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APRIL 1, 1991 

Undergraduate Education 
Day Set for April 10 

Wednesday, April 10 has been 
designated Undergraduate Educa- 
tion Day, a campus-wide event 
sponsored by the 1990-91 Lilly 
Teaching Fellows. 

The fellows have asked all Col- 
lege Park faculty to spend class time 
that day focusing with their 
students on one or more of five 
topics that were an outgrowth of the 
highly productive first Under- 
graduate Education Day discussions 
held last spring. 

In addition, academic depart- 
ments have been encouraged to 
plan activities that will celebrate the 
achievements of undergraduates in 
their major or program. These might 
include performances, exhibitions, 
displays of undergraduate research, 
student panel discussions, lectures, 
readings or other activities that 
highlight interesting work by 
undergraduate students. 

The five discussion topics are: 

• Think of a time when you 
really learned something. What can 
we do in this class /department/ 

1991-92 Lilly Fellows Named 

Seven junior faculty members O 

selected ^ 

Campus Senate Considers 

Wolvin and Bennett outline 
principles involved 


Using Spreadsheets to Solve 
Physics Problems 

Misner is helping to change A 

physics education X. 

Conference to Look at 
Hispanic Jews 

Expulsion, conversion, quality 
of life to be discussed 


What You Should Know 
About Retirement 

Stark answers some frequently- 
asked questions 

university to replicate the conditions 
ofthat successful learningexperience? 

• What is this class/ depart- 
ment/college doing to further the 
general education of undergradu- 
ates? Is it enough? Is it effective? 

• Is our major structured effec- 
tively? Are there changes in re- 
quirements or offerings that would 
deepen the undergraduate experi- 
ence in this major? 

• What can we do to strengthen 
undergraduate education in a time 
of economic shortages? 

• What can we do to further the 
creation of an active intellectual 
community involving all students 
and faculty on campus? 

The 1 990-9 1 Lilly Teaching Fel- 
lows are Maureen Flynn, History; 
Nabil Kartam, Civil Engineering; 
Roberta La vine, Spanish and Portu- 
gese; Margaret Palmer, Zoology; 
John Seidel, Anthropology, and 
Angelina Yee, Hebrew and East 

Faculty not teaching on April 10 
are urged to attend the activities of 

1991-92 Lilly Teaching Fellows Named 

From left to right: Patrick Kangas, Jason C. Kuo, Ken Taylor, Seung-kung Kim, 
David Yager, and Katie King with Liiiy Feiiows Program Co-directors Mavnard 
Maci<, Jr., De|}artmenl of English, and Kathryn Mohrman, Dean for Under- 
graduate Studies. Not pictured: Atalta Waii. See story on Page 2. 

their departments and take part in 
departmental meetings or recep- 
tions to be he!d at the end of the 

Tarn Otwell 


Campus Explores Total Quality 
Improvement at All-Day Conference 

Taking a page from the success 
stories of such private sector giants 
as Xerox, IBM, Marriott and other 
companies that have earned praise 
for tiieir attention to high quality, 
reliability and customer service. 
College Park recently explored total 
quality improvement at a day-long 
conference to see how the concept 
might be adapted to higher educa- 

Known as "Total Quality Man- 
agement'XTQM), the program is a 
way of improving the qtiality of 
products and services, employee job 
satisfaction and productivity while 
holding down costs. It draws on 
concepts that have been widely 
adopted by American corporations, 
including some that have won the 
Commerce Department's Malcolm 
Baldrige National Quality Award. 

During the March 11 conference 
hosted by College Park President 
William E. Kirwan, more than 350 
attendees heard panelists and pre- 
senters from both the private and 
public sectors discuss how quality 
improvement concepts could be 
applied to institutions of higher 
education and the educational cur- 
riculum. The audience included 
university administrators, among 
them the presidents of several area 
community colleges, and represen- 
tatives from state and local govern- 
ment agencies, and Maryland busi- 
nesses and industries. 

"Total Quality Management is 

the tool you give your people so 
they can get the job done," said 
David Kearns, chairman of the 
Xerox Corporation and luncheon 
speaker, "fit] is absolutely appli- 
cable to the education process, 
pedagogy and with how people 

Reams is widely credited for 
using quality improvement stra- 
tegies to revitalize the Xerox Corp. 

The company's quality manager 
Charles Kendig is on special loan to 
the university this year. Kirwan and 
the campus' four vice presidents 
already have received 20 hours of 
quality improvement management 

J.Randall Evans, secretary of the 
Maryland Department of Economic 
and Employment Development, 
told the audience that DEEDs has 
adopted the slogan: "Quality is at 
work in Maryland." At the heart of 
the program, he said, was "change 
in the way we organize oureelves, in 
the way we do our work." 

Total changes in the culture of 
the institution to meet changing 
customer requirements and expec- 
taticms were themes repeated 
throughout the day-long confer- 

Thomas Tuttle, director of the 
College Park-based Center for 
Quality and Productivitv, said that 

continued on page 2 


O F 


A T 



Nominations for Outstanding Woman Award Due April 15 

Every year the President's Commission on Women's Affairs hon- 
ors an outstanding woman from the College Park campus at an 
awards ceremony held in early fall. The process begins with nomi- 
nations made each spring. Awards committee chair Richard McCuen 
(Civil Engineering) would like the university community to know 
that the nomination deadline for the 1991 Outstanding Woman 
Award is Monday, April 15. He has forms, criteria and answers to 
questions. Call 405-1949 for further information. 

1991-92 Lilly Teaching Fellows Named 

Seven junior faculty members 
have won Lilly Teaching Fellow- 
ships for 1991-92. 

The Lilly fellows are: Patrick 
Kangas, Agricultural Engineering; 
Seung-kvung Kim and Katie King, 
Women's Study Program; Jason 
Kuo, Art History; Kenneth Taylor, 
Philosophy; Alaka Wali, Anthro- 
pology, and David Yager, Psychol- 
ogy. ' 

The fellowships, which give their 
recipients release time to work on 
projects related to undergraduate 
teaching, are jointly supported by 
the Office of the Dean for 
Undergraduate Studies and the 
Lilly Endowment of Indianapolis. 

In addition to their individual 
projects, each fellow will attend 
regular meetings at College Park, 
two Lilly Endowment-sponsored 
national conferences, and will 
organize a campus-wide activity in 
spring 1992. During the past two 
years, the Lilly Fellows have spon- 
sored Undergraduate Education 
Day which this year will he held 
April 10. (See story on page 1 .) 

Next year is the third and final 

year that the program will receive 

Lilly Endowment support, but 
Undergraduate Studies Dean 
Kathryn Mohrman says she is eager 
to retain some version of the 
program at College Park. 

"We have begun to build 
momentum on campus through the 
Lilly program," she says. "We hope 
to find a way to support a similar 
fellowship, perhaps one open to all 
faculty regardless of rank." 

Kangas, coordinator of the Col- 
lege Park Natural Resources Man- 
agement program, will refine a 
computer simulation model for use 
in his courses and explore how his 
inter-active program can be applied 
to other teaching situations. 

Kim and King, who share a fel- 
lowship, will develop a new course 
called "Women in Cross-Cu Rural 
Perspective" and examine ways in 
which scholarly knowledge can 
nourish even beginning classes. 

Kuo's project involves develop- 
ing a course called "The Western 
Image of Asian Art" that will intro- 
duce students to Asian art througii 
the study of Western (mis) percep- 

tions of it. 

Taylor will design a course called 
The Tradition Challenged" that will 
serve as both an introduction to and 
a critical view of Western 
philosophy. His goal is to attract a 
broader cultural and ethnic mix of 
students than now take the 
introductory courses. 

Wall's project is to develop a 
course called 'The Anthropology of 
Complex Societies" that will exam- 
ine the relationship between gender, 
class, and cultural diversity. The 
course will include consideration of 
her researcli on the effects of 
economic development in Mont- 
gomery County. 

Yager will develop a laboratory 
course on the biological basis of 
behavior that will take advantage of 
the recent convergence of behav- 
ioral research with modern neuro- 
biological techniques. 

