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OCTOBER 8, 1990 

New Report Examines State's 
Economic Health 

For a state once thought to be 
relatively "recess ion -proof and 
which thrived during the expan- 
sion of the service sector in the 
1980s, the prospects for Maryland's 
economy are far less rosy than they 
were six months ago. 

That is the assessment of 
Mahlon Straszheim, professor and 
chair of the Department of Eco- 
nomics at the University of Mary- 
land at College Park in a status re- 
port on the state's economy 
released October 1. 

While the Maryland economy 
performed better thao the U.S. 
economy for much of the last de- 
cade, this comparative advantage 
will be reduced in the near future. 
A sustained period of slower 
growth in the state will put increas- 
ing pressure on public sector 
budgets, says the economist. 

The report focuses on the rela- 
tionships between the national eco- 
nomy and the Maryland economy 
using state-wide data and describes 
how the state's income and 
employment is affected by national 

Two forecasts for the state's eco- 
nomy corresponding to two fore- 
casts for the nation's economy are 

Colwell to Head 
International Science 

Elected president of 
microbiological society 

Making Shakespeare 
Available to All 

Schnenbaum's scholarship 

is out in paperback 

'Myths of Watergate' 

Olson assesses the Nixon 



Helping the Young 
Understand the Elderly 

New book on children's /- 

perceptions of aging \J 

presented: a Slow Growth Scenario 
and a Recession Scenario. 

The status report also looks at 
the effects of the economic slow- 
down on the Maryland budget. 

"The economy of the State of 
Maryland is in transition, from a 
period of rapid growth in real in- 
come and employment accompa- 
nied by moderate rates of inflation, 
to a period of substantially slower 
real growth, higher inflation, and 
increasing uncertainty in product, 
labor, and financial markets," 
Straszheim says. 

"The risks of recession in the na- 
tional economy and the consequen- 
ces of higher inflation rates will be 
quickly felt in Maryland's econo- 
my, which is large, diversified, and 
is substantially affected by national 
economic trends." In addition to 
the national slowdown, Maryland's 
competitive advantage is likely de- 
clining, the Maryland economist 

"The State's tax revenues will be 
substantially affected by an econo- 
mic slowdown, and Maryland vot- 
ers can expect to confront difficult 
issues in establishing public sector 
priorities in the months ahead," 
Straszheim predicts. "Growth rates 

in personal income and retail sales 
tax receipts could be half the rates 
enjoyed in the late 1980s." 

"Local government tax revenues 
will also be significantly affected 
by reductions in personal income 
growth and declining real estate 
prices," he says. 

The new status report is based 
on a computer model analyzing 
income and employment by sector 
using the national macro and in- 
put-output models of INFORUM, 
the Interindustry Forecasting Proj- 
ect at the University of Maryland 
that have been modified to include 
the relationships between employ- 
ment and earnings by sector within 
the state. 

During the last decade, Mary- 
land has enjoyed a period of excep- 
tional growth with the state's eco- 
nomy outperforming that of the 
nation. This success is traceable 
largely to increasing emphasis on 
service sector employment, 

continued nn page 2 

Hard Choices 

An Address by 
Robert Griffith 

The following is excerpted from 
remarks delivered by Dean Robert 
Griffith before the annual Faculty 
Assembly of the College of Arts and 
Humanities on September 27, 1990. 

...I now want to talk to you 
about a most serious issue: the 
state budget for higher education 
and what 1 believe are its implica- 
tions for both the college and the 

The background for this is by 
now familiar to most of you: the 
recession which began in the 
Northeast last year is now 
spreading through the Mid-Atlantic 
and Southeastern states, indeed 
throughout the nation. 

When state economies slow, two 
things occur: first, costs for welfare, 
medicaid and other needs-based 
programs rise, for the simple rea- 
son that there are more poor peo- 
ple in need of services; secondly, 
tax revenues decline. 

Since most state's are constitu- 
tionally prohibited from running a 

deficit, they must cut their budgets. 
And since more than half of their 
budgets are typically made up of 
mandated programs such as- wel- 
fare and medicaid that cannot (and 
indeed ought not) be reduced, the 
cuts must necessarily fall on other 
state agencies, including public 
higher education. 

It is, of course, important to 
realize that states and universities 
all up and down the East Coast are 
experiencing the same sort of prob- 
lems that we are. 

It is also important to recognize 
that as unemployment rises, many 
citizens in our state will suffer far 
more grievously than we and many 
other state agencies delivering bad- 
ly needed public services will face 
problems even greater than those 
that we must face. It is also impor- 
tant to recall that we have enjoyed 
more than five years of spectacular 
growth in state support and that • 
the momentum of that growth will 
not be eroded in a single year. 

Nevertheless, our state is faced 
with a large and growing shortfall 
between its projected expenditures 

erintinued from paR<? .i 

V N I 

E R S I T Y 

O F 


A T 



Exchange Program Applications 

Applications are being accepted for the University of Maryland 
Exchange Program with Peking University for academic year 1991- 
1992. Applicants may be faculty or students with or without know- 
ledge of the Chinese language. For more information call 405-4146, 

Rita R. Colwell 

Colwell Elected President of 
World-Wide Science Society 

Rita R. Colwell, director of the 
university's Maryland Biotechnol- 
ogy Institute (MBI) and professor 
of microbiology at College Park, 
has been elected president of the 
International Union of Microbio- 
logical Societies (IUMS). IUMS is a 
world-wide federation of 80 nation- 
al societies and organizations in 60 
countries and a number of interna- 
tional societies, representing ap- 
proximately 70,000 individual 

Colwell took office Sept, 22 at 
the organization's International 
Congress in Osaka, Japan. She has 
been an IUMS member since 1972. 

As director of MBI, Colwell ad- 

ministers an annual budget of $14 
million and oversees more than 70 
molecular biologists and 200 sup- 
port staff at five facilities. 

She is a microbiologist and mar- 
ine scientist actively involved in 
national and international research 
and teaching. Colwell has focused 
much of her research on the effects 
of bacteria on the Chesapeake Bay, 
in deep seas and in recreational 
waters. Under her leadership, the 
university's Sea Grant Program 
was designated a national Sea 
Grant College in 1983. 

Colwell, a former president of 
the American Society for Microbio- 
logy, is the author or editor of 12 

books. She has produced the 
a ward -winning film Invisible Seas, a 
28-minute, color film on marine 
microbiology. She is the author of 
hundreds of papers, articles, book 
chapters, reports, abstracts and 

A frequent consultant and invi- 
ted speaker to international sympo- 
sia, Colwell holds honorary docto- 
ral degrees from Heriot-Watt 
University in Edinburgh, Scotland 
and the University of Queensland 
(Australia). She earned her Ph.D. in 
marine microbiology at the Univer- 
sity of Washington in 1961. 

