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Volume 4, Number 2 5 



University of Maryland at College Park 


April 16, 1990 

University Bands Plan Gala Eightieth 
Anniversary Celebration 

On ;i sunny afternoon in October of 
1909, I '> students of the Maryland 

Agricultural College carried musical in- 
struments onto a driltftetd in College 
Park for their first public performance 
Thai day marked the beginning of a 
grand tradition of wind hand perfor- 
mance at the university: the first presen- 
tation by what was to become the 
University of Maryland Bands. 

A festive band concert and a special 
horn festival will be the highlight* of a 
two-day celebration on April 20-21 of the 
eightieth anniversary' of the band pro- 
gram on the College Park campus. Six 
former bandmasters, whose tenure covers 
more than -tO years of band history, will 
return for the commemoration. 

A special joint concert by the Wind 
Ensemble, directed by John E. Wakefield, 
and the concert band, directed by L. 
Richmond Sparks, on Friday, April 20 at 
8 p.m. in Tawes Theatre will be the 
focus of the first day's celebration. The 
lice performance will feature music by 
Morion Gould. Charles Ives, Ralph 
Vaughan Williams and, of course, John 
Philip Sousa. Also featured will he solo 
performances by music faculty artist ' 
Emerson Head, trumpet, and guest artist 
Louis Stout, horn, from the University of 

University of Maryland Concert Band 

Returning former bandmasters include 
Robert Landers (1950-55), Hubert 
Henderson (1955-65), Norman Ileim 
(1960-62), Henry Romcrsa (1961 -62). Ac- 
ton Ostlingjr. (1962-68) and Fred Heath 
(1968-74). Efforts are being made to reach 
all alumni who have played in the 
University of Maryland Bands over its 
80-year history to invite them to attend 
the concert and a reception that will 

follow it. 
The celebration will continue on Satur- 

day April 21 in Tawes Recital Hall with a 
full day of activities including rehearsals, 
a clinic, and the horn festival, featuring 
guest artists Stout and Philip Farkas of 
Indiana I'nivcrsity. 

S tou 1 will give a lecture-demonstration 
at II a.m. on "The Horn: Prom the 
Forest to the Concert Hall.'* featuring bis 
famous collection of more than ^0 an- 
tique horns. A concert by the University 
of Maryland Horn Ensemble and a 
special Military Band Horn Ensemble 

made up of horn players from several of 
the area's service bands, under the direc- 
tion of Stout. Farkas and music depart- 
ment horn professor Orrin Olson will be 
presented at 2 p.m. The final event will 
be a performance by a massed horn 
choir at -t:,M) p.m 

Rehearsals begin at 9 a.m. Saturday. 
The events are free and no registration is 
required; a lunch will be available in the 
Tawes lobby at I p.m. for S3, Call 
-ni-bKO.s for more information. ■ 

Seeger to Head Training Programs 
for International Journalists 

Murray Seeger. a veteran journalist 
with extensive overseas reporting ex- 
perience, has been appointed to coor- 
dinate a series of training programs in 
cooperation with the university's College 
of Journalism. Office of International Af- 
fairs and the Center for Foreign Jour- 
nalists (CFJ) in Rcston. Ya. 

Seeger recently arranged and modera- 
ted a three-day pilot seminar at the 
university as part of a month-long CFJ 
work-study program for 10 Polish 

Similar international journalism ses- 
sions at the university will he built into 
1 n her programs planned by CFJ this 
spring and summer for groups of jour- 
nalists from Eastern Europe and 

"This kind of collaboration holds a 
great deal of promise." College of Jour- 
nalism Dean Reese t leghorn said. "It 
brings a special, international dimension 
to the College of Journalism. And 1 think 
Murray Seeger, with his background as 
an international journalist, is the ideal 

person to handle the important coor- 
dinator role." 

During a It-year span with the Los 
Angeks Times, Seeger served as 
Washington Bureau Chief and European 
economics correspondent. Moscow- 
Bureau Chief, Bonn and East Eli rope- 
Bureau Chief and European economics 
correspondent (Brussels). 

Prior to that, he worked for 
Newsweek, the New York Times, 
Cleveland Plain Denier and Buffalo Even- 
ing News. From 1982-8"', he was director 
of information for the American Federa- 
tion of Labor/Congress of Industrial 
Organizations in Washington, D.C, 

He returned to Washington last 
December after covering economic and 
political news in Asia for two years as a 
senior editorial consultant to The Straits 
Times, largest English-language daily 
newspaper in Singapore 

Seeger is a graduate of the University 
of Iowa and a former Nicman Fellow at 
Harvard Universitv. ■ 


Zoologists Create New 

System Pay Study Releases Results 
of Employee Survey 

A distinct majority of University of 
Marvland system employees are satisfied 
working on their campuses and feel very 
positive about their supervisors, 

But. only about one oui of five is 
satisfied with the university's policies 
dealing with pay. Few understand how 
salary decisions are made and fewer than 
half feel their job descriptions accurately 
summarize their current jobs, 

These arc among the findings of last 
December's survey of university 
employees and focus group meetings 
with groups of employees at each of the 
11 system campuses early in the new 

Results of the system-wide pay pro- 
gram study undertaken by the consulting 
linn of Mercer Meidinger Hansen will be 
used to reposition the university's pay 
program, according to interim chancellor 
James A. "Dolph" Norton. 

About half 0,808) of the recipients 
returned completed the mail-in survey 
form, and, because such a broad cross- 
section of employees participated, the 

results have a high degree of accuracy, 
notes project manager Bram Groen. 

Overall, according to the study, about 
two thirds of those surveyed say they are 
satisfied with their jobs, A majority 
believe their supervisor does a good job, 
is fair, and generally sets high standards 
for work 

Supervisors, however, feel they do not 
have enough authority and Flexibility 
when it comes to salary policies and 
classification decisions. 

Most employees were candid about 
what they see as shortcomings in the 
UMS pay policies and most give the pay 
program marginal marks. 

In both the survey and focus groups, 
employees identified four aspects of the 
current pay program that need attention. 

Internal equity, Employees believe that 
similar jobs on campus don't always 
receive similar pay and many feel pay is 
unfair between campuses. 

continued on page 3 

Reseatch may aid aquacultitre. 


Helping to Integrate 
Undergraduate Majors 

Capstone courses explore real-life issues.. 


Organic Chemistry Labs Go 

Students learn new scientific skills. 

Go mm 



April 16, I9W 

Colloquium on Ozone Depletion 

A Chemistry Research Colloquium, "Polar Ozone Depletion,"' 
will he presented April 19 by Mario Molina, professor of chemistry, 
Department of Chemistry and Department of Earth and Planetary 
Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. Molina 
was one of the first scientists to identify the problem of ozone- 
depletion at the Earth's poles due to chlorofluorncarbon com- 
pounds. The colloquium will be held at -i p.m. in room 132S of 
the Chemistry Building. Call -1MH422 for information. 


University Zoologists Create 
a New Kind of Oyster 

M F sing eyedroppers full of po 
m J tent neurochemicals, two 

■ / College Park zoologists are 
\mi/ controlling the transforma- 
tion of free-swimming young oysters in 
to mature, shelled oysters. 

A few years ago. Dale Bonar and 
Steven Coon discovered that some im- 
portant human neurotransmitters also in- 
duce the larvae of the Chesapeake 
oyster. Cr.msostrai Virginia, to metamor- 
phose. Using this finding, they are pro 
ducing some unusual molluscs at a 
fledgling oyster farm on the Chesapeake 

For an oyster larva, metamorphosis 
marks the end of a race to find a perma- 
nent home A newly spawned larv:i 
swims free for two or three weeks. Then 
it begins the search for a suitable 
substrate— usually piles of old oyster 
shells called "cultch " — on which to at- 
tach and metamorphose into a "spat" or 
young adult. If it doesn't And a suitable 
site once it has reached a certain stage, 
the larva will die within a few days. 

"Originally we had been examining a 
battery of neurotransmitters for their ef- 
fects tin oysters," says Bonar. an 
associate professor in the Department of 
Zoology. He and Coon, a research 
associate in the Department of 
Microbiology, were following up Bonar's 
earlier work with neurotransmitter- 
induced metamorphosis in another 
member of the mollusc family, the snail. 
"I wo ol the neurotransmitters the\ 
tested, epinephrine and norepinephrine, 
function as potent chemical messengers 
between nerve cells in humans. 

