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Full text of "Notes and Materials for the History of the Ukrainian Revolution (1917-1920)"

HacTHHa I. 

Ha A°P 03 i Ao cejiaHCBKo-poGiTHH^oY 

AepJKaBHOCTU. 

POBflXJL I. 

Ha nepeJioMi, 

I. Cnpofla 6ypmya3ii 3aAywHTn pesojiioi^iio. .Iimueisi noflii' 
b ITeTporpajy nocayatnjin racaosi ,pa piiuyqoro KonTp-peBOJUouifiaoro 
BacTyny Bciei pocifictKOi oypajyaail. ^eMOKparia, na loai b KepeHctKHH, 
Hal'BHO HVMajia, mo oypmyaais 3aj,0BO,ibHHTbcs KpiBaBim BaayiuennflM 
(SojbuieBiin,bKoro noBCTaima Ta penpeciflun npoTn 6ojtmoBHKiB i ciaHe 
ntcjia m>oro jsp maporo caiEpofliTHHUTua a noiiipKOBanoH) nemOKpaTiero 
na fpyHTi a(5epe;KeHBa thx aaBOHOBanb peBomouil, aici aaaBajiacb jpa 
noMipKOBanoi aeBOtepaTif 6e3cymriBnDJtii i npneisjiearnMH aaa 6ypKyasii. 
Ta, bbhtoSeo, BOBciu hhjhol .aynKH oyjra Cypxyaaia. Bona nimjia suoBy 
b UpaBHTeabCTBO BOBCisi ae jbia tofo, m,o6 GoporniTn a si 6 to He 6yno 
ajoSyTKH peBOJiroa.il IJnx BjooyritiB — Bij HaiiieHbmoro Jto Hafi6ijn>- 
uioro — BOHa i aaa/rii ae xotiJia, KpiM ojinoro, soft iiobhh6H oya aafiea- 
neiHTH IS — ToproBejiF.ao-npoMHCJioBiii i afpapeifi (SypKyaail — (jmKTiia- 
niiit BOHonojTbiiiifi npoBix aepajaBOio. Bia; neaoSniKiB jiBopaHCbKOl apncTO- 
KpariT, npOKpaBraoica ne^ajiol uapCbKot 6ropOKpaTii', bis, juikhx i pocnycr- 
nnx TpiuiOK Pacnyrmnx, nojiirHiaa BJiaaa noBHHHa (Syjia nepefiTB i,o 
uic'i sate BHOiepHiaoBaaoi oypjKyasaoi oaca, mo nana 3a cofioio He TiabKn 
eo.iiKHi KaniTaJiu, ajie ii neBnaii sncr i snaaaa, Heo6xifl,ni aaa xep&aB- 
hoT po6oTH. SBH'iaffno, Bona He ujjiK0H aapeiHo HoCHira b aepaii js,m 
peBoaioii,iI qepBOHi ctbohskh aa cboIx hophhx cypjiyrax. BoHa ne 6oa- 
jiact 6n BinnoBi.xajibHoro nepej, napjranreHTOM npaBnieJibeTBa, sk fioaBca 
Boro MiiKOJta II a cboIm TOBapneTEOM. Bona 6yna 6 aajteico posysfniinojo- 
i, moikjiiibo, BaBeia 6 ne TtjibKH napjiaiteHTapHHH ycTpifi, a me 8 Beraao- 
Bnjra 6 rpoma.iaacbKi 8 nojiirHini CBO<ioji;a, nocKiJibjca Bonn ne o6Mea;y- 
aiuin 6 If nojiiTHinoi BJiacrn i Bia;coTKy Ha BaniTaji, Boa^euHH b npo- 
MHc.iOBicTb, ToproBJiro, 6aHKH. 3 aocBijy CTapax napaaMeHTapaHx pec- 
nyfl.'iHKafiobKBx ^epsas Bona tfaioa, mo „cbo6o,p i napjiaaeHTapnaji 11 
b ueBHnx Kesai ne to mo ne miuajiHBi, a HaBii-b Heofai^ai %m caoKisi- 
noro, (ieaacypaoro i cHToro ikhtth Cypatyasi'f. Ajie caie b neBHHx 
Mesax j b nesnax (topuax, m» jioearaeTbca thm, m*> caia a 6ypacyaaia, 
a hixto tmuma, BCTaaoBJiae Ti ({topia i neaci. PociiicbKa w peBOjrroii;ia 
noiajia, otobhsho, nepexo^riTH ti meati, MaioiH Bapasny Ten^eBn;iio nepe- 

i* 



^ 



— 4 - 

KGTirrneb iepea ro-toBH fiypsyaaiT. Ufi Ba;e He morjio noao6aTECb Til, 
I a n,nsi Boaa lyciia fiopornci., oah&bobo, «ih n,e fiiu.TO sin. He SHaroinx 
KosmpoBiiciE ,,6o-itmeBiiKiB", hh Bin, uoaipKOBaHof „corjiauiaTejibCbKoI" pa^n 
pofiiraii'iHi i caj^aTCBKHx jtenyTaTiB, xov 6a sona 2 BncTvniiJia BKyni 
a oypjKyaaieio npoTa 6ojibineBiiii,bKoro noBCTanna. TyT BasHHfi 6yB npim- 
n,in : xto 6ynp apaBirrn flepataBoio ? 'In „BeBi,ii,noBiji,ajibHa hi nepeji, kiih 
fpyna npoiijincBiTiB i xeiai'oi'JB", mo aaajiacb neiporpaiCbKOto paj,om 
po6iTHH'iBx i cajij,aTCBKiix ^enyiaTiB, in cepiioaHa, coaijipa, ocBiHeaa i CTa- 
Te*raa Sypxyaain, ana ne fioajiacb caioi seanKol Bi^ooBUajbnocTU aepefl 
caoero BJiacHoro 6*ypjsya3HOio cOBic™ i, nasiis, nepea „BeflflKO» Pociero". 
Ot npo m,o xojhjo : npo mo Bnpaany TeHaeHnJK) poeiiicbKoi peBOJiron,!! 
— nepeHecrn nenrp nojiiTHHHoI, a 3 hok>, ao neBHoi' aipit, ft conjaflBBo - 
eKOHOMniHoi Barn b nepsaBi a tfypacyaaiT na-poomumTBo i cenaHCTBO, 
Ha TaK BBasnii uapoa ; npo Te, wfl6 a<> BnpiiueHHH iinraHHa npo Miip — 
iiuranHti, atce 6ypacya3ia poarjia^ajia bukiioiho 3 CBoei to i ikh norjiaay — 
noiirapenna (iaaii i poarameHJiH auiaxis jjis MOJioaoro pociiicbKOro (j)iHan- 
cosoro i ToprOBejibno-npoBiHCJioBoro Kanrraay — aonyCTiiTH poolTHiiujrBo, 
cejHH i caiflaTiB ; npo Bse poenoqaTBH cmxiiiniifi npon,ec nepexoay no- 
Him,Hn,tKBx aeiejib ao pjk cejiaHCTBa, b aKOMy Tad Eapanna-ibiii xih 6yp- 
myaail nirranaa, hk cnpaaa Bnrcyny aeneJib i EsaraJii saGeaneiennN upit 
n;bOMy n cnpaBe,T;3nBzx" imepeciB {SypjeyaaiT, oacoByBajiacb hijikob na 
npyran hjwh a6o ft aoBcini OAKnaaJincb ; npo KOHTpojit aaa nponHCJiOBicTio, 
ToproBJeio, 6aHKaMH — ot npo iu,o liuiJia cnpaBa. 

A Koan cnpaBa fiuuta npo nocaranna Ha r cyBepeHHi a soHonojbHi 
flepsaBai npaBa (Sypajyaaii, kojm xtocb xotib He to m,o oaHHTH Bia nei 
Ti upaBa, a TiitKH noaliHTHcb hiimu 3 neio, kojih cnpasa TopKajiacb Bia- 
coTKy na KaniTaj, Toai (iypacyaaia ne saja i He xoriiia Main npHHTeaiB 
3 aina, TOffi Bona paaine nouia a<> mx ate camnx Hopnnx peaKn^oaepiB, 
nepeicory na,n akumh CBaTKyeajia B nepmi ani peBOJironii' nhyni 3 peBOJiio- 
irjfiHHM HapojtOM. nicaa JtHHHeBHx noain aaaeTCbKi BaTasKii PoAiyeB 
i Mltfokob sate ojtBepTO „(5paTajincH" 3 qopHocOTeHHiiaa a ^epasBnoii 
;Ijan, BHCTynaiOHH pa30« He riJibKH 3 nnpofpecicTou" MacieaiKOBBM, ajie 
5 3 Buoans peaKnionepoi MonapxHCTOii IlypuuiKeBiiHesi, ii[)Otii pan po6iT- 
HnTHx i cajtaaTCbKBx aenyTaTiB, xaiaioMH ix CKacyBaiiHa. ,,Cok)3 K03aiy>- 
khx BiftcbK", ..COI03 I'eopi'jeBCbKnx KaBa,iepiB a , ^Boenna JiiiV, kbh3i ia 
KiFarHHi — ocb Ti rpoMa^cbKi fpynn, afijiiateiiBa a akhmii noia.in niyKaTH 
Tenep BHopainm p peBo.aB)nioHepH", HauiBHSKy CKK.iajoiH a cboix cypjiyxiB 
nepBOfli CTpiiKH ft iteaanoBoaeno KpHBJfoqncb Bia o^noro cjroBa fl a,emo- 
Kpaiia", HKe nepea; i;hm boeh b TaKHi cMaKOM bhsobjioh b cboIx peBO- 

.lIOD,iHHHX npOMOBaX. 

JIpaBHTOitbCTBo KepeHCbKOro, oaipBaBmHCb no ycrynjieHHio IJepeTejii 
bU pa.i poSiTBH'tnx i eaaaaTctKiix jsfinjranB, a thi ca^nn i. bIt, Beiei 
aECTHBHo-peBOJiioninHOi aeMOKpaTii, KOTHjiocb fflaai no cxnaift njiom;nHi pe- 
aKuii. IlJjoS CKpinnra cbog aaxirraHe i HaaaBniailno HeKOpsajibne ciano- 
BHme, HKe Mosna cxapaKiepnayBaTH, hk nepe6yB3HHa peBoarou,igHO-seMO- 
jipaTHWoro upaBATeJtbCTBa (b flKouy SinbmicTE 6yjia Hapoji,HBH,bKO-coniH- 
KicTHraa) b noJioHi y Sypsyaaii, BpeaeHHe ITpaBnrejiboTBO 3anymaao ckjih- 
KaTH b MoeKBi „ TocjaapcTBeHHoe CoBtmaBie", n;o6 aa HbOKy, sk cKaaaB 






Miuicrp upaiu conifl.iicT-CKofiejieB, „aaaBiiTH qecTiio i Q^BepTO npejicTaB- 
uiiKaa ycix eepcTR Bapo r y, m,o PociH BBaxo^nTbCfl b Tpai'aiBist, KaTacTpo- 
(paitHia no-ioaeiiHH). i sicxara bia hhx aopajibne nuTpHiaaHfl' 1 . Ha ujifi 
jLepiKanaiii Hapaji KepencbKiiii xotjb o^epaami bU n ijpeji,CTaBHBKiB scix 
BepcTR napo^y" eanKura m tlilkh xopctokhx nepeeJiuyaaHb Gojibuie- 
Bnids jiacoBns poacipkiB caJuaTiB na (ppon-ii i hobdx yrHCKJB npOTH 
peBOjiKnuiiiioT AeMOKpaTii', hki pocnoManncfi 3 iioro ftoasojiy, a me fi bh- 
BBoaeHBU 3 TOro no.ioity, b iiKOMy Bin nepeoyBaB pa30M a CBOian KOJiei'aaB. 
aitiicTpaMir ccmiflJiicTaaH. Ta u,a Hapajxa He ciipaB^njia cno^iBanOK noaip- 
KOBaHoi ^eMOKparil. TcHji;eHniBHnii coafl napajyr — qjieaH scix qorapbox 
lepataBnnx flym, npeflCTaBiiiiKH aencTB, iict, yiiiBepcHTeTifi, rpoaa,n,CbKHX. 
Ky.ibTTpBiix, KOonepaTBBBirs i iinuiBs, nepeBastao ano.iiTH'JHHX i dypxyaa- 
hbx ra ;tpi6HO-i>ypa;ya3Bnx opi'amaauist, a CBiflOMHH 8MeHuieHnaM npeAciaB- 
uHD,TBa sij peBOJrioni"Hoi ^eaoKpaTii, — He H.aB IIpaBHTeJibCTBy to! „mo- 
paatHOi nwpmnffl", hkoI boho cnofliBajio cb. Ha napaju niiHBiuioeb „Tpa- 
r'uMiie i KaTaeTpo(J>aabHe" ctanoBHine He li.ibKii Pocil, aae fi castoro Hpa- 
BBTeabCTBa, AKe He 3Haxo,o;oo nyipoi nifttpHMKir a ni a <)0Ky aemoKpaTii", 
a ni a Sony oypaiyaaii, H MockbI b j,eiib Bi r T,KpHTia napajn Biaoyx Be- 
.iiikiui poGiTHU'iiifl cTpaiiK — upOTecT npOTH aapajm i toto hoboto 
npOTHpeBO.iioiiifiHoro nanpaay iiontinftn, hkbh BOaa aa^a caHKH,ioHyBaTH, 
HeaoB oh y BijnoBUb na n,efi CTpafiK, dypacyaaia a Ha,j3BB*iafiHnK ojymeB- 
jteHHHX npiiBirajia na Kapaxi roJiOBBOKOMan^roioro feuepaaa KopmJioBa, 
ininjaTopa BiffHOBieasfl jcapn na ciepTt i upHBepHennH b apiil Baarajii 
xopesojoouiilnoi aiopeTOKoI RJci;inj]iHH. He juiBJiHinci na icTepnqHi bii- 
i ykm KepeucbKoro na Hapajji npo TBep^y RiacTb, any npaBBreJibCTBO 
is6ipa.ioca npoHBirrn b cboim BijcHOBieHnjo ao Kpaiaix jubbx eJieaeHriB pe- 
lin.iioiijilnul aeHOKparii ra ,t.o HeenoKiiimix Haujii (<PiHjsiH;m,iB i YKpalH- 
iijb*) (1), 8aaien,b B.ia.iB, noii^ano Koajiiuiflne ripaBnTeJibCTBO i nicjin bockob- 
cbKOi Hapajn oji;He TiJibKn nopoacue Hicn,e, #g aanoBneHBH aEoro xeuep 
me fiijibar saB^HTO i cusepTO Baajracb poeiiicbKa Cypatyaaia. CiraBa „ya»6- 
lenqfl" peBOJHon.il KepencbKoro no x iajia aepicnyTii; aaMicn,b Hboro, 6ypaty- 
aaia bsg TBopnaa cofii HOBoro „repoa" — KopnijOBa, neMOKpaTia at 6ea- 
uoiiiao CToajra Ha po3flopiaia:y — nix 6y|)JKya8ieto i (JojibifleBHSMOM. 
CTajoci, 're, in;o nepejpiKaia YKpaiacbKa HeHTpajitHa Pasa, ossoB^ajoiHCb 
But yiac^n b Hapaj;i, a caie • Hapa^a He TijibKH ne j,oBogpj:aa_yjcpin : 
jiennio i aatuneHHH) aaBOfOBanb peBMBH,iI, a iiaBnaKH, a oraaay Ha esiii 
dypatyaaHift cioaa, noiorja spocTOBi KOHTppeBOJiioH,iJ. 

1 enepaj KopnuiOB, ne aa^oBOJbiiHKiiiici. odoBaaKanH rojioBHOKOMajt- 
ayioioro, BBjasaB iiaKaan b ao>ie;ibHin i xapioBiii cnpaBax, hbho HaHpae- 
jiem ,t,o ofloponn iarepeciii BeanKHx aejueBJiacQHKiB. IIOBeieHy cnoiaiKy 
fii-iLni-memu ranpoKO poGory aeiieJbHHr KOMiTeriB na micuax IIpaBHTeJibeTBO 
no^ajio raJibKyBaTB : i jo Toro He BeanKy KonueTeHnJK) ix o6aeacyBajocb. 
a TaKos aaTpnKVBa.ioob Bn^aiy acii'soBaniix KoaiTeTaa kouitib. XapaK- 
TepBiui Bi^iyKOx na hk> noBy aeiieJibHy no^iraKy IIpaBHTeatcTBa i crapy 



' i J BpalHCLxa HeHTpa-itna Pana ne B3a.ia yiiacin b Hapafli, io^ i oj.ia ,. 
nponiena JIpauBTcifcCTBoH na uc'i. Ha Hapaji KepexcKcafi rocTpo bmcjiobbbcb diioth 
#iu.if!H,in,iB i .VKiiaiiniiB. 



e 



KOpHiJiOBCbKy HBaaeTMfl nocraHOBa KiiTnetKOro l'yuepHiiMLiioro yKpai'HCLKoro 
)iau,ioHaju>Horo a'ia,iiy (1. — 2. BepecHa a. ct ), hkhS cneii,iajiLuo b aeKejii.- 
Hifi cnpasi nocianoBBB: 

n IIpoxaTH feitepajMe CeupeTapcTBo seMCTEunx ctipaB : a) moo nocTaiioBH 
tyflepuia.'n.Hiix i mniiTnimx aeae-iLBBX ROJtweTiB, fmi Bi^noBi^aioTii iflTepecast.. rpyflo- 
Boro Bace^GEHB, aiiKOHyua-iMM aeruinio ; 6) a iioerKnonajiii feaepajia KopniaoBa, ;n: 
TaKost iaCTiiTyniB, u,o He saBTi aca^Horo BijiHUfliennjr pfi 3eMe.ii.Hiix i xapttOBBj 
eapas na J T KpalKi, He paxyBaiiicfl, Co raja Brpyiaima b poSoiy aeMejinnx KOaiTeriB 
bhocbtb n.iyTaHHHy i aeaopfaBiaaBiio na sicn^x". 

Ilopyi b itHM fiuija narinKa na pa;m poo1thb<jbx Ta cejraHCbKHx 
^enyrariB, a ocoGjihbo Ha pajiir caj^atCBKirx nenyTaiiB Ta pisaii (ppoHTOBi 
caji^aTCbKi KOMireTH. OcraaHi ue tmbkb ofiiseacyBajiocb b Ix ipyHKajax, 
a noxeKyaji fi npocro po3rauajiocL. Oapa flioujajriaa b apaii npaBep- 
tajiacb Bia,HOBJieHOH> citepTHoro Kapoio. OcoCS.tbbo CBepoliK pyKB b Kop- 
niJOBCbKoro KOnaBj^rBaHna j,o yKpaiacbKiix BiacbKOBnx KomiTeTiB i opi'aui- 
aaujS. EJe jio MoeKOBCbKOi Hapaaji BifichKOBe naqaabCTBO bjebbsjio aa- 
xojiiB so poarony BceyKpalHCtKoI Pasa BiScbKOBKX ^enyTariB, i D(eH- 
Tpajibaa Pai,a iiycijia nij,aecTH b ii ofiopoay CBifi ro;ioo.*) Baara-ii aa- 
rajibHopociBCbKHH KonTppeBOJHou,iaHHU pyx naSipas na YKpaini osnoiacHO 
KOBTp-yKpaincbKoro norpoara;Dn,bKoro BanpaaiKy. Poacrpia 6orsaaiBii;iB, 
lHCTpyKD,ia aaa reaepaabaoro CeKperapiaTy, a noriM aBoaiicaBHH a aa- 
TBepsaceflnaM ctcaaiy OeKpeTapiaTy, BHeryna upora yKpalncbKoro pyxy 
pa^H upoijjecopiB BB'iBCbKoro ynisepcHTeTy**), pfcsai cofoaa „ioro-pociB u 
— Bee n,e 6ym npoaBH ii,boro Konrp-peBOjnoniHHoro i osnoiacHo kobtp- 
yKpa'iflctKoro noxoaj. 

HeMBaHH okom nonaao 3aa,HBaaTncb BpemeHne IIpaBHTeatCTBo i Ha 
poSixHBuan pyx B3arajii, BaBin. b Baoui,Hni iioro BpoijaeeiBHO-eKoaoMtmnHX 
^ouaraab. npojiBcaoBnj, 3bhkwh „npau,!OBaTB Ha oSopoay" i noSipara npn 
m,OBy CeaKOHTpoabno BeaaieaHi 3hckh, renep 6yaa ayace BeBSOBoaeai 
a fiaaaioK po6iTBHn,TBa iipo KOBTpoat nafl npouncjiOBicTro i jOMaraHaaMn 
niflBBmeHaa aapo^itaol naaTHi 3aai3aoaopo;KHnB i noTTOBO-Teaei'pafpBHfl 
npoaeTapiaT TaK canto (jeaycniuino ROiaraBCH nia,BHmeaHfl 3apo6iTHOi naarai, 
norpoacyioiB BaBiTb CTpaSKaia. Bci aaxo^B IIpaBBTeJibCTBa b u,is na- 
npasiKy ofiMexyBa^ucb bbxtiohho aaKiBKaan so „ naTpioraaMy " po(5iTHiiKiB 



*) HaeaapHa BaciaaHiia IV cecii UenTpaJLHol Pa;ui. BaoayxasntK 22. cepiiHH 
(h. ct.) aaaay BceyKpa'mciKO'i Pa,nn BiKciKOBEX XenytariB iipo re, n^ BiflctnoBi 
Eaaein KiiiBCbKO"! RoeBHoi Otipyrii aa^yayioTi. BweaaTH i.ieiiiB Pajui so BiSctKOBin 
^acTiiH, b hkhx bohh MjjKBJjii, npHauajio cjii^yioiy pesojioB;i]o : ,,B cnpasi BceyKj). 
Pa^B BiiieBK. Jl,enyTaTiB yKpamci.Ka H,eHTp. Pa^a a;opyqac Teaep. CeKpeiapiHTOBi 
BiKiiTii Bcix. 3axosiB, moG iciayBaSBa BceyKpalHctBot Pa^i BiHeiKoBiix JI.eiryTariB 
flyao 3a6e3ne'!eBO." 

**) Brew* caijtoi aa yHiBepcHTeictKiiMH 'lopHOKBnsKmittaMH nim.in i Bi»^ecopH 
KHlBCBKoro no.MTexniiHHaro incrBTyiy, hki ranoii: Biraec.in 3 npHBO^y T ,yKpa'iui3an;ii w 
yKpataH 9 npoTeCT u , B CBOBHy upoiecri (BHapyKOBauoMy b „KieB.iaHMHi'") jp yopuo- 
fc Mtau a un BKa3yBa.n1 Ha tc, nw posbhtok ynpaiHeEKoro pyxy „3arpoa;ye BixipBaHnnM 
BW Pocit Kpaio 3 Hafl^'poffiaHHiniHB JpyHTOM, 3 KonaiBHitan KaniiHHOro Byraa, 3 6ara- 
thkh nOKJiaftaBH pyjpi, coau fi hhihbx irpnpo^BHX CaraniB, srni tafleanoiyjoTE niimmnl 
posuBii ciatctKoro rocno^apcTBa Ta bpobhchobocth, ispaio, n^o*i]ju.iara(! ji,o 'lopnoro 

JtOpS 3 npeKpaCBHMIl IipHCiaHSBH." 



- t — 

ja aMeHbineBHJi is eKOiioMnanux bbmot. Hiaoro ceplosHoro jio uoain- 
uieHHa TfliKKoro eKOHomworo cTaay pooiTHiinTija He poSmioca. 

TaKOM annoa, jriKBuank peBOiiKmii iikroTOBjiajraci. 3araJbH0pocifi- 
ctKoio oyp&yaaieio sa Bcix ippoHTax: noJiiTJianoay, conkjibno-eKOHOanraoay 
i HaiiionajibUOMy. ripaBHTejibCTBo KepeactKoro flOiSpe Gainjio Bee ire, 
aae nepefiysaffian hjjikoi b noiOHi y 6ypaiya3il, He aaao mnpocTH i 
jryacHoeTii HaexkbKo, moo* KpiittHyrH jio peBOJuoiiiiHOi jieaOKpaTil Bciei 
Pocii: „pflTyfiioci>, 60 mmmV HaBaaKn, boho y/iaBaao Bee me s ceo*e 
nepej jkoro peBOjnon,iunoio fteaoKpaTieio ..TBepjiy BJiajty", roBopaao npo 
aarajBHO-HanioHa.TbHiifi jieaoKpaTHaHflH (Jponr, nayaocb BBCJiyatnTitei. nepe^ 
coroaHHKaiH — L|>paHny3LKHaH,aHi';iiMebKnMir Ta aMepiraanebKnim KaniTaJikTaan 
— jUUbiuiiM upoAOBHieanflJi Binnn. Bejiyan b ftiHcnocTH cupaBiEBto kobtp- 
peBOJUonjiky no.iirBKy, KOajrini'ime ITpaBnTeabCTBO, BJiacne iioro .Hapojt- 
nflUbKo-co^aJiicTHgHa 1 ' 6kbnricT6, Haaarajiaci, b toh ace aae ftypBTH cede 
it h tt iii!ix thm, mo Ha CJioBax rpanocb me Bee b peBOHioniio i aepBoni 
npanopuj. 

Ta ne iace ttyjia nejiocTOilaa inemoKpaTii, Hefeneiaa jtJra peBOJiio- 
HJJ i bjiowbiis, rpa. Bona, nofiy^oBana na peBOJironjiiBk lflyaoBDHHio, 
Ha poaoarno jieaoicpaTnaHHX chji i na TrayacoBifl „HeBTpajrbHOCTH" (Syp- 
acyaaii, He aonta soEro TarnyTneb i aycka npnnHHHTHCb Taic an 
BHaKine. 

I, jijiicHO, hibhjiko 6yjio spotkeno cupody nepepBara up rpy. LJyp- 
acya3ia Bapiumia, mo b peBOJiionito jiociitb Bate „rpaTHCb", i aajryaajia 
aaB^a™ lit piaryanfi y;iap. A noaaflK bihcbko 6yjro iuiobhbm piutaroaBii 
'iHHHUKom b toh aae, noaaTQ oyao naffryn sa peBoarouiio a Biactica ae 
CTape 1'eEepMbcbKO-CTapuinHCLKO Monapxiiaao-peaKiiinne ajipo jiaBHO Bate 
•ieKaao Ha aftyct ,,poooTy" na EHyTpimiiia (jjponTi. B caanx nocaknix 
Spax cepnHfl (ct. ct.) FojiOBHOKoaaajyKi'mii I'eHepaji KopflkoB nocnao 
KepeacbKoiiy yjiBTkaTyM : yeTyaa™ paaow 3 itkna IIpaBHTe-ibCTBoa i 
iiepejiaTH bcio jiepacaBny BJiaa.y floiy — flnKcaiopoBi „Bcea Pyei" — 
KopnkoBy. A kojih KepeactKHii BijinoBk na ne upHKaaoa npo ycynenna 
iioro a nocaiB ro,ioBHOKOs;an,iiyio i ioro, KopakoB BHpymBa a cboImh 
B iiBKHSH jpBiHianTr' Ha aaofiyTTa IIeTporpaj;y. Oo CTOpoai KopnkoBa 
aaaBHJiHca Bci BaaHaaiitmi l'enepajta pociflcbicoi apaii : JlyKOMCBKHH, 
^enkia, BajyeB, KaeaSoBCtKHir, oiaaan jioncbKHX KoaariB Kajts^iH i m,e 
ffecaTKJB cttkbKa HHaiax. BopoTbSa urn KepeHCbKna i KopnkoBna ceih- 
anjiacb 6s jiyse ajie ]yix KepencbKoro, hk 611 b hio ne BTpynriacb pef 
B0JH0n,ifina ^eaoKpaTia, ri caai paj;n podiTBH^nx Ta cajiJiaTCbKHX ji;enyTa- 

Tk i _ (fipOHTOBl BlHCBKOBi KOMiteTJT, HpOTH HKHX KepeHCbKBE B OCTaHHifl 

aac BiB noxi^. Bca aopaa peaKniawa coths CTajia b iriS tlopoTtdi bb- 
paano Ha 61k KopnijioBa, a Kaji;eTH, n,i cnk&Hniffl KepeHCbKoro no Ka6i- 
BOTy, cnkayBaioaH KopnkoBy, aafinaiH BEHkyroay B03Hii,ifO, ne bh- 
HBnaioaH HiHKoro dasaHHa paTyBara b aKHH-6yjib enoei6 EoafliitiHHe Hpa- 

BaTe^bCTBO, 

BpaTyBaaa IFpaBnTejibcrBO peBOJrioH,inna jieMOKpaTk, flKa 6a<iBjra 
B^nepeao^i KopniaoBa iikKOBnTy aiKBijiaDiiK) peBOi»n;iI, . PeBoariouiHHe 
BiiiCbKO neTporpaja Ta paji,a poSiTHnaax jienyTaTk bshjih na ce6e 060- 
■^ony peBOJitonjaaoi ctojihuj, ji;o hko! B^e npncTyoHB KopniaoB 3 cbojh 



^ 









— 8 — 



BiScbKOM. II(moBO-Tejie['pa<|>HH3 i aaniaEHiHil upoaeTapijrr Bciel Pocii 
tekos Bpaa jipyatno BBCTynBB Ha 6opoTt6y a peaKuioHepaiii. Poeuo- 
pa^iKeHBH KopmoBa He nepe^aBanHct TeaefpaipicTaMB, BificbKO He nepe- 

B03BJIOCB 3aJliaHH"JHHKaMH. 

^,jtH iapaKTepHCTBKH aacTpoiB i Bi;i,HomeHflH ;ro KopHiJioBmnHH 
yKpaiBCbKOi peBOJiiouiuHOi ,a;eMOK.paTii noflamo TyT bbphbkh a peaojiioiyn 
apyroro BceyKpalHctKoro a'la^ aafli3HiraBKiB, nijtiac npau,i hkopo anpaa 

BBOyXJIO BOBCTaBHH KopBLTOBa. 3'l3j; HeS BHBiC 3 flpBEO^y nOBCTaBHH 

caiflyjoqy nociaHOBy: 

1. „HpyrHB BceyKpaiBXiKnii 3 v isx 3aai3HOTHBKiB na ofie^Hanoay 'jaci^aimi ai 
s'l^AOM npe^CTaBimKiB inoceuimi i ao^aniix uijihxIb, o^epataBma BiflOMocm npo 
satiax faff. KopnijioBa 3HBm,tWB. sj,o6yiKH peBo.non,ii, aaK.iUKae bcl opf;ujhan,i'i ua 
joporai yKpaHna pimyio OMtajm b ofiopoay peBoaion,iI i iiijKiii pocnopti- 
«en KopHijtoBaaeBMKOHyBaTB, cjyiawquci, bhojoiho BBasboic Uen- 
Tpaatnol PaaB ia npB3Ha^8Horo neio fenepajUHoro CeKpeiapiaTy. 

2. Bcima cnoco&ais nonorain TiimacoBOMy IIpaBUTeahCTBy b iioro CoponSt 
3 noBciaHnam, mo sarpoacye pyiHoro Pocii ft YKpaiHi. 

3. Po3icaara no ncix mjiaxai .VKpalaa saUH* He r.iyiiTii naK&aiB 
KopniaoBa i bchko pyfinyBaTE fioro spajiHimsy pofioiy." 

Ilicifl hux poapaiOBanm .rame na ibhiio neraunol o'oporto'ii 
a KOBTp-peBOjnonif hbm BOBCTaBBflH nociaHOB, bki 3apa3 se <5yjra nepe- 
Kaai xeJiefpa^Ho no scifi YKpaini, a'i'ajn Bmic ra,e 2 ^oaaTKOBi yiBajnr, 
nepeBeflenHH sikhx b :khtth BpeieimaH UpaBHTejiteTBOM i HeHrpajiLHOfo 
Pa^OK) aaao, na j,yiKy aaaiaHHioro yKpalHCtKoro npojieiapiaTy, cKpinimi 
aftooyTKn peBOjnouji i BaGeaneinTH Ii Bi,n KOBrp-peBoaioniHHnx aasaxiB 
Ha 6y,ny<ie, npimafiBBi na TepHTopii yKpalHH. Ocb ri nocranoBH: 

1. „BBa3KaioHB, mo b iHTepecax paiyHKy 3Ao6)tklb penoaK>n,Ll KOBie Tpeoa 
ofie^nara ynpasjimHa lu^aiami yicpaiHH b pyicax Bjpnoro oprana B.ia,ra — l'en:e- 
paaiHoro CeKpeiapcTaa Tir.iaxiB, 3'i3,n noctanoBUB 3aBeciH i saidcTHra 3rajiany noca,jy. 

2. IIpocBTB TaaiacOBe BpaBirrejiBCTBO cpoino 3aTBepa;HTH lenepajine 
CeKpeTapcTBO maaxis no yiBajeuoay UeHipaatHOio Pa^oio b jimrai CTaiyroBi feHe- 
paafcHoro CeapeTapiaTy. 

3. 06roBopHBain cyiaeHe nojiiTinae CTaHOBum,e b Poci'i i 3'oKpeMa Ha ytspa- 
lai, s'isa, »aioin Ha ysaai BeaaKy Hefieaneay a CoKy opfauisoBanux KOnrp-peBoato- 
n,ifinHi cu-i, bki bhhbrjih ce6e b ociaHHi ^hi, i BBaa;aio>ui na le : a) mo yciriniEa 
dopOTtfia 3 KOHTppeBoa»n;iaio, ocofiaHBO b toH ^ac, kobi noai^aen.ca Bi^cyTBiCTfc 
e^hogth b pociucBKitt apMi'i, Moaansa tIalke toai> kojii peBoawi^iuna AexoKpaiia na 
yKpaim, ofieiHaBinHCB kojio CBoro BHinoro KpacBoro opiana — H,eHrpajiiHol > T Kpa- 
IhcbkoI Pa^H — oj.HOCTaHHO 6yfle CopoHBTH aaoAj'TKH peEo.iKini'i ; 6) wp opjaniaania 
fleaoKpaiil ko.io U,enTpajiiHoI Pa^H «o«auBa tijbkh to^i, ko.hh l(eHT])aatHa Paja 

^Cy^e Kara sci ii opfaim Baa^H, ski BH3iiaiii nocTanOBOio UeHTpajiBHoi Pa,XH mj, 
16. .lanHa (ct. or.) ; b) mo si^cyTHiciB ceKpeiapia no cnpaBax bibclkobiii, npo^,o- 
Bojibiiu, cyAOBHi, BiasxiB Ta no^T i Teacfpa^y ne sac aoawiiBooTu I^ea^ajiLiriii 
Pa^i b ooBHiJi aipi hviciitii scii 3aioflB ao oSesB^HHa seioKparii yKpalan jiaa op- 
(aniaoBanoi 6opotl6h 3 KOHTp-peBo.™n,ieio ; r) mo Tenep, b <iac Be.iHKO'i He6e3neKM, 
KOH^e TpeOa, mo 6 Bci npescTaBHHKH TH*<tacoBoro npaBHTcubCTBa na yKpa'iui uifl- 
aaraaa BMOraa UeurpaaLnoi Pajn, i n;o fle-aui oapeiii Ha'iaaBHBKB, ax, HaupaoaA, 
KOMawyKwuii BiSctKoa Kbibcbkoi BSmcbkoboI Oapyrn OGepyieB, ne tLibkh ne 
jono»ara»Tt HeETpaainiH Pa^i b cnpaBi opfaBi3a^iI Kpaio, a me raaLMyiOTL l'i, — 
31sa nociaHOSHB Bcbia cHaani ,io*araTnca : 

mo6 as HagcKopime 6yao sase^eno ceKpeTapiaTH no cnpaBax : m.iaiiB, npo- 
^OBora^ni, cyxoBHi, BiSctKOBUx ia no^T i Teaefpa^iB ; 



9 — 



m.i'i fiv.io npinuJiairo ,V> aBTOHOKHoi yKpalmi HnBMiirHe nuoKpemieHi pociit- 
ctKjis ypa^OT XepcoHBWyi KaTepiinocjiaBjuimy, XaptKisnymy, Taitpito i Ky<SaH- 

11111 io6 neraiiHO uy.w 3JiimeHO 3 nocaftH Ko»aHfly»<ioro BificLKO* KhIbcixoi 
Okpj«i — Ofi«py?eB»-" 

Oototoceo 8 homh nocTaooEaMH a'iai, nara^aB IIpaBUTejiBeTBy 
i npo neofaauicn, nailniBn^ioro npiinnHeHHH BifraH, BKaayioaH npH ntoaiy 
na hLikobhtbh sauenaj; BaaiaHnwo TpaacaopTy (2). 

Tas oaryKHyBca yKpalBCBKnn* 8ajri8EBHBBfi npoaeTapiaT Ha Kopai- 
jiOBCbKy aBaHTiopy. KonicpeTEHx saxoEJB, nopo6jieBHHx BaiiiBHnHHHKaBH 
jlih .iiKBi'ji,aii,ii KopHi30Bio,BHn, He flOBOflBThCH aieHtmyBaTii. Bohh MaJH 
™a fiijiLiiie anamana, ni;o caie na yKpatm (s'oitpeMa b KHiBi) Kophjjiobhm 
<5yjio cKynieno KOHTp-peBOJironJBHe BifietKO (,T,OHaaKH, Kipacipa to m,o) 
i >KpaTna, Tan 6araTa na KonTp-peBOJHon,iaii lopHocoTenai opr J aHJ3an,iJ, 
noma craxH oaaoro %na KOHTp-peBOflronji. 

OAHonacHO BHCTynHB ho oopoTBoa b kophIjiobbjhhoio i opfaHiso- 
Banng yKpaiECBKaft homtoeo - Teaei'paipHHH npojierapiflT, hLt, npoBOji,oi 
roaosBOl Paj,H Bcej'Kpa'iHctKOi CnijiKH pooIthhiub eohth i Tcaei'pacpy (3.), 
a TaKosE BceyKpalffCLKa Pa,i,a BiilctKOBHx JI,enjTaTiB, BifictKOBHH lene- 
pajitBuu KojtiTeT i BceyKpaTncBKa Pa^a Po(kthhtox ,3,enyTaTiB. Cniib- 
iiHin i piuiyniira sycnjiaflMH yitpauicbKOi i EeyKpaiacEKOl flentOKpaTii 
I'pynT aaa 3MinneuiM KopnijtOBmBHa Ha yKpalni 6yjio behiubho. *) 

A TBMqacoit i neTporpa^CbKHii npoaeiapiaT Ta BinctKO (b Tony 
'iHCJii ft yKpaiHCbKi raapji;eftcBKi hojikh) i BsaraJii MOCKOBctKa menfOKpaTia 
aaB^ara piuiyqoro yaapy KopnijioBy Tan, b n,enTpi, CTaBnra BiipaaHO 
na 6in peB<wiion,i"i i, xoi i noraHoro, CHiBOJia II — BpeiteHHoro Ilpa- 
BnTe;jBCTBa. Ea*iyiB, m;o peBOjHonifinnft IIoTporpaa He flysiae 3fl,aBaTHCB 
<>ea <5oh), KopniaoB nycTHB 6yB Mia: bihcbkoi npoBOKanJHHy ijrKy, m;o 
nemos Oh neiporpa^ saxonHAH (JojibnieBBKn, eaapemryBaBiuH BpeHeaae 
npaBHTeuBCTBO, i m;o HeiroB 6a BiH, KopnijioB, 8ae BHpyjaTB Eipa- 

BHTeJIBCTBO, Bh,H,HO J H,BM pa30M, HK i B JUIEHeBi /[HI, XOTJJIOCB 0yp- 

atyasii aa^ymnTH aeMOKpaiiio ii BJiacaBKH at pyuaiiH. Ta npOBOKanja He 
Bfl,ajiacb. BiflcBKO KopnijioBa, aoBi^aBiBHCB Bi^; nocjiaBnJB neTporpajCBKoI 
pa^n po6iTHBTOx i caji^aTctKHx jenyiaTiB upo RiilcHEH craH piieB, He 
aaxoTiao Urn jiajii g ^piinyqHK" rtHepajioi. KopniaoB sajrarnHBca cai 

8 CBOfMIJ ^aOvTOTOHOrOHEnKaHH" (BiSHintHH TepKlH, BKHM OBHaEyBSJIOCB 

peajmiilHe 0(J)HEepcTBo) i qepea ae-HKHH lac 6yB BaapennoBaEHH Bpe- 

M6HHBH npaBBTeaBCTBOM. 

TaK CKiBiiwacB cnpofia pocifictKOi' 6ypatyaBJI aaayBiBTH peBOM)Eiio. 
MoryTsa pyna pofiiTHBKa i cajRaTa aiKBiaysaJia ii. Ta KepeHCBKBH bck> 
noGijiy na,i; KopaiaoBBu npHnacaB co6i, cboib nonyflflpaocTH i BBSTosy 
dbm noiipKOBanoMy KypcoBi 30BHiniHi,o'i i BnyxpiuiBBOi hojuthkh, no6ya,o- 
BaHouy ra Koaain,iI noMipKOBanoI HaerHBH KenoKpaTii 3 6ypa:ya3ie!o. Bin 
ne iioamaB noBnoro Kpaxy toi nojimtKH i nijynajiy CBoro aBiopHTeTy, 

TaK CaMO HK He IOT1B EOMhaTII i SpOCTy JtiBHX peBOJITOHiBEDX aacTpolB 

■ ir^ ^ B ' ? k"nini fiy.io op^auiaoBaHO ^Konirer ofiopoHH peBOjuonH" 3 npes- 
craiiHMKiB U,eHTp. Pa^u, Uuer>. CeKpeiapiaiy i Bcii yKpaim-Hcnx i BeyKpaiHCBKmt 






— 10 — 



a iiiHpOKUi Koaax pocificbKOI aeMOKpa™, i yoaB nicjra KopnutoBinjinn me 
6ijibui npaBe BpeHenae IIpaBirrejibCTBo, Hiac aice 6yao jifl Toro lacy. 
B MHCJii imninx bhhuijih si coaiiy ITpaBHTejibCTBa npn ujtt peopi'tminauiiT 
Horo rasoa: HimcTpn ABKceHTbeB, CKo6eJieB, HepHOB i IleuiesouoB ; Ilpa- 
BBTeibCTBO nonoBHHJioct. npejtCTaBHHKasin ToproBe^tiio-npoMncjioBOl 6yp- 
acyasi'i i enopiAnennx ifi koh, sk ot MinicTpoM ToproBJii KonoBajioBHK, 
j;ep«BEnnK KOHTpojibopoM BypHmKinnu, MiiiicTpoM sjii6opo6cTBa Apxanrejit- 
c&kh* i hhbihmh.*) KepeacbKiin, mo iaK neainaocepjT,BO ^viuhb (JojibmeBiiKiB 
uicjra Si ranaeBoro sncTyny, uLikom HnaKuie hobowtbch 3 KopnijioBH,flMH. 
Bin 3B0By HanaraBca noBecTH n,a»ni ry „Koaaiu,ifiBy' 1 nojiiraKy, mo Bse 
pas aOBejra ji.o JiHimeBHx uoaifi, a Bipyre — &o KopnijioBmnnii. Bomp- 
KOBana jeMOKpaTia, nepesiirnrn i 6ojH.meBnKiB i KopnijiOBmuHy, 3H0By 
oflHHiraact Ha poa^opiataty. HaanosiipKOBaHiini racjra II 30CTaBajincb se 
wiicHeHimu. BiSna THrjiaci. aajii. Ekohomhtoum aauenafl, KpalHn soxoftire 
Kpafmix HCiK. SyCoariHiia uapoAuix sac naolpajto 3arposy£0inx ipopit. 
ELipHBea pocnaji,. i anapxia. HlyKaioHH nopaiyHKy, ueTporpa,ncbKa pa;i;a 
pofiiTHHqHx i ca,ia;aTCbKHx ^enyTaTiB piumjia coHicaTii BcepociiictKy nfi- 
KOKpaTH t iBy Hapa^y b neTporpaj,i. 

2. floHaTOK TBopeHHa opflaHie aBTOHOMHO-AepmaBHoro ynpaBJiiHHa 
Ha yHpaiHi i doporbfia 3a ynpai'Hebni YcTaHOBHi 36opH. BaxKo ajcraaact 
aBTOBomia YKpaiBi, a me name oyiro II npn TOfliuinix yuoBax peBOJHoniiS- 
Horo SEiiTTa Ha YKpaiBi i b Pocil apeajriayBara b neBiuix, ycrajieHnx 
i earciiiHeHnx, sepsaBHO-npaBHHx aopiiax. IleTporpa^CbKi peBOmoujiiBi 
6yj;ni ojifivumch i ua Bnpalni. Xom KOHTp-peBOJUoujio i 6yno sajiymeHo, 
a Bee jk TpiBeHHHH, BHiiKyHraf BacTpifi, Be cHpnamnE TEopMiii opi'aai- 
3au,iimiH poSori, 3ajrHiDHBca. lloaifiHO #0 Toro, aK ojyHiujiH na SiK Bia, jiep- 
ataBHoI poOora Jtisiiui peBOJibiyHHi ejieueHTH b Pocil, nepecyHyBca n,eHTp 
Barn nojiiTHHHO-jepsaBHOl poGom i na BKpalni b cTopony npaeiniHx 
j'pyn. BaTBepjiaceHiiii BpeHeHHHM IIpaBiiTejibCTBo™ iWepajibHituCeRpeTapiaT 
6yB no CBOeny uojiiTiiiHOsy o6simiy ckojikok neTporpan;cbKoI KoaJiinji. 
CoujajiicTn - $eaepaaicTH, HenapTinai Ta ..cniBiyEami" conia-iicxn — 
TSKHK 6yB Cfoia^ toro. 3BH4a8no, ue TaKoav b cboki Mepry nei'aTKBHO 
o;i;(3HBaJtocb na HanpaMKOBi i Teani po6otH nepmoro BHsnaHoro BpeaoHBHtf 
npaBHTejibCTBO» ypaiy aBTonoiraoI yEpainH. 

CflK-TaK BjrauiTyBaBiim cbo! KannejiapiT, opi'aniayBaBinH aapoaKH iafi- 
6ym\x iieHTpajibHHX opi'aaiB aBronoMEio-rtep"-KaBnoro ynpaB-iiHHa YKpainn, 
reHepaabHnii CeKpeTapiflT, lie aytyqn ocraio'iHoro Bimcnenaa ccjiepH cbogI 
KOMneTenirii Ta po3nea:yBaHEa cboix i BpeaeHHoro rTpaBHTejrbCTBa <pyaK- 
uiii na YKpaiHi, He maioqir iu,e naaiTb i kouitIb, — 27. Bepecna (ct. ct.) 



*) B cKJiaj, TmiiacoEoro UpaBHtftSECTBa Tenep iiso/iiuji : KepenciKHfi — MiniCTp- 
npeuiseni; i BepxoBH. roaoBnoK03iaHsy»g]ifi ; TepeineHKO — miuicTp 8aKop,T,ouum 
cupaB i BacryiiuHi Tojiobh Paa,B Minicipin ; KiniKiH — Buyrp. cnpan ; K'a])Tan!on — 
BipoienoBiAHHi cnpaB ; BcpnantKiiit — (jiiHaticJB ; KoaosaHOB — roproB.ii ; npoKono- 
avm — cycnLitHOi obikh ; JliBepoBctKini — ui.iasin ; Ma.iiniTOBim — meTimii ; Ap- 
xaHfeJiLCBKBii — xjiiCopoficTBa ; fenepa.'] Bepxoucr.Kusi — BifioiBOBBl cnpaB ; a,i,Mipaji 
BepAepeaeiKHB — ^.ilotm ; BypnuiKifl — jep/Kaimiiii KOBtpo.iiop ; CuoSejieB — 
nyu.iii<nrni pofiir ; t%ieMOB — iipoaoBo.itini cnpaB ; HJKhiB — now i teaefpa^y. 
CsoCe.v.n FiulinoB 3 hboio coaav npaBHTejitcTBa 3apaa ;t;e nicia fioro c^opsynanBH. 






onoBicniB nacejieHHs oicpeiioio BwaBOio - noBuo«jieHnflM npo hototo 
cBoeii 3,isJU> H0CT1[ ' 

Oct TeKCT utoro noBisooeHBa: 

n liapo r i,e yKpa'iuii ! 

Boaero i cjioBosi j>i'i;'i.n"ii.if!iiuro napjaMeitty tboi'o, J' Kpa'iHctKOi U^empaji lii o'i 
Pain, b Tieuiil jroj,i a Jlpaiinuui.i'Tuosi peflo;uoii,iiiHoro BcepociftctBOro Bapojy, th 
o6paB i boct&bhb Hac, 1'enepaJij.uHu CeKpeiapiaT, na >io.ii BJiacra, cKaaauiun naa 

IBM UOBC i Bl.Ii.HO aOWTH J lllllllia Kpa», 

Bo Bpean anwe i TW?P«a noK.iaB na nac th n,e sucoise i TaxKe aaajxanaa. 
liiiiira, ora BorHcinia i KpiBBBa cnaftmuna napn Mmtojii II, ;;o meBTy uijTO^HJta 
ch.ih i a Li.inAiri Kiinj.ia Kpa'i oarari, rtioaoBim. ^epacaBne xa3sfieTBo poaiHTaaocB, 
'.laiieiiaao. l3uiBuoqi uejiHKOi PoeiiieBKol PecnyCamta cyue roaoft. Ha saxofti neTBepTBii 
piK uaaa i ue sraca Horoat Biiiflu, i noracEia Horo He b coai napoft MHOi'Ocipavta.'iiiuiH. 

liejEKim nepeBOpoT, yiBopeHna Bapo^auii Poci'i, po3Bic bucoki uopfli nypB 
BBpCBKOl H6B0.ii". Viieci cTapufi KonaprHiHiiti :iaji, CKacoBano. y bopbei, najiy, 
ii iiaupyiKeHiii Oopui 3 saiienaflOH peBO,iion,iiina neMOKpuTia apuBymeHa tbophth 
uoBiiii aaa jepiKaMHoro ra con,isjf>Horo aeHTm 

Kpafi Bece.mil i daraTHsi, Mamy THxy i'spai'iiy, Ta«oat apyfiHOBaao, 3yflOBteKO. 
I th, yapoje Tiixo'i BitpaiuH, iaK caao eras Hfi mopoHiiH cnoro jkbttji i nac irn- 

KJlllwlB flp TOl CiaBHOS, BeHBKOl pOuOTII. 

Mil ;k, bmio tbobj BBoaaioiu, 6ea eyaaiBy Ta flea Earaaaa Grain Taar, ^e 
sac BpH3fla^ieB0, i, hko HaHuiiinuH opfan BJia^B J'KpalHii, s CBiflOBiciio bcibkoto 
3aBaajiHH, aaaB.meHO Bcitf rposasiiHas : 

Haiiuepuiow sa^aieio an ctbbhko eo<5i aairtuiiTii hobbii -ia r i na yKpaiai. Oa- 
poay napctEOay .ia,iy ne Moace 6y«i i ho oyfle dopotth. 

Corai .iit yKpatHCtKHH Hapofl HOHeBipaBca y iianjonaaiHOHy SeanpaBCTBi, 
b yiHCKai, b 3ByniaHHHX. Tenep, Bijipoji^ceaEfi, obobjiohbb, xa3a'inoB yEixo^HTt Bin 
y PijBHii Kpaif HP bijlhuio kbits. A.ue era-ima tux cTpaataaiit, ^epsasaa MyjtpiOTi 
i cuijuHHu iHTepec e 3aaopyKoio xoay, m,o ni o^,na flan,ia, asa skbb6 Ha yKpa'iBCBKiii 
ncM.ii, ne aiiamae Bacaaieraa b cboIx Han,ionajitHBx Trpanai. 

I sif, CenpeiapiHT yKpawn, jsepByjo'iHcii ohhm iionEcanHM saHOBon aenoKpaTni 

Bcia'i iiaflioi 36HJii, totviu'ih cBiii spaii ao aBrunoanoro seiittb y BeaiiKiif ^ejtepai^i'i 

peciiyo.iiiKancbKOi Poci'i, onoBira,aEMO, mo He flouyciHJio iuhkhx yniCBiB aOo tmy- 

maHHs Hayi, iBiMH-6yab HaBuoHajiiffnan npaBaau. Bo tLilku aro^a Haujii Ta Gpaiep- 

i'aiBiKHTTii sa.'tyri. yupaisii roi oaiKaunli iiOBiiil na^. 

Tpyjpmi nacB, poOirnBHTBO, ee.iiiHCTBO Ta ti 3 hhx, bi,o BsaraeHi b ca.i.TaT- 
ii,i:i iiiniic.ii, 110K.1a.11t Kpaii CTapajt HOiiTHiHHM nopajpsani. TaK cano jrycBH. Oyni 
Kpaii TOMj r nopsflKOBi, K0.111 bkohobkiho ;iyjKi k-wch naB"yBa.TH na,T KJiaca»n npan,LOB- 
iiiiiaii. lenepa-itEiitt CeKpeiapifll yi;]iaiu» iiciioxhtuo cTanc na ciopoad npaB Tpy- 
aamiis aac. A.ie, Kpim BcecBiTiiLoro nemacni, Kpia BiiinH ia deaaajw 1 b -rociio.nap- 
cmi, me HHiiii tombi Ta a.io'iiinid en,™ nnoBxaioTL nac b Seao^Hio. CBi^ofli Ta ne- 
CBMoai Bopom napo^y, cnofii,-; i peno;i»u,iT BMHHnioTB naj. naccieBBBM fieniKeTH, 
rpafiiiKi, uacii.ihtrBa. 

Mil piuiy<ie noiiepea:at:Mo bcix Haca.Ti.iiuKiB i Boporin peBOJnon,i'i : B.iacT» po- 
BOJiion,iiiBoro Bapo r ^y J'KpaiHB hh Heyxu.ituo, Qej BaranBa fiyjiesio fiopoTHca 3 imaii 
i nepec.iijyBaTH eo»;huu B'imhok, mp bbocbtb fiea.ia^, i aaKOiioT b Kpaii. 

B qac jiHioaiTTa i ae^o-ii yKpaina. BCTa,ia j,o fly^yBaHHn bobhx $ops csoro 
aaiTTH, i tub cnjihnimoio ra TBep,i;ittioK) nOBuuna 6ytt B.'ia,a,a, aKiil p;opyieHo npo- 

Ba,UlTH T_V pofiOTV. 

ToBy ao Bcix ^eaoRpaTiil 3BepTaiiM0 name c.iobo: 

Hapo^e yKpalHH ! B tboix pyKax nopa^OK, z&n i blii MaiioyTiin ji,ojin nanio'i 
aeMJii. Be3 3ro r a,u, 6e3 cuiBpoCiTHHHTBa, fie3 apyainol oxo'io'i ni^nepatKu Tofloio o6pa- 
KO! Bjia;iB, ne Hosue (SyiM TBopeima Bi.iLHoro .iaay. Bo tLibkh jtpya-'HHau arcajijifliiB, 
Co Tui,Kn :i'«,i,[iaiii HanpyiKeiiKaa o,t,boI Bojii Bi'ix mm ajtepatmio nani Kpaii aa BiK- 
iBKy oeao^Hi i, hovko, Bi.nBe^eHO i bhbo;ic20 siin,niiH, 33,opoBiiiJ, HespyiiBOBaHBK na 
0I.1BX BCIBKOI Mailuyn- 

YeBepaJiBBBH CeKpeTapiat yspainii. 
Kins, 27. Bepecaa 1917, posy." 



— 12 — 



3BiHaiiH0, He atoacaa nHMarara eij, OHOBiiuonaa, a(3n b Hboury 6yjio 
EHKJiaAeno npoi'pau poCoTii l/eaepajibnoro CeKperapiaTy. Ajie see % TaKa 
naBeji;ene noBia;QMJieaHa &q.bslio na^ro na.no uaTepiajiy 3.0 xapaKTepncTasni 
nOBOi Bnaa,w Ha YKpaiHi. 3a poitaHTHHDO-GOJtoji.KBJi[n (xapaKTepnnMn jyu 
yKpalHCbBOl api^nol oypxyasii) BapaaaMii, aK — „KpaB BeceJini! i (5a- 
raTHil, naaia ™xa yKpatia", aa rojiocHHaH aioBaau npo „TBopenHa ho- 
Boro BiJibnoro shtta y Hamia Kparo" — xOBaaach b juhcboctd eynna 
tiopoatKeqa, Bifl,cyTHieTb TBep^o Hamiqenoi npoi'paaH npahTiiiaoi, 93.060- 
,naeBHoi juajibHocrH. 

I u,e ne oyjio BHnanKOBra. I{e ii,uikom BinnOBiAaao TOfliiuatM yio- 
Bai peBO-iKmiiraoro atnrra Baarajii i aaABBaqaiiHO tsxkoto, HBOaaaiHOro 
craHOBiiiua I 'eaepajibHoro CeKpeiapiflTy, niflaerjioro rjeaTpajibHifi Paji i b toh 
ace iac aa-ieaiHoro bi\ Bpcueaaoro IIpaBiiTeiibCTBa, cKosaaoro aaHuroac- 
Kasn lHCTpyKu,ii i niaKOK niapiaaaoro b cboui jyajibHocTH nemapiiiir xa 
BopoffiiiM BijyioinennflM j,o cede BpeHenHoro JIpaBHTe.ibCTBa. 

12, acoBTHa (h. ct.) I'eHepaaEitHS CeicpeTapisr BnuTyuiiB b Maaifi 
Pa,ni a CBoeio jeKJiapauieio — npofpanoM po6otji. ^eKJiapauis saao 
hbm pisnn.iacb no cyii b\h naBeseaoi BijozBB, BoHa TaKos oyaa j;hthhok> 
cBoro iacy i cboii TBopnJB, 

B cnpafii HaH,ioHajrbno-iiojiiTniaiS CeKpeiapiaTOBi ne Tpy^so 6yjio 
aaHHara neBuy, acny i auraBay aosnujio. li jjocnTb snpaano 6yjiu a)op- 
myaoBano B uocTaHOBi U,enTpa.ibnoI Pa.ua a npasojiy IncrpyKu.il, a me 
BBpa3Him,e b HacTponx ytcpalncbKoT peBOJnouifiaoi' ^eMOKparii. TyT ne moimio 
6jth Totiranna Ha Micoi, TyT He siorjia BBaaani Hi IncTpyKnia, ai HKi-6yji,b 
hhim nepeHiKO^H. TyT soataa i Heo6xiauo oyjio htb Baepejj, i I'eaepajb- 
unii CeKpeTapiflT cmijihbo il sa^aaHBB u& b cboiiI xeoapanii. 

3a6e3neqeHua yKpaiacbKOity napojiosi sepa;aBunx npaB Ba iioro 
aemjii, hk piBHoapasHOMy a,epa;aBno)iy TLiofli b <jiej;epaTnBniii pocificLKiii 
pecny6jiHU,i ; CKacyBanua MexaHHiHoro i 6ojuoHoro nojyJiy yapaiiHCbKoro 
nanioHazbnoro Tijia, sauoaiaaoro IficrpyKnieio, i oSe^aanaa Bciel yb-paia- 
cbKOl Beoi Ta BCboro yKpaiacbKoro napo^y b ojm'm ^epataBBO-aBTOHOM- 
niu ojHHimi; p03iuBpeBH3 1'onepajbHOro CeKpeTapiaTy BBejeuaHM a cKJiaa 
iioro BHKpecjieuHx BpexenuaM ] IpaBHTe^bCTBom ceKpeTapcTB no capaBax 
xapioaax, a,opir, boit Ta Teaei'pa4>y, cy&OBZi i BifictKORnx, xa aara.ibHe 
Borjia6aenafl KoMnereHuil CeKpeTapiaiy, ate aoBHonpaBaoi aBTOHOMaoi a,ep- 
saBHOl BjaflH i, Hapeiuii, ui^roTOBJieaafl cnpaBH coHKanim b aaii(!flH3:- 
•iafi lac yKpaiscbKnx YcTaHOBgax 36opiB, ara Maan 3aBepaiaTir Han;io- 
Haabuo-BiianoJbny 6opon6y yKpaisctKoro Hapo^y — TaK i|)op3iyiyBaB cboi 
saBjaniiH J 'enepajFtnoH CenpeTapiHT b ofijiacTH HarpoHajibHO-noaiTniaoro 
6yAiBHHu;TBa. TyT jrinia 6yja acHa. 

HaaKaie enpasa CTOHJia afi-no coniaabHo-eKoaoMHiHoro peBOJuo- 
iyfiHoro 6yAiBHDB,TBa, aKe oyao na Htspai Ana. Tyr reffepa;ibnnn Ce- 
KpeTapiaT Bace ne BBaBBB toI cMiaaBOCTn i hchocth, aK b nepmiii lacraai 
ceoet KeKJiapan,i[. 3exeabaa enpaaa, podiTHiiHa, capasa KOHrpojuo Haa 
6anKanH, upoBTHCTOBicTio i ToproB^eio — see u;e 6y,io aaieiureno TurbKii 
i!o6iHvHO, ri^tKH hk mocb HO»:,inBe i Heofixi^ae so poBBS3aaHH, ajie ho 
3apa3 i b HeBi^oMoiiy in,e naneBao Hanpaai. HaBiTb b 6i.Tbin KOHapeTanx 
i HeoffKJiajpnx enpasax, aK ot BnopanKyBaHaa Micn,eBnx opi'aniB a^BiHi- 






i:s — 



CTpaTHBiioro ynpaBniEHa, He nofcaB CeKpeTapinT bwshbx juiJiniB, 06- 
aexnBuiHCb aaraJibHoio aaasoio upo cBOe 6zmimsi nocraBBTn n anapa™ 
na uaieatHy BD^o'iiub L ai* nHtnmi, BHKopncTaTa, ak noairay chjij, b 60- 
poTbrti a aiiapxiero TaK aBane „BuibBe Koaau.TBo". He uopymyBaB TaKWK 
CeKpeTapiflT i fio.iio'iol cnpaBB npnnHEiemiH Biaaa. On,HBM cjiobob, upo 
see ire i'n° BiisoAD-io 3a aeau HauioBa.'ibHO-BOJihTmaoi fiopoTbfin, i-obo- 
DBJioct b jieK-mpanji fieaneBHOCTH i iii^necenna. xoh i ?opicaJiocb Bono 
cnpaB, Hid «o aeniae HauioBa.'ibflo-nojrrnmDBx fio.ii.in yispalircbKi napoaai 
wacH i Biinara-iH cBoro poaBaaauna. I^to HecairaBtCTb, eKaseao TaK, npo- 
fpaay CeEpeiapiflTy b coniflJibno-eKonoBflHnin lacTnei Soro auKpecjin.ia 
a eaaa Maaa Pa^a, aaanaiHBina b cboIh $opMy.ii nepexo,iy j;o neproBnx 
cBpaB (a npHBOjjj seK.iapaiiil), mo Pa,ia .BBMaiae Bijr, CeKpeTapiaTy m- 
Bijuaajyioro Ta aeiioxHTHOro nepeBej,eHHH b acHrra BaananeHOro b leoa- 
panii maiayaa nocTaBJieBHs nepejt YKpaiaoio b xo,T,i peBOJiron.ii 3aBnant 
nepexoROBoro xapascrepy, npn oiHO'jacHia nounrpeHHioino- 
rJinSjieflHK) is, as no cnoBHeHHH scix aaBjjaab peBoaio- 
nil b n;i Jii m fie mi". *) 

Ta in air 1'eHepa.ibnnii CaispeTapiaT HaairaTB nnmnfi nporpaa po- 
fioTB, niat Bin HamTHB? *1h air jyiicHO npBCTyBHTii .. iicBi,i,oa,iiio Ta 
HenoxHTHO" ao nepeseaeHBa xoq 6h toh) aifliHyaa peBOJHOHJimHx aaBflaHt, 
HKi fiyio aasEaieHO b aeKJiapanji' ? Hi, He air, ayci'ao BiAnoBicra 
Ha u.i nHTaHHH. BaaBina IacTpyKnJEo BpeaeaHoro npaBHTe.ibCTBa aa 6a3y 

B CBOlfi pofiOTi i TBM CaBBM OJUSOBBBHIHCb Bin peBOJUOnJHHnX BeTOjflB 

6vj;iBHHU,TBa, nj,o air apofinTn renepajibnim CeKpeiapiaT, n,eu ckojiok 
neTporpa^CbKoro BpeaeHHoro HpasnTeJibCTBa ? 3e»e.TtHa peipopaa: to 
<m air bib, fiyjjiB opfaHOH Bpeaenaoro HpaBHTeabcTBa 3 HajaBHianno 
aiaepaoK) KOMneTeH)i,ieto. m,ocb peajibBoro apooHTH b njii cnpafii? Bjh, 
b .liniiioiy BiinajiKOBi, Mir nepeuHSTB aa ceSe ua yKpaid (pJ'BK'Wi fleTpo- 
rpa,i;cbKoro aiHicTepcTBa i BanaaTHct niftia n,boro .,DijroTOBjeHHaB'' 1111- 
TaBna Bpo seaeJibay peipopsy jo ycTaaoBHHx 36"opiB. CupaBa pofnnni'ia, 
Topry i npoainjjio booth, (JtinaHciB: am pe<J)opMn Hosaa fiyao aanpoBa/pmi 
ryT, KoaH last, b neHTpajibHoay npaBBTeJibCTBi, Bcia 8anpaB«ura 
KonoBajiOBH, KiiuKimi Ta BypHuiKiBB — npeji;cTaBHHKH BOJBKoro Ktwrraiy ? 
CnpaBa aapy: mo b bih air, kom 6 i xotib, Bpofiarn 6e3npaBHn5 I'eBe- 
pn.iLHiiii GeKpeTapiaT? I He japeaEO npeicraBHUK poc. c.-i. BaiafianoB 
BecHMicTB'ino iio,ihbbbch aa npaKTBiae 3,xifieHeHna HaBiTb Toro aiaiaajib- 
KOro npofpaay, bkhji Baairan cofii r'eHepajibHml CeKpeTapiar b KeKJapttnL 
^ifiCHO, Tpy^eo fiyao i n,ei npoi'paa uepeBecTn B xbtth npn dani bob- 
hoi aaaesflocTD CeKpeTapiary bij; BpeaeHaoro HpaBHieJibCTBa i npn iroro 
aarajibaifi opieaxauii aa noaipKOBaay nacTHBy yKpaiHCbKoi se«OKP aT i' 
i .ipifiHO'f fiypacyaaii. 

IIepe,x yKpaiHCbKoio peBOJKmJHHOio jtcaoKpariero ctosio b to3 
rapannfi qac ^Ba rajraxH : afio ifnopyBaTn BpeaenHe IipaBHTejbCTBO i ca«o- 
innno nepeBOKHra Beofixi^Bi noiiia™ i coDJObHO-eKOHOMUMni pei])Opan 

) Wiat huuius, naaejteHa ysBaaa Ma.io'i Pa;ui inTepeeHa tub, mo Bona csia- 
■ujTt npo pocxo^sieHEn am l^enip, Pa^on i feaep, Qegpeiapiaio*, jiko b nel iac 
b-j;c Biipa3no HaaiTB.ioct, a aaji see gpocTa-io. l'euepa.ii,HiiH CeKpeTapiflT I ■ 
■iaiiiue spaaine HempajMioi PaiB. 



— H — 



mi yKpai'Hi, a6o iira paaou a nam i, ana'iaTb, afioHjBara EupaBO, lepatann 
Kypc na Koajiiniio fiypatyasil s aeMOKpaTieio. r'eflepajn.Hna CeKpeTapuiT 
i ctob na neii apyraii Max. Orate Tpeoa <5yjio po6nTB a nboro i is<i 
KOHceKBeHuiT. BjiauiTOByio i M b ce6e ceKpeTapcTsa na spa30K neTporpni- 
clkhx miaierepcTB, fenepaibBaa CoKpeTapiaT Mob i y Beiii CBoi'fl npau,i, aa 
BHKJUOMenHam Bau,ioaajihHO-uo:iiTBOTio cnpaB, cjii^OM aa HCTporpa;i,ctKHMH 
MiuicTepcTBaia. . Hiwro hobopo, BijiMinBoro sij; rojiiuinix nerporpaji,CbKnx 
npaBBTejiBCTBeHflnx motojub „pflTyBaHQH peBOJiioiiil", CeKpeiapiaT He ^aaaB 
i He Mir jipm. A 111,0 n nera^n fiaaKpOTyBajiH Base no Beifi Pocii, ne 
AaaH bohh fiaatannx aaciiAKiB i Ha yKpaiai. GrHxifiBi npoaBH Hapoj- 
nboro HeBHOBOjreaHH nepecyny-mct a MocKOBmHnn i Ha yicpaiHy, i 1'eHe- 
pajibuBa CeicpeTapiaT, ak i BpeaeBue IIpaBnTejibCTBO, ne mas matto'i anorn 
aanofiirTH in in thm Gi.ibiue obhhhth Jx 

16. jkobths (a. ct.) ButfyBca slix I'ySepHCbKHx i nOBiTOBHx Komca- 

piB ;,aBTOHOMH01 yKpa'lHH" : KH'iBCBKOl, BOJIHHCbKOi, BO^iJIbCtKOl, H6p- 

HDnBCbKOl i nojuaBCbKoi i'y6*epaiil Ha u,bOHy 3'i3i,i acKpaBO j BaaBHaoct, 
an jajreKo Bnepeji, niuua posojiionia i hk ojcTas Bij; ne! Teaepajibnaii 
CeKpeiapiax a CBoeio ,a,eiaHpan,ieio i a cboimh MeTO,a,a«iH ypajiyBaaHa. 
KoMicap DJyabrHH, xapaKrepaayio™ craH capas na Kni.BUj.nHi, aaysa- 
xbb „ nejf.ocTpoeaiCTb aemeabBBx, xapWBHi i nainax opfafliaanjiL. Cno- 
CTepexeno. roBopaB Bin, BBna^Ka, ko.th aaxo^am aeiiejibHHx KOjriTeriB 
i 6ea hhx ceaaHo „3aopeasyBajiH" &ml ce6e jthjioko 6i,ib!ue aeuii, hi a: 
Toro daa;a;in noffliiaHKH, B i'y6"epnil aaiimoB paa, KOHifwuKriB nix Haee- 
jieBUHK i BJiacHHKamu jucib ia-sa urn aa ^.posa. BaraTO neuopoayjuBb 
i KOHiJuiiKTiB aaauiJio Ha eKonowmiji l'pyaii na 6ypaKQBHX njiflnTaubix. 
Ak ^.OBi^aBCH Koaricapiar, roTOBi BnoyxayTH BejiBKi HenopoayniaBH riz 
pofiiTHBKaMH 'ra BJiacmiKain uyKpoBax aauojiJB. IIo ryfiepnii Hityn. camo- 
cyjin. Mi.iinia uociaBJieHa ayae caa6o. Konicap 1 e p H a r i b c e, k o I 
i'y(5epnil #. ^,opoinenKo nojafl 3'i'340Bi, m,o „b Soro I'ydepaii naa- 
€LibaiHM Jiiixoa « Haci'ynaioiHH roJio^, aK»i woace ^oBecrn ^o rojiaianx 
fiyHTiB, mo b acHTTK) yepHHriBm,HBif iioMi'jacrE.ca a.ijia nnasa Henopn^KiB." 
Ai'papui nenopoayMinaa, Kpatiati, rpa6ia;i, noiuapioioTbca ao I'ytlep- 
iii'.'Muriuia He CTOi'Tb na bhcotj cboto aaB^aHtifl. A. KapHa^eB, no- 

Jl,aH)HH Bifl,OBOCTH HpO CTflH CHpaB Ha B: £ Li •! H>! 3a8Ha4HB, mo „B TUX 

noBirax HOAiflbCbKOl fySepnii, Kyj;n Bdynajio BificbKO npa OCTaHHia aiit- 
CTynaBHio, b cejiax 80(rnuncH aopHi odropi.ii eroBra. KaMiireubKua iiobit 
rojiosye. 3eMino ceiraHe 6epyTb Ha opeuianx ynoBax no BKaaiBKax aeiaeJibHnx 
KOMiTeTiB. " B a a ji o b, KOJiicap BojinHCbKOi i J y6epHii", aaaaa'inB. m,o 
b i'y(jepnil iljiyTb Be;iHKi deuiKera i norponia, aki ynB3Tb caiflara, a Tanos 
Biji;6yBaroTbca „MacoBi napyuieHHa npana, aid aaxoiaib no Beit fyfiepnii' 
aa ai'papnia i viicoBiii i'pynTi u . PojijaaHKO, no^atoin aei^OMJienHa s H o ji- 
iaBn;iiHH, saaaaaas xaKoac, wfl b I'yfiepnii fi,i,yTb saaiiKi fieaiKera. 
„IIoMiTHa anapxia. Cejiaae ne flaroTb xjiiSa, saaaiora staHycpaKTypanx 
TOBapiB. MLuiyia ne 3^aTHa Hi n;o wro." CiiabKH roBopnTb I'aseTapcbKa 
xpOHiKaju^a 3amTKa npo .noEtaaan KOwicapiB upo cTan na Micn,ax, b I'y- 
SepHiax, nijuBJia^nnx TeHepajibHOMy CeKpeTapiaTOBi. Ti ca«i „6eBJKeTH 
Ta anapxia i MacoBi napyraeBBa apaBa% nepeBaiKBo Ha eKonoHn^noisy 
I'pyaii, Bijjo'yBaancb b , toh Hac no BciS yKpalni — XapKiBin,Hni , 



15 — 



XepcoHmwu, KaTepnHo&raBinHHi, Taspil, EocapaSii .... JI,incHO „b< 
SpeMB JiioTe i Tpynae" npHcrynHB so cbobi pooora r'enftpaii&HHH CeKpe- 
fapiar. I Tpe6a OyJio Haa3BHHaHnHx, pimyqax i cmuihbhx, Bia;iioBi,ii;aioiHx 
lanoay cTyDnesi po3BHTKy peBOJiioii,ii aaxojjB, w,o6 HanpaBHTH cTHxiime 
Hapo^He HeBA° B0Jteanfl B pi" 18111 . 6 6yAysaHHH hobhx con,iajrbHO-eKOHOMim- 
uhx Biftnocnn. IJn 1 3axo;yB He Mir bkhth CespeTapiaT, ne nor.ui bxhw 
i Koaicapn — npeseTaBHHKH nepeBaaiQo noMipKOBannx Kpyris rpoHa^aB- 

CTBa mo naBJTB b nau,ioHaju,HO-noaiTHqnnx cnpaBax <5ojijiuca Barnaracb 

«aaeKo Bnepeff*), a Base Hiwo KaaaTa npo Ix bjipthqc™ jo sajiarofl- 

SeHBfl COHWJIbHO-eKOHOMHIHHX KOHIpJliKTiB. **) 

3'l3fl KOiicapiB, mo Mir oh npn HHinoiiy CBOesy coa4 i iiamin 
ofiCTaHOBoi noAat'H Basm BKaaiBKH hojiojuh yKpaiacbKia" BJiajp b cnpaBi 
nofiopfiOBaHHfl tax caiax „6emKeTiB, anapxi! Ta Hapymenb npaBa", Ha aid 
CKapsHJiHCt Bci KOMicapH, b ,n,iHCHoeTH ne jaB niioro. lioro ymajin dyjiti 
TaK caMO a,aneiri bib; peBOJironiiiHoro atHTra, hk i cani KOMicapa a ix 
CTapHiH ;a;opeBOJ!ioii,iiiHHMn anapaiaMn Ta uurinjeio. 3aHiciu. Toro, w,o6 
cmmbbo rjiflHyTH b oii juhchocth i BKaaaiH na neofixijinicTt KopiHHo'i 
asinii flOTenepiuiHtoI iiojiIthkh Bpeaenaoro XIpaBirreJibCTBa i r'enepajit- 
aoro CeKperapiaTy b HaapaiKy nerailHoro nepeBeaeHiiH fle-atoix eoijj- 
HabHO-eKOHOMiiqHHx i HasiTt ajotiflicTpaTjiBHHX petyopii, 3*13,0, KOiricapiB 
odMeatHBCH JtaTaHHAM j;ipoK Ha CTapiJj ofleacnni. 

InTepecHOi b toh tfac cnpaBH opfaaiaanji Tate 3Banoro „BiitbHoro 
K03an;TBa", mo caMcmHHO uxapHJocb no Bcifr YKpaiHi b (popiii Bcenapoa- 
HLoro 036poeHHH #Jia saxncry cei By, oaajj.HTBaMy i oooposH miacoBnx 
eKOHOHii'inHx iHrepecis cejraaeTBa b nponeci peBOjnou.il, ne 6yjro bhkoph- 
craHO mouo;i;ofo yKpai'HetKoio Baasoio (4). Hacniiiyiom neTporpanctm 
spasKH, Bona ne aiorjra bhabhth i Tyr cbogI iHiuiaTHBH, xoi, BjiaBajiocB, 
cane starra urroBxajro i I J enepanbHnii CeKpeTapiar i KosieapiB 3B8pny r rn 
cboh) yBary b 6w hk paa u,boro ^KoaaitTBa", a He peopi'aHiaan.il CTaporo 
apyiinoBaHoro nojiineBcbKoro anapory, na3BaHoro BpeMeHHHM npaBHreiB- 
ctboh „Mi]rin,ieio. a 3'i3^ KomicapiB, po3yMiioHH flo6pe, mo osopoennn ce- 
JiancTBa Moace nocjyjKHTH ocTaHHboiiy ^jih oSoponn iloro kjibcobhx eicono- 
MiniHox inrepeciB, BBMOBHBca nporn „BijiLHoro K03aii,TBa;', 3a3HainBniR 
b CBoIit nocTanoBi, mo „neo6xiflHO bchkdmh enocofiaiu era- 
para cji flKHaHinBH^9epo33(}polTH iciHyioHi Bace BijHi.TH 



*J iHrepeCHo, mo na 3 ! i3ji KOKicapu aeepHyancL J." B. Bnimijieiuca a 3a- 
imiaHBaa : imi bokh, BaacHe, Kosucapn : Bpea. IIpaBHTeatCTBa 'id fenep. Ceitpe- 
TapisTy ? 

**) l'yuepninji,HH«ra KoaicapanH na yspaM b toh fac 6y.ni a.xeoi.iBoioro 
upcacTaBHiiKsi yKpaiHCtKOi npiCHOl tiypjKyaiiil, tuhob! con.-<j»ejtepajiicTH, npiiKJion- 
iiiiKii n eBO,iK)nilH!ix in.iaxiB s b 0opon6i sa nepeoyxooy cycniatcTBa na hobhx oc- 
uoBai, so? na ^oM fenep. CeKpeiapiaiy snyTpimHu: ciq)aB ctohb B. Bhhhh- 
lemo, c.-ft, TaK, na Kn'iBmuai OyB CaaiKOBCtKHfi (c.-$.) ; Ha Boothi — Bh3.iob 
(c.-^i., OyBHmiS Ka^eT) ; Ha ^epHHriBiftHHt — X ^opomeHKO (c.-$-) ; Ha HoJTaBmiiui 
— A. JtiBHDjBBHu (uoaipKOBainiH u.-,;.) ; na irofl,tjr.«o — CraxoBCiKiifi (e.-J. ?). Oaipaio- 
'inci na hhx, fen. ceKperapciBo jiMyTpiuinix cnpaB, xov. <5h ii ne 6yjip odaeaceKe 
b CBo'ift KOMneieHnii BpeM. npaoHTejLcnoM, He. ciano na uiasx hobho'1 nepedy- 
-Wbh aaMJHiCTpaTHBflHi anapaTis sa irienai na jiobbx, iiapo^nto - peB0.i3on,iii mix 
ocHoiiax. 



— 16 — 



BLiiHOro KoaauTEa i EanpasHTHaCpoio TyjjH, je ioesJ 
Heo6xij],Kiiu,a — b apMiio". T'eBepaatBan CeKpeTapiaT, n;o Mag 
nepeji, thm seiBepRHa Haaiip EHKopnciara BiJibHe KosauTBO, t3k i ne ne- 
peBiB CBoro HaMipy b JEnxra. 

Mia: tdm „BnibEe EOsaETBO" Morjio 6jth BDEOpHCTane /pa peBowo- 
n,il i ^epaiaBHOro 6ys'BBHii,TBa. Moacia dyjio bbbth n,efi CTHsifiHHH pyx 
b cboi pyKH i Ha^ani fioay daataniix fops, a caae: oadpoioBaTH uo neB- 
aoiay njiflHOBi tjjibkh 6inmuifi ceJWHCTBO i nunopaaKyBaTH, TaKHM cnoco- 
Oom, Bpe^opaOBane „BijiLHe KosanrBo" aicjjeBMM pa^as cejiHHCbKHx fteny- 
TaTiB, 3 nepenecenflflm Ha ocraHHi Bsarajii n,eErpa Barn a^uiHicTpaTJiBHoro 
ynpaBJiiBHH na aicnax. BejiHKoi' jiomkh TOftiinHLoro nopai^y b& Mieuax 
Bin, iy>oro He oyjio 6. Pa^n cejiHHCbKHx flenyTaiiB Bse 3 TaK aBJiajracb 
faKTHqiniirr oprananiH BaajiE na iticnax. Bohh fldaJiH npo saraJibBiifi 
cnoKifi b cboih OKpyai, pei'yjiiOBajiH 3eneJU>Hi BiflHOCHnii, Gepercra Jiicn 
i Tas juajii. Oixe Bijibie KosauTBo, TaK in snaKine nijiEopajiKOBaHe 
la, bto hk opfaHaa BJiajp na Mieuax, 8a6e3ne<ieHHM rpiiuan i upaii > EOh> i iiTx 
nia neBBHM npoBO^OM, sorjio sk pas i aBaincL tok> cbjiok, m,o case TaK 
EOTpitfna 6yjia na aicnax b toh qac. 

He npoHBnB oco&MBOi inia,iaTHBn r'eHepajibHHH CeKpeTapiaT 
i b iminnx ra-iyaax ynpaBJiinBa. B ceKpeiapiaii xjiitfopoocTBa, (JnaaaciB, 
ocBiin Bee mujio b thx (Jtopirax i pamax, hk i b neTporpa,n;etKnx 
ninioTepcTBax, 3 tok> xi6a piacBHn,eio, mo Tan 6ym CTapi, j;o6pe Ba.ia- 
ro^JKeiri anapam a TyT, Ha yKpaini, rabKH sapo^KH aanoyrHix anapariB. 
MJHinajibHiiH coniajitEo-eHOHOMnMHBH npofpaa, HaHiaeHHi CeKpeTapiflTOa 
b noro n;eKJiapan,iI, BajiflmaEca He siijficBeHHM. 

Ta fi be ejjikom noiipKOBana i jitoajibHa jsfi BpeaeHsoro Jlpaen- 
Te.ibCTBa oprEHiaanjiiHa poCoTa CeHpeTapiflTy ne aoraa 2th HopiajibHO. 
BpeMeEHe IIpaBHTejtbCTBO HaBMHcne JTHurajio CeKpeTapiaT b TaKOMy 
CTanoBHmi, m,o bih HaBtib upn nafiKpaiHEi CBoi'x Haaipax steoro He air 
spo^HTH i air TkbKH KoanpoarryBaTHCb. B toe nac, hk naceJieaEH Bate 
3BHKJI0 HHBHTBCb Ea IfenTpaJitHy Paxy i feHepaabHEJi CeKpeTapiaT, he 
Ha opi'aHH BJiaaE Ea YKpaiHi, i Bnaarajio Bis hex HeranEoro 8ajiaro,n- 
acenHH cboIx MHCJieHHiix SojtaiOK, r'eHepajibaiiB CeKpeTapiaT see ceiir 
6es ata^HHi KomriB. Acii'HOBaHiix Ha noipefin CeKpeiapiaiy 300.000 Kap- 
CoBaBniB (cyna no cHiuinoro sajia) BpesieHHe npaBHTejtbCTBO BaBHBCiie 
Be BHCDJiajio CeKpeTapiflTOBi, BHuaroMH b toh ae nac a KOmTiB sepataBnoi 
CKap6HHii,i MiJiioHE ,,coK)30Bi ropoAiB" Ta bbidhm „cJiyxHHHi!ii" aarajii.no- 
pociacbKHn opr'aniBaniaM Ha YKpaiHi. Micneni opi'aHH BJiajin, o6caseai 
Bee me HaKaaamn a nerporpajiy, aoBciii ne xottjih hth na aycTpi^ CeKpe- 
TapiaTOBi b fioro opr'aHiaau.iBHifi pofiori, npo^oBsyioiH 6esnocepeaHi 3no- 
chhh a BpeaennnM IIpaBnTejibCTBOM. Bciia 8a6yTflt3 CeHaT TaKos i>iinDB 
HarafliaTH npo ce<5e tiim, ui,o osM0BH3ca EaspyKyBaTH B n Co6paHiS ysaso- 
HeHifi" iHCrpyKEJK) r'eiepaJibEOMy CeKpeTapiaTOBi, hk Bajtaay Bpeaeniin.M 
HpaBHTejiBCTBOB ^HeaaKOHHO". Otsb yaoBu ijis npaiii 6ymt HaftBBnqailiio 
Taacid. Yroaa i iHCTpyKnia BnasHJincb nanepoBEMH aKTaan, hkhx BpeaeHne 
IIpaBnTeJibCTBo BOBcim i He 3ynaJio BHKOHyBaTH. 

OjiCTaioin niji, peBoa(on,ii b coiiiajibao-eKOHoaaqKiH qacTHHi cboto 
rrpofpaay i AiaJiBHoc™, TeHepajibHnH CeKpeTapiaT i UeHTpajibHa Pa,i,a, 



— 17 — 



BBepTajm i nani roJiOBHimy yBary Ha 6opoTb6y aa HaujonajibHe bdsbo- 
jeniifl jKpai'DctKoro napony. I ne moaina citaaaTH, moo* hpobljuidkh 
yKpaiHctKOi peBOJUonJnHoI neHOKpaiii ne uosrajm n^oro CBoro Ba:e bh- 
pasHoro poaxoHSKenna „8 ajrofiQio akh", a tum ca»Hi i a mnpoKHin 
BapoABiatii jiacamn. Ta nocryuoBaHHa ii b toh l iac JierKO BpoayaiTB. 
HocTiilna 6opoTt6a peaKniiranx chji upoTH HanioBaataoro BiiaBoaeHHa 
yKpa'iHCBKoro Hapojty, ayicaBCTBO Ta -KpyTificTBO Bpeseanoro HpaBHTeiib- 
ciBa BnKfliiKasH b caMBx pi»;BHi Koaai yupaiHCbJcoro cycriJibCTBa case 
cni.iBne name <5asannH pas Ha aaBiue noKiHHHTH a nanjonajibHDM rBirosi. 
mo Bee m,e tojehb Has yKpalactKns napOROK. 3BH i iafiH0, He Bci yicpa- 
iHctici I'pynn Boa^ajiH onnaKOBHfi aaicT B poayniiflBa BaiyoHajibHoro Biia- 
BOJiennfl. PeBOJiionjfiHi conjajricraim! naprii sotim wEnnie npofi™ nepion 
HaoioHajibHOi 6opoTb6n, mod Mara Bijibniiuy pyKy, posqameBe nojie ;ym 
miflcoBOi, coujaJU-HO-eKonoMHiHOl dopoibfin. JIpiCno-SypjEyaani nesojqpa- 
THMHi fpyna Mpiajm npn nbouy npo mocb bobcIm HHine. Ta uci 6ayon, 
mo nopoaynianaM a pociiicbKOK) neMOKpaTieio, HKa see me iiiuna b Koaai- 
ni'i a CBoeio 6ypatyaaicto. He juhth ;t,o Haiiionaji&Horo BmBoaeHHH, mo ho 
u,toro ocTanuboro ipeSa npociyBa™ i jiajii liijiuxom BnepToi fiopoTbCn. 
TXe it TBopHJio Koaaiiyio b yKpaiHCbKouy cyenijibCTBi, ne fi npHHyraynajio 
pi/KHi fpynH fioro jio^epatyBaincb TaE aBanoro e^BHoro Hau,iOHanbnoro 
(ppOHTy. CnLibHHBi racaoit ;ps Bcie'i yKpalHCbKoi' aemoKpaTi'i hbubch oim 
— ^YKpaiHCbKi ycTanoBii 3dopn!" Heiafi Ha YitpalHCbKHx YcTaHOB^HX 
36opax, oopaanx Ha caMifi seuoKpaTHifliH b cam ochobi, yKpaiaebKHH 
aapon BHHBHTt cbojbo ™cTy, npaBHHBy, Heaajresny, cysepeHHy bojik» ! 
Hexair bci ti, mp see mp eyMniBajiHCb b tih boii, b;o ne xorijin BnanaTH 
aa HeHTpajibuoio Paji;oio npaBa bhhbhth -ry bojiio, mo KpasiH Ha lacra 
atHBe xijio yicpatHCbKoro napo^y, HexaS bci bohh — rHoGmeJii yicpalH- 
cbKoro napony, aacaiiMeBi raoBinicra i neHTpajucTH — noda^iaTb Ty 
Bojim i nepeKonaioTbCfl, mo na 6on;i yKpafHCbKOi' neMOKpaTil npaB^a 
i CHjra! Or j& BeaHKe, a^aTfle aaxonHTH peBOJH0D;iHHHX 6opn,iB racjio, 
HKe BBKHHyaa yKpaiHCbKa aeMOKpaTia y BianoBiab na sci ti nepemKOjuf, 
flKi Bona aycxpijia b cboTh BanioHajibHiii dopoTb6i. 

IIIocTa cecin Il^eHTpajibHoi Pajn (18. — 22. VIII. b. ct.), Ta caaa 
cecia, mo otfMipKOByBaaa lHCTpyKH,iio Bpeiieiinoro IIpaBHTeJibCTBa jpa 
TeHepajibHoro CeKpeTapiaT} r , BHpiuiHJia pocnoiara cepfioaHy 6opOTb6y aa 
YKpalHCbKi ycTaHOB"ri 36opn. 3aaHaiHBiun b caMiS pe30Juonii a npHBOjy 
iHCTpyKuj'i neo6xiji,HicTb craHKaHna YKpaiHCbKHx YeTaHOBHBx 36opiB, Hen- 
Tpajibna Pa t T,a npnuHHaa b iy.it enpafii mo 5 caijrjioqy eneuja.iLiiy 
yiBajiy : 

„CToroqn na ocsOBi hi'ibm HeoGueaceHoro caM003HaieHHH Hanifi, 
BHsnajoHH, mo TijitKH caMO HaceaeHHH yKpai'HH Moace poaBaayBaTH na- 
TanHH noaiTHraoro lajiy yKpalna Ta ii Bi^noiueHHH ho Pocii. yKpaiHCbKa 
U,eHTpajibHa Paja BBaatae HeodxinnHBi no 3ioai hk naiiuiBHHie CKJiHKarH 
ycTaHOB^i 36opn eTHoi'pa<pH i iHoi yKpaiHH." 

A jjaai b nociaaoBi BaanaqaiHCb Bute i npaKTBini saxoHH ho ckjih- 
KaHHH ycTaHOB<nix 36opiB: nerafiHe odpansH cneu,i3JbH0i Kouicil „wa 

BDpo6jI6HHH HOpHHKy BH^OpiB flO Y, Y. 3<)0piB i CKITHKaHHa Ix. B KOpOSy- 
XpscriDE. IcTopifl peBOjronil, II. * 



Nimifo a reirepMtmia ceKperapeB n,aa Bnyrpitunix cnpan i opi'aitasiii j 
Micneuoro caaoBpajyBaRnfl". j 

Bijia i;iel cnpasii, ak i Tpe6a oyjio cuoaj bathos, anoBy poauajm- 
.iHCfl npucTpacTH, HepniHiH aaBopyunrracb ifleoJiboi'H BeOTKOflepataBnol 
pocificBKoT dypxya3ii — ita^OTH. MjieH Majto'f Pajn itajteT Kpyntios, bb- 
cJiyiaBmH Auuflpaiiiio T'enepajtHoro CeKpeiapisTy, saaca^aB 6e3KOHe<mHX 
noacneHL j;o hoi Bin CeKperapiaiy i, r nepiny lepry, noaraeHb b cnpaBi 
cMHKaiiHfl yKpai'HctKHi ycTaHOBiHX 3<5opiB. IIJo poayarie reHepajibiiiiit 
CeKpeTapiflT uifl, yKpai'HCBKHsn YcTaHOBinMH StSopajm? anoro3Ha'iEO 
imt;ib n,efi nan. I kojih runoBa CeKpeTapiaTy B. BHHHHieHtco Bi^noBiB, 
m,o ^yKpaiHCbici ycraHOBqi 36ops aa yKpaiHCLKin mobj osHaqaioTb Te 
came, mo i Ha pociicbHiS a6o (ppaHnyabKiS", npeacraBHEK Kanei-is aa- 
ata^aB Baneceima jjiel BWiOBiitf BHHiiiiqenKa Jto npoTOKOJiy aaci^aHiiH. 
A nepe3 KijibKa anis niejiH u,fcoro, no nociauoBi KiitBCbKoro KpaeBoro 
KOmiteTy naprii Hapojatoi Cao6o^n, Kaaetu bhduijih ai coaaj U,eHTpain.- 
noi Pa^u, aaBBnBBUi, ih,o bohh ne nosyTb noro^nTHCb 3 aeoflpanjeio 
I'erepajiLEoro CeKperapiaTy, ocofiJMBO a rieio 11 MacTHiioro, HKa roBopHTb 
upo CMHKanfla yKpainctKHx ymffOBiEX 36opiB ?a npo npeACTaBiiHii,TBO 
yKpaiHH na MisHapo^Hifi Miipofliir KOK<|>epennit.*) 

Ta KaieTaan cnpaca ne o6nexnjiacb. Cjm'aox aa nmn tiiflnajia 
3H0By l'BajiT i trauytoia ^esoKparia. Koan npmlnuo Ha aaciflaani Majioi 
Pa,n,R (23. — 31. awBTHa h. ct.) ji,o npaKTHiuoro ofiaipKyBaHaa cnpaBH 
coBKaHHa ycraHOBqiix 36opiB, npescTaBHHKir ..leHtmoeTeft" rapaie ea- 
npoTecTyBajiH npora ui^neceuol peipepeaTOH (yKp. con.-peB. CeBpioKon) 
jyiKH npo cyBepeHHml sapairrep yjcpaiacbioix ycTaaoB^nx 36"opiB. Ocb 
ypiiBOK 3 raaeTaoro Binqnry npo Te aaciftaHHa Maao'i Paxn : 

„Pa$ec (fiyu^isenb) BBasas Bfl ie, mo n fteK.inpau.ii CeKpeiapiaiy, npnu- 
hhiuI i npejcTaBHHKaiin Keniicocieil, ne ara^vcrtcfl xepain B cyBepeHmcit u . Ko.in i:ii 
CTOhe 3a Heiio^ijitnoio Pocicio, roBopiis Bin, to bh ne iiobhhhj roBopnTH npo cyse- 
liennicTB. Bb Kii^afiTe Macau raejia, bki HoxyTb BtifiisiKaTii bcsiu yTomiiHi Mpil. 
Pu3]>ub a Pot'iiin.KUM VcTaHiiBMUM ^iupaHHJia hii BBa%ai-K'> KiitiTp-jieBaiKmiiiuiiM 
aKTOH i Oyjfi&o 3 una fioporaca. 

I'» a:i a a ii o b (poc. c.-j[, Menbui.), BKaaaBnm na Te, ni,o, oieBii;u[i», Kosa 
iijie npo rastHTiiiiricij. .\'i;iiiiinii, -.laiinnB : msi u_y,ieMO OopoineH nponi is.ki\x toh- 
^cflniH. XaH yitpalffRi ne ucpeoitiflmwiB cboIx cHa. 

C K.iGB cbK ii ii (poc. cou,.-peB.) MBopHB : mis cioImo 3a ^e^ejianiK*, ji. 
Tatty, aico'i .uiuiiaaioTbCH yKpa'i'Hu'u Kojb bh xo l ieTa BlAOKpeKHHCH Bi;i, PuriT, nii.;- 
BHraiiTo racio cyBepeHBOciH. A.io ko.iii uoaa tasoro GaataaBa, to npjtcTvniTt ,t.it 
fi]iani no cB-iBKaauKj Haii,i"na.imoro cohmj. 



*) B cboIB 3aaBi ao B^eHTji. Pa^,ii 3 npmto r y BBIOJJ i if CMaflJ, BPMBR8 
KosheT Ilapiil Hapo^BBOt Cbo6o^k, mat bhukm, nacas: .^eraip&g;ut reaep. CeKpe- 

Tapiaiy Brnto^iiTi. »a Me^ri FTOfll 3 H|iaBiiTe.ii.CTBOJi. Maioin aa ysaai ciuiiisaTir 
.Vi;|iaincM« J'cTaiuiB'ii 36opa i ^onaraiDmK'B yKpalttOBBOro JtpejeTaBiiim,TBa ua jiin;- 
jiapOj%uifi anpoBil BOEfepempI, yKpamcLKa Il,eiiT|). Paja ni r i,KpMTO cTau na praaj 
l»,.!,i,i.iv P'odaciBOl JepiOBH." JI,a.ii Komiei napTii, ,^Ti.ia,uio cniiHiiBiiuR-b „na 
riii He6e3iieu,i, nwa rposiiTi, KpacBi i 3ace.iaK>qita ioro uapoj,aM ttix npocKTOBanciro 
i V'lcpcTapiaTOM BULiioro Ko^antBa", npoiecTyaaB B npOTit caiioi uel TBopomtii iii.it- 
iioro K03an,TBa, EBOl iio noaiHa norojiiTu 3 posyninaaM j,e].iu:aBHOCT]i i asa Koanpu- 
Kliy« lenejuuLHiiii CeKpeiapiai, as opfaa BpeaoHHoro IIpaBHTe-itcTBa", 60, aoB.mB, 
n iie TkibKii a,i.iil('in,'i!iiii. Me I caaa nponaranaa uie'i iflfH, niTOBxaioTi Bapo^BK) Macy 
3.0 TaKol aBanTRipit, iiacji.tKiB awY ho aosfaa nepeaCa-iaTii", 




— 19 — 

I(pe,tcuaTe.ii. fas. Ospetapiflry B n n 11 a i e it k o bhxojocub qpoxojiy, 
u auiil jmiBiiE cefie iijuimuliiukos cyaepenHocTH VKpainii. CpcpeiuiicTi. — lie 
noBHe BHHBJieHUH BOJii, aje n,e Be eeiiapaTiiaM. Poeticise upaBJire.iLCTBo Garaio 
oGinac, Ta mmo nae. Mii (jxp. c.- r ;.) lenep ire itn^BHraaao rawa cajioeriiiHocTii. 
Aae nil He noacffllQ npHWtrajTH, ib,o ne 3jtiHnao cboTi norja^ia, bUhmiUho flo_ 
roohi yaoB, tu« fii.itnie, nin J'KpatHa ii'iKoan ne aana,ia ouin,auKu bl' bmo.ihth ai 
cwaflj lViciiicLKoi ^epaeaBH. 

II o p iu (yKp. c.- r i.) aaiiBiiB : ao»e Koanct jKpalnctKi npoaBiapcBKi aacti 
BiiiBjiniyTB na rtepiiiiiii n.inn otkajiaEHS, aae Tenep e iiirmi aaB^anaa. 

IIIanoBaji ()'Kp. c-p.) CKaaaB : aH He aoateao ■toiiycTHiu, mo6 na Pocifi- 
cuoq J'i TaHOBtni Boopax nauiy aBTOHoaiio odroBopiOBajiu lirp&TB i XyHTy»H .... 
Has ucsa «oro CoHUica ropoaiancLKoi BiSxE. Haw BaiVui.uiml sopor — pociii- 
CBKHK aeuipajiiaa. B Coportfii a nua mii ue cuumiauca jii napes ukhhb sacoOaaH." 

Ilicjfl aoBrax i naaicax ^efiariB, mp .le^ee He flOBejm no noBoro 
aarocTpenHa EijHOcim six yKpaiHCLKOio i He-yKpainci,KOK» seuoEpaTiflMU, 
Majia Paja yxnajuuia aaiAyKny KOJiapojricoBy <J>opiyjiy nepexoiy 
b cnpaBi cKJiBKatnifl yKpalncbFcax YcTaHOBqiix 3<5opiB, na ascy noroflHoci. 
i npe^cTaBHKKii naiyoHajibHtix MeutiiioeTeft : 

J ,BHCjTyxaBimi noacneaua feHep&abaoro CeKpeTapiaTy i mhobo 
nijMepKysoqtt iieofixi^aicrb e/urocTH (pe^eparaBHOi pociScijKoi pecny6jiHEH, 
Maaa Fa^a, Btranaro'iH, ni,o Boaa HapojiB Ha yKpai'm ho caiooanaieuiiii 
uoate 6ym Bnejio3jeHa tubea lepes YcTanoBqi 3<5opn YKpaTnn i mo 
TaKHM 'fflnoK BHCJioBjreHa Boaa HapojUB YKpaian Gy^e aoroHaceaa 3 BOiero 
Bcix JiapoaJB, ari aacejuOBm Pociro, BflCJiOB-neaoio uepea aarajibHopocifi- 
cbKi YcTaHOBHi 36opa, ra BuejioBjrjoioqn neBnicTt, m,o npasa napojpB 
yKpalns 6y^jTb b noBHifi nip! 3a6eane l ieHi 11a aaraJibaopocificbKax YcTa- 
hobiitx 36opax, MaJia Pa^a uepexoflim, p,o qeprOBSU cupaB." 

Ho cyri TyT i KOMnpoMic 6yB nesejinKnfi, 60 yKpataebKin fleiOEparil 
8HOB-TaKii xoflHao ne cTiatitii npo (paKTHHae BijiOKpeHJienaa YKpalnii bU 
Pocii, cKiabKH npo npHBu,ia, npo BHanaaHa aa yKpaiucbKHM aapoflo» 
canoro npana aa niiaa Heo6aea;ene cyBepeane caMoosnaHoana, npaBa, 
HKe TaK ypoiBCTO uporoaocoa pocincbKa peBO.iiou,ia. IIpaBAa, cyBejieir- 
nocra yKpalacbKnx ycranoBqiix 36opiB b iipiiiiHinin ipopiyjii aepeiojy 
ne oyao ni^Kpecaeao, aae HeofixijtaicTb CKJiDKaana ix BHSHaBajiacb Bate 
i seMOKparicio naujonajbiinx Menbuiocien, ni;o craBn.10 enpaBy na iyjncoa 
peajrbHBil i upasTH^HBi 1'pyaT. Majra Paa,a Ba;e aor.ia nepeBecrn bh- 
€opa KOHiciT ^aa yiaa/i;eHfla npoeKiy eaKOuy npo YKpaincbKi yffra- 
HOBii 36opn. 

O^iraie cnpaBa a yKpalHCbKnan ycTaiiOBmiMit 36opain ae BH'iep- 
naaacb BHyTpimaboro 6opoTb6oR3 mis yKpaimbKoio i ue-yKpatncbKOio j;eMO- 
KpaTiaMn. CKOJiHxnyjracb Bca poeiitcbKa AeaoKpam i GypasyaaiH. TaaetH 
BHOBy noqa.iii na.iKO j,e6yBaTn yKpaTacbiiy capasy i HipKyBain aa,j; ho- 
I'TyaoBanHan I^eBTpaabaoi Pa^a Ta I'eHepaatHoro CeKpeiapiaTy. mo(5 poa- 
BiaTH aTMOcipepy nenpaB^BBHX i npoBOKan,iiimix iyn>K, aid noqaaa uinpa- 
THCb no Bcin Pocii' 3 npnBo^y yxaajra Pa^ii npo cK-raKaflHa ycranoB'inx 
3<5opiB, ToaOBa P'eaepaJibHoio CeKpeTapiaiy B. BasnaHeHKO Haj,pynyBaR 
r l'aseTax ocoS^hboto lacra, b aKOiiy BnaoaaB n03Huiio Hempajibnol Pa,in 
i aoboxhb, m,o yKpalHCbKa fleiOKpawa ne BMaraeibca jo o^ipBaaoH yK]>ainn 
i:i,i. Pocii; a;o i^eaaoM 11 e ,.6)e^;epaii,ia pocidcbKOl pecnyfijiiiKii i ynacTi. 
b Bifl yicpalnn, bk pieuoro 3 aaaiHBin MacraHa»H Pocii Aepa^iEHoro Tijia": 

2* 



H 



^^M 



— 20 — 



mo yspaiHctKi .VcTanoBqi 36opn MatoTb dyni CKJiHKani ji.jih BHSBieHna/ 
;i,o<5poi BOji xejtoKpariii YKpalan i 111,0 cyBepeaaiCTb Yitp. Yct. 3dopigf 
aoBcii He nepeapimae BHaBflenna njei soni b Ciiec Bi^OKpeiuenna mn 
Pocii i camoCTiiinocrH YKpaiaH (5). 

Ta ni yen ^hct, h'i TaKorc Te, mo Majia Pa^a, BpeiaTi, aaanmjia 
npHCMJiesy i ftJia ureabiiiocTeii <J>opiy BHpimeHHH njeT cnpaaa, ho sroio- 
HiiJin poCKOJiisaHoro ^Beflnuaro pyccKaro mopa". HpoicypaTop KHiBCbKOI 
eyflOBOl iiaJiaTH noctaBHB cnpaBy oipaay b n naJieaiBy'' BJioiuEHy. Bin 
npocTO 3anHTaB IleTporpas, b skjm nopajiKy Mats BifloyBaraci. cy^OEe 
caliCTBO npoTii auoiaBfloi HeHtpajibnoi Pa^n i TenepajiLnoro CeKpera- 
piiiTy. A b IleTporpa^i tj.ij.kh hwto aannTaHiia fi ^ajrn. MinicTp 
(OCTiiuii Ma.mnTOBin noji,aB npouypaTopoBi no xejiefpafy RotuiaAHy ia- 
CTpyKniio b cnpani caijcTBa, b aKifl pajiHB BitCym ocTairae FauniBH^e 
i HancTporime. Hen'rpa.ibHa Pa;i,a i CeKpeiapiflT Majin 6yra noKapani aa 
CBiii „ceaapaTii3H" no Bciil cyBOpoeTH mockobci.koi Heneaiji;ii. BpeaeHne 
IIpaBHTe.iiECTBO yxBaapjio, lis bhiubi, BiisuinKaTn 3.0 IiCTporpajjy J eae- 
pa,ii.aHK CeKpeTapiB jpa noaeaeab i aaiwurrB bukpbtbb jlub CeKpera- 
piflTy KpejtnT (b 300.000 napd.) 

Beaciuibae, deasJiacTao i HeBi;i,aoBi,T,aJibHe uepe;r, aapojioH apaBH- 
TeJbCTBO pocincbKO'i pecny&iHKii, mo nepemiHiiaocH Haibice hjjikom b ti^k- 
TaTypy KOnTppeBOjnoii,i2noi 6ypsyaail, jtainryB&iioca noiarrH 1,0 cy,ny I e- 
sepa-ibBHu GeKperapiaT — opfaa peso Jironjn hoi ^eiiOKpaTii YKpaiuii, 
yTBopeHiifi uieio ^eioKpaTieio i BiauoBiftajbanfi nepeji, Hew. J[mcno, „aa- 
djinawiBCH nac piiuyio'i dopoTbdn mat MocaoBCbKoro fiypxyaaieto, b oco6i 
ToTS'iacofioro npaBiiTe;ibCTBa, i yitpalHCLKOio peBOJHOiijniioio nenrOKpaTiero, 
b ocodi D,eHTpajibHoI Paji.ii i I'eaepajibnoro CeKpeTapiflTy", rk nncajia 
b TOM lac „Hapo;uiH Bojih" — opfan .VKpulHcbKOl CeJiauebKoi Cni.iKH. 
Cnpasa iycijin BapiuiHTiicb b toii mh bhuihh 6iu. YKpalacbKa seuoKpaTia 
sycijia jiobbcth jio Kiau,n pocnoiaie Hero BeJiHKe a,ijio nanjoHaJibHoro bii- 
3B0JienHa yKpalacbKoro napo^y. 

Ta na iiefi paa no^tl niiiun hhibbb buihxom. BpeiieBne ITpaiin- 
Te^bCTBO bb&sio w& y^apam pofiiTHintiB i cajijjaTiB, i aaaecena aa yKpalH- 
rhi;iiii napoa pyKa fioro tbk i aajiyfSijia b niii iioai. Ilepes yKpaiaebKOto x, 
jiesoKpaiieio noBCTMa HOBi 3aBji,aHBfl, poacxeanBCa iiobiib hijijix 6opotl6h. 

3. 3"i3A noHeBO/ieHHX Hapoflia y Khibi. B roil nac, sik nocKoscbKa 
aeMoapaTia AoiayKyBa.iacb b yKpalncbKOHy BnaBO.ibHony pyxoai aepen 
Seaorjia^aoro ceaapaTHany Ta casiocTiiiHflii.TBa, aedeaneiHiix X-ii ,,e^Hnoro 
peBOJion,ifinoro i^ponTy", yKpamctKa ao-iiTn'iHa ayMKa, ft^yiii 3a cboImh 
/LaBBiMn $e.TepaaicTii t iniiMB xpaAnujaJiH, 6arau,bK0 apaii.ioBajTa aaj; BTiJieH- 
hhn b sbtth Ha npocTOpax 6yBuioi caMOjepsaBHOi n,eflTpa.iicTUKHOi Pocii 
BeJiHKoi ifl,ei (jie^epaTHBHoro cniBatHTTH HapojiB. 

BnsonyioiB me KBWHeBy nocraHOBy yKpainctKoro HanjonajibHoro 
Koni'pecy npo aaBaaaHHs aBaaKiB a napoflaMa Pocii, mo KonaraioTbca, an 
i BKpalHebKiiS napifl, nepe6yji,0BH Poeii aa ipe^epaTHBHHX ocnoBax, 
yapaiECbKa D>HTpajibna Pajta CKJiBKaia y Kbibi 21. — 28. Bepecaa (n. ct.) 
TaK 3BaHBB n 3'Ie,^ Hapo^iB". Xoq a'laj u,efi i ne job BejiHKoro peaat- 
Horo SHaHiHaa b ^ajitmojiy poaBirrKOBi aaraabHopoeiacbKoT i yicpalHCbKoT 



— 21 



puBO.iicmin, npOTe sia HsaaeTLca, GeBynoBBO, o^hok a aafiGijibui CBif.iux 

CTOpiHOK OCTaHHbOl. 

Ha 3'i3fl npnGyjiir npei,CTaBiiHKn TaTapiB, rpyanmB, JlaTBBiiB, .ln- 
tobtjjb, GBpelB, BijiopyeiB, Ectobujb, Mo^aBaniB, RoiicbKitx EOSasiB i coioaa 
KOsautKnx Billets Ta BypariB, a TaKo;K npe;i,CTaBHnK mx BpeMeHHoro Hpa- 
BnTeJUiCTBa — M. CiaBancbRna. ,'I,Bi TpeTHBH yqacTHHttB 3iajy aa- 
jiesaao ao piacanx coa,iajiicTHsiHHX najirJii. i u;e o„n6nJiocb na aacrponx 
i pofioTi 3'i3ay, BiciM j!,eHb upan,i a'is^y Gyan cupaBsnia cbhtom ejaanHB 
6yBiunx noneBOJieHHx Bapoa,iB Pocii. HaBiTb apeflctaBnnKH KOsanjBa ypo- 
uhcto 3aaBHJiH, aio boiiji jijkojiii hc ORcryujimb sia, ia,el <pea,epaTnBaoI 
i ^eioKpaTHiHOl nepeoya,oBn Pocii i GyayTt Coporaeb aa 3AiHCHeHHH IF, 
naeue b n.ieie 8 yciira 6yBuini[n iioaeBoaeHnniH aapoa,ain Pocii. Ilia 
bimhbom no^yTTa CpaTepcbKoro eajraaaH Bcix ^oci nonnxennx i uoKpng- 
axeiurx, iiOHecniift roaosa 3'i'3ay — BoaOBa B,eBTpajibnoi PafcH M. Tpy- 
meBCbKiifi, BKasyioHn na aHa'iisBH b'Jbjj, nhaeceao eKaaas: „Mn 3aKan:in 
Bse nepmiiH samini. xpa«y Boai napoajs! Ma bjko 6aMimo, mh Bate ao- 
uyBaeao, hk ia,e (pe^epauja ! Xafi ate atme Beanna <pe,i.epaTnBBa s,eno- 
KpaiHiaa PociflcbKa Peciiyoaiiica ! Xafi 6ya,e Bona a.o nocayr Tpyaamiiii 
ycix napoajs !" 

HpencTaBnai; Bpe»enHoro IIpaBHTeabCTBa i bcs poeiicbKa a,eiJOKpa™ 
MOran nepeKOiiaract. nieaa utoro a'lsaj, mo ia,ea (peaepaniBHoT nepeoyaOBH 
Pocii aanaaa raa6oKO b rpoMaa^HCTBO qaeaeaRHX Eaiya Pocii' i m,o 60- 
poTb6a 3 nero HMaen>ca 6e3ray3j,0K>. 3 l'pyHTy (peaepaJiiaiy 6yBmi 
BHsni pociiicbKoi tk>pmb BapoaJB soraii aiilrn, ko.ih 6 Ix a,o Htoro upa- 
arycaaa, Ti.ijbKn b (Sir njiKOBBToI CBoe'i caMocrifiHOCTH. Boporra a,o CTa- 
poro desapaBHoro crany b&& ae 6yao. Taici cyan aaeTpo'i B'i'aay, raw 
ft yxBajin Bnaic bib. IIo airraunio upo <j>efl,epaTHBBnfi ycTpiit Pocifici,i;oi 
PecnyCjiBKn 3'iaa. Bank Tafty aoCTaaoBy : 

„ y'ij.T, uapo.;iB, ciuiiKaHiiii y Kn5ni UeHTpa.ii.noK) yKpalHCBSOKi PaiOTD, 
.MipKyBaButn Ha cboSx aacuaHuax 3 21. 110 28, uepecna In. «.} cipaay aaflGjTHtoro 
ycipoio pociiiciKol jtepxasii, cbhhbbch no rncnja^bHiix iiccjiepaTax i AHCKVcii isa 
T.1K111 Te3ax : 

1. ro.ioEHOKv iiiOoki ^ejivKaBiioio ycipoKi Pocii, 111; npii cTajiia na,v, Tas 
i nic.ia pcBO.iHini'i, c na r T.aipne aocepe.v.Kfiifui aftBOHOAaTHOl i BBKOHSBIol li.ia.iii ; 
2. 3uy^oBana na n,ijt npxmpoj ,xep;KaBna Mamana ho bosko citpaBno hth ta ruuiye 
P03BHT0K ^opwaBu ; 3. 'lepca ae.iHKy eKonojtniny piamoMauhnicTL E])aiB i Hapoj(iB 
Pocii, 3ncepe,ia:eHiin B.ia,nn jaTpsiayc po3biitok rocnojtapetBO! casto^iuatnocTn .iH'i- 
Hocrii, lipttiHHiocTfcctr ^,0 BH3iicKyBaHnH oKpaiu nepo6oiiiMn PLiHcasiH nentpy. a thm 
taauM i ^o bbohobhihoto aaneiia^y n^oro ocepo.iKy: 4, .V'nopH^KyBaHHH Ri.io'i mtCH 
cicoHosniinitx cnpaB acUTui Tpy^nBoro HacejeaHB, hk aeMejiua ra nepeceaenctKa 
cirpanii, rpoiia^CtKa ^onoaora i TaKe nuuie, uoTpifiyioib rHymoro i piainopoflHoro 
nan;ioHa.'iLHO-a,T 1 MinieTp:i'riini[i!! ii anapary, iipucTocoBaiioro 30 MicB,eBHi i uooyTOBiix 
oco6jiHBocieri Hace.icuua; 5. HiEOiB iieoyBaaa m,u-jo tBoro HanpyiKenaa b tuiri 
BifiHa irocTaDH.ia nepej ,nepa:aBHo*i Haaiaaoio oco6.iiiBi bhmoiu Bfl-ffi biiiiukoctii Ta 
npo r "yKTnBi!oeTti 'ii pofiom, Buna nOKaB&ia ui.iKOBiny CBOD Hes^aTHicTt, ae MaR> l ui 
aaora 3a^0B0fliauTii aaBueo6xij,aimi!X XHTTIBXI noTpefi i jocuTi "lacro npiiruiiyisiK 
rpo*a r 'i,cBKy npanio, HKa Mor.ia 6 BajOBoaiHHTX n.i Dorpetfi ; 6. TenepimHifl 6ea.iaA, 
:n: na ij | ] )lll,T '. T aK i n Tii.iy, 110 Beix Bijwwax T,epwaBHoro xbtts stai: CBOll jpsepaiOl 
u,enTpa.iicTH«inHri jja,^ ; 7. ;l,-ia paryBTty lepwaBB nip, iol py'iHH, aKa na leX leB&e, 
Koaie Tpe6a 3apa3 xa nepeflyjy'BaTu J.epxasy na 30Bcii hobhx iiijaaaaHax, aKi »'• 
.inraa.ni 6 ;Kaj,uo'i hokixsocib a,ei(Tpaji3ai(ii ; 8. Tpeoa mbtii aa ysaai, mo icTopia 
BiipoOa.ia ,tBa TanH yorpOB ,i-ia bc.i]imC3bhx r iepa;aB. a ca«e : afio n;cBTpajiicTan]iHii 












— 22 



(vuiTapuiiii), a6o ^eflepaTHBEHii ; 9. PojiOBHe xoaaraHBH cy^acnol aeKOKpaiii — 
nnposa viaeTb rpo.Ma;i,HH b aepataBuiii hchttkj i noxpeGa nopHRKyBaima rhm buhtm t 
3a!;oaoa,aTHj)M, a ae a,i,JiiHia:icTpaTHBuiLH cuocoflon (Hanp., oOpaijUKii BMjiaTKia), kok- 
xase rijiLKii )ipn (JieaepaTHBuii! ycTpoio AepwaBM ; 10, PecnyfijiMKaHctKHH nap, mro: 
irin,BO ctosth tuikh b (pcAepaiiiHuifi Aepwani, Oo b ueHTpasiciHunax Aepacaaax aerico 
MOMtna pofiHTH ;)<(i]iii ftepsaBBOrc .'ia,ny >iepea aaxoriienna n,enTpaji.imi ycTaimit : 
11. HeHTpaji.na BJa,i,a Moace nam AOBippa sck Bepcrn .ikvihocth, a 3na»iim>, i nam 
<iu\. ti.ii,i;i[ ji pu i[ir,;c-paTiiBBia ycrpoHt ■ 32. T Iepe3 tb, m,o Pocia CK.ia r naeTLCH 3 6a- 
raTtoi napo^ia, mk! *a*>TB uijiuiy >iu MemjBy nanioHajiHy KyjibTypy, icTopHifle 
jinny.ie ia B eKOHnsiinini.M mj ymm taftm BOHB coaaaiOTL OKpeMi CBoepUHi Koaa, — 
efliao npuj,aTH0» ipopMOio (jie^epanji e Tana, KOTpa ocHOBaaa ira Han,iona:iLniii ni,i- 
ciaBi ; 13, Bc.ihi;) Kpa'i, aaceaeai o;tnojo HanjOHajLuiciio, MOSKyn, Ha GaacaHHH, no- 
Auumicii a6o na uLiLKa ^ep;epaTUBEHi ojuuihus a<5o, .iiiiiiaioqiicfc o.^hojo ^eaepaniEi- 
hokj n,iaicno, fjun aBroHOMB OKpeMtJM 'lacTiinaa Kpaio ; 14. Ti HanioHa-itHociu, 
KOTpi, rk, iianpiiTcia,!,. eDpefictKa, pociiopouieai no scitt gepaaui i nipp He bsiotj, 
csoro Kpaio, KopHCTjTOTiea npaBOM sawi 6KO»epHiopia.itHo-nepcoHa3BHy aBTOHoariro. 
— ijeamaiuiti Ha 3 r a a a h i lipKysiuEfl, 3'i 3 a H a p a i b, ckidki- 
nii yipa'iHCLKOB I(eiipajLHOx PijoK, ynaa»«, mo Pocia 
11 1. 11 mi mi Cyril $e,a,epaTUBHOK! jmoKpanmon p e cny Ca h k kl" 

^ajii B'l3^ Buirie nnsKy nocTaHOB : npo naujoBajibHO-nepcoHaJib- 
By aBTononiio (Bii3Haio<ni ii neofixiflnicTb), npo aaraabBO-aepacaBny ia 
KpaeBi mobh (uwiiumiM piBHonpamioeTn ncix mob, 3 npiiaiiaiiiiHJi pociBcbKOJ 
mobu aarajtbHoaepataBHoio, 6*ea naAaana Ifi sKaa,Biii BepeBar b capaBax 
uiKktHiii, cyaosia, u,epK0BH.i5), npo ycranoBii 36opn („3l3jt HapojyB 
yBaacae, mo, neaajteatHo biji cwjHKaHHfl PocificbKnx ycTanoBinx 3<SopiB, 
noBHnni 6\tii cK.iiiKiiii na aemotcpaTHitrax uij^ajBnax KpaeBi ycTanoBii 
36opH, KOTpi MafOTb BCTaHOBHTH, HK nOpMH BiflBOCBB KpaiB ao neHTpajiL- 

hhx opi*aniB ojciepaui'i, TaK i neBHi $opnH BHyTpiiuHbol opi'aBiaau.il aBio- 
Hoannx ycTaBOB ^anoro Hapo^y hh Kpafo"), npo awpOBy KOH<pepeni;iH) 
(3 saaHaieBUHJi, mo Ba MBpoBifi KOHipepeniiii b npeji,CTaBHHi;TBO PociT bo- 
bhbhi bxojwth 1 npe^cTaBHHKH BaiHTepeeoBaBHx BapoAiR Poeil), npo Pajiy 
Hapo^iB y KhIbi fcKJiaa, Pa^B i KoiineTeDiijfl IT) i npo „Pajiy Hanio- 
najtifocTeii npn BpeueflfliM ITpaBnTeJii.cTBi '' (3 BKasiBKOio na BeofixiAnicTt 
nepeTBopeflaa „0co6aro CoBtinauin no oCiatiTHon petpopsi" npa Bpe- 
HeBBJK IIpaBBTejbCTBi b TaKy Paay). 

Kpii ii,nx noCTaBOB, 'S'laz, Bimie OKpeii yxBaae b cnpaBi 6ao- 
pycEKiii, lOOTnetBiS, JiitTOBCbKifi, a iseos fioaacbKin. 

3aKJiaji,aiOHH Kaiiflb b fiy^oBy poeiScBKOi' $eAepanii", yiacraHKn 
3"i'3fly TiuiHJin cefie Haji,ieio, n;o n,e 6y,ne paaoM 3 ram i nepniufi Kankb 
b 6y^0Bi eBponeflcbKOi, a uotIm i BeecBimboi' o)e^epaii,ii napQftiB „Ba ko- 
pHcib i aoOpo Tpy^oBoro napo^a BCboro CBiia". ijn na^ia ne cnpaB^n- 
MCt jjod, ajie bohs me ,i,oBro aanajjoBaTHnie Kpani,i cepD;fl: i cBiTJiimi 
poaym .T»a,cTBa. 

Ha aaniHienHH CBOei npaiji 318^ o6pas Pa,ay Hapo^iB, a ocjakom 
b Kni'Bi, i iipirnopyHHB Ifi KepyBara cnpaeoio enubHOl GopoTkon Bcix na- 
poAJB aa n xpan bojii napojyB" — pociffesKy (pejtepauJK). ro^oBOK) Pa^ii 
6y-io odpaHO M. rpyuieBCbKoro. 3axoaain PajiH Hapo^iB dyjio pocno- 
vaxo BH^amia OKpeaoro iKypnajry, npiiCBaienoro ij,ei ipe^epan,!! i capaBi 
iipaKTB^BOro BTmeffHH 11 b sarai. 

BypxMBi peBOJioiijfiBi nojiii poaGran n,efi aapo^OK cBocpi^BOro 
pociiicbKoro inTepnan,ioBajiy. Ta n;e He aBeabuiye iioro 3Haqinna i aaciyr 



- 23 — 

Biapoaacenoro yKpaioctKoro Hapojiy nepes iieeio BcecaiTHboro CparepcTBa 
HapoAiB-npanbOBHHEtiB.*) 

B ^ajibuiii xoaj peBoaK>n,il', yjtpainebKa jeaoKparia, Bxe Haynii no 
yTBopea™ caMOCTigfloI yKpai'iicBKOl pecnyfianiCH, He paa shob niflifiaaaa 
racjia <j>e,aepan,ii. 

4. flepejioMOBHH MOueHT pe8oatou,i'i (nooHfijieHHfl cou,ifuibHO-enoH0- 
MH'iHoro Ta noAiTHHHoro 3MicTy TV nioa kophniobiuhhh). PeBOJuoniuHjuo 
BinTCJieM yKpalHCBK.oro po6iTHBD,TBa Ta ceaaHCTBa 6yan ne ciiabKH eoujr- 
.licTiiiHi yKpaiHCbKi (a tqb eano 3 He-yKpaliicbKi) noaiTHrai napTii, CRiabKH 
oypacyaaia. Bona cboikh EonTppeBo.noniiinaMH aaxo^aan aeroanino poaaiio- 
Ba-ia rapni poaanTiiiBi Mpil BecHH peBOJOOuil iipo ryaanne, siipee Ta Gea- 
KpoBHe 6yflyBaBHa hobhx ipopa setta. „He potfHrn caaoiiiHHnx aaxBam 
seam, ne pyinyBaxi noaiinHu,bKBX aaeTKiB, He naioHjipyBaTH jiica, 6o Bee 
n,e Hapoane aoOpo i Tpefia, mod Bono b ipjiocth i coxpannoc™ nepefimjio 
jo Hapoay 1 — Taice oyao aaraabne racao na noiaTKy peBoaH>H,iT. Horn 
nponai'yBaJm yKpaiHCbKi conjaaicTHifli uaprilf, 2oro yxBaaioBaan eeaanobKJ 
a'fsAH. PoBopiiJiii npo flepataBne aaCeaneMenna thx KamTaaieriB-noMiinHKiB. 
AKi notepn^raTb Bia. aaHoyTHtoro ..naaHOBoro" nepeBeneHHa aeaeabnoi 
pe<j>opMn, i npo nnmi rapui ryaaHHi piiu i, Ha BanBOBfl&y caaaa iioainui- 
KaM, He ,iyac-TO Spaancb BnraBHTH Ix a i'xnix, Tenep Bxe neaoB Cm „ na- 
poanix", aaerKiB. Iipo Bee ronopnan cnoMaTKy peBoaroaii, TiabKii Be 
npo neMBnyqicTb acopcTOKO'i (JopoTbdH aa Ty „uapoa,flio" aeaaio. Hkoci. 
ne Bipnaocb, mo aniens KaurraaieTiB Ta noaimiiKiB naeaiaim>CH pociiovani 
nppiBoy i, saaBaaoct, Cesna^ifiHy aaa nei 6opoTt6y. OaHane, oypxyaaia, 
uh KJiaea peaabno! noairaKH, m,o He KOiaeTtca ni b aicoMy poaaHTnaai, 
aiBparo^n nmypy 8 poomiHKa i dianimoro ceaannna, manftKO Haraaa.ua 
po6irnuii,TBy Ta ceaflHCTBy npo „rpinrHy" aemno. npo nooOxi^HieTt TBepeao 
uinHTBca na piiH Baaraai, a na Taid Baami, an uepeaiiuennH cycniabHnx 
narai^TB i Bainy icTnyioinx con.iaabHO-eKOHOMniHnx BianocHU, a'oKpeaa. 

Ilopyq 3 da,ia i tKann npo YcTaHOBHi 36opn, snci, bobjtsb, see Bnpi- 
maTb i Bee aaayTb, fwiao oGaeaceBna KoaneTeHiiji aeaeabHux KOMiieTiB, 
BrpyqanHH BincbKOBnx BaacTen y B)aeHOBij,HoenHtt nw ceaaHCTBOM i uo- 
Hiu;nKaMn a ABBDa naiiipoa ofiopOHHTtt n noKpHB,jaceHnx u noMimniciB i finraa 
aaraabna narinKa na pa^H po^iTflnyHX, BiacbKOBHX i ceaiiacLKax jienyTa- 
tib: niioro ne poCnaoeb >iaa noainuieHHa con,iaabHO-eKOBOMniHoro cthiiv 
po6iTHjin,TBa, Taraacb ^aai Biima 6ea ataiaol nan,ir na dbh^eb if 8a- 
KiHieBna; eKOHOHHina pyina nafiipaaa Bee 6iabui crjianiHHx (Jiopi. Bee 
He He aorao ne BnaHny™ npoTBepearoroie na peBoaioii,iBHi aacn. Po6it- 
hbhtbo i ceaancTBO Bia,iyBaao, n;o e coa, asa raaBaye enpaay nepeCy- 
jobb CTaporo apynBOBanoro anTra Ha hobhx cnpaBejanfiax ocHosax, wfl 
Ta cinra apie npo noBepneHHH CTapnx, TaaiKHX nopaflKiB. A b aipy o^boro 
nii'iyBaffna aiinaBCa i ebcb peBoaion,iSnHfr cBiioraax peBOJUon.iSHux aac: 

*) Ha3"i3fti a)-;eo Kiua.iocB b oil BeaHKe ,^OBippii bcii uotreBO-iemix najm.un 
i'uiii xo yKpaSiiCbKoi ,T,e«OKpaTii. He Kaxynu biko npo Bijiopjck Ta I'py-.imiii!, 
i HHiui, 6'ubw Bi.vtaJeHi iiapo;iii, o^BepTO aaMB.ia.inci. 3a hk BafiTicnime cuiBKiiiTii 
:■. VKpalnoio. MiiMOBO.ii uaupomyeiLca uopiBBaBun nboro Bi.iHOuicuua *i sjepjofflBils 
i:i.;nuiiif.HUii>i mix ate Hapojun ^o MoeKOBinHBii. 






— 24 



aMiHHviact nm TaKTHKa, apocraaa aKTHBnicTb; pojimioct nepeKOnanna, m,o 
TiatKH b orni pyfiriaujl i b SEopcTOKiS 6opoTi<5i BHTaopaTtca HOBi, 6a«aBi 
$opMH acBTTO. IlorauaJioCb re, iu,o b toh nac hocdjio rcuiocny naaBy anapsil. 

IIoBcranHfl Kopm.iOBa oapaey norano'njio n,en npoijec. Bobo oyjio 
noAi^He no Toro na.ienbKoro KpHcra.ia, HOHBJieHHS aKoro b xeMiinoay 
poa'iBHi BBKJiHKae 6yBnnfi npon,ec Kpncra.iiaauiT. Bono o^Kpajio oni po- 
6iTHHi^TBy i cejraneTBV na fliHCunii CTan piieii ; boho apotfajio a;o oiennji;- 
hocto flCHHM Te, npo mo ao Toro nacy Moaaia oyjio tijibkh jiora^yBaracL, 
mo TiatKH Bi^yBajiocL, aae He oy.10 oeiaTOMBo a'acoBaHHii i 3BaxeHM. 
3anax 6ypatyaai] na peBOJHou,iH> noitaaaB, mo fiypxyasut aoBciB i ne ayMae 
nocrynaTBeb cboIm naHyBasHHi, b aniii 6& to ne oyao jsipi, Ha KopHCTb 
npautoioiHx ; mo cniBpooiTHiiuTBo oypatyaaii 3 npOBiaHHKaMH peBOJUouji- 
hoI jeaoKpaTil, MOBiaaHO eanKir,ionoBane ao u,boro Macy mapOKHsitt Macasm 
podiTHHurBa, caJi^ariB i ceaaHCTBa, aBJiaeTbca nenpnpo#HHM, jtomiijikobiiiii 
i uikwiiibiim ; iu,o BacTaB lac, kojih Tpe6a nepeirra Biji; cais jio niaa — 
ao a^ificHeHBa nociaBJieHHx b peBoaioiiji aaB^aHb; mo ne ajjjiicBeHHH 
Tpefia nepeBecTH Bjacnmiii pyKaura podiranKa Ta ceJianriHa i no BjacHOMy 
poayuiflHio. Oct ioro Bquaa oypacyaaia npanjOKHHX ! 

HauiqaBca Bse Bnpanno nepejioi b poaBHTKy peBO.iroii.iT. Haiiianacb 
noBa peBOJUouiilna ^o6a. Ha uepeflOBi no3Hn,ii no^aB bhxokhth jioSithhk, 
cajiaaT i Sijj^imnfi ccjihhbh. Bin roiyBaBca no 6qjo. Bin Bate can no- 
Hnnas „CTaBHTH uLii pcBOJnouji" i BopaBHo bhab-isb jiaattp nepeopaTH jo 
cboIx pyK i KOManiy b nafi6yTuiS 6opoTb6i. 

2. — 5. BepecHa (ct. ct.), otto aapaa xe nieaa KopHijiOBmnfln, biji,- 
oynaci y KnlBi KHoro;iio3jia .npyra cecia BceyKpaiHCbKO'i Pa^n CejiaH- 
cbkhx j^enyTariB. 3 II nocTanoB Ga'nnto, hk srebo BijryKHyjiocb eejian- 

CTBO Ha T6 HOBCTaHHB, HK BOHO OU,iufOBa.TO TOaittlHiB MOK6HT i BHpaSHO 

(JtopsyjiyBajio 6jim&ti aaB^anna pi? BOJiioiJ.il, Tan b ctjiepi Hau^oaajibuo-no- 
jriinqnifi, hk i b coniaibHo-eKOHOMHiHiS. 

„BiicjyxaBfflii i ofiroBopmsmii pc$epain npo eyiacHHii nojimnHiifi MOMeHT 
i npo KOHT])-peBOJnonLaHiiii Baciyn Cj^iatyasi'f Ha uoai 3 ICopnLioBitM, — roBopnaocB 
b pe30.iion;i'i Pa^ii Ce.iancLKHi ^enyTaiiu iro iio.iiTiiiHOMy noaeETy, — I saaBaiaK^ui. 
mo TjwiaeoBe IIpaBBTe.ii.cTBo caoia He^oBippHM ,1,0 yispaiHCbKHX peBO.iioniiinBX flfi- 
M0KpaTB4Hiu opfaniaan;!'] CTac 11a nepeBiKO,,v HOpnajiiHoay 'is po3BHTKOBi xa 3Min- 
hk« ipynt AJia pofloin peaKn,lilHHx i KOBrp-peBojioniiiHin era ; SBcpiaio^ii j;ajii 
ysary Bck'i poeiHeEKoi seMOKpaTi'i Ha tc, in,o b ryjiTi KopHiioBD,iB oniiMH.iiHoa cane 
ti eJicjiciiTH, hki Becb 4ac Bopoaie Bi^nocBanca jo yKpa'incLKoro BnaaojiiHoro pyxy 
h iH^opaaB.i1 KOTpm BnaHBa.111 na nojiiHKy TniraacoBoro HpaBnie.7bCTBa b yKpa- 
i'Bn.Kiii eBpaai, — BceyKpainctKa Pa^a CejancLicni JtenyraTiB nocTaaoBnjia : 

1. BustaraM nifl, THMiacoBoro IlpaBiiTejiicTBa, m;o6 bobo b cBo'iii noaiiHiii 
mo-^o yKpa'ifin KepyBajoca ro.iocoa yKpa'uiciKoi Henrpa.11.n01 Pa.^n, HKa e Biipaa- 
Hnneio iinepociB i Bo.ii yKpaincBKoi jeaoicparii yKpaSHii. 

2. BiiaaraTu b!,h TaniacoBoro IIpaBHTe,iiCTBa, mofl boho saiBepxrao, KpiM 
Bate saTBep^aceHHX, fenepaju>HHx ceKpeiapiB ^a cupaa : xap^osoi, bIBcbkoboi, 
cyAQBO'i, AOpir Ta no^jT i Teaafpa^iB i Haftaao l"cnepaaiB0«y CeKpeTapiarosi 
yKpalHCBKoi HeHTpa.ituo'i Paju (iijtnie Baaji,H i He3aaea;nocTH b pofioii, Ha nijCTaBi 
CTaTyTy, BHpo6.ieHoro ^.ia leaepajtuoro CeKpeiapiaTy yKpaiucsKow II^eHTpajiBHOio 
PaftOK), nomnpHBnni n.iapry CeKpOTapiaxy na bcio yupaiHy (XaptKinmiiHy, Raiepn- 
HOCJiaBmiiHy, Xcjiconntttny, TaBpiio i ri lacTnnn cyiieafHns fyCepHifl, aKi" no ctho- 
rpa^H'iHHif 03iiaKaM najieaaTt ^o yKpaiBn). 

3. IlijiiepiKaTit Bciata caiawi yKpa?nctKy HeHTpa,iLoy Pa,ny i fenopa-ttrrnil 
CeKpetapiST b fiopoTiCi aa iHTepecn Bciei ^eMOKpaTi'i na yKpaini". 



25 — 



TaK (popnytfyBaio cejinnciEo cbojo noaHijitu b HeCKin'ieHin me Han,io- 
HaJ6Ho-nojriTH?nifl (iopOTbol. OniHrotoiH a: hosbht b aaraiBHopociii- 
cbKOay MactnTa6i, Paxa CeMHCBKHx JJenyTariB noeTaHOBoa : 

„1. MaioiH na yBa3i, mo norpo3a KOHTp-peBoaion,ii 3 6oKy 6yp5Kya3i'i me He 
3nuitia i mo Ceaaaft^a b eKOHOMiHW i Ho.iiTHiHia stairi ctnopfoe flan Hel cnpnHioiHa 
tpysr, BceyKpafBcBKa Paaa Ce.inHC6KHX .Henyiarifl BHaaae Heooxij.HHM jiBopeasa 
iaKoro TmiacoBoro I[ p a but e.i bcib a, he e Syjio (S BKcysyie 
peBoafon;ifiHoio jeioEpaiiem i Bi^noBiaano 6 nepeA ies 
Ta lie b ocHOBy c b o e i siajttHociH noaoasaao 6 h e r a ft h e 
3aflOBOJieHHH lOiiniHiii, lai^ioiaiLiEi i con.ia.it.HHX io- 
■ Iran, 3 a a b j c ii in aapo^HiMH peBojuoniHHHMH o p ( a a i a a- 

H i H M H. 

2. yBa:KaioiLii Ha Te, mo b (SopoibGi 3 KOHrp-peBoaion.iHBH8 noBCTannaa 6yp- 
xyasil na loai 3 KopHiJiOBM peBOJUDnifind acMOBrpaTHiiri op<aHi3ani'i b THJty i Ha 
6ponTi (pa^it ca.naTci.KHi, poOtTHrreux i ceaancLKux .icnyTariB Ta BiSctKOBi koiq- 
Tera) BiROrpajin Be.uiKy i piaiaKiiy pojito, Be eyKpalncbita Paj,a CeaaHCBKHX 
J^enyTiTiB Bisiac leodiipEi, nofi n i opfaniaanii 6 e 3 (> o- 
j ii ii j o iciHyBajiH ia nposajiuiii cboio jiiajifcrricis i lajaii, 

3. yBaiKaJoiH, mo s kohuihbi ^nes nposa^eHHa bIBbb bco ayat'ie ii .njiKie 
pyfiHyeitca flepatasa, SHecHJUojOTtca oSopouni (cajiaaTK) i Beet TpysoBHtt napoa, 
i ma HiflrOTOBJuoeTLCH neBBHii fpym a^a wEchoi i HattcTpaninimoi KOHTp-peBOJUHonii, 
BceyKpaiHOiKa Paaa Ce.THHCi.Kax JteiiyTaTiB Bii3Hae neooxianaM, moO y k p a i u c l k a 
HcaipaJiiHa Fija ne pn iBtpHjiaci jo Tmatoioro II p a- 
BMieaBCTBa, a (5 h boho b at h ji o Bcix p i hi y h h x saiojiB s, o h e- 
raiinoro CKiHieHBi biShh i aaKJno^eHHS Mnpy nix ycfoia bokuohujui 
^epataBajm." 

I^nin KopoieHtKHin nocrauoBaMii bmq BHpaaao HasteaBCH ^aitiuaS 
nanpam nojiirHraoI peeoJuoitfiiHOi (5opoTB6"n. Ko&iinisr a dypayaaiero pi- 
niyie aacyftasyBajiacB. Bij, jiaitCyTntoro enpae^i pecojiKmiBnoro npaBH- 
Te.it.CTBa BHiuarasocf. Heraimoro aaji,oBOiieHHfl Bcix jjoiaranB, BaaBJrerax 
HapoAuixii peBOJHmifiHHisu opi'aHiaau.ismH, i b iiepiny i iepry npuiiHHOHHH 
BinnH. Hose npaBnrejitSTBO naao Bij.uoBia.aTH nepefl pofiiTHBHTBom ra 
cejiaflCTBOK, uopr'aHisoBaHHH b paj.ii po6irHH«ini, casa,aTC&KHx ia eeJWH- 
cbkhx ^enyxaTiB. 

OeJiSHCBEi cnijiKn na yupaiBi, as roBopajxocB b jajBinHs nocranoBax 
Pa^H Ce.iflHCBKKi ^enyrariB, „iaioin ea yBaai, mo tijibkh opi'aHiaan.ia 
Tpy,i;oBoro napoTiy Ha (ppoffri Ta b Tiray moace saKpinHTH bobhS jiajj i aa- 
SeaneqHTa peBoaroipHBi ano6yrKn si^ jihxhx samipiB fiypxyagil", hobbum 
<5yjiH „bjehth scii saxo^iB no aaKinieHHa opr'amaanji Tpy.i;OBoro cenflH- 
cfBa i up BCTaHOBJieHHa sBHaKy CejiatrcBKOl CuinKH a hhiuhsb opfaniaa- 
ujasiH peBOJnon;iBHoI seHOKpaTii na yKpaiai". Hi oacoBi opfaaiaar^ii 
npauiOKTOi Mac najin crara onopoio HOBoro peBoaioii,i3HOro npaBH- 
TejBCTBa. 

06jiipKyBaBuiH ^ajii 3arajiBHy eKOHOMHqHy pyiHy, ana oionnja b toh 
nac Bci ^LiaHKH naposffBO-rocno^apioro anna, BceyKpaiHCBKa Paja 
CeiaHCBKHx ^enyTaiiB BnnecJia cjiijyio'ri nocTaaoBH: 

„1- BBaaiaio^n Ha fipaic rrpojiyitTiB nepmoi HeodiisnociH, hki BapoCaamncH 
$a(5pHKaMH j;jih noipefi ceaaHcrBa, i Ha BHK.THKaHHH n,ie» neaocTaieio HenonipHnfi 
spicT uiu, BceyKpa"mci.Ka Pa^a CejianetKHX ^enyxariB ipisiai HeoflaiHHO 
noTpiOHHM aaBejieHHfl KOHipojrio nas ipa6pH^HO-3a_B(>^- 
ciimi ni^npHeaciBaan s MeTOM : a) ECTaHOBieHHa crrpaBeAaaBnx 
TBep,i.nx uiH na Bnpofia nponHCJOBOcrn ; 6) BHpoojeKHa — aanicn^ rrpefl»eiiB poc- 






-*■ 26 



KWU i _ piqoii nepiuol Heo6xi^Hoctit, in» ssfliabmoiro 6y^e BHpid n,M npojyKTiB ; 
b) iipaBEJMioro po3npefliaeHHH npeiMeTin nepniol HeoCxuHOCTH no-«ia; juoxaiiTm, 
iiepeeaatiio lepea KoonepamBH. 

PociKctiie TuMiacose IIpaBHTejibCTBO dobiihho h o a 6 a t h npo it, 
in, o 6 3 hob poiuoini pofiory ii <J> a 6 p n R h, a k i cnoiiiiHci 
■i t ji e 3 BesCafiimlCTi Is b -i a c n u k i b. 

2. 3 orJiasy na Maao JiesoKpaTHiiHBfi ciuisa (Saraitoi npoftoisojii.'iur KOaiie- 
lis Ta ynpas, opJaiiiaoBansii na noiai-Ky peBOJUonji, neoiSiijpio — io nepeAaii npo- 
Aoeo.imiol ciipaBH noDOMy .neMOKpaTiiiHomy »6mctbj — nofiufcHmrii u npo'iOBO.iL'iiLf 
soMireTai Ta ynpanax npeAcraBHHUTBO peBOJion;iBHOi aeHOKparil." 

3aey^HBniH i,ajii .noTenepimnio npo^oBOJibiy nojiirEKy BpeMeHiioro 
IIpaBHTejibCTBa. a'oKpeiaa, bhciobhbuihci. upoTH nepeBe,n;eHoro IIpaBHTejib- 
ctbom b iHTepecai noiimaiciB i fiaraTinoro cejiaECTBa nipHEi,eHHa TBepjcax 
u.iH na uii6, BceyKpaiECbica Pa^a CejiaBCbKHx ^enyTaris nocraiiOBHira 
B38TH npojosojiLHy enpasy na yKpaim h cbo! pyKH — nepea aacEyBanna 
BceyKpalnctKoro IIpo,noBOjn>Eoro KoiireTy. 

Cnen,iflJibHo b aeme-itHifr cnpaai BceytcpaincbKa Pajia- OejaBCbKEx 
^enyiariB, aaMHKaBmn aesiejitHi KOMheTE «a Micn,ai no opi'aHiaoBanoro 
nepeBCfleEHa aeMejibHot pe^opara, ane, no moxhebocth, nafiienbiue 
odaaacyBajio 6 xii6ay npoxyKujio, BHEecaa xaity yxsaay : 

„3 orjiH,Ty na tb, mo npaisa seMujiLiinx: KOBiTeriB odiejKyiOTLoa, BiuaTKii aia 
urn 31 ci:ap6y ssenbiuyiorLea, — nposecTH iep«( J'KpaiHCBKy IJ e h- 
ipajBHy P a 3 y 3a.Tiepjxeisi upas 3eMeatHnx k o ■ i t e t i b 
i iucTpyKubo 'ix aimuiocTU : a) jio 3aBUyBaHiuo ncisia acsraaaif Ha yKpa'ini ; 
6) no BCianoBaenEHj nusu KoiiTeiaaii lapotiilHBOl i opoiiano'i ioani ua aei.iw, 
i b) BH^aHBK) ofiouasKOBiix nodanoB y CLni>ciiKo-rocno,3,apei,Kiii cnpaBi." 

A mo6 cnpaBa nepeBe^eana 3eMejt.no! peipopmn CTOflJia neBHime, 
Pafta CenaacbKBi ^enyTaxiB Miac bhiebi yxBaaEaa „KonararECH, bi,o6 ne- 
raiino 6y.li) BBBeaeno 3 YKpaiHE ti KOHCbKi Koaa'ii, KaBKaBbtri ft Haiai 
BiacbKOBi »iacTH, ari 6yjn posMimeni na yapaiai no nanaay kohtp pe- 
BOJiFoiJJHnEx feaepajriB ^Jia oxopoflH noirimHiibKBx inrepeeiB. 4 

TaK n,iJiKOM HpaKTH*iHO, a the ca»Ha peaabBO, niixoflHJio yicpaiflCbKe 
Tpyftose ceaaHCTBO ^o BejuiKBX aaB^anb peB03K>n;iI — opfaniaanjl Ha hobhs: 
rpouascbKO-flepacaBEBx uUcTaBax apyiinoBanoro napo;i;nboro rocnojapCTBa. 
CejiaHCTBO poayMiao Bace, n;o na floopy bmbo (J>a6pHKaEriB ia BaBOftinniB 
ue HoatHa nooaji,aTflCH, ei.o noaint,an,bKBM aneraTaM TpeCa no-ioauiTB Kpafi, 
mo BeJiBKafi anapaT HapoflHtoro rocnoaapcTBa ipe6a B3arB, paaoi b no- 
aiTHHHOK) BJia^oio b sepsaBJ, b esol pytcB, kojte He euikoi, to xoia 
6 EaeTiiibKE, m,o6 pei'yjiiOBaTH (pafipaqHo-aaBO^cbKy npoancaoBicTb, mfl6 
npniycBTH „HeA6aHaBBEX u KaaiTajiicriB nycTHTH b xij; cnnneni <J>a6pHKH 
i i3asoji,n, m;o6 fioporacb b npoaoBOJib'ioio nyacjijofo ne nuaxoM nexannH- 
noro niji,BHBi,eHHa hih na xjiifi, Buri^noro rojioBnim ihhom noMimBicas, 
a eobok) opfaHiaaitieio npoaoBOJbEoT cnpasn na peBO^K>uiHHO-j;e«0Kpa- 
tbihhx niji;cTaBax. 

3BEiafiH0, b EaBeji,eHBx nocTanoBax ne Moacna inyKaTH BaKimeEO 
{popHyEOBanoi niji,nOBifli Ha ti npoSjieiin-niiTaHna, aKi CTaBHia b toh 
Eac b cboIm poaBETKy peBOJironja. Ta npore boeh napaano CBi^EHjn, m,o 
b Hacrpoax napoaHix nac sate Bi^fiyBaBca nepeEOM b 6k BoranfiJieEBfl 
conjanbHO-eKOHOMnqnoro, a b 3BH3Ky a ii,nM i nojiiTHEHoro asicTy peBOEio- 
njl. Boeh BKaayioTb TaKoat, xoi i b caaax aaraubEax pncax, b aKO»y 



— 27 — 

case nanpHMi Bi^oyBajiocE. b rjotfnjiax Bapo^nk Mac Te uiyKaHHa „HOB<jf 
npaB^a" xhtth. A i;e i e caie rojiOBne. To Bne oyjro ako npOBii,Ha- 
kjb peBoaron;ii B&X6XH0 oujhhth u.i BBBm,a, (popnyjiyBaTH bcho naflfijraxii 
3aBjaHaa peBO-iionit, BKaBarn na Toil crynint, skhS Tpetfa oyjio nepeirrir 
b nanpaii so aaa^aierijiib csi^oao HaaheHoI niai. *) 

Ha KiJitKa ^Dis ni3Bim,e niaim ,ipyroI cecii BceyKpaiaetKoI Paa;B 
CejiflHctKHx ^enyraiiB (23. sepecHH b. ct.) Bi^dyiBCt. aarajttHi afiopa 
khIbcbkoT opfaaisanil yEpaiHCbKOI Contact - ^eMOKpaTBiHO'i Po6iTBimoi 
IlapTil. 36opH nj xapattTepB3yioTb TOfl,iurai BacTpoi spyroi BacTiinn yKpa- 
iHctKOi peBOJiioB,i3B0i JieiOKpaTil — poGiTBnuTsa, m;o finmo 3a jriBiTM 
Kpnaoii yKp, C.-&. BapTii. Oct peaojiiouia n,ax afiopia **) : 

„OniEHBniii cyiacHBfl MoneHT y noami'iaia jkhttio Pocil ii yspalxu, i;m'i!- 
ctaa opfaHisauia J r Kp. Con,-,H,ea. PoOiTnii'ioi Ilapiii BBaatae : 

1. su;o HACTaja Kpaiimi nopa nopna™ flea 3a.Ti.1nux Barani. ycaKi Koajiinii 
.i th.iii oi.iaan. aid npoiaroa btoctu Biennis peBo.Tioiui buibiuii .mine cbok> 3,t,aT- 
bictb no laiiHo'i Ta HBito'i Koirrp-peBO.WD.il, Tax (JancKy^e joBepmeHoi BopniioBnui- 
hok), — Timn cisaaaii « sopfaHiaoBaHi i nesopIaflisoBani uenaoBi MeBeam; 

2. mo TBOp'IOK) CJL.10K1 KpaiO nij ItHBilDHW XBHJ1IO C .Tllllie peBO.lIOniHna ,!,<>- 

MOKpaiisi nek itapojuB Poci'i i Bona tuukh xoace <'yni Jtscepeaos ucnipaatBol unuii; 

3. mo uerauHO jtycHTi. Gvth aeupeioBano ijic^r-pariiBnicTO pociikusoi pec- 
nyfijuiKU i bijuiobUho iio n,Boro cKOECTpyoBairo neiiTpajiiiiy B.ia^y. 

To«y 3uopu BBa-*:aHm, maifpoXBOB opfaBi3an,iio ipy^OBBX aac J'Kpa'inH ma 
upanopoa yspalHCMCoro npo.itTapiBiy ,v* BepeBeaeBaa b 5khtth lepes teacpanbanii 
CeKpeiapiaT Tauiis toior, y b,ex ijiopsax, mo BBBarae $c,i,epaTBBHHK .laa; Poci'i : 

1. yaaKOHCHna BocBsmrosiranoro poGoioro ,t,idi ; 

2. HtBegeiHS poGoioJ KOHTpo.'ii BSfl BHpoCoa i po3,ijiiOJ[ ; 

3. iian,ioiia.ii.!ania Bcix iia-,i:]iiui,iix raiyaij upojtHCJioBOCTH : Kasaiio-Byri.Ti.HOl, 
■etaifiBOl, na^iTOBni i t. n. ; 

4. 6e«miocepiH8 onoRMEyaaKM bciukiii KauiiajiiB i MacTxiE ; 

5. Konij>ici:auiii B04HHHX ^ohi;i'ib jjm pnrym;y BpaK) sin rociioaapCBKo'i pyiini; 

6. aerailiie npe, T i,.7o;KO!riiH Bcia bok>x>^Bx napo;;a* aaraaLno-^enOKpaTHi- 
noro Mnpy ; 

7. Beraiiue npiiniiiieBuii BCil ymoKiB npora pofiosoS K.ia«i ra ii uprani;ian,ifi ; 

8. oiHa;eHHH apaiT uix KOHTp-peBoaiOB;LSHoro casty^y; 

9. nanioHaaiaauin 3ea.ii ft ycyireiiiiii Ii a roBapoBoro <i6aiiiy ; 

10, KOB^lcKanis itoHimHUtKHi 3eneji> i nepejaia Ii y 3aBisyBaBHH 3o«eJb- 

nUB KOHlTeTaM JO P03BS3KH BCSOatHO'l CBpaBIi yCTaHOBIBBH 36opaBH. 

B pasi sjtXUBOro icTHyB&BBB KoaaiiiiSBOCTH BpeKeaHoro HpaBBTe.ii.CTBa, 
i. coiiiajiiCTHqHim 1'unepajbUBB CeupeTapiaTOM noBCTae 3asaaBHa nopaa™ »ao- 
''iimi 3 thm JIpaBiiTeaBOTuoa. ***) 



*) Mix iinnniM, IT Cecia Pa^a Ce.isiBCi.KHi flenyiaTiit yinaaiiaa Tamiii ;;o^a- 
["K-|i03')icaeHHa so nocraaoB I BcoyKpaiaciKoro Ce.iaBciBoro S'lsay b BeBeJitirlB 
cirpaBi : ..llepeflana BeattKHS apaaKOBHi roeno^apcTB so pyv: rai<k)po6cKBB3 TOBa- 
pncTB ftna rypTOBoro rocnoaapKBanna moskc BtftfiyTHCB tuii,i;ii sa Bro^oio cLibc&khx 
rpoaait ia b tib paai, hk H&tUynbca a,™ TaKoro rypTOBoro rocno^apKiBaHHa oso^i 
,noa,e". 

Ha niii we cecci'i 6}'ao ofiaipKOBano niiTanna npo BH(SopH ^o PocifictKiix 
yciaBOB^tii 36optB. SiBaJiisBQiji B3aTii b b,bx Bnfiopax bk naBaKTHBBimv ysacTt, Pas,a 
CejiBHCtKBi JenyiaTiB itocTanoBn.ia, moC npn Bnfio]iax CeJiaBCLKa Cnbaa CaioKy- 
Bajac£ 3 yupaiHCLKOw Jlapricin CoB,injiicTiB-PeBOiiiOB,ioBepiB Ta yKp. c.-i. poG. napriea), 
3 ocTaBnioio — npn yaofli imaiiaiiHa c-3,- 3e»ejii.Boro npofpaay CeaancBKo! CniaEH. 

**) Ho Jioiaafty c.-^;, HepoHOimia, po3CTpijianoi'o iii3Kint,e eaMOCTiiiHiiKOM 
„0TajfaH0a" 0. HIaiiOBaaoB 3a cmnpofiiTni[n,TBo a 6ojiLBiCBHKaBii. 

***) Hponi Koajriinrii yKjiaiHCbKe pofiiTHEB;TBo bbciobiidocb m,e b annni «icsn;i 
(Uoi-TaHOEa I Bceysp. PofiiTanioro 31sfly 24.-28. mnaa h. ct.). 






TaK me 6Libiu Bnpaano, niac Pajia, CejiaaebKiix ^enyTariB, roBopH.10 
poSiTnnuiBO. 

IJefi irepeaosoBHii MOMOHr b peBO.nou.il BHaSuioB CBiS BiaryK i b pe- 
BOJOonjiiHoay napaasieHTi yftpaiaehKOi ^eaoKpaTil, b IJeaTpajibaiii Pajy, 

CsJinKaKETH aaraJibnopociiicLKOi fleBOKpaTimuo! Hapaa,n b IleTporpaai 
(12. Bepecna ct. ct,). jiaao HeHTpajLHiit Pajq naro^y (popmyjiyBaTH cboio 
oipHKy uoseHTy i 3asaaii})ecTyaarB i'l nepe,i; Bcieio seaoKpariero Poeii. 

22. BepecflH (a. ct.) Bi r T6yjioet aaci^aaHa Maaol Pa^ir, apiicBaiene 
BJipodaeaas} naicaay jpia s.eaei'aii.ii E,eaTpa;ibnoI Pa,a;ii na neTporpa^cbKy 
napajiy. 

II|eHTpaJtbHHst nKTaanaji Hanasy <5yjio noraHHa Koajiinji e dypacy- 
aaiefo. Pa,n,a BHpimoa Soro BaaiHoro SkbtnicTK) rojiocis sei'aTHBHO. <J>paK- 
n,iH yEpalacbKiis con,iaaicTiB-peBOJtton;ioHepiB tcaTefopuiHo aaaBBiaca npo™ 
Koaain,ii. "Ppanuk eBpefrcbKo'i po6iTrniTOl conisjiicTBiHoi napTil — Tanos. 
yKpaiacbKi cou,iajib-^ejioitpaTn (aa BiroioaeHHaa oKpenax oubhhul *) bb- 
OJTOBHJmcb Tanoa: npOTit Koaainji. 

YKp. convex. II o p in, BuciynaicmH piuiyie npoin Koaain,iI, OFtasas : 
— B 3eaieji6Hiii no.iiTBn,i Koaainiiraini ypaj, noianinii nis ainpoKoi jiajib- 
hoctu ae3ie.ii.HiK KOSiiieiiB, KiinuiB dopOTiooio 3 nuaii. TaK ca«o 3 siiiitoio. 3 no- 
<jaTKy ypa.i, nUuocHB racaa irapy, Tenep nin npiiHuarye nopHB npoaeTOpiaTy ,10 sii- 
Horo anpy mim Hapo^asra. Oia;e, ina cKopiai/} Bi.HKUHeMO iipjinn,in Koaain,ii, mm 
nntajme aaiHMeMO Map. I b OHpaBi easoo3ira i icnnii aan,ifi KOajriiijiiuuii ypa;i, nimro 
lie sacra. Mu — yKpaiaqi — ocoQtXBO uU'iyau iyr na cofli npjinn;in Eoajriajl. 
IIoTpifieH hobh8 ypin, nia, HKoro an fiy^eao Eiiaarara ,ipa yKpaina p03uinpeuHn 
B.iacTU 1'enepajibHoro CeupeiapiaTy b mnp i b r.ui<'>. 

YKp. con,. -ABM, TTianeHKo 3aaBUB : poeiiiciKa SypiByasia noKuajia h,uko- 
BHTy neaj;aTnicTi. opfamayBani yiiiTra. Tony II TpeSa ycynyTH, i BJiaja Mycin. nepeSlH 
;to pys ceaancTBa ia npojierapiaTy. Bypatyaaia aycuit cnnHimi penojuon,iio, m.06 ue 
E!iTi;aTD ciipasy mupa b pysii ffeMOKpariB. Tyi myEftfiie npu'inna KopHi.TOBci>K0ro 
iioBCTaaHH Ta ni^opaiKH Hon) 3 fiosy pociBctKo'i i uiacHapo^iiboi inmepiaaiciii'inoi 
Oypatyasi'i, Ora;e nfiti KpuTH'jimii MoiieHT Tpefla bhchth na opfaniaaqiio coa,iajiicTi['i- 
noro MipiicTepctBa, m,o6 cupaay anpy aaarii 11 cboi pyKU. Jljjia oflKoI capasH supy 
BapTo g^oOyTu con,ia.iicr([iine niniciepciBO. ABToaonipo yKpaina rpefla 33,iftcHUTii 
$aKTtmuo b uohu'ih ooeai. TiMKU Toa/i naaii naon nia^epatait ypa,^. 

Ilicjia CypxJtaBnx ae6ariB Pa^a yraa.ia TaEHH HaKas cboih seJie- 
faTas **) na fleMOKparaiHy napajj : 

„npHfhcaK>1n 3anpomeHH8 na uapaxy KeuoispaTii Pocil 12. BepecHa, KoaiieT 
IlenipajiLHo'i Pa,nn sopyae cboIh npeacTannHKaa na jiapafti oOcTOMBara TaKi 
.HoaaraniiH : 

1. C$opayBaHiia o.i,uopo^,Haro peEononiiinoro i con.i9.itcTui[Horo ypsAy, 
BiftnoBiflaainoro nepe^, seaoKparieio Bcis Hapoj,iB Pocii. 

2. llopcxanna ncis noaiai,iin,t[;iii, MonacmpcbKiis i n,epKdBBHi aeaenb flo ycTa- 
HOBqax 36opiB y aaBi.ivnanna 3L'.Hej]LHiix KOMireTiB. 

3. 3aBea,enHa KOHTpo.ito ^epacaBnoi i KpaeBo'i Baa.tn aafl, npoj,yKn;ia!o i no^ijioit. 

4. Ilepe^aHHa a aaBi/yBaaaa Kpafiaax opfauiB B.ia^,n liauBaacaintHX ranyaiB 

HpOMBC.iy. 



*) Con,.-;;i;M. Ca^oBi'tKHft i KoBa.ibCL'iHH CopoBHim ijeio Koa.iin;ii, BKa3y»iH 
Ha re, H(o peBoaiou,ui (Jypa:ya3Ha, oiisi mo;ko flynt nepeBe^ena tLilkil aa aonoKoroto 
6y])Kva;)ii. 

**) Bi^ HearpaatHoi Pajn 6yio 3anpoiueHo ua Hapajy 15 npea;cTaBHEKiB, 
ajte Pa^a uocituia Bctoro 8 MfiMtatm : M. Ilopttt (yKp. c.-s.), Bkya (yKp. c.~,n.) 
^OBKeBtto (yKp. c-*), BaflHn (ysp. c.-.i,.), M. Ulanosa.! (ysp. c.-p.), II. Xpncitoa 
(yitp. c.-p.), M. leiieat (yKp. c.-p.) i ^OBniu (yup. c.-p.). 



— 29 



- OmjuaTjjvuaiiHH uojiiiKoro Kairiiaay i »afina xa non$icKaTa BificuEOsax 

m,H<5T»KiB na Kopiu-Ti.' oitpeKB spate i njaol jtepscuiH. 

r ' ,. lipujnaiimi lU'in uanini npana jsa in>jiia ne56iie-/EeHe caHOOMaieinm. 

7 CwniKaiiHfl i;n'.!:,i"»i jianii:Ki, iiKi Toro xonaraioTica, nan,iuHajii,iio-KpacBiix 



cviieiieiiaris y«8SOB«U 3<5op». 

». Ilepe:i.ajiiiH ni.101 n.ia 



1,1.101 luajH ita J'Kpaliii c pyuu yKpaiHctso'i !JeiiTpa.ii>i!o'i 
Pain Ta'ti I'eatipa-ii.is'iro CeKpeiapiiiTY, CKjiaaeaoro as. ochobi ciaiyiy 3 ;uta 

;iiun >'<■ ]'■ 
•6, JlpiwHanna ne^iiiCHiiiiH laimnx fflKnafcOxamxBi joroBopis. 

Id. liytaiTTa pjaryai saxojp* R* aaiuioieuua smpy, jia l ioro Heraituo kii- 

iiepejoiin cokuehmb a iiiiniaTimi u cirpasi uUkpiitth xupoBuz ueperoBopiB. 

11. Heraiinc OKiu'Vuaiuin CMCpnioS i.-apn. 

12. Po:iBaa»Hun fleprcaBHOI JTjmh i ,Hep-,KaBn0l Pajui. 

18. ('luiiKanjiH ycTauoB^nix3CopiBy rrpji3ua«teimit Mac fle3 .la.ii.uiiii 3BO.iiKanB." 

Ha aca-ih, usii pa^nKajibHiiii uporpai HeirrpajibHoi Pajin 6yB npo- 
rpaBOM (5ijibine MR „80BHiiunioro BSHTKy". Ha ^eMOKparaHHiH Hapa^i, 
mfl Bindyjiacb s kibs\ Bepecna (a. ct.), jejer'am H>HTpaabnoi Pa&H 
aaoHSJiH jrisy noannjfo, a6:nia;aroHneb miatHO ^0 <ppaun,il Poc, Con-Jlfis. 
Ilaprii «5o^bineBnKiB, ana, no pe^i cfiasanr, ojiffa Ti.ibKH na Bcii! Hapaii 
(KOJtn ne paxyBara He'incaeHHoro npejiCTaBHnn^iia HaiyonajibHBX Ment,- 
luocreS PociY) aycTpijia .jiodpoanqJiiiBO yKpaiHCbKiix xeJiefaiiB i BKpmia 
ryHHHMH OBJiecKam is npoKOBH. Ta b cede b noiia, Ha yK^alfli, Ilen- 
Tpaubna Pa,i,a, Baacne II Kepyioia MenbiuicTb, HKa Taopiua TenepMbaBfi 
CeEpeTapiaT, b npaKTHiuifl mo^eHHiii podon cioaJia iiaxeKO sin iiboro 
npoi'paiy. Mn Bse eraBHJracb na podori reaepajtbHOro CeKpeTapiary 
b u.eu nac, na noro r neKJiapanjI, BnrojionieHiii b Henrpajitiiiii Pairj Ha 
Kiju.ua tbikhib niaaicj;e (12. jkobthh h. ct,). B Till fteKaffpanji .napenno 
dyjto 6 iuyKaTD noBTopeaHa tomok nattaay HeHTppJtbHoI Pan,n cboib jifiie- 
I'ivrasi na r I,i?)ioF:paTJi>iiiy Hiipa.-i.y- Koasinia, mo TaK aacynayBaaacb jijih 
lleTporpaay, jpa Pocii, (paKTiiino ujuScmoBajacb ua YKpalni Koajiiu,ieio 
a TaK 3BaHrinn HeuapTiaiiiiHii e.icneH r raan i yKpaiHCbKHMa eojj,.-<pe;i 1 epa- 
jdOTBni, thiiobhhii yKpaiHCbKHMH KaseTaMH. B oa,nii1 Ti.ibKn nau,iona,ibHO- 
nojEiTniHia cnpani Henrpajibna Pa;i;a i reHepa.ibHufi CeKperapiar He 
aiiiiu.iu b CBoIn poOori 3 iipimniniB, aaanawemix b nanaai. 

