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SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

A Period of Ambiguity... A Time of 

At last year's meeting there were 
coffee and doughnuts. This year, ice 
water sufficed. This significant 
change symbolized the difference 
from last year to this, when Presi- 
dent William E. Kirwan called a 
meeting for deans, directors and 
department heads during the first 
week of school. 

His goal: to share information on 
the fiscal 1992 operating budget and 
the difficulties faced in preparing 
the FY '93 budget request. His tone 
was somber. 

"We've received a lot of negative 
news recently, but this news needs 
to be put into perspective. In the 
midst of this bad news, there are 
some positive signs," the president 
told the group of some 200 seated in 
the Colony Ballroom to absorb the 
not-unexpected discouraging bud- 
get news. 

He wanted to accomplish three 
things, said Kirwan: to share infor- 
mation on the '92 and '93 budgets; 
to solicit input on the difficult deci- 
sions that must be made and to ask 
the group for advice, counsel and 
good ideas; and to ask the group to 
share what they were about to leam 

continued nn page ■> 

Group Studies Parking Fee 

Committee recommends a slid 

ing .2 

New Achievements in 

Regulation of transition 
temperatures improved . 

Campus Senate Has New Presi- 

Gerald Miller sees a year of j 

challenges ahead , / 

Faculty-Staff Annual Fund 
Drive Begins 

Donors may designate gifts for 
specific programs 


State Supported General Fund Levels 

FY 1989 - Projected FY 1993 



(In Millions) 




5%N(1 Sudurgo 


& & £ <£ j> & £ g £ <£ J* j? # cf J> 


//>' & ^* <f & 

Office of Resource Planning & Budgets - 9/S1 

UMCP State Supported 
Funding Levels 

— m — 

Funding Goals UMCP 

Enhancement Plan 


Psychology Department 
Receives National Award 

The university's Department of 
Psychology has been chosen as the 
first psychology department to 
receive the National Alliance for 
the Mentally III (NAMI) Award for 
Excellence in Training for training 
students interested in working with 
seriously mentally ill persons. 

The training on serious mental 
illness, under the direction of 
Robert Coursey of the Clinical /- 
Community Graduate Psychology 
Program at the university, is fund- 
ed by a $239,000 NIMH Training 
Grant and trains an ethnically di- 
verse set of students. 

"This is because much of the 
chronic mentally ill population is 
largely poor with a disproportion- 
ate number of ethnic /racial minori- 
ties," says Coursey. 

According to Coursey, an esti- 
mated 2.8 million people suffer 
from serious and chronic mental 
illnesses. And while state and fed- 
eral programs have rapidly ex- 
panded to meet this need, the 
training of professionals has lagged 
far behind. 

"The University of Maryland at 
College Park is now one of the few 
psychology programs in the nation 
that provides this training," says 

Students, who are trained to 
take a multidimensional perspec- 
tive toward these illnesses — biolog- 
ical, experiential, cultural and 
socioeconomic — and participate in 
a nine-month practicum. The 
practicum allows each student to 
follow several patients during their 
hospital stays, or while in the com- 
munity receiving various services 
such as housing, rehabilitation, 
psychotherapy, and social services. 
A simultaneous seminar on serious 
mental illness is coordinated with 
the students' placement 

"The program integrates the stu- 
dent's work in the community with 
what is learned at the university," 
says Coursey. 

Throughout their graduate 
career, students also participate on 
a research team which develops 
and evaluates new interventions 
with people who are severely 
mentally ill. There are also courses, 
practicum training, and research 
opportunities for undergraduate 
psychology majors. 

Coursey is also active in devel- 
oping training programs for mental 
health workers in the community. 


O F 


A T 



Committee Offers Recommendations to Ease 
Estimated Tripling of Parking Fees 

With the parking fees paid by 
faculty and members estimated to 
triple during the next five years, an 
advisory committee has recom- 
mended changes in funding of the 
parking system — including com- 
pensation for parking spaces lost to 
construction projects and a grad- 
uated fee schedule for faculty and 
staff members — to ease the burden 
of increased costs on system users. 

The recommendations are part 
of a 35-page report on the campus 
parking situation released last 
spring by the Campus Parking 
Committee, an advisory committee 
appointed by President William E 
Kirwan in 1989. The committee was 
headed by Burt Leete, professor of 
business and management, and 
included faculty, staff and students. 

The report projects that parking 
fees for faculty and staff members 
will increase from $86 per permit 
in fall 1991 to $278 per permit in 
fall 1996. According to this estimate 
fees would increase gradually over 
this period to $109 in 1992, $155 in 
1993, $205 in 1994 and $258 in 1995. 

These figures assume that opera- 
tion of the parking system and con- 
struction of new spaces will con- 
tinue to be funded as they are 
now — through parking registration 
fees, parking meter revenue and 

Less than half of the increase 
would result from rises in oper- 
ating costs such as salary and 
maintenance. These costs are 
estimated to rise by an average of 
six percent annually. 

The majority of the increases 
would stem from the anticipated 
need to build a new parking garage 
to replenish parking spaces lost to 
new construction at the university 
and for an enhanced UM Shuttle 
program to lessen the strain on a 
shrinking parking system. Con- 
struction of a third parking garage 
to replace lost spaces would 
account for $91 of the projected 
$192 in increases over the five-year 

"Because of the construction of 
buildings on existing parking lots, 
a new 1,600-2,000 car garage will 
need to be constructed and avail- 
able for use in the fall of 1996 in 
order to maintain the number of 
parking spaces at a level reason- 
ably close to the current campus 
inventory," the report says. 

The report urges that at least 
some of these costs for new spaces 
be paid by someone other than 
users of the parking system. In one 
highlighted section, the report says: 
"The committee feels that every 
opportunity should be pursued to 
include the cost of replacement or 
new parking demands within the 
budget for a particular construction 

In another highlighted section it 
says: "...the costs associated with 
the construction of replacement 
parking when new facilities are 
placed on existing lots should be 
covered by state appropriations or 
campus general funds." 

As another means of lessening 
future costs, the report recom- 
mends a variety of enhancements 
in the UM Shuttle system. 

Arguing that increased use of 
the shuttle system could reduce the 
number of cars on campus, the 
report calls for longer hours, more 
frequent stops during peak periods, 
additional routes and an intra cam- 
pus bus service, all of which would 
cost more than $500,000 annually. 
Faculty and staff would be 
required to help support these new 
programs as part their annual park- 
ing fees. By 1995, additional sup- 
port for the shuttle system would 
account for $25 or slightly less than 
10 percent of the parking fee under 
the plan. 

In another recommendation, the 
report advocates parking fees 
based on salary to ease the burden 
of increases on lower paid faculty 
and staff members. Under the pro- 
posal, parking fees would be based 
on where an employee fits into 
four different salary tiers. 

For instance, under the current 
system, all users of the system 
would pay an annual fee of $278 in 
1996. Under the tiered-system, in 
that same year employees earning 
less than $25,000 would pay $122, 
those earning between $25,001 and 
$35,000 would pay $196; those 
earning between $35,001 and 
$65,000 would pay $315; and those 
earning more than $65,001 would 
pay $507. 

The report also explored a 
variety of other parking issues 

Visitor parking. The report 
recommends that campus visitors 
pay for parking through meter or 
permit fees between 7 a.m. and 5 
p.m. Monday- Friday. (Departments 
and units, however, would have 
some free permits available for 
guests.) Between 5 p.m. and 7 a.m. 
and on weekends a number of lots 
would be open to visitors. In 
addition, the report calls for signs, 
brochures and a visitor parking 
coordinator to help explain regula- 
tions to visitors. 

Fines. The report recommends 
no major changes in fines or 

Members of the committee 
included: Thomas Corsi, professor 
of business and management; the 
late Richard Farrell, former 
associate professor of history; Jean 
Hebeler, professor of special educa- 
tion; Kenneth Krouse, chief of 
police; Lander Medlin, assistant 
director of physical plant; John 
Menard, director of facilities for 
computer, mathematical and physi- 
cal sciences; Bill Patterson, assistant 
professor of theatre; Stephanie 
Stockman, graduate student; 
Dwight Williams, assistant director 
of intercollegiate athletics; Peter 
Wolfe, professor of mathematics; 

Faculty/Staff Five-Year Parking Fee Estimate 

Total Cost 

Academic Projected 

per Faculty/ 

Year Expenses 





Sept. 91 $3,671,990 





Sept, 92 $3,892,309 





Sept. 93 $4,753,181 





Sept. 94 $5,665,705 





Sept. 95 $6,632,980 





Sept. 96 $7,030,959 





' For this illustration, the Committee assumed 8 5% annua! increase in salaries, general operating 
costs, etc. 