Bonar and Coon added both these 
chemicals to tanks of water containing 
microscopic oyster larvae. They found 
that even at miniscule doses— about a 
tablespoon per 18-liter tank— either 
chemical would induce the larvae to 
begin metamorphosis within an hour. 


Outlook is the weekly laculty-staf) newspaper 
serving the College Park campus community 

Kathryn Costetlo. Vce President for 

Institutional Advancement 
Hoi Hletoert, Director ot Public Information & Editor 
Linda Freeman, Production Editor 
Jan BarMey. Brian Susek. John Fritz, Lisa Gregory. 
Tom Otwell ft Farias Samarral, Start Writers 

Stephen A. Darrou. Design ft Coordination 
John T. Consott, Photography Coordinator 
Heather Kelly, Viviane Morttz. Chris Paul. 

Design & Production 
A1 Danegger ft Larry C rouse. Contributing 


Letters to the editor, story suggestions, campus infor- 
mation & calendar items are welcome Please submit 
all material at least three weeks before the Monday ol 
publication Send it 10 Roz Hiebert, Editor Outlook. 
2101 Turner Building, through campus mail or to 
University of Maryland, CollegB Park. MD 20742. Our 
telephone number is (301)454-5335 Our electronic 
mail address is oultook@ pres.umd eou. 

Tlvis is the first evidence, they say. 
thai these vertebrate neurotransmitter!* 
also serve a crucial function in an in- 
vertebrate species, 

COOD says the newly attached oyster 
normally produces only norepinephrine 
to initiate the transformation process 
But in a laboratory setting, 
"norepinephrine or epinephrine can he 
used to mimic the event happening in 

Mimic it— with one crucial exception. 
When treated with either chemical (the 
researchers use synthetic epinephrine), 
the larvae completely bypass the search 
and attachment process so crucial to 
their normal life cycle. They simply drop 
to the bottom of the tank and begin 

In the wake of declines in the once 
prodigious oyster harvests in the bay, 
some of Maryland's oysiermcn have 
turned to the farming, or aquaculturc, of 
oysters. With funding from the stale. 
Coon and Bonar are using one such 
farm— Si. George's Oyster Company in 
Pinej Point. Md .— to test practical ap- 
plications of the epinephrine neat mem. 

In a typical aquaculiure operation, 
oyster farmers must fill huge tanks with 
cultch. release the larvae into the water. 
.md then wait patiently for 10- IS percent 
to set and metamorphose. Once the} arc 
"seeded'' with spat, the beds of cultch 
are hauled to sites offshore where the 
oysters can grow to harvestable size— a 
messy and herculean task. 

Six-week old cultchless adult oysters, often called spat 

metamorphosis without ever attempting 
to cement to the substrate. These 
"cultchtess'* oysters, as the scientists call 
them, grow* into otherwise normal, shell- 
ed adults. 

Coon says this scientific freak "helps 
the oyster industry because it provides 
an economical way of growing oysters 

Bui. says Conn, because larvae dosed 
with epinephrine don't need cultch. they 
can be induced to metamorphose by the 
millions in small- r, lighiei tanks, and are 
easier to move to bay sites 

In nature, not every oyster larva will 
successfully metamorphose. But with this 
sort of control over the process, "we 
can increase the numbers going through 

metamorphosis — maximize what we gei 
in the end," says Bonar. About 80-91)% 
of treated larvae make the transformation 
to the adult form. 

One "downside" of this, he says, is "we may he allowing some to 
metamorphose lhai otherwise wouldn't 
live— so we're selecting for weaker 
oysters, ones that might not grow as fast 
or as large." 

The team at St. George's produced 
their first crop of cultchless oysters— 
about -itin.onii-in 10KK. Last year, they 
increased their harvest to "5 million. 
from the larvae they treat this spring, 
they plan to haw another harvest of *j 
million in the fall of 1991, says Coon 

Coon noies that St. George's has ex- 
perienced one major problem: 
"cultchless oysters are eaten by crabs 
like they're going out of style." Crabs 
can pick up and crush these oysters, a 
dining technique not possible with 
molluscs that are firmly attached to the 
substrate, The St. George's team solved 
this problem by putting the young 
shellfish into bay waters in floating cages 
thai the crabs can't penetrate. 

The cultchless oyster's greater 
vulnerability is one reason, says Bonar. 
that "these aren't oysters you can just 
spread anywhere on the bottom. This is 
for controlled aquaculturc only. The 
oysters have got to be cultured, 
maintained— taken care of one or two 
years or more." 

But ac|uaculrurc may be the Maryland 
oyster industry's best bet. as pollution 
and disease continue to wipe out large 
sectors of the bay's natural oyster 
population. As Conn says. "even if we 
waved a magic wand and there was no 
pollution, no disease... it would still take 
three years or so for the oysters growing 
now to reach marketable size. Right now 
this research is making it possible for a 
moderate size oyster company lo exist," 

— Usa o'Kourkv 

Total Organic Monitor Developed to 
Support DEA, Public Safety Operations 

A laser system that can detect the air- 
borne "fingerprints" of chemical solvents 
used in the manufacture of cocaine and 
other drugs at distances of 1,000 feet or 
more is being developed by a team of 
College Park research scientists. 

The project will develop the prototype 
of a "Total Organic Monitor" that can 
pinpoint toxic, flammable and explosive 
concentrations of those chemicals in the 
air The Drug Enforcement Administra- 
tion (DEA) is funding the project which 
Ls headed by Thomas D. Wilkerson, a 
professor with the Institute for Physical 
Science and Technology. 

Illicit drug refining operations often 
entail high concentratioas of processing 

solvents such as acetone and ether in the 
surrounding air space. Most of these 
solvents have characteristic "fingerprints" 
that can be brought out by measuring 
the absorption of infrared light using a 
laser-based detector that operates ai 
wavelengths ol ', i .md \ \ micrometers, 
about five to seven times the wavelength 
of visible light. DBA agents need to 
assess these pollutant levels prior to legal 
entry of the suspected drug laboratories, 
Wilkerson notes. 

The Maryland project involves close- 
cooperation with DEA personnel and 
consultants in infrared science. Field tests 
of the prototype monitor arc expected to 
take place this summer 

Wilkerson characterizes the project as 
"...yet another demonstration of the 
potential of laser remote sensing' 
methods for measuringatmospheric con- 

The same principles will be adapied lo 
detect leaks of natural gas and other 
compounds from storage, processing, 
and transport facilities. 

Wilkerson and his colleague, V. N. 
Singh, say they are gratified by the op- 
portunity to put laser technology in ser- 
vice to people's health and safety, ■ 

Lecture Will Examine Distinction Between 
History and Literature 

Lois Potter, an English department fatuity member :it the Univer- 
sity of Leicester, will present a lecture on "'Mrs. Parliament and her 
Monstrous Child:' Is it Literature or History?' " at 3^0 p.m. Wed., 
April IK, in Room I 102 t: of Francis .Scott Key. "Mrs. Parliament 
and her Monstrous Child'' is a polemical pamphlet produced during 
the Hill century civil war in England, tn her lecture. Potter will 
Consider the methods and problems involved when a researcher at- 
tempts to bridge the gap between literature and history The lex- 
lure is sponsored by the Center lot Renaissance and Baroque 
Studies in conjunction with the Departments of English and 
History. For more information call -n-t-2"-i(). 




April 16. 1990 


Women in International Security 
Produces Internships Guide 


Women in Internationa) Security (WHS) 
has compiled and written a complete 
guide for women (and men] seeking to 
take their first step into a career in the 
held of international security, 

Internships in Foreign S: Defense 
Policy is devoted to supporting women 
in these traditionally male-dominated 

WHS is a national, nonpartisan net- 
work and professional development pro 
gram dedicated to enhancing the career 
prospects of women working on interna- 
tional issues. Funded by the Ford Foun- 
dation, it is run under the auspices of 
the Center for International Security 
Studies at Maryland which is located at 
i he School of Public Affairs. 

While some of the obstacles women 

face in the work place have been over- 
come, there remain subtle barriers, par- 
ticularly within organizations concerned 
with military or defense matters, foreign 
policy, and national policy and budget 
issues. The new book, published by 
Seven hicks Press. Cabin John. Maryland, 
is a tool that can lead women lo a better 
understanding of the informal networks, 
rules, and procedures thai may be impor- 
tant to successful employment in these 
kinds of institutions. 

