Volume 4, Number 17 V- ' f
University of Maryland at College Park
By Monique V&stan Ctagug, Department of
Education Policy. Planning & Administration
On January 9, 1990 the United
States Supreme Court handed
down its decision in Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania r.
EEOC. Speaking with rare unanimity, the
Court rejected the university's claim for a
special privilege against disclosure of
peer review materials that arc relevant to
EEOC's investigation of the merits of
charges of racial or sexual tliscri mi nation
in promotion decisions brought under
Title VII of the Civil Rights act of 1964.
To put it in other terms, the Court held
that EEOC need not show a particulariz-
ed need, above and beyond relevance,
for access to confidential peer review
1 take some personal satisfaction in the
fact that the opinion of the Supreme
Court cited the 19S9 dissertation of one
of my former doctoral students,
Geraldinc Bednash. in support of the
proposition that "confidentiality is not
the norm in all peer review systems"
(Slip opinion, p. P) 'Entitled The Rela
tionship Between Access and Selectivity
in Tenure Review Outcomes," the Bed-
nash study compares the relationship
between the degree of access to the
tenure process permitted tenure can-
didates at 92 colleges designated Liberal
Arts I in the Carnegie Classification
(1987) and the percentage of candidates
(both cohort and applicants) who arc
What the Supreme Court opinion did
not comment on in its University of
Pennsylvania decision, but which is
noted in both the Justice Department's
brief and NOW's amicus brief in support
of EEOC, is that Bednash found that the
degree of access ("openness") in the
tenuring process is not related to the rate
of tenuring ("selectivity") at the institu-
tions she surveyed.
01' further interest is Bcdnash's finding
that one of the three institutions at
which she conducted site visits con-
tinued to have a low rate of promotion
following change in its promotion and
tenure system from an extremely closed
one to one with a high degree of can-
didate access to evaluations. Bednash
concludes that differences in rates of
promotion probably reflect organizational
norms ami espci (ations far more than
they do forma) processes.
continued on page 8
Altruism in Vampire Bats
Wilkinson studies food-
Research Center Receives $200,000 NEH Grant for
For thousands of years readers of
Western literature have been acquainted
with such characters as Sisyphus,
Oedipus. Venus, Cupid and Pandora,
But, as is often the ease with long-time
friends, people don't know the figures of
classical mythology as well they think
do, says Gregory Staley, associate pro-
fessor of classics.
Co-organizers Staley and Verlyn Flieger.
associate professor of English, along with
10 guest scholars, will introduce a group
of 36 middle and high school teachers to
unfamiliar facets of classical mythology
in a four-week institute, "The Song of
the Muses: Approaches to Classical
Mythology," at College Park this summer.
The Research Center for the Arts and
Humanities recently received a S 200,000
National Endowment for the Humanities
gram to conduct the institute, The pro-
gram, designed to enhance the teaching
of classics in the nation's schools, is
drawing applications from all over the
"Myths are very slippery creatures, h is
difficult to define precisely what they
mean," Staley says.
"For instance, 'the Oedipus Complex'
is something that almost everyone has
heard about and talked about. Yet
Freud's reading of Oedipus is just one of
many ways of approaching the story.
Freud's reading is quite flawed in several
"Freud sees Oedipus as killing his
father in order to have his mother for
himself. However, in Sophocles' narrative
of the myth, Oedipus and his father are
strangers to each other when they have
their violent con fro n tat ion j, Oedipus is
not trying to win his mother. Freud's
reading, however, is particularly insightful
in seeing Oedipus as a character who
ps y choa n a I y zes h i mse I f ."
As part of the institute, teachers will
study the historical and social contexts
which shaped Creek myth, ihe relation-
continued on page J
OMSE To Honor Outstanding Minority Scholars
for Black History Month
The Office of Minority Student Educa-
tion will recognize outstanding minority
student scholars during its "Celebrating
Excellence" ceremony on Thursday, Feb.
15, 3-5 pm. In the OMSE suite. 1101
In addition to recognizing students on
the OMSE Honor Roll, two seniors will
he given the Shirley Chisholm and John
Franklin Awards for academic excellence
and contributions to campus life.
Speakers include Ulysses Glee, director
of Financial Aid. Jerry Lewis, director of
the Intensive Educational Development
Program, Mary Cothran. director of
OMSE, Ray Gillian, assistant to the Presi-
dent, and Sherita Hill, last year's winner
of the Shirley Chishoim award.
Other activities sponsored by OMSE to
celebrate Black History Month include
the showing oi 'lives on the Prize." an
award winning PBS Documentary about
the black experience in America, Feb.
12-15, 12:30 p.m. in 1101 Hombake
Library; an essay competition for all cur-
rently enrolled minority students; and a
presentation at the 16th annual Maryland
Student Affairs Conference on Feb. Ki in
the Stamp Union
For more information, call Jennifer
Jackson, assistant director of OMSE at
Dates Set for Distinguished Scholar-Teacher
The Distinguished Scholar-Teacher Lecture Series for spring, 1990 has
been announced. All of the talks will be presented in room 2203 Art-
Sociology at 4 p.m., with a reception following in the Art-Sociology Atrium.
All of the events are on Wednesdays.
•March 28— Wayne Cole. " Franklin D, Roosevelt: Great Man or Man
for his Times"
•April 4 — Christopher Davis, "Lasers: the Good, the Bad* and the
•April II— Joseph Sucher, "The Joys of Physics: Romancing the
•April 18— Susan Handelman, " Love Play. Laughter, and Language:
How the Rabbis Reread the Bible"
•April 25 — Kay Bartol " Female and Male Managers: How Different?"
For further information call Susan Koonee or Jennv Scott at 454-2'i30.
"The Medicinal Muses"
Conference explores healing
power of the arts
Graduating Black Engineers
University ranks high in number
Of degrees awarded..,....,,,.,
February 12, 1990
Research on "Women in Diaspora" To Be
Presented Feb. 16
The Women's Studies and Afro-American Studies programs are
sponsoring a research forum on "Women in Diaspora" on Friday,
Feb, 16 from 3:30-9 p.m. in the Maryland Room of Marie Mount
Hall. Presentations will range from discussions of art by Jewish and
Black women to the impact of forced resettlement on women and
their families, The program is free of charge for those not wishing
to have dinner at the Rossborough Inn, but registration is re-
quested for all planning to attend. Call 4S4-3841 for information
Food Sharing In Vampire Bats Indicates
W ■ very night in Costa Rica,
m J thousands of vampire bats
m leave their roosts in hollow
m "* trees in search of a horse,
mule or other large mammal on which
to feed. It's a matter of great urgency for
the bats, which can starve to death after
two nights without a blood meal. The
bats, however, have developed a food-
sharing system that helps improve the
survival of individual hungry bats.
Gerald Wilkinson, assistant professor
of zoology, writes of these findings from
his many years of research on vampire
bats in the February 1940 issue of Scien-
tific American From his study of food
sharing among a population of
Des modus mi ami us in Costa Rica from
1978 to 1983, Wilkinson has concluded
that reciprocal altruism does play a key
role in the social organization of these
To prove that this species of vampire
bat engages in reciprocity, Wilkinson and
his research team needed to show that
five criteria were met: that females
associate for long periods of time and
have ample opportunity for blood shar-
ing: that the likelihood of two bats shar-
ing food with each other depends on
their past association: that the roles of
donor and recipient reverse; that the
short-term benefits to the recipient are
greater than the costs to the donor: and
that cheaters are recognized and expelled
from the system.
