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Full text of "Our heritage from 1776 : a working class view of the first American revolution"

FTU TN: llliii llllllllllll 


HX15.V35no.2115 




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iiii 



eritage-froBi 1/ /o. 

A W^t-Mnjt^ Clasii View <>| the first A>twncmi Rt^^dnti 

by 

jA\' LOVESTONH 



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jtsdf '^yith th(^ very questiOJ^, It (^ «:0||t;li^4? ''*\^i?i|Vfcferr|%to 
Do We Reject/' h disputes ^tep &5^ ?ftep with tN'- F©pd&m iMt 
inheritance iwm p^t hourgmh rev'dhitior^^mesf. **Wfe Sti^ d«r8$i- 
Jrely 3Xi«>re a>Bmsen£ and trutt ^^tdhm of the mher^tanc^ thm 
the N<'trodmki (Popdssts^)/* h<s d^clareSj ^n4 l^§ th«fj 5idds< v ~ 
"to ke«p th« inliy&rtejfice hf nn tsms.m s%dB«s &3^t <m^ m^^t limk 
hjUBdf to what he has if^hentsi/' This srtfek bf tte ymjttfefol 
Leasn was a de^nke declarsmr^ xhKt th^ Rti^l^ wo^fcmg da^ w^ 
coming ^i ag:<5 ?&nd cl^imbg tte li^rk^i^^ tte^^ln^ ©^^^|tm^ 
th^ %nUghtm^T^'' md the mmw^^^' 

to It. . . :> y'-- .... . 



|sWpE|: l)f TO :tm^ m;. 
tmt — ^® M53tntS^ 1^tet» ft ^imM^M 
not i}hp\ttt witis tl&e ^iiTfgiolsl§j: a^d pst^^lsplli 
g<&oj$j« (the '^'bmk r<s 177S-eJ^'0 i^^ ^t^ $h^wi^y^m:^M^^$W^ ^f 
rh^ &m- Amerk^n ^^ydutim. This y^^a^r/litb f&^#l^ifes f&sM% 
mn) fmty Intmd^ to d^m ihh inlmtM^^ m M^I:W||g 

This ftm k tht lS0th anni^e^My at th^ Aipp|pj§^^ 
t^l !??6. II the J4v^r^|f€ am^imss ^v^c^rfe^r & .;^i|i|ii||ii|p^^^^^ 

**1t was §5 bcmrgeo^ tm?>lmmnf^:^ ^^M^^^S^^^^^^^^^^, 

di:S^t$ md ^^ph^lkt^ it^s noi mr f'^i^^lMi^k^^ '^^^^^^^^^^i 
ing class Tjs#img hm f:^Mtmhn^ W« feaf¥s;:;^i||^ 




:^«■^":^^v:■:■:■:^■>^"^:■> 



^^^^ ^ tk B^^imt upj^yng ^i 1825. Th« s«^ workers 
^life!s;j;:^^4 <s^^iliemF^ tl?^ *^ t??6 by th^ Asmrkm 

wmit^^ thought th^ <^khmtm^ oi the Des:3&mb?bt ispyfelsiig tight 
^M pmp^t tm4 i^ a limited sxt^m joimi in the cekhradosv Yet 
the i>©ceHsi*rkt ^pr&l^^g: 0I 182S in Rij^a was ^n uprising of s hw 
msfeles and generals. If it had succeeded at ^rould have developed «t 
c^pMlst govcrsiment or, snore properly speaking, a laberdl^scd 
leisda! government: where capitalism could develop more I reel 5^. 

Agmn th«r« h ehe French revolution. It also was a bowrgeok 
r^r<ilutJOfi, Its leaders outlawed the bbor unions, h cre^cd the 
gjCivernment ih^t rv^^ Fraj^ce to^daj^ in the jrsliere^t ^f o&pl^tea 
^M jmpmsdkm. Yet ncjt ^y & ifee e«3^3®eim$s Fg'esisfe wmimm 
c^ismmemor^t^ tlae r«v0lyti0B of 17S9^ b^t e^m thm mmh^m of 

draw Ttfvolmsonary inspiratiori -and iessos^s from it, 

"We are trying to brsni^ sjp cusr you^h an the sf>int of the deepest 
resp^-t Un the outstanding representatives of the great French 
revolutiofi/' declared Zinovjcv in hk lecturer on th^ ''History of 
the Rusissan Communist Party/' ''We understand their clsss 
chssracter. We knosr that while the re^trdutson mni sa monarch 
to the guillotinti n al&o ersforced b^^s a^:j^mt l#or isssbs^. Nev- 
e]eti:iel^^s^j the&e representatives of the g^^t h^sg^k rev'^l^iion 
^s-e the Bmt d^mk uo^p^ of styxiiggl|j5i::|if^ggpp^^^ thru 

ilse isij^ ^ teWls^ and ^tee% ^S^iffe:^^ tfe^ ^^ag 
fi^iS ol the pi^0t||pEAn rcvob¥;b^$v-' 

k otjie of tlj« ^j^^.jsl whM l^mn tim^%^i ^^m^mA hMkm<^^ Yhtre 
k ii mndtncf on the part oi ^n mwnmnu hk wmg m ^^thtm^ out 
the haby with the bath,'' To throw out the dirty water of par- 
h'jmie^jjtary o^partu^femj k dun^ps out tht hskf as well— tls* parr- 
fesp^Mbn su parliamentary campaigE^a. Respiting against op- 
p^Ttwi^t pktfer^s^ it rejects partial demands altogether* Re- 
l^iss^g & hmnk *t^^ whkh the Ameriom revolution of 1776 has 
|ji^n ^ts^rou?^ed and the u&es to which it h put In hittdlng 
^^m^mm^ rej^^l^ ali^ the reactjosnary slogan of the pstty bowr- 
||fepl§^---**E:s^fe to 1776''— it renounces hs revofiitsonary In- 



h«ritancc as well ajid declares that there k nothmg in 1776 which 
can be carried forward toward 1927 «ind beyond. Such purely 

a«d wh«j|ff^>ome fir^t reaction of ^j^ undev^tl^p^d worfelBg dj$i^ S^t 

«fe?ji te^ ¥£:rf la^ tfee wl^at # r^d^tl^n^s^f trsiltfens as>d 
jmehod^ and le&SKJns. 