Ta hk 6b TaM ne pixmuiacb Pan;a b CBoIii npaKTH>JHiit pofiori 3 3a- 
BHa^eHoio b HaKaai oniaKoio HOJiiTii'moro MOMeHTy i a HaisiieHBM b nbony 
peBOJUon,hmnai npofpaMOB, Bee m. v&m b toh i iac Pana qyjio Bij\ryKy- 
BaJiacb na tojioc peBOjnou;iioioro skatta, poayaija tob tojioc i, (JeaynoB- 
ho, BHflBMJia ao6py bo^h) no HeraSnoro 8Aincnenns nocTaBienax B poa- 
BHTKy peBoaiou;ii ue Tiabicn HanionajibHO-BojiiTniflnx, aae n corpa.11.Ho- 
eKOHOMHqBnx 3aBji,aBb. To Bse 6yjia Biina ofieKTHBiini oficTaBHH, syjCTHX 
aa IleHTp3Jibny Pajyr, m,o Paja He aoraa b toh ^ac bbhth ai cipepn 
Horyraboro BnJiBBy aaraJibHopociiicbKoi peBOJiioii.il i, hk ueno.iijitHa nacTBna 
ocTanntoi, ninniiairacb saeoKO na xbbjihx peBOJuouil i nanaia bhhb — 
nepeir.iiBajia peEo.iiouifini 6yjiHi — pa30M 3 Hero. OcofanBi jmobb poa- 
BHTKy peBOJnonjf na > r KpalHi, i b nepiry iepry nanionajtbnnfi utomeHT, 
xoh 1 yTBopmin Bi.T,MinHi (jiopMB poBOJiioH,iiiHoro npoi],ecy, oamqe boiib 
fiyjiH n;e ne HacTJjjbKH cnjibni, mod SBHiHHTn sajreajmCTb yKpaiacbKOi pe- 
Bojironil bij pociflcbKoi. Bonn ne MOrjra BHKJiHKaTH mBHa'ioro Tesny poa- 
BnTKy yKpaiHCbKOI peBOJifonil, mm hkhi iiniOB posbhtok- saraatKopooiii 









I^I^H 









30 



ctKOi poBOJQoiiii. TyT, a Taicoac b nanpyaceniii Han,ioHa:ibBO-nojnTtfiinii~i 
6opOTb6l, aKy BeJia seeb iac ytepamebKa aeaoKparar, Tpe(5a myKara npn- 
'mn pocxcuacemiH aiiai ciobom i fljaoit HeHtpajitnoi Pa^ir, npHiHn Toro, 
in,o HeirrpajiLHa Paa,a ocTaBaaaci. ^obiuhh ^ac na cboIx dapnx iiobbiUhx, 
Bin,noBia,BO He oa,iHHBmH xoro nepeaoMOBOro MOseHTy, bhhii saxojpB 
b peBOjnoitfT. 

BjiaeHe Ha yicpaTHi BiatfyBaEcn b toh iac b Koaax peBOJUoniiiuoi 
AenoKpaiii TaKHii catto npou,ec „nepeonJHKn uJHHOCTefi", sk i b Pocil 
Baaraai. Cin micflu,iB peBoaioii,iI, mo HaBiTb b Hafiiieftbiaift aipi ne cnpaB- 
HHJH noKJiaAeniiK Ha peBoaron,ifo napo^aiiH MacaMH 3aBi,anb, npnMyiny- 
Ba.7H nepeMHHyTH, hk ri BaBa,aHHB, TaK i MeTo^H ^ocflraeHHii ix. Hienfi 
xapaKTep naa peBoaron,ifl: ^ypsyaauo-^esroKpaTHiHHH, coii,i8aicTHin:o-,n,eiiw- 

KpaTHqHHH HH HJJIK01I COUJHaiCTniHHH ? HKl K.THCH nOBHHfli BJHTfl BI1- 

kho^heh npoBij peBoaronil b cboi pyKH: flenroKpaTia b cniao,! s 6yp- 
xyasiero, casta ^eiOKpa™, b aaraabHiu 3Maaii MOBa, ih BUKJiKwno npo- 
iierapiar Ta 6uriin,e cejanCTBp V JIkhh nOBanes 6yTH ypaa ? 'In hbjih- 
eTbca IleHTpaabaa Pasa came thm ypsflOM, hkhh BBMaraeTbca MoneBToa? 
Ocb ii niiTaHBfl, atri b to2 lac Bate xEMtOBaai yKpaincwcy jieBOKpaTito 
i ie6aTyBajiHCt neio. 

IirropecnHM i xapaKTepHHu, ■ 3 H,iei' totoh nontaiy, ojb verBepiBH 
alas yKpaiHCbKOi' CoHJaab-^eMOKpaTHTHOi HapTiI, m,o Bi^fiyBca b Khibi 

13. — 17. HCOBTHfl (h. ct.). 

Biaa nepiuoro jk pe<j>epaTa npo cyiaeHiifi noaiTHiHHii mom6kt, bh- 
roaomeHoro B. BHaumeHKOM, SHaaHcs naiKi npEHfl,inoBi ne6a,-m npo xa- 
paKTep pociScbKoi i yKpaiHCbKOi peBoaionu Ta npo il n,uri. 

B, BiiiniiiienKO noiaB cniS flOKJiaj, 3 inrepecHoro saiiinannH : in CKin- 
miacn iiste peaojuonia, to ni ? Ha n,e o,nHOciaBsoi Bimtoniai mh He noiyeao, 
nijijiOBUaB can cofii pe^epeHT. Ha namy .nyaKy, rOBOpus ^aji BaBnaienKO, nponee 
peBoaton,i"i He ciuhtobch. Aae styciiMO saanaiinu, m,o jrinia II p03B«TKy ajrate xbii- 
aacia. laco-K 3Aaen>ca HaBJn, m,o e osaaKH xoro, n;o HeaoB (3h eohs 3auepTa« 
aa3a/i. Bnacm peBO.i*)nia Be Jiosse aoth, ^<> kh hc sna^jTt npH<JHnii, aKi II bhk.hi- 
KDjiis — eKOBOnimni ni>HHUHii, npou.ec neajtoBOJieiiiiii. 

Hna peBOJiionia Tenep BiafiynatTLca ? JI,e-iio xajiaKTepiiaye II, arc OypsEyaairy. 
Aae Oypatyaaia safiMa-ia paninne HefirpafltHj, a xeiiep EOBTp-peBo.'iton,ifiHy noaiiniio 
m,o-AO poaniiTKy peaoaioniL PcBOJuoniw 3pofiHiiii cejSHCTBO i npoJictapkT. Tait 
i no CBOlfi ^L^i BOHa ae fiypasyaana. flje nepeiBopcHHa <3ya,0BH noaiTHuaoro i co- 
iliaaiHoro amirs. Tom}' n,K) peaojiioniio MOiKHa HaaBaru cortiBaiCTi!'ino-,ieiiOKpaTHi- 
noio. B iioaiTimniB c$epi nepeBopoty j,oearneHO. naayBaHHa ^eHOKpaTajMy flo- 
BO^eno. ho naiiBBnioro ciynaa. Aae ne ne aasono-itHae ninpOKHx KeaoKpaTHiBHX 
Mac iepe3 eKOHOBH'iay pj'iHy, 6e3Jiap,a.H' Xapioaa cnpaBa e 'iimuifi:risr noranG.iOHna 
peiiOJiKinifiaoro iracxpoH). Macau 3^aeTtca, ra,o, ko.iii BJtaaa nepefl^e jo pyK /leHO- 
Kparil, 6yne 3Eiiin;eao see 3jio. Una aoacHroeTtcH CaiKauua nor.iaOjeHEa couiajit- 
Horo 3aicTy. AKn.in ppBo.iion,i'i arycMTt po3BaBanica aaai. daBsaaaH KQiKBOl coiijn- 
.licwiiqHol opteuisanil, b tim thcii ii )'Kp. c-^., KopHciyBamcH BOMeHTOM, Kgau MOMtaa 
C)' r te lioraafiaioBaTU anoOyTnu. 

^ocarHj'TO Bate. Cararo. Ta in MOHtaa 6jjsfi Bee ne sSepena ? npo.TeiapinT 
MyciTHHe flo-^HH nociynamoB. Ko.ih b Pocii #e-aKi couia.iicra-yToaicTu rajaiOTi, 
mfi Pociio xoa<Ha Oyxe nepeTBopaTU b con.inaicTHTOy rpoMfmy, to ne e 3axonaenna 
3HOi3yTKaitH npoJierapiaiy. TeMiiora, aHapxia, iieBaiaHH KopHciyBaraca BOaeio — Bee 
E,e poflHTb HCMOHtaaBBM 3aKpiaain Bci 3hoSjtkh peBOJiionjI. Haiuiii con..-HeHOKpaTi'i 
Tpefia cxaia na peaJiiHiiB tpysi. B con,iajitHiS cnpaBi bii HycaBO saKpiajiaTH bh,o- 
oyrmt iTocainiHO, enepiifiHO, Haioiu na yna3i nanicit CypsyaVil. B 10H lac, ko.tii 
npo.ieTapiaT fi^e see BaiBo, nuini BepcTBD cycniabciBa Bee SLitnte afioiyiOTL BtipaBO. 



Moaemr auHKnemifl iteCeaneKU KOHTp-peBoaronii fiyne mombtom oioaouienHa Gyp;«y- 
aaiejo niiiHii npoJiciapiaTOBi, 

ilKa MycuTt Ovtu uja,ia? ,'I.aa Pocil coniajiem'me MiuieTepcrBO 6yao o ta- 
rKfiiaJio, a jaa coniaaiaay fticEpexttnagaio. e:,uinoio aaiaieio conjaaicTmHHi ai- 
BicTpiB MVCHT6 Cvtu aaBjauHH anpy. Bno|ia,T,K)-EaTH upaii, HaaarOJpm cKonoaniBHii 
anapai Tase amicTepcTBO He 3morao 6. CyiacMe KoaainiBne aiHicrepCTBO Hewnae 
crapy ooaiMBy. Owe noK-ia^aTH na,i,ii "a atoro aaa ne o.ii^. B Beiporpaaj nbraa 
anapsiu, iiouhuh po3na.i, roaoajBaHHa Mac, Bi^cymicTt jpiicBoi Bjiacrii, flKa aa^uBOJit- 
aaaa 6 'aacn. *Iepe3 to BJia^a aycHTL <3yTU aepeacceHa na aiena b 3auc.ii caiio- 
yupaiiii i casoosBaicHna Han,ioHa.i£HocTeu. Haaie aaB^aaHii — opfant3an,ia i nepe- 
Beseana vaaafl. fla Micu,ax. 

IJei! asaJiia i aanpononoBani na iioro niftcraBi jiooaji^HKOM bbchobkh 
b npBBHaHHHBi neo6xi,n,H0CTH Koaaiflii flejtOKpaTii a dypjcyaaiefo bhoh- 
icajin (JypMHBi $,e6a,m Ha a'ia^i. EijEtiuicTi. yiacTHBidB a'Kany nimjia 
b cboIx BHCHOBKax jjajieKO JiiBim;e tojobh yKpalHctKoro peBomoijiiiHoro 
ypany. Tmlkh onpeiri oco6h npo6yBajiE (SoponnTH Koajiiu,iK> i j.oboshtd, 
mp peBQjnonifl Mae 6ypatya3Enii xapaiwep. Hase^ejio Tyr ypHBKH a Ha2- 
<5ijii.m acKpasHx npoMOB toI i ipyroT CTOponn, 

M. Uopm rOBopHB: Eaioa pesojuonin pIhchhtmh mx neix crapnx peBOjr>u,iii 
nocarauHaH na 3eae.ii.ny BJiacHicTi bbjibkbi noaintiiKis. O^bo 3 SI racea — kqb- 
ipoan na# npo,nyKU,ieio — e osaaKOio conia.ii.uo'i ])enoJion,ii. Mo;b6MO caraHBO eua- 
saTH, in,o na peBO.nonia BBnaana neapuairau nuTKaan 3 MattfiyTatOJo Hei,aaeKoio cbito- 
bow con.ia.wnoK) poBOjuon,kio. .HBurynoa peBOJH>n,iI c npoMTapiaT i cuaBnepii30Bane 
ce.iaHCTno — TaK 6yio i paniinc, kojh, tjjelkb 3an3,aKis neopfaniaoBaHOCTH cboIx cub, 
1x noannji saxonnaa flypacyasia. lunca KaniiaaicriB, (Sypffiyaain, He aoate Cym $ep- 
M6BT0a BcecBiiHLOl peoojiottil. Koajiiaiio Tpe6a BijBHHyiH. Minicipii hch30bukh, 
ib,o aiiaaa-iuca a KaiiiTa-ikrasiii scboro caiiy, ra-itayuiuu poOoTy aeaejiLnHi KOxiTeriB, 
,ucK[ie,iiiTyna.ii[ 11, So ne sk nUpusiuio ciaHOBHue .Ttop^iB Anrjiil i npyctKiix 
afpapila. 

Hama peBo.iionja BBaaaHa ai CBiiOBOio, i aa kokbiib KpOBoa, sa KOVEHnu aKioa 
ypa^y, ctoItb npeca aaii^nol eBpoiieScwsoI Cypacyaail. Mycimo cbocm piuryjicTFO 
i ojifatiiyaniiiHoio poOoroio Bi,^6!]TH Bcimy uasiio y niei 6y]mya3ii na Te, nj,o Moaina 
nGiirji jiiiiny pcno.iKiiuH). 

X.iiGna aoBonojiia upoae^OHa — 3pofijcHa neHmonipHa poSoTa na^ moho- 
noaioanieio jdaioaiB rocnosapcie. floeuti .ierKa aa^aia — KOHTpo.ia nax coTHaaii 
i|iai'i|iHK — uepo3BHaana. IlacKiatKii npomicaoBicTt b BwaKO^epiKaBHOjo, HacTiatKH 
KoaJn'ttifiiiiiii pociiicbKHii y|)n^, ue 3»oa:o tjt 3po6nTH Hinoro flaa pcBo™n,i'i. Byp- 
Mtya3ia hikohb ae sonyciait KOHTpo.ii, i TOMy KOMinJMBHH ypafl 6y%e apenoio 
KJiacouoi OopoiifiH, a He peBoajonjiiHoi pofioTH. 

PeBo.iiK)n,iaua E.iaxa e Haine lipaEO, npaao peBOjnonil. 3BepTaHi yBary na 
tc, Bio iipo.ieTapiai b KoiKaifl i(ia6pnn,i i b kojkbIm KOMiTeii iiepeatDB cboio Koa,iiu;iK> 
i Tenep no bclomt (jiponiy o^oroaocno suaarae fijHoposcoj aaa^u. 

B. Ca^oBCLKuii we sroflwyBasca 3 n|)oaoBn,aaH, aKt oftKn^Mii Koajriniio, 
yBaa;aK)iu "ix iror.isijH yroni'iBuaM. Ana-iisyro^B cKouoaiiquy 6a3y peBOJlo^iI, Oeci^- 
iiuk BU3iias pesoaioniio 6ypiKya3HOK). Con.ia.'iicTBiiua peuoamnia npisxojuTi, T03,], 
K03H Bci npoiyKniiiai cn.au KaniTa.ii3ay Cyxyri, BiiKopHCTaHt. Caimno syaa™, bio 
Pocia, o BKiB Kaniia-TOa aaJieKO hb poaBHHyEca, Koace nosecTU nepe,i B yiBopciniRi 
couiaaicTHinoro laay. Pyx aac uLikom CTHxiuiiHu. IIpo-teiapiaT ne BiaroTOB.iennu 
xq peiyjiFOBanna KepXasBffli rocnojapcTBoa. He aoataa onipaTHca na ria, loro xo- 
■imb aaon, a ejii;( bhxo,ihtb 3 oSckthbiibx tmob peB0Jinin,ii. Tomv' He aosHa m%- 
MOBaaTHca sin Koa.iin.ii. . 

Bi Kja cuhhbbcb na TeopeTHqmM 0(5fpyHT0BaHB» Ca^OBCBKH* ijtei cniBpoCiT- 
HHn,TBa oynsyaaii 3 jipo.icTapiaioa. Bj;e kojih 6yi>M:ya3ii rpe6a 6yao CKiiayTB ciapHfi 
QjeoflaaMo-sBopaHctKafi aas, y aac 6yB Bate npoaeTapisT. 1 BOHa ne aoraa BecTii 
pimyioi CopoTi,6ii 3 nepeaaiTnaan ^eosaai3ay, saBOTKii tomt, mo 3aBatsn 3a hck. 
cTpauiaoK npnaapofo ctohb npoaerapiaT. 






— 32 — 



IU,e b 1905. poa,i bbhhkjb cynepeiKii, qn peBoatonjir fiypacyaaHa, >iit aeao- 
EparuiHa? Jlie.ia uaioro pony b po3BHTKy KaniiaaiaBy BiaOyancn Beaniti 3buhh, 
3 b;hm, oieuuAffO, Caa,08CiKH.u He arojpKyciLce. CoH,iaai3H aacTyniiTE to;u, kuwi 
Kaaiffuicxiraai aa r i, nepeurKOAwaTuire poaaaiEOBi npoajKuirtaax era. Hln -,k aa no- 
Miiaeiro ? HajyBHiajHufi po3UHTOK u))MHHHHBca jo aainposYKaii KaniiaaiB, i neofir 
xiAHicTL Baimi ,wa iihx paaOK Bxaaa oypatyaaiio y Biiiny. J' sifmi oypwyaaia uiy- 
KaJa Toru cnocooy, bio iaa aata eaxia; tub upoajKniHaHa cwaaa, Korpi KaBiTaaian 
DUKJiiiKaB, aae can ate ii i roaoaaiHB. flic paaiaie xapaKiepHCTHiaoio »paK*eraH> 
KaiiiTaaicrHifloro aaay dyjia, 3aBa,aica Baji,npoajjcn,iI Tosapia, Kriiait, Tan Tonep, sas^aKB 
Ha^npojyKiy'l KamiaaiB, ciaiort biiIhh. 4ac Bia, iacy KaniraaiaM Gyae KiijaTii caiT 
y KpiBaBaii xaoc. I Koaa ] aainje Bin nepesiaraB Kpiaa, a,auas H03k.ihbh;ti> saaLaioay 
po3BHTK0Bi npoajKniiiaax caa, xenep siH npimiiBSfiTbca aaaie x,u 5i n,ijEOnnTo'i pylffn. 
4>op»H KaniTajiicTHkiHoro rocaoiapcTaa Bace raaiayioTt, mp duiiaie — pyfiayioTt npo- 
ayKHium chjh. iJ'sBiuiHca esco (na 3axoi,i) nepea.nocnaKH cou,iaai3ay. 

Pocil ae Bosaa po3raaa,aTH i3oatoBaao. Bona — «acTuna scie'i KaniTajicTu^HoI 
niaocTH. Poaa pociaciKO'i oypacyasil ae soace oym tbop i jok>, kojh Haa. Bcieio 6yp- 
atyaaieio Bate npoMauayB ayx poaoaay, ayx cKepni. 

PociBciKa peBoaion,ia — npoaLOt ao coajaaicTaiHoi peBoawnjl. ITpoaeTapiaT 
■ycBiB CTftTH hb H mii. 3aiBar BjacTH, isoasnia 6yp^ya3ii iope3 npimejuieEHH 
ao ce6c nesHM koji apidaol 6ypacya3ii — oct aaBfiauwtie aaB^anaa yKpaiucbKoI 
coajiaaB-ieaoKpaTi'i. 

IIo aoaria i <5ypxjMBia" shckjcji yxBaJMB b'Ibjj; no HOjriTH<fflony mo- 
MCHTy cjiijyio'iy BanponoHOBaay M, TIopiiiOM peaojnoniio : 

,1. Cyiacna pociBctKa pcB0.i»nifl Bia/iyBaeTLca b aiaoc$epi BcecBmiLoI ia- 
aepiaaicTB'iuo'i Biftaa, noipa Tarae aa co6o» aeiyBaae 3aan;eBaa npoayKniRHm ch.t 
napoABLoro rocno^apciBa aa scia csiri, Koatoca.iLBy npojieiapiaai^iio BiapoKiix itac 
aroaHOCTH, sySosftiaHB itpoaeiapiary Ta jipifiao'i ropoA«>Ko'i i cijitctaol 6ypacya3il. 

2. IxneiJiaaicTU'iHa Bifiaa, noipefiii KOipoi ae BOatyTL 6yiu 3a^0EoaeHi npa 
cynacaim CTani po3B«TKy npoayKniiiniut ciu, an n,ijoi EBpomi, Tas i ocofiaBBO PociT, 
Be^e pocittctKy flopacaay #0 nosnoj eKonoHU>iHoi pylnn : je30pfaHi3an;ia HapojHboro 
rocao^apcTBa, nosne BiieHaaieaHa npo^vKniilaocTH iipan;!, pylaa TpaHcaopty, (JhiEaa- 
coBitii Kpax, BHiepnaaBB sacofiia irpo^jKHi'i, rooTpa lapiOBa Kpiaa, a b pesyaLraii 
OeapoOirra, aaHAai i TaKe aaaie. 

3. Hope ^ pociiietKOB )ieBoa»a;ieio ctohti 1 e ] d <i c 2 e i 
coniaai.HO-eKonoBHiHJ 3 a d x a ii 11 a, ntf BuaaraKiTt cboio po3Bn3aaaa 
b npon;eei poaaiiTKy peBOJ!oa,ifiBoro pyiy, 3a bkhbii ctobt* ochobh! co- 
n i 11 .1 1. ii i caan peBoiKmil — rtpoaeTapiaT, cghiiciid ii apmia; 
pcBoaionja scbcilhux bUbociiii, po6iTBiraa cnpaaa, uaniunaiiBO naraanB, nepeTBO- 
peaaa yairapBOi cn.eBT])aii30itaauS fl.epa;aBn ii ^e r T,epaTHBHy aep^aey, nijKOniiTa je- 
n^eHTpaaiaauia i s e B° K P aTBaan .ia ynpaea, jepiiaBHe inopajiyBaHK 
rocnojapcitoroaniTuyiciiiuro r a a y 3 a x, b nepniy yepry npo- 
lyKnji i no^iay xap'ioBiix ttpo^yKiiu i pi'ieii iiepuiol noipefia, aKTiimia noainiKa so 
ACMOKpantinoro Mupy i lane HHUie. 

4. Cyiacna pociiictKa peBoajonia 3 TaKiiBU CKaa^HHBii i BeaH'ie3BHau 3ana,aa- 
naau p 3 a ii n a k t h c a p a 3 b 3 Til a b »i m o c 41 e p i Bapasuax uico- 
111 cvvepniocTei fiypwyaail i npoaerapiaiy, Kanha-iicTiB i noainjuKLB 3 oj- 
hoto fioKy, ra upoaeTapiaiy i apiSBoro caaBaepi30BaHoro ceaaacxaa 3 jpyroro fiOKy; 
apa TaKiix oficTaBHHai b npon;eci pesoaioniBHoro pyxy 6yp»yaaia i npoaeTapiar 
ciafOTk na Bopowi no3Hnii KaacoBOl <SopOTi(>H, a n,e p 6 h 1 1 b«ioijiibhx 
cniBpo6iiHHB;TBO jHTafoiiicmiHui Kaac b isopiii n p a, e c i 
b e .1 ii k 1 p e b a kp n i I b Poci'i. 

5. Gia aicsniB capu6 Koaaini'i Kaac b opJaai3aB,Ll aepstaiiuoi Baaja, cia ai- 
caa;iB jocBi^y iipaaj Koaain,iHHoro aiaicTepcTBa nOKasaau acKpaBu, mo Koaainiiiua 
Baa^a »^*rta tLuxi 3aiaryBaTu iaaepirjlcTii'JEy siusy, Soporaca s BaaaoaeEHaa ce- 
UU B M i poSiTHBHTBa 3 $eo,iiaakHO-xpiaani>Kux ^popa KaaiTaaicTa^aoro BMBHCKy, 
raatayBaM BMaBoaeaaa Ta spicT TBopiocta Han,itt Pocil ; aainaRiBaTB ianepiaaicTHi- 
ni aaaranna Sypatyasi'i b Pocil ; liiHnta aepeiBKO^a opfaoiiayBannio i CopoiBfii pe- 



li.uKmiiljioro trposerapkry, ccinncraa Ta nificbKa ; i-yiinvBaTH rocnoAapcsai 1a $1- 
imncoBJ ociioBn gepacaBH, BiiiuiiKaioaii aHapiin — n,c-ii nacn^oB BesajtoBOnenta co- 

niajiuo-oKonoMii'iBHi nOTpeO Mac, — roiyio'iii tiist aria fpym ,n« KoaTp-peaiMFoniL 
6. CyiacHapociBciCKapeBoajcmiji, TsrayaH aa cofioio nenyuaHiiii 
ii usxopjl ni-ii KQienepiinail peBO.Tion.iH iiepe>opoi b c o u, i a a i> h 0- eis no- 
hiiihbx b i 1 n c n a a x, itiiK.'f]ii;yK''!ii wupuaaii ni^rosiu y neJimesBHS poOmnpiux 
aacax aaii/uioi EBpomi, 1 •'< y a « J » a « " am naoj a cimiem BJI 
nanitiiiissv, r io conju&KOl peBO-imuii, a piuifotacito i cnnueaaa imiepbuieTa']- 
aol Bifinir, mn wase noseem aa cutioto noBCTaaaa npo-icTapiaiy b aaxuaia EBponi, 
— cia« npo.ito(OM i nouitoi BceeBituiol coniiiLHo! p ti- 
ll a » a i 'i. 

Tokv leiBep/fflfi -I'i-H J'KpaiRCbKoi Coh.-^om. PoSiiHaaoS Ilapii? nporoaonryc : 

1. III,o i!i; v ui.iiii lepwasi, tek i 11 OKpeXHX II apanx, Kycra Gym aeiafia" 
yrBopesa o^HOpo.uia peao.iKin.iana j.caot;paTu<ina n.ia.ia, n .1 a a a -t p f a n i 3 b a- 
h o r o a p 1) a « t a p i n r y, rcjimciBi i n i fi c i k a.*) 

2. Ul,.i nn u.ia.a.a mvchtl b ocsosy cbocT ,T,iajj,B0CTii no&aai'Tn : 

a) aKTBmiv lio.iiTiiKy xo caHaeaaa untepijuicTfraBol Bitten, h i,i.tj*hm vhj^i 11 aazan 
iipoaeTapiiny i nj.ioi peuo.noniiinoi j,eaoKpaTi5, aK n Pocii, i&k i b ocepe.taix boh>- 
loaux jtepxaaax, x" neaOBpammoro -unpy 6ea aaeKciB i KOBTpnGyain, aa ocnoai 
caxoosaaaeaaa aaa.il, pooaaia BaBeBep(i2airn.a .lanaiaaa aa Bci npanaTcitcTBa xep- 
•.KaB, BTaracBHi y Biiiay, i floawii! npo Ba6e»ne«HBB npana aainTepecoaaimx aaaiii 
Ta npo yiacTt *ix y Mi5Knapoaaifi xapoBifi ROB^epearp] ; 

6) aepejiaay Bcic'i coaimantitol, ,iep',i:aiuiui, i;afiiBeici,Koi, y r i,i.ji,aoi, uepam;- 
no'i i ManacTHpcbKo'i aeM-ii e poauopa,j,a;enaB i aaoi;rjaaBBH aeMe.itBBi KOMiTcrin. 
apeopfaaiaoBamii- B peBo.iioaiiiao-a.eMOKpaTHHBO-o.tnopo.i.Bisi aanpaai : 

iuiyiy aoatpOJno gepx&BXO] i apaeBni B.iacTU — iipu aattO.WHtaiii yiacr/i 
.lOpfaniaoBaaoro npojBTapiajy — ua,^ npo^yKU,ieio i no^boa npo.iyKrin o)aiipnvnu- 

Z&BQJtfihKOl apOMUOOBOCTB ; 

r) i|iin,iaei>By aoaiTHttj it nanpnai aaKciaajinoro ouo;(aTt:yBaaim Beaaaoro 
KaaiTaay i aaiiaa, i;oa<jiicKan.im BiftciKOBax BpatfyildB i, nauiTt, aacrKOBy EOB^icxaTy 
KadTa-iiu : 

nepeTBopcBHH pocificLBol sepstaaa b iJio,T.epaiiiBBy pocifictKy peoayCaaicy ; 

e) mapoKy ^eaeHTpajiiaaai!'- i ^eMOspatxaaBJlD B.m,ui m a,op;sHUH j'TBopeanaM 

ncpm sa see KpacBO-naHioaa.iLiim aBroaosiuiix ojifauiB peao.iK>niBuoi B.ia,i.n 3 miipo- 

kok) KoaueTeuni'-f" y ncix raiysai apaeBoro xsmn, a iia ancni — nomupoann Tepa- 

ina Bcio .Vapalay) i npej;«etHoi KonneTenn,i'i leinjpan,aoi'o Cexperapiaiy 

.Viqiaiini.Kiii UeHTpajibBOl Pa r T,u, AKafi, DB.iaioaaci, naiiBiimoR) apaeBoio B.iaxon> b;i 

yKjia'iai, aac onapaTaca aa aopfaniaouaaiii peBOjamiiinift .leaoapaTii FxpalKH i tbo- 

Ti bojjd. 1 " (6). 

IJukob HarypajitHO, mo b cbItjiI t.ikoI ouinKU MOMeHTy Mycwii 
apocTa™ BHHora Tpy^oBnx nac jio yKpatHctKoi HeirrpaiibHOi' Paflii, By- 
cko poftHTHCt KpnTfline BiABomeHHa jo n ^.ilhoctii, a nocEijibKH D^ea- 
TpaJibHa T'a;i,;i, Bi^aro'in Bci crr.in Ha HauioHa^MO-nojrmiiiny OopoitSy, 
.TOrKOBaavHJia, c-KaseBO TaK, MOMenT eoiya^bnnH ra eKonoHDiupii, napofl- 
xyBa-ioet i ; xe-aKe HesaaoEoaeiinH if iiciIthkoh). 

Te, m,o HeirrpaahHa Paja i i'eHepajLiinil CeKpeiapiar BaiB", uo 
yro^i a BpeueHniiM irpaBnTe;ibCTBOB, Jinme ipiKii.iio Biajin, in,o boh» 
6yjiH ni^piaani tok> yro^oio, Ma.no o6io.tu.io peno.TRMi.iimi MacH. y Bia;- 
noaUb oa IncrpyKujio, Ha aaaBii, mo renepajibnnn CeKpeTapiar BopoHiHB 



) Ji;paiii';ti;a IlapTiii Cou,iajicTiB-PeBo.iinn)oaopiB mp b aepaai aicaai. Ha 
jpyro»y ua "\<x\. (3.-6. aepaHa ct. ct.) Bac3i>Bii.iacL pimyae npOTU aoa- 

• au -"- aprfa b-,i;o .touara.iaeb i aeraiinoro orojioraenna nepeMiippa i nciaiKv 

aiipaax ncperoaopis. 



mK. IcTOpill poBOJl.t.uii, H 



3 




34 



gijuiQHieEtiHif flo ntoro BpeaeHRoro IIpaBBTejibCTBa noafianjiefliiii sioat- 
.hbboctii iuoct 3po6nTii, Kaposi maca piniyye' aaHBJHUiu : 6eprrb Ty 
Baaj.y Bia. nac ! ne aBa^aBie Bace Tas jiya;e aa Te BpeaieHne flpaBB- 
rejibCTBoI I IpaBoreaLCTBO rHe bobcim ne tjxb, Ky^H ciia. IIpaBBTejib- 
ctbo (Sepe cropony naiiiB ! Han a hum ne no nopoai ! B uiii sift- 
noBisi- son roJioBHDit rarap bhhh i nepefuaaaBea na BpeMenne IIpaBB- 
TeabCTBO, npote nyBca sace Banna i HeirrpaJiLniS Pani. 

CejiaacTBO i pooIthhutbo no'tBHaao poayniiTB, mo <5e3,n;iajrbHicTb 
Pa^n b eijiepi coniajibBO-eKOH0«Ji<jniB Boacnajiaeb He TijihKU the, mo 
UeHTpaJibna Pa.ia aa.ia nepea codoro Taicy KOJiosy, an BpeaeflHe IIpaBH- 
TeJibcTBO, i noafiaB-iefla Cyjia ocraHfliK mohcjihbocth npoBOjiirn po6oTy TaK, 
ak Toro xori.ua. OraBajio bjeb noiinnns, mfl b camifi Pa^i He Bee ctoit(> 
rapaai, mo cane b nnraHnax couiajibHO-eKOHOiiiiiHiix, a ne hhbibx, bobr 
BUHBJiise HaiiMeHbiny aKitiio, 3 ohhoto ooicy naie-6-TO He 6yjio niaKoro 
cyiniBy, mo HearpajbHa Pa&a e „cBoeio'' cnpaBasnboro qHcio-HapoanbOio 
i peBOJiiouiiinoio Bja^oio (a^acea; b cmtaa 11 bxojjbhh BceyKpaincbKi Pajui 
CansHctKHX, Po6!thhmhx i BificbKOBax JleDyraTiB), a 3 apyroro (Sony kii- 
aaaacb b oni ae-BKa nemos <5h cnopi;meBicTb renepajibBoro CeKpeTapiary 
:j KOajiiuiiriinM UpeMeimnia lIpaBiiTejibCTBOM, fioro nyate bshb Bejinica no- 
MipHCBanicTb, tfoasiricTb came b tax cnpaBax, aid uaHfii.'ibui o6xoabjih po- 
OiTHHii Ta cejiaflCbKi nacu. ^ony b cnpaBax uan,ioaaabBO-noaiTUHBBX 
HeHTpaJiiHa Paj.a i I'enepaJbBBH CoKpeTapiaT. ko.ih Haxo,THJin Te do- 
TpiGnnH, ae 6oflJiHCb nepecTynBTii sex IucipyKulI i bumb OABepTO na 
6oporb6y 3 BpeKennra Ilp;umr«ibeTBOa i b tob ae <aac sobcim He bh- 
HBJiaaB TaKOi peBOJnonjilnocTB I piniyiocTH b eapaei BeneJibHin, xapiOBifi, 
napo,i;HLO-roouoji;apiiS, (JrinancoBiB, poSiTHBHia ? Hoiy, Hapenrri, Uen- 
TpaibHa Paaa ne BBnara,ia aapy. He 6opoaBCb aa imp xoi 6h 3 tbh 
caiHi Bppiiennnji IIpaBHTeJibCTBOM ? Taxi nnTanHfl Bate BHHUKaan b pa- 
ji;ax yKpaiHCLKoi peBOJiion,iiiBOJ" jeMOKpaTit, i Ba;e CKJia^ajiacE na hhx 
BisnoBiab. 

A ana to Mor.ia dyTB BiAnoBinB, bhabo HoiacTB b tbx aefiaiiB, 
ad BittSyjiiica na IV at 3'iafli Yap. Cou.-jl|eii. Podiranqol napTii. Ha 3'IoAi 
qyiBcb Base BBpa<Bi napitiaaiiH na „api6iio-6yp/Kya«HicTb" HenTpaJibHo'i 
PajB, na Si rcineiiuito niaiinnTti momkht cou,iajifcno-eKonrian i iHoi K,ia- 
coboI 6opoTb% aoMenros Hau,ionajn>Hwi, O^BDHyBaiyBajiaeb i caia (J)paK- 
u,ia YCJ,PiI b H,CHTpa.Ti»Hiil Pani b BeeBTpniiaHOCTH kjihcoboI nosanii. 
He KpjiTirae Bij,HoiueBna jifi HeBTpavibHOt Pa^H i neB,u,OBOJ[eHiiH 3 II 
couiajibHO-eKOHOMHiHoI BO-iiTHKH 3HaHuiJio Cfiifi &inryK i B BOCTaHOBaX 
s'lajiy. B pe30.i(nn,il ope BtajffOff»HHa yCJI,PIT Jto B,eHTpa.ibHoi PauB hb- 
Taeiio, xm hbiuhi, i takhb yCTyn, b asony roBopiiTiiCH, mo 

„6Li!,[iricTb yKpamcbKoi UjeBTpajibsoI Pa^B, CKJia;i;aioraob 3 Bpe^- 
craBHnKiB ;ipio*Boi dypacyasil, ne ajiaTHa, lepea csoe kjibcobo CTaHOBBme, 
Hoa;epa;yBaTitca BocjiiaoBtioi i piuiy^ol peBoaBnaHHO-jeMOKpaTHiHOi" Tar;- 
theh, yxiuaKwncb paa-y-pa-i b 6ik Api^unfiypajyasiioro Hauionajiiaay". 

CnpaBa 6y^a, 3Bnqafino, ne b ..api6uo6ypavya3HOMy" CKJia;i,i Uen- 
TpajibHoi Pa;iB. Koaii ocTanaa i hc aBJisjiacb b toh nac iijijikom kjih- 
cobhi — poCiTHBMe-ceaancbKo-cajtjraTCbKBs opi'aHOM, to Bee He b hih 
ocHOBHe a^po, dlibiuioTb i to BejiHKa 6i.ibiiricTb, 6yjia mapo napOAHfl, 



35 — 



iiiicuo pofii-imne-ceaflHCfcKO-CMJWTCMa. CnpaBa oyjia b tohj, ho poa- 
bitok peBOJiioui'] na yKpalfli Beet nac ycKjaflBflBea nauiojiantHBi mo- 
nemos, rap b toh 'rae na yKpami Be oyjio TaKoi peBOJuoninno! con,iHJiic- 
riiiKoi napTil, stta noHyaajia 6 cede b cimi i b cTani bshtii bbbjikwho 
ua ce6e Bia,noBijia.TBnicTB sa MafioyTHe ho tLibkh coHJajibHO-eKonoaBnHHBX, 
i'i ]iau,iona;ibniix jipLiaraeBb peBOJiioi4l, HKa OflBaxajiaCb Ch hmkok 
iiopBaTn a iiaiiAOHaibiiHin ,ipi6Bo6ypsya3naMii ejeMeBTanH, cnepmcb ri;ibKH 
na po6iT[iHii to cejiancbKi Macii i noBecra Ix piiuyie Ta chijihbo aa 
co6oa 30 HaMiqeaoi nixii. 

JTRpalacbW couisJicTir-peBOJiroitioEepH Ta yupaiHCbKi coni&nb-seMo- 
KpaTH 6yjin juTban vKpa'iiiebKoI peBOJ»nii. Bobh canir, paaoB 3 HapoaBiiH 
Bacami, pocaB b peBOjnonji, b nift KyBajiH cboi CBiToraajpT, b fliii Hani- 
qaafl i niJii cBOe! peBo.iK>H,inHOi 6opoTb6it. yEpaiflctKOi KOMyflicTn i iaoi 
napTii me Be 6y.to. napria pociEcbKni eonjajib-aesoKpaTiB <5o.DbuieBHKiB 
oyjia B3arajri syse caatTeBiKOH) i js,o roro x me cToaaa ocroponb bi',t, 
yspalBCbROi peBOBOuil. PoeiflcbKi napml — coHJajiieTiB-peBonjonioBepiB 
ia couia.ib-ji;eMOKpaTiB MeHbiueBBsiB — i Si.'ibuiicTb egpe^'bunx couiflJiicTire- 
nux napriB Ha yicpaifli oyjm thbobijbh „corJiai«aTejma!B", u;o opienTyBa- 
jiHCb na Gypagraany peBoaiouiio i na niii ni^ciaBi, mo 6yao Is cijjjb. 

[';l.lbiyB8Jin pOBBBTOK H6 TijIbKH HaH,iOHajrbHO-nOiliTnHBOJ, ajie fi COB,ijHIbHO • 

eROBOMBiHoi', KJiacoBOl 6opoTb6a Ha ygpaiBi. 

IIpH TaKiis yMOBax unpiBiiaHHH Jiiaii conJHJibno-eKOBOMJiHnoi aiaat- 
iiocth L(eHTpaflbHoi Paj,H, aBBiafiHO, oyjio ayse yxpy^Heae. Aae bobo 

BJIO MO/KJIIIBe K 6.7II3bKOMy MaHOyTHbOMy i MycLlQ CTaTHCb. Jlfltt HhOTO 

ne TpeCa dyao HaniTb BinflTn i coa/ty Pa^ir, tbm fiiibme, mo i TaK 
b!h ne 6ys nocTifiHO-aa^iKCOBaBHJt, Pajgi pooIthbmbi, eaaftaTCLKUx i ccitm- 
cbKiix aenyTam Monni nepeo^npaTHcb bchkhS iac, a tbh caiiBM air 
aiiiiHaTHCb i eoaj. Hea-rpajibnoi Pa^a. 3 ^pyroro 6oKy — HecxajiicTb 
ra MOHO^icTb yKpalHCbKnx cou,iajiiCTUHHHx Bapiifi aor.ia TaKOiK Marn b nji» 
ni.uioineHBH) cbog noaiTHBBe ananiBHU. t'^ana yupaiHCbKa CoiuaJtb-J^eHO- 
Etpawma IlapTifl (b toh 'iae, hk i poeifiebua cou,.-^en. napTia, Majia Bxe 
BUSKS TciiiTi, e^BHayRpainebKanapTifl CoH,iajiicTiB-PeBOjrEDn;ioBepiB (b toh 
iae, hk i pocincbKa nap™ eon.-peB., Ma.ia raKoac fdiMa rema) — oCe^ByBajin 
nix cboimh napriilHiiMn upanopajin ne Ti.ibHn npasi, a^e fi ^iBini,i eae- 
Meflra, m,o aoran nepefiHara b uorpififliiH Moaenr peBOJioniiinnn apOBJ« 
b cboi pytar. II,i ocTaHiri 3 pobbbtkoji peBo;noH,ii u,ijrK0M iipHpojino 6pa™ 
6 ropy b jiapTiilnnx i kjbcobbx opr'ani3an,iax. a tbm camnji BnaiiBaaH 
6 3 KoHeHBOio HeoOxi.T,BicTK) i Ha 3Miay nojiiTBKH I(eBTpaan.HoI PaOT, 

Bop0Tb6a 3 KoajiinieJo, u,a nepnia 03Baua oopoTbCn aa sMiBy Eypcy 
bojuthkb Pajn B.iino, ftifieao, Bse i Haiihajiach ua yKpaini. B aaTBep- 
.(.-.KiHOMy BpenenBHSi npaBHTejrbCTBOa craafti r'eBepn J ibBoro CeKpeTapiary 
no Bnnaj,KOBO ne oyjio aoBcii yKp. cou;.-peB. (I'cHepa.TbHHJi cenpeTapb 
acMe.ihniix enpae CaB'ieHKO-BijbcbKiifi dys TLibKH „CBiB>iyBaH)Hii3" coh,.- 
pee, i bxoahb b feHepaJibanfi CeKpeTapiaT ae siji napiil), a TdKO/K 
.TiBiityix yKp. coH-jeM. He Bse Gyjia, oasaKa BnyTpiiiiBboi 6opoTi.6B, SKa 
n .'lajibBinioMy po3BHTKOBi peBOJiH>n,iT z neiioHyiicTH> gaKimiuiacb 6js aia- 
MaBBHM ,,e^HHoro naujonaJitHoro <ppoBTy' b HeBTpaibfliii Pajii i yTBO- 
jieiinaa a^nnoro po6iTnii'je-c:e;iHnci.Koro (jiponxy. IIpoBi^riBKn po6iTBHB,TBa 



36 



i eeJiwicTBa b H,eiiTpaatHift Pa;i;i, mo Bee m,e, opieBryRajincb na 6yp!Kya»Hy 

]ieBOJiion,L[o, o,iimiuiii 6 b 6ik, a ix mem saniuuin u ,\iiioiio peBOJironiiTHi, 
aKTHBni ejiejicHTH. PeuiTKn at tiypsytfeMX Ta .ipioHOoyp^yasiinx l'pyii. 
;ik ot \ -Kpa'iiicr.Ki coii;.-c|)e^. to mo, iianeBHO eaaiii Bniim-iii 6 (cjiuom aa 
cBOimiT poeificbKjro KOJiei'aiiH — KajieTasn) ai cKJia^y UenTpajibnoi <Pa;in. 
!I,eHTp:i.ibna Paaa, TaKnit hhuoie, h,jjikom nepeTBOpn.iacb 6b i no CBoeny 
crcaajiy i no cootfi juajibnocTii b peBOJironifiny ipopTeu.ro, b kwiobbbh iirrau 
BflJiHKOl pofiiTnH'ie-ceJiflncbKO-ca^Aii'rctKOi' apail. 

Osaaie .pjibiiii noaii saraJibHO-pociacbKoro anaqiiiHa nopyiuiun 
Hopsajibniifi pobbhtok utoro Bate pocnoiaToro npon,ecy Ha yKpaiiii. Ha 
MocKOBinHBi, ii DeTporpa^i, CTaBcn pooiTHn'ie-cejiaucbKnn nepceopoT, 
iihini aaxonnB y cbih Bnp i yKpaiacbKy peBOJironjio. 



Po3#iJi II. 

Ha flopo3i flo poSiTHH^e-cejuiHCBKoi flepKaBHOCTH. 

5. PoGiTHHHe-cesifiHCbKa peBOJiwuJa Ha Mockobimmhi i Bi,a,ryKn n 
Ha yRpaTHi, IIeTporpa.ici.Ka ^eMOKpaxii'iBa Hapa-ia. m,o Bitt.Gy.Taci. h iriimi 
Bepedsa b. ct,, 6yjia oeraHHtoio cnpo6oio naaarojiflTH i 3mjhhbtb Koa- 
.]iu.iio oypayasiT i nesiOKparii u b peBOJironiT. BiiacHe npo peBOJiroirjio 
iyT Bifie 6yJio na,io jiobb. Hurra pi'i npo ciinHenHH peBOJiH>ii,ii n 
yrpnsanna i'l b pn n ii,n x TaK 8B8B01 (typxyssHOl peitodioiiil. IToxip- 
Kosaaa fteMOKparia cTaBii.m Ha Hapajti Btipaany CTaBKy cane Ha 6yp- 
Htyaaiio, a se na neMOKpariro. IipaciiosroBiiHii BapaanBK SI, cou;.-,i,ei(. 
Hepereji, TBOp^O 6vb nepeKO nan jib. mo 6ea oypacyoail ne BpaTyBara 
PociJ, mo jtemoKpaTia Be b CTaHi BBopajtKyBaTii eKOHoiiB'ino-rocno.iapMoro 
sens span i i iepea Te, TaK sk i na MOCKOBChKin ^cpaiaBnin Hapaai, 
^OKiajiaB Bcix chji i Ha ^esoKpaTH'iHifi Hapaj,i so Toro, moo" ooe;i.HaTii 
b OflBj cntTKy ji,Bi cn.nn, ski Jo TaKoro o6eji,BanHH b toiI moiieHT nisiK 
ire Hai,aBajiicb. Otto Majia jsjam. aaftepsarnci. Koa-iinia, a 3 Hero aiifs 
i nor.iiio.ieaaa KonTp-j>eBo;[ioii,iBHOro npoir,ecy, mo B«e fi TaK iimos uibhji,- 
km Testaoji. nouipKOBaHi e-iesenTi! n^JfOKpaiil n,w>ro ne 6oa;jBcr>. Bohii 
H6 Bi]>itJin b ciLin jteaoKpaTii": bobii ne sCipajincb pyiiByBam I'pynxoBHO 
icTflymnx cycnijibHO-eKOHOMB'iBnx KaniTa.iicTii i miix buhocbh ; bohb Be 
BipnjiH uaBiTt b nepeBejieHna ospeSHX cepik3BHX euoBoiiBiiHiix peipopsi, 
naanaKn, fiyjin TBepjio BcpeKOHasi b Tony, mo, 'mi ,ia;ii 6yxyrh mn 
„eoniajn,no-eKonoHmm eKcnepiMCHTH", tks uiBBitie, noBHOB^a^nime i atop- 
CTOKimc aanaiiyc urapjii bsh — (Sypsfeyaisia, i na trjl ni^cTaBi iipo- 
ro^omyBajrH iboayrtfH ..peioibtto! no.TiTnKB'': cniBpoOiTiinmBa, 3ro.i,n, a ne 
tiopOTbfin a 6ypn;ya3JGio. KopoTKO KaxyMii, bodii vixnoHaasnch Bia o.TBep- 
■rol pimyioi peBOJuonJumoi' (tsacOBOl SopoTbfJH Bpo^eTapiaTy i fii^niinoro 
(.•ejiHHCTBa npo™ (iypacyaail, 6o noqairni ffe iiipn:iii b BepeMory Tpyftamnx 
sac naj. SypjKyaaiero, a BonacTB — i n,e ro.iOBiiBM moi — (johjihci. niei 
uepesorn. UJ,n6 BiopamBtfi pa6 — 6e3iipaBnnB, TeMHiifi, aaCiiTiiii, bh- 
^nicKyBaBnn poSiTiiriK i ce.iaana — cran cboro^un KroacitOBJia,T,H,eH — n;e 
ne BmmaJiot6 a yaBi nojiipKOBaBOi i iaeraBn ji,esOKpaTii. 



— :57 — 



Ha Iewc«|>awiBii Hapajti ui aoiripKOB&HJ ejieaeimi, n,i OTpaio- 
iiojioxn peBOJiion'i, 8fl.<X>yJtB co6i BCHBBHB npaBftaiM i nenpan^asiii 6iJib- 
puir.TL. Miaepny. ^a.noruny, eiponbKy CLibwicTb, a Bce-TiiKif 6iabniicn.. 
flKa | gpgg ,.|.',n : u.iirnc.ioBeuna Ha npoKOBaceHHS to! ajionnniioi Koxexii 
i rJiyayBaHHfl b pewNntHQl, ai<e nix cJtipMnio KepencbKoro Taraoeb bsbc 
sianta »ican,iH (7). Eyjo yTBopeno Hapajxoro nepe^napjiajieHT ( r T,ep;oBny 
Pa.iv), tepTBopoAKetty, deanpaBBy oprtinijaiQio, mo nana, <5yTH BaBJCOH) 
iih BiAnoBtjtajibHoro "BpW BiacBOffl coBicra i bwirkok) Pocicto" Bpe- 
Meimoro, Tenep Bate aaibice niiKOi Cypayaanoro, Mpanin-ejbCTBa. KaiKeno — 
■anxe njjreoi, Co peopi'aniaoBaHe iiicia Hapaji,ti Jipesenne HpaBHTejib- 
btbo b;uo b cooa Biice b(mkkv ueconiajiicTimHy i He.iesnrqiaTEPiny, yuefo 
(Sypacyaany 6iJi&nii<;Ti>, xou i Biiemia.io ui^ CTapoio (JupMoio KepeHCbicoro (8), 

Bnepricn., a sikok) npeflCTaBBJiKtr Cypxyaail oa,CTOK>Baiin (npii nepe- 
rosopax cboix a HepeTe.ii a npHBOfly BXOA»eaaa b Koajiiniiltie HpaBtiTejib- 
crao) npnnaiu HeaajieataocTii i HeBiAnoaUajrbHOCTH nonoro ypajy Bin. 
.jrojiiTinimx nap rift, pan; podrmHinx i cajXTaTCbKBi lenyTariB" i b TOMy 
incjii i bu ,.1'mo.ti PeciryfijiBKn", 111.0 na.ia TOij m,*s tulkii Syra yTBOpena 
HapajiOK), :m.ui;racB iianauii'ianno xapaarepnoio i nanm. caiiioiy OflRpi- 
Basa cii na Te, mo aiflKa n,ific;na Koa.iin.ia mis; CypatyaaieK) i flCMOKpaTiesi 
no Moat-insa, mo noaanBa (nexaii xo i i Gn fi nacoBa) tLibkii nepeaara roi 
a6o ipyroi cropoHB. Bypasyaaia race i ctaBina cnpaay, -."lOMararoMircb. juia 
ceoe CiibiuocTH mssf> n npaBirrejibCTBi i neBisooBiaajibHOCTH naimb nepea, 
Tnn jyuieKO He peBOJHoainiuui opranom. b aftosy iit o^Boaji-ioob isface 
TpeTnny aiciib. Bona auijia BBpaaiio 2,0 cBoei jBBTaTypH, BOHa xorijia 
*i;nri bjjikom p08B98aHi pyKB. 

Hi fflBn^Koro MHpa, 11 i x;ii6a, ui aexji, ui, HaBirb. nojira i iHo-rpo»anaH- 
cbKBX CBodi,i ue oy.io loro cnosiBaTiicb Bij, noBoro Bpcncnnoro IIpaBn- 
Tt'ii.cTBa, sin boboi'o, a no cyri eraporo, cauKii,ioiioBanoro Hapa^oio 
Kypey fioro BO.iiTiiKn, sij, HepTBOpoaswaot Papi PecuyCiiiKii. Bee najio 
iinr i jiikno niiBJio no CTapoMy, no cxtt.iifi Bjiomnfli peaailjit. 

Hi o.uii'i a h|io6jicm. nocraB-neiiiix oepea peBO-'iionicio, ue 6yjio 
posBaaaoo i oa c.raimjoci. Ha poiBH^aiiBH. Hi o,h;hoI b thx Cojihhhx 
couifl.ibHo-iiFiOHOMnMnnx pan, nto BHK.iHKa.in peBo.noniio, ne dyjio saroeno 
i ne upasyBa-'ioui. ,10 xoro. CojinncTBy i pooiTirtiir/iBy ouiua.iocb tj^bkii 
o,THe - cKaiiKaans ycraHOBiax :j<5opiB. Ta xi6a x u,e mofjio aaaOBOab- 
bh™ ponn.iionii'ini iatsH, n;o roaoayoa.™ b w.iy Ta rnHy.iH aa (JipoBTi. 
qyio 1 )!! Bxe eiM jiicaniB iy o<5iuaHKy npo ycraBOBHi 36opa? Ta n mo 
noi'Jin aaTii ri yn'anoB v ii 3<Sopa, kojm 6ypH;yaaifl TaK O'leBB^no i ne paa 
Bse aa iai- pPBoaronil BnaBJiaaa, mo bobb aCcojiRirno ne ayaai; iioctv- 
aaTHCb X04 Hi!M-6yj,b b cboix kmcobhx coniajibno-eKOHOMina^Jx inrepeeax. 
Xifia Toii o6ijiiujiocb 6h 6ea 6opOTb(ia ? I hhob ate, noun Te conne ^ 
ycraHOBiri 3(5opn — Binje, poea Home oqi nnicra, He Cyjio acno, kojji 
ne B-jenBM upoBi.tuiiKaa poeiicbBOl coi4aJFb-aeMOKpaTii Ta pocifif^coro 
cc-epiBCTBa, to Bapo,i,nia aacav, TnH OMm, Bio hs co6i, na rJiaeniii 
1'iinni i in ay pi nepenociutH ^ci Tepne'inun bqj nacjiisKH Koaaiuiftaoro 
..ptiTynaBna peBOJUBflir* i noa-'iiniitnoi oniKii na:( codow. 

Be Tpe6a 6yao 6yTH KOHynicTOH i CTaBHTii BaB^aaani pociin .■< 
peBOaioaif cou,iajiicTflHny nepeSy^oRy cycnijibHO-CKOHOMii'innx Bi,i.H0CHn; 



38 -- 



•rpe6a (SyJio 6yrn rijibm cnpaBataiit peBoaionjoHepOM, m,o6 ire uomuct 
b tob lae poapHBy i 6opOTt6u b fiypacyaaieio, nr,o6 nira oa,Bepro na Mnp, 
xoi 6h h cenaparana; w&6 nepe^ara cejiaaaa senjio; iu,o6 onoji.aTKyBaTH 
BejiHKi itaiiaa Ha noTpeon hoboi peBO.'iioiuiiHOl ,a,ep;KaBH: ia,oS KOB<|>icKy- 
BaTH aarpadoBani niji;iac biBbh KaniTajiH ; mo6 b8hth b cboi pyKii, no- 
CKiabKH ufi 6y.io KoatjnjBEM b tob ^ac, (J)a6pBquo-3aBo,T;ci.Ky nposyKujio 
i pocnpefliJieaBa TOBapis, m,o6, ojs,nm cjiobob, niin, ko;ib ne aa anBmeHBH 
oypatyaaii, to xoh Ba cepBoaHe apHtfopKaaHH II. Maca BU'iyBajm ayara 
6ojuoie noTpefiy sainu BoaiptcoBaaoro, KoajiiBJilao-oypjKyasHoro Kypcy ho- 
jijtukh aa BOBiifi, cupaB^i peBOJUoninBBH, atcafi Ban (5u Ha onj. aaJiaroj;- 
aceana poa'aTpenax poCiTBHae-cejiaaebKHX paa, a He biikjioibo iaie- 
peca SypsKyaaii, xo*i 6h ri iaTepecu fl aacKyBajiaob piacnairii uaTpioTii'wi- 
flenoKpaTaqaHKH racjiaaH. 

'lepea ne, xoi ^eaofcpaTaqaa Hapajja i „BnroJiocyBajia" mpy 
Koaaiuiaay f opuyjiy, amira ne CHBHniocb b cboTb poaairr-Ky ; po6iTHn'ie- 
ce^aacbKi ia caa^aTctKi aacK ii'HopyBaM yxBajiii .HeaoKpaTH'iaoi Hapai,B 
i bibijih He aa aeio, a aa aapTiero poc. con,- -sea, ^OJitmoBHKiB, ana no^ajia 
roTyBanicb nieaa Hapa,T,n ;r,o nosoro BHCTyuy, jio Baxonjieana jr,epa;aBBoI 
BJiaji,n b cboI pyKB. 

HenTpos potfoTH (SojibBieBHKiB crajia iieTporpatctKa paj,a po6mm- 
4H5 i caji^aTCSKHi nenyTaTiB. Opfaumnisr noBcranHa uibbji;ko niirr.io 
Bnepeji. Maime bch ueTporpa^ctKa uajiora aaHBHJiaea bibbxko Ba 6onh- 
meBBKaan i npora BpeiieBBoro IIpaBLueabCTBa. BpeieaHe ITpaBHTMiiCTBo 
Bee 6iabBie TpaTBJio aa cuJii, iaoatoBaJiocb bio; BiBctKa i, noiyBaioHii, mo 
m& una ycoByeibCH I'pyai, .neaopajihyBajiocb, ry<5ijJtocb, He BnaKCin, aa 
mo BaaTHCb, hk CopOTHca 3 naapiBajoiiiM aoBCTaflaaH (9). 

B ao'ii Ha 7. BaiojHCTa cajr^am i poGitbhkh BflcrynHJin na ByjiBuj 
neTporpa^a : aanaajni noTry, Te;iefpa<{>, TeaetjiOEHy neHipaJHO, ^epacanKHii 
6a«K Ta Bniui iBCTBTyiyi. BpeHenae IIpaBUTejibCTBo ouHiia.ioca bLiththm 
a ycix (SoKiB y SHioBia Jlaaaui. Ha paaoK JIpaiiHiejibCTBO apo^yBajio 
ia,ocb 3po6aTH, a;re ae aam cuaa. IIo 6oiu 6ojTbuieBBKiB ctohb ne TijibKit 
aeTporpa,nciiKnit l'apniaoa. a TaitO/K i fapaiBOBH KpoaaiTan,Ty, PeBeJia 
a hbiiiiix 6.'[B3bKHX ;i,o IleTporpa^y «ic,ueBOCTeS ra aafiHie bch dainiilebKa 
$Jibora. Biff 6ys aepiBBBfi i ne/r,OBrHB, Kpeftcep ^ABpopa" 3(5oa(iapjyHaB 
3Ha0BHH Lkuan. B aenb 7. iiajtojiHCTa BpeMeHiioro IlpaBBTe^bcTBa Bace 
ne 6yao: KepencbKiia noTaiiKa bt!k 3 HeTporpa^y Ha ayeTph ..Bipnoay 
eiacbKy" (aKoro, «o peii, He aaailinoB), Bcix uaianx MiaicrpiB 6yjio pe- 
BO^ionionepaHH aaapeirrroBano. 

Tol m casiol ho^h (a 6. na 7.) Bi^Kpneca b HeTporpa,ii (B^yAnn- 
kobi Caoabaoro IacTHTyTy) 3arajibnopociiicF.Knn a'iaj jT.ejiet'aTiB paji; po- 
drfHHfHX, cajiji,aTcr.Knx i ceJianebKnx jijenyraTiB. Ha n;r.OMy s'la^i coaiaab- 
jveHorcpaTn CojibiaeBHKii aajin 6ijibiiiicTi, :v 3 560 aaeniB a'la^y npii itoro 
iiijv;piiTTto 6yjto 250 cou.-ji;ea. <1oju,nleBitKiB ; ho hhx npHea.najiocb' 
60 .riaiix poc, con,.-peB, i 14 coh.-tom. iaTepaanioHajiicTiB. 3'ia.i; CBOi'a: 
aBropnreToit ^onoair poSiTnnae-cejrancbKiH poeojioi^I i cffpinire i(. IIpo- 
ricTii con.-j.eM. aenbiacBBKiB, aki joaarajiHCb ^nopoayainHa" a Bpeaeanaa 

JIpaBUTe-'IbCTBOM, BOBHCSII B IIOBlTpi. 



39 — 



3axoi« KepeHChKoro, mo b GopOTbo'i a po6iTnHTO-eeJiflacbKOio pe- 

. odeKHiiBCfl 6ys naBirb si cboIbh BTOpafimmra BOporana — Kop- 

"^memh no yeitrfMHcb ycnixoM. Ha MocKOBmnHi Baa^a nepeBnua 

"| ( lu ' ! . „a K poCiTHMK, caartarebKBi i cejmacbKiix aeayTara, npoBi^; hbx 

iKui'ii BHUB na cede pociMcbKa coh..r6b. napria 6ojbnieBHKiB. 

PociiicbKy Pecny(5.iHKy Oyjio nporoxoiaeao PocifictKOio Coii,iH;ricTn<i- 
aom ^e^epaTBBHOio CoBiTCMtoio Pecny&iEKOio. Ha iicu,e BpeseHaoro 
:iiTe.iE.cTBa CTa.ia Pajia Hapoamx Kosicapis 3 JleaiHHK — Yshfi- 
unriiiu na icuii. Hose eoBvrcbEce npaBnTejibCTBo Pocil aeKperyBMO ne- 
neiaiy acMai ceasncTBy Ta nami nopiHai coniajibHo-eKOHOiiraHi peipopire 
i Bera'fiHO npHCTyaaJio 30 capaBii aamoHeHnH MHpy. 



B Toil 4ac, hk nij;roTOBiflaficb, a noiii i Bij^yBanacb b neTpo- 
rpn;i,i onncani bhiu.b no;i,iT, b KnlBi Bi^ysaBca ease TperiS BceyicpalH- 
cbKofi BiicbKOBHfi 3'&fl (20.— 29. skobthh ct. ct. = 2—12. ancronaaa 
h. ct.), ojph a caniJii ^eieHnni i Baacnnx yitpaTncbKnx b'Ibsib. *) 

PocaoiaB cboio upanjo &i3& b toh <rac, koih b neTporpanj me 
xi.ibKn ui^rotoBJtJiBca BncTyn nporn BpeMeHHoro HpaBHTejibcrBa 
i b KhIbi <5yjio me Bee, sk 3BH^aiino. Hinstiix BiKOMOCTeii npo noajT, 
m,o aace HaapisajiB, He oyio. Ta tmm inTepecaiipMn HBJiaioTbCH u,i nepmi 
nai aacijtaHb a'lajty jura xapaKTepHCTiifra TOAiuinix HacipolB yupaiHUbKOii 
peB<Mioii,iBno) ji,eMOKparii. BaTOJiomeni to/u Ha 3'l8a,i npoMOsa BRasyioTb, 
hk aaJieKO aaaiujio aaroCTpeHHii BijinocHii Mia; BpeaeHHHM pocificbKHH 
HpaBHTe-ibCTBOM i yKpalHCbKoro neMOKpaiuefo. BiflHOCHaa xi Bae mvclih 
KintHTHCb hkhkcb hobbk koh$juktom' Mia; H,eHTpaibHoio Bjiaxoio i I'ene- 
paabima GespeTapwrroi. Tpynno renep a neenicTio cKaaaTH, b any caie 
$opay bhjijisibch 6 tou koh^.iIkt i s&i nacjiUKa MaB 6a bib jwh yitpa- 
iHCbKof peBO-Honji, kojih 6 potfiTUHqe-cemracbKa peBo.nou,i3 na Mockob- 
muni Be »Hnm,n.ia casoro BpeMeHHoro HpaBHTejibCTBa. Oxnaqe aeiae 
iiiflKoro cyMHisy, mo b yKpaiHCbKJii liaijioaajn.HO-HOJiiTn'miH pecoamii;iI 
ii''i"i iinijiiit KOatpjiKT ratten cspiniiB 6h boijo yKpalHCbKoi neMOKparii 
ro i;i.n;oBnToro naipOBajibno-jtep/KaBHoro BnaBOJienBa. Taeia cKJiHKaHHa 
y«paInctKBx YcTaiTOB'inx 3(5opiB i yTBOpeaoa YKpalHCbKoi HaposobOT 
Peei!y6jim;n eate 6yjin qeproBKMH. To^OBa HeBrpajitnoi Paitfl M. PpyaieB- 
cbKnit, BiTaioqu 3'f3j Bi.t. iKena HeHTpaatHoI Pain, BHpasHo BKasas na 
Cm;™ 3aB,i,aHHa yKpaiacbKOi uan.LoaavibHO-nojiiTtiMaoi 6opOTb6a. Bin 
bhcjiobhb iBepjy neBaicTb, mo 6opOTb6a yKpafncbsoro TpynoBoro iiojiy 

*) Ha 3"i34 itpHOyjio Oijia tptox raca^ ReaetatiB aijt ^poirry, thjij i $jiboth. 3'lafl, 
i[ri,;iJniBcH (ne 3Ba-.KaKmn Ha npniccTH „casiocTiiiiiiiKiB", hkhi Ha 3'Ia.ni 6yjia ;i;mcbh) 
»a ((tpaKuii — y K p. co^.-peB. (mo ofixonjiraa-ia 6Lhh */» s'iaw). J^P- " C -'J- y*P- 
cairocriiiiiirKiB-efin. i neaapTiSHnx. IIoieoHBH roJOBdw it'ia.iy 6yao oflpano rojoay 
U' iiTpanbHol Paj(Br — M. C.CpyipiBCBitow. B caaraj iipeanfll biobucb: Ee6wmeVf, 
I.I.), IHayj (y. c.-p.), BjioHctKnii (v. o.-p.), CnnapL (y. c.-a;.), MaKapenKO (caao- 
niMimK^con;.), Jlop-tenKu (iieii.) i AitfpymeHKO (c.-f). 

Ha_ 818^1 oy.in (iiK rocTi) npejCTasHnKH pyityHCEKHi, fleJitfiiictKBi 1 ijipaH- 

UvaLKnX BJHCLKOBHX HaCTHH. Je-flKl 3 HHTC BHCTJHaJIH 3 npHBiTa.1!>HHIflI HpOHOBaHH. 






— 40 - 

aa uan.iona.ime BHUBO.iennsi aaKinnnTtca nofiUiio, mo yKpalHct-Ke bohutbo 
iipHCTynnw., paaojt a UeifTpaiiBHOio Pa^oio, ao pimyioro TBopeHna yKpaiH- 
ebKoi ^epiKaBB — yKpaine&KOi Hapo;intoI Peciiy^JinKH. Cjiosa TpyuieB^ 
CBKoro npo TBopeHHH Yap. Hap. PeenyfaiiKH miKJiiiKajm na B'i'a^i 
enTyaiflcnt'ine 3axoiuieHRa, ji,OBri i ryiHi onJiectCH. Oct iu,e bhpbbkh 
3 ,T,e-aKnx BnroJiomennx to/u na 3"iu;u upc-MOB. 

BiTaioqn 8'l3s, yKpalECLKB.fi coiv-pes. M, KoBaaeBCbKHii, sits, jihbjbm, 
dcasaB b cBoi'ii npomoBi: 

— Bii Bate aiiaeie, Tosapiiini, mo VeHepaatnnH GeKpeTapiflT bU,v*ho TnniacoBHs 
IlpaBiiTe.iLCTBOM nia cys i HaniTb FspalBCEBil HeHTpaatnui Pa,;i boho sarpoasye 
po3mHOM (BiiryKn 3 Micut : copOM ! raHbfia!) HpOTH nac suipaioitea Beaina 
xaapn, a.ie bi,t, nac caanx saaeajHTb, aou a mix niniOE naaisii flom ! (Oii;iecsn). 
Capon Cy^e, kojih mm ne BHftOBaemo tow, ioro BHsarawTt bu nac *pjfcatfj sacu 
vKpatffctKoro naposy {BaryKH : BiiKoitacsto !). Kasqyn bm .v> piatyroi (SopotsSB:, 
pasoa a iH!t a gajttKvan nac ;s,o ciioeod, He noBHinii aa nU^aBantca Epoftosagtl 

i CTauaTH Ha XNnillHI 11I.1HI. 

UU'iac ^.pyroro BeejKpaiiKtKOro BiiictKOBorn 'A'i.:.i.\ .M.iyna.'in Dpopo^ii q 
Hepmoro yniaepcajiy : „Mn cami oyseso iBopHTB cbqc ikiitth", a.ie bohh an cupan- 
abjih jiauiiix naa,ifi, 6a naini uponi^niiKn cTa.in na KoanpoaieoBHii nuai\ Mil inapTiii 
y. c.-p.) Cyan HpOTB yro;;ono'i riuainiKn i Tenep KJimeio sac 3BepnyTtf na cnpaBaaiiii 
m.iax, jii.iax yTBOpcHHs naatnniiM oiuasu .VKpaiBCLKOl ^enoKpariraioi Peenyjaiuiii. 
HBapo aaBJHUcatO bjjc a© raepjjOi, piuiyio'l poooin ! (PyM ooieeur). 

I'miua Xo.iactKoI BimonaBioS Pa ah 3Bepnyncn: ao 8'l3£y 
3 t»kubh caonaan : 

Kpaca i ropjicTb yKpalnctKoro Hapoay ! Bh 3na<rre, mo Xoj*mnny si/gianc 
HoAtmi (Pojioch : ranbGa ! cnpoa ! ch.iok) BlatiieMO Ha3a,n !). fliiicno, BpeMemio 
IIpaBBTejMTBO raneflno nocTaBanoct ao Xo.-raciKOto Kpaio. B n;fo xbilijo Tan i;i,e 
aiKBuaniH nPyccicuxt" aepiKasnnx incTB.TyB.iff, aid sarpoxyfla.'tn 3HaniHTit Boi yspa- 
iHCBKi npocBirai ycTanoBH. Ta na »icn;s ix TaopoTLcs Hnat, hs neffbni auri.viKiii. 
,l,e.iiicauia nu.ibCKa pyrea Moace Oijibmo 3pcflnTn biko;ui b cupafli iipHnmKeHHH yKpa- 
i'HCbKoro pyxy, Hiw rpy6a pociuctica pyinnia. Kairuy Bat: ho 3aSyBaTir piAtun na« 
Xo.iMmHHU ! 3axiiCTiTt II bu Ko.iboni3aniI ! (On.iecKii i BiiryKii a Mien,!.: He aa6y- 
t xeH0 !j. 

IIpeAciaBHiiK B Coio3a yKpaiBCbKo'i ^apataftHOCiu*, B. Otai aH in b kii il 
auKpecjiiiB, mo C0103 ^HBUTbco Ha .VKpa'lHy, hk na MailflyTHEo caMocnilHy niaaaiOBCHy 
yspaTHCBKy Pecnyfl-insy. MaflyTb, bhco uacraa ^ac craTii jto 6o» 3a canoi.-r 
yKpai'Hy, i hohuihbo, nio 6arato 3 Bac npwtJis Kpoa 3a Biafiy^j'saHHa yKjiatirctKO'i 
.lepiKann. Ciaoa »: TOBapntuaii, ski ltepiui stcxyn b uj\i cTpaiiiHiB fiopni 
(OnaecKH). 

B. Bhhbhiohko — Poaona tenepaaiaoro CeKpeTapiaiy : BaM, onopi 
i K[iaci yKi>a'iirctKoro napojy, uij nopmoro peBo.i»n;iHHoro yBpaTHCEsoro yj.a.iv 
npHnoniy ehujiiiH njimiiT ! BTpew m imounaflsoca, mo flam pyx hc crmiiatTbcn. 
Mn TBep.to i HonoxHTiio Hacmo iiiicpo,(. i'Xtocb no.tae BaHBaqeoBosi BamMiWi) JAefB 
miiamri,, >ni noUyib fenepajitai CeKpoiapi ,i,i» IT"Tporpa,*y ? ieHepa-ibni CenpeTapi 
noacytB ni»i-varii ,r.o HeTpoipaxy Ti.'ibi;n a cnpaisi .ifpacanuoro xapaKTepy. Bxo,uith 

S B 3HOCUHFI 3 BlIESteaUHH HpaBIITCJlLCTBOM 3 1lpllllO.IV CK.1 IlKaiLIln yKpa'iHl'bKHV 

ycTaaoBmu 3oopiB Ioffepa.ibBiifi CeapempiST ne 6vfle. (Ohjockii.) 

li .'ii.-pa.ir.iiirii CeGpeiapiar UOCMM RO HeTpoipa^y aaiiiiTannsr, >tii npaB^BBi Ti 
lyTKH, mo uiu|iaTi. ocTanaijin ;uihmii puciiicbKi Ia3CTn, npo cji^ctBO na.i leBjepajb- 
nn» CeKpexapiaiOM. I kojh iidcuiiobh npo ctUctbo no Gyjro,*) 10 ^oay BpeMenm 1 
npaBBrreabCTBO no 3poi1u.io cnjiocToaaniia, liiinoiii^no ao to! se.iHKOi riRflociB, ar;a 
Ha.ie/KnTb lenopajbHOJiy CeKpeTapiffioal ? tcHepa-ibnuil CenpeTapiai i'^e 3,0 IIotjio- 
rpajy t!ji,kh wo ociaToiHoro Biipimeinra nHianas, aui ^yiiKHil aycaTi iii;iii1iM 
xo niioro. 



*) OnoBijaK>ii, 1110 BpcxeHiiun UpaBHreaLCTuoM uy.111 HaiiiTbAaaroTon.ieni 
b iteTpfii-iiaf[.i;iii BiLimiiii naMpi x.m renepa.ibinix cenpeTa'piB. 










Iciiei'a.iwii CeBpe*8JH pax«£ na j-Ba3i aasBinu BpeMenHOMy HpauHTe.'iLcray, 
,,a, m u: ( eupeiapiM 6yae a na,T,a.ii ctohtu tbopao i neiioiinno aa tii! 
IliaT d,,! .ia3Baweno b fiord Aejtaapaail, i ni na KpoB m nijctyiiuTLca uij Bel. 

fcnepaiini certpertpi jojotl aanaiiTB acABoanniuo, bio bobh bo e "jhbobbbbb Bpe : 
■eBBoro ll|iaii!iir iMSTaa, mo lcncpaaLBHii CeKpetapiai yiBopeHHa ne una, a ioay 
uin i opfaiiua yKpaiuciiKo'i jeMOKpaTii. Hcpca to case UHepalBHHti CeKpeiapiaT 
iiiaKHB cuocoGna Be Bia,nOBiaac aa cboj bibhkb aepeA BpeseaaiiM HpaaHTeahCTBOM, 
nio 1'eBCiia.iiHuB CcKperapiaT BiAnoBi^a-iinnii tui>kii nepe^ hob CEioio, ana bhcj- 
Bv.ia iioi'o Ha kob beuttb. A 8 - 11 'cHepa.ii.Hi ceK])GTapi MaioTt aaHBiim, bj,o noaaa, 
hI'ihm neoGMeaccaa bo.ta Aanoro napo r T.y mime bbbubtbcb tulkb na aaacBBX ycia- 

BQBUHX 3fiOpa». I KIVIH II- B] :■. IH.-UllifTt, TO MB BITBCIO Q. feHCpa.ll,nHfl C'CKpe- 

TaijiaT fiyae oficiowBaTB, m,oG uca aaaja Ba Fxpalsl acpeiiaiaa so fioro pyjt 

itapaa hh Haeao laciiiBY axagni (Foaoc: BiaKO'i BJra^" bo Macao!) BaGasaiiTe, 
Ta Eaaja, ana KHMCfc Rec* ,tai:ii.ai, ne I Bxaga, Kojb pcBO.inn.i3Ha yKpalHCbKa x,e- 
■OBpaTifl'ni r (JiBrBc leaepaaLnoJiy CeKpciapiaTOBi, to ouTaniiiil atai: ii.ia.ty. Taaiaco- 
Bufi ypaft Tciiep po3ry6uBcs, Go bib Be ive bjz, coCoio oiionn. Bia ne iiipim,, mo 
aoxe 6yw hhuihiI ypaa, nKiii'i noijBaTUBe" uix coGojo tpvBT. A « xojsy cmubbo 
cKaaaia m, ho leBepa-iLnnii CeKperajHax Mai: a,eil fpynr. (OiwecKH.) Mb npo n,e 
saannxo TaMBacoBOMy ypa,i,OBi. 

Mir — Mo.io;i.i"iii napo,!, naaia enepfiH aaaeco mfi ue BBMepaajia. He is ryp- 
tysasraca aa nam i;pafi, Co mh BiinoBiAaTOvexo nepe,t yKpaiBoro, a ae bobh. 1ep«a 
a;e ca*e MB He MauMO aasiTi, apaaa nepeA&B&Tji 'is xo^ 6b nacrany b.ibcth iyr 
(OaiecKH). Mu dikojiu ae xonajiu'H i He Gy,ieMO xosaTHCi si cdoIxh ,i,oMaraBBaMH«. 
1 xoax Baaii AOHaraHBH BepeBpysyioit ia« b llcTporpasi, to mh aHaaxo aci Taeuxi 
.I.VMKH i ni.ii, a axiom ue poGbtbcb. Mb poayakao noaitHxy pociScBSOl Sypayaail, 
:ma GoiTtcs, mo .Viquuny. u,e3 ao6paa BiaaioK, Gy.ic BBpaano Beaaflapoa 
a It naaypiB. 

iii,:iMniijio an 3 tc, mo ^oci BiiCiKOBa aja^a a aaaii ho Cyjia b KOHTaKri. 
i!o t ra.0 ae kobsbmo .lonycriiTii. mp6 HailGi.'iLiua cii.ia, asa ,i,ouoMarac 
bbo,pith bo|ibaok, b neii cpisHidl Mac ne niiaarajia hum. ]\e i-obophti.ch ae 

moo aaxonaiB boo Bifcucoay Baaaj a csol pyxs, a ,i.na ioro, ra,o, noBTop»», 
6ea"n,M cbbb ne mobwbbo suecTU nopaftsy aa Micn,ax . . . 

Oct a 'iHM teBepaBLHi tespeiapi MauTb nuSiaTB ro Uerporpajy. IIoBiopwu, 
no ii enpaxi cii.-irrna feHepaatHBH CeKperapiaT Be nol^e (Toxoea: aoBcia ne T}ie6a 
iiaia !). n He TpeSa" — hciiiki: cjoho, a:ie Bono Mac CyTii caaaaae HeHTpaabuoHi 
Pa.wio, ai;iii ni.iKtiM iii.i.iiiiui- I'l'iitiiiULiiiiii CeKpetapiai . . . 

lTaiipiiKiiiii.i jiymy 8aaBaBBTB, mo csiopo 6jffi 3aTBep r iiKeHo ^eAepau,iHj 
ni.iLHiix pecjjy&tra. Bpe«eHHO«y npasBiejiCTBy He Bjacnca aGepemt n,eBTpa.ii- 
i-Tii'ino'i Pocfi ! 

HaBeji,eiii ypHBKH 3 npoaOB roBopflTt caiin aa cefie. YKpaTflctKa 
peBo.iKiii,iBHa jeuoKpaTifl roTyBaiaca na BiilctKOBOMy 3'i3fl,i ,1,0 OCTanHOi.ro 
6010 b poiificBKoro (iypatyaaieio aa nauionajii.HO-coJiiriiiHe BH3B0JieHHa 
yKpatHCLKoro irapo.Tx 1 came b u,ei iac, 25. acoBTns ct. ct. (7. jihcto- 
na^a h. ct.) HajrjjluuH no KnlBa bjaomocth iijio no.T,iI na MoCKOBmnni. 

I b Knini HOHajHca Baatni noaii. PeaKniiiHafi liiTao - khIbcbkoi bjh- 
ctKOBOl OKpyra 3axoTis 3po6iiTii yKpaTny Caaoio j,jhi OoopsBfc BpeiieH- 
Horo IIpaBnTe^bCTBa Bia 6o.ii.meBHKiB, a, paaoat 3 tum, i Bij; YKpaJHCbKoi 
HeHTpajiLHoi Paj;H. Ha By.ranax KaiBa noMajracfl 601. B'iaji, npitByiueHHii 
6}-B upHnnnnTH aa ttintKa ^hIb cboio po6o?y i cipopsiyBaTncb b bojik. 

Ha nojijax u,nx n,aie b KniBi BapTO cnnHTiTHCb AOoaji;Hiiu;e. 



t. jiHCTonajia n. ct. Bao^i Bift6yjioeii saiqurre Bactnaaaa Sensory 
yKpalncbKOi' HenTpaatHoT PaAH 3 ynacTio npescraBHHKiB kbibcekhx 



- 42 



peBOJUOHjiKHnx opi'aHiaau.iii. OfiiiipKyBaBiim cirryaujio na YKpaiHi b 3BH3Ky 
a nOAJann na Mockobiuhhj, KoiiiTeT Pajia bhhIc caijiyioiy yiBEay ; 

n I^eHTpaatHa Paaa ojnoroJiocHo nocraHOBBiia yTBOpHTH P e b o ji k>- 
u,iHBHi1 KoiiT.ei jpa oxopoan peBOjnonil ua J'Kpatui. Ha scifi 
TepHTopii yitpainn KoiireT Mae pocnopafl&aTaca Bciia cnaaitn 
peBOJKniHHoi ^eioKparil, i Bony niftHHraroTt, b nopa^ky oxopona peBOJia- 
n,ij, bcj opi'aHH BJiaau OBaaienoI TepnTOpiL KomiTeT Bi T n;nOBiji,ajiF,iTiifi 
nepej yKpamcbKOto IJeETpaabEOro Pa^oio 1a Kerafino npncTyaae 
ffiiajiBnocTH." 

TaEBs iitBOM, nopyi 3 reBepasLnnji CeKpexapiaTOM oyjio yTBOpeHO 
HeHTpajibHOK) Pajjoio neiOB 6a hobo peBOJHou,iuae HpaBHreJibCTBo 
Aia Bciel YKpainB, B CEaajj PeBOJHouiBaoro KoaireTy bio^bm: 1. si* 
UjeHTpajibBOi Paaa : M. C. TKaieiiKO (yKp. coivaea.), M. II o p in 
(yKp. con,. -sea.), 0. CeBpioK (yap. con,.-peB.), M. Ilia no Baa (yKp. 
coit-peB.), M. KoBajieBctKHB (yKp. coij.-peB.), A. HiKOBCbKnii 
(yKp.con;.-(ties-), $• MaTyineBciKHH (yKp. con.-<pe,a;.), JL IlaTaKOB 
(poc. con,.-ieM. Cojibifl,), C. rojEb^eibiaE (noaae-i],ioB.) ; 2. Bij 
nap™ i opfasiaanii : C. Capajtaes (poc. coit-peB,), IliconbKHH 
(yKp. con;.-^eit.), 3aToncLKHfi (poc. coii-geii. 6oabm.), P a$ e c (Eyas), 
3ijib6ep$ap6 (o6e;tn. eBp. con;. napT,), C. Heuiiopa (b^ YKpaiH- 
cbKoro TeHupajiBBoro BificbKOBoro KosiTeTy), BI y a h u, l k a fi (si^ BaiiaHan- 
noro KoMiTOTy), TeaeasHHCbKHft i KacaHeHKo (bis BceyKpai'ncbKOi 
Pa^n BiflcbKOBHi ^enyTaTiB), Kpefi36epi J (bIh KnlBCbKOl Pa^H Po(5i™. 
^pnyTaTie). Kpim Toro, b CKaa^ KoaiieTy 6yao BKito^eno npeflCTaBHHidB 
KHiBCbKoi Paaa GajfaaTCbKnx XcnyTaTia i peBOjnoajfiHHx opfanfcaqii 
XapMOBa, KaTepanocJiaBa, Ojjeca. 

Ilpa KoaiTCTi 6yao yTBOpeHO PeBoatonianHH niTao" Koaiiery, mo 
ub uiKJiysaTucb tojiobho npo yisopeHHa Eaaifiaoi BiBCbKOBOi cH.ra. 

8, jiHCTonaj;a (h. ct.) KoikeT oroiocnB BiflOBBy a.o naeejieaaa 
YKpalaa cjaiymoro aaicTy: 

„Ha uyjiHUHi IIeT|iorpaaa fixe 6opoi*(ta am, BpeHewraH IIpaEiiTejJijCTBC* 
i ueT]>orpaACbKOK> Pa;;i)io Pefa/ausgx i CawTCtKHx scuyiaTiB. 

Boporu poaojiionii Ta Hapo;ini>oi bo.ii mojejtb cKopiicryBaTHca u\em OupoTB- 
fioio urns' joto, mofi noBepiiyTii ciapHii HapctKirfi aa^ ia BKBJiyiii uapo;i, y ueB0.i». 
B nefi rpiBKuu ^ac bch peBo.ih>u,iilBa ,'icaoKpaTin — poGitbuhtbo, ce-iflHCiBO Ta 
BiHcLKo — ne()A»iHao noBHHHi tcyptyBMH cboI chjih isfla xoro, mo6 aflepenn enoKiii 
ra Aofipjtii a M Ha ^iqiaiBi. 'Avbx&sovs ua ne, .VKpalncbEa UempajibHa Paaa yTBQ- 
pnjia 7. -iHeiniia^a (a. ct.) K p a e b a fl Koiiiei p, s i a oiopouu p e b o- 
jiionii, KOTpomy i p i,opy?HJia bchkhith caocoCaBii, pa30M 3 1'ouepa.iimiM CeKpeTapia- 
tok Pajii, flopoTBca 3 BoparauH peBo.iJon;iI, aflepemi cnoKift u span ra CopoiiHm 
eci aasoKiiiaiiBa peBOJion,i'i. 

;l,n ICpaeBoro Koniieiy no oxoponi peBo.iion;ii yKpaiiictKa IJ,euTpa. T iMia Pa,ta, 
nocMBjuH CBOl'x npeACTaBBUKii), ;(aK.[UKajia xaiji peBoa»n,ifiHi optoniaaaU i BapTii : 
1. .VKpaincbKiiii BigoKOBufi TeHepaatHafi KoMiier, 2. .VKpalECiKy Pa^y Biiici^niiiix 
JtenyTaTiB, 3. Paay Caj^aicHUii ^eiryTaTin KiiiBctKof OupyrH, 4,'rojoBHBtt KoMiiei 
Ji,opir yKpaYnn, 5. yKpaiiicusy Con.-^ea. PoaiiHHiy IlapTiio, 6. yspalflCLKy Ilaptixi 
Gon;,-PeB.. 7. Podijciuy Con.-Jlfin. PofliTHii'iy IlapTiio (OojiLineEiiKiB), 8. PoclficBKy 
llapTiw Coa..-PeB„ 9. Eym., 10. fiBpeBcLKy oGc^u. coniajr. po6. napiiio i 11. Piuy 
]io6iTnaiiix i ca.iaaTctKHi a;enyTaiiB Kriisa, XajfLKosa, KaTepBHOf.-iana B O^eeH. 

KpaGBim KomItbi jjia oxoponn penujiKnii onosunan bcii rpoMa^aii J r ic|)auin, 
mo bci rpomfteui, uiuw.j;oBi Tiiaoai Biacra, a Tanoas i bci opfaidaaujl peB0.i»u,ifi- 
uo5 jeMOKpaTii, MycnTi. TBep,T.o « nenoiHTUo BiiKouyBain bcl Jloro Haicassi Ta BpH- 





— 43 — 

num. Kohitct tmKis&i W nifl me sonycwiTi. hihkux BBCTyniB npotn iHiepeciB pe- 
BO.iioniT, mo bci Tani Bopoaii peBOflionil bhcijilh KoitLreT 6yi,e phuyic hoa&bjhti! 
bcukhmii ciioeooami, naoiTi. 3upottH0K> caaoio, KOipa ctoitb ndx pfjf/m KoarreTy, 

B.iacTi. KoMJTeiy, swpirt uci opyaan peBO.i»ii,ifiHoJ aeaoicpaTil, bci 

peBOJiK'Hiiii'i i ™niokTii«fli naprS nnmoro span, iik yKpalHcwu Tas i Beytcpa'iBciid, 
ijonmpana hi bcm yitpalHy, na Bci^eBaitfySepHifi: Kii'iHCLKy, 
1io.ti.11.ri.1cY, uojuuctsy, HoaTasciity, uepnuriBcijiy, xapiKisctKy, xepeoncHcy, Kaie- 
pimociaBCiKy 1 TaupiilciKy, 

1,'pacBHH KoMiTei aaa oxopoHii peBOjnonj! 3aK.raKae bcm afOMicii a.o choroid, 
si bci ]i(.rifi.iK)n,iHnt i Re«dKpatB>JBi op/aiiisanii — oGe^Barocs b aicnesi komitcth 
fljg oiopoHH peno.W0D;u nis npoBofloa KpatBoro KoarreTy. 

TponaAHHe y»cpalnii ! M> cnoKOK), upan,i i ApyatHO'i ofiopOBH peB03»n,ii 
Bailee Bac KpaeBiifi KoaiTeT." 

Toro caMoro ahh oroJiocoB KomItbt „06oBH3KOBy IIocTanoBy" Ta- 
KOro aMiCTy : 

„1. BcMKoro pojy norpoan, CeunteTH i ncnopa,iitii GyiyrL ueaBaocepflHO 
npiuviuyBaTiica Bcina aacoOaan, ski H&fOTica b paeuupuji^ceHUJO KoaneTy, as no 

BiKHBaHBH adpOHHO'l CBflit. 

2. Beam npoaBH KOHrppeBOJHOHifuioi ariianjl, cnpofin nan^KyBatn onny qac- 
tiifiv Hace.ieHHa 11a npyry i mn6j-p»m 30 fiesnopajudB, na fpyflri xapioBiix xpyn- 
louiiiii. 6jj$ih piiuyie ui'i,;aB3flTHCL, i BBBOBni HOHecyri naifaa&qy Kapy, 

3. B niii oiopoBH cbokow b Kpaio aa6opoiiaiOTi.ca, ro lacy cicacy Banna 
nii i nociaBOBH, aiflpaaaa i Biia iii/t, BiflicpHTiia nefion i Bcaui hkbu bbctjiiii na ky.imu. 

4. Bcix B-iacTAM 11a J'Kpaini npononycnca bjkhtii Bcix 3aco6iB, mi « 1 ii 
pocnopaaaeHBao, pfi BOiioxuinoro BHKOBtotBa n,ial iioi'TaHOBH, 

KoHiTei BeBHHH b lilt, mo nacejreBHH Eparo 3ynie on,iHBTn cepfio3Hicii. cTa- 
HoBitma i (ipHK-ia^e Bcix chji ^o oiopoBU peBO.iK'iii'i Ta chokoio u Kpajo." 

TaK 6yjio nopBano ojipaaya liicTpyKujeio Bpeiennoro npaBHTeirbCTBa 
mh fenepajibnoro CeKpeiapiflTy. Bca TepnTopia YKpaTHH (aa nniunoienHei 
KyCaninHiiH, npo aKy HOBa 6yie sajii) o6e^ByBajiacb nifl saafloio J'Kpa- 
iHctKol HeHTpajibHoi' Pafla, aca BJiajia — n;iBijii.na i BiiicbKOBa — TaKOiK 
nojiexoflaaa wpea KomiTCT flo Pafln. ^jih 6opoTi>dn « MoawmBnim kobtp- 
peBOJJiou.ifinHHH BHCTjna«g 6yao sotfiaiaoBauo flificHO sci fleiOKpaTirmi 
man yKpaiHH. HasiiaBca ttaeiTt HOBnn Kypc BnyTpinmbOi nojiiraKH, no- 
CyjTOBauHil 11a odeflHannio Beix con.iflJiicTnyno-peBOJironifiHHx eaenienTiB 
fleBOKparii, npo mo caiflHHTj,, mm hhiuhm, Biofl»:ennfl b Komitbt eoi;,- 
flea. CoibineBBKiB, aid so toho ^acy ctobjih u,13kok ocToponb aifl po6orH 
nenTpajibBOl Paa,a. HaMiqajifJtb aflificfleHHH na yKpaiai Toro racaa, aa 
aKe iiituia <5op0Tb6a na neTporpajtcbKifi JljeMOKpaTHiHin Hapafli — yTBo- 
peana Oflnopoflnoro conisjiicTHiHO - pesojiKmiHHoro npaBHTejibCTBa na 
YKpaiBi. 

Ta tiibkh najiiHajiocb. J[o BflincneaDa at nbOro He flinnuio. IIo- 
HipKOBaHi flpiSao-fiypatyaani e^eseara yKpalncbKOi i, ocoCihbo, neynpa- 
Kpai'HCKoI fleMOKpaTi! aocTajinci., BBHiafino, Bipsi codi i no^aaH BiKHBaTH 
saxoflia ^0 Toro, nio6 poafiara naiiitiHBBft coniflJiicTHiniiil 4ibok. Ha 
nainRimnBoiiy aaciflaauio kbibcbko! minctKoi paflH, mo ofl6yaoca 8. na- 
VasetA (h. ct.), pociScbiti con.-peB., poeirfCbKi cott.-flem. HenbnieBHKH 
1 Kaa.ein rapaije BHCTynHiin B ofiopony Cypasyaaaoro Bpeseanoro DpaBii- 
rejibCTBa i npncTpacTno Hanaflajin aa co^-fleu. <5ojibnjeBnaiB, rocTpo aa- 
cyflatyioiH iix Biicryn r IleTporpafli. Hopna coins niflTpHKaW mi BBCTyn 
(npoaoBn UlyjibrnBa, CaaeHKa i EyraeBCbKoro), He -rijihKH o<5opoBHfOHH Bpe- 
Meaiie IlpaBMTeJitcrBo i Jtaioin doabineBBKiB, a me t oCKHflaroin 6pyflo» DjeH- 









— 44 — 



TpaabHy PaayiaaminKafO'in ae c^yiaTHCb Pertojitoniiinoro KtiMrreTy, yTBOue- 
iioro octshblok).*) Ty easy KaHnaoijo Cyjio noBe/i;eno i Ha MMiii P&%\ ino ni,i,- 
ovjiocl Toro canoro ahs. PoeiiicbKi coii>peB., con, -,T,eir. MeHbmeBUKii i <5yH;i,iBU,i 
HiWBHiafino rapaye i BnepTO ^oaanuincfl bi^ HeHTpaabHO'i Pain ocyjiy po- 
6iTHiiHe-cajr^aTei.Koro noBeraaHH b IleTporpajij. EyB;i.iBeii,b Paifec ;i,o»a- 
raBca, mjo6 QeBTpaifcaa Pa;i,a He TubKn sacy^Hja noBCTanna b neipo- 
rpa,T,i, a me it aaSBnaa, mo 6*yn,e CopOTiica ape™ bchkoi niiuepatra iioro aa, 
YKpalai. HapeuiTi, u,hhh asenenTaBin 6yao „BH»y i ieno" (bk uicjia bhcjio- 
anjiacb „Po6iTHii'ia Faaera") Bia Ma.ioi PafliT peaojiioniio cjiijiyjoioro 
aidcry npo Bi^noBienHH Paji,ii flO no^ifi b Jlerporpajij : 

n WiLauaHi'in, mo B-ia^a 6 xepxasi, :n; i b kkkjiim OKpeMiM Kjiaio, noLiiiuiia 
nepeijTB no PJK bcM peB0.nion,iiiH0l aeaoKparii, BBavnaKeiii ueRonyctHUM nepexii, 
acid n.ia;ui biissbmiio ,1,0 pyis paj p o i th n h 11 x i caijaiciKKi 
.ie ny t ai is, KOTpi bb3mkitj.ch rinsa l iacTHUuio opfaHiaoiuuiu'i peiiiuwujiijioT jfi&o- 
i;paTi'i, yttpa'inc&Ka HesipajitHa Pa,i,a iope3 no BBcioBinoeTijCa irpuTii HOBCTaHHii 
e IleTporpa;i,i. u 

I^ieio peaQ,iron;ieio (Sy.'io poaipBano TijibKH 111,0 yTBOpennii peBOJiio- 
^nHO-coiijoicTUWHu iJipoHT. IIpe.i,cran!iiiK poc. con,.-aCM. nap-rii 6ojibuie- 
RnKiB ILrraKOB BiiiliuoR s M&ioi Pa;in. Bufiinjoi npe^CTaBHHRH OojibuieBnKiB 
i a PeBOJHoiJ,iiiiioro Koniieiy, yTBoponoro Heirrpajibuoio Pa^oto. 

Tas yTBopH.iocb na yicpaini Tpii cppoimi: KOHTp-peBo.iioiijnHo- 
fiypayaannfi, peKOJiiouiiluo-ftOMOKpaTii'iuiifi yspafHCbKHB i CojibnieBimbKHn 
(MOCKOBebKiiB). JliaHime mi jiOKJiajno CUHHHlOCa na xapaKTepucruni 11,111 
rpbox ciiji, Mac-He, ocraHHix hbox, a Tenep ni^emo aajii 3a ncuaaii 
b Kitiisi. 

IlpoL'it Kpaeooro KoMireTy osopomi peBOJioiiji piiuyne BHexyiiirB 
KOHTp-peBOJUOniuHHil jiiraG KniBCbKOi BiilcbKOBO! OKpym, na mm a hobo- 
npiiana^ennai (anii'iailrio, no-aa mteiua IJenTpaJibaoi Pa^a) Haia-ibHH- 
kom — I'euepajioiu KBBn,iiiCbKii» t» Koaii-apoa Bpeweiinoro ITpaBineab- 
crBa npn otcpyai — pociilebK. coit.-seu. MeBbweBUKOM („aea.iaqKOH'-) — 
KnpieHKOM. Oiinpaiomieb na iukojiij fOBKepis xa npanopmBKiB, a TaKoa: 
Ha BiiicbKOfli Koaaqi MacTnaii i (pponTOBdil KoaaMnn a'ia;!,, ji;o HKpaa To^i 
Bi;j6yBaBca b KbIbi. nocTanoBHB Hlra^ apo(5iiTH Kh'i'b 6aaoio xna 6opoibSn 
BpeaeHEtoro IIpaBRTeabCTBa a podiTiin'ie-c&iaHCbKOio peBOJiH>uie»3 b Pocif, 
a npn Kyni — i 3 Il,enTpaJibHOio Pa,ioio. Ha noMi'i cc6i BHKjiiiKaB UlTa6 
a q)poHTy me pfi-aKi KOaa'ii nacTii, 'reso-ejioeanbKirii Cia'raJiion (Ha HO.'ii 
a uojiiuranKOM Kosiicapa niB^.-aas, ippoHTy u, PparopbeBnisi) i skua B8B 
aBaanx „6aTa.iioaiB cuiepTjr', Bipimx CKnnyTOSiy BpesieHnoMy IIpaBHTejibeTay. 

PeBOJiH>iJ,iBiiufi EoBixer oroaoeiiB IllTaS poanytneHiiir. y BijiuoBut 
na u,e JRm6 piutnB, uokh bi,o, JUKBi^yBaTn KHlBCtKy Pajy PoOiTnuynx 
i Cawrcbunx ^enyxaTiB, b HKin Bean npoKij 6ojibiiieBUKH. 

9. ih 10, ria,i,!);nieia IIlTa6 Onpyrn 06-toiKHB cboimh BiitcbKaMH 
ftyBuinii napcbKnfi najiau,, b anoMy caHe aacijaaa HnlBCbEa Paji;a PoGiT- 
Hfltnix i CajiAaTCbKBx ^euyiaTiB, naMipmoHncb KpiBaBo poanpaBHTncb a aa- 



*) Ro pe^ii, ne BHTpiinaa tji i ajiaafloaBicHia roioBa SHjBCiKOl P;un Ppfiiwm- 
wa ^enyTaTin pociiictKHU ci>n,.-seM. (?) — HesjjoOiii, inuiaiiiiiii 11a yKpa^HeiKy H,ea- 
rpajiHy Paij sa le, mo Hesos Cit Bona Be.ia xp aimay poeiBuLox J r cra»dB>flri S«5opiB. 



— 45 



i-iBiiiiisB tbs po6iTHnKa»ii Ta ca-uarasiii, xoi ocraBai il ne jiymajH jipo 
a6pOBMiii BncTjn b to2 iac, Maionn aajio cbji Ta, MOitce, i a liamux 
botiibIb. 

Ta b n,K> cnpaay BuiniaJiacij yicpaiHCbKa II,eiiTpa.itna Paaa, no-- 
ciaBiun enen.ia.ib ay ^era'aniio no UTraoy 3 hSjijiio jiiKBUaini KoaifciiiKTy, 
[IIt;u1 ne o;iBaa:nBea BHCTynnTB oanoHacBO i npOTii HeaTpaabBoi Pann 
i nepea re aiycii* DpieraTH aa upono3nn,iK> PajiB — BiftiSpatH imhclkoi-;\ 
a6poK) y mi, mo aacliH b na.iau,i. i HettOTopaaHHM bvcthth Beix jio jiomy. 
Ha Tauy poaBaaicy KOaffmra-y jejiei'au.ia Pa^n ^icTajia 3ro,ny i nix npe- 
uBjji o6;jo;Kenoi Pa;tn PoGItjitimiix i CajiAaTCBKiix .HenyTariB, 3aeismmx 
b naaaui pofiirnnidB i cawm oyjio ooesatfpoeao, KaHiiojiapiio, kbhshkh 
i iiinue nanao Pam Po6iTHninx i C'aa^aTcbKns AenyTaiia, nanepei;ip 
ysroBi 3 :ie.Tei';iTaMH ] (enrpa/ibHOl Paja, OBBipn.'tiw BiiicbKoa III ram 
6yso simtueHO i, Tasos aanepeKip Tin xe yMOBi, IIlTa6 apemrryBaB 
lisnaKOBa ft iiHiirax 'laeBiB PajjH PofiiTanqnx i Ca^aTCbKiix ^enyTaTiB (10). 

nieaa m>oro noiajiacb KpiBaBa possaaKa HaspiBinoro KOHifjiiKTy. 
II.— 12. JiHCTona f i,a b KniBi ilui.in cupaBxni (Sol aiat peBO.TOn,iBHBai 
BiiicbKOS i Kontp-peBOJiKmiiiiiiiMii liiiici.Knuii lllrafiy, 3 yiacno Ky;ie»eriB, 
6poneBnKiB i apmjepii. FoarpoM Paj,n Po(5iTB!i i rax Ta Cajia.aTCbF.Hx /^etry- 
TaTie 6yB eii'na.K-ja flo 3arajibH0i fJopoTbon. B KuiBi oyjio oroioweHO 
aanurainii po6iTBniBfl CTpafiK. PofSiTHnnn ciaan no 3(5poT. Ha syjintiax 
uoHBnjiHCfl okodh, <5apflKa,n;n. IOHKepa i K03aKn 6y.ra aEani'apjioM kohtp- 
pcBu;iroi];iHHoro BiircbKa. Bonn aaKpimi.in ea corjoio pafion BJiafiy Ha 
HeaepcbKOay. no eyei.nCTBy a mwn (Syjm aonTonai BiiicbKOBi HacTHHH, 
mo- finuiii aa Co.ibuieBHKaBH, i apceaaji, je 3aci.n1 YKpainui. TyT i bU- 
in.mcb rojioBni 60L EonbuieBun.b-Ka apTiuepia erofljia aa JI,ainpojt. B (Soax 
npoTH HiTadttoro BificbKa 6pa.in yaacTb i Koaaicn nepiaoro aanacnoro 
VKpa'niObKoro nn.iKy. 

nicjia KpiBaBBs (SiiiOK, mo Tarjin aa coooio CaraabKO bohtbx i pa- 
hobbx 8 o6ox CTopiH, HlTa6 He BBTpamaB, iiiiuoB cno i iaiKy na „BHpoBi'' 
neperoBupii 3 U,enrpa^bHOio Paaoio, a [(otiji uOTaiiKB i BOBcim btIk 
a Knisa paaoa 3 ociaHKaan Bipnnx Sony lacTBH (11). 

B KbTbi aajiBBiBjraCb nepuKoatnimeio D,eHTpairbffa Pa^a [w I'eire- 
pajibinul CeKi>eTapiHr. BojibuieBBKB, ni,o (Spam Bail^iaJibHio^ yMacrr. 
b fiopoTbrti ai IIlTadoB, an onpeMa CHJia (bhuiuobiiiu uepeji tbm 31 CECiaay 
I[enTpa;ibHO'i Pajpi i l'eiio.iRmifiHoro KoKiTeTy), socTajiHCb i ^ajii ctohth 

OCTOpOFb Bin HeRtpaJlbHOl Paj,n. 

II[imTyiiHBrair bicjoi nepeprar anouy .1,0 npan,i (28. — 29. acoBTHfl), 
liiilcbKOBBH 3'Ia^, BHie ne air jiciepmyBaTDCb yxBa.TOHoro pa aim npo- 
I'pany pofioTB i nepeuoioB npflao j,o ofiaiipKyBaBtta CTaBOBHina b KniBi, 
na ynpaini i BaaraJii b Pocii. 

Moataa Jierno yaBBTB, hkhb BacTpifl 6yB aa 3'l3ju, kojib ji.eaei'aTaii 
SOBOj(Bj[ocb OAHoiacao i BoroBa'rn i BBpiniaTB nciiTBHai cupaBn. 3aci- 
ftaaaa 3'l3jiy Beancb to o^spBTo, Ta saKpaTO. TpeSa oyjio BHacHHTH CBoe 
CTaBOBHto,e no KoaairiB, AKi saK-TDKajia HeiiTpanbHy Pajy no aKTHBHO'i, 
opyatHOi dopoTi>6n a potfiTHflKatin Ta cajiflaTaiB, in,o iIbijih aa racaain 



— 46 — 

oo:ii)UieBH(dB *) ; JP podiTHHTO-ceaaHctKOl peBOJioDJI b IleTporpaai i apo- 
sbib li, nU upOBO^OM pocinctKO con,.-ieK. 6*oabnreBHKiB, na YKpaini. 
Hapeniri, Tpe<5a oyjio BHpiuiHTH ochobhb HHTaHHH, hk (5yTH 3 BJta^oio Ha 

yKpallli B 3BH3KJ 3 yUajpCOM BpeMCHHOrO IIpaBHTejltCTBa. 

UpoMOBm' o^HojyuiBO niaKpecJUOBaiH, bjo yKpalHCbKifi peBo;uoH,iHBiii 
AeMOKpaiil no no aopoai a KOaaiuu b'is^ok i KoaaTOHH BificbKaaH ; bh- 
CJOBJiiOBajiH cuiByyTra lOCKOBCLKOmy pofiiTaauTBy Ta caji^aTaa, mo ckh- 
HyjH BpeueHiie HpasHTejibCTBO i 3axonijjin Baajiy b cbo! pyKH. Ta b Tofi 
a;e cauim qac Bci npoMOBnj ni^KpecjooBajH, m,o na YKpalai Besae no- 
xpe6n b nepeBopoTi, mo Ha yKpaini Bjraaa, hk najieatajia panime, tkk no- 
BHHHa sajieata™ a ,najii HeaTpaabniii Pa^i — BppxoBHOMy peBOJifonja- 
Hosty opr'anoBi yKpainctKOro ipyjj;oBoro Hapoay — ceaaHCTBa, po&THHUjBa 

Ta BOJIK1B. 

OcyiHBmn KOHTp-peEO.Moii,iuiiy siajiLHicTb Hlra^y KhIbcbkoI Bihcbko- 
boi" Otepyru (Ha HOJii a con, -sen. meatm. KnpienKoa) i BaiiponoayBaBuiB 
KosaKaM (b nepuiy iepry j^nna-Kan) i Hexo-CjiOBaKaa nerafiao noKDByrii 
Kni'B, 3 1 J8^ nocTanoBBB aoaaraTiict, mod bcio BJiaay — nJBi.ai.Hy i BinctKOBy — 
Ha TepHTopi'i YKpainn B3aaa s cboI pyKH YKpaJHcwca HeHTpajrtna Pasa. 

,,/IjJia 6opori.6n a aHapxieio, — roBopanoca b nocraHOBi 3"i8,ny, — 
ana sarpoatye YKpaiBi, TpeTifi BceyKpaiHciKfffi BiiicBKOBHii 3'iafl Bimarae 
siji, HeHTpaabiioT PanH Ta I enepajibnoro CeKpeTapiaTy, moo* bohh, oniparo- 
hhcb Ha peBOJiioniime yKpalH«>Ke BinebKO, B3HJtn bcio noBHory BaajjE na 
Bcift xepHTopil YKpaiHit b cboi pyKn." 

IJ^e ROMaranHH 3'l3jiy Bi^noBi^aao b to2 iac 6aaaeHaii He tIuki? 
yKpalHci.Ko'1, ajie HaBiTt i He yKpai'HctKoi .nemoRpaTii. Ilepejr, mo;kjiiibhbii 
anapxii'mnuH 8aKOJLOTaan i KOBTp-peBOJifonjuHHaiH BnerynaMn aHaiiiina BjeH- 
TpajrbHoi Pa^B, us KpaeBoi BJia^n, ni^uecjioca b toSt <jac jiyate bhcoko 
b o^ax Bciel peBOJiionifiHoi .neMOKpaTii YKpaiHH. Byn,n;iBeu,i> Pa<pec, b b'x- 
HiH a cboix npoioB b toh nac, aHajii3yio<ra CTanoBHiue na YKpalHi, CKaaas 
Mia; nnninar, mo ,,y aac, caaBa 6ory, e B,eBTpajibHa Pa^a". Hpoia 
iioiuupeaHfl BJia^H Il,eHTpa.ii>HoI Pa^n aa bcio TepaTopiio YKpaiHH i norjni6- 
jieana IT Koaneieanil „a;o Bciel hobhoth" TOffi Maaate aix-ro ne apoTecTy- 
Bas. Xo,t,hjto TiaBKa opo tb, mo to aa BJia^a n&xa, 6yTH, hk Bona 
uoBHHHa 6y,is. aocTaBHTBCb 3,0 toi piiny«ioJ (>opOTb6H nix Tpy;ianiBMH i 6yp- 
ayaftieto, sta pocnonajiacb m\ MoeKOBmani. PiatHi l'pyun seiOKpaiiT 
aasaJiH aa n;e UBiaaHfl piatfli B] r T,noBi^i. flKy hc Bi^noBi^b aao BiiicbKo- 
BnS 3'i3 r T;? 



*} r HociirTii no[i03yaiiina 3 KoaaKasiii (iyjro j^we TpjflEO. Iihi crapiiEHiiu. 
t :ii;usu ,T,OBejocb escth ncperosopn cpeACTannHKiii IIenTpa.ii.Hoi Pa,yt, Maaius.ii!, 
mo „K03an,Ti!» iipii.niaii.i i'i.ik.cth iiiri jnuiii PodS" i (5yae aKiitBHo OopoiBCB nporu 
ncix BOporis Pori'i — b Tuny 'incai i B nepuiy 'icpry npom CcituieBUKiB. J^o niei 
CopOTifiil Boiin '.laoxoiysajin i Hfinj^ii i.ny Pa,Tj-, ji;aK)Mn aposyjiira, mo b iipOTilnttOHv 
pasi siaBsyiL ec» cii)>aBy b cboi p\ i:n, no paxywatcfc 3 U,eHTpaaBHO» Pa^oio. Tuiiii 
roOTpaii aanu^ b i'hu;v BpescTaBiiiiKiB IJ,cnTpajtHO't Paj;ii, m,o u,e fij^e BrpyyaHHa 
y BiippioiHi cnjiaBu J'Bpa'iini, nocnranua ua aBTOHOMiii irjiauu 'i'i, a laKoa; 3aaBa, mo 
lane noCTynyBauna KoaaKin H^c scynopci aaaBaM "ixnix ,ne.ie(aTiB ua d v h^i Hapojuu 
y KiiibI i noTflriie aa couobj ae:Knyco6Hy Biftny, Bpeimd npHTymnnn BofioBmiinii Sanaa 
KOiauiB, i bouu norti^iijuoi. na Bni3a, 3 Knlsa i HeBTpyqauns' b noflil ua yKpami. 



47 



,,3a£.iyxa»uiu Jt&MBfl upo aueryn (xUMueBJiKiu y Ileiporpaji i upo .snaaajfi 
j hum iioj.ii *na Vi;paiui i ciohw hi npiiHn,iui, mo luacu, nae uepeiiifl ,^o Bcie'i 
iHHiiunof aeaoKpaiu, e^hbhii npe^cxaBBBKoji anoi jia VKpaini ae& \\<-u- 
ipaJina Pa^a — 

TpeiiR Bceynpa'iHCbKttS BiilctKOEnii 3"i;u nociaHOBHB — 

OopoTHta 3 soaaraHHHBH (So-iJUuesHKiB ncpe^am Bja^y Ha yupami ,\o cobjtjb 
pooiTHH'iiix ra caaXaTCtKM genjianB. 

111,0 mc TopnaCTica no,T.iii no-3a MejEaau yKpa'iBii, to 3'i3,i siBajKae, mo nen- 
Tpaa&na Koa-iiuiima n.ia^a, b coa,ii sko'I MaK>Th car ii utsmaK, ne aoace 

BBawaTiict i!iipa:iHnn,eio Boai i aacTyimiineio iHTepeciB rpj^OBOl jte«ospaiiij a 'iepea 
re BBCITQ Oo.nmeiiiiKiB 3'i33; ae Boace aiium bwhkom aHTiuesioKpaTHqHHa i nacBse 
:aii">,u«- BV>d BiBctKa 3 yupalHti, a Tai;oa; YKpainci.Ki BifiCBaoai o,T,nmini 3 ^pomy 
ii iu.\v, we nocn.ia.iucbXifl OopoTifin a npeflCTaBBEKaaiH inrepecis ipyjosoro sapo^y." 

Hk 6a>iHH0, 3'iafl po3iitiuoBca myr a HjenTpajisnoio Pa,i,0K>. B toh 
yac, hk Majia Pa^a, xoi i yHOBao, BiicjioBHJiaCb Bee ac TaKsi ii p o t ii 
noBcrauEH b neiporpaAi, 3'l3,a, nocTaanBCH jifl Btoro z nn^nioio cnnna- 
rieio, BasBaBUH BpOBunnKis Toro noBcraattH — 6o.ibui8BnKiB — „npes- 
CTaBiiHEaiii iarepeciB TpynoBoro napojiy" i aaanaiHBara, m,o He tubkii 
He 6yne 6opoTncb nporn noBcraaaH, a EaBnaKH — BiKBBe Bcix aaxofliB, 
m,o6 nepeiuKOji,HTU Baaraxi o'opoTbO'i a poGiTini'ie-ce-rancBKoio peBOJHOnkio 
Ha MocKOBmnni. 

x Iepe3 ioo x cane b rofi me chjihh >rac 3'i3A nocianoBHB piiuyne 
6opoTHca 8 flOiaraEHAM 6oj£me.BnKiB uepesaTH Bjrajry ,i;o pyK potSir- 
hbiub ra caiwna i Ha BKpaim, ue xpyaao aposyMiTii. yKpaiKetita 
peBOJiioiuflHa AemoKpa™ lajia nepes cofioro ace iu,e ;;Bi sa^aii : couiaJibao- 
eKonoiniHy i aaniouaJibny. 1 b too nac, hk b o6jracTn couiajibno- 
eKonoMB'iaiii canna.™ II (apnaafiniHi sflaaaoi nacrnnn) 6yan Bnpasno na 6on,i 
-npoBoj,npiB po6iTJinne-ceJiflBCbKoi peBOJuouji — aocKOBCbKax eon^-flejii. 
Coiii.raeBnKiB, b c<J>epi nau,iona,iEno-nojriTHinin Bona ne noBipajra (i Majta 
pauiro ne ;(OBipiiTii) nasiTb una uaiidijibut iibbk i peBOJiionifiniiM eJie- 
MeHtas naHyro'ioT aeaoKpaTi'i. 

Ilepexijt Ria^H jo pa^ po6iTnB4iix i cajj^arcbKitx jTCByiaTlB oaaaMaii 
aa yRpalKi nepexix II OjiHOMacno i $p pyn HeyKpaiacbKoi aeafOKpatil, 
xoTiJia qn He xoxura 6 Toro ocTanaa. BiScbKOBi aajiora Ha YKpaiHi, bk 
6yaa, TaK i aaJiiiairi.tuCb h 3iia i Jniri cBoiii ^acTiini — naejiani 3 Mockob- 
ih,hhb, xo^ i hk yKpalHCbKa HeMOKpaTJa ^ojiaraiacb BaupaBiiTH ai^aac 
peBOJiioipl mo .,po6oiy" cTa|)oro napcbKoro apasHTejitcTBa. HeaHCjeaaHfi 
aificbKBii npojieTapiax 6yB TaKoac b BaaiBin cboIh nacTBHi afio aeyKpaiH- 
cbKHH a6o apociBiueaBH. 3ji;aTHCb aa n;nx jhojibh, nepe^ani in iieAOKiH- 
tobj capaBy 6oport6n aa HamoHaibHe Bii3B0aeHaa 6yjro 6 ayxo i ,-ijate 
pncROBaaJB, a ncnxojiboi'n4Ho jiJta yKpai'HcbKHi peBoaioii,iHnnx nan, am 
aecra joci na co6i bci Tarapi to! 6opoTt6a, asi aa-in neio, 6yao iianase 

HUIKOM H6H0a0IDBe. 

^o Toro x, xoi up i ne oyjio lyjrKoa TaK, yKpaiactKa peBOJHORiHHa 
jieuoicpaTia aaia npaso TBep^iiTH, m,o Ha yKpaiai BJia^a i TaK Baaeaiajra 
He KOMy Haraoay, hk po6iTHBKa», cajrji.aTas i ceJiflHau, b ocofii U|eHTpa3b- 
hoI Paja. IIpaB^a, b DjeHTpajibain Paji,i npoBia; sean ne cott.-fl.eM. <5ojb- 
aieBHKH, ane ue cyra pi™ He 3MiHHJ0. Bci yKpalHewci peso^ioiqilnn- 
ci.ninjicrnani napril oyjin BpeflCTaBiem b aifi, i hIxto ne nepeaiKOAiKaB 
.lieimuM a hbx B3HTH npoBifl; b cboi pyKH. Moacaa 6yno 6 cKaaaTa, mo 



uo-aiac yKpainctKHin couja.rieTHiBJian napriaMH He 6yjio aoBcisi Tasoi. 
ma, b toh iac aoivin 6 BiiKiinyTH racio con,iflJiicTJi<iHoi peBOJisoiiii, at; 
BnKHHyaa noro pocincbKa con,.-^em. napria 6"ojiboieBHKiB. Tan, ne 6yjio. 
Byjra Bapoflsa ii- Ta xifia ue aaanffjio, mo bch yKpai'HCbKa peBOJifouifiBa 
aemOKpaTis noBnmia 6yjia Bi^aTBCb nifl oaky xo<ia 6 i <5iJinu poaBHueEOi 
coniajibflo i coniaaicrfliHO locEOBCbKoi aeaoKpaTii? Ta h xto Mir On 
jiopyiDTHCb, no Horo ua onisa nor.ia 6 ^oBecra ? Xi6a yKpaiBewca ^e- 
MOKpaTia ae BijmyBajia sopoacoro Bi^HOiueHna jy> ce6e a 6otcy camux jilbhx 
e-ietieHTiB MOCKOBCbfcoI neMOKparil ? Xi6a iaea naiiioBajtHoro BB3BO.ienna 
yKpalHCbrcoro napojiy He Cyan lyatoio, HespoayjsijioiQ i flaem, Bopoacow 
jyia MOCKOBCbKOl ,,mTepHau.ioBa.ibBoi"' aenOKpaTii, Hacri-iBKu „inTepuau;io- 
HMbUGi", mo a ycix ae^se He cTa nau,iij Pocii Boaa n m,o,T,eflBony, 6yx,en- 
no.My, upaKTn4nOMy hshttk) BisnaBajia TiibKii osffy — BOCKOBCbKy ? ! 

Mu BHaoaeuo paujio sa Basn, aa thm, mo bh Bpo&iaii b cefie, aae 
y nac cnpaBa cto'j'tj, ipoxn: BHaKiue. Moxjubo, mo h hit b cetfe ^jhacio 
hibh,t;ko #o Toro, mo po6me bh, ajie aapaa, panroBO, nepccTpoiTH nanii 
pn."Ui. aiiuHTH BHpoCjieni b npoueci nauioi peBOjnoiiji MeToaH i ^opmu 
fiopoTt6H mu ne Moaceno, ne (kraio pauil i noTpeoH. TaKa 6yaa Bift- 
noBi^b TpeTboro BceyKpalHCLKoro BincbKOBoro 3'h^y, a paaoM 3 huh 
i Bciel yKpatucbKOi peBOJitoninno'i ^eMOR-pa-rii, jjapaa n^o IljenTpaabBa Paaa 
BncjOBHJiacb ,,n p o t ii" nexporpajicbKoro noBCTaHBa. 

YKpalHCbKa neMOKpaxia xoiiaa i aaai caaoeTifiBo npoBajHTH peBO- 
■SBDJifly 6opo?b6y aa YKpalui, piinyie o,T,KH^afoin Bee Te, mo xo^ hm- 
nefSyib aarajyBajio cTapy nanionajibHy HeBoaro. 

HoBajieiina Gypajyasaoro Bpescnnoro UpaBBTejitcTBa po3Ba3yBaao 
pyKii ; nepexoaoBiiii stonea?, i iacoBe (ScBBJiacTa b Pocii urroBxajro jo a.aai>- 
raol aKnii b naiipaMKy BaKiHieEfffl i 3a$iKcoBaHHa aauiona.iibBo-,T,ep;i:aBHOro 
BHSBOJieBaa yKpalHCbKoro napo;iy. 3'Fsj i nimoB n,nsi nrasiOtt. 

„Baxo#ssH s npiraniiry nounoro, niqua aeofiMCKenoro caiiOBi!3HaioHU!i sajpfi", 
3'ia^ KociaHOBiii „b h h ar am bi% csoro aaiinuiuoro peno.iin- 
UiiiHoro opranj — Henipa.iLno5 Pajii, — u o r a ii ii o r o o r o .i o m e n it -i 
j'KpainciKdl jexoitpaiimiol pecnyd.iHKii b eiaorpaipii'iniis Me;i;ux 
J'sipai'iiu.* 

MaiifiyTniS coitifljibiio-iiojrira'iiiiiu Jiajt b yKpaiaci.Kiit Hapo;iniii Pec- 
ny6iiHu,i, a TaKoac uHTanHa npo (pe^epaTnBHe oOe^Banfls a bhuibmb pee- 
ny6juiKa«u Pocii, MajiH BnpiiDHTn cyBepeHBi yKpaiacbKi ycTaHOBqi 36opa (12). 

Ha «iepry ac ^na BpaBHTeabCTBy naii6yTHbOi YKpaTactKOi Hapo,i,- 
HbOi PeenyfianKn 3'T3A nociaBBB sbi cnpasn : cKpinjieHflfl yKpaiacbKoi 
Hapoa,HboI jepaiaBBOcra (jt;ra noro, iliac bbbihu, ^OMaraBca HeraitHOl i nlB- 
kobbtoi yKpalBiaanil apiiii i sopHOsopcbKOi cfjiLOTH) (13) i HerafiHoro 
3aKJ»ieHna Mnpy. 

B cupaBi Mnpy El'lBA, 3a3HainBiiiu b MOTaBOBo^Hifi ^acTBHi cboci 
nocTaaoBB, mo „BtecBiTHio Biiay poenoHa^u i xenep aararyioTb innepisi- 
jtictd a HeTOK aaxBaTiB na KopncTb OypajyaaHBX koji", mo 

„KoaceH iBBb BinHH nafianatae Tpyjiamnii jrion yuix nauifi ro n,iaKo- 
BHToro zttfswfittim fioro ikitbbx eKOBOMH'jnBX Ta KyjibTvpHnx cna li , BW 
.,npo,n,OBH;enHa BiftnH BBKjnrKae b Kpami roao^i; ra anapxiio i Kacye bci 
:mo6yrKH peB0Juon,iI," — 



— 49 — 



yxeajiHB 3BepnyTJiCb js,o HeHTpa.ii.noI Pa,in a %V#jvoiBBm — „Ee 
jloaH^aroiBcb Kiji,iioBi^,i TaaiiacoBoro HpaBHreJibCTBa. b ;i a t n c up a By 
saKin'i enn ji niiinir b cbo'i pyKii, 60 aeGeane'iani! >rac He sjie 
i, Koan iiHini npaBnrejiLCTBa iiia BnanBOM csoel Gypacyasii, aaTfiraton, m 
SoifoBiicfcKO, to 11 1) e ,t c t a b H 11 k H t p y a a m r h a p n y Y k p a 1 11 11 
B^acHBBii pyKamn nosiiHni npHiiHHHxn ;ia.TbWHi! aane- 
najt cboto Hapofly. 

HiciH llepmoro BeejKpai'ncbKoro Po6iTuii'iriiu 3'fa^y ne Bse B^pyre 
yKpalacbKa peBOJiK>n,ifiHa n,eHOKpaTia pimyye joMarajiacb Mnpy, xoq 611 
fi cenapaTuoro. 

3aKinHDBUin cboio iipamo, BincbKOBiiil 3'Ia.i, BBaacatO'in Ha (iyponBi 
noiii' i [leunpaane aojii'rnfne cianoBiiuLe b Pocii' i na Bapa'tni, nocTano- 
miii aiuuuiHTH i iacTRHy CBoix qjieiiis y KiiYbi ua ji;e-aKnn iac, aopfaimy- 
BaRiun Ix B OKpenH« Kypinb i nepe^aniim iieii uypint b pocnopajiiKeiiim 
>'k[i;iIiil'li:oi U,enTpaJitnoI P;ij,h. 

3a .nonoKoroio Bipiinx EiircucoBHx 'lacran YKpaiHCbKa HenrpajibHa, 
Po,T,a BineJia 3 Kiusa KOnTppeBOJiioninaiiii JJIraO BifictEOBOl OKpyra a iioro 
BincEKamif, KosaKiB, KQKepiB i flniuy KOHTp-peaojuoujilay Baaoaan. TaK 
caao CTpHaajia b KOpiai i ne acacia m.e pimyii npofiH pocificLKiix coqiaib- 
^eaOKpaTin 6o.ii>meBni:iii aaxomiT-n BJia^y na yKpai'ni b cboI pyKH. 

no.ie h,jlh peBOJiiouiuiioi TBopyouTn IjenTpajibnoI Pajtf! dyjio 
pojemmeue. 

6. nporoflouieHHB YKpaiHCbKoi HapoAHboi Pecny(>jinHn. HaopHnjie 
BpcBeHBe npaBHTejibCTBO arnayjio, BBaaKiB 3 hobuh srocKOBctKim npa- 
BiiTejiLcTBOM lite hl' Oy-TO ; no bci3 MocKOBJiyini iiuuia ropoacancbKa Bifiaa. 
Tamil tohou, YKpaTna (paK'ni'iao <>;ijpisa.iacb ain MocKOBmimii, hk aara.ai.80- 
pociSebKoro j3,epa-aBnoro nenrpy. 

JIboiTiKa (fiainiB npjiMyaiyBa.'ia yKpalntbKy B,enTpajiiiUy Pafly aairin- 
mhtu pocno'iaxy 6yj,0By yspalRCbKOl ffepaaBnocTH. A mo ygpalHCBKa ^u- 
aoKpaTia aaBHO Bace ,i.osaraaaeb Bin, HeiiTpa-itHoi Pain piuiyinx aaxo- 
jtjb b u,Lk nanpaiiKy, rasira l iacy oyjio ne inoiKna. 12. .TiicTonaji;a (h. ct.) 
B;eaTpajibna Pajp nocranoBDJia uonoBHiirn IenepajbnuB CeK.perapi«T ko- 
jricapaMH jjjih enpaB bihOiEObbs xapiOBiix, sjajiiannqnx, ikhth ij TCJiei'paipy 
Ta cysoenx.*) 13. .iincToiiajia 1 (h. ct) HeHTpaafcHa Paja iioar-TaHy-ia 
HBTSHHH npo CTaHOBiime tux yKpa'iHCbKHx aeiejib, aki no IiicrpyKiiii Bpe- 
neanoro IIpaBHTe.ibCTBa aiciajiucji no-3a MeJKaMK aBTOBonnoi >"Kpainii, 
i, „iJpHiiHHBUJH na ysary bojiio yKpalncbKoro Hapo^y, BHeaoBJteny b yiiejieH- 
nnx nodanOBax cejrnHCbKnx, naiiioKaJibHnx i aarajibuoTepiiTopiflmunx — 
ryfiepnia^Liinx Ta noBiTOBnx a'lsjiJB, piainnx nojiiTiiynus i r[m)ra;ici.KHX 
opfaHiaanjif BumeacoBannx MacTnn yKpaiau, a TaKox BBaatBBUiH Te, n^o 
noj,U yupalBH, hko nacai/toK iHiiepia:iicTii')noi' noairaKH pocificbKoI 6yp- 
Hcyaaii" mo-ji;o yKpainn, aarocipioe nau,ionaJibny 6opOTi,6y, nopyiuye c^aicn. 



*) B ciaaft I'eHcpajbHoro CeBperapisTy BBiiiiuaii : M. KoBajeB<:t.KHii (y. ' ■-!'■ ' 
— iipoflOBOJitii cnpaBii ; B. ro.ijuouii'i (y. c.-p.) — Topronafl i npoMUCJioaiui. : 
Jt. Ikipm (j. c.-x.) — npana; M. Tica»eHKo (y. c.-A-) — iocTan;i(i ; C. BeiJiKipa 
(j- c.-a.) — uiiina; (^meHKO — KonymKania i 0. 3apy6in (p. c.-pj — iiohth 
fi Te.'ifit)»a([i. 

Xp«CT»k-. IcTopin puMunuil, II. 






— 50 — 



peBoaionJHHJra chji flPMOKpaTii' YKpalnn i ran eaanjf Befle Kpaii 30 6ea- 
aaj[js,a Ta apocTy KonTppeBOaroujI," — nocraHOBHJia noiunpnTii b noBnifi 
mi pi BBSL^y rWepajbHoro CeKpeiapiiiTy na Bi^aesoBafly TepHTopiio YEpaisH 
(Xepconiunny, KaTepHKOcjiaBmnny, XapbitiBinnny, MaTepHKOBy TaBpuo, 
XoJiirmBHy, nacTHny Kypmnra i BopomsinHn). 

14. juiCTona^a (h. ct.) UjeHrpajrbna Paaa onoBicTirna Hacejieinin 
YKpaiHH opo u,i cboI yiBaiH i aatuiHKana ,,Bce nacejieaun, ropojEancbive 

i BifictKOBO, ^0 CUOKOfO TE MHpHOl npaH,1." 

„E|eHTpa^bHa Fa^a Ta 11 BHKOHaBia BJiajja — I'eHepajrEiiim Ce* 
KpeiapiflT, — roBopnjioct b Kinn,i onOBimonna HenTpantnoi Pa^", — 
aopotsath yci 3aio^ii, m,o6 iipHeepnyTn eiKffiii i nopanoK, He jwuycKa- 
ioth atajiHHx caHOHnHHM aBapxniHBi BJiCTyflis, iu,o cxHjfHioTfeca ao 
nopyineHHa nopa^Ky. yKpalnctKa UeHTpaabHa Pajra — opfaa pesojio- 
nifiHoI ^eiOKpaTii yKpainH — ia il fenepaataHH CeKpeTapiar, m,o 
cnHpaertca b cboIB juajibiiocTH na aei opi'aniaanii i e q$poj#kbbm. pe- 
BOJuoitifiHO-^eMOKpaTii'iBHa npaBHTeubCTBOM YKpaiHii, nepeKOHaHi, mfl Ik 
y^acTbca cnijbiiHMH cnaaMH ocarayrji nocTasaeHi co6i u,ijii. Jifi cnoK<no 
i npan,i, ropoatane, cejaae, podiTHntcH i caji^aTii !" 

B toh caiml nac poCHJiHCb UjeHTpajibHOio PaaoH) aasoftH flo Ha- 
BH8anaH SBasKiB a ippOBTOBHn KOwan^'BanHai, ocotwiHBO Tas aBaaoro „niB- 
xeHHO-Baxinntoro" Ta pysryHCbicoro, c.-t. yKpalacbKiii <J)poimB, a neroio 
aafleBneieHM ap»il HopM&ibnoro iiOCTaqaima uoTpifiniii Ifi piiei 

16. iBCTonaHa (n. ct.) renepajibiini CeKpeiapiax oroaocnB cjriny- 
roqe CBoe noBi'j;osfJieinia: 

„Bi;i lenepajUHoro CeKperapiaTy yspaiHii. leHepajitHHK CeKpeiapiaT no- 
Bi^OBJiae acii ropoa:au, sci npaBETeJibciBeaui jpa.^H, noamiiBi i upaBBTe-ifcCTBCHai 
opfana sa .V Kpa'iin : 

HeflTpaatne npaBBTeaiciBO Bcie'i Poci'i aa sat asom ynpaajjaxa ,aepa;anHHM 
;KHTTaM. Uuii KpaT socTanBea 6e3 DpaBaaMHi neaipiB. Tony spociae Oesjaj^a ao- 
liiaiHe, rocnp,T;apio i cycnijiLHe. 3 oraaajr Ha Te, CeKpeiapiaT AOHOBHauiiCS thh- 
iacoBO feHepaJiHiBMH ceEpe-TapaBH juia cnpas : lap^OBax, BifictKOBHi, cyaoBW, 
noiT ia Teaefpa^y, wpir. KoaneTcimia IwiepaabBoro CeKpCTapiaxy no]nnpKi«i!,c« 
na sci iyCepHil, se GhbmicTs nacoaenua cKjajaBticH a yKpalnnis. Tony fyCepiiii 
xepcuBCLEa, iapbKiBCi>Ra t KaiepBnourancBKa i raupiiicLKa (6et Kpuay) BEJK>MaK>Ti.cfl 
b TepBTOpim yKpal'nH. Bci opfanB rax fyGepBifi, a Tanoac TopoiKase ea,HHoI yKpa'ijiii 
scii iiapo r HBOcieB, MajoTL SBcpTaTuca 3 yciaa cnpacajiB r i;o Bi,T,noBisnni cesjieiapiB 
leBepaatnoro CeKpeiapiaiy, 

Bci ByTKn i posHOBE npo cenapaiuasi, irpo Bi^onpeMjiejinu yKpa'iHH Bi^ Poci'i 
— He li.iLKH KOUTp-peBoa»n;iflBa nponafaHAa afio npocTo neceiso«icit. Uenrp;uLiia 
Pasa i tenepaatHHil CeKpeiapiaT TBep^o ia hcho sasBiuiH, mo .VKpalna aoBHana 
sociataca b coaxi ^o^epaiHBHoS PociuctKo'i" PeenyfijiHKH, hko piBHoapaBHe ssp - 
jsaaae Tiao. Tenepiinne noaiiHine uojioxenun to! nociaHOBii ne 3Minnc b aiiia. 

,11/ihh ne. aaK.iniqeuo aapy mi:K boh.kxiiish ^ep%aBanii, po€oia ua ^poBTi ne 
caie ciranKTBca. Apmia uycaTt 6yTB o^iia, aarojioBaBa i O36poena. feHepaaLHBB* 
CeKpeiapiaT, b nopo3y»iaBfo 3 KOHneTeHTBOK) neaTpaitiiott BoeflBoK BJiaciio, BSBBe 
Bcix saso,nis, a6a BafluBOULHBTB sci noipefia apai'i. 

Badopn no BcepociflciKHS ycTaHOB'iHx 36opiB noBHBHi Bi^fiytacB, hk na- 
3Baieno — 12, jiHCToaa^a, kmb no Toro vacj He tfyjyrri aaiacni ,hm Bcie'i Pocii. 
PpoiiasBBe fi ycTanoBB xaKTb apaaBHTH ne ro Bi^oMa i noxflaiH 3 d;1jioid enepi'iei), 
axoft BB6opn 6yao nepsBe^eflo to«iho, aKTHBno i unoroJlwijro. 

B KopoiKiB qaci U,eBTpaJii.Ha Pa^a BaiBepflHTi i lenepajitHHii CeKperapiaT 
nporojiocHTt 3aaon npo yKpaSHCiiti yetaHOBMi iifiopfl. BafiopHHM opianaa noaaeibca 



51 



no sUoaft, mo6 nicsa BHfiopiB no PociiicLKax yciaaoniHi 36opin He posBaayaaTH 
Bnfiopiui anapaTLD. 

BapoSjiaettca imbh eo«bhoi oxopoHn Bcie! yapalnH Bifl norpoaiB, rpadiaciB 
i Bcssoro 6u3'jtiiiCTEa. lyfiepucfcKHJi i dobitobhh Koaicapaa 6yae jiano j,o noHom 
BiiictKOBi Bijw^H. KoaicapH Ma»TB Becta pimyiiy i eaepfiBay OupOTtfiy i anapxieio 
i aaoHBHciBaEH HecoBiCHHi ocitf. B cnpasi <5opotL6H s anapxieio, b n,ijri ycTaHOBaeHHa 
nofiporo nopsAity lenepaatHHS CenpeiapiaT 6yj;e onipatHcs Ha Hicn;caL opfauu caao- 
yupaBJiiBBH, atii aB.iaic.TLfa opfaHBMH «icn.eBOl Bjacia i Koao jikhx Boanma s'ej- 
aaTiica, a Kirfafo Si nlxs&pKittt, sea sica,CBa aeaoKparia. 

KiHiaeitca npaua Bax aaEoHuapocKiaa rjpo BnopaiKyBannH 3eaeatHHX si»- 
hocbh i nepeaaiy BerpyaoBHi aeaeJiL b pocnopaRKeHaa seaejiLHiix KoaiieTiB. Baacm 
6yse BHaaiin u KopoTKia laci. ,3,0 xoro as lacy aycaTE fiyiH nuuueai bchk! caao- 

BlJItH! 3SSBaTH. 

Bcia aicneBOCiaa, opfaaaa i Bi,T,noaiaaJi£HBM ocofiaa npononyeTL.es Bci Ha- 
Kaaa i aopysieaas lenepajBaoro CeKpeTapiary BBKOHjBaia toiro Ta csopo. 

rpoHaaaae J'Kpaiaa aajort 6yia aiflcao BkiHHiiH rpoaaftaaama i aKTasao 
Ta pa r no ciaTH j;o homohb bcib opfanan y BSKHil 3ara.n1.ni1i cupasi BCTaaoBJieHHa 
nopa,iKy Ha yitpaiHi i oxopoHH acix bmbkm BanoHonaHt acepoeiacBKOl peBoawnil. 

teHepajitHnii CeapcTapinT yitpalHii 3. jtacTonaaa 1917. p. KbIb".*) 

HoTnpi ftiii ni3Him,e 6yJio orojiouieso III ymBepcaji YupalHciiKoT 
IJeiiTpajitiioI Pain, akhm npOKjranryBa;iaek FKpalHctKa Hapoflim Pecny&jnKa 

3mict m.oro yHiBepcajiy 6jb dinyicwiil : 

„HapoAe yKpaiiiciKDJi i Bci Hapoftu i r KpaiBH ! 

Taacica i Tpyftna rojHHa nna.ia Ha aeajiio PecayCaHKH PociactKoT. Ha niaaoii 
b ciojihb^t ifle MeatsiycoSna biAhr i KpiBaBa OopoTtSa. HenTpajiLHoio IIpaBH- 
TeiLdBa ueaa, i uo ^epacasi mapiiTLca 6e3BJiacTa, (jewas, pylaa. 

Haai apafi iau caao a neSeaneoj. Ee* BJiacxn flyaiol, «ahhoI, HapojHioS, 
yapa'iHa Tea: Moate BnaoiH b Seso^Hio ycofiaw, pi3H), saHCRafly. 

Hapoi,e yapaiuctKHa ! Ta paaoa s SpaimMH napoflaau yapaiaa nociaBHB 
aac SeperTH npaBa, afflofiyn SopoTi6orc, TBopBTa jraji i 6ysyBaTR see jkhtth Ha 
nanrift sea.ii. I an, yspalucLKa U,eBTpai£aa Pafla, tbobio bojibio, bo iaa TBupeaaa 
.ia,iy b aamia Kpaiai, bo iaa paTyBaaua Bcic'i Pocil, 0IIOBiB^aaao: 

Bij; HBHi yapalaa dae yKpaiaciuoio HaponHboio PecayOjiHsoio. 

He BisRiJtam«acB Bin PecuyijjaKH PociBctKOi i sCepiraiota «hhicte II, bb 
tBepso cianeao Ha nauiifl semm, m,o6 cH^aHH HaBinaa iioaonH Bcifi Pocil, mo6 
Bca PociScifia PecnyCiflaa ciajia ^eaepaa;ieio pibhhi i Bijibaai aapoji;iB. 

J^o yciauoB>iHX BCopis yspalflH sea BaactL tbophth aa,n aa aeaaax Hamax, 
jiaBaTB saKOEH i npaBBTH, aaieacHit naa — yapalHCLKia UeatpaiEHHH Pafti i Ha- 
uioav apaBBTeaiCTBy — fenepaamoay,, CeapeTapiaioBi yKpalHJi. 

JlaioiH quit i B;racT£ ua piflB.1 3en.ii, bh tom chjioio i Bflacrio ciaaeao 
Ha CTopoan npaB i peBoamiiil ne tjjibko Baaio'i 3eajji, aae i aciel Pocil. 

Oiare onoBimaeao: 

So TepHTopi'i yjipaiaciBoi HapoaHtoI Pecnyfl.iaKH HaJieajaTB semi, aaceaeai 
b fiiasiRociH yapainnaaB: KalBnaaa, Iloaijiaa, Boauai., ^epaarianBaa, Ho-iTaE- 
R(HHa, SapLBiBinwna, XepcoHin,una, TaBpia (6e3 Kpaay). OcTajtp^ae BmaaieaHfl 
rpaHHBiL yKpalacLKoS Haponatoi Pecay6aaKii mp-pfi npaayieHHa lacffla Kypaiaaa, 
Xo.3MDianH, Bopoflia;^HHH i cyaeatHHX fyfiepiiift i odaacrea, nfi OinfciaicTi. aaceaeaaa 
yKpaiactsa, aae 6yTa BCTaaoBieae no srofti 3op<aai30BaHoI floai Haposis. (14.) 

Bcir ase rpoaajan h,hi seaejj. onosiniaeBo: ni^t aimi aa TepHiopil yitpaSH- 
ciko'1 HaponHtoI Pecny6aHEH icTayicie npaBo BJiacnocia Ha aeaai noainnubai Ta 
bhmiu seajii neipyaoBHi mwhSctb ciai.ci.Ko-i'ocnoj;apcBCoro SHaiiflaa, a Taaoa; Ha 
yjijibBi, aaaacTapctKi, KafiiHeiciBi xa niepKoani seaai, Kacy«iiea. 

*) Ufi onoBiiUDHHa (Syjto sanaHO ieHepaitnaH CeKpeiapiaTOM 6bs stow Ufitt- 
TpaatHOI Pa«u. lepea n;e boho xapaKTepaaye no3an;iio TinEii ienepaatHoro Ce- 
apcTapiaiy i TiatKa uoiaciu H03HD;iK> HeMpaatflor PaflH. 

4* 



■MB 






52 



IIpn:iiiaio'iD, mn aesjii ri e BJiacnicTt BCi»oro TpyjoBoro Hapo^y i msiotl 
nepeBia ao nboro 6ea BBKyny, yRpa'iacbKa Hoinpsi.'ii.na PaAa a,opy»ia« lenepajib- 
uoay CespeTapeBi una aemojjbBHx cnpas aeraaao BiipoSara sasoa apo re, hk dii- 
pnflKyBaTH 3e»ojibUB« KoaiTetaM, ofipaaHa aapoAoa, tush uenunsu ao ynpa'im'LKHs 
.v.'TauoB'iBi 30opiB 

Jlpaan po6iTRBn,Tsa n yftpalacbKia HapoAaifi Pecny6aiin,i mat (Sj-tb aerajiao 
BiiopaftKOBaHa, A aapaa onoBimaesio: 

Ha icpuTopii Hiipfumoi PcfnyS.'iiiKfl yspalau 3 nboro 3,1a yciaaoBJtKieTLCu 
ao bclx ui^npBeBCTBUx BiciM ro,T,UB irpan,i. 

TaiKKBil i r|ii'jiiiifi >iac, hkhh aepefiysae sea Pocia, a 3 neio i aania yapalua, 
BHaarae aofiporo jKopiJAKyBmiBH onpouauiiTBR, pianonipBoro pocnpejtjietiua npo- 
ayKHB cnoatauanHa i KpaE[0l opfauisauii apaaji, 1 sepes to npaaacycEu leaepa-Sb- 
aoay CeapeiapCTBy apaui bia a,boro unn, paaoa 3 opcAi-'TamninTBoa ui;i pofliinunTBa, 
BMaaoBHiH ^eiKKaBBy KOBTpo.no uaft npo/iyKHie» na y«palai, BBAbBymH JBTepeciB, 
hk yapaTaa, Tan i nijio'i Pom, 

MeTsepTHH pit: ua $poaTax HMtbCd KpoH, i ruayTi. wapuo chsh bcii aapottiB 
cany. Boaeio i iaeaea yjtpaiaciKoS PecnyfomcH, an, yEpaSnebKa HtBtpaiiiiBa. 
Pax,a, raaaeao TBepao Ha Tony, m,o6 Hup Gyjio BctaaoBaeHo as aaiimBHAie. il,fla loro 
mm Bscaseao piwyiHi aaio^B, m,o6 iepe3 HeaTpajiiae IlpaBitrejiLCTiio apBaycnTii 
i cuiabHBEis i Boporin aeraSao pocaoiaTa XBpai aeperoBopa. 

Tar. caao Oyaeao A^axa, Biod Ha HHpoioay Koafpecci npasa uapo^y yicpalu- 
ctKoro b Pocil" i no-3a Pocieio ae 6yAo b aasBpeanio nopyaieao. Ajio flo aapy 
Rosea rpoBa^aHHE PerayGjiuKB yKpamn, pasoa 3 rpoMaflaaaaa ncix HapoftiB Po- 
ciBcbEo'j PecnyfijiHiiii, noaaBea ciohth TBepAo aa enoli no3an,iai, sic na ijipoBTi, 
Tan i b THJiy. 

itcTauaiaa 'lacaan acfli 3j,o6yTEB peBojnon,iT Cyao aaTeaaeno BiAHOB.ieiioio 
uapoKi aa caepTb. OnuBimaeaG: 

Oj. buei aa 3eajii yKpaiaebKO'l PecEyfiaBKu caepiaa «apa aacyETbea. 

Bcia yBaaaeBBB i aaipuMaHHM 3a noJiiri'mi BUcrynB, spofijioai ao n,iioro flaa, 
int y,ne sacyxaceaHB, ran i ac3acysa:euHB, a Taicoac i Tua, xto Dje.ffo BiAnoaisaflb- 
nocTH ae iioTHraeaaa, ^aeTbca nociia aaauciia. JIpo no 6y,ie aerauao BHftaao aaKoa. 

Cy4 ia yEpa'iai aoBuaea oyrn cBpaeesJiaBuB, BifliiuBiffBafl ayiosi Hapoay. 

A tok aeiofo upjinucyeao leaepaibaimy CeKpsiapcTBy cyftOBHi capas spo- 
i'ibtii Bci aaxo.T,a ,1,0 Baopa r nnyBajiffH cyAiauaHTBa i iipimecTu Boro ;to aroju 
3 npasaiuia rionjiTTa»n HapojQr. 

l'eaepa,ibHOMy CeKpeTapcTBy uayTpLmniK eopaa npuiiHcyevo; 

Bjkht.1 bcIx 3aio,i,iB no JaKpiu.'ieHKii i uoaiapeHaa npau nicrj;eBoro caao- 
Bpsu.vBaHBa mp aBJ]flH>Ti,c» optaaaaii Biuno'i aiBiaicTpaTUBaoi B.iaan aa aion,ai, 
i ao BCTaaoBjieaaa HaBricaiutoro saaiKy i (.■uiBpooiiaiiu.TBa iioro 3 opfaaaata peao- 
.THjn,iBfl0l ,T,e«oKpaTi'i, mo Mat Oj'th HaBspaa(oK) ocbobok) Bijibaoro fleMOKpaTa'i- 
aoro »:htth. 

Tajc camo b yKpaiHCLKifi Hapoania Peeny6jiHn,i Dae Gym 3a6caaeieao sci 
tBo6oj;B, aj;o6yTi BcepocittcbKOK) peuojiK>B,ieio: csofiofly caoBa, ftpyKy, Bipn, aiflpaHb, 
oo»«b, CTpaBKiB, aoAOTOpttafloCTH oco6d i MeaiKaaaa, upaBO i aoanHBic-iL yatBaaaaa 
nicn,eBM JiitB b 3aocHaai 30 Bcina yciaHOBaaa 

yKpa'iBctKnB Bapoa, joari poKH CopoaniHca sa cbom uan;ioBa.ibBy Boa» 
i jiHBi i'i 3j;o5yBE[H, <5y,ne TBepflo osopoBani bo.iio aaaioaa.'ibBoro po3BHTKy ncii 
aapoAttocTeB, aa FKpalKl oymu, TOMy onoBimaaao, mo aapo,T,>M: BeaHKopyctKo>!\ , 
eupeilcbKoay, nojucbKOMy ta hbiubb aa y«pa!Bi apaiaaejio aaniuna.'ii.uo-iii'in'uiia.aiiv 
aBToaoaiio hue 3aQeiBe4eaBa is upaBa i cboooab caaospaAyaaBHa 11 cnpaBax ix 
aanioaajiLttoro ^uttb, Ta sopyiaeMO Bauioay feEepaabiioay CeKpciapciBy aan;ioBaji6- 
bbx cnpaB no^aTB una u uaBflBBm^oay taci 3aKonoapo8Er apo Han,ioBaaiHO-nepeo- 
HOJibBy aBioaoaiio. 

Capasj npo r T,oB03i?a « EopiHb AepKaBEO'i chjtb b n.e8 tsikkbS i aisaoBi- 
Aa.ibnBB iae. yKpu'iacbsta HapoAaa PecnyOaHKa noBHaaa BaapyxaTB bci cboS cnaa 
i paiyBaTB, as ceCe, ian i ([ipoBT i Ti qacTBBH PocittcbKoI PecnyfiirBKB, aKt norpi- 
ilyioib Hamoi jonoaorH. 



&S 






IpoBa^Hiic! iMeHe* yspaiEeEKOi HaposHi.oiPecnv6.inKn n rfieaepaTHnnift 
Poci'i mh, yKpaTuciiia UempsjikMa Pa^a, kjiiiibmo bcix ao pimyiol fiopOTLfiis 
3 ycsEUM SeaaajUBM i pylunaurBOs ia j(o apyacHbjro BeaiiKoro flyaiBEHHTBa hobbi 
jepsauBHi <t>opn, ski ftaxyrt BeaiiKiB i aHesoaeeiiLH Pecmy&iimt Poci'i aiopoBaa, 
i nay i uoBy fiyfly'iaicrt. bHpoS.iGDHH thi ijiopa xae GyTa BpoBC^eHO na yKpaiH- 
itKBX i BccpociHCiKHi ycraiioBiHi 36opax, 

Jiiea BHdopie a° yKpaiiK'ntHx .VcTaBOB'ini 36opiB iipnaHaieHO 27. rpvjyia 
(^eKaOps) 1917. pony, a «nea cmrasanBH Ii — 9, ciiua (anBapa) 1918. poisy." 

npo nopsflOK cKJiBKaaira ycpalHCMSH .VciaHoa^ui 36opiB HeraiiHO bb.wo 
6_y,te :ihkoh. 

yupainciica UeBTpaatna Pa«a. ? Kbibi, 7. nucTOna^y 1917. p." 

Anajiiayio'mi liaae^eni aosyiieBTH, ocoCjiubo ocranEin, 6ain»o, mo 
y BUiionieHHK) jio cexancKO-poCiTniiHO'i peBOjiioiiji' ua MocKOBinuni, a thh 
caims i xo CoBiretKoro npaBHTeubCTBa, yTBopenoro b IleTporpa^i dojib- 
iiieBnKainH, IJeHTpajibiia Pa;i,a i renepa.ibiiuil CeicpcTapiHT ie aaiin.'i.ui 
ujtkoi BflpasHOl qosejxH, xoi noaiTHKa LSpeaennoro IIpaBurejibUTBa i aa- 
cy.iatyBajacB IJeiiTpaJibHOio Pa^oro, xm ynanoic fioro i nepexia; bamh 
,t,o CoJunieBBKiB SyB Ha pyKy HenTpa.ibuiB PaXi, oeraHna Bee s no 
I'liniifljiacb cepSosuo nan, narannaM npo Biiananns iiocKOBCbKiix Hapo.-i.iiix 
KosieapiB, noun He BcepociSc&KM, to xoa 6n MOCKOBCbKin npaBnxeJibCTBoa. 

PofiiTHnie-ceaaacbKa pcBOJuoirja. na Moaiounijini TpaKTyBaJiacr, To;ii 
iioiiipKOBaEOio yKpalnCKOio i neyKpai'ncbKOEO jjeBOKparieio, Be lasyiH Bate 
upo xpidHy (SypsKyaaiio, ne GLibine, hk „iunpeBBa no jtepacasii fetaiacTH 
6eajiai.y Ta pylnB". Cepnoaaime cnpaBn b n,iir KOJiax nisro He 6paB. 
HaBiTb jiiBioxi fpyflii yKpaincbKoi aeMOKparil He oapasy opieiiTyBajBCb. 
R ie, mo na MocKOBinnni aaKpinuTbca doibuieBimbKHii ypai, i TaM ;rjiii.e 
xo -coHiHvTieTnHHoi peBOjiioiiji, b HeHTpajibnin Pa r i,i ae BipB.iiB. ITpexcraB- 
hiikd naujonajibEinx MeabuiocTeii (oco6jidbo poc. cou..-;ws. seBbiaeBDKn. 
dynjiJBHi i poc. cou,.-pe8.) auBBjracb Ha no r ui b neTporpajrj, ak na sjio- 
MBDuy i niKijaiiBy jjjih saraabnopociiicbKoT peBOJiiou.il CojibiaeBBiu.Ky 
aBanTiopy, nepespiKa.m b cboix upoaoBax 6jrn3bKnfi ynaaoK dojibineBimtKoi 
EuaeTH i Bee aacTepirajiii I'eBepaJibUBiJ CeKpeiapiaT Ta HeBTpajibHy 
Paj,y Bi,i, tiKoro-fiy.Tb afijrnHveHBa a ooabineBiiKaiB. 1 HOsKaa ccasara, mo, 
ro.ioBKUM hbhoii, i iepe3 „ieHbuiocTii" HeHTpa-tbHa Pa^a ne cniiHu.iaeb 
b tou iiac cepfioano na MyHH,i npo (popiiajibHe BgaHaara Pans Hapo.inix 
KoaicapiB, sk npaBBTeJibOTBa M^CKOBmiiHii. A lane BH3aaHHH caMO na- 
iipouiyBajiocb. Uenrpajibna Pan,a HoeHTb nacTO ninKpecjriOBajia, mo Bona 
HBJiaeTbCfl opi'anoM po6iTinininu. T ceMHCTBa ia BoamBa yKpaiHH. Otsb, 
BflaBa-iocb, 6yno 6 uiaKOM aoisna BireaaTH fatcy case (xoq i b ipopai 
SHETaTypii con,-jteii. napTii doJibineBBKiB) opi'anisauJKi BJiaxii i na Moc- 
KOBiHuai. ^0 Toro a i Tperiii BiilebKOBna 3 'ia;i wmapas U;euTpa.ibKiB 
Pajii caie TaKy noaaniio, 3a3naiKBimi b cBoi'ii BOCTaHOBi, mo bib He aoace 
BBaaaTn BiicTyny 6o.ibineBnKiB BqnBKO* aBTHxenoKpaTH^HBU i dyae do- 
poTHCb ai cnpofiasm apn^menna fioro. 

He cflHHHBUiHCb na nyan.i npo (popaaibne BH3aaHHa Pajtn Hapoj- 
nix KoMicapis npaBHTejibCTBOH Mockobiuiibii (xot (paKrarao Bona BBana- 
Baaa n tobbk, npo mo cni^aTb, mi;K bhiubh, nianimi 3axofl,H DjeHTpajibBoI 
Pawi b cnpaei yTBopeann (pexepaJibaoro pocificbKoro ypa,iy — • both 
b aranat r'onepaabHHH CeKpeTapiflt BBepraBca b qBeai iihuihx BpaBiiTe.nbCTR 



54 — 



i ,n;o Pajyt Hapojuiix KoiaicapiB)*) HenTpajibira Pa,a,a Bate no cj'to piin 
ue ior.ia BiianaTii fioro aa ypnji; BcepociiicbKnS. ,3,-ia raKoro Bnanaana ne 
dyiio fi nincTaB. H,earpa.itua Pa,T,a TBepno CTOHJia na I'pyaTi <pe;i.epa- 
THBHoi iiepeoyjWBn Pocii i me Ha AeMOKpaTiiHaiH Hapajj aoiaranact yTBO- 
poHua &<i8 PociT npaBHTeJitcTBa „BifluoBuajibHoro nepen neMOKparieio bcix 
napo^iB Pocii", ce6-T0 opfamaoBaHOro na (Jtenepajibniix ocnoBax. Pa^a 
x Hap<UHix KoMLCapie, Ha lOJii a JIcHiuiiii, HisK ae BianoBi^aja ubouy 
ocuuBHOMy i Baaiaoay jioMaranuio H.eiiTpajibHOi Pajp, (ty^viii o)a.KTHrao 
npaBiiTejttCTBoii MocKOBmimn ; ome HeuTpajtna Paaa, ue apaji;K.yio4H 
cofii, Be KorJia BaanaTH aeepxnocTH Uboro npaBOTejibCTBa nap; cofioio. 

3anBiilaaocB Jim Hearpaibnol Pafla me mi mojohbocth : a) aoBCia 
MaxnyTH pyKOio na MocKOBinuny i bcio Pociio i aaiiBaracb BnttJuoHiio cboiw 
ciipanain i 6) bikjitii loautEBnx aaxojiJB jio yTBopenna aarajibnopociilcbrcoro 
(pe^epaabnoro ypa^y. Ha n,efi ocTaHHiii miax i dajra HeHTpajibna Paj;a, 
aaaBHBoio, hk ue fiaynaio b yaisepcajii, mo Bona BBaaiae cboim o6ob33kom 
„noMorTn Bciii Pocii" BparysaTircb „Bin fieBBJiacra', fiemny i py'inn". 

Ilic.ia jtHpeKTnB HenTpajbnoI Pa^a, renepajibimii CeKpeiapiaT 
noiaB BacnBara aaxo/iLB no yTBopeHKH ipe^epaTDBHoro ijenTpajibnoro npa- 
BUTejibCTfia b Pocii. PanTii lacy 6y.io hc Jtoacaa : Paaa Hapo^nix Ko- 
micapiB Bate nocTaBn.ia na nopsiitoic ana cupaBy nerafiaoro aepeiinppa na 
Bcix poeiflcKHx ^ponTax i b nifi cbo'jTi MiipoBiii aKnji aoMa aeiico upoura 
nepea roioBH Kpaesiix npaBnrejifccrB. 3 liiel npnnHHn 22. JiacTona/i;a 
(h. ct.) renepajiLnna CeKpeTapiflT sate Bin a Pojiobhojo KBapTiipoio po- 
ciilehKOi apmii ueperoBopn b cnpaBi yTBopeans npaBHTejbCTBa i Mnpnnx 
iu'Iiei'OBopiB, a 215. jrncTonatfa (a. or.) PoaoBa rWpaiibHoro CeSperapiflTj 
B. BaaHDMeHKO ped)epyBaB cnpasy yiacro feaepajibnoro CeKpeTapiary 
b opi'aHiaanii ueaTpajitHO'i BJiacTH ua Majiifi him iWepaJibHira 
CeKpeTapiflT BujiBHrayB Tojt,i npoeKT yTBopeaiia onHopo,i,HOli' cou,i»JiicTH<i- 
noi (pe^epaTiiBiioi" BJiafln — bir Hapojanx con,iHjjicTiB no oojibaienttKus 
bokhho. I^en npoeKT Majia Pa^a o^ofipnaa, HopyiHHiim CeKpeTapiflTOEi 
i a,ajii Bee™ enpaBy b pocaoiaTiii nanpflMKy. 

6. rpy^Hfl (h, ct.) I'enepaabnnfi CeKpeTapiflT aaepnyBca jto Paso 
Hajio.xnix KoMicapiB i KpaeBux npaBHTejibCTB puenBX odaacreu Pocii' 
8 hotoio cii^ywioro bmictv: 

n Ha niACraBiyiEa-m U,eHT])ajii.iioi Pa^u upo Heo6iisuicT£ yTBDpeniiff3ara.ij.nn- 
pociflcLKn'i B.IU.T.H, Icnejiiuitmiii CeKpeTapiflT, bko IIpaBUTeJiCTBO yKjiaiacbKol Ha- 
poaaboi PeciryCaBKa, aBopiatTica fto Bac a orciiM : 

BepyHH ni,n yBarj - Heo(5xisHicTii Beraiinoro BiipodaeHHa yaos sarajitnoro se- 
MOKpaTji'iimro aiipy, aKi (yaoEii) nioace upe,it.io!KnTH bomk'ihm MopanaK Ti.ni.Kji aa- 
ra3tHOpociiici.Ka BJia^a, ynoBHOBJiacjieua Bfiaa napojaMii PocisichKoI PeCnyfiaHKB, 
reHepa.ii.juifi CeppeTapiai :tapaa, cbotoahh, BBasrac BeoGxiaHiiii ltpucTyiuiTii j,o j'tbo- 
peHua neBrpa.ijjiioi'0 pocifioiKoro niiamiTiMhCTBa. 

3 DjaR n'ljirK) feHepaJitii nil C'cK]ieTapiaT »BepTaencH xo bcix jctbyio>imx 
opfantB Kpaeaoi BJta;i,u, a case : no upaBHTeaLCTBa nuij;enHO-(.'xi p ^Hioro coioaa KoaaitiB, 
I'il'iifiKiu i iiapo r T,iB bLibuiix ciejiin. so jipaBiiTe-iLciBa KaBKa3y, jipaBisTejiLeraa 
CMIpy, opfany B.ia;jii aBTOHOMBO'i Mo^asii, opjany n.ia.iu aBTOBOBHoro Kjuiay, 

*) Jo peui, Tpefia nijutpecaHTu tj-t, mo HeHrpaatHa Pa,ia, sk raKa, id b o«- 
Boay cBOBjty aKTJ ue aaami.WH npOTB Biiaiiauuu Pa;yi Hapo^nii Koaicapia upaBn- 
TfMtcrBOM Mockobjuisbjj i ne BiiiiBiua cyaHJEJB mo-,no I'i ji])aBoaoqHoeTii rtpeflt'TaB- 

JIBTII M0CKOBm,IlBT. 



— 55 — 

opfany iiaju aBTOHoHno"! liaiiiKiipi'i i flo pew™ gOjptimueMBBX oG.iaoiett, a Tan 
caHO jifi Pa^H Hapo,i,Hii KosiicapiB b IIcTporpaji, * nponojB^i^io neiaiino bctyiiiith 
h neperoaopn 3 feHopaJLUHii Cor;]ieTapiaTOa n cirpani pBqpeims con.is.iicTH'Jiinro 

IIpaBHISJILCTBa B POBII, Hi OCHOBi laKOl If.lilTlJlOpMIl : 

aanjiMHeHHa sara-iiaoro ^eMOKpaTiitfloro aiipy Ta ciwiiiKajiDa b ceoi* laci 
BcepocificKflx ycranoB^Bx UCopui. — B \>aai Bamo'i anwf lenepaatHHii CeKperapiaT ' 
1 ite ue uiflBOBiiTy nerauHo hobwombtu 6eanocepe;unii upoBORQH, so anon) pe- 
>ieiiu,n iiaini npeaciauHUnn sown u npuSyin ao Kulna ,w yiacra b Hapasi, asa 
cK-iiiKai-TtCH TeHepajbuiia CeBperaplaiOB 3 Biinje BKa3aH0to njLi.iH>". 