All Lilly Fellows have been 
assigned mentors from their 
department's senior faculty member 

Tom Ofiwll 

Campus Explores Total Quality 

itinliiiiii'ci frrim page I 

"Total quality is a strategic response 
to a changing environment. . . Total 
quality provides a process to enable 
us to manage that change. The 
leadership of the institution must 
develop a quality strategy at the 
campus level and then work with 
divisions, colleges and departments 
to translate that strategy into their 
own operating area." 

Tuttte and the Maryland Center 
have earned high marks fnim the 
Maryland corporate community for 
conducting productivity audits as 
well as providing training, technical 
assistance and research support to 
firms around the state. 

"Customer-driven," "employee 
empowerment," "process focus," 
and "benchmarking" to measure the 
best of the best, were other recurr- 
ing themes advanced by speakers 
that included William Potter, chief 
executive officer of Preston Corpor- 
ation, Richard Marriott, Marriott 
Corporation vice president, Gerald 
Ebker, president of IBM's Federal 

Sector Division, and Aris 
Melissaratos, vice president and 
general manager, Westinghouse 
Electric Corporation. 

Wilbur Meier, the National Sci- 
ence Foundation's director of En- 
gineering lnfrastruch.ire Develop- 
ment, said that because of the forces 
for change that are affecting 
universities, a paradigm shift, or a 
completely different way of looking 
at things, is crucial to the success of 
a move in the direction of total 

"We need a quality improvement 
process that is focused, flexible, fast 
and friendly, not just a quality 
improvement day," he said. 

Tom Otwel! 

Copies of Thomas C. Tut He' ■^ remarks, 
"Quality Improvement StrategiCi^ for 
Higher Education: From tVorrfs to Ac- 
tion," arc aviiiliible from the Marylami 
Center for Quality and Productiviti/ at 

Rictiard Marriott, 
Vice President, 
Marriott Corp oral ion 


Outlook is Ihe weekly lacultystaH newspaper serving 
ihe College Pa* campus community. 

Chun-tu Hsueh to Head New Foundation 

Government and politics profes- 
sor Chun-tu Hsueh has been named 
president of the Huang Hsing 
Foundation, a newly established 
non-profit educational organization. 
The foundation is named in honor 
of one of the two most important 
leaders of the 1911 Revolution that 
overthrew the Manchu dynasty. The 
foundation will support individuals 
and institutions in the U.S. and 
abroad in the fields of modern 
Chinese history, social sciences, 
humanities and the arts. 

In commemoration of the 80th 

anniversary of the 191 1 Revolution 
and the 30th anniversary of the 
publication of Hsueh's book Huang 
Hsing and the Chinese Revoltifion, the 
foundation plans to spend $50,000 
for awards to the PRC scholars who 
made contributions to the study of 
Huang Hsing in the 1980s and to co- 
sponsor an international sympo- 
sium on the Chinese leader in the 
fall of 1991. 

Hsueh, who has taught at Hong 
Kong, Berlin, Columbia and Har- 
vard universities, will be on 
sabbatical leave this fall. 

KalhrYn Costello 

Roz Hfeberl 

Linda Freeman 
Brian Busek 
Lisa Gregory 
Tom Olwell 
Fariss Samarral 
Gary Stephenson 
Jennifer Bacon 

Judith Bair 
John Cnnsotl 
Stephen Darrou 
Chris Paul 
Al Danegger 
Linda Martin 
Peler Zulhamain 

Vice President for 

Instituliona! AdvancemenI 

Director o( Public Information & 


Production Editor 

StaH Wnler 

Slalf Writer 

StaH Writer 

Slaff Wriler 

StaH Writer 

Calendar Editor 

Art Director 
Formal Designer 
Layoul & Illustration 
Layoul & lllusi ration 
Produclion Intern 

Letters to the ediior, stor/ suggestions, campus informa- 
tion & calendar ilems are welcome. Please submil all 
material at least ttiree weeks be lore lite Monday of 
publication- Send il to Roz Hiebed. Editor Outlook, 2101 
Turner Building, through campus mail or to Universily of 
Maryland. College Park, MD 20742. Ojr telephone 
number is (301 1405-4621 Eleclronic mail address is Fax number is |30t) 314-9344 






19 9 1 

Danish Ambassador Visits College Park 

The Danish ambassador to the United States, Peter 
Dyvig (center), was welcomed recently by Arts and 
Humanities Dean Robert Griffith (left) and Professor 
James Lesher in the all-purpose room of St. Mary's Halt 
Language House, Ambassador Dyvig spoke on Denmark 
and Europe during a meeting of Vivian Green -Gantzberg's 
course "Scandinavian Civilization: Denmark Today." 

News and Views from the Campus Senate 

By Andrew Wolvin and Ralph 

To enable the university to 
develop a more effective system of 
faculty governance, an ad -hoc com- 
mittee chaired by Robert Birnbaum 
of the Center for Postsecondary 
Governance and Finance studied 
the present system of faculty gov- 
ernance at several leading univer- 
sities and offered recommendations 
for College Park. Their report was 
dehvered in February of 1990. 

Two Campus Senate task forces 
then reviewed these recommenda- 
tions for both campus, college and 
departmental governance (chaired 
by Andrew Wolvin, Speech Com- 
munication) and Campus Senate 
committees and procedures (chaired 
by Ralph Bennett, Architecture). 
This review began in the fall of 

The two task forces have jointly 
produced a legislative report, which 
is scheduled to be discussed by the 
Campus Senate in April. 

The report affirms four principles 
of shared governance at College 

• The campus must be commit- 
ted to shared governance as central 
to academic life; 

• Such governance is shared by 
faculty, administrators, staff and 
students alike; 

• All principles of shared gover- 
nance must be implemented at 
every administrative level; and 

• Formal and informal com- 
munication is fundamental to the 
effective functioning of shared gov- 

The non-Senate recommenda- 
tions for the improvement of cam- 

pus governance emerge from these 
principles. The task force has 
recommended that shared gover- 
nance must be a foundation of every 
Plan of Organization of units at 
every administrative level in order 
to promote participatory decision- 
making. Shared governance should 
be characterized by a two-way flow 
of information between committees 
and the bodies or administrators 
appointing them. Deans and chairs 
should be appointed for five-year 
terms, and all campus administra- 
tors should receive periodic perfor- 
mance reviews that include input 
from the faculty, staff and students 
in the administrative unit. 

The university president is 
encouraged to hold informal meet- 
ings with various faculty, staff and 
student groups and to continue 
(with the provost) to address the 
state of the campus at open Campus 
Senate meetings. A more responsive 
and responsible campus communi- 
cation climate should be estab- 

Senate recommendations include 
a proposed broadening of the Sen- 
ate Executive Committee's consul- 
tative role by delegating day-to-day 
Senate management and committee 
membership to two subcommittees 
in order to free the Executive Com- 
mittee to be more active in consult- 
ing with campus admini.strators. 
One of the proposed subcommittees 
would focus on identifying mem- 
bership for committees and then 
monitoring the committees' opera- 
tion; another would prepare and 
organize material for Senate debate. 
A suggested Faculty Caucus of the 
Senate would establish a body rep- 
resentative of faculty campus-wide. 
A number of proposals are designed 
to improve the efficiency and conti- 
nuity of Senate operations. 

It should be noted that the uni- 
versity does have documents pres- 
ently in place that bear upon the 
concepts of shared governance in 
the conduct of official business. The 
"Procedures for the Review of the 
Performance of the Academic Units 
and their Administrators on the 
College Park Campus of the Univer- 
sity of Maryland" (1973); "The Re- 

Fourteen Faculty Selected for Summer 
Institute on Women and Race 

The Curriculum Transformation 
Project has announced the partici- 
pants chosen for the 1991 summer 
faculty development institute, 
"Thinking about Gender and Race." 