The 1 20- page directory offers step- by- 
step instructions in obtaining an intern- 
ship, and includes detailed descriptions 
of more than SO organizations, most of 
them in the Washington. D.C area, that 
offer formal internship programs during 
the summer, and/or academic vear ■ 


Conference will 
Affecting Blacks 

A conference examining 'The Social 
and Economic Condition of Blacks in 
Maryland'' will be held at the University 
of Maryland on Friday. April 2~. in the 
Center of Adult Education. H:M) a.m.o 

Sponsored by the School nf Public A!' 
fairs' Bureau of Govern mc-ntal Research 
and the Afro-American Studies Program, 
the conference will provide a forum for 
experts in various fields to discuss the 
implications of state and local policies 
for Black Mary landers. 

According to Allen Schick, director of 
the Bureau of Governmental Research. 
"The conference itself wiil not take a 
stand on policy matters, hut will deal 

Address Issues 
in Maryland 

with issues of current concern to govern- 

The conference presentations will he- 
organized around four themes-, govern- 
ment policies: implications and oppor- 
tunities: community and economic con- 
ditions; employment and income; and 
government programs affecting the status 
of Blacks. 

At noon, president William E Kirwan 
will make brief remarks before introduc- 
ing the luncheon speaker. Delegate 
Howard "Pete" Rawlings, 

There is a 325 registration fee and 
space is limited. Call Melissa Brink at 
-n-r-bW for more information. ■ 

1989-90 Student Employee of 
the Year Chosen 

Jason Sloan Boyd, a senior government & 
politics major, received the 1989-90 Outstan- 
ding Student Employee of the Year Award 
for his work as a coordinator of peer ad- 
visors in the Undergraduate Advising Center. 
One of 43 students recognized during the 
second annual Student Employee of the Year 
ceremony sponsored by the Job Referral 
Service on April 2, Boyd, who received a 
S500 cash award, has already won at the 
state level, and will move on to the North- 
east Regional Finals sponsored by the North- 
east Association of Student Employee Ad- 
ministrators. The awards are based on 
nominations from supervisors evaluating a 
student's reliability, quality of work, initiative, 
disposition, and contributions to the 


Animal Sciences Looks to the Future 

Within the next couple of years, the 
Department of Animal Sciences at Col- 
lege Park will add new faculty members 
and courses and complete a modern 
classroom and research facility to benefit 
the department's outstanding undergradu- 
ate students. 

"Our objective as we make these 
changes." says Jerry DeBarthc, associate 
professor of animal sciences and director 
of the undergraduate program, "is to 
keep in line with modem agriculture as 
it fits into contemporary society."' 

updating the undergraduate curriculum 
to meet student needs of the 199 lis and 
beyond is a high priority for the depart- 
ment, says DeBarthc. As part of the 
department's plan, animal sciences will 
require students to take a core set of 
courses and then choose one of five op- 
tions: animal management and industry ; 
science and pre professional, that will 
prepare students for graduate or veteri- 
nary school; lab animal management; 
avian business, which will be similar to 
animal management and industry but di- 
rected toward the poultry industry: and 
the new equine option. 

"We will be placing a special emphasis 
on this new equine program," says Den- 
nis Westhoff chair of the Department of 
Animal Sciences, "We are in the process 
of hiring two equine faculty members 
and putting together a brochure. This is 
the first time in a long time that we will 
have a serious equine option here at Col- 
lege Park." 

Because of state and regional interest 

in horse racing. College Park is in a uni- 
que position to support this industry, 
DeBarthc says. The option will focus 
mainly on equine biomechanics, or the 
horse as athlete. he adds. 

"We hope to offer a new T equine 
course next fall." he says. "We believe 
this equine option will grow rapidly 3nd 
be very popular among our undergradu- 
ates. In fact, we're receiving requests 
about it already." 

Some of the equine courses the 
department plans to offer in the future 
include a survey of the equine industry, 
equine topics in science to keep up with 
current research, and horse management, 
complete with hands-on work with 
horses already located on campus. 

These curriculum changes are expected 
to continue to attract the best and 
brightest animal sciences students to Col- 
lege Park. And. according to Westhoff 
and DeBarthc, to provide the best with 
the best, the department currently is 
building a modern classroom and 
research facility. 

"We are especially excited about this 
new building,' says Westhoff- "Our cur- 
rent building w~as built in 1969 and has 
no classrooms or other facilities for 
undergraduate students. The new build- 
ing will include classrooms and a lecture 
hall, a student lounge, an autotutorial 
room, a library, a computer room, in- 
creased animal holding quarters and in- 
creased research laboratory space." 

The new building is scheduled to be 
completed in December 1990. ■ 

Results of Employee Survey Released 

continued from page I 

Competitiveness of salaries. Most 
employees believe their salaries are lower 
than those paid by other local 

Classifications. Many employees believe 
job classification should be a more ob- 
jective process and expressed confusion 
over how and why positions become 

Pay for performance. Most employees 
feel their supervisors do recognize their 
day-to-day performance and contribu- 

tions. Many, however, would like to see a 
stronger link between exceptional perfor- 
mance and pay decisions. 

During the course 1 of the pay study, 
Groeri says, Mercer Meidinger Hansen 
will systematically examine and verify 
whether these employee perceptions are 

During the process, employees will 
continue to be involved and informed. 
For example, a questionnaire to describe 
job responsibilities will be distributed 
soon. ■ 

— thin Ottrcit 


April 16, 1990 


April 16 to 25 

Guitarist Gene Bertoncim will perform 
Sunday , April 22, 4 p.m., Center of 
Adult Education 

Baritone Sanford Sylvan will perform 
Saturday, April 21, 8 p.m., Center of 
Adult Education 

Architecture Exhibit, featuring 
Mark Simon. Centerbrook Ar- 
chitects, today through May 4, Ar- 
chitecture Gallery. Call x3427 for 

Art Exhibition: "Contemporary 
Latin American Photographers." 
organized by Aperture 
Photography, through April 27, The 
Art Gallery, Art/Sociology Bldg. Call 
x2763 for info. 

Photography Exhibit: "At Work in 
the Fields ol the Bomb," created 
by research photographer Robert 
Del Tredici, today through April 26, 
Parents Association Gallery, Stamp 
Union. Call x4754 for info. 

Career Development Center Job 
Fair, noon-4 p.m.. Grand Ballroom, 
Stamp Union. Call x4582 for info. 

Computer Science Center Lec- 
ture: title TBA. Glenn Ricart. 2:30 
p.m., 1400 Marie Mount Hall Call 
X2946 for info. 

Science, Technology and Society 
Lecture: "Imagining the Future: An 
Historian's Perspective." Joseph 
Corn, Stanford U,. 3:30 p.m.. 2309 
Art/Soc. Bldg. Call x8862 tor info 

Campus Senate Meeting. 
3:30-6:30 p.m.. 0126 Reckord Ar- 
mory. Call x4549 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium; 
"Aspects of Heuristic Search 
Algorithms for Networks AND/OR 
Graphs." A Mahanti, 4 p.m., 011 
Classroom Bldg. Call x4244 for 

Space Science Seminar: "Elec- 
tromagnetic Tornadoes in Space," 
Tom Chang. 4:30 p.m., 1113 Com- 
puter/Space Sciences Bldg. Call 
x0359 for info. 

■ 17 in 

Graduate Research Interaction 
Day, featuring lectures and presen- 
tations by UMCP graduate 
students. 6:30 a.m. -5 p.m., Colony 
Ballroom, Stamp Union Call x5491 
or x5060 for info. 

Employee Development Seminar, 
"Overview of Communication Ser- 
vices," 9 a.m. -noon, Maryland 
Room. Marie Mount Hall. Call 
X4811 for info. 

Zoology Lecture: "The Influence 
of Ectoparasites on Starling Sur- 
vival, and the Effectiveness of 
Green Plants as Natural Insec- 
ticides." Peter Fauth. noon. 1208 
Zoo/Psych. Bldg Call x3201 for 

Systems Research Center 
Seminar: "Modelling of 
Robustness Problems: The Tree 
Structured Decomposition of 
Polynomials," Juergen Ackermann, 
UC-lrvine, 3 p.m, 1112 A V 
Williams Bldg. Call x5880 for into. 