During the five-year study, he and his
assistants observed that the social
organization of the bats is dominated by
several groups of females. Females can
maintain associations for many years and
show preferences for one another,
Wilkinson and his team witnessed more
than 100 instances of blood sharing and
found that bats share blood preferential!}
with bats that are frequent roost mates
Outlook is the weekly laculty-staff newspaper
serving the College Park campus community
Reese Cteghorn, Acting Vice President tor
Ror Hleberl, Director ol Public Information & Editor
Linda Freeman, Production Editor
Jan Barfctey, Brian fkisetc, John Fritz, Lisa Gregory,
Tom OtweN & Farias Samaria). Stall Writers
Stephen A. Darrou. Design & Coordination
John T. Consoil. Photography Coordinator
Heather Kelly, Viviane Morttt, Chris Paul.
Design & Production
Al Danegger & Larry Crouse, Contributing
Letters to the editor, story suggestions, campus infor-
mation & calendar items are welcome Please submit
all material at least three weeks before the Monday of
publication Send it to Roz Hiebefl. Editor Outlook,
2101 Turner Building, through campus mail or to
University of Maryland, Coltege Park. MD 20742 Our
lelephone number is (301) 454-5335. Our electronic
mail address is outlook® presumdedu
and arc often, but not always, related.
Wilkinson also performed laboratory
experiments and confirmed that blood
sharing is not random, and it appears
that unrelated bats develop a "buddy
system" and share blood almost ex-
clusively with each other.
By performing cost- benefit analysis,
Wilkinson has determined that the recip-
ient benefits more from the fond sharing
than the donor looses. Bats on the brink
of starvation can gain as much as 18
hours of life through food sharing,
whereas the donor might lose only six
hours in the process.
Wilkinson says that he has yet to prove
that bats exclude cheaters from the
system. However, he and his assistants
believe that the bats arc capable of in-
dividual recognition through social
grooming and possibly through distinct
calls that each bat makes. He argues that
if bats can recognize relatives and
roostmates. they must also be able to
Blood sharing among roostmates and
relatives is beneficial in the short term,
Wilkinson says, and he adds that it also
appears to benefit the long-term survival
of the bats. On any given night, about
seven percent of mature bats fail to find
a meal. Using a computer, Wilkinson
estimated that given this fact, annual
morality for adult bats should be about
82 percent. Because actual annual mor-
tality rates are only 24 percent, food
sharing must help improve the survival
of many individual bats and therefore, is
favored by natural selection. ■
Researchers Measure Dry Nitrate Deposition
University scientists recently reported
measurements they made of the average
amount of "total nitrate" in the mid-
Atlantic region. Total nitrate includes
gaseous nitric acid and solid nitrates,
both of which play a central role in acid
deposition, commonly called acid rain.
Linda Nunnermaeker of the Depart-
ment of Chemistry and Russell Dickerson
and Bruce Doddridge of the Department
of Meteorology measured these acids to
improve our understanding of the
background levels of air pollutants over
thr I ast O nisi I'he data alsi ■ uffer th<
opportunity to test the values for the
amount of nitrate deposition given in
"Polluted Coastal Witters: The Role of
Acid Rain." a highly publicized 1988
report from the Environmental Defense
The report used very limited data on
dry deposition to determine total nitrate-
deposits in and around the Chesapeake
Bay. Extensive data exists on the amount
of wet nitrate deposition, which falls to
earth along with rain or snow; however,
very little information existed on dry
deposition— nitrates that reach the earths
surface as gas or particles.
Using remote-sensing equipment that
Nunnermaeker developed, she and
Dickerson measured total nitrate during
August and September 1989 in a remote
region of the Shenandoah National Bark
in Virginia. Measurements in this area
provided a good data base for estimates
of the background deposition for the
central East Coast.
Even though their data are preliminary
and only a one-month sample. Nunner-
maeker and Dickerson estimate that the
amount of nitrate dry deposition is be-
tween 4.4 and 2^ million kilograms per
year. Their figures thus far arc consistent
with the numbers given in the EDF
report of $5 million kilograms per year
for both wet and dry deposition.
"We realize these data are uncertain,"
Dickerson says, "but we hoped to add
some scientific rigor to the estimates
given in the Environmental Defense Fund
report. We think these values are
reasonably representative because the
equipment is located in a remote area"
The research was supported by the Na-
tional Science Foundation, the En-
vironmental Protection Agency, the Na-
tional Center for Atmospheric Research
and the National Institute of Standards
and Technology, ■
Two Professors Make Top 20 Ranking of
The Review Of Black Political
t : .c<»H»ny (Fall. 1989) recently recognized
Will 1 1 liradfi nil, professoi in the
College of Business and Management,
and Samuel I.. Myers, professor in
economics and director of the Afro-
American Studies Department, as two of
the top 20 black economists in the
The ranking, which is measured by the
number of scholarly citations from
197!-I98 T . included such institutions as
§ Princeton, Yale, Harvard and Stanford
S Universities. The University of Maryland
□ at College Park was the only institution
^ with more than one scholar listed. ■
Baras to Chair ERC Symposium Panel
John Baras, who holds the Martin Marietta Chair in Systems
Engineering and is director of the Systems Research Center, will
chair two panel discussions focusing on the experiences of current
engineering research centers at the February 28 and March I
Engineering Research Centers Symposium. 'The ERCs: A Partner-
ship for Competitiveness" will be held at the Mayflower Hotel in
Washington, D.C. It is co-sponsored by the American Electronics
Association, the Council for Chemical Research, Inc., the Industrial
Research Institute, Inc., and the National Association of
February 12, 1990
Terp Player Christy Winters
New Program to Enhance the
Teaching of Classic Mythology
continued from page I
ships between Greek myth and other
mythic traditions, interpretations of myth
and theories on why myths resonate in
Western culture thousands of years after
The teachers participating in the in-
stitute will be a mixed group of instruc-
tors of literature and Latin, Stalcv savs.
Because literature and Lit in teachers ap-
proach the study of myth from different
perspectives, they can learn from each
"English teachers can provide insight
about the role of myth in culture, while
the Latin teachers arc inclined to view it
more in the classical context," Staley
College of Engineering to Hold
Black History Month Program
Horace L. Russell, lecturer in the
Department of Mechanical Engineering
and a retired Brigadier General in the
US. Air Force, will be the guest speaker
at the annual Black History Month Pro-
gram of the College of Engineering,
Russell will speak on "Meeting the
Technological Challenges of the 1990s"
on Monday, Feb. 26 at noon in the
Engineering Classroom Building Lecture
Hall (Room 1202). A reception in the
Civil Engineering Conference Room
(Room 1 128) will follow.
Russell has served as director of
defense programs of the National Securi-
ty Council and chief of the programming
division of the Air Force Program In-
tegration Directorate. He holds a Ph.D.
degree in fluid dynamics from Purdue
Women Athletes to
/n conjunction with National
Women in Sport Day, the Pre-
sident's Commission on Women's
Affairs will host an evening
in honor of the university's own women
The event will take place Wednesday,
Feb. 21 at 7:^0 p.m. in Cole Field House
when College Park's nationally
ranked women's basketball team will play
Atlantic Coast Conference rival, the
University of Virginia Cavaliers.
The Cavaliers also nationally ranked
hold a one-game advantage in previous
meetings with the Terps.
A half-time celebration honoring UMCP
women athletes will include remarks
bv President William F. Kirwan and
Assistant Athletic Director Sue Tyler.
