

Trans, I Fwd . Speeds: 3_ 



Radial /Eng.Type: V~8 Cylinders: 

Shipping Weight: 4128 Odometer: 



Total 
Displ:ja5j_ c i d 



559.0 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) 
Sliding side door. 



Da 



te of Manufacture: 1-79 



Tilting Steering Wheel: 
Fuel Capacity 



Dynamic Science No . : 866 Date Received: 3/12/73 

yesQ no@ Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ] noQ 
"Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ noQ 



(from owner 1 s manual) 

Restraint System: standard lap and should er belt 



Is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed, 
100% water in fuel tank. 



Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe 



NO 



3. Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



DS FORM 4200 



36 



TABLE 3-3, SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-2) 



Test No , 3052-2 ' Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Science No. 866 

Engine Size 351 CID 



Engine Weight* (lb) _825 

Engine Height/Width (in.) 33.4/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.) 26 ' 9 — 

Engine Length (in.) ... 19 * 8 — 



Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) 2^4 



Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 16.9/24.0 



*Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 3-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-2) 



Distances (in.) Driver Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 
Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 
Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal) 
Forehead to Header 



14.8 


19.1 


26.9 




8.1 


7.9 


25.1 


18.4 



25. 


5 


6. 


.4 


6. 


.8 


21 


.5 


18 


.2 



31 







a) Pre-tost 



T 

T 




b) post- test 



Figure 3-1- Vehicle Configuration (Test 3052-2) 



38 



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TABLE 3-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-2) 



VEHICLE : 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time ^ , _ , 

(msec) Crash Event _ 

impact (visual) 

5 Grille hits Test Device 

9 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper strikes front tires? Dummies start forward motion 

34 Front tires hit barrier 

51 Hood curls over barrier and strikes load cells; Driver 

strikes steering wheel lower rim with chest 

54 Driver hands strike dash; Passenger knees strike dash; 

Fender wells strike back of front tires 

60 Minimum right side wheelbase (121.1 in.); Pfiver knees hit 
dash; Passenger strikes engine cowling with left hand 

67 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (15.3 in.) 

68 Minimum left side wheelbase (122.0 in.) 
78 Driver head strikes steering wheel hub 
94 Maximum driver forward motion 

98 Maximum vehicle declination (3.5°) 

129 Maximum passenger forward motion 

147 Right rear tire leaves ground 

160 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

165 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

249 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

251 Right rear tire recontacts ground 

377 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (2.0° ) 



41 



TABLE 3-6. S UMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-2) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head Steering wheel hub None 

Chest Steering wheel None 

lower rim 

Knees Lower dash Lower dash 



Glazing: Windshield 100% intact but window cracked slightly on 



driver side 



Doors: Difficult to open 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Seat belts OK. Left seat 

moved 0.2 inch forward, right seat moved 0.4 inch forward 

Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 3 inches right, 
Front: 1 inch left 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General observations: Radiator leaked. Bumper s truck both front 

tires . Steering wheel rotated in and upward l ifting up dash 

panel. Eight inches static rebound. Hood struck top row of load 
cells. Load cell C-6 struck bv Maste r Cylinder of Brake Booster 
in van. 



42 



TABLE 3-7 PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-2) 




VEHICLE: 


1979 


FORD ECONOLINE 


E-150 VAN 










Pre- 


-test 


Post-test 


Difference 




( 


in. ) 


(in. 


) 


(in.) 






LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


A 


124.8 


125.2 


123.5 


123.5 


1.3 


1.7 


B 


24,7 


24.3 


15.8 


13.6 


8.9 


10.7 


C 


37.0 


37.2 


37.2 


37.1 


-0.2 


0.1 


D 


186.5 


186.7 


176.5 


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y L__i i 1 1 ) J ^ 7*4 

3.6 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 ^^(MAX) 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 

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9.9 10.3 10,7 




10.9 10.7 10.6 10.0 13.1 9.8 

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36 To Ta Ts Tl 6 6 12 18 24 30 36 

VEHICLE LEFT VEHICLE RIGHT 

INCHES 



icrure 3-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-2), 



Figure 



45 



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36 



Figure 3-5. 



1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-2) . 



47 



TABLE 3-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES - 
FORD ECONOLINE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-2) 



Wheel 


Pre-test (in.) 


Location 


X* Y* 


Z* 


Top 


135.7 -18.1 


60.6 


Hub 


132.0 -18.1 


53.9 


Bottom 


126.3 -18.1 


49.8 



Post-test (in.) Displacement ( in. ) 
X Y Z X Y Z 



133.9 -18,5 65.6 -1.8 -0.4 5.0 
131.8 -19.2 58.2 -0.2 -1.1 4.3 
127.8 -19.5 53.1 1.5 -1.4 3.3 



*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 



48 



TABLI 


2 3-11. SUMMARY OF VEF 
le: 1979 Ford Econoline 


ICLE AC 


:CELER( 
Van 


METER 


DATA (TEST 3052-2) 


Vehic 


i E-150 
















Test 


3052-2 


(25.10 


mph) 






Maxii 
Accelei 


num 
ration 

T 
(msec) 


Mini 
Velo 

V 
(mph) 


mum 
city 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


A 
(G) 


T 

(msec) 


S 
(in.) 


T 


No, 


Location 


(msec) 


IX 
2X 


Left Side B-pillar 
Right Side B-pillar 


-28.2 
-31.9 


28 
25 


-3.0 
-2.8 


119 
89 


+ 15.9 
+ 16.2 


63 
66 




Average IX & 2X 


-29.5 


26 
27 
17 
14 

26 
25 
24 


-2.8 


105 


16.1 


65 


3X 
3Y 
3Z 


Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 


-59.0 
-15.1 

+ 28.1 


-0.6 

-0.3 
-1.0 


107 
19 
12 


+ 14.9 

+ 10.2 

+4.1 


70 
200 
129 


4X 
4Y 

4Z 


Right Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 


-80.1 
-18.9 
-15.9 


-1.8 
+ 1.3 
-2.7 


103 
28 

142 


+16.2 
+ 1.8 
-2.2 


70 
200 
200 


5X 

5Y 
5Z 


Engine 
Engine 
Engine 


-40.0 
-9.1 
-7.9 


54 
81 
85 


-5.1 
-0.8 
-4.5 


73 

37 

169 


+17.0 
-0.5 
-5.2 


56 
200 
200 


6X 


Front Axle 


-73.7 


8 


-2.8 


101 


+ 14.9 


61 


7X 
7Y 

7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 


-37.2 
-12.9 
+36.7 


41 
37 

58 


-3.5 
-1.4 
-2.4 


108 

51 

137 


+ 15.9 
-0.4 
-1.3 


64 

71 

200 


8X 

8Y 
8Z 


Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Axle 


-30.2 

+ 4.8 

-27.5 


26 
42 
41 


-3.4 
-0.6 
-4.7 

-4.2 


95 
33 
59 


+ 15.8 
+1.0 
-5.8 

+ 13.9 


63 
200 

181 


9X 


-53.5 


14 


77 


63 



49 



TABLE 


3-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPC 
ord Econoline E 


NSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052- 


-2) 


Vehicle: 


1979 F 


-150 Van 














Test 3052-2 


(25.10 mph) 






Left 
Occt 


Front 
pant 


Right Front 
Occupant 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


HEAD 








, 








X 
Y 




-61.3 


98 


-25.1 


137 




-12.5 


101 


+ 9.3 


86 




Z 
R* 




+ 46.9 


83 


+40.4 


96 




+ 64.6 


96 


+ 39.4 


98 




HIC 




557 


70-112 


393 


71-150 


CHEST 














X 




-45.8 


74 


-35.4 


77 




Y 




-6.3 


80 


+ 12.2 


85 




Z 
R* 




+15.6 


60 


+5.8 


75 




+ 41.4 


72 


+ 29.8 


78 




SI 




289 


200 


171 


200 








Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 












LF 




-137 


61 


-141 


50 




RT 




-2851 


55 


-184 


29 


*3-msec c 


:lip. 










.__ 



50 



TABLE 3-13~! SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 3052-2) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Left Lap Belt 



Right Lap Belt 



Shoulder Belt 



RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Left Lap Belt 



Right Lap Belt 



Shoulder Belt 



Test 3052-2 (25.10 mph) 



Peak Load Time 

(lb) (msec) 



1260 74 



51 



1278 65 



1319 78 



1993 71 



1249 75 



1513 83 



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52 



TABLE 3-15. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-2) 

Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Test 3052-2 (25.10 mph) 

Peak Load Time 

Parame ter (klb) (msec) 

34 
43 
26 
43 
58 
56 
25 
29 
26 
28 



Column 


1 


5.04 


Column 


2 


4.96 


Column 


3 


22.08 


Column 


4 


16.50 


Column 


5 


1.41 


Column 


6 


7.45 


Column 


7 


14.57 


Column 


8 


25.52 


Column 


9 


9.05 


Column 


10 


3.63 


Row A 




12.26 


Row B 




63.40 


Row C 




10.66 


Row D 




18.37 



29 
27 
56 
25 



TABLE 3-16. 


COMPARISON 
FORCE (TEST 


OF TOTAL 
3052-2) 


LOAD 


CELL 


FORCE 


AND INERTIA 


Vehicle: 1979 


Ford Econol 


ine E-150 


Van 










(klb) 
(msec) 






Load Cell 
Force 


* 






Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 


Force 
Time 


93.76 
25 




138.01 
28 


*Sum of 40 load cells. ... /y11 -, 
**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (41/^ 
lb) plus engine acceleration times engine weight (825 lb). 