Those selected include: Charles 
Butterworth (Govt, and Pol.), 
Charles Caramello (Engl.), Bernard 
Cooperman (Hist.), Carmen 
Coustaut, (RTVF), Abb i jit Dasgupta 
(Mech. Eng.) Verlyn Flieger (Engl.), 
Marilyn Lashley (Afro-Am. St.), 
Maria Macintosh (Agron.), Barry 
Pearson (Engl.), Marvin Scott 
(Kinesiology), Allen Stairs (Phi!.), 
Martha Taylor (Human Nutr.), 
Edison Trtckett (Psych.) and , 

The 1991 institute is the third to 

be funded under a campus initiative 
to improve the quality of education 
especially for undergraduate 
women. The first two summer 
institutes concentrated on integrat- 
ing materials and perspectives 
about women and gender into the 
undergraduate curriculum. This 
summer's intitule will be the first to 
focus et]ually on gender and race. It 
will be CO- led by Deborah Rosenfelt, 
women's studies, who directs the 
Curriculum Transformation Project 
and Rhonda Williams, who holds a 
joint appointment in A fro- American 
studies and economics. 

port of the Senate-Chancellor Task 
Force on Academic Decision Mak- 
ing" (1979); "The Plan for Academic 
Reorganization" (1985); and "Policy 
on Reduction, Consolidation, Trans- 
fer, or Discontinuance of Programs ' 
and Termination of Faculty Posi- 
tions During a Financial Emergen- 
cy" (1989) spell out campus-wide 
policies that call for input from 
affected constituencies in all policy 

The principles of shared gover- 
nance are of increasing importance 
in today's budget climate. The 
development of a stronger climate 
of shared governance will require 
considerable commitment on the 
part of administrators to engage 
seriously faculty, staff and students 
in the decision-making process — a 
commitment that is certainly exem- 
plified presently at the campus level 
by the vice president/ provost for 
Academic Affairs and by the uni- 
versity's president. A continuing 
commitment will require serious 
participation in the process by 
faculty, staff and students alike — a 
commitment that necessitates a wil- 
lingness to spend time and energy 
in making the best possible deci- 
sions throughout the university. 


Copies of the report are 
available in the Campus 
Senate upon request. Call 
X55804 for Information or 
to request copies. 

How to Vote in the 1991 
Campus Senate Elections 

Faculty, certain categories of 
staff, and undergraduate and grad- 
uate students are eligible to vote in 
the spring 1991 Senate elections. 

Faculty vote in their departments 
and are reminded that the election 
process must be completed by April 

Staff in the Service and 
Maintenance, Skilled Crafts, and 
Exempt Classified categories 
should look for their ballots in the 
mail after April 3. These ballots 
need to be returned to the Senate 
office by April 15. Other categories 
of staff do not elect senators this 

Graduate and undergraduate 
students may vote April 8-15 in 
their colleges or in the Campus 
Senate office during regular busi- 
ness hours, or at special voting 
tables on campus. These tables, lo- 
cated outside the Student Union, 
South Dinning Hall, and Horn bake 
and McKeldin libraries, will be open 
April 8-15 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. 
Students voting will be asked to 
sign in and show identification and 
registration cards. 

All faculty, eligible staff and stu- 
dents are encouraged to participate 
in the governance of College Park 
by voting to elect the senators who 
will represent them in the Campus 

Call the Senate office at 405-5805 
if you have questions. 


19 9 1 





Asian American "Model IVIinority" Myth to be Discussed 

Paula Bagasao, director of faculty and graduate student affirmative 
action at the University of California, will discuss the "mode! minori- 
ty" myth as it relates to Asian Americans on April 3 from 12:30-2 
p.m. in Room 0109 Hornbake, South Wing. By looking at the values, 
needs, and concerns of this diverse group of people, Bagasao will 
consider how educators can get behind and beyond the myths about 
Asian American and Pacific American students to ensure their full 
participation in campus life. The Office of Human Relations Pro- 
grams and the Academic Affairs Brown Bag Series are co-sponsors 
of the talk. Cal! 405-2842 for information. 

Kirwan Addresses Maryland Mathematics 
Coalition, Markley Chairs Board 

Nelson G. Markley 

Charles W. Misner 

Educators, industry and govern- 
ment must band together to reverse 
an accelerating decline in mathe- 
matics literacy in the state of Mary- 
land, as well as nationwide, savs 
College Park President William E. 
Kirwan. The problem, which 
threatens our nation's ability to 
compete effectively in the world 
market, needs to be immediately 
addressed throughout the entire 
educational system, he says- 

Kirwan, chair of the National 
Research Council's Committee on 
the Mathematical Sciences in the 
Year 2000, made his remarks at a 
recent meeting on campus of the 
Maryland Mathematics Coalition. 
The organization of state-wide edu- 
cators, public policy makers, and 
business and corporate leaders was 
created last fall to help improve 
mathematics literacy in the state of 

Physicist Breaks Abstraction Barrier 

Charles W. Misner is breaking 
the abstraction barrier of college- 
level physics. "College physics stu- 
dents normally spend years dealing 
with abstract calculations before 
they are able to apply these calcu- 
lations to real problems," he says. 
"It's time for physics educators to 
reverse that process and bring forth 
real problems first, then allow the 
students to figure out the solutions." 

Misner, a professor of physics, 
was recently profiled in the Harvard 
University Press book Origins. The 
book provides a unique study of the 
philosophical, persona! and social 
factors that led 27 of the world's 
leading cosmologists, including 
Misner, to careers of scientific 

Misner is helping to change 
physics education with a new text- 
book he has co-authored to help 
students use computer spreadsheet 
software for solving physics prob- 
lems creatively. The book, Spreml- 
sheet P/ii/Hj'rs, was published in Feb- 
ruary by Addison-Wesley Publish- 
ing Company as a supplemental text 
for freshman physics courses. It is 
among the first books to show 
students how to use spreadsheet 
software for their math and physics 

Misner and co-author Pat 
Cooney wrote the book after more 
than two years of adapting spread- 
sheet software to physics problems. 
Cooney, a physicist at Millersville 
State College in Pennsylvania, is on 
sabbatical this semester at College 

"Learning physics is like learning 
a language, and it should be taught 
like one," Misner says. "People learn 
to speak a language before they 
start. studying the rules of grammar. 
In physics we've been teaching 
people the rules before they learn 
the language of physics. With our 

method, we are reversing that 
process by teaching students to use 
physics first, and then to deal with 
the huge abstract calculations later." 

According to Misner, this new 
method of instruction and learning 
is possible only through computers. 
"With computer graphics we have a 
physical model that students can 
alter to see math in a qualitative 
way," he says. 

With data displayed graphically, 
students can analyze the signifi- 
cance of their information and find 
out how such results were derived, 
Misner .says. 

With the Misner and Cooney 
method, students are able to deal 
with complex problems using dif- 
ferential equations up to three 
semesters earlier than they would 
through the traditional mathematics 

"With this spreadsheet method, 
we have freshmen students working 
on the same type of problems that 
they normally would not encounter 
until graduate school," Misner says. 

According to Misner, traditional 
freshman texts have stayed away 
from graphs because they generally 
require too much of the students' 
time to make and ^^nalyze. The 
Misner and Cooney book shows 
students how to adapt spreadsheet 
software— LOTUS 1-2-3 and its 
clones — to physics and mathematics 

"Our hope is that we can even- 
tually bring this approach to the 
high schools," Misner says. "By 
breaking the abstracticm barrier, it is 
possible that more of these students 
will at an early point in their careers 
see themselves moving into 
technical careers. 

Fariss Satmrrni 

"There is a general decline in 
mathematics literacy nationwide 
and in the state of Maryland," 
Kirwan said. "This is a problem that 
must be dealt with at all levels, from 
elementary school through graduate 
school, and within government, 
business and industry." 

To combat the problem, the 
Maryland Mathematics Coalition 
last year established a statement of 
purpose for the board and an inter- 
im plan of organization, endorsed 
the creation and publication of a 
newsletter, began plans for a mem- 
bership drive, and appointed an 
inlerim executive committee. 