There will be a public reception im-
mediately following the game in the
Prince George's Room of the Stamp Stu-
dent Union to recognize the accom-
plishments of each of the teams and t he-
"This provides an excellent opportun-
ity to meet and talk to these students
who greatly appreciate the support we
give them both as students and as
athletes," says Virginia W. Beauchamp,
i hair i'f tlic PivMdcni -■ Commission on
"We hope everyone wilt join us for
this fun-filled evening in recognition of a
very important group of women on our
campus," she adds ■
School of Public Affairs Wins
Private Sector Council Grant
The Private Sector Council has :rward-
cd a St 5, 000 grant to the School of
Public Alt. ins to deveh ip and < ondtu I an
executive program that will introduce
private sector efficiencies into govern-
ment. The program, announced by
public affairs dean Michael Nacht and
business school dean Rudolph Lamone,
will train senior financial officers of
various federal agencies in the area of
Called "The Financial Officer as a
Financial Manager," the program is a col-
laborative project with the College of
Business and Management, says Stephen
Block, director of Mid-career Programs at
the School of Public Affairs.
Allen Schick and Susanne Slater of the
School of Public Affairs are the principal
faculty for the project. Both arc
authorities on budgeting and finance at
the federal, state and local levels.
The t wo -week, residential program will
he offered June 3 through 8 and October
21 through 26 at the Maritime Institute
Conference Center in Linthicum, near
BW1 Airport. Block says he expects bet-
ween sit) and SO senior financial officers
"The objective is to equip and spur
financial officers to think and behave as
managers of public resources who have a
vital role in determining the efficiency
and effectiveness of government pro-
grams," Block says.
The Private Sector Council is a non-
profit, nonpartisan membership organiza-
tion founded in 1983 by corporate and
trade associationleaders to assist the
federal government in modernizing its
financial management systems. ■
"THINKTANK" Seminar Set for
Gifted 7th, 8th, and 9th Graders
The University Honors Program has
announced THINKTANK, a Saturday
seminar program for gifted students in
grades seven, eight and nine.
THINKTANK is designed to enrich the
students' creative problem-solving and
decision- making skills. Participants will
learn logic and reasoning techniques and
take part in group and individual prob-
THINKTANK will be conducted in
four, day-long Saturday sessions during
April and May at the University Honors
Program in Hornbake Library.
Gifted Maryland residents in grades
seven, eight and nine arc eligible to
enroll in the program. They will be
selected on the basis of standardized test
scores, student interest and teacher
The THINKTANK seminar fee is S90.
Application and teacher recommendation
information must be received by the
University Honors Program by April l.
For additional information, call Joan
Rosenberg, THINKTANK Coordinator, at
February 12, 1990
Walk to Philadelphia with CRS
Campus Recreation Services is sponsoring a walk to Philadelphia.
No, you don't have to actually walk there. This is an intermediate
fitness walking program. Mileage is earned cumulatively and die
goal is to walk 130 miles (the distance from Washington to
Philadelphia) by July 4th. All UMCP faculty, staff and students are
eligible. Registration is ongoing ai the CRS Office. Call 454-3124 for
February 12 to 21
Paul Odette, lute, and Nigel Rogers, tenor, will perform Sat., Feb. 17,
8 p.m., and Sun., Feb. 18, 3 p.m., Tawes Recital Hall.
Art Exhibition, featuring works by
the University of Maryland Art
Faculty, through Feb. 24, The Art
Gallery. Art/Sociology Bldg Call
x2763 for info.
Art Department Minorities &
Women Lecture: featuring Sylvia
Snowden, Washington, DC. area
painter, 12:30 p.m . Art/Sociology
Bldg. Call x0344/5 for info.
Campus Senate Meeting,
3:30-6:30 pm„ 0126 Reckord Ar-
mory. Call x4549 for info.
Panhellenic Council and Psi Phi
Fraternity Play: "For Colored Girls
Who Have Considered Suicide
When the Rainbow Isn't Enough."
8 p.m . Hoff Theatre. Call x5605
Meteorology Department Public
Lecture: "Atmospheric Greenhouse
Gases and Climactic Change:
Scientific Knowtedge and Social
Responses," Bert Bolin, U. of
Stockholm, Arrhenius Laboratory.
8 p.m.. Auditorium. Center for
Adult Education. Call X8321 or
x2706 for Info.
Employee Benefits Orientation,
10 a.m., Multi Media Room, Horn-
bake Library. Call x6312 for info.
Zoology Lecture: "The Steward-
ship Program of the Nature Con-
servancy," Robert Unasch. Nature
Conservancy, noon, 1208
Zoo/Psych Bldg. Call x3201 for
International Affairs Lecture: "Re-
cent Political Developments in
Czechoslovakia," Radovan Platka,
George Washington U, 2 p.m.,
C-1325 Chemistry Bldg. Call x3008
Film: "Bill Cosby on Prejudice."
7:30 p.m., Chestertown Hall,
discussion to follow. Call x5605 for
Cambridge Community Film: "A
Class Divided," discussion to
follow, 7:30 p.m., Cambridge D
Hall. Call x5605 for info.
Black Student Union Forum:
"The Black Woman: Unity &
Respect," featuring a panel of six
students, faculty and local Black
women professionals, 7:30 p.m.,
Tydings Hall. Call x3582 for info.
Hoff Theater Movie: "A Dry White
Season." Call x4987 for info.*
Human Relations Skills Develop-
ment Workshop: "Creating and
Maintaining High Performance
Teams," Richard Solomon, Na-
tional Institute for Relationship
Training. Inc., 9 a.m. -noon. Prince
George's Room, Stamp Union.
$25, Call x4124 for info.*
French Department Lecture: "Les
grandes etapes de la litterature hai-
tienne: Acculturation et decu It u ra-
tion." Marc Christophe, Howard U.,
10 a.m., 2120 Jimenez Hall. Call
x5605 for info.
Counseling Center Lecture:
"Blacks and Television Advertis-
ing," Eugene Robinson. 11:30
a.m-1 p.m., 0106 Shoemaker Bldg.
Call x5605 for info.
Hoff Theater Movie: "A Dry White
Season." Call x4987 for info."
University Health Center Lecture:
"Sickle Cell Disease in the '90s,"
William Zinkham, Johns Hopkins
Hospital, 12:30-1:30 p.m., 3100E
Health Center. Call x3444 for info.
Office of Minority Student Educa-
tion "Celebrating Excellence"
Ceremony, recognizing top Black
student scholars, 3-5 p.m., OMSE
suite. Hornbake Library, Call x5605
Stratified Monte Carlo Forecasts,"
S. Shubert, Goddard Space Flight
Center, 3:30 p.m.. 2114 Computer
& Space Sciences Bldg. Call
x2708 for info.
CHPS Lecture: "Diagnosing and
Fixing Faults in Theories," Lindley
Darden, 4 p.m., 1117 F. S. Key
Hall. Call x2850 for info.
Reliability Engineering Seminar:
"Progress in Developing a Reliabil-
ity Data Base for Buildings and
Other Structures", John Loss,
5:15-6:15 p.m., 2115 Chemical &
Nuclear Engineering Bldg. Call
X1941 (or info.
Film: "Racism 101," discussion to
follow. 7:30 p.m.. Cambridge C
Hall. Call x5605 tar info.
University Theatre: "The Cruci-
ble," by Arthur Miller, 8 p.m..