Ta 3 hhx aaxojiB niioro He bbhdjjio. 3afla<ia yTBopeima (pesepajb- 
Horo ypajiy b Pocii b toh lac b odeKTHBnnx hpbhbh 6yjia HeaoiK.™- 
BOio Jio BnKOHaiiHH. Opi'aniaoBaai o(Hiacra Poeii, no akhs 3BepTaBca 
TenepaiibHuii CeKpeTapiaT, ysaaajin 3 ce<ie ayaie piacnopojiHi cycniubBO- 
jepsaBHi opr'amaMB. Koaaii ofijiac™, 3 oanoro 6osy, i MocKOBayma 
nicjia acoBTHeBOi pesojiionji, a apyroro — ue oyjrn KBa cKeprejibKO- 
BopojKHX Ta6op», ;ikl hi m& hubs B3r;ifl,a,OM He norjin sifrn no HKorocb 
LiiiKpoGiiHimTBa. B toh nac, hk fiojbiueBHKH na Mockobiuhbl noBe.m a«- 
MHaocepj,ny 6opoTb6y npOTH (Sypsyaail 3 MeTOK) njjiKOBnToro aniituenHa 
II, hk EaacH, KOaaiii a'iaji, m,o Bi,n,6yBaBCH y HoBOsepKacbtsy na JI,OHin,iiHi, 
otohb Ha CTanoBHmi 36epeseHHH icTHyioTOx coniajJbHO-eKOHOMflinnx Bijr,- 
nociin i piuiyne 3aaBJiHB, bi,o „BepxoBny Bia, 1 ^ Tpeoa opi'aniayBara na 
npDHniui KoaJiiuii BjjopoBHx opranisaiufi" Kpato; TaK caao TOBapnm HiHieTpa 
BiiyTpimnix cupaa (BpeneHHoro ripaBirrc;ibCTBa) Xh^hhkob, m,o npiiajtuB 
no Kii'iBa jlih neperoBopiB b cnpaB^ yTBopeunji neaTpajibnoro ypaay, 
aaanjiaa b ijteiiH ciaiayToro BpeMCHHoro HpaBHWibCTBa i „mockobci>kbx 
nojiiTH^nnx Kpyria", m,o b saufiyiniM npaBHTeweiBJ itias ne xo&e 6yTB 
iipsflCTaBffHKiB pocifici.KOi coq.-s.ei. napTii (kuibineBHKiB. 

A nocepe^ sbox hbx BOpoatnx cianiB cxoana J T KpaincLKa HeHTpaatHa 
Pa&a 31 cBoi'M Mpinnnu,bKBi npoeKTOM — ofic^naTH re, n^o 110 caiifi cBOIfi 
cyii b toiI yac ne Haj,!iBajiocb j,o o6e,T,HaHHa, ne MaKHH m,Bpnx npn- 
XBJibHHEiB Hi s Dpasa, b\ 3 ;iiBa. 

PocnOHari aaxo^B b cnpaBi yTBopeHHa (pe^epaabnoro nenTpajibnoro 
iipaBHTejibCTBa cbjoio (paKiie BeJist jo Barocrpenaa bi^hocbh sis: I|eHTpajrt- 
aoio Pa^OfO i Pa^oio Hapo^nix KoiicapiB, asa a nepmoro x, jibs caoro 
icTEyBaHHa ciaia Ha CTaHOBBm« i^enrpMbHoro ypsjy Bciel Pocii. Tas, 
b toh lac, snc Pa^a Hapo^iiix KomicapiB, 6m BCHKoro nopoaysiHHa 
3 Hapoflaia i otfjiacTHMH e Pocii, Tan hb HHaKnie Biee nepaaBHO-sopi'aHi- 
aoaanBJTH, pocnoiajra, b inenn OCTanHix, cboio JtnpoBy aKU,iio, fenepaiib- 
mii'i ceKperapt BiiiebKOBHX cnpaB C. Ileraiopa poaicjaE no Bcix (pponrax 
i iura6ax lnapKyjiapHy TeJiefpaay, b atdil 3a6oponaa yKpalncbKHM BiHCbKOBBM 
■lacTHHait BnnoBnaTH pocnopH^ateaHa Hapo,iHix KoHicapiB i Bi^MOBJiHB npa- 
BHTOJiBCTBy JleniHa b npaei BHCTyna™ b cnpaBi anpy Bi^i, iiemi nijioi Pocii. 

Orse He shbho, mo Ha HOTy TenepaJibnoro CeKpeTapiiiTy ne bii- 
rj'KHynca nixro, Kpiu K03aKiB, ari, B,iacae, BH^BHrajra hjjikoh ocidnnfi 
CBiii npoesr opi'aHiaan.i'i pociBcbKOTO npaBHTejibCTBa. 

TIorjiH6jieHHfl peBojion;iHHOi emcobo! 6opo;rbdH ne cnpnaio yTBO- 
penHK) MiatKJiacoBoro <peji;epajibHoro n,eHTpajibHoro npaBnreJibeTBa b Pocii. 
i 8axo^ji I^eHTpajfbHoi Paj^H b him nanpsHi nepe3 uje nponajia Jtapno. 



i^H 






— B6 — 



His Tiis bohh b toS xe ma 3aa<mo cnpniHHH^HCt jo sarocTpeuflji ui,i,- 
Mocnn mix U,eHTpa.iBHOio Fa^oro i Pa^oio Hapo^Hix Kosricapis. 

7. l^eHTpaflbHa PaAa i 3aB,a,aHHH peBOJiioniT. (Ai'iiania pocbl- 
cbkhi 6oiBiiieBnKiB npoTU H, eHTpa jibdoI Pa an.) — 
3 MOneHTa nporojioDieHHA yapalB&KOi Hapo,T,HB0i PecnyfijinKii yKpai'nebKa 
U,eHT]iaj[Ltia Pa^a Kaaa poaBaaam pyicn i noma buibiio BnHBHTB cboi 
eowHJibHO-eKonoMHHBi ijieaiiH, CBoe poaynrinas peBOTOH,ii i noaecTH cbobo 
jyajiBHicTB y Bi^noBi^Hoiy aanpsKKy, IJejrTpajiLHa Pa,i,a i nonpoSyBaaa 
n,e BpotfarH. 

B TpeiiM ynieepcaJii mh 6maso naKpecjiemm coujaabHO-eKOHOHHi- 
Horo 3nicTy toi aepataBHocra, asy TBopnjia Pa,i,a. Ha nepinoay aicni 
ctohjio nepeBeaeaaa 3eneaBnoi pe(J>opjin. UJ,e ao ycTaHOB^Bx 3<5opiB 
H^eiiTpajtHa Pa^a npotusiMyBajia cKacyBaana npasa BJiacBOCTH na no- 
uimiTi;BKi 5 HHiai aemjii aeTpyaoaiix xaaalcTB cijitetKO-rocnojapcbKoro 
3oaiinna, a Tanoa: na yaiJibni, jianacrapcbKi, KaGiueTCBKi Ta n;epKOBH.i 
aeajii, i nepeaa^y hiix aeieJiB 6ea BHKyny „TpyaoBOiy napoaoBi". Ilo- 
pyq a una npoK.ifl»yBajioeL BCTanoBaenHH no Beix uiinpncMCTBax bocbkh- 
roaHHHoro po(5oMoro aaa, a TaKoa: BCTaHOBJienHa npu yiacTH potfirannTBa, 
b hjjihx ynopaaKyBaBEH BHpoCaHUTBa. piBHOHipnoro poanojjay iiponyKrij: 
onosHBanna i apamol opfaniaaiijii npanj, — nep&aBHOJ KOHTpoai nan, 
npoayKijieio na yapalini. 

Ufifi conia.TBno-eKonoBHHBHH npoi'pan (ayase cxcsKaTnyaBU i ae ao- 
BciM BHpaaHafi) Mas nepeBOHHract upa noauiii aatSeaneieaai b yKpai'acBitin 
Hapoaaiii PecnydJiHH,i bcix uo;iLTii<iaax i rpoMaaancbicnx cfloola Ta naujo- 
Ha.iBanx upas J.JM aiaanx HanjoaaabHocTeH, Opi'anaain aaMinicrpaTHBHoi 
Bjiaju aa aicnas Mann 6yTH o6pani sa oesom bsstonshiioI <frop3iv.m 
opi'aim Micu,eBoro caaroBpaay Banna: ao cniBpofrTHHUTBa 3 bumit saoiiKa- 
a\w\, nOpfann peBOJHonjfinoJ aeaoKpaTii", ElijE si tenant poayaiinct paan 
eeJifiHCBKBx, poGiTBHinx Ta caJiaaTetEnx ^enyuaa*. 

yBiniaTn oyanEOK BiapoaaceHoii yKpaincbicoT napoaBBOi aepataBHOCTii 
Majin ycraHOBMi 36opn, oopani 11a ocbobI nflra^.iennoT nnSopHOi <J)opByan. 

Or, b KopoTKDX cioBax, BijnoBUB na nocTaBjiene bbihc BHTaHns 
upo eouiaJibno-OKonouHiHi iaeam ycpa'tectHO'i HeHTpaabnoi Paan. Mn He 
araaaan in,e Tint™ oauoi cupaBii, a cane — cnpaBii iiapy, npnBepneHHs rkoto 
b naii!iiBnj,qH5 qac (icpes n,eETpa3Bne npaBirreJiBCTRo) TaKOs ciaBDJia 
CBOfiK Epjnio HenTpa;u,Ha l'a.Tu. 

ITpnrjia.naio'inci. %o i(k ixeajiiB fijiKKqe, Hosaa cKaaaTB, mo bohh 
GijiBin-iieHBi Biji,noBiaairH MomenTOBi. ^opayflOBani b casrax BaraabHHx 
pncax, bohh Koran 6yra apaBanBO oi;iaeHi tjjibkb b npoueci saineHeHna 
i\ b mttio, 60 Ti.ibKn b n,iM Dpoiieci bohh hooh poaBnnyTHCB i aa6*paTn 
KOOKpernoro 3MieTy. 

Tuki Baxni phti, hk BCTaaoBjeHaa appJKaBaoro KQHi*pora> Has 
Bcieio npoiysaieio, npnnnc npo npocTOcysanHH cyay ro napoflflix noTpe6, 
upo cniBpofiixaHHTBO opi'aniB caMOBpaayBanna 3 pa,n,ann ceaaHOBKnx Ta 
po6iTaninx aenyraTis, Koran b npon;eci HeaaKiHHenoii peBOJiioii,i{iHoi 

(jOpOTbfiH pOSBBHyTHCB 1 HiTR ^MCKO BJffi CBOTO HepBiCHOTO neacHoi'o 

npoo6paaa. Tare, npHKipoM. yiacTt po6iTHHHTBa y BCTaHOBaeanio i nepe- 



— 57 — 

BefleHHfo Koirrpojiio naji; npo.iyKnieio i pocno,tiJion Moraa, Bpenrri, nepc- 
iini b <J>opny HanioHaainanii npoamMOBOcra i opr'aniaaq.iK) npo,iyKn,i! na 
rpona^cbKux Ko.ieKTHBHnx ocHOBax; upaTurfleHflfl flo eniBpo&THHH.TBa 
a jieMOKpaTimiinsiH caxoB$Bji$BMBaa pa;i poorrnnHax, ceanHCbttBx ia 
r;i.i laxctfCHx AenyxaTiB Monro jqteo noBecxn #o nepesimi poai hhx. 
,tbox oropiii: pa^n cejinHCbKni xa poorrHuinx ^enyxaTiB uorjin 3 nia- 
eo&flaio'mx opfanis nepexBopnxncb b roaoBHi — b opi'aHn Baa^n na 
lienax, a caiOBpajiyBanna nepeiira, hk opi'ann TexEn'mo-rociioftapii, ni,a, 
i'x KOHTpOJib. Hapemri, aanoyTni ycraHOBii 36opn momh xaftoat He do- 
th irn aa co6oh> JiiKBiAau.it neHTpaJitnnx kubcobhx peBOJijoninnnx opi'aniB 
YKpaiHCbKOi xeMoicpaxii — pas, poOixnnHnx, caJuaTCbMX xa cejiflHCbsnx 
^eayiaTiB — i BirrBopn™ HKyct <popMy cniBpoo'iTnnii.xBa. 

IIpo Bci nj KoauiHBOcnr mh roBopnmo lepes to, mo bohh ne ojnai- 
r i,ii.Tiicb i Ci.ibiiiicTio caiioi yftpai'ncbKoT D,enxpaJi£>aos Pa.tn i, hk tjub, 
jiBJiaioTtca hIbbbmh w xapaKxepncTHKii Biiaiuenoro Pa^oto poayMinrni 
auB,T,aHb peBOJnoi;iL 

IIj;o npaB.ua, UeHxpaJtbna Paja ho CTaJia BipasKO Ha no3nn,uo m - 
o6xi.inocTH JKOpcxoKo'i kxhcobo! (Soporbfin, ne nporoJiocHJia CBoeio 6jiihk- 
<iom 9ieT0io uiJiKOBiixy pylny oypiKyaaHO-KaniTairicTnqnoro cyenLibCTBa 
i TBOpenua HOBoro conifuieiii'iuoro cyeoiibCTBa i, b 3BH3Ry e h.hm, He 
nporojiocnna racia oprttniaauii .nepacaBnoii BJiajro b n,eaTpi i na nicuax 
na oncoBOMy, pajjflHCbtcoiy npnnuini. Ane nicjrn Uboro oy-xo 6 njjiKoa 
noinaKOBBM poonrn bhchobok, ho IJenxpajibHa Paji,a exaBMa co6i i^eajioa 
TBopeaua oypacyaimoi' ta ^piono-oypatyaanoi ;r,ep".OBH0CTii. Cjiobo „na- 
poa^ifl'' peeny<i;inKa dyjio bhciixo b ynisepea^ii HenTpajrtnoT Pa,T,n BOBcia 
no r i,.ia npinqiaeii i ne mh TOro, 0106 fioro, B npiiCToeyBanuio no biahob- 
i yftpaiucbicol flepHtaBnnwn, cnixKaaa TaKa a; caio cywoa nojm, is 
i lyjBoa&Me cjiobo „AeaoxpaTB4Ba" n oTapiH eBponeSebsii npaKTinri. 

Hi'HTpajbaa Pa^a cbLt;o«o cxaBii.xa co<5i n,i.uuo aoyayBanHa juiienoi' 
napoABboi ^eprcaBnoexir, B aidi'i noirixaiaa BJiajja cnoinsaJia 6 b pyirax 
Bapofty i coi(ifur,HO-eKonoHa i [ni isijuocnnn 6ynn 6 iiofiyrtoBaai raK, ' mo6 
oy.ia aafieaneieni, ;ik ^yxoBiii, rau i Matepiaabui inTepecn npan,ioio'inx 
mac. B AocarHennto iijel uini BJenTpajibHa Pa^a (aaeHO na yna^i ii po- 
6iTnHHe-ea.7,T,aTCbKO-cejaacbKy 6ijibuiiCTb na hojii 3 yKpaincbKUMH coii,i:i- 
jricTBHHniB napTiaHB — e.-p. r\ jrisBMH c.-i.) 30bcih we syiaio bihm! iy- 
Barn 3paaEiB aaxi^HoeBponeficbKiix peuityd.niK, ion 611 n jfafioiatin , y T,e!io- 
KpaTninux", i aepea ne ne Baaajia cede b toS uac cTapimn BCTanoB.ie- 
bhid Ha aaxojti noJiiTHHno-^epaiaBnntiti t(»opaa!in ..qncToro" nap-ia- 
jienTapB3i»y. 

Ochobhoh) jiobii.tkoio HeHTpa.ibHoI Pa^n b toh t £a« dyaa Ii no3nuia 
..coniaitnoro, Hiajoacosoro anpy', 11 Bipa b tc, mp Hamiietri ni.ii Biactb- 
ca nepeeecra dm KopcroKoi (5opoTb6n 3 6ypatya?ieio. n;a no3Hii,iH i n;a 
nipa Bejra ,t;o Toro, 111,0 HeHrpaJibHa Paja, 3 o^noro 6oKy, ne cnimMac& 
3 nepeBejiennani b xtiTra oroxoineanx pet}»opM, a 3 jipyroro — nepeoui- 
moBa;ia fiary oopaffli na ocnoei naTii'LTenHoi 4iopny.ni opi'aniB caio- 
npa,iyBanna i Mafi6yTnix ycranos'inx 36opiB i neAO0n,iHioBajia b toh se 
cams ^ac Barn i snaHinna b peBOJHou,u kjiacobux opi'asiB npamoro'iiix 
Mac — pa,T, poOirnnrax, ca^axcbKHx ta cejiancbenx HenyxaTiB, xoi i «r- 




— 58 — 

aaaacfe casa <5uibui oacoBHM, nijK aiacBJiaeoBHjr, opi J aEoi. 3Bi#GH iiiniH 
noTiu, npti HecnpnaTJiHBnx yMQBax posBHTKy yfcpaiBCbKOi peBOJrronji, ado- 
qiHHa yicpaiHctKoi HjeflTpaabHO'i Pa,p (eaacHe ece<piBci.KO-ec;ieKiBCbKoro 
apaBDTejitcTBa Vi) Bnpaso ; tjt JieataTb npH^nraa i iaerHX aaiuBidB I'eae- 
paibHoro CeKpeTapisTy jo ..cookoki" i iippiraHeEHB „aHapxii" b toh i iac, 
sk, 3ji,aBaaocb, TpeSa Cyjto MHKara 3,0 6opOTt6n 3 tiypxyaaieio, xo hku,u, 
aica BiipuBaJia 6 3 pyn ocraiiHbOJ CKyanem b ii pysai maTepifl.Hb.Hi ninnocni. 
XapaKTepHHH pa niei „npa»rnpeayecbKor' noamiii i tskthkh no- 
MipKOBaHoi, npaBOi MacraHU yKpaiac&KOl jesoKpai-ii aBJiaeTbCH Butane 
I'enepaabnnM CeKpeTapiflTon cjiuoh aa III ymBepcaaoM noacHeHHa #o 
Eboro, rojioBBHBf ynHOM, b cnpasi seueibHil Oct tokct n,boro HoaraeHna: 

„Jlft 1'eaepa.TBHoro CeapeTapiaTy naii.iaBaiOTB aanmn upo Te, he fiaaeacaiii 
po3j'aiTM ni nil natal nocianoEM ociamiLOro yjuBepca.iy \ r KpaTnciKoi U,eirrpaJitHOl 
Paa,a. OcoCatiEO iHcienni KJionoTaHna npo ltoacaenua ^e-BOipMt nocTanoa yaiuep- 
cajty, mo TopKanm.cn scaeaLnoro nuraima. Ienepa.ii.iiu3 CeKpeiapiar, ijjb oatutiuniia 
HenpasHMnHK noncnem,, BBaatae ueodiUnua aarn nHaciieumi nepin ycLoro npo n,e 
naii6ijLiiie iaTepecyarae Hacejeaaa naTaaHa. 

Sk b seaeaBHia nuiauuio, rats i b uataax, nporojoineao yEiBepcaaoK .rant ti 
ochobd! nocTanoBE, an! MawTB mi'tii b ocaosy BifluOBi^Biu 3aEOEia, BiipoGVieaan ko- 
ipin Paj;a, b uiai CKOporo yuopa^uyBaunu, nopyinjia lesepajriKOHy CeEpeTapiaToai. 

B 3esie.ni.ntM tiHTaunio laKiiau ochobhhmb aacofiana, BuaaaEasns b yfiiB-epcajdj 
• (.'KacyBamia npaBa aaacnocTtr na BKa,saHi b yaitepciai aesuii i nepesi^ tux 3eMe.nii 
y rciacniciB poSonoro RftpOflj Gea aaayny. CKacyBaHHa apaaa BJiacsocTH aa ii 
3eHji TpeCa posyitiis 111a cnocofiuai, ia,o npaso BaacHociu nepexoajir,B na napoj 
yj;pa'iucLKa'i I'eciml.ntKii ; saaiiiTB, biji, ana oroaoateaira .VniBepcaay aaflopoancrBcH 
Cvbujiim no mini aaaoannas [ipo^aBara aeajiKi, aynySBTB, s&Raaaata, ji,apyBaia a6o 
aepeiaisaTH B Bony C to nc iiy.'io Ha B.iacHicTt HKiiM-Hefiy^b cnocofloa, Go ii 3eMai 
Epii3Eac yitpaiHCLKa Jl.eHTpajii.Ha Pa,i,a npwaaexswia m> noo,a,iiMOKnji ocoiiaa auo 
yciaiioBaM, a nctosy TpysoBoay napo,iojn, jipu n'm 3niay B-tacHOCTH, hk i u,LtuB 
3eaeaLiiiifi ycTpifi na yupa'iai, aaKiTh noTHepanni i ocxaTo>ino piiuHTH yKpaiactsi 
yeianoBsi Boopn. 

Jifi ycTaHoBaax ate 3oopiB ri 3afipaHi aeaai nepe^aiOTLca a aaui;i.yBaifua ee- 
fiopHfli napo,ioa aeseatanx KoaiTeTiB, carpi ii Oy,T,yTi. ]in3iiopa,i,5KaTH(;ij uhmh, ak ne 
BKaaaao b ymBepca.ii n cnpaai 3aKoay, aKH» Tenepaabaaii CeapeTapiat Mae ek Jiail- 
EiBii.tie CKaacTii, a IJ.eBTpaai.Ha Pa^a po3rjiaHyTii i ittraapajBHL Tomv, oScpirawiu 
Bee Eapojae rocEoj,apcTBO : aaaiifaa, aica, oyaiBai, kohi, xysody i Taae nnme 1a 
B,flaio>ja npo nopa^oa aa yapaiai, yaiBopcaj He nfimojim uiaaix caMOBiaLHEX aa- 
laaiiB aeaejri. i uumol BaacHOCTM, pyOaHHa jiicia i Taaoro EHEtoro, 60 Taai 3axnaTa 
Eeaimy-ie mice Tenej) mApuoaioTB irapoauc oarautao i aaiMHiyTh poapyxn 1a cnopa 
b apajo i xm ceaaacTBoa. Paaoa ia thm IeH'epajiwma' CeKperapiar aa^yaye noASaTa 
npo aaOeane'ieuaa iarepecin ciyr i pooiiaiiKiu, rrj)aaroKi'iax b GKoaoaiax ia aij,- 
upaeacTBax cutCRKO-rocnoaapeaaoro xapaaiepy. 

IU,o TopaasTtca aataaaa ci.uin 6opria, aorpi xaacaiB na, seiai 
i ciar. caKo-rocnoaapcaaiH aafini, a iisoi (|ippiia i po3ai])y 
j e p at a a h 1 noaoaa in, no uoTepaia tHiiii ai k k u a nac.ii- 
^ok aeMeainot pe^opaa, Bee ie Syje poaraaaeao Ta jiimeHO aa ycraHOBaas 
35opax. To«y b .Vaiiiepcajii apo ne niaoro ae roBopaTtca. 3 dobhob toibioiio 
b J'aiaepca.ii caaaaao, ei,o npaso BJiacHOcm aainatTLca .thih aa aeioi HeTpyAonai 
rocno^apcTB ; rosy sea^n Bcix Ge3 BBiaay Tpy;ioaui rocao,iapcTB — an CiysyTi. u;e 
rocuoj,apcTBa cojaactai, K03an;i,Bi (b HepaariBctKifi i noaTaactKiS tyCepniax), an arci- 
ae6y,TL anaii — 3ocTaioTi.ca y saacHOCTH saBaix BaacaaaiB. Taaoa: toiho attasaHO 
a A'aiappcaji, a(o npaso aaacHOCTii 3MiHaeTaca aa 3eajii ciiiCBKO-rocaoj^p- 
ctaoro aaaaiuna. 

Cai^OM 3a tbm BjiacHicTB na seaji, npHHaaeacHi ,ao Mid, Micreaoa i cen, 
aeaai nis aiaaaa, cejaTtOaaa, oropoftaaa, ca^aaa, a Taaoa; B3ipneaEMH Eo-iaaa, (s,o- 
eBiflEHKB) cianniaaa, ^aOpaKaMii i t. h. yainepcaaoa ne 3aiaaeiBca. 



■ 



.licaa l'enepajibHBfi CeKpeTapiflT aa^ae ocofiaaoe atiaiiHiia, i b cKopiM vaci 

OyajTi. BBsani Tiin'iacoiii npaBH.ia upo pQci[oprt,naceHiia thh napo;yiiM naiiaos a:i; ,1,0 
w'y, ko.tii rntanHH upo hhj: 6y&e ocraTomio Biipiuieiie ycTanoii'msn ;Wopanii. 
A Tenep pyfiatii aicH fioafloaBozy nofliroBoro seieatHoro KOMiTeTV hIzio He Mae npaea. 

SpeniTOK), yHJBepcai ne tijikh ne Jia« npasa camoBiauro pocnopHsaiaTHca 
3eB.iflKH afio cLitCKO-rocnoaapctKiui jniieHTapeit, KiHiaH, xy r \o6ow i t. ii., a.ie, uj»h- 
3BaK>iu fioro Bceiiapo,uiiM aafluois, nepejae Bee nu aoi'-tu, i a pocnopaji Kenan 
nosiioaiix i Jy<3epHCJ>Knx seMcitunx KoaiieTia npii ijomoih bojiochbx KOHirOTLB. 

II t a nu c a.1 ii : Fo.ioBa lenepa-n, perapiasy B, liiiiiui'icHso. 

3a feHopa.iBHoro CeKpeTapa 3eieai.BHi CnpaB B. Maptoe. IfbttepflifB: I'enepa.n,- 

Kllfi IlHCapi A . Jl O T O H B E H U." 

B jtoj^aTOK go a,boro noacaeana bh^mo ceKpeiapcTBo 3ene.ii.mix 
impaB me caoro ocifinoro oSiatHHEa go aeaeasanx KoatieTiB, b aKoay 
poa'aenaao, ai;ic nHiima, mo caste Tpe6a poayaira nij; HeTpyiOBHMH aea- 
.raMH. 3 Toro poa'acnenna bhxo^mo, mo „3eaeabnnx BiiacniiKiB, aid 
MaiOTt aeajno b meaax TpyftOBoro rocnonapcTBa, npttaipoa, aeattij, mac 
50 sectiTBH, yHiBepcaji He TopKacrbea: TaKa Tpya,oBa MacHicTt yaiBep- 
caJioK ne KacyeTtca i aocTaeTtea ao-aaaHLOsy". 

Hcao, mo Tari „noacHeHHa" Baocnvui b cnpasy oa,Hi tlibkii ae- 
acHOCTH. IIocHJiaHHfl Ha ycTanoBii 36opa b Tamx BaMHBHX rniTanmiv, 
aK cnpaBa ciuara piainux 6oprin, mo Taa;n.iii na noMi[u,Hn,E.KOJiy aailni, 
b toh lac, hk b YniBepca-iii acno CKaaaao 6yao, mo BnBJiacaenna aeanjit 
nepeBOAHTECji <5ea BiiKyny, Ti.ii>Kn aanayTyBano cnpaey. BraaKa at aesieab- 
aoro ceKpeTapCTBa upo 50 a,eeaTHH <5yaa i bobcjm aeaopeiHOfo. Bona 
BnoHKaJia Be.iHKe aeBipBoaeHna cepea, 6ia,nimoro ceaaacTBa. Bci s\ 
^aoaeaeaaa" a,o yniBepcajiy, Bci aeacnocTU i xHTatiaa b conjaaLHO-eKO- 
iiojiii'tniii npoi'paai ITjeHTpajBHOi' Paan <5yao bmijio BBKopaQTaao pociB- 
ctKasj conJHJTB-jesrOKpaTHmiOK) uapTiGro (6oJtuieBHKin) a,jia ui^ipBajiun 
aBTopiteTy H,eurpajiLMOi Pa^H b poSiiHnmix xa cejanctKiix atacax. 

Cepeji; cejmncTBa, po5iTnwi,Tiia i caffji,aTiB na YKpaiiii na iiap'ria 
pocnoiajia eHepfiBHy ai"iTau,iKi npoTH HeHTpa.itHOi Pa^a, cnoiaTKy b (popiii 
jjOJiaraHHa HepeBn6opiB Paj;n, a no™ i n,iaKOBHToro 3ninu,eHHa II. 

Bjo ariraniro 6yno ayCTpiHyTO yKpaiuchKom ^enoKpaTieio, He biik.uu- 
Mftroijn i casrol ainol II MacTHnii, mo niaaime niniaa paaoii a mockobclkhmh 
6o.ti»meBnKaMrr, jiyace Bopoa:e. npaaiinoK) TaKoro EiaHomeHHa SBsasodh 
ie, mo nepe^aiia BJtana go pyK potiiinnHiix i cajiaaTCbicnx jenyTaTiB, 
;i iicBejTHKOio .lOniinKOio ccjiancTiik. as n,e po<5njin doabJueiiiiKH, oasaHaja 
ijiaiintqao ncpe^aiy Baa^TH na YKpaiHi ^o pyK He yKpaTBCfcHBTf, sail iii;rnx 
eaeieariB. Hcho, bi,o aK 6n ri eaciteHTn ne CTaanjiacb npiixnJibiio xfl 
ynpaiHCbKoi naii,ioHajibHo-BH3BOJ!EHoii' tfopoTbCu" i iHrepeciB irieu,eBoro npa- 
Utoioaoro Jiio ( iy, (par;T nepe^aai Baa^n la 6yB 6a ni'ia^. HeonpaBaaiiaa 
odaeajeHnHH upas yKpaincbKoro ipyaoBoro aacejceana. IIo-3a 151a He 6y.io 
aiaKO'i aoTpe6n TaK cniuiHTn 3 nepe^a<3eio Bjrann na yapaim ,t;o pyK paa, 
poSiTHHHBx i caa^aTCbKHx jienyTaTJB no aocKonctKoay apaaay me fi yepes 
Te, mo yKpalnci.Ka HcHTpajbHa Paja bcc me, xoq i He TaK ihbhuko, sk 
Toro xoTkoct MOCKOBctKna do.ibtueBnaaa (iaenao HOCKoacbKna, 60 yicpain- 
cbkoI KOMyaicTaqHO! in con;.-jtea. 6onbnieBHn,bKoi napTii b toh aac me 
ne fiyjio, npo mo mii Bate araayeaan B caifi >iac) limaa Bnepea, see 6'ubm 
peBOJtiou,ioniayBaaacb, a ne croaaa na aicui, mo aaBaito ^a^ijo Ha tc, 



I^H 









— 60 — 



m,0 oaxaEOi aiiim i'i HOJiiTiiKH, a, b pa3i noTpefia, sagos i t"i eiuaay, 
Moacna 6y;ie .nocarra mraxoi BHyTpiiunboro naTBCKy aiBim.ni eaemeHriB 
yKpa'iHCtFtoi peBOJUon,iiinoT jteMOKpa'rii',*) 3 n,ax npiiinn: aiiTauia upora 
II.OH rpa^i.HOl Pa,i,n tlibkb lUKOjub'ia, a He .nonOMOraaa p03BnTK0Bi Kpn'ra^- 
noro Bi^nomenHa ji,o noaiTHfcn HeaTpajibnoi Pa^n b pa^ai easol ytcpaiH- 
ctKoT seMOKpa™. 

Hk ou,iEFOBaBCff TO^i peBO.ironiimHn MOMeHr i 3'oKpena nofliTUKU 
HeBTpajiLiioi Paja jKpamctKoio peBOJUoninaoio xeHOKpaTiero, bbaho, miai 
iiniiiHM, 3 nocTanoB TpeTtoI cecii BceyKpa'iHCbKoi' Pa^n CeaaacbKar X G ~ 
nyTaiiB i TpeTboro 3'l3iy yiipaiaetKOi IfapTii CoujajiieTiB-PeBo.iiorijoEepiB, 
m,o Bi,n6y;incb HeaafSapoM nie.ia Bna,aBHH III yniBepcaay, b casflS po3rap 
ariTanii mockobcmcbx tfojibiiieBUKiB npoTH yitpaJBCbKOi JleHTpaabHOi Pa^ft. 

TpeTa cecia BceyKpalnetKoi Pa^a CeaaHCbtcax .HenyTaiiB, mo 
Tarjiact KkbKa sent (18. — 23. jiiicToua^a cr. or.), npoiimjia b ni,n,aece- 
riojry, TpiBOSKHo-nepBOBOMy nacTpoi (15). PocLBctm (5ojh>ui6bbkh B Ton 
aae Bean biec oj,BepTO Bopoaiy ai'iTaujio npoTn UeHTpajiLaoI Pa,p, Ha- 
XHJiafOHii BincbKO i pofliraimTBO jr,o po^rony BeErpaJibnoi Pain. Ocoo*.'iHBy 
ai'iraciio 6yjio BejjeHo j BiifabKax KalBCbKoi aajiora. U,o ocTanHe npa- 
myiiiyBajio Pa^y CejiaiictKux ^enyratiB trijibKa paaiR nepepBBa™ cboi aa- 
cijianna i poi-xojiBTncL no Kaaapnax Am KOHTp-ai'itanii, ,pa BHaeaenHa 
caJi,T,aTaH Jiiiienoro craay pinefi i BjepasaHHfl ix nij, nneryny npOTH Hfin- 
TpajibHOii Pa;in. 

^OK,iaj,'«iKaHH no aciiTtmnosiy aoieHTy BncrynHJin Ha Tpfnin ceeil 
— I'enepaabHiifi CeKpeiapt iipani M. Jlopm, ToBapmir Pojiobh CeJiancbKO) 
CaiflKH M. GracioK, pen HeiiTpajTBHoro KoaiTeTy CeiaHCbKoi* CaLifta 
Ji,. Icaesni, ToJiOBa TeHepajibHoro CeKpeTapiaiy B. BniraaqeaKO, JfeHe- 
pajitHHH CeKpeTapb ocbith I, OemeHKO, renepajbHnn CesperapL aeaeJib- 
unx (i npo;i;oBOjrbHHX ?) cnpaB MapTOC (ocraurri BiracHajin tojiobhidi 
'innou npaajo cboix ceKpaTapcTB). 

UnaaaiOHiicb na arirau;u mockobcbkbx 6o.ibraeBnKiB aa snnmeitua 
IleaTpairbnoi Paxil i aepexa^y Bciei B.iajia Ha yKpalni" no pyn pan; po- 
oItiihhbx Ta caji,T.aTCbKiix jieayTaTiB, bci jOKJianHitKn i HacienHi npoaoBn,i 
o, uiotmi.ii no aasna^aaa, in,o nepe3,a i ra B;ia;i,ii ..coBeTam' 1 aBJiaeTLca, 3 tohkh 
iiorjiH,iy iirrepeciB poanaTKy ]iobojieoiui na yKpaTni, ncfiaatanoio i He- 
nonycraaoK). To-TOBuns api'y«aTOM BncraB.ifiBCH Toil 4»aKT, mo Ha yKpal'Hi 
BeanKy f5i.!ihiiiicTL ipyaoBoro napo^y craa,i;ae ceaancTBO, a b NoebKORcr.Kin 
6oibmeBBiitKnx „C0BeTax" rojioBay poaio BlwparoTb ca-i.tani Ta poSiTnitKH, 
hki na ynpaini b cboih 6iJii»moeTH HBiraioTbcn „My3K[iiinajin" i iroporaiB 
yKpalacbKoro nanjoHaJTbHOro Bixtp©H3»HHa. Ha npniminoBin b con;iaJihHifi 
npofpasi piacHKn^i miac pociiicr.iauia eon,iffjii.-ji;eMOKpaTaMH CojibiiieBnKasin 
i yKpaiHctKOK) peBO.Tioii,ifinoio fteHOKpa'rieio a npostoBniB naio xto cnnHnBca. 



*) UfiH ii;ithci; bt (T:mieb i ffocarra cuoe'l ni.iii it|m o.iirifl yMoni : npn 
iieBHOCTH j'Kpa'inciKO'i coiiifl.iicTH>juo-pt'iio.iK)ii.iiinoi A&Monpari'i u crcaxoxj SfMSpinaeifflio 
HanioHft.ii.HiiX n,i.ou\Ti:iis Yi;|)a'iUi'i.KOT peHOJlioni'i. ^aiqiin.ieiiun hhx ^wfijTKJB sbu- 
.tocl On ni'iiiM nnniuH, as Kintiom Ha,n,ionaji[.HO-no;iiTn i iiioT peBOjiipni! i pasoa :i ism 
Kmnejt ciTtRiiii."ii-n[!ni.TGa yKjiafECbKot con,iajiicTiiino-pcBo.iK>n,irii[oi .TeMOiqiatii ;i ,T,piOii(i- 
fij^acyasiniaii Haui»im. : iLiinsi[i e.ii:noiiTaxii. 



— HI — 



ijarpoaa aauioniiJibuiiH a^ofiyTKau a (Sony „coaeTiB lL rarja aa coCoio re, 
iu;o npoMOBii,i, Bitfbiio in ueinatHO, nei'yBaan b Toil «ae i nOistiiiBHi pnett 
v coBeriB'' i B3arajii aaryniKOByBajiH niiTaHiia nopeAani BJiajin m yKpalfli 
pajan, xoi 611 ii iijjikom yKpa'iHctKHH. B;saia;ii. b to3 Mac Bci SBepTaJiii 
tfifpe miK.iKi'iuy ysary Ha to, m,o6 ; ,ae asth" B^a^n Ha YKpaim soei;oB- 
cbKHM 6*oji bine nn Kan, i BBa-/Ka;ni Bxe Hpyrops.iHBM naraHHa Te, hkh* »e 
m.iaxoa «aa hth jyui peBOJiioiua na yKpaini, xoh no cyTi, as mis 
<5ain-iu paaitue, a,o n,boro ocrannboro mm huh piacoi Hacrnan VKpai'n- 
otKo'i peBOJiioiuiinoi ffciOKpaTil Kcasiiaieb uo-pisuoiiy, i Tanna hiihos 
TBOpHBea 'in aa^epacyBaBcn i na ,T.ajiii e iiuniit nan,ionajii>HiM ijipoHT. 

YiBaxa III Cecil BceyKpaiatCKOi Pajn CeaaactKiix ^enyTariB b cnpaBi 
HepesndopiB UjeaTpajibHot Pa,iT,n BByum. Tatt : 

,,B€aiaH)qu a af.Tan,i'i p o e i i c i k it s Goiliugbiikib aa nepeaii'Jopu 
.V KjiaiacbKni XJeBTpaniuui Pa^a 6 a x a h ii a 3 a x o a u t u u .u j j u a y k p a 'i u i 
b cBoIpyKH, BceyK(ta5atBKa Pa#a CwiaBctKHi ^cnyTariB pituyMe npoTeMye 
upoTH Toro i Bftanae, mo Tani nepeBiiflopH b ji a ii h it loiesv oi'ioro, Kpisi mxoflH, 
yKpaiflftKniiy TpysosoBy napi'jioBi no npiHflfcyw i mp iititannji npo uepeBiiGopa 
]|eitTpaitiiao"i Pasa Haaeatrnt ^o BHpiuteiimi ire pociic«sBx joine- 
b ii k i b, a y k p a i' a e t k o r o ipyjoBcro jn 10 x J- 

BcsyKpaiuctKa Pa^a CejwflCLKiix .aenyTaTiB aaynamao, mo Tpy.ii.one cciiiiictbu 
na yupaiui 6yne pirayie CopOTKca DpOTH Bcasuro BTpyianua b TBopiy poOiiTy 
eannoro nafiBiiinpro apaBoao^noro na yKpalai opfaua — .Vi;pa'iuri,i;o'i UeiiTpaabno'i 
PasH, csaaj; hkoi b u ji ii i in h to i b u j »i BiAiiofliflaa' BMSoratr opraniaoBanoru 
Tpy^oBoro cejiancTBii." 

TaKDi MnnoM, yKpatacbKe ce;inircTBO piiuyw BueioBrurocb nporn 
nepeBiidopiB HeiiTpaabHoI Pafl.ii na atasaHaa mockobclkbi SojibmeBiiKiB. 
BBSO^aia a djjikoh BHpasHO zawmemx. MOTDBiB. HJotf aposyjii™ nm no- 
snuito yicpalHCLKoro eejiaacTaa, Tpe6a mara Ba yaayi jei pe«ii : nepme — 
cejHHCTBO 6yao nepeKonane, mo U,enTpajibaa Pa^a <5y,n,e B cnai i b CTasi 
cam poaBBBara icproBi BaB.nanua poSiTHHie-cejuincbKoi peBOJfou,ii era 
YKpaini, i jipyre — b ai'minii 6o.ibineBBKiB npoin ]J,enTpajibnoI Pana 
Bono RoVnuio npo,ion;i;enna toi BnepTO'i 6opoTbdir, flKy bg^o npotH ne'i. 
a tiim caiHM i npom void yKpai'ncbKOi jieMOKpaTi'i, Bj^eMesne pooincbKe 
IIpaBnTejRTBo. aajima, mo Tenep Ta 6opoi'b<5a na6ipa;ia iihuihs (pops 
Ai'iTau,ia Oo.'iLiueniiKut muaBajiacb thh 6ijibiii m^OBpLiOB), mo HeriTpa;itna 
Paaa Ti.TLKii-no cTaBajia ua B;iacBi norn, nporojiouHBUin YKpaincbKy Ba- 
pojnio PecnydanKy, nepeiinflBiun Aero nOBnory B.ia.xn b cboi pyKii i onwio- 
eHBma sjaj friri&y Baaumx couiajbHO-eKonomBinHx peipopM. SaaBajoiSb 
iUjikojc npiipojiHim, nifi6 6o.ibineBilKii aa-iiuun.'in H,eHTpaJibnoio Pa.iy 
b cnoKOK) i thm ca«HM jiajiii i'u MoatJiHBicTi, posBnoyrii y bcio uinpo'iiab 
naMiqeHHH npofpaM. 

3aKHj.tr, a;o HenipajiLiia Paa.a n Toajnraia citniji OBUta^i 6y;ia ne 
b crani nepeaecTn pofiiiEBie-ceJiancbKoi peBOJiwuii i Jioiiaraaaa. Ha Djifi 
niicraai, uerafinnx irepemidopiB Si', a ths naie HJJikobhtopo annm^HHa 
ii, ilv.m ;iiik'Bo ne Ha Maci. A. b»« npo HeTaKTOBnicrb i'x, a tohke no- 
rxnjsj yenimuoro ponBHTKy peBOJionii ua YKpaini, i ronopnrn He jiobo- 
.utTbca. {Teno, mo npnxnjibHHKaii con,ifiJiicTniH0l peBoatoniT na YKpaini 
i iiepeflE'iii BJiajm coee-raM no moMCOBCMtoay apaaKy — pacSScBsiS con,.- 
;ieM. napxii CojbiueBHKiB — jpe6a 6y;io Sth apaxoM ne ii'aopyBaHDa 



62 



ocotfjiBBocTeH yKpaiHCBKOi peBOJiKmii, MexamiHHoro — b tid <ih imiiiiii 
(popm — ycyneiiEH U,eHTpaatHOi Pain, a mraxoM yiBopeaHa Ha YKpaTHi 
cmbooi jKpaiHCbKOi KomyHicTHinoi nap™, 8 aanyieHHaa b II paffn ni;i,- 
noBi'^HHX ejieaenTiB yKpaiHCbKOl peBomoujiHoi aenoKpaTii. Tana TaicrnKa 
lie pocnanioBajia 6 nau,ionajibHnx npHCTpacriB i nepenewia 6 ijearp Barn 
iijjiKOM upapoAHo b tifloiniray He HanioHajftHOl, a coniflJtbHO-esoHOMHqaoi, 
KJiacoBOl 6opoTtoH, m,Q HKpaa i 6yio 6 b iffrepecax niBHj;qoro posBimy 

peBOJIJOHJI. 

Ta HocEOBChKi CojiBiueBBKH Ha YKpaini BBaxajin sa Jiiniue Rim 
ce6e 6yrn bcboto TkbKii ofijiacTHiui Bijtuijioii mockobcbkoi naprii' na 
yKpalai. Opi'aHitHHnti pobbhtok peBOjnonj'i na YKpalHi Im 6yB hjjjeom 
He3po3ynijinii, Ta fi He xorijin Bonn floro posyaiTH i a hbh paxyBaracb. 
Cxeia y hhx 6yaa iysce npoexa: paa na MocKOBmnai pofiiiTbcn TaK, 
a ne HnaKBie, nycon. tb caMe, b thx ;se easinx (Jtopaax, 6jm nepeBeiene 
i na BEtpatHi b iHTepecax, iionepen. yctoro, Mockobdtjibh (xoi i h&hi- 
Baaoet ne iHTepecamn BcepociiicbKoI, a to h BcecBrrbHoI peBO.TOnjt) i, m,o 
TaKom Mae He a(5n heo sHa^iuHfl, CHJiaBH to! k caHoi Moceobjb,hhh. 

TaKe n,LTKOBCTe neryBanna yEpaincbKoro Hapoffyj he Tatcoro, nery- 
BaHHH HanjonaJibHnx peBOiHOtiiflHiix 3Hp6yrKiB yKpaliicbKOro poolTHnnTBa, 
ce^HHCTBa Ta B0au,TBa i BDpo6,ieHnx hhiii CBoepixmix <popM peBOjnonjnHHx 
opraniaan.in, npnauaieHBx ne tLukh jya. nauionajibno-HOJiiTHiHoi, aje 
n nan coniajibno-eEonoMuiHOi (5opoTb6n, (fopn, mo nocJiiiOBno BHiniHBajiH 
3 ocoCanBOCTH con,iajibHO-eK0HOMntiHO! CTpyKTypn y"KpaInn, — oy.io iipodo 
oraffne i 6es Kmna o6ypioio<ie jjih Bciel yKpaiHCbKOl peBonroniiiHO'i leiao- 
Kpa-ril, ho BnianoyaioHii i caanx iiiBimnx it ejicMeims, ni,o ctohjm Bace Ha 
H03nu.il cou;iHJiicT]i4HoI peBOJHon.ii ; orHnne i ooypBome i Henpneoese iepe3 
Te, mo boho nonepeff, ycboro fiyao HanpaBJieHe npoTH caisoro 
(jiaKTy icTHysanHa yKpaiHCbKOl peBOJriou;iiiffOl nentOKpaTii, hk TaEO'i. 
eamocTiBHOj, Heaaaeatnol but, bockobcekoI. He oyao aiiicHO re case, a mum 
yicpalncbKi TpyaOBi Maen sycTpiMajincb i npa. uapaii i npn BpeHennoay 
rtpaBHTejibCTBi, xoi i Bnxojn.io Tenep 8 namnx ko.i i iajio na mbti 
jiHini irjjii. 

TpyjjOBe ceJiflHCTBO posyMiao, mo cnpaBa itie npo eHaHcinai;iio Biff, 
MocKOBinHHH, i Mepe3 ne niflKpecJiH/io b csoifr HaseneHiii bhihb nooTanoBi 
rany, BitaBajiocL 6s, caMO-co6oro apoaymjry pi^, bk Te, u;o .,ninaiina npo 
nepeBJidopn I|eHTpajibHOi Fain Hajeacuxb ^.o BnpiiueBHa ne pocifici.Kisx 
SojitnieBBKiB, a yKpatiretKoro Tpy.i.OBoro ceJfiDCTBa." 

3a3HaiHBniii, mo CEJia,T; D^enTpajibHoI Pa^n „b HnHinraH) xbiijiio nii- 
noRijcae Bnaoraa opi'aaisoBaiioro Tpy^OBoro ceMHCTBa", Pa^a CeJmnci»i;nx 
^enyraTiB yxBajraaa hiibkv nocTauos, mo Mann Jiarrn b ocnoBy dimacioi 
airabHOCTH HeHTpajibHoi" Paan. 

Ilonepeji, ycboro Paji;a CeJiaHCtKHX JtenyTariB aasHamja CBoe Biji;- 
noraeHHH ffo III yniBepcaay, yxBa,THBnni z n,boro npnEo^y TaKy pe30JiK>uiio ; 

jBacsayiaBffiH III yiunepcajr UeHTpajitao5 PaAH, BcoyKpalHCBKa Pasa Cess*' 
clkhi JlenpaTiii Biiai: nefl tio.iiikoI Barn icTopn^tHiiii aKi i miswae, mo oia Bi,i;iioBi.T.ae 
JtiucunM Busioi'aM c_v;iacHar.> •jnum i mo Beaaisi pei{iopsra, nojioiKeiri yajsepeaaaxj 
ire iKMintwi, TaK i coqig?uao.eKOaova%Bi, o.;ni ti.tcuu si wwtxn aafJoanoMiiTu 



— 63 — 



yKpaliii cooKlfi Ta sofipiiB nopa^oK i RonoMonyTL noBecTH yKpafitcEKy Hapojinio 
PocujfiJiHKy fl,o YKpajHCLKHX yciattOB'Bix 3(5opiB, KOTpi HawTB ociaioMHO y r .1 y 6 11 r it, 
no bib pant i UKptiiTii Bci s^oGyiKH pesosionii'." 

^aai cnnHOacB Paj.a CejiancbKHx ^enyiaTiB Ha otSniipKyBaHiiio 
aoaiTHiHoro lonieHTy b sarajitHo-pocifictKOiy naciuTa6i (aa cnpaei jtbo- 
penHH (jteAepiJibnoro ypajy xa capasi iinpy) i BDHecia aii;i,yK)My noeranoBy : 

„3ac:iyxauinH so[aa,a; npo cyifacHiiTf bomcht i ofiiipKyBaBmH Boro, BceyspatB- 
ciks Pajja CeJiHneBKDS JI,enyTaiiB BHSHae, mo 

1. Tiuraacoaa neHipaatna ^eflepaniBBa Baa.ua b Poci? noniinna Gym oa,Ho- 
poflnow con,ia.iicTHMHOio 3 npejCTaaniiUTBOM bI.t, Bcix con,!naicT«'jBHi nap-tin — nix. 
oo.itun'BUKiii ,t,o napo.ynx coain:iieriB bmkciho, — a o(3obb3kobok> yqaciio npeji- 
ciaumiKiB KpacBBx npaBfliesiCTB ; 

2. HepiniiM 3aB,T,airaHM HcnTpaJHioI Bjaw nycHTi. 6ym neraiiHe pocao'iarra 
BHpoBnx neperoBopiB, b bkiix ooobh3eobo naioTi Spani yiaciL i npexCTasHHKii 
yKpa'iHci.Kn'i Hapo^Hbol PecnyS.uiKM, KOipi nonnani ^.CaTii npo ie, moC ne 6yao 
lruKpinjftjKeHO iBTepecia yEpa'inotitoro aapojijr i Bjofi ue fiyxo npa.iyieHO yspalHCBKHi 
38Me.it, npofH Boai naceaeBBH, ao riel ia bhbjo'1 aepucann ; 

3. 3 orasay aa sanme Moatauimii po3pHB aapEHX neperoBopia iepe3 noaniiny 
imnepinJiicTHiHUX boioioihx ^ep:KaB, BceyupaiHCiKa Pais. Ce.ianctKnx ^enyiam, 
CTOroin na fpynii nerasinoro aaKSMiennsi jrapy, BBaatae noipifiHHM 3BepjyiacB flo 
yKpainaiB-Boniuu 3 yruviitKOM : 3a.iHiniiTiicJi na tjiponri i mepAO etoflrn na Bapii 
ifiTepeciB yKpainciKoro Hapojy x,o.Toro Maey, hoku yiroBKOBaateHi npeRCTan- 
iiiikii y'u p a "i n ditto l HapojHio'i PecnyfijiHKH ne niannniyii 
MnpoBoro joroBop y." 

B cnpasi BfiopanKyBaHHfl jkhtth Ha y"Kpa!ai Baaraii i cneniotno 
b cnpaBi yTBopeHDJi SHrresftaTHnx awinieTpaTaBanx anapaiiB aa Micnax, 
BceyKpaiHctKa Fajia CwraiickKiis: JI.enyTaTiB Bnnecjia tsikv nocTauoBy: 

I. „IItofi 3anouimt anapxil ra 0e3.iajAto Ha yKpaVai, BceyKpa'inesKa Pai,a 
CeflanciKnx jl,enyTa«n nocianoBflna: 

1. Koaoa cwmicLKa cniasa nniiiinna pfisau npo noiirapoHna ocbith iepe3 aa- 
K.'iaa.aBiiH SiflaioTejt, yBaaiiyBaHBit .n:nit,in i'a ucdpnix nypcin ,n:ui ROpocaBI^ a raitoMc, 
cuipaKi'iHCB na 0ptoni3an.il ..Bi.n.iioro h'o3an,TBa", npoBa.iitTii piuiyqy 6opoxb6y 
;: auajixH'liiJiaii unCTViraiiH ; 

2. 3BepayT)[i.-j. ,U' lettepajitHOro CcKpeTapiaiy, aOn nanuiBJi^e fiyjio BH r xano 
cyBopufi 3asou npo ihx, xt<i nirpo6.iRG „ca>ioroBKy". 

Kpiii Toro, CeaaactKa CitLiua nae taKosc, sa ^ononoroio „Bi3bHoro Ko3an,TBa u , 
iiocth nocriiw' Oopoijjdy 3 Biipofioa ,,canoroHKH" i Afiani npo ie, a6a bci n cawo- 
rOBuiiiKH" niwara.™ aaKOBHifi Ra.pi; 

3. 3rjepnyTiicj, ,1.0 leHepajnnoro CeKpeTapiKTy 3 saaBoio, afm yKpaitdsaHia 
niftcLKa, s.iyiieHa a po3TauiyBannai[ Bj ix bUicbk no TepHTOpiaabHOKy npunniny, npo- 
BaftHJa«i iiko mora nipn r vi<' ; 

*. ^BepuyTH oeo64HBy yaary na re, aOn BiRBOBiflHBSH opfauaun sk Haii- 

atBasiBxe i n nepmy uepry B] uhcs a *iitth ri oaxo.nii, aid BaiOTi aa^oBOJiLUHTH 

neK7^i noipefin CiAiiNnx rpomajan yKpaiHCLKoi' PecnyfijinKii j 

II. BuairaKiun, mp jpa toto, n;ofi ycyiiyra fieaiaMit na Micnin i aanoGirai 
auapxi'i na lepBiopil yKpaiiici.iiu'i Hapo.uiBo'i PecnyfiAMKH, itriT]in5iio HeraiiHO ckoh- 
CTpyyaatn hx»h\ r i«MOK|iaTBiHy Micnesy B-iajj', sua 6 BaaB.ioa ofleanaBy Hapn^uw 
Boam i BOBTpoaiOBaaacB bcim na])o,;os iepes oboi opfann, — BceyKpa'iHebKa Pap;a 
Cejifliici.Kiix ;(,eiiyiaTiB nociaaoBHja : 

1 3BepnyTHCL ao BeuTpajinoi Pa^,u, aou ]'enepani,mia CoKperapiaTOM 6yio 
iiei'siiuo Bii,iano mcTiiyKniw npo yiBopennn Bien,eBoI njiaan b laKHX ([topiiai : a) nnma 
B.iaM b lyGepaii naJicacHTi. I'yOcinriii.ii.iiHB KOaheTaK, aid cnjia,T;a[(m>na a npejeraB- 
hukib — iio ii.moBy — mx fyOcpHia.ii.noi Hapoj.ni,o'i Paj.ii, MiuctKoi Syiui, 'Aetnab- 
Horo KoMiieTy, paa jwijiTimiux Ta caaaaictKUX aenyrariB, 4 npeaciaBBHKiB aiii paa 
ccjtancbKKi .luiiycaTtn i oahoto bu JyCepflia.iLHoro KOHieapa; b nouitax — bobitobhb 



— 64 — 



ttoaiTexaH, CK0HCTpyonaii.ua na lasax ;ne nifleTanax, mo ii fyOepnctKi ; b io;i:ax 
bojiocth BJia,n;a Mac kstitixana bojiochsim napo r i;His p'ajtaa (SeHCraw) ; B) Hume aaana- 
'leiii opfaHH e BHKonaB l MM!: opfanajan leuepa.iLHora OeKpeTaptHTy ; Bci'jK atari 
op/aB:isan.u ne aajoTi. upas poGtiTH pocnopaa Kenua B etipaBax ynpaB.iiniisT. 

2. Biifiopu KoaicapiB iiobuhhi aa.'iea«iTa Pa^as OeaanciiKHX- ^enyraris 8 yiaci'io 
irpo^eiannuKiB paA pofiirmjHHX i caiAaTCtKHi ftenyTaiiB," 

Hk 6ainao, uo jiyimi Pa.THCe.ia net khx ^enyTaiiB, opfann Baa^H 
na MicHflx Majia 6ym no(5y,a,OBani xoi i ne hukom Ha kjdjcqbomj npHffn;iui. 
a see s 3 Be.iHKHM HaCiHsennHH j.0 Htoro : 3 aarajitBoro ^acjia 10 "ttioaiB 
L'yfepniaatnoro KosiTexy najio 6yTH tubem jBa npe^,CTaBHHKH Bta; opfani- 
■■lauia, n o6y.no Bauiix ue Ha tciacoBOMy npnHujni (Bio; seiCTB i ayM, otfpa- 
uhx no naTO4iieflHifi <|)opsiyjri) t Ta o^hh npeji;cTaBaHK bij, KOiicapa, bkqh 
caM MaB (Syra o6"pannt kjmcoboio podiTBiiqe-ce-iflacbKoio opr'anisanieio. 

HaciujibKH acHTreajiarHoto 6y.ia 6 Taeca (popsa opr'aaiaanii Ma^H 
i.B, flKiffi 6ic Bona eBOJioii,ioiiyBaaa 6 b naH6yTHi>0My, Tpyano Tenep easa- 
3Sth, <5o t'eaepajiLanM CeKperapiaTOM, iepea piaiHi npHiaiiH, Bona tsk 
ine oyja 3anpoBa^aceHa b mtth. ■ 

Hapeurri. HaBe^eiio Tyr nr,e nocTaHOBy BceyKpaiHCBKoi Pa,n;K CeJan- 
cbKiix /J,enyTaTiB b cnpaBi seMeJitaifi, HKa sBy^HM, TaK: 

n Crorom Ha ipynri nocTasoB I BceyKpaiHCBKoro Ce;rajici.Koro 3'i3jy, ra,o nca 
aesusr, lien, bojh, maxm i Hniiii aesteamri HO^pa ta (jaranraa na TopnTopii yspniHH 
iiobhhhi tiocTycHTH y B.iacnicTL Bcsoro Hapo,a,y, i BSaacauiH JI1 J'fliBepcaJi yKpa'in- 
CBK<tf UeHTpajBHo'i Pa.T,n b rift ftoro lacTHHi, se Bin TopFtacTisCsi acaaabHoi cnpaBir, 
a raKOji: iiuacHtoioyi n,ii|)Ky;i!ipu lW>pa;ii>Horo CeuperapiHTy #o yiiisepcajiy, no'iar- 
i; g'jt n e jr ii k o i 3 e a c .i m o i p e $ o p a ir, bhmobjibwm neBHicTB, m,o iteuTpajn.ua 
Pajja b MKeaBHiB cnpaBi nijie aaai imiasoa liepeBcieiiBa u suiifl iiobhoi seae-iijiioi 
pe^opMK na ocHOBax, 3a3HaieHHi u irocraHOBax I UccyiipaiKciiKoro Ce-iaHctKoro 
B'lajiy, — - BceyK])amcwta Pa^a C.e.uiiici-Kiix: ^enytaTia BOCTaaoBJiBe : 

1. r T,oiara'nicL bij HeaipajiiiHOi Pa^u, mo6 neraano 6yjo Bii^a-Ho ,1-ia aerati- 
noro ucpeBefteHHa b SKBtta THHlioouau aaKoir npo itopajiKyBaHEa 3cne.iiiHuaiiKoai- 
TeTaMii Tiimii 3CMJBH11, Jiicaim i BOAaan, ari yflinepcajioM orojiouicno B;i:e n ; apo i n,M»oio 
ii-iaciiicTW. i uepoj.aHO B aaBi'iyaamia aeaejiriuns KoaiTeiiB ■; 

2. j!,OMaraTHCij biji; II,eHTpajifcnoi Papi Bii/i,anHH saKony npo -re, w,o6 Bci .lien 
a ria ihcjiL i Cyemi Ka3eHui, y^lasfii, KaSiaercBKi, aanaraHpci.i;i Ta immi 6)-jtb 
TaK, hk i aenjia, orojiomeiii n.i a v a i c t bo aapoji;a i itepe^ani e 3a- 
Biflj'B-aHua 3effle. i ii l [ii!i KoaireTiB ; 

'A. JI,oiiaraTHca nix UoHTpajJMOI Pajtn BHAauna 3aK0H_v npo CKacyBasHB 
a p ii b a t e o 1 b .1 a c h o e t ii na u c »> jeitio na TepHTopi'i J'KpatecBEOi Hapo.i.- 
iitoi PecnyfljiiiKii. 

4-. iSaKJBKaTE see tmppa& cctbhictbo b3hth qepea aeaeirini komltoth ni,t cbori 
ojepQBy bci .lien .Ta s&M.ii, ari nepeiiiujiH wxe i hki aepeiSjfyii y a.iacriicTi. bcboph 
iiaposy, i nojj,OaTi[, bioo n,e Hapo^ne ao^po — in nepiny iie|)ry rty,T,nnKn, in- 
BeaTap,, syaoSa,. ,'iicu i t. j , - no Gy.io 3numeno, i b bu-ioctu nepenuijio j;o pys 
yKpainf'),Boco ipy^oEoro Jto^,j r ; 

. ,' 3. Pa3oa 3 inn BcoyKpai'iR'i.i;a Pa^a CejiancLKax JtenyTaiiii aaMuicai: yKpa'in- 
cbko T|iy;;oBe ecjiancrno :!BepnyTii ocoo.iHuy ysary na oxopony Bi,i; Htiaveiinsi 
n.aeMeHHiix "lyHKTiu, ce.n:Knu1nux (cijienaax) cTaHn,ift, aj>a:n;i>niis xa^iailcTu Ta nnuioro 
Hinnnro ftqOpa, .Bpipo 3 ueJiitKOto iipanera ;i;o6yna.Tocii Ha npoTaai jiobmx poiciu ; 

6. SBawawiH na moncJiHBe nonnatenna ciJiiCiKOi'ouiiOflapcLKOi iipi^iyitiui 
is 8BS3BT a poacipoficTBOH Hapoftiitoro rocitO;i,apcTBa, BceyKpalncth-a Pajua CeJiJiH- 
CLKHi Jl,ei!yTaTiji ^aKjinnae T]iy;i,oBe yKpaiHCiKe ce.TBHCTBo :!a.;,[.;i.i«Ti;i,i, roiWarara 
i BactifiaTH b'Cjx Hip no 3aciny noiis aepHOBHan xjiiyaMii i ovpanaMii flja HyKpoisapeHi," 

'■', hhx nociaffOB 6ai!fM0, mo yKpa'i'HCBKe rpysoBe ceimnCTBO, ^epy^it 
uijj, cbiS saiHCT IJ,e.nTpaJibny Pa^y, b toh jes ^jac BiKHOCHMCL \o if 




- 65 — 

^ifljibHOCTu KpnTnuao, paa-y-pas ni^raHaio'ra ii Jt«j 6hbw ciakBBOi, piuiyiof 
ra eHepi'inRoI con,LMbHO-eKOHOMHiHoi noaiTHKH. 

Tenep cnnHnMOct Ha on;iHnj HOnreBTa i fliajiiHOCTB HeuTpaitffOi 
PajH yEpainci.KHMH coiijfljricTHiHHMH napTiflMH. HocTaHOBH ^epronoro 
Koaa'pecy yep. con;.-neM. naprit mh eace aaBOflMH b cbjh h&c. ^lepea n,e 
cnHHKnsoct Tenep Ha nocTairoBax MHCJteHnoro TpeTtoro 3'i3ay yKpamcLKOi 
ITapTii CoD,iflJiicTiB-PeBOJiioii;ioHepiB, njo Bi,n;6yBca 21.— 24. jiHCTona^a 
ct. ct. 1917. poicy b KhIbj. (16). 

■ Cyiaeanfi Hear, a BJiaCHe-podiTEHie-ceJiaBciiKa peBOJncmifl na Moc- 
kobhehhi, noiiiflKa ijeHTpajitHOl Pajp i pofiora b Hift <ftpaKu.il napTii 
i, Hapenrri, afitaaia pocifictKHx SojitmeBHidB npoiH l^eHTpa-TtHoI Pa^B 
BHKJiHKafln aa B'Jbju flOBii i naatti sedani. 

^ncJieHna msb,, m tok 8Bana jnTepHaiyoHaJiicrHiiBa «J)paKn,ia 3'i'3^y, 
nijflajia rocTpifi KpnTiiuj aiflatiiicTt I^eHTpajFtBoi Pa^H, BitaayKra na Te, 
mo IJeirrpajifcHa Paji;a Be,xe oj,Ho6iHHy noairaKy, a Baacne Bwae bci 
tern aa HaiyoHanbHy <5opoTt<5y, Hen;ooii,iniomH b to3 canan ^ac MOBenTa 
conjaatno-CKOHOaHinoro, 5 tbm caMBi Hiiaae hu aarpoay i nanjoHajiLHo- 
nojriTBini a^ofiyTKH. GiyuiHiCTL Taicoi kphthkh no^ijiajia BejnraeaHa 6hb- 
jiiicri, 3'i'3,iy, b Hacm^oK goro 3'i3^ok Gyao yxBaJieHO cjiij^ioiy peaojuo- 
niro npo nifljrtHicTt yKpa'fHctKO'i I^eBTpaatHOi Paan i napiiHEroI (fjpaKnjT 
b nifi: 

I. „Tperiii 3'Ias yitpatectKoi Haptij Con.iajiii:riij-reBOJiioii,iGBepiB, sa3aa.ia- 
jo'ih BeJiHici HaitioHajitHo-no^iiH'iHi ufloGyTBM peBOJuonji, ocranniji nymtro* bkbs 
an-iaETMH nporojionieuBn yKpalHCBKOl HapojtiiLo'i Pecny6jiHKD, BBasttae HeooxiAHHM 
oopOTHce najri 3a posEirroK HauionajLHO-nOjiiTB'niHi (Jopa :eutth b HanpaaKy ctbo- 
pconn poeifictKOl ^exepaTrfl fleMOKparH'ran.x pecnyGjHK. 

Bimajo^H HorpiCiniM bhcjuJTH na nepniuii n.iair iiiituhhh con.ia.iiiH hi peijiop* 
i mopiaion jury it tc, mo HanjioHasiiiaCTOpoHa p e a o n S>- 
n. f I u a n e u it o a y ciynnicBoropo3BHTKy loviKt aarpospam 
^alimony ycniitiHoay posBoio kjiscoboj con,isJii.Ho-eKOHo- 
iiHHoi fiopoTiGn Tiia, ni.0, cTaBJiaiHci ua fpyHT tLiikh aaxpinjieEHa i sa^o- 
nojieEEn ociaTOMHnx sinoOyiKiB naiuonajii,uoro pyxy, 3,nKiye oplaEai pobo- 
.iKnifino'i Biajii sa 7Kpaiii noiiiiKj couissBnoro iDEcep- 
BaTU3My, — H'is, 1 ; HaxojyiTL noTpi6Hna BKasaTn HenTpa.iinifi Pa^,i, bj,o kojisi bobe 
crane ua TaKiiii ni.iax, to 3ary<5]tTt ui^; co(5oio onopy TpyjoBoi K.iacn Hapo,^ — 
KJiacH ceiaM i pofiirnHKiB Ha yKpaiai, a, 3ary(jiiBinn ceiu BnaHB i u,io onopy, aosc 
miKJmKaiit y BijproBi^HHH moiobt neMEHj^y peaKiiiio b staeax, aKa ciaue rpi3H0it> 
i .via nanioisaiiBHES 3ao6yiKiB peBojiKjui't. 

Biixo^aiit a yoioro BnntecKaaanoro, 3'l83 eiaBHTB ^eproBim 3aBj;anHaM d po- 
oori $paKn,u yKpaiHctBoJ Ilapril ConiHaicTiB-PeBOJiK>n,ionepiB b IJenTpajiraifi Pajp 
rrpoBa^iKeHHii pimyiioi i hcboi kjihcoboI iioaiTHKH. 

II. nia,^cpa:yioifi IXeHTpastBy Pajy b I J u n ir e p e ;i h i £ pimyjiS jro.iitHn,!, 
;ik b cnpaBi BHpy, Tan i b Han^oHaJitniii la con,ia.iBHO-eKOHOKiivHiix cnpanax, npo- 
TecTjroiH npoTit aaxojpB nuipsaTH b niM aaTopiTei l^eBTpajitBoi Pa#H, B'taft 3Ha- 
xoauTt, m,o leHepa-iLHiisi CeKperapiar HycHTL pimy^e BpoBo^jiTH b whtts III ym- 
Bepcaji, n oninpioKi 9H ii noraifSjiioio^H fioro. 

3"i3ji, BBaa-ae HcoSxiflHint Heraiise BHpo6neHHB Ta nepcBCfteBMa b sehtth i»- 
RoBonpoeKtiB (b ;tyci napTifiaoro npofpawy) : 

a) aarcoEy irpo CKacyBanna npuBaTHOl Baacjiocm na aeaato ; 
o) saKOHy npo yeiaHOBJienna ^epacaBno-pofiimHioro kobtpojikj naa (ta6pa<i- 

hok) npoayitmeK) ; 

b) aaitoHy npo nepcoBa.3j.ny aBTOHoaiio Han,ioHa.iLBHi MeHtmocTefi na yupaini, 
rj saKoiry npo HanjoHajii3art,ijo ffe-amre rajiyaiB irpoflyioiii i poanpefltoeHnn 

0C06J1BB0 TIH, SKi npwnHHHJlH CB010 po60TJ% 

XpifMlOK. IdOpia poBOJTBuiH, ]I. 5 



- 66 - 



lleHipa.ii.ua Pa^a i I'oaopa.ifcHHg CeBpexapiai noBunni Bpooaia ecj aoauBEi 
saio^H, mo6 hs TiooycTaTii so ocTanoBKH aaBO/uB, a xaKi, mo ctb.ib, ej^hobhth, me(5 
Be jouycTHTB rq ynaftuy npomiicJioBocia i ho 6e3po6irra." 

OEpeifo aefiaTyeajioci, na STa^i nuTaHHa npo (popsiy BJiaja na 
YKpalHi, a b aBasey 3 lyra i npo nepeBHoopn IJeHTpajibHOl PajH. 

linijimiii, aauiuiTa 3'ianoi b n,bony eaxjioBOHy uurannfo, nocKJ.ibKii 
non.i oa;6MacE. b iloro nocTanOBax, aBJiaeTbCH Haftauimiiiio iHTepeciroio 
i xapaKTepHOio ara apoayjiiHHfl juhchhx peBOJUonjnHiix nacTpoiB Ta iaea- 
jub yKpalHctKoI ji;eiioKpariI Toro iacy. Ha aaib, «ur He jraeiso mx py- 
KaMB npoTOKoaiB 3'l8£y i qopea n,e He xoxeio cbhhhtbci> aotaaflmme ua 
OKpeuax Baxniaiux nponoBax Ta Ha xapaKTepwcTimi noaimjii piacnnx Te- 
nia napTil. OdaieiKHitocb oTate tijibkh peaojuoujeio 3'i3fly Ta jj,e-HKBjn[ 
yearanH jj,o Hel. 

XapaKTepHOio pacoro n03Hn,ii uaprii b nrraHnio npo <Jiopiry bjuah 
na yicpaTHi HBflaeTbea CBoepijuiHfi ^yarian. nap™ BftCJiOBBJiacb ?a Heo6- 
xiAaicTb OjpioiacHoro icTnyBaiisa b yKpauicbKiH Pecny<5JiHij,i kbox Bep- 
xobuiix saKOHOAaB^HX opi'amB : HeKnacoBoro — uapaaiieHTy i cyTO-Kia- 
coBoro — BceyKpaiHCbKOt PajH CeiaHCbKHi, PortiiHiiinx i CajmaxcbKHx 
^enyTariB. CnoiaTKy ia.iu icTayBaTH IJenTpaabaa Paj,a (aacrynaiOTO 
napjiaserrr) i BceyKpaiHCbKa Pa,^i CejiaHCbKHx, PofiiTHHisx i CajiflaTChKHi 
JtenyraTiB, niaHiaje — yKpaiacbKi ycTanoBHi 36opn i snOB-TaKii Bce- 
yKpaincbKa Pa^a CejiancbKnx, Po&thhihx i CaaftatcbGnx ^enytaTiB. 

Oct 8micT yxBajieHo'i 3'i3^on peaoaronji ho Hbosy onTaiiHio : 

,,1. 3 oraa^y aa re, mo aeaaoapoa aGepymica ycTaHosai 3oopn yKpa'itiH, 
aKHM U,eHTpa.iiaa Paaa uepciacxi bcjo uoBBQTy B.iajiH, 3')3A yapaSHCLKOl JlapTii 
Con,tajiicTiB-PeB03K)u,ioHopiB ae BBasfcac iiuTpiCiuum nepeo6ipaTn Uenipajiiiioi Pajn ; 

ojr,uaie, 3 or.ia,iv na ncof!i-i,i,iricTi, cTBopenua cyio-aJiacoBOl oprani3an,i'i jjia ;;a.n.- 
inoro njnHOitipHoro po3BBTny Kineoaoi fiopoTsfiu' aa yKpalni, 3*iM j,opyiae ijipaiKn.i'i 
yilCP b UeHTpajiwiifi Pa^i noaararBcn, n,o6 He iri p j.i BH a Paja B3«ja 
nerauno naccCe nomtH jiBopema BtejKpaiucLKoro «j«co- 
boto oplany tpj-joaoi jexospaiil, 

2. Rsx Toro, ra,ofi UcaTpaabiia Pa,ta aajia naiipiniyiimj' nijmepjKKy npoBij- 

HIII OpfaHIB peBOJUOHillHOl SeJIOKp&Tll", B0 ^J IIOBHHHI IIO^OMH BpU HWafiHC CTBOpeHBH 

HcejKjia'iaCiKux oueftuyicjHX ropitTOpiaajtHHi n s h r p i b — pa.x jioCiTiriraBX, 
cej)ancLKi« Ta BiHcbKomti jioujTaiiB, aw aaSeane^aTt ueHTpajitHoiy Kiiaooflcmy 
op(aHOfli TO'iuiiH i Oesnocepe^mS aBaaoK 3 opfaniaauiaMH peBOjnuu,iiiHO'i ,v>a,QKp3,ri'i 
H'a aicnai. J(aa n.toro HciiTpa.iMia Pajia noBHflua, aiat MDEflti, BeraiiHO jiepetfefctH 
n5KHTTfliepniopiflJH.Be pocnpe^iaeHna BiiictKa, bijihiom enaKyjmi'i fyacoro BificiKa 
a yKpalHH — BiiHeaeaaa yKOxnjaKTOBaHBi 3 iie-.VKpalHuiB irijictKOBm «acTHH i aa- 
niueaHH ji no Beii tepai»OBai .VKpainn 1epm.3pia.UHJi* yjtpaiucbUHa 
. niactKOM. 

'A. B 3BS3Ky 3 u,H!i .lopyjacTtcfl" naptifiBBB opraBi3an,jaii na ificufii nocTajjnTH 
na 'tepry nna neiiCTiiioopu aicneBBi paa cajijiatCLKili aeiiyTaTLa' i CK-iiiKaBan Bce- 
yKy)fl'iiK''tKo'i pa^H uiilctMBBi RonyT&TiB. UpH tony Bci yKpalactki boaku Ha ^poBTt 
nycaTi 6)'tb EBjiaeni s ospetii "lacia. 

4. Bii3naiO'iH, b;o leiiBpiiuni pa^H poCiTHipnix jteityTariB aa iticunK nj'-Mte 
MacTo an ojuiobwhoti. aacTpoesi poGiTHHaiij; «ao tia yKpa'tai, ftopynaeTMa iiapTiilBH* 
opfanisaaiax J'lICP ao^fiata, a^o6 BopeaaCpaiH ii Paaa as HafiaiBHAHe i aap;i> ate 
no iiepeBEfipaaaio aicn.eBat pan csXHSaTB BceyKpiiacEKKfi a'b.i; pa,i podiTninm 
XeiryratiB, aFnii BanjjiHTS a cefle BceyapaintbEy paj-^ pofliiaaaar SenyTaiin. 

B. S JUiiae 3ai)HaaeHiis£ bjko npaTaa, 3'I*j( nopyaae cboIH 4ipaKD;iaa y ncii 
■paxai ce.raECEKiii jeuyTaTiB jto«araTBflfl nepeoflpaaan ix aa aicuax i oflaosjieaBfl 
««J§» ix 3"i3,i ikcyEpa'iiichKo'i Pa,i,H CeJiaacHcax ^euyxaxiB. 




6, Bri Hi *P« Beey KpaiiitiKi pnim y r b n p a t b 
riPHTiiajbuiiit B<.'eyKpaiiici,Knrr waeouii op fan. 

Kpis Toro, h H<-'» opfan iidbkuo! bjihthci. ff«nyt*W bja lepUTopiaiMnix 
nii.aiHCLKiix 3"l3,Tin tin TpjSPBM aepcia, iiKi Be iipc^ciaBjeui n aa^OBoaiMKraffi 
■ hi! b Biime3a3ua?CHiii paflax, aK saaianoAopoiKiiiiKu, boitorhkh i Te.n:fpa<JicTB\ 
iBocciiBHKii ra pofliniHUii ToproBejiaai napoiuauiu, a raKO>K npe^ciaJHaKH Box 
,-cniniiicTH*iHnx uapriii ua yKpai'iri, aui ci-obtl aa luiseosiu toidj noosjty. 

B tost pa3i, ko-»h fl° CTRopeuna n>oro opfaHy aa 6y^e axe aepeBejjeHo 
iemoojaiaaHu," u coaj, noro noBHflai yBittiH tbko:*: npe^craBHUKJi bU yKpaiuciKHx 
■iu'iBH diponry i tnon'i "pa "ioiiy yKpamnj-xopsKa a BaaiHBcMtoro ^.iLOiy 110- 
itimni Syw nepeBdjied b HopaoHopcLKiiii. 

Ti.iiiKis t a k h ii KaseoBRit opfan loxe iciayBarii, abho- 
PTifiiia ycranona, opfaai3QBaaa 3 arciy ao Bepxy, Ha ekj 1 y k e cni p a- 
Tata ncaipaabira t.njt i peaaisyflatu iepe3 ne5 c a o r> 
noaiTHKy. 

'I'ijLKii ii Tatiiii opfaaiaaui'i wxyn naHiii oi^xepsxy .VKpa'iHctKt ycTanoB'ii 
36opa i nepeBeciH cboh) Be.ieTeHi*Ky pofSoiy fica oeofi.iiiBHx KaTacipo^i." (17.) 

Taiarfi npoeur 6y,n,0BH BJia^H Ha YKpaini BBflBBrayaa yilCP, aai- 
Ci^bora i HaflBBJiBBOBiina b toh nac napTin sa YKpaim. Kojih aparaaaefto 
tjt nocTasoBii Ilepmoro BceyKpaiHewcoro CejraacbKoro 3'iajiy i Tpertoi 
cecil BceyKpaiHCbKoI PajH CeaanCbKEX ^eayraTiB npo opi'aaiisanjio 
BJiaji;H aa licaax, to aoaceiio caaaaTH, mo yKpaiHCtsa a,eMOKpaTia wajia 
Manse BnKiHHeHy cxeMy opi'aHiaaH.il BJia^H na yKpalai 8 caiioro Bepxy 
J(0 HHsy. B[« cxeuia ne 6yjia y Korocb aanoannena. U,e He oyjio ciine 
jmoiayBaaBH a si saxiiBbO-eBpoueHCLKHx spaaKia aap;iH»eBTapBOi aeso- 
KpaTii, a ai arocsoBCbKO-JiemBCbKOi pa^AHCbKoi <pop«H B-taaa. IJe 6y.ua 
CBoepiaaa, mo BBpocjia opraniraHO a poaBimcy peBOJiioaj'L na yKpalai. 
(popsa tfyftOBH BJiaa,B. CyTb ii aoimrajia b OflBOiacHOBy icTByBaaoi 
opi'anJB ,pox poaje: TaK BBaHBX xeioKpaTnnnnx, oopaaBX na niacTaBi 
mmmeHaoi Bn6opioi $opMyjiH, i uijikoi kjihcobhx, TaK 6« hobbth, 
pmaHCbKHx, iipa tony BHpaaHO BijmaBaJaCb ^aKTE-JBa nepeBara opi'aaaM 
KJiaeOBnH — pa^an po6iTHH4Hi, caa^aTetKex i cejiflHctKnx aenyraTiB, ak 
na liciiax, TaK i b itenrpi. 

HeiiTpa;ibna Paa,a, mo casa aBiaiacb MaSae hmkos kjihcobdb 
pa:[aHCbKHji opfanoH, Baaa cnipaTHCt b cboiS jtiajibnoeTH Ha BceyKpalH- 
cbisy Pajy PoCjithhibx, CejumcbKHx i BifietKOBHx ^enyTaris, noCy^OBaHy 
Ba TepHTopia-itniH ochobi. Taa caMo i Hafioyrai ycranoBHi 36opn (id;o, 

HK HOTiH UOTBep^HB IpaKT BH^OplB SO HHX, T8K C3H0, SK i B,eHTpajIbHa 

Paji,a, SB.iflJineb (Sh BHKJiioqHO cenaHCJjKO-poCh'HH'ifliH a6opasn) Ta D])a- 
BHTeaBCTBo ia.iH „cnipaTHCfl i peaJiiayBaTD cbow noaiTHKy" nepea kjiscobi 
opfaHH. B^e m,o-ao neffrpaJiBHOi B^aftH, OpfanaMH a bhu^h na aicuai 
K3JIH 6yjtn afio npocto pana ceaffHCbKHX Ta poSiTiin'mi aenyraTiB, hk 
He HaMmn Jlepwni BceyKpalHCtKHH CejiflHCbKnf 3'i'an, a6o ocofeiiBi 
KoiiTeTD, cKaaa hkhx HamMeBo b nocTaaoBi III ceci'i BceyKpaiHcbKOi 
PaOT CeiHBCbKHx ^enyTaTiB, npn Hoiy i b T0»y i b apyrony Bffna^Kax 
KicHeBi opi'aHH caBOBpaayBaHHs, ofipaai Ba jieBOKpaTn^Hift ocbobI, wajtH 
BBKosyBaTB TiatKH TexHnqHo-rocnoaapai fyHKDji. 

H,iS cxeBi opi"aHiaaH,ii BJia^n He aosBa BiaaoBUTH b pan,ioHaai>HOCTB. 
oco^aHBo Ma Toro ^acy, aa aKBii bobh poapaxoayBaaacb, Byayaa flepe- 
seaeaa b xBrra, Boaa, 6e»yaoBBO, ae ciaaa 6 Ba nepeuiKOai HopMajib- ' 
Hoiy po3BBTK0Bi kjujcoboI fiopoTi'CH Hft yKpaiffi. 3 laeoji, ycTaHOini 

h* 






m 



3<5opn. a TaKoat odpani Ha nijicraBi nsiHqjieHHoi Bafiopqol <jjopiy.TH op- 
Vaun iiiciieBOro caHOBpaayBaiiBH, norjni 6 Gym 8 ycnixos ycyneni dIAroh. 
ko.th 6 toto BBiiarajia Kaacosa CopoTsoa, i, TaiM hbhok, sea Baasa ,na 
yKpalfli nepefiuiJia d so paa poGirHHiiix, cc.khhci.kiix i BiietKOBHi a;eny- 
TariB. He BBK-THrtena 6yjia TaKoac i MoatJinijiirn. xoBaioro icTHVBaima u,iei 
B 3jajiicTBiHoi cacreim". y BCHKii pa3i, Kaacesio me paa, b sit He ko- 
Baaoci Hiqoro 3arpo»:yioioro posbhtkobi peBOJitonii', i MocKOBCbEi GaiEine- 
bhkh HecyTt BeanKy BijuiOBisaJitnicTb nepea, npanroBinsu MaeaMii aa Te, 
mo HeiaKTOBHO i (JpyTatfbHO - chjtoio MOCKOBCtKOS a6pol — 8pyfiHyBa.ni 
Bci nj hjishh, nopyurojin HOpiiajibHnH posbbtok KJiacoBOi dopOTtfia ua 
YKpaiHi i, CaxaioiH cnaoio 36poi BOfoqara yBpaTnetKy peBOafon,i(o y bi*s- 
iiOBiany ijaay pociacbKol' peBoaroiUi, naca;uiTH (popiin Baajp na YKpaiBi 
ToqniciHbKo no cboix MoeKOBCbKnx apanicax, BHKanKain Einay mac Cobit- 
cbKoio MocKoani,HHOK) i itemoKpuTJiqiioio, peBOjnon,iHuoro J r KpalHOio. . i 

MoxHa, aBaqauHo. aaKHHyra Tyr, m,o Kepytoqi Roaa H,8HTpaJibHoi 
Pain He T3K-to Bate oxam fnimi wjiaxoM poaBHTKy i nonradjieHna! tora- 
coboI dopoTbda, i Bpodnra a nsoro norm bhcbobok, dj,o HaBeieaa Bim,e 
cxe«a opi'amaaiqil Baaui aoraa GyTH i He BBe^ena b JKHrra. Ta ra.mu 
BncHOBOE aBjaBca 6 mqns ne s,OBej(enHM. Xoq U,eHTpajii.na Paja i cto- 
aJia na noannji „i»i»:KJiacoBoro MHpy", Ta n,a noannja dyaa no siqna. 
Tliji; BHJinBOM yKpalHCbKOl peBOJUonjiinoI ji,eMOKpaTii Bona nrycijia dyia no- 
pymeHa, i, kojih 6 UenTpajitna Paji,a 3 hkoIch npHqiwn ne apodnaa n,boro 
BiacHO, BOHa dyaa 6 ado nepeodpana a(5o ii i^jikom CKanjTa Bnacnnniii 
CHJiaMH yKpalHCbKOl AeBOKpaTil, 6ea Besmearo! sonosora nocKOBCbKoro qep- 
soHoro BincbKa he qwti a a&HjyipioM-peaKiyoBepoii MypaBHOBBir. PoaBDmi; 
KjracoBOi cBij,0MOCTH yKpauictiKoro poCirannTBa Ta ceaaHCTEa, eBOJuouia. 
any nepeatHBaan yicpaiflCbKi coniaaicTinmi nap™ — eonjaab-sewOKpaTn 
i coniajiicTH-peBOJnoHJOffepH, a TaKoac cycincTBO pa^aHCbKOl Mockobbjbhm 
(apyatHbo nacTpoenoi) 6jm 6 aanopyKOto caie Taaoro, a ne jinaKiiipro. 
^ajibinoro poaBiiTKy noaiii na > T KpaiHi. 

Ta, na xajib, a hum ne aaxoTiJin qnciaTiics Hi uicneBi MOCKOBCbKi 
dOJibmeBUKn, ni Pa;i;a Hapo^nix KoMicapiB b IleTporpaai. MicneBi BoJib- 
meBHKn, nicjta BKaaiBOK a MocKOBnjnnn, Bcix cbji jiokji&hilxw, nio6 Jcy- 
liy™ HeHTpaJltny Paiy tsk hh Hnaicme. Ilopyn 3 3aBaaTOKi aritaftieio 
npora HenrpajibHoi Pa^H bohh nanarajmcb Kijn.Ka pa3iB cKHflyTte ii 
opyatHOK) cmok), niflfiyproroiH so noscraHna KDiBCbBj fi nHini BiBctKOBi 
aaaorH. 

Caiio co6oto posyjiieTbCfl, mo Bee n© jo peniTH ncyBaao nianocnHn 
Re TuibKn «ia: HeHTpaflbtroio Pa^OK) i MOCKOBCbKHMH daibmeeaKaMH na 
yKpalai, ajio ft aiac l|eHTpa.n»noio Pa^oro Ta Pajoro Hapoanix KoMicapiB 
b Ilerporpaai. Hhm noqaoTH Tpeda nofleanTH i toh ^aKT, n;0 iiiat H,ea- 
TpaabHOio Pa^oio i Pa^oio HapoftHix KouicapiB TaK uibhako joBumo A<> 
opyatHOi 6opoTb6n, 6es nonepejimx cepaosBHx cnpo6 a toi i spyrol cto- 
poHH BB'iepna™ Haapijiiift KOH^uiiKT unpoa. Kaaceno „6ea cepfioannx 
cnpofi" qepea Te, mo ne BBamaeno sa cepaosni a ni Kpoita EJeHrpa-ib- 
nol Pa^H, a si Paj;H HaposHix KoMicapiB: i te i apyra cropon* na- 
nepe^ Bate Cyan HejOBipjiBBO HacTpoem oana jio ohhoI i spaay acTa-in 
na I'pyHT ne m,npHi, a, rojlOBnna qanoa, fpopMaabmix bhochh — neperoBopis. 






Ta 1,0 opyaHOi'O tcoatJMiKry its Jl.euTpa.ibHOio Vm,ok> (yKpaiHOio) 
i Pajoio Hapojpix Kosicapie (MoeKOBiaaHoio) »a me Bepaeitocb, Teaep 
ae cimHHiocb h;i ocraaBiii cnpoGi micneBnx pocificbKBi (MMbuieBBKia 
ycvHVTn HeHTpa/ibHj Paay a 11 npoBliaoro xkw ummoii BH<SopiB boboI 
Pajui na Be.niKOJiy BceyKpalHCbKoay 3"i»x\ Paj; PoOiTaaHax, CaajiaTCbKax 
i Ce.tflHCbKHX JlenyTariB, cnpofii, mo mfijxtwb Bx« b tob >sae, kojik 
uiaaa AaKTDHito bjko uoaaaacb, ko.iii pociiicbKe cosiTCbKe bibcbko Bace Ha- 
cryna,io aa Bapaiay i Pa^a fcIapo,n;aix KouieapiB o$opsaK)Baaa, Tan 6ir 
cnsanff neii nacryir cboFmb yjibrasaTiiBHiuin aoxasa jto UeHxpajibBOl 
I'ajif. Bjaeae, Moataa jyrnaTB, tn,o aaaBaBiifi 8'l8j3t, ctoab b apaiouy aaasKy 
:i n'l'iarKOM BificbKOBHi aoftiS. Moatjaso, ai,o, ao aasaax poeiitcbKKX 6oxh- 
meBBKiB, bjb naB Bpocio aaBjaaBa — CKHaym Heirrpajibay Pa^y, ?»- 
paio'iacb cane aa aacTyaaroue MoeKOBCbKe Biiiebico i, raKBM ^hbom, BO.WKiaaTn 
oKyaaniiiay po<>OTy toto BificbEa, Ta Bee a; ipopnajbHO xa i no cyTi 
'.i'Ui neii sBaaaairii 6ijitine ae a BiSaoio iris Pa^oio Hapojtaix KomieapiB 
j UeaTpaabBOH) Panoto, a b aonepejais nepidfloi — aepicTOM, TaK (Sa 
■obbtb, mnpaoi aiTraijii poeiiicbKBi SojibuieBHKiB apoTB Heffrpa^bHOl Pa^H. 
Mil sate ara^yBaaa, mo me Tpe-rin 3'iaji, yKpaiaebKO'i riapiii CooiavucTiB- 
PeBO.TK)i;ionepiB aaiiiBB cK-THfcaana BceyKpalacbKoro 3'iJjiy Pajj i poa- 
pofiaa aaBHTb ji;0Kaaj,BnH nopsAOK cKJiHaaHna aoro. Ta pociiicbKi fioab- 
meBHKB ae aaxoTijin ;K,iara, jiokb TaKufi "S"iax cteaa'ie UeHTpajitna Pajja, 
i coBKaaH ftoro cara, a BaacnoT iainiHTfrnir, aa 17. rpy^aa (hob. «t.) 
b Kni'jti. 

3 toiV npniHHH, mo ai tfeaTpaibaa Paji,a ni, thm 6ijibure t yKpai'HCbri 
con,»ajiieTHiai napTii i BceyspatncbSi Pa;t,ii CeaaacbKHX, Ca,TH,aTCbKBX 
i*Po6iTRaaHK JfeayTaTia ae iaan npaauiaoBo ai'ioro apom Taaoro 3'l8^y, 
io«i i ctUHKaBca bib a iiriaJHTnBn (5ojibmennrciB, 3'Ieja; aifipaBcn i nanaB 
aaj^BBtiaHHO JTHOiuiio.THBa : na tttoro apafiy.io (Sua 2500 pofiwaniBi 
ce.iBHCbKBx i caj^aTCbKnx ;ifinyTaTiB YKpaniu. 

SjiaBaaoeb pociacbKHM dojbiaeBiiKas, ai,o OT-xyT o^cBaxKyioTb bohb 
cbok> aepejsory. Ta u;e TijtbKB TaK a^aaaaocb. He SBamaroaK aa xe, mo 
6ojibiaeBBKB dyjia ai^roxOBJieai no 3'i'a.ny, ni;o bajb aepej; tbm Beaafty 
aiixau,i[o aa nepeanoopH UjeBnaabaoi Pa,T,a. aio BP6opa Ha 3'tajT, nepe- 
Bivui.incb ni.iKOs' bLibbq, Ce;t 'sa^ao! npecii a (5oKy yapaincbKiix BJiacTei, 
— ae BBaaKiroaa Ha Bee n,e, SojibineBiiKB cnpoaor.iacb apoBee?B Ha 3'iaa, 
Bctoro ti'jilkb 6inn 60 cboix aeayxaTiB aa anrajibae hbcio 2500.*) 

Ilo6a>iBBaiH, n;o siaioxb na 3'iaji Tage aajiaBagaaao jraje ihcho 
aenyTaxiB, ttocKOBCbKi SojrbuieBBKB xoiian (Jyjta oCepayxa 3'ib,t a aeo6o- 
BaayioHy yiq>ai'acbKy ^eMOKpaTiio aapajy, Ta b ni» TftKoa He Hajra 
ycaixy. 36opn nocTaaoBHja BBa-/KaxB cede 3'i3,t,om, npaBOionaaa Bapimaxa 
BHTaana: yKpalacbKoro peBOiEoniitao-sepataBHoro sbttb. **) 

*) Be.iHK« <n;cro siyjidyBiiiiss iia '.i'Ta^ oeamtciKMi ^enyiatiB .npscEfleTicH, *\x 
itmuiDi, thm, nj,o UeuTpontHH Koiitotob BceviqiafHctKOi CejriiHCBKoi Cin.nta 6jao 
posicjaao jifl KOMirerifl ce.iaHci.Kiii cnLioK ocoC.ihbb aanponieHna iipuciujaTU aa 3']3^ ( 
<CBOa flenj'Tarin. 

**) TojiagyBSB B&,'A"i3w- *aiiiKe Beci. 'iac ■ ApKa^itt Cte iiiKeBKo, (yKp,cou»-jpeB.) 



70 — 



Kojib 6 MOCKOBCitti (So.ibuieBHKH xoiijiH paiysaTHca 3 ocofijnjBocranrH 
posBHTKy peBOJiion^I he yKpami, bohb na Hboay 3'l3fti nooaiBnn 6 s% 
HaBflCHiine, mo BHopaHBft hhmu uuifli npHcniinjBaHHfl noftifi na yttpajai 
i nacHJtyBaHHH (J>aKtb HBiaeTbca xhohbm i niKiniHBBM fl.is peBOJnoitii, hk 
yKpaiHCBKOi, TaK i soeKOBCbKOj. Cnpas^i, ne 6yJio me Ha YKpatni ni 
ojjHoro a'iaay, jikbB 6h 3 Tauaa ooypeHHaa cjmoBca ho (ioabmeBBKiB, hk 
n,efi, coBftanBH oojibiueBBKain 3'i3n! IIpoitOBijM-o'oju.uieBflKaH yHpaTa- 
Cbici cejiane, po6iTHHKH Ta cainaTB npocro ne naBajnt roBopHTH, norposyroiH 
BHFHaTH reTb si 3'l3;iy. 3aiHTaHufi na 3'l3n,i yjibTasaTyi neTporpattCLE:oi' 
Pana Haponaix KoaicapiB IJeHTpajibBiH Paj,i b cnpaBi uponycicy Panoio 
aoHCbsoro Kosaioro BiiicbBa nepea ynpalHy, 3 norpoaoio ouoBim,enEa Biilon,*) 
Haeti-itKn o6ypHB i 3nepByBaB 3'ib.h, ibo tohi <5yjio jxymara npo cnotdilB* 
o6aipEysaHHH Toro BHTaesn, nia po3BH3aHHa anoro, BaacHe, oya CKJiHKaaM 
3'j3h. Hefl yjibTHMaTyM 3 Koneiaoio Heo6iia,uicTB0 ct3bhb bcio cqpaBy 
b naoiuHfly bhkjhoiho Han,iona.!ibHoi <5opoTb(>H i tab caMHM npocTO yeo- 
ByBaB a nopaflsy jeHHoro HnraHHH npo nepeBn(5opH IJeHTpajibnoi Pana. 
yKpaiacbRHn ceMHHH. pofiiiHHK i caanaT. mo npa imimix yMOBax, a case 
npa BiftcyTBOcTH DpBMapH apysHLoro npHMycy 8 <5okj Mockobichbb, srir 
cnoraHHO niTH Ha nepeBHoopn HeiiTpaatHol Pa.tn, Tenep i cayxaifl npb 
■re ne xotib, BBasaioiii Tatd nepeBaoopH aasaxoi Ha iioro bojoo i no<yra- 
BHBiimcb no HJienis 373Xy- 6o.TBineBHKiB npocTO, hk ho afeiTis BOpoaKoro 
YKpa^'ni mockobclkoto iipasBTeabCTBa. 

UJf>6 aKocb nia,iHTH ho ceaaHCTsa, po6iTHHU,TBa Ta caanariB, mockob- 
'cbKi 6oabineBiiKB BBCTaBir.™ cboibh (ppaKujuHiiMH nposOBnaiiii TOBapnmiB, 
mo BMijiH roBopiiTn HO-yKpaiHCbKOMy i BunaBaaa ce6e aa yKpainuiB, Ta 
j;e, aBH^atno, cnpasH ne BpaTyBaao. CoH,iaab-neMOKpaTa-6oabiiieBHKa 
SaToncbKoro 3'l3H sycrpiB rfliBBiiMii BiiryKasH: .,reTb 3 hbm !" Tas caao 
He xotIb 3'i'3fl eayxara i npyroro ooabuieBHUbKoro npoaoBiia — Hlaxpaa. 

X01 OCTaHHM DpOMOBJTBB B ny$e BpHaBpaJOIBX TOHaX.**) 

Hkhh bmhb 8po6iiB Ha 3'F8H yjurraaarya upaBBTeibCTBa JL;i[in;i 
i hk %b HaerpoeBufl 3'j3,a; Baaraai, bhhho a npoaoB, BHrojioaieuHx Ha 
3'[3,T,i, hk He doabiueBiii;aai!, TaR i 6oabiaeBHKaMB, <uieHain 3']3iy, 

H[ai]iaii (p. c.-j.. 6.) roBOpHB , na 3'i3Ai : U,$& yjLT»«faTy«, na iiainy A)'«E|, 
;e Beno|)03yMinBan, nKe sycM«o :i. , riKni r T.viiatH Sea npojuiira .KpOBU. He ipefla l><>:,\- 
naaKiBaTH aanioaawiaorp no>yrTa, ni; pi-ijt. pofiuttca, Haaia najiria hLihk ae 
cipaumtma liu nMiiiMr napTiii pociEctKoi ^eflepamBiio'i peenyfljiMKH. 'lacxHiia '& II, 
mo mchiic ua J"ii|ia'iui, arac iaKC ca«a npawo Haaisnamoa. yKpaluctKoio, fiK i BcaKa 
iiiiuia 3 TjTeuiiiij iiapTiil, I n, aso II flpe^cralenHK, KaiKy : a yjiWHMaTyMQM ipanHao- 
ca HDitop03)-jiinnH. Mia: npo;ictapiflTO« i CeaHECiaow yKpalaii i l'ocil ucMa piainuiib 
B |l ^O.'li. I Ai-'lHTM 'is HiMoro. 

Fa^a HapoiHii KoaicapiB a yjuraxaTyxi BKaaaia na npHsaaoaa yKpalHctKOf 
HapojyiifOl P9c«y6jiHBH. B t'm flOKysieuTi aa yspalay in ira yKpaiflnjit uanaav 
aeaa. Capasa cioItb anaKine, sk iyr DpexciaBHtTBca; B kibul wobths ctbjiWh 
peBoajoiyfl po6hH«KiB, ca-ijaTiu i ceJan. ^o toihJ- iacy nci pocificbKi con.taviicTH'iHi 
aapiii ctobjim 3a *oa.iin,uo 3. Oypaiyaaieio i sci BiABepHyjiBca aia aid peaojiionit 
aapojsii aac. "KaaiT&aictH — ao«i]n,H«H: ae aerKO ajtaioit cboI jiosBdjI. TpeCa at %n- 

*) Tbkct iioro nORaeMO HHXt^e. 

**)' lttiipa.fi arojoa miayiraa nyO.'iimao (OKpeaow khb;kkom) iiponi neaTpa- 

[0-iiioBinioTiiiBoi bojuthkh mockobcbksii doaLBieBBKis aa ymiaini. 



UCTWiSO 



BHiHCb, xio fiosey nocofi.ino i no jiepeniKo,;;Kae. fencpajibflaii Cespeiapiai, yispalHCiiii 
cortiaJicTU, roBopntt ao&pi c.ioaa, liumyTL rapat npoKMaau.i'1, a poG.iHTi, bhbic . . . 
Uia<tac B3*I npoieTapcbKO'i peaojuonji uisto lie aowe 3ocTaBaTBCH nocepejinm. Ko;Ke« 
jjvcarb npacTarn a6o jo pofiiTBHKia i ce-inn, aSo ao noaimaiciB i KaniiajieiiB, iiirepecn 
abx oopoHBH. KaattfiH aa AoBy. Hpoirjcu reHepa.ii.HBM, CoKpoTapiaio* kojmhi 

,, a , Tlja n, e neBaa sonoaora Kaae^iHUui ue ua cicusax, a Ha Atii. PoMopoeiiBa 

He.iHKopyci.KHi lacTim Oy.'io ripKOK) odpa3o» j^ia BajNiKopyctKHX caaaarin i thm 
k.ibho», fflo b6bthh HBHi" siw vKpaiacbKy i HeyKpaiHCtKy .leaospariio. Ue Bnaa to'i 
uotiiMKii, any npoBajuwa UeBTpajjtaa Pass- 

l' ( ;acpiutuyfi Ceh-peiapjai loie neaTpaaLaol Baa^n — o^opoflHoI, conia- 
jictH'iuoi. Bin xoie it fe/iepaajwol. OieBBaBO, orae, mo a JI,6h sycais ftara 
Rosy ccrajfl.iiCTa. Ta IB tou KaaftfjaciBHu .jConjaaicT" oSeroJOBaTHae JBTepecH 
poriiTBHKiB i ceasa? IJe « imoBy 6y,ie Ta at caaa noajiinia, ma ctuibkh hikokb 
nps«fl«a po5iTHHKa«, ce.iHHaa i caasaTa* aa cm nica^i! peuo.mmii. TukhB, aacao- 
iiiiHnii a sonoHoroRi Ka.ic.TJua neaTpa.ii.HHB ypaji Be nepejactt aejui ceaauaa, ae 
lactb acjioKpaTniHoro iuipy. 

Mk oy^eMO fiopoiaca 3 fiypasyajmoki uo.uthkoio UeBTpajitHo'i Paxil aa noBaaft 
vcnii peBn.nouil. A:re n,ea yai>TusaTyM hh BBasaeito HflnopoayaiBBaa. Ta vacTaaa 
pociSci,Ko'i cou,ia.ii-JtesOKpaTiiqnot napTi'i fioabnieBHKiB, mo jkhbc n&^ynpa'ini, bxbbc 
Bcii 3an'A'"i mo6 B,e Heaopo3yaiHBH :taKiaiB;iocH aapoH. Mia pociiicbBoio S yjspaSu- 
cbBOio xesoKpaTieK) He Jtoace oyni BopoHcaeai." 

Taity no3Hnijo aaHuajia Tyr ^acrHHa pociSctKOl con;.-neir. naprit 
<5oatmeBBKin na i'spaini, ana TaK 111 HHaKiue noiyeajia cboio cnopiftHe- 
BicTb a yupatooH). Bi-ituiicTt se ujel nap-rii, nij; npoBO^OM BeJiUKopociB, 
6p;iTJB riaTaKOBHX, crtWJia na 30sciM hhiuih iiosbujI*. Bona 30Bcia He 
BBajKajia yjitTHMaTya ea Henopo3yMinua i ofcxoiOBaJia sect. iac cnociG 
opyatHoro posBaaaHHH KOH^Jiisxy. 

'flfist xapaKTepHeraKn no3imii, hkj aaSsajra Toii I],eHTpajii.na Paia, 
uaBeneMo TyT ypBBKF npoMOB Fojiobh T'enepajitnoro CeKpeTapiflTy 
B. HiumnHtutKii, c.-ji, M. C. TKa>ieHKa i Tojiobb TJeHTpaabHoi Pa^ii 
^f. l'liyuieiiCbKOfo. 

_K. BinpVeilW: JI,opoi'L TOBapmul ! JoaBOnne BeHi uepar aa Bee 
ti inena iipaBiiTeatciBa poCimiiKiB, ca.uaria i ccnaa npuBitaTir Bac ! H raaaio, d^o 
Kap r t.Bua.iLHH» MtCBen b yxBTiwaTyxi <: rre ouoniiqeBBR nifiirH, a ore cib^ho caoaeiKO 
— „6vp-.i;va3na" Pagia. Aae B,e cjobobeo nauia lU'HipajitHa Paja yace ne paa 
if as ...[ 

Ko.ii! uapoj posnpaBBB cuol 250-.iirais ya.iua ucuo.ii CKpyveai pyKB, noiaaaca 
maaoTsa cepaj He-yicpa!ii[n.iB i na ina«OTBa sea BEflaaiaca b n;iM woBeiKy. Ti 
Sypatjaaai KepMana'ii pociBCbKoT ^opacaflH, mn chabtl sapas bo fio.ituicBBB^KHi 
Tiopnai (MOHtiiiiiRHKH), bobu TaKH'.i: 3:ia.in nac (SypTKyasnuaa, Otskb, n;e wroseBBO 
riibKB trpiifiox Coporifia, Korpa uocBofii cyTi « TijtKB n ai;i o a aim o Bi 
rtupOTtfio'JD. Xto BOIRHae n» OopoTtCy, Toft aycnTi sa sel ft Bi,;noBijaTB. ' 

Ma Taep^o BsajiMca ,io SyjiyBailaa BUpojtiseBor yBpilBCiBot ^cpscaBH. A nc 
ii ne a.i^oiaftTLcfl doi*niesrtfttaTr, I iepe3 n,o bobb i posBojaTtcfl npo „CypacyasBicTi' - 
HcnTpa.ii.iioi Pa,t,B, 60 Be Bo»:yTr. iti;iKpHTO i lecHO irpHSBBTHca, n{o 6op»Ti.ca, 

BK Be.lHKOpOCH. 

Eo^tmeaMKH cToaTfc sa caMOBaaaaieBBa Bauia, ane Baa naKii^aioTb cbo! ^ep- 
zasBi uikojiii. He — bbob tb ca»o, bk i b 1906. p., KojiiJIeBiH BiwuaBaB upaso YKpaTJiu 
H»Bin, BisiLiiiTHca, BJie yKpa!8cs.Kai uiidji He ions abth, 60 H.a, na iioro nyxKf, 
poaCnao 6 poSiTaaiy sney. 

J^ocHTb Baa njel Haysu. HenrpajibBai Pafla 6y^<! pofiarH auoe re, mo » b ih- 
wpecai yKpatnotBoi teaogparii. Hac o6BUHyBaiy»Tb b EOBTppeBoaKiBiManoiB^ 
bw'J-to b 6opoti.6i upora ajwoyticiB paBOJuonil. A THaNacoi lap poOhtl caaa Paaa 
Haposaii Koaicapia ? ^HBiTbca. CBOfioxy Mosa 3Hnmeao. Bhiomti. dun fioji.- 
m«nnii>Ki faaeifl. Cnodo^y CTpaHKia Tas caao, 60 Oo;ij,uk>bhkh, OBesasBO, BH3aan>Tt 
B'! upaBO rijibKu ^jj cede, la w> at He « KOHTp-peBo.iKm.is, iSnpoTbrta itootb 
ajtOOyiKiB p9B0.uon.iT? 



— 72 — 



dsepsiTB TUbKii ysary Ha ry iiemacay BejiiKopycb. Uo-ibim-isiiKu aaxommma. 
isetio saBecTH coniaJiiaM, 101 Pocia me He AogpLia so Utoro, xoi Bci emuaaicTii 
Ao6pe saaBTi, mo coniaaisai aycuib npulrrii iiacjiisKOM poasHmj KaiiiTajihiiy., ik 
jfj] i;j. p03BHTKy npoflyKniiiHHX cilt. Bonn roiyn. aipRarti nefl nofloapijufi ii.iu 
aaBiaey, mf>6 saodywi po3CTpoBcTB0 nuyuicy, TaKc poacipofieTBo ui.iyHKy, ase use 
saseiiH b ceoe b Pocil. ) 

Mh, yKpaKuotKi conifljii-flonOKpatu, raaatjao, mo aaBojHTii y cefie Taioui *a,i, 
to aHaiuTfc — iLitKH pyaHysaiu Kpaii. .'kofii'mai! i HopaaabHufi riji, rpoaaftcwtoro 
poaaimcy ayciiTL 6ytu 3aue3neieHHii na jzbju, a yaoBii Toro — eBofioa;H. TaKO'i 
.rijii'i mh aecb nae ,T,ep:ttiiaocb i oy^eao flepataTiici ! flou rHiraTL pofiiiuuyi' opfani- 
aani'i, i feflDpajiiHiiK CeKperapiflT pofiuTt fioay yaary, moO aia ciihhub cbo» npais- 
Tiny. I n,e HpHiiocHTb pe3yjibTani.**) feHepajTMraii CeKperapiaT Baaatae noipifisHM 
uiKHuaTii JuuiTiiinoi, K.iacOBO'i 6opOTj.''in. a ue iio.iLthkii aa.iiaa i KpoBH. I nn <Saiur»> I 
Ha yupaiui neaa ni apeumB, m Fiacii.in.Tu. 

IIpoTJiroa Tptox Tii-jruiii yuecb Kulu atuu van 3arpo30» po3rpo«y. KojiBJire- 

BUM XOTUH pOCIFOiaTU CBOH .'lj.lO. I Mil BQOpajIUCS 3 UIIMU UJJIKOM HHpHO. TwtEH 

xh iiOHcejiii BTpaTu — o^Horo aSuroro i lOTHpuox paEicuitx. A renep in ycpaiHi 
iiauye 3nona cuoOo,r.a. AfiTyHre cofii, pouiTt cTpafiKH, u,i.a.ii in Heu^aai — HHina 
pil, ajie uiipoitHoio cuaoio fiopoTttiii ue aaiBHaiiie ! Xto aaiiiaae, na tot© ae>i 
ynajie ! (PpiM oujiecitiB, mo nepeioAUTt b OBanijo.) 

TiaienKO (yKp. c.-ji,.) aiits uunraa roBopMTt : ^euan. aicauju sih BKyni 
3 OojumeBHKanu 6opOJHCa nponi KepenciKoro i Gypxyaiil, a Tenep Mil AoiOflMy 
St> Bififlu. 111,0 a; cTajioca ? Ta TUbKit to, m<> *>' He BUiiiaeao si^ Toro, mod 
TBopia aiaatflicTB nu SysOBi flepaiauii Ha.iea;aaa BCtoay sapoiOBi. 

M. rpy hi e bcbk h B, aaBBHBiiiii, mo, ko.ib 3'l3A noCTaHOBiiTi, iicpeodpaTii 
UeuTpaainy Pajiy, to ocTaHHa ue fiyae Tony DpoiiiBHTUca i ui Ha ojmi ,i,eKB Ee 
:iaflepiKHTL B.naiia b cbo'Js pyxax, ciniuuBca ;tajn na y.TtTHMaTyai i cKaaaa, m<> yspaJH- 
i'LKa r ;eMOKpaTia ua 'lu.'ii 3 U,C'irTpa.n,H0K> PaAOio BiflBeso aopoaty pynsy, bhOhkuiu 
3 H&l 30poK>, i cKaace Bcia, mo n y nao ua Ilnpalui Ban 3act!" (EypjuHBi 0Bau,ii.) 

Ilicaa 6ypxjiHBHX ae<5aTiB 3"i3fl yxBaaHB (19. rpy^a e. ct.) sciaa 
rojioca»if npoTH 3,boi npa 19-i^os, iu,o yrpBiiaJiHCB bj^ rojiocyBairas, 
CJiij^yioHy poaoaKmijo npo yju.TnKaTyM Paji;n Hapo^Hix KosiicapiB: 

n yBaaca»iii yjitTHMaiyM Paju Hapoj;uis KoMicapiB aaaasoM nponi y-KpaiHCbKoi 
Hapo^HbOi PcciiyG.iHKii i Biiro^aiu a roro, mp 3aaB.ieHi u nia .loaaramw uaiiyniyHiTb 
upaBO yspalHCbKoro Hapo^y Ha caMoosHaneHHa Ta Ha BiaiMe 6ysysaHHa $opM cbod) 
^epscaBHOro atHTta, BceynpaiHCbKHit i'tsx Pa^ Ce.iHHCbKiii, PoOiTmimu i CaijaT- 
cbKHi JtenyTaTiB CTBepji,H;ye, mo ueuTpa-iicTuqui 3aaipu lenepiuiHEoro socKouctKoro 
(BenHKopycbEoro) upaBuiejibCTBa, ^obo^b'iii ao Biintii nia; Mockobdihhoio ia yKpa'inoio, 
3arpoaty»TL ,n,o peuiTii ))03ipBain $e,i,epaTiiBHi 3Bfl3Kii, ,\o hkhi upocTyc yK])ai*HfbKa 
jeaoKparia. 

B toS iac, KOJiu ^eaoKpaTia uctoro CBiTy, ,3 hcpcaobhjih aia^uaau aia;- 
napointoro coBjiajitay aa HOJii, (Sopeitca 3a ocarHeHua 3ara.ibuoro Mitpy, akhh 
kaiihuh lijbKit ^acTL ■ostniBicTt cesauciKiia i npcieiapcbKiia aacax yenimuo GopoiHcn' 



*j JU nor.iH,i,u BmiuuienKa na iapaKiep yKpalucbKot peBOJHonJJ i aoTOftH 
peBOJirauiiiHOI fiopoTbCn uoAiaayiHci a.aiieKo ue scieio yicpaiHCBKOK) peBoa»n,iHHOio 
^oaoKpaTiexi. Mu asce CaiHjiir, mo BuHanneHKO 3aauuiuBca u xeunocm na 3 v i3^i 
yup. c-,1.. napTfi. T»k caao ne Oy.in bohh naHywiHau i b uaprii yKp. con;.-peB. 

**} fliiicno, Oya laRBS iac, kojiif na HenrpajbHy Pagy poOiiHUiiTBO uoKia- 
^a.-io na^ii, ciiOAisaioiiicb 3Fiaiim u niS 3acTynHHTj;io CBO'ix*ii])aFi ia imepeciB. ^OFsaaoa 
n,boay aii.ijiiTi.cn, aiat iFitmiia, npHla^ ,w I'eneiia.ibHoro CeKpoiapiaTy fteMfanjI Bi^ 
po/ikHHKis souen^Koro ByriatHoro paSoHy 3i CKaprom aa peaKuiBHHH BiBcbKOBuM 
peatua Jen. KaaeaiHa aa Jl,otitnnni Ta auajaai i ehi yTucun npora pofiiTHHtni «p- 
(6niaaH,iri i npoxaBHaa bh3iiojimtb poCiTBOiiciji 3-nij, moro peatnay. I'encpaJi.auH 
CcKpeiapiaT uoTyiiHB Teacfpa<(mHBO u snociiuu a ^oacwtaa OiaaaHoa (feuepaao* 
Ka.ieAitt!f*) i aoGhbch »oro, mo oeranniii noo6in;aB ue fisiniTH nini.-uit yiBXRiB „rpo- 
■aflCjbKHa opfaaiaaiiiaa a Ix pofioTi." 



73 



aa ianpecu Tpyji.fi moro .'i»,T,y, norpoaa, uoboi GpaToryfSao'i hIMhii, mo orcioniena 
Pa^OK' tia|,n.uii!i li'"Mi«a[>iii .Vicpaiiti, pyfiayf: CpaTepcrso Tpyjiamux aepciB y<?ix 
eapo^iu, iioa''V r V' l; 3'* : npoiiBn aanioBajikaol aopoirtBeit ia aaTeanieifi k-ihcobv eni,no«icTb 

■af, cnpfiaJOmi TJ[)I CMim SpOCTOBi KOBTppOBOJlJOHil. 

B)i3Ba»<iB, mo Bi,nnoBi;i,i, feHepaatnoro Cewpwapiery j 17. rpyjBit (n. ct.) 
e najeiKJioio Kf/amjtWD na 3aaax Hapo;iHii Koakapis aa upasa yKpaiacwtiix ceasa, 
poGiTHiiKin i noHKb, BceyKpaincBKnH 3'i;u Pa x O.ihbclkhx, PoClthh'ihi i CaajtaT- 
G&tcatl ^cnyiaTin yaa-,i;ai: notpifiaBi oacuTH Bcix EtaxorfB, moO hc ^onjxTHTa ro npo- 
.inrra DparepCtaM BpeBH, i anepTacTica a rapHimi uxbhUW ,(o BtLpojuB Pocii Bc.iaa 
'■nocoCaaii aaaoOirta koik.ihboctii uoboi laaeoaoi BiiiHB," 

Uicjifl jy>oro 3'l3A yiBa-iiiB cjrijrjiOHHH TeKCT bj^osbh ro 
uapo,i,iB Pocii: 

..IJparro ! Buwne TpBOS pOKJB chum bcix Kaposi, c-ymax B Pocii, noiuriM' 
nii.isiea a oKouai. JI,oBri poKK aa bci paao* 6opo.iHca 3 ocopyatBBa caao^cpjitaBitHB 
.wjoa i cdubhukh cH.iaaii ROCaraB liepe-Jtoiu pt'iiciiuijj'i. Jlepmm jij.joh bojihko']' 
peBu.iFon.il 6y.io uporo.ioineHBa npaB ycix napojua na caaoOBHaHeaHH. J^iatecLKHii 
aapo^ BHKopacTaB csoe apano Ta nporojociia yKpaiaeiKy Hapojutio Pecay(5jiHKy. 
IJJb HapojniH Peenyojiunj Pasa Hapoflaix KosricspiB oiioBimae BiBay ! 3 teHepaio* 
IHuiteHo'ypr'oa Pajia Hapojiaix Koaicapifi se^e aapoai neperosopa, a jeaoKpafii scut 
na|fijiii yxp&3H Bona ciaBiiTB yawaaaTya i Korpoaiye' biIboks. 

Ha caoBax Pajia Hapo r iuix Koaicapin na'ie 6 npH3Bai: npuao nanii aa eaao- 
osHa'ieaaa ax jo BiflOKpesueuun. A:ic n,e ti.ij.ku aa ctoBai, a na jiLsi BJiaaB Koaka- 
pia HaaaraeTLCH 6pyiaabB0 aaiaiyaaTaca n ,T,ia.'ii.HtCTi > r KpaiBCBKoro IIpaBHTejLCTBa, 
Hae bbkobyc iio.ik> saKoaojiaiuoro opfany — J(,enTpa.iiHO'i yispaiBCBBOi Pajrji. Sac 
;i: iiy npaao na caaooaaaneHEfr ?! llcnae. Koaicapu xoaBonnioTb eaM003aa T iyBaTHca 
tUbkm caolii naprii", BCI at HHUti Ypyiin .ikiauoctb la HapOjui boiih, bk i napctKe 
iipaitHte.iic-Titn, xdiiyn, ipaaaTn ni,t OBoew Kopaiirum cnjioro iifipo'i. A.ie yKpainctKHit 
aapoff ne jah toio CKnuya 3 ceoe napcane apao, m,o6 3anpHrTaca b apso KoMicapin. 
I nc j.ia Toro aapo,iu Poci'i nparayii. aaaapeasfl na ijipouri, m.06 b TH.ty pooao'iaiH 
m.e tipajaniruy 6pA*orybay alxycoBay lifmy a pa^ax eaao'j AeaoKparii. 

HeHTpa-iLiiy .VKpaiacBuy Pa.^y Hapo,ini KoaicapH iiporojomyKiTi "ypiKyaaaoai. 
Ta ik ne iipaB^aV Hi, ne — nsxxetf! ltenT]>aJBay P;uv BjHSpdSa 3"i3^a pofiiTaaKiji. 
ci.iiur i cajj^aTia ycici J'KpalHH. fifiMp> aicaiuu njn>]ia,i.im. uuin 6opOT!>6y aa apana 
AeaoKpaTi'i Ta uanioiia-itBiix aeatuiocifiii yKpaiaw. 3a n,eB <iac ifeHTpa-itpa, ^w 
3opiaaiay.Da.Ta koiio ceOe ce.iaacTno Ta poOiTDiiKtii. af,i,Ha-ia. y^pinteebjia peTJo.iiom'ifjre 
uii'i'M.Ko. npnro.TocHJia Haposaro .\'KpaiacLi;y Pecttyfliaisy ii cxiagf '$CAepaT)niao'i 
Pocii, iicpc,T.a.Ta aca.'iKi Spj bbrjiij ipya.OEi.>My aap<uoai. aaae.ia BO«>)iui'i:i,niina«ii 
1'in'njij.aii Acni. i Aoi'-ia,; aa BiipoOaHHTBoa, caacyBaJift Kapy aa caepn., Raaa aaiiifiip. 
:ia iio.iiTii'jui apocTymtB ia npofoflpCHJa Han,ioaa.TLiio-nepcoaa.n.ay aaioBOBiio jau 
acHLiaocTett yKpafim. Bctoro nioro sona ftocaraja bo aapyrneHBaa npaa huiubi 
napoa,in, a uominioKj 3,0 aax ; hc uacyBaHgna rposaAaijci.Kuic Ta no-ihwrnax csofiij,, 
a ix Doopoaoio ; ue 36poefo Ta aacniiCTBoa, a BUKpaiow aopJaaiaoBaaoio ao-iiTKi- 
aoio OopoTi,ooio. Oi aa aay npau,io Hapoa.ni Koaicapn ofiWBaMi UenTpa.11.ny I'a r x_v 
i'pyp;Kya3iiHa iipanHTe.ii>CTBoa. Ta caac aa ne bch ^caoKparin yKpaiiui iii,i,TpHayi!:ua 
i 6yse ntppaayBaTu HeaTpaaLny Paay, aao Jiaiiunmy b Kpaio Bjia^y, VTBopeity 
cnijKOio peBOJUortisiuHx ceaaa, poOiTrtmaB i ca^nariB) ;u' toto abb, kojib aa aii'ni- 
Pa.iji cTaae BepxoBinrii rociiosapi yapaiaciiKcj'i 3eari — yi;paiaoi>Ki >'cT.aaoB<ii Bflopn. 

BpaTii i Tniiapmiii ■ poOiTHBKIf, ca.i.TaT]i Ta ceaaae! Xi6a ne bb onniiii-TM.ni 
i:iiiny pbBO.Tionii1nia' ,i,eMOKpaTi'i yicjiaiBB? Xi<Ja Baa TpeSa ayainni bo.tH' na 7VptRsA9 
Xirta an imamatTe aac, r T.ea<iKpariK) .VKpa'iaa, cTpauirriaiiiB soporoa, aiac noji4iirr;a 
l'iaj,'3Hfiypra? ! Hi, a:i Bfomy ne sipHio ! IIoaipKyare ! CKaatiTt tub, aid fleayTi. 
nac, Pajti Ha]Ki;»iix Koaicapia, mo bobh po3iioaajB bjiq'dibjic ftiiui. CKajKiTB ia. 
mo bb ne napyiaHTe toi C])aTBbo'i =ro,\n ainc yKpaiaoio i sciaa napoflaaa V 
11a aay poCanTt :sawax iteTporpa^ciKi Koaieapu. 

'Ioro an xu'teao ? Ma xo'icao yiBopuTH Bcepocittotsy $e,T,epaTHBHy a.ia,Ty. 
«Ka oiripajacfl aa 3opraBi30Ba«y bojiki napo,niB i itpaiB. II,s BJiaaa aoBaaaa flyra 
OAH(tpo«ito-con;in.TicTa'inoFo, ai^, flojiLmeeBKiB no Hapoftflix eonjajicTiB bkjiio>iho. Ma 
waaracaoca Bcraanoro aara-uuioro ftCMi>Kpaiu>jaoro aaaapoaBa. 0» ce apofpaaa 



74 



Hanwi ,T,iMi>uocTii i naiam xoiiaraiiB. Once nirraciio, <th aa 11,10 npoipany bh jro^H- 
teca npiiGopKaTH nac rapaaiaMU Ta GaiHeTami ? CnnoiTLca, Gpa-ra i roBapHHii! lll,o6 
ui o^na pyisa cejaHHHa, po6iranKa 'in caji^ara He 3a»aiHyjiacs Ha caoro Gpata ! 
(U,o0 ui o;uio'i xpau.-ii Kposn ae npojimtocs b GpaToryGBiB Biilni ! 

^OCHTt KpoBIl I" 

IIpo IteaTpaatHy Pajjy 3'i3j. npBfiHSB Taity pe30juoij,iro : 

„IIpHfiMaio^H lift yBary, mo yKpa'iHCLKa HeaTpaji.ua Paaa, iipeflCTaBBBujuo 
u BOTpitt SeanepecTaHHO nonoBifoeTi.cn, coa^aiiTi.ca s BceyiepajBCLKiix pas fp.'jau- 
cbkui, poOiTHirinx i caJAaTCLKiii flenyiaTiH, BHupamix na uceyftpaiHCBKin a'I»jtai, 
i 3 npejcraBHaiiiB ,ie«0Kpaiii uaniouajbinii xeubniocieii, tepea nt,o Bona jhbjuiu 
a cefie raaiacoBnii npaBocMtHnii saKOHo^aTHHii opfaH peBo.iton,iftHOi ji-enoKpaTii 
yBpaiHH, Ta 3Baa«uoim ua to, m;o nporuaonteHHtiE Tpenoro .VHiBepeaay l(ciiTpajii.ifa. 
Pa^a ciaaa Ha uuax uiHpoKtii coa,LHjit,uiis i iiojiruviUHX pe^opM Ta upiicTymura ;;o 
HaiHiBHSioro cKJiBKaHHa yKpalHctEHi ycTanosqai 36opis ( BRUM CJ,HHO U,OHTpaj!l>na 
Paaa Koate nepeaawi bcm noBHOiy B.ia^it aa yspatnl, — WftH Pas CejumetKui, 
PofiiTHHiBX i CajmaTeiKHi JI,enpaMB J'KpaiHB isBaatae u ep e b a G.p a u 11 a 
U e a t p a .i 1, u 1 1 1 P a ,i i! netiacBUi i h e 11 t p 1 G 11 11 x. 

Ili^Kpecjioio^H cbou p i 111 y >i e n u a r a h h 11, m,o6 IJenTpaJiLHa Pa^a 
b cBo"i& ftaii&intu pofloii CTOBJia TBep^o Ha CTopoitti 3^o6yiKiB peBojiion,ii, 11 0- 

HIHpKHOIlt i UOrjHfijIIOKIIH EeBltlltBD CBOK) peBtl.TOUJUHJ' THOpilCTL 

i odopoHitioMii neioniBO Kiieosi i e t e p e c 11 ipjjoBo'i je- 
■ OKpaiil, Ta mo6, He Bi r n&nas,aio>iti, ctutHKaJta a c ui ft <iac S'KpaiHCLKi ycTaumni 
iJGopn, HKi cj,hiio bojkvtl bhubhtii cupaBxHio bo.iio Bciei ReaOKpaTii yKpaiiiu, — 
31sfl Pas Ce^aHCiKHi, PoGitbhihi i CajtflaTCtKBX Jt,enyraTiu yupafniT bhciobikic 
aa nijt uuuiv U,eBTpajiiiifl Paa.i cboi n i :ik b h t c 3, v i p p a i G i 11. h i: 
IS cbobj pitnyiy n i a,fl e p ac Ky." 

3a n,fo peBoaiouiio ronocyeaB ysect ji,BOX3noJOBBBoio-TBca , rait8 
3"i3K, Kpi« ]s,box aeayTaTiB, mo nojtaiH roracH npoTii, Ta jj,box, yfpiiMaB- 
nrHxcH Bin roJiocoBansa. 

TaK, aanicni. nepeBHfiopiB HenTpantHOi PajH, Kocavm 6oji&tneBiTKji 
cKJiDKaHHUK 3'i3sy njjiKOM npOTBJieatHoro Haani^Ky : yKpai'HCbKa ^eaoKpaiifl 
BHCJioBHJia IJ,enTpajTbHiH Pa^i hobhc jOBipps, crpBtcaBiaHCt uia, HKof-Syat 
KpHTiiKu 11 3isTTn,H0crH, xoq i Ma^a i:iTepia.i to TaKOi KpBTBKii i 6yjia 
Bse ji;o net nparoTOBJieHa. llpaaapa noxo^y MocKOBui,nHH Ha yitpaiHy 
Base KH^aaa yEpaiHctsy HeBOKpaTiK) Biipano, b 6ir stfepeateHHH ejj,BHoro 
flar^ioHajn.Horo fpoHTy i 3aTyniK0ByBaEHa MosteHTy kjacoboI OopOTtCn. 
A u;e fiyjia ojpa b HaitdiiLiiiax uifci^ any Hecia bib Ha Mockobiu,hhh 
a yKpalHoro yKpai'HctKiH peBOJitoaii. 

4»pasnifl: poeiaetKBX coi^iaib-seiiOKpaTiB 6ojbuieBBKiB, nodaiBBnrii, 
ib,o cnpaBa si S'laaoM nporpaaa juw Hei, BiAMOBHaact 6pani b Htoiy 
yiacTj. me he nonaTKy 3ia;i.v, kojih Baecena Hero npono3Bii;ia npo mis- 
Hairna 3'l3,ny TiatKH Hapajtoio Cyjia o^KBHyTa i 3'iaji; BB3HaB ce6e npaso- 
MoraBM, Hisaime ippaKuifl u.a, pasom 3 ijacTnaoio TJieHiB kbIbclko! Pa^ii 
Po6iTHH<iBx i C»JiAaTci.Kn\" .HenyTariB, nepeixaaa flo XapbEOBa i oroJiocnjia 
TaH CBiii „BceyKpaiflCbKflii 3'i3^ Paji, PofiiTnniBx, CeaaHcbKnx i CajiaaT- 
obkbx HenyTariB",*) bkhh o6paa BnKOHaBHHB Koaiier — opi'an coBiTCticoI 
BJiajiB ua yKpalfii. Heii komItbt oroaocBB HeHTpajLHy Pany po3Qywejioio 
i eraB aKTBBiio ji,onoiioraTH neTporpaflCbKifl Paji Hapo^Hix KoiieapiB b mmi 
upOTH yKpai'HCbKoI HapoAHboi PecnydiiflKH, 



*) Ua — tai; 3Banaii nepnma S'jii Pas P06., Cai. 
yKpa'iHCLKOl Con,iaaiciM4HOI PasaiiciKOi PecnyfijiHKH. 



MepBOKoapM. flenyTariB 



— 76 - 

T;ik siaiuaacb ai'iiania mookobci,khx CofluneBHRiB aa nepeBB<JopH 
HeiiTpaahHoI Pafla. 

3;uaH i iyK>4H oraaa; noajii uepenoiiOBoro MoneaTy b yKpalncbKifr pe- 
B03K>u,ij, an iioBHnai niflKpecsniH tjt wj& pa3 caiajK™ Barman' bhchobki 

a thi no/ufi" : 

1 . lepea Te, mo yfcpaiaehKa peBOJUonja 6yaa peBoaiouieio ne tUlkb 
cowuibHO-eKOnoimHUOJO, ajie oJiHoaacao it HaiuoHaabao-aojiiTHraoio, i <repe3 
iipii'iiiiiH, aid Han-niBaioTt a ocoojihboi eKoaoaniHoi i 3BHaaaoI 3 ipi 
GVCDtJbHO-KJiHCOBOi CTpyRTypn YKpaiEH, yicpalHCbKa peBoaiou,ia poBBH- 
ita.racfc bo cboIx Baacaax ssaKoaax, xoa i aia, bbjihbok aaraflbHopoeiacbKOl 
peBOJUbiui y Bcix (Jiaaax oCTaEH&oi. 

2. 3arposa Han,ioaa,n,inix Bflft(SjTKa* yspaiHCbKoi pesojiionil 8 <5osy 
potiiacbKOro (locKOBCbKoro) cycuiatcTBa i mqckobcbkoI a,eBTpajiicrBiao- 
iMDepiaaicrH'iHOi t» aaiuoEaabBo-BiOBiaicTuaBoI Oypxyaaaol jiepataBBocTH 
i <5opoTb6a aa ri aa.oo'yTKE raabHyBaaH poaBFTOK KJtacoBoi (iopoTbOH aa 
yKpalni, uiTOBxaio<ni con.waicTHaEO-peBO.'ifoiuany yicpaiaebfcy aeuoKpaTiro 
aa cBiBpofiiTHHU,TBO a jipi6HO-6yp«ya3an«H aaujoaajibnEiiH eaeMeHTaniH, 
b *JopMi tsk aBaaoro ea,Haoro HanjoaajrbHoro ^P*>ary. 

3. CUaaie, no Mipi Toro, aK aaaioHaibai BjtooyTita CTaBara see 
i'h.ti.ib pea^banun i capaBa aaa,toaaJibaoro BBaBOJieaaa aatfauxaaacb Bee 
6iabrire a.o csoro Kian^Boro aoanTHBHoro po3BB3aHaa, b peBoaioninHifi 
aKnjI yKpaiacbKoro po6iTaan,TBa, ceaaacrBa r Boatsyaa, (ia aoarraiHEx 
napriii, iu,o BacTyaaafl nE BepcTBn) noaaaaa dpata ropy noneaT coajsabHO- 
eKOBOMnqaHu nw aan.ioaajibao-aoaiTB'iBiiJiJ. B 3BB3Ky 3 hbm erolTb, nacaiH 
,Tj;i:e.rocTpa, KpaTinta jiibolo aacTaaoio yKpalaci.KOl peBOaroii.iHHo'i flenoKpaiii 
iioaipKORaHoro, ao6ya,OBaaoro aa Koaain,it a apiCaooypacyaaaHMB (aanjoaaab- 
HRXii i aeyKpaiacbKaMa) eaeseHTaiH tcypcy conjaflbao-eKoaoMnaHoi no- 
.iiTUKn H,enTpaiibBOi Paj^i: i ^oaaraaaa il — nopBaxa 3 e/taaHM yKpai'acbKHH 
uanioaa.ibanM (CP^™ 11 Ta sBflaaaoro a hem noaiTHKoro i CTaTB piary^e 
i Bnpaano aa auiax TBopeaaa poftTaiiie-ceaHBCbKOi jiepa^BHOCTii. 

4. Paxyio'incb 3 o6"eKTBBna.iui yiOBasH poaBiiTKy peBOJiKnUlHaBKpaiai, 
cbi,t,obo Gaacawaa ua^axn yicpaincbKoro xapatcrepy i yicpaiBCbKBX (f ? 11 
TBOptisiii yKpaincbKiii pooiTHHqe-ceaaacbKin a;epataBHOCTB, jKpalacbKa co- 
jiiaaicTniiio-peBoafouiBaa flesOKpa™ BHpotfaaa b nponeci peBoaionji Bjacni 
m6toj;b (5opoTb6n aa coiya-ibBO-eKoaoiHiai ijieaJiH yKpalacbKnx npau,ioroanx 
Mac, owtBHBaracb Biji; fiesKpnTaanoro naciiayeaHHa i nepetfeceaaa aa 
YKpalay MeTO^iB moceobcbkoi peBOJiroitiT, 

0. $aKTa yKpalHCbKoi peBOjnonii (b aaaffaaeaiM KI nepio,i;i) nepe- 
KOiiyFOie i aenoxHTHO csUiaTb, ib,o pobbiitok mtacoBoi' conja.itao-eKOHO- 
jrnaaol 6opoTb6'n aa yKp'atm bbcb aa'c aeBiianao SaroB Baepea;, Saayio^HCb 
aa BHyTpiniBix canax yKpaliictKOi peBOJiK)u,ii, i ato BBTBopeai b nponeci 
pe3n.1rou.il peBoaroaiBao - n;cpKaBni opi'aaH yKpai'acbKOi jreMOKpaiii — 
IIjeaTpMbHa Paa,a i TeaepajibBTifi CcKpeTapiaT, xot i ojcTaBaaa b cboIS 
aiajibaocTn (ocotfanao i roaoBaira muov. ocTaHxil, to6-to Tea. CeEpe- 
Tapin?) Bfc( saaaaienoro poaBntKy, npoxe ae CTaaa scyaepea fiosyj loraa 
oyra b BOTpidBBH fac pe(j»opHOBaai <m 5 aOBcis ycyaeai a npoBiiaoro 
Miciw Baacaaaa caaasiB camol yKpaiacbKoi peBoaion,iHHOi a,eMOKpaTii (II aisoio 
aactnHOK)). 






— 7rt • — 



6. PofliTHHHe-ceaflHCi.Ka peBOJuoniH na Mockobiuuqi (nepexifl BJiapji ao 
pocificbKoi con.iaat-AeHOKpaTH'iHoli' napTil 6oflb!ueBHKiB) ,na cboih noiaTKj 
noairaBHO BiuraHyjia Ha pobbbtok yKpalacbftoi peao^fonii, npiicnimyroiH 
i iiojieKDiyioiH npon,ec khhcoboI 6opoTb(>H Ha YKpalai, i, hk Tana, 6yjia 
npHXBaLHO 3ycTpinyTa yKpalHCbKOio conia.iicTHiHO-peBOJiioaiHHOio .neio- 
Kparieio. O^naie, 3 qacoar, no mpi bhhbji&hhh u,eBTpaJiic™HB:o-sepsaB- 
niui,bKHx TeHjieHniB npoBij;nHKiB mockobcfkoi coujaJiicrnHHoi poBOJiion,iI 
i BBflaaanx 3 tiimh TeHneuu,iasn KOHKpefiiiix naiipis OCTaHoix nijinopajtKy- 
Ba™ hijikosi i 6ewrjian,o yicpaiBctKy peBoaioijiK) ■ MOCKOBobKiS peBOJUQn.il 
i yKpalHCbKy ^epataBniuTb mockobclkm jtepxcgBHocra, mfi ytcpaiffCbica 
peBCiionifiHa aeMOKpaTw BBaaiaJia hobiim aasaxos HepBOHOi Mockobqi,hhh 
Ha Hai^ioBaabHO-nojiiTBqHe i Ban,iOHaJitao-KyabTypae EHaBOjeana yKpai'H- 
e&Koro Hapojiy, — MOCKOBCLKa conjajiicTiraa peBCwiKmia Bee 6ijrbuie 
TpaxHJia b CBoeHy nosiTHBaoiiy snaiinHro naa yicpaTnH, BaSipaioiH 3Ha- 

llBBfl KOHTppeB0M)HlBHOrO. 

Ha uboiy I'pynri, rojiOBBHi iimoi, i noBcvajia, napeum, tuxksl, 
mKi^jiHBa ji,jra yKpaiHCbKOl i pocmcbKoT peBOJnon.il BifiHa mik Mockob- 

WBHOH> fl YKpalBOiO. 

^ifieHicTb HtoporoKO noHCTHiacb uiamnje Haj temb, xto xotIb ii 
ifHopyBaTB. 



HacTHHa II. 

TpareAia yKpamcbKo'i peeojiouii. 

("Mima .! CofiiTciKOKt Poeieio. HbtentKa „,T,onoJtora''.') 

Po3^;iji II. 

Bitea 3 CoBiTCtKoio Poeieio i arap a IJeHTpajiBHHMH 

8. BiHHa 3 CoBITCbKOK) M0CK0BU3.HH0H). BijJHOCHHH Iffiac yKpa'lDCbKOK) 

HapojHtoio PecnydiitKOK) i CoBixcBKOio Pocieto 3 nepiims xe flniB icxKy- 
Bama nax 3,box pecnyCinK HaopaiiH neBiipa3Horo xapapcrepy. 

CnouaTKy pociiicbKi (JojiBuieBBKii Ha yicpaini enpooyBaffl 6ysa 
uiTH paaos b IJeirTpaaBHOio Pa^oio, aae capotfa na ho yBinnaaact ycnixoM. 
Hearpajitna Pa,%a, hk mh Ba;e BKaayBajin, BiicjiOBHuact. iipoTH noBcxaHHa 
SoihiueBBKiB b Ilexporpajti, BBaataroin, mo BJia^a b PocificBKiii Pecnytwinni 
Mae HaiexaTH OflHopoffHoay couiajricTHHtJOJiy npaBHTCJibcxBy, cujiajt,eHOBty 
Baarajii a ycix ConjflJiciiB — „bw uapojiaix conjaaieTiB a,o 6o;ii>iiieBnKLE'\ 
a He aniue cairiii coiiifl^B-ji:eMOKpaTH i iBiji nap™ CoabuieBQKiB. Ha^pea"- 
.ironja Pa r nu 6yjia npimrnioio BHSOay 3 HenTpam-noi Ta^H pocmctKHX 
(5oju.iBeBHKiB i raraa aa co6o» poadHTxa Ha yKpalm Toro „osHopoji,n;oro 
coniajiicTHqHoro <}iponTy", arair xoTiaa Paaa yxBopHTH ,pa sciei Pocii. 
BojrbmeBHKB", niJiKOM npHpo^HO, nosejiH ji;a.ii cbow ceoapaTuy aKnjio, 
npHiyioiH afl BCTaHOBJieHHH paflBHCbKoi BaajtD lepes HeHTpaatny Paaj 
hh no-aa neio, A nepea re, m,o b po6ori HempaflbKOi Pa;w ap Toro 
nacy bohh He (ipajra Mamee HiaKOi yiacxn, to k io HanjoHaatHo-BnaBOJibiioro 
pyxy cTaBniHCb Becb nae 6afi;iyse, kojid He BOpome, He aooi^nioBain 
Barn HauioaajibHoro MoaieHxy b yKpamctKiii peBoaroni! Baarani i dHaiiFHH 
IJ,eaTpajLHoi Pajw a'OKpeaa i cxhjihjihcb CurBine Jto cnocofiy BBe;i,eaHa 
paaaHCbKoi Bnaa.ii aa ygpalHi, MB 6h sobhth, a ropH, irtropyioHfl yK-patHCbiri 
coniaJiicniiHi nap™, b TOMy iHcai ii aieimi Jx (fipaimif. 

Heaae manoro cyimiBy, iu,o kojih 6 pociScbKa con.ia.!ib-ieiiOKpaxiiHHa 
napxia 6oamieBHKiB Majia aa cofioio Hapoad Mac», xoh 6h, npimipon, 
BiactKOBi, BOHa ne cnanHaact 6h nepea. opyaiHHM poaroHOM IleBTpaabHOl 
Pain. IIpo ne cBi^ian,, ais hboihm, cnpoo*n 6oJttuieBHKiB ni^HaTH 
noBCTaHHa b KiiiBi, npom smu lycba IJeHTpaaBBa Paja 6opOT0Ct, sa- 
pein'ri, po3a6pocnHHW 6ojibuieBHu;bKHx BificbKOBnx ^acTHH (12. rpyftHH hob. 



- 7K 



ct.*) Arirania 6ojjtujeflHKiB sa BepeBHOopa IJeBTpaabHoi' Pajin i .ckm- 
KaflHa asm BceyitpaiHObKoro 3'inay Paa po6iTHBiHX, caJuarcLKiix i oeaaH- 
ctKHS ^enyiariB (5y.iH tmlkb noMiiBHMH sacotfaMn #o opysaoro aaxonjieHHB 
BaajjH. Eyny^a HacTpoeKi bomobhbto. 6oanueBHKH Ha YKpaiffi, BjiacHe, 
i He afiajffl oco6jihbo npo *e* mod hkocb nop03jiiraei. 3 HeHTpaibHoio 
Pjw>k> ih yKpa'jHCbKiiiH coipaaicTHiHHaH napTiaHH. He ahbho owze, nio 
bLihochbb Mia: hhmh i UeaTpaiMioio Pa^oio tbk djbhako 3arocTpnjiHCb 
i ctojih zym.e BopoatHMH. 3aBnnHJia TyT, be Ta, ran i jipyra ciopoHa, 
npn qojfy pocifletKi (iojibnieBHKH saaeKO b 6inbiuiil Mipi, mac IJeB- 
TpajibHa Pa,a;a. 

Iloripineaaa BijpocBH Mis HeffrpaiibHOio Panoio i <>0JibiiieBiiKaMH 
Ha yEpaim tamo sa cotfoio noripnreHHH Ta HanpyjKeflHH buhocjih i Mia: 
HeHipajitHOio Pa^oio Ta Pa^oio Haponuix KoMicapie PoeiScbKoi CoBiTCbKof 
Pecny6iHKH. Po336poeHHH HeHTpajibHOio Pa^oio (kutbineBHiijiKHX bJhob^ 
kobhx qacTHH y KhM Pa^a HapoiHk KoniicapiB BBasaaa btohkom, iukj,i- 
.ihbhm flaa peBOjnoD,ii, Bopoaaw CoBiTCbKiii Pocii i ?epe3 to HexonycmMBM. 
JIi,e Climb HeaaflOBOJieHa (Jyia Paxa Hapoftrii KoMicapie thm, mo TCeu- 
Tpajibna Paaa ne cniiunjia s BDaHannsM Pajia Hapo^Hix KoiicapiB pocnt- 
cbssa. (w, Kpame csasara, BcepociHChKBM) HpasnTejibCTBOM i Bena annuo jfl 
cTBopeHHa n CBoro u <pei,epa;rbHoro ypaay, oanoiacHO orojtocnBoiHHeBTpaaiTeT 
b oopoTboi, m,o came noiaaacb niac Pa^oKi Hapoftuis KotiicapiB i Ofijiacno 
BiacbKa ^OHCEKoro. Ujea „HefiTpa3iTeT" oyn tdm aonjKyflbHimHK kjw 
upaBHTCjibCTBa JIaHiHa, mo renepajibHnu CeupeTapiaT, nponycrcaroiH nepea 
yKpaiHy a (fipoHTiB na ,3,oh jwacbici Koaaii laera (aKi HanpaBusjmcb Ty^n, 
mo npasna, He criabKH 3 njjrjiio 6opoTb6H a <Soju.uieBnKaMH, ckijibkh 
b nopa^Ky caMO^tBHHOi ^Mo6iai3aHii $poHTy) b to5 ate lac ne aonoioraa 
nepeflBHaaHHiQ na ,2,oh nepea i'spalny (SojibHieBHHbKitx BificbKOBBx macron, 
m,o HanpaBviajiHCb Tynn aaa 6opoTb6n a ^ohoh 3 HaKaay „BepxOBHOFO 
roaoBHOKOManayKuJoro" — 6ojibnieBHKa KpiureHKa**) KpiM ntoro, „aa- 
Eaasajia" TIeHTpaJibHa Pa^a Pa^i HapojEix KoiicapiB S nBDOiBH caoco6aiB. 
Jin Bxe 3rasyBajin upu xenoi'paiiH IleTJiropH ho BmebKa na (JtpoHri npo 
Te, iu,o6 He BBKOHyBarn naKaais PaiH Haponnix Koarieapis. IIopyH 
a hhmb Tpe6a nocTaBBTH 8H0CBHH reHepaabHoro CeKpeTapiary 3 peaK- 



*) Btjio po336pO£no : Tpeiiit aoiau;iBBHfi napK, tiHTiiii aBiauifitmil napK, hoh- 
TOHHHii SaTSJiiOH, nepmy 3anacny riptirey CaTapeio, saamnpoBCLicy ia:KKy apTHJiepuo 

ft EHDli BlflCBKOBi laCTHHH. Poas6pO£ai ^aCTHHH p03nj'meflO flOJIOJiy. IIpOTDBUBCIl 

po3sdpoeHHKi tijilkh Tjjeiil aBian;iiiHnii napK, Mia; hkhh i Catalan u ^fiorflaitiBusiiu" 
cTaaacL fiiiisa. BojtuieBiiKH iotjjih liUnoaicTii na po336poenHg CTpaSKOM b Khibi, 
aae cipaiiK He BffaEca. 

**) BaacMe „BUBa" feuepaatuaro CeKpeiapiaxy TyT d,ukoii ^opaa-iLiia. Ilepe- 
.(uuxenjia AOHiaKiB ]>oSm.iocl aaHiEe CTiiiifiHO ; noflififlo j,o loro, bk rarjaci „fto 
Aony" dpi ca.TAaici.Ki MaqH, caupvHuuo xeMoOiaisyio'iBct, iaK cajio pBajnci y CBiii 
Bpafi, b cso'i cxaHDui, i Ko.iaKU. IIpaBaa, ne CaacaBEsi pa^oBHi KoaantKHi Mac Ha 
pasi <5yao Ha pysy pcaKi^iiiniil EtosanibKiH ciapinuni, n;o yBS3ajact y Bifiiiy 8 CoBii- 
etsoio Pocieio, aae n,e He xiaae lapaKTepy „BepeKHjKB" Ko^aqra. lacTim a fpoBry 
na ^oii. Cbhhhth hk) iiepeKH r T,Ky BiKe aixio ae sdr, a thk CLaLme ne noraa 3[io6hth 
Uioro IteHipajii,Ha. Pajta, KOTpa soBcitt ae Kaaa noTpiSuoi ftia n,i,oro BiflciKOBoI 
i.-hjii. , 3kob me Si ypoincii ofiiiinDKii Ao r %epacyBaTBCL apywirii Bi^Bocmi mm Bcima 
CyBniHsra uapo^ami i ofijiacxajiH Pocif, jiaai aa 'd'b^i Hapo^iB y Kn'iui, ssaBnjioct, 
,io <!oroct 3o6oBfl3yBMit IteuTpajiMiy Pa.T.v. 



■ " 




IliflHHM (JipOBTOBHI KOSatfJiyBaHHai, mo, xoi i IBJIH Ba M6Ti HadiDBBane 

iiepeBeAfiHHH yKpaiaiaanil BiaetKa, a Be BaaeceBaa atcolcb bhcokh cqo- 
u,iflju>HO Pajji HapOflHix KoiicapiB, npoie BBKopBCTOByBajmcb KOMaa,ny- 
Banaa» caie j^h 6opOTt<5B b ooJibmeBBKaiB. Mam cbob BHaiiHHB i aa- 
xojih" I'eHepanbHoro CeKperapiffry, HanpaBireBi ao nptinnaeHaa 6ea- 
KoarpojitHoro bbbosj xai6a a yKparBB Ha MocKoamnny, jo noro BasjiHcb 
6yjra ai'eHTn Pa^H Hapojpix KoiicapiB 6ea Bcaitoro nopo3yiUHHH b Hea- 
TpajFBHOH) Paioio. 

rpyaroM ua bc'ix hhx iBeaeHaax HenoposyiiBb <Syjio, ib« ubdihs, 
HeBHBHaHBfl IJeHTpanbHoio Pafloro Pa^H Hapo^Bix KoiicapiB aa neHTpajitne 
pociacbKe coBiTCBKe npaBBTMbeTBO Ta saraBBa 3 <J>opiajibHHS npBanaBHai 
aa npaBirrejibCTBo Mockobbpbh (npH faKTHvnoiy BBaaaHHio) i, BaBnaEH 
— neBnaflanHa Paji;o» Hapojiaix KoiicapiB yKpalncbicoI HapoflBboi Pec- 
nyfijiBKB i IJeHTpajitHoI PajiH. OdoaiabHe „BH3aaBHa — He BHBHaHHa" 
Tapjiocb (poptiajibHO ax no jeHt HpeA'snaeBHs Pa^oio HapojjBix KoiicapiB 
y.itbTHsaTy«a UenTpaibBiB Paw. 3a n,efl vac (a jihh orojiomeHna yupala- 
cbKOl HapoaHboI PecayfijBKB i no aem. npe^'aBjreBHH yjibTasaryia) bso 
Bia6yBajiHCb cepioani KOmjuiiKTu mix, U,eHTpajn>aoio PaflOio i Pa^oio Ha- 
po^nix KoiicapiB; busk BiiiCbKOBHMB qacTBHaia Tpanjis^acb B»e SifiKB. 
$poHTOBe 6ojibmeBHn,bK8 KoiaBjiyBaHHfl, bo 3Kayin BBpiuienna capaEH 
BsaeaoBijiHOCHB n ,a;HiiJibOMaTniHDi u auaxoi, Btfipaaocb ii™ uoxojtoi Ha 
KhIb, na IJenTpajibBy Pajiy, Albania npoTB UjeHTpaJibaoi Pajp i 06"- 
BBByBaiyBaHHa fi (3 6oKy pocificbKBX 6oJibineBHKiB aa yEpaiHi i Pa,p 
Hapo^Hix Koiicapis) b KOHTppeBOJUQHiiaocTH aa6pajnt HaaaBHiaHno 
rocTpax $opM. 

Hr ou,iuioBaii b Toii vac uoah-Biny enryaiiiio i aajiiBJiaBca Ba 
MOKaHBiCTb opyamoro KOHijwiiKTy mijk YKpaiacbKOJO HaponHtoio Pecny6- 
iinKoro i CoBiicLKOK) Pocieto I'enepajibiiuS CeKperapiflT, bHjIho, iuk iihuibm, 
a Bi^oaBu floro 3,0 rpoiaaaacTBa yxpaiflH, BBftaaoI aeaaflosro nepeji, kob- 
^JiiKTOi (flpyroro aaa bicjih poaaSpoenua b Kai'Bi 6ojiBiueBHHbKHx qacran) 
3 npHBOjiy 6o^bDieBHn,bKoi ai'iTauif npo™ HeaTpa.ibHoi Pa^a. 

Oct asicT nieT Bi^oaBU : 

B Bc3DiAnoEi,xajbH'I aio,a,e, mi poayjriioit peBciKmbo, he jajiaHUH scssoro 
:iO]ifani30BK,noro -*htth, bciytd - Temuy He^ecny arnaniio npoTH HeHipaatHoI Pa^u 
i l'oiiepa.itHoro CeKpeiapiim , 

1'oaonHiiji apijMeHTOM ufix xmjifiik cepc r i, miipoKBi iieocBUoK.ieuni Bac cay- 
'.kutl iii;uionieiiHa feHcpaatHoro CeKpeTapiaTy ji,o noaaioro npaBBTejiBCTBa. Po3iiycKa- 
imLca ^yiKH, nifin HempajiLHa Paaa uefle Taearai neperoaopii 3 KoaasaMu npoiH 
Hapoftiiix KonicapiB. Sk R0Ka3, npuBo,iini,ca ie, iu,o fenepajiLiiHii CeKpeiapiar 
,i,o;ibojibb buxU K03aini BiBcbK ua Jiou i ae nponycriiB OoiBnieaHB^KUi cmcaoniB 
.Uia boio,\v npom K03aidB. 

IcBepa^LHHH CeKpefapiitT 3asB.7ai' : aiaKui iac*Hm neperoBopiB 3 noaaKaaa 
na Beaen.cs. Be r TyTbca 3 iniaa neperosopu npo yfBopeiiHa neBrpajitnoro npasa- 
Te.iBCTBa neici PoeiflcLKoi PecnyfiaHKji, Aae raid ca«i neperoBopn se^yTtca 3 Ha- 
]K>^;nii Cobitom b JleTporpaxi, i 3 upsbhto-ilctboii Ciflipy, i 3 npaBHTeaLMBOM 
KaBEajy. i 3 npaBMOvitcTBaHii uaaiur pecnyfiaHK. 

Ioiiepa-iLuni! CeKpetapiaT bcis v,nx upaBHTe.TbmaK nponoeya aopfaaiayBaTH 
neurpaaLiie upaBHTOjncTBO na Tanui yioBax, moC boho (5y.io OAHopo^uo-coniaaictH^ne 
(bi^c GoiiEiBCBnKiB so Hapo v T,nii comiaaicriB) i ^CAepaatHoro jtapaKTDpy, ne6-TO 
owiafteee s npeHCraBiiidB icpaeaiix pecnyfiaEK. TiabKii TaKO irpaBKieatCTBo MaTBBe 
cany ii aBiopiTCT, 60 cniipatiiaeTbca sa Bci poa.ibHi cuaii jtemoKpaTiS bcii douhiaic- 
th'!bhi naopajiiB i na bci uapo^H PociftctKoi PecnyffaiiKH. 



reHopa-itHufiCeKpeiapiai tie imat Hipojuij K»ri- 
c,» p i ii ii p ;i u u t e .1 1. c t u b m acini P o c i !, Co CHJja Is (c) tjjlsb cepen 
neuHoI "lacTHiiH BejHKopyctKoi jieaoKparii, napo^a a; CiCipy, lloBtujKa, KaBKaay, 
Kpasy, S 0H y> yttpainH, Eecapafii'i, Eiaopynu ae npaanaioTb Hapo/uiix lioMicapiu 
HpaBHTejLBCTBos PociT. TaK eaaio aaBiib ae uca BttutSOpyena ^eiioKparia npsi3Liai: 
ix npannTe.tj.cTBOJi. *Tepea xe n iaiepecax ceaaacTBa, poOiTiiun,TBa i cajr^aiCTiia 
Pocil, Bi,i, iaeaa i kooitom aaax Oyyi,e acTaaoB.THTaca Mnp i fly^yffi piuiaTiicn smani 
ae.uiKoI conjiajLtiioI Barn, l'eaepaiibHHfi CeKpeTapiaT ynaaeafl aeBijiKJiaflBHH :iko mnra 
hjbh^'ic CKJiatTii aempa-ibae npaBHieJLCtno aa saiaesasaaqeanx ocHOBax. 

IIoku )K Taicoro upaBHTe-TtcTBa Eeaafi, leuepajibnafi CeKpeTapiaT ne naitai 
j»i«hi cianaTH la 61k to! ;d hud! ofijiacin. I iep^3 to 
leuepajitttiiTt CeKpeTapiaT, npusHaio^ii npaao, be 3a Hapojniiii Koxi-i 
capain y B e a n k o p y c h, lae i 3a KoaaKaaa Ha /i, "ni,Bni, ua KyCam i no/ 
mhiuhi acix aewjiHX, nopajusyuaTB cboIm jkuttsm, uo BBajaaB oiipaBe^inuuH saaepiKV-' 
BaTH Koaa'ii siucisoBi sacTaaa aa i'spaim, kojih Bona xotuiji Jim %o cboio Kpaio. 
TaK cane leHepaiLnnii Ceapeiapiai yaaacae HeftonycTHMHB aarpjuiyBaTH ft pycHti 
'iacTiinn, kmh bohh BaaB-iaioTb daasaaHa ilia b Pocim, hk ae^onycTHne Te, n« H;;- 
poxai KoMicapa 3aj,epi^y»it yspalflctKi lacmBH, nc upoiiycKaioMH is na yapaiay. 

Buxojib*!ii s n,k'i ochobhoI noBHuii, leEepaJLLnaft CeKpeTapiaT ne BBa;i;an 

MOIKJHBHM HapyaiUTH CBOK) HeBTpajIbBlCTb B OopOTLOl BeMKOpyCbKHX fio.-TbnieBlIKii: 

3 Aohcmuimii KoaaKaKH i iiiaMOBUHca aonoMoraiH npoiiycKOK eaiejioaiB na Aon. Pason 
a tbm feaepajibnBB CeRpcrapiar ysasKae aeoOxi^HaH saaBiiTa, m,o Bin nepnina neiy- 
riBBca 3a pouiiHBii opfaaisanji u kohclkiu ofijiacTU, aa,T, hkhmb 3 6oKy Koaanoro 
npaBHTejii.CTBa bmciito pcupecifi. I'oaoua lraepajiLHoro CeKpeTapiaTy Bnpaaao aaaHaaua 
BiiiciKOBOMy IIpaBHie.ii.CTBy, mo acaai yiHCKH ii oSaeatenua noBHRHi 6yra caacoBaBi. 
I TaK eaMO icnep leHepa-itHinl CcKpexapiat ctoItb na tomj, mo ffi paainte. B j,annii 
HOneBT nfl Kuisa npndyiia ae.uu'au.ia bja niBACHHa-cxuni.oro ewoaa KoaaKiB i Big 
Ky6aiictK0ro JIpaBHTe^tciBa b cnpani ueperoBopiB njio yTBopemia n,eBTpa.iiBoro 
npaBHTe.itCTBa. l'eHepajibKiiii CeapeTapiaT o4iia,ia.Tr,no aaaBHB ^w^an,!!, m f C ne- 
pa.itHiiii CeKpeTapiaT yaaiKae momijubiim ca.ia,^ npanHTcoiCTBa tLilku conjajicTiiiniiii 
i, jjia ycBiniuocTH neperoeopiu 3 KoisaKaaH, ciaBHTL nepniy vMony : cKacysaHHa 
B BoeBHaro BO.ioaeHia" b niB^eiiHd-cii^niM cowai i ycyntnirii bcskbx penpecifi ra 
oSaeacem sa;i pooiTUM'iaiiii ft ,i,eJtoKpaTii«!Hi[5[i[ opfani3an.iasiH. 

Oxn,e Ti „TauBHi" Jieperoaopn, aKi Be,iyTi.cH lcaepaJMHit, CeBpeTapiaTOa 
3 K03aKanB. 

Thb na'ie, p03ymeTi.cfl, TeHepaj]i.irHfi CeKpeTapiaT ae ,t,03bo.idji aiKOHy na 
TepHTopii S'KpaiHctKOi Hapoflaiol PecnySaaKH niacax yTncKiB na.i, pooiTHHinHH hii 
aKHMH-Hefiy^t HHaiHicn opIaHiaauiaMH. rcnepajinnft CoKpeiapiai craBinr. coCi mbtoio 
3op'ani»onanuHii i mipHiiMa cnocooaMii saTBepnHTa Ta 3ain^UTU B.iacTt fl,e»0KpaTi'i 
Ea .VKpaini. leiiepajibHuif CeKpeTapiaT bjKBBM ncix aaxo^iB, mo6 Bci cou,ia.iiui 
pefopvii TaKO'i BejmKOi Barn, bk, itaup,, jene-ima pe^opma i BiiictKOBa, fiyait nepe- 
Tie;(,eni hk naMuiHpuie, hk HaunoBuiate, aJie aopfajiiaoBaHO i (Sfla Turn nurpaeenHa, 
KpoBonpojiiTTa ii auapxil, hkhmii iii.TJiianeno ni oasi pe^opan na Tepuropii Hapo,t- 
uii KoaicapiB. TeBepajii.[iiiR.CeK|)<!TapiaT TBep.io i bchoxiitiio crolrb aa Tojiy, dip 
sea Bnadb noRKHBa HajiematH BCLOuy aapo,T,OBi, a ne yacrani iioro. ] ^epe3 Te 
anaiKae, nio B.iacTL na Micnax iioBiiaua 6yTU b pyKax BHopaaiix ncis napoaoB bcp- 
JiwnmiM, piBHHM, deanocepe^aia i tbhkiim ro.TocoBaaaaK opfaais, a ne Tpyn aoORef, 
nafipanax aenpaBH.iLuo i auDa^KOBO.*) 

feaepaaLflau CeapeiapiaT BBawat aeflonycTUMaau yiHCKH aa^, cboCo,hoio caona 
i nepea re He aanpaBac aiaKax faaei, Basii'E tmx, sk! KaeBemyn. aa Hsoro. TaK 
eaMO teHepaflEHHii CeapeTapiaT He aoiiycwac uiaKHX ni yiBCKiB, b'i oCMeiKeaa cboSoab 
3i6paHt, coiosiB. CTpafiKiH, aipa. I qepe3 re ae MOMte uoroflaraci a thbb y'TBCaaBn 
i repopoM, aKi B;KHBaioTbca npaBaTfljicTBosi BLapo^nix KoMicapin aaBin, Hai, con,in- 
aiCTBjBB, naaiil na^ UHdpann.HBii .ceaaa i poCiTaHKiB. 

I lcaepa-iLHiul CeKpOTapiar aaaBaac; TaKoI noaauii wia Tuep^o 6yj,e xepacaxBca 
i aa.ii. A.ie noBiraea j;o^a™ ! BeaKi cnpoOn cbbojo aapyiiiaiH toil na^, aKaS Ttm- 



*) TyT feBepa-ibiiari CeK]ieTapiaT, »k mb b;kb CanaaH, poaxo^Bca a (SLtiBiir-TKi 
yKpalncbaoI p*8oa^)u,iBH0S .xcaoKpatil. 



- 81 — 



pjffctf iioiifaKiaooaiioKi jt,cH0i;paTii>io J'KjialHH, Bin piwyne i t;ik cuho cu.iow 6yjr,e 
iiujaBJiiiiu B Kopiui. JtoKa30M Toro e. poaadpocano jie-HKin niiici>KOBHT tocthb, 
spoOjeue b uoii 3 12. aa 13. rpy,o,u» (h. ct.). Hi <iacTHBM, s EtHaplicnnfiBI, aea- 
^HCftin.iiioBauin eacaeBTiB, niaOyponi bctcchoio afiTanieio fiosbmeBHKin, Beet <mc 
irorpo5KVBa.nl poarpoMOM KalBa 3 thi thikkiix opyajfi, nxi 6ym y dbi, HpiiKjraj 
".|j;it»b6hbioI KpiBaBo'i nihiiii B Ileipmpaji. MocKB) ia ii b eaMiii Ku'iBi, norpoaH 
uijjani na poarpom (ieanuune nace.icuno Kniua apnyeKn lenepaakflBfi CeKpeTapiar 
nuifipara afipnio j aasMijii>m anapxirTU'inux lacTHH i ae-HKi a bus BHeaam 3a Jteaei 
VupiiiiKiKoi HapojuBOi Pccnj'6jniKH. Jli^iae po33<3porann yirpainciiKHMH Biik-BKOBHMB 
4aciyHanB Eiiiia^KOBo, 6ea aana3y feaepajibaoro CeKpeiapinTy, sarpBaaso Re-flKHi 
'i.hjjiis ^BoeuMo-peBO-iioniuiiitaTO" KOMfreTy, aae b neu ace ,ienr. ByiiylOBItO. Poa- 
aflpoBHJia BiA<5yJioci. Oe;t iipcnma Karui upoBH, a.™ s Toil ate lac 3 fiouy poa- 
36poeaBi bShto ojaoro yKpaiECLKoro K03aKa-6orjaiiiiin,H i Moruptoi paaeuo. 