53 



4.0. PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-3) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-3, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Ford E-150 
Econoline Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 30.02 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix C (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



54 



TABLE 4-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-3) 



3052-3 



April 12, 1979. 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1422 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE : 76 



TEST NO. 

TEST DATE _ __. 

TEST roNPTGURAT10N: Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symmetric Head- on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

VEHICLE DATA 



VEHICLE NO. 1 



Overall Length/Width (in.) 
Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 
Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 
Offset Distance (in.) 
Car Speed (mph) 
Final Speed (mph @ msec) 
Velocity Change (mph) 
Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 
Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in.) 

Maximum Static Crush 

o Bottom of Windshield (in.) 
o Hood Level (in. ) 
o Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 
o Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 
OCCUPANTS 
Type 
Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



186.4/79.4 



LF 1373 
LR 1156 



RF 1358 
RR 1110 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



4998 
124.5 

56.4 





30.02 

-1.95 @ 97 

31.97 

-34.87 @ 16 

-79.89 @ 38 

19.5 

0.7 

11.3 
16.4 
14.9 

3.2 

Alderson Part 572 

LF -#A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 

41 



>100,000 



46 



*With respect to tow track centerline 



55 



TABLE 4-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-3)^ 
extractor: Dynamic Science, Inc. Contract No.: DOT-HS-8-Q1942 



VIN NO-:. E14HHEC1109 

NHTSA No 

Year: 



Make 



Ford 



R&D 



1979 



Color 



Silver 



Model: Econoline E-150 Van 



Auto Trans: yesjx) no D 

Pwr Brakes: yesg] noQ 

Pwr Seats: yesQ nog] 

Pwr Windows: y es Q no S 

Tinted Glass: yes noQ 

Radio: yesQ no[x] 

Clock: yesQ nog 

Tire Size: LR78-15 Ply Rating 



Pwr Steering: yesg] noQ 

Auto Speed Cont: yes[x] no Q 

Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no (x] 

Air Conditioning: yes[x] no Lj 

Rear Window Def.: ves C] no E 



Seats: Bench: 

(front) m 

Bucket: A *■■-' 



Brakes: drum: 



disc: F 



Split 

Bench: 

Split 
Back 
Bench : 



Mfg. £ Line: General 



Total 



Bias Ply: 



Belted: 



Trans, I Fwd . Speeds 



Radial__X /Eng.Type: V- 8 Cylinders:^ Displ: ^ 1 C1C1 

Shipping Weight: 4129 Odometer: 475 ' 6 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 



D R o^i r e S f^ St out d M^ n doorI eSSOrieS "S^'^SS? removed fro. van used in Test 



Transmission cooler 
Inside hood latch 



3052-1. Tilt steering wheel placed in 
lowermost position. 

Date of Manufacture: 12/78 Dynamic Science No.:_863 Date Received: 3/12/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: yesQ noQ Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ ™B 

Fuel Capacity=_ , "Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ nog] 

(from owner's manual) 

Restraint System: Standard lap and should er belts 



l is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack wheel covers 
and wipers removed. Fluids except for engine coolant removed, 100% water xn 
fuel tank. Passenger seat and belts used in Test 1. 



Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: 



NO 



3. ' Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: 



Satisfactory 



DS FORM 4200 



56 



TABLE 4-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-3) 



Test No. 3Q52-3 , Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Ford E-150 Van Dynamic Science No. 863 

Engine Size 351 CID 

Engine Weight* (lb) 939 

Engine Height/Width (in,) 32.2/19,2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.) 26.7 

Engine Length (in.) 19.8 

Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) 28 .3 

Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 15.2/22.4 

*Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 4-4, PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-3) 



Distances (in.) Driver* Passenger 

Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 
Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim 
Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal) 
Forehead to Header 
*Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position 



Driver* 


14. 


,2 


18 


.5 


28 


.0 


8 


.3 


8. 


.2 


25 


.4 


18 


.5 



25, 


.9 


6, 


.9 


7, 


,1 


21 


.7 


18 


.7 



57 



r 
m 







a) Pre-test 



en 

X 
on. 




h h * 



b) Post-test 



Figure 4-1. Vehicle ConEiguration (Test 3052-3) 



58 



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60 



TABLE 4-5, CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-3) 



VEHICLE : 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 

Time 
(msec) Crash Event 



Impact (visual) 

3 Grille hits Test Device 

7 Fenders hit Test Device 

23 Bumper hits front tires? Hood strikes top row of load 
cells 

28 Driver starts forward motion 

31 Tires strike Test Device 

33 Passenger starts forward motion 

46 Fender wells strike back of front tires; Passenger knees 
strike dash 

54 Passenger left hand strikes engine cowling; Driver knees 
strike dash 

59 Minimum wheelbase; Right side (120.8 in.); Left side 
(122,5 in,) 

62 Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in neck 

68 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (19.5 in.) 

7 3 Driver hands and forearms strike dash 

78 Driver head strikes steering wheel hub 

88 Maximum driver forward motion 

92 Maximum vehicle declination (4.0°); Right rear tire leaves 
ground 

99 Passenger head hits dash 

107 Maximum passenger forward motion 

120 Left rear tire leaves ground 

149 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

185 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

195 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

304 Right rear tire recontacts ground 

336 Left rear tire recontacts ground 

529 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (3.25°) 



61 



TABLE 4-6. SUM MARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-3) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van _____ 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head Steering wheel hub Top of dash 

and lower rim 

Chest None None 

Knees Lower dash Lower dash and air 

conditioner fan 
housing 

Glazing : Cracked on driver's side of vehicle 



Doors : Right passenger door difficult to open. Tools required 
to open left driver door 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Seat belts OK. Left seat 

moved 2,0 inches forward. Right seat moved 0.6 inch forward 

Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear; 3.4 inches left, 

Front: 2.3 inches left 

Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leaked. Bumper struck both front 
tires. Steering column rotated upward. Seven inches static re- 
bound. Load cell C-6 struck by master cylin der of brake booster 
of van. 



62 



TABLE 4-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-3) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


FORD ECONOLINE 


E-150 VAN 

Post-test 
(in.) 


Dif ferern 
(in.) 






Pre- 
(■ 


-te 

in. 


st 
) 


^e 




LS 




RS 


LS 




RS 


LS 


RS 


A 


124.6 




124,4 


120.0 




124.4 


4.6 


0.0 


B 


24.8 




25.0 


13.8 




13.3 


11.0 


11.7 


C 


36.9 




37.0 


37.1 




37.0 


-0.2 


0.0 


D 


186.3 




186.4 


170.9 




174.7 


15.4 


11.7 


G 


109.3 




109.1 


109.3 




110.9 


0.0 


-1.8 


I 


37.5 




37.4 


36.1 




36.6 


1.4 


0.8 





77.0 




77.4 


77.1 




77.8 


0.1 


0.4 


P 


40.4 




40.8 


40.7 




41.5 


0.3 


0.7 


T 


20.4 




20 .8 


22.6 




22.6 


2.2 


1.8 


Y 


37.3 




37.3 


25 .0 




24.7 


12.3 


12.6 


Z 


39.5 




39.9 


25.5 




27.2 


14.0 


12.7 



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PRE-TEST PROFILE 

POST-TEST PROFILE 



in 



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30 36 



Figure 4-4. 1979 Ford E-150 Van Exterior Static Crush (Test 3052-3) 



65 



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U-104 


TJ CD 


<D O 


S C 


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M-l 


10 (D 


<tf 


* * 


-K 



66 



J 



JL.J-JL 



t I t t t 



0.5 -0.2 



0.7 -0.9 -1.1 



1.1 



1.2 




-1.4 -1.1 -1.3 



PRE-TEST PROFILE 

POST-TEST PROFILE 





1 { 1 


> 


P>r 


w 


1.3 2.9 3.4 




0.5 




i — 
36 



■"T ' 

30 



24 18 12 
VEHICLE LEFT 



6 6 

INCHES 



— r- 
12 



~i — 

24 



18 
VEHICLE RIGHT 



*30 



36 



Figure 4-5. 



1979 Ford E-150 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-3) ♦ 



67 



I 

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I 



TABLE 4-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT VALUES - 
FORD ECONOLLNE E-150 VAN (TEST 3052-3) 



Wheel 
Location X 



Pre- test (in.) Post-test (in.) Displacement (in.) 
v* Z* X Y Z X Y Z_ 



Top 



136.2 -18.1 60.3 136.0 -17.7 61.1 -0.2 0.4 0.8 
Hub 132.7 -18.1 53.7 132.6 -17.7 54.5 -0.4 0.4 0.8 
Bottom 126.5 -18.1 49.5 126.9 -17.7 50.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 

*Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 
Note: Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



68 



TABLE 4-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER 


DATA (TEST 3052-3) 


Vehic 


le: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 


Van 
















Test . 


3052-3 


(30.02 


mph) 






Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


. A 
(G) 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 

-1.8 


T 
(msec) 

104 


S 
(in.) 

+ 20.7 


T 


No. 