**Debu^kmg" the Revc»lution 
And there is much debunking to be done. The itverage Fourth 
of July ''ceicbranosi" would b^ better t^anned a '"jsjlly-bray-t^on." 
The o^isi! arstor^ of the Semicentennial wsU portray the rev- 
(^l^isj^msry fek«F!& as d«^%s>d^, the rcvoIutJOR a$ «i gloriouis vindic- 
8tb?3 ol Ae es^jfx^sl rights of msp^ tli^ ij^^it^tteM i^mmei ^ d&^- 

k first «^:a^3if8ttJ*m fi*f tte ir«y«rf?jti^si^^)^ "Isiljeirs- * mm^^ tk^m 

rmflstfem on tf^t t^i by the Edtkh ^txw^mi^ *^b^ieg*' 
fTsanufacturcrs illichiy fabricatiisg &n4 sellteg s^r^kte tk^t tkt 
Brkkh law forbade them to rs^afeg or &ell> Ismi spec^lsmr^ trymg 
l;o I&y their hands on hnd which befenged m tht Bfhhh Crown or 
whkh had been awarded to Canada by the Quebec acts, men of 
wealth and affluence who coatinucd lo own slaves after *'a!l men 
were created free and equal/' The eternal rights of man prove to 
be the d^m InUfuU ai certsim cl«^^ &tr uggli^g ter ^j^ii^si^ce u 
against stno^^et ;^t oi 4omm^nt dmm^^ Tl^ gl^^rfe^- #Tv^s«^ oI 
the Deckr^tkjsj of Ir^^pe^^lmce t^:#e «feiE^ #tM^ 

qs^lisa^l^ij^ Im s^^^ Mid f i?^^^ mm WW^^^^^-^^^ 
th^sm who w^?«i m Ife p^r^kd: y^iSir k> If ^Is^tlgll i?i fc *^i|^^ 



mS: 



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3s:s^^tastefe #Sipsi i y^r ^*lialie?:j>al>fe right to the 

ptsrstjit^f h^^psi^* ?j^ be taken away from you also. 

Biit M #fe:^e re'^ of 1776 h m exception to other bour- 

gtok tmi^^Mm& 0i^^^J^ Engek wrote: "We know today that 
thss febg^€?m of mmm '^V^jb noshing mort' than the idealized king- 
don) 0I 5;he b«>^urged$fe| tte this EtcrnaJ Right found its rcaisr.a- 
tion 'm bourgeois ju^tkej that this e<|y<ility reduced itself to hour- 
g^ls ^4^^^% feefere tl6<e kw; that baurgeois property was pro- 
cy:m«rf m et'm &f tk^^mntM rigim of mtn; and that the govern- 
s^sJt €fl: rea^j^v , * ^ cs^fi tes^ bemg srsd could only coi^e 
Inl?^ Mri^ M & d^i^g^ Tgfj^^k* The great thiinkers 

&i ^; ^^^mk mm^ could not, . , . go beyond the 
]|£?ji:t$ Impiiji #0^^^ their epoch," 

S^ta^i;;^?^!^ ^ w^^ said that the Rievolution of 1776 w^ a 

els^ g^ie$^iqEijp;^ife^^ certain) class institutions and which 

mad^ matJ-y ps^oiw^s wb%h k did not and could not fuJfili, then we 
hm€ cltm^i tl^e gtowd lor sa closet exajninatioE} of the real nature 
*>f tl^e revd^itmrtj t\m Alngs it achieved and the things it represents. 



-siii^ 



m^Mm 






colo^MiprM a wiiei§ ssf ies of lm% vmmA^^^Wi^^m^m 

s\i<:h a ws^y j^ m letter 5;U« c^iamemd an?! btjslja^ss jj(st«rg^t$ ^i 
Ej^glsnd. Tie M$£^^£g^tlon Acts^ fr3;m«d for the purp^^se of bislid- 
ifig «p the Britfsfe jf^er^aLj^t marine ao<l n>avy, gas^e a jsnorsopoly 
of coloaitl comMcree £<i British ship^. Tht Fact«>fy Aets forbaid^ 
the m^?i:^tetitire ol bjit% wmiem and sror«, Ji:f%d the exportstjoss of 
such ^^^^uls^tBi^ed ^tM?^. Tl5e Tra& L^^5^^ c^mplted & xd^ 

mm 



wm^^> W^0i^MmyM:!Mf 







J^mes Ones! m IjSs "Warfe^ers-m i^merJoj^f^ Mbt^ojr^?*^ jlfeial^^ 
the kad^fs In the ^tx^ggk sjgdmt tftese fews m %mn^<^mJ^ Tte. 
rh^y were smuggkr^ tliere k no drnthi, Ldor*® **E^c)^cfep©||i& of 
F^lkkai? and &imd Sdence" Hghtly dcchues; "M5;>«-tentfe$ of their 
n^5Pctent« were miugglerSv Om qm^n^t jsI all tbe si^n^rs of the 

secret tn4 Oj^^itn ^Uu^h 



A second c^ase of the A^^e^rfc^SJ j^i>vs>lumm vrm tte !fm|ifc^S^^i^|^:;|||:. 

upth^ mmm ^dm^m ^m d^^to^..^^ ^m^ m^^^ 

mmm. Bmtk^ %tM$h Mn§., bmMihy c^tmi ^^^^^^^^^^. 








mm 



^^fcl^o?^ W^ ^^%f ptm^Mm^ m ^ km hms&mJ^ MmM 
4mm mm 0m mMmm ^ime «te ^ m^ fmmkrmm, tk 
i^S^^e^ A> os^^l^i :gjm^l tmim m th^ W^mrn frontier mi 
wM mA ^ tfee Mlk ol fc army <^l tfee revol^^^fen* w^u dm 
mmim^ m Sife^lng il^^ tmm. And m ^^m^mm^*^ wfe© Imi mm-^ 
^M Imd in. I^ip^ ^i ^ N^^*% ^^^ "^^^^ dm ^%mi tUmm.'' 