He iOBaioqii hi ojinoro cBoro Kpony, sk b tio.iiTHiHO-BiiyTpiiHuiH, TaK I B 30- 
BHiniHii'i .xiiui'iiocTu, cTnn<nt (ra ironBirjns eoniSoricTMHoro npaDBTeimcTBa aopfani3o- 
naiio'i .xesoitparii yKpataw, IS i-eJaacTBa, pofiiTHunvraa i caJiflaTCTsa, fenepaJiLMii 
CeKperapiai 3BepTa»;Tj.cn ,t,o to'i "jacriiiiii pfli'iiTUHniTBa, any BBej,eHO b 6nyH nauiHMif 
HetOBicuHmi iittfiniiauin npnrnBHUKa«H, 3 aacTepe/KeHHSM : BopoatHeia poCirnanTBa 
npuTii ViipalHCbEol HeHTpa-TbHOi Paaji i Bopoa;'ieia npoui yitpaTHCLKoro ccaancTsa, 
iiKe, no ciipaBej-iiiBOCTii, Mae HaH6i.ii.uiy CH.iy, an b lU'HTpa.JLuiii Pa,v. taK i no 
Bcifi Pocii. Bopo;Kueia poOiTHiiUTiia a ce.iHHCTnoii, ropojia 3 ce;jo«, « TiatKii na 
i:i<pi!<-ij. peaKn.il, 6o poaGaaati ch.ih nciiu peBo.noa,iiiHO'i neMOKpaiil. yKpatHciiKt- 
ce.iBHCTBO naii'»u[.w itpe^cTaB.iene u Pa^i, HaBSiatuic rpafioBaue napiiajto*, jiaiifiiiBui 
iioKpHBAJKeae %o peB03K>nj5 ConiaaiHO, Haaioitaatno i noaira^no, He a,onycT!iTi,. 
nr. o 6 1 r b i ;j p o ,t. ;k e i: n a cKacjiii.u a ( i t a n; i a 3 a ii m a an :i n i b- 
ei « >i i P o c i 'i a i a [i s i r i h !i n u s eitieni b. 

HcHTpa.ibHa Pajta i leHapajit»HHii CoftpeiapiaT, hko uaiiBHDij op/aaa BsaAM 
yKpaliictKoro caaaHcrsa, poOixhhktbs i <'a.i r TaitTBa, uaaajiaioTt : sap BCLOJiy cbitobi, 
aca.ia rpyROBOMy napoa,oiii, poOiiHiinTBy — eKOHOMHiui, con,ia,itHi pci|>opinT, Beift 
.iwjnocTii — jieaoKpanumi cboGo,t;h, aje e ijiopnai 3opyani30BaBHX : ne TijiKH 
pyiiHyBaiii, a.ie ii uy,iyuaTH, TBOpura hobc. 

1 iyo no3iiu,in' fasepaxBBBB CeKpcTapiin 6yji,e CopoaKTB scisa cajtana si* 
ncii._ ito 6 ae sbiotib II sjiouhtu. 

llijiniicaaii : Po.ioBa feiiepa-itHoro CenpeTapiHTY li, H h h h b icbk b. 
3a teaepa.iMmi'o Ilacapa I. M i p n h li. 

iaiiB, at). jHctonasa (13. rpywa) 1917. p." 

B ipn ^oKyieHTi HMfierbca niHHoio saaea I eHepa.iticoro CeKpe- 
TapiaTy npo npHBHannu hbm aa HapojtniMn KomcapaMU tipasa ,,nopHA- 
KyBaTH KHTTfli" iia MocKOBa^Hni. Baasa u;a ^opiBHroaajiacfc (paKTH^HOiy 
BH3aaHflJ0 E[enTpaju.uoio P.iaoio Paji,H Hapojdx KosicapiB aa npaBi- 
Te.ibCTBo „BejraKopycH it i moraa, 3,0 ,ne-HKoI aripn, cjiysirrn ochoeofo jyia 
nopo3yaiHna una: ,HBOMa ypa/iaiiH, npu yaoBi BiranaHHH Pa^oio Hapojtnii 
KonicapiB YEpalHCbKOi Hapojcnsoi Pecnyci-iHKH i It npaBa na nenTpajiTOT. 
Ko.iu- un poarjiaEeao n;io bmbj b CBrai 3arajihnoro nanpsMKy nojiiTHKH 
Il|eHTpajJi>HOj Pam, BaupflKKy, m,o no-aa bcakbit cyaHiBOBt 6yB HeapiBHAHO 
u.iiisiiiM ^o itojiiTDKH Pajn Hapoj;nix KonicapiB, nix jifi noairaKH ji,oh- 
CBEoro orairaHa KaMjiHa (a flKB"M, j;o peqi, MaB use reaepajitHHii Ce- 
KpeTapisT neuopo3y Minna na I'pyHTi peaKninHOi no^iTHKB Kouaioro npa- 
BHTeaiCTBa), to nofiaiHMO, m,o ana'iiHHH ii' 6yjio He3;oon,ineHo Paaoio 
Hapo^aix KonicapiB. Koin 6 ocTaEHfl ne npncniinyBajra uiTyino Biiiun 
;; yKpainoiD, TeHepajiLHiifi CenpeTapiflT (a b nepiuy >)epry IlenTpajibna 
Pa^a, Bjtacne ii pofiirnnie-ceJiflHCtKa fiijitraicTb, 3 bkoio b oeranui ^acH 
I enepajiLHiiS CeKpeiapiaT nonaB nosirao pocxoflBTiict) iubh,t,ko uoGiaiaB 
6h, mo IJenTpajiLHiii Pa^i «ificno ne no soposi 3 Jipws b cnpaBi yTBopeHHft 

XpHCTioK. ICTopia peBO.i(fi;ii. II. " 






82 



BcepociScbKoro ipejepajiuioro ypswy, mo Bsarajii ufi cnpasa HBjraerbCH ae- 
BiacHOio. A nepeKonaBiuHCL b ijboiiy, a raKOMt b aofipoaaqJiBBOny 
Bi^HCuueHHio ao cefie Pa,i,« Hapoinix KoiicapiB, ate npaBBTeubCTBa Mo- 
CKOBUI.HHH, reHepa.ii.HnS CeKperapiaT i IJeHTpajrbHa Paaa, CeayaoBHO, 
Baton C B djiHSEiiii l iaci aaxojiie j.o BCTaHOBJieHHfl sanpHHSHeHns mjiflocm 
Miac YKpainCbKOio HapoflBbojo Pecny6jiBK0K> i CoBixcbKOio Pociejo. Kepymi 
cc^eKO-ece^iBCBKi Kpyrn renepaJibBoro CeKpeTapiaTy, Ha lOJii naiix gtohb 
PojiOBa CettperapiaTy B. BnBBimeBKO, Korpi BHCTynajra upoTjf Paatt HapOj> 
nix KoiiicapiB He tLii>kii 3 iotbbIb Bau,ionajibinix, aae il coii,ia.ibuo-fKo- 
homhhbbx, BsaatatoMH coitiiMicrniay peaoinouiio b Pocii BeBHacnoio, 
a ]i;i,i,(jirL'i.[;y <l )0 P M y BJia.ui (a'oKpeua saxonJieHBH B.iajin na Mockobbxhhi 
dojibiueBBKaiiii) ysypnanjeto npaB „Bapoiy", — SeaynoBHO, oyjiH 6 a(5o 
yCTyaHJin ceoe Miene apyrBu, JiiBin(BM eJieneiiraK HenxpajibBoI Pa^a, a<5o 
BiAaOBH.iHCb 6a hit, cboIx norasfliB, npanaiiiBi, b tie ix lacrHfli, aKa 
nrroBxajia yKpal'HCLKy Hapo^nro PecnyGJinKy na opyrcBHM KOHijaiKT a Co- 
BiTCbKOio Pocieio. npmoTOBiieHBH a; Pa,iH Hapojpix KouicapiB 3,0 bihbh 
3 yKpainoio i rocTpi BHcryBH npora HeHTpaabuoi Pajifl ji,ocarjni npoTH- 
jeacBHx BacjiAKiB : no3Hn,u npaBoro Kpnjia II,eHTpajibHoI Paji,B BMinHBincb, 

a THM CaMHM 3Hill,HHBCfl 1 1'pyHT ,H,Jia OpySHOrO K0H«J).'liKTy. 

B soA aTOK K° HaBe^eHoI BHuie BijioaBii l'eEepaabBoro CeKpeTapiaiy 
noaano me tjt, b nijrax o6eKTHBHoro i noBHoro ocBiTJienHa aoaBuii 
r*eBepaJibHoro CeKpeTapiaTy, npoHosy rojiOBH 8oro B. BnaHnueBKa, Barojio- 
uieny bbjc na 3aci^aHHK> Maaol Pa^n 15. rpyflna (n. ct.). 

„)[o cuoi'i sBB'iaaHHi AeaaMa'iHBX races, rouopuB u niu npoaoBi B. Bubhh- 
qeHKO, Oojt&iaeBBKB Ha yKpaiui AOAaJTH mo oaho racao : 3EHm,enBX yKpa'iactKoi 
Hapo^HioI Pecny6iBKH. B IlaTporpa^i 6oatmeBHKB aorjiii nepeiiorTH BpeaeHae 
npaBHreiLcTB ', aae ryx, aa yKpalHi, bohh aiuiejiHca b paiyHKai. feaepaaiHBB: CeKpe- 
Tapiat nai i cany i unny iioasmiio hk Majto Bpeae«ne JIpaBiiTeatCTBo. I Tuay 
a KH'iBi nepeiiir 10B, y Koro e Oiatme chm. Kojh CeKpeiapiaT npionas n,e no- 
ipifinm, siu 6m npojiBBy KpoBH poaaCpoiB ti BifietKOBi lacTHHH, Korpi sncTynaiitt 
apoTH yKpa'iBctKO'i peBO-noniSnoi K^MOKpaTi'i i U,enTpajiLBo'i Paau. CrpaTH noxecjiii 
TiatKH MB b ocofii OABoru BDHToro KiaaKa i HOTiiptui paueuai." 

;l,:uii nnouiB BnsHHieuBO, an niflfiy.iacii po3,i6poeHBJi. Eojiluicuhkb SAaoaiHca 
noKipiio. BbaaBajjH 3(>paH) TOMy, mo siA^yBaira cbok 6e»ciiaiH. Bci *yTKH, mo iiexou 
6h hb bhbo3Bjiii po»3<5potBH* TposH He ro.iH«K, rojiOABnuu — HenpaBiHBi ; Toro se 
6yao ; Ii Besyit b aBBHaMnui am euieauBiB earoBai, oAaraejiBBB i naroAOBaHBinr. 
Hihkhx uaca.'itcTH HaA posafipoeauHii Heaa. 

HepeiOAaiB »o BHCAOB.ienm fiojtBraeBHKascH oflBBHyBaneBi. LteiiTpaatBO'i PflflB 
b KonTppeBoiMD;itnocTH, B. Bbuhmdbko cKa3aB, u;o CeKpeiapiaT ne Bese HiflttHi 
TaexHHi neperoBopiB, a biakphto ctoitb Ba npHBB,ini yTBopenna aarajitaopoclttctKoi" 
con,iHJiicTicTBtffo-$eAepaTBBaoi BBacTH : ^bh Beseao b uiS cnpaBi neperosopi 
3 apaBMTbJiLCTBaMa scii AepstasnEs oOaacieii : ^ony, IlerporpaAy, BccapafliI, Eijia- 
pycB, KpBMy, Cifiipy ii hbuihi IlepenymoBBa tepea yKp&lay b i it c 1. 1: 
tai ii a n, i B, isi ctoroAHa caiooiutijiiTKi, ax 6 y x e is o jn- 
nycKaTa, as A on .VCKaeTBca b hb'niii oOjiacrai nepeiiA nauiai BiiictK, aiti lAyTt 
Ha yKpa'iBy. 'l'a, ctoh'ih na JpyHri cTporo'i noBTpaJiBHOCTB, au He OyAeao nepc- 

nyCKBTB fioABDieBHUBKni BlflCLK pll 6paTOB<5HB1o1 BittHH 

a a fl o ■ y. 

H^o TopKaeTtCH Biacra, hu upaHnHJiH rbx npzeteufi bia KySaai If floay 
8 lIojiyABeBO-CliAui* Coh)3om. yuoBH namui neperosopiB : afifl He 6yao MtaAUax 
penpecifi y BiAaouicnuio ao Koro 6 to hb 6yao i oiopoaa csofiiA. BjiaAa HuBBBna 
fiyra OAnopoA BO " con .' ajl i ctll,I,la i ^flAepatHBua. BacjiaBO both ii hbidhmh spacsaa 
npaBiiTPjit.CTBaM, aie ni.iuoni'Ai noKH-mo Heaa. 



BcepociScbKi yciaHOBii BdopH oCobubbobo noBHHui BisdyTHca. Aae b Heipo- 
rpasi ti MoCKBi Haposai Koaicapn bbtbojikjih ynosH, aid po6ji»n. npauR' ycia- 
uob'iui 36opii Heno)K3Huoio. Ix MOHcyT& posirHaTH. KpujeHKo*) sate poacmrac npo 
oe leneipaMH jo ap«i'i. Kpnaje dyao 6 nxn yciaBOBiuz ijdopia BndpaTH uauie nicne. 
Osaaue ae aa Bapaini. Ajio kojih 6 HenTpajnaa Pasa «so6pH3a iipoeKT nepe- 
ueceHna yeiaaoBiux BGnpiB na yspaiHy. teuepajbaaa CospeTapiaT oCctbbhb 6h 
pofloTV ix, an u'stitH dya da i cajiax. Hiero capasojo Tpe6a cepfiosHo aaiiHHTHca. 

Afrraitifl SoatBieBHuie cxmaerbCH 30 toto, mod npHaaaBajntca TiabBH re, 
mo CKaatjTB bobh, MocBasi, a bh 1b Bisnoaiao : Hi! Ha yicpaiiii aae easy iUbkh 
yKpaiactse cjiobo 1 (IIIyaHi sobH onaecKH). Ma He nosBojiBao peajsa.il a asapxil 
siciaiHca b Hani spaa. Ma jejeso cbok a i h i » i ftOBe^exo II so 
k i h n, a (nivHai onaeCKa). Boiiibbbrb cboIh ^ofioioi npofiytoit 
saTOHtaTB yspaincLKHa pyx i taitrijn lac b taoi rme 
uerporpajtCBse fojoto. 

. Xai bohh, uo.i[>aieBHKH ( 3Hawrt, m,o Bonn pyfiHyioTb ne tijilkh Pociio, aae 
h cede. Mh tiijibme syaaeao npo inrepeca licic'i Pocii, mat fioatuieBBaa. Is- 8 a 
.noii yioniiiim a p i a bohh pyftnyiotfc Pociio na Bcix noaai — ckohomb?- 
iiim, (JisancoBiM. I n,u cia.10 xxe noKaiyBaTHcs, ora.io acaBM, mo <lhcto isefiaaB 
1 jiyriT vcoByeTLca 3-aifl fiojiiiUienHKiB. Bohh rpysflyTi B rnaflU SoJlOTi i, hoto- 
iiajoia, xanaioiBca sa pixai TBepsi npesMetH, b tit Hacjii i aonepes BCtoro — 
aa apaiw. Bona npoOyBajia sara apmi'i ace, ioro aoua xoie. Aae 2 T)i bobh He 
nopaiyBaaaca 3 cboijsh cmiaaB Ta eniTKnyaaca, kojtb cnpasa MHpy siTKayaaca 
a sifienicTio. I CHMnaiil apni'i no CuJibaieBHKiB HeaaOapoK nponasyTb. Paryroqa 
cede, CojibtaeBHKii posnanioioTi, npacTpacia nac." 

TopBHyeuiHCB capaBB napy, BHrnmieHKO caasaa : „kh nocaaM so Bepecia 
.uo'ix ^e.ic^aTiu KoaipoaioBaTH Ta iiposipioBaTU bshhkh doiitiuesHKiB, Kojih tatxe 
noTpeda, mh npOTOCTyBaiBMeiio npoTa copoitrax i aesonycrBBBX jaa Pocii B^HHKiB." 

P'm acHa, m,o TaKi aanjiyiani i HeBHpaani BJftffocHHn «iac YKpa- 
inctKOH) HapojHtoio Peary (Sawcoio 1 CoBiictKoio PocieB He jtorjni TarrHca 
ROBro i myciaH juhth ao tofo ih HHiuoro kIhus. OficiaBBHH CKJiajj;ajraci. 
?ga ji;a.ii to Bee ripme. **) Hajpf Ha nopoayaiuua ne djjio. KiHOTJiact 



*) UpBaaaieautt CoaiuieBHKaBB aa BepxoBaoro l'ojtoBiiOKOBanAyioqoro. 

**) HapocTanHH KoaijuiiKTy Miat l^eaTpaabHoio PaAoio i Pa^oio Hapo^uii Ku- 
fii-apiB aBiauTbca jsyiKe cKjajiiaM npon;ccoH, hkhh aonciji He BHiepnyeTbca capauoBj 
•J H £OH«aKaMH" 1a n 6y)iiKya3BicTjD u B,euTpaabHoI Pa^B. 3aTyu;KynaHHio nificBol cyTB 
n,[,oro Koniji.iiKTy ne iibjo opuc.1yant.10cb AeajiapaTJiBHC Buaaaaaa puciiirbKHHit 6ojib- 
iueBBKABji na jiciaa uapoaaau Pocii thi: SBamiro npasa aa caiOBUaaaqcaaa. Pa^a 
HapoAaix KoNicapiB aporo.iocujja uc npaao ryino, aaaBBBUia, 111,0 it uan,inaa.jiuiH 
iiOkiiiua.! Btuia fly,T,e Kepyeanicb TaKiixa sacasasa : 1. Bona i Heaajiejeaicrb Bcix na- 
pojJB Pocil ; 2. llpaao caaoo3Ha4eHBH Beix aaposin Poci'i aac so Ix siaoKpemieBUB 
i nepeTBopeaaa b cajfoCTiaai jep3i;aBii. Oftaa'ie n;e fiyao iiLikoi yHOBHe niiaaaana 
npaBa_ Ha ea»oo3HaHeaaa, no ioro ac ne b ojpaKOttifi Jiipi aaa acix nofltan.ieinii 
aapo,uB Pocii. Ho-aa oro.iomeBBMH aacasami HanjoHajitHo'i noaiTiiKii Pa^a HapoA- 
nix. KoKJcapia Kepyuaaacb b ^iiicaocTH oflHoio ochobhoio 3aca,i,o» : caoek) opfaEHH- 
jiok) BopoadcTW ^o flysb-aKoro B paaMjeHCflia" Pocii ra j'TBopeanaHa Ti kobit HajHi 
/lepwan. By.ia pau.ia cTpeshH ^o o^ipBaaHB Bij CTapo! 6yp»;ya3H0l Pocii ; Teuep 
a«, Ko.ia Pocia ciaja coBiTCLKoro, Ti.itKH dypsiyasia noHSBoaeHHi Hapo^iB bojko ao- 
s;iraTHCb caMocTiaHocTit ; dypatyaaijo x rpeda ae HaftiJiaTH bcukhbb npaaaBa, a 6btb, 
— lax sy«aB Koxunii jjociacbKHn fioabmesaK i b cyia phn jcmyeKaB jaa bcix bo- 
neBOjeiinx naposiB Pocii ti.u,kh oshb B ca»oonpo,"tL:eaua' i — npHe^iiaaaa so Moc- 
Boamimp na 'Biini upeaeHa. J^e 3arajiLHe neferaBHe BisHomeana so HanioHajitHO- 
BaaBOjiiHin pyxiB i TBOpoHHa oBpesivix nanioHajitHiiX s e patafl aadipajo ocoO/Ibbc 
rocTpni (Jopa y Bisuouieaaio so se-aKHi OKpeMHX uapoftiB fiyBmoI Pocii i b nepaiy 
Mepry y BisHOineHHto so yKpa'iucLKuio uapo,ty. H],e kojh bockobclkhu OojbiueBHB »ir 
upuMBpaTnct 3 caKOBHitnaiieBnaa (orxe i BisOKpeaiaeHHaH Bis. Pocii) ITojiimi, $ia- 
-:ansu, Ppyaii, to Bate ajaK ne bit bmicthtu b cboih roaosi caHOBaaaaieJiHtt .VxpalHii, 
xoi <m Toro caM0BH3iiaqeaHa 3 oqOBH,T,HicTM sonarasaci hd dypsryaaia. a yKpalH.- 

6* 



si — 



cnpaBa TDK, m,o Pajja Hapoflnix KoMicapia nocTaBMu lJ,eBTpauitHifi P;ui 
v-itTHiaTyM, b BEOiy Mis 'iiHiufli, nncajia: 

,3 or.ia^>- ua iuTcpecu ej^ociii Ta SpaTepcraa licix .-mecMeajix potiiaanrorf 
»ao, mo cipaiKflaiOTB a 'Gopon.6i a ijniepia.iiaiiOH ; 8 or.ia^y Ha npB3HaHna — ibc- 
.icnHimii pcan.iKmlaai] opfaiiin peBciKmifiHoi ,a,e*OKpaTiI, pa,i,awji, a iiacaainepea, nepmBM 
BcepooiHciKUH a'YaAos pa;; — nanjoaajiLaiix aaca^, coipaaieTMHe upaBiiTCJLCiBo 
Pocii — Pa;;a Hai^aix Koaicapia — ni^Tuep^}i:yt' Bcia moC'ieaim u,apsi3Moa 
i oyjiacyasieio Beaaisopocii Hapo^aa apaBO aa nijiiniiil po3bhtok, bkjuoiho jo ii upasa 
BianuHTHca Bi^ Pocii. 

Tosy Paja, Hapa,;aix Kouicapiu u p h s a a e yttpalcixy Happjtaio 
P c c ny 6 .m k y ta SI npaio ei lone ii^oitp4iiiiiii b i fl Pocii, 
hk iaRo* aa to, mofi Boaa RBittm.ia u lieperoBopn s PocifictKoio Pecnyfi.iBitww upo 



ctsi upaniowii aiacH. llpimaua TaKo! oeoGaBBO'i „j'Bani" ,t,o yxpafaa 3ara;ii.j«o-Ri- 
joni : uo-nepme, y'Kpaiaa BiflorpaBaaa b eBouovHuuix huittio Mockobbibhh" nacTi.ii.Kii 
Baacay t Beaasy po.iw, mo paarooe ii Bijt,OKpea.ieaas (no.iiTuuffe 8 eKonoHuine) 
CTaBB-io MocKOBamuy acpeA Be.iHKBMH CKoaoMBiBJinB TpyftKomaaa, a no-ipyre, 
aiKOBa fiopoTboa n,apH3ny 3 ijneeio yKpa'iHctKOi aep»;aBHocTi<, a yKpainctKOH' i;yjt- 
Typtmi i naBiTt a ca»u» $aKTOH icTiryBanaa yNpaiiiciKoi Han,ioHa.iiHOCTit, tOffma 
'lepea niKO.iy, npecy, uavKy, .nocaivia Toro, no MocKOBCMte cycni.atCTBO b njaoay 
upocio ho BBsnaBa.io yKpaaacLKoro iiapbay 3a uKpeny HanioBajtaicn.. 

PociHctKi 6o.itineBHKH niKO.™ cepfi.03Ho ae 6pajiH yKpaiM.ei.Koro BH3BO.ii.Horo 
pyiy ; hikojih ne aoaycKa.ia, mo yKpa'ina nose KUospemtEei. bij Pocii, iia«|it 
To^i, Koaa npu Keaaro JIiBoni i KepeuctEOMy „m'MepH t yBa.iM' 1 yKpaiacMii /tomaraHHtt 
i ^DdauiTOBiyBaju* .VK.painn.iB Bi^oi:peH.iioBaTHct. CTanmit y BJiaja, bohh, He 3Ba- 
«afoia ua iJ>aKT oroaomenna U,eaTpajii,noio Pajoio yrcpaiHCiuoi Hapo^HLOi PeciiyG- 
.ibkb, Be.iH y BiajronieHHW ao yKpalnn ae^iJ03nayBy nojiniKy nosnoi ifnopanji i UeH- 
ipajiiHoi Pai.ii i VKpaiHCiKoi PecayfoniKU, cnoaiaaKumci., mo U,cHTpajn.aa Paaa- 
.loupoButHO Baanac naj cofioro 3BepxnicTi> Hapojats KoHicaj)ia i b,lhkom njftnopaji- 
KyaTtca Ifi b CBo'ia poAori, oflneaiHBUiBCL K03fneTean,i(;Ki KpaeBo'i Ky.TiiypHO-npocEiiHoI 
Ban,ioHa.niuo-o'l5jaCTHOi opfaiiisanjiL B njii cbojh n floOpitt" aa^ii Paia Hapo^uii 
KonicapiB rao'iaTKy noBeaa 6yaa y Bifliioiueanio ^o yKpa'ina a,ijiK03i „npuaTOJW:i.Ky u 
iioaiiHEy, a caie — aoroAu.iacL noDepayTB a hockobcbkbi Hysel'B na- yspalay 
VKpa'inciKi pejiiuBii, aaflpaai 3 ynpafriu aa napciiitoro peasiny, i, naBitt (iijiLBie, 
aa^yxyBajia nepeuecTii yKpainoLKi DiilcLBuBi MacTiiBX, pocKasaai bo Bcix ^puuTai, 
na „nojyjneBO-3aiifl;iiBii > " yKpamcLKaa $poaT, as Toro aaBHO 3,oaara.i]ict yBpaiB;cfci;i 
BoaBii. OAua"je, an Ti.iLKir BaaBajioct, mo Jleinpa-iLaa Pa^a 30BciM i ne noMBHiJiflt' 
upo „ni,iflaBCTBO u Pafli Hapo^nix KomicapiB, mo soaa bpotiibhticu aBToaaTHHHOHy 
liouiiipeanK) paAsacbKoi B.ia^n 3 Mockobduibh na >'Kpaifly, mn nona cepaoaao na- 
■ipaenca a^iucnjiTii upaiio yKpaiireiKuro uapo^y na casiiio3Ha<ieana i He 6i.ii.Hie ae 
xeHiae, hk ajs flo canon) BiAOKpeajieaBH yKpaiim ui.i, Pocii, nw aa n,iS niflcraBi 
Bona se^e cdoki B»yipiiBBRi i 30BHiuniK> nojiriiity, uroaoinye nHeiirpa.iiTeT^, sawing 
toro, m»fi npodo BHitoayBani naKaaii ra.i.n Hapo^aix Komicapis, — aapa3 ace nicaa 
u,toro Bijtnoiueaaa nepeMiaiuiocb : poJiiKiiii Oy.io saxoBano naaaa ii moceobclhi syjei, 
VKpaiacLKUi Bosnia Boia.ni He nycKatii ;io^OMy, npo yKpaiaiaaniio apai'i ne xoiiaa 
ii c.iyxara, a BaioMicni. Oyao noBe^eno nojiraKy na jiiBntenus B (5ypasyasKol* il,eB- 
Tpa.ni.Ho5 Paj,ii. BiAcyTuicxi. y HeHTpa.'iknoi Pafln MijiiTapno'i chiih, in,o Mor.ia 6 ciaia 
'■yaponi BincBKa CoBireiKoi Pocii, ni;yi;aBa.ia Pa,ii Hapnuiz KoBicapia csi^nBocTH 
i .piuiy^ocrii b ii noxoj;i tipom caMOOiipeji.TeHiia yKpalau. Jlopy«i a iojiochhmii 
i HacKpiat. GpexoiiBitau aaaaaxa upo inuaaBug aa jTtpalHCiaaji aapo^oa upana na 
cajioBB3Ha<ieBfia uiauio aiju'OTyBaHHH ;to „BeaHKoro" aKTy ^BoacocAiHeaia" yitpaiHH 
a MocKOBmuaoio. Ha TaBony $oni 6oflnaeBaaiKo-MOCKOBc*KHx HacTpoiB i BiaGysajiaci, 
cynepe^Ka rtm Ite«Tpaji,noio Pafloro i Pa.nom HapoAnii KonioapiB 3-3a aoHcwanc 
K03aKiB..3 o^ijHoro OoKy, ro.iocai aaaBH npo „cajtoBH3aa4eHaa aac ,io Bi,t,OKpe«aeHaa", 
a s jipyroro — naaKe, HenepenosEne, Mo»tHa cKaaaiH, cTHiiiiHe (iamaana 
ftoeaiHHTi" n GpaTctnnu TpysoBitfi Hapi,i u a Mockobuijiboki. Ilpn iaiaB cHtyanjI „aoh- 
■i»KiB B npocTO „6or nocaan" : bohh iokh ^BBpyHHTt", ^aTH aaiinuy. l^ielo aaiiii- 
ko» Pajia Hapojnix [vojicapiB i cKOTuicryBajiact.. 




iwaeaHi $e,tepa,Titimi, a xaBoa; iiaiiii kUjcocbhh. <Kajri>ipfi) yKpalun mo-ao. il ■ 

i HeaaaeacmicTii yicpainctKoro iiapojy Pa^a Hapo^uii KuaiuapiB iipiuBae Oea ou»i < - 

•«ecb i OVjyaoBno." 

Ta, uo i iaBnjH „3a B.apasie*, Paj,a Haponmx KosicapiB nocieueHHO 
aBeaa juwi.Ha n w<\ ynoKoii". A caMe, CHHHaioHBCb na nojiiTau,! HenTpaJitHOi 
Paxil uocTaeajia In Tari oo'enHyBaieHHa : 

„1. yKpafnciua HenTpaatHa Paaa poGiwa Ji,e3optani3an,iio na $poini, 114,011- 
Kafoin cBO'i niifcLKa; 

2. yh-palnctKa Paaa no3so.iH.ia cofli po336polTu „coBiT('BKe" juilcuio. m,o etoaki 
ii Kiiini; 

3. Pa*a iri.inHpa.ia saoBy upoTii BJia^n „coniTiB", uoK.!iintyjo<nicB ua snraii,aHi 
upaBa na neaajieKHicTt .HoHej.Ko'i Ta KyoaHciKOl oflaacieS i tus cnocoGoa hokuh- 
aatoiH KOHTppeBo.non,iitue uoBCTaHHfi Kajiefliua. CTaB.ia'in onip inTepecaa i ajaaaHaaa 
nepeBaatnoI Si-iwuncTii KuaaKiB, Paj;a saajiKai: ,iopory HiiichKOBi, ane BBcaano uporH 

CrawHii ua <hk rauefiHOS sputa peBo.iiun,ii i fiaaraiouu ^GiKiaorarn Bairne- 
fieaite'iifim.MM Boporaa, hk ae3ajiea:H0CTii trapezia Poci'i, ran i llpaunTi>.ii,CTBa CoBi- 
tie, Boporan potiiTHJivux i BiwacKyuaaax aac — Ka;ieTaan i upMHatuui;aa lianeAJua, 
— UeHTpa.ii.iia Pa^a upnayiaye aac noj,aiii lit ao Buoaa, nio a h neriiio 
niniiiiiD i S b i ii ii y, iiaBiTL toju, kojih 6 yspairiciEy Hcsajiescay PecnydaHKy 
mi3na.no npc,T,CTaBHHD;TBO aaiiBitinoi pociBciKOl j;epsKaBHOi B-iajui." 

IIcpeincjtiiBiuH bci ..rpixa" II,eBTpajitnoi PajjH, Paaa Hapoaaii 

KoiicapiB mica.™ Ha aaRiimeuHJi : 

„Teiiep Pa.ia ynoBHOBaa;ennx Hapojiy, » oroajsy Ha Bci BHDje HaBe^em oii- 
CTaiiHiiH, CTaBiiii. aapoaaa yEpaiHci.EQ'i PeenyfiVinKH ias;i uutaHHa ; 

1. 'In Pa,(a soooBHHreTtca 3aannmra bcski cwpoOn ;;e3opfaHi3au,ii Ha $pi>:niv 

2. 1b Pa.ua aaCoBaiKeTics 603 3ro, : ui uieijia Haiiimiuf)'! Koaaa-in hc nepenyeK&Tii 
aiaiiero Biilcr.Ka, mp Bae y <3iit flony ii yjtOSy ? 

3. 'hi Pa,na :toijOBaaceTi,ca 3a.innii:TH bchki cnpouii posafipoiOBaTH BifieiKa 
riii" i lepBonoi I'Bapa.il na .VKpal'Hi Ta mh FiiiuacTt ueraiiiio BuiOpaay y roro 

liificr.Ka 36poK>. 

B pasi, kojih npivraroa 48 i'o^uh ue Cy^e ,naao 3a;u>B(>ai>HHKW0i BifliWBifli, 
Pa,ta ynoBHOBaaiCBiix Hapo;i.y BBaxaTHae, aio yKpaiHCbKa HeiiTpa-itua Paja 11 n ctaai 
orteprol nifiiii: s b .1 a ; "( 10 „C o n i t 1 b" b P c i 1 i H a B k p a 1 11 i. 

Paja Hapoj,nix ynotHoiamcHii'. 

B cbItjii nociaB^eHui b Kiun;i yjitTUMaTyia aauBTanb hcho, mo 
BHuflaaafl Paj;oio Hapo,T,nii KoaicapiB yKpainctKoi" Hapo^HLOi Pecny6jiHKH, 
aaanaqene Ha uoiaTKy yjiBTiiiaTyaa, aMaeTbCH 6Mtui annatoaiaTBHHniii 
ManeapoM, a ni«: cnpaBatniM BHsnaHHaii. CitpaBjp. Hepiue sanHTaiiM (111 
F.iacHe BBKOHaHHH BHMorH, DOCTaBJieHOl b ntoiy) noatfaBMJio I^eHTpaibHy 
Paj;y npasa i asora aoBedH ao Kinn;a yEcpaiuisauiio BiirctKa, HHaKiae 
Ka;KyqH — opr'aniayBaTn fi aa-rii cbo«) apsiio. ^,pyre npiiaymyBajio Pajy 
BBiroBici'H Biiiny Koaarai o(5jiacTJi», dea orjiaay na re, 'in BBaacaia q,e 
neoSsiAHHM I^enTpajiBHa Pan.a, w Hi. Tpew aanHTaHna o6oBHajBa;io 
HeHTpaibHy Paaj ne TiJibKB ne iiepeniKOfliJKaTH Bijibnojsy nepefiyBamno 
Ha yKpa'iiq HocKOBCbKnx BiftctKOBHs MaciHH (3ajior), a me h He npotu- 

BBTHCb, K03H 6 T6 BlHCbKO aaxOTlJIO (flK BOHO B jTJHCHOCTH H 6)'Jlo) 

poairaaTH YKpaincbKy IteHTpamuy Paay i I J enepaJibHHn CeKpeTapiar. 
,3,e a TyT BaaoaHnH YKpaiHCbKoI HapoftHtoI Pecny6jtBKH 8 II npaBa na 
aoBHe Bij^oKpeM-ieiiBa bijt; PociiV 

Ta, Kpin irboro, 3Haio^HJ!o b yjii»THnaTy«i i npaaie iioTBep,T.xeaH2 
Toro, mp Pa;i;a Hapo^Hix KoiicapiB He nana na jrjMiii eaaHanHa J r K|iaia- 



80 — 



cbKoi Hapoji.Hi.oi I'oeiiyCjiHKH. i tubkh s ai'iianifiHoro mbtow BHUua ei^- 
iiOBiiRoro BHpa»y. IIoTBepjTxeHHH iy»oro 6a<niMo b oeTaHnii CTGBax yjBTa- 
MaTyMa, mo, koot Hfiirrpa.ibHa Pana ne xacn. b npnuHaHeinre ctpok aa- 
AoBOHbHflioqoi Bi.'i,noBi^i, to Pa,i.a Hapojnix KoiicapiB tiyjtfi BBaacaTH 
HeirrpMbHy Pajjy b ciani bihhh „b saa^oioOoBeTiB b Poeil 
9 na YKpaini". Hum Paia HapoflBrix KoaicapiB hotob 6b BnsnaBaja 
ojtHO-jacae icrayBanHfl Ha yKpaini #box am&: Baa^H yicpaiHCbKoI 
HeaTpaabHOi PaAn i Baa^a CoBcriB, ra, HHauiue Kaacyin, ne BnanaBaia 
i He lOTija BnaHaBaiH Baa^n U,eHTpain>HOi Pajjn i 1'eHepajH.Horo 
CeKpeTapijiTy i BasaajieriAb npej,CTaBJiHJia MafiSyTwo Biiiny Mix Mockob- 
iuhhoio h S'KpaiHOio, hk BiflHy ne abox aepxaB, a TuiLKn »k BHyTpiiunlo 
ropoacaHctity Biiiay, BiilHy n 6yp;Kya3HOi" IJeHrpaibHoi PaAn npom „B;taAii 
CoBetls b Pocil fi Ha yKpaini". 

TaKHM iihhom, aaaaaqeHe na noiaTKy yjrbTHHaTysa npHHijinoBe bh- 
aHaHna CoBJTCbKoio Poeieio yicpaiHCbKoI Hapo/tntol Pecnydjimtn <paKTn»mo 
nafiipaio npoTMexuoro siiicTy : boho aMajjocb OABepTBi BUKiiHenHHit 
(patera iCTHyBannH yKpaiacbKoi' aepacaBnocTii b am-CyAS (popii.- TaK 
iioro apoayjrijia i bch yKpaiHCLKa peBOJiFoiyiraa AeMOKpa™*}, b TaicoMy 
Ayci 6y.io jano I'eHepajrbirHK CeKpeTapkroJi (20. rpyana h. at.) i sin- 
iiOBXAb Pa^i Hapo^mx KonicapiB na it yibTHitaTyM (iepea OKpysny 
yKpalHcbsy BiitctKOBy Pajty b Heiporpafli). 3h1ct toI BWOBiAi <5yB 
caiayioiHfi : 

n Penoa»niiiuHH llliau yitpaltim, yaoBHOBaateuufi PeciiyujHaaHCLKHK llpaia- 
TeaiCTBos yKpalnii i napo^on, »ae leert npeaaosEETH PecuyDanKaHctKOMy IIpaBE- 
TeDLCTsy Be.iifKopoci'i Baciifta sapai, IDiafly a IlpaBHieatcTBoa npo y.iMHHaTyB 
Pa^H Hapoauht KoMieapia no yvpmic^Kni HeHTpaawjoJ Paaa i sisnoBist PecnyCaH- 
KanciKoro JIpaBHre^tcTsa yapatea Ha yaMiraaTy*. 

Ileperoaopu BpO anpae HoaaroAacenaa etiopy nix PociBcbKoio PecaydanKoai 
fl yKpalnoio aa-'ieacarii pifl otchx jbob : 

1. IIpnananHa upaBa yupalHctKoro uapo^y (na caaoonpeaj-ieiiHa) i yttpa'iB- 
clkoi Pecnyd.iiiKii (aa ii'TnyBaaaa), 3 ibm, bio airro ne noBWien BuiuiyBaTHca n cnpaBH 
PerjiyCiUKH ; 

2. CnosnenHH sonaraiiHn vK[iaini:Jan,ii BiiiciKa (nepeacceHBH Biiict.KOBHi ^acina 
q hbibbx ^pocriB iia TcpilTopiio yKpai'HH) ; 

3. [[ojiaro,T,:Keuiia $inancoBni cnpau sepatasnoro CKap6y ; 

4. HeBMiinyBanHti Pa3,H Hapoauix Kosiicapin, FoaoBHo'i Ruaprnpu i roaoBflo- 
KO«anayioioro ^.o ynpaBiiBBH yKpa'iHCLKmi $ponroii, n,e6-io pyMynci.Kii« i niBkeBHO- 
3axJflBiiH (fpainoM. 

IIpaButeatcTBO yKpa'iHciKO'i HapojiBBoI PecnyOaHKa aaaBJiae, ai,o npaaHanua 
uojiaBBi npHHn,imB Paww Hapoanii KoaicapiB Hoase CiaTH ochobom j.ia noaa- 
roAaeHHfl enopy raK, n(o oMHBCTtca aiuay aiac yBpalaojo i BeaaKopocieio. 

IHo-^o y^acTii b eoioama npaBHTejLCTEi — aa ,T,ynKy JlpaBBTeabCTBa y. H. P. — 
.VKpalaa, 3 orJtaay na sHaiiami, iiko reiiep ocnray.ia, aycBTi. naia b nis ne aeniBie, 
aiat TpeniHy aacTyiiHHKiB.**) 

*) A mu _vKpa'ii[i'],i;a jeaoKpaiia ae uosajiajiaci., joaaaoB cayiKHii uo^aoTE 
niaaiata ^oara i aaepTa Coponfla yKpai'acBKin Kosyaiciin 3 mqckobclkhmb kobv- 
HieTaaa sa aoarraMay i eKoaoamiLBy cysepeaHJCTi yap. Con,. Pai,. PemryCiHaa. 

**) leaepaajbHuii CeKpeiapiat ace ate ne TpatiiB najii aa j'TBopeaHa ^e^epaai.- 
Horo npaBHTOJibCTHa. B soa»tok » aaaefteHux Baa;e Marepiaaia b n^ii capaei h&- 
bosbbo iyT 110TV leiiejja.ituoro CeKpeiapiaiy ^0 npaBHTeaBMB Bcix BOBoyTsopeaBI 
pecayGjiUK i aBToaoiinHi Kpals Pocil, nacaany 18. rpywa (a. ci.) 1917 p.: 

B HpaBweaiCTBO yapaiactKOl Hapoflatoi PecnyfiaaKB — feaopaaiaufi Ceape- 
rapinr — po3iraa.io 8. rpysnn bcim apaBBTentcTBaB ironoyTBopeaira pccnyfiasiK 



87 



- Penf>aK>n,i(iiiaii llhau yijpaitfB yaoBai>Baa:cmih' cboik irpaBHTcaicinox sanaam 

ti^asHTeaiiCTey BeaHKopyctHOi PecnyO:uiKB, mo, 3 oraaay na $iHaacosi TpysaocTH, 

upeaMera cuoatHBauua fiyjyrt BaxaBatacb aa rpaaaa;i ynpa5aH iiicaa aaiLiaia fiea- 

aocflpeAHbO A KacjI feaepaasHnro ceKpeTapiiiry aeiie.iiinHs onpaa roiiBKOio, a eaMe 

1: GananoTax, a y aacoTi oaboi TpetHira — b aojiori. 

PcBOiiouiiiiiiiu lUiafi yKpaiau aae Ha^iio, mo Cpatnili cmp Gy^e ycyHenHH 
,ua ofionijiHoro BAQBOaeaaa i saaiuiic cbow roionnicrt HairpyatiiTH uci caaH aaa. 
.ii-araeiiHa lyei ni»."*) 

Orate BunoBiAt JPW IJeHTpajifcHOi Pajm 6yjia HanpaBieHa Ha 
re, mod roaHM iipHBuin BCBHanHa CoBitcbKOK) PocieH) YKpaiHCbKOi Ha- 
pOflDtoI PecnyfSJiHKH btIuhtb b shtth: aafieBiieiDTii 11*3 ihbKH noiiraqne. 
aae i eKOHOKHifle caMOCTiftne, HeaajieatHe Bi^ MocKOBmaaH, icTayBaHHH 
yKpaTHH. YKpaiHCBKa peBOJiioiiiHHa jreiroKpaTia BBaacajia ufi nnTaanfl 

rOJIOBHRK B HOBHX B3aGIOBifl"HOCHHaX li)K YKpalHOK) i MoCKOBDJHHOIO. 

Pocii, a cawe HpasureatCTBy IliB^eHHO-CjaAiroro Co»ay, UpaaaieJitCTBy aaroBosi- 
gdro Ciflipy, Kpaeaony 3aBaBEa3LKoay KoaiTeTOBi, ilpasiiTeatCTBy aBTOHOaaoro 
Kpany, Biiopyctsift IJenTpaaBHiH Paxi, JIpasHTeaiCTBy asrOHUtfiioI MoaaaBil B Banian, 
a tasox i HapoAfliH Pajtf d lleiporpaju cboio nory a - atiopoineniiaic ytaopHTH aa 
i(>eaepaTHBHHi ocoosax oaaoposne coniajiicrH'iae apaBHTejitcTao. 

Teaep, noaa njjiKOM Bnpaano i neBHo BHH«nnaaca HesoiKaiiBicit capaBBoi 
podoia yciaHOBHHx 36opia apa Bi^cyiHOCTH aaraaiHO-BH3aaaoS BcepociSciKdi bjbictb, 
Kotpa 6 ynpaBaaaa npaBoiupHO, yCTanonaeaaa iipaaiiiejitcTBa, skc 6 ciripaaoca aa 
asrepket ppchyGjihk, mo Teaep vtbopwiotlob, a TaKoat i na bcb conjaaicTHsny 
AeMOspaTiio Pocii, c BeoOxi,%Hum. 

Tiisqacoi aac aoci lenepaahiira CeKpeTapiaT ne oflepacas BUaoaifti aa cbok> 
aoiy a ui bis HapoAHbOi Paja, a si sin. upaeBHi apaBHToatcTB. C&huoid buJmkoio 
t ^oactKC liiiicLKone IIpaBHTejfcCTBo, Koipe nepea cao'ix npea,cTaBauKia aaaBaao, mo 
bobo aroMtycTbca aa 3aitpouioHHa lenepaJtaoro CeKpetapiary i aa cfopxynaaaa 
o^aopoftHOro con,ia.iicTii'iBuro apaaiiTeatOTBa, yisopeaoro apu riji aa (JieaepaTHBaai 
uCiioBai. 

HiTawiii Tany saaay tb aaa;KaioMii aa noipefiy aecTU ncperoBopu ao nosaa- 
boctu catjuao, tenepa.iLni!K CeKpctapiMi, npajtymenuj ^0 toro u.i.1010 bh:ikohi ^aKriu, 
:iki juum aicn,e b pincaax Kpaax Pooi'i, b ion ate qac ysaiKae uoa^e noTpifiaitK BnepeA 
.iBcpayTH yaary aa ti ocauaa (1y,Ty<io'i ^CAopflTBBHOi pociiictKo'i RepstaBB, Koipi 
yKpaiacLKuii uapo^ yna*ae ofioBfl3BOBiii[ii jinn acii iacT«a ^ojepataBao'i Pocii. 

^o lassx a a 1 a.[Mio-,T,epjKaBHBx ai,i,aaaim feappaaBHHH CeKperapiaT 3ayFic.iioc; 
pocayCiMKaaeiKHit Ta capauai ADMOKpaTutiBBii no.7niiqjiHff ycTpiR kojkho! xepsKasa 
Pocii, CBofloiy oco6a, cobictb, c.ioita, #pyi:y, a(5opiB, crpaiiKiB, iicaaHMaaaicTb 
oceai fi liaaie. 

OABoiacao leaepaJUBaB OeKpeTapiaT ctoitl hs aacaai ni.iitoBHToro saatjtaoro 
aeBipy>iaBHH a no-imiyflc aoirta <JiB,;epyio»iux peonyfiaflK, ocsiukh Bonn no naxoAan. 
3a «e»ti BHueaaaHa^oHHi idABMHH. ^epaa ue npaBarcitciBo yKpaiacEKoi Hapo^- 
bboI PecayfijiUKU BBawae 3.10s bhhhjih capofia 3janaTH npaBO aa aayTpininio ae- 
aaae»:aicT6 ko>kj;oi a pecnyfiaaK Pocii. 

Ko.tH Tase po3yjrinna niABa-iaa ^e^epaTaBaoro ycrpon aOfliaHKiTi sci pecay- 
5-iHKH, kojim ii Tan sojKJHBi thobb, mo njuiKOM s°BycKajorj> BBraaBe uepeae^eaaji 
b xutth 3raa,amii noahH»iaax cbo6ja, to feaepaainaa CenpeTapiaT ae Sinn niarax 
peasEHHi jiepeiEKoa j;jia Hia.itaoro (JopsyBaaaa paaoa 30 Bcijia pecuyfijBKasii Pocii 
aOBoro $ejepaTHBuoro npaBHTe.ii.cTBa, Haioiii aa on,i b Haii0.imK?y ^epry yTBopeHBa 
tapHaTaiiBBX jus np'aui yi'TauoE'iiix 30opiB y»OB, a TaKOMt HaffCKopme'nepeBesenaa 
b atHTTa aaraJiMio-eBpoiieiiebKoro ae3">KpaTn>moro jjapy. 

Ilunaca-iH : Po.iOBa Ieaepaabjoro CeKpeTai)iary B. B n 11 a a <i e H k n, I'eae- 
|iaJbHi(H CeicpeTapi. niacHanioiiaajunix cnpaB 0. Til y a 1. r h a, SacTynaHK lem'paai.- 
aoro ilacapa I. M i p h h fi." 

*) lloaacao jOKyaenTH irpo neperoBopii Mia; Pto>to HapoAHix Kosieapis 
i yEpatncLKOio l^eatpajibuoK) Paaow 3a fa3eTasn, ae (5y r iy"!H neBBHaa b tim, mu bohb 
<5e* DoattaoK oifiasaiOTL opifiaaaa. 



88 — 



HHHii sk i.iHTaHHa, hki nij,Hi»ajia Pnia Hap^nix KoisicapiB, b tomv 
incjii H nin'affHfi uponycKa Koaa^oro BiHctaa iepe3 TcpnTopiio ykpajHHJ 
})BJiflJiEci>, nopiBBJoroiH 3 hhm, jipyropnuHHiiH aoo BnmraBaioHBali b cairoro 
$aKry HCBBaHanHii Paapio Hapo^Kix KoMicapio yKpalJicbi;or Hapo^Hboi 
PecnyfljiBKH. l{vnt b saainifi aipi Tpetfa iioaenarB Te, mo l J eiiepajn>iinii 
CespeTapiHT b cboJh BijtiOBifli na y-TbTnaaTys ne aHafinios notpifJnmi 
Bi^HOBiAara OKpeio Ha KOOKHy 3 BimoF-sauHTaHb Paji,H HapoflBix Ko- 
irieapiB, b TOMy <inai fi na aaKo;i; (isejumoi npnBitinOBOi i iipaKraiHoi 
Bam) npo yiacTb ,.b KOHrppeEOJiFon.iHHJH Kajre^iHCBKifi 3MOBi". 

II],o-io iijei ocTaHHboi „aaoBn u , to me pas Tpe(5a nijytpecJiHTu, 
mo u b wficfloeTH ne 6yjio. JlJje uifliac xoBTneBHx uoaiS b Berporpaai 
Ta Khjbi aoBcii BHpaiHO BHflcnnjioct, mo yKpaiHCbKa peBOJuonifina jsfiao- 
Kpara He ni^e paaoM 3 K03aKaMH, IIpHTaaaaMo nei'aTBBne BinHouiennji 
Tpeiboro BceyKpaTHCbKoro BiHctKOBoro 3'i8,ny j;o Koaaioro 3'l3ay, mo 
BUfiyBaBca toju b Kni'si; upnraAaiiMO bukbhciibji UjeiiTpajiLHOio Paaojo 
nponoaituia Koaayniiii Kpyraan cuiibHoi GopoTbOH iipora 6ojibuieBmdB. 
a noTiffl i cniJibny 6opoTb6y BificbKa DjeHrpaabHOi Pa,T,H i dojibiiieBHUBEHx 

BiHCF.KOBHX HaCTUB npOTH TBX CaHBX K08aKiB, npOTH KOHTppeBOJUOmflHOrO 

uiTa^y KBi'BCbKoi Bii'ifbKOBoi OKpyrn: napeum, BTpyiaHfla Teffepa-ibHoro 
OeKpeiapiflTy y BHyrpiiuni cnpaBB Jtonmnun 3 aeTOio o<5opOHH iflrepecifi 
Ta npaB po6iTHHn,TBa fti% peaKHJfiHOro rcmeAiKCBKoro peacnay. Bci ui 
iJaKTH i caMHii HaiipHM fliflJitnoCTH HenTpajbHOt Paan, aa^HaneBnil 
b III ynJBepcajii, a iu,e 6Liu.rae -■ b nacTpoax i peBOJHon,iHHin cbj^ohociii 
ycpaiECbKOro cejiHHCTBa. pofiiiHBHTBa Ta Boau,TBa, He aaea-iH hIbkhx 
ntucraB ^,o oGBDHyBaHeHHH HeHTpajibHOi PaftH B ,,KOHTppeBO.ircn,iiSnin 
KajreaiacbKiH asoBi". TaKOl bmobii ne (Jyjio i He aorao 6ym. I ne bqxhv 
;iBiraHH0, jo6a4HTH H b Tony, mo IJ,enTpa.ibHa Paaa npoBa^HJia, mem 
yna^Ky Bpemennoro IIpaBiiTeabCTBa, caMOCTifino yKpalniaanjio BinetKa na 
({iponTi, a6o b tomj, rno o<5e33upoljia Bopo»:i ill (xoi 6n n no-6ojib[ne- 
BHu,bK0My nacTpocni) MocKOBCbKi nacTHBH, a6o, speuiTi, b TOKy, mo nepe- i 
nycKajja Koaani lacrasH b ^poHTy <iepe3 YKpalny flofloiy. He nepenycKaHaa, 

JUBCHO, Sfl HKOlCb MipH MKOOT^O COBiTCbKIH PoCJfi, ItOCKObKH B6S0 ao 

30cepea,aEeHHfl na JtomuBHi neBHoi, Bopoxoi BJiaai Hapo^nix KoMicapiB 
KOHTppeBOJiioi;innoI ohjih. Aae nacKi-itKH BeJinKOio niKOna 6vsn ifaKTBSHO, 
CKLUbtoi Koaaioro BitcbKa mopjio nepeixaTit nepea yKpainy Jia ^onmBny 
•ra na ypaa i hb jiimao Bee Te BificbKb boiiobuiijio 6 paa,ir kobtp- 
peBOjnouiBBoi ap«ii, i m nacTnua fioro, BTOKJieaa Binaoio i poaai'iTOBana 
CoJibuieBiiKaiH, p03ii1u]jiaca 6 uo cboix cTaBHiyu — renep Tpyiuo 
csaaaTH, MoatHa y BCBKim BBnaiTKy 3 ueBaicTio h|hhiv(;thth, mo inKOja 
Bi^ "nepeiiymeanH K03a'ioro BiHCbKa 6y.Ta 6 b 3,ifiCH0CTH HeapiBnnno 
nennioro sifl to! uiko^h, ana noBCTajia %ns peBOJiionil noiiis Bi,T, Biiimi 
Miac yjKpai'noio i MocKOBmnnoio. IJ,e at caae Tpeoa CKaaaTH fi upo ofiea- 
a6poioBaHHH Ta aaTpFMyBanna I eKepa^bHBJi CeKperapiaTOM 6ojibU[eBHn,bKoro 
siilcbKa, HanpaB-ieHoro 3 (fipoBTiB Ha 6opoTb6y 3 HOBcraHHHM Kajie;ufl<i- 
Tane HOCTyHOBaHHH B,eHTpaabHo! Paj;H BHKjrasairocb He cHMnaiiero II ao 
KOHTppeBo,Tioni9noro JI,ony, He conifljibnoio BoposicTio j,o i^ea-iiB poGi- 
THH^e-cejiaHCbKOi aepataBHOCTH, nporojOHiennx 6ojttmeBHKajiH na Mockob- 
iriiifii, a Jinine 6a5EaHns«r. o6eperrH yKpaiHCbKy Hapo^nio PecnygjiHtcy bvs 



— 89 — 



RTpyjaHua b ii EnyTpiinni cnpaBn cyeinjB, b ^anut BiinaflKOBi Hepaouoi 
Mockobib;hbh, BificbKO HKOi, oysyiii <pop«ajrbHO BanpaBJrene aa 6opofb5y 
a KaJiajiniiM, bosbjulxo Hej.BosaaMEie 6aKaHaa posupaBHTHCb no ,T,opoai 
i 3 n xoxJianH u , a „KO[iTppeBOJH)nifiHOH> (3ypKya3KOK) PajcoFo", 6ea jtOBtux 
(iaaawK npo BHBHaaaa aicolcb mm yKpamctKoi HapojjEtoi PecnytfjwKn 
i oaoBimeiiM IS $opmajii.HOl Btfinu. 

Kom ^oh i 6ya b qii-HefiyAE. 6jiftKHHH jo IJeHTpajibnoI Pa,vi, 
tbk me riatKH i caiie b Tinr, b him <SyjHf tat; xajieiri b" toh qac mockob- 
etKi (SojibnieBHKH b^ aeT. A caiie: Ha ^ony cepe;c Koaan,TBa (BJiac-He 
cepefl iioro ^eMOKpaTiraoi HacTiraij) icrayBajia nocwn cMtna (pe^epa- 
.iicTMaa Teiia, asa huikom mnpo oScroiOBajia racjro (feJ.epaJiicrH'raoi 
nepeoyaoBH Pocii. HaciciabKH na Teiia oyjra b toh nac noiiTHOio, 
bhjsho 3 Toro, m,o HaBiit peaKHifiai Kosani 1'enepaai.cKi e^HHone^iJinH- 
qeetKi Bepxn npnuymeBi 6yaH B^aBaTH 3 ce6e (penepaJiieriB. ^o Toro at 
i o6eKTHBHi ysoBH, a cane — BoporysaHBH b Paaoio Hapojtfrix KoarieapiB, 
upHayniyBajiH Kosaiy crapuiHHy ne CBapriTHCb 3 anaion cyeiaaHH i „maHy- 
BaTH" Tine ripaso Ha aBTOHOMHflfi yerpiS. Bee n,e Beiro jo Toro, nxo 
,.^()H BH3naBaB b toh iac 3a IJeHrpajrbHoio PajT,oio npaBo aacrynaTH Bep- 
xobhotj ypsm yKpalHCLKoI Hapojtfibol PecnyfijrHKH, BHaHaBaB yupaiHCbKy 
Pecny<kHfcy i (SyB totobbh ne BTpyqaTnca b Ii BHyTpimni cnpasii. npaajia, 
Bee u,e BH3BaBajiocb 0(}iiu;iriHHM J[ouon hjjikok yMOBEO i TBMiacoBo. 
Jlismma <5opoTb6a Tan asaHo'i Tt Jio6poBOdn B (id,o nonoBKioBajia cboi paj.H 
case a aoHCbicHx Kosainx KpyriR) npora yKpainc&Koi nepsEaBnocTH acKpaso 
i neBHO BHHBHJia ne. Ajie b to3 nac ^OHinnsa i Baaraai KoaauTBO, BJiacne 
jeioKpaTnqHO-peBOJioniHHa qacTHBa fioro, BHCTynaaa b paaax dopniB aa 
nepedyjtoBy Pocii Ha pecny6aHKaHCbK0-<t>e,Ji,epajiicTB , iHnx ociroBax, BnsHa- 
Bajia $aKTjrano yKpalnctKy Hapo^uio PecnytfaiiKy i ne BTpynajiocL b ii 
BHyTpiBmi cupaBH. Hboro oyao hochtb, m,o6 HeBTpaJibHa Paja, MaioiH 
iiepea eo6oK> BejreTeHCbKe aaBjtaHBH 6yj;oBH yKpai'HctKoi PecnyCjniKH, ne 
ituLta I aerKOM jyineio Ha KoniJuiiKT 3 KoaanTBom i eTaaa Ha nosHn.iio 
T3K 3Banoro HeffTpaaiTeTy. Hianime, CKpiimEuiHCb BfiyTpi, opfaHiayBasnm 
neany BificLKOBy cnay, MoacHa 6yjo npu norpeSi i nopyiuHTH nto nosiuuio 
b toh Hz HHuinii 6k, A iu;o h« no3HUJH 6yja 6 nopyiueHa, npa xoopo- 
:!««ijiHBOi»y Bi'jiHomeHHK) ao sepsaBHoro Bi_npoa.HceHHfl yKpalHH a Cosy 
Mockobihhbh i xasenrii poaenTKy peBOJiioii,iI na yKpaifli, came b 6is 
36aHa»HHH 3 CoBiTCtKOto Pocicro i poapHBy HefiTpaatHnx buhochh a ^oh- 
mnnoK>, kojih 6 Tai* nepeflaiEHB KOnTppeBoaron,iHBnn Kypc (hk boho 
i CTaaoct nianime) — He Morao dyrH niHKnx cyariBiB. 

Ta MocKOBctKi 6oabmeBHKH hh ftificHO He poayMWH nielf nosHnji Il,en- 
Tpaatnol Pajw <ih npocTO He xoTiwiH n BpoaymTH. B CBOffi BiaaoBiAi Ha 
HOTy leHepaatHoro CeKpeTapiary Pasa Hapo^Hix Konicapis bhob, o(S- 
MeatHBuiHcii 3arajitHoio saaBoio npo BiranaaHa nero n npaBa CBOfii^noro 
poaBHTKy HapofliB" i „3AificHeHira nboro npniminy", bo.hj yBary 80cepea;H.ia 
Ha „nii.nipaHHfo Pa^oio KOHTppeBOJuonil, 6ypKya3iI — KafleTiB i Kajtefljaa'". 

,,Bi^troBi,i;aioqu na 3poCaeHe BaMH 3 ytroBKOBaweHHR npaBUTe3i%CTBa yjtpaSa- 
cbKo-I HeHTpa^LHo! Pajii ii(teji;jiO!KeHna npnareiiLCiiKdro noaaro^atenna KOBiJuiiKTy «iii; 
yjcpsSKChtiOK I^BHTpajitHOH) Parents i Pawow Hapojtnli KoHicapin, Emca.ra. Paaa Ifapofl- 
Bii KoMicapit b cBoiii noii bij, 21. rpy^na (h. ct.), Pasa IIapo^nii Koxicapiu aaaBJHc, 



— 90 — 



mo Bsasac umpuiy aKnim 4,1a ycyaeiiBS onopy Geaaepeiao uaaiaHOKt. GoBirci>iics 
llli.iBHTe.ii.cTflo apooHJio nee, moO jiBm ro Mpiroro n6.iaro3.)K<rtiHa crip ana. 

lUo-jo opeaaoKeHBa yKpalaci.RO 10 Pa^ore yaoB, Koipi MsaiTb npHnn.rno»HH 
xapaKfep, sk npaoo CBoOi^noro po3Biiipy HapoaJB, bobh biko.ik ho Syaa npeaneioit 
BepcroBopie afio cnopy, 60 Pa^a Hapoj,iris Konicapts npa3Hae nosae 3AJ3caeBu» 
tux npBHnjniB. 

y npoa-ioateHHi ynosai yKpaiirctKa UeHrpajitHa Paja tiOMBHae MOBTaBitaio 
jiiicnHfl npesseT cnopy, a caae re, mo Pafla nj^uapac KoirrppoBoawniio fiypatyanii, 
Karelin ia KaJt.iiiia, aBepiieay upOTH BJiaxa cOBiiiB, aacTynmiKiB coaauj poftiiHHKiR 
i cas^aris. JIopo3y»iBHB a Pa^OM MoaauBe tui.ich jua yaoBoio, n;o Pajia Bnpa3uo 
BiAHOBHTtca iri^dHpam, as Kajie^iHa, TaK i bck> KOHrp-peBQ.TOnjs'tny aaoBy Oypacyaaii 
Ta KajjeTie." 

Mh hc naeM0 nifl pyKaim tconiii xoayjieHriB npo a&iH>uma xia. nepe- 
roBopie: npo 3aio,n;n laeais BeepoctiktKHi ycTaHOBias 36opiB Bi;<, 
yKpa'inn, 111,0 b tou iac nepeoyBajia b HeTporpajq (nepeBaaiHO yKpain- 
ctKHX conifljiicTiB-peBOTiiou;ioHepiB), Hanpaajieni no MDpnoro, aajtaroaaceana 
KOHipJiiKTy; npo pofloTy BncjiaHoI a IleTporpajy ro Kalea cneniajiiaol 
lenei'aioi; ran caMO, an He aaeio i aiiciy thx posHOB, am Be^aca 
feHepajibHHi CeKpeTapiaxoii 3 Pa^oio Hapo^aix Koiieapis xeJiei'pa^HO. 
Ta son n,i joKyieaia i MOrjra 6 je-B-HOBy bhcbItjuith cnpaBy me Kpaiue, 
ais ocbitbjih 11 naBenesi Bame jOKyienTa, npoie »oroct. ocjiobiio 
HOsoro bobh He jajrn 6. Koh^jjjkt aocraBca ue pocaiiyTaaHif, #0 nopooy- 
hIhhh He fliiiinjio.*) Ta S Tpy^ao 6yjio soearra TOro nopoayiiiHHa, tbm 
6hbme, mo Fa^a Hapojjnii KoiicapiB noeniinn^act apnsnaTH aa npaBB- 
T6JBCTB0 yKpaina yTBopenHfi 3'I3kom Pax b XaptKOBi Tan 3BanBfi n CoBiT- 
cbkhh Ypaft" yKpaiaa i nara b ^onoirory Tony ypa^osi cboio apmiio a-'m 

BiHHH 3 U,eHTpaJIIiHOK PaflOK). 



*) HaBORHMO ryt je-sid si^ojiocTii npo ja.it ibh ft xin ueperosopiB : 2. cimhs 
(11. ct.) 1918 p. ypajoBe lleiporpaac&Ke Te.ielpa^ne AfenrorBo nojtaao veiefpasy 
lasoro aaicTy : „JIo niciKai v.ieaiB je.iefanil, nKift nopyieoo BecTB u Kajsi aepp- 
roBopa wis nojaro r i3i;eHna Kou$.iiKiy mm Baaflow, coBiTiB i U,euipa.9i>ooH> Pa,T,<'J<S 
t. MoauuBicTL nojaroaara n;efi koe^ji'ikt ihjc cnoeodoir, m;d 6yae yiBopeHo hohv 
Pajy CoBiiiB, npa ^iic fiy^e noniBpeHO oflcar II bmbbj. Henipajibna Pa,ia aajyuye 
HimoHirjiTji yatTHicaTyai Pa;ut Hapoanii HosicapiB nift ywoaoio, no yKpa'Jiia. fiyjiu 
safreaneqeHa rpiumii i h(o Pa^a Hapojitii KoiicapiB BHiacTt ypHjoaMH apr,|>?t, 
IRfli npiisnae yicpalHCbKy PecnyC.iHKy. Hk noEWJUMKiTt flejin^aTii, yKpaina.He aa- 

fiOJlOHHTb BHB03y artilKMta j.0' BeJIHROpotU." 

3. ci-jsn (h. ct.) 1918 p. Pima Hapojaii KoMicapia 3BopHy.iaei, no Vfimrpixir 

UO'i Pa^H 3 T8K0K> HOTOH) ! 

n Tosy n,o oiJtiqjfl.ibSL aaCiynaHKU HeETpa.nnoI Pajn isHc.ioBti.ia 6ai«anBfl 
poaao^iaTH ireperoBopit jyis ocarneHfln nopoavMinua a Pa.roK> Rapoftair KoaicapiB, 
Koipa. 3 eaoro 6oKy -npHaaae HeaaaeatHicTi. yKpal'ncbKo'i PeciiywaaH, Jtajiiiue TO*y 
mo L,cnT|)a.itiia Pa^a npuaaac KouTppeBo.itoniftnHil lapaKiep cboIi ciupoHHsiB, 
AaJtme a oraafly B*a if aKT . '1° Paja Hapojaix Kost.icapiB bciojh i a6co.uoTHO npri* 
aaajta Bcia HanjffB, a yKpaiictaoio BK-ito^ao, npaso na HeaaaejKnicn,, fta.ti Ta»y, 
m,o Biiac KO^ay. cnpooy oMHKyTM BiiiHy a lJeHTpaai,HOKi Pa^oio, kojih 6 aoaa Upa- 
aHaJra KOHrppeHo.iion.iHHHH lapaKTep jia.iLBOCTH K'a.'iRj,iMa i a e ttfHH/sja 6 
Bejenita u i ft n is a mm, — yBaacae Pa,na JTapo,T,mi Koaicapia aa r/jsc 
Saacasy pW yBifini b oBroBopeHna a D;'enTpa.iLiro» Paj;<>» aenopitoeitBi CnpaB, mof' 
ycyiyTiT Bci Henopo3yaiHHH, bki BBn.inBaTOTt a noJiiTHxu Paju in,o-jo aafaitttoro 
^pqHTy Ta npOTHpeBOJHonjitHOTO noBCtaHan Ka.ieRiHa. 

Pa^aHapoSHii KomcapiB npopoayc UeHTpajitHiB Paa,! iieperoBop'a b ciipaai 
flopoajHLHna, sue BixnoBi^a.TO -6 HaBe^eHHif aacaAaa, i BBamae 3a aafiniAnoaiAaiipe 
aicne ftiia neperoBopiB — Cmojchck afio KtSfii 




— 91 — 



TaK pocnoiaaacb BiSna sm OoBircbKoio MocKOBuyiHOio i YKpalnr 

CbKOK) HapOJI,BtOiO PecnyfijIHKOK). (18), BlBHa, m,0 U,kKOM 3 TeMHHHO- 

irijiiTapnnx jjpa<ma He Moraa BimyBara Hiuoro jjodporo -rijthm mo mn- 
po;pi;eniff, Heopi'aHiaoBamn, ho aninHeaiff, <5e3 apiiir i spinanciB, 6.63 
crajiHx i AQCBiAHJix anapariB aepsaBHOro ynpaBaiHaa, (SUaift ime.iii'eiiT- 
cLKiMti HaaioHaabHO-cBi^oHBBH CHJiaiH yKpai'Hi. He BimyBa-ta BOHa Hiioro 
jooporo 3 naaaro™ b orni kjmcoboi 6"opOTfc6a HepBOBiii MocKOBm.Hni, 6o 
tiaji.ii ocTanHEOi sdpoSffoio chjioio n npio6m,HTi> u yicpaFHy ,^o couiajiicTn'reoi 
MocKOBebKoi peBOJHoiyi i tbm sao'eaaeinTH jjaa MOCKOBctftoro npaujom'joro 
.uo/jy Heo6si^Hy 2oiy jjonoMory yKpalHCBKHM im6os, nyitpow, syiisJia* 
Ta nnmiiin npojjKraitB", 6yjin Jiyse i flyae npo6jieMaTHiHHXH. He Bimysajia 
BOiia aaraaom ufaovo jjoGporo i cnpasi poeificLKOi Ta yKpai'HCtKOi peBOjno- 
nft BTaraioin Hapojyii MacH, jieMOKparifo (a ne (Sypsyaairo) MoeKOBotaHn 
ft yKpalHH B KpiBasy uteatHycofiay Han,iOHaai>Hy (a He coniotHy) siiiHy, 
aaTeimoiOHH thm KiiacoBy cBifloaicTb yftpaiactKHi TpyAfliaHx Mac, uitob- 
xaroiH yRpaiHCbKy conjajxicnraHy iHTeJiifeHijiio so cniBpo6"iTBau,TBa 3 jipi6- 
ii. in i yKpalnctKOio oypacyasieso, iiopyniyiQHn HopBaJibnna pobbhtok peBOaio- 
ipfifloi KJiacoBoI fiopOTtfiH Ha yicpaiiri. Xto aaBBHHB b uw Binai 6iJibiue 
— HenTpa^bHa Pa^a 3 reirepajtbEHH CeKpeTapiaTOM ib Pa^a Hapo,iHix 
KoaicapiB — cBaace cyfl maiiCyrHii noKOJiinb. 

9. nonaTOH mhposhx neperoBOpiB 3 HiwesHHHOio Ta I'V coK)3Hnnaii«. 
Ilicjg noBaaeHHii npaBOTeabCTBa KepeHCbisoro aimo, aftaBaaocb, He ctosjio 
n,eHTpaju.mfi Pafti na xopo.3i ao 3aKJuoHeHna Mnpy, Pooiranie-ceaaHCbiri 
laca ^ojiarajiHCb Mnpy, xo 1 ! 6n it cenaparaoro, Bse flaBHO i b piiKHax 
(fiopiax. Byjio hcho ;yiH bcix, mo MHp HeoGxi^ao (Syao BaKnoanTn ae- 
rafmo, xoi (5 a it joporoio njaoro, 60 o^DaKOBo BoioBaTH sajri. He <5yjio 
aiflKOl BMorn. nocTaiannH apifii Bate ne HOKoa 6yao HaaarojtHTH ; ntn- 
khth HJcnj'RjfiHy y BificbKy TaKO». Ta ff no cyri, ocoGjihbo yicpalHCBKiH 
Hapoarriii Pecnydjinn,i, He 6yiro ioro Tarra Ty BiffHy fla,ii. 

npaBttre-ibCTBO CoBiTCbKOi PociT Bee n,e jj;o6pe poayiiijio i wpes Te 
8apas ace cmijikbo niBwo uijissom npnnaBenHa biShh a IJ|eHTpajn.HHiiE 
^epacaBaaH. Po3yKiaa cTanoBnni,e it I^esTpajibHa Paj;a, ajie iff fipaicyBaao 
toT cmijiiiBOOTH Ta piniyiocTii, aicy ira-ia Pa,ia Hapo^Hix KomicapiB. Jlijs. 
BiuHBOn aeMOKparii MCHbiuoCTefi Ta yKpalHCbKBx api6ao6ypxya3HHX Bepcrs 
(b nepmy tepry con;.-(teii,.) Bona sobto (Soajacb o^BepTO ctbth na maax 
aaKJifOHeaHa cenapaTHoro iapy i, th» casmi, pospaBy 3 BCoroanHKaMH" — 
AHTaHToro, ana, noaiiaroqa HepimyiicTb HeHTpaabaoi Pa,p b cnpaBi 
mpy Ta pociOjpseHHH 11 3 pociflcbKiiMH HapoxHiMH KouieapaaH, noiaaa na'- 
BaayBaTH lepea cboJs npej!i,CTaBHiiKiB b KniBi HaniB-oipinifiBi 3BasKn B hobo^ 
yKpalHCbKoio jepataBOK).*) BiimeHi niero yBaroro ro ce6e a 6oay ^BemiKHx 

""') AHtaiiTCBKi npejCTaBflBKH aeepnyjiB cbohi j-jtarj ua jKj)a'iiiciKnii HMawJb- 
hhh pyi me -j a'm 1917 ])OKy, aae sobilbh nac cTaBHanct ao ntoro a}'aie hcmi[>h- 
IBflbHO, BiysaToiB b vbOvy „HiMem.Koi iiiTpufH". BiarjKOM i;LOro noraajy aHTam- 
ctKHi KepyioiBj Koa Ha yspajHCiKy BanibaaatHy peBoaioiyK) flBjaaifcca Biaoa,e 
..inTopuio" B. iiBHBaieHKai ^ je^ao ho nOTar.io aa codoso cepfioaHDl " „nariHKtt* 
aft UeHTpa^iny Pa^j' 3 SoKy BpeireHHoro PociiictKoro rtpaBBTe^icxBa, IcTopia nuot'et 
iHTepaso TaKa. flijiac CBoro uepe<5)'BaHHa b Herporpasi (b CKJia^i jipyrot ^eaafanis 
HeBTpaatHoi Paxa so Bpeiennoro UpaBHteitteTBa' b cepnni ci.ci. 1917 p.) B. Bhuhh- 
56hko jaB iHiepBm npo yapalHctKHa pyi KopecaoHfleHTOBi seaBBO'I (JyjiLBapHoi 






nepasaB" icepyioii eceipo-ecjeKiscLKi nojiiTiiK.fi: a I eHepajibiioro CoKpera- 
pifiTy HaBirb HoiaJtn (jyjin aa;iyiyBaTnci> Haji; nponoaHn,iHMH aHTaHTCBRm 
poadHiuaK nope^opiyBaTH, aa Ix nonomororo, yKpamctKe bihcbko i sIhgho 
KepacaTH pjii, „a5K so aaKjnOTeHHJi BaraibBoro Mopy",*) yKpalfHehKBii ^poiir. 
B jojtaTOK #0 ijtoro, bb cnpirajia aimiBHiH MnpoBin iioziwiuj jjen- 
TpaJtBHoi Pajn raKoac i II noannis b cnpaBi yrBOpeHmr ijeHTpaabHoro 
<j>eji;epajibHoro ypajiy PocificbKoI $e£epaTBBnoi PecnytfjiHKH. He BHanaiOTO 




iti]ianuj'3i.K0i raiem nL'intransigeant". lHo roBopiiE B. BsiHHH<ienKo KOppecrfonaeH- 
TOBi — KeBisoKo, sue B faseii 3'hbhbch ^onac, 11 HKoay aaaaa^ajioci. (Ha nisciaai 
3aaBii B. liiiHHUMCRua), mo U,t'UT])a.itHa Pa^a b cso'iS SLituiocTH snuaeTbca fepHaao- 
4ii.iM:BKOK) i Bene *op)iaHo^uj>csKy noJiwiEj. Oigbbsbq, mo lanoi 3assH B. Buheu- 
aeano 3pouHTH ae Mir (npo no aia i 3aaBiiB nianime) i no fiyaa npocTiciHtKa npo- 
B'oKanJH, aae „cotohiiki!" (l£paHJ(y«H, to.iobhhic whom) iiacijiu Ha Bp6nense Ilpa- 
BiiTejitcTBo, w,o6 Bono- 3pofiH,io HariHKy Ha B fepxaHoijii.iiciKy" HeaTpaabHy Pajij, 
Bpcaenae llpaBUTC.ucrao, roi i anaao aofipe cirpasxHio niay niHTepBro", oanaqe 
jiiaaaao 6ua niel ciipaBU BejiuKiiS raaac, aKKii flesiAOHO ^im <5n KiaiiiBca, kojh 6 
He 03.ifipa.3u yuani BpcMeaHoro BpaBHTCitctBa muni, fiiatm Baacfll cnpaBB, i n nepmy 
lepry KopHi.loam;>ifla. 

Ta „HLHeitbKi MapK» fi iHTpnfu" — o,iHe, a aeaiiKa HanionasiKO-BHSBOJLHa 
GopOTtda yKpaTHCbKoro Hapoiiy — Apyre. He .aofipe poayvLw S aHTanietKi uo.iiTiiKH, 
m.'pi'3 n,e bohh < oAKoro fiony lnysaJiu „mapoK u i aaMttBaa-iu Bpeaenne HpaBHTeat- 
ctbo npOTH HeHTpajtbHo'i Pa.iH, a 3 a,pyroro — aaB^aJieri.it „npnuKixyBajiHct" no 
yKpalHCBKoro pyxy i Busiipii.iii, ih ho «0SKe bih lrpH iiouiiux ofiraaBHHax CTara In 
y a])Hi-o^,i. TaKa „po3Bi,tK&" Be.iaca ocoSjihbo ,niaJbHo 3 6ony ^paanyaiB, nine hhhthm 
icpea ir. Ilejiicte, nooairna JpaHnyaiKoro cowta b HeTporpa^i a. Hyjanca. HeJiicBe 
apHixaa :ia .V'Kjia'iay Buepme me 3 Jivra t aaBHiiae linii 3BH3KU 3 luHupaatHM 
f^f'KpeTapeM saKop^oHHui cnpas 0. IIIy.iLrnHMM (con--$eA.). Taso* » aiiKy npHlsiBB 
jo Katsa (bU aHtiifictKoro noco.n.rTiia 11 IlCTporpa^i) fl AHr.iiea,b "po$. Ilipe. B,eft 
ncTaaiS ' ojpa3y „CpaB Shb» sa porH", ^,onHTyjo?BC* npe^cTaBHiiKis I'eHeiiam.Horo 
(.'eKpeTapJHTy, mo Mac pofiiitn Hempa-ibna Pa^a, bojh ^ooeTtca aBTOHonii i yupami- 
aaaii apsii. Ani'.uilnast ioajiio Jipo Te, m/)6 HeaTpajiiHa Pa^a. aociaBH-ia cboik 
aaBjaHanM niitpHMKy (jtpoBra ao noftyuioro k«bhh ; b nj». wiomtiHi bohh .2 poai'aa- 
jajiM Bern yKpaTHCbKy capaBy. Ilt3iiiin,e ft '5pann,y3H no'iaJiu flHBiiTuoi Ha cHpaay 
Cijtiiie 3 ("iiikv inicnmix imepeciB, Km 3 Sony „Hinon.j.i;Hi aapoK". Ko.in ypaji; 
KepeacbKoro BiraB, aHTaHTCtKi npejCTaBHHKH b Kinni iaKH jofipe bm.ihch no 
.VK[iaInii,iB ; aiat bhuihb, mm') npiixii.iiiTsi Ha cBift Oik yKpaSHn,iB, bohti hjcthjiu 
„h xn\" nix iioBHiiMH yKpal'Hf J.KUMH KOaaMu HaBitt „<fpaEKU". lIosiiHinii „anraHto- 
$Lih" ojepjKa-iH a Toft Tac ae aa.ii oym, MacTiiiia H,i« cjh (IO,(KX) Kipfl.) npa- 
3Haia.iaCb — hkhkcl >ihhoh qepes M. Ilopina (yKp. eoni.-aeH.) — naaiTb ..PofiiTUHqiB 
raseTi" (opfaa U,eHTpaatHoro KoMiieTa yC^PIl), HacTiiaa sacrpajia, KavKyrl, a se- 
aioai „OiaaaHa BijtbHoro KoaattTBa" l'eaepaaa CBoponanCLKoro, neaHKOrO ,,aHTaaTO- 
(Ji.ia", u Hhuihx naaiB. IIpbho aiiTaawtKi rpomi jaau cTHSy:r i ,no optanisanil B Toft 
iac B KiiiBi ■acoiiei,Ko'i a4rame^ia&Ca*o1 ittoati cb. Aaapin — iri^; naasoio „Mouiosa 
yKpa'iaa" — b cKflaft HKOi bbiHui.th, b 'ini'jii hhbihx, (ipaTH DlyMjiUbwi ft MopKOTVH ; 
r sanBa MopKOTyaa, mo so atoari .aa-Tca^B tsapai i ('. II eta Kip a. , Byan . hk'lci. 
(rpomeaoro xapaKtejiy) 3BH3i:h aHTaaTCLKur ateUTia i 3 xc-hkhmh laenaMa 3a»ii3no- 
AopoacHHX yupainebKiix opfaai3an;ii. O^Haie, hkokj 6 n,a poGoia h« Oyaa, soaa ae 
Buorpasa uoxiiaoi po.ii b yKpa'lttCBKtii nn3BoaLKia Copoij>6i, iaK caMO as hc bhsh- 
sana ,aa MacoBnis VKpaiHCbKLiu pyx i „po(Joia" HiMn,ia (uepeBaasao 3a Kop^pHQa — 
iepe3 cboIx aJeaTij) 3 sc-asux yKpaiauiB CKifpafniB. 

*) Jlaffmi — npono3ini;iI iipe^ciaBHiutiB AirTanru snoBnaiic^ jpi Toro, mp6 
yrtopurn 3 yKpaiHUiB-BOaKtB KiatKa KopnyciB, hki paaoH 3 ^exo-c,iOBan,l.KnsH lio.:i- 

KaMH, 3^)opMOBaHHMH 3 aBCipiBCLKM UOjlOHeHHX i Ko6Lli30BaEBX lexiB-KOibOnictiB 

3 ■ J'KpaTjiif, a laa^iK JI(S.imwi!i!i, 3aB.nn.iii HaftBaMHimi n rTparclumiiic BiAnoareaHRi 
nymrrtr-HapyjiyiirLKOMy i HlBAeMHO-aaxisraoMy (yKpalactKiix) (tipoaTax i -raKHM oiiocoGom 
HpuTaryftaJiH fi aa hhx ^poHTal neBHy ■KlabKicrt BiisetKa lleBipaaannx ^,epacanw 




9;^ — 



PajH Hapoanix KoiicapiB sa u;euTpajibHe (peAepaJibne npaBBiejibCTBo 
Pocii, He Bsasaio'iH TaKoa: i ce<5e aa npaBHTejitcTBO caHOCTiSnoi aepsafin, 
Hanaramncb yTBopnra (te^epaatae npaBBTejiLCTBO, nice TiibKB, ua jiyusy 
JJ,eHTpajibHOl Pa^H, i homo 6 Basra b cboi pyKH cnpaBy satuiioieBHfl 
Miipy, IteBTpajibHa Pajia 6e3cnjro TOBTajiacb Ha Hicn,t, ne suaioHH, a skcto 
tloKy bIaihth so cnpaBU unpy. 

A noiii no'jajii sace Bunepe^HtyBaTH I^eHipaJitHy Pajty i r'enepaiib- 
hbii CeKpeiapiHT. 3 JterKoI pyKH (ScuibuieBHKiB novaaocb n 6paTanua u 
poeificbKOi apaii (BJiacne, GyBuioI apjiii) 3 Biien&KHu BiHCbKOH, a sa bbm 
noiaanca — ■ a Kim\a JiHcronaAa (h. ct.) 1917 p. — i fopsaJibHi snpcmi 
neperOBopH Pa^H HapoAsix KomieapiB 3 IJeBTpajibnain JJepacaBaini. 
MnpnB ca« $poht, aapnjin HapoAni Koaicapa. I^earpa-ibBa Pa;va Hyci.ia 

ffl,OCb pO(3HTH, KOJTH H6 XOTlJia AOUyCTHTH, Wfi6 BaKJHO'feHBH Mupy BiA- 

6yjioca no-sa H njieiniia. 

4. rpyflfffl (n. ct.) Bin;6yjiocb BaciAaHHH MaJioI PaflH, DpncBHMeHe 
cnpaBi anpy. B I'aaeTax iHTaeMO npo n,e 3aciAaHaa, aiac Banian, caijiywie : 

»H V- 1" P y 1" B B C B K B it HOBiaOJlBi), W HOUepBRHfcOrO fllia BpHCJUlB rOIOBUO- 

KOHaB^yK>unn pyMyncABiuii $poirroa Teartpaxy yKpa'iHCBKiB HeuTpaatuift Pafli, no- 
iii^oiuaio'iB, mo but, b nopo3yMinino 3 pyaiyHCLKna upaBUTeaiCTBOJi, npnaeBOJie- 
ii u H p o 3 no h a i u xupoBi neperoBopii a BoporoK i npocaiB Pa^y npH- 
c.iaTii cBoro upe^cTaBBKBa rjih j^iacTii b u,ux iieperosopax. 

H o p o n <■ k ii >i (ysp. c on,, -sea.*) a;a^aB, mofi nepeanppji Ha pynyBci>KiB 
i [MB r neB.Ho-3&xisHij! $pOHii Gyjio iiporosonieno aiR yjcpaiHCBKoi Pecnyo'.inKH i m,o6 
onicm fiy.io xoBeseno CTrpasy ^o kihuh, so 8amno<ieHHa nHpy. yispameBKa Hapo#ia 
PecnyOjiHKft nonnnHa Basra cnpasy Miipy n cso'i pyKB, hko BCaajieiitHa ftepatasa, no- 
BiflonaaKi'iii upa n;e Pa^y Hapoj(BSi KoHicapia, ako seiHJtopytlEBy Baajij, a laitoa; 
BOK>K>ii .nepaaiBB i ^coroannKitt". Pairimc «h Bee niflKpecjrmBajiH sbmob YKpaiBH 
S Fociejo. Ta ncpeniBH, iiki uSnum, po3Baua.iu Has pj'Kii, i Teiiep yupaina noaiiHHa 
yuaaiain CeSe caa6c*itno», jieaajeatuoio j;ep:Kasofo, sobIbmh cboc flanioHa.iLno eaao- 
iKiira'ieiinii ro HOBEoro Kiinyi. l Iepea ro.iOB» boiojohhi yjtpaina noBBnna 3BepHyTac» 
%a Ae* i >irpaTii>!HHX ch.i EBpoua a upcxaHHaa ^oitdiOTO Kit oraTii niSKO» rynepsKHoKi. 
K'pame BiepTn, ai-.t; ne aooiriiyru atoi'n. 

1ei9.ii (yKp- con;.-peB.) aaaiia'iiiB, mo nepeinippa i Mup rpefia poCiitH 
iii,i, iiacini J'i:|i[unci.Ko'i llapoflBi.ni l'fi'ii_v'>.iiii;ii. Tony TpcOa i'TBtk ira CTaHOBHme 
atiBCin iiC3a.Tea;iio'i a,ep;i;aBii, 

Krntnip (y«p. con,.-(Jiej;.) sanBUB, nto Horn 4ipaKn,i» sBepTatTtca a Dpono- 
;iiiii,inH) «o ^eaoKpani aaiisHol Eaponu 3aKJio'iHTir aaraiiHiiu n h p. Ha cena- 
liaTUHil msp CeciAHiiK hb ro^Hrtca, 

TsaieiiKO (yKp. roB,.-^e«. — I'eHepajiiJiufi CeupeTapi eysoBHi Cupau) 
cuasas. Hto yjipaiactKa coniaat-^eiioKpaTin Beci lac jto»ara.'iafa napy, aae aa 
uopcuiEOfti cToa.io pocificsKe npaBHTe,ii.cTBO. Tenep niei nepennto^ii neaa — orate 
TpeCa mdphth, xpeOa npucryjiKni liimsic J<J bujm.o.ichusi KOHKperHHX yMOB anpy. 

Ill a u; (oO. xn^. con,. napT.) aoaaraBca, m,n() HonTpa.iLHa Pa v i;a caHKn,ionyBajia 
nepexBppa i upHCTyiru.ia j,o yTBOpeHHa pociftetKol BJia^B, Koipa 6jx» 6 npaBo- 

i-H.IBBa SaKJIiOIBTH Mllp. 

Ill p a r (yKp. con,.-peB.) rriRKpecTHB, ln,o nenTpaJiBuol ^eflepasrEiioS saaAH 
Heirae ; toij- cirpaay MHpy tioBuitaa neraHHO Baaiu b cboi pymi li,eBTpa^BHa Pafla. 
l.'"i,T,HHK Bi^iiiTaB pe30.iKininj it|.aKni'i yKpaiHCBKBi eon;iaiiiciiB pesoJtion.ioHepiB, 
b ajtig aanpoaouysaB paxyiiamea 3 pa^oio Hapojiij Koii- 
''M'i'i bk a <)>aKTH'inoio D.UAOB Bejru.KopyoBKoro iiest-pa; 

... *) HepoHOBH-i riinciKaB fl,o .liaol TeiiS yspainciKoi Con,ioB-fl,eKoicpaTHqKoJ 
IlaiiTu, n;o uoris irepeiBopjuiaci. b ^paK^iw „HesaaeKBHx", & «n,e niMiimc — 
ii 1 Kpa'incLKV KosynicTM9By Jlaprijo (yKU), 



— 94 — 



apaaraBCn VTBopeBHH !>a.aQpo;i,iio - i:onm.iiCTiiuut>rn $e,vpaTininnm npaBBTcai.i.-Tua 
i, ?hm uacojr, BiicHJrEH npeacTaBHHKiB HeaipaaBHo'i Paaji ,i,isi aeperuBopiB a 
nopeaappa, 

■ floTUf C k:i o b c £ku fi (nifl poc. con>peB.), lojine.inun (ni^ noa.ic- 
HioHy) i EaaafianoB (bis poc. con;.-J6M. acHimeBiiKiB Ta i:hji. ,,t>yn^y"j jok'a- 
l'Miica bis feaepaaBaoro CeapeTapisTy BiiacHeiiim ftoro no3un,i'i b eupani snipy 
i npoTecryBaJUi iipoTii MO/KaaBocTa cenapaTHoro aapy. 

Ilpa aarajasii yBasi BiicTyaaB a KopoTKOto nSpoaOBOio PoaoBa feHepaaBifofo 
CexpeTapisTy B, BniHiieEKO. Bin sa;iaaiBB, mo l'eaepaaBBnfi CeKpeiapiaT 
KOHCTaTye a BeaHKHM aa^OBOaeHHEM, mo noamtia VKpaiacBKHx npoBi^mn BaptiS 
b HiHiH h« poci(U«Ttra a ;nyaisoio feHepajiBHoro CcKpeTapiaTj. Capaaa aapa He 
TepmiTB BisJioatenHa. Mu uobuhhl Becm l'i bIj. incHii yKpa'iacEKo'i Hapo,uito'i 1 
djiHKH i BHCiani cboix npei.CTaBHHKiB Ha pyayHciKHH i niBaeHno-isaxJaHiiii cppouxn 
,;jia neperoBopiB Dan nepeaappaa. 

PiBHoisacHo HeoCii^no noBiflOMHiH npo n,e $paHn,y3iB i Anfliian.iB, K<>rpi 
ciorop: aipe^mjoan ^o nac no en a (Onaecua). 

TcnepajMinii CeKpeiapiaT npa3nae neortxiflBna nopo3yaiiiica 3 xaaii opiasi- 
3an,iaxu, hki Bejiytt neperoHopa b capasi aapy tia iiamnx $ponTax. Paaa Hapoajiix 
Koaicapis aae bcuhk jHa'iinHH b Hapo^aii aacax, i feaepaaBnaij CeKpeiapiaT np- 
Bimen 3 tiim paiyBaiuca. Aae an ho BBaacaeao Paa,H Hapoanix ffoidcapiH npaisu- 
TeatcTBOa Bcie'i PocifflcLKOi PecnyfiaaKn. Ma BBaacaeao, mo capasy 3araJi>Moro aapy 
noBBHna secTB ia BaacTi, KOTpa 6ya,e aopfaHhoEaaa 3 BpejcTaBHBKiB Boil flearo- 
KpaTBiaax napTifi apa ynacTH apeACTaeanKiB Bia, Kpaesax npaBHTeaiMB. A ioay 
HeoGxijiiD neiaituo npucTyniiTH a,o opiam3aa,ii npaBHie.iBCTBa — o^HOpo^HO-coii^H- 
jicTaiHoro, (JiesepaiBBHoro xapaKtepy... 

Cnpasa aapy — syxe Bajnua i cepfio3aa ; Bona aaxonaioi: iiiTepcea Be tuibkb 
yicpai'uH. Hcooxwao TOay 3apa3 apacTynaiB no BHpooaeHaa npofpaaa aapy. Ba 
rrpofpaaa He aoBHaaa piamaTaca sin toI, any sate o^oCpaaa bcsi pcaoaio- 
mSaa jr,eaOKpaTia . . . 

HeoGxiajio aeraiiHo, aa oa,o<JpeHHaa Ma.io'i PaiH, BCiymrfa b ireperoBopH 
l coio3HBKaaa paaioTeaefpaijioB. 

Thoaain {IJyaaJ 3aiipoiioayBaB bia MeHLniecTefi pe3oaK>n,tK>, b asia CTBep- 
.IxysaB HeoSsiaBicTi Bacaaaan Bpe^CTaBiiHKiu aa pyayHCBKiiil i ciBfl,eBno-3ajoAHjiB 
(fpoHTa ajia aaKaioieBHH nepeaiippa b nopoayainuio 3 coiosHHKaaH ; Heraiiao upa- 
ciynaTH no yTBopeaas aeaTpa.iLiioi' iura;in, oaiiboko apaBocBatBoI apifl aepcroBopiu 
b enpaai aapy, i npuciyaHTH a, maiacoBoro BHpoCaeBHa yaos fleaoKpaiH^iuu" 
aapy una npei^oateHBa aa posrasa U,euTpaJi>H0l PaAM ia cofosBHKiB. 

II i c o n EKH ii (j'Bp. c.-s-) apoaaoaiBB pe30aK>B,iio, upuiiBHTy Bxe yKpaiii- 
csKiiaii coniaji.-;;eaoKpaTaan ia ci>a,ij!.iiciaaii-pcBoaKiH,iottepaMi! aa ^paKU,iiiiiiii 
Hapaaas:." 

l\¥> ocTAHnio peaojnouiH) i 6yjio npHDHHTQ Majioto Pajoio. BBjwn> 

Koiifi rair: 

„Bi P T. iaeaa yKpai'BCfcKoi Hapo^ntoi PecuyuaHua yspaincEKa HeaTpaatHa Pa.vi 
BaaaaG BeoO"xi;<,BBM aerafino npac^yoHTH ^o nepcaappa, noBiflOBBBmu apo n;e. on^o- 
tacHO coio3Bi aepatiBH. 

Bepyaa nU yBary: a) mo cnpaBy anpy Bis iaena ficicl Pocificbaoi PeCnj'C- 
jfHRH mojko Bee™ TiaBKH ttieHTpaiLiraii opfaa coniaatcTHqaoi ^e^epaTBBHOi BaaflM, 
S) mo cnpoda yTBopeBna Taao'i s-iasa ^oci ** babjihcs, b) mo apa Tcaepiiaaii 66- 
craBHHai TaEy saaay MontHa ytsopHTa riaiaa b npon,eci asiiicBenaa BHpy, t) mo 
HHBii aiaara yTBopenan janoli B.iajta ao^tyTt aafHrayra cnpaBy aapy i ooaiKO^aTH 
Ii, — yKpaiactsa EteBTjiajttaa Paaa npacTyaae no aKTUBnoro aftiacaeaRa a«7iy. 

Bna BHnoBaao yKpaSiictKa HenrpaJitBa Paj;a 32,aBRa BHMOBaeay Boaro yfepaiir- 
ciaoro aapojiy i Ba:e se paa yiBa-ieai aeio nocTanoaH upo aeraflaHfi aap, n ii« 
jioci c*aBRao BeatpaaBnia Pasi nepearaojia Bpeaeane BiqiaBHteaiCTBo. 

ToEy yispalBCBKa HeHipaaiaa Pai,a uocTaaonaae ; 

1. Bocaata npexciaBBBKiB Bia, feaepaabnoro CeErperapiaTy aa pyaynctKBit i 
niBaeHH0-3aiia,HHii ^poHTii nxz aeseHHH neperoBopiB b capaBi nepeaappa ;" 




— 95 



2. iJuepnjTiiai aapaa ui.t jmckh VKpalnciKoi Hapo^nboi Pecny6.iisnH, hk ao 
hhi, TiiK i x° Bopowm ftepavau, 3 npono3HHiero hototh supoBi neperoBopa, 

uoEi^o«jiflio<£fl npo no HCBTpajuiu r iepiK*aDH ; 

3. PiBKoqacno coBiflomiTH upo n,e Pa^y Hapojtmi KoiiicapiB i npaanreJitcTBa 
wiimHi pecnySauK Poeil ;lis KoopAUfloaaBoro Besenna niel cnpaau ; 

4. 3apa30* HeHipaabHa Paaa npuciynae js,o neraiiBoro BirpoOjeuna npofpa«B 
■apy jia irpeftjio)neiiBa ii Bij; inenn yKpalnciKoi HapojtHbo! PecnyfimKH Hapo^ai 
Pocis, a TaitojK cohmbuh i BoposKUH RepacasaH, an ocbobh ^.jis tieperoBopis. 

! r K])aiECbKa HeHipwiHa Paaa aaxaxsM bci Hapo^a Pocil b3stb: b b,ki nepe- 
roBopax an Haiti ajbni my yiacTB." 

Ha nijCTaBi niel yxsaaH, Gyao aeiei'oBano bia feHepairbHoro Ceicpe- 
Tapiary juin neperoiiopiB npo nepeuitppa na nojiyiyreBo-aaxi^nHfi (ppoHT 
ToBapaina TeHepajitnoro CeftpeTapH BHyrpiumix copaB I. KpacKOBctKoro 
(c.-<t> ) Ta Kaurana yaOBHientca, a Ha pyiyncbKHH — ■jjreea ilajiol Pajp 
M. .liofiBHCbKoro (jKp. c-p.J Ta ^jrena yftpaiHCbKoro 1 eHepajibHoro Rifi- 
ci.koboi'0 KoMiTeTy M. JleBiTCBKoro (yKp. c.-x-)- BapTO nUspeeJiHTH jlia 
sapaKTepHCTBEH HHCTpolB yKpaiHctKOl aeKOKparil b toh Mac, mo neBBi 
KOJia HeHTpajibnoi Pain BipMH b Te, mo IJeHTpajibHa Pans, cboimh 
aaxoaastH b cnpaBi »npy Buorpae anaMiy poJiio b npacKopeHHro aara- 
abHoro, BcecBiTHboro nnpy. 

O^HOHacno b BeaeimHs neperoBopJB upo nepeumppa TeHepaitHHS 
CeKpeTapiar otojochb o6ejiHaHHa ,h.box $Pobt1b — pyiyncbEoro Ta aojy- 
jHeBO-aaxinnboro — b ojujh yKpainCbKHfi (ppoBT (19). 

Tpom 3roji.o« reHepajibHirii CeKperapiiiT BHcjraB jip KepecTH-JIuTOB- 
cbKoro, ie Bse BiaCyBajiacb neperoBopn Mix I^eBTpaitBHun ^epacaBaia 
i Pa^oro Hapo^aix Komcapie, cboh> xejiei'aniio ;yis KOHrpoaa na,i nepe- 
roBopami, b cttJia^ aitoi b ibcjh iimunx bxojbb M. JTrodBHCbUHii (jKp. c-p,). 

A ine nisaiine, a caie 24. rpyxna (h. ct.), koib KOH<J>jiiKT »is Uoh- 
TpajibHoio Pa.T,oio i CobItom Hapoj^nix KosicapiB BBiilnroB b Ty ctmuo, 
KOjn Bse 6yjio JiaJto naflii na MBpne aanaroj^aceHBa fioro, ko^h Paj,a 
Hapojtiix KoaicapiB nxe aamiso'iaja a HeHTpajitnnMii JI,epxaBaua, 6ea 
nopoayaiflBH a Il|eHTpa,Tbnoio Pa^oio, ncpeinppa sa Bcix ^poHTai, I'ene- 
pajibniifi CeKpeTapiaT, BBHoHyioio HaBeaeny Biioie itocTatrosy Majioi PaiH 
b cnpaBi iDpy, 3BepnyBca ^o bokioihx i HeBTpajibHnx j;ep»aB a cai^yio- 

'IOK BOTOKl : 

„Tonepa.i!.H«ii CeKpeiapiaT no^ae omiui jo Binojia Bcisi HeBTpaaiBMii i so»- 

Tpetiit ynioepcajioM J'spalacwsol HeKipaaiKoI Paaa 3 j&a 20. .lacionafla 
1917. pony nporoaouteno J r KpalHCJ.Kv Hapo^Hio PecnyfinHKy. Hh« aKTO» nocTanjenci 
'ii n JBTepaauioHaJnue iU).io;Kfmui. 

VKpalHCiKaHapojiBfl Pecny(>jiHKa 3narae ro CTBopenaK ^eaepaiKBiioi sjivkh 
Bcii p«cny6.iHK, ari BOBflTilH na xepMopii AaBBboi FocificHtoS Innepil. Ajk SQ iaey, 
kojh b Pocil Syjie yciasoBJieue ijieAepaijiBHo iipaBHTeabctoo i aat npKH jiiji;mi(nMii'' 
sa^TynHHnTBo 6jfl$ noffueHe jiSx npaBHrcjiicTBoa ^eaepaTiiBHO'i PecnyfiJiaim la 
TrpaBHTejbCTBoa .VK]ia'iiiu, Beiyiiac yiipalaciKa PecnyOaBKa si cao'iM npaBHT&abcrBom 
iiepajitHBii CeKpcTapiaton - Ba nopory caiocTiiiHBi jtiacaapoAuii Bi.nnocEB. 

B :iBH3Ky 3 tub yna:uai! I'encjiajbiiiift CcKpeTapiflT 3a BeoOiiAHe biihcMth 
BCi« aepacaBa* i napoaaM CBiTa cranoBHine yBpataciicoll Hapowttol P«cny6aifKH 
B cnpaBi iTHpoBHi neperoBopiu, aKi n (jjiwuix ana* p.oaaoiKyTLca b Bepeciio-JlBTor- 
CtKiM «i« jiptMCTaBUUKaiiH Pa^it HapoaHir, Ko«icapiB i fcepjKasann, m,o Be^yTi 

BIMBy 3 PoCJEh 







Mil aaeiio ueuopyiime nepeKOHanna, no Tenepiniaa nifiaa u iiaiioMbntim iie- 
atacTHH ycii aepaaB ; a.M ioro nij; ,naa nporoaoiuonna yKpa'iBCBKoI Hapojin.m' 
PecnySJiBKU BCTjnHJiH mh Ha raaai aiaiibHoJ Mupsoi nojimiKH. 

Tony, mp n III yninepcaai irporoaoiueno neofilwii^TL lieraimo aaiuio'iHTij 
*ap, nocTaHOBiua TaKoat UeaTpaviwia Paa,a npu.iyqimica ao nepeaappa. Mjrn Torn 
itoc.iaao na noayftneBo-aaiiiiHuii i pyayHctKHil $poHTU ynoBHOBaacHui bsa fenepajir.- 
Horo CeKpeiapiHTy. Ofiuflaa (jipoam 3.iyieHO Teaep b o^hh yKpaiHChKiiii $poHT ilia, 
uipaBaiHBaM npaBiiTe-itCTna yKpa'incBKOi HapoflHMi PecnyrtjuiKsi. 

OjiaoiacHO flopyiBJia It.eiiTpa.ii.Ba Paj,a lew.pa.u.uoay CeKpeiapiaToai noaij;o- 
mhth cokwhukib npo 4>aKT Be^enHH xnpoBHi neperoBopia, i n,c Aopyqeaaa feH.epa.ii>- 
hbS CeBpeiapiaT b ceifl Hac BBKoiiau. 

Kojih Pa,n;a Hapo-wii Koatcapis, 3a aroji;o» npasineafcCTB sepsnaB, mo boxuoti> 
iipoTH Pocii, nonaaa neperosopit ua bcii $poHTai Pocil npo nepeirepps, Bac.iaB 
fesepaaBBHa CeupeiapiaT cboix 3acTymtHKi8 so Bepecis-JIaioBCEKoro a,ia koutpojj» 
ta iii(popaan.ii. Ilpu nia yeasiae fenepa-ibami CeKpeiapini sa HeooxUae 3aepnyTH 
yaary aa Te, mo aaciynnaKB Pa^a HapoflHix KonicapiB, 101 i 6yjra HOEij,oueni 
npo tc, mfl yuoBHOBaxem yupaincLKoro IIpaBiiTe.ifcCTiia maion. upiHxaiH aaa yiacTii 
a aeperosopai, 3 a k .i jo ^ u in caaocTiiino 3 a r a a i> it e nepexappa 6 e 3 
acaKoro noposyiiiiii 3 II p a b h t e 3 1 c t b o a y k p a J h c i> k o i Hi- 
pojEtoI PeenyfiiinKH. 

Teuep, crate, Ko.iii Pa,i.a Hapa^aix Koaicapis, Ha ocbobi ocTaHBbOl to<u;ii 
yitOBH npo 3ara.TLHc nepeaappa, noiaaa b llepeCTJO-JlHTOBCLEia anpoiti iieperoanpii 
3 npaBHTeaLCTBaMii HiaeHisiiiii, AncTpo-yropmuati, Type'iiuau i Bo.irapiI, saaajwt: 
fenepa.ii,Huii CeKpeTajjiar iaeaea yKpaiacbKO'i Hapo^HLOi Pecnyo.iHKii : 

1. lljaa fteMOKparia yKpainctKoi ftepajana 3aarae ha cBiioaoro anpy — a,o 
3araJTBUoro anpy no-aim yciaa bokho'ihbh .lepajanaan. 

2. Map, aaiuHmijunfi iio-abi: Bciaa .lepacaBaaH, noniiiiefl scia, huiutl naa- 
neutaiBM aapoj,aa b Boatflii aepBtaai, aaScaneinTH c-Bo6oa.y aapojionpaanoro ca«o- 
03Haacuna. 

3. iJ-TH yMoat-TiiBjieaaa p,ificaoro ca«0O3na»ieaHa BapojiB neoCiiAHO ycTaaoBHTU 
BijxnoBisiii iapaiiTii". 

4. T Iepea xe aneKCiii, tub 3tianoro uacn.ibiioro iipu.iyicDHK a6o nepe,i,a>ii 
nooxaaoKHi seae.iL 6es 3ro r i,H aacejieHHS, He Hoacna ftottycTUTH. 

6. TaK caao, 3i cTaaoDnaia poftovur mhc scix Kpa'iB, BiiK-iK^oui bchki noa- 
TpHdyajI b ariu fia to ae 6yao ^opai. 

6. Maai aapo^a fi jepacaBir, mo norepui.iii qepes niiiuy, ntmiuini j$ernn 
aaTcpiaatHy Honk, aa ocnoiii npuiiuiniB, iinpo6.iieHHi B.a Konfpecai. 

7, yKpaiactua HapOAfla Pei.iiyu.iuaa Mae Teitep ua CBo'ifi Tepuropil Bjiaciiail 
yKpalncLKiift $pouT i BHCTynae caMOcriHao b BiaaapoAubc cnpaaax lepes cboi: Bpaisn- 
TeaiCTBO, aae 3acTynae ia-repecu yKpalHCLKoro aapoay. 

8. B.ia,i.a PiUii Hapo.ti'ix Kosiicapia He apocTaracTica sa ni.iy Pociio, 
a a'oapeaa He npocraraeTtca aa yKpalacLKy PecnyGjiHKy. 1epe3 a,e aiip, HKufl 

XOie 3aKJIKl1HTU Pocill 91 CB01MH HpOTHBHRKaSU, MUSKC Mail! CUJJ" .;.11l yiqia'iliCMiiH 

PecnySjrasH tLirkii xo^i. bom Horo yaoBH apHttae i aisouaie upaaHTejucTBO yitpaTB- 
cbkoI Hapo,iaiiot Pecnyu.iiiKii. 

9, Map a iaeHil n,ijioi Pocil aoace aaKaroiHia TiaiKii Tase apaBHTeJibciuo 
(ao toto ^eftepaTiiaae), «Ke 6yn,o yiBopeae sctaa pecnyC.iunaaH i ^epscaBao-3opfani- 
jOBamiMH ofiaacTaaii Pocii. Koaa 6 Tasoro IIpaBaTeatCTBa ae B^ajioca yTBOpiiTH 
b HaH6.'iH;K>iia iaci, to^i tijibkh a.iyieai npaBHTe.ii.ciB a bcii tux pecayCiiiK i nO.iacTeil 

BOHtyTl SaK.lFOIIITB TaKUU Mlip. 

yKpalactKHH feHepaaLBuit CeKpeTapiai ^epsKHTtca TBepao apiiHiiiny aarajii.- 
aoro HapoAoapanaoro anpa t» 3aarae npacKopuTH Horo saKJiio'ieHiiii. 

IIpH3HaioiH BenaKe 3Haiinua acii 3ycuJiB, HanpaB.iemir aa aAiacHeBna Taiton> 
aapy, feHepajBunH CeapeiapiaT ysa»:ae 3a HeofiiisHe, iitofl iloro 3acTynuiiKu (Jpajm 
yqacTt b noperoaopai b Bepeciio-JIuTOBCiiKia, i oano>tacHO fiaacac, mo6 cnpaisy 
anpy 6y no aaaopnieHO aa aijEHapOKHia 3'Iasi, Ha hkhb y e p a I ii- 
ciKe IIpaaiiTejiiiCTBOsanpoiiiye bci aoniaii lepaan, 

TojioBa feaepaaiaoro CeaperapiaTy B. B'a naieito, 
[ijnepaiLHHii CeapeTapL ^aa aiwaapo^Hii capaa 0. Ill y a h r n h. 1 " 



— 97 — 



25. 



^pyroro xbh nicaa BHcnjKH ijiei hoth ~Zo. rpyjHa ir, ct. - 

nonaracb 8acifl,aHHfl VIII cecil yKpaiHcucoi U,eHTpaju>EOl Pa^a, Capasa 
craia na ma npeaieTOM najiKHT aetfariB. 

HaBO^nuo TyT ypHBKH s nponoB (ppaKajfiaax Ceci^HnKiB jus TOro, 
iu,o6 a'acyBaTH noanuiio b cnpaBi Mnpy pisam napTinaai (ppaEnjii b njen- 
Tpaabniii Paai. 

OfiroBopeHHfl capaBH inpy noiajiocb 25. rpyiaa gacayxaaHHM pe- 
<J>epaTy fenepaabHoro CeKpeTapa 0. IIIyabrHHa (ysp. con,.-<pejL,), 
HKiifi eaaaaB : 

., Iliiina uupoxye iiobhoio py'iawo, hk Poci'i, i;u; i Vqia'iiii. lepea tc Hea- 
T]ja.itna Paaa iioia.ia neperosopH irpo nepeaHppa Ha CBola ^poBii. Aae an fiaeao 
iiihiih* auaxoa, iik Oo.ii.meBUKii. Map aome 6j*th iicTaroino 3aK2K>4eHH!i iLabKii 
i.iLiiiia upaiMTOBCTBOM, a He Pajoo Hapo;i;aix KoaicapiB. BoibaieaiiKH xotbtl 
ram cenaptontd asp, iisitmeieiropi, an ne ^onycTkxo, 
m o i5 H i a n i t a A b i: t p i ft n i n c p e k n j a ,1 a cbcS ii u .1 k a n a A h r a i fi- 
ll i b. * p a an; y 3 i u t a a H ai H x. Mm ctoImo aa isaraataaii snip. .ie.-ieraniw ,i<> 
Bepecrsi rpefia aocaaTii. leHepa.tbJnui CeupeTapiai He poanaaioe ai.iiTapHCTitiHHX 
npiLCTpaciefi i s«arae %o aupaoro iioaaro^KCHHa i:ii]iaun 3 BsaHKopyesBoS) BX 

I'. iijiafiaHOB (poc. c.-jt,, aentiji.) BijKusae aeoCxiflHiCTb aoCBJUffl ,t,ejiiM';iii I f 
(o Bepecta, BBaaiarora Tataifi cnocifi (JopoTtGii aa asp Exb»Uk>, EoajosoKi a,o Lnosi!! 
uojitniesHKiB. Jaai fieeixaiiK cKaaati, ma caauCTiiiiiiiii bhityii yspaln ;ia aup Oes 
iiopoayaiflHa a Pocicio e niKu.utBiia gga sJm pw u \(ii. Copaaj asps aoaaia 
npnCKopBTit aiauiapcaaia niiiaxoa. &*fl n,boro feaepaatHaii CeBpeiapisr aycHTB 
b-.kiiik naxojtui, mo6 yteopiiTii (jieaepaTiisae npaBuie.ii.CTBri Bcki Poci'i, a jeaoKpaiia 
— CKJiiiKaia couinaicni'juv KOifepeanja). Hi; 6h be Gyao, aae iir.inx ro aupy 
aesB» in> <io|ie.: Bepecra. 

Hi'|io][ii8n'[ (ysp. c.-x) CKiaaB : pea,eaT Ea/iauanoBa ciapuR. Horn an 
'ly.ni Bate ae paa na npoiH3i 8 aicnuia peBODOHJi. Ho BHroaomyaw tvt tosui 
cmb — „n aixaai<o,uiia aacniTaui", a pocfflH^ipyiiTe 11. Cv'iicKe pocificixe 
np IB 11 1 1; .1 b ctb o — H a ]i o ,i, ii i li cuicapH — b :i: e nOCTEBUao 
c irp a it y a n p a u a i m ii a p o n u i a a a c ai t a rt i b noBaifi nmpoii, i Ae.ie(an.ia 
jo BftpccTa u aisrysoa aiiKHapo^iitoro aupy. Bi^KU,T,aKini nociuiay se.iefan,iii, an 
xo^eTe BOBepHyiH iiasax bh x<nete Saaaxam ;j naniiian _v.iin6.iciiiiaii iaBepiajncTB?- 
anaH coHi:fHiijiii ajepsasajoi. Bb caGoryste capasy aapy. 

Cu o ii c i. i; » ii i C y x o n n x (poc. coa,.-pea.) Bsa»yBaaB aa te, mo uuxij;- 
BOK> rOHKoio n cnpaBi Mitpy t ii:.niKaHDa aiaiEapoftflbol eoniajiieTiiiuoi K(>!ii[iopeHn,i 
i BceyKpa'iiici.iiiix ycraxOBTOX Sflopifl. ]i,o EepecTn tpefia Ixai'H, a.ue ii.n,i;ii ,i.i:i 
loro, tn<>rt KOnT|io.ii<iBaTi[ r (iii.n,uicTi. Hapo^aix KoaicapiB, mfl xoTfri rOBnpHTB uij. 
iaeairscici Pocil." 

eBpofictri na|iTi'i aaraaoa iii^TpaayBaajH poc. (.•.-,%. acabaieEUKiK la poc. c.-p., 
Hau.inxaKi'iiici. s yxpalBCUBX iiapriii Baii6i.iLare ^o con,.-(Jexepa.iit , Ti]i. OOrOBopeaaa 
cupaaH mtpy wr-ioob siabKa ^bib. Ha aacUaaaio Pa^a 28. rpyjaa BiiciyiuiB a 30- 
11a aiipoay KOU(|)L'pcBn,ijfi b BepecTfi M. .IjoOaactKnii, n;o caae no- 
BcpnyB ;;o Eiii'Ba 3 Bepecra. Iloia^opayBaBniH irpo xi^ neperoBopis,*) npo B« 
3an;iKaBJieBiiB IJ,enT]ia.ii>ui!x JJepwaB yKpainoio, 3SK1HMHB cbo» npoxosy cioBaan : 
^BOH^e Heo6xiflHO uocnaTH cnoix ne.ieiariB e Bepecin, axe ae b po.it iuijwpaaTcijiiB 
iHipoaiopb, a i! |.H.ii. caaocTiilmix upe^cTaBHUKiB, a nOBHHaa iiOHBnu.iacriiMii 
i /uiiieKTHBaaii.* 

IlicJia 3ac.iyxaflHa jioiaaxy JlrofiHHCbKoro ileBTpaatna Paj;a yisaaHaa 
(nepeBaacHO yspamcbKoio 6ijiLmicTKi) cjuiyjony Baeceay (JipaKuieio yKpaia- 
cbKBi co^mcTiB-peBOMJiooHepiB (jiopuyjiy nepexo,T.y. 

*) M. JIioSHHCMiifi bxorbb, aa arofloio pocifictKHi ae^'aris, n cMaa pocia- 
cbKOi aapoBoI seauian,il — 3 aeioio iH(]>opaan,ii i KOBTpo.'ii. 

Xptemv, IcTopifl pesoiioiiil', n. 



98 



„P,ncayxaBaiH pc^epar fcaepaaiaoro CeicperapiiiTy npo nocnaay Heacfaa.il aa 
■HpOBy KOB$epeKDJ» i unaacaiovii, m.n aaatuie nposoBMceHHa uiiinn aaTeanwe k-'iscoby 
CBW>*i'' T1 ' T|iy,V'B'ix aiac i aarpoatyfl acim aa;o6yrKaii pesoa»nil a l'nci'i i aa yapa'iai. 
BBcaoBaioioiaci Toay aa aoaoaay aeoyxiainen, npuunHeuaa niiinu i noTiiepjCKYKMi! 
cboio inniepesHKi aysmy, mo Map bi.h ycie'i Pod'i uubhhch flym latanseHnl rin.ua 
4ieAepa.THBnna ypaaoM Bcix pecnyfiam: Gysaiol PooilcucoX JpnepiS, n.uia'io. SBaatajo^a 
na Te, mo $e,i,epai[i>Horo vpiuv jh>x:ic, a Pajia Hapoairix KojrisapiB TaKim ypajlW 
no a, i 0(0 n,e b« ko;kc (SytE npuunnoio a,aai>aioro BiaKaaAaaan juipouax neperoaopiB, 
— UcHTpaaiaa Paa,a nociaBOBase Basra yaacri, b xnpoBHX neperouopax Bia, im.>an 
yspalHCBKoi Hapn.mi.'i'i PccayoaaKU, napiaai g nininisiM .vparaaasa, i :saruepSH:Y<: 
nocranoBy ieaepaaaanra CeKpoTapiaTy npo aeraaay aocaaay aeacJan.it fl.ni yiacrH 
b mipoBUi aeperoBopax. 

yiia;i;aKviu, bjuj a/in ofinpoaa ia'repeciB ycii aa^enaeaax bIJIhoki Haitiii aeo6- 
xijna y»iacTb ixaix npeflCraBttHidB y aapoBax noperoBopax, yKpalactKa Ao.iafa itfn 
oOcTCRiiiiiTiisiP npHTariieiiHB ao yiacia b bbx a.eaci'aa.iji acix aau;iH, hk aepacaBJinx, 

TaK i HU^epSKaBIIItX." 

B ui jni Bacnija i BUBOBint. I{eHTpajn>nnx JljepstaB na MBpoBy 
HOTy TeHepajibHoro CeKperapifiTy, BijutOBiflb Ta uajia Tarafr aider : 

n JI,o upe3H,T;eiiTa I eHepaataoro CeKp«TapinTy BniuiiienKa i CeKpeiapa 
Mt3Knapoj,!rix cnpan III y a a r a a a. Kiria. 

HoTa lenepaaiaoro CeBpeT&piaiy FBpaJHCBKoI Hapoa,ai.oi PecnyOauKu ao scix 
bokhoihx i HeBT|)a.iBiiiix RepKas oaiaiy«, aa (SesyvoBBO norpifiae, ajoo apeflCTaaauKB 
yKpaiactKoI Hapoa,n:i>oi PecnytimicB asaaa yio.cn, e neperoBopai b Bepeene- 

JIlITOBriKiM. 

HiuewuiHa. Ancrpo-yropawna, Boarapia i Typn'i'iuaa BBftwaioTi aeotixiABiu 
aaaaa'iHTn, mo bubb totobi aoBiraTn yaoBBOBJiaCHeaii npejctaBBJiieiB ytcpalRCMtol 

HapojinLOi PccnyoaUKi! -i yuuTiu 11 sapoBBX ncpcroBopax u Eepecm-.lHTOBCl i;i m. 

Ilpa nan anna aaaaaiyaiTt., mo paa;o fly.™ 6 aoafraaa TaKax,yaoBiioBaa;enHX 
opencTaiiHHKiB TaKow apa noperoBopax npa aaiLiKi'ieaaio acpcuappa, 

BepucTH JIutobkbkc, 2K. rpy^nB 1917. p. .VaoBHOBaaieni jeaGfaTH lOTaptox 
C0K13BBX jtepacaii : ^oa-K m 1 1. si a a 3a Hiseiijiny, fpa$ 'lepuia 3a Amrpo- 
yropmaay, II o a o b 3a Boarapiio, M eoeixi B e ii aa TypeHmiHy." 

TaKPM iiiiiom, cnpasy ynacTH [ipCACTaBHiiKiii FitpalECfcBOl Hapoj;nbOl 
Pecny6^nKB b MnpoBin neperonopax b BepeuTH) 6yjio BiipiineHO ocTaTOHiio. 
Jifi BepecTH 6yjio nooiano reaepajii.HJiM CeKpeTapinTom noBROBjacfly 
;i^.ici';iii,i[o nu npoBO,n<m rtfrepajibHoro ceKpe'ra))s xopry i nponinuioBOCTH 
B. rojiy6oBHHa (yKp. c-p.). *) 

4. dissi (ir. ct.) 1918. posy Main pocaonaTiicE b Eepecrro MiipoBi 
BeperoBopB, a^e nonaTOK is (iyjio Bij,TarHyTO ji,o 9. ciias a rhhji Pa^a 
Hapoanix KonieapiB, BKa nuiifljia nnTanHH npo aiiuy Miciw nepfiroBopiB. 
Sk biiomo, HeHTpajiuni .HepaaiRir ne noroxHJtHCb na nepeneceiiHA uepe- 
roBopis B BKeeb nraure Kioto, i bobii npojiOBxyBajiHCt b Eepecno. Tirsi 
ia os, iiokh Bpii6y.iB no Eepecra ne-'iei'aTM CoBiTCbKoii PociF, yupanicbKa 
flp.iei'iinia npona,iii.ia neoSoBJi^yioii neperoBopn s npeACTaBHUKiinn Il,eH- 
Tpanhiiiix JFjepsaB, 

Jliaia uepmoro naeaapHoro aacinaHna HHpoBoi KOH<pepenuii", aK8 
Biflfiysocb 9. cihbb i na flKosiy 6y.io ocTaroMHo nopiiueHO npOjioB*'yiia tb 
BeperoBOpH b EepecTO-jliiTOBCbKim, a Be b BKiMct BBiniu micni. Biji(5yJiocb 
10. ci'tHa (a. ct.) 1918. potty ji;pyre nJieaapae sacijiaHBa Kompepeimii, 
na HKoiiy 6yao ofiroBopeno i nopimeHO cnpaBy yqacTH b KOHipepeHuil 
A&iei'aitii yKpaiflctKOi Hapo.inbO'i Pecny6.iBKB. 



*) B cairns, afaci'au.ii a 'imvii aaarax Bxoa,aaa : M. R e b i t c h k h fi (yep. c.-fl), 
M. JI to u a c h k ii I (yep. c.-y.), M. 11 o a o 3 a (yitp.c.-p.) i 0. C e b p h> k (yKp.c.-[') 



y Bi'i/niTi upo u,e 3aci;;tiHn:i 4irraeM0 : 
Ha aacisaHnio Koa$epeHO,ii aaa 10. ci?BH neputH$ BHMynHB apoBijinuK 
repaWUo! wxetwil rolj6oJHli aaaBHB : 

3ayiea( i BEcaaKeni biuboio aapoaa 3MaraK>i£ so Mapy. U mi sjiaraBBi 
10 xhpV lipeACTaBBBKn fteHOKpaTii PeaaKopocH, hb aflasaiuia ua Hanaan jie-aKO'i 
WIBBH pociiicLKoro rponiaasacTBa Ta npectf, cmlbbbo nepeciyaBjm 4epe3 c-rpiaeatKi 
(iK.Tim bokhohhx ;iep*as ae ias Toro, moS Ha uoai doio sponiio i bsjiUom, a moo" 
ui-mxoM iipHii3noro nopo3yaiHiui mx Hipo&aaH socarTB aaraaiHoro «apy, eaataaoro 

aaa ajjioro cbitj. 

ua Toro, sb uo'iaamca MBpoBi neperosopii B oroaomeHO ochobh mpy, bh, 
ntaaoBHi iiaaoBe, njaKOM cnpaneftiiBBO npBsna'jHJifi 10 wris aepepBa, mod n&nx 
■oBtticTt nepacasaH, aB j He opaaa ywrH b hhpobhx ncpercaopax, bphcmtb so 
hhi. Hama jtepatasa, .VKpaiBctua HaposKa PeeaydaB&a, Bapo# aicol aaBacsB cxh- 
aHBca s° «apy, aisnoBiaa nepraa aa sain noKaais. 

1 11. mb mro, hb III yaiBepeaaoa UeaTpaaiaoi' yKpalscMco'i Pajn a 20. ihcto- 
aasy (a. cr.) aaiKayeno 'il sep^aBKe CTanoBH^e, yjqialHCBRa Haposna Pecay-'aaisa 
noianae b TeuepiaiHiii HoseBri cBoe MmBapoa,ae icTayflHHBH, flue Bona BTpaiHaa 
Giij.m niat iiepes 2;>0 poRasH, i BCTynae b Miaeaaposai 3hocmhh b hI.tim oOejii 
cboIx npau Ha alx noai. 

Ha ocbobi noaepesHtoro npeseraBJieuna, BBaatae II|.iaBBTeiBCTjio yKpa'iacLKOi 
HaposHBo'i Pccny^BHKH npaBiiaknan aa Tencpiamix MupuBM neperoaopax 3aHaaTH 
casocTiSae cTEBOBHUe i nepcsaTH npaBUTejucTBaM 3acTjnnenBX tj*t alpacas otck> Rory.* 

J,aji fe.Hepajii.Hia CeapeTapi roaydoBai npotniaB HOTy feaepa.oi.Boro Co- 
BpeiapiflTy Bin 24. rpysna 1917. p. 

y BiflnoBijt na npoiHTaay HOTy rTpaBaTeaBCTBa yicpaiiic&Kol Haposai>oi Pec- 
ny6jiHK.ii cKasaa HpesciaaTcjifc J^BpacaBUHH CcitpoTapt K io ji b h a n thk : 

.Mo'i nuBOBe! Mb BBfjiyxajiH 3 mbhm inTcpecoM 3asny r<>j!OBH yitpaiHCLKOi 
jT.eaci'au.i'i ia npiifiaajiu so aiaoaa apodaeni naM noBi^ujtaeaaH. H npoBoayio, m,od 
yKpaiHctKy aoiy, ns BasHBfi icTopHinuFi aoKyiienT, aaay^eHu Cyio jo aiiTiB 
Koaipecy. 

UpeacTaBHaKH co»3bhx aepMaB niTauiTi upuoyBiriiix, sriflao a is TCJicfpaaoio 
3 _2(S. rpyj.ua 1917. p., ao Bepecia yKpaluctBHX BpestTaBi.BKiB. lIppflc-iaBHimH 
coiobhhx flopa;aB aacTepiraioTE cofii npaso lauBBTB CTaaoBHBie xo eoosmbokui toiok 
yKpaiHCBKBX %e&ei&?i&. 

B 8BS3Ky s iibb, saaBBB jjajri npeffpiaaiojit, mo bib aycUTt apofiaTB K9- 
ai;i aailBTaHHB, mod ciaopBTH ocbobv rmsi npafiaHTTa pimc-Ht 3 (Sony coioaaHx ^opxaiB. 
Jlflci neperoBopa aejiaca 3 apcsi'TaBBHKaiiH aeTporpaflCbKoro njiaBHTejibciBii apo 
Bci copaai, hki TopKasiTtca puciBctKol repniopil. Ora;e Tpefia sairnraTa roscay 
nentiaaja neTporpa^c-LKoro upaBHTeaECTea, ih Bin Ta 3oro n,e&ejpn,\g i Bajaai 
mubiti. na»tp aaciynaiH lyr, ano AHajTbOHaia, cnpaaa n;iio'i Pom. 

Ha ne roaoBa neTporpa;u:i.Koi scas/auii iran Tp d;l kb ii ajioatuB TSKy, 
aanny : 

,3BaxaKi¥H aa HOTy leBepannoro CeKpeiapiaTj yKpa'in.-tKO'i HapOOTi.o'i Pec- 
ny6jBKU ; pocmctKa p,eiKta.n,h 3aaBJiae a CBOre fiosy, n[o Bona, b nijiKOBitiiil 3roji 
a upuBriiuoBiiM npEaiiaauaa apaaa Kcajo! iiiinii na caK003fla"jeHBH, aw jo bjjiko- 
Baroru BisoKpeMnenuu, ae fia^Hit aaflB.o5 uepenusofti a," ywioii yepalncBKol rm«- 
fftitil B jinpoBBx aeperoBopax.' 

Upo anaqinaa n,ii>"i aaaBH pociiicLKo'l iojKsian.ii si^Syjiaca soBra jHCKvcia, 
BKy^napemri, CKOHn.eHipoBaao b auTaaum, 411 jKpalactB^ ftejiefaitia e niflBixiiBOM 
pociBcLKoi" flejicranil ib *i"i b s^BJitoiia'rHiHBX auocHHax Tpefia BBajBuia H|>ea.'-:ra.i3- 
BHn,TBoa eaMncTignoi s^iBiaBB. 

Ha tie miTaBMH toioiu poci&OBXo! xeMi&nii a. Tpon,LKafi Bi'snoaiB b tim 
syci, a\o aiH yBascaa enpasy nojiaroaseHou, 60 yKpaiaciua S eaefania mciynac 
Tyi, a« caMocTifiaa ReJiGfanin, i 1 a S on npisiai II pncifietKa 
,( e a c { a n.ia, a so toi-o :i: 3 aca^ROl cTopoaH ae 8po6ieHO SKo'iei. anaio'i dijo- 

H03BD,ri. J 

f oaoBa yKpalactRoi; Hejic(an;n JlepataBHaa CeKpeTapL I'ojiySoBHi B»Ry« 
faiiBBKa. 1'ocifici.KoT sejicjani'i 3a Soro aaaay I 3a rnocie," «kom DpHaaaio 
pociicsKOB saaefa^io camocriBHy VKpaiflCBKy s8ii:fan,iio. 






100 - 

JtaJii 3&afiiiB t 3,e]!SK;LBH!ifi Cespeiapb Kiiioat, aa arojoio »6opis, mo npe- 
juainapfle nETaHnn npo yiacTb vRpa'inebisoi i.efle(aii,i'i, an caaoCTiEnoi K.e3t:fani'i 
B BHpoBHl neperouopax, uouiiiiho 6yta cno'iaTKy oOroBopeno six ,ieJiffata«H cok>*- 
dbi AepacaB i noTii nepejaire Ha o6ronopeHHS sCopis." 

|[o oGronopenrito iJHTaunfi /leaer/aTaim HempaJibHus ^epxas moikhb 
I [pe^cuaTeJiB 1'paip 'JepHiB Ha aacinaimio KOHtpepeuyii 12. ci4Ha 
'ratty aajmy: 

,,Ha o.tKnapBiji 3aci,T,anBM 10, cilHS nepcjas nan ^epataBBiifi CeKpeiapi. 
J Kpumcbuoi Hapojtntoi PecnyoanKH roayCoBni aeacfcmian iciapBOi cojos- 
uai nepataB nory l'eHepaatEoro CeKpeiapiaiy yKpa'incLieoi HapojiBLoi Peeny6flBKH 
II. — 24. rpy/tEH 1917. p. m. 726. Ha nora aiciHTb n Toyn,i 7. aaany npo le, mo 
;iaciynjieHa fenepajibHHH CcKpeiapiaToa J'Kpa'incLi;a HapoAM Pecny(>MKa BMCTyn.n: 
caaocTJuno u niamapojinu enpasax la mo Bona, no^iOiio as i umoi acpacaBB, tone 
Spain yiacTt y srix anpoBBx aeperoBopax, Eon^epeuuiai, Kontpecax. 

y BijuuoBiflt na n,e mare lecib Bin ineim jiejic'fauiu ictpptox cohwkbx lepras 
aaiiaaia raKe: an npasnacMO yspa'inc&Ky #eaefan,iio i-aaociiiiuus i ynoanoBaaiciiHii 
npe^oiaBUHiiTBOM caaociiSnoi yKpriacMto'i Hapoftaioi Pccny6jiHKH. 4>op«aaLne urma- 
aannu yjepalac&Bo'i Hapoinboi PecnyfiaHKii caaocriiinojo ftep*aB0» aacipiraww. cofii 
loinpi cokisb! nepsaaH 2,0 saKJuoieana juiposoro a,oroBopy." 

ToioBa pociiicBKo'i ;i,cai:faB,u n. T p o ir, l k h i aanBBB nicjia u,boro caiflyione: 

„B »Bfl3ny 3 nnraannM, nopjincuua Tcnep aaaBOio aeacranifl ^orupLox cohjshhi 
^epaian, a yBaaiajo neofisiiHMs ,T,Jia ia$opaaa,ii i jpm Toro ; ej,o6 aanofiirTii aoar.THBHa 
aenopoayninHJiM, a.ioatum iany 3aany: ii Kon^aiKiH, ani aoBCTaan ass PoeiEciKBn 
IIpaitineabCTBOB i leBepaaLKUM CeKpexapiaToji i ij>aKTB"!Hi ocnoiin hkbx Biaoai 6lxun- 
aenm ncia npBcyTflia, ne aajia 8 He HaHvrt yiajiuoro asasity ai cupaBoio caaooa- 
aa>ieuu:i ycpaiXCMtoro naposv. Bonn noBCiajiii wpes n|iomi<fiHCTBa niac noaiTUKuiv 
cosiTin, Haposaix Koaicapie, i IeHepaabnoro CeKpeiapiaiy, npoiBBeflXTBa. hkl bh- 
HiiHanca, as na TepiHopii I'spama, TaK i uo-aa 15 ase^-asm. 111,0 TopKacTbcs caMoo*- 
Baieana YKpalnit, ane 4>t>i:Tiinno B^CyBaettca n ijiopiii Hapojtstol PecnyCTHBH, to 
tt,a cnpasa ne mo:j:c 6>th npaiBHOfo Kon^aJKTy »i)K otioaa ojiaTiiiau pecny&'iflKaan. 
3 oraajiy na to, m,o na yxpalBJ aeaa waaBBs 0Kynau,i5aHx itiactis, ni,o uo-iiTiiMBe 
atiiTta BiftfiyBaeibca Ian Bi'iii.uo, mo Ta« ue«a a m cepeanbonkaBX CTaaoBiix (co- 
dOBHnx) optaaiB, «Ki xorian 6 apeacTaBMTH Kpa'iHy, a ni npH3HaiPBoro aaepiy 
noaipaoio ainicTepciBa, hkc npanroc b BOiBax, npHSBaieHHX iSoMy 3ropH, flaai 3 or.ia^y 
na Te, bj.o Ha yKpa'iiri c bc»3;h BinbHO BHdpani pa,n,n poCiTHHini, (.'aJi r T.aT<_'LitBi 
i ceaasciKHX Aenyiaiia Ta mo npn BB6opi scix oprauiB caaoynpasntHna aojepaauo 
•jican Baravibuoio, piitnoro, de.aaocepeAHtoro BBfmpioro upaBa 3 Tacanua uo^anHnn 
ruJtocia. — nenae i ne monte 6vtb H:a,iHoro cyMiiiBy, iii.o jiponec caMooauaieBBa 
yirpa'iaa B 'ii f#)fpa$H'iHHX MCiKax: i u ,i,ep:i:aBHBX ([•opxax, nni BiAauBiji,aK)tL bojii 
vKpaiHCBoro sapoiy, anaiiflo cboi: aaKiHienna.*) 

3 oraniy na noiicpe.tnc i b aro^i a aaaBoio, 3Jioa;eaoi(i 10. ciqna. pociHtiita 
fte.icJaiiia ne OaiBib ncai.no) nepemKo^n x.w eaaotTiHno'i yiaciii Jtcwfanii loaepajii- 
noro CeKpeiapiaiy b aapoBHi neperoBopax." 

^epHcaBHnii CeKperapi. I 1 o a y 6 o b ii h aaaBBn nicM uboro, mo jetra- 
pauJFO HonipBOX cok>3bhx jt,ty;KHR npnftiiflTO jio Biji,0Ha i mo, na IT ochobi, 
VKpaiHcriKa J t;e.iei'ai] 1 iH 6yAe dpaTii yiacTt b inpoeux neperoBOpax. 



*) He soBre MOTUBOBaaHa BBnnaBHH CoaJTCtKOKi Pociei© FBpalHOBBol HapoAHto'i 
PecnyflanKB jiaao Ha oni He cxutKH ofifpyiiTOBaHna uu.iani'i I'aau Hapoxuix Koni- 
capiB cynpoTB .VKpa'iaii, CKiatKH OKvuoBaui Hianasii ^acTUKB 6yBBio'i Poci'i (Ilo.ibniy, 
JiiTiiy, KypnaB^i»}, nwi BincB,iiKi ^ejcfain BU3HaBa.iu tbkohc, an i UKpainy, use 
caaoonpesiaBBniBHHen oKpeaHHH canocTifiHHMH jiepKanaaH i oaaoBaaaH, na nil 
niACTaBi, pocificiKi'fi ^ CJll:, ' al l'i npano aadynaTH ni itpa'i. Tojiniia ])ocificsoi fl,ei»;[an,i'i 
TpoUiiKBB ne noroiityBaBca 3 TaKua noraajion HiHais i saanaaHB 3 cnoro 6oKy 
nnasy yaos, upa skhx CoBiyciKa Pocia iioria 6 BBaacaTH boiio Bapoflia thi Kjiaia 
cBoOijHO BHBBaenoio, He nHTaiinn aoBeao noria ao cepnosaai neuopoayaiHb aiae 
jieaefanjflaH CoBiTCbKo'i Pocii I U,enipajiLBHi ^epsaB. 



K'paincbKa HapciM I'eciiyo.iBKa BCTynnaa aa iiimi MiacHa- 

pOlHlX 3HOCI1H. 

BnaHaHa a,Gaei'aij,iajr>i BC j x npacyTHix Ha KOHtpepeanii nepxaB sa 
caMOOTiiiny a,eaei'aii,iio, yKpaiaebKa a,ejiei'aa;ia noBeaa a,aai neperoBopa 
^.ocnTb niBHUKHii TeiaoM. li,bOHy capnaaa, 3 ofluoro <5oity, Bia,cyTnieTb 
cnipHHX nnTaab TepnTopisjibHoro xapairrepy (att to (iyao a pociacbKoio 
i'aa,ieio), a 3 xpyroro — oqeEiiaHe fiaataHHa jiflmtarsjai IJeHTpajbHHx 
lepaaa BBtuxmn a yKpaiacbKOio Haponjiboio PecnyoaBKOH) hk aaft- 
jirBii r T,Ht! daataaaJI i Bnrij,HH8 a,afl o6ox cropiH Mnp. 

Kojih roaosa pocificbKOi .neaefairji TpoijbKHH sanporioayBaB 18. 
oiiHfl 3po6HT« nepepny b MiipoBHX neperoBopax rq 29. ciaaa (h. ct.), 
a orJiHfly na uorpefiy fioro sin'i'say a.0 IleTporpaay, to cnpaBa nepero- 
BopiB yKpalflcbKoI aeaei'au.ii HaeriaKH Bate niuiaa Hauepe?,, mo npono- 
aimja Tpou,bKoro oyaa hk pas na naci : yKpamcbKa aeJicfanja nOTpiCyBaaa 
Bate nopoayHiTiicb ai cboim npaBnwabCTBOM nepei, ocxaTOiHHai niRuncannna 
mipoBoro aoronopy. Ilponosaniio TpontKoro 6yao npafraaTO: Aejefanu 
np0QnjiHan ojoI napai.11. IIpeacTaBnnKii yKpalaa BBixam ao KHiBa. 

IIpo uacaiiKn r ioTenepiuiHix ueperoBopiB onyoiiKysaao aBCTpificbse 
Teaer'paij>H , rae 6iopo 20. cnaa (h. ct.) caiayioHe uOBiaoiaeaaa (yoa^ene 
VKpaou-i.Koio. ifbieiibKoio Ta aBCTpo-yropcLKoro fle.'iefaH,iflMii) : 

...Imti'ih ']>iiiiiii neperouojjB, aid nponasaeHo ids neaelanjsMJi I(eifT[ia.iJbuui 

l..p: iro Cioi;y 1 yspalHctKOl Hapo.iHtoi P 1 HpyitoG 6okjt, »a.m 

• »! Te, mo e Ha P i,i)i uopoayxiifics iu."-,i<> ochob shpobofo joroBopy, 

SJKIlil KM 'nil! ■■■m i.HHJIHM MXBEX OCHOB MJipouOl'n J,orOBOpy 

in neperoBopa so tasoro iiyiiKTy, amiii ofioBHjye Rcmfan'ii yuhnu n 3jiochhu 

:■• i:i,ui"«ii.l,a.lBBiiaH. 0]>(aJlClHll IX lliTMilllli. 

'lai'Tiuia yiHiBH0Ea;Knnx upesciaSHHtdl iaiHH i.-JioHVKajioio ;i.io:khth 

ocoOiu'ti. a 1 ii[io ii,i ueperoBopin ttepej hhmh optSBSJU i OAepxan ix 

1 u n . ,v> soro Bse jbobhjhch. 

Bti ,j.. .icfanii ari.uii bjo-Xo KWO, mo itotpioua nfis utoro ncpepBa aeperoBO- 
l>!n Mar 6) rn Jin mojkjhbocth hk HaiiKopoTiiia. Bohii npnoOinaaa u^ua ojirifl aapa* 
no L't.-iii'iemiKi olSroBopOHS Bftoxa »i2iHC£ sHOBa b UopeciKi". 



Ilpitaani bIjuiochhii miat yKpaiHCbKoto i 3iockobci.kok> seaer*aB,ifljrn 
Tflr.iHCb ne jjoBro. Bhsiiubuiit yi;paiHCbKy ^eaei'an.iio 3a njiiKOH canocTii"iny, 
■oeEOBCbKa ;i,Bjer'ai]jfl, o<ieBHj,no, paxysajia, u;o yKpalncbKa je;ici*ai];ifl 
(jiaKTiiHuo 6y,a,e npoBajpiTB cboio pofioiy b bobhii KOBTaKTi 3 Hew, ibbhshb 
ax El Biji;ajji. Kowia at noKasaaoca, nto yKpaiacbKa aeacr'auia se^e nepe- 
roBopn caMocTiiiiio i 3axoa;nTL b tbx neperoBopax Tas jaaeKo, mo uoate 
saioiOMHTif, OKpeao ei.T, MocKOBm,nnn, Hap, BOCKOBOiHa jieJiei'auia aonaaa 
iiepByBaraca i naBiTb ocnopBBaTH npaBO yKpamcbKOi je.iei'auil na aa- 
^iLo'ieBHs TaKoro Mnpy, DOKJinKyioiBCb na Te, mo npoii.ec ca«oonpeji;ijieHBa 
yKpaincbRoro Hapoaj me ae aaKiirjBBGa, mo nea: i BaaemOBiaHQCBH jii 
MocKOBmBnofo Ta yKpalnoio oCTaTomo me He BCTanoBaeHO. 

CaBo eo6ojo poayiierbcs, mo Te ^a nnnie noBO^ateHBa yapamcbKoT 
fteaeranil y Bi;i,HoaienBro jo MOCKOBCbKoi Maao TijibKH qacTKOBe aaaqiaaa 
A-ia Toro pospHBy buhochb, akhh aacTynaB noTia aiat hbhb. Piaiaroania 



6yjm BinebKOBi nojql, mjo Bi^6yBajinci. b tob iac Bias yKpai'Hoio i Moc- 
kobiuhhoki. ^aaei'aniH CoeiTCbKoI Poci'i, oj.epauiBiun aBiCTKB upo yTBopcaaa 
i! SaptKOBi coBircbKoro yKpaTacbKoro npaBHTejibCTBa, upo pimeHnn ,,Il,en- 
Tpajibnoro BeKOHaBioro KouixeTy BceyKpamcbKBX CoBiriB po6iTnuaflx, 
ca;j.iaTCBKnx i ceJiancbKnx ^enyTaTiB" (iuo BiflSyaocb 12. ciiiia a. ex., 
cane TOtfi, kojib Tpou,bKinl aaaBJiaB upo BnaaaHHB CoBixobKOio Pocieio 
jtejiei'auil yKpaiacbKOi Hapo^ubol Pecay6\iHKB) ue BpBaaasaxn yios 
Mnpy, BaKJiroienoro ;ie.n:i'anieio yKpaiacbKOi B,eHxpajibaoI Pain, npo bh3- 
bjiuhh ni« KoiireTOB pociiiebKOi ae.iei'anjl b Eepecrw „npencTaBHHEain 
^e^epaTHBHoro npaRBTe-ibcTBa Pocii", a, aaaMBTb, i i'spama, — npouro 
xorka 3a!»ecTK CJiijn CBoro nocuiiuHoro BHSHaHiin aejiefauji yKpalflCLKOi 
Hapoj,BT.oI PecayfijiiKH. 

B toh nac, bk yKpaiHCbKa aeirer'auia aiSraa b cboIx ueperoBOpax 
ao saaBaieHoi BBBje tohkh, eaciyUHBK Tpon,bKOro — H o <p <i> e — uoBi- 
flOBBB (22. ^b 23. ciisfl a. ct.) flejei J au,ii U,eaTpaJibHKX ^,epsaB, iu;o 
„po6iTBBie-cejiaBcbKe npaBHreiibCTBO yKpa'iHCbKOl pecnySjiBKH nocTaaoBBJio 
nocaaTB ; xbox cboIx ae.sei'aTiB no Eepecxa wh yiacTB b mbpobbx nepe- 
roaopax, aKO apenoTaBHiiKiB HeiiTpaabHOro BaKOHaB'ioro KosiTCTy BceyKpa- 
iHubKBX Cobitib pofliTEiRiix, ca.TAaTCbKBX Ta ceJiflHCbKBX neny Taxis, aae 
b lesax pociHCbKo'i aejicfan,il, bko floaoBHKiroiy I! cKJiasosy nacTBBy". 
TIpir uboity CBoeuy BOBiftOMeaai poaicaaB fl. HoijKpe Tama; aaaBy „Xapb- 
KiBCbKoro IIpaBBieJibCTBa", mo KBiBCbKa n^HTpajibua Pa^a aacTyrrae 
jiimie 6ypsyaaBi kjibch i ae Hoaie nepea u,e BHUTyiiarB Bin iaeHH njjioro 
yjtpaiBCbKoro napony, mo cnpaBacniK apaBHTeibCTBOM yKpai'HB aanacTbCa 

XapbKJBCbKe UpaBDTeJIbCTBO. 

ITicjia n,boro Bacrynne ipopBajikHJiii poapBB 3bocbb mias HOCKOBCbKoro 
h yKpalHCbKOio jteaei'aniaMB. 

3 XapbKoea (5y;io mic.iauo no EepecTfl „CoBiTClKH> ykpaiflCSBKI 
npaBBTeJibcTBOM" .Te.ier'iiii.ito b coaii Tojiobb BBKonanwro EottiTery Bce- 
yKpaiHCbKiix pa.T, pofiiTHiHiiix, caji.a,aTcbKBX i cejiaacbKBX r T,en\'TaTiB — 
Mep e jT.ee a i KOtieapa ,ua enpaB aiicbEOBHi — IUaxp:i:i. 

[0. nporojiouieHKa caMocTifiHoc™ yKpai'HCbKOl HapoAHboi Pecny- 
ojimkm. Iliujia nporojouieBBa TpexiB yaiBepcajioa (20. .iiicTona^a u. ct. 
1917. p) yicpaiflCbKOl Hapo^abol Pecay6iiHKH yKpaiaa Bd'yuiua na 
in.iax caMoctiHrtoro icTayBanaa. ypo^BCTa aaaBa yaiBepcaia npo (pe^e- 
pjuiiKimil aaaaoK ^KpalHH z Mockobdibhoio b naraBMii flepatacBnun Ti.iami 
Pocil aaJiBina.iacb BeaAiiicoouBiu i ne;!;iiB<-'B]iMtuiii b ri lacs CJiOBami. 
Mb <ki,'[ii.iii Bace, mo nei sjcmijin JI,eirrpa.ibBOl Pa^B 3;pIcnnTB npBnu;iii 
<pe;i;epaiiil iilibxos yTBopenna (j)ea,epajibnoro pociiiebKoro ypa^y CKiB^aaiicb 
uijikobbtok) Besjaiofo. ConiBJiicTBHHa peB0jiroii,ifl, ra,o pocno'ia-iacb na 
MocKOBDi,BBi, i BiflryKii ii s bblubx spaax ctaBSitH neciBLMimii Tpyjj- 
hoctb ae to mo yTBopeBBio ipej^epa-ibBoro ypajj jjib .piatBnpoj,mix 
KpalB PociT, a BaBiTb sBniaiiiniJi auocnnaH Mi* u,hmb KpaaBH. Tenei'paip, 
uo'i'ra, aaJiiBHHirJ — see o;e 6yjio HpyfiHyBaae, Ae^opi'aBiaoBaae. IIpo- 
ixara a oflBoro Kparo ao apy [,()ro fyno, ko.ib He soBciic ueMoauiBBO, to 
ayaie rpyjuio i He6e3net{Ho, (So case na BaaiaBBinx aiHiax BuGyBajmcb 
naiiqacTim,e flifiKB ais ^OJbiaeBBu.bKna i flefiojibmeBBn.bKBM BiBcbKom. Ora;e, 



— 103 



Sate ^epea ni Texanim Tpyaaonij HeMoanjJBO oyao mmimi b mie piacai 
Kpal 6yEiiioi PociT. IIpo Tpysnomi ;k no.iiTH i moro i con;iajitno-eKOBO- 
KHifloro xapaitTepy, BHKauitaHi. norjraCwicHHaM peBoafonji, mh Bate rosopHJiH 
b CBJn nao. 

TaKHK innojr, o<5eKTHBni oficTaBnnn po3BHTKy peBoaEwj! b Pocil 
caMH BeJia YKpaincBKy HapoaaH) PeeiiydanKy Ha mass eaMOCTiimoro 
icTnyBannH. J[o hhx arojoi npne/i,na.racb Binna a Mockobihiihoio i npn- 
yHHii tii;Kiiapo,nHboro xapasrrepy : upoBi neperoBopn it EepecTioJlHTOB- 
cbKJM Ta nonaTOK smrjibOMaTBMEUX anocnn a f i,epsaBaMH Aht;ihth. H,i 
omani, noda^nBnra, mo noBonapoj,/Kena aepajaea *ioa;e cTara Tm b npnroni, 
hk ,,BipHHH gok>bijiik'-, noiaaH a rpyjiffa nic-ana. naaasyBaTH a I CHepaabHior 
CeEpe'rapiaTOM ijjjikom otpiTiiiini annabOMaTHiBi anocnim. B nepmnx incaax 
ei'iBfl aicajja (h. ct.) 1918 pony <t>paHuifl oipiiijiino simiaaa yKpainctKy 
HapojHK) Pecnytfjraicy i npaaHaqiwa cboim Ko»iieapon npii ypaaj YKpalH- 
cwcol Hapoajibol Peenyd.iHKir I'eHepajia T a 6 y T : Te cane (xoi i b MeHtm 
ypoiHCTiii (popii) Bpotiiura i BejriiKo6pnTaiiia, npHBHafflrenrH cboIm npea- 
ciaBUBKOM it. Eai'e, ypan,H o6ox mix jiepaias o6iu;aaH yKpamcbKii! 
Hapojj,nifi Petiiryoaiiui cboio BceGiiny nia;TpHMKy b i'l ayenaaax .,hth 
no iiuiaxy, asm naKpecjinan cofli cokibbhkh", no maaxy, aram Bis „a,o 
nodopioBaima HeiiTpaabimx .Hepacas — BoporiB neiOKpaTi! i aroa,- 

CbKOCTB" (20). 

3a;iBniajiocb OTxe TiatKH ocpoptm™ ^aimrae camocTiiiHe icTHy- 
Banna yKpaiHCbKo'i Hapoa,HJ>oI Pecny&BKKH. Ufi BeaTpaabaa Pajja 
i apofmaa cboi'm IV yaiBepcaaois b ciiHi nicau,i 1918 poicy, Tcxhbhho, 
BnnaaKoao, MOMeHT oroaowenHa cajrocTiBuocTii aiilinoBca 3 mom6hto« aa- 
MnHenna nouepe.inix neperosopiB a HeriTpaabHiiMiT jJepataBaini BBepecTH). 
Kk BniHO si cKa3onoro same, neperosopn b BepecTjo ajfinian" b toh* lac 
a,o to! tohkh, kojiii rpe6a (iyjio Bate yKpalnCbKifi Pecnyoaimi BBCTyBHTH 
i $op)iajii.no, hk casocTinaii! cvBepenaiH ^epacaai. 

HeTBepraM yHiBepcaaoii yKpalacbKa BeBTpaabaa Paja onosimaaa 
caiayme ; *) 

,,irapo r i;e yi;paiun ! 

TBOt'io en.TOH), so.ieio, c-iobom, daja Ha Sejt.m yKpai'nci.Kiii Ri.u.iia J'Fpa'iECLTca 
Hapojiiii l'i'ciiyu.TOKa. CnpaB^Hjaci. ki Minima ;;aiinn ajiia fiaTtKis TboIx, 5rrpn,in 3a 
no.u.HOCT[i i npafla ipy^amiii. 

'v.ie u TH,KKj ro^iEy Bi^pojyiaacj. Boaa yKpainii, lorapi poKH .ijotoi Bifina 
3BecB.ut.Tii nam upas i uoTiriCTk. <J>a6]mKii ne Bnpofi.iaioTi. TOBapiB, 3aBoj,tt nTHBN!OTF.ea, 
nimi pocxHTairi, rpowi b n.ini na^aioTi., x.iioa BiemtMOCa — nacivnae roao^. 
Ilo Kpapii pfi.in.Tri^ii.iii, a !n|.i'iii r])aoi:i:miKin i 3.T03,iiB, oco<5.iebo, koju noojHyJtO 
st $poflTj (pociuet.Ke) giXcixo i! a««Mimn i F:pinaBT pi3flio, saKoaOT i pyr'ny na 
naraiil aea-Ti. 

"■3^Bce B,e bo HiH-Tit Bi,;i1yTncsr BHflopii fp yKpaincbKiix .VcTannBiiii 3<Sopia 
b npanHcaanB iianinii itOBepejBin yniBepcaaoM ^ac, i n.i aCopn, uptisnaieHi na 
itBBi.mniii ReHB, n« srorai BiftfiyBic*, mefi upuiiHflTii 3 Hamiix pyK aainy uiMiacoBy 



*) 3 HeBi^oao'i nan npiramn TeKCT IV yHtaepcajia 6ya ita,ipyKOBaHH» a CBiii 
w (y KhIbIJ b flsoi pbiimix (craaicTB^Bo) pesasniax. x Iep03 ne 89 pyinaocB aa 

IlIJIKOBHTy TOTOtCTL TCKCTy, SKHU TyT EOaaeMO. CyMlBHi CJIOSa B3BT0 Haait B aViKKH. 

Ad top 



- 



104 



afniKiuy jicu'.jHiuiiiiiv iua,;y na.,1 FxpaSsoip, yciaaOBHTB ,ia;i ■ HapojniS Peeny<>.inn,i 
unuiifi i' aopfajrisysaTH HOBe lIpaBHreaicrBo. 

A tb« yacus ncTporpaaeBKc DpaMRexuiiBO HapnjiHix Koakapls, m,ofi rroBep- 
iivTii iii.i, choio B,ia<"H> ui-TJiH}" yKpann-bKy PeCSJ&IBXy, iiiiiiiii.th.ii> niilny ^Kpalaj 
i iiai'B.iac Ha Haini aeaji esol iiiiicbKa — KpacBOLBapaofiula, CoiiiiiiicBHKii), :i i:i 
rpaOyiriTi. iai(5 naiaiix i i'jiiii i oes bcako! iraaiHi BWBo.3STt ftoro b Pocin, ue a:a.iiniMB 
aaaiTb uepiia, naroTOBaenoro Ha sac lit : pfin.BaaiTi> BenOBIHEHX .in M.r-i'i i .-ihti. CKpistt 
i'nM.a,ua. UOKUmiBO, ut.i'IHnCTBO. 

ilir, J r Kpa'iBt'i.Ka U,euTpa,ii,na Pftga, ipofiaiH Bee, inou ue r T.onyCTiiTB n.ie'1 
ri]iaT0B6nB'ioi Biiax ^box cyewrix aapOfljB, ale Deiporpajcwse DpaBiieJuctao nu 
fiini.10 Haa ua ayotpw i jsi'j,e ^ani KpiB&Bj SopottSy 3 uannia Hapoflo« i PecoyfijuntoB. 
Kpia Toro, re raae IleiporpajtCiKe fJpaBUT&iwrBo Hapo^uix Koaicapia iiotnaae 
aaTaram aap i k.iiimb ua hobj- unlay, iiaaHaaaian fi no wro iue „ctmfiWiOIQ u . 3hob 
iiii.!.ii-ti,c![ apOB, :iuoB liemacuHH rpyftOBHfi aapoi; uhhiihch k/iuith cbih: -,i:una. 

Mb, yKjia'i'HcbKa HeiiTpa.ii.ua Pajia, o6paaa >*S»ffea eeaaa, pofliTHiiwB 
i ra.i,iaTiB FtpaJm, Ha te upiicTaTii hihk ae noareMo, niaKisx Bifiu sl&RepasyBaTB 
ue fiy^eao, 60 .VKpaTat'Liaiil Hapiia, joib aiipy, i anp ^eMOKpatHimS DOBHHea (Syts 

gJt l[aillLIBl!,i,4i'. 

A.ie ;i,.[ii Turn, mnfi hi poeiicfcBe UpaBUTCJiiiCTBii, Hi aae minie ho cm 
yKpaiai Ha nepewiaui yi-TaHOBiiTu roft daxainiii sup, g*a roro, W"> Beera raiii 
Kpafi ,v> hajnr, B,o isopvol pfiCioru, R0 eiipin.'ioiiusi peBOJUou,i5 'ra mui imnin, au, 
yKpatHCiKa Uonipa-'itiia Pa.ia, I'linainiaeao scix rpOMRBS yapatna : 

O^hhhi yKpamcbita HapnAHfl PecnytSflHisa era* caaociafiHOK), ee uij, i;oro 
II.. :a. n -,1:111111!, Bi.'ILUnin, cjBepeHKoio ^epxason yspalKCi>ROTo HapOffly. 

So Bciaa cyci;yiinii ;iepa;aijaMii. hk-to : Pociuio, IlnjiBmeio, ABCipieH), PyiyHisK), 
Tv|ii: i i , niHi.no ta biiiujimh an nraevo skhtb b aroat fl upimani, a.ie hi o^hc a mix 
Be Moa;e BTpyiaiuca b ajHTTa eaaociiflHoI yKpa'iiiCLKn'i PccnyfaHKU. Baacra y aiS 
iiajieMiaTii tLuku Ha]>o^0Bi yKpaluii. mcmx hkoto, hokh aSepyiBca >"i;painii,i;i 
iCtaxotfd iJfiopH, 6jnftx.» npaBiiTii an, .VKpatucbKa l(cBTpaaxna Pa^a, upe^CTasmma 
piii'iii'inrii Bapojj — eeaaH, podixajms i caa;[,aTiB, r ia Haiu BaaoaaBTES opfaa, :u:iiii 
«>,;]iiiiii aaTiiae naaBy Pa,T,» Hapo r 'mlx MiaictpiB, 

(1 ()TH.c) aaCaasepeA npanacyEao UpaBiiie.iLCTBy Pei-nyoniiKu Haaml, 
1'a.i.i Hapo^Hii Kbdczpia, bu uioru ,i,na bccth pocno^aii nero Base neperosopa 
npn m»p 3 lJeHTpa.ii,iiiiwn JI,epa;aBaaii uwkob caaociifiaii i roimcxb Ii jo uIhuh, 
up aBaacaKntu ni ua aid nepeniKoa,n :s fioisy nunx-HeOyfl!, uhbiux lacma fiyamol 
PocinCSSOl I.niiepii, i BCTaBOBHTH Miip, ninu nam K]iaii pOCDO^aB OBOC ,1 Hill" 1:! 
;iciiTT!i h cXocon i arofli. 

Jl^o TaK asasia 6oJOBieBBJiiB ta aaioxx BaaiacHBjdB. no unman, ra pyfaywii 
nam Kpaft, rqjuniicyeao llpaiiiiT''.n,i'i'By yapalHCBBOS Hapo^HbOl PecnyCiHKit isepAO 
i pimyye B3nriicB j;o BopOTB(5B :, iiuaii, a Bcix rpoaajiau Bauio'i Pcciiyt'i.ini:ii ;iai:.ni- 
naeao, ue iKaayBlH acii'mi, flopoHHTH joCpodyi i cboCo^j (nauioro napojy). Haraa 
Haposna yapaiHCBKa jJ.ep;Kaiia nnnnana Syni mi'iiiincua ni;; jiai'.iaintx a lleTpoi']iu,\v 
u;(r)i.iMiM[;in, iiKi fonqyrs iipaaa i i:p:u ihj.imv Pecny&nrKH. 

He3«ipHO raiEKa aiiiiia, pocnoqaia 6ypxyaaHllHH iqjaiui rcii..-Ti:.isiii, v.r.r.nn 
.•iiym.ia nam Bapoa, (sate) »HHmma nam Kpaft, posfituia rocitosapciBo. Tenep 
ayCHTb i'ivth KineD,b. 

('.uni'iBfiiii .1 tii.m, UK apaia rty^e 3,eao6JaiayBaraet., npanHcyeao oAaycaaTH 

OMy) i.i.i-ai:nxi i-ii.i.ui-TiB, a nicaa aaTBepj^KeaiiB aapoBBx ,i;oroBopiB - poi- 

iiyi-rMTu apaiio BOBcia ; dobx, aaaacip. liocrifiiini apjii'i, aaaecra napo^jnn ai.iiniio, 

mod BiflcbKo aauie cjyaauw ofiopOHi pofioioro napojy, a He rtaa;aiuiiia naityio^nx 

BCpCTB. 

IJopyBHOBaai aiilmm. i j,eao6iaiBa^ieio aicneBocTH saxm, uym Bi/i,HfiB.ieBi 3a 
imais'iKi i aaiojioa naranro ^cpxaauoro cnapdy. 

K'i.hi Boaxa aauii nOBepnyTi.rx ROJOBy, sapoftHi pa3.11 — bo.iochL i HOBiioBi- 
ra. ropo^CMU ,\tmh aa*)Tb %tii iiujieiun'ipaiii a Mae, hkhh 6ynfi npamicano, n;oi> 
i BOaaa iiarui aaaa b hhi roaoc. A THaaacoa, aGa BCTaHOBiiTH na aicnax raay 
B.iacTb, 30 aKo'i 6 aa-iB aosippa i asa onipajact ua sei peBOJtion;iiiHo-aeHOKpaTii'iiii 
sepcTBH Bapo^y, ITpaBHTe.iBtTBo iioBiiBuo aaK-iuKani 30 citiBpo6iiann;TBa (3 o])tanaMu 
aicHesoro easoBpajiyBaiiHs) pa«n eeJiHHetKiix, pofiiTBnijiix i ca.iAatctKBi, jeiiyTaTiB, 
BIlfipaHHX 3 Micueaui JBVV'OCTH. 



— 105 



B cupasi sDMCJtiiiii KOMieia, Biidpaaa Ha ncxauuifi cccii HeHTpaabiioi Pa^,H, 
Bse sepotijua aaaoii itpo nepe^aiy 3eaai TpyxoBoay Hapo^OBi dea BBKyay, upafc- 
HfiiioiM 3a ocaoay CKaryBaaEa BJiacaocia i coa,iaai3aH,iK> sex.ii, ;;ri,;uo 3 Hauim-. 
nociaHOBOw Ha aocbuiii ceci'i. 3aSoH aefi dy^c po3r.iirneno 3a Kla£lf£ ftiii s aoBsia 
HeflT|i;Libniii PaflL Paxa Hapn,;eii Miuirxpiti samse bcix aaxostB, mod aepexata 
,!e»ji b pyan T[iy,taniHi aepi'a 3esie.iLni KoaixerH aeosaiaflo Bifldyaacs nv jo 
noiaTBj BCCHaHHx pofiir. 