Location 


(msec) 


IX 


Left Side B-pillar 


-33.3 


16 


74 


2X 


Right Side B-pillar 


-36.4 


16 


-2.2 


94 


+ 19.7 


65 




Average IX & 2X 


-34.9 
-66.5 


16 
25 


-2.0 
-1.4 


97 
112 


20.1 
+ 17.2 


69 


3X 


Left Side Firewall 


86 


3Y 


Left Side Firewall 


+ 19.8 


18 


-0.2 


16 


+12.6 


200 


3Z 


Left Side Firewall 


+ 28.6 


13 


-5.0 


192 


-8.0 


200 


4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-72.2 


19 


+0.2 


97 


+ 23.5 


200 


4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-21.2 


20 


-1.3 


25 


+ 1.9 


200 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 
Engine 


-22.8 


15 


-1.1 


17 


+10.2 


200 


5X 


-79.9 


38 


-5.8 


50 


+16.9 


42 


5Y 


Engine 


-12.3 


94 


+ 3.7 


71 


+2.7 


95 


5Z 


Engine 


+8.2 


48 


+ 3.4 
-2.4 


53 
94 


+3.0 

+16.4 


97 


6X 


Front Axle 


-83.1 


7 


65 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-34.4 


49 


-3.0 


103 


+20.0 


67 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


+ 10.9 


39 


-0.9 


114 


+ 1.0 


85 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


+ 30.4 


25 


+4.2 


63 


+ 6.3 


200 


8X 


Rear Compartment 


-33.4 


16 


-2.7 


99 


+ 19.9 


67 


8Y 


Rear Compartment 


+7.4 


86 


-0.5 


85 


-0.4 


185 


8Z 


Rear Compartment 


+ 28.3 


83 


-5.4 


60 


-4.4 


132 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-57.8 


26 


-3.2 


111 


+ 18.2 


83 



69 



TABLE 4-12. 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052- 


-3) 




Vehicle: 1979 Ford 


Econoline E 


-150 Van 














Test 3052-3 


(30.02 mph) 








Left Front 
Occupant 


Right Front 
Occupant 






Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


(ms 


T 
sec) 


HEAD 










X 




-91.9 


83 


-104.3 




97 


Y 




-23.7 


85 


+29.0 


104 


Z 




+ 56.2 


72 


+66.8 




97 


R* 




433.4 


85 


+100.4 




98 


HIC 




929 


66-96 


1072 


81- 


-109 


CHEST 


X 




-60.2 


82 


-40.8 




69 


Y 




-19.5 


85 


+ 25.4 


76 


Z 




-19.0 


91 


+11.7 


68 


R* 




+60.0 


81 


+ 39.3 


76 


SI 




561 


200 


290 




200 






Maximum 
Value 

(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


(m 


T 
sec) 


FEMURS 








LF 




-927 


52 


-1632 




49 


RT 




-2617 


56 


-953 




58 


*3-msec clip. 












- 



70 






TABLE 4-13. SUMMARY OF RESTRAINT SYSTEM DATA (TEST 3052-3) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 



Test 3052-3 (30.02 mph) 

Peak Load Time 

(lb) (msec) 



Left Lap Belt 1481 75 



Right Lap Belt 1410 74 



Shoulder Belt 


1737 


76 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 


2004 


68 


Right Lap Belt 


1271 


68 


Shoulder Belt 


1558 


80 



71 



ro 

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7 2 



TABLE 4-15. 



SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-3) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Parameter 



Column 1 
Column 2 
Column 3 
Column 4 
Column 5 
Column 6 
Column 7 
Column 8 
Column 9 
Column 10 



Row A 
Row B 
Row C 
Row D 



Test 3052-3 (30.02 mph) 



Peak Load 
(klb) 



3.60 
6.64 
20.09 
17.23 
11.56 
22.09 
24.92 
24.68 
10.36 
10.76 



21.73 
51.44 
34.44 
26.36 



Time 
(msec) 



34 
32 
22 
36 
37 
41 
38 
21 
21 
65 



37 
22 
36 
38 



TABLE 4-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-3) 



Vehicle: 1979 Ford Econoline E-150 Van 



Force (klb) 
Time (msec) 



Load Cell* 
Force 

129.92 

38 



Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 

193.18 
36 



*Sum of 40 load cells. 
**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4059 
lb) plus engine acceleration times engine weight (939 lb) . 



73 



5.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-4) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-4, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V = 25.17 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
t^st and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix D (Volume II) 
contains Galcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8,0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



74 



TABLE 5-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-4) 



3052-4 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1138 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE: 82 



TEST NO. 

TEST DATE: April 17, 1979 

TEST CONFIGURATION : Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Sy mmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO, .1; 1979 Dodge B-200 Van _ 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHT SA Fixed Test Device 
VEHICLE DATA 



VEHICLE NO, 1 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



Overall Length/Width (in.) 
Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



178.9/78.5 



LF 1250 
LR 1040 



RF 1291 
RR 1066 



4647 
109.5 

49.6 





25.17 

-1.97 @ 96 

27.14 

-43.42 @ 15 

-62.11 @ 45 

16.7 

0.8 

8.6 
13.9 
14.5 

2.5 

Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 

41 



>100,000 



46 



8 



With respect to tow track centerline. 



75 



TABLE 5-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-4) 



Contractor : Dynamic Science , Inc 

vin »o.: B21JF9X135433 

NHTSA No 
Year: 



Contract No.: DOT-HS-8-01942 
Make: Dodge 



R&D 



1979 



Color-: Tan 



„ - Al B-200 Van 
Model: 



Auto Trans: yesjxj noQ 

Pwr Brakes: yes noQ 

Pwr Seats: yesQ no0 

Pwr Windows; yesQ no0 

Tinted Gl,ass: yesQ no[3 

Radio: yesQ no0 

clock: y es D n °l3 

Tire Size: J78-15 ply Rating:_2 



Pwr Steering: ves no Q 
Auto Speed Cont: yesQ no 
Anti Skid Brake: yes^ no0 
Air Conditioning: yesQ no 
Rear Window Def.t yesQ no 
Brakes: drum: disc: 



Seats: Bench: 
(front) 

Bucket 

Split 
Bench: 



Split 

Back 

Bench: 



Mfg. & Line 



Goodyear 



Bias Ply: 



Belted: 



Radial /Eng.Type: V " 8 Cylinders: 8 Displ: 



8 l ot *] 360 cid 



Trans, I Fwd . Speeds: 



Shipping Weight: 



3855 



Odometer 



53.9 



Dealer {name, address, and phone number) 

Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 
3530 N. Scottsdale Rd. 
fl ro ttfida1ft r AZ S5251 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) 
Fold-out Doors 



Date of Manufacture: 11/78 Dynamic Science No.: 844 Dat e Received: 3/2/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: yesQ nog 



Fuel Capacity: 22 gal 

(from owner's manual) 

_ - „ c ♦ m Standard lap belts only.* 
Restraint System: : 



Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ no{3 
"Space Saver" Spare Tire y^sQ no £3 



1. is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, Dack spare tire, 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids except for engine coolant removed, 
100% water in fuel tank. 'Chrysler Corp. lap and shoulder belt system inetalled. 



2. 



Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe 



NO 



' Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 



Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



DS FORM 4200 



76 



TABLE 5-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-4) 



Test No 



3052-4 Type Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 



Car Mnrtel 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Dynamic Science No. 844 



360 CID 



650 



Engine Size . 

Engine Weight* (lb) . 

Engine Height/Width (in.) 33.6/19.2 

Bumper to Engine Block (in.) _ 2^6 — 

Engine Length (in.) 

Engine to Firewall (in.) 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) 



20.2 



Not Applicable 



22.2 



Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 16.2/25,1 



♦includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 5-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - DODGE B-200 VAN 
(TEST 3052-4) 



Distances (in.) Driver _ Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 15^4 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim . 21.8 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal) 
Forehead to Header 



30.1 31.5 



7.1 10.2 



6.6 10.6 



25.1 29^9 



25.1 30.0 



77 



J1 

ru 

T 
en 



t* 




a) Pre-test 



ivj 

r 
en. 




N. 



\ 




b) Post- test 
Figure 5-1. Vehicle Configuration {Test 3052-4) 



78 



91 3h£ 




U 3hG 




• i „ 




sia^e 



c 



s 

o 




79 





? d a v* e 



W 3h& 



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3 
& 

g 

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u 





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m 

0) 
M 



80 



1 

I 



15; 




TABLE 5-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-4) 


VEHICLE 


: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 


■■.'ii:^:0'"'- '.'■';■ ■ 

II'; 


'■,. Time . 
(msec) 




Crash Event 


Impact (visual) 


||;; 


4 


Grille hits Test Device 


22 


Fenders strike tires 


■^' '■■■ ■ ■ '■ ■ - 


24 


Dummies start forward motion 


ii ■■ 


36 


Fender wells strike back of front tires 


50 


Hood latch fails; Windshield pulls out of molding 


W'-"- 


.54 


Minimum wheelbase; Right side (99.5 in,); Left side 
(99.5 in.) 


mii^ :y 


; ' v ■ 68 ' •'' 


Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (16.7 in.) 


15 


77 


Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in neck; Passenger 




knees strike dash 


86 


Driver strikes steering column hub with head 


1- 


92 


Right rear tire leaves ground 


98 


Left rear tire leaves ground; Maximum driver forward 


: -;'-.-Vk" '■':.■*.- ■ " ■ ■' •■ 




motion 


15 


108 


Passenger arms strike dash 


136 


Maximum passenger forward motion 


15 


150 


Maximum vehicle declination (3.25°) 


182 


Driver recontacts seat with upper back 




306 


Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 


15 


355 


Right rear tire recontacts ground 


366 


Left rear tire recontacts ground 


|5 : 


460 


Separation of vehicle and Test Device 


6 37 


Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (3.75°) 


^5 5 




; \ . 


4* r; !iii-i'£iV>-:'--'- ■■■■ '■ 


5 ; 5 5 ■'■' 


<» 


s-:v< ; wi<j>;>y- ".■■■)■::-•■,.■■.■:■ , 

?B%5 


>' '.'^ ''■■';,' ■ ■. ■' : . . 