Population, Gender, and Social 
Inequality Lecture: "Gender of 
Class? The Case of Education Ex- 
pansion in France," Jerald Hage, 
3:30 p.m., 2115 Art/Soc, Bldg. Call 
x3112 for into. 

Hoff Theater Movie: 'Casualties 
of War." Call X4987 for info.* 

Employee Development Seminar, 
"Effective Writing," 9 a.m. -4 p.m.. 
1143 Stamp Union, fee TBA. Call 
x481 1 for info, " 

Counseling Center Research & 
Development Meeting: The 
Black Middle Class Family," Bar- 
tholomew L. Landry, noon. 0106 
Shoemaker Bldg. Call x2937 for 

STS Film: "Silkwood," Vicki Bier, 
discussion leader, 3 p.m.. 0220 
Jimenez Hall. Call x5893 tor info. 

International Coffee Hour, 3-4:30 
p.m., 0205 Jimenez Hall Call 
x4925 for info. 

Writers Here and Now Reading, 
featuring novelist, short story writer 
and essayist Peter Matthiessen 
reading from his works, 3:30 p.m., 
place TBA. Call X2511 for info, 

Afro-American Studies and 
Public Affairs Lecture: "Marriage 
and Family in the African- American 
Community: Policy Issues," Belinda 
Tucker. UCLA, 3:45 p.m . 0102 F. 
S Key Hall, reception to follow. 
Call X5665 for info. 

Distinguished Scholar-Teacher 
Lecture: "Love Play, Laughter, 
and Language: How the Rabbis 
Reread the Bible," Susan 
Handelman. 4 p.m., Art/Soc. Bldg., 
reception to follow in Art/Soc. 
Atrium, Call x2530 for info 

Space Science Seminar: title 
TBA, Roald Z. Sagdeev, Institute of 
Space Physics, Moscow, 4 p.m.. 
1410 Physics Bldg. Call X3136 tor 

Campus Club Lecture: "A Faculty 
Member Becomes Provost." J. 
Robert Dorfman, Provost and Vice 
President tor Academic Affairs. 8 
p.m., Carriage House, 
Rossborough Inn. Call 699-5960 for 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Casualties 
of War." Call x4987 tor info.' 

P. Makward. Penn. State U,, 3 
p.m., Language House Reception 
Hall. Call X4303 for info. 

CHPS Lecture: "The Mystification 
of Sofia Kovalevskai," Ann Koblitz, 
Hartwick College, 4 p.m., 1117 F. 
S Key Hall Call x2850 for into. 

Chemistry and Biochemistry Col- 
loquium: "Polar Ozone Depletion." 
Mario Molina, M.IT., 4 p.m.. 1325 
Chemistry Bldg. Call x4422 for info. 

Reliability Engineering Seminar: 
"Reliability Lessons Learned From 
Top-Level Navy Program Reviews," 
Douglas Patterson, Office of the 
Assistant Secretary of the Navy. 
5:15-6:15 p.m.. 2115 Chemical & 
Nuclear Engineering Bldg. Call 
X1941 for info. 

Kinesiology Lecture: "Will Bob 
Beamon's 8.90 Ever Be Broken? 
The Social Bases of Athletic Per- 
formance,'' Bruce Kidd, Canadian 
Olympic Academy and U, of 
Toronto, 7:30 p.m.. 1312 PERH 
Bldg, Call x2928 for info. 

Meteorology Department Public 
Lecture: "Chaos and Climate," 
Edward Lorenz. MIT. 8 p.m., 
Auditorium, Center tor Adult Educa- 
tion Call x8321 or x2708 for info. 

French Lecture: "Helene Cixous 
and the Myth of Feminine Writing 
(A Positive Approach)," Christiane 

Linguistics Colloquium: title TBA, 
Andrew Barss, U. of Arizona, 
Tuscon, noon, 0109 Hornbake 
Library. Call x7002 for info. 

AAUW Published Women's Lun- 
cheon, featuring Carls Peterson, 
noon. Rossborough Inn, $8. Call 
X3940 for info. 

Mental Health Lunch N Learn 

Conference: "Healthy Companies: 
Mental Health at the Workplace." 
Robert Rosen, George Washington 
U.. 1-2 p.m., 3100E Health Center. 
Call x4925 for info. 

Kinesiology Lecture: "What's In It 
for the Olympic Host City? Toron- 
to's Social Impact Assessment," 
Phyllis Berck. City of Toronto 
Olympic Task Force, 2 p.m., 1312 
PERH Bldg. Call x2928 for info. 

Systems Research Center 
Seminar: "Stabilization of Zero- 
Error Manifolds and the Nonlinear 
Servomechanism Problem." Wilson 
J. Rugh. Johns Hopkins U.. 3 
p.m., 1112 A. V. Williams Bldg. 
Call x5880 tor info. 

Silver Anniversary Festival Con- 
cert, featuring the Symphonic 
Wind Ensemble, Concerl Band, 
and guest bands, 8 p.m., Tawes 
Theatre. Call x6669 for into. 


University Community Concerts: 
Sanford Sylvan, baritone and David 
Breitman, (ortepiano, featuring 
Schubert's Drie Klavierstucke, D. 
946 and Die Schone Mullerin, cy- 
cle of 20 songs, Op. 25, D. 795, 8 
p.m., Center of Adult Education, 
$15 standard admission, $12.50 
seniors and students, free seminar 
at 6:30 p.m. Call x6534 for info.* 



University Community Concerts: 

Gene Bertoncini, guitar and Harvie 
Swartz, double bass, program TBA. 

4 p.m.. Center of Adult Education, 

5 12.50 standard admission, $10 
seniors andstudents. Call x6534 tor 
info. ■ 

Research Center for Arts and 
Humanities Conference: "The 
Medicinal Muses: The Therapeutic 
Uses of the Arts and Humanities," 
today. 9 a.m -noon, 2-5 p.m.. 7 
p.m banquet. Center of Adult 
Education; tomorrow. 9 a.m. -noon 
and 2-5 p.m., followed by recep- 
tion. National Library of Medicine. 
NIH. Call x1820 for info.* 

Women's Studies, History, and 
Curriculum Transformation Pro- 
ject Seminar: "Reshaping 
Historical Inquiry: The Majority 
Enters the Curriculum," Gerda 
Lerner, U ol Wisconsin at 
Madison. 10-11:30 a.m.. Dean's 
Conference Room, F. S. Key Hall. 
Call x3841 tor info 

International Agriculture Collo- 
quium: "A Humanistic View of 
Training and Visit Management 
System," Yoseph Elkana, Embassy 
of Israel, noon, 0115 Symons Hall. 
Call x4933 for info. 

Department of Housing and 
Design Lecture; "Automating 
Design," Michael Eckersley. 2 
p.m., 2309 Art-Sociology Bldg. Call 
X1543 for info. 

English Department and 
Research Center for Arts and 
Humanities Lecture: "Discourses 
of Sexual Difference: An Early 
Eighteenth Century Example," 
George S. Rousseau, UCLA, 3 
p.m., 1117 F. S. Key Hall, Call 
X1820 for info. 

French Lecture: "La vulgarisation 
du savoir dans la France an- 
cienne," Use Andries, Centre Na- 
tionale de la Recherche Scientifi- 
que, Paris. 3:15 p.m., 3118 
Jimenez Hall. Call x4303 for info. 

Graduate School Distinguished 
Lecture: "Origins of Patriarchy," 
Gerda Lerner. U, of Wisconsin at 
Madison, 3:30 p.m., 2203 Art/Soc. 
Auditorium. Call x2843 for info. 

Campus Senate Meeting, 
3:30-6:30 p.m., 0126 Reckord Ar- 
mory. Call x4549 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium: 

"Expertise in Parallel Program- 
ming," Lisa Neal, Harvard U.. 4 
p.m., 011 Classroom Bldg. Call 
x4244 for info. 

Horticulture Seminar: "Manipula- 
tion of ex-vitro Behavior of 
Micropropaged Strawberries , ' ' 
Fouad Mohamed, 4 p.m., 01288 
Holzapfel Hall, Call x3606 for info. 