JIlch, Boftu i bci ni,t.:[<-MF[L Garaicna, hk xo6po yxpalHCHtoro iftyj/naiaro 
aap<uy„ aopexoj,siTi. u nopiuKVBaana yxpalacucoT HapoAuni PecayfljHKH., 

Bifina 3adpaaa raxox Ha cede sci TpyaoBi pouuai can aaaiol Kpainn. 
Bi.itniicTL aaaoaiB, tfadpHK i xaficTepeH*. BipoOJUWH xniKH ic, id,o fiy.io an- ; 
j.i-a niiiiiH, i aapoa, 30daBcn concia 6e3 lOBapis. Tenep Biiiiii Kinen,!.. Oio a: npB- 
aacyeao Pafli Hajm.mix MiaicTpiB aeraSso npxcrjrnaxi ,v> nepeBeaeHiis bcix aaao.ijn 
i ijmfipiiK na MnpHMil CTaH, na BXpodieui BpofljariB, aorpiAuxt aacaanepeft 
Tpyjninnsi i; 

Ta caaa Bifiaa aauao^aa cothJ tbtji'i deapodmias, a iai;na; fi iima.iij.iB. 
B cajnocriiiHiii Flapt^ng 1 Pecnytaid yKpaiHH Be noBaaea T«pniTH ai ojyja ipyxani,HM 

aOHOBlK. npaBBTe-lIiCTBn PcCUyflailKB -lac lli,T,Himt UpoaaC.I'iBicTl. ,'I,pri',KaB]l, aar: 

poanoqaTH TBopqv podoTy y Bcix ranyaax, u Bci oespodiTai aoraa 6 naimi b^hmqo 
i upBKjacm cboki iii.iy. i nacimi ncis aamjia £0 satfeanewsifl caaataeiDCl Ta no- 

re]inillllll!V Fi 1,1. llillHIL 

3a ctaporti .ia,iy loproBBJ la pimai uocepe^auKH HaatiiBajii ■ diftBBI iipa- 
raodjeaEi kmc Heamesai aauiTajin. OAauiii yxpalHCSBa Hapojaa PecBy&nnca 
i: i sol pjKB BSBBaaarino ra.iy.ii Toproaai i Beoi ,1,0x0,1, '•> ■** uosepae na aopBOTt 
aapcyy. 3a naapaxs, aei ny.on. npaaoaBiHci s-sa aopRoay i bbbobbxhcb aa Kop,noa, 
•'■y.v .i."r.nuarii caaa ^epacasa iiama, nod ae dy.io TaKd'i ROpoaaew, asy Tepu.iHTi. 
n;uii"'i,i,iiiiiu i;.i:nu lepet t-iif i;%.i iiiiiiii- JUs iniKuuaiiiiii iu.ito npiiniicyean llpa- 
BUTe.iiiCiBy BBpodaiB i irpeACTasHra aa SBTBepxaceaaa aaitoa npo n;e, a Taao** npo 
aOBonojdlo :ia.ii«a, ntKypa, TK)TRtHy » nauiux npcayuTiB ta Tiiuapin, » saaat wSU&MMnt 

I'iim lljilluVTliili :: j'lidoMHX KJHC Ea KOpnCTb HeipyjI,aur.HXCH (KJBC). 

caao DpHnacy«ao BcxaKOBXTB aepsaaHO-HapflSHifi kobtpo.ii. nzy. sciaa 

•daasajiB, aai k; ... n t.lhh Ta uo.fUKaaii HeTpy^oaaa KJiacai JIpUOMonifa BiiaiicKVBaTii 

■ id iMii'-ii. I'.uiaiii auauiKoaa noai'i uaiiKiii sat- x&BBBteB m.iOBHiia naaoa ua 

ui.i,irj.,i:i;v ipysoBoro nac-MeHHa Ta poaBHToa aapojatoro ronnoflapc'TBa yKpa'iHci.i;ui 

HapojHMii PecnyO-'iHKii, a m iia cieayoaajja xa piacai daasoBJ BKcnuoaraiiji 

a i 

Ha rpyHTJ i'e3.ia,i.i.ii, uecuoKoio b ;Kiirri Ta ne,i,ooTaii HpujyKTiB pocie ae- 
ta cepe^ se-HKOl iacniHH .tHandcTii. Taa BeuA (,li0 -' IPR ' | aa KopECiynnca 
piacai reBBJ caaa i iri,i,dnBaii>Ti. HecBifloaax .imjefi ;i,o crapai iropaj,KiB. U,i Teaai 
(KcarppeB03K>a?HBi) i-n.ni xoayn, aaosy noBepayTH bci bulhi aapo^M nia e^bbb 
iw)hi,i;.- apico Pocil. 1'aj.a Hapfijaix MinicipiB noBaaaa piiay^e dopoTEca a yciaa 
KOBTppeBiuioqiHBKjai 1'ii.iaaii. A. Bcaaoro, xto vaiiKarHBc ro noBCTaaaa upoxa caao- 
(■TiiiiiMi i K]iaiiii-i>H»i HapoRBsol Pecaydaaioi, ,t,o aoanpoTy cTaporo .ia,iy — eapata, 
an aa ,V[ia;aBiiy gpaajr. 

Bci jieaoKpaTiiuffi CBOdo,T,H, nporoaoareai TpcTia yaiaepcajoa yrtpaiacBKoi 
HcHxpa.itnoi Pafla, BOisepjcsyeiBCa ii OKpeMO uporouomyeTic-a : b caaocxiiiaiii yspala- 
CMtia HapoRBJii Pecnydjnmi aci nan,i'i sopncTyioTbca npaBos nan,ioHa.n.no-nepcnBajii.Hni 
aBToaosiii, npuaiiaiiiiM aa aiiaa aftSOHOa 1). i-i'iiia. 

Bee, Moro a BamicjuHoro b aja y«inepcajii hc BOTHFHoao apodMTK an, 
J apaiacbKa U,CBrpaibHa Pa;T.a, u uaiid.ina;aHx Taacaax, xe ^OBepniaTt, cnpaB.WTi. i no 
oc*bhisk*o nopa»sy iipmbcajti. yspalauxi .VcraaoE'ii 3dopa. 

Mh aaKaayuao Bcia rpoaaAnaaa Hamaa BpoBSABTfl BRdcpa j,o bhi hk aaa- 

iiiutiiini.e ; iianrvii swi ;iaioAin, bt,o6 iiiflpaxynoa roaocia (fiyao) 3ai;iii'ioiin hk nan- 
caopinie, mi. i. aa sijasa raiKEia u.i aaaii yeTaaoB'ii 3dopa — nauBsim,nii i-oL-nuj,api. 
i ihiii|i;i,t,.iiii; 3eaai iiaumi — aaKpinaaa cBodo^y, .ia,T. i sofipoCyi KoaciBTyn.ieio He- 
aaaeanioi ygpalacLKol llaposaioi PccnydanKa — na joGpo BCboro Tpyflantoro 
napo,y — reaep i aa ."'vjyaaiiny. 









— 106 — 



Ittoay HailBiiin<i«y uauiomy opfaiicmi ji;i.io-,i,im, piuumi npo $eRapaiUBHiti 
3BS30K 3 napoAtrimii pecnyfiaiBBaHH (jyiiino'i pociiicLuol RepaianH. *) 

jo Toro a; »jacy mix rpoKajaa caiocritaoS .Vupaiuciiitoi Hapo^eftoT Pecny- 
(uhkh KiiiMeao HenoxaTjio crasffl na cropoici Hofiyioi no.ii ia npaB nanioro xapojn 
i aciaa chisju finpoiram cboki bo.iki si;; Bcil Boporis cc.iiiiiCLKO-pouiTHii'io't ca«o- 
eriiino'i YicpalECWtOl PecnyfiUHKH. Y j: ]i a i n u i> k a U, e u t p a .1 m a P a j a, 
y KiiiBi, 9. (22.) diaa 1918 pony." **) 

JIk 6aHHM0, 3iicT IV YDiEepcajiy bbo^hbcs ao qompbox toiok: 

1, nporoaouieHDH caMOCTiHHOCTH YKpatHcbKoi HapoflH&oi PecnyoxHKH, 

2. HOpyneHHa Paji Hapojaix MiHicTpifi saKJiioraTn Miip 3 HeHTpaJiuiniiH 
JtepataBaim, 3. onOBimeHHa o6oponiol blhhh a Mockobiuhhoio i 4. npoK.ua- 
MjBaHHfl ochob BHyTpimiiboro couiiajibBO-eKOBOBKiHoro 6y;uBHHUTBa Ta 
HaniieHHS aaxo^iB, aBaaanax a .iiKBia;aii;ieto BiiinH a HenTpajitHHua ^ep- 
xaBaMn. 

Ei^fl TOTBepToI to^o, oco6jhbo koio uHTaHb npo conifljaaau,™ 
aeoi Ta npo poaro pa,n podtiaHqHX, ee.iancbKEX i caJuaTCbKHT aenyrariB, 
BeJiaca b ^eHipaibflai Pa^i BeJiHKa 6opoTL6a nix piacHDMH tmcnmani II. 
Ta Ha thorny aa L-niiiiBMOca nianime, KOJin 6yi,eM0 roBopiiTn npo Bny- 
ipiiiiiHO uojtiTiiKy H,eHTpajit>noi' Pajia Ta TenepajibHoro -CeKpeTapiary. 
Tenep xe BepHesota siiob ho mhpobhx neperoBopiB b Bepec™ Ta ro 
BifinH Mis YKpaiHOK) i Mockobiuhhoio, aaananHBuiH rijibKH, mo, b asnaKy 
ai araaanoH) BHiue BHyTpiwnbOio CopoTbdoio, niejia IV yniBepcajiy CTajiacb 
npajiiiTe.ji.ciiieiina Kpiaa: B. B h h ii h 4 e u K 0, a aa hum i HHiiti MiaicTpK, 
yKpatacMti coniajib-neMOKpara, ycTynHjiiiCb a ypany. FoJioBOio Paji.H Hapoa- 
rax MinicTpiB <yra8 B. Tojiy6oBn i i (yicp. con,.-peB.), iiKutr cipopsyaaB 
iiOBng, a ecepiBCbKoio GLibiuic™ KafiinCT. H,eS KaiJineT i nepeaic na 
cboIx n.ieiax Beet Tarap pocnoqaiol npaBBieabCTBoa B. BHanimeHRa 
Bi§Hii i CoBiTCbKoio Pocieio, a Taitox hobIb ho maufl cupasy MBpy 
a H,enrpaJibHH«ii ^epacaBaHii. 

II. ri|)ii3HaHHH UeHTpajibHHMM A e l™ aB aMH caMOCTiHHOCTH yKpaiH- 
CbKOl HapoAHboi Pecny6j)HHH i 3aMH)4eHHa innpy. B auaasy ai aaiaasH, :mi 
aafiuijin na YKpaiHi. 6yxo Bncjiaio no Bepeera i HOBy xejiei'auiK), Ha hojii 
aO. CeBpioKOM (ytcp. con.-pera.). Ha ni?B paa ji,ejiei J aii;ia CoBiTCbico't Pocii 
upn6yjia paHiiue aa yKpaiHCbicy i 3po6HJia me paa cnpoSy ycyHyia ^e;tei'a- 
u,iio yKi)ai'HCbK0i Hapoaibol Pecuy&inKH, Hocn-iaio'JHCb na Te, mo yicpalBy 
peirpeseHTyiorb R«e n,eMta.TB ooaiTCbKOro yKpalncbKoro ypaay — Mw,- 
B8£8B i BlaxpaH. 

Ha aarajbHiM aacinaHmo mhpoboI KOHipepeHuil, mo BU^yaoeb 
30. cinna (a. cr.), aadpas cjobo ro.iosa pociacbKoI aejei'au;il TpoubKii 
i aaHBBB, mo b CKJia;i. pociflcbKoi' aeJiei J auii' BxojiaTb hobi ^JieaH — „npe5- 
(-laiiHHKH yKpalHCbKO'i HapojBboi Pecny6jiHKH — MejiBnicB i BlaxpaH'-. 
B^a oficTaBtina, CKaaas Tpou,i.KHH, asa Mae bojibko snaiiHHa rim najb- 
tnoro nepefiiry neperoBopiB, j;ae Kapiany Toro noaoaceHHa, aee yTBOpnaoca 



*) H,eii yciyn BHeceao b yniBepcaa Ha fiasEatiust „MeHbmocieii", aKi b SiatmociM 
npH lfMocosasHio yHisepcaay yrpmiBJiKCi. 

**) YsiBepcaj 6yjo npuiiHaTo na 3acUaHHK> Maaoi/Paftu 24. ci'iHa (h. cr.) 
L TiiiiKH saToaaao ftoio r U';a i). oi^Hn, Ha fiKaii Oy,io npHSHaieno BijKpiiTTH yEpalB- 

CbKHX yCTaWOBIHX iidopiB, 



107 — 



na yKpami nacaiflKOM ocTamiix iro;i;ifi. .VKpaiHCEKi cobite c&r^wklkbx, 
c&SHHCbKHS i pofiiraHMHX .-{enyTariB npoBannTb b n,i.iii"i yKpsiIiii piinyny 
gopOTboy iipoTii bbIbcbso! Pajm, npn miw h,h 6opow,6a b GoraTbOx 'iacra- 
nas yKpaiHH aofieJia %o piwyioi nepeaora cobitIb, aici BncTynatoTt b njl- 
KOBiiTiu aroaj 8 nerporpaACbKDM Cobitom Haponmr KomicapiB. Buiiiii 
KaMidHOByri-ibiiBH oacefin r T,ona, njaa aaTajitopi'HHHa o6jiacTb KaTepiino- 
CJiaBa i sapbKJBCBBa Ta nojrraBCbKa r'yo'epmi e b pysax yKpaiHcbKiis co- 
BmB. B dbuihx qacTtiHax yKpainn apociae ciuia cobitib, i nocriBHO 
sieBbmyeTbca bhotb KBlBCbKOi' UenTpajbnoI Pann. B jieHb, kojie po- 
ciiicMia aejiei'aum BW3,T.flJia a Uerporpajij, GeanocepenaiH Te.iei'pa^oii 
a KnfBa noBeceBO, mo KHiBebtcnff fenepajibnnH CeKpetapiaT npejyiosKBB 
CBoe yCTynjienHH. Hi;e pimenna MaTBiie na niihra KniBCbKoro npaBBTeab- 
CTBa Ta iiKirii biijihb Bona Ma-rime Ha ^ejiei'aniffi nana rojy6oBjm, me 
HeBUOMO, ajie a nonepejtntoro a'acyeaHHa cnpaBU bh.tho, y sea™ paaK 
mo mrtpy. aaKJiro'ienoro 3 KiilBCbKHM CeKpeTapijiTOJi npn TenepiinnnxodcTaBH- 
hui, b a;a:iniH pa;ii me He Moatira BB&KaTB aa imp a YKpaincbicoio 
PecnyfijHKOH). TpoHtKHii BirapaBjye nonepe^ne npnananfla ysp&ls&KOi 
jejiei'airil pociBcbKoro ths, m° niflBoenHH na YKpaiBi b toh nac (Syaw 
nnmi, a Tenep SMtnnjiiiCH. Tenep, bojih b rioTpurpaai Bia,6yBaBca b'Ibx 
coarriB pofiiTHHtini, ceiiaHCbKHx i caJujaTCbicnx aenyraTiB, na axis aa- 
CTynneHi Tatto-ac i yrtpalHCbKi cobjth i ua AKi* ojyiorojiocHO piuiaeTbca 
cnpaBa npo iJie^epaTHnui ochobh poeiicbKoi pecny6/iHKn, ywacTb upeiuTaB- 
hiikjb yupaiHCKoro Hapojntoro CeKpeTapiaiy b TyreuiBin 
pocificbKin a,eJier , an;ii niiuioBiaae njjiKOffl Bi,a,nocwHaw, aici nanyiOTb b po- 
ciftcbiriS pecny(5.THii,t. Kojjh jte-Jtetania: nana ro.iyo'oHira mae, sk i paaiui, 
Matiflat KniBCbKoro OeKperapiaTy, pociSebKa ^eiieVauia ne nijxnocBTb ata^- 
Boro npOTOCTy npOTn il laabmoi ysacTI n MirpoBHx neperOBOpax. aae y nca- 
kjm paai MoayTi. 6yra iipmiaaai TijibKH Tad yaoaa. aaiunoweEii 3 yicpa- 
moH), a k i 6" y jr, y t b (popnajibHO cTBepJiateKi npaBHTejib- 
ctbom (|jeji;epaTHBHoT pecay<)JiHKK Pocil. 

y Bi^uoni.'ib na mo uaaey naaBnB tiren yKpai'HCbKoI fleaei'au.ii nan 
M. JeBiTctKBii, mo BifliiOBUb na nei jiacTb yKpaincbKa ^ejiefaui!! no no- 
BopoTi iifeoiB n a KuTrta. Ban Kiooibiaa n\x, isem ^enei'auif B,«iiTp,-ab- 
bhx JjepajaB bbcjiobhb nicaa uboro fiaacanna BUKJiacTB ne<5aTii na;i, easBOB 
Tpom>Boro ,0,0 noBopnenria 3,e.Tar^frii yKpaiacbKo! IJ,cnTpaJJbnoT Paji;n, 
aayBa-A'BBmH, mo rojiosa poeiftcbKol j;e J iei'aii,ii b cniit mw KanBHi pjioboh 
ae 3ra.iaB npo re, mo nopyn a Rcmt'a.nie.io yfcpaiBCbKo! HeHTpaJitnoI 
Pa^n e me aKacb nnnia iucTHTyuia, atca xcie npoBaiiBin neperoBopn Bi^ 
iiean yKpaiHH. Ha nro OCTannio ysary BijunoBiB TpoubKBn, mo paniiu 
pocificbKa n.e.iei'anifl He »ajia naToa,n roBopnTH npo Jipyre 3aeTynHun,TB0 
yKpaiHH, 6o k»h4 me He 6yao yxsaan coBi-riB yKpaiaCbKHX poOirnHinx, 
ceMHCbKnx i caa,i,aTCbKBx ^euyTamB npo nocnjjcy coix aeJei'ariB na in- 
poBi neperoBopn, nnraBHa. aK,a 3 abox opi'aHiaanifi BaTFae apaBO ocra- 
™<iao apoBajiBTH neperoBopn Bi^; iisenn yspalHCbKOl PecnySjiHKH, poa- 
Baace Bnc^ifl, SopotbCn nm o6ona opraHitaniflisn. 

Bpenrri BHiaBHa 6yxo o;tKjia;"i;eHO jcfi noBepaenHs: yKpalirctKoi Ji;e- 
Jier'aniT. B aaci^anHi aBCTpo-yropcbi:o-nii«eiibKO-pocinebKoi KOJiici'i M« 
uoaaroj,atenffa nojiixnaHiix i TepnTopia^bHHx cnpas, AKe Bipfiyxoch 31. ciana, 



108 



3HOfia noBcraio oyao nnTanHa npo yiacTt 3aiei'an,il yKpaiHChKOl IJeH- 
Tpajr&HOI Pa;XD b neperoBopax. ToaoBa pocifictKOI ^ejei'aii.ii" TpoubKuffl, 
noKuwcaio^iicb na npncyTiiicTt nn. Mea,B6ji,eBa i lllaxpaa b coajii po- 
cificBKOi fleaei'auii, oxmobjihb HenTpa-ibHin Paji b npaBi aacTynara 
YKpainy, AOflaioiH, mo „Ha ochobi pianmx BiflonocTeil, oco6jhbo x bi 
ochob! lijiLKH mo oaepxaHOl huh Teaei'paBH, ciipaBa yiacrn ffieaffl'anjl 
khIbcbko'l Paflit b MHpoBnx neperoBopax e dubine cnpaBOio MHHyBmnnn, 
His TenepinmocTH Ta oyayiiBiiH", Ta ca»e b n,eii sent npstfiy^a 3.0 Ee- 
pecia a KHisa yKpaTncbKa jteaei'auia. ^pyroro aha — 1. uoTOro (h. ct.) 
— siftdyjiocb oypxaHBe iiaenapHe aacinaHaa HifpOBOi KO»o>epeHii,iI 3 yHacno 
yKpamcBKoi jteaei'ayii", npucBaqene UHTannio npaBocBJibnocTH se.iei'afiil 
yKpa'mcbf;oI HapojRbOi PeenySanKH. 3 onsjiy Ha ie, mo cynepeira, 
ski Bij,6yBa.inc[> nix pocifie&Koro fi VKpalncbKOio ae-ierauieK) b Bepecno, 
sBJunorbcs bj.t,6htkok cynepe4KD-BiBHH. no Bi^oynajiacb case aiiu YKpaiBOK) 
i Mockoiuhhoio, noiaeio noKirainimi bikomoctii npo lie ocTaHne aacinaBHfl 

., I Lli'.tii no!ii.T,o!i.iiM[Ha npo .mini! u CKUUp yupaiHCbKoi jcjb fan,ii, saGpaa c.tobo 
I'o.iOBa vKpa'iHctKo'i jeac/anjS 0, C e b [) 10 k ('i.ien UeinpaJbHoi Pa;t,i]). Bbajaiimii 
aa III J'HiBepcaj IleHTpajiiuoi Pa,T,i[ :i 7. (20.) .iiu'Tona^a, lia'iimuiuil na aara.ii.nix 
3aci^.aHti[o KOHijiepeHUll 10. cinnit, HKim uy.ia fqioK.iasiniiana .Vicpaiucbiai Hapoj.ua 
P''iiivu.iin;a i mi ] liiu i:-j£o II inT(>pHan,inna.ii.m- CTaBOBBUte, (Viipnn: 3ajHamiii, mo iHTep- 
Han,ioHa.TLiK> iraiioinimc .Viipa'iiirbiim JIapo,%ui>oi PecnytSnsKB 6y*o uii.iuan" tii^i 
PaftOH) HapoAliil KoiicapiB tbi: oaio, BK i iip<\T,iTaiiinn;aMii MnTiipi.ux C0K18BBS j,t']r.i;au. 

npiiaiiamin J Kjju'iim euocrifixoK xepKSBOB IIp&iHxeraciBoii Hapoxafr Ko 

xicaplB B1IXH.I.HTI. 3 aatiB ii. Tpnniitiu'ii aa aaW.uuuiax i 10. i 14. ri'iiiii. Tofl, na 
3aiiirraua!i ^epwaBHOro CeKpcTapa A-P 11 K»aB*aE&, 'in iiuaiKae raioBa pociiciBot 
^cicfanii yipBtacbKv .u'.wi'aniin laciKEon pociicueol <ra TKpalKCiKj jeiefaipro 
rpe6a BBaSKan) iipiM,cTaBHBa,eio ctwooxilsol ,vpa;auu. nan TpmibKiii'i iii.ui'iuin : .Tmy 
.bio yKpaiHi'.bKa jeaefaaja BiicTynii.ja tvt raMociifhinM ^eatfaHicm i mu upi',i,.in-,[:ii.nt 
irpuaaaTH ii yia<'Tj, h npomx neperoBopax, npii <rii a iebjeom hokv le aanpo- 
ninroBano 'vi'iMCKj'uaTii IT iBjrct, ;ia.'ii tobj, nj," ;i aaffiHoro 6<wy lie aanponoHOBaao 
apdoniii yKpaincLKv jflisfaiiJM) laCTHHOio ]nK'iiici.i;ni, Mcni a^aeBtea, mn un i-njiaea 
cajia rnoiini i.i.iar.M.LTiiii.' B inii.ii a hush uaraann iipoTamM u.ijiowi iiepefiiry 
neperoBopiB ,i,o ocrainiio'i neprami tipii.inaBa,TH vKpa'iHCLKy ;i,cit:fai(ini m-i y'lacTiiiiuu 
R0H$ep8HB,i! saame, ss ,i,i'.n-r..n,in caxocntHoI j(ep»:aBB. 

Ta oci temp, bo nepepBi, u. TpouiBiiii cispiMacB BanepeTyBata upan& 

yKpainri.iai] .u .mi'aii.ii. ii"i:.iiiicani'iari, na ffgyct IM«*pa«y Ta na npnivTiiii'Tj, nonUo- 

Boro ,i,"ii xapucisciBoro BaKOHaBioro Koiateiy. 

yKpalHctK» aeaefauls BBaatae norpiOBHB cEoacraTyBaTH, m<> njiosiiBa ii. Tp"i;i.- 
Knro na n,iM aacijaHBX rio'iTi b n,i.ii;iiuiniii cynepeqHocTH ;i ioro uouepe£ni«« 
BaMii. ?epi palHCiBa ^est'aqia npiiayiiiniin spo6aiB tar.y :ianBy : 

IMii ■■ tol ac .kyaiai. aio ii nan Tpou,i,iniff, mo B .lepacaBHiM -.imitti" .Vi;paiim 
Biaflyjura HiBB, am c bLikom mmot eaTypH, uia; m: no rajac n. TpoubKuR. 
IiTnta nBi 3xii! I'TriiTi. y SBaaKy .: IV J r BBepcajroB VxptSMCXsol UearpaabBOl Pajn 
a ^aa -2. ciiira, B :n;t« ktoitb : ,Hi,i, mini FspalBcSsa Hapojpra PeeuyCflHBa crai: 
raxocTiiianin, m- ni.i, Knrn HeaajreaMOK), ni.ii.iinKp, cyBepeaaoio ^pxasosi yspalH- 
eaucoro napo,y.' 

IIpaiiuTi'.iE.i t»" .VKpaiiici.iaii llapo,i,fli.oi Pecny&QDSB ciapa^oca jTBopaiB con!) 
tbi pei-Hyil.niK, as! iioBOTa.™ aa TepHiopii fiyBmol pociitcbBO] JtepacasB, Ta cnurae 

l|ii'.l,.paTHBHC lipaBHTCJbCTBO PocH. AjIO, TOMy BID ,1,11 nriUOUieHHH IV yuiiii'p' i!.l\. 

:a;i;aioim aa boi cTapaHHsi yKpa'incbKoro iipaunreJiLcTBa, TaKnii i'ui.iLnnii |eROpa- 
TiiBHHii opfair He noBCTan, i tomv iu.o a Touepiaiflbni'ii uiuovkpbbh bhio;uiti., nto 
iBBti "pfaii i iif miivi.'c noBCTa-Tii, xjciaa yKpalaciKa Pectiyi'i.miKa .ia.nimnTii inpasj 
yiBopeHHS ^OflBpaTHnmirn IipaBHTeiBCTBa i oroaoCBaa IV yaJBCpcaaoa Xiqiainy caxo- 
CTiAson i mn 'aiKOro ne3a.TevKBohi jefpatSBOlo. l Iepc:i t« J'K])aiHChKa HeHTpa.ibita 
Paia b tim SEB rasii.i yniBepca.ti sanBH.ia, mo Buna a yciaa cyneiKFtHMn jpparaBaiii! 



109 — 



M.'ii' aaiTH b aupi la apaa.tai. Wta m" '.Ka.via 3 mis ue aa<: npaaa BsimyBanii-:! 
i! xhtts caaoCTifini.i yjtpalHCHH)! PecaytfaioeB. Otko IV ysiBcpi-a.i soho aavtaamm. 
hk iHTepKauiiina.11,111' Bpasne OTaHOBHate yspalHc&Ko? Hapoaabol PecnyfiaaKB, iai; 
i II nojiiniKy cynpoTii II cycijps. 

111,11 lopBaartca nanr-,i,i mis n. Tpmij.Knst apfjiteHTiB, io bqhb HoaGasaeBi 
BCHKoro rpyiny. HoKJEHtaHM aa re, di<» BuKiuiauvuli Komi-tot a XapLGoei 6j^e 
.nnuif! :iili-Tyiiai'u b .VKpaTifc&Eift HapofljriS Pecnyti.Tiin,i itctapecs HpaHKKmax Base, 
s, ,ii i fiyao 6 .T'ii:i> :i"UTii, a.o- ne na.ir'.KisTi. ,t,o BiiVTpiuniix aiflHOCBH, m& w m.\- 
.inrawTi iHrepnan,i<>Ha.'ii>HLii Koarpoai. LU,e a'cirm HopeKOiyKme ri:^]i,r,-,i:>Tiiiii liaua 
Tpoiy,Bi)ro, b;o yxptSsesea jr,eaefan,is up, Has iipan gapes to, iau a ire EpuaxaB 
xapMUBcaxnii BuKiiHaii'iaii KoaJier. llio.ui Hfcoro apfynexry lyci.ia 6 ueppj.OBOis 
pociactBa .i.r.n:]';inia mo/Kbth obo! yaoBHTOBaaceBHff, 6o n niil ue»ta npeacTaBKHKLB 
a iii Mo.i,i,aiii'i. a hi KpraciBHX Taiapin. a iii i,ohc£KB3 noaairiB, a hi KaBxaassBx 
HJieMea, a ni CilSipy, ai:i laKos ae apaaBHJOTi ErpaairreJiBCTiia Pa^B rJapoaaix 
KoiicapiB. 

Tai; csjio, sta isbox bbgokbs .ifiopai, rkhuh g uiposa KoaiJiepeHB;ui, axauajio- 
ca 6, ae aoaaia gonyorani aacoois, y-.i.-iiiiaanx h, TpoHtKua, a cane — ocaopfOBaiB 
a,epa;aBai npaaa yapalHeiBal UeHTpa.TSaoI 1'a.i.ii Ha tpyari asolci Tcicipasu. 3 laKiisi 
;>aB<>H sor.ia 6 nos-TOKaraca yKpaiiionia neaafauja ua nosiapsjieBKa fiesflpoto- 
Boro ieaarpa$y, bkbJI b ipyrifi aoaoBRBi cvum xogocm, Wf> M.iuea soibib v Ilctpii- 
I'pa^i BHi;TyniiJiii iipuTii UpaBHreaBCiaa Hapn,iiiis KoidcapiB a nSopoai V'cTaHOBiai 
iJSopiB i run Ta« uU'"y-T)ii- - H By.iu'iid Sol ■ aaas BHcaiapa Has cy<iacEoro 
i-TBa PociJ. Il.iym caiaoB aa n. Tpon^iaui, yi;paiiiciii;a leaafanja inm asa&aTB, 
iiin.j liv.m ur- BpHaaaao, aa ocaosi njc'i leaflfpaaa, a,eaefaajl Fa,iii Hapmnix liojiioapia, 
aae iioaa m c at raEii ae poOBK u,i », 6o BBaacat n.e ] iMckkobj crrpaBOK). 

IU,oi> 3auoflirTfl HiiBuwy ^ajn>mirBOSj poayxiHHKi ;s aaoroca 6pity ra mo6 

VHHKHyTII Ha I'^.l.yli 1 iai;i[S :i;iMI] pOCifiCHSOl ,1.1.11:^111,1!. HI. I rni;lll, U I'Vliepi-iIllni'TlI 

n^iia a,o n,i!i"i, apoaoayd yjspalKC&Ba ,i,i-.n:raii,iii apHSBaTU $opMaju.HO .VsqniiHfitKy 

HapoflHS) PecnydaaEy bjjikob ea«0CTilHO» i ni aia, aoro aaaa-resaoio ^epa 

i tu» cainta ocxarffrao WBep^HTK, sx u iiii'['jiaii,iiina.ii.iii' MaHOBKme, las i apssa 

SI ;u"M>:;';inil. 

Iliojia nj6oro dhctjidkb (hb .innaramiii a. Tpoipucoro) M.icii pociHciKo'i ^caaiai^il 
— ir ••: xapaKiBciKoro BimoHaBioro Komiieij — n. Me^Be^eB, i aaoxaa 

. it skim nofioptasau iipasa BulBetBOl ,i.c.n:/aii,ii BucTjuaTH ua aiipiiBax nepe- 
■ax, aaKiijyiiai; IS ihs nannnt, raaaae ite^fimn neperOBOpis a j,ejcfaD;inMi[ 
HpiiTpaai.Hiu ,^e[Kuaii i aorpoxyBBB, opa, saajKiHeai HeaTpaaiaoiD Pa^oai, 

ii]rii;iiiain JTspalaCSKSHS iia]i(i;i,('ii.*) 
II. Tpon,j>KKH ,^i r ian ,j,o npiiamin u. &Tma«seBa, mo apiiBiiannii camocril- 
bocth, afio nr;ia."n ,i:in'i-Tii, isolca a,opa;aBH ae aoaara njdrayBaia a ii|iii.niahii:i-! 
'in BH aa. ,l,a.ii ain ciapaBca aoBecia aecrajden npaiuiux ijmpn 

yi;pamt'Li;iii Hapojaiol l'i' i ;.- .iii' i him. apj uiuu-xfi BBUBcBKa Pa^a ae aaxoTiaa 
''iliani yiacTii n i(ie f (,cpuTni;i[iii pocifteBKia peciryfijrKH;i, x'"'i aa rperia s'lagj i 
!il'i',i.rianiiHi;i[ yapaiHcaaoro uapo,i,y npsaaaBB pociiici.Ky lepsaBy JejepaTHanoio 
pecnyfijniKOKi. TpoufcaHii aarasas iai;na; irpo re. mo m apo ne- 

neBuim, tex yKpalacsKoI aepataBB. A josai ae MHaieao loaao vex .Vi.jia'mii, H" 
Knac.7iiB(> i ini]io.:yjfiunn Bias BHlaCiBOai l^eaTpaxaaoio PaflOB xa ll,i;'i[T[ia.ii,uiisii 
;l,epacaBaJiH. 

HnvT|iiiiii;i i|[i,3,i'i ria J'lqia'ini ae Mamn, sasaow pililarn'Miin BpsjpnBOro 
liiHjr, pTate ipeSa ]io.ii'.ui,iarii n,i cyaepeiHOCTB ua ^KpsSai a Ix piaesoro 6oay. 
lepea ie i Syjia npoTBTaaa ni^ojia teaiopaaa iii«i ocTaaai aojpi aa yapalai. 

npiM,',M,;i(i,i.. M HeuTpaju.Hiix ^epaas ne aoraB 8 nepefipara ua ceo* poai 
poaemworo cyjw b capasai it'iic|iiiiniix bwiochb b PooiS it Ha yBpalm. 

4a.ii 'rpnn,i,Mifi aaaB.iSB, iu," ai mra, ua cuiHii crapii tihihi itt>r.ia,\v. Jl/'ini 

«w KiiiBiLKni Pa,;,! jjt^epjKyB e.ihtl y!iuEiin B a;i:eniiii, aia ae ni^HoniTi, ataasxjm 



J Ha gaat, ae Macao 11 uamax HaTepia.iax uoBHoro amiciy itpuBoau a. Mefr 
aea,i;Ba. IIpHcynit Ha Kouijiepeiin,ii m.iohh yKpatacLKo! flejiefairjl aepeKaayBaja, nr, 1 ! 
ii. .vlf^BexeB, apemioKi, ae n.:., iiesBO crtara KB isi;a'.iauiii Soaj TpnuaKiiM noauiil- 

A B T p. 



110 



npoiewy npOTB fi rn«ioeTiSnoI yiacra a nnx aeperoBOpai, Aae renep, kh.ih npeft- 
(TaiiniiKii J'Kpiiun i.kiuo IJuKoirauuoro KoaiTeTy ihtviiu.mi d CEaaa, pociJtctKOi ,i.«'.n:- 
fan.il, BtH ■TCHlS a irri.niHiiiiiiH) enepfieto troii'ropuTii, mo ii.ii.Ksr rani ftOroaops 
:i Kii'fui'BKOio Paa,o» CyajTi upHsmaai, mti SHafiayTt npnanaiiiia i I iioKy pociicutol 
jteaafanil, 

llicas UfcOro BBSS (.'.lou') 'i.ii'ii yspalHClKOH ,i.t,'.ii:ia.ii.ii M. .1 R) 6 H n C h kh it 
i ncaaaii caixyjoie : 

.Jticjis saas, aaosKeHHX roaofloio iapiKiBctKoi'0 BKKOH&BMoro KoaweTy n. Mi:j- 
BeftiSBiis i rojiosoKi pocilcujcol jteaatBuB a. Tpo^usax, yBassaM n aoTpidmia 
ja.iiiit'iiiTii iaK6 : 

laemi yKpaiHoiKoi mrpoBOl ,i,o.iefan,il CToaau aaauio na Tifi ocnoBuiB roiqi 
aoixazy, mo siGpani h Bepeestao npi-,i,<.TannaKii tux xepsKB, ski Bpociyjoii ao 3 a- 
wicjeHSa Miipy, jn- jkdcti, «oro bhcjiobijdbmecs np» nayTpiami I'npasH euoix npoTiiB- 
iniiiiit, ra mo iipo BiiyTpiBiJiio (k»| 0TL6y i "noili b aeaiax a,epa:aB ni b iiicia paai He 
Tpeda niyiac neperoBopin noaaBaiH jo Bi^oaa npoTHBHo'i napTi'i. 

Mn Ma.™ He pas aaroay BHCiynnrti a piniyiHa aporecToa upoia sans Tpon> 
Koro, aKiiii iciaBKa pa3iB tjiaabumBo npea,craBaaB BiAHoiueiiaa she HOOAHHokhm 
aapo^aMii Ko.iHBiBtoi Poci'i i a,epii;aBaan, mo uoBcraan ua IS TepnTopil Aae, 3 oraaay 
na aaaBaieny iomkj- noraaay, an niaaoBaflanea a,oci BflgtHOCHHi n,io cnpasy .nyO.iirano, 
6a mu He Ma.ii! Ha aeii sacHtmyBaTU Hantaan ssumaHii aBiopaieTy pociftcEKOi aeaefanji. 

Aae reucp, ko.ih IV YniBcpcaa Ileaxpaa&HOl I'aju nporoaocnn noaay caao- 
cTiFmicTB aamoi' PecnytixBXK, ko.iii iiama Pecay6.Traa npaanana Tano;K corcanHHB 
it iiMiiii»rii Repm&BasH, trepeciasm ni niasaa ,i.i;i nac Gym BuTTphnnixii CHpasaxx. 
Hauia Bi^iroBJ^aaiKa tficia cynpom Eamoro aapoxy TaKOa; npuayaiye nac Teacp bh- 
cijtditu i pihuyiiiM aporecTOJ irpora ijj;ui,mnuoro tbcpj;kchhb, ane saoatHB y Mad 
Haaio'i tii r 'irytiiin -in n. Tponj 

Hi' ;iBa:i;aioin na ts, mo kh Teaep, as i pairime, cvoimo aa naiaiii, ara^aiiiii 
pauia;o npunniiioBiii icuui norjiij}'. mh nee x iie toaeac BijaoBHTnca bbcjobhth 
uaaii nor.iiijn ua BHyrpiami BiaBOCSHH a I'oeii ao ti.iLrtn ,i,.ia Tore, &s>6 iniiipaBjaiH 
aae m nepej npHeymrixH, aae fi 3 or.iH,\v ua ayfiauiBy oaimre 3acTynaennx tyt 
HapoftiB, nor.TH r ;ii jrrax a^a nac ne moubui njirni, ni-.K noraajin n. Tpnn,BKoro. 

B 11J17. pun,i Pocia, n,n xpataa, n nuiil aiHBO Tau Oaraio piasnax HapoftiB, 
Koipi MaiOTB CBol pb:ui iioaiiuini saBftaHHd i Bnpocan b pia;uux icTopiiiHiix yxosax, 
a aid xiiHjptb lenep b^ b ciaai aociifiHoI peBOMDHiI, b anifi npocTyidiB ji,o aani'i- 
jiaaiaux i conia.ii.nux lyooyiKiB, cra.ia pecny6aBKOio. Bij, bih'iyxv pfiBoaioii;iJ "V.111 
oi.ta ^ep'/KaBnoi Kepan nu:'i pecayOjiotH iporaroa U>17, poisy ]>ia;»i npaBHTeaicTBa. 
U,efi piK BO'iaaca aij CKHTirpoa napa i ci(ia t niBca, nepefiMioamH ni.ao.ii i;;i,i,eri-i>i:(irn 
i coHiij.iii.-'ni'iHH-Ka.iCTL-j.Korii npasaieaBCTBa, hobok CTpiaaHimoio Ha ay-iimax fleipo- 
r))aay i inutnHM nia^oryBaHnaa dosuaeBHB^REX iipaBiiTeawnniM poaroay ycnaHOBiM 
36opiB, m;i acmxaEO na eajrao aoacaHB.il ochobi. 

Ti.ii.Kii jHa i.i.'tmui oi.i:i,i,iim iii-i ri BpaBiireajiVTBa .•uniia.iiu*!! cd.ii.vipiinaii : b "ix 

HeaipaaicTHMnnx aaaraHHax i b ix aas:ep. iii xaaofii aa.yiiiiirii BixpOffiKflHi aapoaa 

Ta Bee n ; j(inT)i ni.i, cbow aoryTmn pyi;v. lin.ii.nieimni.Ke ripaBiiTeatcTBO piuiyie He 
BHsaai:, b :iro,(.i s i.v>n«n CBOel naprii, li'^'V-paniiiiiiix ifleaiiB, hki oaj'iueBanKiT* npo- 
Biji,nnKin hb nanyKiiyx aapoxJB ; aae taK caao, ait i Ix nonepe^BUKB Ha rpouai, 
iiiciix cKiiHyTo ciii.ibKiiMi! ByCHliaxH He TiatKH cycniaiHiix, aae fi HaHiiiiia.ii.iiiix 1 
.iK.it.iir, oroaocHao npaHHTeawiBO SoainiflBHTaB ripnnnin caioosHaieHiiif uapo,i.in Ti.n,i;n 
jun roro, atoo thm pimyrime noOopjosaiH n.ert ii])Limi,in b fioro HpaicTiiuiiiH iiepeBe ; T,eHfiK>. 

ToaocHi sasiBii SoauaeBBKiB npo utacwasy BoaB napo^is Pocii — n,e auine 

rpyOi a.eaafofH'nn itacofln. npaBiiTe.itir SoaiaBeBHWB, ase poairaaao ycTaBOB'ii 

36opu ia cnipacTicn tIilkii na dafaeiH naiisarin qepsonul fBapai'i, Bisoau hb 
SBaacBTBca nepeaecTii 11 PocH capaaeRBHBi iipnriuiiin npaua Ha caaoo3HaqeHBB, 00 
boho aaae ^oope, nio He tLilkm Min-.iPiini pecnyfiaBKH - .\ iqia'iua, ;li>HHpiaa, KaBBa3 
i anmi — 'ix He apnsBaiOK cbqJi apaaBieaicTBOK, aae ii caa pociaciuiiu uapn.i. 
BijMOB.iiui ta b n,ia iipafli. 

Ti.ibKH 3i cxpaxy uepeji; poaBHiKoa nauioaaaLirax jirmviRmiii BiioTaiiii.in Soafc- 
nii'iiiiKii. 1 BpoftaMHOB iM ,xeaafofieio, hk b Poci'i, t.ik i iyi aa auposifi Kos^epeHnjI, 
3acaay upaaa 11a e&xoosH&lBKHK. ,l,aa Toro, m,o(i he xoiiycTniH H.ie'i 3acaji,H no 
3aii1ni<-nu:i. ysHBaxjTt bohh hc Ti.u,K!i (lair.^n Bftaaarij 'icpuonoi ttarpaji, a.ie tana- 



— Ill 



X'ti.ch isa me rrpiiri i bc mchiu i,Q3B0aeHU BacoOH : bohu flyman npcv.y j punraHsiiirn, 

• apt nirvi'-rr. L po J- lUi.iiTinmnx ,r,iMiin i cTapaioTi.ru, iiapemTi, 

uijKOM ijiajiBiuaEHMu reHReanj rtmijcu iH^opnauiasH aiftEooaiB aBtopHiet npaBHtenciBa 

mi mm MHinni aojoao'i pecnySaBBB. iiuoanx coD^aiicriB i ciapai pesoaiDitionepiB 

OOBHByBaiyjOTb BOHH It OVpvKVa3H0CTil i KOBTppOBOJIOU,ifiu' 

Tbkhm hhbos, npaBUTeaiCTBO 6ojUHeBiiniB ncpcBo.wrr. u jkbttb, aaaicBb 
!.; sputa na easoosnaaeeM, aaeaay anapiil i poaaaajj, 60 3nac, mo aerate 
pyimyBaTH, hiik TBopUTD uanoito, i ijobo^iitmh rai;, sk roBOpiK crape npucaiBH : 
nasaenyii, aaMeayS, a npic-i a ioro Tansi assumes. 

SopoTboa in T]ii)rp;i,VLi;ora npaBHTG.tJiCTBa Bpoui npaBBseaxcxBa J'lqia'iiiCLKo'i 
Hapo^iii.oi PecnytiaHKB Ta iioro oqeBiiaaa Hemapicn. u npnaiiaHHHj ripaaa nanto'i 
Reaeflupl aoyajaaa u Mac ate pairing ue CeauiacTaoBe ui^o-jpiBBB. Mh 6y.ui nepe- 
Honani, iu,<> "n. Tpiin,tK«ii vjme csopo 6ysp ciapaittca yBiatuimiet Bis mi Bafil 
iicmis i He^BoaBaiHus catB, mkiimji npH3Ha&G nawy neaefan,iio ynoBHOBaaieHUM i 
ctsbbsb^bom Hamoi pecuyfl.iiiKH. Te, ioro mm lexaaH, cnpaB^Sfloes. li ,U'W>. b aKiM 
an Bii'iiaau ,no Kniiia, nofi opHBeatB ncniriniui iHCTpyxnjI. iijuiixaaa iiepea FleTporpaa 
i ;U:iacK, aa cnonyKOjo i ltijiiiorojo OojiiiaeisiiKiB, ao Eepecra uoaa aeaeianiH, nyi 
aa-ia Bias nJ«,Ronam Bam aBiopBiei b oyai iipan,Kuoijix Mae EBpoim. 

[ll,rn', i ■.iiiiiiii- ofilpj'BTysaTH npasa i xapaaTep aid gfiXetawi, an jrycBBO 
jOKaasHime posraaayra iuo ToiKy. 

Maiusil cMi.ihHMjiM ijeajiaMH Ta cni.ji.Hnan aanioHaJiMnntH aiarauuaxu 
VKpatHCBKiiii aapos;, HKiiii cxaaaetbCfl ao cuoKtfinnx i ynopa,i,BOBaBiii iftopa jepataBHoro 
sbtts, uocBHianca iu^ nepurol iBHai aooro owKyBairiii mowshB(5ctb j,epsEaBHoro 
Oyaysaniia. y Kpaiacud ' poOkHHKH, caaftaia 1 ceaaae copoxoraucs, upu xohomosJ 
yspatacBKot ijCTCJiifeHuit, mo BBiim.ia 3 'ix piWB, ne tIjilkh nopiauIayBais casm 
ceOe, aae npiiTarm 3,0 nioro i sci fpyim HO-yapaJHetaEoro HaceaeBMH, asc iKBBe na 
vK]iai»i-i,i;iM tepBTopil. Hai.ji,i,Koa nju iipani, aKy nij.roToB.iioBaBO ^osroaLTBisK 
I'TapaBBBMM VKpanictKni iioahuKiB, iioBcia.ia .Vicpaisn-tKa U,cuT|ia.iLiia Pa.w. SIOBteBa 
3 apejxcTaBHHiciB yKpalHCiKHX caa^ariB, ceanu i pooiiauKid, ana cboImh .VuiBepcajianu 
HOKaaaaa ju.ihi yi;painci.Kosy EapoflOBi. U,eBTpa.TtHa Paflft, sn;a Bse 11 TOpBK) 1917. 
pony Bufipaiia irepaie yKpalHCLKe iipauiiTeatcTBO — feiiejia.ii^tiiui Cespeiapiax, 
vTBO])ir.'ia tm>i caxHa nepme iipaBKTeatcTBo a Poci'i, aae CKaaa^iocL hiik-iiumho 
:■■ foni.'i.iictiB. 

Tflit cnocoooM, apoK aa Kpoisua, ciBopHB yapalacBKBa Bapoa, Baacaow iipanew 
aaacay .xepasauy. Jo BMiinyB.iiiffa b Baiai Buyipimui Bia,uocaHB BeTporpaflL'£Ke 
npanBTi?:ibcTB«i He mm acftftKoro npnao^y i BMSHoi ocbobb. Aae cnpasa ctoiti. Tai;, 
mo na TepBTopil yapalBB Ta aa "jacTiiHi npaaanuo^xx }ip se'l ^poBiiB BocHaaap Race 
npn uapcj.Kin npaaBTe.ibCTui caaRaTiB aeyKpalHctaoro noiDAsesas ; npoTaroa jm?kd- 
.iHjuii mi' rroiH.aiTM.7o yiil:rr,niiTH ynpalfly nr'.T, n,nx aaciararuix lyarai in ciesn-arin. 
B Tia <iaci, ax yBpalaeud caa,naTB 3 ycia aictiCBocTeii i 1 veil ijjpOBTiB rroc.iaau 
inois ,i;e.ii:faTJB aa BiilctKOBuri 3 i.u bjo Iaiisa Ta aopramayuaaucii 61m yKpamctKo'i 
BiHcjblOBOi Tain, ii>.-\ irp;ua<i,r;i cajqpiTH vrBopir.in n i;rji.KOi Midai yirpaiau cbo'i 
casAazCBxi cobhu, bki ho aaairi acaasoro nnauBy aa h:btm OKO.iBn;i. ^acoii flpain, 
ii]>;n;,(.a, >'IU'-ti. ii lurx COBhaoc poOiTHiiKH ur.r.rio.iijiDix idct. Ta HD cyrii cupaBH He 
Murae. BasaniB bu iriM mi iraniiiM npirBo^oa BMiwaTHCB y BHyrpintHe arnrra 
^'Kpa'irra, novaaii neTporpaaci.Ki fioattttRBBSH Hftiaia nij, yspalxc&xora apaBniex&cfsa, 
m,o6 ai.ra npaBHTeatCTBenaa Baajia na >'Kpai'iri nepeimaa cane 3.0 hbx cii.i.iairwcux 
cosiTis, ae or-iaaaio'iHCt ua BHcraBaeae fioaLmeBBKa«B Ha MHpoBifi KOHrJcpcnn,ii 
SasaHHK, aon ■! . ; 11 Oy.-io BiiBe^eao a onyaouaHnx TepHTopiii. PoaymieTtca, 

yrqiaiac-i.i;e apaeareaBCTBO ae norao BHKOHaTB utoro avaflaaaa. flpyrow npHiKDOS) 
to BjiiuiyBaHHa _v BHyTpmmn jkutth aamoi Pociry'J.iriKM (iy.io ;Ka,iaHHa"iieTporpaAfi>i ; n s 
I'o.iLrueBHKiB nepeBecTH HOBi BH6opH %o H,eHTpaiiHo'j Paan. BioaBuiaKivrH Ha oori.i. 
nio Taice '.i:a.iaiiHB — ue oieBHnne HapyaieflHH npasa Ha ca»oo3Ha<jeHBH, utoro 
•.i:a,T,anna Btee roay He aoacna Oyao ne])CBecTH. in.o Dpnnxci npo npejtcfaBHBRTBO 
a Pa^i jajoxb Bu5opn;ffa npaBo b Koaij,ia ^aci Bi3,MHKaTH cboii Hpej,cTaBHiiKia 3 I 
i aawyrrHTH ix buuimxb, 

BiifiopH ,t,o yemmwu 36opia a,iio! Pocil, asi Bi^Gy-iaca b Kiinti nasoatrcia 
1917. puK_v, ijyair oaiicKy'ioRj nepesoroio HeHTpaiitHo'J Paju ua uiairi »ep»JOj)H 
S r;]1aiiiu, 00 a yKpa'iHciKiix Kan,T,<i;i,aTiB na Bii6op'mx cmicaax Buupaso no-iia;i 76%, 



— 112 — 



aia nm in: luiuii naprit, aam-u.ieui e HenTpa.-u.Hi Pa^i, jtfcTa.iH bcboj'o ri.Ti.KH 15%, 
a GojiKnieBHKH HaBiTt MeHtffle 10%. HanpHKJia;r,, b Khibci>kjh lyficpHiT, na oi-hobl 
fuuihix BHflopiux chuckis, BaGpaao 3 22 nponoBOBaumx nasu Ka-nRB^aiiB 20, na 
IIo;ii.i. ! iK) s l^t KaH,T,i! r i;aTi B 18, ua Bo.iuhi 3 10 KaBflHa^riB 9, Ha IIo.iTaBm,i[Hi 3 17 Eaa> 
,i,u^aTiB 14 i raK ;;a.ii. Jl ra r T,ajo, m,o n,e Bait Bnciapiae. Ue e XftCH, ua jtki llea- 
Tpa.ii.Ba Paaa'cnipacTLCii i ui,; iiK-mi iikhi mis upuiinuni ck>jt,b, m,o<5 roBopHia tj-t. 
Toai neTporpa,T,ci»KC upaBHTe.ii.cTBo piurajo naiHiit ocTaaHioro 3acooy. Dpi 
MGBiasaia 3ro;r,i ll,eHipa.iiuoi Paju siono cK-iunajo 3. rpy,iBs (ct. ci.) p,o Kn"iBa 
yxpalHCBKHH KoHtpec pooiTHUKiB, oe.iaa i eaj^aiiB. Ha Konfpcci aiimaoca uo-Haj, 
2000 ftejieiaiiB i, Bcynepei cuoftiBaHKaM ininiaiopiB, uoiajmcn 3aci^;aHHa ryiHHMu 
oBanjajni UeHrpa-TtMiii Pa,ij. Ilicjia u,ioro naaeHiica rpynsa oojuiueBUKiii, Hpnuo3ii<> 
80 oci6, aajniuinja Koafpec, aepeixaja 3,0 XapiKOBa i orojoniaa ceGc hobhm npa- 

BJITP.1MTB0H yKpaiBChKO'i Hapo/rTJiO"]' PccIIVUJUKB. 

Haposai Konicapii nocaajm tjrh ue3op] , aai30BaHi Ciaii^a lepuoHoi fBapaii', 
tas>6 rpaGj'Bam aace.ieHna XapLKiamKHi! i Oopoaura xaptKiBciKe iipauiirejBCTBO vin 
Hacenefifiii XapBKiBruHHn. 

TaK i!OBwa.io xapiKiBCiite npaBKTBJLCTBo i ua Taw ou.iu boho cnipaUfccs. 

llama Oyiypiiiua, nauia ii-TOpia, Hauje botojictbo i iniipoKi Hacu HpanioioBOro 
aapcuy, hkI cioaib no ofiox ooi;ax ijjpoHTy, piniaTL i-ani. apo Te, no 3 Hat upaBUu i xto 

BHHyBaTHB, 110 — CODJSjdCT, a XTO — KCI]ITp-pCB0.1IOB,iOHep, XTO TBOpHTb, a XTO pyBByt;'. 

Ilic.is npoKOBH .lH.nMii[L'i.Koro *), loaoEa aBOTpo-yropesKOl Reaetanil, fpa^i 
1 c p H i ][ 3IOSBB Bifl istenn je-Trtautft ar>rapi>ox c<jkj3Uhi sepXRB Taicy .sail nv : 

,Ui,i inciiii ,;D.i(:faitiii 'loiupiox coitrtHHx ^epstaB nam l ierTi> 3a3ua«nmi 3,0 
suoateaxtf aaauu yKpal'ncj.KO'i jrjaaBfinpJ Taicp : an Hi.ipiio, rojoaa yKpaineBKoi fteaa- 
fani'i leHcpa.ii.HuB CoKperajKE ro.iyoouH'i aaaaun iia BaraiKBis aaci^aHBio 10. ci'inii 
1918. p.. mo yi;paiiii'].i;a Hapojsa Poc)[vu.nii;ii. cnHpaBTJlci aa JII yniut'pca.i 
yKpa'iirfj.Ko'i UeBTpaJfcHOl Pajpi 3 7.— 20. JHCTonajia 1917, pony, hovebm bhob cboc 
)HT'']HianioHa.ii.iie icTiiyiiainia i KasHStye n niaim oficH3i iHT€pnan,ioBaai.Hi 3Ho<'hhh, 
aci ]ipHiia^aK)ii SB na n,ia Tepeni. '4 ur.in,[,y ua He, riBaw:ae IIpaBHTejjBCiBO .VBpalB- 
cBKoi Hapo^iu,oI PecnyOjiiiiui neooxi;;Biia aaimnTii curoeriikie ciaHOBnme Ha xeue- 
piBiirix Miipiiiiiix neperoBopax. Ha He a aaoaan na ;tarajri ) Hia 3aciji,anHKi 3 12. ci'iim 
1918. p. isi^, iMeini lOtapiox coioamix ^epaCEB Tai;y 3aany : „Mu upH8Haa«0 TKpaiH- 
>'j,i;y Tifisetm^t estmosnmoio ;iMe(an,i«K) i ynoBBOBaxemm upe r i,cTaBnHii,TBOH caiio- 
crilHol ypqiaiiiCEKoi HaposHtoi PecuyoaiiKU". i or.iH,iy na 3HiHeae cTanoBiin;e, aue 
:!aiiiini: roaoBa poeificBKOl Ae.iefan.il ua 3araJiBis saci^annio :s 30. oiTna b n,iii 
enpasi, a case, mo .iHrne 'raid ;(oroB0i>]i B J'Kpa'iitoKi 6y^yit npU3nafli fi aKTHBOBaHi, 
aui tjiopiiajBBo CTBep,(,im, npa,BB*6XBCiB0 iJlfljepaTHBHo) peniyd.iitKii Pocii, coa- 
j^udii ^uefanil 'lonipi.ox oohjsxbi jepajas, 3 or.ia^y aa aucioBJieHy renep iohsj 
ii(pr.ii[ r i,y .^.u:fan,ii kuIbcbko'1 Paa,n Hapo^Hii MiaictpiB, taiiy 3aauy : 

..M11 ue xae«o mftftHOl Dpsmxa BiflB-iiiKyuaTii aHo ofiMcajyBaTH joKonane 11a 
:i;ira,u,iiiji nacijannio 3 12. ciiua 1918. p. npiiBBauna yKpalacssol ;is\wfan,i1 famo- 
CTifiMOB .le.nfani'Mu i y 11 i ■1111 1 ii:a;i;ei[itM npexcTaBintliTBOX yBpalHCMtoI Hapo r iiibtiT 
Pecuy.'.innii, ]H,n flLiuae, mu 6a<innii ;ta.Ti wptrosj npHSHara ,VK]>a'iucLKy HapojBio 
Pecny6.THKV Eiice Tenej) canocriEiBoio, bi.ibhohi, cyieppnuoio ^flpwaBoio, ana e b CTaui 
3aK.iK)'iarii caMOCTiBHO inrepuan.ioiia.iuii ^.oroBopn." 

11. TpoHtKiin 3a3na«HB KoporKo, mo bIh He amniiB CBoro ^oTenepiuiHtom 
iinr.in,ny ua yKpa'iiR'bKV ^epsaaxkn i aycHii BKa:saTii ua tp, h;o 'lurnptom cok>3bh» 
,iep:!:anaii Oy.'ie TaatKo aasffiraHTB teotp&fyrtki aesKi npusHaHoi bbmb Tenep peeBV- 
i'mhkb, ra,o upit jiii|hibb3 ne])ei'onopax flBaaerica luuicnojn aipaBQRi." 

Ct)ii,kb 3HasojyiMo npo ue Basne 3aci r i;aHHfl b I'aaeTHOKy cnpaBO- 
.u;ihhk>. lepes KiJiEKa j;eHt nicm n;boro aaciji,aHHfl, a cane, paHKos 
9, jnoToro (h. ct.) 1918. p., 6jjio ocTaTOtHO nianHcano MapoBHn norofiip 
Mia yKpaiHCEKoio Hapoj^Hboio PecnySjiHROio i H,enTpajitifflin r T,ep/KaBajni,**) 

*) IpH^ l I e p k i a b ouo'ix ciiomiHai npo oepecTeBctKi aepetxiBopB aaaHa-Hia, 
m,o BHCiyn qjcmu j'Kpa'iiicjiKo'i swcfan,ii aa n,Lony sacitaHnio cnpaBHB Bejiase spa- 
•,i;bina na upflcyraix, b tomv iiicai n aa ro.ioBy pociBeiKO'i ffixets^l Tpon^icoro. 

'*) ^orosip cicaaseuo b aiaeHWKii, Ma.iapr-BKiS, OoarapctKiii, lypertbKiil i 
yxpBJiECBKifi MOBax. 



roaoBHi toikh utoro ^oroBopy lairi: 

I. Hiisei'jMiiii, Ai!<i i» i-V i""]>!nmia, Biurapia i Typeaaaua :i OXJBDro tSOKj 

. VxpalKCBsa Hapojpra Pecnjdsaxa a Bjyroro Boxy aanBJiaioTfc. ai,o BoeaBaii wax 

KBK HUSH CMH5HBCH. 

i!;iK.[H>'iait.'ii jiormiip c»opciHH yiEa.in.in aajajii skhth 3 coOoio a aapi ft 
iijisisam. 

II. 1) Ilia: AucTpo-yropiUHiiuKi 3 ojhoi'o (Joky ft yKpalHCBBOX) HapoiXBOKi 
PccayuJUKOio a jpyloro (Sony, n i: .ui.icko aj aepsnaBu Mcacywrt xiy; co6ok, jiaBiafOTM-H 
Ti xeari, HKi my. in n.-pe,; niiiiiojo aiac AucTpo-yropmiiHoio i Pocieio. 2) ^.aai Ha iiisiiiM 

i imHumi .VKpaiiictKO'i HapotHtn'i Pecayo.mKii. noaaaaiomi bU TapHorpafly, 

i.iLHiss pHC&x nil .lini'i r>i;iii]'i!ni1 — lIl,e6pettinH— KpacHocraB— IlyraniB— PaAHH — 

HexHpi<roe CapnaxB — JMe.uBi.K — Bxcoxo-SBtosetsB — !_.tMiniMu>-.lKmBr_,.__isi- Hpv- 

scaxx— BhtOBOBCBKS oaepo. B i[oaj>ii''jiiii,iix ttfD rpaniiujo Basu-ta'Dra. jriuiaaa BOXicia. 

ii nij, yitary eTHOtpai[iaaju biahochiih i H tfl jufti m a Bacejeaxa. 3) Ba BxaaxoK, 

noau 6 yxpalxctxa Hapoiax Pecnyfijuoca ayn.ia aati. causay ae*y 3 bxobcb 

UHDIOKl ■: 'luniji],.>x C0IO3HHI ICpajaB, 3RCTepirai<)TI.ClI CHXhSxHBJ VMOBll. 

III. ^Bi.ikiieiiiia oKyii'>uaaiix wpHTopiS aororascs itnlioi aii-.m para^iKa- 
iiii BHpOBoro goroBOgrj. CuociG xepeBexaxHB .iBUbaeiina Ta uepe,i,a«in BBi.lBBexirx 
Kpain osHaiaTi ynoBUORjacaesi 3aiaTepecoBanHx cTopia, 

IV. Aiin.ii.ujiaTiiMHi i uoHcyaapxi bUbocbhx xiac. CTopoxami, mo aaiUDO'uuott 
p, iii.tii'iii.mvi.i ji Herafiao an paTiii)iii;au.i'i axpoxoro ROTOBopy. HJo-xo h&I- 

xazhtne Bfljrroro ^onrmeiain KOHcy.iis si 0601 (Senas saciepeaieiio ocoO.umL yaoBa. 

V. oaKJDD^ansi ^orosip cropoxH BUxoaaaJOTbCS oOoniaiHO Bi^ aan.iaTa Komiis 
uiHHH, refi-Tn bu, ,T,ep:KaBHHl uiiflaTKii! na neAOHHir isiiiiiH. a iaKoa: uij nospHTTH 

:hhhx mxoR, ;.aii r i,ai.ax JHSpataaaa i Jl ropoacauax aa BoeHBHX iw.va ai-iinoB 

iiirtt'i.Ki.iiiix I'.ihiii. B*. Kin .'mi CHt^ii sci ncpese.ieai y Bopostift aepaiaBi peKBiaanii". 

VI. BOBHXXl Il.'.Mi.H-llllX Sjflfi ",UI.MH''l!n ■! Of5<H I'lOKllI fpjflXJ, OCBUKBS BOBB 

ii. > .iiixi.'iyri, ..iriam ipaBoay .nimi.Tuea a ■lya.ia .lep.i.aai WSo iro^aTiicn a*- 1 asolei 
iinuiiii ,ii*p',i:uitii. ll".iriL'>,i,.rrnnn BBaaaHHl ;; u^im niiTiuit Bi^OyBaiTbca BJMIOB oiqieaai 
joroBopiB, aassa<ioxHi b VIII Man. 

\'ll. ili n,ii1 ROBriB i ,i.n[;.ia,uiiii cTaTi yxopxoB&CBO 6y«j^i rocno^apcsii bu- 
inHiiHii aia: HOTapaa cpjdbehxb .lepacaBaaa ft yicpalKCMCOX) Hapojasoio Pecay6.iBKn», 
lia'Taunx imiiiikux : na 'iau ,to 81. .liinsm 191H. ofioBH-jyioTi.ca CTopoai!. iu.ii aasax>- 
laiiii. ,u'i"iu|i, uocia'iaTM iifunii.ii.u.i aajqiajmai ijdCopofiCBKBi i npoxHcioBBi npo- 
.i^vin-i... CKLitidcTL TOBapiB i ix nimi ycraaoBJjM KOjncia, ebb csossoea Bapas »:<■ 
rt i • .laK.iicii'HHMi iapy. Oi>sia Toaapasii Bi^oyBaTiiaL'Ttoi ao'iacTii lepea sepsaaaJ 
njaai uU lOMaaoa jepxasu optawa, a aoqacra maaxoa Bi.ij.uoI lop- 
iMB.ii. ,U> :i;iK.ii.i'i.-i!ii:i "riaTOHHoro ToproBe.ii.aoro sorosopy, ■ y Bcaaia paai jk 
yii.inni <i jiicaniu uic.iii '.iaK.ihii«.>]iaii aaraaiHoro aapy, oooiii.iLni ToproBejiBi saocima 
riipaBii.ibHaTj. npoBiabpU'iiia jhobb, aay ao-.Kiia BUnosii'Ta aporaroa 6 «icaa;iB mx 
30. wpBBS lilli). Ha npoBisopflHBa yaOBa nopaye ofloaiabai ,i,orOBopai aina. --n:\ 
xn.iii cii.iy ;i . BBCyry iiirmii ii ToproBeaiRoay oOopoii sia; Ascrpo-^ropnoiHOKi t;i 
Pocieio, xajios .i,.i:i aKOCHH bek ABCTpo-yropiaanoa.-Ta yapalfloio. B aift e Taao-,K 
: r.Kiriaii to'ikb craporu ToproneabHoro ^oroBopy 3 Pocieio, ocKijiiKtt bohh aarorb 
i;i.ui"ii!.-aici ;o VKpaiHB. Ilo-aa tub ta6eanete liauui aposis ?;o Aail, a ocoCbebo 

.1" Hepcii, ;if:ni"[ ]i;miini' ;;aMin:a.i;i Pi.iii!. Hapcairi, flyjo yaOBJCBO, iu,n „B rOfao- 
JiapctKHS beocbhbs Miat apaaHB ofiox separaa, oxoa.Teaax Maioaiia ^orosopox, Aacrpo- 
J rnpauiaa a oxaoro 6oKy ii yapalaa a apyroro Ooay, ho oy,T,e J'Kpaina acaAttta 
nojeraocieil, aei pofiBTi ABCTpo-yropmiiaa Hiae'i'iimi afio iiKift anaiifi iqiaiiii. sbs- 
najxil ;: hph. bhtobhx cotosos, atn ae-.Kyc a ABcrpo-yropnplHOIo Oeanocepe^abo aoo 
iepc3 iinycL aiiiuy, iBatasy kbtobbx sOEOBOpox a iieio afio \i Hiae'i'iaaoio KpaiHuh'''. 
ii'iciaHiii;ii e BaSBHXB i saBBaBB — ^,.ia yapatHH). 

VIII. yaopnuuaaau iiyijiii'iiiiix i apuaaTaai apaaaai Bijiaocaa, aaaiaa bojo- 

bGxkx Ta uiBi.ibjuix iaiepBOBauax, cupasa aaaacTi'i', a Taaoat capaaa saxonaexxi 

iipoTMBHaaoM Tnprmie.ibBBX KopafijiiE — see Te ycrajHTbca d oapeaax ,i,oroBopai 

•.dacr.KOKi HapoT.iiiOM PeCByfijmaoiO, aai Taopatb aaa'ifly aacTiiay reuepiniBnir" 

axpoBoj-o ,i,ori>iio])y fi, ocicijbKB He aoacjune, OftBOaaCHO a BHM BclJ'H.'iaTb u CKXJ. 

JX. yaoBH, aaK.iiu'ieiri uaa KHpoBXX sornBopoa, TBopani <:,niiHy xeaoxjxMry 

lU.lilTb. 



SpECTKiii. [ctopij pfBoianii, II. 



8 



OKpeito Bin; n,boro KnpoBOro ^orOBOpy 6y;io aaKJuoneHO loxnpi 
OKpeui n,oroBopn Mia HenTpajiLiinim ^opaasaMH Ta YKpaTnoio, am aafi- 
HaroTtcfl MaTepiflaOM, 3a3HaHefliiM b VIII CTari. 

SaiuioTOHnii mhpobdb xorouip s yKpalBOio HBjraeTLCH, sraufiyTb, cji;h- 
HnM no (JiopMi He iamepiaaicraiaiis 3 tux HBcaeHHtix aoroBopiB, ad 6y.ao 
iiaKJnoieao iiicjm Bboro b Kinui BeJiHKoi" BeecBirHboi' tMiiepiiuiicTHiHoi 
bihhh niji; unKTOBKy Cypsyasnoi AnTanra. ^oroBip neii 6yB aamiioHeHiifl 
jificHO 6m aneKdir i K0HTpn6yii;i'i. Bin sjaiicmoBaB TaKoac mo-^,0 yKpa'i'H- 
ctKoro Eapojiy jipiiHii,in HaujoKajibMO - aepacaBnoro caaoonpeflkeHHa.*) 
IIpaBjta, raJH4Haa aajiHuiajiacb b CKJiaai ABCTpo-yropmHBn, aae jojax- 
kobbmh yiioBaMH Cyjio 3po6jieno cnpofiy fapaHryBara BUbHnfi Hanjonaat- 
hhu poaBHTOK yKpai'HCbKoro napoiy i B raflH4HHi. 

Tan caao i a eHOHOMEiHoro Cony aoroBip 6yB npnesaejma i bh- 
ri^HBH hjh YKpalHCbKOl Hapojyibol Pecny6jmsn. B ocHosy eKOHoanHiuix 
B:mf;MOBij;nocnn aiac YKpainoio i IteHTpajibHimn ^epataBamn 6jm noK.ia- 
iaho „npnHniu Bjaesino^Tir. 

»I>aKT naiuio'ieHiiH aoroBopy i iloro asicr m^HaTb npo Be.iitKy 
;i;epHaBHo-6yj;iBiiiiHy pooory, hkoi jiOKOiiaia yh-painc&Ka poorrHHHe-ce.iini- 
cbKa Hanifl b qad. peBOjrrouji. BwrBaeHin yKpaiHctKHM cejiancTBOM, po- 
6iTHnii;rB0it Ta bohutbob b Hau,iOHajibno-noJiiTBH!ii2 Copoi'bCi cb.iS i 3,i,aT- 
hocth ,t,o jtepaiaBaoi opi'anisau.il aycnao b nepiuy icpry 3aBsanyBaTn toh 
<paKT, m,o i JtepduiBH AnraHra i UenTpa;ibHi r ljepsaBH 3nanui.ni no- 
Tpifiana b toii raoi»enT BHanaTii YKpalnebKy Hapo;yiro Pecnytfjinicy i na- 
BnaaTH a Hero b tim ih UHiuiii (popai AHimbOHaTMHni 3Bocehh. 

CaMO coGoro ponyiieTbca. in,o b aaiunoHeuHfo ^orOBOpa 3 I^eHTpajtb- 
Hnan ^epscaBaan Bi^orpaB csoe SBaqmna TaKOai sflir oo'CTaBHH [repTH 
um pocificbKOK) Aejiei'aujaio i aeJiei'aiyaaH BenTpaabHux ,J,ep»caB-, BeJiHKa 
iipo^oBOjibtia Kpi3a, JiKy nepesnBa.ra HeaTpaami ^epataBB, i 3BH3aHa 
a u,HM saaia ABcrpi'i Ta Bimo'ikhhii sa OitepajaHua xai<5a 3 yKpalnn (21.) 
ii EHHirt o6cTannnn], ra Bee a: n,i oGeiaBHnit ne CyjiH piutaroraiif. 

B cboii cnoiaiiHas npo 6epecTeiicbKi ueperonopn i'pa$ Hepiiin sia: 
nnmzM nac ni3iiaTU, ara Be.iiiKi Hajpl (He THHtacOBoro HiJiiTapnoro, a aa- 



*) J(o peni, nojitcuti .neuyiaiu (con,ia.'ricin i ne coniamcTH) b aBCTpiikiKOHy 
UapjasenTi i niaen;LKOMy PatticiaioBi o6ypioBaancB hhm aiipoa, Haaunaioiu floro 
\sa Xo.mcLEHii Kop^oB) iraEiia no^iaoi Ilojitmi. Baaraai Ilo.iniai aflaaa a irpnBOfly 
aJHiiaieno^ 3asij;uoi xc.ji\ y i:\Kii \ut,Kn'i H;i}iii,MiJ.»'i Pecny<5fflKB t;xkv 6yVf, mo yKpa- 
iiictKa ^caeiaijin, ni,i saiBCEoa aBcrpo-yropcEBOj sejiofani'i, «ycua noro.tuTiict hi 
niftimcaiura — 18. ruororo — taKo! j;osaTKOBOi ^o ^oroBopy aaHBH b cnpaji \o.mmimH. 

„moS OMMHyTH nenopo3y«LHHff b iKTBpapeTanil ioikh 2. apniKyjiy I] MHpo- 
Boro s°roitopy, aaKiRneuoro i), a»ioro c. p. b Bepecno uac TliarH'iiiiioKi, Ascipo- 
yropmiiiioio, Boarapiaa i TypeiiEKOK) 3 o^aoro fiosy i yEpaiHciKOK Hapojpao» 
PccnyoMKOK) 3 ^yroro, yCTaHOB.noeTi.cii, mn uepe,i6a^eHa b apiiiKy.it II ,i>ioEopy 
aiioana Koaiciii n 03na'ienmo sea; ne assiaaiia nepoBejieBnsiM rpaHnnnoi .liHii iepe3 
aiineiiiicui [ji.iorpaH - IU,edpeuiHH — KpacHOCtas - IlyraiiB — Pa^ta — Meainprne 
— CapiiaKii, a mae ti])aao, ua ocbobi apiBKyiiy II {loTOa I.) ctoro impoBoro j;oro- 
BO]iy, nosecTB rpaKatuy juabo, aa ochobi eTiintpai}iir'iniix itianociin i Oa-,Kani sv>n- 
hoctb, TaKoa; na cxi, 1 ; si^ jiaii BlaorpaB — nj,e6peiuim — KpacTHociaB — IlyraiiB — 
PajHH — MeiKiipi'i'is — ■ CapaaKii. 3ro;ioa aiiuana Koaicia Cy^e ytBopena j npe.v 
OTaBHiiKTB ctopiH, njo 3aK.iio i ia.i:i jnoroisip. a i&KOffi 3 npc^oTaBiraKiB IloiiRiciB ; isoXEsa 
3 Tin ciopin B1UI.1K ,t,ii siiuaao'i Koaiciii ofliaKOBe iiicjio ^cit-iaTiB." 



rajihiioro xapaKtepy) nofcnaxaM HenTpajiLni j^epacaBn na HOBOHapo,uEeny 
Ha csoji RRpoiiH jjepxaHy — YKpaTncbKy HapoiHK) PeenvfrinKy. B mil 
bohii CffOBBaJincb liycTjiinyrn hobbH cmBseyiBlj m cnjibnnii miibbiik mix- 
HapojHbOl cbitobo'i no;iinij;n. 1(1 najiil, mo npaB,ia, bhuihejh b nepiuy 
tepry robb cani at Ajib Bajil ui oyjin ne oesnJueraBHt ByiiiiiHi po&BHTOB 
BauionaJibHO-jepacaBBoro pyxy na yBpalSi cayawB Tm niacTHBOio. 

Te, 01,0 b sajrtiniM xoai Sctophihhx uoaift oepecreicbirafi aoroBip 
yfcpalan a I[eHTpaflLHn)in ^epataRaxH ne <5yjio BHKOpHcraHO, mo itoxeco 
icTOpil iipofiiirjio no nil i noTpoiuBJO fioro, _ne 3Meaiuye BnaiiBna^ uboro 
aoroBOj3y__B_ ieTQ]>'i HaiiiOHajii>HO-BH«BOJii.noi 6opOTt.(5n i jep«a BHorb~^y- 
.lJB'niiuTBa YKpaincbKoro Hapojy. " 

3aKiK)HciiBa Miipa yKpaTifrno noripmirjio craHOBinne pocifctKOI js$- 
jietaujl l yTpyian.'io Til aajibine se^eaBH neperoBopia h HeHrpa;ibHHMH 
.HepacaBaiin. 

Ha aackanaio aBCTpo-yropcbKO-Hiieu;LKO-poeii1cbKoi Koiioil km no- 
jiaro-iasenna TepHTopiaJihHns ciipaa aaaBun n. Tpon,bKHH npt,Tecr npoTH 
aaKJiiOHeHHH BHpy a FKpalBon 6m nopoaynimin a pocitcbKOKt ae-iefaujeio 
i Jioa;aB, n;o nixnncaBHH jioroBip ne sosse mara aajaoro Bnaninna n,Jia 
yKpaiBCbKoro napoay i neiporpa^cbKoro npaBHrejibCTBa. Ha rpyn-ri irjel 
aaaBH, i 6ea tofo coaiuia i rpy r T,Ba cnpaBa TepHTopiajibnoro poaneaiyEaaaa 
Mia; Pociejo i hobhhii jiepataBaair, mo aoBCTaJffl na Tepiiropil Pocii', aa- 
rocTpnuacb i ycRjaAHHJracb u;o (lijituie Ha,T.iI na li" inpae pospaaaaBa He 
3a.iiiuin^0L'i> HiaKOi. 3 u,ici npn'inan aJioxnB TpoubKiiii 10. Jiiororo (n. <jt.) 
cboio BLioay aaasy iipo tc bio ,.Poeia He xo<ie EOfoBara i TOtiy oakjih- 
Kae cboc BiiicbKo ;t ijipoHTy, jieMofli.iiayroin Bci cboI apiii" i ny> b to! 
se nac „npaBffreffbCTB<3 Pocif EinMOB;iaeTbCfl eaiii;u,ionyKara aiMentKO- 
aBL'TpincbKO-yropcbFiy yMORy i (SaTHTt ce<5e npnHeBOJtennH BlAKOBBTBCB aifl 
nunncanna: iinpoBoro noroBopy". 

3j02vhbi[ih xany aaaBy, pocificbKa, .'U'.ra'ania Bifliajia :s Bepecrra $,o 
QeTporpasy. MnpoRi neporoBopn fiyjio nepepsaBO. Pa,ta Hapo^aix Komi- 
capiB ciio^iBa.iacb aocarnyTH hbm cboco6oji noMnnieHBfl na cboki Kopncrb 
MiataapoaHboii cirryaiiii. Ajte MiJiirapni ycnixa TOTHpbOX COfOSHBX -aepataB 
i BH.yTpiaiHe tTaHOBHra;e CoBiTcbKol Pod! spajmrn Pa#y Hai)o;[iiix Ko- 
iiicapiB 'ifipeB KopoTKiifi iac 3iioBa bocmbtb cboio aejet'am'io jo Bepecra 
JaroBcbKoro. 

\{im pasow jiLr1in;ro (3. JtapTa a. ct.) kq aaoro^eanH inisK CoBit- 
cbkojo Pocieio i I^eHTpajrbHnMB ^ep;t«iBaMn inpoBoro ^oroaopy. Ho ntnay 
aoroBopoBi Hiieaqnna, ABCTpo-Yropmnaa, Bojrrapifl, Tj'peq'iana i Poeia, 
noKiHMBniun aifiny Mia: cofioio, «o6oBa3)'Ba.iBCb, nm hbiuhm, ho npoBajiHTH 
xajiHoT ai'iTan,it hb nponai'aBji,n npoTH npaBHTeabCTBa a6o AepataRanx i Rifi- 
cbKOBBi iHCTUTyn,iS Jtpyrol CTOpoHH. IflTppecHO, njo aoCoBasaBHfl ne KaJio 
cHJiy, HacKiJifcKrt boho ropEajioct Pocil, TaKoac i jjjia aenejib, 3afiuaTni 
r i;epxaBai«H noiBipnoro coioay. HeBTpa,ibai ^epsaan sarapCaJia cofii no 
irBOary .loroBopoei aci OKynoBaai amin aea^i CyBBioi Pocil 

Pocia BpiKajiacb BCaKoro BMiiaysaBna y BayTpiiimi bjsoocbhh hht 
EpaiB. HaTOMicut HijieH'mna i ABcrpo-yropmniia uajin ..y.iaRBTH <Sy- 
syiy aojiio hiis KpalB b nopoByiiiHEH) a ix nace^e h ksi". 
noBvni Apsai'aB, Kapc i BaTyM TaKOat Maan 6yra OByaxeni pociScMcaic 

8* 




EiftcfcKOM, i Pocia aofioBflayuajaet He BMituyBaTiiCH b HOBe yJJajxeima 
j,ep/EaRno-npaBHifi i HapoxBO-npaBnux B ia,nociin uhx HOBmB, aaaiiumioqir 
HaceJieHHfo uhx noshis nepeBec™ hobhh Jiaji, b nopo3ytiiHHio s cycijimsn 
^ep'-saaaMii, ne<5-T0 a TypeiiHHOw. 

Toiua ^oroBopy, mo Topicajiacb bjjjhochit Mix yitpaiHoio ra Oobjt- 
ctKOio Poeieio, oyjia BHKjiaa;ena Tats: 

„Pocia 3o6oBH3yen.cH Her a mho 3aK;iK>HHTn Map 
gYKpalHctKOio HapoiHtoto Pecnyo*JtnKoio i a p h 3 h a r » 
MnpoBufi noroBip Mix u, i e 10 ,i,epataBoio Ta HOTHpaa 
coh)3hhhh aepaaBasii, yKpaincbKyTepnTopiioHeraHHo 
oiHCTHTtca b'ijs. pociii e i, k oro BifictKa i pocificbKoI 
qepBOHOf i 1 b a p a i I- 

Pock npiMBHae BcaKy ai'hauifo in iiponai'aHjiy lrpoTir npasiiTCJib- 
CTBa ih ny6jiniBHX ycraHOB yKpainctKOi HapoaHbOl Pecny6.MKU.' : 

Hum ^orOBOpOK cBHTKVBaJta HiaeubKa imiepiaJiicTHMHa (Jyp&yasis 
cbok) aifliiapHy nepeaory naj, Poeiejo. 



Po3fliji IV. 

CopiaJiEHo - eKOHOMunma noJriTHKa Ta 3aKOHoflaBCTBo 
yKpamcBKoi I^eHTpaaBHoi Pa/tn nifliac biShh 3 Mo- 

CKOBmilHOK). 

12. niA npoBOAOH ynpa'iHCbKnx coniajib-AeMOKpaTiB Ta coujsuiiCTiB- 
(JieAepajiicTiB. I J pyHT jtna FspBTpoBKO! HeHTpajiMOi Pajm x&Baao yKpalH- 
cbKe cejiHHCTBO Ta BoanrBo i TiabKH noHacra HfliacaeHHe yKpaiiictKe 
po6iTHHU,TBo. OftHaw npoBix b HenTpaabaiB Paa,i aajresaB ae npoBunaKaM 
yKpai'HCbKoro cejiaHCTBa Ta Boau,TBa — yKpaiHCbKHH conjsaicrau-peBOJiKH 
ipoHepaa, a yicpaincbKHM coiyajib-aeMOKpaTaM Ta yKpalHCbKHa couiajicTam- 
<tiejtepajiicT3M, u,ni ^bom (lenoKpaTHqniit i 6ypa£ya8HO-a,ea:oKparH4Hii) nap- 
TJam, mo niKoaH ne h&iii sa coo"ok> luapoKax napojHix na<s. 

CouiaiicTa-({)eAepajicTH — „couia.TicTH i; a uenopoayiiiEinn — ij,eo- 
Jboi'a aeMOKparaiiio-Oyp/Kyaanoro Jiajy. ne jiapeMHO -nofiaiiit HasHBara 
ceo"e „eBponeHCbKOJo aapTieso" — eBo.nou,ioHicTaMH. Bonn aaBiue BncTj- 
najiH npOTB saroeTpeana KaacOBo! <5opoTb<5u, fiopoHHJii ineio .,cnijibHoro 
HanioaanbHOro <J>poaTy il i noayBain BejiHKy aexHTb ;;o bchkhx ,,peBoaio- 
ujfHtHx eKcnepiaieHTiB.'' IJ,e (Syaa nmoBa (aa spaaoK pocifictKHx KaneTiB) 
.lifiepa-ibHo-AeMOKpaTiiiaa ojpsyasHa napris, atria 6paKyBaJio aaa mnpoKoro 
poaBHTKy Aia.ibHocTH tubes o^uoro — yKpaiacbKO'i (aaiyona.TbBO-CBi.ioirol) 
oypsyasii. 3a 6paKoi HJal ocTaHHboI Bona o6nea;yBajacb KOJiamii whbc- 
jieHHOi yKpaiHCbKoTi' iuTeairtHuii Ta aoaacTH aiia,ancTBa. Maio^H b cboIs 
pa^ax iHTe^ii'eHTCbEti cuxn, Bona <Sa»yBajia na njoMy cbjS bhjihb Ha no- 
noaiTHKy yKpaiHCbKOi HeHTpajibHoI Pajyi. 

^yse 6.iH3bKO ao del napTil CToaJia yKpatecbKa coipaab-^eMOKpaTia, 
Baacne 11 npaBe Kpaio, ie case, m,o aaaaBajio toh napTifiaifl hojiithiu 
i itojiiTiiiii ]J|eaTpaibHoi Pajpt. iiouiapnra cboio pofiory na HeyKpalactKe 




117 



p06JTBHHTB0 HIS HaBHSaTH TlCHi 3BHBKI! 3 HeyKpaiHChKHHK po6irDniHMB 

opi'anisaitiaan Bona He 3M0r.ua. npaB^a, yKpainebKi ormisab-^esiOKpaTH 
BHCTyuam tocto b HeHTpajiteifi Pa,"p pasoii s poeiBCbKnmi couiaat-fleao- 
KpaTasn aeHtnieBiiKasirr. aae ue ne aorao aOiabninra ixntoi nojiiTiiiHO'f 
i K-iflCOBO-po6iTHHqoi Barn b vKpalHCbdB peBoaiouii. PociKcbKi coujaab- 
^esoKpaTH aeHbiiiPBBKH oyaa nepmBMH conjaaicTHiBBiii 6aHKpoTa»H po- 
ciScbKoI peflojuouil. Ha YKpaTHi bohh me 3 olabmna aacaiBaenHfia, nia 
b Pocif, TflTirn peBoaronjio Haaaji. Bnann u,iei napTil Ha yrcpaiHCbEy co- 
uiflJib-;t.eMOKpaTiK> Koan b liacb i BHSBUBCb, tek TiatKH b tjk, ra;o Bona 
paa-y-paa oinaaa aa iiojih yicpalHcbKy eou,iaab-,ii;eMOKpaTitQ, kojih ra lacoa 
na^TO saxonaiOBaaacb racaaaa coniaibHO-eKonojinitnoi in HaujonajibHO- 
noJiiTHHnoi peBoarouAi. 3 pociflcbKOio ac napTieto coaiaat-^eMOKpariB (So.ii,- 
meBBKiB yKpaiHCbKa conkab-ieMOKpaTig He aaaa aiaKoro a Hi BBastey, a hi 
KoirraKTy. H© 6jb aaa He! aoBciM «iyanii, HesHaanit cbit. 

Mia VKpaiHCbKBH podiTHnuTBOM bdjiiib II 6yB TaK caao neBHa'mnii. 
B,e HCKpaso noKasajiH Budopn jo Bcepocitcbicnx i, oco(wiH8o, a,o yKpala- 
CbKHS ycTanoB'Hix 36opiB, KOJiii yKpalncbKa couiaaE-.ieMOKpaTia tre aiioraa 
npoBeciH i jecHTKa cboIx KaH.n0a.aTiB. IEo npasj^a, TyT Tpeoa KaTH na 
vBaai ranoa i Te, mo easa EurbKicTb yKpalacbmoro HanjoHajii>Ho-cBiji;oMoro 
npoJieTapiaTy Ha yKpatHi a.yae Heaaaiua. B pofiiTairanx Koaax nap™ 
npOBa^oa niji>iac peBOaton.il He ctuibkh couiajJbHO-KaaeoBy, criabKH Ha- 
ujoHaabny HOJiiTiiKy, na mo, spenrroro, <iyTn oyao napiKaaHH i b Koaax 
caiol napril. Tp.k caao i b UeuTpaatHiii Paji ({tpaKHJa yKpalncbKoi Co- 
HifiJib-^eHOKpaTDHHOi PofiiTHHTOl IlapTii (Syaa b cboi'S GiabrnocTH niBHjHe 
,ipi6HO-6vpaya3Hoio naujoH&nbHO-jieMOKpaTUHHOK) naprieto, a Hia couiaai- 
eiHqHo-npojteTapcbKoio. 3 uiel npHrann Bona ?acro 6iabni oxone cbib- 
po6iTHHHaaa 3 conjaaicTaaH-iJeaepajiicTaan, nia 3 yKpalHCbKBiH con;ifi- 
.i i CTaaH-peBOJironioHepaiiB. 

CbiS bhjitib Ha yKpatncbKy peBoaronjio i Ha noamiKy HeerpaabHoi 
Paa,H yKpaiHCbKa conjaab-aeaoKpaTia oyrayBaaa TaK camo, ak i coujaaieTii- 
<j>enepaaieTif, tojiobhbh winon Ha npacpnocTH b li psa;ax iarejiii'eHTCbKBr, 
Oi.Tbm-iieHiii BBflaTHHi inTejieirryaatHO era (Be 3 po<5iTHBrax koji). 

Hi ibi napiii i BejiH upoBia; b yKpalncbidtt peBOJnon,if sobhjhiI ^ac. 
Bpu ioMy Tpe6a BpasaaTH, bio b nepioji Hau,ioHaJii>HO-nojiTn i JHOi peBO- 
JWttjl nefi npoBiji 6yB iujikom onpaB^aHBil, Xoi ni napril i hp Mann 
HiftoJiH sa C06010 pofiiTnniHx i cejiaHCbKHx iac, aie b tom nepioA (Siitoi- 
HeHm Bipno 0ji;6nBaiiB i CBoero po^OToro cnoBna-in naii.ioHajii.HO-noiiiTfliHi 
aoaaraHHH yKpainctKHi TpyaoBnx Mae. HnaKiue noKaRaJioea Toji, koah 
yKpaiHCbKa peBOJrouia BCTynnja b nepioji; poGiTHme-ceJiancbKOl kjihcobo! 
6opoTb^H. B nen nepios Jx nepefiyBaHHa na nponiiHnx licitax 6yJio ne- 
OBpaBjjaHe i uiKijianBe ^aa yspalncbKOl peBOaioujI, 60 o()HflBi n,i napiii 
^yan yfaKoi HesaaTiii i Bopoaci a,o ceaaiictKO-podiTBHtoi peBoaioitii'. Ta, 
na saab, oficraBBBn cKaaaneb Tan, n^o b cbSb iac Hiiio He aaciynHB fit 
Micu,fl. 

Casoio 6tabniojo i cnauROBoiO b cejflHCEKO-pofiiTHHHHX Macai yKpaian 
6yaa yKpaiHCbKa IlapTia Con,iaaicTiB-PeBoaioiJ,ioHepiB. Up napiia jifieuo 
*aaa ea co6ok iBHpoKi Hapo^ni, nepesaaao ceaancbKi, MacB. Aae BnaBB 










— 118 



Tl na yupslHCbKy peBOJitoajro i ocoGjitibo h.i irojimiKy IJenTpajitnoI PajH 
jjaJieKo ife BijnoBiaiiB II peamrif cn.Tt. Ha ue 6y:io tcijibKa npHHHa. 

Kojih sin cnminaocb na nuTanmo, MOMy caae saBjiH'iynajja na naptia 
ciiiii bo.tob na yi:palncbi;e cejiHHCTBO, bohutbo ra po6iTHHu,TBO, to 
noHimni CKaaani, m.n aaBji^iyBajia BOHa n,e caae CROlft mojio^octh, aeycTa- 
jieHOCTH naprrnHoro npoi'paay i penojooniitaiii inTy'i'uii, kojih Moxoa Tan 
BncjiOBUTHCi.. HnpocTaiotm b peBOjnonjaaiii 6opoTb6i, 6yjyiH aBaaaai ricao 
a ceMHCbKO-podiTHHiiiMH aacaan. yKpaTacbtci couia.iicTn- |)eBoaron;ionepH 
6'uibm Hy;io, hi;k HHini napriT, peatyBajra na npoaan apociy peBOjnonjiinoI 
K.iacoBoI CBiflOMOCTH po<5iTnHU,TRa. B oniBi;i xapamepy peBOjnou.il, b na- 
li'ienino 6;iitH:'inx niaeii peBOJioujifHoi 6opoTb6a i b BHpofi.ieHiiio impTiiiHO- 
oacoBoI TaKTnsn YKpalnebKa irapria Con,ia.ncTiB-PeBo.ijoii;ioHepiB biixo- 
Jtnaa He a toI in nHiuoi (lacca aacTapiaoi i xbChoi) wren naprtnnoro 
npoi'paay, a a 6eanocepej(HBOl anajiian liftCEOCTH, ITapTia ua BaHnteahme 
6yjia aBsaana wepTBJia^nM napTiiHHl jioKxpiwepcTBOM Ta ceKxaHTCTBoa, 
HaiiHeHhiEe KOxaaaca b niaoaboaax naprifinoro npoi'paay. I xoi ue rpoxii 
Buoaaae na napaa.oitc, ajie caae b II napxiiinin nroaoa,oera noaaraaa 
i'i cHJia. 

UepyHH CBiir noqaxoc oa pocificbKOl TlapTil Con,iHaiCTiR-PeBoaioii,in- 
aepiB, yKpaiHC&Ki coiiiaaicrn-peBOJiiouioiiepH npore ne cKOaifOBajnt cool 
npoi'paay a pociiictKoro apaana. Beet Mac peBOjooail YIICP jCaaa npo 
YK-iaieaaa BJiacnnan cuaaan i Bi;i,iiOBi,T;no ;io cBoro CBiToraaaj i yaoE 
ygpaurctKOi ^iileaocTH cBoro Baaenoro npofpaay. ^epea u;e yxBaaeHnfi 
na II B'wri napril npoi'paa, b ocffOBy atcoro oyao nojioateHo npnnnin 
nap.ianeHTapnoi neiOfiparil, aBHBca ch-oprae npcercroM npofpaay, biji, HKoro 
napTia b kopotku Maci nirajia j,ajieKO Biiepeji,. 

Ta b MoaojocTii nap™ noanraaa ii II caa6icTb. Ilepia aa Bee 
napxii 6paKyBa.io CTapnx, aoGBiaqeHiix, BnnpofioBaanx b KaacoBiii i nojri- 
TiiMiria fiopoTbfii iHxeaejcxyaJibHiix chji. YKpaiaebKa Ilapiis Conjaaii'TiR- 
PeBojaoaioaepiB 6yjia cantoro (iijpoio a yicpaiBCbKiix uapiin ua crojo 
iHTe-iifenuiio. Ha qoai II ctobjih aoaoji npoBiflHriKir, ani He aorau me. 
ii Taiaiii KOpoTKHH iac, BHJiBnrHyTH noTpifiHHX win casoi BaanROBOi 
b Kpa» ceJiflHCBK0-po6iTnnHoi napril BHjjaxHHi nojiiraHBJix .tiaiiB. x Iepea 
ite, Hawra aa co6ok> napo.THi aaon, MaioMii aafise a6co^ioTny fiurturicTB 
B Hi'urpa.ibniil Pan.i i a 3,6-aKHl hiiiuhx BanioaaJibno-peBO.TwuijiHax 
opi'aaiaauiax, yKpalacbKi conuuicTB-peBoaronioaepH aycijin ycTyaaTii npo- 
BiaHi aicua uienaa nHiunx napTiil, b nepariii .liaii — yKpatocbKnM 
cou.injib-a;eHOKpaTaif. 3 niei npnMnnii iipoBin b l'eaepa,ibnoay CeKpeTa- 
piari necb Mac, aat ^o aoaeaxy bSSbh a Mockobiuhhok) — in Toininie — ■ 
jtfl MOMeuTy BadanHcenaa bockobci.kiix coBiTCbKnx BiitcbK ;i;o KnlBa, cnonnBaB 
b pynax yKpaiaobKHr coniajib-^eaoKpaxiB Ta conjajiioTiB-<})e,T,epamcriB. 
^KpalHCbfii coma.iicTH-peBOJK>nioBepn kojih i BXOinjrn b CKiaji; yKpaln- 
cktcoro npaBHTejibCTBa, to fiijibiu ^jra .,aioa,cbKOro OKa", una .,ro,iBTbea": 
aanuie 6yjin b ypajii b aeBbraocTH i o6»ejKyBa.incb riibKH aoawTHBHi 
BHeceHHaM KopeKraBiB no ec^PKiBCbKO-eceiitiBCbKoI hojiithkh. Kojin x 
iJtpaKuil yKpalaCbKBX couia.iicriB-peBMiouinHepiB b I^enTpajibBiii Pa r T,i 
BpBBasca Tepuem., kojih Bona Bate hc aoraa xswi npnKiasaTH cbopo 
iBTeanejia ho niei" nojiiinKn, raji a6o fi ri o^nanni — npejicTaBanra 



— lit) — 



(jjpaKitii — Baxoxon »i CKaany Teaepa^bnoro CeKpeTapiflTy (ak ao oyjio, 
nprmipoM, nicjirf aaTBep,i,a;eiiHa BpeaeBtiUDt BpaBHTeabCTBOK IffcxpyKuii 
;yifl feHepaji&noro CeKpeTapiflTy) afio $paKU.ia pooaja enpoCy ,,H;iTiici[yr»' 1 
na couiajt-^eaoKpaTiB Ta coniflricTiB-$ej;epajriciiB, m;o Ifi ae aaBuie 
B,T.aBaroci,. U,a cnuaca Tsepno aepvKaaaeb cBoef aiiiii i, kgjib eoaiaaicTn- 
peBOJiioajoaepn ; lV Ke Bxe BanctBaax na ael, aorporcyBaaa bhxo^om „b bob- 
Hoay eKaajtf'" b .,oa,cTUBKy", iao cxaBHJio coainaiCTiB-peBojiioaionepiB ueptfl 
BajpBnaaBao xpy^HHH aaB^asaa* : yTBopeaaa apaBBTeabCTBa bhorvihu 
BJiacauMH caaaaa. fyxe iaTepecana apaKaaa, Taaol norpoaa aa- 
Beaaao aniKie. 

BapTO TyT iiisKpecaaTH, mo xoa yapaiHGbKi coaiflab-.teioKpaTH 
ii sacBOi'jra co6i a casioro noaaTgy peBOiiioail aoraa.i ua Fapaliicuty 
IlapTira CoajaaieriB-PeBoaioaioBepiB, ak ua napriro xpitiHO-tijpxyaaHy, 
ojtHaie napria aa a otbceoctb aajaae 6yaa Ciabia peBoatoaiaaoio i eoaia- 
aiCTiiiao-aocaij;oBBOio, aiat cou,iaju.-3;eM0KpaTifl. B abomy Bepeh-oayeaoca, 
lieperjaaaioaH pofioTy YKpainebKoi Ilapril CoaiaaicTJB-PeBoaioaiOBepiB 
Baarajii i Boapeaa oapTwaoi (JipaKaii b IJeHTpajriHiS Pajp : »|>0[jm3 t jiii „nepe- 
xoijb'' (JipaKnii yKpa'iacbKiix con,iflflie'riB-peBoaK»a,ioaepiB ojjih nianaie 3aBnie 
jiiBimBMii BneceaHX couiflJU.-,n.eMOKpaTann. Caaa „6op(m>6a" mine (ppaaaiaaifl 
anx aaox uapTia b B^eaTpajbuia Paji,i BBOHKaaacb xa>, iao ajpasn/ifl c-p. 
3axoinjia aaBflie ^hjiuko .liaiiae aw tfipaKaii c.-jl, aK b naxaaaflx aaaio- 
BaabBO-BoaiTaaaBX, Taa i b coaia;itHo-OKOHOMiranx. 

HicJia 6paKy iarejiii'eaTCbEBX caa aiKi,i,JiBBO oaoHBaaoeb aa jiaab- 
iioctb napiil Taaos: i jipyre a'aBiiate, apaajta, ricao asasaae 3 nepinna : 
aeBiiiBHfl napTii' pimyio aacToaTjf b IteaTpajrbmn Pafli aa aeyxuabttOMy 
Bepeseji.eBUK> I'enepaabBBM CeKpeTapiaTOM jioaarani. aapTii, Bonacm 
■„HeBMiQnn-' ae BBnaiiBaao a Toro, ni,0 (ppaKuda yiJCP, fiyajaa boctjbbo 
He3aftOBOjieHa uojathkoio ecetpiBCbKO-ecneKiBCbKOro rWepaabaoro Ceicpe- 
TapiaTy, b toh ace aae ne anoraa npoTHCraBRTH iit a iioTpi6aoio acBicT© 
npofpaaa CBoei noamim. HaBiTb b cnpasi aeie.Ttaifi, mp BBaaiaaacj 
1'in'nia.ibHo ecepJBCbKOio cupasoio, ae norja napria aacToain aa nepe- 
BeieflBio aeaejibaol peiftopMB, ae bhpo^hbbih B'jacao eBoro BaKoaoapoeKty Ii'.*) 

Tatce BiftBonieaaa „peajibBHX ena'' aa yapaiai ayace nndniBO Bii- 
fiaaoLL aa yspafHC&Bii peBoawa'u Baaraai i Ha yKpaiacbKna 3,ppsaBaia 
6yaiBaaaTBi 3'OKpeaa. EmefdBebKO-eceiJaBCbKnH T'eiepaJibBBH CeapeTapifli 
npaaaiBaB bbcb aac BanaBimBao aaaso, aeciaijiiBa. (Jea aoipioaoro 
b TBopqift peso-iioaiHaiH po6oTi Boraro. 3a cboimb UHierapcBSBU Kaa- 
aeaapiaMH reaepajjbai CeapeTapi ae 6a i ituiB xottb, ae BiftHyBaJia iioro 
noTpe6. Bci .,pe$opMH", oroaomeai b AeKJiapaaiflx TenepaibBoro CeKpe- 
TapiaTy Ta b yHiBepcaaax LI|eBTpajtbHoI PajtB, TaK i sicTaancb aa aauepi 
ae Bjiiaeaeannn. npaaaaoio atoro 6yjia, aaaaalao, ae TiatKa Ti ae]>e- 
fliKo^a, «ai aaaa B CBoiti poOoTi Hearpaabaa Paaa 3 ()OKy BpeMeaaoro 
BpaBHTeabCTBa i nocKOBCbKOl HeMOKpaTiT. Koaa Bpeseaae IIpaBBTeabCTBO 
Baaao i HeaTpaabaa Pajta poaBB3aaa cofii pyaa III yBJBepcaaoa, capaaa 



! 



*) B3ara.11 c.-p. 6ym ..HeuapaaMonTapnojo" rapTieio, Bi^awiH bci cboi aua 
IJoGori na Miensx, ioai sk c.-s- i c.-iji., ne Maio<iti Bnjiisy ua macH, nepeiflopHJiHi't 
naroaicub b ^axoBiiiB ,,iiap.THMcuTCBKot'" po( 



He nitmta na Kpame. Oroaonieiii III YniBepcajiOK pe$opMH Tan caso 
aajimiraJiHCB na nanepi, hk i nonepejifli ooui^hkh „BCTaHOBHTH nerafiHO 
aajj, i nopflAOK". Hpasna, Ha nefi paa aaBHHHJia Binna a CosiTebKoio 
I'ocicfo, saSpasiuH Ha ce<5e bcio yBary npaBHTeaBCTBa, aae aaBHHEjra BOHa 
TijitKH n<mc™. 

Hemae cyMriBy, mo Koan 6 y BjajjH ctohjm Gijuiu enepiifini, 6ijn,m 
xfbi ia lyjri i 6im>m a^aTHi 2,0 TBopioi peBOJuon^Hflo-fltpavaBHoI pofioTH 
nojtiniai fliaqi, HoatHa dyao <5 apoCHTH JtaaeKO Cijitme, nix 6yjio 8po6aeHO 
b Toil iac. Oco6jihbo KEjjajiaeb b Biii GespeByjibTaTHicTb poSora tshhi 
BaaiHiiK b toS >rae bI^ohctb, hk BHyipiniHi Ta BificbKOBi cnpaBn. B peayjit- 
TaTi BeJiiFUii aaaraHL yKpatHCbKOl aeMOKpaxif, cnpaBJieniix na yKpaiui3an,ii<> 
BifictKa, I'eHepaibue CeKpeTapcTBo BificbKOBHx cnpaB, nij liposomes coiiiHJib- 
3,eMOKpariB IleTJiiopH i Ilopma, ayjtfjio apooHTn TijibKH ojjho: noBepuvTH 
mo sejiHKy cnpaBy b Tpai'HKOMinnHH tjiapc, 3 oyiHaiH napaj;aMH, piamo- 
i;oJiBopoBHHH uianKaan 11a K03au,bKHX mannas i „BJiacHHjrn ^poHTaira" 6e.-i 
BjiacHoro BifictKa. 3aiicn;b cepH03Hoi", poayjiaoi, BaepTo'i po6oth no op- 
fairiaauii yKpaiaobKOi enpasa,i fleaoKpaiHiHOI cejancLKO-pofiiraHioi apirii, 
aKa 6 Bunysajia cbok> ciiinHicTb bu, cTapoii apiii i eaaaa 6 cboe npa- 
aiiaiieanH, Biji6yBa;iacb 6iitbm GyTaiJmpHa yKpaiHiaauja apiii. Hepe3 ne, 
kojih juao jiilmjio pfl TOro, moo" nycxHTH b aiao yKpaJHcbKy apiiio, to 
ii He oyjio. Eyjni oKpeai BiacbKOBi lacrHHE 3 yKpataebKHiH naujoHajib- 
hbmh CTboaiKain na KapTV3ax i niHnejiax. aae apiii'i He oyjio. B nponeci 
..yKpaiHiaauii 1 ' Boaa pocTasajia, hk cnir Ha cohhj. HeBni.10 Beaeaa yBpaiHi- 
aanj.i 6yjia He b cnjii nepetfopoiH cepfiOBHoro npon,ecy pocoa,ay pociicbKo'i 
apiii, aKnfi maaaie b oaaaKOBia Hipi saxonHB ii yKpalmaoBaai BificbKOBi 

'laCTflDB. 

Ma Jinx pesyabTariB xocar l'eaepajibHHH CeKpeiapiar i b hhuihi 
rajiysax aepataBHo-rpoMajipbKoi poCom. Ec^eKiBCbKO-eceipiBCbKHH CeKpe- 
Tapiflt Ba^yBaB, mo fi^e peBOJioiija. Ta Bee HaiiaraBCH aaBOflffTH „jafl 
i nopaaoK 1 ' cnoco6aMH. kojih ii iipiuaTBUMH Baarajii Ha m,o-He6yab, TaK 
TijbKH b inpnia laci, kojih anapaTB sepacasnoro ynpaBJiiHHfl npan;KiK)Tb 
cnpaaao, atHTra Sae ji;o6pe BTopoBaHHMH CTapnan CTeacKaBH i e MoauHBicTb 
Kope^ysaTH Soro 3 aiHicTepcbKHx Kann,ejiapisx ,,BxiAHHMH i BHxi.iHii«H" 
nanepaia. 

Klqcub ec<'(JjiiiCbKO-ec3;eKiBCbKOBy nanyBaHHio Cyjro noKaajeno TijibKH 
tojp, koih mpanHCJii 3 mockobcekhx rapmaT B3Ke CBHcrijiH Hajt Khibom, 
xoi „iii.T('T;i!Hi'" jijih TaKoro pojjy „iiflicTepcbKor' Kpian na yKpaim naapi-TH 
LiiJlfiM l-aiiiln,!'. 

JU,e iipn yxBaai III YniBepcaay bhj,ho Syjio, iu,o ecjeKiBCbKO- 
eeec()iBci,KHH CeKpeTapiaT He uepeBejte Soro b atHrra. Boho TaK i ciaaocb. 
3po6HBUiH npn yoaflaHni uboro YniBepcajiy OHoaHii,iHHO HacTpoen^ <J>paKnii 
yKpaiHCbKHx coniaaicTiB-peBOJaoujoHepiB ^.e-aKi ycTynKH, reHepantHHH 
CeKpeiapiaT noTiM bhcub HeMajnx aycHUb, mo6 aarjiaa.HTH nepea 6ypaty- 
aaieio Te HerapHe BpaadHHa, hkp apofiHB Ha aei nen „6oJibmeBHHiK)aH". 
hk TOiii jte-iTo roBopiiB, YmBepcaJi. &o nepeBejieaHa b schtth onOBimeHHx 
ysiBepcaaoM coii.iaabno-eKOHoiiH'iHHX peijiopn ne 6yao spoCaeao HaBiTb 
cepiosanx cnpoC. TijibKH b senejibHiH cnpaBi mocb ayace noaaroK ,jbo- 



12] 



piuocfl" b MmicTepcbKHi KanneJiapiax i to lepes Te, mo ceaaHcmo Be 
xj,3.io nate HaejiiflKiB toT tbopwcth i nepeBonnao 3eKe;n>Hy peipopiy 

„ caiOHHHHO". 

B o(5jiacTH TOpry i iipomhcjioboctii, u npojiOBOJimiii cnpaBi, b ofaacTH 
<pinanciB,*) saaraii b ofijtacTn conjanbHO-eKonoHHiniH ctohjio see no- 
CTapOHV. I'eHepaatHHfi CetcpeTapiaT npo6yBaB fira npoTopeHimn me npa- 
BiiTejBCTBoa KepencLKoro CTexEara Ta SeaycniniHO. Crapa CyaiBHH, CTapi 
i|)opMH conifliibHO-eKOHoaninni BijjHocnH a rpKKOTOM p03BaaroBaiHcb, no- 
npaBHTii, ninpeKOHTyBaTH Ix 6yjio Bjse HemosjiHBo. TaK caio b oSaacTH 
ivjiBunnTBa no cyxa nteoro He potiHJiocb ipa ajiHCHennH o<5in;flHoro yui- 
sepcanoi npHCTOcyBanHfl cyaosoro anapaiy ^vqiOBiffHO Hjrcosi Hapofly". 
HKicb HacaijijEH MBaaa npana CespeTapcTBa ocbIth (b rpyani 1917. 
icTHyBajio Ba:e na yKpalm 33 yKpai'HChKBX riinasiu, a hhx 22 Ha cesax), 
aae ayae Heanaini: npniHHa TyT Cyiia Ta ;k caiia, mo mmmuta. jdw 
Bcix CeKpeTapcTB : (Span peBOJiroiuimoi" iniujaTiiBH i naoirijiyBaHHii b ocBiiniii 
cnpaBi eiapHx pociitcbKnx apasiciB, CTapHx mctojub b poflori. 

^lepea ne, kom To.iOBi I'enepajibHoro CeKpeTapiaTy B, Bhhah- 
qeaKOBi aoBeaoca ^aBam na VIII cecil HenrpairbHOl Pajyi (25. rpyjuifl 
h. et.) cnpaBos^aHHH npo RiaabnicTb CeKpeTapiaTy, sie ne Mir noiBaanrncb 
HacJiixKaim pofioTH CBoro npaBHTejibCTBa. CnpaBa He Hajiaroj;ajyBa.i;u:i., 
He n.BBJia'fflCb na aofipi Hawipn CespeTapisry, — vassA ojb uijcyioi; 
po6oTii. KopncTaHjMHCb 3 ManiaoBiunitH, any ] J eHepaTTbffFH CeKpeiapiax 
B8HB cofii sa npnHii,in, itoro 3axoflH npocro ca<5oTyBajincb .,BiJibHHM rpotfaflflH- 
ctboh". B cyAOBifi cnpaBi cadoryBajffi CTapi, HeaBijibneni ceKpeTapcTBOM 
HapcbKi cyjui Ta nporypopH, b niKurBniii cnpaBi — CTapi pyciipiKaTopH 
BHHTeii. hkj Tan caso, ak i cy.ioBi ypaaiiHKH, cuaijih cofii cnoKifiHenhKo 
ira aienax ; b ciipaBax 4>iHaHCOBO-eKOHOMiiqHHx eatfOTyBaiiif net : mxto He 

HJiaTHB HJaKBX HOflaTKlB, HilOTO He pOOHJTOCb ^ITff Bi«HOBJieHHH HpOJBHCJIO- 

boctii, niai.-nx cirpoo" ne poSajiocfc jpa snopaxKyBanHa ToproBJii. IIominiiKii 
Ta KaniTaaiera KOJrn gnu i TypoyBajincfc, TaK Ti'jrbKD cTimiinnMii BiicTynain 
po(iiTHHH,TBa Ta cevTHHCTBa, a He nporoJioineiniMn YmBepeaiOM perpopMajw : 
noun oVm.in, mo 1'enepajibHHil CenperapiflT nora-mo ne poobtl peanbanx 
narojis jo o(5ieateHHa ixHLoro eKOflOHannoro naHVBaHHH naji; npamoio'jnin 
BepeTBaMH Ta il ne HairipaeTbca pofinra ix. 

B. BHHHJiieHKO, raisin na VIII cecii Djemrpairtuoi Pa^n cnpaBO- 
a^aHHH npo po6oTv CeKpeTapiaTy, netroB 6h HaBmneHe n;e pas nip:pecJaiB, 
u;o Ojpatyaail na YicpalHi neaa Moro Tjp6yBaTnci.. 

..H'-in'lui-inia Pa,;a, rOBopHB bih, blj eajniro uouaiKy 3afina.ia peaojiwuifiny 
hi^ntiin Ba jianiciiiajiMie BHaBoaemisi ; Ha niit noaunji 3a.iaiuH.iacb aona i Tenep. 
Paaa Hapojnix Komicajiiii iiBasKai:, mo b Pod! Moama aapaa nepeBO,iuTH conkiicMTHy 
pesononjio, an at, iKiiByiH na ,\'Kpa'ij[i i oCpaiOBysi'm oSi-ktubhi vbobii tvt, ne 

*) B n.i8 BaatHifl rwyai ne podsaoci, aficonioTHo Hivoro, kcih se nasata 
3axosiB IcHepajituoro CeKpeiapcTaa, naiipaB.ieani ao opraniaanii yr:pai.Hci.Koro r l i 
iKEBHoro BaDKy xa B-iacnoU eneoe^BBJ] BMroTOB.ieniia aefacaBBire nanepia (rpoinofi 
b nepniy ^iepry). B ])63y.TbTaTi Rnx aaiofliB (Sjjio BHnynteHO leBepa.ii.nnM CcKpe- 
TapiaTOH (b kihui rpy^Ha ct. et. 1917, p.) yKpaiHciKi Kpe^HTOBi Oiaera no lOOKapO. 
BiaeiB aa.™ iianHCH b lOTupiox Mosai : yxpalucLKiii, aocKOBCLBiH, aiHffiBOiKiu i ' 
i'bkjH. BapiiCTt 1 Bap6oBann;a b aOiioTi Cyjia npapiBBBBa ^o BaptociH pociii- 
i-i.Koro py6aH. 






122 — 



nipiiMO b ue. Ta i b Poci'i me He HacTyiniB xoaem &ia coniir.iujiy. Ti Hapo^Hi 
KoaicapH, nKi Tenep Bepmari jr.wna» n Pi 8, pp peBOJKmil kbxh aa EopROHcm, 
naiistiUiH't ^paKnifaow SopoTLfloio i ae saaaa j^BcHoro cTanOBHn^a b Pocii. 1 ri.ij.Kii 
•iepe3 ne au-.iaaiiiisi cy'iacae pociiictKe npaBaieaicTBO ctoIm. sa fpynii con,is.iirai'i- 

HO'i pCU'J.IR'Hi']". 

Mh sk ire aaKpHBaeao o«ieit nepe,i, thu, m,o, moise, soBexeTOCH (JopoTiici. ns,e 
a podaetBHB Mouapiii3aon, i. aepe^aiarora ue, bjchho sk HaBuiBa.xqe, bk Haii- 
pimyiiine uucpiajuon yupa'ineiKy aepaiaBaicTb . . . 

Cnpasa x eoaia.iiasiy no tfyje .lara.jLsoBaKa : aanopyttoio m>oro e ie, mo 
HeHTpa.ii.aa Pa,a,a CKKmaaisea a eoqbuiciraiXX ejiemeniis. Tlilkh jt,o roniiuiiasy 
ira fiy^eso But oCepeatao, ctohih TBep.io na aorai". 

Bca xnoa TaKOl noamiji I'eHepajibHoro CefcpeTapiflTy nojarajia 
b tim, mo, BHCTynaroqn npoTH mohcjthbocth nepeBejueiiHii coirjirjiicraHiioi 
peBOJiK)iJ,ii na YKpalHi i aaxoiunoioiHcb nairjonajibHo-nojj.iTn'iHOio oopoTb- 
6om>, CeicperapMT <J>aKTH*irro, b cboTh flijioBin poo*OTi, se i6aB i npo 
uepeBeieHBfl rnx conjaiibHo-eKOHOMiiqimx petpopM, ara Hamajuici. po6ir- 
HHHe-ceJi»ncbKoio 6ijii,iiiieTio HeHTpasbnoT Pax". Giapi cycniJibHO-eKOHO- 
MHHai Bi.i,nocHHH 6pajrnci> bum aai'iace irenopyuino, jjk <5a*a i ;tJia Bi^pojaceDOl 
yKpalarbKoi iiepatasnocTH : b hux jiyjaaB CeKpeTapiuT apo^Hra TiJibKn 
Keaaaqai, ipyropHUBJ aiinic aauaaaTii oeJinKi jupn. mo nopofiHB 'ix iac 
i peBOiiioiijs b crapis oyjuiHKOBi. nijaTTyKaTypHTH, no<J>ap6yBaTH b hobsh 
acoBTO-CjiaKnTBnH Koaip, npn(>nTH nony BitBicKy — „yKpaJ'ncbKa HapojHa 
PecnyfijiiiKa" — i roji. A Tan, sroaon, noaajienbicy Ta nOTHxentKy, 
o6epe<KHO ra ..TBepjo ctohih Ha norax", npn aaCeaneienm „Bcix CBo6ii" 
Bciii rpoiiaaaHaK — rHo6nTejraM i rnooflenHM — aoaiKa 6yae noupooyBaTH 
naiiau,aTH iiuiax i ji,o con,iajri3My. IIg3Hj4h hjjikom ne peBoaroiTJnHa. aKy 
sorvra cnoKifiHO noj^iJisTn 3 Bnimn*ieHKO« yicpaTHCbKi „eBo.iroiiioHicTj[" — 
cou.ia:iieTii-(|)oji:epajiicTH, 3 nei' jjijikok JiboiViHO Bini.muajio piaKe pos- 
MeacyBaHHa jt,box MOneHTia yKpai'HCbKoi peBOJnonjf : MoseaTy HsmionajibHO- 
no.iiTHqaoro i MOKeary coniajibHO-eKOHOnraiHoro, poameacyBaHHa, ane neiro 
Becb nac ,t;o Toro. mo I'euepajibHHH CeKpeTapiaT nocTiSao BijuaBas 
nepeBary MoateiiroBi nauiioHajitHO-aojiTnqHOMy aepe^ coniajibHO-eKOiioniiH- 
unw, aac jsjo Toro, hokh hg »ary6DB hjim caaHM i cnpaan vKpaiacbKOi 

HapO^HbOl a,ep3Ka!)HOCTH. 

BnniinqeiiKOBi xoi i HJiecKMH b UleHTpantHift Paai b kihu,! iloro 
npoitnBH, iipoTe ceJiancbKO-pofiiTHnMa lacTnHa Paji;H me pas nepeKonajiacb, 
ni,o J J eHepajibHiul CeKpeTapiaT pofiHTb ,,ne TaK, hk CJiij,''- mo bib (paKTHHao 
CTotTb aa Micuj, a tub ea«FJi — fiji,e Hasaji: i b Kopim ni.^pjiBae Ty cupaBy, 
kojio fiyiOBH hkoI ctoItb, 4>paKuia yKpaiHCbKHx con^aaicTiB-peBo.iiouioin?- 
pis sasnaiiiija j;e BHpaano, Konv jrifiinjio flO 06MipKyBaHaa jOKJiaflJ — 
nposKry WMe.'ibrroi peiJiopMH TeHepajibHoro CeKperapa c-a. E. MapTOca.*) 
IlijiiaBuiH npoeitT rocTpifi KpHTnui, fpaKuia YIICP Bnecia <j»opiyjiy nepe- 
xoaa, b aKiir Bi,T,Knj;ajra aeieatHBH saKononpoeKT b n;i3oeTn, aasHaHatoiH, 
m.0 bih cynepeinTb iHTf»peea« TpyaoBoro Hapo.iy, BHcjioBJK)Ba.ia HeaoBippa 
T'eBepaJibsouy CeFcperapeBi afHCJibHjtx cnpaB MaprocoBi i ftosarajtacb. 
m.06 6yio CKJia^eno 8 iJieniB IleHTpa-ibnoI Pa^n komicik), SKa 6 nanOBo 



*) BapofijieHOHy nps 6au3tKiS y^acTH TosapHina fenepaimBOro CeKperajiH 
3exeiLH!ix cnpas K. Maititiiii, con.-ijiesep. 



123 — 



BHroTysajia aaitoiionpoeKT, noaosaBinn b ochobj iioro npHHipn coniflJii- 
3aa,ii Heajii.*) 

Ufl tpopayjia nepesony mwBii'iai'iHO o<5ypiua yKp. coEtioh-aeBOKpaTHiHy 
(ppaKttk). It iipOHoneiu. IIopui saie cbo» fjiopuyjiy nepexojty, b aril 
aponouym'iii Baara BiipoCaeflnii ceKpeTapcTBOi seHejitnux capas aaicOHO- 
npoeKf ppa TiimacOBoro aaEtoay, ni£KpeciDB, mo „ockobhhh aaKOH b aesejib- 
aiii cnpafii MatoTr, Bnpooz™ YcTaHOBui 36*opH". CUuoiacHO IIopui aaHBnB 
tax iaenii eBoei ippaKuil, mp, kwtii 6y;;e npiiitiiHTo peaojnoujio yKpalactKHi 
coujajiiCTiB-peBOJiiouioHfepiB i BUKiiuyro upe&iOHceHHH B. MapTocoB s&koko- 
upoeKT, (jipaKnia .V0;U J il o;i;KJiaie Bcix cboix to Bap mail* a Te- 
HepaJitHoro CeKpexapiaTy. 

3a Ilopmea BHCrytiHB cam aBTop aaKOHonpoeicry B. Maproc i bh- 
rojrociiB rmBuy npoaoBy, b ami BinnoBia,aB aa wioct KHHyry 3 aicoH 
Ha a-apeey yKpaiactKtix coHiajib-aeaoKpaTiB penality — „ea6oraai;uHKii". 

EcuerciRCbKO-etwijtiBC&Ke npaBHrejiBCTBO ot-ot bmo Baacra. A;ie iloro 
(Syao BpaTOBano cnktauiH eaaaxa ec^eKiBCbKOx oiHOAyaaJB. £0 npejwo- 
ajeHoii yKpaiacbKUMH couiflJii>-ji;e«oKpa,TaHH (popayjin npHejHaiHCb, caao 
coCoro poaynieTbca, eouiHj'iicTn-cpeaepaJiicTH, a sa Hnan ii poeiikbKi cou,ia.ib- 
AeuOKpaTH MeHtnieBHKH Ta 6yH;iiBii,i. <J>opByjry yspalKCbSHX eoHJajiL-fteao- 
KpariB fiyjio upHonaTO, a thm caina BBraneKO i yKpainetKnx uoaiajriCTiB- 
peBOjrton,ioHepiB bw Tpy^aoro jyia hhi aaBftaHHH — CKaacni eMa fene- 
pajrbBHil CespeTapiflT. 

TaK ecaeKiBCbKO-eceiJiiBCbKflji KatfineT upoierayBaB ao orojonieHHH 
IV .VniBepcajiy ItenTpa-ibHoi Pa^H - 9. (22.) maa 1918.; onoBim,eHHa 
Utoro YniBepcajiy fiyjio KiHD,en ecieKiBcbKo-ece^iBCbKoro upaBJiiana. 

yKpaiflCbKi cou,iajiicTH-peBoaiou.ioHepH BeraBiuni b YHiBepcaji nonepei 
Bcboro HtinaBiiciiy a:ra & BKiBCbKOro tftJioay coajaiiaanjio seani 3 na- 

u.ionaainan.ieio JiieiB, box i scix iiUaeaanx CarauTB ; jajii, xoi i ne b BOBcia 
acflnx ipopaax, aae Bee at ni.TKpecJiium Heo(5xu,BieTb BUSHanHa sa papain 
pofiirmrax, cajrj,aTcbKHx i ceajmei»KHx j^euyTariB npas, an aa iHCTnTyniaaii 
iBunmi, xo'i i iio6yj,OBaaHBii Ha KJweoBOMy npHHH,ini; nicjra na- 
CToa.ia Ha orojiotneBBio Hau,ioeav'nsati,u roaoBaiiu,Hx rajiysia ToproBJii, mo- 
noiio.'tiaaHii ByrjMHo!, nurypaflol B imnmx Ba,i;nim,iix rajiyais npowucioBOCTH ; 
napeBiii, nacTOaiiH Ha BciaHOBJieHflio JtepHaBno-Hapo.i.Hboro KOHTpojuo HaA 
fiaHKaBH. 

3bhto5ho, 11a Bee n,e, naBJTb Ha cjioBax, ite mir npHcrars ece$iBCbKO- 
ecfteKiBCbKafi 6jibOK, ai,o 6yB bjeo HeupneMeo BpaateHHH Oijbiu uoiiipKonaHiiia 
coniflJtbno-eKOBOMnqaHB npoi'pajioH 111 ymBepcajiy. X01 i b IV yaiBep- 
cad He Bee m,e BHpaano 6yno CKaaaHe, xo'i bjh i He iiporojiomyBaB 
couJHJiioTHqHoi peaojiioj^iT, Ta see at iiiejra Hboro He Mossfla 6jjio btk& 
HiflKnHn poa'acHeuHaMH aacnoKoira 6ypsya3iro. A rojiOBae - — oro-toiaeai 
b His coHiajibHo-eKoiioiaqni peipopnn 6yjiH nenp[ieM.ieni i jpia caiaoi yKpalH- 

") But'ceBHfi Maprocom aaKOBiipoeKT TopKaaca rojiOBaiis ^hhoii ne]»eaa>iH so 

pOCnopH,T,lKOHl!fl 36 MeaLllMI KOSlreTil) nOMim,HHLKHX MaeTKJB. OCHOBDO SeMCIbrlu'l 

peijiopMa Bin ne TopKaeca, upa ^i« bhhbjbb Tenjeaniio aiiflHumiu Heuopy .1 
3e»JieBOJioflintta cepejaii i Baa;e cepeamz BJiaciBKiB, mo BHK.iMKaJio ofiypeflaa cc- 
aaactKoi ^paKi(ii b HeirtpajiLBiii Pajp. 



— 12i 






CBKOi api6noI oypacyaaif. 3ajtieu,b tofo, 111,06 hth ro cOiiisMiaiy no bhtojio- 
uieHony roaoBoio ec^eKiBCbKO-eceipiBebKoro CeKpeTapiaiy B. BHHHaHeHKOK 
peueaTOBi — odepeatHO, uoH8JieHbKy Ta noTHxeutKy, TBep,n;o craaqn na Ka- 
niTaaicTHiHHx Horax. yniBepjaJt HaaivaB kochtl csi.iaBi ia piiuyii kpokh 
b nis Hanpaai. 

Cw^iaJiicTD-peBO-TiouioHepK nose-iH pirayinfi noxifl npotn BanHHieH- 
KiecbKoro CeKpeTapiaTy. Biiina 3 CofiiTCbsoio Pociero BBKpHJia Bci xaon 
i neaAaTaic pl 10 npauj ,npi6a:o6yp3jyaaHoro apaBinejibCTBa B. BflHaaqeHKa. 
..OpkaTyioqucb" Beci> yac .,na Jiaji i nopaioK", reBrepaabHHH CeKpeTapiaT 
H. BiiHHnijenKa oaaHflBca b thski jyw PeenyOiBKH xm He Tutna 6ea 
apail, aje naBiTt i 6ea asBBax aBHSFtiB Ta Min,aoT onopii b ninpOKux ynpa- 
lBx-tKHi po6iTHiiHe-ceaaacbKflx Maeax. 

3>paKnjH yKpaiHCbKnx eoniaiicTiB-peBOJii)u,ioHepiB i B|eHTpajit.KHn Koii- 
TeT niai iiapTir iiocTaBOBii.in pimyno lOMaranrcb lucraBKH CeKperapiary 
B. BnHHiiHeHKa. .TiBa *iacTBHa HeHTpaibHoro KoaireTy HapTti (so hko! 
Haaesajui IIo.ioaoB, .TrodnenKO, Muxaijn«!onKo, E.iaHCbKHH, C. Ba- 
hbhclkbb, CiBepoB-OaocBCtKHH ii asm), SBflaaHa a JiieiiNH pociii- 
cbKHMH coi;iaaicTaiirB-peuojiio[i;ionepaMH (iepea Kammcbcoro i O-ieKciJua), 
^oiaraaacb He tulkh o^cTasKH BiiHanieHKiBCbKoro CeKpeTapiary i yTBO- 
penna aiBO-ecepiBCbKoro ypajty, aJie ii nerailnoro aaanpeHiia 3 CobItckok) 
Pociero i n,LirKOBBToro Bnanauaa paji.aHci.KOi (popMB B.iaan ilpaBBun 
i u,eHTp napTil (CaiTaH, leie-ii., HI par. Kopa:, XpacrioK, 
.1 h ;i a h i b c b k n it x p b m o B h h i HHBii), BpaejjHyioqBeb ^o jionaranHa 
aiBBH,i mo-io oaciaBKH ceKperapiaTy B. BiiaHn'ieBKa, HacToroBajia: a) Ha 
yTBopeHHH) KOMBpOMicoBoro Kafidiery a npaaax i JiiiiBX ynpai'netKHX couja- 
jricTiB-peBoiiH>n,ioMepiB a yuatfno .liisnx yKpa'iacbKHX eoniaiib-RGMOKpuTiB, 
6) na npHrarneHHio ^o aepatannui pooorB pa.n po6iTHH9Hx i cejiaacbKHx 
aenyTariB, b) Ha Be^enHio biShb a pocificbKBMH fkmaieBnKaaa ax ,10 
nacy, Komi Bonn BpaBanan. cboi bochhi onepanu iipora yKpaiaa i HeH- 
Tpa.ibH0i F J a,i;n. Bpeuin, i upaae i aJBe KpHna naprii Boro,"i,H.iHC'B na kob- 
npoMicoBiii noaairjj, i <pp aK!| .ia conifla.-peBOJiiouioHepiB BncTynn.ia Ha aa- 
cisaHHio LljeHTpajibHoi Paji,B He tijibkh a y6iraioio kphthkoio hojiithkh 
eee^iBCbKO-eufleKiBCbKoro feBepaJiLHoro CeKpetapiaTy, aie i a noMarannHK 
nerafiaoro ycyHenHH iioro ra yrBopeaaa cnpaB^i peB02Uon,iaHoro apaBa- 
TeJibCTBa 3 eonjajiiCTiB-peBOflronioHepiB i .'ubbx conia.ib-j.esoKpariB. *) 

*) Opfan HeHTpajtnoro Koniieiy yC^,PJI pPoCiTHHia l'a-jeTa" («. 229, 
16. ci'iHii 19l8.) niica-ia npo cboio i Y1ICP in>-.i!iirii<> n cnpaai ypa^OBtli Kpiaa : 
„Mh Tijep^o iiepeKOflani b io«y, mo opicnrauia na Go.iimeuMKiH, ana j;ik acKpaBO 
iiii:;naiaeTiCH b Ko.iax VKpalHCfcKHi coniaaicriB-peBoaTon^oHepis, He Moate BpaiyBatH 
3'Bpa'iHii ]iifl tU:i EB66SBBSB, ii :ii.-iii ii"ii;i tenc]) uepeftyiiiu: ; ip opienraipfl utBHfl^e 
aoiKe 30Bcia 3aryGimi 'ii. Bcia iKe BlflOBO, mo (SoasmeBHEH aj 3 >ihm He paryniTbCH 
i He ayminaTMH nepes poarouoM soia i .limix ec-cpiB. Haraa itapriH ao'lTt, mi 
fpyaii OupoTifJa .i SoauaesaBKOx, an i 3 yemau vtouukok, njo jo cosjasiaay ne 
muk aiaKoro ni,T,HoiaeaHa, i nepca re npn yaaoai ncaiTUKii, ana HastiiiaeTica y ec*-epiB, 
i iipn Toay BaaKMOBi^uoineniiio ca;i b KjjaSai, aKe c na 6oui cejtBarHtHi cJiejienTis, 
npH raKoay cTaimiiiiiuj .mmaTiics y Bja^n Hama aapiia He Jtoate. Ta ii peBOJiiun,ifiHa 
tHiyania n r i:iiraiaeTBca thm, m,o peBOji»n,ia tenep nepeiufliiTi b CTasiwi anapiii, 
a nicaa n>oro nepeii,;e b peaKn,iRi, i y flepytaBaoro KepMa craayTi. soBcia HHBii 
«.KneHTH, najieKi ni,t Hposuiftpiary. H nett aoaeHT naiun nspria Be aoace fliAOOBUaTa 
sa toft vKJioii nn.iiiuKH, rkhm aoiHftHEHtncs y eo-epij," 



— Izo 



Cou.ia;iiiTii-i(je;iepajiiCT[i i cou,iHJib-,noaoKpaTB, xoi i oopaataaBeb aa 
•jaKv v iieB,ia*JnicTi," couifljicriB-peBOJiionioHepiB, akhx bobh ,,ui;iyHHJ]H' k , an 
.i,;i.iaB b o^Hin 3 cboTx npoaoB b D^eHTpaablrii Pa.ii conjaat-aeaoKpaT 
B. Maproc, npoTe 6y.in pa.ii „oKaaii" i oxoie nioiJiB b o,T,eTaBKy, tdm 
oijibiuB. m,o MinicTepctKi nopr(J>eai Bine Be BiinjBajin niioro jwoporo. J[o 
KniBa aaoVmacanea 11 oboIbh siiichKaaK MypaBiloB. Bca YKpaisa ropija 
b orai ropwsaHCbKoI i aocKOBCbKO-yKpaiBCbKOf bluhii. 

3po6HBiiiH co6i B,toBOiieBHJi 3 Toro, mo KijibKa aeHb Bee ac TaKn 
bo6vb HiBicTpaMa (nicaa feaepajibHnx CespeTapiB), ece<J>iBCbKo-eeji.eKiB- 
cbKBfi KafiiBer, napemTi, otpiajaabao no,iaB b ojcraBEy. 

Haa, EbIboi Bate poapiiaajiucb nipauaejii a 6o.ibineBiiu,bKo-iiocKOB- 
1 cbKus rapaaT. yKpai'BCbKi coiiiHJiicrB-peBo.ironioHepir syciia tbophth npa- 
BHTejbciBo i paTyBani B.iacHnan en.iasii cinaqy b;kb na jcpato 6e30jHi 
yKpaiHCLKy ,T,cpaiaEHJCTb. 

Ta tjt ripKp Aaxa cede 3HaTB OTa ao-aojuerb naptil, npo any an 
1 <i»<)|>tu!i Binue, i 6paK aeno aaapecjienoi npoBUHoT naprifiBoi mail, 6paK 
Hiosefi i poraoa Ba ;ibi mil. Jliaimii naprii acao 6a<nuia, m,o BiSna aia; 
C-OBiTCbKOio Pocieio ii Vi.-paiaoio ABaaeTbca mninJiHBOKi noiESEOB), mo 
nojriTHKa U,enTpa3bH0i Pa^n Haajo aooaiuia BupaBO, Bij,ipBaBura Hea- 
Tpajibay Paiiy uiji, pofiiTaaajBa, ceJiaacTBa Ta Boau,TBa. mo HeofcUni 
:n;ii'i. Ka^aBBTOHHi aaio^H jsjui Toro, mofi BpflTyBarn CTaaoBBme. II,iii 
I'pyai Ba:e oyjo ipyjHO nopoayairacb a ocbobhohj Teiieio napiil. mo 
.[.n.'i nocrisHO oyjia b ui.ii.inoi-rn, jik b IJeaTpanbflii Paji, TaK i b IJen- 
Tpiui.noMy KoMiTci'i napTii. lepea to aopoayMiaaa, aicoro ajaaaaocb 6y.io 
socarnyro npn BHCTyai b HeaTpajibHui Pajj Bpora CeKperapiaTv 
B. Biiuuii'ieiiKa. poamrelaocb i, t;o;m npiiiiwao flo coraxaaaa CBHCKy noBoro 
ec-epiBCbKoro upaBurenbCTBa, poafiiiKiiieTb aoniajuB. piacaaua b noaaniax 
. iiHuT i npaBOi MacTiiHn UeBTpajibHoro KoaheTy Jlapiil 8HOfea BHaBoacb 
y Bcifi caoli HenpaaiipaaocTii. 

HeBrpaabiiBH KosiiTeT napril ne hit BiaiuyKani cuijibiioi iiibt- 
<J)OpMB, ua arafi aoataa oyao 6 OKnacTB KaSiaeT. Baci^aRHa KoaiieTy, mo 
sea BJJibRa ,uiiB, He j,ajia aiaKHX HacjuKiB. Hi ojiih npoeaT- 
cdhcok «aS6yTBbOro Kafiiaery m aiOpaB fiiabuiocTB. GaTyanja 6yjia dea- 
Biixijiaa. Jlina I'pyua, m,o Beia 8 u,efi Mac Hepea pocificbKHi -lirmx eou.- 
peB. neperoBopn 3 Fajjoio Hapo^nix Koaicapis npo npnniiHeHna Biflun, 
cuiiiiiuai-b 6yaa XBa;ieBO bsbIte hsji npoeKroa nojiraiMHOro nepeBOpoTy 
— nacHJibBoro CKHaenna HenTpa.ibiiof Pajpi i uro-ioiueana pajyiHebKOl 
n.ia,i,n na ViqiaiHi, r iyaaio4ii TaKnM cuocofioa anairni BBJJJ a TJiyxoro 
i;\ia. A.te jo aj,iiicHeaaa iiboro npoeKTy ne ^ifluiao. Caaa aiBi (imep- 
nauioaaJiicTH) me Barajincb, ae GyixyHB. neBBHMH, in B^aBca 6 TaraB 
nepeBopor i >ih npnniu ou Bia cno;i,iBaHi aacjii^Kn, a ao Toro x n,i aa- 
Hipn-npocKTH 6ym b KopiHi ni^iiaaai aperaToa aaiiaie Bciei jiieoT 
I'fiynH (iaTepBaaioaaiiicTiB) i.ieHiB IJ,earpa.iibaoI Pa,i.H i B,eaTpajrbHoro 
lioaixeTy IlapTii. ; 1 



Apemi BiftOyB&a a noKBUeaHlri UenriiaauioJ Pa r ^H na aaciaajiiuo ec-epin- 
CiboS i[ijiah-ii,i')', a nauaay KOMe^aHM .«. KiiTna c-a. K 01 e HB a. Ii awsri aiicnrTODaimi 
''3.111: QoaoaoB, Miiiari.ni'ieaKo, CiBepoa-OsoeBotKHH, fflvBCLKBii ia Hiiuii. 



— 126 



HupeiiiTi, aa nopoayaiaHmi 8 npoBiamiKaiaii $paKoii yilCP n PajQ, 
6jj\o aanpouoHOBaEO cKjiacTH KadineT MinicTpis oyBiaony TeHepajibHoay 
CeKpeTapeei B. PojiyfioRBioBi (con.-peB.). B coait utoro opi'amaoBa- 
Horo TojiyCoBnieM (Hafixe 6ea ynacra IJeHTpaabaoro Koiiiery yiTCP) 
KaGiaeTa Bxoj(HJia: 

1. TojioBa Pa«n Hapo^iui MiniuipiB i MinicTp 3aKOpa,OHnHX enpati 
— B.roaytfoBEi (yKp. com-pes.); 

2. BificbKOBHH MiaicTp — HeMOJioBCbKnir (yKp. con.-peB.) ; 

3. MinicTp BHyTpmiEir cnpaB — II. X p h e t fo k (yKp. cou,.-peB.) : 

4. Miuicrp ijuHaaciB — nepenejumH ( B cniBiyBara>iHfi'' yKp. 
con.-pes.) ; 

5. MiaicTpaniaxiB — 6. Co bob a 4(,eniBqyBaKraH l 'yKp.con,.-peB.): 

6. MinicTp npoAOBoabiDi capaB — M. KoBa.neBci.KM ft (yKp. 
coij,-peB.) ; 

7. MiflieTp ocbith — H. TpuropilB (yKp, con,.-peE.) ; 

8. MiHicTp x;ii6opo6cTBa — A. TepHBieHKO ^.cniBHyBaioiiiH" 
yKp. con.-peB.); 

9. MiaicTp cyflOBHx enpas — M. TsaieEKO (yKp, coit-fleii.) ; 
10. Misiuip MopcbKHX cnpaB — Jl,. Ahtohobhi (yKp. cou,.-,a;e!f.); 
KaCineT bhbibob 6uibw no naaBi, nia: b xiicflOCTH, ec-epiBCbKHM. 

Bararo a q.ieaiB loro, m,o aaaHHMCb, aK coiriaaicra-peBOJiroirionepH. ire 
MaaH M:ifi;Ke aiaKoro BianomeuHH .to napril si no cboix nepeKonannax. 
a i no i-Hniii aoaepefluifi no-iiTnyaifi poooii 

,3,0 noBHoro CKjajj KafiiaeTy 6paKVBaao ra,e aaiaaJio mimcTpiB, ajie 
sse 6yao He ro roro, mo6 aoSipaTB Ix. Knls 6yB na nepeno.im a^aii: 
ai npo HKy Kaiay ^epHtaBMy podory ne nosaa oyao h symara, r:pi« 
o6opoBH KalBa i aa-ibmoro BeaeHBH bIhhh. 0t<K6 qacnrai Pa^a MiaierpiB 
i las He 6yjio ioro po6nTa. 

CtpopnoBaHa Pa.xa MiaierpiB eia6yjra b saaaa^eaiM CKaajtf (aa bh- 
KJHoneaaaM con,.-,T,eM. AaTOHOBHia, hkhh aoBciar He HBnBea na ypajijBaHBfl) 
BCboro aaa ih Tpa aacUaana i bohm aMeHbanuacb me nyxHe *). Kdib 
aepeatBBaB CTpaumi jibi 6ojibiaeBnn;bKOl o&iora; ;ieHb-y-,nenb Ha,n Kidoi 
peBJiH rapmaTa, cbhctjjih syai, Bi^SyBajiHCb ByjiBHHi Sol, b aoii ropi.ia 
oyanaKH. Kiiib 6oponnjia HeBejiHKa ropcTKa BlxBaaiHHX naTpioriB-peBO- 
jiroujonepiB. ToBapaia BiHCbKoaoro MinicTpa aoJiKOBHHK 0, SKyKOBCbKnfi, 
ait aBBqafiuna KoaaK, a pyiiiaaueio b pysax <5paB mbsa pa^iB oco6acTy 
yiacTb b Kiii'BCb'vHx 6oax. PoeiUcute la aemdBCbKe potiiTHHiiTSO, poaari- 
TOBaae oojfbmaBBKaiH, it'iiiuii.io noscmaHa k eaBoiiy KhIbj, 'ihm ayiKe 
yrpyuBBJio capasy ofiopona ctoxavj, IIpaBa at, SHTBooibnieBHnjbKa lacraaa 
pocifiebBO-s«j(tBeLKoro pofiiTaanTBa, mo fiauia aa pociHubKaMB coH,iaab- 
fteioh-paraMH MeabuieBHKasrH, apaBaia con.iflJi.-peBOjroujOBepaBB Ta aa 
eBpeficbKHH oyHROM, npoeTO He aaxoraa BiicTynHra b odopoay KulBa. 



*5 Ha ojbohv 3 CBoti iiepmint s&ci^am, KauineT roayfiOBinja vi-bsuiiib ii]in- 
cTynHTH so opflUEbaafl pa^ pofiitsmu i cexmes&HEi jeayraada, hk opfaniB B.iaaH 

na «k'n,nx: ,wa nn]iou.ii!HHii Bi;iii()Bisnoro 3aK0Hy Gy.io ofipano KOMiciio b fi.viaAi 
idlicipa 1'piiropiiBa (yup- con,.-peB.), npe,iciaiini[i:;i khiecj.koi ia;;u c&ap&l- 
cbKBX jienyTaTiB JI 10 6 'i e h k a (yiq.i. con.-peB.) i 'mcbi U,eHTpaai.noro Koil 
yilCP Jl a m a p h. 



— 127 — 



Paijieeii, BaaafeHOBi, OBSOBCHd — nj naiiGLitiiii BOporn 6o.<n>nie- 
bbkib b HeirrpajibHifi P&jrj — Tenep ctohjih ocropoHi., BOBcil ne jiymaionn 
npo re. moG tot tm-HeGyjE aonoHorrH y^alHcttdl bisai b cnpaBi 060- 
ponn Knisa. Heft .,nefiTpajiireT ueHbniocTen" cnpaBOTB nairraaree Bpa- 
siHHfl na yKpa'i'ncuKy JieMOKpa™. Ha BannraHna M. Hopma (yKp. con;.- 
net.) b HeoTpajibnifi PivU (spoG.TeHe b nepini aai oG.iorn Kama), iomv 
pociiicbKi ooit-peB. i 6ynj;iBii,L He jiaiOTb xm oGoponn Kui'Ba cboii 
GoeBnx (iiapTiSniix) BarosiB („;i;py;Knn'-), „MeBi,uiocTH u nunoBiJiH mo, mob- 
jihb, Txai „Hpjxirai" ire MaioTt aGpoi. A ko.th na ne Gy.io CKaaano, mo 
b niHicrepcTBi BiBcbKOBax capaB aoxHa jijcTarn aflpol, cicijjbKH T| 
„MeHbiuocTn" Binoro ne Bi,nnoBira. Ha oiax BiaGyBaBen m>;i,i.[ poGiTHHiiTBa 
Ta inre.iii'ennii' KiitBa Ba Jtsa TaGopn ue ctUlkh no KJini;OBO-cou.ifl.ibHiix 
osnaKiix. CKiatKH no BanjonaJibBiit npnaajeamocTfl : 3 o^Horo 6ony tbo- 
pBRCB aBTByKpalHCbKBii pocii1cbKO-xn,T,iBCbKHn xaGop, 3 ^pyroro — see Gijibin 
i:;.'.iiuBaJincb Ta anKBbUiyBajrnch ranra yKpalncbKoT peBOJiioujfinoi aeiroKpaTiJ. 
TaKa CHTyaiiia, cajio coGoio Bpoaymo. ne cnpiia-'ia oGoponi KuiBa. 
y|i:u onnnnBCfl b Ha^iBiitiainn TH>«Koiry CTanoBnaii ^onoaora biji, .,Bijit- 
noro KoaauTBa", Ha <io;ii atcoro ctobb I'eaepaji CfcoponajicbKHn, ne npn- 
xojn.ia. lIe|ieroBopn a npeacTaBHHKaHH AfiTatiTB b KqIbi, Hid bjb GyBuinS 
feEepajiEHnn CeKpeTapb aaKOpaonnM cnpaB 0, Illyjibrfln, ne jajiH xaji- 
niix HacjiuKiB. AnTairra Bate Mernjiacb »a GepecTeirctKi neperoBOpn i ne- 
pea n,e niiim ne xorijia ^onoaorrn yparoni FspalsctKO! PecnyGjinmi. 
PyaiyHCbKi, 6e.ibiificbKi i nexocioBaubKi BiScbKa, n;o nepeGyeaJni is rofi 
Mac b KniBi, He aaxorijiH bbhtii na ceGe naBiTb BHyTpiuiitboT MiJiininaoI 
czy»:6ii b KdTbI. TLibkh cotbh nojibCbfcnx Jiei'ionepiB nij KOManinio naena 
.II. II. C. Ta HenejinKi rpyanncbKi OTps^n EitCTyuiiJin na aoBOnory ynpa- 

IHCLKIIH BiilCbKaM. 

He ji,Hniio, orate, 111,0 ejiaGoayxi sryGnJm Bipy b uepemory i 30Bcin 
onycTHJin pyKH. Ha Bacijanna Paaa MiHicrpiB, ioo BuGyBajreci. b KaGi- 
iieri niiicbKOBoro ininicqta HemoaoBcbKOro i nociun BicbKOBiiii xapaKrep, 
xojbjio BCboro KiibKa hojiobik: 1'ojoBa Pa r in Hapojnx MiBicTpis Poay- 
GoBU'i, BiScbKOBsfi mmcTp HeionoBCbKnS, MinicTp unyTpimnix cnpaB 
XpncTioK. MiaicTp rocTnirji TKanenKO i GyBraafi BiScwtOBHS niaicTp Hopni, 
n^o caia nepejiaaas MinicTepcTBO HemojioBCbKOMy. Bci nnnri aiaicTpn annKJin, 
neBia,ojro Ryan, ne no;taio<jn npo ceGe hjskoT asicTKH. 

KailjneT rojiyGoBiiva npOiiepiKaBca b KniBi BCboro 10 ^nis. 24. 
ciina (ct. ct.) 1918. CTaao hcho, n;o jcajii ne jtoacHa Bse aepaatni 
KnTna, ne HapaacaFOHH Soro na noBHy pylHy. 25. man incrana iJieniB 
MaaoT Pa^H 8 roaoBGio Paa,n M. rpyiueBcbKns i nacTHiia Pa.i;ii Hapoff- 
nix MiiiicTpiB — aaaflaiene Bnme Hnapo, aa BntunoieHBHM HeMOjroBCbKoro, 
nicii;e AKoro aaiiiiaB, bk BificKOBna MinicTp, 0. S y k b c b k b fi (yi;p. coa.-peR.) 
— Biiha;in pason a ocTanEiiH BificbKOBnMn HacniBaMH b KniBa no Jiopoai 
na ajnTosnp. *) Hixto a ,,seniuocTei1" a ypa^om yKpa'incbKOi Hapoffutoi 
PecnyGjinKH ne BiiIxaB. 

*) Biinaj,K(H!o a ne 6yo Ha owaHHiOMy 3acisannio Paja Hapti.iuix MimcrpiB, 
ua nKOMT nyjto BnpimeHO onyciHTM KhIb, i iepe3 ne ae smir Euixam a Kii'iBa paaoM 
3 ypa^oM- HaranaKjMu ^pyroro gas jpn;t nitumi, a aas iiaroAj' apofiitTU .iimiki iir.i- 
CTepe»:emia e Kiiiui i no-3a iibsi. 



JHo-flo Binary a KnlBa, to ipeoa CKasara, mo Bin 6yB Majio opi'a- 
niaoBaHiiS. IIpo bhib,t; ne 6y;ro nonepeajKCHO ne TijutKB smi npeanail 
H,eiirpam.noi Fa/01 i iJiemB, a HaBiTB i ae-annx HJieniB KaoiaeTy, Earan;bKO 
yicpalHCbKHi fliaiiB bohcim ae aHaan npo Bniai, ypaay i apyroro ;hbh, 
kojih B»e fioitinesHKH BCTynw^H b Kdib, BiatHO bbxoj,bjih Ha Byjtnni, ne 
h nonaaazH ,u,o pyK 6oJtbmeBHKiB. ^epea cbobo HenoiB<popMOBaHieTb npo 
BHisA ypany nonaiifl no pyK CoJibuieBBiriB b incai bhiuhx Ojbibhh KinicTp 
seiejtfcEBX cnpaB 0. 3apysun3 i wen UeHrpajiLHoT Pa,i,B Lily ran. 

TaK ecAeiciBCbKO-ececpiBCfcKBH O.ibok yerynHsea 3 npOBinaoro liena 
Toji, kojib Bate Gyro syace niaHO. 

13. 3ani3HeHe 3anoHOAaBCTBo : 3anoHn UeHTpajibHoi PaAM npo ^ema 
i npo BocbMMroAMHHHH pofiiTHHHHH A6Hb. IIap;ifiiieaTCbKa Kosicia, oopana 
na VIII cecii UeHipajibHoi Pa;m, EHpofinjia (na cnixj BeiieJibfliiB aasoir, 
hkbh i <5ys (TaK caMO na cnix, 6ea aoBuioro ofijiipKyBaflnj;) yxBa.ienH8 
HeHTpajibBOio Panoio b cepe^nix wcaax (or. ct.) ciina 1918 p. *) 
BojitDieBBiiLKi iiipaBBejii, jb,o poapHBannca came b jkhb OTranna aaKony 
Has 6yji,HHK0M U,eBTpajibHoI Pa^B, apofinjin Te, mo aa m.oro rojiocyBaiH 
laime Bci $paKn,il HeHTpajibncTi Pa^H. Hi oj,aa a <{>paiuyii He BHCTy- 
ira.ia npOTH. yKpaiBCbRi conJHJiL-^esiOKpaTii, roaocyioqH aa aaKOH, aacie- 
pirjm t!ju,kh eo6i npaBO bh6cth b ntoro arojiOM ae-airi nonpaBKH. 

Oct 3MJCT ujboro aatcoHy: 



K'l.ii! a snxojyiB .1 KnlBa (i)o<iepoM, n jeut sciyuy MiiCROBCBKoro BtikBua) 
nepes Dly.iaBKy, 10 Jiau naro^y uiimmi, sk pagpi rojp" npiixosoBi Go-iBnieBiiKiB BecB 
n my3HBCBKHii esiT". PoCitioiku Ta B.i3HiiBH, osfipoeai, 3anpya;jBa.ia nyjinni, xeiy- 
imuncB, Kpii'iaiiii, posCTaBSSM Bapni, .iobu.hi ^yxptSBU^B". Konnysajio meiii Et'JBKoro 
Tpy^a npoiiTit iepea ne ,Hlpo^Hc jtojie'". 

Munysnin IKyjaBKy, 11 sarxajBCa (pa.ios 3 ton Aaapwwnoji, *.i hkuji BHiinroa 
3 Ku'iBa) tfi.ui KapaBMBCiHU ;\slh na uaiuiiipiiiiu aoi'KditcLKO-Oo.iMiieuiinBKiifi dothi', 
tap uecMiauBo mc uao.nm.-aijca ;;o Ku'iBa, 3oua<jiiBJiiii nai* asaaiK, ea-wru 
in.i'ia.lii ic])H'!.itii. mm'i jiii ni;i,isiiri.iii ;i,o llOTara. Myci.nn ui,T,iiini. Ikimiimh ii.-nnraiiiiii 
iiaun,upu!iii no-rar. Ha nioaiy uanucaao : ^esojuuitioiiBiiiii «o«3a NI TaBapiiBta 
.TIeHBua. Ben Bjacn. coBeraM." Kpyros DOHM — aayieui, aii|)iiiaueubKi ca-ijaxiiKli: 
Biui.iiotHo BeaitKopoca. ^oroct BeryntaTbcs, casBBBxui soiar, ::"|>!itj, HaBspym. 
,1 'i;yjionru (pogyneikca ui^poCacHi), bjo me npe^'anii.'iii, Be n,i.iKOM aa;tOBoatiiii.ii[ 
Bantssis uorary, ajie nicia ;(e-BKiix cynepcioK a aauioro fiosy, aasiiciifc nepmoro 
pimeHsa, aKe BByiwo: ,,c;uim< i, ■ uoeaa, (roe^em. bmcm b Eaes", — uu<-;ii,iyBMo 
.ipyre : — „Hy, 'iopi jtac- ijepn, juiiTe. Ewm ny.i;no 8yj(er, botom poacipejiaeji". 

I TyT — b itoTiiiii, i iaai — «a IIIy.iHBn,i — pafliaH i SaiHCt irporH nac 

aUTIIFIIln. HXO'iP, BIIKlKl'JIlO Jie-TiiKOpoCu Ta uoyaCTH ]Ku,T,H. 

Mafiaie u,i.iy niq (na,taB BOKpiifi cuir) Aoseiioi-b lira uaa aico» m)-na.i, niucce 
(bo aKOMy T3,iii.ih I'lDjiiiieuHHtKi 'jacuiuu i pixai aeBi^oai .'no^e). iJaciuuiiiii na 
uijitKa rojtHH b npXAQpoacHlii aajiBCtEifi Kopumi, apyroro ana an .lycrpi'm aBTO- 
MoGint, mfi "ixaB Base b Hanpani:y iii.t ilCiiTosupa. B aBTOMoOi.ii i.'ii,u.iii [oayfioBH^, 
Jlopiu, TuayeiiKo. Bd a pymnHn^stH. iia.iu BCTauou.inTii BificBBOBltl 8BB30K no mocce. 

*) B caia,; Ki.Miii'i, ^ochtb BejniBO'i, b 'iiic.ii uhbjhi bioah.hi: JJIyscBKiiii 
(y. c.-p.), XpncTiuK (y. i-.-p.), HyiTHHOBBHU (poc. c--p.) i flcmeBott (poc. e.-p.). 
VBKnrano aaKOHonpocKT i'iy.10 nupoCieHo n,nMU HOTupaa oeoCaira, npn loiiy b ocnoBy 
iioru uy.id B3aT0 iiociaaoBii yKpaincLKui ceaaucBKus 3'i3,niB b seaeiiHo'l enpani ; 3» 
cxe»y x saa saKononponrcry fiyjio b3bto BupoCiteHHH i|ipaKn,iao cou,isaicTiB-peBOnian,io- 
HcpiB b PociiieiKiil Jpyriii ^epatasnnii Jlym npoesc 3eieji*Horo saKony. .HoKaaAiiiKO" 
no saKononpoeKTy b HenTpa-itniR Pa^i BHOTjnas II. Xpncnon (y. c.-p.). 






^T""':"'. 'i " 



129 



Posfliai I. 

A a r a .i i. n i 3 a c a a h. 

1. llpaao BJiacHOcni h& Bci aeajii a is ncaaaa, aa^eanaau ii ni^3e«HHifii 
oa-raiCTBamH b aesrax yKpaiacwso'i HapoaBtoi Peeayfi.iuKfi ais anai KacycTtca. 

2. Bci aeiLii 3 li sojiaaa, Ba^eaBBMH i ni,s;3eaaaiiH CaraiCTBaaa CTa»Ti flofiposi 
napojy yBpaSjictKOi Hapoflaxoi PecayfiaiiKH. 

3. Ha KopacTyaaaaa Haa jiofipoM aaron. npaBo bci rpoMaflaae yKpalactKOi 
HapoflHto'i Pecnyo.niKB 6e3 piaeumii no.iy, eipn i aan,ioHajiiB0CTa, 3 HoaepwaBaaa 
upaBua n,i>oro aaKony. 

4. a) Bepioene aopaHKyBaaaa Bciaa aeM-inaa 3 fi Bojiaaa, aaflseMBaan i irijt- 
aeaHHSM CaraTCTBaaii aaaeaiHTii, jifl ciuuicaaaH yK.paIaci.KHi ycTaaoB'iHx 30opiB, 
yKpaiHCtKia UeHTpa-itaia Pftfti. 6) IIopaxKynauHH b aeaiax n>oro BaKOHy aajeacHM, : 
iieiJiaMii airicbKoro itopitCTyBannn — 3rUao 3 §§ 6 i 7 — oplaaa* «riaci.Koro 
caaoBpHiynaaaa ; hhbibhb — ckiLCLKHM rpoMa^aM, aojocTnua, noaiTOBHH i tytiepii- 
I'Luus 3eac.11.aBX KOMiTeTaa 8 meacai ii Koanereaa,i'I 

5. Ha BcpsoBiraii i HicneBi opfaaH BOpajrKyBaaaa 3eaaeio noK.naxaeTBCs : 
a) satfeanelPHHH rpoaa^anam Ii npaB aa KopacTyaaHBa seaaew, 6) oiupoaa npa- 
po.THHi ("lara^TB senai bU BHCaaa:eHiin i BamBaaaa 3axosiB so apociy nax fiaraata. 



Poajiia II, 
Ocaoaai sacaji KopacTyBaaaa aoaepineio seu.ii. 

6. KopHCTysanHS noBepiaea) 3BMai ,no3aojiat!Ti>cH : a) hub saraaMio-rpniaj!,- 
fLK'iro rocao^apciaa, kojih opfaau ^epxaBao'i a.ia.ui, opfaiia aicBKoro caHOHpajry- 
Danaa afio 3eaeaLai Koaiiera opfaai3yK>Ti, i aeayra piacai KopacTHi nijnpaaacTBa 
saiajiLBOio a6o MicucBoro rpoMaflCBKoro aaaviaaa ; fi) ^ja apanaTHo-Tpynoaoro rocao- 
^apdBa, aKe Be^ertca BJiaeaoro npaneio — oapeaaaa ocofiaau, cbuhkh a6o cniju.- 
hbhh lOBapaciBaau ; b) ni# oceai i fiyjCmai OKpeam ocoSaa i TOBapacTsaa afio 
rpoaai,cucB* ycianoBaM ana Kerna-aaaa: afio ,tm ToproBMBHUx la apowtcjoBai iiifl- 
BpnoacTB. 

IIpnxiiEa s° "■ S) THiraaeoao, y bhkjudhbiu aaaa^Kax, aaaaaaa apanji Home 
BaviiBaTBca, 3rijjio 3 npaBBjana, aid BCTaaoBJUOJOTt 3eiiejtBai kositctii. 

7. Optaaaa jepacaBUOi BJiasu, opianaa Micj>Koro caMOBpaiysaaHa i 11 cotoaas 
xa aeaeaiflaa KoaiTeiaa aajacTLCfl apaao noBepTaTii a npaaaaiaia aorpifim mionu 
3e«eaL jya rpoaaftciKoro KopacTyBanaa 3 aeioio : a) oiopoaa upapOAaai fiaraurs 
seaai bIj, BiicaaascnBa i s-ia paD;ioaa3Baini,oro Ix BBKopaciOByBaBaa ; 6) BU3acKyBanaa 
fiaianTB 3eaai i BOBepaeHaa apuoyTKiB 8 Hal aa 3ara.iiiBo-rpoHaaci.Ki ao'rpe6n ; 
b) 3aBeaeaaa ,T,ocBiflaai i 3pa3K0BBX aoaia, poacaaaaKia, aaTOBBBKiB, ceaeauiBHHi 
CTaattiii, a laKoa; jaa caaiTapaax, GaaroaiaHBi, ocbithhi Ta mbuibi »8TSJtbH0- 
Kopacaai ycianofl ; r) fiy^yaaaaa 3aai3Han,B i anarax auaiiB. 

8. aea.ii si^BOABTtca 3eac.11.BaHH KOMiTeT^HH b npaaaTao-Tpy^OBe Kopaciy- 
Baana ciatciKaa rpoMaa,aa Ta noCpoai-itao cK.iaseHE« TOBapacTBaa, aiti BCTaaoBaroawj. 
apaaaaa nopaaKyBaBaa BifluejeaaMH ia 36MaaHH 3 so^fipataanaa Baaor a,toro saKoay. 

9. Hopaom aaji,Laeaaa jaa npaBaTao-TpyjiOBHX rocaoj;apcTB EOBBaaa Oyia 
tana CKLiitaicTi. 3eaai, H a aidS ciaa afio TOaapacTBO, npoaaAflaa rocao^apcTao 3bb- 
laanan jtaa CBOei Micn,nBocxH caocofioa, najiH 6 aopBcii., aorpifiay, as a^a 3a- 
SOBOaeaBa cboIi cnoataBiax aorpeo, Taic i m» naTpanaaira csoro rocno^apcTBa ; 
n.a nopaa hb aoaaaaa nei-eBaa^BaTH TaaoS okmbkoctb 3enai, SKa aoase fiyia oGpofiaena 
aaacHOio npaii,e» cini afio ToaapacTBa. 

10. BcTaaoBjieuan it,ic'i aopHH 8 ypiBHSHaa a KopHCTyaaaaio Benaeio npo- 
soji;aTtca seHeabHHHa KoaireTaaa i ciJictsaMB r|)OMaaana nifl KepyaaaHaa i aicaa 
■laTBcpftaceaaa noBTpaJiLaoro opfaiiy aepataBao! BJtaaa, 

11. Ca^ufiai yaaciaa nU pixsai fiysiBai i aianpBGHCTBa ciBOflHTtca, sriaao 
3 npaBaaaaa, BCTaHOBJieaHMH nepataBaaioi opfaaaHa, opfauaaa aicLBoro caMoapR- 
,;yiiamia i 3eaeiii,BHMB KOMircraan. 