Chairing the Governing Board of 
the coalition is Nelson G. Markley, 
chair of the Department of 

"The purpose of the coalition is to 
enc ou ra ge , coo rd i na te a n d f ocu s 
efforts to improve mathematics 
education in the state," says 

The first major objective of the 
coalition is to create a plan that 
encourages individual citizens, 
schools, colleges, corporations and 
government agencies in Maryland 
to unite in efforts to improve math- 
ematics literacy throughout the 

"Over the coming year, our gov- 
erning board will be .setting the 
agenda for the coalition, enlisting 
support across the state and linking 
up with the Mathematical Sciences 
Education Board," Markley says. 
"We cannot solve the problems we 
are facing in isolation. We have to 
bring public school educators 
together with corporate leaders, 
policymakers and university 
administrators. The United States 
cannot continue to remain competi- 
tive in the international market if 
our mathematics literacy continues 
to decline." 

One of the goals of the coalition 
is to help establish a state-wide 
Early Mathematics Placement Test 
for eleventh graders who plan to 
attend college. "We believe that the 
key to preparation for collegiate 
mathematics is early assessment of 
mathematical ability," Markley says. 
Results from the test would provide 
advice to students for mathematics 
study based on their stated post- 
graduation plans. This approach 
could be modeled after one already 
used at College Park. The math 
department here uses a similar test 
for eleventh graders who want to 
prepare for this university's 
mathematics requirements, notes 

The coalition also plans to look 
for ways to encourage more females 
and minorities to study 
mathematics. These groups are 
under- rep re sen ted in professions 
that rely heavily on mathematics, 
according to Markley. "Females and 
minorities are not encouraged as 
young people to study mathematics, 
and as a result, many of them lose 
interest in the subject at early points 
in their schooling. We need to 
reverse that trend," he says. 

Fariss Sainarrai 




A P R I 1- 

19 9 1 

Troth to be Remembered in Memorial Concert 

On Tuesday evening, April 2 at 8 p.m., the Department of Music 
will present an evening of music in memory of Eugene Troth, who 
was chair of the department from 1971-1979. Music faculty members 
performing include Carmen Balthrop, Linda Mabbs, Emerson Head, 
Robert McCoy, Evelyn Elsing and Ron Elliston. The concert will take 
place in Tawes Recital Hall and is free and open to the public. Call 
405-5548 for information. 

Conference Will Examine 
Life of Hispanic Jews 

Spain's foreign policy in 1492 
will be the subject of world-wide 
attention during the next 18 months. 
But actions on the Spanish 
homefront during the year that 
Columbus discovered the Americas 
will keep historians busy as well. 

As Columbus set sail to the New 
World, an entire group of people 
was being forced from Spain under 
tragic circumstances. By royal 
decree, Jews living in the nation 
faced the Hobson's choice of 
converting to Christianitv or leaving 
their homes for another land. 

With the 5U0th anniversary of the 
expulsion of the Jews from Spain 
approaching, an international group 
of scholars will gather at College 
Park April 21 -22 for a major 
symposium, "In Iberia and Beyond: 
Hispanic Jews Between Two 
Cultures." The symposium, 
sponsored by the Center for Ren- 
aissance and Baroque Studies and 
the Joseph and Rebecca Meyerhoff 
Center for Jewish Studies, will focus 
on the social and cultural history of 
Spanish Jews both before and after 
the expulsion. 

Disputes among historians per- 
sist concerning the quality of life of 
jews in Spain during the centuries 
before the expulsion, says Bernard 
Cooperman, Louis L. Kaplan Pro- 
fessor of Jewish History. 
Cooperman organized the confer- 
ence along with Adele Berlin, 
director of the Meyerhoff Center, 
and Adele Seeff, executive director 
of the Center for Renaissance and 
Baroque Studies. 

Conference participants will pre- 
sent papers that cover different 
views of the life of Jews who lived 
in Spain over a span of more than 
1,000 years, he says, Tlie group 
includes both scholars of Spanish 
and Jewish history. 

"We're trying to bring together 
people who might not ordinarily 
meet each other," Cooperman says, 

Jews originally went to Spain 
during the Roman conquest of the 
region, according to Ct>operman. 

In the late 6th century and early 
7th century, the first major persecu- 
tion of Jews in Spain occurred. 
Many Jews were forced to become 
couversos {converts to Christianity), 
while others fled. 

In 711, Muslims invaded and 
conquered Spain, a turn i>f events 
that led to a dramatic resurgence of 
Judaism in the region, Cooperman 
says. During this so-called "Golden 
Age," Jews earned places in the 
upper echelons of Spanish society, 

However, life for the Spanish 
Jews began to deteriorate in about 
the nth century as Christians began 
to reconquer Spain. Interestingly, 
the expulsion order came in the 
same year that the last Muslim 
stronghold in Spain fell, Cooperman 

Among the important issues that 
will be discussed during the con- 
ference are; the quality of life of 
Spanish Jews before the expulsion, 
the life of ctm verts and the diaspora 
of the Spanish Jews. 

John Bos well, a prominent schol- 
ar of medieval studies at Yale Uni- 

Exhibit Will Feature Art 
from East Germany 

With eastern Germany changed 
forever by the opening of the Berlin 
Wall and German reunification, an 
upcoming Art Gallery exhibition, 
"New Territory: Art from East Ger- 
many," is as much a historical 
document as a show on the work of 
emerging artists. 

The exhibit, which will open 
April 2 and run through April 26, 
will feature the work of 16 young, 
contemporary artists from what was 
formerly known as the German 
Democratic Republic. The group 
consists of artists who are little 
known in the Western world, but 
are among the most promising 
artists on the eastern German art 
scene, says Cynthia Wayne, associ- 
ate gallery director. 

A particularly interesting aspect 
of the show is that the works, 
though contemporary, were created 
in a political climate that has 
changed completely. The works 
were produced before the fall of the 
Berlin Wall and the movement 
toward German reunification, 
Wayne says. 

The exhibition, therefore, offers a 
view of the particular sensibilities of 
contemporary eastern German 

artists just prior to their exposure to 
Western stylistic influences that are 
emerging as a result of German 
reunification, according to Wayne. 

Because all the artists were born 
after 1950, they never had experi- 
enced life without the Wall as they 
produced the works, Wayne says. In 
large part, their work is indebted to 
pre-war expressionism and the 
work of expatriate contemporaries 
such as A,R, Penck, Georg Baselitz 
and Joseph Beuys, she adds. 

The exhibition, presented in co- 
operation with the Goethe Institut 
Boston, was organized by Lelia 
Amalfitano of the School of the 
Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, 
where it was shown originally. 
Exhibit sponsors include the Old 
Cambridge Company, the James J. 
Colt Foundation, the Copley Plaza 
Hotel, S.O. Charitable Trust UAD, 
and Northwest Airlines. 

Art Gallery hours are Monday- 
Friday noon-4 p.m.; Wednesday 
evenings until 9 p.m.; and Saturday 
and Sunday 1-5 p.m. The exhibition 
is free and open to the public. 

Arch motif from medieval Spanish synagogue 

versify, will present the conference's 
keynote address on "An Unhappy 
Family: The Interaction of Judaism, 
Christianity, and Islam in the 
Middle Ages." 

Sponsors of the conference 
include the College of Arts and 
Humanities, the Graduate School, 
the Department of History, the 
Israel Committee and the Latin 
American Studies Center. 

For information about the con- 
ference, call 405-6830. 

Brum Busck 

Piano Finalist to 
Play Solo Recital 

Oleg Volkov, a finalist in last 
summer's WiUiam Kapell Competi- 
tion, will appear in solo recital at the 
Center of Adult Education on 
Friday, April 5 at 8 p.m. 

The first half of Volkov's pro- 
gram features Beethoven's 12 Vari- 
ations on a Russian Dance Theme as 
well as his 32 Variations in C-minor 
and Mendelssohn's Vniintion? 
Serieiiscs. Rachmaninoff is the focus 
of the last half of the program, 
which includes his Four Preludes, 
Op. 23 and his Sonata No, 2 in B- 
Flat minor. 

The concert, which is free and 
open to the public, is presented 
under the auspices of the Friends of 
the Maryland Summer Institute for 
the Creative and Performing Arts 
and is made possible through the 
generosity of Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
Chapperand Dr. and Mrs. John 
Layman. No tickets are needed. 

