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Volume 4 , Number 18 

University of Maryland at College Park 

Scholars to Discuss 

£ » eeking the key to the future 

^L success of Perestroika in the 

^ Soviet past, a stellar group of 
^J Soviet and American intellec- 
tuals will meet in Washington, D.C., this 
week to discuss Perestroka in a Universi- 
ty of Maryland at a College Park-organ- 
ized conference. 

Seen by organizers as the first inten- 
sive examination of the current politics 
of Perestroika in a broad historical 
framework, the conference will bring 
together more than 30 top scholars, 
government officials and journalists from 
the two countries for meetings Feb. 
21-23 at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce 
in Washington. Participants will include 
Klara Hallik, a member of the Supreme 
Soviet; Yuri Ossipyan, vice president of 
the USSR Academy of Sciences; Valery 
Makarov, a leading Soviet economist; 
Vasily Selunin, a member of the editorial 
board of Noiy Mir, Ed Hewett, senior 
fellow at the Brookings Institution; 
Frederick Starr, president of Oberlin Col- 
lege; Sen. Bill Bradley (D-NJ,); and Jack 
Smith, Moscow correspondent for CBS 
News. College Park faculty members 
Clopper Almon (economics), Karen 
Dawisha (government and polities) and 
George Kent (history) arc also 

"We will be looking at historical 
change in the USSR in order to gain a 
clear understanding of how the Soviet 
Union got to where it is and to deter- 
mine how this history affects current 
decision making," says Richard Brccht, 
professor of Germanic and Slavic 
Languages and Literatures and director of 
College Park's Office of US-USSR 
Academic Joint Ventures. 

"The issues currently being debated in 
the Soviet Union— privatization of 
ownership, the role of the Communist 
Party in government and so forth— arc 
not new. These debates have been going 
on throughout Soviet history, We intend 
to look at the pivotal points of change 
in Soviet history, examining what the 
problems were, what were seen as possi- 
ble solutions, what decisions were made 
and how these decisions were arrived at. 
We're looking back to sec what lessons 
can be gained for the future." 

The inspiration for a conference focus- 
ing on Perestroika came from the Soviet 
side, while the opportunity for the event 
developed from College Park's long 
history of academic contacts with the 
Soviet Union, organizers say. 

continued on page 3 

New Report Summarizes Status of 
Changes in Undergraduate Education 

M new report by the Office of 
/\ Undergraduate Studies details 
j^w the status of initiatives to 
JL. JL improve undergraduate edu- 
cation at College Park that were recom- 
mended by the Pease Report in 1988, 

"Keeping the Promise: A Status Report 
on Undergraduate Education" is the first 
report to follow "Promises to Keep: The 
College Park Plan for Undergraduate Ed- 
ucation," commonly known as the Pease 
Report. This document was approved by 
the Campus Senate and Board of Regents 
in the spring of 1988, 

Publication of "Keeping the Promise" 
also meets one of the 11 rccommenda 
tions in the Pease Report by providing a 
status report on the reforms to UMCP's 
undergraduate education scheduled to 
begin in the fall of 1990. 


Deciphering Mysterious 
Stone Monoliths 

Art historian will travel to Nigeria. 

Focus on 

Undagcaduate Education 

Outlook Begins 
New Series 

This week's Outlook features an opin- 
ion piece by Dean for Undergraduate 
Studies Kathryn Mohrman, as well as a 
story announcing a new brochure, 
"Keeping the Promise: A Status Report 
on Undergraduate Education." 

Lots of things are happening to 
strengthen undergraduate education these 
days, and these articles kick off a series 
of stories, planned for Outlook publica- 
tion during the spring semester, that will 
highlight some interesting people and 
look at some new programs being 
designed to challenge undergraduate 
students in and out of the classroom 

We invite you [oin us as we explore 
some facets of the undergraduate educa- 
tional experience. Tell us about the good 
things that you see happening around 
you, but also feel free to express your 
opinion on what might be improved, as 

The agenda to enhance the 
undergraduate education experience can 
benefit from your interest, insights and 
attention. So, we invite you to join us in 
a dialogue on where we are and where 
we ought to go to provide an exemplary 
undergraduate education to al! of our 
students. ■ 

— Jtaz Hiettert, Editor 

"In describing such initiatives in some 
detail, this report outlines some of the 
reasons why I am so pleased to be a 
member of the College Park communi- 
ty," says Dean for Undergraduate Studies 
Kathryn Mohrman in the preface to the 
report. "For every program featured in 
this report, for every student and pro- 
fessor highlighted, there are many more 
who are turning promises into reality." 

The status report details the universi- 
ty's efforts to improve undergraduate 
education in four major areas. The first, 
"Ensuring Student Success," focuses on 
programs designed to enhance students' 
access to academic and social advising. 

These programs include the Intensive 
Educational Development Program; the 

continued on page 3 

Reflections of a 

Frequent Committee Member 

OR You Can Leam Some Interesting Things About College Park If You Listen 

Hy Kathryn Mohrman. 

Dean of Undergraduate Studies 

/n recent weeks, in the 
various committee meetings I 
have attended, I have un- 
covered some intriguing 
facts. I want to share nine of them with 
you. They tell a good news, bad news 

Fact #1: 22 percent of thi§ year's 
freshman class earned SAT scores of 
1200 or above. Even if you harbor a 
certain suspicion about the validity of 
SATs, you have to be impressed with 
the jump from 15 percent in 1988 to 22 
percent in 1989; these data indicate that 
our entering students are getting much 
better. My fear is that our class offer- 
ings are not improving equally fast. One 
of the most disturbing comments I heard 
this fall came from some of our Ben- 
jamin Banneker and Francis Scott Key 
Scholars, our brightest undergraduates; 
they said that their classes are not dif- 
ficult enough. The faculty committees 
reviewing submissions for CORE courses 
arc taking seriously the charge of the 
Pease Report; I challenge departments to 
review their other offerings to assure 

that they reflect the rising ability of our 
entering students. And I hope that ad- 
missions will soon be able to attract 
transfer students of equally high ability. 

Fact #2: 70 percent of the students 
who left College Park after two 
years were in good academic stan- 
ding. The Retention Steering Committee 
has been tracking the freshmen who 
came to this campus in Fall 1986. Ap- 
proximately 400 students did not return 
after they completed the sophomore 
year, and of those students, 70 percent 
had nt) academic action on their records. 
Even worse, they had higher SAT scores 
than the average for the entire class. 

Our traditional retention strategies of 
tutoring and remedial programs arc simp- 
ly inappropriate for these students. They 
aren't dumb— but many of them are 
dissatisfied with their experience at Col- 
lege Park. 

Fact #3= Approximately 30 percent 
of our students earn fewer than 1 2 
credits their first semester. 

continued on page 8 


The Strength of the Black 

Blllingsley studies community outreach 


LMng with University 

DeMarr's Stamp Union office is filled 
with mementos 



February 19. 1990 

International Affairs to Offer Workshop 
on New Europe 

The Office ii f International Affairs is conducting a half-day 
workshop on "A Totally New Europe: Its Impact on UMCP" 
Wednesday, March ", 8:30 a.m. through lunch, in the Founders 
Room of the Center for Adult Education. President William E. Kir- 
wan will open the workshop by providing his perspective on the 
opportunities and challenges confronting the university in its Euro- 
pean programs as a result of recent changes. The workshop is open 
to all faculty and administrators. For more information call, 


Study Looks at Exercise Tiraining to Control 
Hypertension in Elderly Blacks 

According to the National Center for 
Health Statistics, hypertension, or high 
blood-pressure, affects more than 20 
million Americans, and is especially 
prevalent among elderly blacks, with 
almost one out of two age 55-64 at risk. 

But a new study by Jim Hagberg. 
associate professor in the Center on 
Aging, may help treat the problcni 

Last semester, Hagberg, Veda Ward. 
Brad Hatfield, and Stephen Thomas, all 
colleagues in the College of Physical 
Education. Recreation and Health, began 
recruiting 55- 5-year- tiki black males or 
females with hypertension for his current 
research project, "The Effects of Exercise 
Training on Older Black Men and 
Women with Hypertension." 