12. HiaKoi naarai 3a KopHCTyBaaaa ae nosaHBO fiyra. 

XpaciBK. IcTOpia psioiionit, II. ® 



— 130 — 

II p ii a i t K a. OnoAaTKyBaHHKi ni^.mraniTL tulkh .maimi aesrai uosepx 
BCraaoBJieuciI Eopau aflo na,T,3BaiaiiHi noxoyp, hki aajieaiatt bU; npupoanm hkoctbh 
yiacTKa, fioro 6.iu3i.kocth ho Toprosejiuiui n,eiiTpia i auaiin Ta nij unmni conjaamo- 
eKOHOHHiHHi yj<0B, HeaaaeatBtix six npanj rocuo,napiB rocnoflapcisa. 

13. Ctpokh KopHcryHaHiia aeMaew BCTaHOB.iioioTi.ca rpoMajaaH i TosapnciBaaii. 
iia nis<'Tani npuitii.'!, BCTairoiuenm aexenBUHMH EOuiteTann, itrunu is uiia 3auOHoa. 

Ilpminj. IIpaBo KopiicTTBauHH some nepexoHHTii b cnannumy. 

14. Ilepe^aia npaBa KO])ucTyBaiiHa yiacraoa aea/ii KOSUXM Ti.ii.Kii 3 X03B0.iy 
rpoaa.i i sfiKo.rbHiix KOaiTeriB. 

15. y'iacTKH npBBaTHo-TpyftOBOro xopiicTyBaaBH, iia itorpiix 30BC1M npn- 
nuHaGitca rocaOAapCTBO afio aaBo^HTMH HerpyaoBC, aepexoaan b nopsftKyaaiiHH 
rpona^ i seaejtHHx KOaiieTiB. 

16. IIpii aaiai rocnoflapb yiaCTKia aea.ii bci aaaeneai nonepenaiii rocno- 
Aapea i HCBBKopHCiaHi aeaeaidii nojiiimieajia i ae.'iiopait,ii' ou.iaiyiOTfcca fioay eobhh 
rocnoflapea. 

17. CLiK*Ki rpoaagpi [ ToaapnciBa xii6opo6iE BisnoBiftawrt 3a nopaHEyBaaua 
aeaacK) aepej^ aeaejiiiraan KoaiieTaau. 

18. ^Jia nepeBeftOHus saxoflia j,o oiopoHii i posBiiTKy (Jaranvra aeicri sa- 
itnajtaeitca XepaeaBHHfi MejriopaiHBHHii *toHfl. 

19. fl.iH flouoMoni HopBa-itiioMy posbhtkobi ci.ibctKoro rocnoaapcTBa ftepataBoio 
opfaniayeTtta cui.ci.Ko-rocnoxape&KMii KpejpT. 



Poasia III. 

II e p e x o H o b i a i p ii. 

20. BsiB-taeuenan bcix seiie.iB 3 Ti Bo^aoii, iiaxsexzHtui i ni£3eHHUMii npa- 
pti^unaa daran,Tnaira b aeatai yKpaiHc&Kol HapoHH&oI Pecny6anKH nepeBoajiTtca 
ties BBKyny. 

21. 3a ifoaepenBimt BJiacHHKaaii ii opcHnapaau (oKpeMiiaii ocoGomh, ciaaan, 
TosapHCTBaKH i rpoKa^aaii), no Ix OaaiaEHK i 3 noctanoaii bo.iocthhx seHe.Tiuiix 
KoalieTiB, 3ajraniaioTbCH b EopucryBaHHio yiaciKii 3eMJii 3 calami, BHHorpaHHBKaMiij 
xaijtHHKaaH i t. heei. b CKiatKOCTn, aKy bohh B.iaeaom npan;eio i apan,eio cunri 
oral aojKj'Tb o0po6niH. 

1 1 p 11 m i t k a. TpyaoBi cajii, BiiBorpa^BBKu, xmLilbiikii i iase Htuue 3a.n1- 
aiaioiEca b KopnciyBaBHio OyEnmx B.iacmu;iB i lie BpiayioTi>ca. 

22. Bci BeMfli, a~Ki ho BusaHDB utoro aaKuay 6y.iH b posnopa^aceauK) opfaaiu 
aicn,eBoro caaoBpaftyBaHaa i pia:Hint rpoaajc'iKiii ycTaitoB, b nopa^y ct. 7 ochob- 
aiu sacaA, sa-iiiaiaiOTbCH b 'ii KopHdyBaHHW 3 itortaiioB noBiioBiu aeae.itHBi 
KOaireriB. 

23. CasHoni yiaCTKii aeaji ni,; oce.is«a i piiKHimii rocnosapciKiiBJi, wpro- 
Be.iE.aaan i npoaHCJOBHaa niflnpuekcTBaan 3aj1na1a10n.cs b KOpHCTyBaaHW BaacHiiKiu 
y ckijUiIvOCtb, ana BCTaBOB.iauTtcM 3eHi?;ii.HHiiH KOMiTeiaai! 'in opfauaxii aicbEOro 
cajfOBpaayBaHBH no npHHaneaiHocTii (ct. 4). 

24. Bci Hmni aeani, He saaiia^eni b ct. 21, 22 i 23, nepexoABTt ^0 nopa,iKv- 
Baniin 3ene.ii.EUi KomiTCTiB. 

25. OAHo^acEO 3 n,HEn aeHJiaaji bi^ BJiacBUBis nepeiOHati no pocnopaftseinra 
aejfejtanx KoaiTeiiB jKHoaii i aepraiiii ci.ii.ci.Ko-rociioHapci.KBfi iHBOHTapL ra dvniii.'ii, 
3a.BHHarKoa tici ceLhi.boctb "is, KOTpa kob-ic iiorpi6Ha la ,1,™ sthtth i BeHeaaa 
npaBamo-TpynoBoro rocnojtapcxBa in ToproBMX i epobhciobhx ninnpneacTB, sriflao 
3 ct. 23. 

26. 3a3aaieui b ct. 24 i 25 aeaai no^i.raKiTtca jeseabHiiaa Konrretaaii aa 
HBV ^acTHBH : a) aa 3eajii hjih 3aravii.BO-rpoMaji,ciKoro rocnonapcrBa, sriAHO 
a ct. 6 i 7, i 6) Ha aeaai s.ia .npHBaTHO-ipy^OBoro KopHCTj-Baaaa. 

27. 3 3eue.ii,, npusaateHux rm itpimaTHo-TpyHOBoro KopucryBaHHS, •» nepmy 
tepry-' 3aHOB0.TtHaK>T6Cfl uoipefiH aicneaol aaji03eaeji[.Ho! Ta 6e33eaeai,HO'i uH6o- 
poficiKOi jho^hoctb i b spyry — iiOTpefia micupbo! Hei.iiCopo6ci.EOl i HeMicn,eBOl 

.HO^HOCTH, 



- 131 



lliiHiciiKa. Ma-ioaeiie.ii.KHMa yBaacaJOT&cs raw raifiopofiB, lutoiqa WM.ii 
KOTpHx ae aa-AOBcawisc cnostBBlBi noTpefi ixbii cesieii Jipii t^tfmmo rocnojapcTBa 
3BB'iafi!niH r \'ia csoel «ion;BBOCM cnocoOqx. 

28. HajpWHHa ttpoBajttttcs n0 nop*'. BciaHoMeKiH b nopn^Ky ct. 9. i 10. 

ornoBHHX aaeaj;. 

29. ypiBHK>uanHa b KopBciyBanHKi aeM.ieio irposawtca duhxon : a] ono^atKy- 
saaHS .iiifliKiB 3eM.d noaepx BCTauosaeHoI Hop«n, bwiobwio j,o luaoro xoioay 
■s hhx : f>) onoAa-TKyBaHHa HajaBiraaiinitx aoiojJB 3 3esai, aid 3a.iexan. Bi r i, npii- 
i)OABiii SKOcTeit yuacTsa, ioro ItaHSKKOCiB fto ToproBe.TtHHX ueHipio i iihuiiix 
coipa.ibJto-eKOHOMUiHus yann, iieja.iea;Hnx bu Hpaui rocnoaapiB ehs rocnoaapcis ; 
h) posce^enHa i nepece.ieHM aflo 3mihh Mea; yjacrKiB i fx poaaipia. 

30. 3eM.ii, ani aa.utniaion.ea nicia na.v'.ieaHB JticneBoJ sjo^octb no BCTaaOBiie- 
uiix aopaai, 3.0MI jiBpodjiaTb n,eHTpajiLHi opteHii aeMcitHoi pe$op»ji ii.ihh poaceieaica 
i uepeceaeHBs, aiMKyn. AasaTBca b BopHCiyBaHHB Kieuesiii XKpxoexB noaepx mix 
Hopa, Ha yaoBax, BCTaHOB.ieHiix aesejibBBun KosneTaMH. 

31. 3eMai j,.ia aaciBy GypaKiB i mhbmx pocnHH, aa skhmii SH.mai:ii.i!i 
ocofijiHBe saaiiHsa, osBoaaTti'a b npi!BaTBO-Tpyji,oBe EopuorvBaujin a yBOBOJO nft 
3BCH£ineHBS noeiBHol n.ionji n,KX By-inyp. 

32. BncoKOKyjurypiii rocnn^apcTBa nepe^aioTtca huhbh b KopneryBaHaa 
TOBapucTBair a(>o cuitctium rpOMmaat, uoipi BecTuayiL rocnojiapcTBo enivimo, no 
li.ianai, 3aTBep,T^enui 3eHe.~n.Hnai! Koah'isTaMH. Ha Tarair caHHX yjuiaax 6e3 noai-iy 
iroi'e,iaKiTi.ca b KopacTyaaHBa oa,T,u, xbuluhkii, BHnorpaaEBKH i t. ii. 

33. IIjeaeEini poacaAHirKU, nHTOMmnsH, ce.icxnj&Bi Ta aocBi;[Hi iio.ih i ciaHui'i 
iiepexoasTi. Tti.iMMi! b nnpaaKyBaHHH 3eMeaimu KoaiTeTiB, aoTpi afto caai se^yib na . 
n«x rocno«a.p»BaEBB ado nepejajori "ix opiaHas aieneaoro caxoapgjgrtaioa ta 
uayKOBHji aas-ia^aa." *) 

Ochobhoh) hijuho iy>oro aaKOHy ABitaioc& — yTBopnra raid yiroBu 
KopHCTyBaHBM aemieio, Hpn hkhi 6y.na 6 BHKjnoMena Bcarca moxjiHBicTb 
KaniTaaicTHHEoro BUBHCKyBaHHa aa ftonoaoroK) sewjii 3»,tcbkoi upani, HHaKine 
KafttyiH — BcaKa HoaurHBicTb Rn.KopneTOByBaB.HH aeM^i, hk anapasafl upo- 
Ayiuul, jyra eEcxuibOaTanii juoaiiiih .'no^naoio. Ilopyi 3 ii;ieio u;iajno CToaaa 
jpyra — yTBopeHHH TaKHi yMOB BemieKopacTyBaHHa, hkl noaeKuiyBajui 
6 cnonaTKy opi'aHiaaiiiio OKpennx bcjibkhs rpoia^cbKai rocEo^apCTB 
b cnLiBHm, rpoaiascfcKHM BeseHHSM rocno^apcTBa, a noTis — nepexifl ao 
rpouajxcbKoro Be«eKHa cLabctKoro rocnoaapcTBa b 3arajn>H0-jiepa;aBHHi 
Mesas. ^ocnrneHHa h,hi niiteii HacaHJiocb b $opatax, aid Bi^aoBiaajiH 6 co- 

Il,U]JIbH0-eKOHOJIBqHHM JMOBajI pOSBHTKy BeMeKOpHCTyBaHHH H3 yKpaisi 

i bojih 6 jto 3pocTy ciJibCbKorocnoflapcbKOl Kyjitrypn i BBaaanoI a He© 
iHTeacHBHOCTH Ta npoji^KuifiHOCTH cinbCbKoro rocno^apcrBa. 

HacEcLibEH ycniniHO HaBeaeHra saKOH nijiioaHB no posBaaanna 
seMejiEHoi cnpaBH Ha yKpaiai, ne ^oBejioca nepeBipBra Ha npaKTimi. 
BificbKOBi no^ij fim^n TaKHM inBHftKnis TeMnoH, m.o npaBHTejbCTBy noBejioca 
3ajTHiHHrH KhIb paaime, um aaKOH 6yB aaapyKOEaHHH. Ony^jriKOBano fioro 
6yjio snepine e JKHrorapi: sbI^th no^ajioci. i noinnpeHHa fioro mix. ce- 
lancTBOK. Cnpofin nepeBee™ sasoH n;eS b ;khtth Cyjio apodeHo Bxe 
ni^iac nepefiyBaHBH Ha YKpaM mMenLKO-aBCTpo-yropcLKnx BifictK. Heiia 
noipe6H ni^KpecaioBaTH, mo toaIidhh CHTyanja Ha yKpaim lyjiKOM He 
cnpHaaa thm cupofiax. Hiien;bKO-HaaapcbKa peaKHJia noKJiaJia im uibhhko 
KiH6Ab cnoqaTKy BTpyiaHHBM HiMeubKO-Ka^apctKO-aBCTpifictKoro BincbKOBoro 
KOiiaHayBanHH b aeiejibm BaacMOBi^HocHHH Ha Mi^ax, a noiii — xep- 

*) Texci saKoHy nosaito aa faaeTaaa. 



132 — 



iKaBHiiM nejieBOporoM — poaronoa IJeaTpajiiiHoi 1'aan i BcraHOBaeHHas 
reThMamnunn, npo m,o noKJiajnime cuaaaHo 6yj,e nname. 

y BcaKia paai, noatna a neBnicTio CKaaaTH, aio KOaii 6 OBHaneHuii 
aaKon oyjio npnfiaaTO HenrpaJibHOK) Paoxno michiub na jpa-Tpa paHime 
i noaa 6 6y.io bhshto toju eepfioaflnx aaxoajs jw fioro uepPBe,ieaHH 

B SBTTH, 33X01,18, HK1 HIIIJIB 6 BKyni 3 IiepeBe,J,eH BfM HHUIEX COItiflJIhHO- 

eKonouHHHHi peipopi, oiTOBimeiiirx III yHiBepcaiou IJeaTpaabnoi Pajui, 
i BKyni 3 BB3iianHHx peBo.noiijiiuo-jiepacaBBOiV) aHaniaHa ua papain po- 
6iTHHMHX, cajr^aTCbKHX i ce^aBcBKBX Jieny raTiis Ta asinaeaBHii ubx opi'aaiB, aK 
6j;bbo siaTBHx no6upoTB KOBTppeBO-TKuiBfli nepeuiKOAB i ncpeBeeiH H0Tpi6ai 
ipyjiosoiy aapo^OBi petpopia, — 8e>cJii>Hiiu aaKOB hub 6b cBoe — b nepuiy 
>Fepry BOjiniqBe — saaqiaHa, nin,Bo 3B33aB 60 Tpy^oBe eeaaucTBo yicpalaH 
a i^nrpajbHOH) Pajroio, a tab camnji Bia,irpau 6n BeAHicy pojm b moukobclko- 
yKpalHCtKig BiSai. BnaaBHil sea b jpi BnxoAy UtearpajitHOi Pagn e KniBa, 
Bin TparHB B nji cancjii jiyate 6araTO. 

TaK caso npneryuHjia HeHrpa.Ti.Ha Paja i go poGiTHEioro aaKOBO- 
^aBCTsa. „3aKOH npo BocbMHro.i.HnHJtB po6iTHTi<mH a,eHb ,( 6yao npaSaHTO 
iepe3 THSAeBb nicjia 3ejteJU>noro 3aKoay. TeKCTy iioro me ne 6ya,efiO 
HaBO^BTH Tyr, TOBy iiro 3mict saKoay aBaaeTbca acmifl a caitoro sarojioBtcy 
Soro.*) 

Ilto TopKaetbca aaKOBiB Bpo KOBTpoab Haj, ToproBaew i apoiHcao- 
sicTio, aaKoniB npo BOBOBcaisauiio roaoBBimnx raayaiB bpomhcjioboctb, 
npo KOHTpojib Haa; 6aHKaMB, npo <t>opnH cniBpo<5iTHBn;rBa pa,i pofiiTHHinx 
oajTAaTCbKBx i ceJiBBCbKHX jenyTariB a opi'anaan nieneBoro caiwynpaBJiiBHJi, 
a Taicox aaEOfliB no bbuibx im-rauHax, iiUiihthx III i IV yfliBepca.tanH, 
to bohh TaK i He 6yjin Bnpotfiiesi. JI,o BB|to6aeuHa je-HKHX a hbx, uk ot 
aaRosy apo yTBOpenaa eobiix opfaniB BJiajto na micuhx, oyjio xuibKH npB- 
CTyBJieHO, a 3,0 (SiabwocTH HaBixb i ne apncrynaaocb. 

Bee ufi ayace noarKOjinao yKpaiacbKiS peBOJJouii i b nepmy iepry 
cajnifi UeBTpajibHiS Pa.u. Afirania mockobcbrbx 6oJitaieBBKiK upoia H,eB- 
TpajbHoI Paa.n, ate 6yp;Kya.jaoI aifia-TO opt'aaiaauii, ne norjra 6yTB 36bt* 
4iaRTaiHi a njajibHOCTn Pann. ITocHjanaa at Ha ojiai ofiinaHKa, apofijieni 
Paa,oio b yaiBepcajiax, a TeHepaiibBBM CeKpeTapiaroir b fioro AeKJiapa- 
njax, 6yjio, aBimaSao, iw. 

14. riiiHHHHH BoeHHHx yonixiB HOCHOBCbKHX (io^bUJeBHKrB i HeycnixJB 
UeHTpa/tbHoi Psaw. B Biilai a Mockobihiiboio yRpaiacbKifi UeFiTpajibHifi 
Paai aoBcin Be nomaeTHJio. Ha n;e ctcjiaJioua 6aran,bK0 npn^BB. Tpn 3 mix 



*) llepei nHMii aaKonaira Cyjio jiDajeno HeHtjiaabuoio Pa^oio (b jeH* oroao- 
meHiin IV yniuejieaji}') „3aKOH npo iranioHajibHo-nepconajibHy aBTOnoniKj" y,xa Ha- 
nioKUxma acutuiocTeii Vnpa'taif, Tesci Soro nonaeaio hhujic b Koiii'TiiTvui'i J'Kpaia- 
v&icol HapoAHio'i PecnyOjUKH. iT,o BHpoG:icuns n,i.oio aanony Oyjo npHCTyn.ieiio me 
■1 Jiira 1917., sapaa xe ni cm ioto, hk npe.vTaBHUKii naniotia-ijiHHS BentuiocTefi 
ysiiunjii b «ua;t IU itTpajnnoI Pa^u. ^.ib CK.ia^eHHH mxohj Syio v'TuopeHo HenrpaJiB- 
noio Pa^oK) oenfiauBy KOHiciio, b poGori «koi oco^jihbo flinjibny ynacTt 6pas upfifl- 
cTaRiiHi ceKpeiapcTBa enpeiictKBi enpas ^(. X y p t i h. llicaa yiaajin 3aKoay lJ,eHTjiaJit- 
iioio Pa^oio, cBpeiiCiKe, wooKOBCbKe i nojitctKB wiflicTepcTBa aapaa sa KBaBO 
Baa^HCH an nepeaejienHB fioro a a:nTTB. BapTO 3a3na l iiiTii ty», mo pociiictKi 
uiii.n.-.T.'-xonp'iTH senuicBiiKH fiy.ui iipoTM 3aKOHy npo HanioHaJUBo-nepconajitny 

aBTOHOliiP. 



mb BBaacaeMO ua roAOBHiiui : 1) aanisHennfl HeirrpaJibnoi Pajfli 3 uepe- 
Be^eHiiHM Basnimjix couisLibao-eKOHOioMHHX pejiopi; 2) aejiflonlnmm 
Barn pas po6iTBH'inx, cejumchKHX i ca^.inTCbKnx AenyraTiB b peBOJiroujfiniii 
6oporb<5i i SBasane 3 u,na nepeouinenaa Barn opfaniB, nooyftOBaBHi aa 
senoKpaTiiiBiis ocHOBax, i 3) HenajiosonbiiflioHa opr'aaisaHva anapariB 
jepacaBHOi BJia^n, iuxobko aAaiHicTpaTnnHnx, m b aeuTpi, tek i na 
liuilJix, i Bi.^eyTBicTL apai'i. 

Koaina 3 unx npnmin a'ospema Manas pocnoqaTiS BiBBi naASBBHaiino 
Be.TBKe anaiiaHa. riepuia npimnua — aaniaaeHna HeHTpajibHO'i Pain 3 nepe- 
Be,(,eHnaa Baacnimnx couinjibao-eKononnqiiBX pefopi — npHBeja 2.0 oc- 
ia6jieHH3 SBflSKiB niffi HeHTpa.ibH.oio Pajtoio i aKTHBHO-peBojuoirinnBini 
MfiHeaTaHii ce.iiiucTBa, po6i mmrrBa i caji^aTiB. Boaa BHKJiHKaaa rows 
(Safijysici'b, a noAeKyflH, nicna 6o;ibnieBBiiLKoi" arlTauiT, i Lopoaucrb a,o 
HeflTpa^bHOl PaaB a 6oKy h,hx eaesemiB. BoHa aaaa rpyHT jura 6oJibuie- 
BBabKOi afrrauii", Maeois ujjikoii neeoRic.noi i aeMai'oi'u»)BOi, na apaaoK toto. 
111,0, sobjhb, CeKpeTapiflT uaanBaeTbca TeHepajibBBM lepea Te, mo b Hboay 
iiiiaTb Sypxyi-i'eBepajiH. Bona, Bpenrri, AOB&oa .10 Toro, mo b camiS 
Kpnui'innn aoaenr, kojih Tpetfa 6yjio opyacnoio eiwioio BHCTynnTH b otfopoay 
II,eHTpajii,HO't Pain, yKpai'ncbKi Biilcbfconi laoTHHB, m,o paHime tek najJKO 
BiTOJin H,eHTpaJibny Paiy, hk ..Banny aacTynHniyo i o6opoaHHipo" cboix 
iHtepeciB, oroJioniyBaJin „Heiirpa.TiTeT u . nin^ac 6o!b aa KnlB b canon) 
Khibi 3Ha2in.ioca KuibKa raKnx yKpalHCbKnx BiiiebKOBux qacTnn, mo „oro- 
.iocii.iH iieiirpajiiTeT". SBHianHO, ^jih oroAomeHHs Taicoro „HefiTpajriTeTy" 
6yaH h BHini npH'inHB: b nepaiy nepry npocTO Brosia ni,n TpbOXJirraioi 
riiiiiui 3 Hkeiqnnoio Ta ABcrpo-yropmnHoio i BeoasaHia CpaTB yiaem. 
b HOBifi niiini, a.ie ochoboio .kah Hboro 6yao AiBcHO aeaKTHBHe, HeHTpajibEC 
i)i ah oiueBHfl ao HeHTpajibHoi Pa,in, Ha any noKiaaaJiocb TaK 6araxo Hanjii 
' i ana B maJiiti wipi cnpaiuBJia Tx. npasjia, HenTpaJibua Pana oowfljm 
apoonTH me Sararo „Ao6poro", aae Te ac caie i me aaniTb olibme 
otiiiajra spo^nm n MocKoscbKi SojrboieBBKH. 3ajininaBca soiieHT nau,ioHajibHO- 
iep;KaiiHiiii, ajie bia yKpainctKOro ceJianCTBa, pofiiTinmTBa i BOamsa He 
aosHa 6yao BHMaraxn, mo6 boho BHMfoino is-aa nj.oro aoMeBTy fiutio 
uaKAajtaTH cboTmh rojioBaBH. ,Hjia TaKoro BHCTyny 3 fioro 6oKy neAOCTaBajio 
ia,e ayse 6araT0 ^c-mofo. Bca enpaBa noaarajia b Toay, bio nwroBfla 
apyxiraa Bcix BeanKHX pyxin ■ - deynocepeani cou,isjibH0-eK0H0HHHBi raacoBi 
iaiepccH — ne 10TOBxa.n1 it Aaniii Biina,AK0Bi ce.ianeTBa Ta po6iTHHu,TBa 
na Bifiny 3 Mockobiuhhoio. 

Tieno b aBaaKy 3 nepuroio Dpn l innoio CTo'iTb i Apyra — Heioouj- 
BeHBB Barn kibcobiix poCiTHnie-eeJiflHcbKHX opfasiaaaij! b peBOJfouiSnii! 
6opoTb6i. He neAOOniHenna AOBe^o no Toro, mo reflepajibBnH CeKpe- 
TupiHT ne xonooir ponaHTKOBi i CKpiruieBnio pa;; cejriiHCbKnx AenyrariB, aki 
;;o caiioro ocranHboro *iacy niAnBpa<ra noainiKy Ii[eHTpajibHoi Pa^n : mo at 
TopKaeTtca paA pofiiTmmnx i ea.iAaTCbKHX AenyTariB. to i'x cnoiaray npocTO 
6yjo ai^BopoBano, a ni3niui,e yKpaTHcbKnS ypaA CTaanBca xo hhx na- 
BiTb Boposse. B u,ef[ cnocifi 1'enepa.iiLEna CeKperapiaT BiAOKpemiiOBaB 
UeBTpaAbny PaAy bij cnpaBfli aKTHBHO-peBO.iBniilniix opi'aaiB yKpaiu- 
cbKoi i HeyKpalHCbKoi' ^euiOKpaTii, optaniB, aKi, apeniTOio, «a" h ' botah 
rtyTH cnpaBSHboio onopoio B,8HTpa«bnoi Pa^a b li peBOAton,iHHOMy na- 







lyoHaasEO-uoaiTBiaoay i couiajibHO-eKOnosiH'iiiOHy dyAiBHHUTBi, ll,n no- 
arrasa renepaatHoro CeicpeTapiHTy aBJiaertca tbk olatuie npn- 
KpoBS, mo case yKpaiacbKe ceaaHCTBQ (He Kaxyqn use npo 
po6iTHHn,TBO) a canoro noqaTKy peBoaioail, Koaa npo 6oab- 
luesHnBtcy paaaHcuty aepacasHy CHCieiiy m,e ne (>yao a bobh, era- 
bhjio b n,enTpi peBOjnonjfiHoro dyaJBHHi;TBa iaemio pajH ceaaHCbKBx, caa- 
flaTCtKBi i podiTHHiHx aeayTaTiB. Ta S KOHcrpyKnja D^eHTpaa&Hoi' Paaa 
nia,Ka3yBajia II asaxaTH <5ijibnie Ha paa.ii, am na opi'aun, uooyjonani na 
noaafwacoBHx, fteHOKparaqmix oeHOBax. 3aBBHnaH Tyx eceiJ)iBCbKO-ec^e- 
KiBCbKi npoBinHHKn reaepaabHoro CeitpeTapiaTy, aid, 6ynyra bh- 
xoBam na ia.eax oypajyaaaoro napaaaeHTapaoro a,eM0KpaTB3iy, He 
3itoraH BiniyrH (kojth He aaam Gym 3po3yiiiTH) Barn kjiscobbx 
opfaHis b BeanKis peBOJiJouJEHiH 6opoTL6i, mo BiflfiyBaaaci. b tojI 
Hats Ha yKpalm. 3aBBH3jra iyr raKoac i Ta oferaBnea, mo 
paaH pofiiTiiniax Ta caaa,aiCbKBx ^enyraTiB 6yaa aafiate y scix mic- 
rax YKpaiBH (a oco&ibbo b bgjihkhx), 3 bIrombx npnimn, HeyKpaiBcbKHsn 
no CBoeiy cmaay i BopoaaiMii a,o Han,ioHaaLBo-a,epa;aBBBx anaraHb yupa- 
iHctKOi .neMOKparii. njo-j];o utoro ociaHHboro, to Tpe(5a cuaaaTH, mo 
ii(,npo-npna3Be Bia,HOiaeHHa HetiTpajiLHoi Pajjn a.o aax opv'aHiB i BBpasHa 
Ta nocjrijf,OBHa eoniaabHo-eKoaoMH<iBa noaiTBtca PaKB, Beaeua u TattBH 
cnocil), wo6 i uji opi'aHH oyao BrarnyTO b npon.ec peBOjnoniiinol pofiora, 
any npOBajpaa HjeHTpaataa Paaa, — no-aa Beams cyMHiBOM Cyan 6 kojih 
He HJattoM 3HHin,Hjn MocKOBCbKO-neHTpaaicTniHi, „otini,epycbKi" i aHTH- 
yftpalncbKi Hacrpol hbx opi'aaiB, to, npHHafijiHi, HeBrpaaisyBaaH 6 n,i 
nacTpoi i thm cnocofion yHeaosanBnJiH 6 airrHBHBH nepexia, Bcix uhx op- 
I'afliaanJH Ha 6ik MOCKOBCbKoro BiKCbKa «iji;qac biShh. Baacne, cane paa,aa 
po6iTHninx i caasaTCbKHx ^enyTariB y b6jihkbx MicTax yapaiBH dojibnie- 
kbkh b nepuiifi Jiiaii aaBaHiyrorb cboI jiepemoru aaji, yjspa'iHCbKOio 
UeHTpaJibHoio Paa,oio. Eo m,e ne Beniaa pocnoaaTBCb BiiiHa 8 Mockobdjb- 
hok), he n,i pa,^B apofiBJiH cnpo6a aaxoHHTH Baaay b cboi pyK«. Bohb 
AesopfaHigyBaJiB aauuaa yKpalactKoro BificbKa, nopyiuyBaJin Hopsaabne 
Teaefpa^arae i BaaiBHoaopoKHe enoay^eHHa i ran AaJii 

Hapeinri, i Tpeia npBiHHa — HeaaffiOBoatBaiova opi'aaiaania ana- 
paxiB ftepsaBHoI B.iaj,n i BiacyTHicn, cnpaBSHboT apmil — Biftorpajia BeaHKy 
poaio. Caiio co6ok» poaymeTbCH, KOaa 6 J'KpalHCBKa PecnyfiaBKa aaaa 
b tob nac xoh He 30Bcii ao6pi, a ece s 3aj,OBoatHflHe sopi'auiuoBaHi 
anaparu flepaasaoro yiipaBaiflHa, aoaaia 6yao 6 DpHaycOB He a,onycTjmi 
BiScbKOBBx TacTBH jsfl caaBHoaBiCHOro B HeHTpajriTeTy' ( : Mosaa 6jjio 
6, Baiicqb TOro, nzo6 dbcetb B^aaeiax cTari Ha TeMy ,cBBKH-6a- 
aapHBKB" (ak n,e po6«B PoaoBa 1'enepaaLHoro CeKpeTapiary B. Bbhbh- 
i6hko) i cTapatncb hhm cBoeo6oM npBnHHBTH n aycKaHHa caa^araMB na- 
einna b aaaapnax Ta npojaac bdihb nnrapoK na daaapax" i npHHeBO- 
jihth B caaBH6 Boau,TB0 J no o6opoHH Pecny6aHEH, — MOSBa 6yao 6, Ka- 
kbko, AepsaBHHM HpnsiycoK nia;TarTB „cHHKiB-6aaapHHKiB" i Koaa He 
ffocaaTH Ix na (JipOHT, to xoi noKaacTH aa hhx HeceaHH BnyTpiuiHbO'i 
cayadH ho oxopoai ypaj;0BHx yeraHOB — 3aai3HHn,b, kohth i Tac saai. 
MoatBa oyao 6 3po6aTB cepfiosay cnpo6y opfamaanii yKpatBCbKoI po6iT- 
Hn?e-c&aaH0BKOl apmil, Banricnk toI 6yia<JiopiI, hkoio aaimaBca Tleraiopa, 



— 135 — 



Ilopai, CKoponaactKnfi (ocTaBBifi Ha onax rWepaarbHoro CeKpeTapiaty 
OTaManysaB y „BUitHOMy KoaaniBi", nijiroTOBJiaio'nj codi fpynr ajia ktl- 
uaHCTBa). Moxna 6y.no 6 6ijii>ui DJianoso i sauro nepesecTH cthxthho- 
pocno'iaTKy jtenodiJiiaaipK) na ({ipoHTi cnpaBBoto ounpauKOio b Pociio no 
aiuii8HHn,3x MOCKOBCbKHx HacMH i peopfaniaaijieio yicpalHCKHX. Moaraa 
oyjio 6 sain co6i paay i 8 (JpiHaHcaan, hkhx (SpaityBaao toju npaBBTe-iib- 
CTsy PecnydjrHKH, BarantEO ie-qoro, nOTpioHoro jjmi ofiopoMH pecny6- 
jmnn, so^cna 6yjio 6 spoCffrn naBiTt b Toii oypxiHBiir TpyjiHHS kjih sca- 
ko'i pooora nac. Ta (5ea xoopHx anapa™ aepa&BHoro ynpaBJiiiiBH He 
fiy.io novo il jiyaaTB npo n,e. Uon.ii jjihjih ipjttoa cnmSHO. IIpaBnTeiib- 
ctbo oyao u,iaKom 6emme upoTn hhx. 

By« me h BHiui npninHn, mo aaejiaaeriflb atbsafa nepeuory Ha 
6fk Mockobihhhh, m,o no.ieKiiiyBajin IB Biiray. Mn fixe roBopium npo 
,o6mepycbKi" (iaeHHo o6mepycbKi, a ne GoabraeBimbiti) HacTpoi BeJinttHx 
■iot Ha yKpami. Hi HaeTpo'i bcjih ao tofo. mo HasiTb con.iflatHi m no- 
jiiTii'ini Boporn 6o.itnieRHKiB abitjihce. ishImii nosiinnirKasra b Bifini npora 
HeHTpajiBHOi Pas,n. MafioyTiri KoaqaiciBiii, ,ijeHiKiHu,i fi nnma KOHTppeno- 
iK)iuHBa naBOJioi aaeOi-itinoro „BiTaaa u ooiibnreBHKiB, »k HociiB nepeaora 
socKOBCBKOro, Be.iHKopyctKoro neirrpy Hajt „cenapaTHCTaaH"-yKpaiEiiaBH. 
3pas0K hhx nacrpoiB n,aaa KHiBCbica jtiScbKa ayaa ai cboim roaoBoio — 
pociiScbKHM coniflflicTOH-peBOJnon.ionepoM Pa6n;oBHM. *) Hi HaCTpoi 6ea 
BiHCbKOBHx iiepeaor Ha (JipOHTi aaGeaimyBajiH MocKOBmnni no<5iay aaa 
yKpai'HOK). 

,Haai Ha <5oiji MocKOBmnnn oyaa hlikom aaTepiaabHa nepenara. 
B pyKaxPaj^H HapoflHix KoMicapiB 6yaa Kiaifca-aiaioHHa apMia, HKa xoi i poc- 
iia*fl.a.iacb, Ta Bee ac aorvia (Syra BHKopncTaHa b neBHifl HacriiHi naa one- 
pan,in npOTH yKpaiHH, npoTH ,,xoxjiob", „aa3eniran,eB". ,H,aai rpaan cboio poaio 
BejrHKir TexHiiiHi Bacofin crapox anapa™ aepataBHoro ynpaBaiHan; Be- 
jiHKa Ki.ibKicTb iHrejiir'eHuii, b xomy qncai S BificbKoBHi CTapmoH. Beanm 
rpouieai aacofin. mo nepefiuian Jto pyK Pajn Hapoanix KoaicapiB six 
eraporo npaBiireubCTBa, iaBa.ra i5ojii>meBHfcaii sioauiBBicTt opi'aBiayBaTH 
HaeuHy apiiio i poaBnayrH H0A3BHiafiHO BeanKy ai'iTauiio b TBay y bo- 
pora — Ha yicpalHi. 

, Heiaay pojuo Bijorpaao i 6eapo6iTTg, ^yse nourapene b toiI nac 
na MocKOBmBHi, a TaKoat i roaoa. Eeapofmm rojio^Hi podiraHii nacH 
.lerito hiujh b apii», thk fiijibine, mo 3a oiyacSy ^o6pe naaTH^H i, Kpia 
Toro, aaSeaneHyBa^n .,naijKO«" ciaio. He Tpy^no 6yao niKHflra i „6oeBiiS 
syx" rasoi apiiiT. BapTO 6yjio TiJibKH CKasara, mo „6paTii,[j" roao^aiOTb 
nepes „yKpaHflu,eB-xoxjioB' L , hk „TOBapnmH" aanajnoBajHCb Bornea neBaBHCTH 
ao yKpalHn;iB. Ariranja npora TeBepajtbHoro CeKpeTapiary na I'pyHri 
npoaoBOJibHoI CKpym y BejniKopocii 6yjia jiyse noiuDpeHa, xo^ b niffCHocrn 
rekeptutbBKB CeKpeTapiar ne aas aiKOJin Haaipin mophth MocKOBinnny, 
a ths 6mbuie (ppoHT, rojioaoM. Tofi se ipaKT. mo MocKOBmnHa aidcho 
He aorjia ojepsaTH x.ii6a s yKpaimi, noscHroBaBca peBoaronJHHHUH noaiflW, 
pyiHpio TpaHcnopxy i nacTynoa coBiTCbKoro BiBcbKa na yKpaiay, a He 

*) II. I*Hfln;oB BiiaB bctjh moriKOBCwsoro BiHciKa y HhIb, sk „BiAkoB.ieuH* 
lyWHoro jaia.itHopociiicLKoro penri.iK)n,U1fiom ^ponTV*. 



— 136 — 



ajioio BOJieio feiiepajiBEoro CeKpeTapiaTy (ijirocTpanieio n,boro aBJigen.ca 
isuoysa 1'eHepaJii.iToro CeKpexapiflTy no BeJTHKopycbKoro napoj^ a Hfla 
2, ciihs 1918. p.) (22). BoJitnieBHKM, aBnflaSao, anajiH Bee n,e, o^Haie jjeaa- 
totmno BHKopncTOByBaJiH npojOBOJtbinB aoieaT. A mo Tasnfi ,,ayx"" 
iiiiaepsyBaBca y Biicbicax CoBm-bKOl Pocii, noKaaajo Horn ;tiiKe HumeHBa 
una BiicbKOK „yKpalHnJB" (xto 6 Bonn He 6yjiH no cboii nepeKonaaHax) 
b aaHaarax »icn,eBOCTax YKpaiBH i oco6.iubo b Kbibi. B Kn'iei poacrpijiio- 
Bajio MOCKOBCbKe BincbKO kojkhopo, xto roBnpnB no-yKpaTnebKosy i bb- 
3HasaB ce6e yjtpalnnea. 3BHiaiiao, Bee ixe poSujin ue KtHyaicTn, a aBHiafiui 
co6i ,.6paTn£r' Ta „TOBapBm,H" nij, itpoBOjoi m,e aa craporo nacy bhxo- 
uaanx oi{>nii,epiB, no;u6Hiix ao san^apaa MypaBHOBa, asiiii. Be^ym ofi.iory 
KalBa, a oco6aHBOH) nacojiojjoio ,,rposHB" a saxKoi aprarapil 6ynHHOK 
„cenapaTHCTa" M, TpymeBcbKoro (ina noxii xBajinsea b cboix ny6.in<inax 
BHdynax), saoyBaroiH, oieBHjno, npo Te, mo Tai ikhjio 6aran,bK0 8 He 
B cenapaTHcTiB". 

Hapeum, npneyiHicTb socKOitcbKoro BiiicbKa Ha yKpalBctKony a}pos 
TaKoa spte flonoaorjia 6ojibiueBnKaa nepeaorrB HeHTpajbHy Paj,y. B toh 
iac, an 6o.Ti.uiGBiini.Ki 'lacTnHH nacTynajiu a XapbtdBmaBH, aailHfl.ni noiia 
KaTepHHOCJiaBni,HHy Ta IIo.iraBin,HHy, aocKOBibiri lacrnsu cyHjJin CTHiifino 
(i 8 Hatcaay 6oabuieBnu,bKoro KoaaHayBaHHa) a $poHTy ,^oj,omy" i Ha 
KhIb — npora v xouan,K4H" I^eHTpajtbaoi Paw — sanaa-ia IToiiiuia 
BojiBHb, KalBinHHy. 3 u,iel npHinmi, a,T,aBum Khib, npaBHTejrbCTBO yKpali 
MacHe He maao Kyjui BucTynam IlepeixaBiiiH #o JKoTOMnpa, boho 
oraanjioet b aiuiKy: KopocTeHb, PJBHe, EepwiiR 6ynw BaiiHHTi n.aan 
^iJipoiiTOBiiau" Co.iLii[GBiiii;hKHMH yacTHHaiH; no mocce x n,o KopoernuieBa 
uaOjiiiXiuncb 6ojibineBHKH axe 3 Kni'sa. 

BaaBuiE Bee n,e aa yBary, a TaKoac Baarajii syace Tpywi j;o o6opoHii 
t'eofpa<j>H«iHi KomoHii yKpaiHH a HocKOBifljiHoio, ne aoacHa 6yao ii HaAisTJici. 
na nepeaory IJeHTpajibHOi" Pa^H Han Pa^oro Hapoinix KoaieapiB. 

Tacoif jiioSjiHTb noaeHJOBara nepeaory 6oabuieRHKiB Ha,a; HeHTpaxb 
hojo Pa^oio He HaBe.ieanaH same esuajjiuiMH upiniinaaii, a toh, 
uomob 6h yKpaiHCbiti cejiancbKi, pooTrmmi i cajiaaTObsri sacu bci 6y.o 
^6ojibme8HKaJiB" i lepes Te cbj,xoho a6poilH0 BncTynajrn npora D^eHTpa 
hoi PaflH, jonoaoraioqn Bific-bKy Paj.H Hapoiaix KoaicapiB. Ta TaH 
iioacHeana gBJiaeTbca noaHJiKOBna. 6o TeepaxenHs, na aKoay boho fpj 
ertca, ne Bi^noBiaae aihchocth. Oco6jihbo boho He BijtnoBiaae jdhchoctb 
b rifi lacTBni, SKa TopKaeTtca cejisHCTBa. CeaaHCTRO, npaB.ia, acaaJio 
nepeaejteHHa pefopa i b nepnry Hepry aeinjiuroif. YKpaincbKi caaiaTH 
i cejiaHe 6yjiH aeaanoBOjieHi ajflBicTio i HepiinyHicTfO ]JeHTpaflbRO'i PajH 
b coHJflJbHo-eKOHOMH'iHiH Ho.iiTnii,i. B neBHiB CBOifi lacTsioi bohh 6yjra 
,Xo6pe poaariTOBaHi 6ojn>nieBnKaiiH opora D,eHTpaJibHoI Paitn, jyaato < iH 1 
iu,o soHce h cnpasai b Paji,i cH.iaTb (JypsKjT. Aae ail BCboro iiboro me 
6yao najieKo jo Toro, ni;o6 c6Jihhctbo BiTaiio 6oji[,BieRHiaB, a tub Ginbuie 

3KTHBH0 aOHOHOrajIO IK B fiiSai HpOTH U,eHTpajIbH01 Pa^H.*) yttpalHCbK 



*) Jtan ia])aKTepneTnRU ce-iHHCtKni nacTpoia b ni3rrimHri lac, a case — » tac 
nacryuy Hiimin ua yKpalny, HaaoflHito tjt Tany cn;eHKy 3 HaxypH. 

CeJio ByxHH, OKBHpctKoro noBixy na KuiBinjini. ^iflmoaca rj'piOK ceaau. 
BaaaKaioit itpo ce — ie, a Hafi6L.ti.nie npo IleHTpaatHy Pa^y, fioimneBHKii) iHianiB. 



— 187 — 

ca-waTH b cbc-Tb «aci odaBHJia ceiS ,.aeiiTpajiiTeT u b sinni, a ceJiaacrBO 
upoero jsjiBTiixotii, mo 3 Toro BoS^e. I HeirrpajiE.ua Pa^a „odiaae daraTO'" 
i doJbiueBHKH me 6ijiHtue: OTse, noKH mo, He dyno panjl 3a Te — 
hcbuoho me HKe — „6ijibnie" BoiOBaTH. nisnitui HaffrynH mockobci>khi 
fio.itiueBiiitiB Ha yKpalsy, — nijviac hkhx ytcpniBCbKe ceMBCTBo aaorno Bare 
uepeBipnrfl n<wiiTHKy doJibuieBHKiB na .njjii, poacyioLiocb Ha cboI CKJiaflOBi 
MacTBHa i BKpnjio YKpainy iiiHpoKOio cTpawaoio iBBJieto nosoTaHb npora 
fiojibiufBimiB, — iionasajia, aio b nefi nac nepuioro npuxoay loctcoBCbKHX 
6o.ibiueBHKiB na yhpalay ceaancTBO iaieHBO Tiabo npn.THBja.ioca, BanpodoBy- 
Baao. CsiflOMiuie uanionaJibBO yftpalHCbKe Tpy^OBe cenaHCTBO t» podir- 

UHHTBO Be B3J0 IIOJIQHtHilO KpiBaBBI SepTB B Hill BlKHi yKpai'nii b Moc- 
KOBmUHOK), BijICTOKHOHH BpaBO Ha CB06 BtJIbHe BBUiOHaJtbHe CaiOBH3BaqeHHH. 

15. JHviTOMHpcbKHH nepioji UeHTpaJibHOi PaAM. IIpnixaBinn .1,0 
/KnToarrpa, UeBTpaabaa Pa,n,a i apaBiiTejibCTBO dyjia He b CTani BeerH 
jiaai odopoHH Peciiyd.mKH BJiacnHMn cbjiuhh. 3 npaBUTejibCTBOBi ojicxynHJia 
jo aCHToanpa neneJiiiKa acHena Biilcbita (Bctoro 6iaa 2000 canflariB). 
3 hhm ne M03!Ha 6yjio BecTii Biiina a Hi a thmh do-TbrneBHiibKnatB BiiictKam, 
aid HacTyiia^ir na IKnTOMiip 3 jiiBoro depera ^oinpa, a hi 8 .,<j>pohto- 
BiiKaMH", mo nepedyBajin na HoAii-wo ra Bojibbi. CTaHOBtrme ^ R0 ^ea- 
tnii;i,[ie. Ilo mocee, b PiBBOMy, dyjiH dojibmeBBKB. ,2,0 B?p;tHqeBa 
nijiCTyaaJta dojibiueBiinr.Ki BifiOLKa 3 Ko3aTHaa-$acTOBa, ao KopocTimieBa — 
a Kaisa. A ao toio me a nanyioia fteBOKparia JKaTOMiipa 3ycTpijia 



- U,eHT|>aiifcna, Paga — ne uypatyi. burnt aac oGapyTiiiiH. Taa 3anpaBjiat; 
I'lyiin-BctKiiii. fljpxcyii, aiicTpiasa. 

— A llti.iKipa, iioro nosiuimiK, Myacai; (Jarailtii, 18 cia itae .. . 

— TpeCa posiruarB ry I],eirrpaai»ay Pajiy . . . Bona OCX iipMBejie Han imaiinHKiB, 

HO B HOC lUKypy IS.lfpYTI,. 

— TpoCa CjyiaTH 6o.iJiiueMii;iii. Bona sum ace fla,\VTi.. IIosiiH,ni;!ii nupixyTL, 
a mojaK aa^J'Ti, kohj mo TpeOa. 

— A Taa. Oct a lam ne xaK>, to ffiCh Taa ua $ui»BapKy i ^asy 11 aeai. 
Meni nasa-ia a«e : „EB, .wibKy, iicieKail, to fiyaani Ham xmy !* Bate naaiTb Kaaaja 
^uepefiupaiica", Ta tlukh a iioCoaaca, rto cuaiajii, mo IJciiTp ain.ua Pa,ia Hisn,iii 
npuaese. To a CoMimainoBi njiaTH> 15 BapdoBaaniB 3a pk ia B 3Ea», mo iteai 
iiad iii'ioro ne :iUK»i[f. A hk 3acTane n cboiB xaTi, to BjyiQiTL. A ot hk Oojiiae- 
iiiiKii ucpeMoaeyTb, to Cyjio xaia. 

— A to eii^vMa-iH sKyct yKpa'iiij'. Ha lopta MOHa a^a>iacB. He tyra rjyjo 
npo ael, a to aa Tofii. Heiau itpante ojuia Pocia Cyne, aOa bcki^h (SojiLmeBHKH dyjiH. 

- Oto ac aift y aKict raB^anaKH uiraou, — ofiaiiBauTica jiitub xiiiKa. — 
liTiit, MniKc use fi ;KttBoro ue«a. 

— ( IopT Boro 3iiaii, mo boho pofiBTica. ToR flo.ibraeBEK, toh raa^aMasa. 
MafiyiL, aoua BCi raii^axaKB, ipacua Ii aaTepi . . . 

— Ta n can flu na Ty U,eBipaiBHy Puny nyat s ,iEaAn,aTb 3 bo.ihkoii) oiotoki 
bhiijctub (in . . . 

— Ta mo th naemein ? — ofl3BBaeTi.cs 3H0Ba anacL Apya Jiirna admsa. — 
Mih 88Tt wreaoi y HeaTpaiBHiB Pajp, a tb 6 y Htoro CTpiaaB?! 

— Ta bh, tjiko, ne cepstMct. CsyjaftTe, Ta hbico syi nvcKaijTe. 

— JtypHiiB Baai sari, ot i nintoB y" ty Ufimpajay Pajy. " 

- Tu, n fiaqy, ^yate posyuBBfi, — ojpca;iyi: sissa. Hk flu pajrj - nijwepxaJiH, 
tob fyyjio 6 Bace ^oflpe. 

— Oct. ni,^OM:,T,H, nofla'imn, ai; fly r u' sofipe, aK BepHyTiCS nana , . . 



138 



HeHTpajibny Paay i iipaBHTejn.0TBO .nyse KenpHBiTJiHBo. iKiiTOiiHpCbKa 
■iacbi;a ay»a BJineciia noeiaHOBy, hkoio HeABoena^so ^aBa-ia anara yKpaiu- 
cwcony npaBHTeaLCTBy, m,o6 boho Txsuio co6i a JKnTOMHpa icynH RHjie, »<■ 
Hapaatawm HaceieHHa Ha HetfeaneKy o6cTpijiy iticTa eoJibmeBiiKaMn. 

B u,e2 nac Hacniaa aBicTtca a Bepecra-JIzTOBebEOro upo nunHcanuH 
mipoBoro joroBOpy aria; yitpalHow i U,eHTpaai.HBiiH .HepaiaBasn. MspoBa 
aejiefania noBi^oMJiaia npo cboI ycnixH, npo bhtoah eKOiiOMHiHHi ao- 
roBopiB. BejDKe Aiio aairiHieHHfl thkkoF bIhhh oyjio aoBepmene. Te, 
wro TaK xaryqe AOMaraBca yKpaiHCbKHH TpyaoBHH Hapo& Hapearri, 6yjio 
AOCffrneHO. Bifl,KpiiBii.iHC£. ionpoKi nepcoeRTHsn Biabnoro TBopioro say- 
Tpiumboro SyliBHHmBa. Ha lepai khji ctomo uepeBeaeHHa b suits 
yxfianeRoro aeneju.Horo aaKony i hhiubx, Haa,3BHiaiiHoI Barn, naitHeiiiix 
IV yHtBepuaaoM peijiopi. Jibuti ajUHGHennfl nioro, aaasajiocb, Tpe6a Gyjro 
TUbKB, oanoro, moo - CoBbebKa MocKoemnHa BajiHiniiJia, Hapeum, Vnpa'toy 
b ciiokom, Tpefia Cyao 36yrHCb coBirctKoro BiScbKa a ytcpatHH. I ot tjt 
i BHHBKJia ayMKa aaoHKara Ha a,onoMory yspaiacbKi ra-AHubKi uiSctKOBi 
lacTHHH, a TaKoas aopfaHiaoBaHi b BineiyHBi a uojioHerax vKpaiHetKi 

BlHCbEOBl HaCTiniH. 

Hiix yKpaiacbKflx BificbKOBBX chjj 6yjio 6 hijjkom aochtb, aJie Hiae?- 
iHaa ia ABCTpo-yropmHHa xaJHi Ha aaaBy Keiflfanil b him poju mjuvunj 
Bi^nOBiflb. noKaHKyroiaet Ha to, mo raraubKi yKpatecbsi nacTHHit aa- 
xoAHTbCH na ixajiiilcbKoay ippoim i aaa nepeBOSHH i'x Tpe6a rasHis. a to n 
licauJB, mo Tan easo HeHaAiimo wolTb cnpaBa i a noaoHeHHBH, i aanicob 
Hboro BHUBornyjin CBiii djisk — aonoMOra aineu,bKHBi peiyjiapaan Biuebicon. 

Pa.ua Hapoji,Hix MMcTpiB He oxoie Huuia na u,eii Apyrai, Histeiib- 
khh hjihh. Kojih 8 neperoBopiB (no npHMOay ApoTy JKnTonHp— Bepecrg) 

— Ktah Tan lira 3a Macon ? ! XiOa He nyeTe ? B Bi.Tii.iiBui crtyimuotb 
a rapMai. Hi«ni H^yrs. Ajpkc Tenep itoaimHRH 3 nac nmypy anepyn . . . 

— OT-To-jypHiiH, tioIucH iiaHa. A bk6b iceai CKa3a.1i!, mo nc He 3 nairci>B0l 
xy*o6H, a a eamoro nana ssco, 10 a fle bssb 6h ? ! 

— Oh b Mopo3iimi bsc bosocti, sifipa.ia a»fleB Ta pocnpo^yioTr. iiam'uy 
*J2,o6y, nocyj;, bcc mn r. . . . 

— A tsk. Vciilm irj;e kvuub kouhkv . . . 

— Hesail, Hesaii Kyn.ist na ceoe 6e3ro^oBa. O^acii qeisepo 3a t>xny- ' 

— Ta mo Tan roBopirrt. Xo^in. Ciorn^HH anoBa buiuii uaaoBoro Bu.ia. 
Ha'iMooa Mara. 



— 'Ijto : .,a-i,xn I* Ay»a*>. mo boho tbkp, a to iiin. X" TopnaaB . . , 
Ka»-e : ,,h ToOi coaoim iypy npaBesy . . ." Ta ii ,hoxo,s;hbch, hio oCcTparaH. 

— Ta fioro Tpefia Cyao aaBHo oGcTpniTu. Ha iopra bih aaM -jxaiics ! 

— BojtuieBHKii oh Kaxyiii, mo hk y«cp, to He Tpefia lOBarii, a euanHTii, 
niofi aiaKot aapaau He Cvjio. 

— A loro a; to, ajc Ib&h xeaiB citna, to npaHic ^0 nona Ksapiy oaaoroHy 
ft KypKy, yxaoHBBCB HB3eHiKO ia h Kas;e : ,daTiomKa, 3BiH"!aftTe ciiHa. 1- A iiin 
vase : n I na mo fioro BiH'iaTi,. TaK Gh sxe fi hc Hiima-iH, i He xpeciajiH, i ne 
xoBa.iH- ... A Jsaa iioiiy : „Ta hokb mo Oy^e, THm^acoii nuaaSse" . . . 

— A oh hk CBiJEaHetKoro GariomKy 3.iobu.th 6oabmeBHKii, as bmi yri:;au 
3 HaTymKOR), ia ii Kawytt : „He tbos KaTyaiKa? ,J,aBaii 6yAcao Tefie 3 Hew Bia«tBTi>!" 
Ta Kpyroi Boaa i oCbc.tu ftoro ipii pa»H Ta H Kasyii. : „H.TaTii ! Mu to5i DJiaTiMii, 
naaia fi tii Han. 1 ' Matyanca 3-3a na3)iB, a flatiomKa a sa.iHB — reit Bfii rpoiin 
BoostaBaB" . . . 



139 — 



s jejicranjero BnacfffniocB, mo nmnoi, nix hk peiy-iapBHa HiMe«,bKM 
BificiJcoM, a;ononorH 3apan oTpnaaTB He Mosna, oyjio nocTauoBaeHo CKopHciy- 
BaTHCL nieio aodomofoio, aae a ysoBoio, moo" Hi"en,LKe biiIcbko He iinuin 
b cepej^HHv yKpalHH, a niiirio tjjbkh jrinieio niBnisHoro Kopflony YKpalHB 
a Mockobm,hhoh). Ta Himiii i na ueS hjihh He npncTynajin. Bohh xotuih 
„,T,onosorara u IJeHTpaJibHiS Pa^ no BHpo6aeHBii hhmh btochhi njraHai. 
I.e.ici'aniH nacToioBaaa na npHcmmeHino cnpaBM i aoMaranacb aro^H ypasv 
Ha 33i;jbk HiamiB. 

Hapeum, b hH eojiii sa:e b JKhtohhpI He roama 6yjio aajri aa- 
jTHjnaTiicb, do BepanniB aafiiiajra 6oiibiueBHiitKi BincbKa, jismo 6yxo flese- 
I'anil B Bepec™ Bi;uioBiat-3rojy na niaieubKy .nononory.*) no mosjthbocth 
yKpamcbKHBH BincbKOBiiaH i mcTHaaMH i b <|>.opsi ofiopoHii niBHi'raoro Kop- 
3,ony yKpaiHii. Toi x kohh HeHTpajiLHa Pa^a BnpyuiH.ia noTaraiiH b na- 
npsMKy na C ap h h, iepe3 KopocreHb, akhh Tyr ace, no ^opo3i, uicira 6oro, 
6yjio 3BijbHeHo mn (SojLbnieBHKiB. OnanyBaBuiH .npyroro jihh CapHaira, 
aid tskox oyjin b pyicax npoi'32Uix fiojibmeBaiibKHx eineioHiB, ypaji; YKpalH- 
ctKoi HaponHboI Pecny6.raKH aycrpiBca b HiueubKO-aBCTpo-yropcbKiiiH 
BiilcbKasn, hri eHeprifino noBeira nacTyn Ha YKpalny, osMOBJiHHmcb 
aaBatn HKi-oyji, noacHeHHH n^-^o cboIx onepan,iff. Hismme npaBH- 
Tt'Jibcrto ^OBi^ajiocb, mo Hinini HeMOB <5n I'pyHryBajiHCb npH cboIh Haciyni 
na YKpaTHy na „ SaKJiHKOBi'' yKpatnctKoI irapOBOi ji.ejiei'aiui b Eepecno 
jo BimeubKoro aaposy. Ocb 3»icT n,boro aamiHKy (nepe^aHoro ^epea 
HiueHbKe npaBiiTe-TbCTBo) : 

,3.o HiMfinreoro iiapo,iy. 9. .ikjtoi'o c. p. an, ii random* i rapit'iia uaataHiiKi 
•,1,'iiTii b jiiipi i iijisinani ;i cyflgura naa lrapoftami, ni^nnpajin MHpoBntt jorOBip 3 qo- 
TBpaa cOtOSBEXB .lepaiaBaMU, mod noKJaom Kineiii OpatoBOaBliii bLuhi 1' ofiexHa-ni 
Bci liauii cszh kojo o^Ho'i aera — cTBopeHHit (jiopn Hantoro B.WHoro eaBOCTillBOrO 
;i;iitth. A.k pa.xirna bicik* a 9. .iFmoro, aa a«y iaK ay^KG 'leKa.m npaijiowii mcH 
uauioro uapojy, nv npimec.ia nainoMy Kpacsi Miipa. Bopor Bamoi t-BouosJi B^epca 
SO Hanioro Pi,innro Kpaw, m.06 m.e pas, ia« caao, sk nepej 254 poKaaM, oi'Heii 
i Helen BOHeBOJiiTii VKpaiHctKHii aapox PocificiBi 6o.TtmeBiiK5i, srei nepej aicauea 
poairaa.TB isaraa&iio-ptH'ifici.Ki ycranoH'ii 36ops b IlBrporpaAl, mo cnaasaanosi ■ 
uiiiuiotino ,i conin.iicTiii, pogooiaan Tenep, ns bohb Kaatyrt, „cBaiy'' Biiiny iiponi 
CQBJaaicrJB Ha J'KpaiBi. 

'.'• niFHO'ii BpHBaR'Ti.ra b nam Kpail uaoiHi oaiiaii uepDomu iBapAii. Bona 
i»">nj.i[yniT!,on i; pociftCKKKkfl ('aajataan, njo etiketotb -j iftponry, ta a 'yBtji>ncBiixii 
s.in'iitHnflVB. Ilia vmLium npnBo,i;o3i (ii'Biuni noaina\'B i ataHviapxiB HanaaaioTb bohh 
Ha Hand aicTa, poscTpiaioioTi. ayiEia ^oBippa is npoa^HKiB l-poiiaflfltKOS jiymsii 
i jiaiuajaJOTb na Haceaenm sovrpfl^jn^U. Boaa Jiimarei-t aBira^eBt ii najiajoti 
b noacead xiera, nod irii aa.ii rayxaTH hoboI dojkhbh. Ha sapaapeLKa isBaaia 
iiamorci uiiiui<in(ir'» cvri;ia nocTaBuna n;e pas codi 3a niai,, hk ho Bate flyao kcuii.'i. 

B HSnlift iCTOpi'J, mx ni()B-T0 ^CBBTHHH" UpMBO^aMH 3BHntHT]I canocTifflmciL Biunoi 

aepatapw. ^lficaj i (.CTasui upiiimni Ti .TOiKaTi y Heoaaropo^Hiu 3iit!pax i Maiu- 
naniax rax. hki jia»Tt iniepec fiaiBTit J'npaiHy b aHapxii. hk Tauoa; i tux, mo 
^sarawTb no noBepHCHHa fiapovo pc-.i.-iiMv. 

*l Mi! in' aaexo isi;t pyxanu imicry hhx poaaioB tipaDHTe.iBCTBa 3 fleje^an,i<:Hi 
b Bepecno, i bc li&QXb, 'in bohb ?five6jff, 35epiranci. Iiitciipcho. mo EiaenEte 
BiaciKOBe KOaanayBaBHa npouonyBaao (iepc3 yKpauiciKy aiipmiv ;[.'.ii:taii,iB.) vKpa'iti- 
CBKOMy, npaBUTejteTBy me o,\Hy $opaiy .^o'noHoru", a caae — npononyBtuio 
aBepHyrBca ao iipaBHTf.ihcTBaHiiie^iiiHii 3 saK.uiKOa pocno<jaTH o$oH3BBy Ha . Ileryo- 
rpajt 3 aeroK) Bi^THrffOHnB ancKOBCbKUi cua 3 yKpalHCiKoro ijipnnTv, Jla npoitoajntfa 



pimyie i oairorojiociw BiaKiiHyni Katiinowa ro.ivOoBB«ia, 









140 _ 



Mm iMumo uepej, ui.iiia cm-roa, mo ueTporpa;u'i.Ki Koaieapn upeuijTi^ 
koju bobu j'QBopuTb iipo HOHt-TaBDS Hapo^y na yitpauri, mo mohu GpemyTi., ko.ih 
iin.ii! iiaioTb H,eHTpa.itHj- Pa^y — iiapjiaaeaT J'Kpa'ii[Ci>Koi Hapuxstoi PeeuyCjiflKB, 
ana I'K.w^aeTtcff a yupaincLKUx coiijaJiicriB i nepeBeaa ,ia.ieKocariii i'oii,i)i,ti,Hi 
i ^eaoKpaTHtHi pc^opaa, — paaoio SypxyasiL Iletporpajicixl noaicapa, mo tLii.ku 
aa c.ioBai TBepfto OopoHHjm ^ofipofiyTy yKpalHH, lloatinj, Kypjisia/ii'i ii hhbuii aa- 
pojtiB, yacHBasu b Bepecno rapnai m)3, mo6 Byniana 3 $poaiy penny pociScuoro 
BiScbKa jaa Toro, moG lacauu bbejib fioro upoTH yKpa'mu a thm Haaipoa, aGa mic 
orpafiyBaTB, aaopaTii 3anaca afiaa na aiBBii i nofleuojiuTB nam Kpait. 

Tenep, ko.ih nii-na HOTupLoi poiciu yuan Tuepjuiii Hyp, mo po3n,bi!B Hac ai^ 
uajBHi aaiuaai cy c W B > MU uwfiaaeao nam rosoc, m°6 3asBim! npo Hemacia sanioro 
Hapojy. Mu 6a.Huao, mo n-ioflu aamo'i HOJOftOl peBOJlKtnjl b Hefie3nen,i, ft Oo'iaoca 
:ia iiauiy Ti.itKH mo SftOfiyiy cBooojty. KpiaaiiL cttii'ikh 3 pociftchKnan CaaAaaa 
tpanjaHiTtca mo^eaao, lia Bojiiini ra b hhibui lyucrax sn r-mraeao hobi nun, 
H06 BHCTyuiiTH lipoTa see uaiuiTOanmix 3 niBnoMi saiar. 

y n, i fi TaKKifi CopoTLOi 3a name icTHysaHHa mb ni y k a c a 
noioii. Mb r X B 6 X 11 e p c k o n a n i b t i a, m .iio().uiiiB c n u i ft 
i nopH&oK m i m e n, j> k u it Bapoj lie sociaieitci 6 a Ji s J* m h u, ko.ih 
sin jijniiCTicii upo namy Hyasj. Hiienuic niSetEO, mo 
cmift s (any isioio niuiiEoro lopora, 111c ciaj', m o 6 h a a 
j, (i 11 11 a r 1 u fi CB01M u t p y <i a 11 11 a a oxopOHHTH n a 111 i 11 i B a i t a i 
s e ;k i sis xantmoro b 6 u p a 11 h n Bopora. 

*Ufi e xe, m» mh aajH. fnasawi 11 th^-hi roflBHJC, i an ncisHi. m» nam roaoc 
oyAe noiyiHii." 

llo-aa njeio aasBoio, sua ronopim., apemroio, Bee a; tumcr npo 
oxopoHj HiunjHui niBHhniix Eop^oHiB yKpaiuir, a He npo saKjiHKaHHH 
Ix Ha YKpaiHy Baarcuii, Hi 3 6okj ypajty yKpaiHCbitoi Hapo^Hr.oi 
PecnyojuEH, Hi 3 6okj ^ejier'ati.il He 6yjio bshto hIhkhx ttpoKie, hki 
r i;aBajn[ 6 Himau nij;cTaBy i npaEO cyHyrnct npnio Ha YKpaiiry, ak bohh 
i;e 3po6Hjrn. 3 n,nx npnHHH i ne 6yjio Hiioro apoOjreeo ^ih Toro, mo(S 
oipopBHTH Hiienijcy „aonosory" b HKHiiet itoroBip ib yMoay, 60 BJiacue 
dxTO i He yaBJiHB co<5i mei „floiiononr' e tih ipopiii, b nity Bona BHjtuTOCt, 
HiMni, ui,o asn'iaiao Tan jhoG.isti. tohhuh poKpaxyiiOK, ii,iim paaos He 
eniniHJin CKJia^a™ anict yiOBii 'uj aoroBopa, o^Kaayioqii, nto, mobmb, 
n CBOl u noxBpaTbca. Bohh Tan HOTpifiyBajH yKpaiHctKoro x,ii6a Ta nyupy 
i TaK nafliaJiHCb Ha cbok) cajy, nto He xotjjih ranTH >iacy na yKJia^eHna 
yMOB i cnimflJiH mBiinie KBHym ai&ciiKO na yicpalHy, 6ohihci., mo 6oJitme- 
bhkh ycniiDTb BHBesTH HorpiSaofi in xjuo - Ta ujKop s.0 ce6e, na MoeeoB- 
m,HHy. Bijoasa fi JiBiiii uoBiji,oiaeBHa neaei'anil opo Te, mo 6ojibHieBnKn 
nenuxocepxHO rpa6yB)Tt VKpaiay, BHBosaiH a6'vxm na niBBi«r, tulkh 
oKpinjHOBaim n,e SaxaHHH Hiai^iB niBHflie ohhcthtb yKpalHy bij; hockob- 
cbKoro BiucbKa. HJ,o HiiHHH xo;i,n.io caie npo ytcpamcbKe sdiisxa i mo bohh 
xotuh iiiiiiTii rioro oijihoi „cboiik B.iac;iinMn" pyRann, a niac o^opaara 
Biji; yKpai'HCbKoro npaBHTOJbCTBa, Ha niftCTaBi aaKJtioieHBX ToproBemnnx 
3;oro8opiB, bhjiho 6}io, iriat bhoihm, b Toro, mo bohh He o6mexHjrHCb 
nocHJiKOK) ojhbx iu«en,bKHX ado aBcTpini'HKnx BiBcbK, a nocJiajin pa^OH 
ri fi apyri, Hanepe,n poajjaBBuiH, 6e3 Bi^oira ypa^y yKpaincbKoI Hapoa- 
atoi' PecuyfiaHKn, „cij)epH" cboii BBJHBiB Ha yKpaiai (aBCTpifiiwH 6yio 
BijunaBo niB^enb yKpainnj, 

Bee x, He ^BBafliHCb Ha j^e-flKi, noiii-m Bse toai, nenpneMHi cto- 
poHH Hinen;i.Koi ,,ji;onoMorH", npaBBTeatcTCBo yKpalnetEoi Hapo^HbOi 
PecnyC.iHKn ne BBaacaao hojobbbm oaxb^htii ii, qnejiaHn Ha Te, mo Hisni 



141 



aji,epHtaTi.cfl siii, BTpy^araa y BflyTpiuiai cupaeii pecnyd.iwui, a thm <mcok 
gyr^e yTBopeno cbok) apii'io, iiityia <ioro Mane notpeda b muei^tKiix 
siiicbKax i bohh 6y.a,yTb uibhjiko BUBe/jeni a yKpalna. thm 6Lm>uie, m,o 
I],OHTpa.ibHi ,HepsaBH me BOiofOBaan: 8 AnTaHTom i Ik fiya HOTpiSaBu 
ko;k6H caJuaT. B lyS aaftii yupaiiHCbKe npaBHTeubCTBo aanoB'iaao ri 

HeTaKTOBHOCTH, HKBT ^OnyCTnJIOCb HlKeUbKe KOMafliyBaHHH, caMOBLIbHO 

onpWJiflRHiu- <pop»n ,,»ononorH", i po6n.no ,j.a.ii Bee Bin Hboro aa^esHe, 
m,o6 yKpaiHctse naceJieHHH ByCTpiao uiequce Biiicbico hohubbo ciiokjh- 
aiia,e, a6ff ne 6yio cnpOBOKoaano ceJiancTBa Ta pofiiiHimTBa Ha BHCTynn 
upom Hboro. Pa^a Haponaix MirieTpiB BBepayjracb 10. — 23. jijoToro 
1918. poKy afi „BCieT" jiioj,hocth yfcpainebKoI Hapoaabot Pecnyfijintcn 
% ciwyicJOH) Bij,03BOio, b HKifi noaeHflJia aanpoiuenua MiiuJR i aatcniKajia 
aacejieflHa a.0 irapHOl iipaui : 

n PpOJUL&SHe ! 

njjoru.iiK'iiiiiiiii 9. (22.) ci\ma 191S. pony b cBoi'a IV yuiuepcaai yspalHcuty 
HapoftHio PeciijGaiiK)' ,'iepjKaBOio caaocTiBnoK), ni sir, koto BeaaaeiKHOfo, yi;pa'inoi>Ka 
lljiuTpa-ibua Pw 27- cimra (9. Jikiioro) aaitflpHJia a Hino<nEHo», A BCTpo-1'ropmn - 
iiom, Eojirapieio Ta TypeiiBHOio, noaoacuja KiBen,b ilfim, Bftoliyfla t,.isi TpyaHiumf 
.iioffy MHp ^cMOKpaniMuiiil, Oca bcekhx anceciil la KOETpiioyn.ifi. 

U>oro Miipy j,oaaraBca iipanHJWMnil max .Vi;paiHii Bare aaBHu. I .Vi;paiacbKa 
IIcnTpa;ii,na Paaa BBOJIHaa Soto RepatasHy nruw, ae ,t,hbj[h<ihci> Ha re, mo Cobit 
Hapoaaix EoaicapiB a Ileiporpajiy s yciei cn.'iu aepeaiKOftxaB yKpaiHCbKomy ypasoBi. 
Paju Hapoasix MiHiwpiB, 3aK.iH>HKTH M»p i ,iaTii thm sxorj poouKBEU Ta ccjiaiiast 
I'taia an cuoxiuHot potmTK Ha iiHBax Ta ((lafipHKai, :iaBo r iai i salciepHSX 

He aawiH can 3xwn 3,io6yn[ ,t..ih Pocii goopOTO mipy 3 Hijte'iiBaoio, 
ABCTpo-.Vi'o])in,nHOH), Bojtrapiai) Ta fypewiBaoso, nerporpascMMH Cobw Hapoam* 
Knaicapis piuuiB no ^ftnyt/ana ft yspajxcEsy Hapu.nHKi Peeiiyo.iiiKv no 3aK.n0- 
'ICHHfl HHpy. 

l>e3uouirH'iio 6pexneB ra BeieeHUMi l.hii Ha HearpajibHy Pa,ty noft 

Cobet Hapo^HbE Ko»icapJB XVta iio<:iaTii tn-^oBippa ccpe,i. jKpaint'tKuro uapo,iy no 
PaflH i ma iiara.atMj'BaTii capftBy jiHpy. 

Eon :: u&oro ni'ioro an Buitiuao, K03H Tpyj,(un^ii .hot, — po6iTimK». ceime, 
oa.iflaTH ia aatpocR — aepea oboix ^erryTaTiB saaBu.ia upo csoe Rosippa go PaRH, 
TORi Cobct Ilapoxiiii' Knjaiuapie noeaaB cboIi ^epBOHO-^Bap.iifiniB, aanoaopoiPHiix 
cajraaTiB Ta natpocis :i Mockobdtjihh na i'KpaiEy, moo sSpolHOio cuaoK) tKuuyiii 
. v 'KpaiHCi.Knii J'pa^, a VKpaiHy aaoBa uoBepuyTH b xocnoBCBKy neBOJiio, 3.iaMam 
1'iipaiiv nap)' Ta iiaimiHTB Roflpofiyt yKpaiECLKnro iiapu,T,y. 

KopHCfjolHca ;i goto, ra,o uapcuitc lipasnTOJiiiCTBo i BpasHTOisctBO Kepoa- 
I'l.KOio niyiac Biuaii i:u,ia.iii iiauiiix iiohkiij ira ffiaa^Ky niBiii'i, a Ba >Kpa'in_v Eacaxaai 
XMapii BoHKiB-'iywHauiB, Cobbt Hapo,T,Hii Kosdcapis, KOTputt Tan roiocao i .iitn.e- 
Bipno saaajiaB npo Kiaenii BiHau Ta Hup miik TpyjamBMn amount ocix Hapoaja. 
uoqaB sQpoiinoKi ch-ioio rpaiiyBa™ yi:painv. brbositi egKxdxp, 3 Hamoi sexsi uii6, 
nyitop, uyri.ii,, napoE03u, aaroHu i bcsko EapoiHe xaauo, a ocoCihbo aejinieanf! 
aaimo BilctEOBe, ua MocKOBBi^iiy. 

A ftiia roro, mort .icKHie flyao rpaGyaaTH yspaluy, i Ce3 ioro (.'ipaaieHiio 
'•naioHApoBaHy TBsatoto BiiiHiuj, .i..™* Torn, rnoC atBiiaie BKHayni yKpaiuy u «ocaon- 
ciay acBoaio,' Cobct Hapoanix Koxkapia aacTaHOBHB ua yapaiui HapoflHij Ceiipe- 
tapia, KoTpi na»T& ciyxaTHUH bcbkoto aasaay ;i [lerporpasy Ta nii",iaBaTii inieppou 
• v KpaInciKci'i r J,.'ii-,i;;uiii MoeKoiiiiuuii. 

1h Mir Tosy yKpaiafitKall ypaa, Paj;a Hapoaaix MimctpiB, mobhkh ahbhtbcb 
ua n,e aaymaiiHa Mockobdiheb Baa yitpaiHiiKi. Ha no 3irnni,enHa Eosoro caMocrifaoro 
aoaiTHinnro mjutth yspamcbKoro Hapo,ny? 

1 Paaa Hapoaaix MiaicTpiB iiOEJiEKaaa Beci yKpaSaciKrf uapox ,v> plmy -idi 
oopoxtOH, fiopoTtOii aflpoDiio'i d HetporjiaxcbKiuiH Bacii.iLnHKasu, a Cobctom Hapoani\ 
KoiricapiB, g «'ian;i,a5iii rpafiiwHTOB :i MOCBOBO(HEE. 



A.ie pa toro, no(S inuimie BOKaacm i;iuow> rpauyHaiiiih) yKpalau, nofi 
uiBUAie iii'iK'iyiiiLTii uicis saiare'saBaa miijiv a<> nepeBe^euHa 3e»ic. : ii>Boro jaisoay 
i aauouy npo iiu.iiiiinenna awn pi»jiTHim,tBB, Pa,ta Hapu.iuix MiiiicTpis npumia.ia 
sifieiKOBy sonoMory uij; aiiai jpyawix j.ep;i;au — ltist'imiHii I ABCrpo-yropnjjuia. 

Ha yupaSuy, j.tb rohoxoeh yspalHClKHli Boaasut, Koipi aapaa (Ssjmcs 3 sa- 
Tarasn BciMKOpocis HepBonnrBap,T,iiiu,iB Ta ea.i;i,;niii. S ,i v r i, .iiiuiaia yspaia- 
n, i a - n o ,i o b e h u r, y k p a 'i u i' t :: i ciioBicTpiami ;i I' a .i u h ii ji u Ta 
ui»fULi;i Biicwsa. Bonn iUyii, aa J'Kpainy 3,-ia who, moi'i :ihhib;h:tii ncaaa ?a I'les- 
Jia.ua i 3aBccTu ciiokIb Ta ;i,uupiiii nag uaiaiil aeM.ii, sjh Torrj, mo6 ^am 3iory Pagi 
HapojHix MiuiCTfiia TBopiiTii bciuko j,lio — fiy^jnaiu casocriiiay yKpalarLKv 
Hapo.vum Pt'Ciiyu.iiiKV, jepKSBJ BCtorci upau,npiuuciro .nOAy J r KpalHn. Bonn '>y;m"i. 
Ti.TiKii ^onoiioraTii thh iiamiisi KOaaKa*, SOTpi aasaBio CopoHHTb uaiuy Aepacasf, 
3CM3I0 ]" bojihj aa yupaini bIj, aupoiiiinro aanaxj pociicBBoro npaBnTeJLCTBa — 
CoBma Hapo,uiix Kosicapis, EOipi TaK easu, ai: i .ia napiB, xothtb, ie,o6 MocEOBmiina 
LKiniii.iain trpan;erc ia fiar&ntBaXH yspalacisoro napoiy. 

Hi LiiicLKa, T,py.Kni aasi, uyjj'Ti fliiTiica i nnporaHii J'KpalBCBKOi Hapoantoi 
Peciiyti.-njEH m% upoBojojf Ho.ieBoro Dlratiy Hauio'i RBpacaBJt. ^nnoMoraiu'iH J'i;pa'in- 
ctsoMy .Vpinciii ij iioro oopoTi/ii g H&CKXbHEE&XE Ta rpa6i:i;niiKajiii, n,i BiiictKa m- 
MasiTb iiiiucm BopoiKm naa na-nipiB, uo HJMevuuia Ta ABCtpo-yropnutaa rauoa; 
sawn Be.iiiKy noipefiy, id;o6 ua yupa'iiii na<:Taii .(oiipaii .ia r ; i ciiiiiduna npan,n 
Tpyaanioro J103J. Bo tLibkh upu ^oGpoMT .ia.ii na y[;pa"ii[i noxna 6jne Ha.iantTy- 
aaTst CKOpo ToproBeatui suocnuu Ta ouxia Tonapaaii jrias iianintn ;;epajanofci Ta pfip- 
jcaBasii, a Korpujtu 3ajfHpciio 27. ciKHH (9. uoToro). 

Toity Pa^a Ha]KiABix AliaiCTpia aaMiiKae sect yKpaiiiciiKiiii Hapox HerafiHt) 
traBaTU jo mipuo'i npau,i, fto (jopoTtOn a ficajiassaM. 

J^OBra i TaiKi:a Biiiiia. aaapiia ;sa 'lacis peBo.uou,iT b Pocii Ta rj>aui*iiiiu,i>K:i 
iio.'nTinta pociilcLKori) ypa^v ua yKpa'iai cu.iKiB^pyBajiH j,D<5poCiyT Haranro Hapojj, 
Paxa Hapo.^uix Mimcrpin nocTaiioBii.ia voCti mep^v i acny ni.ib: BCTaHOBUTii r a,(iupni'i 
-lajt B yi;]ia"iui:tidu ^epjKaBl, aerauno cTaTii .i.c pofloiM aa,i, no.iiinuPHHaH ao.ii poOo'inro 
Jiroij' — cojhb Ta pouiTUHiaB. TBep,na BJia^a Ta T,oOpiiS -ia,], b .iepa;ani — ne 
HaHKpamiii'i <f. vlI1 -' iM '* IIT .i- m t'"H.i!T.i],Bo-eKOHi»ii[>iB[[x pe^opM. I Pa,(a HapoiHix 
JlinicTpiB TBepflo i piuiyie etosiRSe Ba n.is ni.iaxy, ai aa oau.V iBH.imiy Be ciofla'iii 
3 hbokp ui niA ihIm Bn.mBdM. 

rposa^aiie ! Bam ouobh30k b iii ^iii ;i ytiejo CHaoio ra eHepfi«H> auTpusaTii 
Pajy Hapoanix MirjictpiB u vtflx j^cpxasHiiZ' aain^ax. Jo ;i;BaBoi npan,i, rpoaaaaue 
aenai yKpaliicBKOl ! Jl,o Syit^Baaua cauociiMHoi yKpaiHCKsu'i HapoSBhoi PecnydXHSB 
Ha ociiOBax aoOporo .laaj', TBepsoi ».ia,T,n Ta BiiipnKiii cou,ia.ii.no-eKOHOMij'iHni peijopst 
b ifliepecai TpysaB^oro a»Ay! u 

O^HO^acHO oKpeii miHicTpa uo esoiM Bi^oaCTBai in$o|MyBajin rpo- 
maii^BCTBO npo n,ki npiixoiy Hi»u;iB, aaneBnaroiH, m,o u,eM npuxiji, ne ciane 
na nepeoiKo^i ao BisbHOi nojiiraqHoi i coniflJitno-eKOHOMHiHor tbopiocth 
yKpalHctKHi ipy^OBBi sac, MimcTepcTBo BHyTpinmnx cnpas pocaopfiAH- 
jiocb. jb,o6 lyfepHifljibHi Ta DOBiTOBi Kouieaps HeraSno uojufisjia npo Ha- 
SpyKysanna i nonmpeHHa ais cejiaBCTBOM aeBeatnoro 3aKOHy IJeHrpajib- 
Hoi Pain. 

YKpaiacBKa Remtwjs. 3 cboto 6oKy 3BepHyaact so yKpai'HctKoro 
rpoiiaAaHCTBa 3 BijxosBoio *), b KOTpiii, poanoBiBuiH npo Hanaj pociffctKirx 
6oKtuieBBKiB na YKpaiHy, npo Txm rpaCyHKH, npo po^cTpLiH hhkh n nait- 
KpantHX chhib Haatoro Kpaio", BaKJHKaia scix CTaTH ^.o odopoin YKpaiHti 
i nofiijioiiaaJta, mo w ana Toro. m,o6 cK0pim,e BHrnaTH posdHraaK i jiarn 
aart ia nopajOK Haraosiy Kpaesi, aaiuinKajin mb nineuBKe Bificbfco jiobo- 
Kornt na« y uifi podoTi." 



*) BifloaBV iii.Lriina.Tii : 0. CeBfWB, M. .1 b. u n a c r, k ii il i M. 

I I T C IK JI ft. 










— 143 — 



BcTynatoin sa vKpaiucbKy 3ewjJ.K>, HiseubKO-aECTpiiicbKe bihceko 
1'iio'iaTKy cTapajroct He 3ayiuarnci> a Hace-ieiiflaii. ICxa'? aBCTpificLKoro 
BifiCKa BH,i,aB oya HaeiTt OKpeny BinoaBy no HacejieHHH, b suiS aaaBJiflB 
npo jj.oo'pi nasipii cboi, npo Te, mo HenTpaabHJ ,fl,epsaBH HHBjiflTbca 
„a CHMiiaTieio Ha anaraHHa yKpaiHCbKoro napoay ynopaflKysaTH buhocjthh 
b Kparo i BiftfiyTtyBaTH thxko apyBHOBane BinHoio HapojiHe rocnoaapCTBo" 
i ^oyjjyrb Bciaa cmiajiH a,i BuaraaHS niannpaTr'. 

IIoBepHyBinHCb a CapHiB no IKnTOMnpa, ItyHTpaflbHa Pajja i Ilpa- 
BDTejibcTBO cnHBMaHcb uHOsy ua Ki.ibKa jpiB b ujii Hic/ri, acnym, noKii 
6yjsfi aBlibneHO KhIb. 

1! llj HHi 6yjI0 IIpHHHHTO HempajibHoio Pa^oio txiubKa SaKCfflJB, 
3 AKHi HaHBasHimnUH SBiflKTbca aaKOH npo hobiib ctdjii. b yKpamCbKin 
HapoAHiS Peeny6jiirni (hobhh cnuib BBO/pBca 3 jihh 1. (Sepeana h. ct. 
1918. p.), npo yKpaincbKy BMioTy (rpoiueBoio Oji.HHHJj,efO 6yjio BCraHOBJieno 
„rpHBHK>", nojiijiefly na cto iiiariB), npo jep^aBHiiB repo" yKpaiHH (<5yao 
bbhto aa repfi TpHay6en,b a iaciB BoaoanMnpa BeJiHKoro} i npo rponaaan- 
ctbo b yKpafHCbfrin Hapoaniu PecnyojiTU,i. II,iimh aaKOHamn ocTawiHO 
Bnopa^KOByBajacb 3 aoBniuniboro, (jiopjiaibHoro. fiofcy yKpamcbKa jj,ep- 

2KlBBiCTb. 

JIoBepHyBmnet no Kniaa, yispaiHCbKe npaanTejibCTBO i HeETpajii.ua 
Pajja sHOBa aaJio ps,^ iH^opitauiS npo i^ijii npHXOjiy HiMenLKirx bIBclk, 
naiaraio^HCb ycTasoBHTH Mupai i noopoisniJiJiBi buhocbhh mm hhmii 
BincbEami i rpoiaaaHCTBOM. HasoflHio Tyi ae-aici 3 oipiuiiiJibHnx noBiaon- 
fleHb Toro lacy. Tojioaa IJeHTpajibHoi Pujsp M. TpyuieBCbKnil jas Tatce 
iiOHcneHHfl npo nonii HiMenqiiiin : 

,,1J uijicubKiix sKi.iiTiiHHiii Kpyrai tijio tftflsma. Saaca&Ha, mort J*KpaiHa bLu- 
"Lil'i'saaacak b caMoctiSay ou.imy ^epaii : By. Bom yBaa.-a.iu u,e kobhcejik j,.ia Hinei- 
'iitHji. ni»>iar blush iiisientKe iijiaBHTe.ij.ciin. gaxoxuoci lepea iHcrpyroopis dihtu 
DoaoxeHHX Vi:[<aiiMijii, mo iKuiaj,a.iu an mix, oCBiaoa.iioBaTu Ix a iiauioiiaaEeoro 
OoKy, iiuriiTdH.iBTH a mix yKpalHCiid bojeui, iioxpi momu u uie.ia uiiimi nan 
b ooopoay FapalHx. He po6aaoca ue3 nopoaysiana u BO.ii yKpa'uin,Kii>: nn.iiniiDiix 
iipoaiAUHKiB*), Oo bohii CTOttaa :ta MapKe ]m.iai'nx,!:f'iinn vKpa'iHi'i.K^i i' 1 1 1 1 ;\hh B Poci'i. 
A.ie Hinn,i ,\y)ia.Tn, mo MupFO j'Kpa'iHCLKa cupaua ae poapioiaTbca, i ixh! cno^iBaHaa 
riipan.iHSHCL. 

Hi Ka,;eia a OKTaopicra, mo upaaii.in Pocino u uepaii licaui iiir.ni paBOflB- 
Hi!, ai pocifieiKi cnnia.iir™-peB(Uhni,ioiiepH KepeacLKoro ae jotLiii Rftrn npaa 
Fspalm, ae jeotLhh ruapo nixn no jupoai lejepaui'i, bk to pa.xu.iii i jouBBa.iuci 
yKpaienj. A Komi B.iaay b Pooii aaxmni.in oii.n.niL'SHKH, booh nxodaa cn.ioitin,i. 
.lajaBani Hamy yspalaciEy BiatHifTt, uHiiin,iiTH HeaTjia-'iLHv Pa;s,_v i HanoBo ntj(6uTH 
.\ Kpa'iay iri,i, P.ii'iw; noia.iH :i aaMii aiiiiiy ra cTa.ui RftOOyBaxa Ii'h'ib, uiofi ne JtaTii 
nas J.OBCCTM ,t,o aapy 3 Hi*ei<iniioK! Ta ABCTpiaai. 

Toji yK]>aiacj.Ke npsBHrexLCTBO fi jiyci.To [ipara^aTii co5i Ti yspalfiCUd 
noaiiu ;f nojioneHHi, ib,o ^opaysuucB b Hute^miai. Bohu paxyita.ni, mo o6i%«*Cfl 

< iBO'iM Biftr-LKOH, 3 aosii'r'IV ttBJ JTSpalHCiBai Hn.Ti;iB i 1'a.llllI.I.KllX li'lnllliX iTJii-H.- 

uis, KOTpm iotLhi ,i.ii'Tari! .1 PaaiiwHiui. A.ie aaaBirjioct, mo do.ikii 3 iio-ioaeEUX" 
w»t]Fst npuiiTii 3a iiKni"ii'i> nicauj., a AscTpis seoxoie jasaaa cipiibuiB i Bsanai nix 
nn.iuBOK caoro rpo)iu,i,iii[iTiia t jumaTKy aoBcia Bi^joBjia.iaci Bi^ jonojfoni, TaKaM 

*) 3a Kopflouos, b HiseH'iaai Ta AscTpii, upauaiua-ia aU'iac aiiiaa i upo- 
aoflaja aau,ioBajituo-ocBiTny poooTy stac noaoHeaiiaa yKpaiHitaaii yKpaiacwca no.ii- 
THHBa opraai3an,ia „Co»3 BH3Jio.TeHHa 5'k-pa'iHU", ni^ npoBojiox A. 3K y k a, 0, C k 
iHe-HouyioBCBsoto, M. Meiea«EciKoro, B. ^opo m e » k a. AiiT'ip 



- 144 



iiiiBim. i|ii'0;i Syao dntamw i ovuqeimn VmsHm jiU <'".m,iui umda, mofi HatTaa 
.iaj, i Hi' ji|i"ii;ua.ia necsa A-ifl potfora 11a Jioai. 

I in upaBi!Te.ii.ciiKi name uoCa>ili3o ceGe aayaicBHB npniuiant nosii Bifl, 
lline'i'iinni, Koxpy Ta, tfavKamH nonorra yKpaiHi hko Mora CKopuie ctsti na Bora, 
ii|..i!n)iiyBa.ia six casoro soiancy, M sagam* aa n,c bihbo3 HaropoAH. 3apaa no 
itunjicamno ipaKiaiy npaBHTeabCTBO Baste nonpOerao Hisen>Ke iipaBHTejuciBO ao- 
laTH croc BiHCbKo aa yupa'iiiv i ;sa kulcu ,uiin. i: jiepunii A"ax .ixiToro (ct. ct.), 
hi>iii> i"'_v-i" ii<M,;t[i''. 

t B iiiTepecax Hixe'iquuu, bt,<><5 yi;paiiia Gyjia ca.Min'Tiiiiia i i-ii.rj.ua, i bohh 
iioaorawTb uax ajis a,bnro, BiiicbKo i'jt noTpidae caBas, i xoay i'xai ho.ikh joctaBYTlca 
TijtKH aoth, aoku bouh GyAyi iiOTpiCni aamnay npasiiTe^tL'Tny A-' 8 (mun(ciiua 
J EpalHH. la naKaaano ne rpaoyBawi, lie Kpm:,uiTii yspalKCBsy .toabjcti, Co HiaeubKe' 
UjiaBiiTOJiJieTBO xo'ie, n;oC noaia; yjcpalnoK) i Hsaei^HHoro fiyjin mrtpi i jpyatai 
Bi.xEocHnu, m;o0 yKpai'HCiKa awAUiera .tumutact na HisaJB, an aa caolx npHuTeaiii." 

Fojiosa F&m Hapoanix MimoipiB b cbofo <iepry aaaBHB a npn- 
BO/g npnxojxy HiimiB TUKe : 

„Birina, ni'uiii.ieua CoBeion HapoAi'ix Knaieapia .Vj:pauii, B&xomuia aaiay 
Miuo^y yKpa'inciKy Hapo,i,UKi PernyiliHuy sostiM bo ui^rOTOB-ienoio, Bojbbicbbke 
iiar.ia.ni na FKpaiay i-n.iy CBoro BiBciKa Ta ^lepiioamBapAiau.iB (sfleCintnioro rpaGH- 
te.'iiB i Mo'iuunJB), KOTpi capaaOD npoiiauu HO aaraoay Kpaio, fiepyiii micth ea 
xiiTim i aaiiuasiuii naBiit KhIb. 

UeHTpa.iina Paia M npaaHieibCTBO X tqniinn — Pa^a HapoAuix MinicTpiB — 
lycilB iniKiiHj-Tif ua ji,»flKMil Hai- Kii'iu, mrixa.ni na Booth* i iioia.iii golpatB Tan 
CMH npuTH iiacH.ibHHKin i rpiii'ii;Kirin;iii. Aae oAypeaaii OojitraeBHKaaii nasi uapofl 
Ayace tasso ai.tirtMaflca na oGoposy csoro tspam, cbo«I bojii, csoro daran,rBa, A tbm 
qacoa dojtLnioBiiKii lies aa^y, flea KoiiT|m.ii b^hpwb Ta rpatiysasa y eesaa ucaKHS 
H'h.ivkt, as 10: xaifl, xyfloCy, nyKop i jjnaoan.in y BeJiiiKupocim KviiHyaajiu biiaii 
Bee Bapoflue daratiTBo, a joo jflicTE nauiy poacTpinioiia.Mi otcrcan i j(eeamjiH rBati. 

I ot, n^6 npHiiiiuiiTU py'i'iiy Kpaio, wf>6 aaxoaara jao^niCTt mp, poscrpUry, 
aaymaana la rpaflyKKy, yKpaiHCBKe upainiTejwTBo, nepea cbo» napoBy neneta.n\x>, 
.iBepay.ioi?)! 12. jiiotoi'o (a. < , t.) c. p. lip HianiB aa xoitoMoroio upoTB lTaCiajBHidB. 
HixeuiKuii napo^ arosHBca nouoaoriH iiamomy BapoAoni i bbciob na yupaiay mw 

B tbx uienHX, W 3aro,i,a po3'acBeuo Haccieuuw apo iieiy npaxony HiMnis, 
iaa, ne aajiaon xo'i aisaci B.ia,T,a. taa yKpalacbue aaceaeuufl Bi^uecaoca ao apu- 
'"iviiiuiix niiici.!; cnoKJiiBo i Basks aaflOBo-ieHO. HamiaKa, e HiemeBOCTax, ae afeyBaJiH 
OoauaeBUH, aacejeuaa aycipwo aiaen,i,i;i aiilci.Ka sopoace i BasiTb ai 3flpo<;io b pyuax. 

IU,o-,'i,o BiflBoaienaa »iaeu,t.KoT i'iaj)iBKBu i yspalnci-Korn irpaBBTCjitcTBa, w 
He — Bi^BonieirBM ciiiBpo6iTiiiiB,TBa ; ,%o6pi, npunaai siji,iiocnnu, 6e;s :i;a;yinx Bevo> 
piLiyaiai.. Hi*eu>Ke bmclko, bk ap^be, ne BaiinytTiea y Buyrpiiuui xaTid cnpaiiu 
yKpalHCiBOl llapM,i,iii."'i Pirin.'i.niKii. HiaontKix OTapiHBHa ae cyjqiTb, ae Kapac 
rpoaa^an nanroi PecnyfllKKB, a !;o.iii KOTO apminyi:, M ii.Ti.KH aa uaua.i, aa iiiacnLKi 
siiicbKa a6o aa aonoaory oojibuieBUKaa. 111,0-ji.ti peGBUHnjl x.riua. svaiiuh ii uiinnix 
ii]ii>AyKTiB, to po&iarii b;o niaen;i>Ki BiactKa He SJia BBBOay y Hiaen'iaay, a nnn 
itoTpeo noxoAHoro BiicbKOBoro 'iacy, BUAaai'in kbhtkh, no bkhs 6jpfi naaiHiH yKpaSa- 

CJ.RS BpaEBTe.TI.fTBn. 

Bopora aami uycBBJOTt yoana aeneBiii lynffl, mo nifm-Tu Hiaa,i aaKiTi. 
,iai'i])aTii a ynpalon Beet xjiifl. iSrijiao a RoroBOpoa, KOTpiiil nifluacajia yKpaiBCbiai- 
HapoAHa Pecayfl.THKa a Hiiciviiiioiu, an BpoAaeao Hianaji Ti.ii.KH .thhtok naiiicn 
Bptixcaw, ho pyaayioaii WBU 1HB0I irauioro ciKECbBOro rocuoAapcTBa i ne asejrnijKiHii 
fi yBpaTHObao] xjoahootk. CidaiBO earn ^oEeAeMfa opoAaTa Hi«o.aa n,toro poxy. 
He BCTaHOBHTB Boaicia. KOTpa CKaaAaTHaeTicn iiupiany < J apainniii i HimiB. l(a a: 
Koaicia BKa«o, ceijilkii Ta SBOro i;paay Tpefla upases™ a Hiaeqiaaa ash Haaiax 
re.iaa i A-ia ropoa;an. 

HaperaTi, ayniy CKasBTH, mp, aa aoKi .tyaKV, ispa uaaiia aopfaBisoBaHoc-TH, 
ApyiKHi Bi r T,nnnimi a MoryTHbOH) HiaeiLbKnio AOpxfuton npnecyib aame KopacTi, 
MO.lOAiii yipateCUCoJ Peeini"Miin,i T :niiii,anTi, i"i i nOCCUBSan BapiBKi :i anaiBaa 
fh'.ihuiksh AopwasaHB.* 



— 14;" 






Hapeiuri, dyjio ony6.iiKOBaR;o oeofijiaBe .^noBimeHna" „Bift YKpaiH- 
cbkoI E(eHTpajibHOl Pa^H w rpOKajae yKpaiacbKoi Hapo^Hboi Pecny- 
djinKH", b flKiu Pa,n;a Be TiJibKH aasaJia noncHeaaa 3 npHBO^y npaxoiy 
Himmb, a fi noTBepA-KysaJia nesMiBaicTb cbobI nonepenHboi conjaibao- 
eKOHoinmoi nojiTHKH, Hasiqeaol III i IV ymBepeaJtauH. OnOBimeHffa ue 
ia.10 c^ijyroiHH anicr : 

.,yKjjaina nepeatiuia ramai Macii, imix jywHo ue aepeiKiiaaja. Cane 11 10B 
m;h:, :ik HenTpa.'ii.na l'afla .aoBOAMa A« Kiiins cbob jriao — aiip ',i aaxiAUBMH cyci- 
;tamn i ptwnymeann *AW«J BTOiuenoro, ;mvienoro Bifici.ua, saAOBOjieHHB uanjoro 
i:e.i:iHCTBa i po6iTDni;TBa acxe.miHa i poCiTHniaa naKOHOAaBCTBoa, i hk roTyBa-iact 
i;iTii naiwne nopajptyBaaHH nautnio BiiaBo.ieflojo ynpaInoio ycTaHOB<uin 36opa«, 
jiniiiii.iit B8 esc ]>• iciiictKi fiojitaieBHKU. 

Jliiiioa otohb i p\Iaa no tichjii uauiiit. Topian ropojtii ii re.ia. .Iiuaca Bpou. 
BMBiK.iocb ace GaranTito nrnimi -.ioajii. 

BosuoeBBBa afiaaaayTBJQi oararo aamiix jjoAeii, oco&umo caaAaiiB, cJiajiunH- 
nuaa 'jytKaBH i iiopo:Kni«n ofiimBBaaa, KOTpax ho soma baiBchhih, ra sanrram 060- 
poay Hamoi Epainii. Ii lii^TpusryBa-nii TaKoa: ri npi!xn.ii>um;ii napo'i B.iacTii, miiUHTe.ii 
TpyAam,oro napojy, njo Be xoiiaH RonyCTBTH, 01,06 yKpa'ina OyJia bmbboio i Heaaaewc- 
hoio, njoO aioTa-'nicb b cii.ii cbd6oab, BpoitMonreni III i IV .Vninepcaaaaa. 

PociSciKe npaBHTejitcTBo CojimieBUKii) — HapoAsi Koaieapa — 3&Bsajioca 
:<]iimtiiTtr yKpa'iaciKy U,eiiTpajii>Hy Pa^v i nocf&Biexe hoio IIpaBHTe.'ii>cTno Hapo,urix 
Minir.TpiB, moC ne ftara la xoBec™ ao taunji aiipy. Bciaa cuaaau iiobmo bobo 
Haciyn Ba Kn'i'n i ciajio Soro GeawajieHo pyfiHynaTii a rapaai i na»BTH. Toaj llpn- 
■rpa.ii.ua Pa,ia i Paa,a Hapogirii MiuicTpiB, nipti aaiOBaTH bi^ aHiiuXcnaii ctojihb,k> 
.VKpatiia, bhhbmii a KuiBa Ta nepeaeCJra cbobj jUMtmcri iia rxhbcb lac aa Bombi.. 
A.ir hoil nac — i BiA ofjcTpbua rTimsa i uijr/iac Buxojiy caoro — ne nepepiimuni 
numi eseeJ polSoM kojio aaiSeiraeioHHa aoai yspalHa ia fl rpyAsmoro jnojy. 
HeiiTpa-iLaa Pass npHflHaaa :itMe.i i.iuiii :iaK«u, mp Ben oe»jiio uepe^ac Tpysosojiy 

i.ilii. ysilll I HJI :i BttKOB llpn JJMCJ.M Hro,t.H f[fl Hfi poOiTMIIIBH JICBL. IIoCTaBOBHJla 

uopfaiiisywaTi! rpoxajicud poflora jyu 6espo6iiBB3 i i[|>iiana<ii:.ia tia ne 100 aiuiofliB 
uapOoBauniB. Jlone.ia ,1,0 i;innn i ,11.10 Mnpy, it caaiiH nac, k<i.th SoahMieitHKH BioaHjin 
,(D Khibe, B BepecriD flejuraTU TvpiSsB i!i,tini(:a;iii snip :i HlKeiWBOIDj Ascipn- 
-VropuiHBOio, Boarapieio i TypeyiHHOK) — aap aOHecsxti i ripjwft, ssnti uepTau 
yitpalfli bci asx-ii i Bch nnjioueBBx 0c3 jcaxm OBHU. 

yKpaincBKe bliiciko, ane sipuo :iocTajopt upn HeaipanmiH Pa r T,i, sa tom lac 
:i;maaTO Ciuoei. 3 OosiSeBHiajCB. 

IIpoTe, 6aTfiu, uv ir.a SopoTBfia raxararrtca i no csoImh cujatiii bc soiKua 
oy/te CKopo BHra tii i > : K]iaiim Boporia i BftBeciH aa_i.y, a Bei'iia nsjp(Oj(B3£ i A4« 
pofiora JiycBTB 6jtii jaji i Bopaaoic, PaAfl Hapojuais MiBicrpia nocTauoBHJia npuS- 
Kani AOEOHory hobhi, lanrpaHMz cyciflis — wmeivaa » ABcipU, njofi aa noxi^iio 
lx aiacBKa hkh Mora c.Kopime ii'iiii'Tura Kpail uam. 

Bopora uamoi Boiii :i utoro npiiBojiy nr <uuis .laiiaTH jnaneft, mo tenep, he 
Ifinni HAyEb 11a yspalay, to n.e kiiicu,!, yapalHCBKia aoai, Kiaeni. laofiOAaM, ;ibob 
fiynyrh nauyBaxi: liami, a oejiflna* aenai h<' 6jX8. 

A n,e nenpaBjta. 

yKpaiai'tKa Ufiwrpaihaa Pajta, »k nporoaocwaa cboiji mctiiojithm yaiaepcajojr 
M'=:i;i.r.-;KiiifTL i caMocTiilnicTL yKjiaiiifi.Ku'i PecByOjiHKH, in: upn tih caMOCTiflnocra 
i BeuuttKBOCil etata i fiyie Ix oopouHra bia ycaKoro aaaaxy. J1k si^aaa BOBa 
bimo aeiuio po6o^ony aapOAOBi ae»eai,HHa aaKOHoa, raK na" tia Bona i cioiTi. 
3sb»ks, BiiAani aa aopacTB poCiTHHKiii, laioat (iy.iyrt i Aa." b cuji. Bci cboCoab, 
ycraiioBiieBi III i IV yHiBepcaaosi, i %a.ui iOcwuoTBca. Hpo$eciaBi cni.iKii, pajpi 
('(.MaeeiKi i poSiiHavii mubiti jywi bbcth cbojw poOoiy nasi oiopoaH I'uo'ix sjiecobbi 
upo^eeifiHHi inTepecis. TiaiKii Ba b.ihctl ae sroatyn. bobh iipeieBjyBaTii, do b.i;icti. 
11a yKjia'ini Mvciri'i, iU-th ojuia — yEpai'nciKoi UeHTpajiHo'i 1'aji.ii i MiiiifTpiB. Bci 
napOABOCfn VKpalUH aaK>TB KopHCtyBaiHoa Bciaa rpoMaAaacBKHMii i aanuiaaiiJ.un«»i 
npaBaMii ra bojimioctbbh, nhi tiporojomeBO IV yiiiBepcaaoa. 

y bcc n;e Hiani Be aiuiaMTtcH i niaKoi 3aiaH b iia He aawTB poOmth. Bobh 
UpBXOAaxB, bk nanii npBBToi i noaiiiiuiucii. 11a KopoTKaS iac, njoo' iioaona aaa 

Sfverme. IeTopia phbo.tiohu, TI. 10 



146 — 

b ckpjthj- iBUjiiny uaiiiuro ;kuttii, i as xatoTii aastipy b iiB-Me6y;(j. ntpQnmutu. 
naiiii ~:i;u;'oiih fi uopsAEH, oflmeaciiTH t-aMOCTiuHicTt i fyucpcHuieTL Hauioi l'tcii \ 6.iiikh. 

I yKpalHctKa IleuTpaafcKa Pa.ua iie mae Haaipy ;<aflep;i;yBaTU u cBtfiit pysai 
ajacTji AOBine, six soaiyib Bioparaci. Bcejiapo^ni yspalBCBKi 36opH. J'i-TanoBii 
;jnnpji, npH;nia*reHi aa .list 2. .noioro, He Morau aiuparaei iepea i5o.itiiteBan,SKiiii 
iiaciya. B nifi xsujii me ucbj^omo, se BCrOTB ni.iGyTiicL BH<5opu i is ne 3iiunem> 
pesyaMaWB n,Hi Biifiopiii. Aao b ibovkbobj- pari UeHipajitua Paja SB tLiii;h MOSKHa 
i-Kopnie nocTapaeitca ciaitKaia BiiGpamuB uapo^nii, aufipaiiiix 3arujij>uitn, piauiiii, 
uennocepeflHia, TatimiH i uponopB,iontuu>i[UH rojoc-nnaunHx, i itepejaciL at bs&ctb, 
a Tenep BCix rpomaiyiii J'KpalBctKOl 3e».ii BMMKgM : 

HeneBBHM norcuiocKaB, KOfpi iiycKaiQTf. Boponi aa^y la CBOtiOAB, ae BipiiTii 
i 6paTH«. flo rpoaaffciEOl poOora, JIoMoramt npaBi!ie.iMiBy y oopoiiui 3 6e3aaajiaM 
i Bcwa, no fioro cie. PoOotoio raMiEoio, tBep^ow, uopfeuisoBanoio cninuHH sajnwrn 
paaB, aaAaai Baiaiii KpaiHi laacKOK) jiIiijiojo i ycoGanvuni. Ho^dam ocofilHBO Bpo t&, 
m;o6 3e«jia, ana irepeiini.ia ,v> pyi; TpyASDjoro napofly, fiy.ia bcs saeisBa, 00 b ui6i 
name 6aran,TBo. 

Ada SBJia i n,BLia uauia BiApojpKeBa, ni.11.ua i He3a.ic:i;na Yxp$XxchK& Hapo,i,Hn 
PecnyCjiHKa. 

^aeo b Kami, poKV 1918,, rbb 1. fiepcpBH, b cbhto aapojpKeHHfi Tapaca 
UlesieHKa." *) 

Bci iy sauBH npo BesiiHoicTt Kypcy BHyTpiiimboi noJiiTHKn Uefl- 
Tpajitnoi Fd'ifi ])o6njincb b a&pjl. mo Hij(ii,i jyficHO noBa^epaartca, xoi on 
y cboTx BJiacanx iHiepecax, nip, BTpyiaHHa y BnyTpiurai cnpasn yfcpaiHCbKoi 
HapoaHBoT PecnyfljiHKir. 0<j>iu,ijurbHi satiBii BiflnoBiaajibHHx niaentKHi nojii- 
fEqHHi i BiHCbKOBJix Kpyria, s^aBajioct, saBajra je-flKi mjcTaBH jpjt Tafcoi 
Hajil. IIpeji,cTaBHHKB HiHen,LKoro nrraoy aasBBJiB, mo bohh npniniuiii 
a caiaiiH HpyaBiMH HaMipaim, bk „rocri". 3 npHBO^y nyroK, nni mnpflanct 
nix ce.'i;iHCTBOM, ni,o iiemoB 6h HJHi^i npiifiiinn Ha 3imcihk nonimniciB, m,oii 
nepeniKOAHTH uepeBe^eHHio aemeJibHoI peipopin, npeAcTaBHHKB mraSy aa- 
bbhjib. dj,o „ue opexHfl, 60 Hiiiqi si b bkim pasi He ia»Tt nairipy BTpy- 
laracH y BHyrpiuifli nojriTHHHi biahochbh yKpamiyB". HiMem>KHH ^ep- 
a;aBHHH KaHii,jiep fpa^) FepTJii at b cboih Tejiei"pa$Hin Bi^noBijij na noBijoa- 
jeHHH Tojiobh Paj;n Hapo^nix MisicrpiB rojyfioBnia npo aBuibBeHKfl 

BJA HOCKOBCbKHX BlBCbR KniBa, HJ/K EUIUHM, lli,i;KpO(MllH GpilK y Hisnifi h;i- 

MipiB BTpy^anicb y BHyTpiniHi cnpasH yKpa'i'HH TaKimn caoBaira: „Xaii 
Ha aaBDie a6e])eace yKpalHCbKira Hapoa bo.iio i BJiaiy, no)(5 shtb y stor 
no BJiacHomy posyariasio i hum caMiiM ycTaiiOBjieuoiiy npaBy. Hiiem.Ki 
BJncbKa me croaTb y saniOMy Kpaio. OjinaTO iaio eiwicri. aaaBiiTH, mo, 
us -ruibKii bh upiifaeve j;o nepeKOHaHHH, mo cnpasa niaeubKnx aiacbK 
i-KiH^eHa, nerafiHO 6jj!fi n&am aaKaa npo ix BBBin". 

Ta He TaK CKJiaaocH, as cno^iBaJioca. HiMen.LKe BiftctKO, aepefiy- 
BaioqH nia, npoBoioa peaimifinoT MOHapxnnuoI Hii«en;bKOi dypjKyaail, uibhako 
BCTpajio y RiiyTpiuiHJo Kjracosy coniaJtbao-eKOHOMHiHy 6opoTb6y na yKpaltti, 
eTaBfflH, aaTypa^bHo, b otfopony iffrepeciB 6ypxyasii yKpatan. Ta npo ne 
ui3Hime. B[e Bse carae ao-aa khtomhpckiih nepio^ bkhIi xapaKrepaayeTLca 
aycHJUflKH npaBHxeJii.cTBa i HeHTpantHoi Paj,H BoTaBHTH flkibHieTb 
HJMen,bKHx BificbK Ha yKpami b TaKi paMnj, atci jiajraC yKpaiHctKoay 
npaBBTejrbCTBy 3sory npoBaniiTH HaMineHHii hbm Kypc nojiiTHKH 663 
npecii 3 doKy tux eihcIiK. 



*) ii -lacy saBejeHHB BOBore i-tii.ho, bci n^rn noxaxtm-no uto»y Hoaony Dtmagv 



16. DiA npanopoM ynpaiHCbnoi paAHHCbKoT BJiaAH (PocifictKi 
6aJbiueBBKH M yupaiHi). Xo i i y mam nix CosiTCLKOH) Pocieio 
i yKpaJECfcKOH) HaponubOio Pecuy6.MK0K> Micnesi vKpalHCbKi (repnTopiajibJio) 
doJibmemmbKi eiie«eHTH ruiorpain jyae ue3Haiay, ninKOH ApyropHfliu 
pom, npoTe na iapaKrepflCTHU,i hhx ejieieHTis ueooxiflHO cnnHBTncb 
■m xpoxn aoK-iajyiiine, 3 or-tsny na te, no caMe Bonn jtasajin cbob i«a, 
cBin npanop wa npnupinTH OKynaninHOi nojuTnrai CoBiTCbKOI Pocii Ha 
yKpaiai, a tsko!k 1 nepea ie, mo case Ha ui 'iacii npnnaAaroTb noiaiKH 
ttapojseHHfl yKpalncbKoro Koayffiasy. 

CuHHHaiocb TyT cnoiaTKy Ha iiapo,i,(KeBBK) KoMyHicTD4H0i HapTil 
(CojibnieBDKiB) YKpaiHA, toi napTii, aica, BaacTHBO, i HOKjBKa.ua MocKOBCbKi 
coBiTCbKi BiHi^bKa Ha YKpalfly i mta aa jonoiioroio iihx bIhclk naia- 
raaacH bshth b csoi pynn npoBiA nan poolTBTRe-eejiaBctKHura lacain 
.Y'KpalHii. HapoAJKeHHH SI npnnaaae caae Ha iae aarocTpeHna biahocbh 
«ix yKpalHcbsoio II,eHTpajbHOio Pasoio i Pajioffl Hapojiaix KoicicapiB. 
Ha nepe^oArii BceyKpalKCbKoroPofiTHHHe-CaiiAaTCEKO-CejitiHCbKoro 3'i3fly 
(iu,o Bi.iCyBCfl b KnlBi b rpyani 1917. pony) b KniBi oyao BsnymeHO 
jiHcriBuy Bij, „Con,iHJib-jieHOKpaTiii yKpalHH" ao yKpalHCbicnx po<5iTHBBiB. 
BoaiciB i ceJiflH. BMiiyeTHJia II i*pyna hjich b PociacbKOi KoMyBJCTMHOi 
Jlapiil. b CKaaA hko! bxoahb, aria; hhiuhm, i 3aT0HCbKBH. B jmeriBiu aa- 
hms.toch, m,o Ha yKpai'Hi opr'aHi3yeTbCa napria yKpaiHni3-6oirbineBHKiH 
nJA HaaBOK) „CouJHJU.-j,eioKpaTi'i J'[;pa'iflu : ", i iio&MiioBajiacfl Heo6xiAHicTj> 
aacHOBauHfl lyei hoboi nap™. .YKpaiae&Ki con,.-Aen. i con>peB., roBoprorocb . 
B JiHCTiEni, ajinraMCb a 6ypxyaaiem: pocifiebKi 6oja.meBHKH — nyaa nap™, 
OTse Heiaa KOMy (SopoiiHTH iHTepeciB npojieTapiaTy i 6ijT,miH,oro cejiaacrBa 
Ha .VKpaiei, i ^epea ne Tpeoa 3aKJiacni HOBy napiiio. 

Ha KHiBCKifi KOHij)epeHn,iT Pocifici.KOi Cou.-^eH. Poo\ Ilaprii (doJib'- 
ineBHKis), mo Bijioyjiaeb b 3BH3Ky x BceyicpalHCLKJiK Po(5iTHHie-CajiAaTCbKO- 
CeaflHCbKHJi 3 ! l3 r T,0M, ii,a JiHCTJBKa EHK-iBKana npOTeCT npoxn „aaTBnap- 
TifiHHX ra aHTHaic[i,injTiHapHHx" bibhkIb uaemB napTiT, m,o BBnycTii.ni 
.iHcriBKy. Bee a. ne anBJiaincb ea npoTeern, na KOH<pepeaaii 6yjio 
BHgBaHO Heo6xiAHBK oSe^HatB bci opi'aiiiBanii Poc. Kom Hapril (6ojilbi.) 
aa yKpai'Hi b eAHHy yKpai'BCbKy opi'aHiaaujio 3 Ha3BOK) „Cou;-Aes. 
S KpaiHa" b (jtopaii niflsaro-TOBKy %o 3ara.itH0i iiapTiiiaoi Ha3BH pociScbKax 
Co.ibuit'BuidB — „Poc. Gon..~Ji,es. P. n. (6onbuieBaKiB)".*) Ha KOHipe- 
peHH.ii rapaqe AeCiaTyBaaocb yKpaiHcbKe naH,ioHajjbfle nnTanaa, aie 
..poafipoA" m,o-AO nboro oyn HacTiatKH BejiHKHH, mo KoniJtepeHHLi He 
b tTafli fjyja hphhhhth aKOrocb neBHoro pimeHHa. Cuna 1'pyna, Ha Honi 
3 3aT0HCbKHM, aaaBaajia cede JiejBe He n,iaKO» „cajiocTiHHHH,bKOH)", apy ra " 
b cK-iaa hkoi BxoaHJiH KaxepiiHocjiaBUJ, njjiKOi ifaopyBajia yKpaTHCbKHii 
pyx, He BHSHaBana hi yKpalHctKoro napojiy aa Haniro, ni YKpamH aa 
OKpevHH HauioHaaBHO-TepBTopiajrtHHH eKonoiHHHHn op^aniaK. Xaa njel 
OCTaHHboi I'pynii ieTHyBaB Ti.ibKii .,niBAenb Pocii", i nepea tc BOHa 
npocTo oAnoB^Bjacb cjiyxaTn i poayniiu 6ynu~mo upo yspaiay. 

*) Ha niii KOH^epeimil EaitiLcuuHi ..t'eiittpaTiKtioi' 1 micTviraE HaToactKii i'j. 
aiaiB oOBHByBaiyBaB Pm\ Coa;.-Jes. P. Tl. (6o.ij.jh.) b Oea^in-ibnorTn sa TipaTw 
i BexTynaHiiio yKpalBCisoro pyxy. 

10* 



TaKHM 'ihiiom, auBJiaHBfl uoBOi' o6jiacTHOi opi'aniisauii Poc. (Joi^-JIflTSi. 
II. (dojibin.) na Yicpalni aajimuujiiici, HeacHanti, i ofipannh na koh- 
(J)epeHu.i'i IViobbhh KomTeT naprii 6oj]biueBHKiB yspalHn aBiisca o^paay 
z Hanie-, kojih He ujjikom, MepTBOpojaienoro j,nTHHOK), aia.io 3^aTHOH> 
qepes BayTpiranio CBoro XBOpo(Sy no pocTy i poaBETtty. 

Ilin KHaKOM TaKoI BHyTpiiiinLOl p03;tBoeHOCTn npoSnna bob aajibuia 
po6oTa pociBcbRHX do.n.innBiiKiB na YKpalni. Bjiacne, b npnauini dijibuiicrb 
uapTi'i HiflKoro p03;i;Boenna an isajia: rca (Siibiaicrb (i .nyace BeaBtca) uLikobi 
mnpo i nepcKorrano He Bnanasajia HiaKol YKpaimr, biakoi yKpai'BCbKoT 
peBOJiionii i TBepio croaja na ii03BU.il mnaoi HenoflijibBoi nonojiiTHOi 
CoBiTCbKOl Pocii' mn Eijroro Mopa ax j;o Hopaoro. Aire uh> „neJiOCTBOCTb 
Mupocoaepuanna'" iiopymyBaaa <f)UKTn xarra: a) (pasv icniyuafiHH H,en- 
TpaabHOl PajiH (xoi 6k h ..CypatyaaHOi', ajie Bee s yKpalacbKQi jjep- 
«ibhoi Bjnajyi), 6) flajri ^arcr neperoBopiB xejiefaiiii HeHTpa;ibnoi Pajin 
i! Eepeeno, b) <J>aKT icTHyBanna yKpalaebrax coujaflicTBraflx napim. mo 
AOMarajracb caMoeriBHOCTB YKpaiHii, i Tate jimi. OTace Tpe6a oy.io ^o 
Bcix hht <pamB „npncTocoB)'BaTHCb". 

TaKBH nepmHH n npucrocoBaHHfls u ;co yKpaiaebKOF juhchqctb b Beaa- 
KOiy uaciirraGi i HBnBca TaK aBaanii ..Ilepiuaa 3'i3.i Pan, yKpaiHa" 
(ckojiok KniRCbKorb BceytfpalacbKoro PoolTaBae-CaasaTCbKo-CejiaHCbKoro 
3'Isfly) b XaptKOBi b rpyaai 1917. p., hkhh yTBopBB BjeHTpaabHai 
HHKOHaB'inS KomiTeT Pa.i YKpaian ni,i; roiOByBaanaM Me.iBejeBa, npo- 
rojrocBB ynpaiacbKy ConiflJiieTniBy (Hapo^aio) PecnyfijTHKy b (jte^epaTBB- 
HOity 3BH3Ky 3 CoBVTUbitOK) Pocieio, JTBOpnB J'KpaiHCbKe lipaBHTenkeTBO 
— Hapojiaiii CeKperapisT *), BncjiaB AejiefaHJio b KepecTe (Me^Be^eB. 
IHaxpaft), ak coajjoBy 'lacrany pociiicbKOi MHpoBnl ncier'auii, i nan 
Baarani „yKpaiacbKy ipipaiy" aacTynoBi BiScbKa CoBiTCbKoT Pocii aa 
yKpalny. PoSbjtoch Bee ue „bo HeaoJii''. ne w.npo, an mocb Tnnmcose, 
hk ycryiiKa iieiipnesuHM. BacTnpjiBBBM tfiaKraM ;khttji, a hkiimii ae aosna 
6yjio ae paxyBanica. Hepea ue i b aacryni pocijlcbtcoro coBiTctttoro 
BiitcbKa aa yxpaisy i b nojiirnui u,boro Biiici.Ka i pocificbKiix 6oabtue- 

BBKJB Ha BIB > 'KpaiHC'bKBli BttllfHiaBHHH KOMJTeT, lipaBHTe^bCTBO i iiapTia 

6o.TbuieBBKiB ae RiAorpajin iiiaKoi noaiTHBHOi po.ii. 

HacTya pociScbKoro coBJTCbsoro BiScbKa aa yKpai'ny, skhb MaB 
Bni oaHaKn OKynauii yKpalna i aauioaanbaul 6opoTb6n, — ocb mja 6yao 
rojosae b n,cfi HO»ear, ocb m,o Bi.i;orpaBajio piaiaR)^ pojrto B noniax. 
^fepes ue npo uea aacryB rojroBHHK ibbom i ar>Bo.xnrbca TyT tobophth, 
a ae npo TaK aBaHBB yKpaiacbKBH paJiflBCbKBil ypa^;. Ilo,ii6flo ^o Toro, 
3K (JiaKTBMfio Bis BinHj iipnTn UesTpajibBOT Pa^a rojiOBHOKOsaa^yjo^BB 
pociftcbKoro coBiTCbKOro itii&Mca MypaRiioB, hkbb ojb AiB^BO tojiobbo- 
KOMaBiiyioqBM i itaB BificbKO. a lOp. KomnfinncbKBH (ceicperapb 
isiifCbKOBBx cnpaB) ne uaB niaKoro eificbKav BiaKBX anapaTia i HiflKoro 
BBJiBBy aa BificbKOBi nojiil i (5yB TJJibKB yKpaiBCbKOio eTBKeTKoro na 



*) B CBaafl Hapo^BLoro OeKperapUHy n vkcii iiiuiibx BxnaH.iii : fiBrenifl 
Boa (BHyipinrai cnpaBH), B. Ayccea (^LnaHCii), MapneOB (noqTa fi xejiefpaii), 
t;. T e p it e u,iKii 8 (aeMejiini cnpasH), H). KonfoOHiiciKKfi (FtificiKoisi cirpaBH), 
3 a T o E c i. ir n H focBita). 



— 149 — 

MypaBHOBCbKOMy 6ai'neTi, tee i u,inm yKpalFrotKBH pa^auctKufi ypHjv 
i uijra yKpalncbKa PasanebKa Peciiy&aHKa 6yjui lijibK": mspiioro, ,,u&r- 
i-TpoHKoro" Ha,x noiiTHKoro GoBiTctBo! Pocil. 

IHo w. aaBaJia YKpaim coarrcbKa pocificbKa oKynauin V B hkhx 
<f>opnax npoBa^HJiatb Bona? He dyaeso roBopnrn tjtt npo „<Sjiarie" 
nanipH Pa^n Hapoajiix Koiiiiapis : kojih boee, aoace. ii 6ym b Teopii'. 
to B OKynauifiniB npaKTinrj Ee uoaiHa anafira naBixb ixoii turiffiB. 

ToJIOBHOKOBaHJiylO^HH pOCigCbKEM eOBlTCbKHM BlUCbKOM MypaBHOB, 

bshbiuh Khib (mean KiibKaneHHoro BapBapctrcoro apTHJiepntcbKoro 6<m6ap- 
;i,0BaHEfl a HaBsuiemiif niAnaJiroBannai oyjiEniriB), imcae b caoeny aHaneHH- 
rowy .,naKa:ii q. 14" npo BeTaaoBJieHBs .,coBiTCbKOi" Bjiajp na YKpami : 

„H» BJiaay mh neceio a aajieKO'i niBHOHi na BicTpax 
c b o I x ui t H K i b i ran, jt, e II b c t a h o b -i a e x o, b c e m i p h o n i j- 
TpHMyemo ii cejioh) hex niTiiKiB." jJ,o mix cjijb TpyjjHO mocb 
AOApnr. ^iBcEO, pociiicbKi CoEbnieBBKH egcjih coBiTCBKy BJiajiy na J'KpalHy 
Ha BioTpax pociScbKnx jiithkib. A npimecniR, aaxonEJiiieb b teem cuocio" 
„Bceiipao ninTpBMjBaTB Ii lUTJiKanur. in,o BBKEiiKaaH jsfl ceoe Manxe aa- 
ranbay HeEasnoTb yrcpaiECbKOT j,e«OKpaTif. 

JUapoKi po6iTHHHe-Lp.iJi]ietKi Btacn PociT, arimaHCTBo i naBitb oyp- 
:Kya:sifl pocificbKa Ba yKpalfli GaEEJiB, no cnpaBejwimocTii, b aypaBBOB- 
cbKit „coBiTCbidH" no.iiTiiru „B03coe;i,HHeiiie Pycn -1 — nayny jpn 
..xaxjioB". L Eepea ue b 6opon>6i npo-rn BeffrpajibEoI Pajp mockobcbkhi 
oo.ibineBBRaM jonoaorajiH naBixi> ixni KjraeoBi Boporii — pociScbKe 
limaHcTBO, dypatyaana iHTejiireiiEiff, jrpifioa oypacyaaia i Basin, exapi 
napcbia nojiinal aa yKpaiai, *) Bci Ei eJieMeimi BBKopnctajiH lipzxoA 
•fiojibuieBBKiB na yupui'Hy jyw jiiotoi iiokctji yKpai'iniftM sa iXHii .,cenapa- 
TB3a'. Ilia Ix npoBOjOM oyao BHHneno bo sciS >Ftpafni aioperoRi ao- 
rpojw yKpalHcbKOl iirreJiircnn,ii. Po;sai'ixOBane i pOBJitoieHe sotKOBCbKe 
BiBcbKO B^nBaao ^acTO Koatnoro, b\j[, Koro nyjio yKpaincbKy aoBy r , Koro 
ouhiuo y BimiKTifi copo^iti hh chbiii iiianu,]. B Kniei, b MnMi hbofhx 
yspafHEiB, Cyjro BBipcbKH yaiopiiOBaiio GyBiuoro nifficTpa BOBejibHQX cupiiB 
HeHTpajibHoi Pa^u 0. 3apy,T.Horo. yKp. con.-peB., mo HaaeataB xo JiiBoi 
I'pynn napTii, MJienn Heffrpa;ibHOi Pain iKypnaJiicra I. Ilyra'ia, yKpai'n- 
cbKOro conia.i.-penoJiioti,ioBepa, i exaporo napTlfifloro flinia — yKpalHLbKoro 
con;iajt,-peBOJiiOEionepa Boikobcekoto, mo xaK caio, hk i 3apy£HBl, 
fli^biu ciuBiyBaB jiIbih tbhu napril. B 6opoTbdi ;t yKpai'HCbKOK) inTe.ii- 
i"eini,iio <jacTO Bi^xoAHJia na jipyre nicne 6opoTb6a 6o^hureBJiKiB s oypmyaisieto. 

OAHOiacno a HHmeaEHii yKpalHcbKOl iHTe-nir/eHEn miiEHjac'b i yKpala- 
ctKa KyjibTypa. 3 TeopeTH'moro piBnonpaBCTBa bob i Ky.ibTyp b a!hchoct« 
BBxoaHJO <5eaorjiHHBe, hk i aa CTaporo uaptCKoro peKHMy, naHyfianHH 
aejiHKopycbKoi, siocKOBCbicoI byjibTypn. y Bcix ypaioBHX i rpoaajicbKHx 
yCTaHOBax nanyRMa BOCKOBCbKa lOBa. B nucojrax cepeiHix Ta bihiih. 
i eaarajii y scix MiMcbrax inKO.Tax noBepTajinci. CTapi nopsaKH: MOCKOBCbKii 
lOBa, nocKOBCbKHH JHTeJiii'eBT - nej^ai'oi' anoBa aaiisajiH cbo! ctapi 



*) B Kiiiiti nij,'iai- iij.in'iuus ooia yiqja'inctKorn iiifictKa a (5ojiBiiieBiui,tKtis 
Sj«q bOhto _yi:pa'incbKHSui EOSBSSMB n o*e.ii ,.|[para" irpn Kj'aencTax nUWil bo»- 
Ha'iB-MOHapiircTin, mn finamcB ii]k>tii yi;]ia'inniR BHyni ■ (lfwtiiioBHKasn, 



150 



naayioii no3Hn;ii. Hi^ racsoM 6opoTb6a a yKpaincbKOio Sypatyaaaoro npeco» 
6y;io reTi. no meHTy aeameHO no ni-i§ aafiBHTiu 6ojii>meBHKaMB YKpaiHt 
jochtb UHCaeHHy yKpalHChEy npecy. Ha sicije ,.6ypacya3BHx" yKpaiactKHX 
I'aseTi, acypaaaiB He noaBnjuicfl npoierapctKi : ixni aicEH aauasjia 6om>uie- 
bhiilkh npeca aa aocKOBcsKiii mobi, b aKifl, aa jonas piBHoapaBHOcra 
hob, xpysyBajiHCb lacos Ha yKpaiHctKifi MOBi oKpesi CTaTeiKn a6o ipom- 
KajitEi aaiiTKn. YitpaiHCbKy KHiuKtcy aaraaao oyjio b rayxirii aaKyTOK. 
yKpaiay 6yjio saaaTo ai'iTanjfinoio arrepaTyporo Ha locKOBctKifi mobj. 
Tearp yKpaiHCbiorii ii])hth\. MocKOBCbKa i aMOCKOBiaeaa HMHTaTopcbKa 
iBTftrii'eHij,ifl sailaajia bciojui sci ypajyi, BiATHCHyBian rera aecb Ha 
aecHTe aicue ao-sony yfcpalHCbKy iHrejiii'eHu.iio — ih to apiCHOoypa^aany, 
m npo.ierapcbKy.*) 

Tane BejiHKe KyabTypHe enycTOweHHH, xaKy BcanKy 3arp03y : ana 
posBHTKy yKpalHCBKo! KyjiBiypH npDneceHO 6yao potiiichKHHjr CoabnieBn- 
KaiH „aa sicTpax atrnKiB" na YKpaiHy. 

Te, mo b Teopii' BHraajiajio caK-TaK, Ha npaKrnip 6yjio sanepeqeHHas 
He TiabKH yicpalHckKOi aepacaBiiocTH, aae HaBiTb it yKpalnctKoi KyjibTypn. 
CouiaaicTaiHa PocificbKa PecuyfijiHKa noBejra na yKpaim tpaKraaHo hjikob 
OKyiiaiufiny noaiTHKy, cupaB^eny Ha upHBepHeHna HanyioqiH MoeKOBCLEiii 
Haajf ii n.iHHT,iTopci.Koro craHOBnina b KoabOHir — Ha yitpalHi. IJa no- 
ainiKa <5y.ia npiHHKoio toto. mo mjt, pociftcbRiix 6oatuieBHidB BiAiuniiH 
sasitb yspaiHCbKi KoayHieTiWBi ejesea™, mo He aaxorkn 6yaH mix 
niOTepsyBaTH I|eHTpa,ibHOi Pa#a i crra-ut ro cniBpoolTannTBa a pocifi- 
cbKBiH 6oxbmw,aKam i HacTaHOBjeaBa iiEMn HapoaHijt CeKpeiapiaTOB. 
FKpaiacbKBfr couiajib-jenOKpaT HepOHOBHH, nepeKonaHBH „caHOCTiHHHK" 
i eo.ibUieBHK, mo <5yB nunoB cnoiaTKy aaBiTb aa aocaay HapojtHtoro 
CeKpeiapa BiiicbKOBHx enpaB, He Mir BBTpflMara Kypcy 6ojn>nreBHHbKO- 
iocKOBCbKO'1 noaiTHKH Ha yKpaim i aepea ays* KopoTKBii x iac BisMOBHBCa 
ae TiabKH bU nocaan Hapojaboro CeKpeTapa, aae B3araai Bin bchkoi 
no-iiTOTHOt po6oth 3 6oJtfcmeBBKaMH. J[n casa OKynaniraa nojriTBKa npH- 
aycHja niaHiiae BacTynHTH nporn 6oJtbOieBHKiB i jipyroro Hapoaaboro Ce- 
KpeTapa BiScbKOBHX cnpaB III a x p a a (niax-Paii).**) 

Ta ute 6ijrbra BijarroBiyioaoH) 6yjra eKOHOMHHHa aoaitHKa Coatnie- 
BjntiB aa yKpaiHi, Xoh Bona 6yira ii aposyiua i noaacra onpaBflaHa thm, 
mo MocKOBmHHa TOffi Bate rojio,TjBajia, a 6oabaieBHKn He aajEH Hajii saaep- 
aiaTncb Ha yKpaim — OTate ByciOT 6ysn BaarH a YKpalnn 8a aac oKynaiiAi 
aKo sera filibuie, bcb a; Bona jioxoa,HJta %o u,ijiKOBBTOro Cearjiysaa i 3bh- 
laSBoro rpafiiiKBHKTBa. JI,icTaBnracb aa YKpaiHy, MocKOBCbKi 6ojib!(ieBHKH 
a Hafl3BBHaHHoio eHepriepo noqaia bhboshth 3 nei aa MocKOBmHHy Bee, 



;;v *) H» pocifk'BKo-f'Hi.'ifcmeBiin.bKy upaKtiiKv ua yiqja'iHi jofipe 3«a.noBaB 
uijuiiu.>.' - na 3;iei,a,aiiHKJ HeuTpajBHO'i Pa^ii 28. kbIthh — B. BunmeHco, 
mo ncpeatas iiacu oKVirani'i ni;i, ijaitnioniHKiMJi, ie niii:).i,w4ii 3 I^enxpajiHOKt Pafl,oio 
jo KHTOJiupy (s'ib- <"rop. 171). 

**) Samyrosyi: ynani tjt Te, m,o Garaio a tkx .-aaiix .iinun yKpa'iHCLKHi-con,iH- 
.licTiB pcHo.iionioHepiB, mo pauim,e rocipo BMCiyna-ia npora HonipaJiLHOi PagH i noiia 
rtaBiT* Oy.in lioiiptujyiiu.iu niirqiouirnii'iaTii ,i HnricnncbKimn oojtiioeBUKaHH nia^ac 
OKyBaH.ii hiijiu y*pa3HH ((ti;, EiaiqiiiK-ia^, MuxaiiJii'ieuKo, IDyafBKH!! ra HHmi), nicja 
noBtipoty Pa^n a Hismasii v Kimtu :jiii»Bii iTa.ni ,io npaui b UflWtpiBsaii Pafli. 



— 151 — 



mo nonaaaaoct nia, pytn : xjiiS, xyaooy, uyKOp, cejiBHctiri bobb Ta tfopoas, 
Hantaan tr ctaHKB 3 <J>ao'pBK i aaBOjiB. I Bee n,e 6ea bchkoto njiaHy, 
6ea BCflKOi encTeian, pySayjoHH i rpafiyroqa. yKpalncbKB cejiaacTBO, mo 
b BeaHKiB cboih Maci aepssaaocb BefiTpantno b dopoTbo'i 6ojibiueBHKiB 
3 YitpaiHCbKoio D|enTpajii.Hoio Pa^o», a b neBaia facTflni HaBiTt cniBly* 
bzjio 6ojibmeBHKaa. noiHna.io B%e 6p;rrnei. sn kxskh Ta pyniaHai, mo(> 

fiopOHHTHCL Bi,H rpa6lJKHHKiB. 

Bca na BaKxaHaaifl TBOpnaact na fpyHri njiucoBBToi BinevTaocTB 
opi'aBiB paaancbKOl MasH na Micnax. Xoq MocKOBmaaa i Borosaaa aa 
paaflHCbKy BJia^y na yKpai'ai. npote, noBiBniH hijikom oKynaajaHy nojiiraKy, 
Bona aaBeJia no Beit YKpaiHi BificbKOBiiii peacHH, mo BiimiHraaB MOXJiHBicrb 
aaBejeaaa pa^. 3auicu,b paa, npaByBajiii peBonrouiBai komitbtu Ta pi&ai 
Koiicapa, aacTaHOBJieui aropH, hkhm Miciiesi hrrepeca <5yiiB qysi. Bciojtn 
naHyBaB „urnjK", gacTO-rycTO nanna, nijs, bdjidbok Haiiripurax BBipaMBi 

lHCTHHKTiB, 

Tana 6yia xiiicaicTb. Bona ae Bionasa, aBunaimo, b nporpai co- 
njajucTniHoro (5y,a,iBHnn,TBa pociucbKHx GojiLiueBEKiB na yKpalai. EaraTO 
a Hel oyjio 6 ycyHyro sroflom caBBHH CoitnieBBKaMH. Aae tub lacoM 
BOHa CyjiafpaKTOu, Bona BnjiBBaaa na yKpamcbKy peBOjnonjiiay neaoKpa- 
™ i norjiH6juoBajra fieao^Bio Haij,ioBajitHOi Bopoaaeii mis neio i mo- 
eKOBCbKoro AetoKpaTito. Bona b BeMKJfi nipi aaBHHBJia b TO»y, mo yKpaiB- 
«.Ka ^eMOKpaiia norosHJtact niBajtie Ha THHiacoBe cniBpo6"iTHHnrBo 3 ni- 
jieutEOK) 6ypsya3ieio, His Ha inp 3 CoBiTCbKOW Pocieio. 

3BHHafiao, Tyi He noBORHTbca po6nTH oh,ihkb thx SiiiMu-iieHin ce- 
pio3HHi cnpoo" coujajibHO-eKOHOsiH'jaoro paaancbKoro oyjuBanuTBa aa 
.yKpalai, atd naMiianflct HapojiniM CeKpeiapiaTOB yCHP. lac aepefiy- 
BaHHfl 6ojibiueBBKiB na yspaiBi oya saHanTO najiiia (b Kbibi bohh oyjn 
BCboro oljia Tptox TnncoiB : a 8. .wroro h. ct. no 1. aapra n. ct.), mo6 
MO£Ha oyao mo ci. 3po6imi: ao roro ac Becb Bin npoxonHB y boghbbk 
onepaninx. Tannin ibhob, koot Hapo;i,Bi8 CeepeTapiHT i aas afiict aa- 
»ipa 6y#iBHBHTBa, to boiih t3k i aajnmHJiBCb iiaiipaaB, ne ,T,iiiiBOBina jio 
/Khtth. Hepes ne ne«ae 2 noTpeCn lOKJiannime caBHflTiicb Ha hbi TyT. 

Toro, mo CojibnieBBKB (jjaETBiao bctbtjib apoCiiTit aa qac csoro 
nepe<5) r BaHHH na yKpalai, hokom BBCTapnae aaa oiuhkh i'SHboi noaiTHKH 
■na. IloarniKa Ta 6yjia xb6hoio i b cboVS npBBU,inoBii3 ochobI i, tiim (JiJibwe, 
b (paKTaqnoay 3^;iHCHeHH». OeaoBHa Ti xn<$a aoJiarajia b Till nepesaai, any 
pociScbKi 6ojbuieBHKB Bijp,aBajin b conjaiicTH^HOMy ^yttiBBHUTBi Ha ycpaiHi 
csoeay nisBiiBOHy ,.BiTBKOBi", nepes peBOJiKmifiHoio bojibio, CBi^oiricwo 
i cHJiofo yicpai'HCbKoro Bpaiuoroioro jnojty. A eTaioeb ae lepes Te, mo 

MOCKOBCbKi 60JIbBJeBHKH B fllflCHOCTH H6 3aX0TiflH BBSHaTk 33 yKpaiHebKHB 

po(SiTBHHTBOH ia cejaBCTBOM iipaaa aa HiyB« aeo6Keaeae BaujoaajibBO- 
HepxaBae, a paaoa a thh i peBOJuoH,iHHo-coa,iajiBBO-eKoaoiHqHe caso- 
osaaieaBa. 

3ajmmHBn]B Bepe^ naCTynaioTOi yKpai'acbKBi i aiiieubKBi BiaCbKOM 
(1. fiepeaaa a. ct. 1918. p.), panaacbKe apaBHreJibCTBO yEpainR 

a U|eHTpajibHHi BuKonaB'iHM KomiTOTOB nepeixaao js,o KaTppHaocnaBy. 

TyT Bin6yBCfl ^pyrnu BceyKpaiBCtKBH a'Yaji Paj( (3'i8^ poano^aB cboio 




— 152 — 



ripamo 17. depesM 1918. p. npn 1100 jjeJiei'aTax), jikhu yxeajiHB (ao 
^OKJiajjj M. CKpnnaHKa) caaocTiaaicTb i nesajeatnicTL yjcpaiBCbEoi Po- 
6iTHHie-CeJifl[ici>Koi PecnydaaKH Ta odpas hobbh HeaTpaabHaa BaKonaB-iBH 
KomreT aa noai a 3aioHCbKH». Jlisi yKpalHCbfci couiaab-^eaoKpaTH 
(lacTaaa dyBianx yfcpaiECbKHi conjaJib-neaoKpaTiB i nacrBHa SyBinni dojibme- 
bhkib) TBopajia Ha s'Jajj OKpeiiy (tpaKniio, b coa<i hko! Bioflaao 47 ho- 
aoBiaa, b ihcji! bbuihx i Hapo^nia Koaicap biSclkobbx cnpaB €BreH 
H e p o a o b h a. t!. HepOHOBHH BacTynHB aa s'lsju 3 iHTepecHHM ao- 
Kna^OM npo cTaaOBHa;e Ha 6ojtbraeBHD;bK0-yKpaiHCbKOKy <j>P 0DT iv b aaoay 
flOBO^HB CesHajoiiiiiCTb i atKUJiflBicTb dopoibda a BiitchKOM HeHTpaabaoi 
Pain. Bin aaB Ha yBaai 3anponoHyBaTH s'faftOBi b nja capasi cbok pe- 
aoiifonjio, HKy nepe.3, tbx yxBa.ia.ia Paj,a Hapojjnix KoaicapiR (4 rojiocti 
3a, 3 apoTH i 2 yTpnaajiocb). Te3M ujei peao.iion,u dyjia Tani: ,,1. Pa- 
ABHCbKa BJiaaa aa yKpatm, ycTaaoBaeaa sa flonOMOroio 036poeHoro pe- 
BCnonjiiHOro apojiciapiaTy — rojioBBiia *ranoa BejiHKOpociBCbKOJO, aicn,eBHX 
CHa, hk onopa icTnyBaaHfl pajy)BCbKoi Baaflii, aaiiaie He Mae; 2. ,Hajibniaia 
dopoTbda a liiSctKosi HeHTpajibHoi Pa^a uenuuy'ie tioae^e ao ociadneHHH 
.T.eMOKpaTB^Hoi lioaHnji B>HTpa:ibH0l Pajia i aoate 3'tbophtb cHTyaujio, 
npn KOTpiu dyne aarydjiefinii IV yniaepcaji; 3. ^epoa 're Tpeda BaKJHoaara 
MHp 3 iieHTpaubnoH) Paaow, peopfaaiayBaTE aeraiiBO DjeBrpajiLHy Pasy, 
ode^BaBBia icrayjo^nH ciaaj!, il 3 odidpaEaa aa II BceyKpalBCkKOMy 3i3jii 
Paa, U,eaTpajiboiiM BniiOHaBifla KoarreTQii yKpaiHB, i caiataHBH CBJiaMH 
jipOBajtHTH b jKBTTB jipunnina, 3aaHa i ieBi b IV yniBepcajii." Oaaa^e s nicro 
p 630,1 ioii,iejo ae BorojtHJiacb eaaa <j»paKu,ia .iibbx yKpamcbKHx conjanb- 
JteaoKpaTiB. i Bona lau i He ao6a«JBJia cbitv. tf Bren HepoHOBB 1 ! tjt djjikom 
pOBinmoBCH a GoiibuieBBKaan, HOKBHyB a'lafl,, noaaBca b OjicraBKy, mi 
Hapojiaifi CeKpeTapb, i BHixan jo HojiTaBH. 24. depesHa Bin 6yB ape- 
niTOBaann" b c. CopoiHBiiax saroaoa 0. UlanoBaaa, a 25. 6epe3H« 
poaerpijraBnfi. «» 

Orojionienaji caMocrififlocrH yapalaH hochjio hjjikom yaoBEiin, 
TaKTHinna xapatcrep. J[e (Syia (»k cKaaao niaaime CKpHKHnK) Hesajietfc- 
HiCTb bi's „jtpi()Ho6ypsKya3noi HeHTpasbBoi Pa^H i Biji Bjra^H r'epaaacbKoro 
i CBifOBoro ianepiaaiaiy" i TijibKH TnmacoBa npBaycoBa poajiyKa 3 Co- 
BiicbKoio Poeieio, THM^acoBe (ak CKaaaa 3aT0BctKaii) „so nofiaieaHa" 
yKpaiacLKHx npauioioHBx aac poCiTBBKaa i ceaanaa CoBiTCtKoI Pocil. 

lepea jte-flKafi wac pajaHCbFe npaBttreabCTBO yKpaiHH npnaynieHe 
6yao aaifHEiHTH KaTepanocaaB i nepelxaTn so Taranpory, He ojb Bate 
KiHeitt fioro auutbHOCTH aa TepBTopiT yapalaH. B,eHTpa:ihBDa BuKOHaRami 
KoaJTeT yKpaiBH na ocraaHboay CBoeay 3acijiaHBio (b noaoBHHi kbithb 
1918. p. b TaraHposi) nocTaHOBBB: 1. CkacyBaTH Hapojiflifi CeicpeTapiaT, 
2. PocnycTiiTn •meaiB U,eHTpajii,Horo BHKOHaB^oro KoaiTeTy naa Heaei'aJib- 
hoT podora i 3. yTBopHTH Ha KiCH.e HaponHboro CeKpeTapiaTy i IJen- 
TpajbHoro BnKOHaBqoro KoaiTery opt'aHiaau.iHaHH noBCTaBHecbfoia n,eHTp. 
Tan BBany „nnBCTaBaeobKy jeBaiKy" (b ctaian;i 4 dojibiaeBHaiB, 4 jkbhi 
con,iajiicTiB-peBOJtioitioflepiB i 1 aiuoro yKpaincbKoro cou,iaJib-jieBOKpaTa). 
CiaaoBBme fleBHTKH oyao BenueaBHo: He to bohe aaaa yaBJiflTii „ypfla" 
yKpamn, ue to dym aisaapTiiiHaM nempoK, mo Mae KOopuHHyBara 
noBdaHCbKy pofioiy OKpeMnx nap™. 



— 183 



Tat; i;ijmitis cboc icTHjeattHa ijyTaipopHHH po6iTHHie-ce;iaHCbKHH 
ypaji; yKpalHB. *) 

B ni x abI Bifltfyjtack b Taranpoai napiifina napa^a SoabnreBHKiB- 
KOMjHicTiB, Ha HKiB 3B0B 6yjio nopymeHO cnpaBy a opi'aHiaaHJaio OKpeioi 
KOMymcrBiBOi napiii ;yia YKpalHH, nicaa 6ypMHBHX ^eGa-ris sanponoao- 
b3ho dyjio sbi npoao3imiii b cnpaBi „opi'aHi8aa,iliHHx o)opii napTifiaoi 
aiaJibHOCTH Ha yKpami" : nepina — KBipiHra: „yTBOpHrH aBTOHOiny 
napTiro a CB011 IjenTpaa'bHHM KoMiieTOM i 3-cboimh tfiajspxa, ne ni r n- 
.laraioHy caLrbBosy H,eHTpajibHoiy KoaireTOBi i aianas Pocwcbtco! Koiiy- 
HicrBraoi IlapTii'"'; apyra: ,,yrBopHTH caKOcriKHy KoMyBicraHHy IlapTiio, 
asa lae CBiS HeHTpaabBifi KomireT i ana aBaaana a PociaebKOio Konry- 
HicTHHHOio Ilapriefo wpea KijEaapoHaio KOaicuo (HI lETepaanioHaji)". 
Ha fflpyra 1 ,caBOCTi5flniy.Ka < ' nponoaunja 6yja yxBinena 6uu>uricTH> roaociB. 
Onnaie ifi ne cy.nn.iocB 6yrH nepeBeienoio b nm „KaTepaKOCJiaBn,i'' 
noneJiH npora „caMOCTiDBHKiB" KaMnamro i b npon,eci xaJtimoi op- 
i^Hiaan.il KoMyaiCTHqHOi napiii (6oibin.) yfcpaiHH (ajo Bia;6yBaJiact Ha 
MocKOBHtHai) nepeiorjin: K, H. (6oJTbm.) yKpaiHH niaiia dmhioh es,Hnoi 
HefluinMOi Pocii, a paaon 3 nan i e^HBOi PociiicbKoi KoHyaicTHHHoI nap-rii 
3 oSaacTHOK) opfaHiaanjeio II Ha ynpaiHi. **) 



*) JlaJiBiua iwopia n^oro ,,ypay(y" Taica ;k rienuiiiafiaa, ire i lionepeiaii. Ilpa 
uepewai ^SMiBB" 1 Taraapory 10 Mockbii po6iTH!rae-ceaanetKHa ypax BOCEpcc 
3hob i bib 11 Tpaniii jiicnu'i 1918. p. b Mocrai neperoBopn 3 cobitclkhm ypaxoa Pocii 
apo „TecnfiBmjKi CBH3i" 0601 ypnaJB. Ha Koti(pepenn,i'i uapTiBnni OoatmeBHUBKBi 
nptaiiisaniB yKpaiun (I ii'Isa,), mo Bia,(5yaa.oi, b aurmi MicHni Toro casoro 1918, p. 
u Mocrai, 6yao yxBaaeiio (no flOKaaay EmiiTSHHa) Hapoa.uifi CeKpeiapiaT yKpaina 
pOcayciKTa. Tan aoitcp HapoauiS CeKpcTapiaT Bspyre. Ha fiorr) Micne Gyao opfani- 
.lOBaao (UcHTpa-ituHH KnaheioK Kom. Hapii'i [floatui.] yKpaiim) U,caTpaaMui[ Boshbo- 
PeBoasonjuniift KosiTeT. Ta b cepmri Miami 1918. p. neii II,. B.-P. KoniieT „po«HB" 
aaosa „PaCo'ie-KpecTtH«<,'Koe llpauHTeaiCTao yBpaaHu". Ha jtpyrojiy 3"ij,ti Ko». II. 
(dojiiin.) yiq>a3i[H (b MockbI b :«obtiu 1918. p.), mo offfiyBcs uicisi lieBja.io) cnpoCE 
„po(!.-ccJi. ypn.i)"' Hi^iiHTH iioBCiaHiid iia ytcpalHi npora rer&saHa, ,,po6.-cea. ypaj" 
.VKpaiHH" 3bob Cyan csacoBano. Camt 6oJix.inPBHKH T ,KaTepnnoejiaBn,i" najuBaaa urn 
icTopixi a pa^anciKUB yKpainci.KiiM vpa^oM ,,nrpoii II. II. K. yKpaanuB njiaBinejitcTBo" 
(,.IIpaB,T,a" % 1X2, 19l8. p.). JtiftcHO, n;e 6yja n;urKOBHTa „irpa" i noaiTHKaECTBO. 
Jljia noBHinoi xapasrepHCTHKH n^.oro noaitHKanciBa Tpefia naraxain me npo oroao- 
lneaiiH (b Taraupoai) ^ouen,LBn-KpuBopoacctKoi PecnyCaiiKH i nocii-ray ^oaefanil Bin 
Hapo^Hboro CespeiapiHTy #0 Mockbii &ia B^seHna ueperoBopiB 3 npasojiy Kop^ouin 
.'■ i;|i:uaii nicafl oroaomeiiBH caaocTiSnocitt yKpa'tan na II KaTepiiHocaaBCtKOHy 
3*l3j(I paa yKpaiHH. 

**) B aiiimi aieani 1918. p. BijCyaaci a Mocitni Koii^epeaiiiH fioainieBaniEHi 
op(aHiaan,itt na yKpalHJ, na3Bana nepinHM 3'i3floa KonyiiicTHlBo'i IlapTii (fioawu.) 
yKpalira. yKpa'incLKa cnpasa Cyaa tteHTpai&aoio na utriiry a'n^i i 6j3sl BHpimeua 
niasoit b jj-ci „KaTepHaocaaBn,iB". Oci pe3oa»n;iH a'Sa^j b yKpaincBKiii cirpaBl: 

,,Hiixo.in<)» 3 Toro, mo 1. yupaiiia Bepo3])HBBO aaaaaaa 3 Pocieio ; 2. mo 
euoHOKHiiia e^ttiCTE yKpalaii i Poci'i n ocraKue ftecaiHaixiH jTBopnaa HeuopymmiH 
Casio wis eaaocTii fiopoitSu ir[>oaeTapiHTy Pocii it yKpainn ; 3. mo BiAOKpei- 
I e ■ u a >'Kpa'iiii: al.T, Pocii, iik b cuay n,toro, TaK i b cnay Ectoro Miatnapo^Hioro 
cTaDOBiima, liociiTt lapaKiep tHKiacoBoi OKynanil; 4. mo iA« s 
ciMOCTiiinocTH yKpa'iiiK . . . fidaToino flicKpea^rosana b hk nafiinHpaiHi Tpy^oBHi 
aacax yspainn ; 5. mo noBcxaHHa posBiiBatTLca iria, racaon BittpofljKeHna peaoa»- 
n,Liiuoro ofie,iHaana yKpaiHH 3 PocieB, — nepiaau a'iaa KoByflicTHTiHol Jlapxii 
yapaiaa ra^ac, mo 3aiaie» aaraol naptii as an e tbc a... 6 opo t h c a 
aa pei».i»ni5iie 6 e j;h ug a y sp aln H sPocicro Ha cisctaBi 



154 — 



jl,jia saKinicHHa xapaKTepHCTiTKn noaiTHKH pocificLKHX fioJibraeBHiciB 
Ha YKpalni (i Ixatoi odjacTBo'i opi'aniaaujl — KoMyflicTHinoi llaprii 
[dcuibBi. 1 yKpalHH) xo BifiHH i nia<iac BiftHH Pocii 3 yKpalHOH) nmji. 
arajara npo ouimcy u,iel no.iiTHKn caMHMir at GoabmeBBKaiin YKpalHa 
(npe^cTaBHUKaaB yKpalHctKoi Te'riT b napTii). 

Oahh b jujuLbHiiniii MfleniB K. II. (Coatm.) yKpatnit i naes jKpa'jH- 
cbKoro paflfracfcKoro ypa^y 3aTonei>Knfi nucae (,,Ms HejasHero npo- 
utaoro", vJ^OMMynHCT 4, No. 3 — 4, 1918. p.); 

■ „Ha fpyaroBiie uarauHH — Bi^HOiueHHa ,v> nan,ioiiaatHoro pyxy, hkhm aa- 
3ua^aaoct b aaainitt sipi noaiiuKy uponeiapiaTy na yKpa'ini — napiia BiaJtoaiaaaa 
30BciM HeBiipa3HO : „BpaBO HaniB aa easoBiiaHaMeiiHa". . , KoBKpemi x BHpiaieBHH 
npiiMHaaiicn sia ainiajycy ao BBnaaey. 

Eepeaeai-KBiteat 1917. p. B Heipai bcskux HoonepaTBBiB i cnuioK 
^opuyeTBca yKpalncMaiit nanioaa.ii.uu a biu, suaiaae ua obIt uoxhu Paa,a — napria 
JarijHo rBep^iiTt npo caKonnsnaienas. 

T p a b e n i. Pa,T,a ni,i,ni»a« roaoBy. x l e p B e n b - a a n e n h. Paaa aaxa- 
raenea ciaM na hoi^i — iioKpoBHTeaiCTBeHHe cajiOBaaaa'ieHHH. Bepeceat. IIpo 
Paay jiafiace sauyau. IK o 1 1 e 11 s. Paaa dpiiKaeTBca — cninqyaaiO'ie (ue poaiopaaa) 
caMnBi[3iia>innni[. 

JI a cto ii a j,- rpy ,t e hi.. Paa,a oroaoutyt! rpisaaB y.itTiinaTyM i . . . apaao 
aanifi aa caxoBnanaueiiHa, 

Client (1918 p.). Paa,a... Anaijtejia Pafli... A iipaBO nan,ifi na raMOBHana . 
lenHa aaaniaarcTBcn aepyxoae, hk eueas, i, sk Kaaiiit, ni'ioro ac BBMOBaajoac. 

III,o siaaaacn raiiTUKa ni^Hocuo yKpa'iaciKoro nauionajBHoro pyiy. W ae 
spa3y poCKyoiiaii Pa^v, me naao Cian ; uiaa, mo y Bcil oax roaoBOKpya;uTe.'iLBnx 
;itiinax Kypcy Be uyau niauoi Bii_VTpiiniil.o'i aJbotUKH. 

Byaaaa Banaj,™, ko.iu oaaoTOCiio jaBaaiica anKaro'iaKrai oaaa oany ftapeKTHBH; 
TaK, aaapaKaafl, aa Gift 3 yi;pa'iuc£Kiiai nioBiuiamoM, 3 cyayBBloio :i Biswas apidao- 
6ypatyasaoro peaBnjeiO, daaroeaoBaaaacs aecaaneio PaaauetKa yupaiaa, aiyan,eio — 
,3,ouen>Ka Pecnydainca. MnsoBoai nparasyeTi,™ vtpa'iuctKuil aaeKSOt npo oarty, n;o 
OTaBBJa >'Biii;i! oa,aoiacHo i ca. lIni;oji i avKaBOMy 3 jcipKysaHi., nio 
Xto 3Bac, ae npuiia.cTwa 
(.'Bill Bin BiKyBaTU : 
TpeGa BcioaB, a,o6pi .in.n, 
EpHflTe.ia aaTn. 

y napri'i b n,iao«y ite (Jysio Busy ; noaiuma 'i'i Baiaa ispea neai-Koaosy 
3 caMaaii iiecaoatBaHHsn yxnaHnaaiiu i, Bpoay«iio, aansKO He CincKynaKii peJTJflt- 
TaTa«H ; na Micn,sx ae Oya KaaapaaK BeyaaiisiHri. Koatna opfaHi3aii,i(i, jraflste koxbbh 
TJiea naprii, aa caia crpai i pncK BupiaiyBaaH Bci miTanHs, nto TopuaJiica TaKTHsn 
BiauocBo yKpaiacBKoro nattioaaataoro pyxy. BOxpllS Bee pic i waB&B ^hm aaai 
OiatuiJiM $aKTopoK aoaiiiiMaoi Copoxtoii aa VKpaiai, — i ot tjt i BllSBHaoca, 
nio noBasanB npiiHB;in caaoBM3ua i ieuua aan,ifi (ue upoaciapiaTy), KOTpaai noTpiflao 
fly.io Kepysanica no nacaHiio a iayctnoiiy apcaauito 0Tn,iB qepxBH, sysse rap- 
Kii.it, ii o k ii a^ao iiae npo In a; i'i ta (iranrii, ockLibkii aim (pocifi- 
CLKiiM 6oaLmeBHKai[. II. X.) TaM no aoBoanaocn npanioBaTii (b TaTapo-fiauiKHiiiax 
a hum yace saoaoTy aocHTt). 1' a p u ii ii Bin, k o a ii t p e d a 3 p o 6 h t e 6 a a r o- 



upojsiapuis-oro i(e«ipijiixy » lexai P u f i 8 c i k o i C o b i t- 
ciKo'i C o n,i aa i c t n <i a o 1 P e e n v 6 a n kh" (C. Ma3aai i B. Ulaipafi. 
„J,o XBMai", CapaiiB, 1919 p.). 

TaKHi 'iubom, aaBitt $eaepan4a ra aBTOHoaia BBaacaaact ,va yKpalHH He- 

BOipidHHMH. 

B aioBTiii Bican,i 1918. p. niafiyBca ^pynifi 3'Iaa KoMyflicT. IlapTil (6oa*ai. 
yKpa'iHii), bkhB Hiioro no cyia ne aoaaB jifl nocianoB Jlepmoro. 

TaK, noHaBDiH 3 „caHocrifiBOCTa" b Taraapoai, itoKiaiHan b Mocrai aa 
„npoaeTapctKOKy H,eHTpaai3«i" — eaaBia He^uuHiu Pocii. 



— 155 — 



pOflHHH IK e C T B i 1 T II .1 i Ka»noroc 



i ]i ji el u ii a , 



a a e ma^Mii 



Ma. io 3p-o sy h i ii h H, k o a u a,o b o p t ic a b up lniy n ai u b c i n,i upn- 
K.iaTi ii ii t a ii ii h Ha piniHi OKpalaax, b poji V rip a "inn. 

He ay-pao uau,ioHa.iiiii KoaynuTU'ini liapiil, m,o biohsti. b cxs&fl poclftckKoI, 
b poj(i iroiiLCKoi, aaxaaictKoi, oajfiaaau caMOBiiaflaaeHM \nu\m r\.ui, i,i,oa;e ytpeftLxxa 
yiiOKoaerica. Aae y hhx ciaaonnnie 3aaaao npocTirae, hue na fxpalBX 1 aaxamcLKa 
i no.ii.cKa napiit it fiilMJOcta .ufniui : ojHa — aaTHmc&Ba, apyra — noaMsa. no- 
(■BoeMy aanionaatnosiy caaajy (no Kpajiaia: aipi n Iitu visainiKf AafHsdn i HoaairiB 
uiiTO He cysuiBaBca). He xe aa BapaiHi. Tyx napxia 6 o a tm cb ii k'i b, hk 
i olsMricw. nposHcaoBoro irpoaexapiaxy, csjajadici, ro.i o b ii a m i ak oh, 
ia P o c i a ii, in; mo He no Han.io'na.'ttBocTH, to no Kyaixypi. BacaoBHThCH npoxii 
raMOBiiaaaasana uauin hihkobo, i Taa pytidpiKaiopasn laapi ^BpalHUi fBjn. B u^ 
a Hani FupalHy — ay ma ae ittiti (im 6i.ii.ine, no nori 
to Bap ami ao "n i a S no pa b raHCiiai aymi n ep e k o a a k i, mo 
YKpa'iHy rpymeBciKHH nnjjiaB), 

I oi noiHnaiOTi.cn myaaaHa. Hy, mo a:, eaH0BU3Ha'iyi1iH aa; %o fliaoKpeM- 
:ieaaa (moC io6i Ht ana Hi noKpiiniKn), aac xiaBKn aa mini." * tj't, SeanpeninHO 
y aolii uapiifinia Bixinai. Hy, xafi Base (Syne coCi aaBixi, canociiana VKpaiaa (aa 
in,o Bate He aoataa Ge3 iiioro) ae-ncoyat b AscipaaU aGo, na ripiunu uinenb. nanin. 
aa HamBXHKiS Boanai i Iloaiaaro, a.ie Ha Bimo SeanpeMiuuo n KaTepnuo<-jiaBm.isni 
aCo xaa XepcoamHui, no BasyvH Bate npo XaptaiB , . . Oxxyay i ecxt nirnan Bci 
n,i ot sate juhcho aaponiae (iLitiai ne rpyrneBeMaia) Bnwaani pecnyCsHEH ami.ii.o- 
jfaxia, mp 3a&xai Cyan noaapyBaxa Ilexaiopax aasiauy Jspaiay, aGa enacxn cboi 
iiaaecTHHa bU cxpaiuao! ua3BH „yitpalHir'. 