H 




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m0 



TABLE 5-6. SUMMARY O F POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-4) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Dodge B-200 .Van ^ 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Head ■ Steering column, Possibly strikes 

lower rim and hub right knee 

Chest None None 

Knees Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 



Glazing: 100% pulled from molding 



Doors: Both doors difficult to open 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Slight pulling of sheet 



metal around shoulder belt anchorages. Both seats moved forward 



2.7 inches 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 5 inches 

right'. Front: 1.5 inches left 

Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leakage. Bumper struck both front 
tires and pushed them to the back of the fender wells. Hood latch 
failed. Steering wheel rotated upward. 5.5 inches static re- 
bound . 



8 2 






TABLE 5-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-4) 




VEHICLE 


: 1979 


DODGE B-200 


VAN 












Pre- 
( 


-te 
in. 


St 

) 


Post- 
(in 


test 
.) 


Diff 

( 


erence 
in. ) 




LS 




RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


A 


109.7 




109.3 


103.6 


102.8 


6.1 




6.5 


B 


29.1 




29.2 


20.7 


20.6 


8.4 




8.6 


C 


40.1 




40.3 


40.4 


40.4 


-0.3 




-0.1 


D 


178.9 




178.8 


164.7 


163.8 


14.2 




15.0 


G 


111.2 




110.9 


110.8 


110.6 


0.4 




0.3 


I 


37.0 




37.1 


35.4 


36.7 


1.6 




0.4 





77.8 




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36 



Figure 5-4, 



1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-4) . 



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Figure 5-5. 



1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-4) . 

87 



II 

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1 
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TABLE 5-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-4) 



Wheel 
Location 

Top 

Hub 

Bottom 



Pre-test ( in. ) 



Post- test (in.) 
X Y Z 



Displacement ( in, ) 
X Y Z 



137.0 -19.2 6G.9 
133.4 -19.2 54.5 
128.0 -19.2 50.5 



139.1 -20.5 68.7 
135.7 -19.4 62.4 
131.4 -18.9 57.9 



2.1 -1.3 

2.3 -0.2 

3.4 0.3 



7.8 
7.9 

7.4 



^Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper r vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 










88 



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TABLE 5-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER ' 


DATA (TEST 30' 


52-4) 


Veh: 


Lcle: 1979 Dodge B-200 


Van 








IK; 






Test : 


3052-4 


(25.17 


mph) 




Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 


t:H 




Accelerometer 


A 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 


T 
(msec) 


S 
(in.) 


T 


NO, 


Location 


(G) 


(msec) 


i-. 


IX 


Left Side B-pillar 


-40.9 


15 


-1.9 


81 


+16.8 


69 


2X 


Right Side B-pillar 


-45.9 


15 
15 


-2.2 


96 


+17.7 


72 


i- ; 




Average IX & 2X 


-43.4 


-2.0 


96 


+17.3 


71 


3X 


Left Side Firewall 


-85.1 


22 


-1.3 


193 


+13.8 


71 




3Y 


Left Side Firewall 


-15.6 


24- 


-2.4 


43 


-2.5 


200 


r.r>7. ': ■ j ■',)■'■■' ■ ■ ■- v 

i ; r : 


3Z 


Left Side Firewall 


-24.9 


27 


-1.1 


31 


+10.8 


200 


4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-77.8 


58 


-3.3 


123 


+15.9 


64 


■ : 4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-34.2 


47 


-2.0 


30 


+2.3 


200 




4Z 

5X. 


Right Side Firewall 


-23.5 


47 


-2.5 


67 


-1.9 

+17.4 


200 


!&: : 


Engine 


-62.1 


45 


-4.4 


63 


50 


5Y 


Engine 


+8.1 


53 


-2.5 


116 


-3.5 


200 


la/. 


5Z 


Engine 


-11.4 


57 


-1.5 


79 


+1.5 


200 


6X 


Front AxJ^e 


-88; 9 


26 


-0.7 


91 


+12.7 


75 


IP 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-42.8 


15 


-1.5 


82 


+1.7 


72 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


-10.7 


20 


-1.8 


42 


-1.8 


42 


' ■'"'. :' ■' '' '.'' .■ " . ■ ' 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


-40.8 


29 


-3.0 
-2.8 


400 


-3.0 


47 


fe.V 


8X 


Rear Compartment 


-42.5 


15 


91 


+ 17.1 


68 




8Y 


Rear Compartment 


+6.2 


21 


-0.3 


18 


+0.5 


68 


1£-- 


8Z 


Rear Compartment 


-29.5 


50 


-2.2 


91 


-2.0 


152 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-43.8 


66 


-5.2 


104 


+ 17.6 


65 


Hi: 


































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?:^-;^v 


TABLE 


5-12, 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUP 


WARY {TEST 3052-4) 






Vehicle : 


1979 Dodge 


B-200 Van 










Test 3052- 


-4 


(25.17 mph) 








Left Front 
Occupant 




Right 
Occi 


Front 

lpant 

(ITU 






Maximum 
Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
sec) 




HEAD 




















X 




-102.8 


97 




-20.5 




137 




Y 




-31.3 


97 




+ 19.6 




122 


:■":■' '■ 


Z 
R* 




4-52.0 


97 




+35.8 




94 




+85.5 


99 




+ 37.4 




117 




HIC 




660 


75-106 




409 


69- 


-153 




';:>" chest 




















X 

Y 




-44.4 
-14.8 


82 




-47.0 




82 




90 




+15.9 


90 




Z 




-16.2 


110 




+ 10.9 




74 




R* 




+ 39.1 


80 




+ 36.7 


' 86 




SI 




277 


200 




206 




200 


v y ;:■■■.■ 








Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


(m 


T 
sec) 


;H' : :;- 


FEMURS 




















LF 




-2346 


62 




-193 




25 


•v ;-.;:■: V- 


RT 




-980 


68 




-81 




32 




■ * 3 -msec c 


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90 



ill 

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m : 


TABLE. 5-13. SUMMARY 


OF 


RESTRAINT 


SYSTEM 


DATA 


(TEST 


30! 


52-4) 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B- 


-200 


Van 










i% 








Test 


3052- 


-4 (25, 


.17 


mph) 


Peak Load 
(lb) 






Time 
(msec) 


k: 


■ LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 














m 


Left Lap Belt 








1185 








65 


Right Lap Belt 




1953 








69 


W- 


Shoulder Belt 








1825 








81 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 
Left Lap Belt 
Right Lap Belt 
Shoulder Belt 


















W- 








1852 








77 








2033 








78 


Wy [ - : . 




1637 








87 



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TABLE 5 


-15. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-4) 




fe:- ; 


.Vehicle 


-: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 




Paramet 


Test 3052-4 (25,17 mph) 




I«v 


Peak Load Time 
:er (kltf) (msec) 




if 


Column 
Column 


1 6.37 66 

2 10.30 14 


* 


w% " ■•■'■■■.'.■ 


Column 


3 23.16 18 




ifc 


'Column 
Column 


4 7.96 18 

5 7.32 46 




If" 


Column 


6 16.11 46 




Column 


7 6.56 41 




W^ 


■Column 

.Column 

Column 

Row A 


8 , 19.08 i8 

9 l 10.11 14 

10 5.38 63 




!§■■ 


31.57 22 




Row B 


39.22 16 




li: 


'Row C 


13.97 46 




Row D 


18.51 42 





1 
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I 

I 



TABLE 5-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-4) 



Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



Load Cell* Engine/Car** 

Force Inertia Force 

Force (klb) 93.40 176.38 
Time (msec) 45 



*Sum of 40 load cells. Mnn 

**Average of van accelerometers 1 and 2 times van weight (4047 
lb) plus engine acceleration times engine weight (600 lb) . 



93 



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Ito PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-5) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-5, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V Q = 30.22 mph) . 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix E (Volume II) 
contains. Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



mm 




94 



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TABLE 6-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-5) 



3052-5 



TEST NO. 

TEST DATE: April 18, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1143 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE: 73 



VEHICLE NO, 1 
178.8/78.5 

LF 1301 
LR 1029 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



RF 1305 
RR 1019 



4654 
109.5 

49.2 
' 


30.22 
-2.57 e 98 
32.79 

-51,92 e 14 

-90.31 g 42 

19.1 

2.3 

9.1 
15.7 
16.6 

5.1 

Alderson Part 572 

LF - #A03 
RF - #759 

Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 

41 



>100,000 



TEST CONFIGURATION: Van- to-NHTSA Fixed Test Device Symme tric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
VEHICLE DATA 

Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in. ) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

"Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level (in.) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in.) 

Maximum Post- test Intrusion 
(in.) 
OCCUPANTS 

Type 
; Location 

Restraints 

' INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



46 



*With respect to tow track centerline. 



95 



I 
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as 



TABLE 6-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-5) 



contractor: Dynamic Science, Inc. contract no.: DOT-HS-8-01942 

VI n NO.: B21JF9X151063 Make: Dodge . 



HHTSA No. : R&D 



^ r V- 1979 Color, Gray Hodel:_B-200 Van 

Auto Trans: yes[x] noQ Pwr Steering: yesQ noQ Seats: Bench: 

(front) 



Uronc; 
Pwr Brakes: yes [x) noQ Auto s P eed Cont: V es D "° Bucket: £_L±i 

Pwr Seats: yesQ no pel Anti Skid Brake: yesQ no§ Split 

j l— i . Bench: __ 

Pwr Windows: yes£] no[x) Air Conditioning: yes[*l no Q 

Tinted Glass: yesQ no® Rear Window Def. : yesQ no ® BacK 

Bench: 

Radio: yesQ no[x| Brakes: drum: R disc: F 

Clock: yesQ nog) 

Tire Size: J78-15 P^ Rating: 4 Mfg. L Line: Goodyear . 