Straszheim Analyzes State's 

continued from pogfi ' 

especially rapid growth in business 
services. This in turn increased 
demand for retail services, 
construction, and state and local 
government services. Personal 
income advanced more rapidly in 
Maryland than in the nation 
beginning in 1982, and during the 
1980s, the state's population grew 
faster than the national average. 

"Increases in population and in- 
come in turn were the source of 
increased demands for public ser- 
vices," Straszheim says. "Growth in 
the state's tax base associated with 
economic growth yielded large in- 

creases in public sector revenues to 
finance increasing state and local 
government expenditures." 

Since 1989, however, real in- 
come and employment growth in 
the state has slowed to the point 
where growth rates are now virtu- 
ally identical with the national 

In both the Slow Growth and 
Recession Scenarios, both real and 
nominal income growth is substan- 
tially less than in the period before 
1989. Unemployment rates are 
higher, though unemployment is 
not due to approach levels reached 
in recent recessions, in both instan- 
ces the economy's growth is 




Fteeal Year 

1986 1987 1968 1989 





Recession Scenario 

Tax Revenue: Millions Of $ 

Personal Income Tax 

$1,929 2,180 2,427 2,655 





Annual Growth (%) 

9.1 13 11.3 9.4 





Retail Sales Tax 

$1,190 1,303 1,424 1,507 





Annual Growth (%) 

8.3 9,5 9,3 5.9 





Corporate Income Tax 

$145 142 140 145 





Annual Growth (%) 

2.2 -2.1 -1.3 3.6 





Slow Growth Scenario 

Tax Revenue: Millions Of $ 

Personal Income Tax 

$1,929 2,180 2,427 2,655 





Annual Growth (%) 

9.1 13 11.3 9.4 





Retail Sales Tax 

$1,190 1,303 1,424 1,507 





Annual Growth (%) 

8.3 9.5 9.3 5.9 





Corporate Income Tax 

$145 142 140 145 





Annual Growth (%) 

22 -2.1 -1.3 3,6 





slowed by persistent inflation pres- 
sures and high real interest rates 
which preclude a sharp recovery 
from occurring. 

Straszheim's assessment is that 
into the 1990s Maryland's economy 
is likely to perform better than the 
national average, continuing to at- 
tract new residents to the state. 

"Many of Maryland's advanta- 
ges will remain: it is a coastal state 
with favorable environmental 
amenities; Washington, D.C. as the 
center of the federal government 
will continue to be a strategic loca- 
tion for many businesses and inter- 
est groups; and the state has a 
growing, educated workforce," he 
says. "A business service based eco- 
nomy will continue to provide a 
comparative advantage in the 

Tom Otwvll 


Outlook is I he weekly faculty-staff newspaper serving 

the College Park campus community 

Kathryn Costello Vice President far 

Institutional Advancement 

Director of Public Information & 


Production Editor 

Staff Writer 

Star! Writer 

Staff Writer 

Staff Writer 

Calendar Editor 

Ftoz Hieberl 

Linda Freeman 
Brian Busek 
Lisa Gregory 
Tom Otwell 
Fariss Samarrai 
Jennifer Bacon 

Judith Balr 
John Consul I 
Stephen Darrou 
Chris Paul 
Al Danegger 
Pia Uznanska 
Michael Yuen 
Peter Zuckamain 

Art Director 
Formal Designer 

Layout & Illustration 
Layout & Illustration 
Production intern 
Production Intern 
Production Intern 

Letlers lo I he editor, story suggestions, campus informa- 
tion & calendar items are welcome. Rease submit all 
material al least three weeks before the Monday of 
publication Send H to Roz Hieben, Editor Outlook, 2101 
Turner Building, through campus mail or to University of 
Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 Our telephone 
number is (305)4054621 Electronic mail address is Fax number is (301)314-9344 






1 9 9 (1 

Women's Forum Fall Conference 

The University of Maryland System's Women's Forum Fall 
Conference, "Hearing Our Own Voices/' will he held Tuesday, 
October 23 at the University of Maryland Baltimore County Stu- 
dent Center. The fee is $25 per person and the registration deadline 
is October 12 for the all-day conference. For more information 
contact (301) 543-6020, 

Griffith Considers 
Implications of State Budget 

continued from page i 

and its projected revenues. As you 
know, just before Labor Day, Gov- 
ernor Schaefer ordered a callback 
of previously allocated funds from 
this year's budget for the university 
and other state agencies. 

The University of Maryland Sys- 
tem was assessed 6 percent of its 
FY91 budget, or about $39 million. 
College Park's share of that, 6 per- 
cent of its budget, is $14.5 million. 
The campus thus faces a very, very 
serious problem. It is a problem, 
moreover, that we must deaLwith 
on both a short term and a long 
term basis. Let me talk first about 
the short run. 

As you are, of course, well 
aware, universities are different 
from other state agencies. Part of 
that difference includes their bud- 
getary culture. We are now nearly 
one quarter into the current FY 91 
budget year and nearly 80 percent 
of our budget is locked up in Facul- 
ty salaries and other commitments 
which the campus cannot or should 
not and will not cut. What this 
means, however, is that the 6 per- 
cent (or $14.5 million) of its total 
budget that the campus must 
return to the state has to come out 
of the remaining 20 percent of non- 
committed funds. If you do the 
math with me, I believe you can 
see what a serious problem we 

"We must not permit ourselves 
to become victims." 

The campus will absorb some of 
these costs by delaying some facili- 
ties renewal projects. Academic Af- 
fairs will nevertheless have to come 
up with over $7 million. Since our 
college is the largest unit within 
Academic Affairs, it is clear that we 
will feel the cost and feel it acutely. 

The campus will present the col- 
leges with assessments, and the 
colleges and departments will meet 
those assessments to the best of 
their abilities. 1 will be talking with 
chairs and directors, with the Col- 
legiate Council and with the Col- 
lege's Academic Planning and Ad- 
visory Committee about how we 
can address the problem. 

We will have to do without 
many things we had planned on 
having, and postpone many things 
that we wanted to do this year. It's 
not going to be much fun, but we 
can and will manage it. 

The more serious problem, how- 
ever, is long term in character. 
Informed speculation among eco- 
nomists and budget experts sug- 
gests that the most recent cut will 
last for more than a year; and that 
it is likely that next year's budget 

(FY 92) will be funded at this 
year's level, minus the $14.5 mil- 
lion reduction. 