** The ft* Increase for me construction ot a third parking garage (PG3) is based upon a 1 ,600 car 
facility and 1991 construction costs. 

Estimated Faculty/ Staff Graduated Fee Schedule 




$0-25,000 $25,001-35,000 






$65,001 -above 


and Joan Wood, executive adminis- 
trative aide in arts and humanities. 
Ex-Officio members of the com- 
mittee were: David Allen, associate 
director of campus parking; 
Warren Kelley, director of budget 
analysis for resource planning and 
budgets; Irene Redmiles, land use 
planner for resource planning and 
budgets; Janice Simmons, assistant 
director of campus parking and 
Richard Stimpson, assistant vice 
president of student affairs. 

Brian Busek 


Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff newspaper serving 

the College Park campus community 



Kathryn Costello 

Vice President (or 

Institutional Advancement 

Hi'? Hlebert 

Director ol Public Information & 


Linda Freeman 

Production Editor 

Lisa Gregory 

Staff Writer 

Tom otwell 

Staff Writer 

Gary Stephenson 

Staff Writer 

Fnrlss Samarrai 

Staff Wnter 

Jennifer Bacon 

Calendar Editor 

Judith Balr 

Art Director 

John Consoli 

Format Designer 

Stephen Darrou 

Layout & Illustration 

Chris Paul 

Layout & Illustration 

Al Dsnegger 


Linda Martin 


Kerstln Neteler 

Production Intern 

Letters to the editor, story suggestions, campus infor- 
mation & calendar items are welcome Please submit all 
material at least three weeks before the Monday of 
publication 5end it to Roz Higher! Editor Outlook. 2101 
Turner Building, through campus mail or to University of 
Maryland. College Park. MO 20742. Our telephone 
number is (301)405-4621. Electronic mail address is 
outlook ©ores umd edu Fax number is (301} 3 14-9344 




SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

...And a Good Time Was Had by All 

More than 2,000 people enjoyed an all-campus picnic on McKel- 
din Mall the week before classes began, an outing complete with 
volleyball, prizes, and music. Coordinator Jon Rood (director. 
Communication Services) took on the challenge of providing a 
picnic with no budget support and received volunteer help from 
every unit on campus. Barbecued chicken, hot dogs, veggies, fruit, 
ice cream and soft drinks were available for a nominal charge. 
More than 500 donated prizes were given out, ranging from tennis 
balls and dance recital tickets to a book on leadership from the 
business school. See you next year? 

College Park "In the News 

? j 

College Park-related stories 
appear regularly in both the 
regional and national media, and 
our faculty members often are 
quoted as experts in breaking news 
situations. Here are some recent 
highlights of news coverage of Col- 
lege Park faculty and staff. 

•The first scientific study to 
identify the best beaches in Amer- 
ica received an avalanche of nation- 
al media coverage. Stephen 
Leatherman, director of the Labor- 
atory for Coastal Research, 
appeared in The New York Times, 
The Washington Post, The Los Angeles 
Times, USA Today, The Boston Globe, 
The Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore 
Sun, The Chronicle of Higher Educa- 
tion, and every other major news- 
paper in the country. The story was 
picked up by virtually every news 
service in the nation and fed to 
hundreds of newspapers from coast 
to coast. In addition, he was fea- 
tured in The Economist, U.S. News & 
World Report, Conde Nast Traveler, 
and several other national maga- 
zines. Leatherman also appeared 
on ABC's Regis and Cathy Lee 
Show, ABC's Good Moming Amer- 
ica, CBS, CNN, and dozens of TV 
and radio affiliates throughout the 
United States. 

•Research on the pink lady slip- 
per, an orchid that thrives despite 

its apparent violation of the basic 
principles of natural selection, 
earned Doug Gill, professor of 
zoology, major articles in The New 
York Times, The Washington Post, 
The Chronicle of Higher Education, 
and OMNI Magazine. 

•Work by Horticulturist William 
Healy to create a cut-flower indus- 
try in Maryland was featured in 
The Baltimore Sun, The Washington 
Post, and the Prince George's Journal. 
The story also was picked by the 
Associated Press news service, and 
Dr. Healy is scheduled to appear 
on Channel 9 TV (Washington). 

• Beverly Greenfieg and Barbara 
Goldberg, coordinators with the 
Returning Students Program, were 
featured in The New York Times in 
an article addressing the special 
needs of older students. 

• In a Washingtonian Magazine 
article on writing classes, Richard 
Blum, associate professor in the 
department of radio /television, 
and his television-comedy writing 
workshop were featured. 

The recent crisis in the Soviet 
Union provided an opportunity for 
the College Park campus to make 
available to the media several 
prominent experts on Soviet and 
international affairs. As the result 
of a media advisory faxed out on 

the day of the coup attempt, sev- 
eral campus experts received exten- 
sive media coverage. They include: 

• Visiting Scholar Henry 
Trofimenko was featured twice in 
The New York Times and also 
appeared in The Washington Times, 
The Baltimore Sun, and The Kansas 
City Star. He appeared on CNN, 
National Public Radio, WJZ-TV 
(Baltimore) and Channel 5 

•Roald Sagdeev, Distinguished 
Professor of Physics, was quoted 
extensively in The New York Times 
and The Prince George's journal and 
appeared on CBS television and 
Channel 5 TV evening news, and 
syndicated columnist Hobart 
Rowen's column on economics 
appearing in major newspapers 
around the nations. 

•Warren Phillips, professor in 
the Department of Government and 
Politics, appeared in The Baltimore 
Sun and Evening Sun, among other 

•Catherine Kelleher, professor 
in Center for International Security 
Studies, appeared on Christian 
Science Monitor television. 

• William Galston, professor in 
School of Public Affairs, was 
quoted in The Boston Globe. 

Ponnamperuma To Receive First 
International Service Award 

Cyril Ponnamperuma 

Cyril Ponnamperuma, professor 
of chemistry and director of the 
Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, 
has been selected as the first recip- 
ient of the Distinguished Interna- 
tional Service Award. 

The award recognizes his signi- 
ficant contributions to the develop- 

ment of international programs at 
College Park and honors his distin- 
guished professional career in 
international affairs and scholar- 

Ponnamperuma will be honored 
at an International Affairs Gala Fri- 
day, Sept. 20 at the Center of Adult 

Education. A reception in the 
Founder's Room begins at 6 p.m. 
followed by dinner in the Chesa- 
peake Room at 7 p.m. 

President Kirwan will deliver 
the welcome address, "UMCP and 
Maryland: Their International 
Futures." The gala also will recog- 
nize Townsend Hoopes, Benjamin 
Kremenak, and Charles Miller, the 
three 1991-92 Distinguished Inter- 
national Executives-in-Residence at 
College Park. 

Ponnamperuma, a native of Sri 
Lanka, joined the College Park fac- 
ulty in 1971. Author of more than 
400 publications, his work includes 
16 books, most notably The Origins 
of Life, and he is the recipient of 
numerous international awards. He 
is science advisor to the President 
of Sri Lanka, director of the Insti- 
tute of Fundamental Studies, and 
had been director of the Authur C 
Clarke Centre for Modern Technol- 
ogies in Sri Lanka. 

At College Park, he has played a 
major role in developing programs 
related to Sri Lanka, among them 
the Institute of Fundamental Stud- 
ies, a program to build a modern 
information system for the coun- 
try's libraries, and a USAID-funded 
project of the School of Public 
Affairs designed to build relation- 
ships between the private and pub- 
lic sectors there. 

SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 




International Faculty and Administrator's 
Group to Hold Conference 

The University of Maryland's International Faculty and 
Administrator's Association is conducting its first annual conference 
Sept. 22-23 in Ocean City, Maryland. The conference is being coordi- 
nated by the University of Maryland at College Park in its role of 
permanent secretariat. AH faculty members and administrators 
involved in international programs in the UM System are invited to 
attend, as are friends of the university involved in international 
affairs. For more information, call 4054772. 

Tough Budget Decisions 
for College Park 


Fy 1992 State General Funds 

Mandated vs. Non-Mandated Expenditures 



Higher Education 

11% Hospitals/Centers 
Comm. Health 
. Grants 3% 
3 o\ ice/Corrections 


State Personnel 

(FY 1992-AII Funds) 



Public Safety/ 
Justice 19.3% 

Higher Education 

Other 20.1% 

Special Groups 23.3% 

Fiscal 1992 positions are 1,515 less than Fiscal 1991. 