Total . fir| . , 
Bias pi y: Belted: X Radial /Enq .Type: V" 8 Cylinders: f Displ:jf C1 

Trans, * Fwd . Speeds: 3 Shipping Weight: 4032 Odometer: 36 - 5 _ 



Dealer [name, address, and phone number) 

Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 
3530 N. Scottsdale Rd. 
Scottsdale, AZ 85251 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) 

Fold-out Doors 

Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 

Date of Manufacture: 12/78 Dynamic Science No.:_845 Date Received: 3/2/79 

Tilting Steering Wheel: yesfxj noQ Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ noQ 

Fuel Capacity: 36 gal. "Space Saver" Spare Tire yesQ ™0 

(from owner ' s manual) 

Restraint System r Standard lap belt onl y* 



is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tlre ' 

wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids "^/".H^cSSr CoT tp 
100% water in fuel tank. Passenger seat used m Test 3052-4. *Chrysler Corp. lap 
and shoulder belt system installed. 

Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: 



;■ 3; "Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: NO 

lis :■ 

v^ 4. Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 

is;:; 

M-DS FORM 4 200 



i 
i 






TABLE 6-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-5) 



Test No . 3052-5 "VF- ^— ^-NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
Car MoriPl 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Dynamic Science Ho. 845 



I, ' Ldl ri^>nc=-L -^ * -J- . _ 
- — ; rr - " 3 60 cid 
- Engine Size — — ■ 

v Engine Weight* (lb) — 

Engine Height/Width (in.) „ 33.8/20.4 

v . 25 9 

Bumper to Engine Block (in,) __ !- — 

Engine Length { in . ) iii- 

P Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

I[ ' ■ ' . 9 2 3 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) *- 



drive train. 



TABLE 6-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-5) . 



■ . . ^ , ■ s Driver* Pas senger 
Distances ( in. ) — ^ L • LV ^ — 2 — 



1 
i 

1 

Ijpv Bumper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 16.9/24.9 

f ": ' 'Includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 

If 

i 

1 
1 
1 

I 
1 

I 

£#■■■ 

mm 

i 
i 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) __ — 13j_5 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim . 19 - 3 
Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 

Chest to Dash (horizontal) £5^5 

Forehead to Header „ ; , 25 '- 



30.1 32.6, 



*Tilt steering wheel in lowermost position 



10. 





10 


.6 


28 


.4 


27 


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t 



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b) Post-test 



6-1. Vehicle Configuration (Test 3U52-5) 



98 




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100 



TABLE 6-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-5) 



VEHICLE ; 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

(Lee) . Crash Event 



Impact (visual) 

3 Grill strikes Test Device 

18 Fenders strike front tires? Dummies start forward motion 

27 Hood latch fails 

33 Windshield pulls out of molding; Fender wells strike back 

of front tires 

46 Driver knees strike dash 

54 Hood strikes Test Device backing plate 

57 Minimum right side wheelbase (96,9 in.); Passenger knees 

strike dash 

59 Minimum left side wheelbase (97.6 in.) 

62 Steering wheel lower rim strikes driver in chest; 

Passengerleft arm strikes engine cowling 

66 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (19.1 in.) 

73 Driver arms strike dash 

77 Driver strikes steering wheel hub with head 

90 Driver maximum forward motion 

97 Rear tires leave ground 

131 Passenger maximum forward motion 

167 Maximum vehicle declination (4.0°) 

183 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

252 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

403 Rear tires recontact ground 

462 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

583 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (4.0°) 



101 



TABLE 6- 6. SUMMARY OF POST-TEST OBSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-5) 

VEHICLE ; 1979 Dodge B-200 'Van _ 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 

Hea d steering wheel hub None 

C hest Steering wheel None 

lower rim . 

Knees Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 



Glazing ; 100% pulled from molding 



Doors: Both doors difficult to open 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Sheet metal around d river 

shoulder belt anchor torn from upper door sill. Deformation of 

sheet metal around passenger shoulder belt anchor. Left seat 

moved- 0.3 inch forward, right seat moved 2.4 inches forward 

Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 2 inches right 

Front: 1 inch left . 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leakage. B umper struck both front 
tires and pushed them to the back of the fen der wells. Hood latch 

failed. Steering wheel rotated upward. 5.5 inc hes static re- 

bound. . — 



102 



TABLE 6-7. PRE -TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-5) 




VEHICLE: 1979 DODGE B-200 VAN 



A 
B 
C 
D 
G 
I 
O 
P 
T 
Y 
Z 



Pre-test 
(in.) 



LS 



RS 



109.6 


109.3 


29.0 


29.1 


40.2 


40.3 


178.9 


178.7 


111.0 


110.8 


36.9 


37.1 


78.0 


77.5 


42.2 


41.8 


23.2 


22.8 


27.0 


26.9 


31.0 


30.8 



Post- 
(in 


test 


Dif feren< 
(in.) 


ze 


LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


101.8 


101.5 


7.8 - 


7.8 


19.3 


19.1 


9.7 


10.0 


40.5 


40.6 


-0.3 


-0.3 


161.6 


161.2 


17.3 


17.5 


110.1 


110.2 


0.9 


0.6 


34.1 


35.7 


2.8 


2.4 


80.6 


79.5 


2.6 


2.0 


40.1 


42.5 


-2.1 


0.7 


26.4 


25.5 


3.2 


2.7 


17.1 


15.2 


9.9 


11.7 


17.4 


15.3 


13.6 


15.5 



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8.2 




PRE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 




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INCHES 



Figure 6-4. 



1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-5) . 



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36 



Figure 6-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-5) . 



107 



I 



TABLE 6-10 



Wheel 
Location 

Top 
Hub 
Bottom 



STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-5) 



Pre- test (in,) 
X* Y* Z 



Post-test (in,) Displacement (in. ) 
X Y Z X Y Z_ 



133.6 -19.8 59.6 
131.9 -19.8 52.3 
127.9 -19.8 46.6 



134,2 -21.2 65.0 
131.9 -19.5 58.0 
127.5 -19,9 53.3 



0.6 -1.4 5.1 

0.0 0.3 5.7 

-0.4 -0.1 6.7 



^Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. _ . 
Note: Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



108 



TABLE 


; fi-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER DATA (TEST 3052 


-5) 


Vehic] 


.e: 1979 Dodqe B-200 


Van 


Test 














Maximi 
Accelers 


3052-5 


(30.22 


mph) 






im 
ition 


Minimum 
Velocity 


Maximum 
Displacement 




Accelerometer 


A 
(G) 

-50.6 
-55.4 


T 
[msec) 

14 
13 


V 
(mph) 

-2.9 
-2.3 


T 

(msec) 


S 
(in.) ( 


T 


No. 


Location 


msec ) 




98 
99 


+ 21.0 

+ 21.4 




IX 
2X 


Left Side B-pillar 
Right Side B-pillar 


70 
71 




Average IX & 2X 


-51.9 


14 
35 
27 
24 


-2.6 

-9.4 
-3.9 
-0.7 


98 

195 
54 
39 


+21.2 

+ 15.1 

-7.5 

+ 11.4 


71 


3X 

3Y 
3Z 


Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 
Left Side Firewall 


-83.5 
-21.9 
-26.9 


45 
200 
200 


4X 
4Y 
4Z 


Right' Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 
Right Side Firewall 


-68.7 
-11.1 
-26.8 


16 

21 
52 


-1.1 
-1.4 
-5.3 


108 
60 
63 


+20.8 
-0.7 
-6.2 


84 

70 

200 


5X 
5Y 
5Z 


Engine 
Engine 
Engine 


-90.3 
-141.1* 
-9.8 


42 
63 
58 


-5.1 

-23.9 

-1.8 

+4.6 


50 

200 

70 


+18.9 

-56.5 
+0.8 


45 
200 
200 


6X 


Front Axle 


-122.0 


14 

14 
46 
56 

13 
20 
28 

53 


50 


+ 37.9 


200 


7X 
7Y 
7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 
Vehicle C.G. 


-52.8 
+17.7 
-36.9 

-54.9 

+9.0 

-29.0 


+0.8 
-0.6 

+ 2.0 

-3.9 
-0.4 

+2.4 


91 

73 

119 


+2.2 
-8.2 

-8.2 


200 
200 
200 




89 

17 

200 


+ 20.5 
+0.4 
-6.8 




8X 
8Y 
8Z 


Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 
Rear Compartment 


68 
174 
200 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-87.7 


-0.4 


91 


+ 23.2 


200 


*Datc 


i invalid due to transducer fa] 


.lure. 









109 



TABLE 


6-12, 


OCCUPANT RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052- 


■5) 


Vehicle: 


1979 1 


Dodge 


B-200 Van 
















Test 3052- 

Front 
ipant 


-5 


(30.22 mph) 

Right Fr 
Occupc 

Maximum 

Value 

(G) 






Left 

OCCL 


•ont 
int 




Maximum 

Value 

(G) 


T 
(msec) 


T 
(msec) 


HEAD 


















X 




-145.7 


82 




-27.6 


129 




Y 




-20.5 


88 




+ 23.4 


113 




Z 




+52.6 


85 
85 




+55.6 


100 




R* 




+9 4.9 




+ 55.2 


96 




HIC 




1006 


79-90 




724 


65-139 


CHEST 


















X 




-48.5 


67 




-40.0 


75 




Y 

Z 




-8.3 

-20.4 


96 
86 




+ 20.1 


85 




+16.0 

i 

+41.0 


69 




R* 




+ 46.0 


79 




79 




SI 




391 


200 




305 


200 








Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 




Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 


















LF 




-789 


56 




-81 


176 




RT 




-2557 


56 




-232 


28 


* 3 -msec c 


:lip. 