Space Science Seminar: "Particle 
Precipitation Regions in the 
Ionosphere and How They Map 
back to the Magnetosphere," 
Patrick Newell, Johns Hopkins U., 
4:30 p.m., 1113 Computer/Space 
Sciences Bldg. Call x3136 for info. 


Zoology Lecture: "Iterative Evolu- 
tion of Dentition in Lamnid Sharks: 
Is the Greal White Really a Mako 
in Disguise?" Brett Kent, noon. 
1208 Zoo/Psych. Bldg. Call x3201 
for info. 

Engineering Lecture: "Women in 

Engineering," Mildred 
Dresselhauss. MIX. 3-4 pm.. 
1202 Engr. Classroom Bldg. Call 
x7386 for info. 

Economics & National Security 
Lecture: "Game-Theoretic Models 
of Deterrence," Marc Kilgour, 
Wilfred Laurier U., 3:30-5 p.m.. 
Student Lounge, Morrill Hall. Call 
x3457 for info. 

Physics Colloquium: "Proteins 
and Glasses as Paradigms of 
Complex Systems," Hans 
Frauenfelder, U. of Illinois. Urbana- 
Champagne. 4 p.m., 1410 Physics 
Bldg. Call x3512 for info. 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Solaris." 
Call x4987 for info." 

Employee Development Seminar, 
"Effective Writing," 9 a.m.-4 p.m.. 
1143 Stamp Union, fee TBA Call 
X4811 for info.' 

Counseling Center Research & 
Development Meeting; "OMSE 
New Initiatives: A Consumer 
Friendly Approach," Mary E. 
Cothran, noon, 0106 Shoemaker 
Bldg Call x2937 for info. 

International Coffee Hour, 3-4:30 
p.m.. 0205 Jimenez Hall. Call 
x4925 for info. 

Afro- American Studies and 
Public Affairs Lecture: "The 

Black Family and Public Policy." 
Joyce Ladner, Howard U., 3:30 
p.m., 0100 Marie Mount Hall, 
reception to follow. Call x5665 for 

Distinguished Scholar-Teacher 
Lecture: "Female and Male 
Managers: How Different?" Kay 
Bartot, 4 p.m., Art/Soc. Bldg., 
reception to follow in Art/Soc. 
Atrium. Call x2530 for info. 

CHPS Distinguished Lecture: 
"Creation in Physical Cosmology: 
Pseudo- Problem or Superior 
Truth," Adolf Grunbaum, today and 
tomorrow, 4 p.m., 1117 F. S. Key 
Hail. Call x2850 for info. 

Architecture Lecture: "The Three 
Bears," Mark Simon, Centerbrook 
Architects, 8 p.m.. Architecture 
Auditorium. Call x3427 for info. 
CHPS Lecture: "The Scientific 
Foundations of Psychoanalysis: An 
Assessment," Adolph Grunbaum, 
U. ot Pittsburgh, 8 p.m., Jack 
Masur Auditorium, Building 10 
Clinical Center. NIH, Bethesda. 
Call X28750 tor info. 

Hoff Theater Movie: "Solaris." 
Call x4987 for info.* 

* Admission charge for this event. 
All others are five. 

Calendar information may be 
sent to John Fritz, 2101 Turner 
Laboratory or (via electronic 
mall) to 


firm Prize Winner o) the 1983 i Hiirniti qf \liirii,tm! 
ItiU'rtwtttnmt II itfiifin kii/tcfl t'iittitf tiiwftetitnw 

t Liszt 

Marti no t I'tfiiiitw ivotnlhia) 



New Compact Disk Features Winner of 1989 
Piano Competition 

Haesun Paik, first prize winner of the 1WW Kapcll Piano Com- 
pel ii ion. plays music of Debussy, Liszt, Scriabin and Martino on a 
newly released limited edition compact disk. The opportunity to 
make this recording was part of the prize won by Paik last sum- 
mer. Available at SI'S each from the Friends of the Maryland Sum- 
mer Institute for the Creative and Performing Arts, the disks are be- 
ing sold to benefit the piano festival and competition. For informa- 
tion call -(54-4241. 


April 16, 1990 


Cole's New Book Describes Tranquil 
History of U.S./Norwegian Relations 

/n history, like journalism, the 
good news gets short shrift. 
Whereas U.S. relations with a 
tiny adversary like Cuba gets 
plenty of ink, one almost never hears 
about diplomatic contacts with tiny 

Wayne Cole, professor of history at 
I'MCP, however, has devoted his most 
recent work to some historical good 
news. In his newly-released book, Nor- 
way and the United States 190^-1955: 
Two Democracies in Peace and War, the 
specialist in diplomatic history describes 
live decades of generally peaceful and 
positive relations between a superpower 
and a small nation of four million peo- 

I had just finished my major project 
(Roosevetl and the Isolationists issued in 
19*3) and was wondering what i should 
do next," Cote says. "I happened to be 
louring Norway and got to thinking, 
'What are the problems of peace and 
security fur a small state, one that isn't a 
great power, that can 4 make a difference 
on a global scale, and yet is very much 
affected by the activities of larger 

"When I began looking Into it. I 
found that no one had ever done it. 
This is the story of a small, peaceful, 
weak, tranquil state that manages, 
through skillful diplomacy, to maintain 
its dignity and pride." 

In the book. Cole finds a number of 
parallels between the American and 
Norwegian response to world events. 
Throughout the first half of the 20th 
century hoth countries turn away from 
traditionally neutral postures in European 
wars and eventually become enmeshed 
in collective security arrangements. 

Vet while the history of the L'.S. role 
in the world scene during the fust half 

of the 20th century is weH known, 
Cole's book offers a detailed account of 
Norway's less than familiar diplomatic 

Norway became an independent state 
in 1905 through a peaceful separation 
from Sweden. Relatively isolated on the 
northern fringe of Europe, the fledgling 
state adopted a policy of strict neutrality 
at the advent of World War I. 

Despite having its shipping lanes rid- 
dled by German submarine attacks and 
despite pressures from Great Britain to 
enter the conflict, Norway remained 
neutral throughout the war. 

In the late 1930s, when the Nazis 
began their march through Europe, Nor- 
way was again determined to avoid 
conflict , 

"Norway was almost obsessive about 
its neutrality," Coles says. 

Declarations of neutrality, however, 
did not deter Axis attacks. In April 1940, 
the Nazis marched into Norway and seiz- 
ed control of the country. 

In response, the Norwegian govern- 
ment rebuffed the Nazis in spirit, if not 
in arms. The Norwegians formed a 
government in exile. leaving Vidkun 
Quisling (whose name has since become 
a noun meaning traitor), to manage the 

After World War II, Norway reluctant- 
ly became more engaged in world af- 
fairs. Sharing a common border with the 
Soviet Union, Norwegian officials found 
it prudent to join NATO. 

But even as it became entwined in a 
collective security pact, Norway con- 
tinued to try to minimize its involve- 
ment. As part of a special arrangement, 
no NATO troops can be based on 
Norwegian soil, 

"[Norway's diplomatic history | is qui le- 
an appealing story," Cole says. ■ 

— litkin llttsek 

Earth Day Exhibit 

In connection with Earth Day, the Parents Association Gallery in the Stamp Student Union is 
presenting an exhibit that examines the environmental impact of the nuclear age. Photographer 
Robert Del Tredici's exhibit, "At Work in the Fields of the Bomb" features images that show the 
many facets of the production of nuclear weapons. As a special program accompanying the ex- 
hibit, the gallery will host a peace workshop conducted by activist Betty Bumpers. The exhibit is 
on display through April 26. For more information call 454-4754. 

Wayne Cole 

Suzuki Theatre Expert To 
Hold Campus Workshops 

Students in the College of Arts and 
Humanities will receive an introduction 
to Japan's innovative Suzuki theater when 
actor David Asher visits the campus April 

Asher. who performed last year in the 
Arena Stage production of the Suzuki 
play The Tale of Lear, will conduct daily 
workshops and work with students of 
Japanese, theater, dance. English and 
education during his visit, 

Suzuki is a theatrical style developed 
in recent decades by Japanese avant 
garde director Tad ash i Suzuki. The style 
merges Japan's traditional theatrical 
forms— Nob and Kabuki— with Western 
drama. The Tale of Lear, the first Suzuki 
play produced in the United States, is an 
adaptation of Shakespeare's bear in which 
the dialogue is much reduced and the 
tale is recast as a dream-like 

"In Suzuki, there is a great deal of em- 
phasis on movement and the physical 
condition of the actors," says Japanese 
theater expert Thomas Rimer, chair of 
Hebrew and East Asian Languages and 

Asher's visit is co-sponsored by the 
Committee on East Asian Studies, the 

David Asher 

Center for Renaissance and Baroque 
Studies, the MARGLS program and tlie 
departments of dance and theatre. 