It is of course possible that the 
state's economy will not continue 
to slow, that the university will be 
exempted from further cuts, that 
the taxes will be raised or tuition 

"...A great university is worth 
fighting for and I invite you to 
join me in that struggle." 

increased. It's possible that through 
some combination of these the uni- 
versity will be spared additional 
reductions. I know that President 
Kirwan and other university lea- 
ders are working hard on all of 
these issues and 1 wish them every 
success. But it is also possible that 
things could grow worse as a result 
of a deeper recession, the impact of 
federal fiscal policies, or war in the 
Middle East. 

1 believe very strongly that we 
must premise our planning on the 
more pessimistic possibility that 
this year's reduction will last more 
than one year and that indeed it 
will take several years for the cam- 
pus to fully recover. 

So we face a very serious prob- 
lem. I believe that how we respond 
to this problem is absolutely critical 
to the future of our college and in- 
deed our campus. The problem is 
real and the difficulties we face are 
very great. But we must counsel 
one another against resignation. 
We must not permit ourselves to 
become victims. We must instead 
struggle to shape our own destiny. 

How do we do this? In recent 
remarks to the college's Admini- 
strative Council, to its Collegiate 
Council, and in today's assembly, 1 
am beginning what I hope will be a 
broad conversation within our col- 
lege. It is a conversation about hard 
choices. What are our priorities? 
What must we protect and even 
enhance? What can we delay or do 
without? How do we do it? Ours is 
a calculus of hard choices. 

But I believe that we can make 
them and make them in ways that 
reflect our own best values, i 
believe we must make them in 
ways that permit us to continue the 
improvement of our core and ex- 
emplary programs, in ways that 
keep our promises to improve un- 
dergraduate education, in ways 
that continue to diversify our col- 
lege until it fully reflects the rich 
texture of American life. 

None of this will come easy. 
Building a great university is not 
an easy task in the best of times, 
and these are not the best of times. 
But a great university is worth 
fighting for; and I invite you to join 
me in that struggle. 

Robert Griffith, dean of the College of Arts and Humanities 

Let me close, then, by quoting 
from the prologue of the budget 
message we sent to the campus 
two weeks ago: 

"We [in the College of Arts and 
Humanities] recognize that the uni- 
versity is not isolated from those 
powerful currents that shape the 
lives of people everywhere. ..We 
know that the receipt of this sub- 
mission will be conditioned by the 
slowdown of the state's economy 
and by the increasingly bleak out- 
look for the university's budget in 
both FY91 and FY92. Yet if the 
premises [of earlier years] have 
changed and with them our im- 
mediate expectations, our needs 
and aspirations nevertheless remain 

"...The university's quest for 
greatness will continue even 
during the current season..." 

"We thus present our plan with 
both a sober sense of what may be 
possible in the near future, but also 
with the confidence that the uni- 
versity's quest for greatness will . 
continue even during the current 
season and will recover and gain 
momentum in the years that 


19 9 



Economists to Look at Regional Productivity Growth 

Two College Park economists have been awarded a $97,000 
grant from the National Science Foundation to assess productivity 
growth in nine regions of the United States. The 18-month-long 
study is a follow up to one carried out six years ago by Charles R. 
Hulten and Robert M. Schwab. Hulten and Schwab will investigate 
whether productivity has grown faster in some parts of the country 
than others and if so why. One of several issues they will focus on 
is what effect the investment (or lack of it) in infrastructure has on 
regional productivity. 

Making Fish Oils Desirable for 
Human Consumption 

Carol Karahadian 

There has been much attention 
paid to the health benefits of fish 
and fish oils lately. Some studies 
have shown that people who eat 
fish two or three times per week 
are less likely to die early of heart 
disease. Fish contain protective 
fats — omega-3 fatty acids — that 
may also slow the spread of cancer, 
help prevent some diseases of the 
immune system, and may counter 

hypertension and arthritis. 

While the surgeon general and 
the Food and Drug Administration 
await further evidence of the bene- 
fits of fish, many Americans are 
considering it prudent to put more 
fish into their weekly diets. 

One way consumers can in- 
crease their intake of omega-3 fatty 
acids is through the consumption 
of fish oils. But most people 
wouldn't want to go back to a 
spoonful of cod -liver oil each day 
before breakfast. Thus, researchers 
in the Department of Human 
Nutrition and Food Systems are 
looking for ways to remove the 
fishy smell and flavor from fish oils 
so thev can be used as an extra- 
healthy alternative to other oils 
used in cooking. 

"We are trying to find a middle 
ground where we can maintain the 
quality of fish oils while controlling 
their flavor," says Carol 
Karahadian, assistant professor of 
human nutrition. "The jury is still 
out as to how healthy fish oils are, 
but if the surgeon general decides, 
'ves, we want all of the nation to 
consume buckets of it,' it would be 
nice if we could stabilize and con- 
trol flavor so the oil could be used 
for general consumption." 

According to Karahadian, fish 
oil can be industrially deodorized, 
but, like all unsaturated fats, fish 
oils are highly susceptible to oxida- 
tion, the chemical process which 
causes their flavors to return. 

"Because the oil oxidizes very 

quickly, we have to try to control 
that process so we can promote de- 
sirable flavors," she says. 
Karahadian is using vitamin E as a 
stabilizer because it helps prevent 
the oxidation of unsaturated fatty 
acids, thereby helping to maintain 
their structure. 

"We've found that different 
levels of vitamin E can prevent ot 
promote oxidation," she says. 

For her study, Karahadian uses 
oil from menhaden because they 
are abundant, inexpensive, and 
made up of about 60 percent fat. 
The fish are put through an extrac- 
tion process that removes the oil, 
which is then refined. The oil is 
then deodorized through a steam 
process that produces a bland oil 
void of flavor. "Without stabiliza- 
tion attempts, the oil returns to 
fishy flavors within a week," 
Karahadian says. 

As the fish oil oxidizes, it moves 
from bland, to green flavors which 
resemble green vegetable flavors, 
and finally, the oil returns to full 
fish flavor. But Karahadian has suc- 
ceeded in maintaining stability 
with the green flavors. "Some of 
these green notes can be added to 
some foods like green goddess sal- 
ad dressing," she says. 

"We are still a long way from 
being able to stabilize fish oils in 
the bland phase," Karahadian con- 
cludes, "but we are encouraged by 
our progress." 

Farriss Samnrrai 

Aquaculture Grows As Researchers Improve Industry 

As a health-conscious America 
increases its consumption of fish — 
and wild fish populations become 
strained by pollution and overfish- 
ing — there is a growing need for 
more and better aquacultural tech- 
niques and facilities. 