Tawes Theatre, $7 standard admis-
sion, $5.30 seniors and students,
production runs today-Feb. 18 and
22-24. Call X2201 tor info.*
Hoff Theater Movie: "Sea of
Love." Call x4987 for info.*
AAUW Published Women's
Luncheon, featuring Mady Segal,
1988 UMCP Outstanding Woman,
noon, Rossborough Inn, $8. Call
x3940 for info.*
16th Annual Maryland Student
Affairs Conference: "Leadership
in Higher Education: Confronting
the Realities of the '90s," morning
keynote, I. King Jordan, Gallaudet
U.. luncheon keynote, Elizabeth
Nuss, National Association of Stu-
dent Personnel Administrators,
Stamp Union, $40 & S20. Call
x5251 tar info."
Women's and Afro-American
Studies Programs Research
Forum: "Women in Diaspora,"
3:30 p.m., Maryland Room. Marie
Mount Hall, dinner, 6:15-7:15 p.m.,
Rossborough Inn. Call x3841 for
University Theatre: "The Cruci-
ble," 8 p.m., see Feb. 15 for
details. Hoff Theater Movie: "Sea
of Love" and "Heavy Petting." Call
x4987 for info, '
University Community Concerts:
Paul Odette, lute and Nigel
Rogers, tenor, featuring French.
Italian and English lute songs of
the late Renaissance and early
Baroque periods; music by Lawes,
Purcell, D'lndia, Rossi, and
Monteverdi, 8 p.m., Tawes Recital
Hall, $16 standard admission,
$13.50 seniors and students. Call
x6534 for info."
University Theatre: "The Cruci-
ble," 8 pm., see Feb. 15 for
Hoff Theater Movie; "Sea of
Love" and "Heavy Petting." Call
X4987 for info,*
University Theatre: "The Cruci-
ble," 2 p.m., see Feb. 15 for
CLIS Benefit for Jay Liesener,
featuring music, magic, munchies
and more, 2-6 p.m.. Colony
Ballroom, Stamp Union, $25 &
$10. Call X5441 for info.*
University Community Concerts:
Paul Odette, lute and Nigel
Rogers, tenor. 3 p.m., free seminar
at 1:30 p.m. See Feb. 17 for
Film: "Mississippi Burning,"
discussion to follow, 7:30 p.m.,
Ellicott Hall. Call x5605 for info.
Hoff Theater Movie: "Sea of
Love." Call x4987 for info.'
Black Students of Ellicott Com-
munity Ellicott Music Week,
featuring music nightly through
Feb. 23, 4-7 p.m., Ellicott Dining
Hall. Schedule: Feb. 19 Blues; 20
Jazz; 21 Caribbean; 22 Rap; and
23 House & Club night. Call x5605
Science, Technology and Society
Lecture: "Nuclear Winter: Scientific
Evidence and Policy Implications,"
Alan Robock, 3:30 p.m., 2309
Art/Soc. Bldg. Call x8862 for info.
Computer Science Colloquium:
"A Proposal for Automated Integral
Tables," Richard J. Fateman, U. of
California. Berkeley, 4 p.m., 0111
Classroom Bldg. Call x4244 for
Cambridge Community Film:
"Eyes on the Prize," discussion So
follow, 7:30 p.m., Cumberland Hall.
Call x5605 for info.
Black Students of Ellicott Com-
munity Film: "Black by Popular
Demand," discussion to follow,
7:30 p.m.. Ellicott 1 Lounge. Call
X5605 for info.
SEE Lecture: "An Evening with
Ken Kesey, author of One Ffeiv
Over the dictum's Nest. 8 p.m.,
Grand Ballroom, $5 general admis-
sion. $3 students Call x4546 for
Registration Ends, for doubles
table tennis Call x3124 for info.
Employee Development Seminar:
"Time Management," 9 a.m. -4
p.m., 0105 Center of Adult Educa-
tion, $35. Call x4811 for info.
College of Education Conference:
"Multicultural Education and
Mainstreaming Issues." time and
place TBA. Call x5291 tar info.
Zoology Lecture: "Evolution of
Cooperation in Red-Cockaded
Woodpeckers," Jeff Walters, N.C.
State U., noon, 1208 Zoo/Psych.
Bldg. Call x3201 for info.
Economics and National Security
Research Workshop: "Experimen-
tal Methods and National Security
Models." Joe Oppenheimer, 3:30-5
p.m., Student Lounge, Morrill Hall.
Call x3457 tar info.
Physics Colloquium: "Squeezed
Light," Marvin Teich, Columbia U.,
4 p.m., 1410 Physics Bldg. Call
x3512 for info.
Black Students of Ellicott Com-
munity, BSU, Nyumburu & SUPC
Panel Discussion: "Historical
Perspective of Black Student
Leadership at UMCP," 7 p.m.,
Stamp Union Atrium. Call x5605
Cambridge Community Black
History Jeopardy Game, 7:30
p.m., place TBA. Call x5605 tar
University of Maryland Wind
Ensemble Concert, featuring
selections by Sweelinck, Hanson,
Grainger, Husa and others for
various wind and percussion
instruments, 8 p.m., Memorial
Chapel. Call x6803 for info.
Hoff Theater Movie: "The Right
Stuff." Call X4987 for info.*
Registration Begins, for doubles
badminton and Maryland Sports
Day. Call x3124 for info.
French Department Lecture:
"From Novel to Film, Caribbean
Style: Palcy Interprets Zobel," Keith
Warner, George Mason U., 10
a.m., 2120 Jimenez Hall. Call
X5605 for info.
International Agriculture & Life
Sciences Lecture: "Information,
Education and Development,"
Elaine McCreary. U. of Guelph,
Ontario, Canada, noon, 0115
Symons Hall. Call x4933 for info.
Men's Lacrosse Scrimmage vs.
Delaware, 3 p.m., Lacrosse Field.
Call X4328 for info.
International Coffee Hour, 3-4:30
p.m., 0205 Jimenez Hall. Call
x4925 for info.
College of Journalism Black
History Month Panel Discussion,
featuring William McPhatter,
Howard U. and Allegra Bennett.
The Washington Times, other
participants TBA, 7 p.m., Stamp
Union Atrium. Call x2228 for into.
Guameri String Quartet Open
Rehearsal, 7 p.m.. Tawes Recital
Hail. Call X6669 lor info.
Hillel Panel Discussion: "Jewish
Life on Campus: Where Do We
Go From Here," featuring students
and staff, 7:15-8:30 p.m., Jewish
Student Center. Call 422-6200 for
Women's Basketball; Maryland vs.
Virginia, 7:30 p.m, Cole Field
House. Call x2123 for into*
Cambridge Community Arts
Event, featuring a tribute to Blacks
in the arts, 8 p.m.. Denton Dining
Hall. Call X5605 for info.
Campus Club Meeting: "What's
Going On at the College Park
Campus," featuring Lauren R.
Brown and Marcus Franda, 8 p.m.,
Carriage House, Rossborough Inn.
Call 864-1927 for info.
Office of Graduate Minority
Affairs Meeting; "Considering
Graduate School," time and place
TBA. Call x8838 tor info.
Hoff Theater Movie: "The Right
Stuff." Call x4987 far info."
* Admission charge for this event.
All others are five.
Calendar Information may be
sent to John Fritz, 2101 Turner
Laboratory or (via electronic
mail) to firstname.lastname@example.org.