Asher's daily workshops will be held 
at 5 p.m. for all interested persons. For 
more information call Michael O'Hara, 
454-2=143. ■ 


April 16. 1 990 

Helene Cixous Will be subject of French 
and Italian Lecture 

Christtoae Makward, a Penn Sate scholar, will present a lecture 
on contemporary French writer and critic Helene Cixous at i p.m. 
April ]<•) in the Multi-purpose Room of the Language House. The 
lecture, entitled "Helene Cixous and the Myth of Feminine 
Writing," is sponsored by the Department of French and Italian 
Languages and Literatures with the support of the College of Arts 
and Humanities, It is part of the department's effort to facilitate the 
incorporation of scholarship by and about women into the cur- 
riculum. The initiative is coordinated hv French and Italian facultv 
members Madeleine Mage and Carol Mossman For more inform*-' 
lion call 454-4305. 


Capping the College Experience 

New Capstone Course Lets Seniors Explore Real-Life Issues 

As the nation looks to 
strengthen education at all 
levels, scholars and educators 
are examining ways to im- 
prove how children are 
taught and the way teachers themselves 
learn their craft. 

One new initiative that strives to im- 
prove teacher education is Project 30. 
Funded by the Carnegie Foundation, Pro- 
ject 30 is a group of 30 select colleges 
and universities whose main goal is to 
redesign teacher education. The Universi- 
ty of Maryland at College Park is one of 
the 30 schools involved. 

Five members of the College Park 
faculty serve on the university's Project 
30 team— Dale Scannell. dean of the Col- 
lege of Education: Paul Mazzoechi. dean 
of the Colleges of Life Science and 
Agriculture; Bill Higgins. acting associate 
dean for the Colleges of Agriculture and 
Life Sciences; Richard Arends, chair of 
the Department of Curriculum and In- 
struction in the College of Education; 
and Linda Berg, lecturer of botanv 

Berg says that Project 30 is different 
from scleral other national efforts to im- 
prove teacher education for two reasons. 
First, Project 30 has no preconceived 

"Most other teacher education reform 
efforts have narrowly defined goals, but 
Project 30 is open for unusual ap- 
proaches." Berg says. They are letting 
the schools design projects that best 
meet the needs of the particular institu- 

The second reason Project 30 is dif- 
ferent is that it requires interaction of 
faculty in both education and liberal arts. 
At College Park, the project happens to 
involve science t'aculh 

For the Project 30 initiative at College- 
Park, Berg says they are taking a 
somewhat different approach than other 
schools that are revising undergraduate 

education or specific requirement for 
education majors. Instead, Berg says, they 
have created a capstone course for senior 
science education and life science 

A capstone course is ideally one of the 
last classes a senior tikes in his or her 
major before graduating from the 

"By the time students graduate, they 
should have hecome 'experts' in their 
major," Berg says. "The purpose of a 
capstone course is to help the student in- 
tegrate the major with the rest of the 
undergraduate education experience. A 
capstone course should touch on real-life 
issues and help students see where their 
major fits into the real world." 

One of the recommendations of the 
Pease Report on Undergraduate Educa- 
tion is a capstone course to round out 
every major. While that may not be feasi- 
ble in the near future. Berg says that they 
hope their course will be a prototype for 
capstone courses in the Colleges of Life 
Science, Education and Agriculture. She 
says that the Project 50 team modeled 
their course after a couple of similar 
courses in existence at College Park. 

Mechanical engineering majors, for ex- 
ample, take a course in which they 
design and build a car. but they must 
also work within a budget and' consider 
energy efficient measures Students ma- 
joring in natural resources management 
tike a course in which they develop a 
plan for managing a watershed. The plan 
must take into account not only 
biological and agricultural aspects of 
watershed management hut also political 
and economic considerations of local 

Berg hopes to teach the first Project 
3() capstone course in Spring 1991. The 
topic of the course, which currently is 
under review for approval, will he global 
climate change. 

Unda Berg advises sophomore geology major Jeff Joseph 

"I view global climate change as a 
biological problem, and in this course, 
we will approach the problem that way. 
Berg explains, "In the beginning of the 
course, there will he a (air amount of 
science, hut the main focus of the course 
will be the class project." 

For the project. Berg will tell the class 
that the president of the I'nited States 
has come to them and asked them to 
develop a comprehensive 16-year plan to 
"Tieal with global climate change. The 
class will he expected to plan programs 
to prevent, mitigate the effects of, and 
adapt to global climate change and to ex- 
amine the costs of these programs. She 
will divide the class into groups to work 
on the different plans. 

"It will he difficult to evaluate the 
students when they are working in 
groups," Berg says, "but in the real 
world, people work in groups. I want 
them to see the frustrations and the 
benefits of working in a group." 

Berg says it is exciting to see the 
' culmination of the work of the Project 
30 team, which formed in 1988. The 
capstone course was an idea for improv- 
ing undergraduate education recommend- 
ed by the university, but Project 30 
helped bring the idea io reality, 

"Without the Carnegie Foundation and 
Project 30," Berg says, we wouldn't 
have been pushed to develop the course 
as quickly as we did, I'm glad, because 
the students will benefit.'" ■ 

— -Jtm Bardie}' 

Students Show Appreciation 
for a Good Teacher 

Linda Berg, lecturer of botany, is proud of her abilities as a teacher. "I'm a good teacher ■ she 
says, because I work hard at it. I'm always searching for new and better ways to teach a 
T^Jv™? Wm ! m ??Ti Hef S,Uder,S are 9ra,e,U ' ,or her har * wo *' I" ■ fetter to Presi- 

tXSH h T ,1 ' he ShKtente °' her 8i0,£ W 10S dass e *P res « d tteir appreciation 
tor their teacher. The letter was signed by 85 students. 

November -T. 19»9 
Dear President Kirwan 

like tu Id you kmiw 


leaching which we find help! 
through««l the university 

:0 the classroom, fivs -' mmult 

M before class is to 


«. ** - -f^s t Es^5Srsw?ea 

b^nVshe ,s extremely prepared ^c nas ■ - - „ lnf , „ prese 

* ^ exactly what material she * ^ ^ -red in the previous lecture 
S lecture **■««* » ;?r.K ^- -v,dm, continuity between tect. 
. .„.u «Mi an introduction to iht IKXl 

ends with an introduction 
rv presenting *e basic m 



a clear, outlined manner, 
and com 

« ^»-»«-15SiS- 


soedtk question. Add.tionall) . sht. pros 

w „ ahus a, the very banning of the term, 
-i. eh ,-nrri-M-Minu wun !»- 1 ivi 

slice iftc Question 
SfU^tth her about d 

To hack up 

her lecture 


we always know exac 
ture. There are tape 

of her 

the te 

lectures and copies 

u\ what material in 

« honk will corresp 

i if her compute 

•X notes available io 

uidents who may have misst 

■d a lecture or who sit 


want to re 

Enforce what they 


In every way 

rants to help us 

jl is obvious to us 
learn as much as possi 

,hai what she teaches is import 

hie. as easily as 


,int Hi 

We sec 

her. and she 
her enthusiasm 

in the per* 

il anecdotes of biologK 

a! studies thai she shatt 

with us; we 

ate awed by 

her knowledge each time 

We review our ni 

lies: and we are 

thankful for her teaching 

skills each time we 

leave her classroom 


The Hti 

t m H* Students of Or Unda her a. 

Earn Your Supervisory Development Certificate 

Recognizing that training i.s a key element in the development of 
a successful supervisor, the Personnel Services Department has in- 
stituted ;i series of seven non-credit courses leading to a Certificate 
of Supervisory Development. Courses cover such topics as supervi- 
sion, personnel services, communication strategies, leadership, 
motivation, and time management. To benefit from this valuable 
training program, call the Employee Development section at 


April 16, 1990 


Smaller Is Better as Organic Chemistry Labs Go to 

m ■ isin^ costs and recent rule 

M^r changes b\ the Environmen 
ffl tal Protection Agency have 
JL. m. made the removal and 
disposal of hazardous substances 
generated by college and university 
chemistry laboratories both expensive 
and increasingly complicated. 