Fish fanns now produce eleven 
percent of the fishery products con- 
sumed in this country, up from on- 
ly one percent 10 years ago, ac- 
cording to the U.S. Department of 
Commerce. And that number 
should increase to 20 percent in 10 

"Aquaculture is the fastest grow- 
ing area of agriculture," says Fred 
W. Wheaton, professor of agricul- 
tural engineering. Wheaton special- 
izes in designing and improving 
water control systems for aquacul- 

"In Maryland there has been 
more growth in aquaculture in the 
past three years than in the previ- 
ous 10 years," Wheaton says. 

Aquaculture is now a $10.5 mil- 
lion per year business in Maryland. 
The primary products in this state 
are striped bass, hybrid striped 
bass, frout, oysters, crayfish, cat- 
fish, soft crabs, aquatic plants, tila- 
pia and ornamental fish. 

"Twenty years ago, not many 
investors were aware of aquacul- 
ture or were willing to put their 
money into it," Wheaton says. "To- 
day, it's a fast-growing field with 
increasing political muscle. More 
financial institutions are aware of it 
as an industry worth investing in." 

But as the aquaculture industry 
grows, there is an increasing need 
to improve production, quality, 
and cost efficiency. 

"We are conducting studies to 
determine how water quality af- 
fects productivity," Wheaton says. 
"We are using a mathematical 
model to see how temperature con- 
trol can increase the growth rate of 
fish. Because fish are cold-blooded, 
their metabolism increases in war- 
mer water and they begin to eat 
more and grow faster." 

In Whea ton's model, solar 
panels would be used to heat a 
pond to its optimum production 
level. Wheaton says it is possible to 
nearly double the growth rate of 
some fish by increasing water tem- 
perature by about 10 degrees. 

Wheaton also is working on a 
project designed to better control 
and monitor the water quality of 
fish ponds. "We are looking at bio- 

Fred W. Wheaton 

filters and how temperature in- 
creases can affect the ability of 
these filters to clean water," he 

Wheaton and his graduate stu- 
dents also are designing an auto- 
mated oyster shucking machine, 
The machine uses sensors and a 
computer to determine where to 
strike an oyster in opening it. "We 
keep improving it," Wheaton says. 
"In one section of the machine, our 
processing rate has been increased 
from about 10 seconds per oyster 
to 0.7 seconds each." 

Ftiriss Samarmi 





19 9 

The Latest From Schoenbaum on 
Shakespeare is in Paperback 

S. Schoenbaum likes seeing his 
work in paperback, 

"The great thing about this book, 
the great thing about it..." enthuses 
the Distinguished Professor of 
English as he displays a copy of his 
new book, Shakespeare: His Life, His 
Language, His Theater, issued this 
fall as a Signet paperback, " that 
it sells for less than a fiver, you can 
get it for a fiver." 

If the rusty slang and the 
emphasis on a price somewhat 
more manageable than, say, the 
hardcover version of Schoenbaum's 
mammoth Shakespeare's Lives, sug- 
gests a certain populist enthusiasm, 
the impression is correct. The 
recent publication of a work orient- 
ed toward audiences unfatnilLar 
with the renowned Shakespearean 
scholar's writing delights Schoen- 

The mass-market paperback, 
with a first printing of 25,000, is 
designed as an introduction to 
Shakespeare, the content of his 
plays, his use of language and the 
theatrical environment in which he 
worked. The book already has been 
ordered for use in high school and 
college classes. 

"I like trying to reach these 
kinds of audiences with my stuff. 
I've never thought of myself as 
writing only for specialists," 
Schoenbaum says. 

The "stuff" Schoenbaum refers to 
is some of the world's finest schol- 
arship on the life of Shakespeare. 
His books, Shakespeare's Lives and 
William Shakespeare: A Documentary 
Life are considered classics in the 
field. Among the many accolades 
he has gathered for his work on 
Shakespeare is his appointment in 
1984 as one of twelve Life Trustees 
for the Shakespeare Birthplace 
Trust at Stratford-on-Avon. 

In his new book, Schoenbaum 
helps introduce the uninitiated to 
Shakespeare. And in doing so, he 
emphasizes that one of the first 

steps toward knowing Shakespeare 
is to see how deeply he was 
immersed in the life of the theater, 
he says. 

"Shakespeare's plays are very 
much the work of a professional, a 
person who was not only a play- 
wright but an actor and (theater) 
manager as well, a person with a 
total commitment to the life of the 
theater," Schoenbaum says. 

Among the book's chapters is 
one on the theaters in which 
Shakespeare worked. It includes a 
discussion of some ten playhouses, 
including the Globe, the Rose and 
other, more obscure sites. 

"This section is important 
because his plays were written and 
acted in these playhouses. You 
have to know something about the 
life of the theater at that time," 
Schoenbaum says. 

In another chapter, Schoenbaum 
provides a guide for understanding 
Shakespearean language. One point 
that Schoenbaum emphasizes is 
that there are more similarities than 
differences between modern and 
Shakespearean English. 

There is also a brief analysis of 
each of Shakespeare's plays. "That's 
something I hadn't done before," he 

Pleased to see Shakespeare: His 
Life, His Language, His Theater in 
bookstores, Schoenbaum is also an- 
ticipating publication of two other 
books within the next year. 

Schoenbaum has updated and 
abridged Shakespeare's Lives for a 
new edition that will be published 
this winter by Oxford University 
Press. The book is also scheduled 
for release in paperback. 

In addition, Schoenbaum edited 
and wrote an introduction for a 
book of important essays on 
Macebeth, that will be issued next 
year by Garland Publishing. 

Brian Bnsek 

Indian Classical Music Concert to be 
Presented October 12 

The spell-binding music of sitar 
and tabla, the traditional long- 
necked guitar and small drums of 
Indian classical music, will fill 
Tawes Recital Hall on Friday, Oct. 
12, starting at 8 p.m. 

Featured performers will be the 
young sitar virtuoso Kartik 
Seshandri, a disciple of the world- 
famous sitar maestro Pandit Ravi 
Shankar, and tabla master Swapan 

Sponsored by the Department of 
Music and the Maryland State Arts 
Council, the concert is open to the 
university community. Tickets are 
£10 ($8 for students and senior citi- 
zens) and will be available at the 
door. Call 405-5548 for information. 

Shakespeare expert S. Schoenbaum has published a new book 
on the playwright. 

Balthrop to Sing 
with Baltimore Opera 

Sitar player Kartik Seshandri will perform 
in Tawes Recital Hall. 