B io»y a: tekh „KoMiyHHcre" (No. 5, 1918. p.) — o<piu.uuibHOiiy 
opi'am KoiDTeTa liapiil (6omiiieBHKiB) yKpaiHn — iBTaeuo cjiuyroii 
pajsjss, mo ne seHin acicpaBO, mas 3aT0HCLKHii, aiajnoTb o'ojibmeBHn.fcKy uo- 
jriraKy sa YKpalBi » noiaiKy peBorouil ho TaraHposbKux ^bib: 

„llepea, napxiiinitsM opfaniaanjaxH yapamii g nepiniix a»ib aMTo-oepesHeBol 
peBoajonji noBcxaaa CBu'i ocoujiibL aa^aii, aai Buxai'aan c^anoro, 3araaiao-oi)i>BS3Ko- 
aoro i BejpoiaaicioBEoro Bnpinienna. Manaa totoet BWiOBijy. aa nuTaiiHH aaranmo- 
pociHciKoro xapaKTepy, aUnoBifli, say ^asaaa iiami cuiaiai a'laju i nam ruijLiiiiu 
IJeiiTpa-iiHiifi KoaireT, mh He aaan tasol ;s: jiciioI i nejnBox3Hici0BnoI awnoBiAi aa 
niiiaHHa, nv> TOpKaaaca bbbmoiho yupa'imi. Hiiraiina irpo srojiy s yxpalaouoio 
couiaai-^eHOKparieKi, HanpHKaas. BipiinyaaaoCfl bobboki «icH,eBoiO napiianoio opta- 
iriaanitK) raMncriBao: u^aaoro, tiii-itnoio BnpinieflHa ac fiyao. HaiaHHa npo 4">psiy 
ofioniaiaax ciocyaKiB yKpa'iiin i PociS isnpiiiivBaaoea aa nia,tTaBi aficipaKTHOi $op- 
xyaa ,,npaao Han;ii Ha camoBHSHaTOBHa", ■ sin, aBanJapa, npoacTapiaiy VKpaiau, no 
aasaaa saraasaol awioaisi aa imtannm; uiaix xe jpops oCoiiiit.mil ciocyaaiB aoaa- 
raeTtca npoamapiai J r i;pa'iiin : in aoaaracTWn Bin iqiaKBOi (o6aacT!iu'i) aBTOHomii, 
(pejtepan;il, caMOCTiiiHOCTH, an, Howe, sin n 5aacae itiflKoro noaimmoro niajiiay 
in. aoaaraionuci) fiesnocepeRBSoro uBaaay Koacnoro HicneBoro cosiiy 3 ace- 
pociacLKiuc n;enTpoM. 3aTaaBHo-o6oBagBOBo1 ui^aoii^i y aac a a 
u,i nBTaim n e 'iyan i ne xorao (SyiH, So a a ne Cyan oOcj,- 
aaai y b e e y ap ai h clko m y xacinTalSL I aaai. Eon noBOTaao nnaBBa, 
npo Paay, xiCa y aac (fyaa c,iiiua ;iininV Hi, He 6yao, TpeSa caaaaTH n;e o^BepTO. 
I KoaH Bciaao nuTaaiia irpo apOTHCTaBaeaaa I'nai csoio coBiiciBoro n,enxpT, xiOa 
piacni 3eaai (oCaacxa) ae neperaKoaasaan miMa onaaan jairfunaoniiK. ni.nro ' nenxpy 
i thh caMUM ae ocaaCaaiBaan CoponCa 3 Hejixpajii.uoio Paa,oio V I ne fiyao, i n,e 
aBHaoct pe3yatraT0M HeoOeBaaiioi'TB aaniHi napTifinnx opfaui3an,ifi y BCeyapalacwoxy 
aacnnaOi: oiii:ii,i:i aa^a'ii mv.iii, aae cnia&uoro xi.iaiina ae oy.iu, Cv.iu jc-suhimtbo, 
Ky(-TapHan,TBO, cenaparnaa, jpiCiii paiyaan piatanx coBiiin i coniiuKiB, ceKpeTaiiiiiTin 
i coaaapKOMiB, 6yjo see, mo aaBrozao, iLitKii He Cyao oaHoro: osporol iipoacTap- 
ciKo'i n,eHTpaai3an,ii i opraai30Baaocra. H,toro He Cyao, i ae Cyao o^aow a aaS- 
roaoBHimnx npnaan aaaio'i caaCocxH." 

ClijIbKH rOBOpHTb npH3HaHHfl CaMHX 603bffleBHKiB-KOiyHiCTiB npo 

ixhkj jriiiatHicTb Ha YKpalBi. Bohh aenoxHTBO CBiflqaTb me pas. bj,o 



pociacbKi fioJibineBHKH Ha ,VKpaini „npocnOTpe.iii' i mi, HuaKiue Kaatym 
npoi'aBHJiii yKpaiHCbKy peBOJiiouiro, AKTaKy: mo ufl peBOJironja aacryKaaa 
Is neuiAi'OTOB.ieBHin no Bnpiinenns yicpai'HCbKoro iiaijionaabHoro niiTaaaji 
i mo, Hapeurri, ixhi TOBapHiui Ha YKpaiHi (saBtiyTHB Kos, Ilapria [fiojibin.j 
yKpaiHH) 6e3CH.no i 6enpaj;no Tourajsicb Ha nicu,i b toh iac, kojiii 
MypaBHOB a niBHOin paaoH -a pivKHOFO mimaHctKOio lopHoeoreHHOK) na- 
bojioi™ na YKpalHi „eanoonpeniJiaB' t YEpainy ax jjo po3CTpi,iy yKpai'a- 
nis TijbKH 3a Te. mo bobb — YKpaiHui i rOBopHTb lie TaK. hk Ha uibhohi. 
Crpaimia oKyiiamiina iipaKTHKu MypaBiloBHK b cyTH piin 6yjin 
pijHOH) cecTpow ineSHoro yspalHOawpCTBa i ,,poa6pojiy'' a paji,ax poeiH- 
CfcKHx SojituieRniciB na yKpaitri. *] 



Poafliji V. 

3 „flonoMoroio" HiMGD;BKOi Oypacyaaii. 

17. DoxiA yKpa'i'HCbHoV i HeyKpaiHCbKo'l (SypmyasiT npoTH HeHTpajibHoi 
PaA«. BepTarora jio KniBa a Hiuraanpa, IJearpajibBa Pa^a i ITpaBii- 
TeJbCTBO Majiff TBepiDH Hasip jo^epaiyBaTiicb b aara-ibBHX pucax Toro 
Kypcy nojiitHKB, akbh <5yB HaiiieHHu 111 i IV yaiBepeaiiaHn. Oco6.ihbo a; 
TBepio ctoh:ih bohb na aej«e.nbnosy aaKoai, yxBaieHOMy IJeHTpaiibHoio 
Pa^oio e fl,m o6aorn KniBa oo.TbmeBnKasin. Ta b h,iix cboIx naaitpax 
HeAOOuiaHJra bohh anaqinna HOBoro <paK?y — nepeoynanna ascTpo- 
BiMeu;hKoro BiiicbKa Ha ycpalni. Miac thk n,e siScbKO ctmo pimawHHi 
^HfiBBKoa Asa BayTpiiBEboI noJiiTBKn Pecnyojinitn, ctioramy nocepe;i,His, 
a noTiH i 6e3uocepe^uiH. 

IIocepe^HiH bb.tbb u,[.oro iHHHHKa na BHyTpimnio uoJiiTHKy Pec- 
nyfiiTHKH BnaBHBca b Tony, uifl sea oypacyafla Ba-yKpami — ytcpaiHCbKa 
i HeyKpai'HCbKa, aarHaHa b BaKyrKH cycnLibHoro -jchttb peBOJiioujeio, 
BoSaiBJia o^paay b peaKnJHHomy Hijieu,bKOMy BifictKy cboIx n»npoa:Hix 
cnLibnHfdB, aaoTyiiHHKiB i oooponuja bia ,,pyiBBBKiB cou,iflJiicTiB". IIOBiiinnKB 
i KauiTaMcTH noaa.ra ojBepTO Mo6Lii3yBaTn cboT cbjih ajia KOHTppeeo.™- 
ujiiHoro BHCTyny. lIoMim,Hn,bKa opfamaauia — coroa xaiGnpoo'iB B.iacaHKiB 
— bio Ha laois peBOJirou.ii liibKB noianKH npOBajH^a cboio KOHTppeBO- 
jn»n,iHny po6ory mi;k 6araTiiiHJt KyjianbtcBM cejiancTBOM, Teaep pocKnayJia 
cboh) ciray no Bcia yspatui, ariTyjoiH Mia: cenaiiCTBoa npoTH H,eHTpajibHoT 
Paw i yxBaaenoro Hero 3euejii)Horo aaKoay i 3aiuiHKaH)>in daraTmax ceaaH 
no opi'aHiaoBanoi 6op»Tb6n aa „cBare npaBo BJiacaocrn". 

Tyr ara cnBHaaocb rpoxn aoKjiaji;Biffl,e Ha xapaKTepHCTHu,i aaHoacHimHx, 
TaK BBaBnx „KypKyjriBCbKBX*' e^esrenTiB yKpalacbKoro ce;ia, m,o Bij;orpajiit 
Be waay poaro b 6opoTb6i a peBOjnonjeio. 

*) 3nicionBHB aHaii3 i itpHTHKy hojuthkh puciftcbKiix (Jo-TtineaiiKiB »a yKpft'iHi 
sa ^aciB UenrpMBno5 Pa^u sa»TL C. M a 3 a a x i B. Ill a x - P a B u "ii npani 1M 3,» 
iBHii (lH,o sieTMfl na BKpaini i 3 yupaiHOKt ?)", Hanncanifl b rpyftHi — 1918. p. — 
dial 1919. p. b CaparoBi i Tan mo BHftaiiiH ..CapaTOBCtKHW yKpa'iHctKHM BTOi-"P M 
KoaicapiHTy CirpaB HauionajitHBr" b 19i9. poni. 



— 157 — 



B iiponeci peaojnouil yapalacbKe KypKyjiiBcttse ceJiaHCTBO Banijrajio 
8 ce6e ^Bi aKTHBni i'pynn : oji.Hy, aajiocBUOiy aaoioBajibHO, i flpyry — 
g posBHBeHOJi Haniona-ibHBM noiyTTHM. Ilepiua iiuijia Beet <jac aa bojih- 
khbh ni>Miiu.HKaiH, tie na^afotH niaKoro aaaiiaafl ixaiB HanjoHaJibniii npa- 
Haae^HOCTii. IlaraHHa aauionajibao-nep/KaBBoro aaaiinaa Mann jlxh njel 
i'pynn ajLiicoa jipyropaftfly Bary: 8 cniiui a noMimHKaan Bona tioposnjia 
cboix MacntiB i iija ooaexyBaaacb. ,H,pyra inyKaia „cboii", yKpam- 
cbkhx nomiunKiB i b cnimi 3 anaa xotijia ne TLibKn otfopoaaTH ceoi 
laeTitB, ajie fi aaxoniira b cboi pyiut BJiaiy b BijtpojaceBiii yicpalnebKiii 
aepjKaBHocTff. I^eHBHii BpOBiA ocTannui jssiB&Jia nap™ „sji6opo6iB- 
aeiroKpaTiB". 

IIonaTOK cBiii aa „yKpaInctKa .HeaoKpaTBHHO-XjdOopoficbsa Ilapria" 
Beae Bis TpaBra aicaua 1917. p. ^e-ara yKpaiHCbsa „xni6opo6a" Jlyo'ea- 
CfcEoro noBiry (na IIoJrraBmnni), nooyBaBinn na IIojiTaBCbROMy lyoepaiajib- 
noay alaiji „Coro3a aeaeJibnux coScTBennnuoB'- (mo Bi^yaeii b aaio Micauj 
1917. p. b IfcwrraBi), BOBepsyaa aoaoiiy a nyBKOio aacByBara i na JIy6en- 
maai noiiui,Bn,bKO-KVJianbKii3 coioa j;ja 6opOTb6n b cejiflHCbicoio rojioioio. 
mo BSe ro^i, npaB^a, noKH mo 6ijibine „b JiyKni", aiJimia abu co6ok> 
nancbKi aaeTicn. riiamme na .lyana eaopajia nrapnroro anaainaa. IaiuisTopH 
napTii — I. KopnieHKO, M. M ah-apeaKO, C. HleiteT. M. Boap- 
cbKHfi (rojiosa -tyCencbKoi hobS-tobo! aemebKOl ynpaBn), JI. K Jin mob (laea 
Tie! at ynpaBn), B. HlitJiap i B. Inrpas — nocTaBHJin eo6t njiuiio 
yTBopitTH BceyKpalBCbKBii (a ne TLibKn Jiy6encbKHH) noaiiu,imi>KO-Kyjian;bKnii 
coroa, akbS 6yB 6a He Bi.t^i.iost „Bc-epocciBcKaro Coioaa 3eKejibnidx , b 
Co6cTBeHBHKOBi>' : , a oKpeaoio yKpalHCbKOH) opi'aaiaaii.ii-io. HaBBaHa BHin;e 
■ iniuiHTHBaa t'pyiia naaBajiu ce6e opfaBiaauinaoK) Koaicieio i npndpajia 
aanoymbOMy coioaoBi HaaBy „yKpalHCbKOi ^eaoKpaTniiioi Hap™", ni;T- 
po6jiaroHnci. niji, uanyioai To;i,i peBOjiKnuHHO-^eioKparniHi Hacrpol. 

. 29. aepsna 1917. poKy Bi^dyBca (b Jlyfinax) ycTanOBHHH a'faji, 
napTii, aa HKnii npaoy/ia jBa necaTKH noaimnKiB i Ki.ibKa cot ceafln 
KypKyjiiB. ITpoBOnnB s'iajos (hk roJiosa) JI. Kjihmob. Xoi a'le^; i npo- 
xojub nij, „neaoKpaTBMHn»" npanopoa, npoTe aicuPBe ceaaacrBo ia 
caaaaTH, aoBi^aBmncb npo noBimnn,bKi aCopn, aBiwacb aa a'wji i cihhiijih 
aaKOJtOT. L[e upHMycDBO uoaimnKiB aaKiuHHra cboio opi'aniaaiiiiiBy po6oTy 
naiuBttAKy. 8'I«K ysBanHB Ki-ibKa aocTaaoB (na$roJioBHiin,oio a atcax 6yjia 
TOiKa npo BenoTopKaaicTb npnBarHo! Baacnocra sa 3eiuiio) i ofipas „Pajiy 
IlapTir'. finale opfaomi^a naprii fimaa ^y^c imbo. Maaoaene-ibHe 
ia fieaaeMejibHe cejancrBo, podiTanuTBo i cairflaTB, KOpOTiue — ecu peso- 
atoniaaa neaoh-paiia, b pysas aBOi (JtasTH'ino nepe6yBa.Ta b toS lac 
BJiana aa aicn;ax, ,iyaie aeaajo aaaBBJBJiacb aa bchkI cnpo6n ayaaKiB Ta 
no«iiu;HtriB noBeCTH cboio peaioijIiBy pofioTy. SHaioqa ue, ocTaBai „apamo- 
BajtH" sysce ofiepeatao. 3 aaJiLiuoi nia/ibaocTH napTii rpeda araiaTa TyT 
noainiHUbKy KOH(j)ependK), aKa BUfiyjiacb B-oceaa 1917. p. b IIojiTapi 
(nepen snCopaan ^o BcepociffrbEHx yciaaoBiBX 36opiB) a imn;iflTHBn 
noiTaacbKoi i'pynn , v i;eaoKpaTn l iHoI napra". B aac^i nnniax noaimnK'a 
<5yB Ha nifi i 4>. Jlnaoryfi (aafieyTHia reTbaaacbKBH npeafip-MiaicTp), 
xoi bIh i ae aaaeaas no „yKpatncbEOi ^eioKpataaaoi Jlaprif". 



IIph6jm3ho roxi jk (a cane b kobthi Micanj 1917. poKy) BailinoB 
b JlyfiHai nepmnfi napac npoi'paMy nap-ril, HanncaHnii B. JlHnnHCbKHM 
(rrepeKonaHM aronapxiicTOM i peaimioaepoM). J,o peii, BaaBian Ha ysary, 
m;o HaaBa napril aOBcis He sixnoBuae II anicry i b toh ace qac naao 
ciyzHTt i nocTaBJiennM ifi „3axacrHHi" ijijtaM, nOMtnjHKH aoaajm £0 nap- 
TiiHOi H38BB cotosy me cjiobo „xJii<5opo(icbKa"; TaKEB "ihhom, 3raaaHnn 
napac npoi'pany JlHnnBctKoro rOBOpBB sate npe „yKpalHC&Ky ^eatOKpaTHiHo- 
Xm<5opo6cbKy IlapTiio'-. B nojiiTHiHifi aacTHai npoeKry npofpairy SHain.iocb, 
m,o napria „CTQlTb TBep.no i Henosmno he fpyHii dobhoi BaacHOBLibHOCTii 
1 cysepeHflocrn yirpaiHCbKOro Hapo^y" i crasHTb „naSBaa:Hini;0H> i BBxijj- 
hok> toikok) cBoel po6oTH 6opOTb6y sa aepaaBHBS cyBepeHirer njjioro 
yKpaiHCbKOro Hapoay no Bcin yKpalHi". X^ aaanaaajiocb, mo .,BJiacna 
jepacaBBa oprtiaiaania BaatHa jlih nac, hk npeflCTaBHHKiB yKpaiHcu&oI 
xai6opo6cbKoi fteuoKpaiil, He raibKn a mothbIb HanjonajitHoro, aae fi etco- 
HOKHiHoro xapaarepy", i HaMiaaBCH conjajibHO-eKOHOMHWHit npoi'pan 
napTii. „yKpama — tcpaii xjii6opo6iB, roBopooct b iiapnci, i yKpaiHCuca 
aepaaiBa aycHTb CTara j(epaaiB0H) xjri(5opo<5iB." Ji^m Hboro b ocaoBy 
GKOtroMHiHoro 6y;i,iBHiiuTBa napTicro Knajiocb Haeajpcennfl na yKpai'ni 
xyropiB. „U,i xyTopi B^aioTbca xjii6opo6aM b josray i Hacjii^cTBeHHy — 
ane 6es npaBa no,ni.iy — apenny 3 npasoM ipaKTaiBoS nepeycTynKn i'x 
b niioMy'-. ,3,na „Hapi3KH xyropiB" «as 6ynt yTBopeHHH aepsaBHHH 
aeKeJitHHl <j>ohj; „3 Ka3eHHnx, Ka6ineT«.KHX, yaijiwmx, aaHacrapCbKHx i t. n; 
seite at, a TaKos 3 aeiejit npaBaTaax BJiacHUhiB, KOTpi BaKOHOflaBanii 
nopa^KOM. b lipy H0Tpe6:a, laafl nepexoaHTH a a BHKyn 
no cnpaBe^JiHBiH oniHn;i y BJiacmcTb jepaaBE, noBepx neBHol 
ycTaaoBjieHoi saEOEom HopH h". 

Becb nepinHH pis peBOJiioaii (1917. p.) (JyB HecnpnaTJiHBaH jyia 
pofioTH napril. HafidiJbin ycniaiao Becb nac npau,K>Bajia Boaa Ha Jlyo'eH- 
uprni. B apyrax noBrrax IIojrTaBinHHH, b OjreKcaHjpiHCbKOiiy i GjnicaBeT- 
rpancbKOKy noBtiax XepcoHianna, b KaTepaaoeJiaBi, XapbKOBi i Kami 
opfamsyBaJiHca riflbKH neBejurairi iHTenii'eHTebKO-noMimHnbKi rypiKH. EiJibm 
yenimHo npanioBaaa b ii;en rae jipyra noMim,Hn,bKO-KyjiaHbKa opfaaiaaitia 
— TaK sBaaHH ,,BcepocciicKiH Coioai SeKeJtbHbixi. Co6cTBeHHHKOBi", 
nepeimeHOBaHHH niaHime y „BceyKpalBCbKHfi G0103 3eiiejbHnx BjacaHKis 11 . 
HacTyn MOCKOBCbKHi (SoabaieBHKiB nayspalHy b 1917. — 1918. p. sobcim 
npHHHHBB podoTy ,HeMOKpaTnaHo-Xjii6opo6cbKOl IlapTii, aac a;o aacy no- 
Bepnemia E^eHTpaibHOl PaM a SaTOMapa. 

Tlpaxiji HiMHiB Ha yKpaiay BiasnBHB saBmepjii 6yjio nouimHUbKi 
opr'aHiaauil na yKpalai, a b TOMy qaejri i „xjiidopo6iB' ; . 25, CepeaHa 
ct. ct. 1918. p. mnfiyBCs b Jlytfaax opi'aHiaoBaHHS XeMOKpaTHiHO-Xjrifio- 
po6cbKOio naprieio noHinpabKO-KypKyjriBCbKnii a'm^ biocth iriBaiianx 
noBiiiB IIoJiTaBaijHHn. 3'ua Bi,i6yBaBca ni^; oxopoaoio oa6poeHHX ciJECbKHX 
OHTaiB Ta Txnix chhkib (jiafi(5yTaix rerb«aHctKHx „cepflioKiB"). Bin Baaie 

HH3KH HOCTaHOB, B SKHX, MIS; HHUIHM, 8a3Ha^HB, HIjO BJH 1) BH3Hae HOJli- 

raKy DjeHTpaabHoi Pajyr b afpapma capaBi pylHHHu,bKOio mx aepsaBa 
i aaraJbaoro HaHJoaaibHoro rocno^apCTBa i Banarae cKacyBaHHH aeaeab- 
Horo aaaoHy I(eBTpaabaoi Pa^a Ta BBaaaHHa npaimina npHBaTHOl Bjac- 
hocth, hk ochobh HapoflHboro rocno^apcTBa ; 2) BBMarae Herauaoro no- 



— 159 



BepaeHHH aoaimaKaa apaea B.iacnocTH Ha uaaB6a i i^jjihh ix isBeaiapb, 
3BepTa»TiH ysary ypaay na Te, m,o acHBofi i MepTBHn lHBCBTapi, b lysKax 
pysaj rune ; 3) BHJtarae sadeBtjeienHa b yKpalactKifi aep^aei npaBHOro 
aaay, oanaKOBoro ait asa apamoioHBx cejaacbKO-pofiiTaHqax Mac, TaK 
i aaa- BH3HCKyBa^iB-noMim,nKiB ra Sypacyaail i 4) BHiarae nonoBHeHHH 
cuiaay HeHTpanbHOi Paaa npeaeTaBHHKaiiH bib; „iJii<?opo<5iB". Jjjifl nepe- 
aa<ri cboIx ao Ka raai> IIeirrpa.iE.aiH Paai s'i'aa o6paB ae.iei'au.iio (b iHCJii 
200 aym), asa, Ha acuri a C. HleMerOM, i HBH/iacb b KhTb 26. depeaHa. 
Ha aapaai npeacraBHHKiB (JipaKnia l^eHTpajitaoI PaaH 8 npe^cTaBHHKaiin 
meMeTiBCBKOi n;eaar j an;il (us aeaer'aiiia soma <5yjia BHcrynHTH si cbogki 
.aeRiapaujeK)" npano Ha Baciaaaafo HeHTpaJU.HOi Paaa i fiyjia ayse 
HeBHOBoieHa, kojiii Ih aaapoiiOHyBara neperoBOpnTn 3 oKpeiBMH dppaKryii- 
HH«n npeacraBHBKaiH ia 3 BiauoBiaHma iJieHaia ypaay) „xjri6opo6fl", 
aoMaraaHCb tojiobhhm uhhok Tptox piien: 1) cftacyBaHHa sexeirtHoro 
saKoay HenTpaituoI Pajia 3 BiaaGBJieunasi npaaa BJiacaocTH Ha aesjiw: 
2) noiioBneHHH coaay I],earpaiBnoi Paaa „xjri6opo<5a!iH" i 3) caacyBaHaa 
aepeBeaeHiix Bxe BnSopie ao YKpaiacbKax yciaHOBUBx 36opiB. Oafloqacao 
n x.ii6opc6n" ayse rocTpo BHcrynana npora po6iTnatie-cejrflHei.KHX opi'aai- 
3anj8, ocoGjihbo apOTH CeiaHCbKOl CnijiKH, aasaBatoqH nj opr'amsauji 
^aaoaiScLKHMii", apoTH UjesTpajitHoi Paaa i con,iHJiicTB<raoro apaBBTeatcTBa. 
He aoOHBoiaei. 6a»aHHx la aim b coaai neHTpaai>BoF PanH ts b II 
hojuthiij, „xiii6opo6H" 3 rajiacoM i JiauKaira (am apJKyBajraca Ha cto- 
piflKax opt'aHy yfcpaiHc&KBx conjajiujiiB-tpeaepaaicTiB „HoBa Paaa") no- 
Bepnyjn aoaosiy.*) 

3 utoro nacy HaHiTHBca hobbh« i ricHHa KOHiaKT naprii „xxi<>o- 
pp6iB-ae»0ftpaTiB u a „Cok)30mi 3e»eJi&HHX'& CoCcTBeHHHKOBi", aanpaBJiennii 
na noBajreaaa HeirrpaiBBOi Paaa. ^epee „Coio3i 3eBeaBHRX'j> Co<5ci- 
BeHHjiKOBi" iiapTia Biilioa, aic aKTHBHBH ihhhhk, b eacTeMy.flonimHa>KO- 
HiMeutKOi aKH.ii apoTB JJeHTpaibBOl Paap. 

IIlujio ojaepTe .,6paTaaHs" BeaHtcoT afpapHO-npoKBCJiOBO-fpiHaHcOBoi 
OypxyaaiT yttpaiHH « Bi»etu,KBMn peaKajfiaaiH i J enepanaMH, a^ia akbx 
i II,eaTpajrr>Ba Pas,a i eoajaJticrn^ae npaBBTeabCTBO 6yra lyad i BOpoai 
3 ix aeaoKpaTHiHajtH TpawiaiH. 

r ^pi6ao-6ypsya3Ha yKpaiactKa iHTejiifeffuiH „BocapaHyaa ayxoir 
i aoiajia niiTionn,e« 6irrH aa bcjehkoh) 6ypatya!)teio, hk aepea tbh 6ir.ta 
aa coniaaicTaiF. BoHa aosyna ce6e Teaep sBi.iuHCHOto 3 *roro TaKtsoro 
coniaaicTBHHoro noioay, b aKoity nepefiycajia KijitKa sicauiB nepea n,ai. 
JTento siTxaroiH, Bona npaiioaao BHSBJiflja Tenep cbofo paaicTt, bio mok6, 
Hapemri, BaaBBTH cbog cnpaB'acHc o6iiBqiia. ase aoci npaiymeHa <Jyjia 
„b ima aepsaBHoro 6yaiBHnn;TBa" xoBaTH nia uacKOio. Oaea 3 jriaepis 
yKpalHctKax con;iajticTiB-i}teaepajiieTiB, 0. Uly^brHH, b cboIx ,^ripKy- 
Baaaax eoniaaicTa-^eaepajiicra" (b crati ,.3iiBa TaKTHKn') tbk imcaB 
a npBBoay m.oro ,,BH3B0JreHHa' cbogi napTii: 

-,^In uobbhhi 11 in; a j 3 7 ii cbog .lime. Mk — con;iaJiicTH He a» 
KiiniiKj- aaiiKa, us qepe3 so.iy, n no- KiuCoKoiiy irepeuoaaHHio, ale iie» kjihch, ii 

*) Aejefanis 0RBij;a.1a niHicTpiB-eceiJiin flllcTysiina), BnwiOBHBmii 'is CJioe 
npH3aaHHa Ta noaaKy 3a oCoposy iBTepecfe 3e»eaiBiix B.iaenHKis. 



Ao<5po6yTy hii ae uactaanao uuso.ih same iffil jtepHEaaaocTH. Ma — iiaptis a,ep- 
ataBaoro OyftyBauna i Ao6pe yaaviaeao, aisi Beaanyqe HOTpifini coujaatHi pe$opnH 
.i.ia namoro aapofty. Aae He Tpefia aaJSysaiH, mo Teuep an jEimejso ne B Till Kpalai, 
hkj Ma 3naJiH m,e ais potty TOMy. Py'iua, fi aaapxia Sypero npoaeennca Hen, i aiimi 
t»k ne 3arposcye coiiiaabHHH peijiopaait, CKpiiMeauio aaiaol Aepx&BnorTa, hk'tji 
aaapiia I a njitaos no^imio fljuKy moto TiiBapisina C. SflipenoBa : aacTaa lac 
EOBo'i peBOJtfon,iI — pesonionii npoin asiapxii. I b nux aaB^aaaai napria co^iaiioriB- 
$ea,epajiicTiB noBimaa B3HTU BaBaKTHBHiajy yqacH. l'ope 3aB3K^a Baaiae" . . . 

A aaB^ae bobo oct uoxy. 

,Ko.n ae soicii m, e 3 p u :i y a i :i u xadHicTi cioel iioncpi'i- 
Htol a o a u n, i i si e p o b h ii k a cyiacaoi n o .1 i t a a a, to napTia coqianCTUi- 
^oaepajicuB c b oio t aKTH uy sxa saiauxa. Bea juajiio, aae ao sacnpi, 
eapaBe^iaao ocyAHJia Bona xafiu cyiacaoro i Bncyay.ua HOBy Ue», BKa, hebbo, ae- 
aaOapoa ouauye aarajiiiuiii uacipoeM : e^iiuml buxu si CTauoBttaia a k o a .i i n, i ii- 
h i a Ka6iaexi, b ciniesi Bcix n c p c o n a a l a o - ft y x « x e-teaeflTiB, 6ea no^Liy 
na napri'i ft lianil. Tpefla paTyBaiu flepscaBy, paTyaaiu Kyatiypy, 6o xj'tko iii'ioiu 
BHie u. 6jn& paTyBaTH 1 * . . . 

I mmio n noKa?yBaHHH CBOro jrana." PoanepeaaBQiDCt, eouiajricTH- 
$eji;epaMcTH niuun Ha nojii KOBTp-peBOJHoujiiBoro (Sypatyaaaoro uoiojiy 
npoTH I^eHTpa-iEffoi Pa,a;n, uporn conia-ircrHiaoro apaBBT&ibCTRa, npora 
HOTenepiinatoro Kypcy IxnboT noviiTHKH. Toroqacanii opi'aa couioicriB- 
(peaepa^icriB „HoBa Paa,a" mo-flHa ofaaBaB hobbbmh HeaTpaabay Paay 
i npaBBrejBCTBo, CTaparoaacb bchkhhii cnoeooaia 3^icKpe^BTyBaTH Ix 
b oiax npycEEo-HineubKOi BiilcbKOBoi 'sacra. IHyKaK>>jfl fpyaTy jyia cBoro 
, T SepsaBHoro dyxionauTBa" b Sypxyaranx ninimuubKflx i ceiiaacbKax 
Kyjran&fcax eJieMeHTax, ec-eiJiH *) aa cropiHKax caoro opi'aay js,hbr.iu mici^e 
raee6HHM npoTecTai uhx fpyn npora nfiaBttTe^bCTBa i IteHTpajibHoi Paxil. 
BflXBanaKWH Cf6e, bk naprito „s nepcoBa^ibso jsjxrx eJCKeHTiB", a ycix 
cbji naMararoiHcb He Bflapnru „HosoBHSBJieuHM Jiuuesi u b rpaab nepe^ 
Hinei^bKOfo 6ypacya3iEK), ec-e$a 3 BaBSflrram poaHiiinajin tpyat ftra rpa- 
jiym,oro nana, b Haxi'i, iu,o bih ae aafiy^e u,iel TxBboI BixiaHoi flpanj. 
TaK caMO „noKanyBaJiH csoe jibu.6" i cou,ifl.iicTD-cajiocTiHHHKn. 3a- 
flBHBoiH b cboim opr"aBi „CaiocTinunK", mo nonepexRa nojriTHKa 6yjra 
„Heo6xiiiHoiQ B neBHnii tcTopnMHua utoueHT noiniiKOH), nosaTKom neBHOiy 
HacTpoeai Mac", bobh Tenep aaxoAmrnct kojo BHnpaB^eHHa thx „do»h- 
jjok". Honepei BCboro nocTaBaaa Ha nopsJioK fleHaan .^nnpaBJesHB 1, 
seieJituoro aasoHy. HotIm uajEa^ajia aMian „He BijnoBiflajoioro uroaeaTOBi" 
CKaa^y Paj,H Hapo^aix MiaicrpiB aa „hobuh KaCiaer MioicTpiB, no(5y^o- 
Baaaa aa apHHU,iui Anoeiii i Koajriaiaaii'", 6ea ynacta b ai» npejirraB- 
hhkIb aauioaajibaax aeHbiaocTefi, aKafi 6a aosiB „TBepi;aH" Kypc aojriTHKa, 
piBHatoHRCb aa 6ypsya^iio. 

- OABoqacao o6n^Bi i^i ,.cou,iaJricTaiai" napTil bobojb aoxijj npora 
BijKpaTra yKpaiacbKnx YcTaBOBiux 36opiB. MOTBByroiH a;e thm. bio bb- 
6opa ao kbx Bi^fiyjiacb b Heaopsa^baax yMOBax i ai.0, Taitna Kaaos, 06- 
paai senyTaia ae BuoBBaiOTb BOJii Bare-ieflaa.**) A 3<5opa fliacao 6yjiH 
aajieai no CBOeiy cHjia^OBi bij^ ececttiBCbKO-caMOcriaaHjyiKHX ifleajiis. 



I 



*) ec-e$n = c.-$. = con,iajiicTH-^eftepajiieiH. 

**) JIpoiH ciutBKanHa ycTanoBiai 36opiB 6y.TH i yKpaiacbKi con.-ftea,, mo ae 
oupoaorjiKCj. npoBecTH j;o hhi i 10 ^enyiaTiB, Bohb cuoniBaaiici npa hobhi snCopai 
iipoBeciH ix fluiiuie. 



3 172 odpaaax na tou aac jenyTaiiB (Bcix aaao 6ym 301) apa- 
nanaao: na CeaflHCbKy CfliaKy i yKpai'flCbKHX couifljricTiB-peBOJiioii;ioHepiB 
115 flenyTaiiB, Ba <5ojn>BieBHKiB — 34, na cioaicTiB — 9 i la nami 
napri'i Ta I'pyna hi 5 w 1 aeayTaTa. Orse <5yJio ioro xbhjib- 
Baract i 6hth Ha I'Baar! BinKparra Tanax 36opiB He BimyBaao Hiioro aoo"- 
poro fiypByaaii. *) CmrflaioHH HeaxpaibHy Paj^y i coujajricTaaae apa- 
BHTeJiBCTBO, Tpe6a oyao BaajxaieriflB BHcrynaTH i npoTB ycraHOBaax 
36opiB, Be jtonyciBTH ao CKJiBKaHHH Ix. Koaa BOKaayBaTH cbob aificHe 
jnufi, Tas noKaayBaTB hulkok, oajepTo, 6ea apHKpac. TaK 6yao Ciatuie 
BiaHciB cflOflotfaTflci. 6paBouy npyetKOMy lOBKepoBi. 

fiflyaa noxoflOM apoTa IJeaTpaabBoi Pa^B i MafrtSyririx yeTaaoBHrix 
36opis, yapaTHCBKa flpifiaa 6yp/Kyaak noaaaa, ori^oa aa Beaattoro 6yp- 
xyaaiara, aaaiajBaTHCb, aepe3 qopaafi xijL, #o cbogI aa^ir — aiaenjKoro 
KoaaaayBaaaa i apoxaTH aoro aacaaBoro aacTynHBUTBa nepej; Heaaunc- 
aaa coBJaaJcraHHaa ypasou. TaK 3BaHi xaidopofSH BJiacanaa, ACMOKpara 
i npocTO aoBinpaaa He aaBaaa chokokj Hisunu, H,o6aBaioaBCb „CBpaB6fl- 
jiHEoro cyaj". IIpycLKHB roaisep TiatKH pyaaaa noTapaB a aaflOBoaeaaa. 
Kojta HiaeatKe KOMaHjijBanaa noaaao BTpyaaTacb y BHyTpiBiai cBpaBB 
PecBy6jHKH, yKpaiBCbKa tfypsyasia, aBneaipao DpoiecTyioHa npoTa uioro, 
oaaoaacao aanofiiraaBO aasaaaaiia b cboIx npoTecrax, ai,o ie BTpyqaaaa 

HBJiaeTbCB (JiaSTHIHO lU-lKOM OCOCHOBaHHBT, Wfi BOHO BBK.lDKaHe 6e3 r T,ifl."U.- 

Hicra) Ta ae3JtaTaicTK) #o apanj eonjaaicTaaHoro npaBBTeabciBa. 

M. TpyflieBCbKHB aacaB b toh <rac a npafloay Hioro apaxaaab- 
Koro cyapOTB iaei yapaiHCbKOi flepacaBHOCTa noBOAJKeaaa yapaiBCBKoi 
oypacyaaii ciiiyioae (cTaTTH ,.CTapa icTopia", Baiin,eaa b „Hapoji;HiB 
Boji" — N 59, 21. KBixBH 1918. p.): 

..la:s«ni iipnni;r.-in ;iuiiTKy upo aesopia.i no.iLi'tKiix nuaiinjiKia, 'uchik ioc- 
ifoaapciKHX TOBapacTB a CTapOBOeTaammoBa i KpcidHUH, i fpymi iioximnsiB npoc- 
EypiBCiKoro ta .•umiqinciKoro noBiTiB, BiiciasHii 30 KOJtanan apyroi aBCipificBKoi 
apaii, ,;o ra.iiii(bKom KanicBiica, ^o uo.ii>c.LKoro amitTpa b aBCTpiBctKbi KafliaeTi 
i fto npe3nau noflBCiKOfo Ko.ia y Bi3.eHci.KiM napjaaeHti. Bom 3aK.titKa»TB aacrpo- 
yropcBKe npaBnTeascTBo, m;o6 boho nepeBcao oKynaniro TKpa'iHCBKoro Hoai.i:ia, poa- 
BiaaJio ceJiaHCKBi KoatTeiH, BiaHOBnao BeiiHKe aeM.icBo.naiuna i noMor.TO HajiasnTii 
rocno^apCTso cySciwnMii ra :taBe^enHn« iipiucyeoBoJ npaiii &a a OWMH. 

TaK poCaait IIojiaKii. Aiie Bin hhi ne BinPTaioTi. i cyxo yspaiHCiKi iiujiiiniiKii. 
Caiti nmpi yKpalnn,!, liaipioTii, canociiBDnKii i t. hh. Bufth uiji,.[i;n(yioTi.ca p& m- 
Men^BBi BiBcBTMBin, poaafiTOByKHB Ix, onoBtAa»>ra, mo yKp&XECbse npaBBTeuoiBO 
He a^aiiie, 60 coB,iHaiciHiHe ; lteHTpa.ii.na Paaa i ycTaaoB'u 36opH TaK ca«o, 
0TK8 Hhfuaai TjieCa Bniina™ca, Baani l cboi pyKn cnpaBy, TOMy r^o eeaane ae 
xoayTi caira saciaTii senejiB, J'i;pai'na socTaneTica 6ea x.ii6a i Tane uarne. 

Po3ynieTBca, an Bipimo b aepacaBniiu pojysi nia "n,i.Koro ft aBcipiBctKoro 
irpaBHTe.itCTBa. mo boho hc ni^c aa ro.iocaMu n,nx ofljecHratiB i tilx snison.ieHL. 
KOTpi nia Ix Bn.niBoa bhcbsuoib 30 buhjoi KOManaa iticB;eBi Hiaco;bKi fl aBCipiii- 
i-lki Koaanan. He aonycKaeao rasun, mofi KOTpo«y-ue<jy,T,B a d,hx H]3aBUTe.iiciB nnaao 
aa ra^Ky BMinraiHca y nami BHyrpinrni ciijiaBn, napyiuyioiii cyBepenni npaBa Hamoi 
^epatasa. Aae cani TaKi npofiH BaBHi -nonofi, rpOMasan J'. H. P., Hycan 6yin HaMii 
aisnoBi^Ho on^neni. 

HpoMOBcui U, HTpaaBHoI Pa^H, o6roBOp»»ii! o^uh 3 ix BHCiyniB, HasBan 
ix B)nasin Ic*KapioTaMH, asi sa cboi KJiacoai iHTepeca npoflawiB jepaiaBnc npaBO 

*) Con,.-$en. HaBiiB nocTaHOBOH Oyjiii Ha BUiia^OE Bij(KpHTTa yciauoBiux 
36opiB bhSth 3 KaSinety riHicTpiB. 

XpHCTmK. Ieiopia poscunmil, II. 11 



— 162 — 

.VKpalHH. Ilpojaisa, 0"ieBH,nH0, *icna: hc 6y#e »wi. Bep.iiH He cxo'ie ihth cii^asm 
MoOskh. Kepaamiqi yBpalHciKoi' itoJimiKH TaKoac ue ni?jib cai^aum thi retfc- 
jtaniii, KOTpra nam boot KassaR BapmaBCBSHM cbittsm i rps3K> Mockbh. A.ie ni 
yKpalacBKi natpioin %k rpuMa^nH , hkL HainHKaMTB ne to mo nijieuBKO npasBiaiB- 
ctbo, a.ie naBiTB i Haute, tubkh Ha n,K> nyiB, iji posyitiiOTt bohh, ho poO.iim. ? 
JtefoEDTBX -i. ii|'"i'".h'iii<'ii!i:i i ii|i]!:;h:iiiii;i y ic j.:!Lii r- i,i:.ii ,(,r;,;i.-;uinoi"rH. BKK6CeS0l 
na u.ie'iai Bamoro ckiCEKoro sapoRj-, TOro, mo b cBMKax, i toro, no 6ya ioffi 
b inBiiajax, bohh naoHKaioM. nam ypaj, oCepHyiiicH onimoio #o hhx, a .iiiuph flo 
;!CJueBJiacHKEiB ! UepeqepEHjTH 3eMeai>Hy pe^iopiy i, onipaw^Hca ua HiBen>Ki 6at- 

IH.Til, BUnOB-lSTH HnsintllUBKC 1I0M.T BO.in;iiHHH ! 

Ta 5K He Cyjto 6 GyKBa b dyKBy noBiopeHHna xo'i bgehkoi, ueaaCyiHio'i ro- 
poKHoI icTOpE^HOl HOJiiTHKH, any yKpal'Ha oiLiaiBaa 250-J»a jrirasn nesoji ! Up 
Oyjio 6 boboio npoB0Kan,ieK> namni Hapo^Hir stac, ski koihci, 3a be-hiko! py'inu, 
b cjiini« Bispyiy npoins noainumtKHx 3<iaraHOK CTapjiHHn pas yate po3Ba.iH.iu 
yu-palHCBKy aepsasy, uepeHinoBinn Ha Gin BoporiB ^ia ioro TiaiKH, a6n 3hiidi,iith 
ueHSBECHy ciapHiHEy. 

Hi, na n,e He ni^e hiito, Koiy cnpaaai Ropora BU3Bonena YKpaiaa fi II sir- 
HOBaeHa jepiKaBHicTt i xto xoi Tpoxn no»e tshhth TBep^i Jienni'i iexopil. .Hpynifi 
pa3 potent iy caay iroaHiiKy hc loacHa. 3a ue Hesta BUirpaBjiaBJiH. 

CsaMeHiTECH, aiofle I" 

3BH^aHH0, rnxro He ciasreByBCH. Ta caiia Gypatyaaia, iaeoatoi'H 
hkoI fipexjiHBO nacajiH, m,o bohh „La;ei kjhch, II ,a,o(ipo6yTy htko.ih ne 
nocTaBJiHTt Biim;e iji,ei aepaiaBHOCTH", najjaioiH, cnimiuia paTyBaTH cboi 
kjwcobi iHTepeea, npHCTOiWByroiH jsfl hhx yKpalacbity jepsaBHicrb 
i soBcix ne cnHHawmet. nepeji; moxjihbhm Ei# uboro poBBaioM to! jep- 
jKaBHocTE. Honepeji; BCboro 3a6eaneieBHH cboii MaTepiajitHtix imhcobhx 
iflTepeciB, CBoro naHyBaHHH, a uoiii Bse aepaasa, a kojih w ^epacasa 
crae Ha nepeniKCui nocTaBJieHiH rpa6iasHHHBKia njjii — reTt i jepacaBy. 

Bypatyaaiio Bate He BjiOBOJTbHaJiH xi ycxynKH, asi apofiajia II,ea- 
TpajEHa Pa^a, BBiamH b cKcan KaCiHeTa ToiiydoBHia kLibkox coniajiicriB- 
(JieftepajricTiB, a raKOE ,,cneuiajricTiB" 3 aaao - BHpaaHOio napTinHoio 
(piainHOMieio. *) In Tpe6a dyio Bate He Koaaiiiil (BOfla 6yjia BfliScneHa 
b KaCiHeii rojiyCoBH^a, npn MOMy b TaKHH cnociS, m;o GkburieTb b Htosy 
HaJieatajia noBipKOBaaHM e-ieMeBTau), a bcksi Bnaisfl, ji,jih 6eaKoaTpoJibHoro 
KiauoBoro xaaaHHyBanaa b HOBOyTBopeaiil yttpaiacbEriB aepataBi. Bona 
Bate 30Bcin He xoiijia ziswra MaiH s conjajiicTaiiH, xoi 6h 5 noHipKO- 
BaHBMH, i bohu iffrija Kpame no^iJiHTHCb aeio 3 nkeiibKOH), MOCKOBetKoio, 
noabCbKoro fiypatyaaieto. 

YKpalHCbEi coniHjicTH-o>ejtepajiicTH noiyBa^n ce<5e b Ka(5ineTi To- 
ayfiosnia Beet Mac He b cboIh 'rapisui, BeayHH pofioiy OftHonacno na 
jpa <ppoHTH. Hapeuiri, kom cnpaBa niAroroBjieHHa KOHTppeBOJ!H)n,iHHoro 



*) Ho HOBepneHM ao KnlBa KaSineT FoayCoBHia Cyjio uepeiJopiioBaHo b TaKiiii 
cnocid : 1. TojioBa Paj,H HapojHk MimcipiB — TojiyfioBH^: (yKp. con;.-peB.), 
2. MimcTp BHyip. cnpas — M. TKa^enito (yKp. cou;.-Reii.), 4. cyflOBmt — 
C. IIIoayiHH (yKji. con,.-^ejii.), &. aeMeatHHi — M. KoBaaeBCBKHH (ysp. con,.-peB.), 
6. lapioBira — Ko.iiyi (cnis^yB. yKp. con;.-seM.), 7) npani — Mmaii jib (ysp. con,.- 
R6M.), 8. Kepyioiiisi sih. saKopaoHHHi cnpaa — M. JIioOhhcbkhh (ysp. con,.-peB.), 
9. nuasis - G. Cokobhi (cniBtyB. yitp. con;.-peB.), 10. KepyKmifi ain. $inaHcis — 
Kiiiomii (Henapi.), IL ITo^t i Teji«tpa$iB — r. Cn^opeEso („HenapTift- 
hhh yep. con.-aeM. i caHociifiniiK"), 12. HpocBini — IIpoKonoBHq (ysp. 
con.-^eR.), 13- ToproBJii i npoMHCjy — wenjeHKO-HoniBC&Kni (ysp, 
coH.4efl.), 14. Aepatannnfi Konipojit. -0. JIoToaBKHfi (yKp. con.-$eft.), 15. A<sp- 
a-aBHHfi CeKpetapt — 11. XpnciioB (yicp. con;.-peB.J. 









163 — 



nepeBopoTy oyaa aamaHeHa, U,eHTpaJitHHii KoKixeT D,is! napriT iiocmHOBUB 
27. KBiTna {aa ssa flui so nepeBopoTy) osoHKaTn cboix HJieHiB s KaCi- 
Hery ToJiy^oBHia, oxapaKTepnayBaBnm iioro b cboIh nocTaHOBi, flK „aea- 
3,aTBBii CTaTH aa nirax peantHoi podora i Hecnocioainr so apanj."*) 

UpycbKi lOHKepn, Hapenm. npacjiyxanacb so Hioro iflTepHanioHaai.- 
Horo rojiocy noMimBriB, GaaKHpis Ta ^afipattaHTiB YKpalHH, so roiocy 
xjri6opo(5iB B-iacHHKiB i senoKpariB, so roaocy coujnjricriB-$escpajiicTiB 
i coujflJiicTiB-caBocTiHHHKiB i cboto RiaoHoro, mo laKHfi oxoaHfi 6"yB no- 
rpafiyBara yKpai'ny, i chjioio nrraKa aasypeaoro HuieabKoro cajisaia ao~ 
KacysajiH bcc : i D>HTpajibHy Pasy a conjajricTaaaHM upaBarejibCTBOii. 
i ycTaHOBii 36opa i, napeum, cany yKpaiacbicy sepsaBaicTt. 

IS. HiiteubKe BiAcbKo crae no CTopoHi 6ypmya3iT i AOKOHye sep- 
maBHoro nepeBopoTy Ha yKpaTHi (p oar ok IjeaTpajibaoi Pasa 
i BCTanoBieHna reTbiaiiiim). PoasBBHEuracb b iiicneBEX 
odcTaBHHax, saaaaHoiiHBiiiHCb a noirimHKaMn Ta bhhibmb 6ypa;ya3HHHii 
I'pynaaa, mMenj.Ke BificLKOBe KOiaasyBaHaa ne Morao Bsepsarncs nepes 
cnoKycoio ,^tasHsm" ,,36oai>iueBHqeHoro', poiSiTKHKa Ta ceaaHaaa. „3aBe- 
seaHfl nopasKy" HiMiij aoaana 8 BisttOBieaaa iioiiin.nn.bKnx rocuoaapcTB. 
Po6n.iocb n,e cnoiarKy iujihxok He osBepTax CKpiaja-ibHax HaKaais, a Tepo- 
poM Has ceJTHHCTBOM. Bcix aanisoapeHFx b „6ojii>meBE3Mi", b rpaoyBaHmo 
nosimnii^EHX MaeTKiB, BaaoBJiioBaaoCb i p03CTpijiroBajiocb nicM BapoiriB 
Hisei^bKoro noaeBoro cysy, a to h 6m aax. HajiHKaae nan a KapaMii 
cejHHCTBO ,.so6poBWbHO" BisMOBJianocb Bis aaSpanoi y BOMimaKJB 3eioi 
i BepTajro naaau poaifipaHBH nepes TnM cuiiCKorocuosapcbKHH iaBeffrapb. 
TaKHfi caMHU Tepop icrnyBaB i b roposax cynpoTa po&THimrBa. I Tyr 
jiisii!u,bKe KOMaHjiyBanHfl bbjiobjik»B3JIO sanisospenux u <JoabnieBH3Mi i istjlo 
so cysy — He yKpaiacbKoro, a cboto — aiiienbKoro. 

Bxacue a aax cys'B i nosajiocb iiBae BTpyiaHHH HitieubRoro ko- 
MaHsyBaaHH y BayTpiinni cnpaaii Pecuy6*JiHKH. 3 so-hkoto aacy Tropin 
iioiajiH nepenoBHBOBaTHCb rpoBasaaaaa yKpauicbKOl Haposntoi Pecny- 
6jihkh, aacyssettHMii niBeijbKBirn ia aBCTpiacbKriMH BiflebnoBnaB cysaaiB. 
Miricrp K)cTHH,ii M. TKaieHKO BisnofliB na ne (23. Mapia) rocTpam 
napKyjiapoK so npoitypaTopiB otcpysKBHX cysJB, b aicoay HarasyBas, mo 
lyaci cysn ne aajOTb chjih b Y. H. P, m;o sua noaapaHHa mohhhdjb 
rpomasflH Y. H. P. icTHye 8BnHaliHHii yKpaincbKHH cys i BifictKoBi cysa 
npir yKpaiHCbKHx BifiebKOBHx KOMeHsanTax i hi,o, TaKHM qnnoM, „aacya- 
xyuaBDH HimeubKniiiH fi aBCTpifictKHMH cysana rpoMasaH y. H. P. e BTpy- 
'laHHBB b aaKOHny cysoBy BjiacTB i Tony aBraeTbca fieaaaKOHHHH 
BqiiHKoi", aKoay bixto He noBaaea sonoaoraTH, a Tanoa ae BiiKoayBaTH 
BHpoKiB aiueiibKHx cyiiB. IJiipKyjrflp a;ea cnpaBH ae noapaaHB i TiabKH 
nocjiyacHB so aarocrpeHHa BiaHocnn mac yKpaiHCbKaaa BiacTaiiH i npycb- 

KHMH K)HKepaMB. **) 

*) 3«,c.ijTniivK>TL na ysary BBcrynn rr.n,.-(Jes. HTe-iyxHiia (ainiCTpa kcthuii) 
b UeHTpa-iiiBifi Pa,T,i, hkhmu Bis HairaraBca BmipaB^aia BTpyiaaHa BiaeniKori) bISckh)- 
Boro K0naH3jBaHHH y BuyrpiBiBi cnpa»n yKpaincLKO'i Peciiy6.mKM, 3'oKpeHa y Bi- 

,t,OKCTBO JOCTimil. 

**) C. Dle.iyiKH {mo 3aciymiB Hieije M. TKa'ieBKa), iiaMaraBcs cotIh 3araa- 
A"Tn „nerapHe BpaaciHaa" bjs u,toro rjiipsjaapa. 

11* 



1<>4 



BeJia ao DipyiasHfl y BHyTpinrai cnpaBn PecnyfiaHKB i peKsianniiiHa 
jijajifcHicTB HirniiB. Xo*r i hk npaBHiejiECTBO HaMaraaocb npnneBOJiHrH 
HiMiiJB po(5hth peKBisHnJK) noTpifiHoro Im (jura BificLKa) xjri(5a Ta <$y- 
pasy nepea yKpaiHCbtri BJiacia (KOMicapiB Ta KOMeExaBTiB), aJie Binnj 
irajH snepTO npociiinBM jaa hdx uijwiom — 6e3nocepe^nix peKBiaBu,ifi. 
Tasi peKBisanjI ooyproBajra HaeejreHHH, Bean ho aopoHHHX KOHtpiiKTiB. 
a ni ocTanHi mBiainck Bdxeii.bKBM tepopos. 

TaKiw hhbok, se 3BasaH)'iH na aycBJi.ia npaBirrejii.cTBa B^epsaTn 
BiMeu,tKe BiicbKO b painHX iioniHiioro cniBpoCiTBimrBa BHKJUOHIIO 
b BiScbKOBiix cnpanax, Hiimj 3 kojkbhm HHem uce 6iju>uie fi oabme 
BTpynajmcb y BayTpinini cnpaBH PecnyfaHKH, are hokh ne aiflioH j;o 
Toro, mo BHpiniHaH bbsth Ha ce(ie cnpaBy BecnaHOro saciBy i 3BH3aHoro 
s njHi „BnopajipyBaHHH'' seaeaBHoI cnpaBH Ha yKpaini. ronoBHOKOMaH- 
jjioihb aiiaeHbKHM BiacbKOM Ha YKpaiai (Jiejibfliiapniaji Aiixropn, 6ea 
iioposyaiiHDfl 3 upaBiiTeatCTBOM, Bu^aB HaEas, b aKony, BKasa&nni Ha Te, 
ia,o BecHHHOHy saciBj rposHTb saaisHeHHa, i bhmobhbwh no6oioBaHHH, 
mo eejiane dia npoBO^on aerejibnax KosiTCTiB He saeiiOTb bcix sohojib, 
HaKaayfiaB Hi»en,bKHM bIuclkobus BJiacnm bxhth 3axo^in xo Toro, mo<> 
bci hois 6yaH saciaBP : w io b nopoayiiiEHKi b BemejiLHHMn KomireTaHH 
na „3 ininiaTHBH caitBX BificbKOBHx MacTefl". B BHaBaeHHio TieT imni- 
htubh HiHen,btri crapmnnii Mara KepyBawca hobbm „3eMejbHHB aaKOHom", 
BHpoGjieHHM ASxropHOi, oieBBflHO, He 6e3 yiacrn noMinHidB. Bjb n,efi 
aaEOH" KOpOTKHfi. Bra, npocTO Kaaty^a, BCTaHOBJHB: 1. mo Bposafi 
HaaesaTb jo tofo, xto sacie aeMiuo, i mo toii Bpoacaa jcaOT noTim sa- 
6paTH Himnj no „Bi^noBijHHx niaax" ; 2. ceaaaHH, akh! Bisbue aeirjii 
6iju.iue, niac asoate oopofiHTB, oyje aa ne cyBopo uoKapaniiii : 3. Taa, 
fle m,e 6or BpaTVBaB atHTra noiinnKait, ceaaae, naMflTaio<ra TOiity xpyry 
n 3aK0Hy", ne noBunni hbkhth in nepeoiKOji; no saciBy cboii MaeTKra, 
a HaBnaKD — seae-ibni KomTetn uoBHBHi aonoiorrn uoMimBKait peMaHeBTOM, 
KiHbMB, sepnoi HaaaciB; 4. MieueBe aeiiejibHe „BaKOHojtaBCTB0" npyctKHx ioh- 
KepiB Ha YKpaTHi hobhbho npOBajHTHcb b jbox MOBax : HisieuBKiii Ta ycpain- 
cbKiS, sa ni^iiHcoK seMejtbHDx KOMiTeTis a6o hhidhx nBi^noBiaaJibnHxiiicHeBnx 
opi'aHJB i 5. seieJibni KOMiTeTH nuton, BHaasara ceaflHaM ocotaBi CBijomBa 
npo npocrip aaciaHoI nniif seMai, b pasi ;k BJ^HOsieHHa i'x ni r ; B,boro, 
— raiti cBiaoiiTBa noBHHHi BB,i,aBaTn caii miieijbKi BJiacrH (23). 

HaKas nefi, mo hijikom ii'nopyRaB npaBHTeabCTBO i iioro aeiejibny 
nojiiTBKy, iu;o 6yB h^hm HenpnKpHTHK rpyfinni BTpyianaaM y BiiyTpiiuHi 
cnpaBH Pecny6jHKH, mo <{»aKTH^no o^hhm poc'iepKOM nepa nosepTaB Bcix 
noMiiuHKiii b Ixni HaeTKn, aaKinuiiBca BejuiKni* no-iiTiiiaax CKaHAaJioi. 
B UeffrpajibHiH Paa,i s npUBOjij Hboro BiifiyjrHCb (13. kbithh) nicjra 
iHTepoeitfliuT 4)paKitii yKpaincbKHx con,iajiicriB-peBOJioitioHepiB najKi i Hep- 
bobi ae6aTH. MinicTp aeieibanx cnpaB sasBHB, mo BiH ho e b craBi 
uepyBara BenejibHoio noaiTHKoio npn TaKOMy noBo^seHHio Hinei;bKoro 
KOiraH^yBaHHa i TOMy nojtaeTbca b ojneiaBKy. Hjiena, Pa^H — ceaaHe 
dypxjiHBO npoTecTyBaaH npoin BaKasy.*) Bpeiuii II^eHTpaJibHa Paji,a 

*) ^liieH ^paKnii jKp. c.-p., . cejixsEE 3 l IepEnriBminiii Ojmeni, cita3aB 
TO^i oxny 3 Kpaupir csoix npoaoB. 



— 165 



yxBaaaaa a npHBOiy HMtro caiaymy BHCTaeJieny $paKiiiefo yUCP rocrpy 
,.<J>opsyay nepeioiy no leproBiix cnpaB": 

,Bao.ijiaBinH noacHCiiua aiiticipa SDMejtHux cnpaB Ha iHTepncianuo b cnpani 
Hasaay (pciKiMapmaja Afixropua npo 3aciu uo;iiB na J T Kpaiiii i aassy auiicipa npo 
Bij,cTa»Ky, yjcpaiui'tKa UeiiTpa.ii.ua Paaa BBaacae iioTpiSnim aasBimi xa BKaaaTH : 

1) mo uiaemKe BiBctso tioKamcaB YKpaiiiciKHfi ypaj una aoiiOBorH b cnpaBi aa- 
Be^eunH nopajycy na yKpaini .mine b ihi Meycax i iianpinu, aid 3a3iia4HTi. ypaj, 
yKpaiHt'tKoi Hapoj.Hi.oI Peciiyfcraxii ; 2) mo inane caaoBi.ii.ne BTpyiaaua fepiiaiiciKoro 
; uKtpO-TropcutOTO Bumoro KOMan^jBairaa b coniajiKO-noaiiiiiHe ft eKOBomrane 
surra yEpa'iHii He ^onycrHMe ; 3) m,o TaEe BTpyiaiiHH, hr 3ra,i,amiii nanait $mm- 
napniaaa AfixropHa, Morce liaiKii affeaopfaHiayBarH uame rocnoflapctKe amrra, ycKJia,n- 
mmi vnniajiiio-noaLTiiiiiii BiftnocniiH i, Mia: iimhub, spoOuTE HeMoat.iHBHu BiiKoiianua 
IBs eKonosnimix .noroBopiB mix yEpainciEoio HapoflHioio PecnyfiaHKoio i HeBTpaai- 
hhmu J,cp-.i;aBaan, Korpi is n,i ppi BHpod.ia»Tica i ni^nucyioTtca npe^cTaBHUKajra 
aras&HHX x.ep**B. 

Pa30M 3 ium yKpaiHCbKa UeuTpaaiiia Pa^a, Bi,n,KiiHyBiuH BiftciaBKy jtiaicTpa 
3cxejfcHBx cirpan, xopy^ae : 1) BiHicTpoai 3eneJii.inix cnpas — ouoBieiHTn bcks juos- 
aicTi yKpaiHii, mo aaisaa ^eatAMapiuaJia AflxropHa uc taawum BHKoHyBaiHca ; 

2) Miuk'TpoBi aaKopjoaajix cnpaB — eieiaciH irpoiecT tqxnH Ha«a3y ifieaBjHapuia-ia 
Aixropsa, sk i ppoii bchkoto hhuioto jOTCiiepiuiHBoro c a n o- 
(i i.i i. ii n ro BtpyiaiiH fepaaao-aaeipo-yropcBKUx Bti3ci>K0Biix BJiacrefi b cob> 
H.ibHo-naiiTHtiHi Bi^iiociiHH na yKpa'ioi i 3) roaosi Pajju Hapo^Hix MinicipiB — 
BpofiBiB BwiioBisHy 3ajiBy-H0Ty GepainciKOMy ypaftOBi b enpasi utoro naKasy." 

Ha peaojuouifl IJjenTpajiLBoT Pajyi jyate ne Bnoa.oo'aaacb Hinren,tKH» 
teHepaaas : Bona, hk Fe sk, KOfflnpoMi'ryBaaa Ix nepea. HiBieubKBa rpoMajraH- 
ctbob, Bona noraa soBee™ a,o iHTepneaairil b HiMeiy.KiM napaaieHTi 
i, T3KHM cnocoCoJi, aasiacy poacTpolTH Ixbi naanH aepxaBHoro nepeBopoTy 
na YKpaiHi. IIjiflH ^epataBHoro nepeaopoiy 11a YKpalui 6yao pospofijreHO 
cniitHO nocoJiteTBaMH HiaeninHH it ABUTpo-yropmHHH b EbKbi, npH cniB- 
y^iacTn KOBaHji;a HiMeubKoro BiSctKa na ygpaini. 3rifl;B0 3 hhm naaBOM, 
naaoci. na ysaai cnonaTKy o6nejKeHBa IJeHTpaaLHOl Pa^H b npaBax, nicjin 
— 3«iHa II cKJiajiy i pjim — nOBiatHe Bianopfl^KyBaHna II uiaaiHocTH 
lHTepecan HiiennnHir Ta ABCTpo-yropmnHH. OTa;e TpeCa 6yao 3a6e3neinTH 
BBKOBaHHa u&oro njiany. I ot aiMeutKe KOKanjiyBaHHa noaHHae BnaaraTH 
bu BteHTpajitHoi Paan bbbth pesoaroniK) Haaa^, norpoaiyioaH pisHHHH 
nojiiTHMHBKH ycKJTajijieHHaBB. HeHTpaibHa Pana ne amiaHJia cBOro CTaHO- 
BHuta, ajio PoiOBa PajtH Hapoanii MinicTpiB ToaytfoBHi Ha saei^aHHio 
Pa^n 18. KBmra aae „HoacHeBna' 1 e Tim .nyci, m,o, MOBaaB, dpeabS«apinaa 
ASxropH cboIm HaKaaoH aOBciK He BTpyrHBca y BnyTpiuiHi cnpasH Pee- 
nydaHKH i TiabKit-HO „ni^KpiBBB" cboIm HaKaaoM lyipKyaapn aimcTepcTBa 
3eseabHBS cnpas Bia;Hocno 3aciBy noaiB. 

Tan KOHdpaiKT m|s pemjimnjimBM pofiiTHTiqe-ceaaHCbKHM napaaMeHTO« 
yRpalHH — yKpaiHCbKoio ij,eHTpaaLHOK» Pasoto — i Hisem»KiiiH peaKiyH- 
hbbh fenepaaaMir aooar Taicoi toikb:, kojlm na MHpne aaaaroaaseHHa Soro 
Base ne 6yao aaiiate nisKOi Haiii. Paji;a i npaBffreabCTBo no6aman ceoe 
aacTyKaHHMH b rayioay KyTi'. IIpo KOHTppeBoatouiHHi Hasipn HiJtuiB 
BiKe ne 6yao ^box ayioK. IIpHpoj,a IxHboro BrpynaHM y BHyTpiniHi 
cnpaBH 6yaa n,iaKOM acnoio, xoi HineutKi fenepaaH Ta yKpalHCbKi 6yp- 
acyasHi napril g HaaaraaBCb noacnuTH II n 6e3^iaabFiicTio Ta He3aaTHicT» 
AO jepaaBHoi po6oTn" coaiaaicTHHEoro HpaBHteaBCTBa. MaioaH BiaoiocTH 
D po ycniuiHnfl xi^ BecHHHoro aaciBy, noatHa 6yao BiflnOBiajio onJHHTn ,.no- 



— 166 — 

GoioBaHBfl" Afixropfla ainHOCHO roro, mo iiojih aoCTanyrtca ne aaciaHiiiiK. 
CnpaBa oyjia He b (SeasiajibHoCTH hh Hee^amocTH npaBJiTeabcrBa, a b tux 
DominHiiiKO-KyjiaEniKiis nenetanjaz, aid b toS hzc HacriiiHO somarajineb 
sis IJeHTpaJitHoi PanH i aiien>KHi feHepaaiB CKacyBaHHH aeiie.Ti.Koro 
saKOHy. Cnpasa 6yia b thx iBCJieHHHX, HeBHrisHHX i ]HKi,n,JiHBHX jjih 
ynpalactEoI PecnytfjiRKn <j>iHaHCOB0-eKOHOiBHHHX npoeKTax. ad nponoHy- 
BaaH afeHTH Hi«en,bK0l oypaiyaail yicpaiHcbKOiiy npaBnreJibCTBy i aid ue 
ocraHHe paa-y-paa BiflKHsaao. CnpaBa 6yia b Tony, mo, jokh dy;ia Hah- 
Tpaibna Pasa, He aorjia npHCTynnrH so oeaKOBTpojtbHoro i rpatiiac- 
mmbKoro xaaafmyBaiiHa Ha yupai'iii iii yicpaiBCbKa, ai uiaeubica oypxyaaia. 
TyT 6yB KopiBb cnpaBH. Ka6ineT Jtce roayooBHHa, kojib ihh i saBHHHB, 
TaK b nepmy iepry thm, mo ospaay i pi my to ne CTae Ha 6opoTb6y 
s KOHTppesojiKinieto. He nopoaraBHB noniayBsi,LKux Ta „x.ti6opo6cbKBx" 
KypKyniBCbKHx bIbsib, He aaKamcaB cool na nimory b uiii 6opOTb6i po6iT- 
HHmsa Ta eejrsHCTBa. Aae TaKOi piinyqoi;Tii Bin, Kafiinery foirytfoBfrHa, 
n poa6aBjieHoro u con,-$eji, i ne Moatna oyjio cnosiBainei.. Ec-e<(>B napaii- 
sysaJtH Bcaici FtpoKH b nin Haiipflii con;i»jaeTOqno-peBOJiK)ii,iHHOl qaCTBHn 
Ka6ineTy. 

niyKaroqn Barony Bi CTaHOBHina, Hacrana <ppaKn,ii yKp. c-p. b IJeH- 
TpaibHiH Pajti cnnHMaci. tfyjia Ha syMn,i BseceiraH nonpaBOK b aeneatHHn 
aaKOH Pa&H, HanpaBjreHHs no toto, moo* poaoHTH cotoa *) spionoro i cepes- 
Hboro cejiSHCTBa 3 oypatyaaiero, a siacbKOBe MimCTepcTBo cnimnjio 3 peajii- 
aanjeio missy opi'aHiBauji peBoMoniHHHx BiilcbKOBHi bishijiib b noBixax, 
aid somh 6 BacTymtTH b odopony HeHTpasbHoI PajH i Pecny<5jiHKn, 
b BHnasKy 3a»ary HJieabKO-yKpalHCbKOi dyprcyaail he nepeBopoT. O/iho- 
nacHo npaBBTejibCTBo pimifjio apennyBaTH pas oci6, mo ctohjih Ha qoai 
KOHTppeBOironinnoro pyxy. 

Bd HI 0MHH OyJIH. HK nOlis BHHCHHitOCb, JIO SpiQHHIOK BlftOJli 

ni«eabKB« feHepauaH. TeBepaJiH piinHUH nocnimaTH. ApemT KHiBCbKoro 
iJ)iKaHcicTa Jt,o6poro, mo 6jb npaBoro pyKOKr- HisniB b ixnix npoTnsepuKiB- 
bhx sanHCJxax, nepeBeserafi miffieTApCTBOM BayTpimnix cnpaB, 6yB jpa hhx 
homos 6h cii'Hajxos itia BHcryny.**) 25. kbithh (JfejitjiMapiuaji Afixropn, 
iiOKJiBKyiOMHcr, aa Te, mo npaBHTeabCTHO CeacnJibHe aaOeBiietuirH nopasoK 
i itapirieTb b Gpato, BHsaB hobhei HaKaa npo saBeseHHa Ha YKpaini nii»eu,b- 
khx noiesax BiScbKOBHX cyaifi. nicaa aaKasy b aeiieiibHin cnpaBi hhm 
HaKasoM aisteiibKi teHepaaH nepe6Hpajm Ha cet5e lailaEe bci seprcaBHi 
(JyHKnii. Hineii,bEBH KyiaK MaB SeaorjrasHO naHVBaTH b YHP, bis cy- 



*) Ha fliiiibHiM 3acUaniiio (jipaKui'i i HeHTp. Kom. yilCP npoiiosHniio npo 
iinecemia jo^aiKiB-iionpaBOK no aeKemnoro aa.KOny Oyao, nis bujhboi irpacyTHiora 
M. C. Tpy ™ e b cb k ro, oKKiiHyTo. 

**) Maaoct Ha yuaai, hi; mi cnaaaim BHin,e, apennyBaTii h,likom o^KpHTO nflHO- 
uacno KLUKa linaiia'iiuix KOHTppeBOMonioiiepiB. OAKaio siHicip BHyipiinHix cnpaB 
M. TKaieHKO, 3 HeBUoMO'i ipBinnn, apennyBaB tlibkh JJ,o6poro i to He3Btiiaf[Bnsi 
ruocoCoM (»aemioro apentry nig, $ipMOH> aKOIct npHBaTao'i opfaHi3ar;u), mhh ira,iaB 
unpaBi apeniTy aBatiTiopiiCTii'inoro xapaKiepy, nocTaBHBiaii nijie npamitejiBCTBo 
i ocoflaHBO ToiOBy P. H. M. roJiyfioaiiHa, b HeHarypaiine ciaHOBHme. llpoie, 
3BHiafino, hkm siu cyni cirpaim ue 3mLhhb. Jlpa o^BepToity nepeseaeHHio HaniMt'iiiis 
aperaiiit Hi»en,i>Ki JeHepann apo6n.iH tc case, n(o il mean apeiiwy ^ofiporo, ii6a 
mo b ,ie-mo Hfinri» (jiopsti. 



—»'•'■' -.-..--T»" 



167 — 



■ 



BepeoHOCTH hkoI *ajtHiuajiocb Bise ayxe imo, HaKaaoM u,hm aineutKi 
I'eaepaia posBHayB&ira eo6i pyKH aa eanajioK mohmbbiix opyxaax BOBCTaat 
npii nepeBeaeHBio aaiiieaoro hhto jjepiKaBBoro nepeBOpOTy. 3aBe^,eni 
hbmh nojiesi cyia momh koxboI xbbjiheh 6ea aa^Horo cyjty ~ poaCTpiiiflTB 
Koro aaBroj,Ho b YHP. 26. KBiTfla bho'h Hiira4 o6e336poljni b KhIbi 
I yKpaincbKy „chhio" abbhsjio (3 6yBmiix b HijieTiBBi nojioaeaax YiepaTaioB). 

yKpalHcsKa DjeffrpajibBa Paaa, yKpaiacbaa peBOJirouifiHa fleiOKparia 
3aiB»JtH)Baaacb, aaapoTecTyBaaa, Ta B»e b ociaHHe. ^,Ba a.ai — 27. — 28. 
KBiTHfl — BiaGyBajiHct b Paul najnci, (JypwtHBi, raiBKi ne6d.TR. UpoMOBuj 
^onarajiHca ycyaeaafl peaKuiHHax feiiepaaiB 8 impales, norpoxyBaira ae- 

BDKOHanHflM TOprOBeJIbBBX JOrOBOpiB, CejaHCbKHMH nOBCTaHHflMH, 36pOHHOH) 

6opOTi6oto 3 peaKuiiiHBM aiateuBKHM sificbKOM . . . Kiaeab I« aoitaaB 
uimentKHfl uaaop, m,o BBipBasca a coTBeio 03BipuiBx, OBfipoeanx CafaeTaia 
HJ«eiu>KHx caaflaTiB b noieniicaHHa yicpaiHCbKoro napjiflieExy i, bk daaaBT, 
cEOHaaayBaB Bcis apacyraiK aa 3aeiaaHBK) Paaa (ao-MOCKOBCbKOMy) 
ineaesi 0inen;i>Koro ypflffiy — „pyKi BBepx!" IIo aaajyuerij^ poapofae- 
uoMy Bi«ieii,bKHiiH I'eBepajiaia MauOBi, aect KBapTaa, #e jsicraBca dy^aaoK 
HesTpajibBoI Pa,iB, 6yB b u,ea lac OKpyxeBafi 6poBeBHKaMB, KyaejieTaiiB, 
BiMen,bKiiMH caaaaTaua b 6oma totobbocth. Bea aiaeabKa sificbKOBa 
3ajiora 6yjia TaKOK aa aoroToaL Hiirenj>Ki t'eaepain ae aaxoTura a ai 
ycyayrBci. a YKpama, a ai bihbbth cbogI BOJiiraKE. Bobb piuimra icpanie 
ycynyrH tbx, xto In nepeniKOffixaB — IJearpaabay Paay. 

Iloaaeiio, aa itaeTaia BHTar 3 cnpaBoaftaaafl npo n,e oeTaaae 
3aci;TaHMH HeHTpajibHoi Pa^a, nto aae 6araa,bKO naTepiaiiy 50 apaBifl- 
Boro ocBiTJieBBa Toaiiusix aojifi, 

^lli.i, Kiuem aaci^aHHH (27. framm), upH Binepit naijuriii •uenaBU Paa.H, 
irpaBUicaiCTBa i npescTaBHUKamn piatnai opi'aHiaania aaai, bhctj'uhb Poioia 
Pais Hapojnii MiaicTpis B. roaySuBH^i i 3aHB0B> 3 npnaojiy BajiaHoro 
ro.ioBBnEdsaiiA)'K)>iua HiMen^mix BiitctKOK ua yspaisi, $tJt,a,aapniajioa ^OH-ASiropaoi, 
naKasy — onoaimeaEa npo 3aBej,eaaa aa YEpaiai uiMen^UHi uiHctttOBBX cyftia. 

,ToBapnnri, ^jichu Ma.ioi FajQi ! CKa3aB PojiydoBa^ : a BBa;KaM cboIx 060- 
BB3K0V niicTynnTii 11 ciipani nuoisin^eirHa toiti Ha-Kaay reHepai-^e.iWxapmajia AJiiropHa, 
jikhk poimimcao b Kuibi 26. EBiiBa: i ftaioBaao ^bcb 25. kbIths, i BBaa:aio noipifi- 
uua no 3ao;)i Buacnma bci ri oScTasBna, aid npuBeaa ho hlwo nawasy, Ta spodETH 
iw'i ^\ iiiitHfiBKH, «Ki MoiKBa aa nucTaBi nboro aaKasy apo6aTH. 

y cBtii 'lac, KO.TU yupaiBi 6yja BciaKa HefieaaeKa ain Oo.ii.uieBau>Koro aa- 
< Tyiiy, ko-ih ncc pyftHyBaaoca, kosh pyfinyBOioica, 11a Ham noraaa, He TijitKa Baini 
iianurHaibai 3«o6yTKH, a u con,iajiBai, ua Syn 3MyraeBi iepea cboio MBposy aejie- 
(an;Uo 3Bcpayiaca 40 HL*en£K<>ro napojy 3 saoBKOB Han jonoBonH. Himeu>Ke 
upaBHTejucTBo ^ajio To^i BiAnoBUHi posnopajKB, mo6 aisien>Ke BificiKo noaojiorjio 
aaB ycTaaoBBTH jaft 1 nopsnoK aa yKpalni. I Bij; ioro ''lacy 3auuie nijticpecaioBaaoca, 

HK 3 60Ky BiBen,LKOro upaBHTCJLCTna (mO nfiBCOBBao BinilOBi.IHBBB flOKyBeBTajtH 

Ta saaBaBU ^epaiaBHoro Kaamrepa V e p t .1 i a t a), iaE i 3 Oosy BiaBOBiflaJibaiu; 
oci6 i koji, mo n,e BiiichKo irpiifira.io, hk Apyafae, cobsbb, ^onoHonH aaa ycianoBBTH 
.ia.i i BopaAOK. Paso* a b,bb BocaiAHyBa-ioca BiaiioBi,HHHBH 3aaBaBa, aio ai aiBen^Ke 
npaBuiejieTBO, ni nisom.Ke bSbcbko, ni floro Bonanza He aawTL aa ayaB.i BTpynaTHca 
y Hami Bayipiaifli cnpaan, b aanie BHyipiuine kbits, uo BaiorB aa Ayan,i TopKaTBCa 
thi con,i)jji,niix pefopx i thi M^BajtBH nan,ioHaJiLBO^epa:aBHoro rapaKTepy, aa htshi 
SyxyETWH nana ^cp^aBa. He, KopoTeaiso, ri Te3B, aa niacraBi skhi bb 50 nie'i 
nopH Apy^ao i nrpsa npau^OBaiH b crrpaai ysiiBHeBBa yKpaiHCBKoi TepHiopil bij 
6oJwne»i!KiB Ta b cirpaBi BctaaoKiteflBa aajy i aa skbi aaaoca aa ysaai npaHKiBaiH 
a ji&ai. 










I 



— 168 



Aac irojtjjiiiioi Heparan iuiKa3 feaepa,i-$o.iL,'i,MapBiaaa AHxropna, BiflOMHii nasi. 
;i npimoay KKoro yxBMeBO bL^omi pe3oaion;il a HeHTpaaBnitt Paai i xopyiean apa- 
BisTe.iti'TBj- sobbctb n,i pe3oaK>n,iI a,o Bia,ojia HtaeniKoro upaBHTeaiciaa, mo an 
11 apofiuaa . . . Hanya 'Luc i hohbhbcb apyfuu naKaa-oHDBimeiiHa, ioii uatta'.t, npo 
anaft s Bac onosimaio. Ueii Hanas, Tan caato, an i nepmiiH, cbu'ihu, bio ti BiilebKOBi 
iiiseu,LKi BaacTif, ski EaxoBaTica xenep na yspalni, ho ayaLiE aopicHTTBatiica, aa. 
b oOcTaBHHai cyiacHoio soaeaTy, tsk i b ysoBaaax aanioro -kilttsi. Bonn hit- :ivml.ih 
maTii sa aaaiy Toiay noraa^y i He (prim 3,aTu aaa hohuhbocth mbcttu aaa, 
i fnoKiii na yKpa'ini. IIpHC.iyxaRTinoi ,;o roiocy prauux op(aai3an,iii, pijKum a,eae- 
An,ifi, 'lacto iucn;eHipoBauHi, nai iioHBJiHanea y mix e afpapuift enpafli, Bonn is tob 
caaaft toc lie jyjtuii npEcayxiTaca no roaocy cnpaaiKHtoro aapoay, so roaocy 
EBoro nap'j.xy, ua aaia ml fpyaTycaocH b TBopeuiiRj yKpaiucLKo'i j,i-[>;i;aBi!, 

He atasiio'iii ua -re, m° bcbki iiaKa:ni, hk d,c Heoj,KOKpaTHo oyjo nix mom 
y*OB.ieEO i bk o,e Beoa,H0KpaiHo ai,i,KpecaioBaaoci b noTax, aycian a (Sony hlhcubkoI 
B.ia,i,ii HiuauaTiic-;] uii'.'ia ofioniasBoro nopo3yjiiiiHa i aa oGohLibhojo :tr<:vi<>&>, :j'sBii.Toca 
E,e oiioailneHBa . . . 

Koaa iu,u in.ii ,\u nepaioro aai;a;iy nonBHJUca cymuBii, iu.n Toil na.ua-.: i ii rc- 
6am, Hiii uy.iii b UeHTpa-itniii Paa,i, bbiijihcj. uacii ;kom HenpaBEabaor" nepr-Kaajy, 
to B aania BunaflKy nboro neaai:. Hei! Bauaa nepeBipeHO i BciauoB.iem., iqo irepe- 
aaaa, uLikom ijeuTHiHiifi 3 thm HiMenbKiiH tomtom, hkdh y caul vac posainaeao 
y KaiBi. He lopKaioiHCb atfcoaioTao Toro, na nopyuiyi; noil Haaaa, 2 lopiiAttiuoro 
ooay, Hami nopsijiKu i nauii yciaaoBB, a xoiy uopoTCEBuo cumiHTiicn sa Tin, hum 
BHiuuuauo ueii lianas. MoatEa 6yao fi jrjitaTH, mo new iiaKa:) TaKo'i Be.iHHMBO'i 
saru BHK.TiiKajii[ HKi-He6y,i,b Bi^iioBi,T,ni, ii TaKOX bciiikoi naru, ti <u HBUii oCctaBuau 
atiiTTH. I 01, nopyH 3 b;iiii onoBiia;eHHait, y faaeiax uobbbjioch iHTepBio i uosBiuroca 
cane 3 iii^Ki)CMeHHRM, n(o n,efi anicr iarepBio o4»iD;iHjibB:iia, He iaTepBio ni^Kpecitfoc 
i po3aiE$poBy(! posnopaflOK b BaKa3i (eHepaa-iJeiii,T;»iapaiajia ABxropHa ; b hik roao- 
pHTbna, mo Biiien,bKe KonaH^yBauBH noBHHao bwiith aaxoftLs qepea re, mo yKi)alHcn;e 
EjiaBHTejiBCTBO He ayiiLio EOflfiaia npo oxopony ncicia Ka'iua. 60 uoaBU.iucb aaiet 
TaaKEV 0pfaEi3aa.il, i ypa^ b n,in saEpaMKy adco:[iuTJ[o Hiuoro ae «"-,ot »poi>ttTH. 
B nim o^ln;ifljibnia iHTepsw saaBaHeso, mo ochobbok i ro.toBHOio npn^HHOfo (5yao 
BHBe3eHBa Jl,ol5poro. He Kaaiyiu B*e npo xe, mo, lot i « KKicb laeaai opfaHuanil, 
He me se iHamiTB, mo npaBareJiMiBo iaK 'ia UHaKme ne Hoxe ii biikj.hth ; ae 
srayiyeovH Epo Te, m« ^aKi op(aHi3an,ii c fi no hhiubx ^epaiaBar, ^e xa& Bopiaajaoay- 
saBCi ae b oj;bb xicaE,b, a canaioca aa e,im asri o^ittia-itaoro aaisoMJieHHH. 

Sto TaKiiii case e naB ^ofipHfi ? B1h, soate, mwaaiiti aiHen;BKOi At A p*a.BM ? 
Hi, Biu 30BCIH ciopoaaii xiH MiHcviHiiu .iFOOTBa. I oi U-aa Toro, mo BEiq>aa,eao 
ipo CTOpoKBio 'is .iKJ.uniy, HKa mpuflinino ui'iax ae .(iniisaaa \i HiMei'tHin'im, m;a se 
.'tat xa;iiiori) iipjino.'iy jifi toto, v\,«i> apodBia iaao'1 KoaiocaaBHOl Barn Eaaa.3, uiiqauo 
n,eit HaKas. He — aaflse niAKpecaeBBa aeaopieHioBaEocTK i aeyMiEEs, a «oikc EaBiib 
i aefiaataHBH poaifipaTBCH b hebihx cnpaBax 3 6oKy tbx, KafiCyii, He ijtbc BJAHOBi- 
.ta-M.inix it.iai"rort i(iaen;j.KoI jepiKaBH, fliii Fiaxo;tain'a aa yapaisi. 51 niAKpecJiiOBaB 
i flaai ayaiy ninapecaioBaiH Be jy^c Beaiiay BiAnoBiAaabHicTB BaacTea ai»en,iiKoro 
npaBmeabciBa, asi HaxoAaiica b m. Khibi, Co noainuca HiMDii,iKorn ujiaBHTeabCTna, 
HacKiatKii Mafino 3Mory cy^HTH 3,0 E,boro ahh, HaaKiaa. HoaitHKa niuen;bKoro npa- 
BBTMLCTBa Ta fioro TeEaeEH,ii e Ten,i;enn,ia![H HeBMiniyBanna b aami capaais, mod 
yaBBHyTH nenopo3yMiEEa. I n,ax TeH,T.enn,iii ni aKfle He Moraa apoayxini. >" scaaia 
paai, Tenjienn,i'i Biaen;i.Koro ii]iai«iTcjibCTBa HHaauii, aK Tenaenni'i tux oapcanx aHiftea, 
HKi npoBo,;aTb tvt, Maafiyri, ne nsycb ypa^oBy nojriTBKy HiMC'tuaan, a bboio oapeay. 
He BEa.H'0 io'i 6a 3 tex jedarin, aai 24. i 25. SBirxa npoBaaiiaaca b PaHxc.Ta(y 
8 npHaojy nepntoro uaKaay AflxropHa. 

fl ^03B0aio Tyr co6i npo^HTaia BHEncay 3 o^ho! o$in,iaatHoi TeaefpaiiH, 
b oaia cane BanpaMKy Be«yTbea ni fte6ara. B Teaeipani uift aamicaHO : „Ho3aB4opa 
ia Biopa (24. i 25.) b 6epaiacLKi»i PaBxciafy aoqaaHca rocrpi 3,e6aTH a ciipani 
aaKasy Aiiiropaa Ta Bsaraai aiMentKoro nocTynoaaaaa na yapaiEi. B oflopoui no- 
sHEil yKpa'lHCBKoro npaBBTeaiCTBa BHcryaaaH : Bpn.fiepfepi'CepcBGai siff 
ueaTpy, UlafineMiH i Hocae si,'; con;iaab-,neMOKpaTiB, .1 e a e y p bij He»ajiea:- 
aax con'iaab-AesiOKpariu. t p e $ $ e Bi.4 KOEcepBaTBcriB i T a hi k e bij nocryaoBEiiB." 

Hb SaiHie 3 n,ii:l' TeaefpaKit, fiuibmicTL EapaaMeuTy aacTyaaaa hjiotb toI aoai- 
thkh, HKa Bea,eTtcH tj't n,HMa. maaOyTb, aaao Bi,T,noaiAMbnnau arojiaH y nac na 






«<. 169 - 



yupa'iai. Wfl n;e e tik, mo, oaeBHflao, e hukobhio HepoayaiHHa cnpaB i HeSaajaaaa 
::|io3jHim uarai odcTaauiiii, n,e xoauaa OVuith 3 ioro, mo nanaa pj^aHO cane b toh 
aoaeni, ko-th mh fly^yeao r i,epa(aBy, Koaa HopaROK i cnoKifi 11a yKpanri Bate noias 
jaBOjuiTiieB, hojib, ae .ih&ih'iiicb Ha re, m,o mh me lie oi1aina:nicj. paTH$iKan,isimia>i 
ipaMOTaBB, ToproaeaiBi smocuhh B!Ke noia-inca i diswne ipBoi jdaioHiB ity^is uida 
mh Maaii SKory aaia BiMeni.Kitt ra aBCTpiiiciKifi ^epacasi. Us ciaaocfl a lofi aoneHT, 
K0.1B B.iaeTi uoBO-ii no^a-ia Miniii™, kojtji Bami pe^opau no^asa nepeBO^HTHca 
b atHTTtt, Koan, ojHiia cioboh, acias aaBOAHrnca -ia,n B-yKpaiHcudit ^cpHcaai. 1 bom 
panime dy.ia poaMosa npo re, mo hh ae 3Hoa:emo nepesecTit sachsy hhb, Tenep n;e 
Bianaao, i ca»e n,e iriftKpec.iioe BiflnoBaaaMHU momobt, ^o SKoro Tpeda dyjio mem- 
EiiTBCfl ayate yBaaiao. lHo iyr e HeposyaiHaa cnpas, bhjko TaKoiK 3 Toro, mo ue 
aaftmjo b to8 MOMeHi, kojih mh daataeao i dyiycao aepscasy Ha lim, mod BHecra 11 
n Konneuaho ocepejaix aaii^Ho-eBponeBcBKiix sepias. I, ue po3yMiioiH caae n,i>orr> 
iianioro ocHOBiroro 3as^aiiHa i aje'l nauio'i ocoobhoi podoTH, boeh 3podn;iB b n,e8, 
loxeiXf to, mo apodE.iH . . . 

Hie.™ Toro, bk ue apodaeao, nope,i, aaMH eras UHTaHJia : an nan dyiH jpjsi 
i mo an HycHSO poOimr. Hciin, ino name irpaBiiieji,CTBO mj'chtb noKiacia cboim 
odoBasKoa ^oBecni go iii;i,oaa xpysE&oro nan iipaBBTeaicraa uiaenvtKoS sepacaBH npo 
bck) HeBvuHoBiAaatnicTL aa nmuiKH ths Juo^efi, hki, . Mosee, aa CBifi cipai i pneK 
Me^yTi cbok) oKpcay noaimiio mo-AO Haaioro acana tyi Ha YKpaiHi. ^omj OKpeay, 
a Bace 50B1B. HeBisnoB),iaaLny 5E Toay, mo bohh posioaan&ca ne tubkh 3 Banian 11 
i;< r.iajaMH. 3 aainiiM poayjiiHasii cirpaaH, ho tLibkh 3 yTBopeirnajf jepsaBH Ha iieBHHi, 
BiiJHaieHJiK iiaan m^Ba-iimax, aae xanoa; i rosy, mo boiih cboeki pofioioio nift- 
jepsyiOTS ti iio3im.ii, ski 6y.iH 6 HeSaacaui BiieuBKOiiy HiiaBBie-iBCTay b n,efi noneiiT, 
ko.ih MH, iii^KpecMOKi m,a pas, TBopHMO ftcpxaBy i CTapausocB BBecTir "fl b uonneimiKi 
cepe^HLo-eBponeilctKiu, a He miniiix jep;i;aB. 

SIcho, mo xh aycHMO 3BepHyraca.^o niKeH^Koro npaBUTe.itCTBa a BisnoBisHOB 
110TOH), b hkiB, BiiiytaBiHH npH6.TH3Hn nee Te, m« a CKa3aB, Mil HOBHKni BnnaraTH, 
mo6 mis nK>,n;efl, ho BijyrosiflHiis hi Haniiix :uiB,T,aiiHaB, Hi iiajniS pofioti, HeBiA- 
noEi^HHi i TeHAeHH,is» Ta aaBjiaaBaa niaentKoro ypajy, Gyao 3BiftCH BiatumKaHo,' 

Ha BHecenna npe^ciaBnnKa c.-p. yxBaaeno ooroBopeBua 33hbh roayfioBii^a 
fii r iK.iai'Tn aa ,T,pyniii ,T.eni>. Beiepos npoBaAH.iiicj. ^paKniiini Hapa,i,ii. 

28. Kiiiiai! 3acij;aHaa BiAoy.ioca y Bemudi) ua-ii aa Tpeiiii noBepci, i uepes le 
iiyu.iHKM Gyao anaitio diaune, iiivi; na nouepejroix 3aci,ianHax, mo BijOyBa-iHca 
b jieHBiuiii aaiii, t I.i8hh Mui'i Pa,;n ''>v.in naHato aci iipHcymi, Kpiai npe^ciaBHHKiB 
iKLiLibKoi neBTpaJii. M-ieiriB lipamiTeaiCTBa t4eom: uy.10 j;ociitB ftaraio : SCyKos- 
iiKHii, .1 30 fi u n c b k u ii, llpoKonosHV, XpHCTMK, IHejiyxiiH, Kai- 
m (1 11 11 'i, Ta iii.Ti,Ka TOBapnniiB MinicTpiB, B npe3Hi(iI aafinajiH »icna M. FpyineB- 
c j. k h ft i C. B e c e ji b C h k 11 ii. 

3 iiepaioio Be.inKOHi npoMOBoio BHdynnB b!^ yKpaiactKOi con.iH.ii.-.T.eMOKpaTHiHOl 
iiapii'i M. IToput: ,Xi« aac, CKaaaB biu, ocoOa fenepaaa Aiixropaa, auuB BH^ai: nasa3 
npo .laBcaeiiua aa yKpa'iai HiMentKHX BiaciKOBHi cy^iB, He tsk caaa no co6i BaatHa, 

hhh eroiTi yce TyieiBHu HiaenjiKe KoaaasyBaHHH. Jl^ia aac saa;Hime acao 
lniiiiaqHTH CBoe Bi^HOHieHHa s° Utoro Hafiasy. ByayMii ajtaii fapaoa ^eitOKparil, *h 
ue n ibbbh! -.laxoByBaTii thi apii'iim, ni;i BHK.uiKa.iiH a.eB HaKaa. Ojho» 3 lafiax 
iipiiuiiu t tou po3Ba.i i (ie3Cii.i.iH ,i;epsaBiioi BaacTii, aid y aac :iaaaiiyua.i]i nrcanaimi 
"lacanH. 3 jpyroro OoKy, jo TaKoro nociyaoBaHaa Hinem>Koro KOMaBjTjBaaHa capa- 
'iiiiiii.iii.;i xi ianepiaiiciaiiHi TeHjena,ii, «ki nanpaBJajoTi yew noairaKy Hinei^HEU. 
1 KBoaifTt Bafuo'i opraai3aa;ii, KBo.iicTi, yKpaiHCioI B.iacTii, me aOlrBmaju n,eft noiar 
iiist'iUKoro Konau,\VBaHHH na .Vqiaini, KsoaicTB nop^aHiaosaaocTii aauioro npasa- 
1e.11.CTBa uaiiKpame bhhho xoi 6n 3 Toro, m° nayiiicT ,noi:i ue Mas poa.ii.noi npn- 
fpaaa. aKa 11 iieii MojieaT iiaiiio.iLuie noTpifiaa, Ky,i.u mh hc oaay.™, b Koa;j.i« 
liiili-ii- b Boia#K siaicTepcTBi mh Btsiynaiiao jtyaxi biuhb HOflocTa^i apoipaMH. 

B ncii MOMear, ko.ih mh naeno npuctyuimi ao BaKoaysaaaa niflaao 
.. II,. arpajBHaiii Jl^epaiaBaMH MiipOBoro soroBopy, sij; BBKoaaaaa auoro 3a.ieatHiB ycnix 
ixHb.rt OopoTtda Ha aaxi^Hia IpoBTi, ri aep'/KaBH ae noacyiB Cyra 6aSjyaa!M*ii RO 
mi an.'.iuKiii. itKi BHKJiH^e poaaopaftOK Aiixropaa. A.ie aysKHH iaiiepiaaiCTHiHHH 
liu.iitB Hiaea>Koro toHKepcTBa BifldHBCa i aa noaofl^eHBK) niM«a;bKoro n^HuepcTaa 
11a J KpalaL CtoroRHa osep^iaao me ftBa cui/Kt naKasii, >m;hmii iiiuenbue KoaaiMj- 



— 170 — 



naHHH onoBiCTHao, mn i[[>o4>eciiiHi poSiTiiuqi enijiKH i naBiTt ainicTepcTBo BHyTpiwiiix 
capaB noBHHBi npocHm y Hinnis xo3Boay na CBHTKyBaaaH 1. Tpanua Ta aa .liGpaaaa. 
Umih -lamy aainoro lepnittua sate nepenoBaeHO. Ma xycnxo pimyie aanpo- 
TectyBaTH raniiM cbocoGom, mo6 y uaaa Afixropaa Ha aaai Bi^naaa oxote posuopaaiKa- 
Tuca jtauiHx BHyTpimraM atMrraM. OckLtbkm b nauri* aapojtf ne Cyse naayBarit flyMKa, 
mo Hismi npHfiman jo Hac ne aaa roro, moG Bi^aoBitaTH ciapi coiyaaiai i lianin- 
isa.ii.ni Bi,T,Hi>ciiHii Ta iioBepHyni CTapHil aeiie.TtHHH sal,, octLilkh 3Mo;ite name npaiui- 
TeaicTBo BHKOHyBaiH saniioieHi JtoroBopa. Ti HimentKi npoBinai Ke.ia, npo noipi 
KajKVTi., mo bohh „Myapi Hi«u,i", b aanii paai caiai, 60 bohh cam ceSe Bcjyrt 
Tasojo noawaftoK) jio nponacTH i pasom Beayn Tyaii ti iiapnjH, aid asaaaHi s aimn. 
Caini Binen,Bid ieaepajro iiwiuii y ce(5e npncayx&THca a,o roaocy BaaeaHHtiKHK koj 
i jsjm&iojb, mo H ly noacaa darn aa n,eft hmhx e^aaHna BeaiiKM BJiacHHBiB i 6yp- 
xyaail npora pofioiol BepcTBH. Ma mycBHO Hanepea, CKa3aiu, mo> Koau TaKBM inarm 
■irpaai npaBBTeaicraa fiynj'it poflHraca nepeaiKOXH, nijinHcaHHft 3 HiMeiinabio Topro- 
ueamaii a,oroBip Be soaie (Sytn BHBOHaaafi. *Lepe3 tb ifi -femepaaii e Boporaara ne 
tlibkii Hamoro, a ft bcboto poGtTHHHTBa, b tim qucai ft aiaeu^Koro, nice B*;e ionipi 
poKH npojiBBae cboki Kpos. 

Mh bci aoBHHHi SJiyjHTHca B pimyioMy npoiecii i noBaaai a,0MaraTitca, mo6 
Bepaia i Bi^cHt 3Bepayaa ysary na ie, bk ncy»TB TyT Bia,aoeHHH, mp Mose jiobbcth 
xo HeBHEOHaHBH floroBopiB i thm aoBnto^uTH J^eHTpajiiHnM J^epa>aBan y Ritlui. 
Ma hobhhhi ao»araTHca ycyaeHHa 3 yKpaimi Tenepimaix noaKOBOfln,ia. Aae pasox 
3 tb* ma noBHHBi rrosHBHTHca ma xopiai i CKpinaaTH aame npaBHTeaiCTBO, mpO ne 
tpanHjoct oamoiacHO xaKe, an Tenep, m° b oi,Hiw BiimLii e aio^e, ani TpmiaioTbCfl 
3obcU piacflHi lior.ia.i.iB . . . 

Tenep HacTas lac pinryjoi 5opoTi6a. Ma s° H^i Coponfin jnyiaeHi i mh 
l'i noaeaeao' (rpinui nmeco Ha jiaBax neayTaiis i cepe^ ayfiaaKH). 

fyyry BCjniKy npomoBy coaaB Bifl yKpaineiKoI coniajt-iPMOKpaTii Maptoc. 
, r T,o ioro mohco npanecTu uaKaa Afixropaa ? noiaii apoMOBen:t ; iiijiac naayBaHHa 
aa yKpatai fiojitnieBHEiB s 6yB aa ceai i caae b Taais Micnj, ^e nee B*e 6y.io 
niffroioBJieno 3,0 Toro, n;oo apeuiiyaaTir nicn,eBHX fioninieBBKiB. A.ie TyT HaAiBaiJia 
BiCTisa, mo a[io™ firuBuieBiiKiB iifle uhtenj.Ee BiiiciKO, aKe nece a co8ok> CTapaB 
aaj. Kojib a, he naaum n;e neBHHx Bi^oaocTeft, cTaB roBopnTii cenaHaM, a;o to, Mosce, 
8 me HimeaLue blhci>ko, bohh uoc.ia.ia Tyaa cboIx poaBijiyBaiis, i ti aaoiHO Hepe- 
KoaajiBCH, mp to 3a bIScbko, I ot to,t,i ceaane uoijana pimyie i;a:snTii : „Mh Bci 
aojiaseMo, ane aeuii i cbo6osh ne Biaj;amo T a fl e flonycuiKO noBepaeHua OTaporo 
jany. Kosh bh uumaaoca HiHn,aM i ^amo 3aBecTa CTapnii .iaa, to» xa 30BciM 
3arKnemo, 60 Hi«n;i aaflepyTi Hac y bihci>ko i nomnmn Ha ^paan,y3i>KaH «j»poHT" . . . 
OieBHSKo, eeao jocHTi BipHo ohlhioi; aiaentKy Hefiesneay, aie boho me cnoKiiiHe, 
bokh Mae CHJiy ^eHTpa.liHa Pafla. Ceaaae roTOBi xoq i aapaa sanjiaTHTH HOAaTKB, jaTii 
Himhhm x.ii6a, xyftofiH Ta BCBOro, d;o Tpefla, ajie tuhkh jaTit i ^oth, jokh (5yje 
npasiiTa UeBTpa-itna Paj,a. Kojim w noiaaac posaopa^waTuca Aiixropu, ecjiaHe 
];a:KVTi. : „Ufi — KopauoB . . . ITaHH i Cypacy'i BaroxajiHca 3 Himhsmh i -.taBoaaTi 
CTapaft peatHM". 3 nj.oro noaaTTa spoGjieno Haaeatai npaKTii'ini bhcuobkh. 

3po3yMLio, mo Himusm Baxao, m,ort Kami jui.ih 'ly.iu naciaai. A:ie kojih oima 
toto, Ak saciB EOHTHBca, Aftxropn Baaas npnna3 npo re, sk iioBimen ne]»eB0,5,iiTiici. 
Heft 3aciB, a,e Base moct same. OieBitaao, mo AftxropH pofiint laai biuhkh 11a 
csifipHCK ta b iBTepecax cbobI sepciBH, a ae b iHTepecax aiseatKoi flepaiaEH 
i HiMea,EKOi'o Hapo.iy. 

Tyr Maao 6yne soMaraTaca ma, siMei^tKoro apaBHTejiBCTBa aeraftaoro yeynennfl 
ASrropaa ; tpe6a soMaraiaca, m,o6 BBftano Cy.io npinca3 bcbomj* HiMen,bKOMy Bifictao- 
Bomy KOMaHflyBaHBio ae BTpyqaraca y Haaii BByipiaiai cnpaBH. Koaii x n,toro He' 
3po6HTtca, aexaft feaepa-i Aixropa snae, mo fto*y AOBefleTica aepacam tyT He 300 
TBcav, a 3 niaioaa aificLKa, TaK mo€ b koskhim ee.ii dyaa aaaora i aa koxhhx 
20 Kpoain 3aaisHHa,i napTa, 60 aexaS He saOyBae, mo Tyr acuae 30 xmioaiB aapoay • ■ ■ 

Moace, T0«i ae rty^e !J,enTpa.iiiHoi Pa^a, Moate, naiiiTL. aae He (5yB,e, aae aaa 
aac Baacaime — i MB Hasm. (5aHtanM0 — moO Kpame sobcim ae fivao, hihc boh* 
Mae CTaTH thm, mhm CTaa 6ecapa6ciKHfi C + aiyji H e p i ft. 

3,0 BCEoro a>oro npHBeaa noaiTHKa Hamoro MiHictepcTBa aaKopffOHnrnt cupaB, 
hkc ae HoaSa-TO npo tc, m<>6 aaKiioiHTH 3 niMeu,i,KHM npasiiTciiiTnoM ^OKiajHi j-mobb 





\ 






~ 171 



npo njiaua i ooobh3kh HiaeubKoro iiiiicLKa ua VspaloL J r riii le-iefpaai aiaea 
t;;iniu«pa, Ha aav iioeajiaBra Biopa nam aiuicTp 3aKopnoHHHi cnpaB, Hasiifc He 
3aananeno acao, b hkbx Buaocanax a aaniujm B.iaciaMH *ae 6yiH HiaeiibKe Koaaafly- 
MaiiHii. TaK xaii ne noBBBHO 6jtb. Tpe6a aoaaranicb acaoro o$in,iaj*Horo oaaa- 
mjinia buhqchb lis HiaeiLbKiia BiiicLaos i naiua»n B-taciaau. Koaa jk Huien>Ke 
iilKLiinTe.ii.tTBO ua ne ae 3i'o;iHTica, Kpame nana 6vth Be.iLfkio, abt npHcaaaHom 
4,1) Pyayai'i EecapaCiero . . . 

Itoace, an He roTOBi Tcuep ao aOpoihioT fiopoTboa, aae ueiafi Hisni He aaoy- 
saioTi. roro, mo. KOJB moca xoi iponiKH aaiBntbca n neaxoaiofii Hapoay, toji aaS- 
iji.ii.Liii .lerKOiyi'H ciaKiTi. iiafii<UKaxnisit,HJni .no^bui . . . Okkc Eexau boee apopo 
poaBaacaTi. ie, in Kpame 'ia npHcayiaraoa ao "mfioroci roaocy, iu ao Banioro, aaaa 
e ro.ioeoa TKpa'iactKoro napoay'. (OnaecKH). 

Jta.ii Bin-Tvtui.iii 3 apyfiin (poc. c.-p.) i III an, (atHaja. odeaa. con,, napiia). 
Ill a n, «i:K niiuiHa, apBoaaB, roo aa Afixropaoa cioi'Tt ae tLimch uineutKe Biftcbso 
Ha yKpaiai, a me it oO«SHaEa. dypstyaaia bcii naHtii, bk niaeubKa, TaK j aocKOBCWia, 
yKpaiHCbKa, noabeaa i saaiBCtsa, aui paaos iHTparyioTi. i aoaaraKiTica 3 r j,iiicHeHBa 
cBoii CaiKaHt. TyT Tpefia, csaaas irpoaoBenb, ne hotu 3,0 Bepaina nacaTH, 60 u,t 
niioro mc aacTb, a Min,Him,e odeaHarii ti aejtOKpaTuiiri fpyan ncix Han,ii1, iiiTepeca 
aaiu cniabiii mi:k cofioio. 

llj.in'ii.ii.iuy Ha nja 3aci r j,aniiio upoaoBy eaaaaa 3 BJiaeiMBaa iioay teauepa- 
M6HT0H OyBuiMJl roaoBa PaaH Hapoaaii MiaicTpiB B. )i a a a a 'i e h e 0, mo Baepnre 
BiicTyiiiiii iiii.iii CBoro aosopoTy ap Kn'iBa, ae bih ne 6ys Bis ciiHa aicaa,a. Ilydaaaa 
aycrpha apoaonna onaecKaifH. 

.TyT Tonapiiiii 3apydia — uoiaB upoMOBenj. — ooBBHyBaiyBaB Hac, yKpainiUB, 
an tr, mp Mil iiyKJiiKa.111 Hian'm. Aae a Ba u,e csaaiy, m,o ko.ih fi mu 11 ae no- 
K.uiKajH, y aac Tenep uys 6a Tofi n con,iaJiicTHiittHit pafi", mo c y iiamus cycistB-fioui.- 
uic-iiiiK'iu (io.kh:ii 1 uy'fl.aiiKii : „ripaBaa!" OnJiecKH.). 3 caa npo6ya y Ti* pan 
2 <iicait,i i fiaqirB tss foraso ajoro, aje Ae-mo, »oa:e, fi ^oOporo. K0.111 a noiyu, 
m,i» aa AoaoMory aaa BjtyTb Hian,i, mohi fiyjio i cyaao i CTjiaaiao, do no mapociH 
mh He moikcho i-KasaiH, m,o ce coa;iaibao jrpyatna aaa chjio, 

Tyr yTBopiiJiaca Koaiaia flBox ^igf$$.: cou.iajibHo-nojnTBUHo'i i HanjoHaaiiBo- 
iRuini'MMi. i B TiM bcs TpyflHJCTi, lianioro i-T;uioBum,a. Haiua iHie.iii'eun.ia nepetBU- 
liit.iaca i rsepao aacsolia nepeBOBaHHa, m,o Ge3 Han,ioHajinoro Bi,T,po,T,aieuHa He soKe 
•'vTii ycuiblHOl SopotbOa po6o«iol Kaacu aa oon,ia.TbHe BaaBOJiemia. llboro ae poayiiiiOTL 
i ue BUiyBaioTb ti, ito ae flya 1114 tilkiim gau,Uii!a.ibnaa raiTOH, as mh, i ae CopoBfa, 
TaK hk aa, aa aun.ioiia.'ibiie Eiianojieiiiia. Han aexosaa 11 enpaai aau'niua.ii>iiiJii 
aispojcateaaa noiaiaRarHca ai ua aoro, ai ua aity aBTouoaiio b lyadii jtepatasi, hh 
mo, i mh iyaasao, mo naacrJa ,xep»»Ba HafiKpame aadesneuHij. HaaioHajiiHe siflpo,v 
;i;eaaa. Bchki TaO.iuni, naniicn. KaniiciupciKe siJoBOseTBo aa yKpaiacifda aost — 
He ne 3aOaBKa, 111: Re-MO Kaate. Ma iubhiioch ua daraTO poaiB snepea i 3HaeM«, 
mo, xo<t Tencp Hani Hapo.i, i He po3fiepe as CJiifl Boiporocb yapaiacbKoro aarmcy, 
yapalHctKa nncoza spasj .uotb fiaraTo aaitjoaaaSEO i co^njibao cbwohhi po6irHHiriB, 
i wsi ace 3«innTii(.'n. 

3 noaaTKy peBoaionii »h Ha'iBiio ^sa-ia, mo nam HanioiiaJMiiil poaBHioK 
8aCeaue4HTt aBToaosiia, Ta noCaiaaa aroaoa, mo aJBTOHoaia, ouoC.ihbo Ta, mo a ilerpo- 
rpa;i^v (C ■ i x), Hiiorq Haa ae aaGeaneiftTb. Tojij aa CTa.ni ua (pyHT ijieiepanii. 
Aae .ih* Oiitaie noaiapioBajiacH y nac i^ea ijie,i,epan,ii, Tiia oi-iunoK) eTa.ia ao aae 
Bopoaciic'ia He-yiqiainii.iB, aKi Bci.ia rn.iaaa BSHiiacs CopoTaca apoia (feflepan,ii. 
l Iepea Te »u syci.111 apea-iiayBaia Ti momuhbocth, Hai Aanaaa liai. oOcraitBHH MoaeHTy, 
ia Baatii coOi Te, mo JtasjTb yci esponeiicbKi Hapo,i,H — a.iatay rtep*aBJ. B n,ia 
acaa xa^aoro mosiinaay i xa^iioio nan.ioHa.iiaify. 

By,ijfR)'iu cbow ^epatany, ait, xoxe, ne aBcpny.iH yaara aa eoniaabai pe^opaH, 
So po.iyiii.iu, mo an .ly.Ke m,n kojoxJ i uas Tpe6a 36ipaTa aa aoiaTKy aoao jepwaB- 
hoto CyaiBaanTBa Bi'i cn.in piaiiiux Kaac. y n,ia, aoae, Gyaa narna rpaieaia. Mh 
TpncTa poaia He ;kh.hi aailate, hk uauia, i paDToa oficTaBHHH cK.ia.mca Tajs, mo aa 
apaay 3AoGy.ni Bjaeay j,epacaay. i^o BpHioiy oojimieBiiKiB aa fiaraio fte-^aa atcpT- 
ByaaJH u conia.ibHix poayaiuino, i itpea tb bohb Taa jerao Hac niiniiy.ru, 60 aaa 
xpeCa fiy.io Oyia oOaaaiiaa, ii mh nepe3 n,e He aorjia aaiH ro'i chIohboctii, h 6 caaaaB, 
mm BaiafJCTua, nKe oy.io y dojibmeBHKiM i hkhh bobu HpuBafi.110Ba.ra 4,0 cede Tpy- 



— 172 — 



aoBi xaen. Mil npoBaa.Han a.epa;aBH0 6ya,iBaaa,TBO i He xoran nUTpnxyBaTH Gojib- 
nteBBKiB y tht Kpaiiaix i Hexoa;aiiBHX pefjiopxax, ani Bonn nporaiomyBaaii. *Icpe3 
xe mis ft aBaasBJTHca irpiiK.iHKaTit neoji.Hopoji.Hy 3 naxH caay, aaa nan noxoraa bu- 

3B0JIHTHCa 8-nia, 6o.lLmeBHD,LKO'l naBaaa . . . 

JliAiac <5o.itineBHn;BKoro naHyBaiiua u Kn'ini ui,i,KpHT<> BHSBitaaea yea iipiixmaan 
xo toI nopH Bopoacaena aeyKpalacBHoI jcMOKpaiii so nac. SraiaJiao tubkh, aK, 
sinace MH«OBoai, neHipajicTU'taa neyKpalacBKa AexoKpaiia Biraaa GoatraeniiKiB, Bora 
bohh ck»^h npHSinai! ... (rcsoen 3 6ony l ieunocieii 1 '; „aiioro nojpfi- 
aoro!" CepeflnyfiamsH oiluckii). 3raji,aftxo, hr cepea; HeyxpaiflCBttoro 
rpoBaxancTBa 3paay BHpocaa HeaTpaaicTHiai i^e!, an 6oaBuieBHKH 3 aeHasncTio ctu.ih 
jihshhth Bee, mo tLtbkh SaiHaH nation ajiBHo-yspalHCBKoro, nc bohu noraxn toiit;uii 
nopipeT IHesieHKa, saraHanH 3i bikls yKpafaoK-BiHTejiioK. Bee yKpalncBKe aaaBaaniB 
ii KoarppeBo.iron;iaBaii, (So lxhh ^aBiia imiepiajiicTHiHa saaia He a;o3Boaaaa in su- 
bbthch EHaKme. Ille ft tenep Tas, sa nisHoii, b neTporpaa.!, ciioaiBaiOTtca, ato 
yxpalaa aaos npmssnaeTbCH a,o MocKOBmnan, me ii nod sysaroTB, hk i TopiK, mo 
n HiKaKoii J T BpaiHH hgt, bcbo eTO He«en,Kaa BasyxKa" ... (OmecKi). Bobh ran 
He MoasyTB yaBHTH eo6i, mp y Hac xoase 6yrn csoa aywa. Bonn ayxajoTb tubku npo 
nam laifi, npo uauie Byria.iH, pyay ii HHffle ^oflpo i soci me He xomyTb arojviTiira, 
mo an Macao upaBo sUidpaTn ie, lap napi y aae uaqjafij'Ba-iH. rpaGiatauuBKi, 
ixnepiaaicTHiai 3bhikh ta« i aoci me ;KHBi i aynii . , . 

TaK, lOBapaaii ! Mh noKaHKaiH HixnJB. I bu nasi Tenep KasKeic: n Banan 
oid, mo KynyB&aa, lane, ioi noBHaaaBTe !" Hi, mb ae iohcmo n,Boro icra. I ayxaKBO, 
mo, kojih CTaaeMO na npaBaatHy nyri, aa« ae npnuaeTBCH icth . . . 

fl BiaKpnTO, He Soaqact aiioro, cnaiaio nac ycix : icpe3 mo Aairopa no- 
ubo.ihb eofii ttt raid bhhhkh ? Jifi n,boro noBHHHi Gyra nideb ni^nain, mo nominKuHa 
^pyxHs cnjia nouaae aoso^Htuca, sk BoposKa caaa. TyT Ha iioBBaai 3roxHTiic» 
a fle-nau a Toro, mo Ka8ajm fle-asi nonepe y ^Bt npoMOBn,!. A ease 3 ran, mo Himni 
ae no^yBaioit tj*t aKotct ofl,aoi Ryato'i ni^iiopHol cuaa. O'teBaauo, Bona nepeKOHam 
b BaniiM 6e3CH.iJiio ia a csolft BcecujiiHoraB i ueBai, mo Ham aapo,i; 6afiaya;e npiiiiste 
see. Aae n;e ne ias. H ^y*aio, mo y nac tenep TaKi oflcraBUHH, ko.ih Haa hiim- 
^yffiie Tpefla no^6aTH npo jMinaeHHa cTaHoanma. 

Ha Koro k Han cnepnica ? Koih mh Gy^yeno s«I«Kafl)'i Tpe6a cnaiaTu, mo 
Taiee c aama nania ? He — cmhhctbo i po6iTHHn,TBO, Oo Cyp;sya3ia y Hac nepe- 
Baacao HyHconan.ioaaJi.Ba : Mjii^LnciKa, iioaiCbKa, nocKOBCiica. Bca TyreaiHa CypaEy- 
asia Mat BopoKi uamiii ^epafani ixacpiajicTaiai ilishh, ad %ia o^uol laciiiHH 
MicTSTica b uo-iBCBKiii fl Bi^ iiopa fto Kopa" flepacaBi, a ^aa rtpyroi — b mook(>b- 
i-BKiii ^epatajii. 

lepea ie, 3Haioiii iMnepkaicTaiHi 3MaraHHa Gypaiyaaii no cyciflaix ^epaas, 
mh uoBiiaai is cboIk ,iep;Kaiiiiix '\v,uuini!i,tJii cnapamca na ipy^oBi BepcTBU .iinj,- 
mn.Ti!, xoi on bu Mii.ui .lariiiiytu. Mn ae noBunui xepTBysaTH uiins s 3AouyTKss 
peBo.iion;u. Haaia ,iepa;ana noBumia bssth na cefle ^e,i,euug napo^BBoro roeno- 
AapciBa B rojoBHHz flftro ra.iyaHi. He i: TaK UBaiiHn ^epxavanS KaniTa.ii3M. I ne 
30BCix He e yronklo i KafuiieTKiw xipnyBiiininM, £E ;).iai:TLci! ;n.*-Koxy. a H.L.1K0X npui:- 
th'ihbm u.iaaoM, Caxe Tenep, kohii aainy upoxne-ioBicTB spyfiHOBaHO, b isTopeeai 
oejiBHCBKo-pofliTBMMOl BepMBH II Tpefia aepataaao BiflHOB-iioBaTB. Kojiii an nposcAci'i 
n;e, a a 3roai a n,HM i aexeJiBny pe$opxy, aaofiyaexo coOi Bean icy iijuisii.iBiiicTi, 
ceaaaciBa i po(5iTHBn;rBa, na aKe i Bsosiexo cnepTHCa. Tenep aanioaajriue aeaflo- 
BoaeaBS uaitiTE. cepea csiAOxar yKpalacBKin xac BntEBSUTMsa HesasoBoaiHflKi'ioio 
noaiTisuo*). i*ii.iBKii rapMoniaania con,ia.iBi[nx iHrepeeiB a nanioaa.ii.miMn aaciB ty 
HenepeMoatHy cn.iy, hkoi aiaKi HiMn,i He noCopaTB. Ha rapnoHi3an;ia nxe aapirco- 
BycTBca, i Tenep TjieCa bth aOo anepea,, ado aaaaa, 6o boih ii a,aai Oyaeao CToaTH 
na o^HiM xicn;i, n,e jarpoacyBaTiixe naaioxy fleparaBHoay icTHysaHnio . , . 

3i xaoio, aesae, n Hiaa,i srosarifa, mo Ti BepcT»a aaiaoro ceaancTsa i pouiT- 
Hua,TBa, aa Koipi cnipaeitca naaia jepaiaBa, b ic.THyBaHBio »ko! i caxn Hiaiii aa- 
iBTepecoBaui, noBUHBi.OyTH aaOeaueHeiri b cbois con;ianBHHX iaiepecai, 00 BKUtnw 
Ha Hamiii TopHTopi'i BissayTB ropy Ti Teiil i ti Koaa, asi CTaB.iaTBca npHiaabao nfi 
jepataB AHTanTH, a He io HixeiiHHH. Bonn noBunui arosiiTiicH, mo. K °aii ni;sflanyTi. 
■ac Ha noTasy flypwyasit, tub caxax 3pyiiuyioTB naiuy aepaaBy, a to^i mee no 
xaTHxyTB 3BiaeH Toro i.iifia, HKHii Ix noTpiflnuii y GopotbOi na aaxn.ij. Hami cea«e 



b^bB 



173 — 



Ha Hcw-wro sate aocuTL mipaaiio noMUtaxx, mp b""" h»uot£ oopoaaiH cboi iKiopeea.*) 
I ran cm nose ix (SopoaaTii aapoji u uuiuui aicniix. ,{m utoro cum a xochtu. 

JI nepeKnuaiiiiii, mo Bci eBponeifcuti aepacaaa BHCBtraem Ta 3HecB.ieHi HOTHpaa. 
pnKaaa isiiluH, i TaM, na 3axoji,i, TaKOJB HOBaaea cKopo aoiaiHca peBOjuoniiSBHfi pyx. 
Ha ije BKaaye fiaran^Eo oasaK, hk y caaifi HiaenHaai, TaK i b ABCipo-yrnpn;iiui, 
b Jra-ii'i, b A a toil Ta Hnuiiii atpsKaBax. I, KopHCTyreiHCH una, an iiobbhhi sepacaTii 
b BiflnoBiflnoHj* roai cbob amna, moo" y BwioBiE,HHii hohcht npasywjKsa flo to! 
SopoitGH aa conioine BHaBoaeaaa, BKa Ta* CKopo aoTOeTMs'. 

Ilicjn BHHmiieBKa BncrynxB fo-itfteaiaaH (no&ae-nioB), aicuu aaaHa^UB, 
m,o npHtca3 Aaxropaa aa« He TaK <-on,is.ii>nin1, aK EO.imraiHH' lapaKTep, Oo bjh bo 
Bcifi FKpalHJ Kaeyi: 300™™! cboCoah Ta upaaa rpoaajSB. BaflajoiH Taiti BpiiKaais, 
Hiani, o^cbhaho, MaioTi Tyi, aa J'Kpaiai, ni.yiopy b 0ypjKya3Hux i aeajie- 
u.iacBim«.Knx fpynax. 

JIpej.cTaBui!K CejiaHCiKOl Cui.iKU ceasBun ,1 m h e n, b (yKp. c.-p.) nasas 
Hiaem.Ee KOnaHAyBaBaa Ba yRpaiai aoaiB^iH,bKna BosaHayBaHHaM. IIpoMoncuL 
usaiye na ie, mo, ne nana iipodyBaaii BTpyjaraca 11 cupasy aaciay, ran cciaHe poa- 
lajaiJH Ix afipoeio, i Karee. mp TaK Gyie i a Hian,a«n. Bohh ae npaaycnTL eeaaa 
lio-ioni Ta canara GypaKia. Hexaii no«iiniiKH ne cno.aiBawTLCH, n;o Hian;i la moci. 
j,onoaoaKyTt. Koaa ihocb aoiraa flyi,e apoGiiTii 11 KiiIbi, to He aoataa 5y,ic ua ceaL 
Hexaii naiiM lie ii| niKpuisaiOTi.cn niaeuiKiiaH npiiKaaaaa, 60, an posKpumca na 
uiapsa, Cyje xyase 11 jyate noraBo (0 n g e c k h). 

OciaHHKi BejHKy it rapa'iy iipoaoiiy CKaaas Pa$ec (Oyafl). ,J' xoay aopt mib, 
aBe tvt CKa3'aao, Hac BepTae 3,0 ^iHcBoro seuttb on,oii bobhu nosyaeHT, akhh cwtro- 
j,hh noc.iajio HJaemKe KoaaH,a,yBaHBa aiaierepcTBy BHyTpiiiiHix cnpan. B aia no- 
niaen,tKOay BaiiacaHO : „3 faaeraax 3BicT0K aw ,TOBi,i,a.iaeB, aio sriBicTepciBO Bny- 
TpiuiHii cupaB y.H.P. ao3HOinuo CBBTKyaaTa netth nepiuoro aaa, Koaii b piKHiix 
yacTHBai aieTa aajon. BiffOytiica Bi^a i aaui^ecranil, mo 6yae nopynienaaa rpoaa^- 
ciEoro chokoio i SeaneiuocTH. B npuvaai a ijm 15. liBiTHS saaHaieBO, mo Ha bchki 
Bwa Tpe«5a bsbth soaaiji KoaaBjyKHoro tpyiiow feHepaaa Aiiiropna." Koniio n,boro 
aHCTa, CKaaaB Jtjua Pa<^ec, uocjubo paj,i npo^eciHaiix cbLiok a upimiicKOio, mp ue 
iiocB.iaeTwn tu ,111a ai,-;oaa. He Man ay»e B&iH«y uary, 60 uaa Hiaea,LEe Koaaii.iv- 
isaBBa xoho noKaaaiii poCiTHiin.my, njo «ii''.^ifpciBO nHyTpimBix enpan ae aae :EaAHoi 
Haru, mo bobo, Moiijiim, npocTO ^IbcthtvtciiKB 40",**) kyih jiii, Hian.i, Bocti.Taeao 
riTn,t cao'i pocnopas^aoHa'. 

Jlfini Fa^ec ^OK-ia^uo cnimiiuon ua t!b tpy.iHix iTanoBiimy, n «Koay a Be- 
yKpaiucBKi 4>paKit,i'i, onoaan,iilBi bhct)hh kotjibx lioacnioKnt i poayauoii, iacTO Be 

TaK, 9K OB HOHH T0T0 XOTi.iH. lj,i IpaKBJl K|>HTHKyKITI. JtilMbllieTb IipaBIITOLCTBa 

aaa TOro, niofi 3BepayTB U 3 xufiiioro, aa Ix flyaKy, miiaxy, a ae-SKi «oaa, b tim 
'liic.ii ao;i;e it Hiaenuic Koaaaay'BaHBB, poayaiioTi. iiki kphtiikv, aK Bopoadcib He- 
yKpaiHCLKO'i ,T,eaoKpaii] ho yiqiaiui'LKoi KepBMB, i aa nia tffstpoti cboI aaaaxir na 
cysopeiiHicTi. a,ii:'i .tepiKaBH. 

B KiHB;i irpo«OBen.i ^oboahb, ho po6iTBaa,TBO bcix nan.iii aa .VKpaiHi noanaao 
iiiijitmiHii ni.iann OopoBHTH oyBepeBHOcra FHP, 60, son 'i'l upuAyuiUTi. aiaoubKiin 
ianepiajiias, ;yin E;.nn;oBo'i 6opoTboa ])0t5iTHHn,TBa 3ajiiuuHTLca fljate saao aosiaBOGTB.' 

BpcaoBa M. Paijieca Oy.ia ucTanm.010 na uia aaciaaEHio, Go aeiBe bih yctar 
i'i ckibhutu, aK b aaaio aaci,iani yntiiui.iH uiaei[,bi;i oajRaaa i aaeijaaBH nacH.ibHO 
cKbraeHo> v 

Tas npomoBjme cTopiDKa 3 to! BeaHKOi jipairn, at? b toii 'iac nepe- 
•.KKna.ia jKpaiiJCbKa peBOJiioiiiH. 

HiHen,LKa fiypacyaaia cnpasjiaaa cbom (JeacopOHny, Haxafiny isiaepi- 
HflieTiiiny opriio. 

ITapiiraBeHbKHn jieSTeHanT, noHaxyroiu peBaiLBepOM nepej npeaH- 
,lieio Paxn i lisicTpaHn. BHMaraB Bn^aTH iioiy MiricTpin: BHyTpiuiHix 

*) JlpoaoBeu.b aaa aa )"Ba3i repo'i'iay OopoiLdy 3 ntububicoki OypatyasicKi 
b eeS iac ce.iaBCTBa Bpaiyaamaaa, aKe posTponui.io b KkbKafleHHHx Ooai nia. 
C IleiepoK) i a. Thbpobhs Bi.ijj.in bo.ibclkoto Kopnyca fene]ia.ia Fa.icpa. 

**} Aapeca siuicTepcTua unytpiurHix cupaB. 



174 



cnpaB M. TKaienica, BiicbKOBHX — 0. JK y k o b c b k o r o, aeae^bBHi 
— KosaieBctKoro i zuipeKTopa BOJiiTnqHO-aitMiflicTpauJBHoro ae- 
napTaMeirry linicTepcTBa BnyTpinraix cnpaB PaeBCbKoro, B sajii 3aci,iaB 
<5ya TiabKU raeBCbKiiii, aicoro paaoM 3 KepywiaM amicTpcTBa 3aKopflOBHHX 
cnpas M. JIio^HHCbKHi i 6yjio TyT to apeuiioBano. 3 jtobkoio i no- 
rpoaaMH caiHM opyiaubBBM cnocotfcm 6yw noTpymeHO i nepenncano Bcix 
upHcyniix na aaciflaaaio Pa^H jjeayTaTiB, miHieTpiB i ojfljiaKy. KaHnejiapii 
napjDHieHTa 6yjiH nepepiiri nixeubKHin ca.Uiira«n. 

29. KBiTHH Paxa me paa aiCpaJiacL i, urn hhidum, yxBajnLia Ba 
caix KoHcrHTyniro yHP. Ta Bse icTHyBanBa u 6yJio CKiiweHe. Toro 
casoro jjbh BiMen^Ki rtHepajiH, BBKopHcraBMB yKpaiBCbKHX xjii6opod]B- 
KyjiaKiB, aKnx cane apiBiB ^o KaiBa iifeiieT a^OHn;OBBiir npoxara 
y HiaiuB BacTynnanrBa Bii „CBaBOJii" I^HTpa^tnoI Pa,%H, nporoaocHJiH, 
pasoH 3 iHTepHaujoHajitiHOH) 6ypacya3ieto yitpaiHH, a^ic-TaaTa n,apa 
Mhkojib II, pociiictKoro feHepaJia U. CKoponaflCbKoro (namajpca 
KOiBiBBboI pojhhh reTbsaaa iBaHa CKopoBajictKoro) „reTbiaaoiii seiei 
yKpaiHB." Jtflm&imwfi npo eaay npouejiypy oSpaHBa ,,reTbmaHa" i yiacTt 
b Hin KypKyaiBCbKoro ceiraHCTsa CKaaceao nianime. 

3 j;ecflTKOM poci2cbKnx 0(|>fln;epiB - aotfpoBoabnJB, m,o craHOBHJiH 
„BiHCtKO" HOBoro reiidiaHa, ospyateBHu HtieH,bKBMn 6poHeBHKaiH Ta ity- 
jieMeiaiB, BpBBiTannfi noniBCTBOis, aacis Ba cBoeiiy „npeeTojri" hobbb 
b cBiri „6<bkbb B0Ma3aBHHK xa caMOfl,epxeu,i>" — reTbuaB-KappHxaTypa. 
Ha cBpofifl ynjjiiBBiBx yKpalBOBKBi bIbc&kobbx qacTHH cKBHyTB bobo- 
aBaeBoro reTbMaaa 3 fioro ciLibna HineubKi i*eHepajiB 3a6pa3KOTijiB 
stfpoeio i npBrpo3Bjra jiioto posnpaBHTBCb 3 koskhhm, xto aocirie BOBCTaia 
upoTB „8aKOHHoF BepxoBsoi BJiana" yKpaiBH. 

B tob a;e .neat reTbmaBCbtci aoCpoBOibiecbKi ,,opjiH" 3po6hjie aanax 
aa jbbtth Pojiobb I]^eHTpa.iEEoi Paw M. PpymeBCbKoro. KisataaoM, aa- 
BpaBJieBBM b rpyaa rpynieBCbKOJsy, <5yao paaeno fioro f noro .apyiKBHy 
b pyny. Hiunj riocniniajiH cxoebtu bjiohbhiw i saxOBaTH. HiaKOro cjik- 
CTBa, sBBHaaao, He 6yjio nepeBeji,eBO : aaBiTt npH3BBn;a bjtohbhijh 
HiMni He saxoTijia onytaiKyBaTH. A npo Kapy Hiqoro a roBoptmi : nana 
Bia i 6jb aa in.ocb aoEapaHBii, TaK xi6a tLibkh sa Te, ntfl iipomaxayBCa. 

TaK aaKiHiBBca piic 6ypoiiBoi, tbskkoi, KpisaBoI <5opOTb6a yKpaln- 
cbKoro Tpyji;OBoro aapoay — flifl npoBoaon yKpaiHctKOI UleirrpaiBHOl 
Pa^H — sa floro HanjoBajitHO-nojiiTHHBe i cofljajn.Bo- eaoHOHBHae bh3bo- 
JieHEfl. 

3i cnpaB, BepeBeaenni HenTpajibEoio Paiioio b ocTaoHi jai II icTBy- 
BaaBa, cBBHBHocb tvt mfi rijibKB aa BBpo6^eBi5 i yxBaieaifi aero Koh- 
CTnTynjI yHP. 



Po3fl;ia VI. 

KoHCTHTyi;ia yKpaiHCBKoi HapoAHBoi PecnyOJiHKH. 

19. KoHCTHTyu,ia YHP. 29, kbIthh, b fleat BCTaaoB^eaaa Him- 
HflMH reTbiaain,HEH Ha yKpalHi. npaBBaaa UjeHTpaabBa Paaa „Kohcth- 
TyniK) yKpaiHctKoI HapoAHbali" PecnyfijiBKa", Bnpo6jieHy oco^itHBOJo napjra- 



^M 



— 175 — 

ueHTCtKOio Kouicieio. KoHcniTynia ufl BpnaHanaJiaCb jo sneceHaa 
b yapaiHCtKi ycTanoBii 3fiopir. Bhpoojphiih \i npHnajiae nepeBaarao na 
Toil MOueHT, kojh me peBoaronJH na yKpaim' a epe Joanna ijjiaay Banjo- 
HajtHO-nojiiTHHBy, root KflacoBa 6opOTb6a me He CTaBHjra BHpasHo Ha 
nopaaoK ji;eDHHS saBnaHHH TBopenBfl pooIraflie-ceMHCbKOi aepxaBHOCTH 
i kosh, nicjia n.i>oro, bch yKpainctKa aesioKpaTia eroflJia me ain,Ho na 
I'pyHti aesOKpaTHHHoro napjiaaeniapnaMy. ne mbioih Ha oui BBeji;eHHa 
b CHcreMy jiepsaBHoro ynpaBJiiana b tiS to EHiuifi (popai laacuBni op- 
faHiB poCiTHimTBa Ta ceJtancTBa — paa poomiBiHx Ta cejiaHCbtcax ae- 
nvTariB. B am, kojh hh KOHCTHTyuja p03r.3aaa.1ac1> b l^enTpajiLHig Paai, 
6ijibinicTb yicpalHCbKoi peBOJnonjiiBOi aeHOKpaTJT cTOMa Bxe, hk n,e bhabo 
xo*r 6h a III fi IV yHiBepcajiiB IleHTpajbBoi PajiH, na HHmii hobhhiI. 
Oaffaie MOMeHT ne cnptiflB ocaoBHOJiy neperjmaoBi Bapo6jieBoro paaime 
npoeKra KOHCTBTyu.il, i sin 6yB yxBaJieHBH mafijKe 6es siuhh, b peaafcnji 
Komcil. lie TpeGa nam Ha yBaai npn oniHiti KoHCTHTynji. 
3iici uboro ocHOBBoro aaKOHy cJiiayioiHM : 

KoHCTHiynifl yKpaiHCbKoi HapoAHboi" PecnyfSflHKH (CTaryT npo AepmaBHHfi 
ycTpiw, npaea i BijibHOCTH YHP). 

I. 3arajn.Hi nocTanoBH. 

1. Buiiodiibuiii cbob aepacasne upaso, hko yBpalHCUca HapojHM. Pecny&KBEa, 
yKpama, ,i,i!i Kjmino't oGoponu cBoru Kpaio, .usi ueiiiiiinoru saGeanetieHHH irpaBa 
i oiopoHii Bi.iLHocTeii, Kj.itTypn i ao0p»6yTy c-boIx rpoMaj;iiH, iipoiwioeHJia cefie 
i nirui ecu gepsuon cyBepeaitno, eutooatBwo i hi bij, koto ae3a.TeJKiioK>. 

2. OynepcHiie ltpaso b yKpalaciKiit Hapo^uiii Pecny&iun;! HajesKJiTt napo-' 
gran yKpa'imi, ned-ro upoM&fftssm yHP m'isi paaos. 

3. Jl,e (!boc ryBepeirae npaso Hapofl s^iiicHiou 'itpes BeeaapoflHi Bfiopa 
yKpalon. 

4. TepiiTopia J"I[P iieiio^LiMia, i fies BfOXJI BceHapoxHU BtiopiB b s /, 
roaociu npiieyTuix 'i.it'uiii ne sioatc ui^jiuej. uiaua asiua b rpauimax Pecny&iHKH 
aSo b ]i])aBnoj,cpa;aBnux BUaocnaax skoIci reparopil jip Pocay0.ntRH. 

5. He iiopyuiyioin tviHHOI caorf BaactH, .VHP nasac cboKm semax, bo- 
JOCTa« i iiitmasaji iipana liinpoKoro caMOBpHAyBavma, jtosepajywusi »pnHB;iny ^e- 
HeiiTpa-inann- 

6. HaiuiiM yKpa'iiui .VHP gac iijiaBo na BllopaAsyBaHila eunix KyjiLTypiuii 
iipan b iianinna.iMnix Kesax. 









II. Hpasa rpOMa^aa yKpa'iHH. 

7. I'ponaAaHiiHoii yHP BBaa;a*:Tti;H KoatHa ocoSa, aKa ne npaso uafiyaa 
nopaAKOx, npi!D«cauun 3aKOHami yHP. 

8. rpomaftflHBu yHP ne «oa:e 6yru pa30M 3 tusi rpojca«airaHO« hhuioI a«P»aBH. 
{♦. l'pona.uiHJiB >"HP Moase aaoatHiu 3 cefie rponaftcud upasa 3aaBoio jo 

J'pajy yHP a aaiOBaanaj! npitmicajwro aauoHOM nopajKy. 

10. )Io3uaBBTU rpoMa^ncBKBi upas n:oaa;;aanna yHP Moa:e tj.ibkb aocTaBoaa 
Cyjlj- Pecuyu.nniii. 

11. AKTOBa, rpoKaflaHctKa i nojiiTii'ma n])aBOMciHaicTi. lpoMaAamifla yHP 
nu'iHuacTtcn i 20 ait. HiaKoi piKiiim,i b upaBax i ofiosasKax aiac ^QjioBiKOM i scia- 
kojo npaao >'HP He aaae. 

12. FpoiiaftaHe b yHP piaaiB cboIx rpoaaaaacLKHi i nojiTB>JHiii npafiax. 
. ])o,ia:eBHa, Bijia, nau,inna.TtaicTi., ocaiia, safiHO, ouoAaTKVBaHaa He aarott maraix 
iipitButSu if hhx. HiaKi TMTy.iu a anTax i ^joboambj J'lTP BacBBatuca ite mamttt. 



— 176 



13. rpOMaftHHMH YHP 1 H1XTO HlllllHii He M0-.K6 U_VTM aaTpiiaauml Ha TepBTOpil 
l'i i'ivj cyaoaoro naitaay nisaiaue, hk ita rapsiiisi BqiiHisy. Aao i B Tasii pasi Bin 
Mac oyTH BHuymeaaii He uisHime, hk 3a 24 rojiHfla, kojih eya He BcraHOBnn, HRorocb 
cnocofiy itoro 3atpHMaBHH. 

14. 1'poMasHHHH yHP i hlito hhuihB Ha TepBTOpil H se MoiKe dyra noKapaHHii 
CMOpTHi, a ii i BiaaaHiul HKHi-ucCy at Kapa« no Tiny, aOo iihjuhx aman, aid noHUMtyioTb 
.iio^cBKy liinicTi, am iiiauac™ KOH<j>ieKan,iI aaiffla, sk Kapi. 

15. .lnwaiiure finiiiine iipnMacibCH H<vu>TopKa£na. Hiana peiiiaia He voxe 
Bi^flyincH <5ea cyaosoro Haisasy. B Haraiix BHiiaaKax xossyra opiaini upanuo'i oiopoim 
HapyuniTii ne^OTopKaHkit i dea oyaoBoro Hasaay ; oana^e i b Tin Bima^Ky xae flym 
aa iKjmaHHH rpoiaasHiTBa ^ocTaBaeHHil cyaoBBii saraa He aaai, ak Ha npOTH3i 
48 roann no aoaepnteHHio pesiail. 

16. J T CTaHOBJHCTicH jincTOBa TafiHa. OpfanaM 3,epataBH0'i Baaaii He ailiao 
HUKptiiiaTii jiHcris <5ea ey.iOBoro naKasy BHaKuie, hk y Bana^Kai, BaKouoa 03HaieHHx. 

17. TpoHaAHHiiH yHP i hixto unmuH na TepHTopii 11 ne aosce OyTii oflae- 
aceuHii b npaBax cjosa, apyKy, cyM.ilHHH, op(aHi3an,i'i, crpaHKy, cmjiikh Bin He nepe- 
crynae npH Tin jiocTamm KapHoro upana. 

18. KojkhhB rpo*aasHHH yHP i sci rami na 13 Teparopil jiaKTb noBHy cbo- 
Ooay irepeaiH sicua HpooyBaima. 

19. HocTaaoBH §§ 14. 16, 17, 18 i 19 He TopEaioTi.cn aopxoBaHua crren,iH.ab- 
HDKii t&BQs&n BH'lHKOBoro CTaHy, bkhH MOSKHa BcraHOBJaiH .iHuie KOHten pa3 OKpeMHK 
gSKoaox, 3rijiKo § 79-80. 

20. JTiiuie rpoaaaane VHP KopucjyiOTbCH z ycid hobhoiif rpoaaasHCbitHx 
i rm.iiTii'niHx npaB, 6epytL yqaCTb b opyayBaHHio aepacaBiBx i aiciieBua acHTiaa 
lepes aKTiiBuy i nacnBiiy y^acTL y inoopax ao 3aKOHoaaTEHi ycianoB i opfaniB 
MicneBoro caaoBpaaysaHHa. 

21. AKiuBue i uaciiDHe npaoo yiacra y BHuopai, hk jo saKOHoaaranx opfaniB 
YHP, TaK i jo Bcix BHOopmix upraHiB jueueBoro i rpoaaactKoro caaoBpaayBanHS, 
■aroiL Bci rpoMajHHe yHP, kom ia a° jna BBKOnanra BHfiopqoro amy BUH^e 
.IBajniiTi .lir. Du'ixoK TiiopaiL npu3Ham 3aKonoa 3a Oeayaniyx afio OoseBijiurax, 
KOTpi Haxojfliicfl nift ohikoio. "Aki Kapai nepeciyuciBa larayn. noadaBJietHH BHflop- 
Horo iipaoa, npo te piniamTt Hccnapo,uji BGopu 3BniaBuHa aaKOHoxaiHia uopa,iKoji. 
HiaKiix HiimHx ofijieaceHb BuGopioro upana He jiose fiyin. OKpeai nocTanoBH npo 
npaaa rpoaa,i;aucTBa uopaye cneuiiuhniiii aaaon. 

III. Op/aHH BJiacTH yxpaiHCEKOi HapoflHioi PccnyOjrHKH. 

22. Bca B.iacTb b THP noiosHTi sij napoay, a 3;TiHCHK)eTbCH e nopaAKy, 
ycTanoBjeHta hhm CTaiyToa. 

23. BepxoBHHM optaaoa B.iacn] YHP aBaawTien BceHapoani 3(3opn, hk'i <5e3- 
nocepeasbo 8Ai8cH!0JOTb BHDiy saKOHoaaBqy B.tacTf. b yilP i $opayiOTi, bhhu ojifaHsi 
BMKOHaBMoi i cyAOBol B.iacM yHP. 

24. Buma sjiacTL BHKonaBia b >'HP uajesKHTb Paai HapoRBtx MiHicTpis. 

25. Biimiui opianoa oyaoBHB ecTi feflepavibHiiii Cy:i MI P. 

26. BcaKoro po^a cnpaBH aicn.eBi BnopaaKOByiOTJb BiiOopai PajB i J'HpaBH 
rpoaaj, Bo.iocTe8 i aeaejib. la Ha.ieacHTt e^uHa (5e3nocepe;(Ba aicn.eBa BJracTb : 
aiHicTpn yHP Ti.ibKii KOHTpoaRtKiTt i KOopjuiHyioib 1x ftiaasHicTb (§ 60), Cesnocepe^Hbo 
i lepes BHSHa<ieBnx hhmh ypaj,0BB;iB, ne Brpyiaro^uci. no cnpas, thm Paxaa i YnpaBaa 
npii3Ha'iennx, a bcski cnopn b n,ix cnpanax piuias Cyj. VKpalHCbKoi HapojHbo'i 
PecnyOjiHKH (§ 60 i 68). 

IV. BceHapoiHi 36opH yicpaiHCBKOi HapoflHto'i PecnyGjtHKH. 

27. BcenapoAHi 3oopu BHOnpa»Tbca aarajbHiiH, pibhiim. SeanocepeftHiM, TaBflHa 
i iiponopiiioiia.ibHiia rojiocyBanHaa Bcii, xto KopiicryETtca rpona,HHHCbKHHB i no-iiTim- 
:iii>ih npaBasii na VKpalJii i B niri cyaoBO He ofiiea.-eHHii. 

28. Bnfiopii aaiOTb iivtii Bnops,T,KoBani TaK, m,o6 oaan aenyTar npHnaaas 
iiluiu.Tii.ifio Ha cto THcai jiioaHQCTn i mo6 npii BiiOopax hiito He jian apj'roro ro.iocy. 
V Bcim HHiiii.M npaBH.'ia HHrtopin y BccBapoani BCopn ycTaHOB-iaKiTtca saKOHoi, 






I 






— 177 — 



29. JJeiiytaioa xojkb 6ym BHfipanuii KOBtHHE He otaexeiraii b cboIx upasax 
rpoaaaaaBH VH1', uoipoiiy MHyso 20 pOKiB. Bin He noate Sj-th noTanteniiB ao 
o^jiOBiaaabHocTH 3a cbok> noniiuiHy aiajrinkit. IliAiac BHKOiiyBaBiia csoix jtfiays&t- 
CHOD ofioBaaKiB aiH jioTae u.iaiaio b bbcow i b nopaany, yciaHOMeHHX BcenapoA- 
iiiini 36opanH. 

30. UoBipKa BiifiopiB ua-ieaiiirL Cy^oBi J'HP. Cboi piuieflna b n,nx cnpaBai 
bib iiepeiac BceaapojHi* BOopaa. llpiumaiiHfl naH^aiiB lienpaBinisiH i cKacoBaaim 
saflopiB Ta upaanaieHiia ua 1x «icn,e hobhx aafiopiB Ba,M.«iiTt. BceaapoAaii Sfiopai. 

31. J,enyTaTH ;io BcenapoflBii 3<5opiB BnGapajOTLca Ba xpii poKB. Ito rpBox 

pOMI 3 1HH BiifiopiB B0H1I TpaiHTL CBOKl CB.1J', KOJE SfiopH HC 6y^IH p03nyHeHi 

u -.lacTyn.iciii iiubhuh aoiacHo. 

32. ,T,oiacH0 Bcenapoaai 3fiopB po3nycKa»Ttcs ii a;e liociaaoBOio, a ?aKo;K 
im.ieKi napotfy, biihb.tcbox) Be seuuu, flK TpLoaa, MLiioaaaH BnOopn,iB, nacannBH 
aaaBaMii, uepejaHHSH lepea rpoMagn CyaoBi, Borp»fi, ho npOBipu,i npaBOCUJibiioi'Tii. 
hobUobmk npo n,e Aoaaraaaa BceEaposEi 3GopH. 

33. Hobi BHfiopn no BOdaBOBi BcenapoABix 36ppia poanHcye BUKOBaBia 
Bjacii. BcenapoftHi 36opn ipaTaii cbok> noBHOBjaciL a j^icm nepejaii II hobo- 
ofipaHH* BceMapoAHJa SfiopaM. Mia: nocTanoBoro npo pocniicauutt Biifiopis i ckab- 
Kanna hobhx BceHapoAHii 3fiopiB ne nonce MHuyra Oil lid., uk Tpir afcnp. 

34. Ciumttae BceHapojBt 36opn i npoBafl.iiTi' nnan 1'o.ioBa 'ix, BBfipanuii Bce- 
HapoAHtnii BGopaaii. Hosi BceHaposai 3fiopn cmnKar i m&jimto Fojioaa, 
BiiOpaanii iionepeABixir BceBaposHiini Buopanu. J r paff Fwobh TpiiBae seel »iae, 
iiokh Be fiyAJTB CK3BBaHi BOBi 3Copa i 6yy,6 BiifipaflBii bhmk TaaoBa. 3aaiHS8 Soro 
aaciynEHB, BHfipaBflfi 3fiopaBii Ha Bunaaoi; caepin afio twkkoi xsopofiu, ao Bafiopy 
noBoro 1'o.iobb. 

35. PciOBa BceHaposBii 36opiB, ek Hi npeflcr&BHUK, iiieBeii Peenyii.!HKit 
CnOBHS« BCl 1HHH0CTH, SBBLiaai 3 Bpe.icTaBDimtBOM PecnyGjtiiKii. 

36. B noMW Tojobi, b cnpaaax, BBHHCjenBX b § 32-33, BceHapojinixH 36opa«B 
BHfiipaeTtca Bony lOBapmiriB, n qHcai, sne ycTaHOBJTHTi Beeuapoffai 36opB. Oa.hu 
a HH5 BHOipaeraca aacTymurKOM rojoBH. 

37. Bceaapo^Hi 36opn 36ipaK)TtCH ua ceciio ne xeuuB, hk ib» pa3H mo-pony. 
Etepp.paa xix ceciaMH He jioate (JyiH Ciaiiii Tptoi iticsniB. Ha liponoaimiio, BBeceny 
'/ s jteuytariB, BceHaposni 36opB noBHHHi 6yra ciciHKaBi ae niaainc aicflB,a Bia, Ti 
oaepacaHHa ro-ioaoio. 

38. r ^.ia npasocBJiHOCTE pimeEt BceHaposnij 3oopiu TpeGa iipHcyTHocin 
.'>i.iiin isk inuoBBHB leHyTaTia. Bci cupaBii pimaroTMs 3BH<iaHHOKi (iijtniicTio Bp«- 
cjTHix. TijitKii BijmLjeBHH lepHTopii, .taiHii KOHCTHTynii, uporciomeBHa BIBBB i B1A- 
^hhhji nij ciijciBO i cyj, aiuicrpiB piniaioTbCa cneD;iajii.HOio fiijitniicTio. 

39. 3aKOBOAaTui nrpoeKTn BBOcaitca na posoaj; Bcenapo^Hii 3<3opiB : 

a) BpesH^ieK) b uoposyKisHio 3 Pajoro CTapmiiE 3fiopiB ; 

d) iioojiTiHOKEsiH ^paKuiaMH, aapeecTpoBaHHHB BceHapo;(HJMi! 30opaMU : 

b) OKpeaEHK ^enyTaTaaii, 'ihcjom bo MeHtui 30-ni ; 
r) Pa^,oio Hapofl,Hii MiuicipiB 5 r HP j 

3) opfauaMB caaoBpajyaaHna, hki oCEjHyiOTi ae neain 100 thcbi BiiCopnJB ; 

e). fiesnocepe^Ebo BH(iopn,Bi«]i-rpo«ajaHaaH Peonyfi^HKU, b incai He KeHbm 
100 THCai, BBcaHBMii saasaaii, uorBepasennaH 'iepe3 rpoaaaa i no^aHtiKH CyjOBi, 
ia.o no lipOBipui ix iipaBOCBiBiiocTH Hcpe^ae b;h> npono3iin.ii<i I'ojuob! BceHapoA- 
iiii 30opiB. 

$0. 3aKoaoaaTui npotKn, BaeccBi BKa3aBnm b g 39 nopa r iKoa, uepesaKnf ;i 
npe3Hjieio BceHapo^Hui 36opiB no KO«ici'i i nicjia .inKJiajy KO*iciI flpBHSaKntcsi 
ocTaToiiHO BceBaposHbiH 36opain. 3aB0HOAaTHi apoeKTH, BHeceHi Be a iaiaJBiMBB 
Pa^u HapojHix MiHicTpis, pa3oa a BHeceaaau ^o Bpesa.iil BceaapoAHtx 3flopis 
noaaioiica 50 BuoMa Pa^ii Hapo^Hix MinicipiB. 

41. 3aKOH0AaTni Kpi.tKTH, Bneceai, a ae yiua.ieHi n o^Kiii cecii, aosyri. 
npBHtH uU yxBa.iv HOBo'i cecii, aie lie MOKyTi nopexo^iiTii ni^; yiBaay BceBapo^Hix 
aCopis HOBoro ciuia^ (nicia hobbx beOo.pib). 

Baeceuaa npo 3MiHy KoHOTiiTyn,ii BHOcaiica i ujM>xo,;HTt tub a;e uopaAKOK, 
KKaiaiiKH b § 39—41, ajie naa yxBaan \x noTpifiHo 3 | s npHcyinnx ienyiaTis, a yx- 

XpWCTJDK, TcTOpi^ pOUO-TIOUlT, II. 12 



— 178 — 

na.ia ciac iipaBouiuitHoio liibKH TOai, kojih na yiaajfa flyae noHOBjeBa auii'iauHoio 
oairaii'TM JJcftnapoBHiMH 36opamn b hodim etmaji, nicia HaHtuiiiKiM hobhs bh<So- 
piB. J T BciM UBmiM, bb BKaaanin KoHCTHTyn,teH), aaa, i sia-itHicri BceHapoftHix 
SGopiH nopKyerhca nasaaoa, hkhh BcenapoflEi 36opn yxB&jiioiOTi i 3aiEHK)tb b 3bh- 
■lauiiiH nopaiiKy. 

43- 3asOHH i iiociaHOBii BcoHaposHix 3GopiB po3nyGniKOByioTtcff mmn, hk 
biiIxkii 3 npoioKO.iiB ii aacijiaiib, 3a niflEHCOM Fo.iobu (afio iioro TOBapmna) i oa- 
noro a CcKpeiapiB Bcenapoaaix 36opiB. OGoa'aayioTb bohii Bi^ nna o^epHraaHH 5x 
n xiciieBHi ycTanoBax, ocuiaiKii ne noeTanoBaeno HHaitino b caaiii 3aKOHi. 

44. Be3 yisa-iR Bcenaposais 3GopiB bo MOacyib liofiirpaTucj. niasi noaatKH. 
46. Bea nocTaBoau BeeHapo^Bii 36opiB He uuiKyit 6ym gpofi-ieHi, ua paxy- 
ii i ii: i HI' bibkI iiij:iiii;ii, a ni Baara.ii iiKii'i, odjiaaceBHa ^epxaBBoro jiaiiHa. 

46. rponaaaae VKpaiiiii bs noacyTt oyxu iioKiHeasi flo odosaaKOBo! BiuctKO- 
no'i a6o nuinifiHol cjiyyjfin iiaaEine, hk nociaHOBOK) Bcenapoaflix 30opis y r Kpam][. 

47. BiuHa He nonce 6ytn nporo-iomena, hi aro.ua ne Mow;e riyin aanjuoqcHa 
nil iMSHn J'HP (tea HOCTaHOBH Bceaapcwix BoopiB. J^ih nporo.ioiiiei[HH biuhh 
TpeCa yiBaan anox Tpenm HpncyTnix laeais BcaHapoAHii BGopin. 

48. BceHapoKfli 3<5opH aaiBepjuKyKHb rpaKiani no.imi'mi ii ckohomhihi, 
ysjasajDifcca iisreHe« yHP. 

49. BcenapoAHi 36opH ycTanoBasioTb o r iHKun,i aipn, Barn i Honem yHP. 



V.IIpo Fafly EaposHiz MinicTpiB yspaiHCBBOi HapoflHiOi PecnyOjiHEH. 

50. 3ko Bnm,a BiiKoiiau'ia Baacib > r HP (§ 22), Pa,^a Hapo^Hir MiaicipiB 
53 itopa.nKye Bci*a cnpaBaMii, ski aiciaioTbca no-3a aexaiiH ajaamoCTH ycianoB mic- 
iicboI caMoynnaBH (§ 24) ado AOT&KaiOTb n;i.iof yHP ; KOOpRHHyc i Koflipojiffie si- 
HJiBHicTB b,ux yciaHou, He iiojiyiiiam'iii aaKOnon ycTaaoBaeHnx K0KneT6HH,iii ii, Ta 
npiixo^HTt Ik b noaii, ko.ui boot ro nel sBepTaroTbca, 

51. Pa^a HapoAHix MinicipiB aiciae cbok> iiOBHuBjaeib bU BeeHapoflHix 
3oopiB i TinBici! ijcpe.i, hhxii iii;;innti r iai:. 

62. "i'opMye Pajiy Hapoflntx MinicipiB I'oaoBa BceHapoaaix 36opiB aa nop 
3yaiHHHK a PaA"K> CiapuiHH 3flopiB, i tioTin Paja Hapo^nix MiHicrpiB uo.ua 
»a aaTBepA^eonH BceaapoAHin 3uopan. 

53. Thm eaKiia cnocofioa poCnitua laciHHHe jouoBHeHHa Paftii Hapos 
MinicTpia. 

54. ^hcxo ^JieniB Paflii HapoAflix MiuieTpiB i cnen,iajii3auiio ii nopT^e.n 
yi-.TanoBJiiOKJib BcejiapoAai 36opn. 

55. Koseoh AenyTaT Bcenapoj(Hix 36opiB Mae opaBD CTaBHin aauinaHua Pa^i 
HapojHix MiaicipiB b niaoay ^h hooahhokdm ii 'LieHau, oro.iomywiH ;ianHiaHHa 
'lepea npeanji,iio Bceiiapoamx 36opii>. 

56. 4>paKn,iH BoeHapoKHix 36opia i aenyiaTH, a ^Hcai He Menme 15-th, 
MOKyTL ciaBHTH Paju HapoAaix MiHict|iiB TO noosHHOKau n ^aeiiaif «asai!HB nn- 
acneHi, nopaxKoa § 55. Kojth BceHapoAHi 3(!opn Cijitniicxjo roaociB ninrpHMa»Tb 
tajse acajiaHHH, Minicipn ne iri;iHime aenn soHt maKTb Ha BJ aca.TaHHfl flatH nosc- 
HeHHH y BcenapoxHix 36opax J'HP — caMi ^h lepea cboix npeacTaBHaxiB. 

57. l I.ien Paw HapoaHix MinicTpiB, KOTpoay fiijibmiciL BceHapoaHix 3dopia 
yHP BHcuOBHTb neaoBippa, duanae cbom HOBHOBaacTt, i lepea 24 toauhh bicjib 
iU.oro BceHapoajii 3(5opn aoxyib npacTyaiiTH n« aaHim,eHBa iioro cnocofiou, BKaaaniu 
b § 53. Te cane po3yuicTbca npo uLay Paay Hapojtaix MinicipiB, ko.ui Yft 6yjte 
Kiic-ioBaeno HeaoBippa b ni.iorTii. 

58. nociaHOBoiD *j 8 BceBapOffHii 3GopiB 'LseHn Pa^ii HapoaHix MisivipiB 
soacyri fiyiH Biaaani iri^ eaiflMBO fi cya aa cboio iia.ibaiciL. 

59. Ijienrc PaAH Haposnix MiaicTpiB aaiorb npaBo fipaTH yiacit b xeoaiax 
BceHapoAHix 36opiB a .unpaAina rojrocos. l IaeHH BceHapOABix 3flopia nin^ac CBoro 
upooyBaHHB b atiajri Paju Hapojinix MiHJcipiB Tea: aaiOTt ri.ibKii j.opa.a.iHH' roaoc. 




— 179 — 



VI, Cya yifpai'HCBitoi Hapoa.Hi.oT PeonyOjiHKH. 

60. Cyj. b yHP o,i6jBaeTi>('a iaertea B. 

61. IlocTyiiOBaHEs b cyai aae Sj'Tii npmiioAHe i ferae, 
(5s!. Cya,OBa ji.iam. a paasax n/iBiabHoro, Kapnoro i aaaJHicTpanjiiBoro 3aKO- 

HOJtaBCIBa 3a,iiiCHKETBCH BBKaKWHO CyaOBHMH yCTaHOBaMB. 

63. CyaoBHi BHpinrenb He hotkjtj, samara Hi aaKOHoxarai, hi aflaiHicTpan,inai 
opfaHH B.iai.'iii. 

64. B aktix ruiiia.inax aflaiHirTpanjiiai opfaHn aoaEyii KaiciaAaTH ft eK3eny- 
isaTH KapH — npo te piinae moioino aaKorr. 

65. Cys W a Bcii rpoaaflaa PeenyflaiiKH o^aa i neil eaaisfi, ne BHKJKmaKmH 
g iiaemB Bceaapoflnis 36opin Ta ^laeais Pa^ii Hapoa,aii: MiBicipis, 3 aaxoBaaHas 
npa heomv nocianoB § 58 nsoro 3aKona. 

6H." HaiiBiiniiiM Cya.oa PecnyoaaKir HBaaeTKa „TeHe!>ajiLHHii Cya, yHP", 
siioxeHHii a Koacfii, BnSpanoi BceuapoxHian 36opanH Ha npoTar nam jtii. 

67. yeHepaJiBHnfi Cyi. nsiseibca Hafimimoio Ktican,i(iHoiD iHCTaHnieio aaa Bch 
cyfliB PecnyfijiHKH i ne MOiKe 6ym cyAOM nepmo'i Ta jpyroi iHCTamnil ia aawi 
^yHKniii aaaimcipaTHBHOi luacTB. * 

68. B ycim" HHmiM optaHi3ania i KoaneTonnia cyjun Ta ocoGn i peiesoi iipn- 
iraaevKHOCTH cy^osol yoianoBaaeTLca aaKOHOM. 

VII. HarjioHajEEHi Cok>3h. 

69. Koaffla a naceaaioiiHX FKpa'iBy Hanjit aa« npaBO b mtxax YHP na aa- 
uioHajuHO-nepcoHaaMy asroHOJiiio, neO-xo npaao na casociiuHe ycTpocoHn cboio 
HanioHa»ibHaro mum, mo 3aiiten»eTi>ca lepea optaan Han,ioHa.iLaoro Conwy, B.iaja 
sKOro lUHpnTtea Ha scii fioro ^jieHiB, HeaaaeaKHO sift aliens i tiocejieHaa b YHP. 
He a HesiAHixauxe npaao uan.iB, i Hi o^na 3 imx He aoace fiyra nosdasaesa n^oro 
jipana arto ouneaceaa a a&oay. 

70. Hace-iHKiHna Tepwopiio YHP Haitian — BeaiiKopycLKia, eBpeiictKia i noat- 
i-Li;ii"i — irpaBO na Bau,ioHajiLHO-nepcoBajiiny aBTOsoaiio xaeTbcn ciliohi nboro 3a- 
jtony. Han.ii x SiaopyCiKa, ^iectsa, *oaa,aBCiKa, uiaeubKa, TaTapctKa, rpcntKa ia 
■lo.irapcbKa soa:yTb CKOpacTyBaiHca npauoa nanjoHaabHO-nepcoHaaiHOi aBTaaoail, hk 
ih,o i;o teiicpaahHoro Cyjiy npo re iiocTynniB 3aaua bu ko:khoI Han.ii 30Kpeaa, ni.i- 
BXCaaa ne MeHtui bb 10.000 rpoatajaH yHP 6ea pisHHn,i noay i aipa, He o6Mea:e- 
Hiix no cyjiy y cboTs ho iini'iuns HpaBax, njo aansiiatoTb npo HajeKHicti cboki ^0 
janoi aani'i. l'eHepa.itHiiii Cyfl po3raaaa<: sanBy b nyfljiii'iaoay aaci^ajraro b ctpok 
ae niaHiate, as lepea fi aicanJB 30 jaa H HOAaaHa, cnoaiaiye npo clow nana no in 
Pasy Hapo^aix MiuiCTpin i oroaowye il j;o 3ara.itHoI BiaoaocTit. 3a3Baiem saaan 
BiR nania, hki Be nepejii'ieHi b n,ifi CTari, noxawTbca na p03rjnij, BceHapoj,Hii 
Soopia yHP. 

71. Jljia SAiBcHeaaa aaanaieHoro i § 69. npasa, rpoaajaae yHP, aaje^ni 
HP iiaHO'i aaiju, yTBoptoiOTb na TepnTopi'i yHP HanionajibnHH Coma. IjenaM sose- 
noro HauioirajibHoro coH)3y BenyTbCH iaenni ciihckm, ski b cyKynaocia CKaasajoib 
iiauioHaatniiii K&xacrp, iisiia no cunajiaHnio nyfiiiiKyeTica jo 3araatHO'l bw«oct« ; 
Koscen rpoaa^aniiH aac upano EHaara™, att csoro BKJtwHeHHH b aaHaB HanioHiui.- 
hhH KajiacTi), TaK i uuKJiKiHesna 3 nboro, 3 oraa^y Ba 3aany npo Besuekricn. ftoro 
so jaao'i HaH,iT. 

72. HanjoHajunnS C0103 KopHcryatbca npaBoa 3aK0BosaBCTBa i BpajtyBaaHa 
b aeiKax KuaneTeniiU, KoTpa ra'tno BCTaaoBaaeibca b nopaTfOBi, 3a3naieHoay 
B § 75 nboro 3asoHy. HanioHaataoay co»30Bi bbkiidtho HaaeaiHTi, irpaso npex- 
cTaBHHmBa jaHOI Ban,ft, asa arHBe na topaTopii yHP, nepea, Repa;aBHiiini i rp<- 
aajciKiiaif yciaaoBaim. 3aKOnojtaTiii iiocTaHOBH, ski BiiaaioTLCH Han;ioHajii.HH*H a<3o- 
l'aair b ae^ax KoaneieHn,ii HanioHaainoro Co»3y (% 75), naJteaEaTb no oroaomeHna 
b sarajbao-yciaHOBjieHOMy nopsflKy. 

73. 3 3araai,HTut sacofiin YHP ta opfaaifl jiicneBoro caaoBpaajBajuiH _o,T!iic- 
Baettaca n pocnopajrateHHa Han.ionaai.Horo coio3y Ha cnpaBH, orhih b!h _3aBia,vc w 
cyM, B3araai npn3HaieHU3 aa ni cnpaBH, neBHi 'lacTHiiu, Hi)onopn;ioHa3bHi KUbKorni 
HJieBiB aaaoro aauinaa.ii>noro eoioav. 