'Hypertension is ravaging the older 
black community," says Hagberg. 
"They're almost twice as likely to die 
from the effects of high blood pressure 
than elderly non-blacks, and black 
women are especially at risk" (see 

Hagherg's hypertension study with 
elderly blacks grew out of his interest in 
exercise training for older adults as a 
means of reducing the effects of old age. 

"The general hypothesis we've been 
studying is whether or not changes in 
physiology are a function of aging or less 
activity," says Hagberg. who also shares 
an appointment with the Gerontology 
Research Center at the National Institute 
on Aging in Baltimore 

"Until about 15 years ago, the literature 
in the field was reporting that older 
adults couldn't respond to exercise train- 
ing, that they lose the ability to respond 
to physical challenges," he says. 

But Hagberg found this wasn't true. 
Starting with older male athletes, such as 
marathoners. he conducted studies of 
similar athletes who were in their 20s 
and could find no physiological 


Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff newspaper 
serving the College Park campus community. 

Reese Cleghom, Acting Vice President for 

Institutions Advancement 
Roi Hlebert, Oirector of Public Information S Editor 
Linda Freeman. Production Editor 
Jan Berkley, Brian Busek, John Fritz, Lisa Gregory, 
Tom Orwell & Farias Somarral, Staff Writers 

Stephen A. Darrou, Design & Coordination 
John T. Consoll, Photography Coordinator 
Heather Kelly, Viviane Morftr, Chris Paul, 

Design 8 Production 
A) Danegger & Larry Croose, Contributing 


Letters to the editor, slory suggestions, campus infor- 
mation a calendar items are welcome Please submit 
all materia! at least three weeks before the Monday of 
publication Send it to Ftoz Hiebert. Editor Oufocfc, 
2101 Turner Building, through campus mail or to 
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Our 
telephone number Is (301) 454-5335. Our electronic 
mail address is 

r i 

Jim Hagberg 

"The effect of exercise training on 
such physiological factors as glucose 
metabolism, lipids and cholesterol made 
it impossible to distinguish between 
athletes who were 50 years apart." says 

He then decided to see if exercise 
training could improve the physiological 
condition of older non-athletes just start- 
ing an exercise program. 

"These participants weren't up to the 
level of the older athletes," says Hagberg, 
"But we had some come very close, We 
also discovered that exercise training 
reduced high blood pressure in hyperten- 
sive adults." 

This conclusion led to his current 
work with elderly blacks. Despite the 
benefits of exercise training for the elder- 
ly. Hagberg remains cautious about 
claims that exercise training is a fountain 
of youth. 

"While we may not be able to 
: lengthen ,i person's life spun, wc hope to 
improve the quality of life, and shorten 
the period of disability that many people 
experience in later years," says Hagberg. 
"Economically, this country is in a health 
care crisis, so the less time we spend in 
long-term care, the better we'll be." ■ 

— John Fritz 

Grant Development Unit Celebrates 
First Anniversary 

For the past year, the Grant Develop- 
ment Unit of the Office of Research and 
Advancement in the Graduate School has 
offered assistance in locating federal, 
private and corporate funding sources for 
research and scholastic activities. How- 
ever, faculty members still might not 
know about the many kinds of support 
for these undertakings, says Anne 
Geronimo, the unit's manager. 

In an office located on the second 
floor of the Lee Building, Geronimo has 
instituted a number of programs since 
February 15, 1989, to help faculty and 
staff members obtain financial backing 
beyond state funding. 

For instance, the office provides an on- 
line computer search system from the 
State University of New York that lists 
more than 1.000 federal, private and cor- 
porate funding sources. 

"It can be anything under the sun," 
Geronimo says. Faculty members have 
received funding for proposals ranging 
from travel expenses to contributions on 
an experiment for the proposed space 

Geronimo also keeps a computerized 
database of faculty research interests in 
order to contact individual faculty 
members when program opportunities 
become available or significant changes 
are made. 

"That's been one of my most suc- 
cessful ventures," she says. About 750 
faculty members receive information 
through these database searches, 
* In addition, the office offers a library 
of the most current resource books and 
newsletters of foundation and federal in- 
formation, and the office issues a month- 

ly update of upcoming deadlines for pro- 
gram applications. 

This year, Geronimo expects to in- 
stitute a number of new programs. The 
office will provide an on-line version of 
the National Institutes of Health Guide to 
Grants and Contracts to faculty mem- 
bers who wish to receive this informa- 
tion electronically, 

Faculty also will be able to receive 
electronically a list of new program op- 
portunities and deadlines each week in 
addition to on-campus advising for sub- 
mission of proposals and management of 
funded projecrs. 

Prevalence of Hypertension 

i--.* WHtEMEH 

">— • BLOCK MEN 


1S-24 25-34 JM4 4^54 SW4 55-74 

Data from the Health and Nutrition Examina- 
tion Survey, 1971-1974. Source: Advance 
Data, Vital & Health Statistics of the National 
Center for Hearth Statistics, No. 1, October 
18, 1976. 

Minteeis Needed For 
Exercise Study 

Jim Hagberg, associate professor in the 
Center on Aging, is looking for more 
volunteers for his current research pro- 
ject, "The Effects of Exercise Training on 
Older Black Men and Women with 

Interested individuals must be seden- 
tary at present and free of any disease or 
illness other than hypertension In ex- 
change, eligible participants will be 
supervised in a low or moderately inten- 
sive six-month exercise program that 
includes a free medical work-up. Call 
454-5404 for more information. 

"It's sort of a bulletin board idea," 
Geronimo says. 

Geronimo also is proposing a one-day 
workshop for faculty members who 
want to learn how to put together and 
submit a grant proposal. Interested facul- 
ty can contact Geronimo at 454-3987 or 
drop by Room 2126C in the Lee 

Graduate students who want to ex- 
plore research grant opportunities can 
obtain information through the Graduate 
Fellowship Office, Room 2126, Lee 
Building. ■ 

MAES Obtains Research Rights 
to Robotic Dairy System 

Maryland's Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion (MAES) has obtained exclusive North 
American research and development 
rights to a prototype robotic milking 
system developed by the Dutch company 
Gascoigne- M e I ot te. 

Robert Kennedy, MAES director, signed 
the letter of intent with Gascoigne- 
Melotte on January 15. Gov. William 
Donald Schaefer officially signed the 
agreement with Martin Olde Monnikhof, 
agriculture attache for The Royal Nether- 
lands ambassador for trade promotion 
and export enhancement, at the annual 
Maryland Agricultural Dinner on 
February 1. 

"This agreement initiates a MAES 

program into state-of-the-art robotics 
research," says Kennedy. "Although this 
equipment is designed to be used in the 
dairy industry, the technology-including 
software, hardware expert systems and 
biosensors— can eventually be used to 
benefit other agricultural industries. 

"The prototype robotic milking system 
is a fully automated milking and feeding 
system that can provide immediate milk 
production and dairy cow nutritional in- 
formation without human intervention." 

The prototype robotic milker is ex- 
pected to be operational by November 1 
at the Clarksville Facility of MAES' Cen- 
tral Maryland Research and Education 
Center. ■ 

Doctoral Student Wins Economic 
Club Fellowship 

Howard F. Rosen, one of the first economics doctoral candidates 
of the School of Public Affairs, has won the first Economic Club of 
Washington graduate research fellowship. The fellowship, which 
carries a cash value of J 1 0,000, was established by the club last 
year to support independent research in economics, business, 
finance, or international trade. Rosen won the award based on his 
proposed dissertation on cyclical versus structural trends in U.S. 
trade and employment. He will make a presentation to the club 
later this year on his completed work, 


February 19, 1990 

Greer Appointed Chair 
of Chemistry Department 

Sandra C. Greer, professor of chemistry, recently was appointed chair of the Department of 
Chemistry and Biochemistry. Greer, who received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, 
came to the university in 1976 as an associate professor. Much of Greer's research has focused 
on the thermodynamic properties of fluids and phase transitions, and in 1978, she received the 
Washington Academy of Sciences Scientific Achievement Award. Recently, Greer chaired the 
Committee on Undergraduate Women's Education, which submitted the 1988 report, "Making a 
Difference for Women," also known as the Greer Report. 

