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JANUARY 27, 1992 

Spring Semester Brings 
Administrative Changes 

Jacob K. Goldhaber, acting Dean for 
Graduate Studies and Research, has 
been appointed acting Vice President 
for Academic Affairs and Provost. 
He will serve in this capacity while J. 
Robert Dorfman undergoes medical 

Bruce R. Fretz, professor of psychol- 
ogy and former president of the 
Campus Senate, has been named act- 
ing Associate Provost. 

Graduate Studies' acting Associate 

Dean Timothy Ng, will serve as act- 
ing Dean. 

Muriel R. Sloan, assistant Vice Pres- 
ident for Academic Affairs, has been 
named acting Dean of the College of 
Human Ecology where she replaces 
Laura S. Sims, who has returned to 
teaching in the college. 

Kathryn Costello, Vice President for 
Institutional Advancement, has 
assumed the additional duties of act- 
ing director of public information. 

(Clockwise from 
top left) Jacob 
K. Goldhaber, 
Bruce R. Fretz, 
Muriel R. Sloan, 
Kathryn Costello 

New Grant Awarded To Study Endangered Bay Oysters 

Ironically, the one animal that could 
most help save the ecologically — 
embattled Chesapeake Bay is itself 
under attack. Chesapeake Bay oys- 
ters, long prized for their succulent 
flavor and now also prized for their 
ability to filter water, are being 
killed off by a disease called 

But a new National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration grant of 
$309,000 to College Park and the Uni- 
versity of Maryland System's Center 

for Environmental and Estuarine 
Studies (CEES) to study dermo might 
offer hope not only for oysters in the 
bay but for the bay itself. 
This is because as the bay has 
become saturated with excess nutri- 
ents washed from surrounding land, 
algae and other plant life thrive, feed- 
ing on the abundant nutrients. But as 
the plant life increases, it consumes 
much of the oxygen in the water, 
depriving bay animals, such as fish, 
of the oxygen they need to survive. 

Oysters, however, feed on these over 
abundant alga in the bay. 

And, acting as small vacuum clean- 
ers, they take in water, filter out the 
alga for food, and expel the resulting 
filtered water back into the bay. 

Unfortunately, however, the num- 
ber of oysters in the bay is declining 
sharply. One major reason is dermo. 
This disease infects many oysters, 
stunting their growth and causing 

continued on page 3 

Hiebert, Public Information Director and 
Outlook Editor, Joins NASULGC 

Annual Fund Alumni Support 
Up 38 Percent 

Sadat Chair Receives $300,000 f 

in Gifts Z 

New Non-profit Corporation 

l IRQ will administer externally 
funded research grains 


Death Penalty Myths and 

New book says Ultimate penalty / 
no deterrent to crime Tt 

Art Gallery Opens With 
Images of America 

Exhibit focuses on marine, genre 
and still life works 


Roz Hiebert, who served as the 
campus' chief public information offi- 
cer and editor of Outlook, has left the 
university to become Director of Pub- 
lic Affairs for the National Associa- 
tion of State Universities and Land 
Grant Colleges (NASULGC) in Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Hiebert, who came to College Park 
in 1970 as a part-time writer in what 
was then the Office of University 
Relations, also edited Precis, the week- 
ly faculty/staff newsletter that pre- 
ceded Outlook. She was appointed 
director of public information in 1977. 

Hiebert joined NASULGC January 6. 

During her long and distinguished 
career at College Park, Hiebert 
received a number of national awards 
for publications she edited, including 
the Gold Quill Award of the Interna- 
tional Association of Business Com- 
municators, and citations from the 
American College Public Relations 

Both Precis and Outlook were rated 
by the Council for the Advancement 
and Support of Education (CASE) as 
among the nation's ten top publica- 
tions for university faculty and staff. 

Precis won two 1985 CASE Gold 
Medals for excellence in 
writing and Outlook, which 
was launched in September 
1986, won CASE Silver 
Medals in 1987 and 1988. 

In recognition of her many 
contributions to the College 
Park campus community, 
Hiebert was named 1987 Out- 
standing Woman of the Year by 
the Chancellor's Commission on 
Women's Affairs. She also was pre- 
sented with the university's Out- 
standing Associate Staff Award in 
1987 at the annual Faculty and Asso- 
ciate Staff Convocation. 