clm^ W been %kkg a^n$t 1^ m^ «^f d^i^p pi^p^t 
m^m}"" m & me««5s ol settling ^?i ^Mf tmm^Mmed tfe« c^«mkl 
^00? hmt myw th^t th^y were 4«l>ti3ff$ ifef united to mm Img^ 
ti^mttiim of paper currejKv. The BtM^ ummMt^mmcm^^ m 
pm^m^ a bw Umking and pr<^HfelS[3;st|: tisfe pa^ticec Thk 
c^we^ . geoft rally ^gmj^r^ by ^rtlmim W^^fWm hm&m^ it 



mi 






f 


|:;:;:|||:;:;;pi;;; 




^:::::::S:;:;:::;:;:;>:;:;:: 


||||S^^^^^ 




^^v^y:':*:-:*:*:-:-:*:-:-:: 



iMlmtMM \tm ikk um o| ^he r^x««j ip |r|i!«s on whfch they 



7 




sell t^? |ea $s;s^3^i^ers^ Th^ Bid^Bi:^^^p^ 
dumping metko^ti^i th^ it^ m g^^^ 
T»k«i3 ^1 tppA^f th€ BrM^iipt^ . for thit pm^s^^^^i^^':^ 

Thfe dkpom^ ol all the mrtmt hm^m^ im^k^ m^% ''m^ 
evdudofs/^ of th^ mtmd unmtnrdm^ ol r^vduthmfj m^tk^d^ 
es as $ocio!<^^ 



d><jm \%-^ a ^re^t mdiS^^rent massK, |;^?^53tg jk^ grmx interest jxi 
ctev^«, Tfeey p^rov^^d ?3Yer 25(0^)0 tolomal t:r<5«>ps to the Brimh 

ms0ufact^rers n^rti speci^ktors iii w^tie^rn land, Wfe^ % ^;&.^m>all 
f^jps^er^^ fmrsslersmejii imi artisa^j^j i;^^lj4 w^r^; ^M t^:J|s^p ^^^ 



j^ev^ij^i^l^^Ff |i!^p^..;;|^ 



^hmmi^ Ufhmi flie^il^ scil^#l 




%pi^|SiiliPii=s^v 




Tbi^ in p:a;Tt ^x;|>lm?^s rh« vht^ry 0^ the rebels. 

if th^ Amtrkmx c^hnm^ were 4^vj&d, the iuh-dhkant^ of fho 
mcjtfe^r cou?isry w^m ^ho^ Th^ WM^ (p^rs^y of the mw m^r^ 
chj&nt-m^ulaawer dm^) in Ei^^m^4 w^re figh^it^g sig^insg King 
Qem^ &n4 hk ^'$U1m ol goy^xtim^M^ Titt stsitd Burke s^M f^x 

Bnts^h troops m Amenca d^rjjfsg ]ij|iii jSS^i^t t^idfi^l yessf« <5f| 1^ f^" 
olumn, \V'M &a ^svo^v^^d Whig mji ^^km h wm s^oo Isste wjjs r«- 
c^lW ^nd tmd lor tr^sj^?? ^j5c=?^||i?^\;^i^^^^^^^^ Boston to 

oi BoiifRoyne jJt S^rat&g:a, m^id df& not try to cmdi Wsshlnfton's 
miser?il>k?. iH-e^\d|^i>ed h'trlc army «jfer rq^eatcdly defarang it in 
New York and H^w Jersey. "Thr^ii^r tl>e rc^^oluibTj the fayont?^ 
xci^t St baju]iict$ of Amerfcjin officers w;^ ^General How^^'* 

During the l^ncr rears ol the fcrvdud^f^^ FmJK^> Sp^im and 
Holli^j5i3 cam* to the liM "^^ the Atss^^^fc^o li^r^^est, tk« revol^t^sonssi^ 



J?p4lly, di^ revolution s^ce^P^fc^ie ^|.b^?iios<? k wa^ tm% 

mf%. S^ ih Ffeher In l^fe **True llifetofy «>l th<? M^^^fc^n Revc^u- 
siijjfi/' **3re usually t>f tlse.dj^ whp t5sk« tleskle^f t^^v.gOYe^rjsiiieBu? 
in vL.m'^i^httmi; a^d s§ ^%^ncam.> the^* j\r/(!: ^^i^jo?^ to believe that 

t'¥>rdfagly tri^il to dcsssp^lbe ?? y#^ploi?::.fc wM^f^.^l/^^j^^^^^^ 



wfeii ii^iiilp^o^^ irtp 



P^nxi hut S'Ueh revej|^itey>«i hiiw ^i#t3f Wej^ fam^^^^^ tis M||g^5^. * 

ll-i? trxith of the Bsaner h ilat^r reYol«?«>f5 of Wf^-'^m car- 
rk^ <iul ;^s fi dm^ tiktiitnr^hlp "wMi fill ?he ijcc<J$Sfl|>^55mj^^i|: ;o| l^;^^^ 
and r^evdutJoriary terror that tlic tj^luig dst^ h|5tj>mps ■ j^^^^^^^ 
a^tatck s«^ ^be ease ol Sovi*?t Rus^j:^ M^nti that ^^ j^li^'^ 




^uthm^Xf that i^islte the re?fisl^til#^&^j^^^3^^ 

governmeae U tbe T«volu?;i^a sia^:^d^> In the boufgssok re^iu- 
riom ai the muhmnt ths^ "du#M#ontfcs^'^ §^ Lemn cslkd A^?^, 
vt'ere the dub§ c^f GIroadiriS ^n4 fiiis^lm m fe FretKh irev«>I^^b5fj 
and the club^ of worksr^ hx %M iiml'^^iam al 1848* l^i the Rus- 
siai) revolution the revol^tfojj^rf - 2i^|ith<5Tlry thM ch^lenged d^e 