New Report Examines 
Undergraduate Education 

continued from page I 

Office for Minority Student Education; 
the Career Development Center; and 
orientation and survival courses for new 

The next section, "Challenging Mary- 
land's Best Minds," focuses on im- 
provements to the academic profile of 
students. Examples include the raising of 
admissions standards; establishing Francis 
Scott Key and Benjamin Banneker 
scholarships to provide more merit 
scholarships for academically talented 
students; changes in the University- 
Honors Program; and creation of the 
new College Park Seminars for freshmen 
and sophomores. 

"Celebrating Diversity" includes ex- 
amples of initiatives that will support 
diversity and expose students to minori- 
ty, feminine and non- western perspec- 
tives. These include the Curriculum 
Transformation Project of the Women's 

Studies Program; the Africa in the 
Americas initiative in the College of Arts 
and Humanities; and a planned new In- 
ternational House that will house stu- 
dents from different cultures on campus. 

Finally, "Expanding Support for Facul- 
ty and Teaching" describes such pro- 
grams as the Lilly Teaching Fellows Pro- 
gram; the Distinguished Scholar-Teacher 
Program; Instructional Improvement 
Grants; and a new Center for Teaching 

According to Susan Koonce, assistant 
dean for Undergraduate Studies, the new 
status report will be distributed widely 
on campus as well as to such groups as 
the Governor's Office, the Maryland 
Legislature, the Board of Regents, the ad- 
ministration and full-time faculty on cam- 
pus, high school guidance counselors, 
and state community college advisors. ■ 

—John Fritz 

Kirwan Announces Temporary 
Freeze on Hiring, Equipment Pur- 
chases and Building Renovation 

A spending freeze on hiring, equip- 
ment purchases, and facility renewal in 
sta tc-su p ported p rograms— necess i ta ted 
by nearly S5 million in unexpected 
health insurance costs— has been put in- 
to effect temporarily at College Park, 
President William E. Kirwan announced 
at the Feb. 12 Campus Senate meeting. 

Describing the freeze as a "temporary, 
emergency measure," Kirwan said campus 
vice presidents arc working on a plan to 
alleviate the problem and are expected to 
announce the results of their efforts by 
March 1. 

"We will do everything possible to 
remove this restriction at the earliest 
possible date," Kirwan said. 

Two unexpected costs associated with 
health insurance programs surfaced dur- 
ing the last four months causing the 
shortfall in the campus budget. In 
November, the campus was assessed !2.2 
million to cover an increase in the sur- 
charge for retirees' health insurance. 
Recently, campus officials learned that an 
increase in health insurance premiums 
resulting from the recent Open Enroll- 
ment created an additional $2.6 million 
in unexpected costs. 

While the campus was able to absorb 

the first increase without a dramatic ef- 
fect on departmental budgets, the second 
unanticipated expense forced the freeze, 
Kirwan said. 
In other action, the Campus Senate: 

• Passed a resolution relating to 
diversity issues and another regarding the 
state's policy on a drug- free workplace. 

In a resolution responding to the release 
of the report, "Access Is Not Enough," 
the senate reiterated its committment to 
diversity at the university. On the issue 
of the state's drug-free work place policy, 
the senate resolution questioned the 
need for a written acceptance of the 
policy by state employees. 

• Recommended an addition to the 
System's new leave-without-pay policy. 
The Senate urged the Board of Regents 
to add payment of the state subsidy for 
health benefits for faculty and stiff 
members on leave without pay to the 

• Endorsed plans for two new 
graduate degrees— a master of science 
degree in conservation biology and a 
master of business administration offered 
through Shady Grove. ■ 

—Brian Busek 

Conference of Soviet, US. Scholars 
to Focus on /tenesfto&a 

continued from page I 

Last March, John Fuegj, professor of 
comparative literature and academic 
director of the Visual Press, and Edward 
Manukian, projects director of the Office 
of US- USSR Academic Joint Ventures, 
visited members of the Soviet Academy 
of Sciences in connection with a Visual 
Press project on the history of climate 
and social history. During the trip, Soviet 
scholars, referring to an agreement for 
academic exchanges between the univer- 
sity and the academy, suggested the idea 
for a conference on Soviet history in the 

With the support of President William 
E. Kirwan. Vice President for Academic- 

Affairs and Provost J. Robert Dorfman, 
Graduate School Dean Jacob Goldhaber, 
and Behavioral and Social Sciences Dean 
Murray Polakoff. the Office of US- USSR 
Academic Joint Ventures worked with 
the American Council of Teachers of 
Russian in organizing the conference. 

Conference sponsors include the 
Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the 
American Council of Teachers of Rus- 
sian, National Chamber Foundation, 
Riggs National Bank and the University 
of Maryland at College Park. 

College Park faculty and students will 
enjoy a side benefit from conference. On 
Feb. 26, a number of participating Soviet 
scholars will visit classes and present lec- 
tures at the university. ■ 

Herrnson Named First William 
A. Steiger Congressional Fellow 

Paul Herrnson, assistant professor in 
the Department of Government and 
Politics, has been named the first 
William A. Steiger Congressional Fellow 
by the American Political Science 
Association (APSA). 

The fellowship will be awarded each 
year to an outstanding political scientist 
or journalist through a national 

Fellows will spend 10 months working 
closely with members of Congress and 
congressional committees as legislative 
assistants and attending weekly seminars 
and lectures by experts on the political 

The fellowship honors the memory of 
the late William Steiger, a Republican 
who represented the Sixth District of 
Wisconsin from 1966 to 1978. 


February 19, 1990 

( Talendar 

Richard Rhodes to Speak on Origins 
of Atomic History 

Richard Rhodes, winner of [he National Book Award for his 
history, Tbe Making of tbe Atomic Bomb, will speak on "The 
Origins of the Atomic Bomb" for the Graduate School Distin- 
guished Lecture, Tuesday, Feb. 27, 3:30 p.m., School of Architec- 
ture Auditorium. Rhodes' book chronicled the development of 
nuclear weapons from the birth of modern physics in the late 1 9th 
century to the first tests of the hydrogen bomb by the United 
States and the Soviet Union. Call 454-2843 for more information. 

February 19 *o 28 


Art Exhibition, featuring works by 
the University of Maryland Art 
Faculty, through Feb. 24, The Art 
Gallery, Art/Sociology Bldg. Call 
X2763 for info. 

Black Students of Eliicott Com- 
munity Eliicott Music Week, 
featuring music nightly through 
Feb. 23, 4-7 p.m., Eliicott Dining 
Hall. Schedule: Feb. 19 Blues: 20 
Jazz; 21 Caribbean; 22 Rap; and 
23 House & Club night. Call x5605 
for info. 

Science, Technology and Society 
Lecture: "Nuclear Winter: Scientific 
Evidence and Policy Implications," 
Alan Robock. 3:30 p.m., 2309 
Art/Soc. Bldg. Call x8862 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium: 
"A Proposal for Automated Integral 
Tables," Richard J. Fateman. U. of 
California. Berkeley, 4 p.m., 0111 
Classroom Bldg. Call x4244 for 

Black Students of Eliicott Com- 
munity Rim: "Black by Popular 
Demand." discussion to follow, 
7:30 p.m., Eliicott 1 Lounge. Call 
x5605 for info. 

SEE Lecture: "An Evening with 
Ken Kesey. author of One Flete 
Oter tbe Cuckoos Nest, 8 p.m., 
Grand Ballroom, $5 general admis- 
sion, $3 students. Call x4546 for 
info • 


College of Education Conference: 

"Multicultural Education and 
Mainstrearning Issues." time and 
place TBA. Call x529l for info. 