Call 405-6543 for information. 


19 9 1 

O U 

Current Events to be Featured at Library Alumni Program 

"News, Damn News and Lies; Evaluating Current Events" will be 
discussed at the College of Library and Information Services'(CLlS) 
spring alumni chapter program on April 3, Two speakers, Thomas 
Blanton, deputy director of the National Security Archives, and CLIS 
alumnus Rob Robinson, a research librarian for National Public 
Radio, will consider the reliability of information as affected by 
information bias, media and misinformation. The $5 cost covers a 
light supper at 6:30 p.m in Room 4114 of the Hornbake Building, 
followed by the presentation from 7-9 p.m. All interested persons are 
welcome to attend. Call Esther Herman at 405-2064. 

Nearing Retirement? Some Things 
You Ought to Know 

Currently Employed Full -Time Faculty Aged 65 

Two years ago we interviewed 
Francis Stark, Special Assistant to 
the Vice President for Academic 
Affairs, whose portfolio is faculty 
retirement counseling. Since some 
things change over a two-year 
span, we asked him some of the 
same questions today, plus some 
new ones. Stark, who retired in 
1980 with 40 years service, is 
Emeritus Professor of Horticulture, 
and has served as department 
Chair (1967-74), provost of agricul- 
tural and life sciences (1974-80), 
and was called back after retire- 
ment to serve twice as acting vice 
chancellor for academic affairs at 
College Park. Here are his answers 
to our questions. 

Q. How many retirement plans do 
we have available to university 

I can count 10. Faculty partici- 
pate in either TRS (Teachers Retire- 
ment — the old plan), TPS (Teachers 
Pension — the new plan), or TIAA- 
CREF (an optional plan). Classified 
employees participate in either ER5 
(Employees Retirement^the old 
plan) or EPS (Employees Pen- 
sion — the new plan). Associate Staff 
mav participate in either TRS, TPS, 
TIAA-CREF, ERS, or EPS, as the 
case mav be. All of the above par- 
ticipate in Social Security. A few 
faculty in the Cooperative Extension 
Service participate in a Federal 
Retirement Plan. Everyone is eligi- 
ble for certain tax-deferred annuities 
including the State 401 (k) plan, or 
an SRA through TIAA, and tax 
deferred IRAs could be purchased 
for five years between 1982 and 
1986. Tax-deferred annuities, by IRS 
definition, are retirement plans. The 
numbers of employees in the 
Federal plan is rather small, so I 
won't make further reference to 
Q. When can an employee retire? 

TIAA-CREF participants may 
retire at anv time. For participants 
in other plans, to retire without 
penalty the fullowing conditions 
must be met: TRS and ERS — must 
be either age 60 or have 30 years 
ser\'ice; TPS and EPS — may retire at 
any age with 30 years service, or 
with only two years service at age 
65, three years service at age 64, 
four years service at age 63, or five 
years service at age 62; Social 
Security — at age 65 until the year 
2000; tax-deferred annuities may not 
be drawn until age 59 1 /2 except for 
certain specific purposes. 
Q. What does "without penalty" 

TRS and ERS participants may 
retire as much as five years before 
meeting either age or service 
threshold, but the penalty is a 6 
percent reduction in benefits per 
year, prorated by months. TI^ and 
EPS participants may retire as early 
as age 55 if they have 15 years of 
eligibility service, but the penalty is 
a reduction in benefits by i).5 per- 
cent fof each month needed to reach 
age 62 or 30 years service. Until the 
year 2000, Social Security is 

available at age 62 with a 0.5556 
percent reduction in benefits for 
each month below the age 65 

Q. What is the basic difference 
between the State Retirement/ 
Pension Plans, on the one hand, 
and TIAA-CREF, on the other? 

The State plans are di' fined benefit 
plans, whereas TIAA-CREF is a 
defined eoniribution plan. In defined 
benefit plans, the benefits are 
known in advance, such as the 
formulas for calculating the pension 
and what the COLA (Cost of Living 
Adjustment) will be. In defined 
contribution plans the benefits 
depend on the contributions made 
to the plan and tiie performance of 
the plan's investments. In periods of 
high return on investments, the 
benefit may be increased after 
retirement, but there is no defined 
COLA. Social Security is a defined 
benefit plan, by the way, and tax- 
deferred annuities are defined 
contribution plans. 
Q. So, what COLA can one expect 
after retirement, then? 

Social Security benefits are 
increased on January 1, each year, in 
an amount equal to the percentage 
increase in the U.S. CPI-U 
(Consumer Price Index — Urban) for 
the year ending the previous Sep- 
tember 30, if the increase is as much 
as 3 percent. If less than 3 percent 
increase, the COLA may be delayed 
a year, unless the Congress deems 
otherwise, which is possible — -even 

TRS and ERS benefits are 
increased on July 1 each year in an 
amount equal to the percentage 
increase in the U.S. CPl-U for the 
year ending the previous December 
31, but one must have been retired a 
full year to receive the first COLA. 
For those who elected in 1 984 to 
contribute only 5 percent to these 
plans, the benefit is capped at 5 
percent each year. But the increases 
are compounded. 

TPS and EPS benefits are 
increased on July 1 each year 
according to the same procedure, 
except the annual COLA is limited 
to 3 percent of the benefit provided 
when the participant retired — the 
increases are not compounded. 
Q. Does one have to retire at 
age 70? 

Until January 1, 1994, faculty 
must retire at the end of the aca- 
demic year in which they attain the 
age of 70. After January 1, 1994, 
there is no mandatory retirement 
age for faculty, and retirement is not 
mandatory for other classes of 
employees now. 

Q. Will my medical and hospital 
insurance coverage continue after 

Yes. If you participate in one of 
the state retirement or pension 
plans, if you have been an employee 
of the state for at least 16 years, and 
if you elect one of the standard 
retirement options that includes you 
and your spouse, you will be 
eligible to receive the same coverage 
that you have while fully employed 

for as long as you and / or your 
spouse are living. If you have not 
been an employee for a full 16 years, 
the state subsidy of your insurance 
will be prorated for length of 
service, and you must pay the 
difference, TIAA-CREF participants 
may receive the same benefits and 
have the same restrictions, exeept 
only the retiree is covered after 
retirement. The retiree must pay the 
full premium for spouse and 

Q. Retirement may be a more 
abrupt change in my life Style than 
1 am quite ready for. It is possible 
to teach or do research at the 
university, and receive a part-time 
salary after I retire? 

Yes, within statutory limits, and 
if the department ccmcurs, and of 
course, if money tti fund your post- 
retirement employment is available 
to the department. 

TIAA-CREF has no limits 1 know 
of other than post -retirement 
employment must be at less than a 
half-time basis. No further contri- 
butions to the funcJ are made. 

The statutory limits for the state 
plans are: 1) the appointment must 
be temporary, defined as a term of 
one year or less; 2) the appointment 
must be part-time, usually defined 
as less than half-time; and 3) the 
annual income shall not exceed an 
amount derived by subtracting 
one's minittuDit benefit at the time of 
retirement from the average of the 
three highest salaries received while 
employed. These limitations apply 
for 10 years after retirement, after 
which the restrictions disappear. 