February 12, 1990
Tanenbaum Featured in Third Annual Segovia
Prize-winning master guitarist David Tanenbaum will perform the
third Annual Andres Segovia Memorial Concert on Friday, Feb. 23
at 8 p.m. in the First United Methodist Church at 6201 Belcrest
Road in Hyattsville. Presented by the Friends of the Maryland Sum-
mer Institute for the Creative and Performing Arts, the concert will
feature music of Harrison, Brouwcr, Bach, Tippet, Lauro and
Rodrigo. General admission, at the door only, is S10. Call 4=H--r24l
ARTS AT MARYLAND
Art Historian Examines the Role of Writing
During Spanish Conquest
rhe old axiom that the pen is
mightier than the sword
refers to the words produced
by the instrument, not the
But in Arthur Miller's current study of
writing as a means of Spanish conquest
in the New World, it is the medium of
writing that the professor of art history
sees as an instrument of power.
Supported by a 8120,000 National En-
dowment for the Humanities grant.
Mil It-r and his colleagues, social historian
Nancy Farriss and economist Angelis
Romero, are examining the process of
Spanish colonialization in Latin America
through a study of the Zapotecs, an
ethnic group in south central Mexico that
fell under Spanish domination in the ear-
ly 16th century. Miller is focusing on
how writing, as practiced by the
Spanish, diminished the native traditions
of the Zapotecs and furthered
"The Zapotecs adopted European
writing for their own purposes. It was
not something imposed upon them—
they chose to use it because they seem-
Seriously, Conference Will Explore
Whether Laughter is Best Medicine
When health professionals visit College
E^ark this spring to discuss a particular
form of therapy one thing is certain: no
one will complain about the pre-
"The Medicinal Muses: The
Therapeutic Uses of the Arts and
Humanities," a conference on the healing
powers of comedy, dance, song, etc.
sponsored by the Research Center for
the Arts and Humanities and the National
Library of Medicine at the National In-
stitutes of Health, will be held April
23-2-4 at the university. The conference
will bring together classicists, physicians,
educators and psychiatrists who will
discuss the links between medicine and
The intuition that the arts help the ail-
ing dates back as far as recorded history,
according to conference organizer
Gregory Stalcy, associate professor of
classics. From the stories told by
shamans in palaeolithic cultures to
modern uses of art and music in
psychotherapy, rhe arts and humanities
have been viewed as therapeutic, lie says.
But while the healing powers of in-
dividual disciplines such as dance, art,
and music have been discussed, no one
has examined ;is a whole the role they
play in medical practice nor the history
of the idea, Staley says.
The conference wit! focus on four
general topics: the history of the idea of
humanities as an aid in healing; whether
laughter is the best medicine; psychiatry
and the humanities: and the performing
arts as therapy. Dr. Steve Allen, Jr.. a
physician and son of entertainer Steve
Allen, will present the keynote address.
For more information, call 4 "h- 1820. ■
cd to associate European writing with
power. They hoped to exploit its power
by writing themselves. Ironically, the
result was that, in doing this, they
undermined their own traditions," Miller
"What is particularly interesting is that
writing was not entirely new to their
culture. They had their own form of
writing, hut they had used writing dif-
When the Spanish and Zapotecs first
encountered each other, there were fun-
damental differences in their use of
writing, Miller says.
The Zapotecs used a phonetic system
of writing that needed to be expressed
vocally and visually. The notion of
words heing meaningful in isolation was
foreign to them.
Land deeds, for example, fascinated
the Zapotecs, in that, with a mere piece
of paper, a person controlled a parcel of
land even if that person was not near
the land. The Zapotecs had no experience
with such uses of writing.
To further illustrate how pre-
Columbian cultures sometimes regarded
European use of the written word. Miller
recounts the story of an Inca ruler who
encounters a Catholic priest reading a
"The oiler asks the priest. What are
you doing?' And the priest replies,
Reading the word of Cod The ruler
takes the hook, holds it to his ear. and.
not hearing anything, throws away the
book." Miller savs.
Because the Spanish had dominated
the Zapotecs militarily, and because
Spanish documents carried tremendous
legal and religious authority with the
conquerors, the Zapotecs came to view
Spanish writing as an instrument of
power, Miller says. As they became
literate in Spanish, they tried secretly to
harness the power they saw In it
Zapolec spiritual leaders began to
write calendars that listed their religious
feast dates and the ceremonies associated
with them. By doing this, they felt that
could enhance the power of their
ceremonies, Miller says.
However, the opposite occurred.
Previously, the traditions had been
passed among a closed circle of leaders
who maintained virtually all knowledge
of these ceremonies. Once this informa-
tion was written onto paper, it became
accessible to whomever could read.
The key documents in Miller's study
are a collection of more than 100
Zapotec religious calendars of the
period. The calendars were discovered
by Spanish authorities at the end of the
l~th century and used in idolatry trials
of the writers.
The study is extending Miller's own
area of expertise. Previously, he has
focused on the art of Pre-Columbian
cultures of Latin America.
The research project will continue this
summer in Mexico ■
— Brian Rusek
French Department Lecture Series
Celebrates Black History Month
The Department of French and Italian
Languages and Literatures will present
two lecture series during the next six
weeks— -one in connection with Black
History month and the other in coopera-
tion with the Swiss Embassy.
In celebration of Black History Month,
the department is sponsoring three Ice
tures on "Francophone Writers of the
Marc Christophe. Howard t'niversity.
will speak on "Les grandes eta pes de la
literature haitienne: Acculturation et
decul titration." at lo a.m. Wed.. Feb. 1 1.
in Rm. 2210, Jimenez Hall.
Keith Q. Warner. Ceorge Mason
University," will speak on "From Novel
to Film, Caribbean Style: Palcy Interprets
Zobcf at 10 a.m. Wed . Feb, 21. in Rm.
2210 Jimenez Hall.
Marie- Marcel le Racine. I'niversity of the
District of Columbia, will speak on
"Felix Morrisseau-Leroy. ecrivain haitieri"
at 10 a.m. Wed.. March H, in Rm. 2210
In association with the Embassy of
Switzerland, the depart men i is sponsor-
ing a scries of three lectures on Impres-
sions de Suisse romande,
Francois Barras, cultural Affairs officer
of the Swiss Embassy, will speak on
"Breve introduction a la line ratine suisse
romande" at 1 p.m„ Tues., Feb 13, in
the Multi-purpose Room of the Language
Maurice Davicr, second secretary at the
Swiss Embassy, will speak on "Stir les
traces du promeneur solitaire: Vagabon-
dage liuerairc autour de Geneve" at 2
p.m. Tues.. Feb 2~ in the Multi-purpose
Room of the Language House.
Jean-Jacques de Dardel, first secretary
of the Swiss Embassy." will speak on "La
Suisse et la Francophonie" at 2 p.m.
Tues.. March 13, in the Multi-purpose
Room of the Language House.
All lectures in the two series are in
French. For more information, call
February 12, 1990
MFRI To Offer Leadership Courses for Fire
The Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute (MFRI) will offer a scries
of two-day leadership courses this winter and spring that are
designed to improve the command and management effectiveness
of fire service company officers. Each of the three courses, which
will be held in the Reckord Armory, will he limited to 40 par-
ticipants. The first course, which focuses on creativity, power,
multiple roles and ethics, will be held Feb. 24-25. The second,
which deals with situational leadership, delegating, coaching and
discipline, wili be held March 10-1 1. and the third, which stresses
problem solving, identifying company needs, running meetings,
and decision-making, will be held April 21-22. For more informa-
tion, call (301) 220-7240.