V^mmm' C^nmdh m i0vl*^^* '::■''' ■'^:''^>:\ 

pojtjfeiice ^nd then m ^m'^^^^<^^^^^^^^WMM Cm- 

The^ h?!d meetings^ sent out en^i&?^j^fe^ c^rfmi ^n <^tre^^Bd^na^, 
•s^ip^tvi^d the boy<:^u of British 0^^^ i8£:rf«d iin& imth^m4 nn^ 
otkerwm punhhed &b<s&« who hro^t t|e Wyeot? or w8^ mf^rmed 
OE? smiigigkT:^ m other vlAtor^ of HsiMA ItsiWi^ ss&^rifijd mi &mm>tm^- 
pwp^^nd^ and in th^kt^sr p^riii:;p||||l^f ?^fj4^^i^ 
:n:i4 s^^.fGt!)'" gjj altered; sj3:|?fpO«s ^f!|||iS;§?^ii:|||i^i:::^ a: ^y 



m 



m^ 






m^ m^MM wmm mm 



^ the t 







iS^tefen ie:ats^liipi|^^ 



'i'his iii reminiscent of the words of Murx: 






As to sufl^lp^^ tl^#p no pretense of kttifig anybody vote for 
these cfsinml^l^ pi .^trespoitid^nce m\d congresses exc^p^ r^ifjiu- 
immrks, j^ ^ eSploSters and counter *i3^ev^#ut:JW^Ti«s w«r« not 
permitted to vote for de!egates to the Somt cos>gressesj. On this 
Beard says s 

4(rh»ff8«, (458 «tjjgBiipa«B(t« Iboinsf «x«JKeS»«J from *:?*« -R?«<?^J*n«/^ 

The committees of correspondence and Congresses al^o ^'passed 
law^'' aiid the cpn^jojittecs executed them by u sort of summary or 
revolutionary justfe which is technically known as *'rcvo!utJoaary 

P^^ijsi^ lielSil|iili^ the Smdaii revofcdon w^ imm- 

GSM, m^: lii:^^^^^^ of the l*S3^te was cmfi^igd wtfe^ 






>Mx^ yi^^i}!^ MM: m^^i^^ ,m. mm^ ^^^ ^^iu 

........ ...^..... ............ ...........> mmii^i^mi^w^ mmwmi!^iiM» 

AH loyalists were driven out ol the State Legislature? ouach as 
CromweSl *>iKged" the Lon^ PnrlfaR^eEU, m the Jacobins drove 
our the ddegstes of the Gsmndsns or as the Bolsheviks expe!!ed the 



»afii«iiiiii» 1^^ 



m 










,;SiS^i?fjE^;5;i!S^:^ '^^i^^-'-^^^^^^^^-^^^f^^. 




{m ^m&m th^y sru? ml\^ ^Mcmiim$, In the UffiJtel ^Mm "Ite ol 
tl:te %l^^ m ba;ttk**) m view of hk ur^u^ijsil dar% m ^lltk^l 
analysis. In spite of hJs provi^vo as to executions^, he ^ras roundly 
his^d by hi.s respectable audience, ^ the AVu^ Yor*^ Times re- 






im^m that sf« sow at hsnd for pe&^ i^e wfe tihs; wm^m t^^ 

fot we^k ^ttp^ tfi l%fe^emt5f 4lii« Im^s afs^lr^t 4s&t^r^> 4lsg^^* 
li^g^ the Chijrrel? asj^ mtr^&^isce^ .;.gsesur %ll^^:s ?^«^3f^is$i: m 
m^f^fi^i iM mlmii^f ^ii^^^ ^ MMh wife 
di^^i^^w # il^jlss^ #£«. fe^li A84 ftm^ 



\fhu h did nm ^0^ it k nmilw^' ip^ fmmt^% m^^pt hj ^if t^i 
dtbunkm^ tM no^jse^^rtt i:te ^pti^M s%#l5>|kt& who piMs^^d 
^hnt h dU tmtfMt^^^mmf ^%^jt# i^^ It 414: not 

mt itix fM '^^^^^^^^%: iid i&^p ev^i- %^ the cha^^: ^ ^tes^ 

''im0m^:W^^^^^^W^ (#^?c ;fe w §^ rf^mg ^ com- 

pi^hm^i^^^^^^. It 4M n^t-^fedisli dsts^^. it iid not 
iiHr^Mp:^IM;i^v-* -^^^ rhe ^^ American revolutbn. 

.^1?:^^ R^volisti^tsi Is It? 
W|if0!^ jP:i^^4%^|p|i|;^^^^^ Tfee master dass of iocby rejcc^g ir. 
Theii? ^*2iiir ^ IppP ^ i#t!iods m4 conceal them. They 

r^lmt M i^m^0mmi!^^^^^mm, Tk^j vldatc the Bill of Elghl^, 
cjdi«mB%t||::|r 1^ s4v3im<Ed fe^^^^rshipj, distort ^td ih- 

S^^m^m<!IM§jM'^'^B^ They nt ^rMmi of iu methoii mi 

y^ s^fi^^ ¥c^rfe%^lii^i^ i9!S for p^b- 

M^ ■^^^^^^fpm^^p''^ the C^^^stlti^^M which gustmjslee 

wh0*t^i^::*te& ^iEM:& ©t^kmd^n <>f Inckpc^nden^ct? was puUed in* 
*^I |itte*t writr ^te to ttnf policeman, ''Th^^^si* 

gii \m<km0^t &mMm^f ThomM Jeffersori," 
Tfee te^:rg^E^iE^M^::# the r^jv^luti^sniisr^ of l?f# and T^e- 