University of Maryland at College Park 
1992 Cost Containment 

1. Tuition Surcharge (15% Spring 1991) 


2. Educational Grants (Financial Aid; 


3. Reduction Non-Instructional Part-Time 


4. One-Day Furlough (State and Non-State) 


5. Fund Balance (State and Non-State) 





continued from txig? I 

in order to make informed state- 
ments about the budget once they 
returned to their units. 

Walking the group through a 
complicated set of statistics pre- 
sented by overhead projection, the 
president showed that 51 percent of 
State General Funds are allocated by 
formula to entitlement programs 
and thus are protected from cuts 
that the governor can order. Cuts 
for these programs must be enacted 
by the General Assembly. Just 11 
percent of the remaining 49 percent 
in non-mandated expenditures goes 
to higher education, he said. (See 
Chart 2). Higher education is able to 
be cut and therefore could suffer a 
disproportionate effect from the 
current bad times in the state's 
economy, he said. 

Currently, a projected $300 mil- 
lion budget deficit exists for FY '92, 
and the governor is proceeding on 
the assumption that there will be no 
mid -year tax increase, explained 
Kirwan. Therefore, the governor has 
asked all state agencies to reduce 
their budgets in order to make up 
the massive deficiency. The UM 
System must give back $24.1 mil- 
lion, and College Park's share of 
that total amounts to $8.5 million. 

The Cost Containment Chart (4) 
outlines the five potential ways, 
(almost all mandated by the Board 
of Regents) in which College Park is 
expected to come up with this $8.5 
million cut, including: a one-time 
tuition surcharge in spring, 1992; 
reduction in non-instructional part- 
time personnel; and the equivalent 
of a one-day furlough for all em- 
ployees. Kirwan said that furloughs 
were necessary because of cuts 
already taken. "The only alternative 
is to lay off a large number of peo- 
ple or eliminate much needed ser- 
vices," he said. 

As to how to implement the fur- 
lough day, the president indicated 
that a number of possibilities are 
under consideration. His goal is to 
ensure equity and to be sensitive to 
the impact of furloughs on lowest 
paid personnel, he said, seeking 
suggestions from the group on how 
best to achieve those objectives. 

Asked whether there will be fur- 
ther cuts in this year's budget, 
Kirwan said he doesn't know — but 
he's encouraged by growing talk of 
a legislated tax increase. "If there is 
a tax increase effective Jan, 1, 1992, 
then I believe we have a good 
chance of making it through the rest 
of this without further cuts," 
he said. 

Looking toward consideration of 
the fiscal '93 budget, Vice President 
for Administrative Affairs Charles 
F. Sturtz explained that with an 
impending deadline for submitting 
the FY '93 budget by the end of 
September, the university faces an 
even more sobering task than it is 
experiencing currently. According 




SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

Do You Wish You Knew Someone Who...? 

Campus Club, the university's faculty wives and women faculty 
and staff organization, is offering a new matching-up service de- 
signed to respond to individual requests from any faculty, staff or 
spouse interested in locating other campus members with common 
interests or needs. Finding support groups, joint activities, new 
friends or shared services are some of the ways the new service is 
intended to be of help. For more information write Sorrel Fisher, 
1233 Noyes Drive, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Include your name, 
phone number and a good time to be called back. 

UMCP State Support Revenues by Source 




FY 91 Governor's Allowance and 
FY 92 Working Budget 




Funds 1.7% 

Funds 72.8% 

Funds 63.4% 

Funds 2.3% 

FY 1991 Governor's Allowance 

FY 1992 Working Budget 


to a joint study group of staff 
members from the legislative and 
the executive branches that has been 
meeting to assess what deficit the 
state must expect, the state is facing 
a $600 to $700 million possible defi- 
cit next year if there are no tax in- 
creases. Regrettably, the FY '93 
budget must be prepared with this 
assumption. To resolve this severe 
potential financial problem, the 
governor is assessing a 12 percent 
targeted reduction of $360 million to 
be cut from state agency funding in 
FY '93. The UM System must give 
up $79 million, with College Park's 
proportionate share of the reduction 
amounting to $30 million. 

This would be a 25 percent 
reduction in state support within 
the last two years said Sturtz (See 
Chart 1). 

What potential sources might the 
university turn to for solving the 
problem? Chart 6 indicates options 
considered thus far, but no final 
decisions have been made available 
on precisely how much the final cut 
will amount to, or from what sour- 
ces it should come. Possibilities for 
revenue adjustments include tuition 
increases and a health fee increase, 
converting the Health Center to a 
self-support operation. Expenditure 
adjustments include accelerating 
program closures, salary reductions 
or employee lay-offs. 

Closing his remarks by remind- 
ing the group that the university 
must base these hard decisions on a 
lot of assumptions — one of which is 
that no tax increase is in store in the 
longer term — Kirwan emphasized 
his belief that the current financial 
situation in the state may not be as 
devastating as it seems. "It will be 
righted in time," he said. 

As to what will happen when 
this moment comes, he pointed out 
that the recently adopted Maryland 
Higher Education Commission's 
statewide higher education plan 
places a top priority on enhancing 
College Park and that a committee 
of the General Assembly met this 
summer and called for special en- 
hancement of College Park. 

"We're going through an 
extremely difficult time, with many 
disappointments and frustrations," 
said the president, but he ended on 
a note of optimism: "We must take a 

longer view. In the face of all the 

distress and agony, I believe there 
are hopeful signs on the horizon." 

Roz Hieberi 

FY 1993 

Reduction Alternatives to Generate 

$30 Million 

(In Million*} 

A. Revenue Adjustments: 

1. Tuition (Each 1% increase) 


2. Increase health fee to make Health 
Center self-supporting 


3. Fully charge University College for 
use of UMCP resources (3-year 
phase in) 


B. Expenditure Reduction: 

1. Terminate part-time non- 
faculty/non-college workstudy 


2. Accelerate program closure 
initiated in FY 1992 (33%) 


3. Consolidate academic and 

administrative mainframe 


4. Reduce tuition remission for non- 
traditional participants 


5. Implement non-academic unit 


6. Finance less-than-1 5-year life 


7. Salary reduction across the board 
with fringe benefits: each 1% 


8. Lay-off staff in state and self- 
support (except research) (for 
every 100 positions) 


* To be determined 


SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 




Panel Discussion Set on international Security and USSR 

A panel on international security and the USSR will be held from 
12:30 to 2 p.m., Friday, Sept. 20 in the Student Union Atrium. It 
will feature Public Affairs Dean Michael Nacht; Roald Sagdeev, 
distinguished professor of physics and former science advisor to 
President Gorbachev; visiting U.S.-Soviet affairs scholar Henry 
Trofimenko; and Townsend Hoopes, CISSM senior research fellow 
and specialist on security issues. The panel discussion is free and 
open to the campus community. 

Physicists Turn Up Knob on 
Superconductivity Research 

Almost since the discovery of 
superconductivity, researchers have 
been searching for ways to use 
electrical fields in these materials to 
alter at will their transition temper- 
atures — the temperature at which 
these materials go from "normal" to 
superconducting. This search has 
intensified since the 1986 discovery 
of high- temperature supercon- 

Researchers at College Park 
have now made large strides 
toward putting a "control knob" on 
the transition temperatures of these 
materials and may have advanced 
the day when superconducting 
materials could be used for com- 
plex circuits such as those in com- 
puters and televisions. 

"We have seen a huge effect on 
transition temperature regulation 
with our three-terminal transistor- 
like device," says Xiao Xing Xi, a 
research scientist in the Center for 
Superconductivity Research (CSR). 

"We have demonstrated a zero- 
resistance shift of close to one 
Kelvin and a resistance ratio above 
the transition temperature of about 
23 percent, and below the transi- 
tion temperature of almost 1,600 
percent," says Venky Venkatesan, 
an investigator with the center's 
project and a professor in the 
Departments of Physics and Electri- 
cal Engineering. According to the 
two researchers, the type of super- 
conducting temperature regulation 
they have produced is the best ever 
recorded and represents a signifi- 
cant improvement over results 
recently reported by IBM's research 
gTOup in Zurich. 

Venkatesan's and Xi's results 
will be published in the journal, 
Applied Physics Letters. 