University Ranks High in Production of Black
From left: Dorrine Jones. Rosemary Parker, and LaWanda Saddler-Assert
m * or the last several years, the
m < College of Engineering has
m ranked among the top 20
JL, universities in the country in
the number of bachelor of science in
engineering degrees awarded to black
According to the Engineering Manpower
Commission of the American Association
of Engineering Societies. College Park
ranked 13th nationally for the 198~-88
academic year. The school was also 20th
in the total number of engineering
bachelor's degrees awarded.
One reason for this impressive record
is the Center for Minorities in Science
"By having the center here, the
university has made a major effon to do
something about bringing minority
students to College Park,'' notes
Rosemary Parker, the center's director.
"The percentage of minority student* in
the college who graduate has increased
every year," she adds.
Of the 2.9^2 undergraduates enrolled
in the College of Engineering for the fall
1989 semester, 175 were black, 85
Hispanic and ten Native American.
Parker says that during the last three
years the number of black undergraduate
engineering students has remained
relatively consistent while the number of
Hispanic and Native American students
Nationally, since 1983. there has been
a one third decline in the number of
men and women enrolled in engineering
programs, according to the AnuTk. an
Association of Engineering Societies. Of
every 1.000 U.S. college graduates, only
seven are engineers. By comparison,
Japan produces 40 engineers per 1,000
I'nlikc similar entities at some other
schools that arc dependent on uncertain
"soft" funding, the Center for Minorities
in Science and Engineering at College
Park is supported by state funds. This
means the center will exist from year to
The center's focus has been on in-
creasing the retention rates of minority
engineering undergraduates, Parker says.
And those rates have been very good.
For example, Parker points out. the
first and second year retention rates of
minority students who have taken part
in the six-year-old summer "bridge" pro-
gram arc 90 and 96 percent respectively,
at least comparable to and in some cases
better than the retention rates for majori-
ty students Operated jointly by the
center and the College of Engineering
and the College of Computer,
Mathematical and Physical Sciences of-
fices of student affairs, the program pro-
vides participants with an intensive two-
week introduction to the university dur-
ing the June prior to their freshman
The center also offers free tutorial ser-
vices in math, physics, chemistry,
engineering and computer science as
well as academic and personal advising.
It provides information about financial
Builds New Ties to Industry
M » ince its inception in 1984,
^L the construction engineering
^ and management program
\*J yvithin the Department of
Civil Engineering has awarded 51
master's and three Ph.D. degrees. Each
year between ! 5 and 20 bachelor of
science degrees in civil engineering with
a specialty in construction are awarded.
Recognized today as potentially one of
the nation's top programs in the field, its
graduates have taken construction
management jobs in the Washington-
Baltimore area, continued their military
careers or. in the case of foreign
students, have returned to their various
homelands to lend their newly gained
skills to improving construction
Since 1984, the construction program
also has sponsored eight public lectures
by distinguished speakers on current
construction management topics as part
of the ongoing John J. Kirlin, Inc. lecture
As an offshoot of this success, the
Center for Construction Engineering and
Management has been established. The
center is a cooperative alliance between
the civil engineering department and the
construction industry in the Washington-
The center's goals are to assist with
the improvement of productivity and
profitability of all organizations involved
in the local construction area and to im-
prove the effectiveness of the construc-
tion engineering and management
academic program at College Park.
Roy Pilcher. who holds the A.J. Clark
Chair in Construction Engineering and
Management in the College of Engineer-
ing, says the industry is generally en-
thusiastic about the center and several
firms have pledged their financial sup
"There is a tremendous wealth of suc-
cessful construction companies in the
Baltimore-Washington area," he notes.
"Over the last ten to fifteen years, the
industry here has expanded tremendous-
"One of my goals is to get a bit closer
■ to the industry. This (the center) is one
way of doing it. We need to put
something back into the industry which
has done a lot for the engineering and
construction management and engineer-
ing program here at College Park,"
He sees the center as a place where
short courses and mid-career training can
be offered and as a technological infor-
mation clearing house and a source of
problem-solving expertise. "We hope to
begin a process of education between
the industry and ourselves as to the kind
of problems that we can help solve,"
When carpenters building wooden
forms for concrete beams and slabs of a
multi-level parking garage under con-
struction at Johns Hopkins University ran
into difficulty understanding complicated
details on the blueprint, the center was
able to help. It produced a series of
CAD-generated, three-dimensional, color-
coded drawings that looked at elements
of the construction design from several
perspectives. The drawings gave the
carpenters a new way of approaching
and solving the problem.
The CAD project was the outgrowth
of a casual conversation with the con-
tractor. "What we want to do is be able
to say to the industry: 'We can help you
deal with this or that specific problem,"'
Pilcher says. "There is a lot of
assistance and scholarships and supports
the campus chapter of the Black
Engineers Society and the newly
established Society of Hispanic Profes-
sional Engineers. Through a coordinated
effort between the center, L'MCP alumni
and industry sponsors, a mentor pro-
gram gives minority engineering and
computer science students opportunities
to learn about careers from professionals
working in a variety of technical fields.
Another center activity is exposing
talented minority high school students to
careers in high technology. Last summer
28 high school juniors were selected
from among 200 applications for the
Minority Scholars in Computer Science
and Engineering Program.
Half the participants were men, half
women. Sixteen were from Maryland,
eight from Virginia and four from the
District of Columbia. Their average high
school GPA was 3.4. their PSAT score
1015. Twenty six of the students were
black, two were Hispanic. Nearly all (93
percent) earned six college credits by
taking MATH II I and ENES 101 while
exploring careers in computer science
and engineering. Since 1983, the pro-
gram has enabled 182 talented minority
high school students to get a firsthand
glimpse of college life.
The center is run by three full-time
staff— Parker, assistant director LaWanda
Saddler-Assen, who came to College Park
from a similar position at SL1NY Albany
last month, and secretary Dorrine
Jones— and graduate assistants David
Marks and Chi -K wan Ho. ■
— Tom Otwell
knowledge and know-how here." The
center also has helped one local com-
pany through a literature search to apply
total quality control concepts to the con-
struction field and conducted a library
search for technical information relating
to a problem involving deep formed
concrete curing for another.
Pilcher believes there is a great future
for construction engineering, "We could
become the major division of the civil
engineering program at Maryland. There
arc six divisions in the department.
We're the second largest now, producing
the second largest number, after struc-
tures, of masters and doctoral degrees."
In addition to Pilcher, faculty
members Leonard Bernold and Nabil
Kartam staff the program and three or
four visiting faculty teach each semester
on an as needed basis. Ph.D. candidate
Dennis McCahill is acting manager of the
"Within the next five to ten years, the
program here ought to be among the
top five in the nation," Pilcher says.
"There's no doubt about it." ■
— Torn Otwell
Help Give a Lift to Jay Liesener
The College of Library and Information Services and the CLIS
Alumni Chapter will host a benefit on Sunday, Feb. 18 from 2-6
p.m. in the Colony Ballroom of Stamp Union to help the Lieseners
with the enormous expense of installing a wheelchair lift and other
rehabilitation costs for their son. Jay, 17, is paralyzed as the result
of a spinal injury last August; his father Jim is a professor of Library
Information, Among other activities, the benefit will feature music,
magic, munchies and a silent auction. Tickets arc S25 each ($10 for
students). For further information call Esther Herman, 454-2590, or
Elizabeth Aversa, 454-4854.