Carmen Balthrop 

Carmen Balthrop, international 
opera star and College Park assis- 
tant professor of music, will per- 
form the role of Micaela in 
Carmen, the Baltimore Opera's sea- 
son opener, on Oct. 13, 17, 19 and 
21. Balthrop, who made her 
Metropolitan Opera debut as 
Pamina in The Magic Flute in 1977, 
achieved world fame with her crea- 
tion of the title role in Scott Joplin's 
Treemonisha at the Kennedy Center 
and on Broadway, a production 
which was also shown on public 

This year is proving to be a 
busy one for the prize- winning so- 
prano. In March she captivated a 
San Francisco audience with a song 
recital, in May she sung her first 
Verdi Requiem — a triumph — with 
the Brooklyn Philharmonic, and 
October brings the Carmen 

Looking further ahead, in Octo- 
ber of 1991 Balthrop will sing Liu 
in Puccini's Turandol for Opera 
Columbus, and in 1993 she will re- 
create her powerful portrayal of 
Poppea in Monteverdi's The Corona- 
tion of Poppea for the Miami Opera. 


19 9 




Olson Comments on 'Myths of Watergate' 

In his book, In the Aram, former 
President Nixon dwells at length 
on what he considers the "myths of 

Among others, Nixon chooses a 
"most blatant! v false myth," a "most 
unfair myth," and a "most politi- 
cally damaging myth," In all, he 
identifies at least 10 "myths of 

But for all of the literary sweat 
that Nixon devotes to the "myths of 
Watergate," he misses the most ger- 
maine myth of Watergate, accord- 
ing to Keith Olson, professor of 

Olson, who is writing a book on 
the historv of Watergate, argues 
that the most relevant myth of 
Watergate is the lingering notion 
that liberal politicians and news 
organizations forced Nixon from 

In reality, Nixon fell only after 
such stalwart conservatives as 
Barry Goldwater (who later called 
Nixon "the most dishonest 
individual I've ever met") turned 
against him, Olson says. And 
Nixon's conservative allies aban- 
doned him only after his repeated 
professions of non-involvement in 
the cover-up of the burglary of 
Democratic National Headquarters 
were shown to be untrue. 

Whv did Nixon exclude this 
particular myth in compiling his 
list for hi the Arena? 

"[Nixon's myths] are self-serv- 
ing. For most part he creates false 
myths or emphasizes myths about 
unimportant issues so he can shoot 
them down," Olson says. 

Concerning the myths that he 
identifies, Olson argues that an un- 
derstanding of the role of conserva- 
tive and middle-of-the-road figures 
in Nixon's political demise is cru- 
cial to a larger understanding of 
the whole history of Watergate. It 
is the actions of conservatives and 
moderates — sometimes those who 
inadvertently undermine Nixon 
because of their faith in him — that 
ultimately defeat Nixon. 

For instance, many pivotal fig- 
ures in the Watergate investigation, 
including special prosecutor Leon 
jaworkski and federal judge John 
Sirica, came from conservative 
backgrounds. Even Washington Post 
reporter Bob Woodward was a 
"straight-laced Republican" when 
he and Carl Bernstein were as- 
signed by their Metro desk to cover 
the Watergate break-in, Olson says. 

Former Republican senator 
Howard Baker is often remembered 
as an earnest, non-partisan figure 
for his famous question "What did 
the president know and when did 
he know it?" The question, how- 
ever, was a disingenuous one, de- 
signed to aid Nixon, Olson says. 

Baker believed Nixon's 
statements that the president had 

not been directly involved in any- 
thing particularly damaging. His 
question therefore was intended to 
distance Nixon from the seamy 
events of the coverup. 

In a recent article on Watergate, 
Olson shows that only when con- 
servatives turned on Nixon did his 
resignation become imminent. 

Among many examples, Olson 
finds three of particular signifi- 
cance — in the month before Nixon's 
resignation Goldwater, William F. 
Buckley and the Wall Street Journal 
all called for him Id step down, 

In short, the leading spokesmen 
of the populist, intellectual and cor- 
porate wings of conservatism 
turned against Nixon, Olson says. 

The reason they abandoned 
Nixon is that the release of Nixon's 
White House tapes provided evi- 
dence that the president had re- 
peatedly lied about his role in the 

"No president ever stated a posi- 
tion so emphatically, in such detail 
and for such a long period, only to 
have that position so completely 
crumble," Olson says. 

Olson's discussion of his "myths 
of Watergate" is one part of his 
book, designed to give contempo- 
rary readers a short history of 

Brian Ruwk 

New Book Explores Children's Attitude Toward Elderly 

v^>i ma an" ^jj, 



V* ■ » 

Many of today's young children 
have a negative attitude toward the 
elderly, and that attitude could 
prove potentially harmful in the 
future as children become adults, 
says Carol Seefeidt. The faculty 
member in the Institute for Child 
Study in the College of Education 
is co-author of a new book, "Old 
and Young Together." 

The book, which is published by 
the National Association for the 
Education of Young Children and 
whose co-authors include Richard 
K. Jantz, a professor of Curriculum 
and Instruction at the university, is 
for teachers of young children ages 
three to eight and for administra- 
tors of child care, nursery, or pre- 
school programs who are planning 
an intergenerational program. 

The book provides guidelines 
for planning curriculum experien- 
ces, developing programs that es- 
tablish and maintain contact be- 
tween young and old, and selecting 
and using appropriate resources 
from the school and community so 
that children are provided with ac- 
curate information and knowledge 
about the elderly that will help 
them form positive attitudes and 
enable them to feel positively about 
their own aging. 

"In the United States historic 
numbers of people now live well 
into old age, and thus the per- 
centage of the population over age 
65 is steadily increasing. How so- 
ciety meets the challenges of an 
aging population begins with how 
today's young children learn about 
the elderly and their own aging," 
says Seefeidt, who has spent more 
than a decade researching intergen- 
erational attitudes. 

While children seem to have 
deep affection for older people, es- 
pecially their grandparents, says 
Seefeidt they are appalled by the 
physical aspects of old age, saying 

that old people "chew funny," 
"walk with canes," "need glasses to 
see and can't hear too well either," 
or that "old people just sit all day 
in wheelchairs waiting to die." 

Children also deny the fact that 
they, too, will someday grow old 
with such remarks as "Oh no, not 
me! I'm not getting old." or "You 
see, you have a better chance of not 
dying if you are brand new," or 
"I'm not getting old because the joy 
of life will be gone." 