110 



TABLE 6-13. SUMMARY 


OF 


RESTRAINT 


SYSTEM DATA (TEST 


3052-5) 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge 


B- 


-200 


Van 
















Test 3052-5 (30 


.22 mph) 






Peak Load 
(lb) 


Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 














Left Lap Belt 










1272 


75 


Right Lap Belt 










1433 


60 


Shoulder Belt 










1964 


76 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 














Left Lap Belt 










1889 


73 


Right Lap Belt 






2146 


71 


Shoulder Belt 








1762 


77 



111 



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112 



TABLE 6 


-15 


. SUMMARY OF 
t (TEST 3052- 


GROUPED 
-5) 


LOAD CELL 


DATA 


BY COLUMNS 


AND ROWS 


Vehicle 


• 


1979 Dodge 


B- 


200 


Van 


















er 










Test 


3052- 


5 (30 


.22 


mph) 




Paramet 


Peak Load 
(klb) 








Time 
(msec) 


Column 


1 










4.37 








42 


Column 


2 










9.66 












13 


Column 


3 










25.02 












16 


Column 


4 










12.68 












15 


Column 


5 










8.74 












38 


Column 


6 










28,65 












43 


Column 


7 










8.73 












38 


Column 


8 










19.05 












15 


Column 


9 










11.69 












12 


Column 


10 










7.76 












50 


Row A 
Row B 
Row C 
ROW D 












29.33 
50.44 
19.58 
25.65 












16 
13 
44 
43 



TABLE 6-16 COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
TABLh ±o. force {test 3052 _ 5) 



Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



Force (klb) 
Time (msec) 



Load Cell* 

Force 

114.57 
42 



Engine/Car** 
Inertia Force 



208.41 
14 



**Av2ra^ 1 and 2 times van weight (4004 
lb) plus engine acceleration times engine weight (650 lb), 



113 



7.0 PRESENTATION OF RESULTS (TEST 3052-6) 

This section of the report presents the results of Test No. 
3052-6, a head-on, symmetric crash test between a 1979 Dodge B-200 
Van and the NHTSA Fixed Test Device (V Q = 15.28 mph). 

This report presents all test results without analysis or 
discussion. Included in this document are: still photographs, 
film chronologies, vehicle damage sketches and tabulated pre- and 
post-test dimensions, accelerometer location identification, sum- 
maries of vehicle and NHTSA Test Device electronic data, and sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data, including injury criteria 
values. High-speed motion pictures were also obtained for this 
test and have been submitted to NHTSA. Appendix F (Volume II) 
contains Calcomp plots for all electronic data for this test. 
This includes all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response 
data, seat belt loads, NHTSA Test Device load cell data, force- 
deflection curves, and string potentiometer data. Refer to Sec- 
tion 8.0 for an analysis of the effect of impact velocity change 
on various vehicle and occupant response parameters. 



114 



TABLE 7-1. CRASH TEST SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6) 



TEST NO 
TEST DATE 



3052-6 



April 19, 1979 



CONTRACT: 

TIME: 1451 



DOT-HS-8-01942 



TEMPERATURE : 77 



TEST mNFTflimATlONi Van-to-NHTSA Fixed Test Dev ice Symmetric Head-on 

VEHICLE NO. 1: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van . 

VEHICLE NO. 2: NHTSA Fixed Test Device 
VEHICLE DATA 



VEHICLE NO. 1 



Overall Length/Width (in.) 

Test Weight by Wheel (lb) 
LR 1015 RR 1015 

Total Weight (lb) 

Wheelbase (in.) 

Longitudinal C.G. (From Center 
of Front Axle) (in. ) 

Impact Angle (deg)* 

Offset Distance (in.) 

Car Speed (mph) 

Final Speed (mph @ msec) 

Velocity Change (mph) 

Maximum Averaged Compartment 
Acceleration (G @ msec) 

Maximum Engine Acceleration 
(G @ msec) 

Maximum Mutual Dynamic Crush 
(Film Data) (in. ) 

Maximum Static Crush t 

• Bottom of Windshield (in.) 

• Hood Level ( in. ) 

• Between Bumper/Hood (in.) 

• Bumper Level (in*) 

Maximum Post-test Intrusion 
(in.) 

OCCUPANTS 

Type 

Location 

Restraints 

INSTRUMENTATION 

Number of Data Channels 
Number of Cameras 



178.8/78.5 
LF 1300 RF 1321 

4651 

109.3 

47.7 





15.28 

-1.84 @ 159 

17.12 

-27.63 @ 27 

-34.55 @ 52 

7.5 



0.1 
1.8 
4.6 
6.5 



1.3 



Alderson Part 572 



VEHICLE NO. 2 



LF 

RF 



#A03 
#760 



Standard Lap and 
Shoulder Belt 



41 



>100,000 



46 



8 



r With respect to tow track centerline 



115 



TABLE 7-2. VEHICLE INSPECTION SHEET (TEST 3052-6) 



contractor: Dynamic Science, Inc. 
B21JF9X151062 



VI N NO- : 

NHTSA NO. : 

Year: 1979 



Contract No.: DOT-HS-8-Q1942 

Make: Dodge 



R&D 



Color 



Gray 



Model 



B-200 Van 



Auto Trans: yesfx] noQ 

Pwr Brakes: yes [x] noQ 

Pwr Seats: yesQ no{X) 

pwr Windows: yesQ no(x) 

Tinted Glass: yes Q no[x] 

Radio: yes □ no(x) 

Clock: y es D no S 

Tire Size: J7S-15 Ply Rating: 4 



Pwr Steering: yes[x] noQ 

Auto Speed Cont: y^ s Q no @ 
Anti Skid Brake: y es C] no @ 
Air Conditioning: yes no Q 
Rear Window Def.: yesQ noS 
Brakes: drum: R disc: * 



Seats: Bench 
(front) 



Bucket: X (1) 

Split 

Bench: 



Split 
Back 

Bench: 



Mfg. c, Line:__Goodyear 



Bias Ply: Belted: 

Trans, I Fwd . Speeds: 3 



X 



Radial 



/Eng.Type: V 8 Cylinders 



8 



Total 
Displ : 



360 cid 



Shipping Weight 



4005 



Odometer 



35.0 



Dealer (name, address, and phone number) 
Holiday Oldsmobile Co. 
3530 N. Scottsdale Rd. 
Scottsdale, AZ 85251 



Remarks (list additional accessories not listed above) 

Fold-out Doors , . 

Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position 



Date of Manufacturer 12/78 



Dynamic Science No 



846 



Date Rece 



ived: 3/2/79 



Tilting Steering Wheel: 
Fuel Capacity: 36 gal. 



yes[x] noQ 



(from owner's manual) 

Restraint System: standard- lap belt only* 



Telescoping Steering Wheel: yesQ nog) 
-Space Saver" Spare Tire yes □ nojx] 



1. 



2. 



is the vehicle stock throughout? Describe: Mirrors, carpeting, jack, spare tire , 
wheel covers, and wipers removed. All fluids excep t for engi ne cool Removed 
100% water in fuel tank. Passenger seat used in Test 3052-4 and -5. Chrysler 
Corp. lap and shoulder belt system installed. 

Does vehicle show evidence of prior accident history? Describe: 



3. * Does vehicle show any significant corrosion? Describe: N q 



Check condition of the front bumper and frame: Satisfactory 



116 



DS FORM 4200 



TABLE 7-3. SUMMARY OF PRE-TEST ENGINE/BUMPER/FIREWALL 
CHARACTERISTICS (TEST 3052-6) 



Test Mn. 3052-6 Tvnft Van-to-NHTSA Fixe d Test Device 

Car Model 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Dynamic Science No. 846 



Engine Size 36U_CID 



Engine Weight* (lb) 65 ° 



Engine Height/Width (in.) 33.5/19.4 



Bumper to Engine Block (in.) f-JbZ 



Engine Length (in.) 19 * 8 



Engine to Firewall (in.) Not Applicable 

Bumper to Firewall (in.) _ — £2^0 _ 



Bu mper Height (in.) (Min./Max.) 15.6/24.7 
♦includes engine and rigid attachments such as transmission and 
drive train. 



TABLE 7-4. PRE-TEST DUMMY POSITIONS - FORD E-150 VAN 
(TEST 3052-6) 



Distances (in.) Wive** Passenger 



Chest to Steering Wheel Hub (horizontal) 12A 

Nose to Steering Wheel Upper Rim UtA. 

Nose to Windshield (horizontal) 
Knee to Lower Panel (closest point) 

Left 

Right 
Chest to Dash (horizontal) 

Forehead to He ader ■ 

♦Tilt steering wheel in lowermost position. 



30.0 31.1 



6.9 10.1 



7.1 10.4 



25.5 27.4 



25.3 25.6 



117 



T 

en 




a) Fre-test 



T 

rtJ 

T 

tn 




■■-' 



h) Post-test 
Figure 7-1. Vehicle ConCigutat ion (Test 3Q52-6) 

118 



Y^a^t; 




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qa^e 




5 

id 

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8 



119 



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fx/ 



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g 



^t^V-it 








120 



TABLE 7-5. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS (TEST 3052-6) 



VEHICLE: 1979 Dodge B-20Q Van 



Time 
(msec) Crash Event 

Impact (visual) 

7 Grill strikes Test Device 

22 Fenders strike front tires 

24 Dummies start forward motion 

54 Minimum wheelbase; Right side (104,3 in,)? Left side 

(102.8 in.) 