'I^-?^^^^^^^M:^S^0^y fe shPfefei^!ipr:# ^11 p^t ^m It 

f>f tht Bill M l^sglfc^?kAf> lli« botJFgeoJ^fe d(>0s£ ndt need* d^3«sf 
myt i^m:^fymd^m^i0mm^ fVe^d^m of $^a^l, freefem ^i m&mt- 

d^fond^i^ ?^f those fo^^ist^^* We S;fe life bterlt^o^ Ji^^d defedj^^^ 
of the rfght of r^voiutbo to d^sirsge si goverm>^m tlsi^t fe l^s^e 



m;;;; 



iM 



tint th^ revolution bj3s be^w^t^iji- ij^^ tlmt t}>« bo^rgedi^ii '^Ig 



progress 0I ^odet^. - ; * 

And inallj thtu mxh^ hM'^^^^^^^M^-^^^^^^W^^mi 
M in evie-ry rcvoli&tJon^ not dl i^ 'IliiEifej^ii^i^ 
TIjg ki^eT;^ ol 1776 r^ge sill t% w^y fmm ths i^rii^s^iPp^^ 
ftngi:(>n md tW tiK^najrchlcd H^^iliisS^ ( ^he Mellon ^1 fit lif 1 3^^^ 
the de0iiocr^tk FxstnkHji m4 j0m$0n mi4 £h« l^ss-tMnte, T^mi 
F^inCj ro th^ champion of the pcprfcrm«fs ^ni smprssoiied d«l»mrs, 
Dame! Sb.siy.^< %vho stsrre<! « sm^v revobtbj^ ag^'mt the newly 
femed g4>r€mitmm sts $o<m %:j% had Wiped eor6S|>!gte the old 
ag^3^ i^^>€ 00^' We e?si^ III:: v^^^ ^mo^l^vi 






ih* sjjfsSw^ iUip^i^ W^^ MW^^mMMW^^W"^ 



::$mmmr-: 



tfo^ayj^ ira:dklons> It k ilmt tfeat w-^pew ^^p^* s^ri4 IHiiiS tte 3^o^#- 
ful Lenin disputed whh tin l>oui^!S#fe for oiir bent^^*. \¥e mt 
rh« r€yoll^ib^fl?ld^ oi our day siad sli:^y the cotsnter-r^^olutSomssts, 
In tfe woid^ of Ij^nin w« c^an sayj *^We Jire d^limtel^- more eon- 
sfstent and truer guardians of fhe J:a^mtauce ih^^ yoti/^ Ami to 
the "back to l??6-t^i'?/*' jhe Norman :11homai» an^iy^jFA^^ 
^M^ add in tlie wi>r<k of Lenmx -^1?$ ^^#^ ^^» %#^l?^?^^gt- #^ ;^^ 







■%;;i#:; 






■m ^^^x^0^mm M^^ iU^ Until 192S k had 

Tbife h ih^ §mt ^^mM^ ^^^ ^$tk of *'the Fourth of Jyly/' 

We mmi gua?^ ^^feist any Amerfcani/.ation cr-i^.e. h^ the bos^r- 
gms S«i5se 0f thff< W«>iri^j Amerktoxat^^ k a very dangerous thing. 
In ^ ]mMhm%. mtm^^ M tht wor<lj Americanixatiosi at onc« al- 
forife a |i^^i;|str:t|t^:lp^^: sM p^r^ctkal resuirs m the presentv 

tkof p|yp||pE;::|^^ Futf ^i^p^mg tmum hm^i o^jhc 

mnMi^^m i^^^i^^M^M^M$torkd tt^kmm mmh m^ they ^p- 
p&m to ^wmm^^^m m ^Mlma forces, are in reality very 
caP5«:^g^ #i^!|fe^t$> v^ri-pitomk^^^ phasi€5 of the objective coj^da- 



Tfee A£S3t«nc3it3 feitij:g«r^isie h^vc; yKra)s prided thLnxsitelvcs on 
mfing thMt thtm sxe b<) clsiss^^ in the -United Sraies, never have 
h^m% ^4 ^W^^ tm^ h^. "Wke hkmry of ^\Jmefkal, Isfce the hbtory 

\vith the aillltsi^y dl$^f^?^ or victmieij of the cof^t^ndbg forces o( 
the fsr&t American Revohubji, Such ir^vestigatiorts txrc relative!) 
unimportant for the Aaicncsfi workers ht 1925- What k timeiy 
for us at d^ts time h to trace crrraiii fnciii of rhi;^ Jirsj An^erlcan 
Revoliatiosi, to sec what lessons wc cnn draw froni thss tremendous- 
iy iiigniikani histoficnS event and ro sec how the experiences of our 



X 



m^ mmm^^m^;;m!:^m 



^:i:; 



able for m k m mmpmc th^ t^^^ fte i^racticesx^fi^ :«lpi^ st| 
she Amerkafi rj5iJ^c$ a* id their iGj^SieJ^^ifi l??6 with rfie stfS^*!^ nd^^; 

d^feilder* ni i\m present i$3f'$tg^|s^ |l^w M^^ 

their struggles^ stgjimst the b^^*; 'lli^ oiieM hktorl^^ ^nd 

Id^ii that th^ prmi^m ii>rm af ijiht?- #:Jti^rk;im g^vernj^iefjt h tmTmil, 
and rhat k ^^rd^ tfe^ w<vrte^ -ct^il; ifcb cmmitf mi op^n^mttf m 
Persia J I of M% Ihism^ aj^d fe^ptpS^; 

kmsly by dte «^fjM?iei^ M 3ili^ :^ 

mmt crss^, tho m sfxm ^x^ll ^^|pi&i|e^ e^ps^^^^^i* «)l ij^li^^^y 
r\ih in the Im^rtM^ »! <i mmorU^:;^:^ ^mtlf e^^^mmi^i^ mm 

r!j« Artie ric<in workers ciin vcr>^ weM draw i;ij$pratlc>ft un ihi: 