Social Security has a limit on 
post-retirement employment as 
well, but it changes every year. For 
1991, the maximum earnable with- 
out penalty is 69,720 from age 65 
through 69 (the penalty is $1 for 
each $3 in excess of that), $7,080 
from age 62 through 64 (with a 
penalty of $1 for each $2 excess), 
and no limit in the year one reaches 
the age of 70, or thereafter. 
Q. Since we pretty much know 
what our salary will be in 1991-92, 
would you advise a person to retire 
now if we can do that withoui 

1 am not a financial planner, and 
1 don't give that kind of advice. 
There is no way a person can make 
such a decision without knowing 
what potential benefits will be. 1 can 

loniiiiiieit riit pujiii.' ^ 





19 9 1 

Sign Up Now for 1991 Fitness Swim-A-Thon 

Campus Recreation Services is sponsoring a spring Fitness Swim- 
A-Tlion designed to help beginning and advanced swimmers get 
started on and stick to a regular swim program. Beginners have five 
weeks to swim 7.5 miles; advanced swimmers have five weeks to 
swim 15 miles. All those reaching the 7.5- or 15-mile goal before May 
3 will be awarded T-shirts. Entries close April 10 for this free pro- 
gram. Call 314-7218 for more information. 

continued from page 6 

help faculty make the necessary 
calculations to arrive at such a 
decision if they care to schedule a 
conference with me. Or if they 
would rather do it themselves, I'll 
be glad to send them a copy of the 
work sheets 1 use to get to that 

In general, however, if a partici- 
pant in the old Teachers Retirement 
Plan is age 62 with about .35 years 
total service credit, including sick 
leave and any military credit, or is 
age 65 with about 32 years total 
service credit, the calculation could 
show little improvement in benefits 
from another year of service, if we 
assume the 1991 inflation rate will 
be at or about 5 percent. That is 
particularly true if a significant tax- 
deferred annuity corpus has 
accumulated. In many such cases 1 
have seen, the Replacement Ratio 
may very well be at 105 percent to 
125 percent, which means those 
people are making quite a contri- 
bution for the privilege of coming to 

Q. What is that "Replacement 
Ratio" you just mentioned? 

RR is a figure expressed in per- 
cent, which relates usable income 
after retirement to usable income 
while employed. The formula is: 
RR= All Retirement benefits (Pen- 
sion + OASDI + Tax-deferred 
Annuity benefit) divitU'ii In/ Take- 
Home Pay while employed (Salary 
less taxes, less contributions to pen- 
sion plan, to PICA and to tax- 
deferred annuities) ti)ncs 100. 

Economists estimate that an RR 
of 85-95 percent will yield about the 
same standard of living after retire- 
ment as before, the variable being 
commuting distance, parking costs, 
luncheon costs, clothing require- 
ments, etc. For UMCP faculty, I 
believe the RR should be at least 
about 95 percent to have about the 
same standard of living, 
Q. We hear that the State Retire- 
ment System is making some fairly 
large cash distributions to those 
who transfer from the TRS to the 
TPS. Is it a good idea to make that 

That depends on the individual 
and on how much might be 
realized. Many of those amounts are 
in excess of $500,000, but to defer 
taxes the total must be rolled into 
the State 401 (k) plan. The retiree 
will then receive a benefit as 
calculated for the new Pension Plan, 
which will be about one-half to two- 
thirds of the benefit under the old 
Retirement Plan, but the tax- 
deferred annuity corpus will be 
increased tremendously. But 
remember that the new Pension 
Plan has a poorer COLA benefit. 

To make this change could be 
advantageous for some people, and 
not for others- — it should not be 
done without considerable thought 
and a thorough knowledge of all of 
the ramifications. 

Q. Is there anything we ought to be 
doing to get ready for retirement? 

Possibly. If you participate in a 
state plan, do this: 1) Check with the 
person who keeps your sick leave 
record to make sure it is current and 
correct. Some departments are not 
giving that proper attention, and it 

is important. 2) Check the enrollment 
date shown on the annual statement 
you get. If you began employment 
any time between September 1 and 
June 30, the enrollment date should 
be the first day of the month in 
which your appointment began. If 
not, take the proper evidence of 
date of appointment and starting 
salary to the Benefits Office and 
apply for that time. If your 
appointment began between July 1 
and August 31, the enrollment date 
should be September 1. 3) If you 
were in the military service, have 
you applied for your military 
credit? You may be able to get credit 
for your military time, up to a 
maximum of five years, if you did 
not get that military credit on some 
other retirement plan. 

Be sure to ask Social Security for 
a statement of earnings at least 
every three years, and a statement 
of retirement benefits about when 
you reach 61. If you are enrolled in 
TIAA-CREF, request a statement of 
benefit occasionally after you turn 

Q. I heard that you and Paul Smith 
(Math) are on a System committee 
to develop early retirement 
incentives. What is the committee 
going to recommend? 

As 1 write the answers to your 
Q's here in early March, 1 can say 
only that the committee has met 
twice for a total of about three 
hours, and we have until the end of 
May to submit a report to Chan- 
cellor Langenberg. Obviously, the 
recommendations submitted to Dr. 
Toll in 1987 by an earlier task force, 
which were never implemented, 
will be considered. 1 cannot predict 
what the final report this year will 
offer. We just haven't moved far 
enough yet, and besides, any prog- 
nosis would seem to be out of order 

until the committee's work is done. 
Everyone needs to realize, also, that 
there are statutory limits to what 
may be done under the state plans 
and the federally authorized IRA, 
SRA, and 401 (k) plans. In addition 
TIAA-CREF has some limits on 
what it will permit. The possibility 
of some changes in state laws exists, 
but is not foreseen in the near 

Q. ! don't think I can handle such a 
major decision as retiring on a "do- 
it-yourself" basis — where can I go 
to get some help? 

The Benefits Office in the 
Department of Personnel handles 
such matters as purchasing addi- 
tional service credit, getting military 
credit on your record, applications 
for calculation of benefits in one of 
the state plans, applications for 
retirement, and other retirement 
related matters. For an appointment 
with Gene Edwards or Edward 
Sinsky in the Benefits Office call 

TIAA-CREF will provide a state- 
ment of retirement benefits avail- 
able, upon request, and there is no 
way of calculating those benefits on 
your own — they can be reached at 
800-842-2872, and one can call their 
office at 2 Wisconsin Circle in 
Chevy Chase (301-986-9191) for 
answers to other questions on 
TIAA-CREF matters. 

Also 1 will be happy to counsel 
with faculty, 1 am retired and won- 
der how I ever found time to go to 
work, hut I enjoy helping any fac- 
ulty member who is within five 
years of potential retirement. Call 

Frniicifi Stark 
Emeritus Professor of Horticulture 

Dorfnian Urges Creative Role for Retired Faculty 

Dear Colleague: 

First, 1 think everyone from a 
first-year employee at College Park 
to those contemplating retirement in 
the next year or two owes a large 
debt of gratitude to Professor Stark 
for spending so much time clarify- 
ing the retirement issues for us. We 
are delighted that his retirement 
over 10 years ago did not mean 
severing his connections with the 

And along those lines, I would 
like to make it clear that the Pro- 
vost's Office will be very open to 
requests from departments to rehire 
retired faculty part-time, and to 
overcome disincentives to retire- 
ment. In these times of diminished 
fiscal resources, our human resour- 
ces become even more precious. 1 
think we can ill afford to rule out 
the possibility of continuing to reap 
the benefits of a person's 30-or 40- 
year commitment to a discipline 
and classroom experience. 

Many creative .suggestions have 
been made about how to keep 
retired faculty as part of the campus 
community, for their sakes as well 
as for our own. Their names should 
be published in the campus faculty 
directory if they wish. Their listings 
in scholarly and professional direc- 

tories should remain current. Tliey 
should be invited — at their home 
addresses — to major 
campus functions like the fall facul- 
ty convocation, commencements, in- 
augurations, and seminars. If 
budgets permit, they should be in- 
cludet. m the planning for a campus 
faculty club (when resources per- 
mit). Most of all, there are dozens of 
programs across the campus that 
cannot afford to hire important 
support and assistance, but who 
would welcome the experience and 
wisdom of retired faculty to tutor or 
lecture, to act as mentors to students 
and tenure-track faculty, to repre- 
sent the university as various func- 
tions, to meet distinguished visitors, 
and so on. 

Retired faculty are a largely un- 
tapped resource for us, with an 
excellent potential for injecting 
important perspectives and great 
vigor into many of our activities. I 
encourage everyone to begin think- ' 
ing of ways to do this, and to send 
your ideas to me. 

j, Robert Dorfman 

Vice President for 

Academic Affairs 

and Provost 


19 9 1 





Ensemble Project Af s Nova 
performs "Southern and 
Northern Exposures: Music 
from the Time of Ciconia and 
Dulay, 1 400-1 4S€," Friday, 
April 12 at 8, at the Adult 
Education Center, Ticket prices 
are $17 standard admission, 
$14.50 studenis and seniors. 
Call the University Community 
Concerts box office for info 
and reservations. 