Zoology Lecture: "Evolution of 
Cooperation in Red-Cockaded 
Woodpeckers," Jeff Walters, N,C. 
State, noon, 1208 Zoo/Psych. Bldg. 
Call x3201 for info. 

Black Students of Eliicott Com- 
munity, BSD. Nyumburu & SUPC 
Panel Discussion: "Historical 
Perspective of Black Student 
Leadership at UMCP," 7 p.m., 
Stamp Union Atrium. Call x5605 
for info. 

Black History Month Lecture: 
"Race and the American Legal 
Process: Where have We Been 
and Where Are We Going?" The 
Honorable A. Leon Higginbotham, 
Jr., Chief Judge, United States 
Court of Appeals for the Third Cir- 
cuit Court in Philadelphia. 7 p.m., 
2203 Art/Soc. Bldg. Call x5665 for 

Cambridge Community Black 
History Jeopardy Game, 7:30 
p.m., place TBA. Call x5605 tor 

University of Maryland Wind 
Ensemble Concert, featuring 
selections by Sweelinck, Hanson, 
Grainger, Husa and others for 
various wind and percussion in- 
struments, 8 p.m., Memorial 
Chapel. Call x6803 for info. 

Hoff Theater Movie: "The Right 
Stuff," Call x4987for into,* 

French Department Lecture: 

"From Novel to Rim, Caribbean 
Style: Palcy Interprets Zobel," Keith 
Warner, George Mason U., 10 
a.m., 2120 Jimenez Hall. Call 
x5605 for info. 

Cognitive Studies Lecture: "Is 

Reasoning Logical," Herbert A. 
Simon, Carnegie Melton U., 11 
a.m., Auditorium, Center of Adult 
Education. Call x8346 for info. 

Counseling Center Research & 
Development Meeting: "This 
Month's In-Basket," William L. 
Thomas, 11:30 a.m.-l p.m., 0106 
Shoemaker Bldg. Call x2937 tor 

International Agriculture & Life 
Sciences Lecture: "Information, 
Education and Development," 
Elaine McCreary, U. of Guelph, 
Ontario, Canada, noon, 0115 
Symons Hall. Call x4933 for info. 

Men's Lacrosse Scrimmage vs. 
Delaware, 3 p.m,, Lacrosse Field 
Call X4328 for info. 

College of Journalism Black 
History Month Panel Discussion, 
featuring William McP hatter, 
Howard U. and Allegra Bennett. 
Tbe Washington rimes, other 
participants TBA, 7 p.m., Stamp 
Union Atrium. Call x2228 for info. 

Guameri String Quartet Open 
Rehearsal, 7 p.m.. Tawes Recital 
Hall. Call x6669 for info. 

Hillel Panel Discussion: "Jewish 
Life on Campus: Where Do We 
Go From Here," featuring students 
and staff. 7:15-8:30 p.m.. Jewish 
Student Center. Call 422-6200 for 

Women's Basketball: Maryland vs. 
Virginia, 7:30 p.m, Cole Field 
House. Call x2123 for info" 

Cambridge Community Arts 
Event, featuring a tribute to Blacks 
in the arts, 8 p.m., Denton Dining 
Hall. Call x5605 for info. 

Campus Club Meeting: "What's 
Going On at the College Park 
Campus," featuring Lauren R. 
Brown and Marcus Franda, 8 p.m., 
Carriage House, Rossborough Inn. 
Call 864-1927 for info. 

Office of Graduate Minority Af- 
fairs Meeting: "Considering 
Graduate School," time and place 
TBA. Call X8838 for info. 

Hoff Theater Movie: "The Right 
Stuff." Call x4987 for into.* 



Art Department Minorities & 

Women Lecture: painter Luis Cruz 
Azaceta will discuss his work. 
12:30 p.m., Art/Sociology Bldg. Call 
X0344/5 for into. 

Writers Here and Now Poetry 

Reading, featuring Seam us 
Heaney reading from his works, 
3:00 p.m., place TBA. Call x2511 
for info. , 

Meteorology Seminar: "Local In- 
stability, Storm Tracks, and Low- 

Frequency Variability," M, Cai, 3:30 
p.m., 2114 Computer & Space 
Sciences Bldg. Call x2708 for info. 

Counseling Center Student Ad- 
visory Board Open House, tor 

Black students, 3-7 p.m., Counsel- 
ing Center. Call x5605 for info. 

Reliability Engineering Seminar: 

"What is Total Quality Manage- 
ment?" Gerard Hoffmann, Office of 
Asst. Secretary ot the Navy, 
5:15-6:15 p.m., 2115 Chemical & 
Nuclear Engineering Bldg. Calf 
x1941 for info. 

Men's Basketball: Maryland vs, 
UMBC, 7:30 p.m., Cole Field 
House. Call x2123 for info.' 

Maryland Graduate String Quartet 
Concert, featuring the Orpheus, 
Chagall and Lenaro Quartets per- 
forming Brahms' String Quartet Op. 

Grand Ballroom. Call X5605 for 

Men's Lacrosse Scrimmage vs. 
Penn State, 3 p.m., Lacrosse 
Reld. Call x4328 for info. 

University Theatre: "The Cruci- 
ble," 8 p.m., see Feb. 22 for 

University Community Concerts: 

Cleveland Quartet III, featuring 
Schubert's String Quartet in C 
Minor, D. 703. Welcher's String 
Quartet No. 1 (1987) and Dvorak's 
American Quartet, 8 p.m., Center 
of Adult Education, $16 standard 
admission, $13.50 seniors and 
students. Call x6534 for info.* 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Look Who's 
Talking" and "Eraserhead." Call 
x4987 for info.' 

The Cleveland Quartet will perform Sat., Feb. 24, 8 p.m., Center of Adult 

67 No. 3 in B-Flat Major and 
Schubert's String Quartets A Minor 
Op. 29 and G Minor D.173. 8 
p.m.. Tawes Recital Hall. Call 
X6669 tor info. 

University Theatre: "The Cruci- 
ble," by Arthur Miller, 8 p.m., 
Tawes Theatre, $7 standard admis- 
sion, $5.50 seniors and students, 
production runs today-Feb. 24. Call 
x2201 for info." 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Look Who's 
Talking." Call X4987 for info.' 


Music Lecture: "The Relation Be- 
tween Volume and Range in Ba- 
roque Singing," 3 p.m., 2102 
Tawes. Call x6669 tor info. 

University Theatre: "The Cruci- 
ble," 8 p.m., see Feb. 22 for 

BSU Unity Party, time TBA, 
Grand Ballroom, Call x3582 for 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Look Who's 
Talking" and "Eraserhead." Call 
X4987 for info,* 


NAACP Fashion Show, time TBA, 

25 oa 

Wanderlust Travelogue Film: 

"The Real Worlds of Hawaii and 
Tahiti," by Rick Howard, 3 p.m. to- 
day, 7:30 p.m. tomorrow, Hoff 
Theater, $5 general public. $4 
faculty, staff, alumni & seniors, $2 
students. Call x4987 for info." 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Look Who's 
Talking." Call x4987 for info.* 


College of Engineering Black 
History Month Lecture: "Meeting 
the Technological Challenges of 
the 1990s," Horace L. Russell, 
U.S. Air Force, noon, 1202 
Engineering Classroom Bldg. Call 
x6347 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium: 

"New Directions in Testing." 
Richard J, Lipton, Princeton U,, 
4 p.m., 0111 Classroom Bldg. Call 
x4244 for info. 

Space Science Seminar: Title 
TBA, Qian Wu, 4:30 p.m., 1113 
Computer/Space Sciences Bldg. 
Call x3136 for info. 

Panhellenic Council Debate, 
featuring Mark Mathabane, author 
of Kaffir Boy and Stuart Pringle, 
13th generation Afrikaner, 7:30 
p.m., place TBA. Call x5605 for 

Tokyo International Music 
Ensemble, "New Tradition," Toshi 
Ichiyanagi, director, featuring works 
by Cage, Takemitsu, Sawai, Ishii, 
Kanno, Hosokawa and a world 
premiere by Toshi Ichiyanagi, 7:30 
p.m., Tawes Recital Hall. Call 
x6669 for info.* 

Registration Ends, tor doubles 
badminton. Call X3124 for info. 