Amcmai^ Revoi^5tio^i. The workesf^ ^md ^xp:lone^ faim^iers <d thh 
D3iif^U'y iuc the ovcrwhdmmg m^^my-^ oi thk muntry. But in 

m^% %hu the p5^^te:^?fcrba ^s^^ivsEiill^^^^^^ : 

by .« .j^^|j5or|r^ m si^fe?J^|^iP|^|^^^ 



Q\m usnTk^E FEOM nn 



%mh Cw^Un^^ m^4 '^mmfhmi$^> It k ^$tjmac«d that at least 
160,§©Qp«rmB^ wh^ were ibr iSsalnraljdBg tJ^e government exktm^^ 
thtn k\ Amtrk&y wtmenlti by the revoh^tbnk^^. Their property 
wm mt^M^^t^^ T\i^f w^m tarred mi^ feathered ami th«ty were 
tr«^t^ ^^eli mfif?^^ ^istgldy h\ mm^ ?^>ect& ihsii xh^ Ommu who 

^^^^^^5^.0^^^^^ ona tMrd ol ^te p«opk wes^e Is 

km^^mm^^^m.^^^ ^W peopk were oppmed m k, md 
ofie ^hlr^ Wefimt«j k k mi^m thn two thhds mxM not have 
tea *©^^^ ia|>^^«>.^^lisb die Patriots' (reyobtbjmi% thm^ 
^imn^t tyi..§memm^tit} mi^whh asiy ardor/* 




^^ig:^|ie^^ w#i^ .^;ff^^ to i»R for defei^mg thmi- 




In thhUgkt It femt^s^tlng to r^csill tht dminxmnn <>i the Con- 
f^o ij^fig l^p||^|;;:;:S^ kmt &^r5 uttered for Aj^«rfcs^ 



« 



»^ 



m 



meixn very mi^h to Am«rks{^ w^i^^m t^^f- ^W4 "^^M-iM^ 

FmJJS, ^ \.. r : V '. ' : :■: 

The Fonts «t| Goverm55«j^t 

W^ am tmdenUnd why the Amtrkmx mpk^M$ t^^y ^^« 
^hii^dcrin^ St the ^vord dktJ3Lt*>fslflp, Whm A-ej'^ h^^z the \^i>t4 
dhutm$hi^ umn4 by workers tMf kn<nv thu It nm^^$ ^^he 4km- 
tar^hip ^i the workers to sv^pfi:^:^t the f^r^^at ^i^l^^j^r^lp j5^. «^3s:- 
pbk^Ts^ Wl^^n the feo:sirg^k spologistS: sps«k.#: Ifeenl^l^^ 
she pr^^nt imm a| ^^errimig^t::;;!Ei^sj^ |?rf l^qstii^^^sili;^^^^ 

ft- h^ et*e:m^- fel^^mp- *^-#ieti^ ' •••••• - •• •• .:::::§4^^^^^^^^ || 

S^mtmmr^ of the BsrsigsS TS^IIipiliiitj iiil-^:^l^-f llP^ 

Imn^. Our Ic^r^ferl^^r^ imdtim m ^p thm imn^^^m^^^ 

whfe^ ?:heji^ 5LS j>ow, wtft the buh^rk # th*^ 5^^^!&^mjf^ij?|^v:-t^^ 
T<:^ri^ ^if5t;j&e wh<j w«re loyal fo tf?i^ ^f^tlng gcs5^:fiip|^ii^|\ • ^ 
li\ ^ Im^r which hord Wunniom^ g0y«rjs«?r.rf-!^i^ 




^ 1i^|si;;ii>:: ^ ^ ^.,._. 



#JSt*^ ^?i«^ ^isj^i 1^^^^ 

1^ A^^msi^ re $et u^ ^: very efeHv« 4fe*at^)i^i|> 

fh& mi^ &I the f^^ A^te w^ t^^^^J;^ i^^ Erm h^m die 

i>i(?sl^:?ay<5j^ cjfi^<|ie:^ri^i^ift^ i^a^fe§uejf>^^€^ ifeckre^ that 

tte« Aot^y b« rso m^re it^^^^^ for ttec ^vho were, 

loynl to tfee gov«r?>i3>cfit a«d sgmnst the revelutSoi't. Tlio&c loy^l 
to the ^>vernm«jif we^e not allowed to get ^og^^thcr. Such prlv- 
itei^:$ were ^^ordtd xt> ih^m m t^^tt^ t-^hctc they WTre attendinij; 
fisi?«fals, ayj4 the?j thty were ^"a^che^ car^luOy by the commhtees 
(4 $;alcty whkh were ^lef ap b^ th^ re^^dte?tete> Those loy*iI to 

&t *«^P^t fcowa )Kft%Sf«: i»<> S-^JfJiiiS, fti ltft:Jj!«Ji. Jft «:(y«^Sf X^Si^i^S** *|%3!>^$^ b« 

Those refusing to accept ^Ihgm^m t^> th^ revolutionary govern- 
snent nnd contmxm^ tkm lofdty m ik^ on^rthxown govtmmmt 
were put m<> JMl, fee|>t there fort^: 4^^^?^ '^5^4 1^^^^ depott^^^ In 
iwdfty cases to some p^rt of the llritisfe #fpfei^^ Ani If mw ^^ 
ihos^ loyd to the ^yemn^ejf^t ret^i^f^edll^vp 
\vn^ : ''Dmth mth&\xt h^m^x M ^^wi'^^'-.-y-m 



A lot of tssik fe mw pm^ t^e r«>artll &m '^BokhevJk money/' 
about JiTioney from ather countries,, to lielp fin^ince rhc rcvo!utaon in 
An^erica. This is sheer nor&$e^se, Tfet ?mly mts in America who 
!i;;iv^ seen Bolshevik goM or gotteri any money hxtm the Sov^iet gov- 
Qiimmit jjre sii^h c^p{t^|br$ ©f the tj^pe of Henry Ford. Rcvoiu- 
mm are 3iot.er^t^i:#i|p^|i:yv Re^olitjtio^^ mm^ ^mw out of 
she ohi|^#^e c0fif4iM| Ij^^l^^ It js vs?ry msftriactive 









^^^^^m^^ 



tkfm^ the ^£0ttmtmni ^smmr^g m ^ismtm^ in I776> It te h^^n 

lam rmolution \vm really wmi tm thzMgh m^ in the n^^^i^i l*?jtsfe 

tasn on the other. 