"Most superconductors are two 
terminal," explains Xi. "Energy 
enters one terminal and exits 
another. By adding a third termi- 
nal, as we have done, the addition- 
al terminal becomes a control knob 
that alters the transition tempera- 
ture and thereby allows us to regu- 
late energy flow in the other two 

'With this electric field effect on 
the properties of the superconduc- 
tor, one can introduce an extra 
dimension of control on even exist- 
ing superconducting devices, such 
as high current switches and micro- 
wave resonators," says Venkatesan. 

This current research is pro- 
ducing some of the best results in 
the world," says Richard L. Greene, 
a College Park physics professor 
and director of CSR. "The work is 
greatly furthering our understand- 
ing of how high-temperature 
superconductors actually work. If 
we can someday learn through this 
research to make superconductors 
work like semi-conductors— with 
electric field switches — we could 
eventually make these materials 
applicable to electronic devices and 
power transmission systems." 

Greene cautions, however, that 
such progress will be many years 
in the making. "The potential for 

Superconductivity researchers Venky Venkatesan, Xiao Xing Xi, Qi Li and Chuhee Kwon; "We 
have seen a huge effect on transition temperature regulation." 

high-temperature superconductors 
was greatly oversold in the early 
days of the research, and many 
people were disappointed when 
practical uses for these materials — 
such as levitated trains — did not 
pan out quickly. But new technol- 

ogies require many years of 
research and development. Our 
research here at the center is an 
important milestone, however, 
toward a brighter superconducting 

Fariss Samarrtri 

Hidden Quasar may be at Center 
of Powerful Radio Galaxy 

Recent findings by College Park 
astronomer Andrew Wilson sug- 
gest that Cygnus A, the most pow- 
erful — and first — radio galaxy dis- 
covered in the northern hemis- 
phere, may be hiding a powerful 
quasar at its center. 

Based on infrared spectroscopy 
of Cygnus A, it now appears that 
dust and gas clouds are blocking 
our view of a quasar in the center 
of Cygnus A, according to Wilson. 
If this proves to be the case, it 
could mean that certain types of 
galaxies are much more similar 
than was previously thought. For 
decades it has been assumed by 
astronomers that there were three 
basic subtypes of objects termed 
"active galactic nuclei." These are 
radio galaxies, quasars and Seyfert 
galaxies, differentiated by the type 
of radiation they emit. Radio galax- 
ies, for instance, emit strong radio 
waves, while Seyfert galaxies emit 
very weak or no radio radiation. 

But over the past five years, 
many astronomers have come to 
suspect that some of these various 
sub-types may not represent entire- 
ly different objects, but rather, may 
be similar objects viewed from dif- 
ferent directions. Wilson's work 
lends considerable credibility to 
this theory by suggesting that 
quasars at the center of many gal- 
axies may be obscured by a torus, a 
doughnut-shaped thick cloud com- 
prised of what appears to be dust 
and gas molecules. The direction 
from which we view the torus then 
largely determines the subtype of 
active galactic nuclei, Wilson says. 

For example, when viewed 
down the "pole" of the torus, the 
broad line region and compact con- 
tinuum (optical, ultraviolet and x- 

Andrew Wilson 

ray emissions) can be seen directly 
and with little obscurity. The object 
would then be considered a broad 
line radio galaxy, quasar or a type 
1 Seyfert galaxy. But viewed more 
edge-on, the torus blocks the view 
of the broad line region and contin- 
uum source. Only the narrow lines 
can be seen, hence the object would 
be classified as a narrow line radio 
galaxy or Seyfert type 2 galaxy. 

"It now seems that many of the 
differences we see in these objects 
simply result from looking at them 
from different angles," Wilson 
points out. 

Wilson, who this year made 
national headlines with his discov- 
ery of what might be a huge black 
hole, also discovered the first evi- 
dence for the presence of gas mol- 
ecules in Cygnus A, lending fur- 
ther support to his theory that a 
cloud of dust and gas is obscuring 
a quasar nuclei in Cygnus A. 

SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

New Teacher Greets "Old" Students 

New journalism professor Eugene Roberts walked into his first 
class this month to find a room filled not only with his new students 
but also with some fifteen of his former newspaper colleagues at The 
Philadelphia Inquirer — in varying stages of Groucho Marx disguises. 
In the photo at left he joins in an after-class discussion with his "old" 

Challenging Year Ahead for 
the Campus Senate 

The following is a column by 
Gerald Ray Miller, 1991-92 
Campus Senate Chair 

The 1990-91 Campus Senate 
dealt with a large number of 
important issues. This year's Senate 
begins its work with a meeting on 
September 16 and will face an even 
larger number of serious issues. 

Last year the Senate completed 
work on a major revision of the 
promotion and tenure policy for 
the campus, and task forces led by 
former Senate Chairs Andy Wolvin 
and Ralph Bennett reviewed the 
Birnbaum Report on faculty gover- 
nance, held campus hearings, and 
presented a joint report to the Sen- 
ate recommending a number of 
changes to strengthen campus gov- 
ernance. After thorough discussion, 
the Senate passed an amended 
document that should lead both to 
changes in the structure of the 
Campus Senate (currently under 
review by the Senate's Plan of 
Organization Review Committee) 
and to improvements in the gover- 
nance of our colleges, schools, and 
departments (to be carried out by 
the academic units this year). 

The biggest job the Senate will 
face this year will be reviewing the 
comprehensive set of proposals for 
reducing the academic program of 
the campus and for making related 
changes in our academic structure. 
Consideration of the reduction or 
elimination of academic programs 
was made necessary by the drastic 
budget cuts imposed on the cam- 
pus last year and (as I write, the 
campus has suffered a 15% cut in 
State support since July 1, 1990). 
These proposals, initiated by the 
Academic Planning Advisory Com- 
mittee (APAC), are being formulat- 
ed by 19 committees appointed by 
the Provost, most of which will 
present their reports to him by 
mid-September or mid-October. 
Proposals forwarded to the Cam- 
pus Senate for action will be 
reviewed by the General Commit- 
tee on Programs, Curriculum, and 
Courses which will prepare recom- 
mendations for Senate action. 

It is vitally important that at 
College Park we make the wisest 
decisions possible, that we preserve 
a solid, balanced core of strong, 
reasonably funded academic pro- 
grams that will provide the foun- 
dation of the university well into 
the next century. This will require 
fair, careful, and expeditious con- 
sideration within the Senate, 
thoughtful participation by the 
academic community, and a will- 
ingness to make tough decisions. 

The challenge of these unusually 
large budget cuts, second largest in 
the nation last year, also requires 
that we all be much more active in 
telling our neighbors, friends, and 
community organizations as well 

as our delegates, senators, and gov- 
ernor about the benefits of a great 
teaching and research university 
and about the resources needed to 
support such an institution. 

The Senate will consider a vari- 
ety of other issues during the 
course of the year, including a 
review of the Blue Ribbon Commit- 
tee on Parking (which proposes 
some substantial increases in park- 
ing fees), a study of the means for 
improving undergraduate advising 
on the campus, and the report on 
impediments to research. The qual- 
ity of our university depends on 

the quality of the decision-making 
we undertake together on the 
important issues facing us as well 
as on the quality of teaching, 
research, and service we do as 
individuals. Our university has 
made enormous strides in the last 
decade and a half; preserving qual- 
ity and enhancing it in these very 
difficult times is a task for all of us. 

Faculty-Staff Annual Fund 
Campaign Gets Underway 


• A much-needed new facility is 
planned to house the campus day- 
care center. But there is no money 
to furnish it. 

•Budget shortfalls have severely 
cut back the undergraduate sum- 
mer research program. This excit- 
ing program cannot survive with- 
out additional support. 

•The university has not been 
able to meet the increasing demand 
from top-notch students who qual- 
ify for Key and Banneker 

"Each of these is an essential 
program of a first-rate university. 
Each is a victim of tough times, 
and each is a need shared by our 
entire campus community," accord- 
ing to Kathryn Costello, Vice Presi- 
dent for Institutional Advancement, 
who announced that these three 
programs will be initiatives for this 
yearns Faculty-Staff Annual Fund 

"The economy has dealt a heavy 
blow to our programs and our 
employees. But many people from 
across the campus, both staff and 
faculty, have urged us during our 
planning meetings to proceed with 
the campaign, because they see the 
needs as urgent," says Costello. 
"We were advised to focus on areas 
that affect people, especially people 
on this campus who are hurting — 
parents with children, our neediest 
students, and our students who 
need an edge in today's job 

Since 1987, faculty and staff 
members have supported hundreds 
of campus programs through this 
campaign. Last year, nearly 
$250,000 was given in support of 
more than 200 different campus 
programs or units. 