Zoology Lecture: "Implications of 
Streamfiow Variability and Predic- 
tability for Stream Biota," LeRoy 
Poff, noon, 1208 Zoo/Psych, Bldg. 
Call x3201 for info, 

French Department & Swiss Em- 
bassy Lecture: "Sur les traces du 
promeneur solitaire: Vagabondage 
litteraire autour de Geneve," 
Maurice Davier, 2nd Secretary, 
Swiss Embassy, Washington, 2 
p.m., Language House Multipur- 
pose Room. Call X4303 for info. 

Art Department Minorities & 
Women Lecture: sculptor Ursala 
Von flydingsvard will discuss her 
work. 3:00 p.m., Art/Sociology 
Bldg. Call x0344/5 for info. 

Graduate School Distinguished 
Lecture: "Origins of the Atomic 
Bomb," Richard Rhodes, writer 
specializing in nuclear energy, 3:30 
p.m., 0204 School of Architecture 
Auditorium. Call x2843 for info. 

Physics Colloquium: "Phase 
Transitions in Josephson Junction 
Arrays," Christopher Lobb, 4 p.m., 
1410 Physics Bldg, Call X3512 for 

University Theatre: "The Singular 
Life of Albert Nobbs," by Simone 
Benmussa. translated by Barbara 
Wright, 8 p.m., Rudolph E. 
Pugliese Theatre, $7 standard ad- 
mission, $5.50 seniors and 
students, production runs today- 
March 4 and 6-1 1 . Call x2201 for 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Raging 
Bull." Call x4987 for info.' 


Counseling Center Research & 
Development Meeting: "Problem 
Solving as an Assessment Tool." 
Bonnie McClellan, Catholic U„ 
noon, 0106 Shoemaker Bldg. Call 
x2937 for info. 

International Coffee Hour, 3-4:30 
p.m.. 0205 Jimenez Hall. Call 
x4925 for info. 

Men's Basketball: Maryland vs. 
N.C, State, 7:30 p.m.. Cole Field 
House. Call x2123 for info. 

University Theatre: "The Singular 
Life of Albert Nobbs," 8 p.m., see 
Feb. 27 tor details. 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Raging 
Bull." Call x4987for info.* 


(mission charge for tbis 
All others are free. 

Calendar Information may be 
sent to John Fritz, 2101 Turner 
Laboratory or (via electronic 
mail) to 

Lecturer Looks at Formal Logic and 
Human Thinking 

Herbert A. Simon, Richard King Mellon University Professor of 
Computer Science and Psychology at Carnegie-Mellon University, 
will address the question, "Is Reasoning Logical?" Wednesday, Feb. 
2!, 11 a.m., Center of Adult Education Auditorium. Simon, who 
received the Nobel Prize in economics in 1978 and the National 
Medal of Science in 1 986, is the second speaker in a new series of 
distinguished lectures sponsored by the Campus Committee on 
Cognitive Studies, the Institute for Advanced Computer Studies and 
the Office of Graduate Studies and Research. Call 454-1808 for 
more information. 


February 19, 1990 



Eyo Will Journey to Nigeria to 
Uncover Origin of Mysterious Stones 

On the Cross River State of 
western Nigeria more than 
300 stone monoliths arc scat- 
tered throughout dense bush. 
As tall as six feet and weighing as 
much as half a ton, the stones stand in 
29 sites within an area covering 350 
square miles. Carved into human figures 
and covered with sacred writing and 
icons, they are unlike any other art ob- 
jects found elsewhere in Africa. 

Ekpo Eyo 

Yet despite their bulk and intriguing 
imagery, virtually nothing is known 
about them. Even as distinguished an 
expert as Ekpo Eyo, professor of art 
history and former director-general of 
the Nigerian Commission for Museums 
and Monuments, can't say authoritatively 
when they were created, who built 
them, or why they were built 

This summer and fall, with support 
from American and French foundations 
and the university, Eyo will travel to the 
Cross River State to try to unravel the 
mystery of the monoliths. 

"These are remarkable objects; there 
is nothing like them anywhere else in 
Africa," Eyo says. "If objects like this ap- 
peared somewhere in Europe, we would 
have volumes and volumes written about 
them. It is important to learn their story 
before the stones are moved or 

Pursuing the project will demand from 
Eyo an unusual blend of skills that in- 
cludes proficient backwoodsmanship and 
an intimate knowledge of Cross River 
State secret societies, in addition to 
expertise in art history and archaeology. 

His backwoods skills will be put to 
the test in reaching the stones. Many of 
the monoliths are nestled in heavy bush 
that Eyo will have to clear in order to 
evaluate the stones' relationships to each 

The art historian's knowledge of secret 
societies is crucial in researching his cur- 
rent theory about the origin of the 
stones. Based on markings that appear 
on the stones, he thinks they were used 
in the rituals of secret societies in the 
region. Being a native of the region 
himself as well as a member of a group 
related to the societies he suspects built 
the stones, he can approach this line of 
inquiry through resources unavailable to 

In more conventional areas of his 
research, Eyo will strive to date the 
stones. Sketchy historical data from the 
legion suggests that the stones were built 
in the 16th century. However, prelim- 
inary radio -carbon tests place the date 
within three centuries of the birth of 
Christ. If more detailed studies support 
the earlier date, the result would have 
significant implications for the study of 
African art, according to Eyo. 

"We would need a series of mutually 
consistent tests to confirm this date (280 

International Harmony 

The Tokyo International music ensemble, "New Tradition," conducted by world renowned com- 
poser and pianist, Toshi Ichiyanagi, will perform a concert on Monday Feb. 26 at 7:30 p.m. in 
Tawes Recital Hall. Blending eighth-century imperial court instruments with the shakuhachi, the 
koto and modem western instruments, the 16-member ensemble will perform works by John 
Cage, Tom Takemltsu, Tadao Sawai, Maki Ishii, Yoshihiro Kan no and Toshio Hosokawa. A 
highlight of the concert will be the world premiere of a composition by conductor Ichiyanagi, 
who has won such honors as the Elizabeth Coolidge Prize, the Serge Koussevitzky Prize and the 
Nakajima Prize. Tickets are $3 for students, $5 tor senior citizens and $7 for general admission. 
The concert Is sponsored by the Department of Music and the Committee of East Asian Studies. 
For further information, call 454-6669. 

AD). If they went back that far, the 
chronology of the art history of western 
Africa would have to be revised," Eyo 

While skeptical of the dating informa- 
tion at this point, Eyo anticipates that his 
theory about the stones being created by 
a secret society will be confirmed. 

The stones contain sign-writing known 
as nsibidi, that were used by the secret 
Ngbe, the group regulated the political, 
economic, social and judicial life of the 
local people. Membership in such 
societies is often determined by birth, 
and, coincidentally, Eyo is a member of 
a related group. 

In addition to his familiarity with the 
iconography and inner works of such 
groups, Eyo's status will afford him an 

A Cross River stone monolith photographed 
by Philip Allison in the mid-1960s 

unusual amount of receptivity among the 
heirs of those who built the stones. 
Sponsors of Eyo's trip include the 
French Dapper Foundation and the cam- 
pus Research Center for the Arts and 
Humanities. ■ 

— Brian Busek 

Marriage of Toy-Maker and 
Television Gave Birth to He-Man 

/n the early 1980s, along the 
fuzzy line that separates car- 
toon characters from cor- 
porate creatures, a fellow 
named Hc-Man conquered new ground, 
according to Norma Pecora, assistant 
professor of radio, television and film. 

Since the age of radio, corporate 
toy makers and producers of children's 
entertainment had borrowed ideas from 
each other. From radio programs that 
sparked demand for Lone Ranger masks 
to dolls that became GI Joe television 
warriors, children's fantasy heroes were 
often crossbred as toys and characters. 