Professor Edgerton has well Sf^gis^gl i^ 



T&e French ittt mi Fresselsiliiip^s-^J^ 

Ym, oxtr Am^ximn hm^t^mm W^^ wmM mi^ life to mnhm 
m ih^ wQirtef s thm h w^ ]sr|?^|jif'--|^ tM tMimm t^xmr Mtmt- 

rmnw ^^ tlie first re^^ j^^i^j^ ^^ 



EJmse^ ii;^^«^ t^ m p^si^jit: ii|||p^ 




11s^ w^arfer;s< f alii f^^ 
Wm wsrtem Ets^ Mrfc jsis^^ £^ ii|||^^^ i:^ :ife> i^s^tj^ 

i>§Xtf\ hired ^^;tl5i§tltut<:r$ ixj figlit for tli^^iitij tli« ^vx^rkers^ the mech- 
a?jk^, tht poor farmers \md m gs> m t&<^ im^t. The ??«tfermg of 
the mlikn M VaJby For^e d^fe %^iri:p»n. At the same time 
the rkh w«?re wa:^u^g fat i^?^ iafc^ilfQfits^ w^r js?folit^ Mm^ ^i the 

d^>e;tnm«^ to the workers, hut th||^||||?ti^^^ f^iM $^; l^t t|s^ 
cl^t;?|ir^ Into practl^^ e^ 




'■^w^mm^^^w^^^^ 



otM iiMf A«si wmm in^ 



^m i^^^^^^^ s*^^ 43s« &»;sf»ip5isj' (WStWfii^itisp;: »^^^^J?i5? ^f^j^^t^ «i«w«i 0**« 

„ ::iitsil3f^^^;;^ #3». 




^^; ;:(isS^^^ 



dating th^ rd:atto^bi|> ^f clstss^^^ :;f^^^ ^^ gltgr^ten ol ^ 

eto fAtion^yps fe fmm ol tte e^sto^^ pe£>pi€ whkh w*^s the 
outstaJitdkg feature of tiKi rev^ja^fjn^Sy W3;;r propfagaj^da. 

Smce the i\m American revolution she history of the United 
States hvfe$ b«e« a history ol the stniggie^ oi the mji$s^ for an 
jikerstkm in the dm^ tdmomM^. 

Th^ &m pkm^ ol the >%ajericiais r^^^gkitf:^ wa& not really com- 
^kt^ until ik^ d^tlmi M J^^xm^^ y^^^mm^ k mmt h^ jm^^ 

Homiltojct, hfe chid ^^j^sm^nt^ ^^i^lliilyife;? ^^^ Wd^^^^0m 

sjig as fco th« tstk th^t §fe<j^W ^^ gl?e^ t^ t|^ pxesi4ent asud Ik^x^ rh« 

The femv§ rm^ tor }^§cr^n mtM^M^gt of electooi wm c^t 
h3^ dM who ssmd ^ fo^r^sr^omh |# pi :&^ 



Wifb d>e victory «ff t^ f^mtk-^^^S^^^^m tfe Cl^ Wi? 







^mt &f free hni m^ ih^mmMUhmmt of th^ b?^^ for c^pltd&t 






M 



traditions to Ife^e ^ m. Commit hm%m hm well po^i^te^ tb^i stit 
mm tiim apj. O^^ tx^dtS^bjf^ «j| te^f gl* b t^^ fes J^merle^ji 
CNI Wsr in !??6> ?n the secon<i ^toerfc^n Cr^O W^r fc llSI^ 1^ 
t\m mhm^imM hm<m battles ^pilp?; Wm tmkmi t^^0ABi tlse 
co^ Mnpj arf tlje oil ^Mom ^lliiiii iiimif: £^^^^ 

Ofj thk d^y s^srfclnf tlie oriife li|j|||eii|;:::^^ 
t^« sf^mag # tie P:^tos;i€^^^ 

from our exploJtenj tG-d^5f% 

We can pro^d!^ Umi the p^tfes beaters bf cmt Jtvoimmnmy 
forefathers. They cdrt teach U5 much. Let us kara from ihem. 
(Rrpif'tiriloil from "TSse DstUy Workar") 



Upk®y ike Revolutionary Tradition 

My Wjluam F. Uu^ne. 

^fME FOURTM OF JULY is the asuisverssry oi the im%ion 
of ?l)ig J^wm45) ^|«j§ss tn mmn by any and all me^ns^ st 
th« pfm oi mm Ml fetfe 11 n^ ht^ their freedom from the 
E^gljy? mmmr^f mi tM^^lM\ th^^a^ves as a nation. 

Tfee emAtlo^ ©I ifes D^^it^d Sl^te of America in this respect 
k a r^^^alistbfiaTy ^^^^3'5:ion. More than th^U h k a revolutionary 
tradition of whkh the workers and farmer^s of Aji^ierica are the 
bearers because it w^ the oppressed, descendsnt» ol the EngHshj 
Irsshi Scotch ^ind Dutch g5^?asantry which \ud bt*en beggared fir^t 
by the brcakdo\9n of feudalkm artd on whose backs were kid t\\t 
unbearable burdens of a riiiing capstaSism, who nvMit up the revch 
iudoaary ars^ie^, who fought, starved znd dki for Ansersr^n 
independence of^y to be thrown into debtors' pri?»03^s and have the 
klon'$ brand placed on then^ when the revoluiionafy wssr had 
ended. 

The '^foundirsg; fotfeers'* were tl^e early aristocrats who took 
to them^ives the fruits c^l th^reroteonary struggle ^nd represent- 
atives of the landlord, trading and commercial groups who hdd 
^nd drove to labor from sunup to sundown bSadc and white $hvt$ 
—the nucleus of the modern American workingclass. 

The farmers smd workers got nothing from the war for iiidt- 
IJeridence. What progress they L'lve made as a clas^ since that 
time hais been made in the face of the moiit detern^sned resistance 
on the part of the exploiting dasts which seeks now to disgiii^ and 
dbtort th« history oi the vevolutsonary struggle. 