This year, the focus will be more 
specific, but as in the past, donors 

may designate their gifts for any 
campus need. Other changes in the 
campaign will also be evident this 
year. There is no chair; the 
campaign will be managed by the 
Office of Institutional Advancement 
and supported by a committee of 
volunteers representing various 
campus units. Solicitations will be 
conducted by peers, not by super- 
visors, and all donations will be 

The active phase of the fund 
drive will run for one month, from 
mid-September to mid-October. 
Donors may choose from several 
options for giving: payroll deduc- 
tion, direct cash or credit card. 

"Having a campaign may seem 
out of place at a time when our 
employees are already sacrificing so 
greatly. But I know that there are 
many members of the community 
who want to continue their personal 
support of some of our outstanding 
programs, and what a difference 
their gifts make," says President 
William E. Kirwan. "I'm amazed at 
the generosity of our campus 
community, and I see, in so many 
ways, how this generosity helps to 
carry us through the most difficult 

Costello indicates she will be 
sending a letter to every campus 
employee in the next few days, 
encouraging participation 
in this campaign. "The volunteer 
support for this campaign from our 
faculty and staff is already enor- 
mous. I want to encourage everyone 
to just do what you can, and help in 
whatever ways you can. Our needs 
have never been greater," she says. 

Jan George 

SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 



Campus Club's Newcomers Reception to be Held Sept 22 

The annual newcomers reception and welcome back tea, hosted by 
Campus Gub, the university's faculty wives and women faculty and 
staff organization, and Mrs. Patty Kirwan will be held at the presi- 
dent's house on Sunday, Sept. 22 from 2 to 4 p.m. In addition to the 
tea, Campus Club sponsors luncheons, art talks, tours, and lectures 
throughout the year. For information about the Sept. 22 tea, the 
newsletter, club activities, the directory and the $10 annual dues, call 
club president Caroline Hummel at 445-0020. 

"Catfish: Fyke Netting," lithograph by Neil Harpa, It part of an exhibit the artist' » drawings at the Parents Association Gallery. The exhibit, 
"Honoring the Chesapeake," features work recently published In A Maryland Sea Grant Book, Working the Chesapeake: Watermen on the Bay, 
by Mark Jacoby. The exhibit runs from September 3 through October 2 In the Parents Association Gallery In the Stamp Student Union. 
Call 314-2787 for Info. 



Art Gallery Exhibition: 'Select- 
ed Works by Alfred C. Crimi," 
featuring paintings, was rectos. 
drawings and graphic works, 
Sept. fz-Oct. 4. The Art Gallery. 
Call 5-2763 for info. 

Parents' Association Art Gal- 
lery Exhibit: "Honoring the 

Chesapeake,' featuring the litho- 
graph drawings of Neil Harpe, 
today -Oct. 2, Parents' Association 
Gallery, Stamp Student Union. 
Call 4-2787 for info. 

Horticulture Seminar: "Xylem 
Sap Proteins," Fred 8. Abeies, 
Appalachian Fruit Research Cen- 
ter, Kearney sville. WV, 4 p.m., 
Q128B Holzapfel. Call 54336 for 

Space Science Seminar: 'Monte 
Carlo Simulations of Charged 
Particle Transport," James Earl, 
Physics and Astronomy, 4:30 
p.m., 1113 Computer and Space 
Sciences. Gall 5-6226 for info. 

Physics Colloquium: "A New 

Symmetry of the Strong Interac- 
tions," Nathan Isgur. Theory Divi- 
sion, CEBAF, 4 p.m.; tea. 3:30 
am, 1410 Physics. Call 5-5953 
for info. 


Molecular and Cell Biology 
Seminar: "Cyclic AMP, Calcium 
and Control of Developmental 
Gene Expression in the Cellular 
Slime Mold Dictyosretium dis- 
ooideum," Daphne Blumberg, 
Biology, UMBC. 12:05 pm, 1208 
ZocVPsych. Call 5-6991 for info. 


Center for International Devel- 
opment and Conflict Manage- 
ment "Brown Bag" Seminar: 
"The Sociology of Peacekeeping." 
David Segal. Sociology. 12:30 
p.m., MHIBIdg., 2nd floor. Call 4- 
7703 for info. 

College of Agriculture Wel- 
come Picnic, for students, fac- 
ulty and alumni, featuring food, 
entertainment and activities. 3:30 
p.m., Symons Hall (outside facing 
the Mall). Call 5-2078 for info. ' 


Libraries Open House: "Pan. 
ners for Knowledge," 
Demonstrations of automated ref- 
erence services at McKeldin and 
Hornbake, including VICTOR (on- 
line catalog}, 10 a.m.-1 p.m.; 
Tours and demonstrations of 
specialized reference tools in 
branch libraries (Art, Engin, 
Music, etc.), 1-3 p.m.; Reception 
to welcome new faculty, 3-4 
p.m., Hornbake Library, second 
Boor. Call 5-9257 for info, 

SUPC Fall Open House, featur- 
ing information and sign-up activ- 
ities for cultural events, films, 
concerts, tournaments and out- 
door recreation, 1 1 a.m.- 3 p.m.. 
Tortuga Room, Stamp Student 
Union. Call 4-8495 for info. 

College of Life Sciences New 
Students Welcome Reception, 
lor freshmen, transfer students 

and faculty, featuring food and 
information, 2-4 p.m., Symons 
Hall lobby. Call 5-2060 for info. 

Meteorology Seminar: 'Budget 
Study of the Systematic Error of 
the NMC Global Model." M, 
Kanamrtsu, NMC, Camp Springs, 
3:30 p.m., 2114 Computer and 
Space Sciences; refreshments, 

3 p.m. Call 5-5392 for info. 

Committee on the History and 

Philosophy of Science Collo- 
quium: Experiment, Difference 
and Representation: On the 
Laboratory Production of Transfer 
RNA," Hans-Jorg Rheinberger, 
M&dizinisctie Untversitat, Lubeck. 

4 p.m., 0201 Computer and 
Space Sciences. Call 5-5691 for 

Women's Volleyball vs. Tem- 
ple, 7:30 p.m.. Cole Field House. 
Call 4-7070 for info. 

Movie: Bill & Ted's Bogus Jour- 
ney, 8 p.m., Hoff Theater, Stamp 
Student Union. Call 4-HOFF for 

ar; Townsend Hoopes, CISSM 
senior reserach fellow, 12:30-2 
p.m. Student Union Atrium. Call 
5-6352 for info. 

Mental Health Service "Lunch 
'n Learn": "Managing Crises with 
Patients Involved in substance 
Abuse," George Kotodner, psy- 
chiatrist, Silver Spring, 1-2 p.m., 
3100E Health Center, Call 4- 
8106 for info, 

Women's Field Hockey vs. 
Stanford. 7 p.m, Astroturf Field. 
Call 4-7070 for info. 

Movies: Bill & Ted's Bogus Jour- 
ney, 8 and 10 p.m.; And Now 
For Something; Completely Differ- 
ent, midnight, Hoff Theater, 
Stamp Student Union. Call 4- 
HOFF for info.' 


College of Library and Informa- 
tion Sciences Alumni Day: "The 
Library Professional: Endangered 
Species?." including speakers, 
luncheon, awards ceremony and 
rally, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Hornbake 
Library. Call 5-2064 for info.' 

School of Public Affairs Panel 
Discussion on International 
Security and USSR, Michael 
Nacht, Public Affairs; Roald 
Saqdeev, Physics; Henry 
Trofimenko, Soviet affairs schol- 


UM Football vs. West Virginia, 

4 p.m., 8yrd Stadium. Call 4- 
7070 for info." 

Movies: Bill & Ted's Bogus Jour- 
ney, 8 and 10 p.m.; And Now 
For Something Completely Differ- 
ent, midnight, Hoff Theater, 
Stamp Student Union, Call 4- 
HOFF for info.' 


Men's Soccer vs. N.C. State, 2 
p.m., Denton Field. Call 4-7D70 
tor info. 

Campus Club Annual New- 
comers Reception and Wel- 
come Back Tea, 2-4 p.m. Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Kirwan's home. 
Call 445-0020 for info. 

Movie; Bill & Ted's Bogus 
Journey, 5 & 8 p.m, Hoff 
Theater, Stamp Student Union. 
Call 4-HOFF for info.' 