A search committee chaired by 
Loren Taylor, director of alumni pro- 
grams, has been appointed to find 
Hiebert's successor. 

In the interim, Kathryn Costello, 
Vice President for Institutional 
Advancement, will serve as acting 
director of public information. 

In a related development, Linda 
Freeman, Outlook production editor, 
has accepted a position with Hiebert 
at NASULGC. She begins there 
February 10. 

Roz Hiebert and 


O F 


A T 



CESAR Speaker Series 

David Musto, professor of Psychiatry and History of Medicine at 
Yale University, will be speaking on "America's Response to Drug 
Use: Lessons from the Past" on Jan. 29 at 3 p.m. in the Stamp Union, 
Room 2111. This is the first in a series of monthly lectures sponsored 
by the university's Center for Substance Abuse Research. The 
lectures are open to the public. For more information call 403-8329. 

Alumni Support Through Annual Fund Up 38 Percent; 
Sadat Chair Receives $300,000 in Gifts 

Despite tough economic times, fund 
raising efforts at College Park contin- 
le to make significant progress. 

Alumni support for College Park 
through the Annual Fund is at an all 
time high. In the first five months of 
fiscal year 1992, the Annual Fund has 
raised' $374,522 from 8,658 gifts and 
pledges — a 38 percent increase over 
the same period in FY 1991. The 
Annual Fund finished FY 1991 with a 
record $812,772 in university support. 

"We're very pleased with the 
breadth and depth of our alumni 
support through the Annual Fund," 
said Jan George, director of annual 
giving at College Park. "Given the 
economic downturn, and the severe 
budget restrictions placed on us by 
Annapolis, it is gratifying to see how 
strongly our alumni believe in the 

The resources of the Annual Fund 
are critical to College Park's 
day-to-day operations. These gifts 
provide the president with much 
needed management flexibility, 

allowing him to recruit and retain 
outstanding faculty and fund student 
programs that would not exist given 
current state budgets. 

Major gifts to programs and activi- 
ties at College Park also have been 
received. The endowment fund for 
The Anwar Sadat Chair for Popula- 
tion, Development, and Peace 
received a major boost with recent 
gifts totaling $300,000. Dr. and Mrs. 
Frank Agrama have contributed 
$200,000 toward the Sadat Chair. 
Frank Agrama is chairman and CEO 
of Harmony Gold, a movie and tele- 
vision production studio in Los 
Angeles. Another gift to the Sadat 
Chair came from Dr. Ray Irani, chair- 
man and CEO of Occidental 
Petroleum. Irani contributed $50,000. 
Communications magnate Walter H. 
Annenberg also contributed $50,000 
to the endowment. 

The most important initiative of the 
university's Center for International 
Development and Conflict Manage- 
ment, the Sadat Chair endowment is 

used to support scholarship on the 
peaceful development of the Middle 
East and other troubled regions. 

"We truly have worldwide support 
for the Sadat endowment," said Tom 
Hiles, corporate relations director for 
the Office of Institutional Advance- 
ment. "Not only are dollar amounts 
significant, the donors represent 
major leaders in business and gov- 

In other development news, sup- 
port for the 1992 Faculty /Staff Cam- 
paign is up over last year, with the 
number of gifts received increasing 
six percent over the same period in 
fiscal 1991. Currently some $110,000 
has been raised from the campaign to 
support campus initiatives such as 
the Center for Young Children, the 
Senior Summer Scholars program, 
and the Key and Banneker scholar- 
ship programs. 

— Tim McDonough 

Neutral Buoyancy Facility Under Construction at UMCP 

Construction is underway on a 
facility that will become the new 
home of the Space Systems Laborato- 
ry at the University of Maryland at 
College Park. 

Known as the Neutral Buoyancy 
Research Facility, the two-story, 
13,000 square-foot structure will 
house an enormous water tank 50 
feet in diameter and 25 feet deep. 

Supported by a $1.2 million grant 
from the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration and a loan 

from the UM System, the facility will 
be one of the four largest neutral 
buoyancy tanks in the United States, 
the only one located at a university, 
and the only one dedicated to and 
designed around the requirements of 
basic research. 