"These negative attitudes are 
potentially harmful," says Seefeidt. 
"Children who perceive the old as 
sick, unable to do anything, and in 
the least productive time of life 
may dread their own aging, and 
their stereotypical thinking may 
affect how they, as adults, decide 
to provide and care for the 

Stereotyping the old could also 
lead to conflict between young and 
old, she adds. "Children who have 
the opportunity to live fully today 
will not dread their own aging," 
says Seefeidt. "And children who 
learn, when young, the skills of 
relating to and caring for one 
another may become adults who 
find flexible, creative ways of car- 
ing for the elderly. If today's child- 
ren are able to free themselves 
from the myths and stereotypes of 
age, they can enjoy a society in 
which young and old together suc- 
cessfully meet the challenges of the 
coming 'senior boom.' " 

Lisa Gregory 




1 9 9 11 

MEI to Train Postal Service Employees 

The Maryland English Institute (MEI) has recently received a 
contract to provide English as a second language (ESL) teacher 
training for U. S. Postal Service employees. MEI is also providing 
intensive English language training for Korean postal service 
officials who will be coordinating the next Universal Postal Con- 
gress in Seoul in 1994. The program is being presented at the USPS 
Management Academy in Potomac. For further information, call 
Lois Kleinhenn Lanier, project director, at 405-5185. 

New Handbook Provides Guide for 
Teaching Students With Disabilities 

A new resource is available for 
College Park faculty members who 
are uncertain about how to accom- 
modate students with disabilities. 

"Reasonable Accommodations," 
is a new handbook on teaching 
students with disabilities published 
this month by the President's 
Commission on Disability Issues. 
Based on a model created by the 
City University of New York, the 
handbook offers faculty members 
advice on how to ensure that stu- 
dents with disabilities receive equal 
access to education in their classes. 

"Students with disabilities are a 
rapidly growing minority at 
College Park as elsewhere in 
American higher education. In 
Spring 1989, 208 students identified 
themselves as having disabilities," 
says William Patterson, chair of the 
President's Commission on Disabil- 
ity Issues. 

"We hope that this booklet helps 
to guide faculty members in their 

SRC Announces 
Colloquia Series 

The Systems Research Center 
(SRC) has announced its fall Collo- 
quia Series. 

The series features visits to the 
SRC by nationally and internation- 
ally recognised authorities in fields 
re i a ted to the center's research 
activities. During the two-dav visit, 
the speaker delivers a lecture, 
which is videotaped, and takes part 
in both round table discussions with 
selected faculty and students and 
individual and group meetings. 

On Thursday, October 1 1 , from 
9:30 am. to 10:30 a.m., Kaigham J. 
Gabriel, a member of the technical 
staff of AT&T Bell Labs, will dis- 
cuss "Prospects for I C- Based Micro 
Electromechanical Devices." Gabriel 
is a specialist in micro- te lop era tors 
and human-machine interfaces. 

On Thursday, November 15, 
from 3 p.m to 4 p.m., David Q. 
Mayne, professor at the Imperial 
College of Science and Technology, 
will speak on "An Implementable 
Receding Horizon Controller for 
Stabilizing Nonlinear Systems." 
Mayne's chief research interests are 
in optimization, CAD and adaptive 
estimation and control. 

Both lectures will be held in 
Room 1100 of the Instructional 
Television Building. 

On September 13, the first Collo- 
cjuia lecturer, Harry Tennant, Chief 
Technologist at Texas Instruments, 
discussed "The End of the Begin- 
ning in Computing Emergence and 
Convergence in the 1990s." 

For more information, contact 
Sharon Dass at 405-6634. 

encounters with students with dis- 
abilities. We aren't asking faculty 
members to change what they 
teach, but in some cases we may be 
asking that they transmit know- 
ledge in a different way." 

The handbook describes the dif- 
ferent kinds of students with dis- 
abilities that a faculty member 
might encounter, and the obstacles 
toward learning that a particular 
disability might create. Among the 
disabilities described are problems 
with motor skills, psychological 
problems, learning disabilities and 
vision, hearing and speech impair- 

In addition, the handbook offers 
suggestions on accommodating stu- 
dents with disabilities. 

For instance, in a section on stu- 
dents who have limited use of their 
hands, the handbook suggests that 
such students may have problems 
writing notes and tests in classes 
and in gathering and using library 

materials for out-of-the class as- 
signments. In such cases, faculty 
members may need to allow stu- 
dents use of scribes both in and out 
of classes to help in completing 
work. The extra time that the use 
of a scribe entails might necessitate 
extended deadlines for students 
with this disability. 

The handbook also includes a 
section on the preferred language 
for describing people with disabili- 
ties. This section is drawn from the 
"Campus Guidelines for Using In- 
clusive Language and Illustrations 
in University Publications." 

To receive a copy of "Reasonable 
Accommodations" or to receive 
more information on disability 
related issues call Disabled Student 
Services call at 314-7682, TDD 314- 

Br inn Busek 

Police Department Receives 
Governor's Award 

The University of Maryland 
Police Department and Cyndi J. 
Snyder, area director of the Denton 
Commmunity on campus, have 
been selected to receive 1990 
Governor's Crime Prevention 
Awards for their role in operation 
PART (Police and Residents To- 

The awards will be presented 
Nov. 19 at the 11th Annual Gover- 
nor's Crime Prevention Awards 
Ceremony in Annapolis. 

The UM Police Department will 
receive their award for developing 
an Outstanding Proactive Crime 
Prevention Program that had a sig- 
nificant impact on reducing crime. 
Snyder will receive her award for 
being a key member in the success- 

ful execution of the PART program. 

Operation PART is a commun- 
ity-based police project that was 
implemented in the Denton com- 
munity during the Fall 1989 and 
Spring 1990 semesters. The project 
is now being expanded into other 
areas of the university community. 

The project is designed to 
promote positive interactions be- 
tween community residents and 
the Police Department by allowing 
officers to become involved in all 
facets of community life, such as 
attending community meetings and 
giving presentations, assisting in 
non-traditional police-related mat- 
ters, and developing solutions with 
the community to crime- related 

Maryland's PR Graduate Program 
Among Nation's Best 

The College of Journalism's 
graduate program in public rela- 
tions has been picked as one of the 
best in the country, according to a 
recent poll of public relations 

In a sui ^ey of merrSers of the 
Educators Section of the Public 
Relations Society of America 
(PRSA) taken by Marquette Univer- 
sity, 44 of the 93 respondents 
selected Maryland as one of the 
best in the country for graduate 
work in public relations. 

Maryland was cited for its 
nationally-visible research and pub- 

lication efforts and the teaching ex- 
cellence of its faculty as well as for 
its diverse, flexible curriculum and 
its proximity to major public rela- 
tions markets. 

The other top- ranked programs 
cited in the study are those at the 
University of Florida, San Diego 
State University, Boston University 
and San Jose State University. 