Horticulture Seminar: "The Con- 
cept of Precision Dosage for 
Pesticides in Fruit Orchards" 
Paul Steiner, Botany, 4 p.m, 
0128B Holzapfel. Call 5-4336 for 

Space Science Seminar: 
"HEIDI: High Altitude Scientific 
Balloon Payload tor Imaging 
Solar Flares, Hard X-rays and 
Gamma Rays." Carol Jo 
Crannell, NASA/GSFC, 4:30 p.m, 
1113 Computer and Space Sci- 
ences. Call 5-6226 for info. 

Movie: Dead Poets Society, 5 & 
8 p.m, Hoff Theater, Stamp Stu- 
dent Union. Call 4-HCfF for 



Women's Soccer vs. Lasalle, 3 
p.m„ Denton Field. Call 4-7070 

for info. 

Outstanding Woman ot the 
Year Award Ceremony, presen- 
tation to Marilyn Berman, 
associate dean, College of 
Engineering, 3:30-4:30 p.m, 
1400 Marie Mount, reception fol- 
lowing. Call 5-5252 for info. 

Movie: Dead Poets Society, 5 & 
8 p.m, Hoff Theater, Stamp Stu- 
dent Union. Call 4-HOFF for 


Computer Emporium's Sixth 
Annual Computer Fest, today 
and tomorrow, 9:30 a.m. -4:30 
p.m., Grand Ballroom, Stamp 
Student Union. Call 5-5825 for 

Center for Teaching Excellence 
Conversations About Teaching: 
The New Core Courses: 
What's Happening Mow and 
Implications for Teaching," noon- 
1:30 p.m., Maryland Room, Marie 
Mount, light refreshments served. 
Call 5-2355 for info. 

Movie: Backdrafl, 5 & 8 p.m, 
Hoff Theater, Stamp Student 
Union. Call 4-HOFF for info.' 

Archil set ure Lecture, Michael 
Dennis, architect, author and 
educator, Boston, on recent work, 
7:30 p.m., Architecture Auditor- 
ium. Call 5-6284 for info. 

' Admission charge for this 
event. All others are free. 

Printed on 
Recycled Paper 



SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 




SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

Victor is Up and Running-and Growing 

Welcoming new and returning 
faculty to the campus libraries this 
fall are the many workstations of 
the new Library Information Man- 
agement System (LIMS ID. To some 
an already familiar sight and to 
others a new resource to explore 
and learn, this new system holds 
the key to open a wide variety of 
information sources. A product of 
CARL Systems, Inc., of Denver, 
LIMS II first became operational at 
this university in February 1991. 

While the new system offers a 
range of databases, the one most 
frequently used is VICTOR, the 
public access catalog of the Univer- 
sity of Maryland System Libraries. 

The technologically advanced 
VICTOR replaces the Geac online 
catalog. Initially, five UMS library 
catalogs were loaded into VICTOR, 
including the College Park campus, 
theUMAB Law School. During this 
summer the following were added: 
Bowie State, Coppin State, Towson 
State, Salisbury State, Frostburg 
State, the University of Baltimore, 
the University of Baltimore Law 
Library, and the Center for Envi- 
ronmental and Estuarine Studies. 

In addition, a "union" catalog 
representing the collective holdings 
of all of the participating UMS 
Libraries is being developed. When 
this is ready, the user will have the 
option of searching for an item on 
only one campus at a time, or on 
all campuses at the same time. 
VICTOR now contains approxi- 
mately 90 percent of the mono- 
graphs held by the College Park 
Libraries. Generally, music books 
and materials in Chinese, Japanese, 
and Korean are not included at this 
time. While many serials (maga- 
zines, journals, newspapers, annual 
publications, etc.,) have been added 
to the VICTOR database, the Serials 

September 19, 1991 


10:00 o.m.-l:00 p.m.: Demonstrations 
of Automated Reference Sources 


10:00 o.m.-l 1:00 o.m.: 

Social Sciences. Behavioral Sciences. 
Education. Law, ond Business 

• CD-ROMs 

• Online Products 


11:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m.: 

. CO- ROMs 

t Online Products 


12:00 p.m. -1:00 p.m.: 


• CD-ROMs 

• Online Products 

• VICTOR. CONSER. Uncover 


10:00 a.m.-l 1:00 a.m.: 

VICTOR. UnCover. CD-ROM demos 
All morning In Lobby and 3rd ftoor 

Instruction room 

1:00 p.m. -3:00 p.m.: 

Tours and demonstrations of special 
reference sources In branch libraries 
and otner service sites 

Lisf remains the authority for find- 
ing out what periodicals are avail- 
able here. 

Special collections, such as 
archival material, individual titles 
included in many of the microform 
collections, and the bulk of govern- 
ment documents, also do not cur- 
rently appear on the VICTOR data- 
base. However, new government 
documents being added to the col- 
lection on an ongoing basis soon 
will be included. 

Because the Libraries are not yet 
using LIMS II to circulate books, 
VICTOR does not now display the 
circulation status of material. This 
information can be obtained by 
searching the call number on any 
public circulation (Geac) terminal. 

VICTOR is an easy system to 
use, offering keyword searching by 
words, names and a combination of 

words and names. The user may 
also browse by title, series title, or 
call number. Menus and help 
screens lead the user step-by-step 
through the search process and as- 
sist in refining the search. In addi- 
tion, the Libraries' staff has devel- 
oped a number of guides to search- 
ing VICTOR and these are avail- 
able at any reference desk. 

VICTOR may also be searched 
from a remote location such as 
through dial access from a home 
computer or through the campus 
network or certain hard-wired ter- 
minals located on campus. Bro- 
chures with more detailed informa- 
tion are available at the various re- 
ference desks. 

VICTOR is a database in transi- 
tion. New enhancements and new 
files will be added over time. 

McKeldin Renovation: 

A Look at Coming Attractions 

The renovation of "old" McKel- 
din, now known as McKeldin East, 
officially began on March 25, 1991. 
If work progresses as scheduled, 
the renovated building is expected 
to open for the Spring 1993 

The first floor will include a 
large circulation desk on the right 
and, just ahead, as a prominent fea- 
ture of this floor, a large catalog 
assistance/information desk. The 
first floor will also have Reference 
Services, online catalog terminals, 
Interlibrary Loan, the reference col- 
lection and the bibliography collec- 

Periodicals, the microforms col- 
lection, newspapers, and the 
Photocopy Center will remain on 
the first floor of McKeldin West. 

The renovated building will 

include Government Documents on 
the second floor, Special Collec- 
tions on floor three, and adminis- 
trative offices on the fourth floor. 
A public lounge will be a new sec- 
ond floor feature and a graduate 
reserves reading room is planned 
for the fourth floor. There will be 
open seating for approximately 
2,000 persons throughout the 

The newly-renovated McKeldin 
East will have women's and men's 
rest rooms on each floor and also 
will feature large reading rooms 
illuminated by new halogen ceiling 
fixtures, which will provide a 
warm, diffused light more appeal- 
ing than the old fluorescent lights. 
In addition, all reading room bal- 
conies will be enclosed by glass 

Renovation continues at 
"Old" McKeldin. 


O F 


A T 



Did You Know? 

•This past fiscal year more than 613,000 items were borrowed from 
the College Park campus Libraries. 

•Libraries' staff responded to 580,215 questions in FY 91 compared 
to 524,990 the previous year, an increase of more than 10.5 percent. 

•This past year more than 65 percent of the Libraries' materials 
budget was spent for serials such as magazines, journals, newspap- 
ers, and annual publications. 

A Word From Libraries 
Director H. Joanne Harrar 

Communicating with you, our 
users, and establishing an environ- 
ment that provides for the inter- 
change of ideas and information is 
of paramount importance to us. 

Along these lines, we have 
turned to the pages of Outlook, spe- 
cifically this special four-page sup- 
plement, to communicate some of 
our key services and policies direc- 
ted to faculty members, graduate 
students, and staff. 1 hope you find 
this publication helpful. 

This is not intended to be a 
comprehensive summary of the 
services we offer. When it comes to 
more detailed information, we have 
a number of pamphlets, brochures 
and leaflets to help our users gain 
easy and ready access to what they 
need. Please ask for them, because 
they are designed to make your 
use of the Libraries more effective 
and efficient. 

I hope faculty members take 
special note of our new Faculty 
Paging Service and also of their 
eligibility to make use of the 
Reciprocal Faculty Borrowing 
Program which allows them bor- 
rowing privileges and on-site 
access to the collections of some of 

the most important research 
libraries in the United States. 

We also are quite pleased about 
our new online catalog named VIC- 
TOR. An item in this supplement 
highlights the accessibility and usa- 
bility of this state-of-the-art system. 