Knight Center Awards Fellowships
to 26 Journalists
Twenty-six reporters and editors from across the country have
been awarded fellowships to study finance and economic issues at
the College of Journalism's Knight Center for Specialized Jour-
nalism, From Feb. 18 to March 2 the group will participate in
discussions with university, corporate and government experts as
they focus on such topics as global finance, pension funds and
venture capital. Established in 1987, the Knight Center conducts in-
tensive courses to help journalists improve their coverage of com-
February 12, 1990
COLLEGE PARK PEOPLE
Gerard Evans: "I Was Happy to Help."
UMCP President William E. Kirwan. Gerard Evans, and Governor William Donald Schaefer are
pictured at the Rosalie Reilly Gubernatorial Fellowship Fund Breakfast held at the Governor
Calvert House in Annapolis last December.
Volunteers on Campus: Doing
Well by Doing Good
Volunteerism. It's as much a part of
the American tradition as apple pie.
Thousands of organizations would be
hard pressed to continue their work
without the help and contributions of
Soup kitchens for the homeless,
church Sunday school classes, Girl and
Boy Scout troops, a radio reading service
for the blind, neighborhood civic
associations, PTAs and Little League
baseball teams. The list is as endless as
America is diverse.
It is no surprise that volunteers are ac-
tive in serving the College Park campus
as well, (Sec companion story on this
Nancy Brims, who coordinates
volunteer service out of the Office of Ex-
periential Learning, maintains a roster of
1^0 members of the Retired Volunteer
Service Corps. The 15 year-old campus-
based organization recruits and assigns
volunteers to dozens of different ac-
tivities. She notes that among area col-
leges and universities, Gallaudet is the
only other school that has an organized
program for volunteers.
Campus volunteers are expected to
give a minimum of three hours of their
time each week, but, says Bruns, most
give more. They average between six and
eight hours weekly, In return, they get
tickets to 'terrapin sports events, a park-
ing spot, access to campus recreational
facilities, and a library card.
Volunteers can be found virtually
everywhere— in the Junior Writing
Center, the Graduate Thesis Program
(new this year for students from abroad),
the Maryland English Institute, the Speak-
ing Partners Program, the Counseling
Center, the Center for Global Change,
and University Community Concerts, to
name only a few.
Pauline Stabler, of Silver Spring, has
been a volunteer in the Engineering and
Physical Sciences Library since she
retired from the library staff in 1979. The
library's current director. Herb Focrstel.
notes thai Stabler hired him as a
reference librarian in the late 1960s when
she was acting director. She now devotes
her time to repairing damaged books in
Frank and Louise Amodie a retired
husband and wife team who were
guidance counselors in the Prince
George's County public schools, have
been volunteers in the Learning
Assistance Service of the Counseling
Center for more than a dozen years.
They have seen more than 3,000
students. Residents of Crofion. the
Amodies were named Volunteers of the
Year three years ago.
The contributions made by the
Slawsky twins, Milton and Zaka, to
the Slawsky Clinic in the Physics
Building, are legendary. Thousands of
undergraduates have been helped to
pierce the mysteries of mathematics and
physics during the 15 years the brothers
have volunteered their time and skills.
Norman Canfield, a retiree from the
National Weather Service has been work-
ing with meteorology professor Ferdi-
nand Baer editing for publication a
series of lectures delivered as part of the
memorial to the late campus
meteorologist Helmut Landsburg.
For more information about oppor-
tunities to volunteer, contact Nancy
Bruns at 454-4767. ■
— Tom Otu-ell
rhere are volunteers.
And then there are out-
s landing volunteers,
Gerard E. Evans fits into
the latter category.
This past winter, Evans, an attorney
with the firm of Rifkin, Evans, Silver and
Lamone in Baltimore, was appointed by
Governor William Donald Schaefer to
chair the Rosalie Reilly Gubernatorial
Fellowship Fund Schaefci is honorarj
The fund will sponsor young, outstan-
ding leaders to receive gubernatorial
fellowships each year. The fellows will be
selected from among students involved
with the Center for Political Leadership
and Participation at the University of
Maryland at College Park under the
direction of Georgia Sorenson.
The fund was established in honor of
the memory of Rosalie Reilly, former
chair of the Maryland Democratic Party
and close friend of the governor.
The goal of the fund was to raise ap-
proximately $ 50,000
With unbridled enthusiasm and com-
mitment Evans bettered that final tally to
Contributions to the fund made before
the December 31 deadline were matched
dollar for dollar by the state's private in-
"He really impressed me," says Soren-
son of Evans, who despite an injured
back remained involved in the fundrais-
ing efforts, even making telephone calls
during the Christmas break.
'Jerry was the perfect candidate for
the job. He has a commitment to young
people, politics, the governor and the
universitv," adds Sorenson.
Evans did not come to the Rosalie
Reilly Fund as a novice. Evans, who
received his master's degree in Govern-
ment and Politics from the university in
1982 and his law degree from the
University of Baltimore Law School, has
had past success in political fundraising,
including a breakfast that raised $50,000
for Governor Schaefer's election
He is currently attorney and chief lob-
byist for the Medical and Chirurgical
Faculty of Maryland (State Medical Socie-
ty), Deputy Chairman of the State
Maryland Democratic Party, and a
member of Prince George's County Cen-
While the Rosalie Reilly Fund was the
First involvement he has had with UMCP,
ii apparently will not be his last.
He is already talking about putting
together a basketball game featuring lob-
byists vs. the Senate with Governor
lie hopes the basketball game will en-
courage ongoing fundraising with the
lobbyists asking clients to donate funds
in suppori of the Reilly Fund,
"I love the university," he says. "In
fact, if 1 could have been a student the
rest of my life, I would have."
Evans feels that the Rosalie Reilly Fund
is a wonderful opportunity for students
to "apply practice with experience."
Evans, himself, got his start in politics
as a young intern.
"I was happy to help," he says of his
And the university was happy to have
— f.iui Givgor} 1
UMCP Team is Finalist in Inter-
national Computing Competition
A team of students from UMCP will be
among the 24 finalists chosen to com-
pete in the Uth annual ACM Scholastic
Programming Contest to be held Wednes-
day. Feb. 21 at the Sheraton Washington
The contest finals are a one-of-a-kind
international computing competition,
sponsored by AT&T Computer Systems.
Each team will use problem-solving and
software development skills to solve as
many problems as possible in the leasi
amount of time, with the fewest number
of tries. Faced with a five-hour deadline,
teams must develop a strategy that takes
full advantage of each member's in-
Members of the Maryland team include
James da Silva, Christine Hofmeister,
Mark Pleszkoch, and Stephan J. Smith.
The contest is organized and hosted
by the Association of Computing
Machinery (ACM), in conjunction with its
annual Computer Science Conference.
In past years, students have solved
such problems as how long it takes to
remove all the air in a one -story home,
analyzing satellite photographs to find
patches of diseased vegetation, handling
a telephone message service and
Finalists finished first or second in 12
regional contests that were held last fall
involving more than 1,800 students in
459 teams representing 354 colleges and
universities. Finalists in this year's com-
petition include teams from universities
in Canada, the Netherlands and New
Zealand, as well as the United States. ■
February 12. 1990
Commuter Affairs Seeks Nominations
for Service Award
The Office of Commuter Affairs is interested in receiving nomina-
tions for its 1990 Award for Outstanding Service to Commuter
Students. Nominations and applications arc currently being ac-
cepted for students who have done outstanding work for, with,
and/or on behalf of commuters. Please forward names of nominees
to the Office of Commuter Affairs, 1 1 95 Stamp Student Union, or
contact Deb Taub at 454-5274, The deadline for receipt of com-
pleted applications is Wednesday, March 2, 1990.