But when He-Man rumbled onto 
children's television in 1983, he was 
one-of-a-kind, the first creature to be 
born simultaneously as toy and 
character. His midwife, not coincidentaJ- 
ly, was the Mattel toy company The 
corporation developed He-Man both as a 
toy and a cartoon and orchestrated his 
television and store shelf debuts. 

He-Man did not come into the world 
alone. Pecora, an expert on children's 
television and its economics, says. Aux- 
iliary characters from the program were 
quickly molded into plastic themselves. 
And He-Man's triumph in the market- 
place led other toy companies to 
copycat the concept with such characters 
as the Thundercats. 

But while He-Man proved a titan from 
a marketing standpoint, creatively he was 
something of a loser, according to Pecora. 

The idea of marketing a toy character 
through a television series had long been 
appealing to toy makers. Pecora says. 

The addition of half-hour programs to 
conventional advertising campaigns 
enhanced the visibility and appeal of a 
character, she says. Moreover, by exer- 
cising creative control over the content 
of a program, a toy maker can ensure 
the show's character will translate well 
Into plastic. 

In addition, the toy company keeps a 
larger share of the profits generated from 
a character of its own invention. When 
tov-makers buy rights to characters devel- 
oped by other producers, they must pay 
royalty fees. 

As early as the mid-1960s, Mattel pur- 
sued the idea of cartoon/toy creations, 
developing a television series to piggy- 
back the introduction of its Hot Wheels. 

"That plan wasn't successful," Pecora 
says. "In that period the FCC was much 
firmer in policing children's programs. 
By the early 1980s, deregulation, along 
with a general need in the television in- 
dustry for more programming, created a 
more supportive environment for this 
kind of show." 

In viewing corporate-driven cartoom 
as a creative enterprise, Pecora identifies 
a number of common characteristics— 
none of which flatter Hc-Man 's makers 
as Walt Disney's heir. 

An emphasis on keeping production 
costs at a minimum leads to cheap 
animation, she says. Because successful 
cartoon characters can be marketed on 
everything from lunch boxes to bed- 
sheets, the characters are designed to 
reproduce well in many different media. 
The shows are usually populated with 
many identifiable characters in order to 
generate as many different toys as 

Although lucrative, Hc-Man and his 
cohorts have not overwhelmed chil- 
dren's television, Pecora says. Fantasy 
characters developed through more tradi- 
tional methods, and with greater atten- 
tion to creative qualities, remain 
predominant. However, He-Man and 
company have captured a secure and 
profitable niche in the children's enter- 
tainment market, she says. ■ 

—Brian Bttsek 



February 19, 1990 

U.S. Court of Appeals Justice to Speak for 
Black History Month 

The Honorable A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.. Chief Justice, U.S, Court 
of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Philadelphia, will speak on 
"Race and the American Legal Process: Where Have We Been and 
Where Are We Going? 7 ' Tuesday. Feb. 20, 7 p.m., 2203 Art/Soc. 
Bldg, Higginbotham was appointed to the circuit by jimmy Carter 
in 1977, receiving the American Bar Association's highest rating of 
"exceptionally well qualified" by unanimous vote. He is the author 
of more than 40 scholarly articles and the book In the Matter of 
Color: Race and the American Legal Process: Tf)e Colonial Period. 
Call Jeanettc Murphy at 454-5665 for more information. 


Studying Outreach Programs of 
African-American Churches 

What does a church do when 
the community around it 
is crumbling, is being 
destroyed by drug abuse, the 
breakdown of the family, poverty, or 
AIDS? Many churches are taking action, 
reaching out to their communities 
through various programs and with vary- 
ing degrees of success. 

In an effort to see what some Black 
churches around the country are doing 
to help their troubled communities, the 
Department of Family and Community 
Development's Family Research Center is 
launching the largest-ever. nationwide 
study of community outreach programs 
operated by African-American churches. 

When the study is completed in June 
1991, the community outreach programs 
of 1,500 Black churches will have been 
identified and described. 

"Families are in trouble all over this 
country." says Andrew Billingsley, prin- 
cipal investigator of the project and chair 
of the Department of Family and Com- 
munity Development. "Our project is 
looking at what Black churches are do- 
ing to help these families and the com- 
munities in which they live. We are 
focusing on programs that serve not 
only church members, but the population 
as a whole." 

According to Billingsley. the Black 
church in America is among the oldest, 
strongest, and most influential institu- 
tions in the experience of the African - 
American people. 

"The church is the mast powerful 
independent institution in the Black 
community," Billingsley says. "It served 
in the early days in the struggle against 
slavery and has served to bring about 

civil rights. It has always been a place 
where African-Americans had power, 
where they can speak, where they are 
somebody — God's children. 

"Today, most African-Americans live 
in cities and one-third are poor. The 
churches are focusing on ways to im- 
prove the lives of people in their com- 
munities whether or not they are 
members of the church. 

"We are looking into why outreach 
programs are started, how they are 
operated, and the types of programs 
offered. Obviously, churches cannot 
cure poverty or drug abuse, but there is 
much they are doing to help solve these 
problems, and what we learn about 
them can help other churches and org- 
anizations to start their own programs or 
improve current ones." 

According to Billingsley, "'O percent of 
all African-Americans are church mem- 
bers. He says the Black church is par- 
ticularly strong in cities, and, because of 
problems facing the communities there, 
Black churches are making strong efforts 
to encourage young people to return to 
their pews. 

According to Cleopatra Howard 
Caldwell, study director for the Black 
Church Family Project, the investigation 
will be conducted in two phases and 
will look at the roles of ministers, vol- 
unteers, women, advanced planning, 
community support, church funding, and 
political climate on the development and 
success of the programs. 

The first phase of the study involves a 
telephone survey of 1 ,500 randomly 
selected Black churches throughout the 
country. According to Caldwell, the 
researchers are currently compiling a list 


Andrew Billingsley and Cleopatra Howard Caldwell 

from which a nationally representative 
sample of Black churches will be drawn 
across the spectrum of denominations. It 
will be the most comprehensive record 
of Black churches in the United States, 
she says. 

The researchers also are developing a 
questionnaire that will gather information 
on the histories, structures and charac- 
teristics of the churches with a focus on 
the nature of the outreach programs 

The second phase of the project will 
look at a selected sample of 100 Black 
churches that operate "exemplary" 
family-support programs, 

"In-depth face-to-face interviews will 
be conducted with representatives from 
each phase-two church including the 
senior minister, coordinators of the 
outreach programs, and program par- 
ticipants," Caldwell says. Direct observa- 
tions also will he made of outreach pro- 
grams in action. 

"We believe that this two-phased 
study of family-support programs will be 
extremely useful to other churches in- 
terested in initiating or expanding such 
programs in the future," Caldwell says. 

According to Billingsley, the study is 

patterned after a six-month pilot study 
conducted in 1988 by the Family 
Research Center. The pilot study was 
funded by the Ford Foundation and the 
main study is funded by the Ford Foun- 
dation and the Lilly Endowment. 

The pilot study involved a survey of 
social-service outreach programs con- 
ducted by 71 Black churches represen- 
ting 14 denominations in the eastern 
United States. 

"We looked at the nature and extent 
of the programs, the manner in which 
they were financed and supported and at 
the population groups they served," Bill- 
ingsley says. 

The outreach projects targeted chil- 
dren and youth programs (40 percent), 
adult and family support programs (35 
percent), support for the elderly (13 per- 
cent), and community development ac- 
tivities (12 percent). 

The 71 churches in the pilot study 
represented large urban areas, small cities 
and rural areas in the north and south. 

"We found that most of the churches 
have socia! service programs that meet 
the needs of people from the cradle to 
the grave," Billingsley says, I 

—f-etriss Stmiarmi 

Randolph Tracks Development of Black Infants 

Suzanne M. Randolph 

r hough many studies have 
been conducted on the 
developmental abilities of 
African- American children, 
few researchers have focused their 
efforts on Black infants. 