Finally, I ask that you take a few 
moments from time to time to pro- 
vide us with feedback. The budget 
situation and the McKeldin renova- 
tion project notwithstanding, we 
are still committed to providing 
you with quality library service. 
Let us know what kind of a job 
we're doing and how we can better 
serve you. What are some of your 
pet peeves about the Libraries and 
what are some of the things that 
we do well? 

My door is open and my tele- 
phone, 405-9127, does not go 
unanswered. If I am unavailable, 
Danuta Nitecki, our Associate 
Director for Public Services, would 
be happy to hear from you on 
405-9251. Please help us help you. 

H. Joanne Harrar 

Director of Libraries 

H. Joanne Harrar 

Faculty Advice Sought on New Book Purchases 

Collection building is a major 
activity involving both staff and 
faculty, and even students. 
Accordingly, the Libraries place 
heavy reliance on faculty sugges- 
tions and recommendations for the 
purchase of new library materials 
including books and periodicals. 

The easiest and fastest way for 
faculty to recommend the purchase 

of new library materials is by fill- 
ing out a form at any reference or 
information location in one of the 
campus libraries. Book purchase 
recommendations may also be for- 
warded to the Collection Manage- 
ment Office on floor three of the 
McKeldin Library, 

Once a suggestion to purchase je 
received, it is forwarded to the ap- 

propriate bibliographer or selector 
responsible for choosing materials 
in the particular subject area. 

To have a newly-ordered book 
held after it has been processed, 
the requestor need only provide his 
or her name and social security 
number at the time the recommen- 
dation for purchase is made. 

Serials Cancellations Eased by Faculty Input 

The Libraries' serials collection 
contains over 23,000 subscriptions 
to annuals, newspapers, and to 
various technical, scientific, human- 
istic and social science journals. 

During the fall 1990 semester, 
the faculty was alerted to the fact 
that the Libraries would probably 
have to cancel approximately 
$700,000 in subscriptions in order 
to help stabilize the proportion of 
the budget expended for serials 
and to prevent further erosion in 
the purchase of other items such as 

At that time, subject biblio- 
graphers and selectors contacted 
faculty members to seek their 
advice and direct participation in 
prioritizing serials in order to 
identify those for cancellation in 
the next fiscal year. Affected and 
interested faculty were extremely 
helpful and understanding and 
gave a considerable amount of time 
to this serials review/cancellation 

This past May, Libraries' Direc- 
tor H. Joanne Harrar announced 
that the original target figure of 

$700,000 in cuts had been pared to 
$285,000 due to salary savings re- 
sulting from the hiring freeze that 
had been directed to support serial 
costs. Another positive factor was 
the improved state of the U.S. dol- 
lar abroad. 

Harrar has cautioned, however, 
that serial price fluctuations and 
the overall health of the library 
budget a year from now may very 
well necessitate additional cancella- 
tions of subscriptions in FY 93 and 
FY 94. 

The Photocopy Card — 

Don't Leave Your Office Without It 

The Danyl Card System installeo tower attached to the copier and 

on the Savin 7500 coin-operated then receives a card reflecting the 

public copiers in the Libraries value of the money inserted. The 

makes copying easier and more card can then be used in place of 

convenient and also provides sav- coins for copying, 

ingspf 20 percent. By utilizing the card system, the 

Similar to the Washington Metro per copy cost is 8 cents compared 

System, the user first inserts an to 10 cents without it. The card also 

amount of money into the coin offers a user the advantage of not 

having to have change on hand 
each time he or she wishes to make 
copies. Cards and instructions for 
their use are available from the 
Photocopy Center on the first floor 
of McKeldin West. Staff there will 
be glad to help. The Photocopy 
Center telephone number is 


SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

Librarian Judy Cmero (right) offers assistance 
in making an interlibrary loan request. 

Changes Speed Interlibrary Loans 

The Interlibrary Loan (ILL) pro- 
gram affords the College Park cam- 
pus Libraries the opportunity to 
supplement their own collections 
by borrowing materials or securing 
photocopies primarily from other 
libraries, and from special sources 
as well- In turn, the Libraries pro- 
vide loans and photocopies of Col- 
lege Park-owned materials to other 

In most cases the staff here will 
send out a request to a supplier 
within 24 hours of having received 
a completed Libraries Document 
Delivery /ILL Request Form. Mater- 
ials supplied by off-campus sources 
are usually received in two to four 
weeks. When time is of the essence, 
Fax service to College Park is often 
available for photocopies. 

Materials borrowed through ILL 
are subject to me loan period, re- 
newal, and use restrictions set by 
the lending library. Loan periods 
usually range from two to four 
weeks with the possibility of a 

14-day extension in most cases. 

The Libraries absorb most loan 
and photocopy costs. Normally 
users will only be billed for 
photocopies filled from College 
Park-owned material and for loans 
and photocopies obtained from 
non-College Park sources that cost 
more than $20 (loans) or $15 
(photocopies) per request. 

Anyone with a valid College 
Park borrower's card is eligible for 
this service. After filling out the 
form, the library patron can expe- 
dite the request by citing or attach- 
ing a photocopy of the source 
where the item was listed. The 
completed form can be left at the 
ILL Office in McKeidin or at the 
reference desk of any campus 

More information about ILL 
policies and services, as well as 
forms, are available at the ILL 
office on the third floor of 
McKeidin or by calling 405-9178. 

Faculty Can Ask for Customized 
Instructional Services 

The Libraries staff have devel- 
oped a wide-ranging array of 
instructional services for faculty. 
These activities range from orien- 
tation tours or table displays at 
College park functions to full class 
sessions or in-depth research con- 
sultations on a one-to-one basis. 

Librarians at the different cam- 
pus libraries will be glad to assist 

faculty in planning a library ses- 
sion for students. A meeting with 
the librarian should take place 
about two weeks in advance of the 
session. Also advisable is a call 
early in the semester to insure that 
the librarian, room, and materials 
are available when needed. For 
further information contact Rebecca 
Jackson at 5-9187. 

All System Libraries Open to 
College Park Faculty 

Faculty members having a cur- 
rent identification card and, in 
some cases, a borrower validation 
certificate from any UM System 
library are entitled to direct bor- 
rowing privileges at any of the 
libraries in the System. 

Each individual has the same 
ability to use unrestricted library 
materials as do users at the home 
institution. This program does not 
provide for the transfer of bor- 
rowing privileges to others. Gener- 
ally, borrowers are required to 

return the borrowed material to the 
library from where it came, 
although twice weekly there is 
delivery service between UMAB, 

Through this direct borrowing 
program, any library material that 
the institution's own faculty, stu- 
dents and staff can borrow, is 
available for direct borrowing by 
other valid users. A loan period of 
at least 21 days is offered by each 
lending library. 

Special Faculty Card Can Be Used at 
151 Off-Campus Libraries 

Faculty members at College 
Park now have on-site access to 
and may borrow materials from 
any of 151 other university research 
libraries as a result of the univer- 
sity's participation in the OCLC 
Reciprocal Faculty Borrowing 

The uniqueness of this program 
is that it provides easier and 
broader access to scholarly mater- 
ials. College Park faculty who are 
interested in this program need 
only request a Reciprocal Faculty 

Borrowing Program card from the 
Head of Interlibrary Loan, at 

This card will provide privileges 
at any of the 151 participating 
libraries. Letters from deans or 
library directors or other official 
correspondence are not required. 

Materials may be used on the 
premises of the owning library or 
may be borrowed, depending on 
the policies of the owning .nstitu- 
tion. Privileges vary from institu- 
tion to institution. 


New Paging Service 
Offered to Help Simplify 
Faculty Research 

The university faculty paging ser- 
vice was initiated in April 1991 to 
alleviate some of the inconvenience 
experienced by users of the McKei- 
din Library compact shelving. 

Faculty members may mail or 
drop off a paging request form to 
the McKeidin Circulation Desk for 
any McKeidin circulating item that 
is not charged out. This service 
does not apply to retrieval of ref- 
erence, reserve, or periodical room 
materials or non-circulating stack 

Before a Paging Request Form is 
submitted, it would be helpful to 
the staff if the current status of 
needed items is verified in the on- 
line catalog system as being "in the 
library." Unfortunately, items that 
are owned by other libraries cannot 
be requested through this service. 