Research focuses on testing of teler- 
obotic vehicles, advanced human fac- 
tor systems such as underwater 
control stations and instrumented 
work stations in the environment of 

The facility is being designed and 
constructed under a design/build 
contract by Atlantic Builders Group, 
Inc., of Baltimore. Verkerke Boyles 
Associates, a Baltimore architectural 
firm, headed up the design. The 
project is scheduled for completion 
this summer. 

College Park to Host Annual 
Maryland Student Affairs Conference 


Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff newspaper serving 
the College Park campus community. 

The university will host the 18th 
annual Maryland Student Affairs 
Conference, Friday, February 14 in 
the Stamp Student Union. 

Patricia Mielke, director of resident 
life at College Park, is this year's con- 
ference chair. 

The conference theme is 'These are 
the Times that Try Our Souls." 

The morning keynote speaker will 
be H. Lawrence McCrorey, dean of 
the School of Allied Health Sciences 
at the University of Vermont. He will 
discuss institutional commitment to 

Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, 
director of the Maryland Student Ser- 
vices Alliance of the Maryland State 
Department of Education, will deliv- 
er the luncheon keynote address. She 

will focus on the importance of 
involving students, faculty and staff 
in community service activities. 

The Maryland Student Affairs Con- 
ference is a regional professional 
development experience designed to 
give student personnel professionals 
and graduate students in the field the 
opportunity to learn and exchange 
ideas on pertinent issues in higher 
education today. 

In recent years, the conference has 
attracted 500 participants represent- 
ing community colleges, small pri- 
vate colleges, and mid-sized and 
large universities from states 
throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. 

For registration information, con- 
tact Mary D. Gibson at 314-7343. 

Kathryn Costello 

Linda Freeman 
Lisa Gregory 
Tom Orwell 
Gary Stephenson 
Fariss Samarall 
Beth Workman 
Jennifer Bacon 
Laurie Gaines 

Judith Bair 
John T. Consoll 
Stephen Darrou 
Christopher Paul 
Al Oanegger 
Kerstin A. Neteler 

Vice President for 

Institutional Advancement 


Production Editor 

Staff Writer 

Staff Writer 

Staff Writer 

Staff Writer 

Staff Writer 

Calendar Editor 

Calendar Editor 

Director of Creative Services 
Format Designer 
Layout S Illustration 
Layout S Production 
Production Intern 

Letters to the editor, story suggestions, campus 
information & calendar items are welcome. Please 
submit all material at least three weeks before the 
Monday of publication. Send it to Editor Outlook, 2101 
Turner Building, through campus mail or to University 
of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Our telephone 
number is (301 ) 405-4621 . Electronic mail address is Fax number is (301) 314- 





JANUARY 27,1992 

Happy Birthday Mozart Concert 

The university is hosting its ninth annual "Happy Birthday 
Mozart" concert on Feb. 8 at 8 p.m. and Feb. 9 at 3 p.m. in the Tawes 
Recital Hall. Thomas Schumacher will perform as soloist in Mozart's 
Concerto No. 21 in C Major K. 467 for Piano and Orchestra and Emerson 
Head will be the soloist in Leopold Mozart's Concerto for Trumpet. 
Both will be accompanied by the University of Maryland Symphony 
Orchestra, William Hudson, conductor. Tickets are $15 for regular 
admission and $9 for students and senior citizens. For more 
information, call the Concert Office at 405-5548. 

New Corporation to Aid 

International Research, Service Activities 

The University Research Corpora- 

ment made by the university in 

result in the improved management 

tion International (URCI) has been 

obtaining the US AID-funded Institu- 

of grants and contracts, according to 

established at College Park to serve 

tional Reform and the Informal Sector 

Victor Medina of the Office of 

some of the university's educational 

(IRIS) project. This five-year project, 

Research Administration and 

and research needs. 

chaired by Mancur Olson, Distin- 

Advancement. The new corporation 

The non-stock, non-profit corpora- 

guished Professor of Economics, 

will be able to manage those adminis- 

tion is intended to promote and 

includes activities in several coun- 

trative activities that have proved 

implement scientific research and ser- 

tries in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe 

troublesome for many of the campus' 

vice activities by administering exter- 

and Latin America. URCI was creat- 

international projects, he says. 