Suzanne M. Randolph, however, has 
increased knowledge in this area with a 
U.S. Public Health Service-funded study 
involving 100 Black infants and their 
mothers. Randolph, an assistant professor 
in the Department of Family and Com- 
munity Development, worked with Pearl 
L Rosser, a Silver Spring pediatrician in 
private practice. 

Randolphs chapter on the study, 
"Black American Infants: The Howard 
University Normative Study," appears in 
the recently published book, Cultural 
Context of Infancy. 

"For some time now, research on 
Black infants has been assumed to be 
I culture-free, outside the direct influence 
| of specific environmental and cultural 
q shaping," Randolph says. "But our study 
** represents a focus which suggests that 
the development of Black infants is in- 
fluenced by the caregiving environment 
from a cultural viewpoint." 

In Randolph's investigation, Black 
mother-infant pairs were followed from 
two days after birth to age three. The 
infants were given periodic assessments 
of health and mental and motor develop- 
ment. And mothers were questioned and 

observed regarding their .perceptions of 
their infants, expectations for normal 
development, and confidence in care- 
giving roles. 

Sixty of the infants were full-term 
healthy children, 20 were horn pre- 
maturely with no medical problems, and 
20 were born prematurely with 
respiratory problems. 

"All of the mothers in our study had 
prenatal care, and there were no pro- 
blems during delivery," Randolph says. 
Because the children had received prop- 
er care, they represented a normative 
sample of full-term and premature Black 
infants, she says, 

"By following them over three years, 
we were able to see what changes oc- 
curred in their mental development, 
physical health, motor development, and 
school readiness," Randolph says. 

Though infants performed similarly as 
a group two days after birth, Randolph 
says there were notable individual dif- 
ferences in behavior at one month of 

"Some infants who had shown an 
ability to quiet themselves at two days 
with a hand-to-mouth activity similar to 

thumb-sucking, showed a diminished 
ability to do this at one month," Ran- 
dolph says. She found that some parents 
had discouraged this activity because 
they perceived it as undesirable thumb- 

Randolph also found that at six 
months, some prematurely born infants 
continued to have a poor health status. 
At one year, prematurely born infants 
showed developmental delays in motor 

Also according to Randolph's findings, 
mothers tended to raise girls differently 
than boys. "Mothers seemed to expect 
girls to develop faster than boys in their 
self-help skills, such as holding a spoon 
with which to feed themselves," she 

"We are now better able to under- 
stand normative patterns of Black in- 
fants' development and their mothers' 
parenting styles," Randolph says. 
"This should lead to the development 
of more effective intervention measures 
for infants at ' risk of poor health and 
developmental outcome, such as the 
pre-term group." ■ 

—Fariss Satnarrai 


February 19, 1990 

Taff Fund Provides Research Loans 

The College of Business and Management has established a 
revolving loan fund, using part of the income generated from 
the endowment set up by Professor Emeritus and Mrs. Charles 
A. Taff, other business school faculty and alumni when Taff 
retired three years ago. The fund grants loans of up to S2.500 
per student to assist doctoral students in the business school 
with their research costs. Rita Lohtia, a Ph.D. candidate in 

marketing, is the first recipient of the fund. She is working on 
an extensive survey study as part of her dissertation in industrial 
marketing. "There are a number of hidden costs involved in 
researching, writing and publishing a dissertation," Taff says. 
"This fund will help defray those costs at a time when a 
student— even if he or she may have an assistantship— is par- 
ticularly strapped for money." 


University History Surrounds Fred DeMarr 

A t first glance, Fred DeMarr's 

/ | office in the Stamp Student 
JT| ! Union looks like a curiosity 
.JL JL shop. 

Oil portraits of past university pre- 
sidents hang beside a monstrous 
photograph of a bull. A piece of china 
commemorating Queen Elizabeth's cor- 
onation stands among souvenir beer 
mugs from Germany. Tacked over an in- 
terior doorway, assembled like a coat-of- 
arms, are two pieces of scorched metal 
and a chunk of charred wood. 

But once DeMarr recounts the history 
of the hull, or describes the genesis of 
the burnt rubble, the objects seem as 
valuable as museum pieces. A guided 
tour of DeMarr's cluttered office offers as 
memorable a history of the University of 
Maryland as can be found this side of 
George Callcott's book on the subject. 

The collection has been gathered dur- 
ing an association with the College Park 
campus that dates back to J 945, 
DeMarr's freshman year as a student of 
government and politics. Its caretaker is 
a history buff of the highest order. He 
was a board member of the Prince 
George's County Historical Society 
1971-89, and the society's Frederick S. 
DeMarr Library in Marietta is named after 

In DeMarr's office every object, no 
matter how odd, illustrates a piece of the 
1 34- year history of the College Park 

Burnt Offerings 

For anyone with a memory so short as 
to have forgotten the 1982 fire in the 
Colony Ballroom of the Stamp Student 
Union, DeMarr keeps pieces of rubble 
from the gutted room, There are two 
metal pieces from the ballroom's lost 
chandelier and a timber taken from what 
had been the room's door. 

A large part of DeMarr's collection 
focuses on the union, where he has 
worked as coordinator of public func- 
tions since 1971. His job with the union 
is his third stint at College Park. After 
graduating from the university in 1949, 
he taught overseas for three years with 
University College programs before 
returning to College Park to work for 
four years as assistant dean of students. 
In I960, he left the university to become 
dean of students at C.W. Post College 
and worked at New York State colleges 
for 10 years before returning to take his 
current post. 

The Bull 

The poster-sized photograph of the 
bull found its way to DeMarr's office 
some years ago when Room 1 1 28 in the 
union was renovated. The meeting 
room, known for many years as the Bull 
Room, had been the home of the 
photograph since 1954, the year the 
union was built. The photograph was 
donated by a student who had been 
practicing his photographic skills on his 
father's prize bulls. 

Many of the photographs and portraits 
in DeMarr's office have a similar back- 
ground DeMarr adopted them, when, 

for one reason or another, an owner was 
ready to put them into either mothballs 
or the trash. 

More often than not, years after 
DeMarr has taken in an historical waif, 
somebody is suddenly interested in it- 
even the bull. 

"Three or four years ago a young 
woman poked her head into my office 
and said she wanted to see the bull," 
DeMarr says. ' 'I told her 1 never had 
anybody ask me that before and she 
said, 'I heard that if 1 came up here, 1 
could see a picture of rav grandaddv's 

The Queen's Day 

DeMarr's memento of Queen Elizabeth 
dates back to her 1953 coronation, but 
his memory of her settles on an autumn 
afternoon in !957. That's the day, as a 
guest of the campus, Her Royal Highness 
watched Maryland whip North Carolina 
in a football game at Byrd Stadium, 

"I should remember the score of that 
game," he says apologetically. "I know it 
was a two or three touchdown span." 

As if to compensate for fumbling the 
exact score, DeMarr adds other details 
about the game. 

"There was poetic justice in Mary- 
land's win. Jim Tat urn was coaching 
North Carolina, after having left here to 
coach there. We weren't winning nearly 
as much as when Tatum had been 
here— but we beat him that day." 

Nothing New Under the Sun 

Whenever a seemingly new-fangled 
idea circulates around College Park, 
DeMarr's office is a place to check how 
new it really is. Currently in vogue is the 
idea of moving Spring Commencement 
ceremonies outside onto McKeldin Mall. 

DeMarr has a photograph of the 1 950 
Commencement— an event held on a 
sunny morning on McKeldin Mall. The 
ceremony took place during a time 
period when commencement was a well- 
traveled event. 

Traditionally, commencement had 
been held at Ritchie Coliseum for all 
graduating seniors from the entire Univer- 
sity of Maryland. By the late 1940s, 
however, the event had outgrown the 

For several years commencement was 
held in the Fifth Regiment Armory in 
Baltimore. (DeMarr received his diploma 
there at the 1949 commencement.) In 
1950, the event returned to College Park 
for the outdoor ceremony. 