Maryland's undergraduate pub- 
lic relations program was named 
the country's best in a similar 
study done by Marquette last year. 


Details from cover 
of 'Reasonable 



19 9 




Back by popular demand, the Jupiter Symphony, directed by Jens Nygaard and joined by Lilian 
Kallir, piano, will perform Saturday, October 13 at 8 p.m. For tickets and information, call 403-4239. 



Art Gallery Exhibition: "Trouble 
in Paradise," today-Oct. 26, The 
An Gallery. Art'Soc Bldg. Call 
5-2763 tor info. 

Institute for Advanced 
Computer Studies Symposium: 

"Frontiers 90," today-Oct. 10, 
Center of Adult Education. Call 
5-6722 for into. 

Counseling Center Returning 
Students' Workshop: Exam 
Skills, 2-3 p.m., 220! Shoemaker 
Hall. Call 80-7693 for info. 

Physics & Mathematics 
Departments Reception, for 

tenured and tenure-track faculty 
to meet with new CM PS Dean. 
Richard H. Herman. 3:30 p.m.. 
Math Rotunda. Call 5-5980 for 


Computer Science Colloquium: 
"Quantum Cryptography." 
featuring Charles H. Bennett. IBM 
Research, reception, 3:30 p.m.. 
1152 A.V. Williams Bldg., lecture. 
4 p.m., 0111 Classroom Bldg. 
Call 5-2661 for info. 

Horticulture Seminar: 

"Regulation of Vegetable Growth 
in Peaches Through SOD 
Management." featuring Mike 
Newell. Wye Research and 
Education Center. Queenstown, 4 
p.m.. 0126B Holzapfei Hall Call 
5-4356 for info. 

Zoology Seminar: "The Roles ot 
Host Planl Phenology and Nectar 
Chemistry in the Ecology and 
Evolution of Hummingbird Flower 
Mites." featuring Robert K, 
Colwell, Ecology & Evolutionary 
Biology, 0200 Symons Hall. Call 
5-6922 tor info. 


Employee Development 
Seminar: "Communication Styles 
and Stralegies for Supervisors," 
loday and tomorrow. 9 a.m. -4 
p.m.. 2110 8 2112 Center of 
Adult Education. Call 5-5651 for 

Sexual Harassment Education 
Workshop, for vice presidents, 

deans, directors, and depadmenl 
chairs, today and tomorrow, 9:30- 
11:30 a.m.. 2118 Lee Bldg. Call 
5-2B37 for info. 

Zoology Seminar: "Ecology, 
Evolution, and Hybridization 
Among Admiral Butterflies." 
featuring Austin Platl. Biology, 
UMBC. noon, 1208 Zoo/Psych 
Bldg. Call 5-6887 for info. 

Department of Minorities & 
Women Lecture, featuring 
Valerie Maynard, Painter, 
Sculptor, Printmaker. 3 p.m., 
1309 Art'Soc Bldg. Call 5-1442 
for info 

Writers Here & Now Reading, 

featuring Roland Flint, poet. 3:30 
p.m.. 31 01 McKeldin Library 
(Katherine Anne Porter Room). 
Call 5-3819 tor info. 

Physics Colloquium: "Theones 
of the Origin of the Solar 
System," featuring Stephen 
Brush, Institute for Physical 
Science and Technology, 4 p.m., 
1410 Physrcs Bldg.. reception. 
3:25 p.m. Call 5-5980 for info. 


Employee Development 
Seminar: "Effective 
Proofreading." 9 am. -4 p.m., 
1143 Stamp Studenl Union. Call 
5-5651 for info.* 

Research and Development 
Meeting: " Psych oeducational 
Programming with Adull Children 
of Alcoholics," featuring Pepper 
Phillips, Counseling Center, 
noon-1 p.m., 0114 Shoemaker 
Hall. Call 4-7691 for info. 

Zoology Seminar: "Sex and the 
Single Ceil: Hormonal Modulation 
of the Electrical Activity in a 
Weakly Electric Fish," featuring 
Harold Zakon. Zoology. U. of 
Texas, 3 p.m., 1208 Zoo/Psych 
Bldg. Call 5-6884 for info. 

Graduate School Distinguished 
Lecture: "Evolution of the 
Material Universe," featuring 
Frank Shu, Astronomy, U. of 
California at Berkeley. 3:30 p.m., 
Physics Lecture Hall. Call 5-4258 
for info. 

Women's Volleyball vs. George 
Mason, 7 p.m., Cole Field 
House. Call 4-7064 for info. 

Architecture Lecture, featuring 
Willold Rybczynski. McGill U., 
7:30 p.m.. Architecture 
Auditorium. Call 5-6284 for info. 


Systems Research Center 
Systems Colloquium: 
"Prospects for IC -based Micro 
Electromechanical Devices." 
featuring Kaigham J. Gabriel, 
AT&T Bell Labs, 9:30-10:30 a.m., 
1100 ITVBldg Call 5-6634 for 

Meteorology Seminar: "Land 
Surface Parameterization for the 
NMC MRF Model," featuring 
Hua-Lu Pan. NMC, Camp 
Springs. 3:30 p.m.. 2114 
Computer and Space Sciences 
Bldg., refreshments. 3 p.m. Call 
5-5392 for into. 

Accounting Department 
Lecture, featuring Robert J, 
Swieunga, Financial Accounting 
Standards Board, 3:30 p.m.. 
0106 Francis Scott Key, 
reception lo follow. Call 5-2312 
for info. 

Astronomy Colloquium: 

"Protostellar Disks and Winds." 
featuring Frank Shu, U of 
California at Berkeley. 4 p.m., 
1113 Computer & Space 
Sciences Bidg.. reception. 3:30 
p.m. Call 5-1524 for info. 

"Hispanic Heritage Day 
Celebration," 7 p.m. -11:30 p.m.. 
Colony Ballroom, Stamp Student 
Union. Call 5-5622 for info.' 


Geology Seminar; "Geochemical 
Con strain is on the Provenance of 
the Morrison and Cioverly 
Formations of Wyoming." 
featuring Kenneih Tabbutt. 
Consulting Geologist, 11 a.m.. 
0105 Hombake Library. Call 5- 
2783 tor info. 

Speech Communication 
Colloquium: "Youths at Risk and 
Rites of Passage." featuring 
Joseph McCaleb. Speech 
Communication, noon, 01 38 
Tawes Theatre. Call 5-6524 for 

AAUW Published Women's 
Luncheon, featuring Jane 
Donawerlh. English, noon-1 p.m., 
Rossborough Inn. Call 504-8013 
for reservations S info." 