56 Maximum vehicle dynamic crush (7.5 in,) 

58 , ^Driver knees hit dash 

73 Passenger left hand strikes engine cowling 

83 Passenger knees hit dash 

114 Maximum vehicle declination (2.0°); Driver maximum 
forward motion 

119 Passenger maximum forward motion 

190 Vehicle separates from Test Device 

225 Passenger recontacts seat with upper back 

312 Driver recontacts seat with upper back 

406 Maximum vehicle rebound inclination (0,5°) 



121 



TABLE 7-6. SUMMARY OF POST-TEST O BSERVATIONS (TEST 3052-6) 

VEHICLE : 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 

Dummy Contact Points: Left Front Right Front 
Head None None 

_______ — — — — — — — — — — — — * — — — 

Chest None None 

Knees Lower dash panel Lower dash panel 



Glazing: 100% intact 



Doors : All opened easily 



Seat Belt Anchorages and Restraints: Seat belts OK. No seat 
movement _ 



Vehicle Centerline to Barrier Centerline: Rear: 0.5 inch right 
Front: 1 inch right 



Fuel Leakage: None 



General Observations: Radiator leaked. Static rebound 67.6 
inches 



122 



TABLE 7-7. PRE-TEST AND POST-TEST DIMENSION MEASUREMENTS 
(TEST 3052-6) 




VEHICLE: 1979 


DODGE B-200 


VAN 










Pre- 
(: 


-test 
in. ) 


Post- 
(in 


test 
.) 


Diff 
( 


erence 
in. ) 


LS 


RS 


LS 


RS 


LS 




RS 


A 109.2 


109.3 


107.6 


107.6 


1.6 




1.7 


B 29.1 


29.1 


24.1 


23.6 


5.0 




5.5 


C 40.3 


40 .5 


40.3 


40.4 


0.0 




0.1 


D 178.6 


178.9 


172.0 


171.6 


6.6 




7.3 


G 110.6 


111.0 


110.8 


111.0 


-0.2 




0.0 


I '37.1 


37.1 


36.7 


36.7 


0.4 




0.4 


77.5 


77.1 


v 77.5 


77.3 


0.0 




0.2 


P 41.4 


41.4 


40.0 


40.2 


-1.4 




-1.2 


T 22.9 


21.9 


23.0 


23.4 


0.1 




1.5 


Y 28.2 


28.0 


25.2 


25.1 


3.0 




2.9 


Z 30.9 


30.8 


24.5 


23.9 


6.4 




6.9 



123 











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124 




1 7 



0.5 0.2 0,6 0.7 0.6 




PRE-TEST PROFILE 

POST-TEST PROFILE 




:■ r-t— - r"T""T""T""T" 1 



w 2.2 3.1 3.7 3.9 

W 



4.2 4.4 4.6 4.4 
(MAX) 



r~T~7 

4.3 3.9 3.5 



T 

3.3 



i 

2,2 



a * 

w 4.5 




5.0 

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5.1 



5.7 5.9 6.3 6.5 6,4 6.0 5.8 



♦ * ♦„„ t ! i t i. 

(MAX) 



V 4.4 



1 1 1 1 1 r 

36 30 24 18 12 6 



1 1 1 1 1 

12 18 24 30 36 



VEHICLE LEFT 



VEHICLE RIGHT 



INCHES 



Figure 7-4. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Exterior Profile and Static Crush 
(Test 3052-6) . 



125 



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126 



NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGE 



P RE-TEST PROFILE 
POST-TEST PROFILE 



{ i 





0.7 0.4 


tA 


> 

W 




w 
w 






1.3 0.9 




VEHICLE LEFT 



VEHICLE RIGHT 



INCHES 



Figure 7-5. 1979 Dodge B-200 Van Interior Profile and Static Intrusion 
(Test 3052-6) . 



127 



TABLE 7-10. STEERING WHEEL MEASUREMENTS AND DISPLACEMENT 
VALUES - DODGE B-200 VAN (TEST 3052-6) 



wheel pre-test (in.) Post-test (in.) Displacement (in.) 
Location X* Y* Z* X Y Z 

Top 134.0 -19.8 59.0 134.8 -19.8 60.3 

Hub 132.1 -19.8 52.0 132.4 -20.0 53.5 

Bottom 128.4 -19.8 46.1 128.3 -19.4 47.9 



X 


Y 


Z 


0.8 


0.0 


1.3 


0.3 


-0.2 


1.5 


-0.1 


0.4 


1.8 



'Reference for X, Y, and Z measurements are rear bumper, vehicle 
centerline and ground level, respectively. 
Note: Tilt steering wheel set at lowermost driving position. 



128 



TABLE 7-11. SUMMARY OF VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER 


DATA 


(TEST 3052-6) 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 


Van 


















Test 


3052-6 


(15. 


28 mph) 
Maxi 
Displa 






Maximum 
Acceleration 


Minimum 
Velocity 


mum 
cement 




Accelerometer 


A 


T 
(msec) 


V 
(mph) 


T 
(msec 


S 
) (in.) 


T 


No. 


Location 


(G) 


(msec) 


IX 


Left Side B-pillar 


-28.6 


27 


-1.7 


200 


+9.0 


62 


2X 


Right Side B-pillar 


-27.2 


24 


-2.1 


151 


+8.8 
+8.9 


60 




Average IX & 2X 


-27.6 


27 


-1.8 


159 


61 


3X 


Left Side Firewall 


-37.1 


32 


-1.9 


200 


+8.4 


63 


3Y 


Left Side Firewall 


+8.4 


35 


-0.7 


46 


+0.1 


41 


3Z 


Left Side Firewall 


-20.8 


34 


-1.0 


45 


+0.6 


36 


4X 


Right Side Firewall 


-38.9 


25 


-0.7 


149 


+9.2 


129 


4Y 


Right Side Firewall 


-14.2 


34 


-1.3 


36 


+0.3 


180 


4Z 


Right Side Firewall 


-12.7 


34 
52 


+0.2 
-5.6 


99 

84 


+1.1 
+ 12.3 


200 


5X 


Engine 


-34.6 


58 


5Y 


Engine 


-3.6 


120 


-2.3 


140 


-2.4 


194 


5Z 


Engine 
Front Axle 


-8.5 


60 


-1.3 


95 


+ 2.0 


200 


6X 


-62.8 


29 


-3.2 


195 


+ 6.4 


51 


7X 


Vehicle C.G. 


-27.6 


25 


-2.1 


153 


+8.7 


60 


7Y 


Vehicle C.G. 


-8.0 


33 


-0.6 


38 


-0.1 


66 


7Z 


Vehicle C.G. 


-36.7 


28 


-5.2 
-2.2 


55 
154 


-5.9 


200 


8X 


Rear Compartment 


-27.7 


24 


+8.5 


58 


8Y 


Rear Compartment 


+3.3 


52 


-0.2 


17 


+1.0 


200 


8Z 


Rear Compartment 


-26.1 


36 


-2.9 


43 


-4.8 


200 


9X 


Rear Axle 


-44.1 


31 


-4.0 


89 


+9.0 


57 



129 



TABLE 7-12. OCCUPANT .RESPONSE DATA SUMMARY (TEST 3052-6) 
Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



Test 3052-6 (15.28 mph) 



Left Front 
Occupant 



Right Front 
Occupant 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec ) 



Maximum 

Value 

(G) 



T 
(msec) 



HEAD 



X 


-17.3 


118 


-19.2 


121 


Y 


-5.9 


102 


+6.9 


109 


Z 


+ 19.0 


90 


+20.1 


89 


R* 


+ 21.1 


89 


+ 21.0 


91 



HIC 



74 



66-141 



97 



65-139 



CHEST 



X 


-25.4 


80 


-23.5 


72 


Y 


-3.9 


80 


+5.2 


89 



z 

R* 
SI 



-7.6 



83 



+ 25.7 



82 



77 



200 



7.6 



+ 22.9 



58 



96 



70 



200 





Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


Maximum 
Value 
(lb) 


T 
(msec) 


FEMURS 


LF 


-261 


77 


-148 


33 


RT 


-469 


163 


-66 


33 


*3-msec clip. 



130 



TABLE 7-13. ' SUMMARY 


OF 


RESTRAINT 


SYSTEM 


DATA 


(TEST 


3052-6) 


Vehicle: 1979 Dodge 


B- 


-200 


Van 






















Test 


3052- 


-6 (15, 


,28 


mph) 






Peak Load 
(lb) 






Time 
(msec) 


LEFT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 










860 








75 


Right Lap Belt 










1098 








75 


Shoulder Belt 










1074 








79 


RIGHT FRONT OCCUPANT 


Left Lap Belt 










804 








75 


Right Lap Belt 










910 








75 


Shoulder Belt 










950 








75 



131 



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132 



TABLE 7-15. SUMMARY OF GROUPED LOAD CELL DATA BY COLUMNS AND ROWS 
(TEST 3052-6) 

Vehicle : 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



Test 3052-6 (15,28 mph) 



Peak Load Time 

Parameter (klb) (msec) 



Column 


1 


Column 


2 


Column 


3 


Column 


4 


Column 


5 


Column 


6 


Column 


7 


Column 


8 


Column 


9 


Column 


10 


Row A 




ROW B 




ROW C 




ROW D 





4.56 37 

8.81 25 

21.09 30 

8.52 29 

5.92 20 

4.56 20 

6.03 29 

18.65 30 

8.64 30 

2.64 55 



39.00 30 

34.20 28 

1.46 33 

11.42 35 



TABLE 7-16. COMPARISON OF TOTAL LOAD CELL FORCE AND INERTIA 
FORCE (TEST 3052-6) 



Vehicle: 1979 Dodge B-200 Van 



Load Cell* Engine/Car** 

Force Inertia Force 



Force (klb) 81.12 115.52 

Time (msec) 30 27 



*Sum of 40 load cells. 
**Average of van acceleroraeters 1 and 2 times van weight (4001 
lb) plus engine acceleration times engine weight (650 lb) . 