Enter the micro-scale program. 

Instead of using chemical samples of 
between one to id grams when running 
their lab experiments, undergraduates 
taking the introductory course in organic 
chemistry here now are using sample 
amounts as small as 10 milligrams. 

Not only are the samples of chemicals 
used in the experiments smaller, hut so 
is the laboratory equipment and ap- 
paratus used to conduct them. The glass 
microware, which comes packed In a 
well -padded briefcase-size carrying case, 
consists of mini reaction vials, connec- 
tors, condensors, and drying tubes, as 
well as distillation, gas collection and re- 
crystaiization equipment. Each student 
has his or her own microware kit. The 
equipment Iras been called "tinker toys 
for chemistry students" because it is 
both fun to use and because of the way 
the apparatus can he connected and 

Begun in 1985 as pilot projects at 
Mount Ilolyoke and Bowdoin colleges. 
(he micro-scale program' s popularity and 
practicality has caught on at colleges and 
universities around the country. The list 
of schools adopting micro-scale in the 
past several years numbers more than 
.MX) and continues to grow 

Micro-scale was introduced at College 
Park last spring and since September, the 

Dorothy Mazzocchi and undergraduate Steve Cayelii examine micro-scale equipment in organic 
chemistry lab. 

second semester of all regular and 
honors sections of CMEM 233-i-t3 use it. 
Between 500 and 600 students take the 
course during the year. This spring it is 
being offered in IS separate sections. 

Micro-scale, says Dorothy Mazzocchi, 
laboratory manager for the L'MCP 
Department of Chemistry's lower divi- 
sion organic chemistry program and an 
instructor in the department, goes to the 
heart of such issues as economies of 
scale and economies of disposal and the 
economics of clean air. 

Organic chemistry experiments can 

generate noxious gases that must be 
vented out of the lab. 

"It is very hard to keep up to stan- 
dards of clean air when you are using 
larger amounts of substances," she says. 

While the start up costs of going to 
micro-scale are significant, she says, in 
the long run it is far less expensive than 
renovating and upgrading the venting 
and exhaust systems an entire laboratory 
classroom building. 

Experiments and lab work performed 
using the micro-scale approach generate- 
much smaller volumes of hazardous 

gases and consequently less exhaust 
hood space is needed. This reduces the 
problem of air evacuation in the lab and 
means that instead of needing huge 
overhead vacuum hoods to vent hazar- 
dous vapors, simpler facilities for air ex- 
change can be used. 

Mazzocchi says the micro-scale labs 
use small, down-draw, down-draft hoods 
not unlike those jenn-Airc stovetop units 
used in the home kitchen, "we don't 
have the air handling problems we 
would have with large hoods," she says. 

The savings in waste disposal costs for 
organic chemistry will have paid for the 
micro-scale program start up costs within 
three to four years, she notes. 

There is another benefit to the micro- 
scale program. 

"Students who have been exposed to 
he micro-scale approach learn to work 
much more carefully and economically, 
and are much more dexterous when us- 
ng other more sophisticated equipment 
in upper level courses." Mazzocchi 
observes, "In addition, students are now 
being introduced to hands-on instrumen- 
tation experience as diagnostic in- 
struments play an important part in the 
micro-scale lab." 

Eadl new experiment in the 
undergraduate organic chemistry course 
is introduced by a short 5-6 minute in- 
structional video tape that emphasizes 
the new procedures called for by the ex- 
periment. The tape is repeated con- 
tinuously during the first half hour of 
the lab session, The tapes were prepared 
last summer by high school chemistry 
teachers here under the auspices of an 
NSE-sponsorcd honors research and 
leadership program. ■ 

—i Dm Otweli 

Modern Physicist Delights in Ancient Music 

Ranked, km m horn, shawm, and 

The names of these early musical in- 
struments sound as though they ought to 
be in a Dr. Seuss poem and not part of 
the vocabulary of a theoretical physicist. 

John Guillory is a research associate 
with the Laboratory for Plasma Research 
where he is conversant with the 
behavior of energetic electrons in ioniz- 
ed gases. He is also associated with the 
California-based Plasma Research Cor- 
poration, working out of the company's 
northern Virginia offices. 

But he is equally at home discussing 
the subtle arcanum of medieval and 
Renaissance music, some of it composed 
-too years before the birth of J.S. Bach. 

Guillory traces his passion for the old 
music to his days as a graduate student 
at Berkeley in the early 1 960s where he 
heard it played on a Bay Area radio sta- 
tion. "I liked what 1 heard a lot." he 
recalls. The next step was as obvious as 
it was prophetic. He bought a $7. 50 
recorder and taught himself to play, 

What followed was the beginning of 
what now is an extensive personal col- 
lection of records that number more 
than 1 .000 albums. His question in the 





1960s was: why isn't more of this kind 
of music available? and it formed the 
roots of "Musica Antiqua," a 
Washington-based ensemble specializing 
in performances of medieval and 
Renaissance period music. 

During his early efforts to revive some 
of this music, Guillory admits that he 
spent more time sifting through the 
music libraries at Berkeley than he did in 
the university's physics library. 

When he came to Maryland as an 
assistant professor in 1974. Guillory 
sought out others who shared his in- 
terest. It was then that he founded 
"Musica Antiqua." 

The ensemble has performed at the 
Kennedy Center, on W ETA -TV, in the 
Westmoreland and Strathmore Hall con- 
cert series, at the Renaissance Festival, 
the University of Maryland, Mount Ver- 
non College, numerous other churches 
and colleges throughout the metropolitan 
area, and annually at the Washington Na- 
tional Cathedral. 

Its March 1990 concert, "Musical Vi- 
sion: Early Music by Blind Composers," 
was performed at St. Columba's 
Episcopal Church in upper Northwest 

On Sunday, April 29. "Musica Anti- 
qua" will perform a program called 
"Folk Roots— some of the earliest folk 
tunes and their offspring" at -i p.m. in 
Old Town Hall in Fairfax "Folk Roots" 
will feature soloist William Taylor, divi- 
sion winner in the 1989 Gaelic National 
Harp Competition. 

"Musica Antiqua" normally features 
four to six specialists playing period in- 
struments, and four to eight singers 
specializing in the vocal styles or the 
period. The group has one of the area's 
largest collections of performing replicas 
of medieval and Renaissance instruments 

'Guillory says the group has been 
especially active in discovering and per- 
forming relatively unknown but attrac- 
tive early musical works that deserve to 
be better known. 

"We arc like a research organization, 
looking at performing new repertoire, 
finding the things that aren't old 
warhorses and getting those surprisingly 
beautiful things heard," Guillory says. "I 
do a lot of brow- sing and researching. 
I've spent a. lot of time over the last 20 
years in music libraries at Berkeley, the 
Library of Congress and, one night each 
week, at Hornbake Library." 

In addition to performing on period 
instruments, the group also sings, using 
many languages no longer commonly 
spoken. These include Medieval French 
and Provincal, old Dutch and German, 
Hungarian, early Polish, Latin and Gali- 
cian, The singers become specialists or 
researchers in pronunciation of these 
languages. Guillory says. 

The group performs six times a year 
in the Washington metro area. "We in- 
to carry out an educational mission as 
well as entertaining," says founder and 
director Guillory. "And for those of us 
who are performing, it is a sort of 
graduate seminar." 

"Musica Antiqua" has received 
widespread critical acclaim locally. 

"Wonderful performance of this 
wonderful music!"— Sabina Barach of 
WETA-TVs Art Beat. 

"...beautifully performed. The group is 
fine in instrumental and solo vocal music 
but at its best in ensemble singing."— 
Joseph McClcllan, The Washington Post. 