"Lunch n' Learn" Mental Health 
Lecture: "Sexuality and the 
Recovering Individual." featuring 
Gait Guttman, counselor and sex 

therapist, 1-2 p.m., 3100E 
Student Health Center. Call 80- 
8106 for info. 

'Turtle Walk" 5K Walk-A- 
Thon, lo benefit the 
American Kidney Fund, 
3:30 p.m., University Golf 
Course, Call 4-7174 for 

Physics Symposium: 
"From Atoms to Quarks." 
featuring eight university 
physicists, today 1:20 p.m. 
and tomorrow 9 a.m., 1410 Party. "« 

Physics Bldg. Call 5-5980 

for info. 

Music Depart me nl 
Concert, featuring Katarik 

Seshadri, classical Indian 
musician, 8 p.m., Tawes 
Recital Hall. Call 5-5548 for 


Men's and Women's 
Cross Country 
Tournament, Maryland 
Open, 10 a.m., Maryland 
Golf Course. Call 4-7064 
for into. 

Maryland University Club 
Homecoming Brunch, 10 
a.m., Rossborough Inn. Call 
4-8015 tor info." 

Homecoming UM Football 
vs. Wake Forest, noon. 
Byrd Stadium Call 4-7064 
for info,* 

Homecoming Alumni Tent 
Party, immediately following 
the football game (approx. 
3:30 p.m.). Demon Field 
area. Call 5-4678 for info.' 

University Community 
Concerts, The Jupiter 
Symphony. Jens Nygaard. 
conductor, and Lilian Kallir, 
piano, program TBA. 8 
p.m.. Center of Adult 
Education, $1 7.50 standard 
admission, $15 students 
and seniors. Call 80-4239 
lor info.' 


Artist Scholarship Benefit 
Concert: University of 
Maryland Symphony 
Orchestra, featuring Daniel 
Heifetz, violin: William 
Kirwan, narrator; and 
William Hudson, conductor, 
performing Peter and the 
Wolf, 3 p.m., Tawes Recital 
Hall. $10 standard 
admission. $5 students & 
seniors. Call 5-5548 for 


Art Gallery Exhibition: 
"Trouble in Paradise," 
!oday-Oct. 26, The Art 
Gallery, Art'Soc Bldg. Call 
5-2763 for info. 

Returning Students' 
Workshop: "Assertiveness," 
11 a.m.-noon, 2201 
Shoemaker Hall. Call 4- 
7693 for info. 

Center for International 
Extension Development 
Colloquium: "Institutional 
Development: Incentives to 
Performance in Agricultural 
Extension," featuring Arturo 
Israel, The World Bank, 
noon (bring brown bag 
lunch), 01 15 Symons Hall. 
Call 5-1253 for info. 

Returning Students' 
Workshop: "Exam Skills," 
2-3 p.m., 2202 Stioemaker 
Hall. Call 4-7693 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium: 

"Proof Outlines of Ihe Past," 
featuring Fred B. Schneider, 
Cornell U., reception, 3:30 p.m., 
1152 A.V, Williams Bldg., lecture. 
4 p.m., 0111 Classroom Bldg. 
Call 5-2661 for into. 

Space Science Seminar: 
"Ionospheric Modification by 
Electromagnetic Radiation," 
Harvey Rowland, Naval Research 

Laboratory, 4:30 p.m., 1113 
Computer & Space Sciences 
Bldg. Call 5-4829 for info. 


Employee Development 
Seminar: "Overview of Financial 
and Business Services," 9 a.m -2 
p.m.. Maryland Room, Marie 
Mounl Hall. Call 5-5651 lor info. 

Women's Soccer vs. N.C. 
State, 2 p.m.. Soccer Field. Call 
4-7064 for info. 

Physics Colloquium: "Angles 
and Phases in Quantum 
Mechanics," featuring R. W. 
Jackiw. MIT. 4 p,m„ 1410 
Physics Bldg., reception. 3:25 
p.m. Call 5-5980 lor info. 

Feminist Philosophy Lecture: 

"Virgin. Mother or Person?" 
featuring Nina Karin Monsen. 
author, 4 p.m.. 3205 Jimenez 
Hall. Call 5-4096 tor info. 

Film Showing: "Romero," 
discussion on Central American 
Region to follow, 4-6 p.m., Non- 
print Media Center, Hornbake 
Library. Call 5-8458 for info, 

SEE Productions Guest 

Speaker, Donald Woods, anti- 
apartheid journalist and author, 
7:30 p.m.. Colony Ballroom, 
Stamp Student Union. Call 4- 
8342 for info," 

University Theatre: "The Rimers 
of Eldritch," today-Oct. 21 & 
23-28, 8 p.m., Sunday matinees, 
2 p.m., Puglfese Theaire Call 
5-2201 for info." 

Women's Field Hockey vs. 
James Madison, 7 p.m., 
Astrolurf Field. Call 4-7064 for 


Sexual Harassment Education 
Workshop, for vice presidents, 
deans, directors, and department 
chairs, loday and tomorrow. 9:30- 
11:30 a.m„ 21 1 B Lee Bldg. Call 
5-2837 for info. 

Research and Development 
Meeting: "The Eldercare; 
Caregiver Issue on the UMCP 
Campus," teaiuring Helen 
O'Ferrall, Agricultural Experiment 
Station, noon-1 p.m.. 0114 
Shoemaker Hall. Call 4-7691 for 

Academic Affairs Professional 
Staff "Brown Bag" Lunch: 

"Managing Diversity in the 
Workplace: Understanding 
Different Cultures," 12:30-2 p.m.. 
Maryland Room, Mane Mount 
Hall. Call 5-5620 for inlo. 

Architecture Lecture, featuring 
Alan Planus, Yale LI., 7:30 p.m.. 
Archi lecture Auditorium. Call 
5 6284 for info. 

Zoology Seminar: "Episodic 
Ticks of Ihe Molecular Clock." 
featuring John Gillespie, U. of 
California at Davis. 3:30 p.m., 
1208 Zoo/Psych Bldg. Call 5- 
6884 for info. 

Astronomy Colloquium: 

"Modern Meihods in Astronomical 
Photography," featuring David 
Malin, Anglo Australian 
Observatory, Australia, 4 p.m., 
1113 Computer* Space 
Sciences Bldg.. reception. 3:30 
p.m. Call 5-1524 lor info. 

Women's Volleyball vs. George 
Washington, 8 p.m.. Cole Field 
House. Call 4-7064 for info. 

University Theatre: "The Rimers 
of Eldritch," 8 p.m., Pugliese 
Theatre. See Oct 16 for details.' 

' Admission charge for this 
event. All others are free. 




19 9