12* 






— 180 — 



74. Han,ioita.itHiiii Coktj ycTaHOB.iae cbiii mopi-unifi fiioa^cei i "at; npaao 
a) onoAaTKynaiiHa cboIx laemB na niflciaBax, ycTanouaenHX a-bh 3araJii>Hi>-,n;ep;KaBHoro 
■ moflaiKyBaHiiH ; 6) aa cBoeio BianoBUa.ihHicTio poOum uo3nna ii npjtiisaTH smroi 
itiiHancoBi 3axoA« sas safieaneueHHa jiajiiHooTH HanionanMioro co»3y. 

76. Oficur cupas, EaaeWEHT b.o KOMueTenui'i nanionaahHoro coawy it oupe- 
-Miii iioro opfaHiB, hk pisHo i yrapiS yeraiioB, onpejyjaeTKa iioctaHoBoio J'cTaHOB- 
iira 36opiB xanoi nan,!!, KOTpi pa30M a n,rm oirpeaiiisKJTij i nopajoK 3MiueHHH cboIi 
uoctaHOB. npuituari HoCTaHOBH, aid ropnaioTJiCH oficary Kojoieieimi'i BairioHa.ii.Horo 
coroay, na.'ie;KaTi a,o po»rjisjty i CTBepftacenna BceHapoa,uiaiu 36opajm J'HP. 

II p u m i t k a. HesryjHOCTH, aid Moacyii. BimiiEaTii s moro npitBo/iy miat 
HaB,ioHa.ihHHHH J r CTaJiOB<iitaif 3fiopa;iii i Bceaapo^aiisH 3<J0paMH X'HP, p03BaayKm.ni 
noroflxyxMOio KOMicicKf, avrpa CKaaflaeTbCa 3 o^HHaKOBoro 'iHCJia npeftCTaBHnKJH 
bi,h n,ax yciaaoB. HoofanoBii norojpKyKmoi KOiricil nepeioflHTt Ha ocraio^ne eiBepa,- 
-.kcbh» BceHapo^nis 3CopiB YHP. 

76. HarrioHajwri yeTaHOBm 36<ipn yTBopiowTtea a »iaeaiB, oiSpaHiix Hajiea;- 
hhmh ii,o aaaol nani'i rpOMajaHaHii yHP, Korpiiii bhHwjio 20 ponia, Ha ochobl aa- 
raatHoro, 6e3 phKHimi nciy i Bipii, pifiuoro BuSop'ioro jipaBa, »iepe3 fleanocepeAHi 
BnSopH i raeiHe roaucyBaHHa, a irpmioacerfHHM. irprmniny itponopn,ioHajii.Horo npes- 

CTaBHHDjTBa. 

77. Opfajni uainoHa.ii.Horo corny g opfanii flepataBfli. Bitmiiii upeflCTaBHHUh- 
kiim opfanoM narrionajiLHoro co»3y e HanioHaitni 36opH, am odipaiOTica <ueHasni 
coio3y Ha ocHOBai, aaaaaieKitx b § 76. Bunum BHKoaaBqiiM opfaHOM coioay i: Ha- 
nioaajLHa Pa^a, uoipa oolpaeitca Hau;ioHaJiEniiH 35opaan i nepe;i, hiimii BijinoBisai;. 

7tf. Bci eym'peiKH no niiTanuio KOMneTermi'L, am BunHKaBiiiyTt mm « praam k 
Han,iona.iiHoro toioay a oa,Horo Sosy Ta opfamum sepaiaBHOro ypiuyuatinji, aione- 
Boro canoBpaajBaHHa i liHinux Han.ioirajii.UHx co»3iB a apyroro Sony, po3BH3yron.ca 
a^HiHicTpan;iHHHa cyflOM. 



VIII. IIpo HacoBe npnnHHeEHa rpoMaflCBKHX CBoGift. 

79. y BimanKy sspa;aBH0l KOKe'iHocTii (ui;^ac Biiiaii afio BiiyTpiiuHix ;;aBopy- 
ureHt) MoacyTB rpoaaftaHCtiti cbooo^ji Cjtu MacTio oflMeaceni, uacTKi npHmiHeai. 

t*0. KoTpi r])ouaAaHci.Ki cBotioftii i a amii Mipi aaioTi, 6yTH TOfli jipHnicaem, 
Mae 03BaiuTii cnenjajbHiifi 3aEoa, B![^,aanii aBHHaHHHH nopaj(KOK. 

81. 3aBejeBna rHM>iacoBoro npHHiiueHua rpo.uaaanctKHX cBo6i,i, 'id ix oo!te- 
■.KeHEa, y BitnaflKax ta isea;ax, npe^au^i;euHx 3rajaHHMH a § 80 aaKoitaMir, yiBaaio- 
H)Th BeeHapo,i;Hi 3dopH. 

82. Koan BceHapo^Hi 30opn ne aifipani, Moa:e upHnnnitTJi tacono rposaa- 
aHcwti cBo6oan Pa^a IIapo,naix MiidcTpiB ua saacay oflBi'ia-iLnicrr,, .a ofioBHSKOM 
upeaaossHTH neii cbLB posnopa^OK Ha neprne 3acisaaaa n nafl6aii3KniS cecil Bce- 
flapoAHii 36opis. 

83. IIpitnHHeHBfl rpomaflauotKHx cboSi^ ha noise TpuHaTH .^oBnie, aK ipn 
Hican;i, i npoftOBiEeHHH iojti liuuiiuni yxBaauTH BeeHapo^iii 36opn. 

V i: ji a 'i h o i. k a Heaipaatita Paji;a. u 

HaBesena KoncTHTjiiia, hk fiaHHMO 3 § 5 Ii. nepeadaiasa hobhh 
axBiiiicTpaTHBHHH nofliji yKpai'HH Ha TaK anaHni ^aoHJii 41 . HoaLi u,efi 
i 6jjio BCraHOBJieHO oco&uhbhm saKOHom HeHTpajrtHOl Pa^ir (BH^aHH« 
no noBopoTi a SCnTOHupa so Kfllsa), ajie reTtMaHctKiifi nepeBOpor ne 
,T,ae MOJKJiflBOcrH nepeeecTn TOro aaKOny b shtth, i yKpai'Ha ras i aajrn- 
uiajiaet. a cTapnK iroainos aa ["yfiepsii, iiobith i bojiocth, Ma^o b\x- 
noei^aiOHHiit noTpefiaii 3,ep5saBiio-aji,MiHicTpaTHBEioro yapaBJiiHKa i Kyjib- 
Typaai Ta eKOBOiHinHit noTpefiaii HaceaeHHa. HobJ aAMiHiCTpaTHBHO- 
eKOHomiHO-KyjibrypHO-reparopisJibHi o^uhhu;! Maan 6yTH inacs. cepe^HiM 
.iia? „noBiTOn' ; i nfytfepHiefo", ctura^aioyHci. npn6^H3no a 3 — 4 noBiriB. 



— 181 — 

Jifijs^HO me, mo poanur VII KoHCTHrynjI — npo Hauiona.ibHi 
coioaH — aBJiaeTtca noBTopeHHHi yxfianenoro IJeHTpaJibHOio Paaoto 
9. ciiHfl 1918 p. BaKOHy npo HanjoHajTbHO-iLepconajiftHy aBTOnoiriio hjih 
HanjioHaatHiis jieHbmocTen YKpalMB. 



nporjiajjaiora roaoBnimi aanonn IJeHTpaji&ao'i Pa^n, oaiHHO, mo 
BOHa apo6njia Mafiate Bee, mo HBMJioeb Heo6xinnnM juia npaBHo-sepJEaB- 
Boro o$opMJ6HHa Ta icTHyBaHHa BijupojiaeHo! yKpalHCbKoi aepsasnocTH. 




PoaAiJi VII. 

KimjeBi sauiTBH. 

20. 3HaHJHHfl bjhhh mm yHpaiHoio i CoBJTGbKoio Pocieio ajjh pe- 
bojhouJT yKpa'iHCbHoi i pocifiCbKOi'. Binaa sis yapaiHCbKOfo HapoijHboio 
Pecny6jiHKOK> i CoBiTCbKoro Pocieio HBJiaeTbca oahoio a cainx t8jkkhi 
i dojHDHHi ciopinoK pociflctKOl k yKpaiacbKoi peBOJUOiyi. D^o 6 tbm ho 
roBopHra npo npHiann u,iei silos i ujjri, hki nepecJiinyBaiia b sib xa 
i npyra CTopoBa, Bee ik He noscna oiKHHyTB. ioro i^Rry, mo ue OyJia 
ih He nepuia b cam (Ta me b XX CTOJirrri) Bifiaa cnpaBaiKbOl aemo- 
KpaTil a j,eMOKpaTieio, jjiifcHo aapoay — pofiiTHinca i ceJiflHHHa a HapoitoM 
-.— TaKH» caMHB pooIthhkos i cejiHHHHQM Bo xoi no oaaiii i Apyrin. 
CTopoai b paaax apiii i Cyan conjanbHO-Bopoxi jieMOKpaTii ejieKeiiTH 
Ta He bohh 6y;m npoBimain bjhhh. BiiiHy Bean cmaoko : Pajyt Hapoa- 
Hix KonieapiB (mo nanasajia) i n,eHTpajibna Paa,a (mo ooopoaaaacb). 

b him ojihim uoaarajia BejiHKa HeHaTypantnicTb Ta nesBamiiiHicn, 
njei aiSun i inKi£JMBicTb H min peuonionii, ak yKpaiactKoi, TaK i mockob- 
clkoi. XeMOKpaTia odox cycinnix napo^iB, b icTopBHno-BijinoBijT.aju.HHH 
wac nepeBeaeHHH ivth6okoi couiaJibHO-eKOHOiiHHHOl peBOJiion,iT, b <iac, kojeh 
Bona CTOflJta nepej[, HanaBiiiafiHG bojthkbmh i Be-iaMBium aaBnannaHH, mo 
BHiarajiH ak naflTicnimoro KonraKry i cniBpoCiTHiiuTBa o(5ox jieMOKpa™, 
— 3axoOTJiact kojio cnpasn BaaeMHoro BBHHmeHHa, BaaeMHoro n&6oppoBanHa. 

Uja 6opoTb<5a abox jtesOKpaTiii nua naflaBiiiaiao imcwniBi nacjii^KH 
jjjia peBOJUonjI, oco6jhbo Ha >'Kpaini. Il,eHTpajiiCTBHno — OKynaui&Ha no- 
Be^inKa pocincfcKBx 6o.nbine8nKiB na yKpalni apooiuia CTijibra /wa jrjc- 
KpeAHTau,iT racejf cOHJajiicinqHoI peBOjnon,ii i pa.pHci.Koi Bnaa,B cepea 
ceJMaebKHX i poolraHinx Mac YKpaiHH, ctciubKH ne motjih apofinrn hiski 
Boporn BHaBOJieBHH iipamoioioro Jiroiy. IIpHHecmn „coBiTCLKy BJiacTb" 
na YKpalny a niBaoiH aa uiTHKax hockobcbkofo pofiiTHnuTBa Ta cenaHCTBit. 
bohh CBoeio TaftTBKOK) BBHsajiH b yaBi yKpaiHCLKoro cejiairnna Ta po6ir- 
HHira iffim coBiTCbKoT BJiacrn Ta coi^ifljiicTBinoi peBOJBon,iii a HanjoaajftHO 
ji,epataBHBM, Ky.ibTypHHs i eKOHOMDHHrns npBrHiHeHnaii yspalHCbKoro napony. 
Ta S He TiJibKn b yani ceiaHHHa Ta po(5iTHHKa. HaBin Ta ladniHa 
po6i*rHHHe-ceaaHCbK0i coHiajiicTB^Hot yKpalHCbKOl iHTejiii'enHil, flKiB 



— 182 — 



30Bcin He 6yaa ^yi£a ia;e» coaiajncTBiHoi peBoaioaii i cosircbKOi Baaorn, 
uia, BnjiHBOic jKaxaaBof i Gpymo'i, xaxeicoi Bia, conjajiicTHiBoi tbophoctb 
„npaKTHKF u pocificbKHi dojibmeBHKiB Ba yKpaiai, aaxaTajiact, cnsBoact 
Ha poa^opoatmi, Be BOHiyan oapiaiBHTH b -roay KpiBaBoay xaoci ancToro 
BepHa conjflJiicTnqBoT peBOjiionji Bij nocaiay, lUKiaaHBax iiaeBeiiiB. ^aemua 
yKpaiBctKOl peBOjnoaifinoi iaTeaifeaaii 6y;ia ana cnocodoa aopajibHO 
poa6HTa, BHecmieHa. ,H,pyra a aacTHaa, mosjiebo, 6iabnia, aiji, bhuhboi 
iiOHyTTH aarpoaeHoi aauioaaabHOL flepxaBaocTB i ayabTypa, Kaayaacb 
b 6iir, BupaEo; pinta:ia cBifloao 6jiboKyaaTHCb 101 6a h a dypaKyaaanaa 
BepcTBaiiH, aoa BparyBain aau.ioHa.'ibHO-nojriraaai anooyTKH yapaiacbKoi 
peBoajoipI. 

Hesia ioro roBopnfn -ryt npo aaraabae 3aroCTpeaHa aanioaaiibHQl 
6opoTb6a na yKpaiai i apier aan,ioaajii3Sy, bk yKpalHCbKoro. TaK i kockob- 
cbKoro, Ta noiacTH i sa^BCLKoro — eepe;i caaax niHpoEHX aeao- 
KpaTH'fflHx i ^;pi6Ho-(3ypsya3BBx BepcTB JHoflHOCTa. B nojiyal aaaioaanb- 
hhx npucTpacTeii coajajibao-eKOHOanani saBjtaaaa peBOjnou.il daiaaa 
i CaraubKo TpaTaan b cboIh aKTBBBOCTH. 

Ha i"pyHTi aboro poatfarra caa yKpalnebKO'j peBOJHOuiiiaoI a;eao- 
KpaTil. 11 nonpaBiHHa, spociy nanjonaJibBHx noayBaHb i noHyrra aarpo- 
ateflocTB BanjoHMBHO-no.iiTB'iHBx (a a hbmh Basajiiict i coniaibao- 
eKOBOMHqai) aa,o6yrKiB yKpaiacbicoI peBOaionjI, njo npaaecna Biaaa 
a MocKOBmnaoio, BHafiuuin cboc aieue „ceiiapaTBe u 8aKJK>aeaaa MHpy 
.VHP i noriH niiem.Ka .. aoaoaora " , any joporo onaaTBJia yKpaiacbica 
i pociScbKa peBOJHonja. 

He na Kopacrb oyaa ua Binaa i CofliTCbKia PociT. Hjaea, aai 
nepecaiiyBajiB pocificbiti 6onsmeBBKH : BCTanoBaenaa Ha yKpalHi cobIt- 
cbKoi Baacra aaa nepesenenaa b Bin couiHuicrHanoi peBOJHonji i npHea,- 
nanaa YicpaiHa jo MocKOBmnaa jyia aafiKpamoro BHKopBcroByBaBBH 
ocTaiiHtoH) npHpo^HEx 6araTCTB yapalau — b nepmy aepry jtia 8ao*ea- 
neaeaaa MoctcoBmnan afiuKacaa, uyftpon, ByrLuaM Ta aajiiaoa, — ae 6*yao 
SOcarayw. 3anicni> coBrrcbKoi npoJieTapcbKo-ceaaacbKoi" jepsaBH (an 
yKpaiacBKoi HapoaHboi Pecny6iHKH, ApyasabOl no Mockobikhhb), b peayat- 
T3Ti Binaa aBnaacb peaKiunna rerbMaamnna. Saaicub aupaaJibHoro 
Tosapoofiainy, hkhh, 6e8yMOBBO, 6yB 6a BcraaoBBBca Mix yHP i Cobit- 
cbKoio Pocieio, * pociacbsi OoabuieBHKa cKopacTyBajiHCb TkbKB tbm, mo 
bcthmii Ba cnix Harpa^yBaTB na yapaid nijaac KopoTKOi oayaanii 
IT CBO'in siiicbKoa. 

Ta, nesao, ae j;apeHHo KajsyTb, mo ae 6yBae aaxa 6ea ji,o6pa. Taa 
i b aia Bi'Sai. no-sa BeanKoro uiaoaoto, any Bona npBHecaa 0601 aapoflaa, 
iaaa i;a Bifisa #e-n;o i noaqaioie Ta noaiTBBHe. IIoaepeA scboro boha 
nocTaBH.ia y Becb apicT, b iBTepHaaioBajrbHOiy iacaiTa6i, npooaeay 
yapalHCbKoro Hau,ioaajibBO-flepsaBBoro BijtpoASeaaa. PocificbEaa 6oab- 
uieBHK, iu,o bbbk 3,uBHTneb, couoh sa CBOBio peatmiBaoio ianepiaaicTaqaoH) 
oypacyaaieio. aa yapalHy, aK aa Biaay Koaboeiio MocKOBmaaa, a aa 
yapaFBCbKBH aapoa, bk na nacaBBy, aecBinoay, laJiOKyabTypay yspalaCbKy 
eTBOi'pac[iaaBy aacy. u;o aose niaKoa 8a^0B0JibBnTB cbo! npnonaai BmaMa 
rHiTy HaajoaajbHO-noaiTHiai i KyabTypHi BBaora s^PObsbor) nanyroaoio 
aocKOBCbKOio Hanieio toh) an HHrnoro aan,ionajibHO-KyabTypBoK) aBToaoaiero, 



— 183 — 



— hk na aacy, mo He ajtaTBa bbabhth ctim,kh aopaabHOi, iHTe.neKryaJii.noi 
i (JnaniHOi chjih, moo* nonara b peBOjnoiijI caoe caaocTiBne, Heaaacstne 
bis, CoBiTCbKOl Pocil hcbtth, — u,efi GojibmeBBK, aJiaaaBiira fiar'nera cboIx 
pymHEm> Ha yKpalHi (101 i 06 BiaeiibKy Kacicy), MyciB, xoi i neoxoie, 
xo* i He idjikob, Ta Bee a; saiBHTH cboi nonnsjin na cnpaBy yKpainctKoro 
BanjoHaabHOEO BiapoaateHHH, aycis BflaBara BeJJHieaHy Bary HanjoHajn,- 
Horo MoseHTy b yKpalHctKia peBOJiionil, MyciB npH3HaTH. mo cnpaBa 
coniflflbHo-eKOHOMBHHOro BHSBOJieHHa yKpaiHCBKOro ipyaoBoro Hapojiy 
iroBiiima 6yTH nepoapHBHo aBHsaHa a cnpaBoio fioro Hanjonaubno-noai- 

THHHOrO BHSBOJieHHfl 

^pyrflii noaiTHBHBH HacjiiaOK BiiiHH — ne CBiflomicTt, nepeuOHaBHH, 
mo noBBHHi 6ym a Hei BBHecra i yKpai'HCtKa i me 6ijn>uie aocKOBCbKa 
jieaoKpaTia, mo eropoHHboio, lysoro crjioio se aosHa b tih ih 
iiHiuiil Kpalni nepesecTH coiiiHJiicTii<uioi peBOJiioiyi. CoBiicbKa BJiaeTt 
i BBBii rapHi p™ CaraubKo TpaTBTb b cboTh" npHHaxi, kojih Ix 
npHneceflo ajjajieKa Ha Bicrpax 6ai'BexiB. X01 BificbKO Cobitct.eoI 
Pocil nooyao na YKpaiHi i He iobto, xo^ bouo ovbcthjio yicparHy 
i niji norpoaoK) niaenbKoro mraKa. see a: Heaae HiHKoro eyaaiBy, mo 
sosKOBCbKa coBiTCLKa BJiacn, na yKpalai 6yjia 6 djbhjko npOBajinJiaeb 
i 6ea HiaeiitKHx KacoK. CejiHHCTBO, i He lijitsn Kyuara, Bate noiajio 
BopyniHTHca, no6a^HBnm oKynanjiiHe xaaanHyBanHa HOCKOBCbKHx aaJior 
i MocKOBCbKOi isrejiii'eBuii, Ti yKpaiHcbui KoaynicTaHHi eJieaeHTii, asi 
oyjiH cTasH so cniBpo6iTHHn,TBa a pocificbKHBB 6ojibuieBBKaiB, Bse Bia- 
xohhjih b 6iK, ciaBajiH b ono3HiuK). HaapiBaao Bse Te, mo CTajioci. 
iraniine, ntn^ac caijiyroqirs OKynanjfi yicpalHH pocificbKHBti GojibnieBHKam, 
kojih npoTH hbx aopoHBO SopoJinci. He iMbm jipioHO-tfypacyaani t» 
KyaaubKi eaeaeHTH, a naBiTB yKpalHCbKi KoayHicra — coniajib-aeaOKpaTH 
HeaaaeacHHKH, fiopojracb i BnraHHJiH 8 yKpaini 6*ea qyacocTopoHHbO! jxo- 
noiora, (Sea pefyjiapHoI apail — bhjmbb Ta Kocaan, nopsaBijiHaH pym- 
hiiuhmh Ta KyjieaeTaaB. PociScbKi (SoJibmeBBKn ayeijiB bbbbcth a ajel 
BifiHH nepeKOHaHHa, mo b oepeBeaeHHio coniajiicTH'iHoI peBOJifonji Ha 
YKpaini roaoBHa i Kepyioia pojis nosHnna najresarn yKpaiacbKoay poolT- 
HBHTBy Ta diflHimoay ceaancTBy: mo aonoaora a niBnovn ra a hkoi- 
6yai HHmol cTopOHB aoae 6yTB npn nboay Kopncrna tijibkh b ria BBnawy, 
kojth peBOJironiio npOBaaflTb sa > r Kpa!Hi BaacHHMH cnJiaaB caai npamoH)') 
aacH yKpalHH i kojih bohb liel aonoaoni caan nonpocaTt, hk noaisnol, 
apyropaaHoi, la nijtaopaji^oBaHoI chjih. Bcsne x nacnjibHe, xoh 6h 
S a jiofipHaH Haaipaan. oniKyBaHBg MoeKOBmnHa naa YKpaTHOio, sk 
npoxHBHe ia,el piBHOBpaBHOCTH i piBHonjHHocTH npariioiOMHx Jiioiel scix 
HanioHajiLHOcTeE i he Benyie b CBoeay rrpafCTHVHoay aaiiicBeHHio ao 
afiepeaeHHa craporo eraay — nojrwy Haiiifi na naeiB i pa6iB, BHmnx 
i HHX4HJ. napaaHTiB i BBaHCKyBanax, — hobhhho 6yra pioiyTO aacya^eHe 
1 BijjKHHyTe, an Heaocaraioqe niii i mKijjJiHBe, 

3peniT0J0. i jpa yKpa't'HCbKoi ^eaoKpaTii 6yjia HayKa 8 BiBHH. 
PojioBHime a TieK HayKH — ne bhchobok, mo yKpatecbKe TpyAOBe 
CejiHHCTBO i po6iraHU,TB0 6yji;e o6cro»BaTH ai eCpoeio b pyicax TiJibKH 
TaK J yKpatacbKy aepa^BBicTb, to6-to Taicy $opay CBoro BairjoBaJfLHoro 
bhbbotohhh, ana 6yje Bi^aoBijiaTH Boro BacymHHM, ne TiJibKH Han;ioHajibHO- 



_ 184 



Ky.i|>TypHHM, a ii cou.iHHbHO-eK0noiiHHHHM iiOTpe6a)i, aim (iyne 6oro 
potfirBirie-ceJiHHCkKOio aepsKaBHicTio. 

Jlo n,«x KiimeBni sauixoK cain aoaa™ me, mo, nOBepHyBnmcfc ko 
KHlBa, npaBHTeJitcTBO YHP bi.khobb.io dyao cboi aaxojpj, ciipaMeHi 
Ha aaoioMeHHH iiapa a Cobitchkoio Pocieio. Paj;a Hapo^Hii KoiicapiB 
^yate Heoxone BinryKHyaaci. na n\ aaxoan, ajie, jioaepsyioHHCb y«OB 
depecielcbKoro aoroBopy, noro^HJiacb, Bpeuni, Ha BiaHOBaeHHH mhpobbi 
neperoBopis s UjeHTpajiHoio Pan.oro. *) B jjBasnflTHX HHCuax kbjthh npaBH- 
TejjbCTBOM YHP ms BejeHHs MiipoBHi neperoBopiB 3 CoBiictKOio 
Pocieio oyao npHsnaieHO inpoBy n.ejiei'aniK) b ciuiafti M. It op ma 
(yKp. c.-ra.). M, le^ena (yKp. c.-p.)iJJ. IcaeBnqa (yKp. e.-p.). M. IIopiH 
Man oyra tojioboio iy«i i;ejiet'ai4i («is HHiusiii but noroj^yBaBca Ha n,e 
upBaHaieHHH TiatKH nps jmobi BSfteHBfl neperoBopiB na yKpaim, a le 
B Pocii). HJien seiai'auii X TcacBHi HaBiTb 6yB isnixaB 3 KniBa b nanpaai 
HO KypcBKa, ae sajioci> ocTaroiHO BHpiinBTH, cdmlho 3 jeJiei'ajijeio Cobit- 
nbmi Pocii, HHTaHHa apo aicn,e neperoBopiB. Ta ao aHpoBnx neperoBopis 
t3k i ne ftifiuuio. reTtsaHCLKBS nepesopor otfipBaB ix. riiaHime nepe- 

I'OBOpn Bij,HOBBJIHCB BX6 HpH reThMaHCbKOJty ypBAl. 

Tan cyMHO aaKiHHHaacE Bifina sis YKpalHCtKoio Hapoa,Hi>OK) Peeny- 
o.thkohi i CoBiTCLKow Pocieio, JIiOTa peaKAia Ha YKpaiai, raacice cTano- 
BHme peBOJnou.it b Pocii — ocb rojtOBninu Bncjiiae njei bIhhh. 



*) 1. KBiTHa 1918. i). Pa^a HaposHix Miuicipia YKpaincLKui HapoaHiol 
PecaySjiHKU 3BepHyaact 110 pa r T.iOTe.i(ifpa4iy no CoseTa HapoftBii KosdcapiB 3 raicojo 
npon'03HU 1 ieio : „ypnA yupalHCLKOi HapoftRbO'i Pecnydaium He paa nponoHysaB sa« 
flraHHTH se a Hamol siren pocnoiaty i He Hasii ouosiineiiy Biiiny i BH3HaiHTH 
oxpeiHH aoroBOpOK Hawi rpHHHiu i Hami iipaBHt BiflHOCHMH. OcTaimisi KpoNOM 
b nboity nanpaii oy.io seepHeHHH tojobh namo'i soiposol aeiiei'auiJ 11 Bepecno jio 
rojOBH pociflctKOl x&ieftmu Ha noiaTi:y 6epc3HS. y CBOlti Bifl,noBiai n. CoKoatHiiSOB 
BisaaaB Ha aiscyrmcTb 3 floro 6okj hcoOiUhhs iucTpyKnifi i yHOBHOBaaceab i o6in»B 
Herafiwo noposyjiiTHtB 3 u,[>oro cpiiBojy 3 cbo!» ypaAoa. ^oBijaBBiHCB letrep npo 
sani nanip aamiioiniTH snip 3 yKpareci.KOK) HapoAotoio PecnyfiJHKOii) i iiBawaioyH, 
m« i-'niiHennH He-i-nytoCHoi bIuhh iioKJiaji;e TBepay ocHOBy .us uapHoro cniBXHna 
jbos BOporysoiHx Hapo^iB, Pa^a Hapojnix MinicTpin iipononye ypa.'ioei PociScbKOl 
CoBiTciKO'i Pecnyu-aHKii HoraHHo poCHO^UH iieperoBopu npo yitoBU KeMOKpaTircHoro 
napy i BKa3ara siicne i <jac nepuio'i aycTpini namiix ae-iefania." 

I!a nio icaefpaiiy Cobet HapOAHix K'oMicapiB BisnosiB, mo bih He bib bOA 
■i yKpaSHeiKOJO Hapo^HtOM PecnyOJUKOw 1 mo re, mo ypafl yKpalHctKoi HapoRtHO 
IVcny0.iiiKH sasHBae bihbo» HJiK yKpalBoio i Pocieio, aB.iacTtca MeatHycoSaoio ropo- 
AntcauraiD niiinoio pivitiini BepcTB yKpaiHctKoro Hapoay. 



^O^aTKH flO TeKCTy, 



I ■ 



a 1 -■ 



1. UoBHi 3dopn UeHrpaiLHoi PajH (mocTO'i cecii, to! caxoi, atsa otmipsoBy- 
Baaa lHcrpynni» pi lenepa-iBBoro Cespeiapiaiy) 22. cepiiHS n. ct. oflaipKjBaBiiiH 
aanpomeHBa Ha „rocyaapcTBeHHoe CoBimanie", bhmcjiu laicy yiaaay : 

„BHcayiaBniM aanpoiaeHna TuaiacOBoro IIpaBHTeaBCiBa npucaaTii npcmuui- 
hbkib UeHTpaaiHoi PaflH aa mocKOBCLKy iiapaAV, yspaiiicHca UeHTpaawra Paxa, 
fiptisuaioiB : 1) mo MOCKOBCBKa Hapaja, any eBDH e KaKGJiHK'iHi ahhi TnsiacoBe 
UpaiiHieaBciBO b Mocsbi, ne some bhc.iobuth bom i ayMKH Hapoj^ nuroro span 
BacaiiKOM oaaaienoro npaBHTeflhCTBOK cK.iaflj yiacTmiKiB, a iaaoa; 3 onmay Ha 
cnoco6 is Btifiopy ; 2) mo, 3 oraa^y Ha n,e, mocKOBCbKa Hapaja ne HOSKe noMorni 
yKpinaeHHK) i aJiupieHHJO aaBofioBani peBOJiionjl ; 3) no. Haanaiai, aocKOBCtEa na- 
pafla, a onrajy Ha 0ypaiya3HHB cksw, II yiacTHmris, nose HOHOrrH 3pocTORi koht|i- 
iionL'i ; 4) mo Tiiii,Ku BcepociilciKi ycTanoB^rii 3oopit i J*KpaTHCLBe ycraHOBie 
^iOpaHHH na J r KpaiHi MoatyTL bhciobhth npaBfliiBy bojiki napojy i yTBopain aiubbuh 
AeMOKpaTHMHHS jafl, y $opm aenGRpaTHiHOl $ea.epaTBBH0l pecny6.iMKH, — BBaa;ac 
oeMoacnHBiin i aaaiit hikwuibjim dpani yiacTb y «ocKOBC&Kin Hapasi." 

3a njo pe30Jiion;iio ronocyBajia, Kpiii yKpalnctKiii napiift, i poc. c.-ft. 6oab- 
nieuHKH. 3a yaacTL b Hapajvi cToa.in ofiesa. eBp. cohuij. napril ia pociuciKi con,.- 
je*. xeHim. i poc. c.-p. 

2. Opiaiiiaania yEpainctKoro pofiiTHHUTBa na 3ajii;iuiin,ai noia.iac£ a nepnmi 
ftEiB peBoaion.il. B kbits! «rican,i (ct. ct.) bses siftOyjioca b Kii'ini Biopaffas npefl- 

■ cTaBHHKin yKpa'iiicBKiii poGiTauiui KyjiiTypBO-HpocBiiaHK Ta npo^eciiranx opfaaisaaiu ' 
t. 3, niBAeHBO-aaxiaHflx *) aaaiiiwnnt, site ooaipnyBano ilihh apfaaiaani'i yapainctKoro 
3aaiaHinoro npo-TCTapisiry. 3 sowaAos no nbony nuTaHHW BUCTynaaa fteaefanja 
yKpaiHCLKoi pajn poCiTHUKiB hockobcbkoto sajii3HH50ro By3.ia. 3iflpaHHa ofipa-io 
opraaiaaniflny Boariciio, HKa ft noBeaa flaai poooTy no opfeHiaanji podmrHajBa 
niBj,eHiT0-3aiijHi!i 3ajii3Hiin,L. 

Ilicaa toro, as yEpalHCtKufi -jajriauOTaii npoacrapisT Mentaie-Riaiine 3opfamay- 
BaBca, b XapBKOBi nUflyucn Repiniifi BceyKpainciKinl 3'Iaa 3a.Ti»HU'iHiiKin, jikiih 
oOpaB BBKOHaaie Biopo i aopy'iHB iiojtv npoBaaiiTH opfani3an;iKi 3ajii3Hii'iHHKiB y Bce- 
yKpaTnctKOay aacunafii. BHKOHaBie Biopo i ck.ihk3jio b nmni cepnnfi (ct. ct.) 
b KhIbi ^.pyrnfi BceyKpalnctKiisi y'la.T, aajdaHnctaiKlB. Ha toh ace iac Syjo cK^HKann 
b Kaiui i yKpalnctKiitt a'la^ pofliTBUKiB moceHanx Ta no^anus maaxiB. Hicia no- 
posyiiiHHa npe3HjiH mu oCoi tluiB, bohh ofle^najmca b ojihh Be.inEiiii „Bce- 
.VKpa'inctKuS 3'i3A pofiiTmiidB 3aaiBHHHB i hebihx nuiariB" Ta TOBapiieTBa „IIpan,a u , 
sehb i npanioBaB b KulBi npoiaroK flecBTH jibsb. Ila nopajiKy ,hbji utoro a'laay 
ctosio GaranBBt) BaHiHHJ Ta iiirepecHni iniTaai. TesHHiHO-aaaiaKBiHoro Ta opfani- 
saniilno-npoijieciiiHoro lapaBiepy, aae KopnijioBCiEe noBciaHHH He jraao kosjihboi t; 
s'la^OBi ofiidpEyBaTH Ii 3 HaaearaoKi HOKJiajtHicTio, 3BepnyBnin roaosny ysary a'i'wy 
Ha 3iio6y hbs — KOBrppeBojiioniBne uoBCTaeHg. Mikc hhuiih, nett i'iix nocTaHOBHB 
npHCTynniH, b uLtd saGeaneiennB x&xy i chokoio Ha m.ifrsai, jo optani3an;ii „Blit- 
Horo K03an,TBa" na 3ajri3HHB;ai, a TaaoiB flomaraTHCL, no6 Oyao 3BLn.Heno 3 nocaa 
caysa«iHX 3a,ii3HHn.6 KOHTppeBOJiion,ioHcpiB i m;o6 b KaftCyTirBoiy bci irocajiii "a 
nuaxax 3aninia.iHCB no sro^i 3 nanoBUHHMH yKpaiHCLEQHH peBo.non,iHH)ixn optaHi- 
aaniaaH. 3'i3ft o6paa Pajny IHjarin — "b CKaaRi 10 npeacTaBHiiKio Bi^ aaxia- 

HH^BHKiB, 5 BlU B BOSHHUKiB a i 2 Blfl HIOCCanBKiB, B 11 K H & B % 6 B»p0 3"i 3 ,1 V 

i» ToaoBBy 3aJi3H03,opoa;ny Pa^y. 



*) IIi3Hime, sa qacia Pecnyi5.imtH, na3BBBni npaBO^epexuuin. 



— f86 



i5. Opfauii)an;is noiTOB0-Tejiufpa<tpnorQ ynpa'iHCBiioro iipo.iKTapiHTy ai^oysa-.uui, 
b ayine TSMCKiix jmtmax. 3aB«aio'iM aaiiiKO bci bhbu noca^u b no<iTOBO-Tejiei'pa<[(Hoiv 
Bi,T,oaocTi mi I'spami, uaayioia iniejii.fenH,]H Ta seaOKpaTia niiuiua cnoiatjsy caiii 
pixRopoffii iiepeuiKojt.il opfaHiaanifiuiii potior! yKpaiHCBKoro pofliwfHUTBa. Ta, »k 
i bcjojiu, i aa u,iB fluann,i jKpaiiictKoro jkhttsi sci uepeniKontt tiyjio sjaKaHO, 
i iipiaHiaaniaiiiiS pyi cepen noiTOBiiKifl Ta TejiefpaejiiR'TiB po3BuayBca iubhjko i mupoKO. 
'20.-22. cepnna (ct. ct.) BiftojBca b KhIbi yKpalacBKHii noiTOBo-iejie(pa$Hiifi 3"i3A. 
cmiutaHHfi opfauisanifinim tiiopoH, mo Ha noqarey peB0.iion;ii yTBopaaocb u Khiui. 
iHTepecna ieTopia <;K.iiiKaiiHH n^oro 3'maj. KiiiBCBitnii OspyxHuu Kojutbi Bee* 
pociHC&Koro IIo'JTOBO-Teaetpa^Horo Consy, lOBiaaBmucb npo CKUHKanHs 3'Sajiy, po3i- 
caaB, b nopoayiriHHKP 3 HaiaJiBniiKOM ltHiBCbKOt IIoiTOBO-Tejiefpaiimol OKpyra poc. 
c-p. 3apyoiniui, no Bcifi oupy3i Tcnrfpamy, b nBiii rantoiiB :ri'3,n, i g&iUHBaB hoitobo- 
Teaefpa^HHil npo.ieTapiaT ne isociuiaTii ^ejiufaiio ua yKpaiuc&Kuu s"H2,. U,a i«ji«fpa«a 
no neBEoS Mipii npcaraa CBoro. HcocbUomjicbiiS no'iroBo-TejiefpaiJiHHH npojieiapiaT He 
3hsb, mo poouTii, i nociaB na 3'i3a, Bctoro so 100 nenefariB. 3'i3n pimyie 3a- 
HpoTecTjflaB nepej irpaBBTe.itcTuoa iipom BiiuiKy OKpyacuoro KoaiieTy i Ha^ajitHHKa 
Oupyra 3apyfiina, 3a8tia'MBiiiH b nporocTi, m,o 3'i3s ataB i aa« na lieii CKpuueHHa 
iiaranEHopociflcbKoro peBOJuoniflaoro $poHTy, a He iloro poatiiiTra, hk ie aaauaianoci. 
b po3ic.iauiii OKpyKHUM KojiiTeiOM TMefpaMi. Bsaraai a» npo BsacMoninHocBBH mix 
yKpaiiiciKoio i neyKpalHCBKOBO seaoKpaKTigio bucjjobiibcb 3'Iaa TaKoio uocraaoBOio : 

„1. OflaipKyBauuiH ne-HKi Bopo-au BHCiynn HeyKpaincbKax noT.TOBo-TeJiflfpa$BHX 
opiaHi3a«i3 i BoiTOBO-Taiefpa<(mni pounuiiKiB He-5 T KpaiHniB npo™ BeeyKpaincBKoro 
rioiioBo-Tejjefpa^Horo 3'Iajy i ospeMux n.oiTOBO-Te.'Nrtpa^BHx potiiTHHidB yspa'iimiB, 
— 3'i3n iiociaaoBHB : 3BepnyTHCb no bcii TOsapHniiB uowobbkjb 3 6paTHi« itpuni- 
TauHsx i no6a-«aHHHH Sth BKyiii 3,0 oahoI mcth — Boai bcix uaponin Pocii i nojiio- 
meuua aiHTTH noiTOBo-Te.iefpaijiBTix poOiTHUKiB, HeaaaeiKHo Bin lx HanjoHaaBHOcra. 1 ' 
HacyAHBfflH b'ihhok AOH^aKiB i uipacipis, mo poscTpi.ia3H OorxanisniB, 3'Iafl noctaHOBHB : 

p 3naaca)ovii Ha xe, in,o HeynasKHe Bi^HouieBBH no HOTpeO yKpa'iflCbKoro uapo^T 
»oate BBKJHKaTii HCdaacani eKCH,ecir, 3'l3fl aocTaEOBHB aamniBaTii bcio poc.ificj.Ky 
opfafli30Bany ACMOKpariio ao cniabHOl piniynol SopoTifiii 3 KOHTp-peBoa»B;iBHHMii aa- 
xoAaxB soporiB peBOJwn;ii i, nociaBHBmiicb yBaacnime no xoMarani. yKpainciKo! 
jtenoKpaTii, upuHiu j;o 3roiH, ana b cyqaeBHH HoiiiHiiHiitt mombht iaK HeofiiiftHa." 

HaBejeao TyT i nie s 6 -hkL s roaoBHimux nocianoB nioro a'lajijr, mo JCOJEyT* 
cjyMtHTH »aTepiajiu3t ji,is lapajtiepHCTHKit no l iTOBO-Teje^pa$Horo yBpaiBCiKoro pofih- 
BHioro pyiy : 

„t. ItBaatawiii cnpasy nau,ioHa.iL]i<>ro BHSBoaeuua yKpalueiKoro napoiiy copa- 
bojo ipy^oBHi iioro KaaciB, 3"i3^, iipHeAHywiHct ao npan;i JleHipaabHol Pa,i,H, 
iiodanoBJiHi! : 

3Ha'.Kaio'iB aa to, m;o noma i xensfpa^ s o^hhh i3 tojiobbhi sepsiB aepxaB- 
hoto xiitth, a'Jofl BiicaoBJUORTJica sa upaso «aTn upesciaiiuHKa bw no^m i Tejiefpa^y 
b JI.eHTpaJii.HiS Paai i BH3nae BeoCixisHHK oSpam aejefaria no lleHTpaaBHoi Pann 
i npoxaTH Pa^y lipufiiumi is no CBoro CKJiany, 

2. OGroBopiiBBiH capaBy npo yTBopenaa BceyKpa'inctKOi IIoiTOBO-Teaafpaif" ' 
CnincB, a'iafl nocTanoBBB : a) yiBopam BceyKpai'HcLKy IIo , iTOBo-TeJiefpa$Hy CnliKy; 
0) b cupaaax upoijiecittiio-eKOHOMHiniii Cni.iKa noBHHBa Htii b aron'i 3 BcepociScbBHK 
llivi T'i[io-Te.icfpiii|)iiii.< Coiosok ; b) b ciipanax Han,ioHa.iBBO'iiOJiiTH?HBi CnijiKa xae 
npoBaxiiTH podoTy caaocrifiHo. 

3. Buxonti'ti! 3 MOTBBiB, mo Hapo^Hi rpoBii he noa;yTL BHipaiaTHca tIjilkb 
Jtaa nponaraHAB iaefi n;enTpaai3My, HKi i ran gaiiuBHJtHOa ce])ej; arapoEoro rpoaa- 
SHHCTBa a 'jaciB HapusMy, a bobmbui sanaTiici b ciipaBe^jiiiBiK xmi i naa npouaraHnK 
iaea ^eAepajibMy, S'Isn ftOMaraiiitca BiA sriiiicTepcTBa ho<it i Tejel^>ai|iy, nioti boho 
^asajio yKpainciKHiif iiOHTOBO-TejefpaijiHHM 3"i3ji;aK ii ac caul kohtih i npaBa, HKi 
boho jae BcepocificBKBH noiTOBO-Tejiei^a^nHM a'isjiaB, to6-to cyCJcifti'i, ho3hkh, cyr- 
KOBi, BijinycTKH i Tane HHme ; b npoTHBHony pasi 3'r.in BBaasaiHse H03HH,iio Th«- 
?acoBoro npaBBieahciBa no ce6e Bopoasoio." 

3aKiH^yioiH cbojo npan,K>, B'laj; 3aTBepjHB CTaiyT BceyEpalucBKoI Uohtobo- 
Tejefpai(>noi CniflKH, a xaKoat ofipaa A^a BHKonanHa cboix nocianoB, a tojiobho jlkh 
0pfaHi3an.il BceyKpalncBKo'i Cuukh pofiminKiB no^r i Teaefpa^y, TojioBHy Pa^y 
CniaKB (b bLibkocth 12 lOJiOBia), a° KOTpo'i BBiiiiuaH npej),CTaBHHKH Bifl Bcis 
OKpyacHM »icn;eBHX opfaHJuaniis. 



- 187 — 



IlpfrxaroM HeBeanKoro 'tacy rojioeaiii l J a;u aiflnopajrByBaiaca 'liii'.iciiiii ainteni 
0pfaHi3an.i1, nicaa ioro CniiKa nepetBopnaacL b ainuy i Beaaay opfauiaan'is", *oi 
pociSctBiiH noTTOBo-Teaefpa^miii coma Bee me Sopoate ciaBHBca jo net, ae x<>tib 
btb a CnuiKom iri sa an! Koanpoaicn, mo uponoBTBa.Tiioi> a BoKy octanKtoi, i ct*- 
paHOD rantfiBB opfaHJSAXOpla Cni.iKH. 

4. floCpoBLama, HaniB-BiacwcoBa opf&Hiaauia ce.iaiieTBa, nUoaa uia; iaeaea 
n BiflBBoro KoaanTBa", BunnKjia hjukoh CTaiiiiBO, noiaoTn nU nnjiiBoa noTpeOn 
oiopoBB ceil bia GanajiTnaay i rpaGiaus, nto wi'iaan mnpHTiica nicia ynanjcy x.o- 
peBoa»n,titHiix opraidB GeaneieacTBa aa aicnax, uo'iami a'a BnaiiBoa caiflOMOCTH 

Heo6xil,HOCTH afipOHHOl OCopOBB eKOEOMB1HO-B.lHCOBHX IBTeperiB COMKCTBa, BOiaCTII a; 

n'w bbjihboh poHaHTH«no-icTopB7iBBi Tpas,nn,ifi — cuorajuB Bpo soaaioaa KCiaKyaaaHa. 
3a KiaiKa Micaa,iB a.eH pyx socbtb anaiao poapicca. B Tpanai-qcpBnt (ct. ct.) jje-Hi;i 
uoaifa KhSbbjbhh njaKOM ^oKoaaqn.inrjh 1 '. CnoiaTKy peBO.i»uiJtHa aeaoKpaTia ae 
aaepTana ocofiansol yBarn aa n,efi pyx, RJtt niiminie, aaacae aicaa II BcejspalH- 
ctKoro BiBcBKOBoro 3'iaay, leaepajiBBnj! Buu-bkobhu Komitot i TeaepauBuji Cflipe- 
TapiBT BO>iajiH BKHBaTH aaxoiJB fto toto, Wfi6 bbh'th n,efi pyx b iteBBy ko.iiio i npaBiri 
(Jiopan. aajonn aa yaaai. no, twsnassoA <5ea KepoBBiin,TBa, bib aose nixnaCCH nil 
Bii.iuB piacHHX aBaBTiopHCTB'jBHX eaeMBHiiB, sk bouo nOTisi i craaoca b niacin 

B nepuinx incjtax jkobibh (ct. ct.) sirfyBtti b UiinipiLni na KaiBwimi, 
II e p bi a S y k p a I h c h k a ft 3'S a a, BiatHoro K o 3 a n, t b a, aKiiii poarasByB 
(•npaBy noaMpeaaa i BHyipintHtoro ycipoio „K03aHMuaii u Ha yKpa'iHi i BUtC cai- 
ayioqi aocTaaoBB : 

„1. 3aEiaa.aioqH, no cTapoa,aB8ioay 3BHiaH> npeaKiB-8anopo*cn,iB, nepnii hU- 
BajHBB op(aHi30BaHOI aopofiHo'i CDS vKpalBCtKOl fleaoKpaTil, hoctaBHia co6i huh- 
nepmna aaBiAaaaa, mo6 suibne K03aa.TBO etaao bihcbkob napofty i mo6 cflitnoio 
aeroio iioro kTByB&HBa 6yaa oxopoaa iHTepeciB i npas aapoxy, a ae iiaayHi'iiix 
KjukIb, jo bboI nan.ii ui KJiacit He Baaewajiu. 

2. yTBopiiTii 1'cnepaJitHy KoaanilBy Pany 3 HaKaaana Oiaiiauosi Ha ioai. 
feHepaataa Pa^a Mae b HaBCinacjiK iaci cKniiKani (y6epnia.ii.ni a'iaflH, a;od oOpaiH 
BOEioBBX oiaaaaiB 3 cTapmHHoio, ia,o naaat'Tb opfaHiaoBaHuont i so Koaaa,bKoay 
pyxoBi. 

8. 9 or.injy aa to, bio 1'eHepa.iKHa Pajia poSiitiiMB BexHse ju.io no ozopoBi 
aaofiyiKiB peBoaioinl ti npaB jiapo,T,v, a 'iaKo-jK 6epe Ha ce6e 3axHCT icpaio iii,i 
pytaa e tac aeao6ijii3an.iT, 3'i3a r noaaraeTLca, ra,o6 ua yTpuaaaBB feHepaoiiao! Pami 
ta in-ici fTapuiHHH 6yjo apuaaaseEo aepKasai kouith. leaepa-'itaa Pa^a BuLBOro 
Ii'osaaiea a at nopoSysaTii ctaao b >. BLaiii U,epsBi Ha ICnTnaiiuii." 

l[naii liocTaiioBaaa I 3'laxy Bi.itHoay EoaaaiBy Ha,i,aBa.ioi.'t bskp iBpasaol 
(Jiopan bkoiob aBTOHOMBOl BiBPtKOBOi opfauiaani'i", TO.'U .IK uoao bo cyTi ne Cyjio 
tekhb i aaao po3BBBaTHCL b iiBraoay saiipaiiKy. Tan, no ayHn,i KHi'scbKoro fyfiep- 
aiajiiaoro naaioBa.iLHoro a'laiy fmo Biaeysca 1. — 2. Bepecna a. ct.), Bi.ii.ne KoaamBo 
aajio 6yni Rapoji.ni.Oio lijiinjcK), uiji.iiopa,iKOBaaoio aicneBiiB peBOjuoiiiiiuiiN opfauaa. 
3'Safl b niS cnpasi nocTaaoBBB ^neraBao no Bcifi KulBrnjaHi 3opJaaiayBaTH a Jirojieil, 
iieoOoBaaaHiix no BiiicbKOBoi cxyaatfx, bi.-ilhc Koaan,TBo, KOTpe, CyxyiB b po3no])n;;ii- 
aooTii yKpaiacbKBi peBOJnon;iiiBBX iacTHTyB.iii, BHKonyBano 6 o6obh3kh HapoHHjioT 
aijiin.H i fiopoBBJio iBTepeciB TpyjiOBoro Hapojy yKpal'mi i yKpalHCBKoi peBo.iion;ii'.'' 
Pa3oa a th« a'lsn, aociaHOEMB B apoxa.TH leHepa-itanii Ceh-peTapiaT bikjith piinyiux 
3axon.iB, a6n BiactBOBa Baa.ua saaajia ofipaaiia K(>3aKaa 36poio, KOTpy bobb «ann 6 
:.aBiae npH cofli" 

Caae cejiancTBO xnBHaoct aa bijilbc K03an,TB0, aK Ha iy pea-itny ciuy, aaa 
aaoate He tjjibkii aa6eaaeiHTH Soro bir rpafiiaciB i 6aHi;HTH3»y, a me ft jonoaosKe 
fioay oACTOara cbo! KHHcoBO-PKOHQKH<m iarepecH. ,,PofiiTHHqa" faseia" (Eb. Kaca- 
H6HK0 : „Bia&He K03an,TBo" — BpaaciHaa a tySepaiajBHoro 3'l3,iy) micaaa uia: iiHnnni 
caiajioie apo 3aBjaHaa i niai BurtHoro KOaac;TBa, hk bohh BUBBn.imi. b auTrh 
„In;ea Bijibnoro K03an,Tsa — n,e ofiopoaa npaB Biopamnix pa6in sia, 3aBipaumix 
rHOdHTeaiB .. Bi.iiae K03an,TBo 6aran,tno KopHCTii Hece Tpy r naa;oay ceaaHCTBy. 
B SBeBHropoiBTHHi boho cDjinHso poa6ifi i BciaHOBiiao cnoKift. Cnoli aBiopBTeioa 
noco6HJio b Oftaia aicn,i poaxi-iain .iyT noaiat ceaaaa, a b spyiia — ae aaao na- 
bob! Becfii macan>Boro py6aHHa ,iicy Ta bctshobh.to ii.iBHOBy eKcajiBoaTaniio lioio. 



1SS — 



He — iiac.iUK" (SMnocepejpffioI npau,i K03aa,TBa, A 4,e b iia boho apaHocuib 
BOpactb i ne Bitriynaio'iii, a Tau — tLilku caaai ^aKtoa icTHyBaaHa. HanpHK-iaa,, 
y 3Benaropoj,ebKis noBiti naufl 'loayci He aBasKii.uH'a BHBOpnCTaiu snaaeHBTiia 
apiiKaa KopaiaoBa npo le, w>6 noaimiiNu He u.iaTit.iii ce.iaHaa, ax 6yao yaoBaeHO, 
HaTypow — aia eaona. 

He b o,|niii 3BeHaropoa,ni.Hiri aac-Hyaa-ioCH aubite KoaaujBO. HyCTHao boho 
i'boI Kopinui i b Eiaia UepKBi, i b yaani, b KaHeBi, b Ocipi i b Hi-.Kuni. JU'ibtkh 
thch'i aaai'iyc Base b cofii a,a aoBa, bj.ikox sapo^Ha, „caaoiuHHa" opfaHi3an;ia. 
Hk a,e, 10 acsoKpaTEifficTi Ti ocoSjibbo uc y ai'ii. Hanpnicaaa,, y BiaiB U,epKBi 
y isi.ii.ae K03an,TBo BCTyaaioTb i aaa,ioHajbEi aeabuiocTH . . . 

Kaa,pa cai^osoro 3op(aaiaoBaaoro yKpaiaciKoro aapoaj neaaHyie ayeau 
npaaiiHUTHfa a,o ociaiO'iaoru aaiipinacuna 3eaai aa yupalacbKaa aapoa,oa," 

JloiaaaiBCb b ceaax, blibbc KOaanjao ncpemiuy.iocb botim i a mii'Ta, aa- 
xohhbhih pouiTHii'ii aaca — a Eepaiy 'icpry aa KaTepaHocaaEuiHHi, a Taaoac ua 
ja.ri3aan,ax. Pofirrunie Bi.n.ae KoaaniBO — u,c GyB npajio sapo^OB yitpalHCBKOl 
iipoaeTapcsKol lepBOHoi apaii. 

Oaflaie 3^opoae aepao ubbnoro aoaanjBa ae ,i;a.io tux iiae.'iia,KiB, ani aorao 
,taTH. OcqC.ibbo i(e ipe6a <-Ka3aiH npo ciaiCBKe bLibho KoaauiBO, aite ,.aoopi aiojinj" 
tiocTapa.iBCL 3ajypiiin EoitaubKiiaa -.KyuaHaais, ciapuan nicroaHan, 'lyOaaii ia raii;i,;i- 
naui.Kiiaii in.niKaiii. leaepaabHa l\ua. ofipaaa Ha 1 3'Isij, nonaaa ilia, seiuKuii 
Bu.iHB puKHax „caMOCTiaHHn,LKUi'' eaeaenriB i aBaHTiopmiKiB — leaepajia CKopo- 
aaj.ci.Koro Ta fioro uairiixaia — xoaoa,oro crapaniflu IIo;iTaBna-OcTpsHHn,i. Kopa- 
CTyToiBca Hai^ioHajitHO-poManTU'iHiuiH K03an,tKHan Tpaajiajisaa, mo me iKaaa b ceaseo-si, 
CnopoaaK,cbKHii aoiaB BatuBa-rif, iepea cbo5x afeatiB, 3aioffiB a,o toto, njofl BiiKopa- 
I'TaTii nan;ioHaitHHB poaaaTaast n peaKiiiftHisx n,iaflx — a fiaae, mod apoSaTa Biatue 
K03anTBo opfaaisanjcK) saaoasain^ro ceasaeTBa, cnociSHoro CTaia ninnopoio reTistaa- 
ntiiuH. l|e fi aaryoiiao KoaaijTBO. Ilicta n;boro boho caaHHaoct b cboih SyHHia: poanaTKy. 

/tia sapaKTepacTHKH leaepa-iiaol Paji,a BiatHoro KoaanrBa hoboahiio tj-t 
>.ii,\VKi'infi ifaKT. Eoan yKpamctKe aiactKoBe KosaaaysaHHa aBepayaoct a,o n,iei 
Pajtii ai^iac nepniol oSaora Kulaa Co.ii.bi eBan,tKim xockobc&khh BiBctKos b 1917— 
1918 p. 3 npoxaaaax Bitoaaia hkhHub BiAsii Bi.ii.aoro Koaan.TBa Ha ffoaoaory KHiay, 
1'eaepa.iLHa Pa^a Tauol ^onoaoru hc ^aaa. JIk ni3Hin;e aaaBiiB b CBOuny inrepBio, 
yainwaoay n pociScBEiii (mm'i „Tosoa liiieiia" (sace auiac reTtaaaniaau) ojibh 
.i ii.tioTafliiB II. CsoponasctKoro, oflrosjeaaa a a,oaoao3i 6yao apoCaeao CBi^oao. 
OKopoitasciKnii sceio symeio xoiib, a6a MotKoBctiti OoauneBUKU po3(iaaH BiBctso 
UeaTpaataol Pa^a i Baecait il caay Pajry, npoia skoI Bin oflBepio i HaBhL 36pofiHO 
aoMaB BaciyaaTB mp s qacin oroaoateHaa U,eHTpaai>noio Pai,o» III yaisepcaay. 
;Ji'a,'iauiiii aa,ioiaET saasaae, in,u uo buxo,v III yadBepcaay CKopoaaACbKiia aeaos <ia 
BM,i,aii no Biasuoay Koaan,iBy 3 csoro Cokj* nanna. ai:aa aaoopoaaB liiiKonyuaTa upii- 
nBCH yaiBepcaay, ocoOjhbo b 3eaeai>Bia cnpasi, norpoisyioiB: „ciapoAaBaiaa i;oaan;b- 
1; 11 111 Kapaxu" ths, xto uocxie 3aiennTH uoaiBtiiH,i>Ki aaeiKu. 

5. Ilo^aeao Tyi aa „Kiea. Muca" TeKci n,toro aacia B. BiiHaiineaKa ; 
,,BacoKOtiOBaataaHfi ^oGpofliio pe^aKtope ! 

Bepyvu nia, yaary ocoOaaso Ba-,ciniu aoaenT b nan;ionaaLaj!x Bi^aocanax Ha 
X upaiui, a iaKO"« i ie, 10,0 se-aKi fa3eifl nepeaaan aoio npoMoay, Baroaoaieay Ha 
sad^ainiK) Maao'i Pa^n 23. ;i;obthu (a. ct.), 3 TaBiixii CKopo^eHnaau, ni;i aaiuawib 
II 3«ict, a irponry Bac, bh. 3,., noaicraTii y Baraiii HOBaaaHiii faaeTi aiii .iaci a KopOT- 
kow nepe^aieio ao'ix jjmok a uiei npoaoBU i se-aKaaa noacneHBflaa s" hhx. 

Ha aaci^aaaio Maaol Paa,u a roBopas i xeaep aoBTopioio : a ajaaio, b;o BcsKa 
ji:|i-,KiiBBa Cyftoaa Ti.ibEii to^i aoace 6yia aenoxiiTaoio, Koaa b H ocuoBy noaoJEenu 
ae upaayc, a soSpy Boaio H cBaasoBax laoiea. PocifictKa $e^epan;ia noBHHHa fiya,)"- 
Baruca caae aa Tasiii ocHosai. Toay cyBepeHfliCTi yapalHCBKHx yciaHOB^ai 36opiB 
aeoOiiflKa, hk yaoBa noBHoro HeapuaycoBoro apoaBy ^oCpol aoai ^eaoKpaTi'i 
yKpa'inn, 

Aae cyBepennktb yKpamcbKiix yciaHOBnax 30opia n,LiK0M ne upc^piaiaB 
apoaBy n,iel bo.ii b Hanpaii Bi^oKpeaaeHasi six Poci'i i Heaa-ieacnociH. 

il rOBOpHB B CBOlU IipOHOBl i IIIIliRa Tenqj UOBTOpIOIO, B^O, ill; MapKCHCT, a He 

aoisy npB3HaTH apiiHuiaoBO HiaKHi a6coa»THHX uoaiTa^aux n,inHocTea, IIoaiiaiHi 



■—■ ■;■ - !. I. 






m i < wm 






11 " ■ ■ — -- 



189 — 



AopMil asorocb ccm'ifMMoro op(ani33«y 3aaea;aTt ni,i ml auo mhihoI KOioiHan,u 

OCBOBBHX 'IHHnilKlB — &BOHOBHOTHX, BiuiTU'UIHX, it'Tnpll'IHMI i 1IH1UHI. TOMJ KOJKJIlil 

^ecHHfi i noc.iuoBHHM MapKrni-T iiirco.in hb Mowe HanepeA BiaxpentyBaTafH Bia, thi 
afio auaiax iio.iiTHinm racex Kojih 6 Kosdiaaniu ocbobbbx miHHWiin yKaaaaaaca 
tbk, mo ii Ba,i,uy,iOBa — noairaiHa $opna — Bimaraaa d neaajiewiiocTii, a ayeiB 6h 
npB3Har!i it T_v $opxy, xoi aaa yBpalart ne nepefldaHaio utoro. 

TaKi at jjxbii BHCI0BIK>BB£ a i Tpu pom rosy naaaa. y CBolfi HeaefanMinl 
flpniaypi iru 3aroaoBKnjr ,,Hauii opienian.il", Biia,aBiii ratios) uapricjo. Toji aia-ia 
ce-ncT TMReHHUD poiBHaaTBca aBCTpo-HisentKa opicBTanja i caaocrifiBan,TBO. IIpn- 
Mii»"K' Hturo ovjio Bia,oae seisi sopctoxe nepeeaiayBaHHa yKpa'lHCTsa n,apH3Boa. 

BopKIHCB 3 IPOU T0Hfl6HD,iBMI[. B CtapaBCB R0B6CTH, BIO AIM poObTBOTOl K3HCH 

J 'Ki'iaimi Ta j,m floic'i J'KpalHH hi aBCTpo-HiBBn,tKa opiaHiau;ia, ai pociicBMlfi B,apH3l 
Be nam fiyra Kopucui. Oa,Ha opieBTaa,iji nnuiiima nyrn — ne caxoopfaHi3au,ia 
YKiiainciKoi 3,CMoiq>aTU, oibb iraj;ia ilii>kk na cede, iia cbohi sopraBistoBaay cxij . 
Caaoi-TiiinisuTBo a BBaiKaB toio iAe«K>, BOTpa Bmuajua DXBXXW a po3nyRH, a apil, 
a eiouii 51 n|)uxii3 mik bib, a ne 3 oderaiiBHO] HoacanBOCTa i HeoCxijBocTB. Tom}- rib 
im-iiiBMHoi ajsawiocTH Toro <iacy BOBa 6yaa saiiBa, a tub canna i nnd^iHsa, 6o 
numraaa viarv i CBttB b« moaennoro i Beofixiajoro. 

PeioaKinia aounMMa n,apu3a, a a bus i BCHKi ni.ncTaBH po3nyRH, caxocTiii- 
HimTBa ii aECTpo-niacutKHX opieaTan/ifi. Tenep. Koan b a.e-aoKpaTB'iHO-fcej.epaTBBiuK 
pecflyuaBui Poeii po3KpnBaK>Tca nepea, Koafloio HanjcKi Tasi uiiipniei, rati tnonxnKra 
iif.-pi'BiiKranii TBopioCO, puSBHTKy i daraTcma, niaraix opieutauiii, iqiii i|>ojcpaTMBUo- 
pecByfiMBasciBoI Pocii, cepes, diaiine a6o BeHBffie BiaiioBuajibHHx peBoa»B.inno- 
.M-MOKjaTumiiix irn.iiTH'iBiix rpyn yKpatBCTsa HflHa fi, o«bhj;bo, ae aoa;e. dyTH. 

Ta n €Ka-,Ky me SLiLBie, cxasty to, njo roBopiiB i b arasaflifl Gpomwpi : ae 
ai^BOBaaiOTilici. Bis iKasnoi noJimniioi 4k>])MB, naBin. bu BeaajeatHOCiH, jik 6k loro 
[tnsara3H conjiuibHo-eKouoBHiBi B itaBii yMOBiinu i ku.th (i ne nocoO.iaao nj.ii bcji- 
Koro con,in:iicTa — con.iaai3BoBi, a Tosi ac KM ti, i t;"i n,iai, jJia coniaai3My, jraiimou tin 
B cofil CTL1LK1S MVaJBOCTB, HO<J BiflBOBHTHCfl ui,T. TCOXHS HauioHanEHO-noaiTii'tHiix 
i)io]n, in; t'm sepeKOBSBCB, ibo B9BB an;ii,(i[Ti. con;ia.ii3MOBi. It tIm aaxiiAUTt pi»BBB,B 
Mia; BauioHajiinHMii C0BJB3icTa«B i npocTO BanionaaiciaaB. Jt'ja coniaaicTa Ban,ioBaat- 
inni jpoSBRTOB — iieiii")ii,in;i. n|nii>djHa i KopiicTsa yaoBHaa i 3acid aCjiaateHBii 
hdacibb jo Bunoix $ops couia-SbBoro -ahittis, a ,^ih BaitioHaaiciiB — casta niai>, 
orTaHns B,'uib, Ha aKiB bohb cBHBHTbca, aaxu.iojiyTL i uoiiM pyuiaTi a:a3afl. 

Ta Bce-TRKii soacaa HocraBBTi! aaraHHa : in ,OBibob aa B,i Tpa poKH po3BDTOK 
yKpalaa ah aeuuxiftnocrH lieaaaeajiiocTB ? Otobb^bo, ai. 1 a i moI TOBapnBTi no 
uapril Ba :taei,T,aHni Maao'i PaaB s!3. ikobthb acBo aa3naauaB eKoaoMn^nnu 3BB3ofi 
yKpaiuu a jepxaBBOK) n,ijiicTHi Pocil, 3BH3UK, aKuii 30CTaacH i s° cborosBH, IIobbo, 
Be Hoataa BisKauyru fi icTopninoro Ta KyatrypBoro 3Ba3Ky, soipHB no Boai i no- 
Beso.ii aa rpBCTa .iit aepedyBanHtt yitpaluu b ciaaAi ]ni'-iiictKol flepxaBH Bpic 
b name Sana, ,T,yx()Be i maTepiaabBe. Jy"*™: wo n,eit 3Ba30K b HafiCaBafriB Boai- 
THBBiM >raci po3ipBeiica, fiyao npociOJO BenurpiOnore Mpimo, a Be noaiiHqnoKi 
peaasEOK) aaaaiBOB). 

3 jpyroro CoEy, neaaae-iKnicTb hc MoacauBa laaoat i 3 aiiatHapO/iHboro uoao- 
aceBBB. YBpaVna He na« laKBi cna, afin, BinipsaBBiHCB sin Pocil, Be Bnaem 

i!MB aKoicb cnaxno'i iHaepiaait'THiHoi aepacaBH, Koan Jloaima, po3BHneHa 
diabme, nia; yKpaiaa, i nis Han,ioHaabHKM i eir noanKimix ooa^oi, Mainae sjxe 
BpooaeBarniny caxoctiibdon, npo yKpaiay aeaa, no ii roBopimi. B Koaijisi paai, 
»n ae bomb u BaTn eKOBOBB<iBoi caMOOTiuBoCTB, a KoaH TaK — He Korao 6 6yra 
1 ti'i.uTiiMiio-iiauioBaabiici'i. Tosy Moa;Ha piuiyie i fles iHTaHb CKasaTH: KO»diaa'u,i:r 
iBHBX HiiainiKiB COBjflXEHO-noallHqHoro sKiiTiB yupalHU ae Biwarae Be3a.iea:BocTH, 
bko aoaiTHHHoro flepa:aiiBorn o^iopMaeBHa fioro. 

Hb BHBaraiEBe b xaibniiH dyaj-'iuai ? Ha ne nixTO Hinoro neBnoro He soxe 

m k aany ibjuuu. Ta, Be Biaxpemyjoinca ui,n acajrax ^opM, bki HoatyTb 
HOBCtaiB b juaaeKiK dy rl y. IH ni b caay neoOxuHOCTa, aoiKHa Mara fi Tenep Bi,wi 
UuaaH, BKi aajireaioi'bcn i caBaa KHTraa. Taici iseaaa joiuaaHO i TBepjo osHa'in.ia 
bcb 3op(ani30B;uia \ Kpai'acbKa sesoRpariH: n,e — ^e^epanin pociilcbKoi pecayOaniai 
1 yiacTb d Bli J tpata, be pisnoro 3 HHaiiiMH ftepa;aBnoro Tiaa. He aaaBHJH 
1 HeHTpaabBa Pa^a i leHepajiLHnii CeKperapiai b HailsoKaasniBiBx i HeaBOBaa-iiiiix 



caoaax. He«a hihkoS aoipeSa myKani b mix asorocB laejraoro Baicry. Kojih 6" 
HeHipaatHa Paa,a sua ueajin ne-3aaesH0CTH, Bona BacjioBUJia 6 Sx iaK ea.no TBepa.0, 
Bi^KpaTO la acno, ire EiiaEiLia, eaoS ((leflepaaicTH'iHi snaraHHB. 

Ha B,iii niaciaBJ, noHeBOJii noBi'iae naianHa : ioay, 3 anew uiajuo S,oraniiy- 
jotbch s nax aoMaraunax cenapaTuaicj i caMOCTifiHiin,TBa V Ioay 3 ycix chji BKaiivkm. 
naatnaaa Ha ts, loro ireaa? in,ofl BixiarHyTH cmmam Bis caaoi iiei (Jeaepaaiimy ? 
Kojih n,e pofl.iaTi> KaaeiH — npOTHBmiKii ^e^epanii, kojih aa-jtia n,&orn BHCTynawir, 
3 JHeHipantnoi Paip, kojih bohh ciapajoiica 3fticKpeaBTyBaiu SI, He 3poayMiiie. A.i..' 
ioay cjiiaom sa hhmh ftayn, it Jpyiia aeHntociH, y npoipaMax Koipax CTOiit <[iejjepa;ii3si, 
n,e He3po3yaiJie. Aje acue ia aposyniae hobhhho Cym ftjia bcixoaho: He b iHiepeei 
ui yKpalHC&soI, hi He-yKpaiHCtKOi 3;eMOKpaiii snoBa Bepiameii a,o (jtaisn nau,iona-ib- 
aoro HanpyaceHoro flexoBippa, nifloapiaaHHa i BoporyBaHHH. li,e He Hose nocoujuiTii 
TBopeniiio nopflXBy i hobofo shim na yitpalHi, mo e hmjijo ncix. 

Ham Kpafi 3Haxo.nHii.cfl b ocoCwbo rpiiKui iroaosenHio, i aci iioro Han,io- 
HaainocTii siHHurHcn i aroAHjmca na n,iu niai. 1h noipiflao n,e nopoayMunw shihhth 
na fl63opfani3an,iio, pylny i roposaHCLKy aifiHy? He ayHaro, mo6 ne homo ujjh? 
laraiH Koroct, Kpia BoporiB penofljoni! i hqbhx <|)opM noamiiHoro suits. A Tony 
HenmocMi noBHHHi BiaraHyiH BuniyKyBanHH loro, ■aoro Heua, la hcho i BixupHTo 
cKasaiH : ia nofllaaioTh bohh ui niai i ROMaranHa, EOTpi caaH oaoopHJiH i npnnuaaii 
b ieKJiapan;ii feHepajiiHoro CeKpeiapiaiy ? "Kojih Hi, 10, o^eBHflHO, myesm, apooHiu 
TaK, as spoCaan BpeAciaBHHKH naprii BapojuiLoi cbo6o,hu, a noiun, HoaaBniii la 
pyKH, ciaiH BKyni a hhmh so GopowoH itpoin nac — $ e WaaicTiB. A kojih /iVHaioTh, 
mo x,GKaapan,bo fenepajiLHoro CeupexapiaTy bohh npiiftjiaaH CBiaoao i nuipo, kojih 
noiyBareiB, mo no ynanni iptox thshib iaei aeitjinpanii ne ciaini "int aysi i sopoai, 
aeMae tpymy fcisi nenopo3yMinB i Boposne^i 3 yKpaiHCtKOK H eM0E P a,r i e|D i ipeOa 
He Ka^eTaM, a Han me cHJitnime no^am pjsy ia BKyiri. sk i s° utore ^acy, htii 
so 3araJii.Hoi njjii — 6ysyBaunfl hobhi, Kpamnx fopn con,iajrBHoro, nojiiTMiHoro 
i iianioHaJibuoro shiia. B. B iihhh i e h k o." 

8. 3>e-jnti oKpemi ioikh n,ie'i pe30Jnon,iS Cyau po3BHH6Hi s^rom b OKpounx 
])e30Jtfon;ia!( : b peaonionii iipo cmiHeHna bIRhu, b pe30.iKn;iI npo BisHomenna jio 
yKpaiHCMKOi H,eHTpa.-ihHo'i Pajjii i ^o lcHepajtiHoro GeKpeiapiaiy, b peaojiionii npo 
xepsaonnH ycipiS yKpainn [ B raft*»^tH, m° 3 a cynacHoi soCh Baacaai imepecH 
yicpaiHH ia Pocii BHaarawTii ycTanoBJieHHa ^eaepaTUHHoro 3BH3Ky Mia: hiihii, a'Ssj;, 

paiiOM 3 Til 31 , (ICHOByiOHHCb Ha BKasailJIX (B MOTIIBlipoiill'lHiii 'JlU'TIISli |)f;!0.'JWHii) llll- 

ipeCax eKOHuBHtiBoro po3BHTKy yitpaiHH ia bhxoji,h>ih b iaiepeciB ttpojieiapiaia, 
ciaay poculcBsoi peBojnon,i'i i jiisuapu^HBorrt cTaunBiima, BH3Hae sa ueodxiAHe 
irociaaHTH Ha seHKHH nopajioK napTiiiHOi ji,i HJI B HC| CTH CyjyrsaHHa yKpaiHCtKOi Jesto- 
Kpaia^Hoi PecnyfljiHKii, KOTpa. aae ctohth b (JieflepaiHBHiM asa3Ky 3 pociactKoio pec- 
ny6jiHKOH), a kojih 6 n,e 6yjio moacjiiiBe, i 3 hhhihsii eBponeSctKHMH pecnyOauKaH- 
f.tKHMH sepHcaBamn. " Ha nocTauoBa BHeceaa ho nociaHOBi 3 v l3,^y b npofpam napTiS], 
b pe8ojuon,ii npo Biji;HOHieHHa ^o BCeyKpaiHCtKHx pa^ pofliiEHiiix, cejianctKiix i can- 
aaTCBKHi ffienyiaiiB i, naperaii, b pe»0JiK)n;ii npo a(papHHa npofpaa napiii (b npo- 
fpaM EaeceHO BHKjiio'ienHa 3euejiB ciateiKO-rocnoaapcBKoro 3HamtiHn 3 lOBapoBoro 
ofiopoiy ; EoH$icKan,ia aeaeat, Bane neBHo'l HopBH, i nepe^aHa lx b yKpalHciBHH 
seaejiiHHH ^oas ; KOH$icKan,ia .itciB, bo^ i nij(3eBHHx 5aran,iB ; KopHctyBaiuiH aeiuieio 
nepes seaeirtni KomieiH). 

7. Ha IleTporpaflCBKy flesoKpamiHy Hapa^y, mo Bi^Cyjia cbo'1 3aciflaHua 
26 — 30. Bepecna h. ct., npufiyao j,o 1.700 npejxcTaBHiiKiB. Bi^Kpim KOH^epenniio 
i roaoBysaB na nifi l IxeS^3e {PpysHH, c.-x. MeHLmeBHK). B cboSh Bciynaiii upo- 
hobi sin 3aaBHB, mo nLwiK) citiHKaHHH Hapaa,H e He3BHiafiHo TaatKe cTanoname 
ftepsaBH i HeofixiflaicTL ytBopHTii Min,He peBOJiKD;iiiHe npaBineaBCTBo. 

Ilicjia yBOHCTHiyoBaHHH KOH^ep^Hn,!! 3a0paB cjiobo MiHiMp-npe3Hji,cBT K e p e n- 
c i k h B, SKiiH 3aHBHB, mo Hpofpaaa npasHTeJitciBa Ta caaa, m° i B iaoi mockob- 
cbkoI jiepsaBHOl napaiH. JI,OKJiaftHO cnnHHBca KepeneiKaB na KopHijioanniHi, Ha 
saraiBHili aaapxii b ^epacaBi, m° sesa. IS so sarnOeai. Mis unmaM, nocKapsHBca 
KepeHCBKHH na SianaHRniB, mo Bia6yjiH 3acifl;aHH(i coiiMy HanepeKip 3afioponi Bpe- 
meHHoro npaBuiesbciBa. 

BoeBHM nHTaHHftn K0H$epenn,iI bbh.iocj. iniTanHa KoaainiS. 1h jeHOKpaiia 

HOBHHHa B3HTH BCW B.ia3J B ftepjKaBi 1 BCK) BiaUOBisaflliHiCTl 3a Ma86yTHC BHKJIIOHHO 



191 



Ha *-e6e, ih aae i aaai cuiBpoGiTHHiaTii 3 Oypwyasieio ? B posssaauHKi n;i>oro 
ninaHfla coniaaiciii BHjeoaHan a oniHKti xapaurepy pocificBKoI peBoawuii. 

ByBHii aimerpa — 3apyflBHH, [leuiexoBOB (uapoflHBK), ABKccmtcB (poc. C.-p.), 
C«o6««B (poc. c.-A- seam.), Bepeieju (c.-j,. aenni.) BHCtynaaii rapaie b oCopoay 
Koaain,i5. HeperoJii, mo Hafirapiejiin,8 OopoimB i£e» Koajiin,ii, aaoiiB, mo, Ha fioro 
lyiKy, n sKaflHe aifliCTepciBO ne aoate BaepaiaTHcn AOBmnif ^ac 6es niATpaaaHUH 
GypxyazHHX jiapriR." 

B iiapTiiiuns Kosai mo- r i,o n,Loro nanyBaB HtaKOBHTiiii posoptx.. Ha uepe- 
aoaHi napaiH nerporpaiciKi can,,-Aea. neninflBiiKH mmm SI roaocaaii npo™ 
77 BUcaoBHJUoa 3a Koaainjio 3 upeacTaBHHKaMH oypsyasii, aao 36 roaocaaanpoTii 
51 3a BEKiKmeHHaa Kaa,eiiB 3 Roaain;ii *iepes ixiie cniBiyBaHnn KOpniaoBmnHi. TaK 
caao coB>peB. BBciOBHinca 91 npoTH 87 roaociB aa Koaainire, aae upom yijaciu 
b aifi xaaeriB. Te caae 6yao i na Kouijiepenji,ii. Ojpi tuihih poc. e.-A- fioaMieBHKa 
(Tpon>KBii, KaacBeB i iJinosiCB) BHCTynaJH ojqHQCTaflHo npoTH BCttKOi Koajiin,i'i i 3a 
nepeaa'jy BaaAH coBiraa. yKpaiacbKa aeaefan/ui tanoa; snciyiia-ia piuiy^e npoiH KoaaiB.il. 

Mer uunnia, 6oJimeBHKH aaaBaaii, mp b pasi yiBopenHH eoijiHjiiciflgBoro 
irpaBHieabCTBa, bohe He uyAyrb BHCiynaTH npoTH asoro, kom bohq 6ya,e bgcth 
i conjaaiCTHiay no.iiTHKy. 

IIpu roiocoBanuK) niiTauua npo KoaJiin,iR> Hapaja HOAianaact _ naiixe piBso 
Baflaoe. Tulkh uiaiKa ReeatKLa roaociB tbophjio GiatBiicTi 3a Koaainjio. _ Baacae 
He Bate cbIatojo lrpo ijmKrimny neaoayiHBicTb yrBopenaa SEHiieBoro KoajnuiiiHon 
ainicTepcTBa. Oflnaie fpyna upaHiix c.-p. i c-a,. aemneBHKiB Ba ioai 3 U.epnTi-.ii 
yxoHHaacb aa npo aiacpny GiaumcH. i piacHBita, H,iaKOK nHapaHHeBTCiKKMu" 3axoa.aaH, 
speinri, aoouaacL Toro, mo Hapaia n yxBaJiHaa" — cnoraTKy BKaioiHTH b K0aaiH,iK> 
i naa/riB, a noiia, npit BupimOHHio HHTauHS npo KOMneieHn,bo „PaaH PocifictKoi 
PecnyCaHKu", HaniTB noraflHJiaci 3 mm, mo Koaain,i3He rrpHBUTeabCTBo Cy^e riatKii 
„aopaaBHo B BJAnoBi^aTH nepe^ iigio PasoB. 

Bca Hapa^a cnpasaaaa ]ias3BB">iaKiio niaiKe BpaatiHBH i to He qepea xe liaEKH, 
mo 6LraaicTi 11 (MOCBOBCBKa) o6paaaHBo i sHeBaaciHao uocTaBiuiaci ^o HaitionajiLnHi 
aejieJamift i BHcaoBaefliix bbmh soaaraHt, a, roaoBno, nepe3 iy fleaopicnian;iio, skj* 
BuuBHaa Ha aifi pociiicBKa (mo JipaBj,a, cipefltKa, a npHMiinuoK) npifino'i fiypaiyaaii) 
fteaoKpaiia i Ti n napamienTCLKi u naxBnan;ii, aid BHpofiaaan Ba ait GyBati naBH 
craaoBama UepeTeai i Ko. a^a BpaiyBaHHH cbo& „ coraainaTeatctKHx" 6ea kihum 
uo3Hniu. M. manoBaa (yKp. c.-p.), «aeu a,eaa/an,ii yKpalHCLKOi U,CHrpaaiHoi Pajm 
Ba Hapaay, b csoeiiy a,0Kaaai Maaiii Pafli npo pofioty Hapa^K ran $opnyayEaB 
cboi BpaaciHaa Bi r T, ltapa,ii! : 

„BpamiHiw noe TaKe, — TOBopHB M. Manonaai, — * mo Hapaay cKJiHKaBo 
ne aaa xoro, moS awHaTncs apo ay«By Bckl seMOKpaTii Pocii, a m,o6 HaKKayrB 
j^eMOKpaTii syaKy rypTita KepoBHHKiB, mo cKaaaacTBCH 3 I[epeTeai, KepencLKOro, 
x LxeIa,3e, ABKCGHtLflBa, flana i Pon;a. Bui KOMuauii CaBayse, mo fl.y»ae pesoaK.- 
npiiBa Pocia ; lit Tpefia dyao riatKH iiepe3 ^BMOKpaTH^ny Hapaaj uuaeprH csiii 
BaacHHH aBTopiTeT. Orace Beperoai pas-y-paa BKCTyaaB, Koaw Tpe6a Oyao SopouiiTa 
noraaaJB uiei KoitoaHii. B io2 ^ac, bk 3 ^iHopoimamH" TopryBaaaca 3a Koauiux 
nan. xbbzhb aan ix npoxoB, Hepexeni BHCTynas mo-HHa i b ^epry i uo-sa leprosri, 
no SBa u no Tpn pa3H KOatHoro ahr. 

Koaii CMBmicti HapaaB roaocyBaiimiM iicho TtOKB3yBaaa cbo» ayMKy, ana «e 
cxoaiiaaca 3 iiyHKom BepcTeai i KOMnaaiT, «apa3 BHcryaaB Hepeieai i no^HHaB 
,p03acHTOBaTH'. TaK Bia nepepoGaB npn peAafyBaHaw pesoa»n,iio i a.a<iaBHB ah Bel 
bU ee<5e, m» THsiacoBuii nap.Ta»enT Mae 3aTBepa.atyBaTnc« BpeaeHHus IIpaBHieab- 
ctbo*, KoaH Bci npea.ciiLBniii;u tpja i iiapiiu TOBopaaH TiaiKH npo Te, mo npaBHieab- 
ctbo jiae 6yiM Biaaoni.n,aabHe nepea AeaoKpaTHraoro Panoio. U,e nepeKpy^yBaBiia 
a,OBeao no Toro, mo 6oai.raeBHKn aoKHnyaa aaciaaHua fleaoKpaTHqaoi Hapaia, mo 
aaao KOMcaraiCTi. nposecrH bUoiq peaoaio^I. Ha ociaHKy B;epei>Jii .poa'aCHHB' sia- 
noBiaaaiHicTb iipaBBTe»CTBa nepea aeaoKpainqHoio Paaow (THireacoana napasaeRioa 
•in iiopeAnapaaaeHToa) b tim posyntHHio, mo ^a BiAnoBiaaaLHicTb aae 6ym He 
i^aKTUMoio, a aopaatHOH., Bcyuepeq Beitl fleaoKpaiaiiriii Hapaai, Koipa posvaiaa 

H» BianOBaajIbHICTI. T1.1I.KH <])aItTH^^H0IO. , ' 

HeBia.uoiiiaaaLirooTM npaBHTeaBCiBa nepea nap.iaaenTOM BHaaraaa fiypayasiH. 
ne sroatyioiHCi, b npoTHBaoay pasi BciynaiH fl o npaBiweaLCTBa. B yroay IS i 6yao 



192 



npoaefleuo n,c n cor.iainaTeaHHH" ua Hapaj,'. 101 ae 6y.no, 3^,aeTtca, hi oifloro apc- 
aoBHa aa Hapa.v, iikiib 6n CopoHHB HeBi,xnoBUa.iBHicTt npaaaT&ibCTBa nepefl nepejr,- 
nap,iHMeHTOM. 

.HeaoKpaupma Hapaja yTBopaaa „Taa>iacoBy Piflj' PecuySaaKii" (sEa naie 
6-to aa,ia 3aoTynaTii posaaaajii ^.epvKasay r ilyay i flepaiaBny Paay — b incai 
555 laeniB, 2 ma 388 itpesciaBaiiKiB ^eaoKpaTi'i i 167 npeaciaBBHKiB b,kbiobui 
e-iemeHTiB (nepeBasKHO KaseTiB la iipe^MaJiHHKiB TOproBo-npowicaoBoT fpyiui), KoaaniB 
irpe^cTaBHHKiB HanioBaabaocTeit i aaai. MaBAain xexoKparLi Oyao nojiieuo rcaosHaa 
hhhok vix paa.a*H. potfiTHiiqm, caaAaTctKiu i ^eaaHCbicax jienyiaTiB, con.in.iietHiHiiBH 
napTiaan, hobhbb acMCTBami, aiucBEiian caaoBpaayBaaHHiiii, peBoaion,iHniisii rpoaas- 
clkhhii opiaHisarjiaaH, KOonepaTUBaUH xo-no. 

BoitnieBHKB ue B3H3H yiacTH b pofioii „Paa,H PecnyfijiiiKii 1 '. Tan caao 
j UeaipaiLHa Paaa, asm uyao oxBejjeHO b „Pa,;u PeenyOjiiiKE" cia Micn,b, ae no- 
caaaa jo Eel cbo'ul npe^ctaBHitKiB. Te case 3po<5n.in, 3i.afiTi.CH, i Re-mci iiHiiti 
aan,ioHaJiLHi npejcTaBHiin,TBa. 

8. B ciaafl BpeneBBoro IIpaBiiTe.ii.cTBa Tenep bigjuuu : K e p e h c b k h it — 
»nneTp-npe3nsenr i BepxoBaafi ro.ioBBOEo*aniyjoinft apaisntii ; HiKiTiH — 
BHyipiuiHiu cirpaB Ta do'itu ft ieaefpa$y ; Miiiiiosu? — cnpaBejyiuHocnH ; 
UpoKOHOBHi — Hpoj,OBOJi<iHX cupaa ; ABKCBHTteB — xaiGopoflcTBa ; 
fBoaatoB — npani (n,i aiHicrpH Majra penpeaeHTysaTK peBoJHDniaay /teaoicpaTiio 
i coniaaicTHiHi naptil) ; Tepemeniso — Mrpauaimii cnpaB, EoHOiaioa — 
roproB-ii la npowicay ; BepaaniKHtt — (piHanciB ; C a ,i a a b i h — iipocsiTii ; 
Kapiamos — BipoicnoBi^HHi cnpaB; KintKiH — nyfiauHaoi objeh; CsipBOB 

— ffepxaBBira Koaipo at, ; .1 i u e p o b c b e h ft — ui.ni xiu ; feaepaa BepsoBChEHa 

— bIhhh ; ajaipaa BepnepeBCbKaft — $.iboia. TpeiiKOB — roaoaa 
rocnoaapciKOl paa,u upa Bpeaeaaiu IIpaBBTe.ibCTBi. 

9. IIoKHHyBBtB ^eiLOBCTpaTHBBo ,U,eBOKpaTEiuy Hapaaj, ko.ih Kpyrifierijo 
nOoraajnaTeaiB" Bepeinu.io bchki aeaii, con,ia.ib-,neBOKpaTH fioataiesHKU a umhkhm 
aaB3aTiaa annyancb jo pofioTH b aacax, EiiKBHyBniii racia : „Hexaii a;iiBC ueraiiuuu 
KHp ! 3eaaH i xaio" HapoAOBi ! I'cib Koa.iiB.iiD! Jieiafi atUBe Bjaja npau,ioioiai !" 
Koamiii is (najiTii rnj.ii,iiieBiiniB) nicia jI,eKOKpaTB<iao'i liapa;i,ii ,i,\;kl' cKpiiuit. 
B (jtopieni peBo.iion,i'i — neTporpaftCbKiB pa^i poCitbhihi i caji,T,aTCbKiix a*n.VTaTiB — 
outbmicTb niBLia aa 6o.iinieBHKaMH. Ossoro » BH3Ha'ianx ^in^iB napTii — Tpon,i>Kom> 
6yao ofipaHo roaoEoio paA". Pasa noiaaa roTOBHiHct s° piBiyioi, aGpoHHo'i uupotbfiH 
3 KoaJiiuiilBiiM BpeaciLUHa llpaBBieJibCTBOx, ■ivjUiryaaieRi i aarinaonrJOBaaoio neK> 
lacTiiBoio seaoKpaTii. 

1. na^oiracTa (a. ct.) neTporpa.i,cbKa pajLu ca.iAaTCi.iais jcnyraTiB cmmKaJia 
(b CMojibHiM iHCTBTyii) Hapa^y iipeftCTaBHHKiB neTporpasctKoro Japui3onj", na asift 
BUHBiuocb, mo fflaiiacc ni.ia neiporpa,i,cbEa aaaora etolis na uon,i OoabmeBUKiB. 
Beiepoa Toro je caaorn a,Ha cojiKas npej,cTaBHHKia iteTporpaactKo! aaaora na OKpeay 
aapaa,)* BaKOHaBinft lioaiTCT BcepociftcbKoS Paflii PoOiTaaqiu i CajmaTciKHi Aeny- 
TaTia. Ha n,ift napa^i BpoxcTaBBBKii aaaoru piuiyie BHcaoBmacB 3a ncpeaaiy Bciei 
AcpajaBHoi BJiaja b pyKM paj ca.TaaTCiKai i poCiTititiiii senyTaiiB. 

H^e Cyaa nepeBipEa cua. 'lyio'ni aiumm fpj'BT nifl Boraaa, na]»Tis coB,iaah- 
AeMOKpaTiB 6oaiineBa:BiB no^aaa pofiaia ociajiHi nparoiOBJieEBa so aCpofinoro bm- 
ciyny. 3. aacionafla (h. ct.) 6yao Bae sop^aHiaoBaEo BoeKHo-peBoaH)n;iaBBft KoaiteT, 
hkhh posicaaB BificBKOBHK lacinnaM nasaa He BHuouyBaTit atasBBX pocnopaffKeHi. 
BiftcbKOBBi saacieft, He noiBepxvKeHHi BoeHHo-PeBoaioB,ifiHUM KoaiTeroa. Bpeaeaua 
BpaBHTeaBCTBO ne 3Haao, u& any ctjiuith, ne aatoiu ua cboib 6on,i noTpiflaoi Kiab- 
KOCTH sipEoro fioay siftcbKa. BuianKane hum 3 iio-aa HeTporpafly aiftcbKO Oyao 
ciiMHeae Ha joposi BoenHo-peBOJKiD.iaHna KoaiieTOM. KepeHCbKaa urvunii niATpaasu 
b yTBopeHifi Hi«a „PaKt PecnyS^HKE", HaKaaaB sanpoBaa^TH cjdsctbo npoin Bobhho- 
PesoaiDniimoro KoMiteia, HaiyaysaBca 3aapemTyBaTH ai^epa cau,.-jiex. napiii Ooab- 
meBHKiB JIcuiHa-yataHOBa. A OoauncBHKH roaiacoa irpoBajaaa cboio podoiy nasi. 
BifictKO Oyao Bace iiuikob aa ii CToponi i b IibIi py&tx. Po<5iTuau,TBO iaitoH;. 
l3oaan;ia BpeaeHHoro HpaBHTeatcTBa flOBOfftuacL n,o kibuk. Pofla-iucb ociaBai »- 
loja j[o fioro aaapemiyBauaa, 

10. B CKias ffiietwijH IleHtpaiibHoI Pasn BioaBnat KpacnoBi'tBiifi. 
H. TKSieiKD (yicp. coit.-jea.) i II. XpnciiOK (yup, con;.'peB.). U]io itepe- 



— 193 






roBOjiu a ElTaooa ia npo hobojiskohiiii BtiicbEa UlTaiJy jqui otjca3<5poeaaio aaciaaiax 
B naian,i, M. IWieHKO onoBiJiaB („Po6. laaeTa") <anjrj»1fl : 

n IT]iHOyBinH 2,0 MTarty, «n noiJa'iu.-ni capias oxopoKy, rapjwra i KjaeiieTii. 
Biff i»eHM HempaJibnoi Paaa mi i)HMara.TH, moS Hi apem-ris, m ocoouctbx rpyeia 
lie Gyjio. Oco6ncToi afipol oflflipaTB uo noaina, iLubKH gepssBBj. Bohh CTaBJi.111 iias 
ni.niii ]>a% npoBOEan,iaHax aaimriB, Hapenrri, bohii norojounca Ha uami j'mobh, 
i MB noIiaaH Ha aeperoBopn a otflOSHtBlU b mu'iaHJ. 

Bh9bejioch, rao hisem aanipiB noiiciauna y paflS poOiraBHHX aenyiaTiB ue 
Gyao. >' CoaLmeBiiKia Gyno HaffTO najo cm. UItbO so ocTaiiHboi pyaiHBn,i aaaB 
aaeodn GoJiinieBHaiB i, ho flBB.wiHci aa u,c, iiit'.iau BiJfcfcBOBi mm. Mil zjiauB #o 
arojH a thmii, xro cwi'b b iiaiaui. A Tan 6y.ia nca peBO,iK)B,iaHa ffemoKpaTis. Bci, 
HaBirt xeunieBHBii, oRHOftyaiHO 3aaB,in»H : aa 31'cTaHeMoen tji i rjoanseio, nioO ae 
■tonyciHTH poarpcmy aanioro peBOJUDnifiuoro uenTpy. 

Mm Roseau ro aiaoMa aujioaieflBX, mo a aroaj a yi«BOK> w .laucaneieHa 
liTn'niCTa HejoTopKanicTi. i ocofiHcta 3(5poa. B lUxaCi iiocTaHOBJieHO, mo no naaaoy 
uiivuyib ruBKit 12 qoJOBti a BiiiciKa ftjs oraafly, bioC Haft™ 3Gpow. Hasan, 
u pyKax aificiaa ne 6yJ.e, 

I ot, kojb a naaany bhhhijiu, aiiHuunicfl Ti.ibKH apeffCTaaiuiEH napTiii Ta 
A uii.TiiBieBBBiB, Bpa3 yBiftauiQ Caraio aiilctBa i K03aKia. He Gyao aapoiETe BiiictKo 
Ta cueniiiJbui ui]>nn.epii. Bora aaajHCi ocTaaaiMu cjiosaME. Bom BMHEaaii norpom. 
Bee poaipnaHO, jiouiBaroBaao : fliaoBOflCTBO coniaaictHimrr naprifi i lx uiaroiOBiy 
fjo BaSopij) b Yen. 36opa. A s i o p{ apan,» 3Hnmeao. Eipicpo Ka3aB, mo TyV 
neaa mioro .nnmum : BiiictKo poaawTyBaaocs, ctoh'ih aa RBopi nij( RomeM. 

BifiobKO aaCTynaio b iicHi6 sari IlaraKOBa, i mh cboihh Tuaau tUwai 
oOopoaiLiH Boro Bift aaipa^ol po3npaBH. Toi cu,eHa Meni hLkohh aoaaaflno hc anacaTit. 
Beii, no tail <5yB, apemTOByaajm Ta rpatiyBa.™. 

Bee n,e Ban BBa3yc, n;o afio n,e BiiictKO BanpaaaeHo BlrafloM b Boarp- 
]>OBOJiKiti,imiiix u,Lthx, aGo HFiao hb moikb Bepyaata hdh. 

PeaKD,ja, KOi])0"i hb Gohjmcu, CTaiaca i TiatKii Mepe3 te, mo llliafi ae uya 
y iiaiuiix pyKax. Hefi pyx Tenep nanpaaiaeTtca iipoia aac. BiiichKo, mu oojarjo 
iia.Kui, t syse Bopoaie i AoGpe poaafiToaaae npo™ Hcuipam.uo'i Pa^a, aae nac 
yCK>Au uyeaaiB. JlycEaia, Co Goaaaca. A ajjuTt bck> yBary Tenep 3BepHyro irpoia 
yi;pataCTBa. 

TaK H[Tafl paTy« peito.iwuiKi. Bin HaBnyersea puTyBarn 5i B no bbiuiix Miciax... 

TII,iiy ouopoHHTU IlmaKOBa a bhuibx, bohh aanpououyBaiu 5m ftodpouiatHo 
B^aracfl n a]>euiT, hokh siaue iiefieauoKa. 1 uaii,i,a.ii,aie ctonwia Bpaan,! bohb xyrijiu 
BunycTHia cboXx floOpoBi.iLBHX Gpaun,iB, aae fl a,oci Tore He 3po0^eno. 3a»icnj. 
toro, Be^eTbra sntect He3aKoiiHe cainOTBO," 

llic.aa BiiwiyxaHaa ^oKjia.nj n,Me(au,u. npo posrpoB pa^u podiTHH<iai i ca.i^aT- 
lenyraTia, iieaTpajLHa Pa;;a yxiia.iH.ra «a cboIb Be'iipHiM aacisanHi 11. aacio- 
ira^a fn. ct.) pesoaioBiipj, b aidfi, aaaiiaMHiiiiin sopoTKO xi% neperoBopia i Bonip- 
peBoajDH,iflae rrncTynoBanna nitaCy, aaimuna, sen 

...Vi:paun-j,t;a IlejiTpanLna Pa^a a) yBasac neofjxijnim Eeraflae yaijubaeHna 
Bt'ix apeHtToaaHHX b na-iani odd, 'itiCjihbo JBaaauoM na noBHy Bij,eyTaicTt scaKoi 
3 Ix OoKy cn])ofiH noBcraHiia ; 6) yBaatae ne^oHyoTHnaa ,i.ia oxopoHii cnnKoio i peBO- 
.iKmii pocnopa^weHEa niTadox b'u(ci»kobii3ih oxaam (33s oioponH peBoa»nJl ra 
cnoKoio) 5e3 iioroflaieana i EOHTpoji HeHTpa.iiiHO(o Paflow ia BcieK) peBOJUoaiftioio 
sexoKpaTicio ; b) yna-j;ai: iceudxi^aui iierafiHe BHBeaeaHa ^acTini, BBeaeHHi IllTaOosi 
A" lCiiiBa." 

_ 11. Hiafi noupocjiB ui>peinppa uiejin lore, bk lexo-CiOBaKH, >iacTaaao 
poeai Bate yKpalacBKWMU KoaaKaaa, aaaBM.iii, fflto n»nn niHiHin.ru :io KifiBa 
x%n CopoTtfiB a 'M.:ii.iue]iiiKa»H, ho xo'iytt i ne firayw BBCiynaTK ttpora yKpalacMMl 
UeHTj.Hii.iiu] l-a^n. Apamioaaai OnabBieBHKH (t. JlaTaEOB, .1. nniaKOB, M. 3apHiu.HH, 
Ji. lanapaiK, II. Ie6«jgB, I, Kyara, 1. KpeSaCepf *a HHmi) iticiin TpLox^eHHoro 
nepeOyBaBna nij; 3ar})o3oio casiocyw 03Bipworo uiTafiaoro BiSctKa, 6yaa BHaymeni. 
ia. ]raA".uiCTa (h. ct.) IIha.5 mm. '-.Tih.BTi. ^ n ? ,. M . n „ ™™»w.* ,.-.» »n naT 



mi. ct.) IHtai) noian a,i,ia»aTM cboi sapayjiH a sepaiaiiHiix ycTaHosax. 

iii.'- nan SJUBy BHcrynHTB aa I>"ii"in i tsm CKima,eHTpyBaTH cboc BisiciBO r nna 

iiacTyiiy m KbIb, ia no Bate fio«y ae BAaaoCi. Qo aajaaoneraw nepcMBppa 

BteperoBOpH apo Map, BeiiTpaania Paj;a Aonara.iaca ai;ic uiiikhm iiobhoj 



111 Tan 



UO«ai],«:i 



-\l"H.-JIOK. IcTOpia JWBO.n.llii, II. 



13 



194 









KOBTpoai inn QhsSoM, t:.:i,i,CTua uaa uu,i,ia«m b iiaiianj, hobhoto HU'iiutenHii in Boia 
ropoiKanciKiix JuacToft aa yKpa'ini i t. a, Ultao toxhbcr na bcc ue. BiikbKOBi 
■lacTii, mo Cyan b poenopaffiKeHiiKi Ul-raOa, hdiuhch jo IJ.enTpa.itiio'L Pa&ii 3 aaaBaau, 
bio boith ne oyayTB BircTynatH npoTU eel i npocHTB BitnycTiiiB ii 3 Ktrisa. fle.iefanbi 
nig, Koaaioro 3"i3^y ratios sanBiuia, mo ko3bku bbi^tl reTt a yapalHii, i npoxa.ni 
jonoitorTH 1m ao'iiaTH jp HoBO'iepKacLicy. 

UTraf), ue ,T,o<ieKaBuiuCb paa.~man,ii yauB aiipy, buohi amtK. Horo BiiicBuo 
noiaio, aa aroflow U,euTpa;iLnoi Pa^n, TaKoa; uoxilflfilta Ka'in. Paaoa a KoaaKasn 
BMiza.iii s KitlBa i BiiKepH biucbsobbx khibcbkiix bikli. 

12. HaBOflllMO TJT ftC-HIii 3 ^OTHUBIII ,i,o Hboro BOCiailOB 3'l3 r Xy. 

I. „IIocTaHOBa npoyxpalHcfcisiycTaHOB<iili(iu]>u i a a ii- 
u y t n i ti y c t p i fi >' b p a t h € j. b o I P c c ii y o .i ii k ii : a) BHsaawiii, m,o npaao 
na caM0BH3Ha i ii-nHn BapCffiB ayeiiib 6ytH niiiia ne ofiaeaceHe, m.o $e;;epau,iH uapiuiii 
PociHciKOl PecnyCinKii Mosue yrBopnrueH Ti.itKii duhioji Bi.ii.Horo ^oroBopy am; cj- 
BepeHHsi.Mii aaniKMii i way .niuie caa yKpalHi'BKuii napo,n aoaje 6ytn aaKono^aBnea 
MaiifiyTHba'i j;o.ii J r Kpa'ifin, — TpeiiS BceyispalHCBKHfi BiiictKOBHii iTisft niiMarae sij, 
fenepajiBHoro CeKpeiapinTy ctuanc&HBa cyaep nHiix ycTaHOBUix 36opiB, Ha ochob'i 
BceaioftHoro, TaeaHoro, piBHoro, npaaoro Ta nponopniniia.ibnoro Bufiop'ioro npasa, 
b eTHOfpajntiKiii aexar J'Kpninn. 

yKpaiHCBKi ycranoBii 36opa ayeiiTt aaTHepAiiTH pernyii.iiiKaiR'LKO-ReicoKpaiBiHi 
$opan npamrimta yEpaiHH, irpoBccm miipoKy ;i,eaoi:paT!uani» noaiTH'iuoro .iajj' Ta 
eonjanBHo-eKOHoaE'ini pe$opau, a h nepnty lepry aeae-itay pe^opsy. 

6) 3"rj,i, BH3Hae neofiii^niiM, m.00 y bubbii! ^caoKpaTBHuifi y&palEClKiii Peo 
nyiijiHui fly.ia ni.ima aBTOKe$a.i).)i:i npauuciaBHa n,epoa, neaa.iesKHa Biff jep;KaBii 
a cBo'ia BHyrpiraHia .lajy, 3 cooopniia ycipoca, i nofl o.iyiKoa 6oa;a ai^fiyBMaci Ha 
yKpaSni i) yKpalHCBKiii hobI." 

II. n Il p TepiiTopiw y Kp a'i u i' i. k 'i PcenyGjiuKH: Biixo^iiiii 
a iipiiHnjny caK0BB3HaieHH« naiLifi. Tpeiiil BceyKpaiHeBKnii BiiicbKOBnii 3"i:s,i. aa- 
anaiae, n(o nojua yK])alHn flBJiaeitcH Kjiafiiiia n]WHBoa rpy<5iix ianepiaaicTHiniix 
naaipiB TnaiacoBoro HpaBHte-ibCTBa i 'tacMiHH pociftcBEoi seanKpaiil, mkb 3'c^ua- 
.iacB 3 fij-psyasitw, — [ BHaarau Bi^; I^eHtpa-iiBoI Pa^H ra teHepaiiBnoru CeKpe- 
TapiflTy piiuynix 3axojiB %xn a'c^aauBa nij cbomo Bsaaoio Bcie'i yKpa'inctsoi aea.ii 
b IT eTHOfpa^HiHiix aeaiax". 

III. H p aaHOyiuiii ycrpifi Pocil: „IHo(l taAesBtovxta m» Bcix 
iiapo^is Poei'i naiiKpaniiifi aaj, no BjacHiii boji Koatiioro Bapoay, 3'ian BBaatae ne- 
oSxiflHHM, iu,oC PocificBKa PeciiyijjrHKa Cyaa treperBopeiia ■ JeflepanuD cyBepeHHM, 
piBHonpaBuiix r T,eMOKpaTii'iHiix pecnyd.utK, a 3a6e3iieieifflna npan aemnoCTeil." 

13. IIpo y Kp al a is a n, i H) BiiictKa S'laj biibic r.ii^yioiy BOcTauuny ] 
„Bi,iKu;iaioHH noipofiy KTnpaxna BoCTiBaoro Batata i BiinsyRiin ;io toi'o, 

mfiO boho Oy.io aaaineno naposntoio aiainiem, aita croa.ia ua cTopoaci iHTopecin 
Tpy^oBoro c.e.mncTBa Ta pofiimiiHTBa, a ho Syaa — bk icocTiime EJiifBKO — c.iinn.M 
3HapH^,na naHyxi'iHi kjrcIb b 5x raoBiHicTiiiHO-ianepiH.iierHiHHX saaraHHHX ; Kpia 
Turn, BBa-A-aioiB Ha cy^acni oScTannHH, kmu TaKi nocrifini apaii me icrayioTB, — 
— 313^, BiisHaii noTpifinua, njoO ti apaii Cyan nepetBopeHi na HauioHa.iBHo-Te]Jii- 
TOpia.iiiiiH DCHOBi, in,o6 (bohh) ho flyjin BEap^ffn ;;enanuoHa;ii;iaiuI, i nepea tc 
^oaaraeTBCa BeraiiHoro BH.iyueHim yKpaim;iB aa ^poHTi i b th.iv b OKpeal MacTmiH. 
a Tasoa; yK]iai'iii;ianii i , apni30BLB na tcpiiiopil yiqiaimi. 

J! 3BaaKy % iBaii HepeiBKOjaiQi, aKi ihhhtb b cnpaai yKpaiaiaaHii uiflrw;a 
TiiaiacoBe UpanuTc.iM'TBn, 3"i;u somaraaTbcja, mofi b,kj cnpaiiy fiy.io huikom ncpo- 
jaHo b pyi;it [eaepaJEtEoro CeKpeiapa niJicBKOBirx cupaa, a Taaoat, ni,o6 no mix 
yKpainiaoBaniix ^BBiaiax Ta irjiii apaiax fiyao HpH3naieH0 HeHrpajiBHO» Pasow 
Koaicapia. fljia Torn, mp6 yupaiaiaauia aor.ia nepeBOXHTBCB icianoaipHO i 6e3jniHHjio, 
iau'1 yKpalBHi-BOBKH aor.ni iicpeBO^HTHCt no cboix lacruH He tlibkb KoaaHsaaii, 
a fi no OftHEKlU, '.Vi3 r x joaaracTiiOn neraiinoro aaBeflCBBii yKpaTacBKiii iio.ikib Ta 
upara.T. bcix prviia afipol B lactmax, ^e yispaiH^ cK.iaAa»TB GiaBinicTB, yspalHi- 
3an,i») nopeiieCTH ^iciiej B»;;ijioHnn ne-yKpauiu.iB," 

II p y k p a 1 11 i a a u i 10 1 p k a ]> c t K t 1(1 .uoiv 3'13« 

IIIKTailOBBB : 



I 



\b 






195 — 



^BnaiKaio'iu na ic, m,o lopHoxopciKnii tjuibOT aae b CBOcay cxaaaj 80% 
.VKpa']an,iB i Eaxoxxnca ua tepafopixsum Bcaax Ifxpatu, 3'uj, uocTaHOBaae, mo6 
MopcbKa leaepaatna Pa^,a jiei'aiuin jipneTynnaa 3," yKpa'ini;ian,ii 'lopiicmopcBKoro 
()wj.0Ty i axaxa jljs Htoro TaBiix aaxoajB i 1) KoaH Kuwrntca ociuna Kaxnauiii 
BasTaficLKoro 4MiOTy i pocno , JB0Tii't! bhbbb KaHiiaain, nij^ac axol onoparaBBa 
,i,i;].n.niciL )j.itOTy npauHaacTBca, aaioTb fiyii wxuri aaxoa,H, iu»0 bcl .VKpa'inui liaa- 
TiiKetKoi'o vaioiy icxtac 3hbuloi Kastnanii fiyra serafiflo jiepeseAeHi b 'IopHoaopi.'i.Kiiii 

'klLIJT; 2) 'lopUOUnpCBKlili <J>.11>OT nOBHHCH Bia, Ulfl 1I0])H HOlIOBHBTHCt TLlbKH 

.Vi;|>aiHH!i!iB. u 

14. B TcpiiTopiio yKjiainciKoI llapoaHLoi Pccnydiui;n UeiiTpaahaa Pai,a uc 
iiKaioiiiaa KyCaHB;HHH. xoi na spama i opaaa yiarri. b yspaJflCbBifi nan,ioHaatBo- 
bh3bm.ij.iuu OopoiBfli. ITpuiMiin n,born ipeCa aiyKaTH b ocoftuaoiy sapaKtopi pos- 
iihtkv pcBo.iHin,i'i i aBTOBnaniix siiaraub na Kyoaaapari. 

KyCaBCBKi wpHoaopciiKi K03asB, aBjaioiHCB >iaCTHnoK> o^Horo ByfiaflCBKoro 
Koaaioro* sificbKa (aiaianoro ]ian,ionaabno), ftya;c 6y.1v aBasani a 3araaiHo-KpacniiMii 
iHTepecaMH, aid xaKTysaaH Koaanray oupexy .liaiio ncuiTii'ii[<i-peiiM.iioii,inim:i GopoThuH. 
Bbshbjo<IB csolo apBHaxesnicn. r v> yKpa'inciKoro napojj i „bb.ihkoS saiopi yKpalnn 1 -, 
BpuMxamu Re-xsy yiacTb b 'jaraJiLHo-yKpalncBKiB Han,iona.itH0-BH3Bo.iBniH 6opoTt6i, 
vKpaiucBKe uyCancBKe KcraaurBo b Toil i«c iae He psaao BBOBsis 3 aaraabHO-pocii!- 

i'tKHM KUSaUJBOM i, M13; HFItllBM, fipUO V'laCrb B VIBOpeBHK) iaK SBaBOFO B IliBl,eHHO- 

csrfAaoro Cox>sy." 

B -.KOBTHi Mican,' ("• ct.) (jj,o neTpoi-paa.ca.Kiix iioajfi) 1917. p. Bia,6yaoci> 
lia-^HBe b ■AcmtK) KyGaHBTiiaii 3acia,aBus KyGaiictKoi BiilcbKuBo'i Pa,ui. nv nir.mri, 
nj.utx ;i«a riivKiii. Ha xopxxxy Rexxoxy ctoxxb TaKi cnpaBii : 1. 3eMCTBo b KyGau- 
cudfl OoaaciH, 2. yciaBOBHi SGopJi, 3- Beiyn.ieniiH flo coioaa Koaary>Kiix Bli 
4. 3exeabHa Cnpana, 5. Cxpaaa 6yzy*oro .nepaiaBnoro aaay b Pocii B iinmi. 

OOroBopaBuiu cupasy Syxywro sep*aBHnro .iaay b Pn.-ii. K^SaxcBKa Biac&BOBa 
I'a^a o^uornaocao BacjOBmact 3a ^e^epaiHBHy pecnyfljiHKy. Ha aaciAaxiiax I'.iii! 
'IpaJiH yjaCTt, hk i'iK'ti, iipa^cTaBHiiKii yiqsa'iflii, hkhx Koaaxa Pa^a npxxiiaiia aafl- 
.'.ininainiii tenao. 1'o.iOBa Pa,!" ni'ran 'ix Ba VKpaiirebKifi mobL na:tHBa»iH B CHHasii[ 
iiaiim'i .naTejii yxpaXxx*. 

CiaBUiii Ha (pyET $c,i,cpan;it, Kyjaoni oro.iociun cuoh) ofiaacw OKpexOB 
PecnyfifljjKOfo, ;s ospexox) oaEoao^aTBOKP Pa^oio i ITp&BHfeJBCTBOx na lOJii. 

15. Ha aacix&ssa TpuTbn'i (.-fen BcoyKpalEOiuoi Pa.;» CeMxeaaon AenyTaiiB 
npuGyjio 6arau,bKO aeityiaiiB a ycix kIbhIb yspalXB. flo apeat!J,il 6yao nu[iano no 
Oflloxy upe^cTaBHHKy viaboxeoI fylepHn ra saepx toro ,1,. Ii'aeBUia i II. XpaciBKa 
ftin HeHTpaitHoro KosiieTy CeaaacbKoi ChLikh. f osobj ^eatpaxbHol Paxx bC. Ppy- 
mcBCBKoro fiy.io o<5paao no'iecuHx roxoson atfopis. 

Ha n,ili ceci'i fiy.io sae.iyxaao gpxittjys B xicx> npo ntutOBXXie na aiciyix 
i peayjtraTH BnOnpiB ,1,0 PocificAKHX yoiaHOBUix 36opix, jsj," na tou >iac bhco Cyan 
3aKiun ni ita yRpalsi. .! Tin .viua.uii BxaeHBaocB, in," yxpalBCBxe ceasacrBO bbsbbbo 
BexBKy csixpaiou i aKTnBBicTb na siiflopax, »o;i,aBU(i: xaSiKC b ,1 aa 

■ ■iii.ii.Hi ciniiKii yKpalsetKax eoxJHJdctiB-p BOflH)n.i(»epiB ta Ceaanci.Koi Ciiukii 
i:y.U! xa;m ncsiia'iHUH ycnix cepe^ ecJiancTBa poci8ci.i;i con.-peB., uoaw bohh 
lam .■iii.u.ii.i ;: vKpaincBKHsu e.-p. iHCbKOKi Cm.iKOHi). Bypmyasxi 

uapTii. jib pocilc&si, tsk i yBpalxcMd, ycnixy na BiiSopax hc » aui u . 

ill; aKTiiuiio nocraBBjarb ceaaiicrao ,1,0 BiifiopiB. eb.iho 3 Toro, n;o b bu- 
6opai opa.io yiacTi. nepociiiio 70",, EHunpnin ; i[i.,;,;kv,t.i!, ;n; or, apxxipoK, 11a 
rifj.iTaBntiiHt, roaocyauo j, n 90— 96\ n-ix BurtopuiB-ceaau. 

B toH «ibi- it. 111.1i! Bate xa nei>3i BBlSopH ,\n yspalHCiKHi FeiaxoB<na SSopis ; 
fv6roBopuBBiji n,e miTanHn, BceyspalBCLGa Pa,ta CeiXxCBxn r 1,eHVTaTiB Bsaecaa 
rai;v peaoxnajxi : 

nBceyxpal isscbrbx AtaytadB, BHoxoBxnioqE newy Ean», mo 

■Hoopa (Syxj al a min mc, cefi-To 9. ciiB« ct. ct. 1918. poBy, nociaxeBxx« 

aasiflKMH yxpa^cMe ceaaBCTBo bsbib BaKaKTHBaimy y^acii y suCopax a,o y«»sSH- 
• •1.K11X \cranoB'ii!x 3(SopiB, hki MaK-Tb BcrauoBimi RepaeaBBllg xai na yispalai is 
111111 ffopap* KopiiCTyaaiimi rpyxoiBDi aapoROi sexjexi i acixa Bapoxxima 
Oaranjuaxn xa S cpaiBi." 

13* 



— 19H — 



Ha lacJg&BHSi B,i«J * ceell H&riieBO fiy.io sassy ni.iroTOBMHX BUOftiB ,1,0 

nepeeeACHHir mioupin, nai huh <5yTii nopofijicHi „ciii.TKaMii" Ha aicnax. JIi:i: iiiimim, 
(5yao iioCTanoB-ieHU, mo upH niioopax cjibhcski cimkh MOHcyTt C.ii»oKyEaTiii\b 3 yKpaiii- 
ctKHStii napiiana con.ia.iicTiB-peBOJiKin.LoacpiB ra coniiuit-^eMOKpaTiB. 

16. Ha Bliffl npn6y.io oijui 500 KHteferfB 11U itapriiiHiix opfaBManjft, b Tony 
lac.ii OarantKo flea ef axis BiBctKOBiix iJipohtobux opiaHiaaiUH. Ha nopa^ou ffieaniiS 
3'l3x,y <*yjin nociaBJieHi, b "iMCTii hhiiiiix, c.iiAyaiii nHTOHnn : 1. cyiacHiifi noseuT; 
2, Haaaa xeuyraTa*, oOpanim go Bcepocifir [>kbx Vi'TauoB'inx 36opis ( 3. ycTanonii 
3Copu yKpa'iBH ; 4. IlapTia i CciHHCMa Cni-iaa: 5. BaeceiiHfl AOAaiKLB i notipaaoK 
Oft napiifinoro tipofpaay i napTiiiBoro eraTyiy. 

B poOoTax 3"i3jy fipaa yiacri. i 1'o.aoBa H,eirrpa.ibH0l Paiw M. rpyraeBCiKaH, 
HKiui xom 1J10pMa.11.ao i ne muteaou me b toB lac go napii'i, a,ie ^aKTiiiHo Beet Mac 
npan,K)BaB y iJ>paKa,i'i co^.-pea. b HeHTpaJiJbiiiii Pa^i. 

J 7. jtja noBHimoi xapaKTepiirniKH 3'l^y naBO^HKo tjt m,e peaojnou.il 31»m 
b cnpaBi yiBopeBBn <j)e,i,cpa.ii>aoro ypH/iy i 3aniHieHHn uiHun. B cnpasi opfani3an,iI 
$e/tepajjf.Horo ypa.ij ,un Poci'i i aijiHomeHan 3,0 (ioaiuieBamiKoi B.iai,ii aa Mockob- 
111,11 ii i. 3'i'3,T nocianoBiiB : „Biia'.i:aHi<ui. mo Pa^a Hapojiak Kouicapis noxe, 3 po3- 
luiipeBOK) najiiKi CBOu'i ti.ia.iiii hbuthcb mo HaiiiiLitiae .niuie BJia^oio ^eMOBpaTii 
BeaiiKopocil, bhbiiuk.'iii iicoOxuhiisi neraiiHS ctbopohhh opfaay oauopoijioi cou,ia- 
jiicTii'iHoI $e,nepaTHBHoi B.iaiji, 3"i33, Aopyiae cso'iB <f>paKH,i'i b UeuipaaLHifi Paaj 
oOcroiOBaTii Heraiiiinii noiaTOK bUtwblihhx iieporoBopiB 3 HapojpiboR) Pa^oio B Be.ni:;i>- 
pocii (OfiejiBaHiiaa li,eiiTpa.ii.miMii Koidretajra paj; poSiiflaiBx, ea.ijiaTci.Kax Ta 
cejaHctKHX aenyraTis) Ta opfaHasii B.iacni hhhiiix napoanix pceay&tmc Cxijiaoi 
Esponn, IliBHiiHo'i A3ii, TypKecrany Ta KaBaasy (GyBaioi Pocii) upo CTBopcuua 
o^HopoAB""Con,iaaicrnMHoro $en,epa.iiHoro opfaay BJiacTii 11a iuaTijtopisi HeraflitoWj 
nepoaesEHiifl aauiniipatitx conin.ni.HHX pe^opM i aoaejueinia ciipauu MHpy so BauuiBUA- 
Moro aifliMi." 

B cKpaBi Mnpy 3"i3A, nUKpeaiHBiaii aibhio 1103110,110 napiii npo HeoOiiflnicTi 
aeraiiHoro seaoKpaTiiiaoro mipy i BKa3aBBin «a xe, mo MOMent, b skhB Bij(6yBaBcs 
H"i:u. iiis.iiiiicii ;i_v,i;'_' ni.ixo.iHiniisi flja aamipeHHS, nocTaaoBUB h.ukom ni,3,Tpi»iaTH 
lJ,enipa.ifcHy Pa^y b ii 3axoj;ax ao nepemippii i Miipy, i AojiyiiiTii ijipaKii,ii iiaiiri'i 
b HeH^a-'iBHiB Pa^i iiu.iwto OTeaciiTH i ji,CiaTii, a6H li.eHTpajii.iia Paj;a He 3Ba;aa.ia na 
ii aepeHiKOj,!!, ttKi 'iii fiysyti cTaBimi isnepiii.iioTHqBi ypajB iiohibimiix ^epaiaB, 
i fsep&o se.ia cupasy aapy aa ^eMoapaTiiiHux ocaonax ;i,ajL. 

Kpia moro, Ha 3'S3ai 6y.io BMpoGjcuo aanaj ^enyTaTa* go BcepociucLKUi 
yciaHOBiax 3fiopiB, posr.iaayTo Kiji.ua fliacyMiix cirpas, b Toay <iiic,ii fi cnpasy bh- 
CopiB ji,o yKpalHCtKHX FctuobviZ 3uo]iii). 1( a,iii ociunul cnpasi 3'i*3ji yxBa.ini;. 
mofi napTiH lie BXOflii.ia npa a;iflopax iii a nui S.itoKit 3 hhuiujiii napiiaMU i isc.ia 
eupaay safiopiB b uafiS.iHiKiOBy aoiiTaKTi 3 paaaMa ce.iancLKitx nenyTaTiB i Ce- 
.ibbclkok) CnLiKOlo. 

Ha UBOMy 3'l3,T,i fiy.io ociaTOiHo cTBepaueeno apofpaM naprii, xoi aapiia 
me B lie ciiKHiuiact b CBoemy poaBiiTKOBi i iiek caxux ae .(ifim.ia me go n,litKOM 
yctajienoro CBiTorjia;ty. 

18. lloftacBio i)'T KopoieHLKi (^aKrniini Bi^oaocru npo ao'iaTOB BOt'HHnx no;iii"i. 

B Hoti na 16. rpyjHff (n. ct.) GojLaieBiiKH b XaptKOBi 3aioirajiH (iipit ao- 

Koii ca.'iffaTJB 30. saaacaoro iio.ikj) roiOBHsB Te-iefpa^i. Ilpn noaBi yipalHcuoro 

BiBcbKa UU.lMUeUHKU 3HHK.1M. 

Gnix ji,Hi BiftfiyBca mI»: XapiaoaoM i Bopoacfioio fiiii yKpamebKuro niiicBKa 
3 MOCKOBCtKim 6oabBieBHn,iKnM. BoiiLaieBHn.tKi 3a.iorn (in lacTHHH Is) uh. CjK| 
KyncHCBKa i Boaui BiiciyiiHJiH npoia yKpalnciKOi U,enTpa.iiHoii Pa.ia. 

KoManjtya)'iHK BifictKOM, BHcaaflHMn ii])0Ta J r Kpalmi, Gy.10 npiisnaaeno flyBiaoro 
Ha1a.11.auKa ofioponu nerporpa^y niaito-iKoitaaKa MypauBoBa. 

Hepe» 20.^ rpyana (h. ct.) sci unafin aa pynyHctKia i aiBseaao-3axi,i.aiM 
(jtpoHTi fiyjio sauaaTO yKpalHCbKHMU BaacTaan. PoiiOBHOKOMaD^ymiiiB a,n,na ^poH- 
Tami, aKi fiyjio oruionieiio yKpaJHCBKiui ^poBrom fiyjjo iqiuaaaieHo ypfl.noii.yin' 
feiiepajia UI,epOaioBa (sbhoio KOHTp-peaojionioHepa). 

VKpalircBBiiu Bocirenii ^ponx imiaB ^opaiyBaTiici na ainiT PoMejii. — Baxaa'i 
- UpaaciK. 






— 197 — 



17. n>yann (a, ct.) i1<ui.ineBun,fciHiu aomcap JIhkob nocjiaD 3,0 Po-ioono- 
KO«ana,yiO'ior<> Kpii iciisa teaefpaay caijtyioioro mticty : ,JI,pynirt (Mpx.e2ctKBfi 
uopnyc e b hoik poc&opi^ReHjaD. Po8»6po*Mi .VKpaliutfB, a.ie caji.iaTii Bia,aoaaHKm,i:a, 
8 or.ifljij aa tc, mo a koxbm noisy 6 ho 1000 yKpafnnia. IlpoOysas poMfipo*™ 
^a enieaonn raua,aBaRiB, aae no ac BflaaocH, a oraa.iv na U aenoMraictt. Ojiia 
enieaoH BoanHn;iB (floabmeanKiB) poasCpoun i poafcopsynaait KimKir. Itumi cmeaoHH 
bUbobu.ihch Biisuo.iaTii TOflapuiiiin. ]ito6 pynnmi upom yKpalnniB, aeoOxiajio bh- 
.UJiiTit ncix Vi;|.a'inn,iB i Bia,icaaTii 1x na $poHT ; 3peiBT0K), Bomna pyaiHTii iiaKiilB. 
JJpyroro Bnxoajr neaa. Ibko b." 

;I,pvrnft tt&pflflficsKHH iwpnyc, npo skhu iji iiae BOBa, a/uieao BBpynraa Ha 
KtriB npoTH HeHTpa.ii.HoI Pa;iH, aae na ct. HC*epnHKa oyit ofieaifipoeHBu yKpaln- 

C1KHK aifiCiKOM. 

Ha CTaHn.it Opina (5o.itnieuiiKH 3axounaH b noaoa ox£fl yKpalnciKiiH iio.n;. 

Ha Jiiaiamini CinciK — Basaai ao'iaB xojuhti! bockobcmoih naHmipuuS rtOTflr. 

Martace no Bcix Bejiintni uricras 7spaJHB (b iiepmy nepry b KaTepaiiocaaBi, 
O,i,oci, Xepcoiri, MiiKOJiaeiii), ,io CTonaw MoctKoacLKi aaaora Ta 6yao 6aran;tK0 koc- 
KOBctKoro Ta 3pociilmeHoro yapalaciKoro poflitHnnTBa, Bisfiyanca cnpoOn Ouauue- 
uukib aaxomnn Baaay b cbo! pyun. 

OcodanDo qHCiram cynriKH Biftfiyanct Ha IIoa,"uiino ia na Boanai, a;e 6yao 
po3iainoBa.ite bockoucj.kc uihclko. OcepeAKamn fioawneBimbKoro pyxy na Boanni 
6jxa CTapoaocTaHnmiB, Piano, DIeneTiBKa, JlynLK. Ha Boaiaaio TaKiisn ocepea- 
K&mu fiyaii "jK-wepiniKa, IlpocfeypoB, Boa nun cm;. raiBam., BpalaiB; no Bcix b,bx aiwax 
BUfeyBaanci (n apyritt noaoBHHi rpy^Hii it. ct.) Kpinasi cynmica am yKpalaChKiiaa 
L MocKOBei.KiiMit uoai.uiennni.BHBH uacTiinaMH. .Vitpainni oOe33(!poK)Ba.jii aocKOBCtue 
BiiictKn n oTiipan.ia.iH lioro eme.ionaaH Ha MocKOBnway. 

Ha Kirimnuai Tas eaao EiaGynaaoci, b aaaflnariix nacaax rpyaaa (k. ct.) 
oteaOpoioBaHMa bockobclkoto GoabaieBnnj>Koro amenta. Biaa Uepssa, BepjpniB, 
ICoaHTiui, KopocTeHb — sicna copiio3HHX cyTanoK yEpaJncBKoro siuci>Ka a -boc- 

KOBCLBBB. 

3k Ca^nmo, pocTaniyoairan mockobci.khx Baaor na .Vkjuihi i jiocKOBetKtu o 
BlScbKa ua yapalacbKOBy ^I'onti 3,in;ia:io .V'KpaiHcsKiB HoHTpaai>Hh1 Pa^i npii iro i iaTKy 
bi3uii 3 PajoHi Hap. Kom. jsy-Me (1aranJ>Ko KaouoTy i a Beauaiu Mipi npHCJiy- 
SKnaoci. a.0 uepcMora BOCKoaetEOro 6oai.iacBiini.Koro BiucLKa naa, bLbcikob X*HP. 

19. CnpaBy yiaopcniiu c^mioro yipalncBEOio ^poHiy uyao oSroaopeno na 
■.tai-i.iaauio fcneiia.'jbHoro CeapeTapiaTy 6. rpyajaa (n. ct.) 1917. p. CeapeTapiflT yiBa- 
aaB raKV nocTaHoiiy: 

i.IIoaji, hki Btjioyaiioa n BsapTHpi roaomioKosaHajJOioro, Hapymnau onepa- 

THBllRli 3BH30K ^pOIITIB, 10,0 Cp03HTi II ■ "'■< :3ir<' ICO K> VK ) ) Jl'llf ei.Klfl T('[l[lTOpii, 8 Or.iajT 

«a iiciiKi aoaeiEBoets ,1,0 iii.iiiiicaHaa vbob anpy hk-hohiio. 

llv|!croaopH ii cirpaai nepomiippa, aui nn'ia.iuea, BHBararoTL oOf^nanna i ko- 
op^im\na][ici nie'i ciipanu na ni.iia yipalncmiB ^ipoHTi Ta Soro cyniaiBocm sail 
aflcpo'.Eemia jtOB aepeBHppfl oOoaa BoioroiiiMa cTO(iouaMn. IIpu sfiepeHtenaio ntoro 
boxes jiiicHO aaxncTjiTit bcw TepuTopiw J'apalHeMtttl HepOflHBoI Pecny&iBBii. 

ToMy Ie» <.'eKpcTapi([T nporoaoiityc iriD;;0HH0-3axi,T.i[]iK i pyBynctKna 

(JpoiiTii aa BAUEKfi yKpalHCBKHfl ((iponT, Bxoj.uqii ino-jto pysyiiCLKOro ^ponty a no- 
poayBJHHB 3 pyMyHCLKiiM npaiiiireaj.CTBOM i aaToaoBaoio Moa^aaieio, i CTaBHTt neii 
'■dunlin JpoBT y Dcia oflcai iioro potfoin i BaBjaiib nU cbiH iipoau, npo no noui- 
le KBapiapy aepionnnro m lOLnoKOBanayioioro sin Boop^BnyBaHHR potion 
ytspalHCUEOro ^ponTy 3 iiHmiijiii ^ponTana Pucifici.Ko'i PecuyilaiiKn. 

^ noanmaio'iH aa pa3i poa^ia yKpainetKoro ^poary naasi ^acianit, hk n,e fiyao 
fcoei, IenepajLHuR CeK^jeTaijiar npHeiymae ORHo^acno ,1,0 po3pofiaenHa ijiopB ik'jsi- 
m,oro KOHTauTy bLk mTaOaan iriB,ieHno-3axi,i,Haora i pyayitcbKOro ^poBTis. 

B aaaaiiy 3 mis fenepaaSHiit CeKpeiapiar j-BaiKac HeoflxUniiK icTiivBamiH 
ospenax KoMicapiii npn T iix niTaOax 3 npeacraanHKiB BiiiciaiOBiix opfaitisauisl, pafl 
1 uoaicapiB. 

PiBiioqacao,. BHnoBHnioint a,aBHim,i flaaiainta yupa'iactKoro aapoay Bci.ta nioi.nsi 
caaaBH :iiixiimaTii cniK ^pmiT, tenopaatiiHii CoKperapigi no»inoioi«e wi yvpalKCbBJ 



— l 4 .)8 — 



iiificbKaui vacuum ua boii t[ipoHTai, mo bib bjkuhrv :iaxo^*m ;(o iiepoue^eHM VKpaia- 
CHCHZ 'KicTJii! a Hiiiiiiix ((ipoUTiB ita ynpaiuci.KiiE ^poiir, paxy»<Q< t a smruKHBl 
iin.iuxcuaiia IpoBTJB. 

yci ueyicpaiHCMsi 'lacniou Ha yicpaiHCHda $poHTi uobbbbl auaiM, mo ofiopona 
yKpalaciKoro $poniy oxopoiiac taBoa; i «abiictbo BCtoro $poirey Bciei Pocii i jtac 
■oxjoaicit aaKJiniiiTH "up Ha KopHdt box sapo^is Pocii. Tony HeyKpa'inci.i;i 
silcKKOBi vacuum ofloBiiaaui BiinoBHHra cobicho i lecno cboi oGouaaKii cyirpoTH 
oxopoinr yxpatsesxoro 6)poBTy, 60 3arajiLBa oxopoaa n,M>ro $poiiTy aaxiimat saraaun 
iiiTcpecu BapORiB yctd Pocil 

B n,Lft aaraauiiu pooori ;pa oiopoHii bcloco ifepoHTy Cepe yiacii, jqjysars 
i toHj3na pymyHtiKa apsis i vacninii so.i^aBctKiii BiiiciK. 

IIporoaoaiyKiVH nepesiHppn Ha yKpaiHCLKiM ^pomi iaeitea yicpaiHCfcKoi Ha- 
po^Hio'i Pecny5.iHKH, leaepaaLHuii CcKperapiai ysaxac HeoGxi^uiix ,T,a.iLmy pofioiy 
B cnpasi neraiSnoro aaJtiroveHHa mipy BecTH b itoposyBiiflnio 3 cok)3hbmh aepsaBaaH." 

IliflKpecieHUfl, m;o cnpaay jwpy 6y^e BecTH J'HP a noposyninnio a „cok>3- 
iiHKaaH", pofiHB leHepajiHHa CeKpeiapiat na B.iacfly pp«y. EbbiuicTi, yi;paiuci>Koi 
peBo.niontKHoi ^eMOKpatii 30Be.ii ho BBa*a.ia ne oGobbbkobuki yaoBoio Be^cuBu irepe- 
roBopb, iiK ne, apeuiTOio, BH^no i 3 irocTaROBH Ma,ioi Pa^n Bis 4. rpy^na. 

20, Itoflaeso tyt ae-ani ,T,oKy«eHTii — both atiTamvr.KHi [ipe,T,f'TauHiii:iii .1." 
ypsi r \v .VKpa'iHCiKO'i Hapo^HLOi Peciiyu.iUKH. 

1) n BificiKOBa •tpannysi.Ka Minn b PociJ. 

II.-c. $poHi. Ku'iB, 5.-18. rpy^Ha 1917. 

TetCT Clin, aipecoaailiB Ltanuti [lilniiH'Jelifc&Bi, 
hepul Day rL'Hfcpaai.iiLiiiy C'uKperapeBl, renopaJioji Ta- 
6yl a 'I'paaujai.KOi UiKcbKonol Midi' Qivjtetato-cxijt- 
iloro <fcpoiiTy 5.- 18. rpy.uin 1W17. p. 

UowsHUHtKi ^epjKaBii me He iipuitHB.iu o$in,iajiLnoro pimcHHa bi;i,hocho J'KpalHH, 
a,ie Mem Ba:e fiyao nopyveiio nepe^a™ jr. JIIyjtniHy cfljuiaTuo coiosHKKiB no tux 
3yeiijiL, am poCuiB J r JEpalucbBHU i r pa,x b hLiiix yeianoBjeHHa nopa^xy, bUhob.ichh(i 
oiripHO'i ch.iu i ^aiKaaasi mnmia jiipunxu cojosuuKax. 

il BBaaiaw cboih ouobhskos ne ^eKaTit o^in;ia.ii.Horo san,T,ary i upoxara ao- 
ua'ioaua a BaaB, mofi He rydum soporon,LHHoro ia«y, m,ot> He fiyiu aaxoiijieBiiMH 
neac,i;aHO, kojiu u upuHiuoB iac anni'1, & 3Ha>iHTt nparOTysaTH aaTepknii eBCHTya.n,- 
iiii'i ,i,aCBycii atft-;t,o (JiiaaucoBol ta leiHHinoi ^onoxoru, any cok>3hukh moimh G gam 
■ViqiaiKi, mp6 ^onoMorin H Be.TeienciKiii pofioii optanisautT Ta Bupo^asenHa. 

f[ k maaiBBiia raa, aio BtiaBiiB mo iHLH,iHTHBy, Co nuopa BBeiepi a o^epiKaa 
aaKas nonpoiaTu Bac, b n;bax ijiiHaucoBoi Ta Texnifiaol .lonoaoni, nKy <I>panu,i!i 
Moace flaTB yspalHi, saaHaqa™ TO'iaiate i nepe^ani b ^panuyatay an6aca;ty aao 
Mora uiBH^ie HpofpaH, hkhu yapaiHCbEiiu ypaj ra^ac peajiiayaam, i Bi,];iioBai[i iiorpeuii. 

Miii gaxi^, KOTpiiii a pofciio iiepiaaR, Moaie Bac ssneimiiTii 11 Tosy, mo ciim- 
uaTi'i 'I'paHni'i iii.xnocao sac cvti pea.ibai Ta ^iicri. TaCyi." 



2) n 4>paHny3tKa Pecny6.iHKa. 
I'eaepaa-KoMicap 
Pecuy&iRKH. 



Kill e: 



21. rpy jaa 1917. p. 
a. ciMna 1918. p. 



Ttiitepaji Tn6yi, K^Micaji *I'paHuyatt: if Fecuy6- 
"II i: II ut'B .VpilJli VKpiiuchKni VecuvfiliiKir, finny Ye. 
«e|HUbHiHif CeKpenpcBi 3ar;op iobhiii- cnpaa yi,-pttu- 
umsoT Pocnyo-THcn, 

IlaHe 1'eHepa.ii.HHH Cespeiape ! 

Maw 'lecTB upoxani Bac sobbcth ao BuoKa ypa^y yKpaiHCBsoi PecnyflaHKH, 
mo ypaa 4>paHHy3BKo'i Peeny(5.juKH iipii3iiaHUB MeHe, hko Koaicajia ipaHnjamoi 
PeciiyC.iHKH iipa ypa#i .VKpalacbKoI PecnyCiiiKis. 

B HacjiUoK nboro a npoxaio sac noBiaosHTii mchc, b nKaii ^enb i ro.uitty 
g asovKy CKjacm xo» ypoiacTy o$in,iajibHy siauTy Fojioai X'pa^y. 

llpomy npiiiiiinTii, icatie reiippa.ii.iiUH CeKpeiape, a&neBEMHHa n moih r.iaCo- 
k'iu hhiiuihL T a v t* 



3) „'l>pauny3i,Ka PecityG.niKa. 

l0HepM-Kusi' , :i|' 

PecnyOjiHKii 
No, 11. 



KbIb 29. (11.) ci-xirii 1918. p. 

l'miepaji Tafiv'i, KoMicap ^paHHJ'3i.Koi Vticujtt- 
.liiKi UftEoii 1'enepiuuioiiy CitfcpeTapoBl 3aKopj|oij- 
inn CnpaB J'puy S'KpllucHiOl FecayfiiHlm. 



5. (19.) rpyjuur, ayt'iac noua"«Bafl, b iiKoity dpaali yvacib uair BuHHiiqciiKo, 
llpeaiweBT J'ps^y, i feaepaJiLEi CeKpeiapi cnpaa aaKopaOEHnx, ^iaancoBiix, apojo- 
boju.1111, ffiJiiiiB, Koaiyimtanil Ta jocTau,i"i, n saB Hera. iipeaciaBHTH ciiayioiy aaany : 

.Jliinc IIpe3a r ieHTC ! 
Baataio'iH 3aiBepaoiH cboi ntywri aaaipu m,o-RO yKpalHOHtol PecnyUaawi, 

.Vpa,i, *paBny3tKOl PccnyGjiiKii noBW>siiB aeae TMcfpa^B'iBO (ejpianii aacifl cnoiy- 
i.iiiiii, KOTpafi Tenep icraye), bio Bia trpaaaaqae mchb irpescTaaMBKoa "tpaHnyaiKo'i 
l'ecrryfi.iHKii apa Vpn^i yspaiBCLKoS PecnyuaaKH. 

Bate CKOpo piK, 8K n aaxoacyen ua repHtopil yxpalBK. 3a ttfil lac a sau 
HaroA}' npocTy r i;i»BaTii icTopiio ciapo'i y«palHH, a :t yaaroKi caiflKyBaB 3a pqsbbtkob 
i'i Ean.ioaajii.aoro pyxy ii a air CKOECTaryBaTa yCBJias, BiiiiE.ieni ykpalacuon Pec- 
Hyfanon ii ui.uix "vTHopeiimi I saiBBMxeflHa *i>pa.ii>Hnx i ((lisii-juiix cii.i, ncoOiiA- 
tiiix »u opfoaiaauit flepataau. Ba Bci* KEY n ciUuyaau ■ njxaBicno, :iKa ato-pa.i 
i'i.n,iiivu;uacj., i n « maf.iiiiinii Ta ropfliiS, mute upesBxeare, Ga'iiini, mo CBoroaaa 
ueii iBTepsc ae a tui.kh nepcoEa.ii.il mi, oo r apuaaayaKxia aeue npcVTaflnnuoji. 
VpH,T, *pana..Y3BKiiT PeriiyCiBKa yuaUM KOl eaXQKB " ywumonaatya laeae npn,i»n- 
:KyBan o$iu.ia.iLHo ii npcKpaciii ni,T,Hoci!an, uoipi Ba;e yTBopa.aucH iiomuk iiajiii. 
fl apuuouiy lias o$iE,iamBe saneBaeaitH b iim, m, o <& p a a u i a, i; o t p a_ a e p ui a 
p o o a t h n, e it p i m y n n ii k p o k, nuTpnayBaTaae acisa cboimii ciliiimh yBpalBCMty 
PecnyO.uiity b thi yCBXsax, bkbx soaa Bullae, moo" ipojoitsy»an c B i 1 i i A 
ii o in j n i y n k n ii laipeeixai c o Ci i c o k a a n k » i an k o t p o m y bobh 
liTiiMVTi. i aa^a-ii oes uaraai. y aomiiii cbUomoctii CBo'ii upas i oGobsukjb biahociio 
ADMOKpaTi'i Euoro coiiy ii „ik>,i,C£K0ctb. 

OcoSbcto a BtiAaBca ubomy aaB;i,aaHKi a ycisn eaepficiu i a.i.taia ii 3 cepa,ej| 
^paHajBa." 

■ Paxynqu bia Cbotojjsa, i.paan.ia ysiSauia b o <j» i b;i a a lb i Bia- 
hocji a a a y u p a I a o ». 

3 orssjy ua. iiiBii,t,Kiiii xix iro.Ufi i M* ioro, a;ou ae ryCura >iaey, x»ni 
lecis apoiaiu uac Ram sciii BisiiOBiAF. aa ne aso »ora bibha^b. Tadyl." 

4) ,,II]ie;iiTUBniiK Be.iHKoG[.iuTaail 

fioro Kkciumviuu'i llt-tjaiiABHiy I'aiii Hiviofpii 
.Vi.'paiai-bKo'i HapOiin,o'i P<.'CI}'(iIUKll. 

Eken,oioan,ie ! 

Mini, qecii BOBiflOBBiB Bac, wft ypnj, Horo BeaaKoCpuTaacLKOi BeJKTOOCtB 
ii|ii!jna'niii ucae Tejctpa4avuoK> ftoporoH), iiKa lapaa ojtunoKn »oa:.iaBa, apejCTaB- 
HXBOE BLMMKoflpHTaaii aa yKpa'iai. 

Mifi ypM.i AopyiHB neat aaixeBEiita Bac y Boro .invpux uaxipax Bia bIa- 
r|ni>tyBaTKare 3 yeix i-mi'ii cm.i J'i:paiiii-j,i;iiii ypag y 'jaBAaauai, ai;i nin pnoiiO'iaii 
bio-,10 ctaopeBHa ^oOporo pipaaiiaHu, EiATpaiiannH nopnj,Ky i n n o p w b a a a a 
li, e h r p a ;i i a a i A e p u: a b, b o p o r i b ,t c m o k p a t i S ii ,i jo a c l k o c t b. 

111,0 TopKaciten aeae ocoGihto. n aaio teen, aaae npeauAeaie, aaneBiuuu 
Bac y iioBuirt ni^aaocTa jjn peaai3an,it aamoro caijiLHoro ifleaay. 

IliKioa liafe 
BpexmBHHX Be.iBKoOpiiTaHi'i ua .VKpa'iBi." 
J iitoro .iHCTyBaaaa i BaseffeHn b TeKeri AOKyHeuriB Ob'ibmo, mo O^i TauBii 
»0MenT ii KTopii yKpaiaciKoi Napo;iBi,oi PecnyAasnr, kojib 'i'i Hauxe oahotocvo 
ini3iia.in: a) Ut-iiTpiuiwii ^epwaaa, (>) Aaraina i n) CoaiTCBKa Po 

r (cp;i;aniiiiil KaHBjiep HiMeiHusn ^p. repi.iiiif bc pas Hi^BpeaajOBaa 



81. 



uajtHice oKonosn>mc ana'iiumi xupoBoro ^oroBopv a y K palBoio. Ha itapjaxeHTapniii 

KOWCn 2*. CKIH BUL d* lllimHB. CK.13aB : ..Hill rnmiiiacMn^t nm ,„.,»,„,„.;« 



cBii^iBatisoet, no HepBAOBeii 



a yspaiaon ?tiBse«o so yni.ui, BK a (SyRe ■ ooocropoaaiM iaTopeci i uopiioaa t e«o- 
inow uoky-, Tan caao ap. KioauaB mj,KpecjiK 1B aB uesxtx aiiaHiEBB »npo- 
aoro ^oroBopy 3 >KpalHojo case g exoxoiramoio Gobv. 



— -2W — 

Ipatji T e [hi i n, ,(OK.-ia,naK><ni ROMici'i ,vin iiarpaHiminx enpaB ascipifictKoro 
paiixupary npo sift neperoBopia (24. ciiiia b. ct. 1918. p.), CKa3an: „B nepiiiiii .liui'i 
niKaBHTi. ABCTpo-J'ropn^Hy HOBOHapo p \aceBa cycisflH aciiiKa aeparaaa — yKpaiua . . . 
BaKawneHHH aiipa HnaKme npeftCTaBjiseTBca 3 Ilerporpaaoa, HHauate 3 YKpalHOKi, <k> 
ygpafBa nan aaiiacn sacnfliB hoxhbh, siki Bosa Moate bhb03hth, kojh iioro^usincsi 
b ToproBe.iLHHi ciipasax . . , IIcTporpajt ate nworo He Moate eebosuth . . . Ilpo- 
AOBoaMa cnpasa a hhui acypoio cniia i siftorpae bcri^u ne.iHKy pojuo." 

TaK caMO itpeaiuetiT aiaicTpiB ;tp. Saiftitej) Ba aaciftaHifio aBCrpiiicLKO'i 
iia-iatu noc.iiB 19. .itorom [a. ct.) rOBOpSB: „3oGoBa3aHHa, HKe iiepciiiisuia Ha 
yEpalHCtBa Hapo,t,iiii Pecnyu.iuKa, iio.iaiai: u iiepmift Mtpi Ha fin, m,o aau HeiiTpait- 
HiiM JepacasaM so pocnopHflaceHUH calR .ihihok xai'ia. K uaftiu, mo me b n,is roctto- 
AapcLKiM poni YKpalHa ftociaBHTt. Il,eiiTpa.TEHMi ,"(,ep:iwaBau cboc 3<5iantai." 

Ha 3acuanH» Tojiobhoi Koaictt rtcpaiMCBKoro PaiixcTafy 19. jioTOro (it, it.) 
1918. p. CKa3as xp. Kwaiiai npo Mitp a yKpaittoro lase : ,,3 HiMeubKOl bh- 
Po.ihi6hoct]i noB«aB aup 3 \"Kpainoio. HanioHajiuia jyHKa a^ofiyjia aa J'KpaiJii 
juhhwI tpyHT, i BHSBJeKHS HauioirajitHOl cbUomoctii ram npe,T,cTaBJme rapHHH i Be- 
.iH'iuiiti Ma-iWHOK. yKpaiHCbKa aepataaaa i^ea 3oc.TatteTi.eH 3aBiue iiaawnH "uihhiikom 
b xhttk) Pocii. VKpaJHa e CaraTOKi upaiHoio 3 Be.inKiiani aanacaaK cupiBnia i aaco- 
uju noatiiBti. Hi rocno,T,apcLKi orjajH rpajw, poayMiEitca, HaiiGi.iBBiy poam itpit 
3aK.iKi'icHBm aupa. Jifla GyjtyiHOCTH garage jiOBroTpHBaay Bapricij. Ta OfictaBHHa, 
mo IteHTpaJitHi J(epvuaBH lieputi aaBaaaaa 3hochhh a iioboki xepacaBoio." 

22. IIo,naeMo Tesci onoBimenHs leiiepajitKora CcupeTapiaTy e citpaui sono- 
Mont x.iiCoa rcioaawiouy HaceaeHHio BeaiiKopoci] i ^poitToai : 

„lTpaBHTe.i£CTBO J r Kp. Hap. Pecir. ,t,oi:o,uit[» go Bi'jr,ojta BCix TOBaptiutiE — 
caaftariB ycii 4 , P" lrr ' 11 l BeJiBKOpyctKoro napo,Tj- lase : 

Ilerporpa^cBKe iteBTpaaicTHiHC IIpaBHTe.iLCTBo Hapo.^Hii KonieapiB, no 3bh- 
iaw uapiB caMo^epatuia. ne ciotLio npH3naTn npaBa yKpalncLKOro napo^y aa cbom 
BaacTi i o6nBii:io Y«p. Hap. Pecn. nifiny aa re, nio HeiiTpa.itHa Pasa j'KpalucLKHX 
pofiiinnKLB, ceann Ta ca-iaariB ue cxoii.ia ciyiamca upuEasis 3 IleTporpa^a, a sote 
jkhth fi ynpaBamncB Boaeio CBoro Hapojy. 

OnoBicTiiBnjn ygpaiHi siiiHy, nexporpa r T,CBKe caBO,l,epataBHe n,eBTpaaiciBiiie 
npanHTeabCTBO BarKajio na yKpaiiiy npfin HatijiaHiix .iHi^eii, ni,o sbjtbcb Kpacno- 
niap^uinsiin fio.ubnieBHKa^n. Ti KpacBOteapAiiiui 3axonjiicTL Hauri ropo^H i ce;ia, 
rposr.iRTij siipne uacejienffa, po35i!Ba»TB aiarasHHn, apeuiroflyioTi, ucaKoro, xto im ne 
jiKifiHH, rpaSyiOTt y cejaB ijiifi, HacnayioTi. jkihok, po3cipi.iioiOTfc yspaTmiiB — bo- 
ski'b, lrpoKOJiioioTi, la oii. Ma.ao Toro: ntofl 3pyBnyBaTii irauiy Ha])0,i,Bto yiqialmi.Ky 
PocnyS^nKy, Bonn sfipounoio ch.ioki aaxonawiOTi ciann,i"i aa.iiaiiHUi. 
i II D A03BOJIHJ0TL :'. a .1 i 3 II i . ,i n ) i r> :i: II 11 k n m npoBOtnii 3 II i II ,i, n II 
yKpainn Byrt.it ^o KnlBa, uojttaBH i flpyrttr ropo^ifl. Boiih 
poft.iaTi. nc ;t,ia Toro, m,o6 de3 Byrixia cumin. iin't iiattti 3a.iiani ,iopo™, ijtaoptiKii, 
bkborh, b;o6 Bee Bace.ienita noia,io meprn 3 rojto.iy. O.utu it Tntttix naHjiaiitis 
:iHi;tcii, qiaoiacntiK i tiaciim.H iik, mo 3B8 cefio HaposBis KonicapoM AnronoBiia, 
Tiii.iait poi'iiopn,i,>t;eiiiiii no ncii 3aii3Hiinax, mo 6yse poBcrpijijDBaTH bchrot-o, xto 
nponycTHTL Byrijb Ha nieiii'i FicpalHB:, 

Ane b Toil ate "iac ni 3.iroimtn.i — Haptwi Koaicapn, KOHip-peBO.TKinioncpH 
i Baf'tuii.HiiKii, o.iiiHunrit y nac tiyri.it., .1 h a e m i p it o (saiijioii, m o U e n- 
iputHi Pajn, i tetiepaiinuB CeKpeTapiaT ne ictaii bostii 
x:ii6 y B c a it k o p o c im i n a $poxTB. He — 6 e 3 c o p on it a . n a- 
x a 6 h a, Ee^ocToSna (ipexita. IIpaiiiiTu.ii.oTiio yKpa'iiiotKnx poOiTiinicin, 
caajiai i cennii 3aae, mo BeaiiKopyrtKi pofliTHUKH, ca.ij.aTH i ceJiflire ne Boporu I'm, 
a Oparn, m n ue Be.tHKOjiyctKiui napo.i. nimoB niftHOK ua yupalacMniS napoA. 
a niuijiu liiiBKH aCo nailsiaiii afio o6,Tj'peni neT])orpa,T,CLKHMn canoAepiKaBiinjiH ko- 
HicapanH leani jiRi^e. I tepen ie HesipaiLiia Paia noetanoBHJia 
o a n p a b .i a t h, He a b a « a io ^ h g i n a mo, x ,i i 6, a k u a $ p o n t it, 
i as i b B e.a it k o p o i'iio. 

Aae noeiatioBy cbok> yttpaliici.Ka BJiacTB «e b ciuii aftiilcuHTii, Co tieTporpaj,- 
ii,ri caaoftepjKni ^epc3 cboix HaBuHTiB — KpacnorBapxiiin,iB aaxonmiH 3ajianMrj,i 






201 



b Haini« BjTMBiria pafioai i ue nponycK-aioTB Byriaaa m» bo'Ijajb, mo naioii, ne»TM 
xai6 na $pohth, I ot ^epes no jiiiiioHH eaasai, mo jKHTrR cboc Kaaaa b oSopouy 
piiBOro upaio, i aiaioini Oi>aTiB-BeanKopociB bj-cbtb roaoxyMTB. 

leHepaaBHnfi CeKperapiaT — npaBiiTcaBGTBo yispalHCBKoS HapoajiBOl Pecny- 
6,ii!Kii, ioboah'ih ne jo sinoiia caaftai ua $pniiTai i fiparaBoro BeaBieopycBKoro ro- 
.lojaKiioro Hapo^y, sasaase, mo yrpalBarafi napes Bciaro synieio Cascaa noMona 
i xaifioM i bcik, mo sin aae, cboIb 6pBTan, aae n>oro sin He a«oate 3poCuTB iotb, 
HOKB He Baateae a cbo«I icpssaBH rpytmx aacnaBBJittiB, rpaGiaeaaKiB i KOErp-peBOJiio- 
BJOHepia K])acuofBap^iHttiii. Ufi ciaueibca neaaflapoM ; yKpaTHctBiifi Hapoa, anailiiinB 
y ce6e cm Be ^aTHCH 3afl_vuiHTB ceSe bi qapax, hi SypacyflM-Ka^eiaB, Hi Bpe»eH- 
HOMy npaBHTenberay EepeactKoro, — ne jacTB bih cefie aaftymHTH tsko* speMeu- 
BOMy i HejiOBrosiBEoay caBoneparwEoiiy apaauTeaBCTBy ueiporpaftCBKHX KOJiicapiB 
3 'isiiisn liaiixanHMii rpatiiaiiiiiKasii. 

2. CWna, 19i8. p. FojioBa ienepaJiiBoro CeKpeiapifliy i feHepaiiBBB ce- 

Kpeiapt BKyipimHix cnpaB B. Bbiiiichko. 

l'ejiep. ceKpeTapi cys,OBHi CBpaB M. T b a i e b k o ; b. o. (enep. ceKp. Bifi- 
cbkobbx cirpas i feaep. cesp. npanj M. II o p ib ; iWep. ceKpei. aeseatHnx cnpaB 
B. B a p y ,; a m B j feHep. ceKp. npoAOHoaBTOi cnpau M. KouaaeBCLBuii; 
fenepaniHHH ceKppt. BinEHapoafllx cnpaB 0. UTyatrBn; fenep. cesp. maaxiB 
B. G m e h k o ; feaep. ceKp. iiotih tt rejitifpa^y M. HI a n o b a a ; teHep. ceKp. 
■opi-LKiis cnpaB & Ahtohobhi; b. o. Yenep. ceKp. 4>iBancoBHi cnpao 
B. Misypeuiio; tonep. ceKpeT. mpry i npoBacaoBociH B, roiy 6oiei; 
rciiep. cesp, ocBiTBin cnpaB I. Clemen ko; fenep. eeKpeiapB BeanicopycBBBX 
cnpas ,H. Opuem: teHepaa&Hiio ceKpetapt ospeBctKHi cnpaB B. 3 i a b 6 c p- 
iji a p 6 ; rtHep. ceBpet. BoatckKiii cnp&s M. M i b k e b 1 i ; teaop. KOHTpoaBop 
A. BnjioiapbOD ; bhk, o6ob. ienep. nsicapa I, MipHiS." („Po6. Ia3eia" 
i. 220, 4. BHBapa 19 \<i. p.). 

23. TeKCT HaKaay $eaij,)tapBtajia Aaxropaa 6yB caUyiowH : 

„3 ycix o^epiKyBaHiii Tenep 3b!,iom;icbb BnnaBHae, mo bocbbbbh aaeiBa* 
i'po3iiTi. onisHeHHH. He asajKawiH Ha re, mo siaicrp ijiifiopoficTBa SBepHyBca 3 aa- 
bjibboh ao ceaaH i BOi'yMHB 3enejiBHuii KOBneTaM, atw 3e«juo 3acia.iH bcjo,t;h TiaBKB 
ceasme, oaHane noHcsa cyMHinaTiiFa, m,o6 ;ie«e.iLHi KoxiTeni aaiB bcibkhh biijihb 
y BiE CBpasi fl mod ceaane npHCTj-najB so B|>aBi. ToMy laKOM; HiaectKi BiBctKOai 
Baacin b BpHsnaienHi Sm oiqjyrax hobuhhI eneptiBflo HacroioBaTH na tib, mofi fiyao 
3acinH0 iaa, ,n* B@ Oyxe MoacjiHBe, b uopoayxiiiBKs a yKpa'iHCtKHSH aesieaiBHBn ko- 
MixeiaME, a b bhiubx Hicn;ai — 3 iBin.iflTHBB cbxbx buIcbkobbx saaciefi. 

BlnpoKHx ceaaHCBBiiM Macaw Tpe6a ohobIcthth HaBnpHciynHimHii ftsa hhx 
cnocoCoM ocb mo : 

HauaaiBiifi HixetiBKnii IToatiOso^eitB Ha yKpalni BnxaraiHse Baaeumoro 
cnoBHenHfi otcwx iryKKTis : 1. ^o Toro, xto aaciBae 3C»aic, HaaeKHTt afiip; bib 
ojepsye rpomi roiiBKOio aa sidpaauB ypo»afi no BiRnoByiHHX BiHax. 2. Coaasun. 
Korpnfi BiaLste CKiatKicTB fpyarv, BKa BepexosaiB ftoro chjib, i noiy tie oopoomi 
roro fpyBTy b n,i.iocTn, apofiHTB na Cyay'e yKpatneBKOMy Hapo^oBi, ak TftKOx 
yKpaTHCBKiil Jl^ppaeaBi, mRnjy, hkoS fi HaiipaBBiH bo MOSKHa, sa m° <5y*e CTporo 
HOBapaniifi. 3. Tan, a« ceasHe kc HnwyrB aaciaTH n;iaoI 3enai fi ae c me noaii- 
mBKH, tl ociaHH! hobbbbi saBHaTHCH 3aciBo» fpjBxiB, He HapyniajoiH ^epe3 Te npasa 
na 3aK0HHKB Boai;: aewai aa bohwiki seHeaBBiix KOMiTeris. Ceanae b tbx BiinaxKax 
ae noBMHHi BepemKOftaKaiii noximBKax b saciBaBH» fpysriB. ^a aacisy 3eMai i ne- 
peBesenHH wehb seMeatni KOMiiem noBBBHi aociaBHTH noaimnKa« Konefr, pijiBBX^Bx 
naumn, a TaKoat iiaciann aa aacis. 36ip b TaKax Baaa^Kax 6yae BaacHicTio nopiany 
ceaaH i tbi, mo 3aciaaa. 4. Bcmki rpaolam 8 uiimcBHa aacisiB Cyjyit ciporo 
KapaHi. 

fpyKTiB, BKi iiCMoaBai KOBiteTH na iiupvieHHs ^epxaBHol saactu Ha aiflCTasi 
»p;iiia noai.maa, ae fipaTHxeTBca b paryGy b tiB fty«n,i, m;o n,i aeiiai OyayTB a,iacHo 
aaciani. 

ypsiffOBi po3nopaHKU e cnpaai 3aciBifi, BasaBani Biflri,KOBHMH BaacTSMa, Ma»TB 
uyiB po3aina»BaHi b noBiTax aa BHaHiB Mictti a yKpalECLKiit i HiseajKiu bob! 
i xaioiB CyTH, nacKiaLEB Be soacaaBe, nianacaai Bicu,eBiiHH 3exeaBUiiMii KOBiieiaBH 
aOo BijiuouianHMH uicqesaHB opianaxii. 



Ha 3eae.ibHi uonkem TpeOa BUjiiKyTH, moti ceaanax, su:i iJamaTlLiyTi «udi 
Toro, BB^aHO 6yao cBW'HTBa irpo npocrip aex-ii, aacianol hhmii. Tax, fte 3eKe.ii.iii 

KOMJTeTH 6yVTL BMHOBaHTJICfl Blft BHCTaBJCHHil WRX nocBiA^eHt, noattHHi ii BHfta- 

Barn Hiaen,tKi BiiiciKOBi B.iacTH. 

IIpo Bci po3nopaxKn, Si ijtijiencHHU il aacjriflKH, a lasoac lrpo Dpociip aad- 

uHoi aeMji nicn,eBi aa-noni ooauHni aonectH raaoBHOKosaHiyjoiojiy ice ni3Him,e, uin; 

15. «aa c. p. 

HLsen>Kuu Haia.ii,iinu IIoaKOBOftenB na VKpaiai A fi irop B." 

Kc.ih HesrpaaMia Pafta nixaaJia, npoTH n;ioro Haicaay irpotecT, u'tMeii;i,Ki uifj- 

I'BKOsi B.iaciii BKaaa-iii XX annum Ha to, mo hbmob On naitaa fiy.io cxaajieHO 3a 3roj,oio 

i b ttopoayaiHHio 3 MUrictpoit :iejce.iLBHi cnpas M. KoBa.ieBCi.KHK. Hii! 3a»Bi hixto 

bo uhhb sipii, npoTfr tosho ucpoflipuTH 11 lie Bflaiocb, thjc tonne, mo M. Koaa- 

.icBCiKaH nirse ne BnciynaB nisHime npoTH Hei. 








F03flI.II II. 

Ha aopoai a;o poGiTHHie-eenHHOBKoi" flep*aBHOCTH. 

b. PoehuHie ceaaHCtsa peBoaKmia Ha MoCKOBmaui i Bi,n,ryKii n m 
yspalsi. — 6. IIporoaouieHHa J r Kpa1fli'bKn'i HapoAHtoi PecnyfiaHKH. — 
7. IJeHTpaubBa Pasa i aaBaauus pi-Boaiouif 



36- 76 



"5acTHHa II. 

Tpa^efliH yKpamcBKoi peBOJiioutii. 

(BiSiia a Cobiicikoio Pociea). HuentBa njonoHora",) 

P03AIJ1 III. 

BiftHa 3 CoBtTotKoio Pociero i MBp a KeBTpaa&HBMH AepaaBauB. 

8. BiuBa 3 Cobitcekoki MocKoanuiHOip. — 9. llo<iaTOK MiipoBuz nepero- 
Bopia a HixeiiMBBOK) ta IT coHiSHHKaaiH. — 10. IIporoaoineHHH ca»o- 
ciiBffOOiB yKpa'incbKoI HapoflHtol' PeenyoaHKH. — 11. JlpHaHaana J^en- 
ipantHiiHU ^epmaaaiiB caaoeTifiMOCTB yKpa'iacLKoi Hapoanbo'i Pccay6.iBRH 
i 3aKaKiienna npj 77 — 116 



P03flIJI IV. 

CoKiaatBo-eKOHOMB^aa nojiTBKa ra 3aKoaoflaBCTBo yKpa'iHCBKoi 
IHeHTpajtBHoi FaffH nin,iac bihhh a Mockobiuhhoio. 

12. Ilia. npoBoflOM yKpa'iHc&KHx comiaab-fleMOKpatiB la con.iaiiciiB-4ii;j,e- 
paaicriB. — 13, Sanisneae saaoHOffaBCTBO : saaoue UenTpaaumi Paa.ii 

Bpo 3611.110 i BOCbHHrOflHHHIlii poCiTBIMBH Sent. — 14. IIpHIHHH Boeaam 

ycnixiB pociBeiKiix ooabineBUKiB i aeycaixiB HearpaaLHoi Pa,tM. — 
15. atHTOMHpcLKiiil rtepioa, HeBipaaBBoi PaiH. — 16. Ilia, npaaopoa 
.VKpa'iHCBKo'i paasuciKo'i BaaaH (paciHctiu 6uabiueBHi:H fla yKpa'iai) . . 116—166