Campus Recreation Services 
Fitness Swim-a-thon, register 
April 1-10 to swim 7.5 or 15 miles 
by Mav 3. 1 104 Reckord Armory. 
Call 4-7218 (Of info. 

International Affairs Panel Dis- 
cussion; "Can U.S. Foreign 
Policy Survive ttie End ol the Gulf 
War?." Michael Hooker, 
moderator; PaneiiStS: George 
Qu ester. Government and Pol i lies: 
Lou Cantori, Political Science. 
UMBC. and Ziad Abu-Amr, For- 
eign Policy Fellow. 3:30-5:30 
p m., 2203 Art'Soc. Call 5-4772 
for info. 

Horticulture Seminar: "The State 
of the Department: My Sermon on 
the Mount." Frank Gauin, Horticul- 
ture. 4 p.m., 0128B Holzaplel. 
Call S-4356 [or info. 

Computer Science Colloquium; 
"A New Approach to Prototyping 
Distributed. Time Sensitive Sys- 
tems," David C. Luckham, Stan- 
ford U , 4 p.m.. 01 1 1 Classroom 
BIdg, Call 5-2661 for info. 

Space Science Seminar: "ISEE 

3 in ttie Magneiotail." Don Fair- 
field. NASAGoddard, 4:30 p.m.. 
1113 Computer and Space Sci- 
ences. Cad 5-4829 for info. 


Art Gallery Exhibition: "New 
Territory: Art from East Germany." 
today-April 26. The Art Gallery, 
Art/Soc Call 5-2763 for info. 

Music Department Concert: 

Eugene Troth Memorial. Carrren 
Baittirop. Linda Mabbs, Emerson 
Head. Rot3ert McCoy and Ron 
Elliston. performers; 8:00 p.m 
Tawes Recital Hall. Call 5-5548 
for info. 

Distinguished Scholar-Teacher 
Lecture: "Anihropoloqy as Sci- 
ence and as Fiction," Nancie 
Gonzalez, Anthropology, i p.m., 
2203 Art/Soc, reception foliowirg. 
Call 5-9353 for info. 

Counseling Center Research 
and Development Meeting: 

'Writing the History of Freedom.' 
Ira Berlin, History, noon-1 p.m.. 
0106-0114 Shoemaker. CaM- 
7691 for info. 

Noontime Seminar on Compu- 
ters In the Arts and Humanities: 
"Film TextCritical Text." Robert 
Kolker. Radio, Television, and 
Film, noon-1 :30 p.m., 0202 
Tawes, Suite 220. Call 5-6261 for 

Molecular and Cell Biology 
Seminar: "Molecular Biology of 
Rotaviruses," Mary K, Estes, 
Baylor College ol Medicine. 
Houston, T)C 12:05 p.m., 1208 
Zoo.'Psych. Call 5-5991 for info. 

Office of Human Relations and 
OMSE Lunch-time Lecture: 

"Asian Americans and Pacific 
Americans in Higher Education," 
Paula Bagasao,!). oi California, 
12:30-2 p.m., 0109 Hornbake 
Library. Call 5-2842 for info. 

Department of Germanic and 
Slavic Languages and Litera- 
tures Lecture: Lebensbed- 

irigungen der Migranlinner 
(Gaslart)eiterinnen| in Deuisch- 
land,* Rita Rosen, Fachhoch- 
schule Weisbaden, Germany, 4 
p.m., multipurpose room, St. 
Mary's Hall. Call 5-4107 for info 

Campus Recreation Services 
"Tour de Terp," an in-door cy 
cling contest on Air-Dyne exercise 
bike. 3-5 p.m., Health and Human 
Performance BIdg. Call 4-7218 for 

Foreign Policy Fellows 
Seminar: 'Views from Abroad on 

the Environment." Christopher 
Fuchs, chair, Center for Global 
Change: Mizanur l^ahman Khar. 
Bangladesh Institute of Interna- 
tional and Strategic Studies; and 
Yasutoshi Nishimura. MITI Global 
Environmental Affairs, 3:30 p.m., 
student lounge, Morrill Hall. Call 
5-6353 for into. 

Graduate School Distinguished 
Lecturer: "The Quest lor the 
Perfect Language in Western 
Culture," Umberto Eco. 3:30 p.m., 
1412 Physics, wine and cheese 
reception to follow. Call 5-4258 for 

Anthropology Lecture: "Food 

and Cullure: African Foods and 
African American Food Habits." 
Richard Orraca-Tetleh, Anthropol- 
ogy. 3:30-5 p.m., 1114 Woods 
Hall, Call 5-1423 for info. 

Department of Textiles and 
Consumer Economics Lecture: 

"The Mexican Perspective on the 
Proposed l^orth Amencan Free 
Trade Agreement." Miguel Lima, 
Minister of Trade, Mexican 
Embassy, 3:30-5 p.m., 0103 
Armory. Call 5-6648 for info. 

Classics Department Lecture: 

"Gender in ttie Homeric Epics." 
Seth L. Schein, Queens College. 
SUNY: response, Katie King, 
Women's Studies. 4 p.m., 2309 
Art'Soc. Call 5-2013 for info. 

College of Library and Informa- 
tion Services Alumni Spring 
Evening Program: "Mews. Damn 
News and Lies: Evaluating Cur- 
rent Events," Thomas S. Blanton, 
National Security Archives. 7-9 
p.m., light supper served 6 p.m., 
41 14 Hornbake Library. Call 5- 
2064 for info and reservations." 

Architecture Lecture: "Recent 
Excavations in India," John Fritz, 
archeologist. 7:30 p.m.. Architec- 
ture Auditorium. Call 5-6284 for 



Writers Here and Now Reading, 

Yusef Komunyakaa. novelist. 8 
m., location IB A. Call 5-3820 
br info. 


Academic Support for Return- 
ing Athletes l^rogram Forum: 

"Time Out!.' siudent-athletes 
speak. Javaune Adams -Gaston, 
moderator. 11 a.m.-l p.m., 2146 
Stamp Student Union. Call 5-4741 
for into. 

Meteorology Seminar: 'Non- 
linear Baroclinic Adiustmenls," 
Pnscilla Cehelsky, Bethesda, 3:30 
pm., 2114 Computer and Space 
Sciences, reception at 3 p.m. Call 
5-5392 for info. 

Graduate School Distinguished 
Leclurer: "Evoluiion of Danwnian 
Thought," Philip Kitcher, Philo- 
sophy, U. of California at San 
Diego, 3:30 p.m.. 2203 Arl'Soc. 
Cair5-425e for info. 

{Reliability Engineering Seminar: 

'Reliability of Multilayer Ceramic 
Capacitors." Stewart Kurtz, Penn- 
sylvania State U., 5:15-6:15 p.m. 
21 1 5 Chemical and Nuclear 
Engineering BIdg. Call 5-3887 or 
5-3883 for info. 

Greater Washington Solid State 
Physics Collooifium: "First 
Pnnciples of Calculations of 
Adatom Energetics," Peter J 
Feibelman, Sandia National Labs, 
Albuquerque, NM, 8 p.m., 1410 
Physics. Call 5-6142 (or info. 

Academic Support for Return- 
ing Athletes Program "Red and 
WRite Day," demonstrate school 
spirit and support for university 
athletes by wearing school colors 
today. Call 5-4741 for info. 

Geology Seminar: "Retidening 
the Dune Sands: An Alternative 
Mechanism." Patricia 
Jacobberger, National Air and 
Space Museum. Smithsonian 
Institution, 11 a.m., 0105 Horn- 
bake Library. Call 5-2783 (or info. 

Entomology Colloquium: 

"Herbivore-plant Evolution: Host- 
plant Reactions and Herbivory 
Preference/ Re rionnance,' Warren 
G. Abrahamson, Bucknell U., 
noon. 2242 Patterson. Call 5-3912 
for info. 


fJeural biological Effects of the 
Organophosphaies (nerve 
gases). Kenneth Dretchen, 
Georgetown U., noon-1 p.m., 
1208 zoo/Psych. Call 5-6884 for 

Mental Health Lunch 'n Learn: 

"Imago Relationship Theory," 
Margie Silverton, Mental Health 
Services, 1-2 p.m., 3100E Health 
Center. Call 4-8106 for info. 