Once a form is submitted. 
Libraries' staff will check the call 
number in its correct shelf location. 
If the item is found, it will be 
retrieved and held for pickup at 
the McKeidin Circulation Desk. If 
not found, the form will be 
returned to the address specified. 
Notification of the availability of 
the items requested will be sent by 
mail within three days of the 
receipt of the request. 

For additional information on 
this paging service, please contact 
the McKeidin Library Circulation 
Desk, 5-9095. 

Faculty Can Now Renew 
by Mail 

The Libraries have made it eas- 
ier for permanent College Park fac- 
ulty members to renew their 
books — they can do it by mail. 

To renew by mail, the faculty 
member need only make a photo- 
copy of the front cover of each 
book to be renewed, making sure 
that the barcode is copied clearly. 
This should then be sent to the cir- 
culation desk of the College Park 
campus library most frequently 

This service is for books from 
the College Park campus Libraries 
borrowed by College Park faculty 
only. Other libraries within the 
UMS should be contacted for infor- 
mation on their renewal policies- 
Books checked out from Horn- 
bake Library or items from certain 
collections, such as Nonprint Media 
Services, reserves desks. Music 
Library compact discs, or EPSL's 
technical reports, are not included 
in this service. 

For more information on this 
service, contact the Circulation Staff 
in any College Park campus 

SEPTEMBER 16, 1991 

O K 

Did You Know? 

•The Chronicle of Higher Education and The Baltimore Sun are now 
available online in full text format. 

•As of June 30, 1991, the Libraries' collection included 2,119,523 
volumes, 4385,087 pieces of microform, 723,620 government docu- 
ments, 191,480 maps, 49309 phonograph records, 33,215 audio cas- 
settes and or tapes, 9,827 video cassettes and or discs, and 9,428 

Many Databases Available Through VICT0R-- 
And More are on the Way 

One of the reasons the UMS select- 
ed the CARL System with the VIC- 
TOR online catalog was that it of- 
fers access to many different data- 
bases. A user opting to enter one of 
CARL's other databases has avail- 
able a screen of at least 22 different 
menu options. These choices can be 
grouped into the following four 
■ UMCP Database 

As noted, approximately 90 per- 
cent of the monographs in the 
UMCP Libraries System are record- 
ed in VICTOR. 
• UMS Libraries' Database 

VICTOR affords the user the 
ability to search the individual 
library catalogs of the many and 
diverse collections of the University 
of Maryland System. 

• Other Libraries Databases 

Other databases accessible 
through VICTOR include the 
holdings of various other library 
systems including the University of 
California's MELVYL System. 

• UnCover 

Through VICTOR, the user has 
access to UnCover, a table of con- 
tents file for articles in over 10,000 
periodicals, both general interest 

and scholarly, from October 1988 to 
date. Over 600,000 articles are 
entered each year. While presently 
UnCover provides article abstract 
information and not full- text, in the 
near future CARL Systems 
anticipates extending UnCover ser- 
vices to include fee-based online 
delivery of the full text of journal 

CARL-member libraries provide 
input to the UnCover database 
which is updated daily. As a result, 
journal articles can often be iden- 
tified months before they appear in 
printed indexes. 

New Automated Reference Sources Make 
the "Database Difference 

.? ? 

Library users can now take ad- 
vantage of the speed and flexibility 
of microcomputers to search, 
retrieve, and print or download 
information on a wide variety of 

The automated reference sources 
of the Libraries are available as on- 
line and CD-ROM databases and 
can be searched free of charge. The 
databases are available in McKel- 
din Library, Hombake Library, 

White Memorial Library 
(Chemistry), Engineering and 
Physical Sciences Library (EPSL), 
Art Library, Government 
Documents/ Maps Unit, and Non- 
print Media Services. 

The subject areas represented by 
the databases range from the life 
sciences, social sciences, business, 
physical sciences, and law to the 
humanities and several multi-dis- 
ciplinary databases. 

The Libraries require reserva- 
tions for the use of many of the 
databases to which they subscribe. 
For information on which automa- 
ted reference sources are available, 
in which library they are located, 
and the policies for using them, 
consult the Automated Reference 
Sources handout available at any 
College Park campus library. 

Powerful New Research Tool FIRSTSEARCH 
Makes Trial Run 

The Libraries are field testing a 
powerful new research tool, 
OCLC's FIRSTSEARCH, which has 
an easy-to-use menu interface 
allowing faculty, students and 
other users to access the OCLC 
database with a few simple com- 
mands from any Internet terminal 
on campus. FIRSTSEARCH sup- 
plements information in the 
College park Libraries with data 
from more than 1 1 ,000 libraries 
throughout the world. 

FIRSTSEARCH allows users to 
search by author, title, keyword, or 
subject without assistance or 
training. In addition, it lets users 
compile subject bibliographies, 
verify difficult-to-find items, and 
identify libraries which own a 
particular book or journal. 

Currently the information in 
FIRSTSEARCH comes from two 
sources, and it is likely that other 
popular databases will be added 

The first source is the OCLC 
Online Union Catalog, which con- 
tains over 23 million bibliographic 
records for books, serials, audio- 
visual materials, music, govern- 
ment documents, maps, computer 
software, and more. 

The second source of informa- 
tion for FIRSTSEARCH is ERIC, the 
Educational Resources Information 
Center, ERIC is the world's largest 
bibliography of educational materi- 
als, and its file contains abstracts of 
journal articles and special reports. 
The full-text reports are available in 
the ERIC Document Microfiche 

Collection which is housed in the 
Current Periodicals Room of 
McKeldin Library. 

During the test phase of 
FIRSTSEARCH the service is free to 
Libraries' patrons. The introduction 
of FIRSTSEARCH marks the first 
time that a research tool of such 
power and magnitude has been 
made available to every networked 
terminal on the campus. 

Comments and questions about 
the HRSTSEARCH database should 
be directed to Gloria Chawla, Tech- 
nical Reports Librarian, Engineer- 
ing and Physical Sciences Library, 
at 405-9159. Questions about log- 
ging on through the computer net- 
work should be directed to the 
Computer Science Center Help 
Line at 405-1500. 

CRL Program is Magic Key to Large 
Off-Campus Research Collections 

The Libraries recently began to 
supplement College Park collec- 
tions by making available to 
researchers, faculty and students 
the vast resources of the Center for 
Research Libraries (CRL). 

Located in Chicago, this 
cooperative, membership-based 
organization, provides to the 
scholarly community research 
materials that are rarely held in 
North American libraries due to 
budgetary restraints, space limita- 
tions and the infrequent demand 
for such materials. 

Members of the Center, which 
serves 136 member university, col- 

lege, and research libraries, include 
virtually every well known aca- 
demic institution in the United 
States and Canada. 

Joining CRL means that the 
Libraries can provide access to the 
3.6 million volumes and 1.1 million 
microforms that are in the CRL col- 

Requests from CRL are sent in 
by computer, and the material is 
often here in about eight days. The 
loan period is two months but an 
item can be renewed as needed un- 
less it is sought by someone else. 

Among CRL's holdings are 
more than 2,000 college and univer- 

sity catalogs, insurance company 
reports, corporate annual reports, 
textbooks, archival material from 
Great Britain, Germany and Japan, 
foreign science and technology 
publications, various foreign and 
U.S. newspapers including a large 
number of ethnic periodicals, geo- 
graphic studies, foreign doctoral 
dissertations, and extensive materi- 
als on women's studies. 

An easy way to find out if 
material is available through CRL 
is to check the handbook, a des- 
criptive guide to all its collections, 
available at the ILL office on the 
third floor of McKeldin Library. 

A collection of CD ROMs. 

A single disk can hold the equivalent 

of 275,000 pages of text. 

The new on-line catalog VICTOR Is 
user-friendly and thorough. 

This special Libraries Supplement lias 
been prepared by the staff of the Univer- 
sity of Maryland at College Park Libraries. 

H. Joanne Hanar Director of Libraries 
Damrtfl A, NltecW Associate Director for 
Public Services 


Frank Booties. Gloria Chawla, Judith 
Cmero. Denise Davis, Aravind Hanrte. 
Paula Hayes. Flora Jones. Rebecca 
Nwude. Desider Vikor and Donald 

Thanks should also go to the editor of 
the Computer Science Center Unk 
Newsletter for furnishing the VICTOR art- 
work, to Campus Photo, and to 
photographer Al Danegger 

This supplement was produced In 
cooperation with the offices of Public In. 
formation and Creative Services 

Comments and suggestions about this 
supplement are welcome and should be 
directed to Qanuta Nitecki. Associate 
Director for Public Services, (301) 

SEPTEMBER 16, 1991