Central Judicial Board Seeks Student Members
The Office of Judicial Programs is seeking qualified students to
serve as volunteer members of the Central judicial Board. The
board reviews serious incidents of alleged student misconduct on
campus. Qualifications for student members include a GPA of 2.5
and the ability to listen, be impartial, and participate in group deci-
sions. The deadline for submitting nominations is March 2. Call
John Zacker at 454-2927 for information or nomination forms
Clague Endorses Tenure Reform
continued from page I
Nothing in the Supreme Court's
University of Pennsylvania decision
requires that institutions of higher educa-
tion provide faculty access to their own
promotion and tenure files (much less to
the files of other faculty members for
comparison purposes) in the absence of
an EEOC subpoena, or, by implication,
judicially-compelled discovery, Never-
theless, in light of the on-going
consideration on this campus of a docu-
ment that would reform Maryland's pro-
motion and tenure system, it may be of
interest to a number of readers of
Outlook that confidentiality is not the
norm at many public research univer-
sities as well as at a number of liberal
Professor's Son Among
Science Talent Search
Maneesh Agrawaia. the P-v car-old son
of campus computer science professor
Ashok K. Agrawaia. is one of six area
high school students who are among the
-to finalists in the national Westinghou.se
Corporation's Science Talent Search
The young Agrawaia, a student at
Montgomery Blair High School in Silver
Spring, developed a three-dimensional
computer model of protein molecules
thai may have applications in creating
medicine of the future. The Metro sec-
tion of the January 26 edition of The
Washington Post carried a story about
the six area students.
The Blair senior has applied t< > a
number of the country's most presti-
gious universities according to his
father. But Maneesh is no stranger to
higher education. He has taken courses
in mathematics and physics at College
Park and has been engaged in a research
project with Vice President for Academic
Affairs and Provost J. Robert Dorfman.
When I conducted a brief, non-
exhaustive inquiry in 198"- 1988. I was
surprised to learn that faculty may have
access to their promotion and tenure
files (including externa! letters evaluating
research publications) at the following
universities: University of North Carolina-
Chapel Hill: University of Texas-Austin;
University of Minnesota; SI' NY system;
California State System: University of
Maine System; University of Oregon;
Florida State and the University of
Florida, and the University of Massachu-
setts. According to a colleague at the
University of Wisconsin-Madison, can-
didates have access to letters from
external reviewers there as well.
In 1988 the Commonwealth Court of
Exhibition to Feature Work
From Washington Schools of
"Architecture in Academia; An Exhibition
of Student Work.'' will Feature work of
of students from the four schools of archi-
chitecturc in the Washington
metropolitan area (Catholic U., UMCP,
Howard U. and the Washington-
Alexander Center Consortium] at the Na-
National Building Museum from Feb. 20
through March 11, 1990. Sponsored by
the Washington Area Architects Group,
the exhibition will feature models, draw-
ings, and other graphic work in various
media. Located on F St., directly oppn-
site the Judiciary Square Metro station
on the Red Une, the museum is open
Mon-Sat. 10 a.m. -4 p.m.; Sun. and
holidays, noon-4 p.m. Call -m-;i-i2~ tor
Where Are They Now?
After a year and a half in the Skinner
Building, the Office of International
Education Services and the Office of
Pennsylvania held that several faculty
members, who challenged their tenure-
denial at Penn State, could have access to
peer review committee reports under the
Commonwealth's Personnel Files .Act.
Because many of the institutions listed
above are governed by state-wide public
records laws, it is reasonable to assume
that many other institutions within the
states also provide candidates with access
to their promotion and tenure files.
Rosalie Tung, the Asian -American facul-
ty member whose complaint about
tenure denial at the Wharton School of
Business triggered the EEOC investigation
in the University of Pennsylvania case,
applauds the Supreme Court's decision as
a victory for other women and minori-
ties who decide to pursue Title VI! claims.
Study Abroad have returned to the Mitch-
ell Building The IES office is in room
31 16A, phone 454-3043, and the Study
Abroad office is in room 502 S, phone
Mosleh Assists in Nuclear
Power Plant Safety
AN Mosleh, assistant professor of
nuclear engineering, recently returned
horn Beijing where he reviewed the
recently completed a probabilistic safety
assessment of the Chinese Guangdong
Nuclear Power Plant. Mosleh was invited
by the Internationa) Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) and the National Nuclear
Safety Administation (NNSA) of the Peo-
ple-. Republic of China. It was the Mist
prohabjlistii safety assessment performed
by the Chinese and the project had high
visibility within the international safety
community. Experts from England.
France and Romania also took part in
the review. Before traveling to the PKC,
Mosleh spent two weeks in Vienna at
The challenge for Maryland, as I
argued in several articles in Faculty Voice
in 1987-88, is to create a promotion and
tenure system which not only treats
faculty fairly in the application of high
standards, but which also leaves can-
didates for promotion with the belief
they have been treated fairly. 1 believe
our President and Vice President-Provost
favor such a reform. Better campus- based
prevention than judicial cures. ■
I EJiIk* 4ls> aJnsrd Ftib^(.|l ml k-r dNKTUWun Kn'turJ than ol the
l*|urffimin ..1 Fdutjilim ftitlcv .ind Hie Nitiimul Lcnccr htf ttwscuniikn
luAtrmjiuT: ?mj Flrum.t ami Chid MdfeMds ill llw ImnpLtlcF \(cnor
i i-nici ,,ml T>:EWHHem ul AiHhniinl-r^ jJ 1 *. |.ijiv,J ,ni|frf ntlt^ it*
member. ,,l ih-, K-H-jiLh minmiiur Amur Funk- ,nun*-l ,i[ iixiwl <m
ul F5 moaa brie) hi ilic liuimtii ni t\-nwiinnt,i ate, 5UMd Sckfcn
m ik- l*]uniT*ni nf hJui jimn nilhy ind l>jk- Howell IXmh ,n ,mr i nt
lege ill rddtaiim html ihc dk**Ttalnin cummirtcv* Ut-jnV trp' ) gbo pea
vhlt-tl ilin.-tll.iii Eur reliutmt'HC nl tin- Hcc!ru',Fi itisvirju.in
the invitation of the IAEA to review a
probabilistic safety assessment study of a
nuclear plant being performed for the
government of the Netherlands
Maryland Newspaper Project
Comes to College Park
The Maryland Newspaper project has
moved from the Enoch Pratt Free
Library in Baltimore to the Marylandia
Depart meat in McKeldirj Library. The
project involves locating and cataloging
all newspapers held permanently in
Maryland repositories open to the public,
a total estimated to be some 1.800 titles,
by June loot. The final goal is to
publish and microfilm a complete guide
to Maryland newspapers, organized
alphabetical ly by city of publication and
indexed by newspaper title and county
of publication as well.
Construction on Business/Public Affairs Building to Begin in March
Construction of the new facility for the College of Business and Management and the School of
Public Affairs will get under way In early March. A Cornerstone-Time Capsule Ceremony will be
held March 27 at 1 1 a.m. on the construction site in the southwestern comer of campus, on
Mowatt Lane adjacent to the School of Architecture. Funding for the $22 million building comes
from state, university and private sources. In addition to classrooms, state-of-the-art
computer laboratories, and administrative areas, the 127,000 square-foot facility will have
a large auditorium named for business alumnus Ralph Tyser ('40), who has contributed
SI million to the building campaign.