When the Cole Field house was com- 
pleted in 1955, commencement again 
had an indoor home at College Park. 

The Citation 

In 1985, Prince George's County 
executive Parris Glendening honored 
DeMarr with a proclamation on the 
289th anniversary of the founding of 
Prince George's County. 

"Whereas, Fred DeMarr is the consum- 
mate historian— he is able to breathe life 
into textbook references to people, pla- 
ces and times, illustrating his total 

Fred DeMarr in his office at Stamp Student Union 

awareness that things past are prologue; 

"Whereas, it is a worthwhile trip to 
Freds library to witness his total recall 
of where information is that you might 
seek... and 

"Whereas, this man's dedication to the 
promotion of history includes spending 
many hours handling tloods of requests 
for authentic data on the county's 

Dillards Establish Fund for 
Outstanding Economics 

Dudley Dillard, professor emeritus and 
former Economics Department Chair 
who served the university for 45 years, 
and his wife, Louisa, have created a 
fund, currently totalling 145,000, to 
establish graduate fellowships and 
undergraduate awards for outstanding 
students in economics. 

Maryland Project for 
Women and Politics 
Receives $25,000 

The Maryland Project for Women and 
Politics recently received $25,000 from 
the Noxell Foundation Inc. 

The Noxell Foundation will donate a 
total of 8500,000 to the University of 
Mary-land system over the next five 

Peter P. Lejins Research 
Award Established 

A research award has been established 
in honor of Peter P. Lejins, founding 
director of the Institute of Criminal 

"I, Parris Glendening... do hereby com- 
mend Fred DeMarr...for his lifelong 
devotion and dedication to Prince 
George's County." 

With some minor alterations, the same 
proclamation applies to DeMarr's service 
to the University of Marvland at College 
Park. ■ 

— Brian Busek 

Justice and Criminology. 

Lejins' work has influenced the correc- 
tions and criminal justice fields for more 
than 50 years. 

The award will be presented annually 
to a corrections professional whose 
research has made significant contribu- 
tions to the field. 

The first recipient of the Lejins Award 
is Lorraine T. Fowler, director of Re- 
search and Information Management at 
the South Carolina Department of Cor- 

Bridwell to Speak at 
NAWDAC Conference 

Dr. Margaret Bridwell, director of the 
Student Health Center, will he a major 
speaker at the 1990 Conference of the 
National Association for Women Deans, 
Administrators and Counselors. The con- 
ference will be held March 2 1 -24 in 
Nashville, Tenn. Bridwell will discuss the 
"Societal Puzzle of AIDS" and encourage 
people to gain knowledge of the 
disease's challenges to the world. 


February 19, 1990 

Mohrman Reflects on the Teaching of Undergraduates 

Kathryn Mohrman 

continued from page I 

At this rate, it will take them at least 
ten semesters to earn 120 credits and a 
baccalaureate degree. 

Of course, some students with family 
and work responsibilities have a carefully 
developed plan for part-time study. But 
with the average registration at only 14 
credits, too many of our undergraduates 
are not taking a full academic load at the 
beginning of the semester. 

We have also discovered that earning 
fewer than 12 credits a semester during 
the freshman year is one of the best 
predictors of dropping out. No wonder 
our record is around 50 percent for 
graduation within four years— much 
lower than most of our peers. 

Fact H-. In the fall semester, 285 
students in the residence halls 
earned a 4.0 GPA. The comparable 
number last spring was I !5. Things are a 
lot better than the comic strip "Hetlicott 
Hall" would lead you to believe. 

But there is also substantial room for 
progress. President Kirwan has called for 
improvements in the academic environ- 
ment in the residence halls, with a set of 
recommendations coming forth this 
spring. If we are serious about making 
College Park a stronger academic com- 
munity, we need to improve the lives of 
our students beyond the classroom 

Fact #5: Every year hundreds of 
undergraduates seek to work with 
faculty on research. In the last 12 
months, we have awarded 43 Senior 
Summer Scholarships and 60 
Undergraduate Apprenticeships— but the 
number of applicants was three times the 
number of awards. 

Our students want to take part in the 
discovery of new knowledge that is the 
hallmark of a research university. Can 
we find other ways in the classroom, 
not just special scholarships, to share the 

excitement of research and scholarship 
with our undergraduates? 

Fact #6: As of the first day of 
classes this fall, nearly 10,000 
names appeared on the waitlist for 
classes. Even though all but 2,000 of 
those students received their requested 
courses by the end of schedule adjust- 
ment, we have a serious problem of 
course availability at College Park. 

This fact remains even when you dis- 
count a certain percentage for students 
who don't want to take classes at 8 a.m., 
or won't come to campus on Fridays, or 
didn't register properly the first time. 

In some departments the crunch is so 
bad that students routinely spend more 
than four years to graduate because they 
can't get required courses. The campus 
is giving high priority to attacking these 
problems with more resources, for 
otherwise the Pease Report and the 
Enhancement Plan cannot be realized. 
But it won't be easy— these problems 
developed over a number of years and 
they cannot be solved overnight. 

Fact #7: Only half the faculty and 
students on this campus feel that 
undergraduate teaching is good or 
excellent at College Park. As part of 
the Pease implementation process, ap- 
proximately S{)\) undergraduates and 525 
faculty responded last spring to surveys 
about teaching. In addition to their low 
overall estimate of teaching quality, 
respondents noted that the "culture of 
the campus" does not support 
undergraduate teaching, and that the 
morale of professors whose special 
strength is teaching is poor because of 
few rewards. 

Among the reforms most highly en- 
dorsed by faculty in the same survey: 
Count teaching more heavily toward 
merit raises (95% said this step would be 
helpful]; count teaching more heavily 
toward tenure and promotion (92.4% 
agreed); and allow tenured faculty to 
rotate between teaching or research ac- 
cording to their interests and to be 
rewarded accordingly (88% agreed). 

Fact #8: The competition for FY90 
course improvement funds 
generated more than Sl.l million 
worth of proposals— for only 
$ 1 30,000 in grants. Professors on this 
campus want to be good teachers, and 
they respond enthusiastically to oppor- 
tunities to do so. The faculty selection 
committee was frustrated in having to 
turn down fine proposals for im- 
provements in undergraduate courses. 
And the S 1 30,000 was a five-fold in- 
crease in funding over the previous 
year's allocation 

One of the goals of the Pease Report 
is the development of an effective 
Center for Teaching Excellence which 
will, among other activities, provide 
substantial support to help new faculty 
become good teachers and to encourage 
good teachers to become even better. 

Fact #9= In the next two decades, 
the nation will need an estimated 
half a million new professors. At 

College Park, approximately one-third of 
the faculty will retire before the year 
2010. In the recent past it was con- 
sidered irresponsible to encourage 
undergraduates to pursue the academic 
life; now it is essential. 

We have an obligation to make a 
lasting contribution to our disciplines by- 
attracting our best students to the life of 
the mind that we as faculty have en- 
joyed. Serious attention to teaching will 
assure that the best undergraduates today 

will become the chemists and historians 
and philosophers of tomorrow, 

These nine facts tell a good news, bad 
news story. More students and faculty 
are giving attention to undergraduate 
issues than ever before, but we still have 
a long way to go before we reach the 
goals of the Pease Report and the 
Enhancement Plan. I challenge you to 
help turn the next article in Outlook into 
a list of nine new facts that indicate 
achievement at College Park. ■ 

language Majors Will I 
a New Eye on the Sky 

Undergraduates IMrtg in the Language House will have direct access soon to television pro- 
grams In Russian, Spanish, French, Italian and Japanese. A 7.3-meter dish antenna has been 
erected near the North Intramural Playing Fields off Paint Branch Dirve. When completely in- 
stalled and wired, the downlink will be able to receive international television broadcasts beamed 
via satellite from the Soviet Union, Latin America, Canada and Italy, and a news feed in 
Japanese from New York City to Tokyo. International TV programming received by the $100,000 
dish will be available to other buildings tied into the campus cable television system as well as 
to the St. Mary's Hall language dorm. 

8 I