As JO France, where she fail of the Basttik Kuarked the ris^c of 
the third e&tate™"the tr^iiding tmd commcfdal class to power^ — but 
was achieved by the bl(CK>dy isacrifsccs whkh ihe young working* 
class laid ors the altar of freedom, so h\ Ammcd the revoiutionary 
war, fought by workersi and farmers, marks the opening of wh&t 
appears as an endless hint of opgx)rtunity for the exploiters of the 
masses to consolidate and increa^^e thesr wealth and power. 

We are prwud of the part our cla^s phytd in the jttern struggle 
for independence and we say that the tristh about 1776, the truth 



aljoM tM re#E^fefeit^r^ ;per|5(S^ii li^ for 

The UnireJ Stisit«s> lik^ all orli^y^eaf^^t^lfe? t^sls^^f^s^ Sss fe««^ hmh 
by workers ^nd hrmem. h k thdm^M th^f AmU mk? it. 

Every Fi>uTth al j^ily celebtfai^lon should Ik? the ijccat^tion iot 
^trejigtfej^ing th« fcvokstio^isfy t^^<lition of this s^iitsos^ svhich the 
%vorkfif^ an<l fs^rmerj* silont mti cmjj out to its fmd and incvitssbic 

(Th^ hhnvi* i« ftrt esi^^n**^ fi^i>?tt mi Mftif^f^fii J« *>^>B* Drt*3y Worker'' of 



SocfftJ ^i>r««!f« Jft Aw*jrifi«w Hij*i<i«^;c ^i$«i>&fi!« .... Si.SS 

Jndu^ts-iaJ J^^st-sJiys- o? til* tJn$^>6<J S^t«s, 0dman . ,. 8,99 

Workt'Tp in AHJsHesn HUtnry, O'Nesi 50 



L«^t Wlwj^ UR^«wi*i«^ S»|Xs»» 

Arsf vhist I^vfi ^ ^«s«t KftfJ ^*«i*ky 

l^'iaii' <m> Om&)Stin^^\i>n .....,,...,, , , . . 



Wii§iJ>*# -^5tfrj8;:i^$V:($v ^¥«fc«ky .... . . 

W^ii&^jT %mfhii, ^»<^«*fcy . , , , , X ; <> . 

T«*4 P^y'it T^*t ^^ft«ffe \^^ W^^^i '-^^^^M!!^- ' 

'tW ^r*«< St«*i S3;:ym«, Fftsi*s^s . . - > , 

OiJ (lmp5;s-[s!S»ro, LouEs FJsher 

M&r:if3&n Ee>tmofisSe Hafttlill*iGfi'ils, Knsmett 
HiffltoFse&5 Mfti^rrisEisiM. Bufe*s»fBn 

A 33 C «cf CotHmwriiKna* JtukHsyin . . , . . 



1,^9 

am 



S.85 
4,00 






|!^^;^^S^^^^¥ 



<»<oofr««^i « ^i{i fe> cirM^afeifej^^ 







wmM 6t?i( all ^1 the noeml 






^B'^fHMM^^^IStf^Ky^f^tfr^i^^^^^'K^^^ 






cau^s^ sJiou^i join t^ iH- 
S. %m;siii^iSfJA«: ji^o?^ ;i;J^i^ :t^- 



1^ ^^^^Mfc^ m^ \:.wt 

fietlv;i*i<^s. labor apjy 

hit^gjil ditrf^nse Jfor all 

<'xj>r«e=ssit>n of opisiion car 
for Witrlfilni^'Gl^issi ac- 

WSSS Vou ^oJa i(J«t WrUe 



3, 







'r&v«t yaur dh5^i;5 may sot 
n^^t him sr h&r to join t>ie 




: eti^-^ fit W^ 






"X^^fr Gifv^Y Si^JSfs J u rt p&pG r 
that t0,kt<« six\ Acttva part 

iViiiwH'sa wor5t4:>j'8. il^f^ndi* 



;::^iDl^r:. :^S^5^»S^5 



^^yt Vtyr^i: mt^ 



■S???????IS??I^PW\" 



THIS PAi\^PHLf::T 



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r a t C o o p e r a t. 5 v e 






I 

Cooperative g 



I Unii<;d Worker* 



v.vx».'.'-««t>:- flWJDi. ^oatT' 



i f 






WORKERS^ ART 



§ N E W M A S S E S ^ 



§ '■ 



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Tiif Daily Wofker- I ' ... '. • ,' ■■. .:.... 5 

I ' Mw M i yW to;. oWiWMXM»<yw | 

i I 3^ West S?h Stj-as^t | 






CSff U *' 









* 



Ix -IM l^^^^^r M<>v<;:iyj««t I | j Hui^f-vy Sul^^>:>& Ciu54r4>^v | 

f I ■ ^ GALA C^iiiRT I 

^ ^ i . ■ r: X < : N-^ . ( ; :•: •< ;;? ^ : : - ; > r, <:> >^ ^ C O JHi *> y i^|^i^||||||t||||||tiJE^ f 

I is ;.»-;,■.;.- XyS^iss :i^^:^ V^^ ?^>^ S 

. EMERGENCY I | ?.■■.:■;■!:-..; ■•;:>:'%^i-:?r<>^ .'c;: v^^- f 

I ;..-:.,:;,.;.,.;; :,, ,. ,,. ;..,,..>..,.■ | I ^ t: j- ;-^» ■■■) (i>^' Jt'-U^-:' \V..:-K $ 

I ..." . ' i' ' ' ,. '[' : § """t''*' •>^'- '-l.-:>-' f- V^ .>.,.; ^ 

1 ' " .->.,.. V . . I ^ ^^^ ^ ^ 

If § 



lis; I , \. 






I W e>r le er s ' A I d | 

* Thv W>:ok.^r^^ Red Cr.;xs » 



i ;■■..;;•:■.,■ - 8 ■ 



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I ULiv^KR PARK § I r..;v:^-ri >::;::: o: :< x > x I <. ;:. .;:■ -x ; 






THE FREIHEFF 






\ 



1^ I I