"...Enthusiastically received. The lively 
playing was highlighted by the 
distinguished work of the group's 
lutenist..."— Robert Bryce, the Mon- 
tgomery journal. ■ 

— Tom Oliii'lt 


April 16, 1990 

PERH Renamed College of Health and 
Human Performance 

In case you haven't heard, the College of Physical Education, 
Recreation and Health has been renamed the College of Health and 
Human Performance and the Department of Physical Education also 
has been renamed the Department of Kinesiology. Along with the 
change, the collegers familiar PERH moniker will become HLHP. 
but the building will remain PERH. The college is starting a 
newsletter this spring to inform alumni of the changes, 

Earth Day Seminar Looks at Environment 

An Earth Day 1990 Program on The Environment will be held 
April 20 in the Center of Adult Education. Sponsored by the 
university and the Hugh O'Brian Youth Maryland Leadership 
Seminar Foundation, the event will focus on crucial environmental 
issues facing the U.S. and other nations worldwide, with debates 
on the impact of global warming, deforestation, oil spills, acid rain, 
and other ecological cases on people, wildlife, food sources and 
public health and safety services. Potential solutions, will be ad- 
dressed by David Kirkpatrick. associate editor of Fortune magazine 
and others. The program runs from 6 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Call 


Parents Should Encourage Student Involvement 

by Viillicmi I. Tbomfaji 

Vice President for Student A/Jiiir* 

William L. Thomas Jr. 

The following is :i column reprinted 
from the premiere issue of the Terrapin 
Parent, a new newsletter created ro com- 
municate with the parents of University 
of Maryland at College Park students. It 
is produced bv the Office of Student 

OK. Chesterton once wrote, "There 
arc two ways of getting home ,.. one is 
to stay there. The other is to walk 
around the whole world till we come 
back to the same place...'' I believe that 
Chesterton's 'journey around the world' 
is a useful illustration of what a truly 
enabling education can be. 

There are some students who in their 
years at College Park will choose to stay 
there' ... to stay at home. They will not 
venture very far beyond the classroom 
and the library. They will let others take 
the opportunities to get involved in a 
special research project with a professor. 
Thev will decline to run for dorm 
g government and they will not often 
S choose to become involved in the cam- 
I pus' many and varied student organiza- 
j tions. After completion of 120 credits 
they will receive, indeed, a first rate 
degree... but, they will have missed 
much of the education that we want 
them to attain. At College Park we strive 
to cultivate the values and intellect of 
our students by teaching students to ex- 
tend principles and ideas to new situa- 
tions and within new groups of people, 
There are many things that can and 
should happen to students in their col- 

Police Department Releases 
1989 Crime Report 

Overall crime at the university dropped 
11 percent between I98K and I WO while 
violent crime fell one percent. According 
to the 1989 Uniform Crime Report An- 
alysis recently released by the l' diversity 
of Maryland at College Park Police 
Department, the university showed 
a drop in total crime from 1,4 08 cases in 

1988 to 1,275 in 1989. The university's 
rate of 21 crimes per 1.000 people was 
significantly lower than the rates of sur- 
rounding areas. 

The number of violent crimes at 
UMCP fell from 2(1 cases in I98H to [9 in 

1989 and accounted for only It percent 
of the total crime rate There were no 
murders or forcible rapes. 

Robbery cases increased from seven in 
I98S to eight in 1989. a 15 percent in- 
crease, compared to a 19 percent in- 
crease in PG. County. According to the 
report, the UMCP robberies did not ap- 
pear to be drug related. 

Aggravated assault cases decreased 15 
percent I from 13 to tl) while Maryland's 
increased four percent and PG. County's 
decreased one percent, Motor vehicle 
thefts at UMCP increased 13 percent (by 
5 cases}, compared with a PG County 
increase of 4 percent and a steady 
statewide increase 

Breaking and entering cases at UMCP 
decreased W percent in 1989 from 2-T 
to 1 S.-^. compared to a state decrease of 
three percent and a PG. County decrease 
of one percent 

The campus maintains many crime 
prevention services and programs to 
create a safe environment for the campus 
community. Among these are: a campus 
security lighting program which over the 
past several years has involved major 
lighting of all campus parking lots. The 
university has committed s2.1 million to 
this program. An emergency blue light 
telephone system provides higher visible 
communications in the event of campus 
emergencies Also, all public telephones 
on campus can contact the University of 
Maryland Police without payment. The 
two phone systems provide J5Q 
emergency telephones to the campus. 

Other security measures include a 
campus shuttle bus system which reaches 
all major points on campus: the call-a- 
ride program which operates from dusk 
until dawn: resident walking patrols who 
patrol campus between 4 p.m. to 7 a.m. 
and 24 hours per day during weekends 
and semester breaks: a safe living booklet 
distributed widely on campus and han- 
ded out to all new students; an award- 
winning security film shown to many 
students on campus; as well as such 
measures as engraving student property; 
a key control program: intruder alarms in 
academic departments: security surveys 
and security booths located at the two 
major entrances to campus between It 
p.m. and 6 a.m. All other roadway en- 
trances are closed during these hours. ■ 

lege years. Knowing that students mature 
in many facets of their life during this 
time, we particularly seek to provide 
challenges and experiences that will 
result in the development of 
•a sense of personal identity and integrity 
•a sense of persona! responsibility for 
the dignity and welfare of others, and 
Im' what i^. best foi the common good 
•a balanced set of personal and social 

•a continuing eagerness for knowledge 
and understanding 

•an intellectual and cultural foundation 
that w ill allow a lifetime of enrichment 
and fulfillment. Further, we want our 
students to understand and honor the 
human values thai sustain our society. 
and to learn to live their lives according 
ly. We know that students grow more 
and better in these ways through an 
enriched and varied set of experiences 
than if they choose to minimally meet 
their academic requirements. We don't 
Mow which set of experiences will 
work best for each individual We arc all 
different in many ways. Bui. we strongly 
encourage a spirit of adventure and pur- 
pose. Involvement heightens all aspects 
of learning. Classroom performance is 
heightened when students are more in- 
volved in classroom activities. Personal 
and social growth are enhanced through 
involvement in both In-class and out-of- 
class activities Educators have great con- 
census on the importance of involve- 
ment to the degree and quality of learn- 
ing that can occur National studies 
repeatedly confirm these truths. Again 
we know that involvement is critical to a 
successful collegiate experience The 
University of Maryland offers many paths 
for students to 'travel.' some of which 
are more than likely to make a genuine 
contribution to their education and 

The path may be participating in the 
Societv for tlie Advancement of Manage- 

ment, it may be working as a shuttle bus 
driver, or it may be serving as a research 
assistant to a professor. From my van- 
tage point, 1 have observed that no mat- 
ter what form involvement takes, there 
arc benefits. On a campus as large as 
Maryland, involvement helps students 
find a series of new friends, or new 
neighborhoods, in which to feel secure 
as well as adventurous. Involvement pro- 
vides students with an opportunity to 
test or apply what they have learned in 
the classroom. At the same time, through 
extracurricular Involvements, skills are 
learned or honed which are not 
necessarily taught in formal classes. 

Involvement need not be limited to 
volunteer experiences, Working in am 
of the offices or agencies on campus 
allows students to earn money toward 
their education, while connecting them 
to the campus, and providing a new and 
different laboratory in which to test new 
knowledge and expand new skills. The 
breadth and scope of activities are. for- 
tunately, almost endless at our universi- 
ty There is something going on to suit 
almost every need or interest. You can 
be an important catalyst in your stu- 
dent's journey through college. En- 
courage, as best you can. your student 
to get involved. Talk to them about 
what they arc involved in, and what 
they hope to gain. Be involved yourself! 
Stay connected to the university and 
visil the campus periodically. Your in- 
volvement in College Park will confirm 
the value that you place on your stu- 
dent's education. "The sum of the ex- 
periences'' that occur during the col- 
legiate years can make an enormous dif- 
ference in determining if a student 
receives the kind ol education that we 
would all want to cherish Help us to 
help your son or daughter to walk 
around the 'whole world' while thev are 
here ■ 

Meteorology Presents Fourth 
Global Change Lecture 

A Science of Global Change lecture, 
"Chaos and the Climate," will be presented 
April 19 by Or. Edward N. Lorenz, professor 
emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Cambridge. Lorenz, an interna- 
tionally distinguished pioneer of the 
mathematical science of chaos, will speak 
about the chaotic nature of the climate 
system. He will consider the implications of 
chaos on anticipated global warming. 
Lorenz's lecture, the fourth in a series of 
global change lectures presented by the 
Department of Meteorology, begins at 8 p.m. 
in the Auditorium of the Adult Education 
Center at University Boulevard and Adetphi 
Road. Call 454-8321 or 454-2708. 

Edward Lorenz