133 



8.0 ANALYSIS OF VEHICLE IMPACT VELOCITY CHANGES 

Since test speeds of 15, 25 and 30 mph were chosen as target 
speeds, a reasonably good* data base for examining the effects of 
impact velocity for van-to-fixed barrier impact tests was estab- 
lished. The methodology used to study these effects was to plot 
various parameters against the actual test speeds conducted. 
Three types of response parameters were compared: 

• Occupant Parameters versus Impact Velocity (see Table 
8-1) 

- Head Injury Criteria (HIC) (Figures 8-1 and 8-2) 

- Chest Severity Index (SI) (Figures 8-3 and 8-4) 

- Peak Chest Acceleration (3 msec clip) (Figures 8-5 and 
8-6) 

- Femur Load (right and left femurs) (Figures 8-7 to 
8-10) 

• Vehicle Parameters versus Impact Velocity (see Table 
8-2) 

- Dynamic Crush (Film and Accelerometer Data) (Figures 
8-11 and 8-12) 

- Static Crush (Figure 8-13) 

- Velocity Change (Figure 8-14) 

- Average Compartment Acceleration - calculated using 
time when compartment acceleration nears ±1 q (Fiqure 
8-15) 

- Maximum Compartment Acceleration (Figure 8-16) 

- Maximum Engine Acceleration (Figure 8-17) 

- Vehicle Inertia Force calculated from (Figure 8-18): 

F = (M-a)vAN + < M *a>engine 

where M VAN = Mass of Van less engine weight (lb) 

a VAN = Acceleration of Van Occupant Compartment 
(G) 

^engine = Mass of Van Engine and Transmission (lb) 
a engine = Acceleration of Van Engine (G) 



134 



- Load Cell Force - NHTSA Fixed Test Device, total 40 
load cells (Figure 8-19) 

Occupant Parameters versus Vehicle Parameters (Figures 
8-20 and 8-21) 

- Head Injury Criteria versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Chest Severity Index versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Peak Chest Acceleration versus Vehicle Velocity Change 

- Head Injury Criteria versus Average Compartment Ac- 
celeration 

- Chest Severity Index versus Average Compartment Ac- 
celeration 

- Peak Chest Acceleration versus Average Compartment 
Acceleration 



135 





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O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



800 



400 



J- 



Figure 8-1 



10 20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Driver Head Injury Criteria (HIC) 
Versus Impact Speed. 



1200 



800 



400 



10 20 



SPEED - MPH 



30 



/ W 



40 



Figure 8-2. RF Passenger Head Injury Criteria 
(HIC) Versus Impact Speed. 



137 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



600 



400 



200 




10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



Figure 8-3. Driver Chest Severity Index (SI) 
Versus Impact Speed, 



600 



400 



200 




20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Figure 8-4 



RF Passenger Chest Severity Index 
(SI) Versus Impact Speed. 



138 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 




SPEED 



MPH 



Figure 8-5. Driver Peak Chest Resultant 
Versus Impact Speed. 



O 
i 

D 

CD — 

Eh U 
CO 

w a 

PC w 
u to 

s; 
« i 

53 
w 

CO 
CO 

< 



60 



40 



2C 










p 




^ 


^ 


- 











10 



20 



30 



40 



SPEED - MPH 

Figure 8-6. RF Passenger Peak Chest Resultant 
Versus Impact Speed. 



139 



Q 
D 

w 



2400 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



1600 



800 






10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-7. Driver Left Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed, 

3200 



2400 



1600 



800 



10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-8 



Driver Right Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed. 



140 



240C 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



l 1600 



800 




10 20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Figure 8-9. RF Passenger Left Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed . 



1600 
pq 

I 
Q 

S 800 

D 

w 













r\ . . 






O 







Figure 8-10 



10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



RF Passenger Right Femur Load Versus 
Impact Speed. 



141 



TABLE 8-2 . 


COMPARISON OF VEHICLE RESPONSE 


DATA 






Test 

3052-1 


Test 
3052-2 


Test 
3052-3 


Test 
3052-4 


Test 
3052-5 


Test 
3052-6 


Velocity - mph 


15.25 


25.10 


30.02 


25.17 


30.22 


15.28 


Delta Velocity - mph 


17.09 


27.87 


31.97 


27.14 


32.79 


17.12 


Accelerometer 
Dynamic Crush - in, 
@ msec 


8.8 

53 


16.1 

65 


20.1 
69 


17.3 
71 


21.2 
71 


8.9 
61 


Film Dynamic 
Crush - in. 

@ msec 


8.1 
50 


15.3 

67 


19.5 
68 


16.7 
68 


19.1 
66 


7.5 
56 


Static Crush - in. 


6.9 


12.1 


16.4 


14.5 


16.6 


6.5 


Peak Compartment 
Acceleration - G 
@ msec 


-25.1 
16 


-29.5 
26 


-34.9 

16 


-43.4 
15 


-51.9 
14 


-27.6 
27 


Average Acceler- 
ation - G 
@ msec 


-11.61 
66 


-15,15 
82 


-18.0 
78 


-14.77 
82 


-17.6 
82 


-10.36 
70 


Peak Engine Acceler- 
ation - G 
@ msec 


-45.5 
26 


-59.0 
27 


-66.5 
25 


-85.1 
22 


-83.5 
35 


-37.1 
32 


Fixed Test Device 
Force - klb 
@ msec 


82.50 
44 


97.36 
25 


129.92 
38 


93.40 
45 


114.57 
42 


81,12 
30 


Engine/Car Inertia 
Force - klb 
@ msec 


112.16 
16 


138.01 
28 


193.18 
36 


176.38 
15 


208.41 

14 


115.52 
27 



142 



30 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



20 



10 






10 20 

SPEED -' MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-11 



Dynamic Crush (Accelerometer Data) 
Versus Impact Speed. 



20 



15 



10 



10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-12 



Dynamic Crush (Film Data) Versus 
Impact Speed. 



143 



20 



OFORD van/barrier 
+ DODGE VAN/BARRIER 



15 



10 











- 
















1 





20 


30 


40 



SPEED - MPH 
Figure 8-13. Static Crush Versus Impact Speed 



40 



30 



20 




10 



7' 



/ 



V- 



/ 



PERFECTLY ELASTIC 
COLLISION LINE 



/ 



10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-14, Velocity Change (AV) Versus Impact Speed 



144 



a 



15 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 



10 




10 20 

SPEED - MPH 



30 



40 



Figure 8-15. 



Average Compartment Acceleration 
Versus Impact Speed. 



o 



o 

H 
Eh 

W 

w 
o 
u 

< 

W 
ft 




10 



20 

SPEED - MPH 



Figure 8-16 



Maximum Compartment Acceleration 
Versus Impact Speed. 



145 



100 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 
+ FORD VAN/BARRIER 




20 
SPEED - MPH 



Figure 8-17. Maximum Engine Acceleration Versus Speed 



146 



300 



200 



100 



O DODGE VAN/BARRIER 

4- FORD VAN/BARRIER 

1 1 

NOTE: LOAD CALCULATED USING 

VEHICLE ACCELEROMETER 

DATA 




10 



20 
SPEED - MPH 



Figure 8-18. Maximum Vehicle Inertia Force 
Versus Impact Speed. 



300 



200 



S 

§ 100 

H 
X 



NOTE: LOAD MEASURED USING 

NHTSA FIXED TEST DEVICE 




10 20 30 

SPEED - MPH 



40 



Figure 8-19. Total Measured Load Cell Force Versus 
Impact Speed. 



147 



1000 



500 



15 



LEGEND 



• 


DODGE VAN DRIVER 


o 


DODGE VAN PASSENGE 


▲ 


.FORD VAN DRIVER 


A 


FORD VAN PASSENGER 









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1000 



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VELOCITY CHANGE (AV) - MPH 



35 



Figure 8-20. Head and Chest Parameters Versus Vehicle 
Velocity Change (Van-to-Barrier Tests) . 



148 



LEGEND 



1000 



500 



1000 



500 



• DODGE VAN DRIVER 
O DODGE VAN PASSENGER 
A.FORD VAN DRIVER 
AFORD VAN PASSENGER 



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11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
AVERAGE COMPARTMENT ACCELERATION - G 

















A- 
















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AVERAGE COMPARTMENT ACCELERATION - G 



Figure 8-21 



Head and Chest Parameters Versus Average Compartment 
Acceleration (Van-to-Barrier Tests) , 



149 



; .[^ DtfnomicScienceJnc, 

a TAIIJY INDUSTRIES Company 

3052 

June 15, 1979 



Mr. Steve Peirce (NRD-12) 
Contract Technical Manager 
National Highway Traffic Safety 

Administration 
Trans Point Building 
2100 Second Street, S.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20590 

Subject: Transmittal of Test Report 1, Volumes I and II 

Reference: Contract DOT-HS-8-01942 , "Van Crashworthiness and 
Aggressivity Study" 

Dear Steve: 

In accordance with the contractual requirements of the referenced 
program, we are forwarding the reproducible and eight (8) copies 
of Test Report 1, Volumes I and II. This report covers six Van- to- 
NHTSA Fixed Test Device tests conducted under Task 2 of the 
program. 



Sincerely, 



Sol Davis 

Manager 

Special Projects Department 



SDibm'v 

Enclosures 

cc: R. Yee 

Ms. Linda Sink (NAD-30) 

Office of Contracts and Procurement 

National Highway Traffic Safety 

Administration 
400 Seventh Street, S.W., Room 5301 
Washington, D.C- 20590 



1850West Pinnacle Peak Road • Phoenix, Arizona 85027 • (602)942-3300