University Honors Program 
Lecture: Can We Sustain Agri- 
culture'." Raymond Weil, 
Agronomy, 2 p.m.. Honors 
Lounge, 0110 Hornbake Library. 
Call 4-0643 for info. 

Collective Ctiolce Center Con- 
ference: "The Real Problem of 
Social Choice as Exemplified by 
the European Commuraly and 
Eastern Europe." James 
Coleman, U. of Chicago, followed 
by panel discussion. 2-4 p.m., 
Ffossborough inn. Call 5-3507 for 

University of Maryland Sym- 
phony Orchestra Concert, Wil- 
liam Hudson, conductor. 8p.m.. 
Tawes Recital Hall. Call 5-5548 
for info. 

Maryland Summer Institute for 
the Creative and Performing 
Arts Piano Recital: Oleg Volkov. 
Iinalist in the 1990 International 
William Kapell Piano Competition. 
performing worlds of Beethoven. 
Mendelssohn, and Rachmaninoff, 
8 p.m.. Adult Education Center. 
Call 5-6543 for info. 


National Student Athlete Day 

Children's Puppet Show, pre- 
sented by Blue Sky Puppet 
Theatre, teaching children 
awareness of energy conserva- 
tion, 1 p.m., Hardee s eating area. 
Stamp Student Union. Call 4-7843 
for into. 

Music Department Concert: Ul- 

rich Undergraduate Competition, 7 
p.m.. Tawes Recital Hall. Call 5- 
5548 for info. 


Wanderlust: "The Real World of 
Thailand," Rick Howard, 3 p.m.. 
Hoff Theatre. Call 4-HOFF (or 

Music Department Concert; Ul- 

rich Graduate Competition. 7 
p.m.. Tawes Recital Hall. Call 5- 
5548 for info. 


Campus Recreation Services 
Intramural Wrestling, sign up 
today. 1 1 04 RackoroArmory. Call 
4-7218 for info. 

Counsefing Center Returning 
Students Program; "Assertive- 
ness Workshop," today and April 
15, 11 a.m.-noon, 2201 Shoe- 
maker. Call 4-7693 for info. 

Geology Seminar: "Phanerozoic 
Oenudalion History ol the South- 
ern New England Appalachians 
Irom Pressure Data," E-an Zen, 
Geology. 1 1 am., 0105 Hornbake 
Library. Call 5-2783 for info. 

Entomology Colloquium: "Reg- 
ulation of a Metamorphosis-as- 
sociated Protein by Juvenile Hor- 
mone," Grace Jones, U. of Ken- 
tucky, 4 p.m,, 0200 Symons. Call 
5-391 2 for info. 

Horticulture Seminar: 'Control of 

Photosynthesis in Fruil Crops: 
Role of Stomata," J. A, Flore. 
Michigan State U., 4 p.m., 0128B 
Holzapfel. Call 5-4356 for info. 

Computer Science Colloquium: 

"Prooram Reslructuring for Fun 
and Profit," Michael Wolfe. 
Oregon Grad. Inst, of Science and 
Technology, 4 p.m., 0111 Class- 
room BIdg. Call 5-2661 for info. 

Space Science Seminar: 'Radio 
AOsorption by the Intergalactic 
Medium and Non-Sig-Bang Mod- 
els of the Cosmic Background 
Radiation," Eric 
renceville Plasma Physics. 4:30 
p.m., 1 1 13 Computer and Space 
Sciences. Call 5-4829 for into. 

Wanderlust: Ihe Real World ot 
Thailand," Rick Howard, 8 p.m., 
Hoff Theatre. Call 4.H0FF for 


Neuroscience Colloquium: 

"Neurogenesis in Adult Avian 
Brain as an Animal Model of Brain 
Self-Repair," Fernando 
Nottebohm. noon-1 p.m., 1208 
Zoo'Psych. Call 5-6884 for info. 

Zoology Seminar: "Genetic 
Consioerations for Reintroduction 
of Guam Rails to Ihe Wild." Susan 
Haig, Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Clemson U.,noon, 1208 
Zoo'Psycti. Call 5-6949 for info. 

Center for Teaching Excellence 
"Conservations about Teach- 
ing:" keynote address followed by 
acflve dialogue, noon-l :30 p.m. 
(bring brovi/n-bag lunch), Maryland 
Room, Marie Mount. Call 5-3154 
for info 

College of Engineering Job 

Fair, for studenis ol all majors, 
summer, part-time, internship and 
permanent opporlunilies, noon -4 
p.m.. Grand Ballroom, Stamp 
Student Union. Call 4-7228 lor 

Danish lecture: "Den 9. April 
1940," P. M.Mitchell, Cornell U., 
12:30-1:45 p.m.. 2122 Jimenez. 
Call 5-409 T^lor info 

Entomology Colloquium: "Lost 
in the Prairie: Insect Host Finding 
in a Complex Environment," 
Patrice Morrow, U. of Minnesota, 
noon. 2242 Patterson Call 5-3912 
for info. 

University Theatre: "Top Girls," 
today-Apnl 14 and 16-20. 8 p.m., 
Sunday matinees. April 14 and 
21, 2 p.m., Pugliese Theatre. Call 
5-2201 for info." 


Campus Recreation Services 
Team Horseshoes, sign up 
today, 1 1 04 Reckord Armory. Call 
4-7218 for info. 

Counseling Center Research 
and Development Meeting: 

"Effects of Counselor as Audience 
on the Internalization of 
Depressed and N on -Depressed 
Self-Presentations," Anita Kelly, 
Counseling Center, rioon-1 p.m., 
0106-0114 Shoemaker. Call 4- 
7691 for info. 

Noontime Seminar on Comput- 
ers In the Arts and Humanities: 

"Megatrends in Humanities Com- 
puting," Glenn Ricart, Computer 
Science Center, noon-1 :30 p.m., 
1 102 Francis ScotI Key, Call 5- 
4337 for info. 

Molecular and Cell Biology 
Seminar: "Molecular Basis of 
Drug Resistance in Falciparum 
Malaria," Thomas Wellems, Na- 
tional Institute of Allergy and 
Infectious Diseases. I2:05p.m., 
1208 Zoo/Psych. Call 5-6991 (or 

Foreign Policy Fellows 

Seminar: "A New Order in Afri- 
ca?,' W. Bediako La mo use -Smith, 
African American Studies. UMBC; 
Tina Semiti. Tanzia; Kayode 
Soramekun, lle-ife, 3:30 p.m.. stu- 
dent lounge, Morrill Hall Call 
5-6353 for info. 

Anthropology Lecture: "Women 
Factory Workers and the Korean 
Economic Miracle," Seung-Kyung 
Kim, Women's Studies, 3:30-5 
p.m., 1114 Woods Hall. Call 5- 
1423 for info. 

Distinguished Scholar-Teacher 
Lecture: "Emancipation and the 
Meaning of Freedom in 1 91h- 
Century America." Ira Beriin, His- 
tory, 4 p.m., 2203 Art/Soc, recep- 
tion following. Call 5-9353 for info. 

Science, Technology and Soci- 
ety Lecture: "Whafs Next? SDI. 
Nuclear and Other High-Tech 
Weapons after Ihe Cold and Gull 
Wars," Herbert York, Institution on 
Global Conflict and Cooperation, 
U. of California. 4 p.m.. 2309 
Art/Soc. Call 5-5271 for info. 

Committee on the History arid 
Philosophy of Science Lecture: 

"Biological Order and Design in 
the Light of Contemporary Evolu- 
tionary Theory," Robert ESrandon, 
DukslJ., 6 p.m., Montgomery 
Blair High School auditorium. Sil- 
ver Spnng. Call 5-5691 lor info. 

University Theatre: "Top Girls," 8 
p m., Pugliese Theatre. See April 
9 for details.' 

" Admission charge tor Ifi/s event. 
Ail Olivers are free. 


19 9 1