nally funded international research 

ed to administer this and other inter- 

The corporation's affairs are man- 

and service grants. It is not part of 

national projects. 

aged under the direction of a Board 

the university nor is it a state agency 

The IRIS Center has been created as 

of Directors. For more information, 

although it is subject to state regula- 

a distinct organizational entity within 

contact any of the URCI officers. 

tions governing all similar non-profit 

URCI. Subject to approval by the 

URCI officers are President William 

corporations in Maryland. 

Chancellor, other international exter- 

E. Kirwan, President and Chairman 

The corporation's affiliation with 

nally funded projects that are headed 

of the Board, Mancur Olson, Vice 

the College Park campus was 

by UMCP faculty also may be admin- 

President for the IRIS Center, 

approved by the UM Board of 

istered by URCI. 

Assistant Vice President for Adminis- 

Regents last August. It was incorpo- 

It is expected that the combination 

trative Affairs Samuel Lawrence, 

rated in the State of Maryland in 

of existing campus administrative 

Treasurer, and University Counsel 


experience and systems, and the new 

Andrea Hill Levy, Secretary. 

URCI is an outgrowth of a commit- 

corporatecapabilities of URCI will 

— Tom Otwell 

NOAA Grant for Oyste 

r Study Awarded 

Marine Science, will focus on four 

ensure the health of the oysters, this 

continued from pave 1 

i r o 

aspects of the disease: its effects on 
oyster immunology; how it influ- 

might increase their numbers in the 
bay. Such an increase in the number 

them eventually to die. While much 

is known about the organism that 

ences the oysters' ability to deal with 

of oysters could have significant posi- 

causesthe disease, much less is 

changes in the salinity of the bay; 

tive ecological implications for the 

known about why and how it causes 

how the disease impacts the oysters' 

Chesapeake Bay. 

damage to oysters. "Although the 

feeding habits; and how certain bio- 

"One of the main problems with the 

disease has existed in the bay for 30 

chemicals produced in oysters during 

bay now is nutrification , which leads 

to 40 years, there have been very few 

stress, called "stress proteins," 

to an overproduction of phytoplank- ^^p 


if any , studies done on the physio- 

respond during infection. 

ton — extremely small plant and ani- ^m , 

logical effects of the disease on oys- 

"No one really understands the 

mal life, " Paynter says. "If we can V 

ters," notes Ken Paynter, assistant 

mechanisms of the morbidity and 

begin to learn how to grow oysters ^^^ 

research scientist with the Depart- 

mortality of the disease in oysters," 

and keep them healthy, they could 

ment of Zoology. 

Paynter points out. "We know their 

not only play a big part in the econo- 

Unraveling the mystery of exactly 

growth is greatly reduced after they 

my of the state but also the ecology of 

how the disease harms the oyster is 

become infected and that the disease 

the bay. Oysters would use up the 

crucial to understanding how to save 

progresses quite rapidly, but we 

extra algae and excess algae from the 

the bay oysters — and perhaps, the 

don't know why. There is something 

bay and then you could sell the oys- 

bay itself. Accordingly, Paynter and 

going on physiologically within the 

ters to consumers as food." 

his collaborators from CEES, the Uni- 

infected animals that we just don't 

versity of Maryland at Baltimore 


— Gary Stephenson 

County, and the Virginia Institute of 

If researchers could find a way to 

Budget Cuts Force Reduced Hours at University Libraries 

Because of severe budget cuts, the 

(EPSL), Hornbake, Music, and White 

Room after 10 p.m. will require iden- 

University Libraries will be open 

Memorial (Chemistry) — will be 

tification as an eligible borrower. No 

fewer hours during the spring '92 


such identification will be required to 


Sundays: Hornbake, EPSL, Music 

enter university libraries before 10 

The following schedule will be in 

and White Memorial Libraries will be 

p.m. during weekdays, although such 

effect for buildings and circulation 

open from 2 to 10 p.m. The Architec- 

identification may be required on 

services through the end of the 

turelibrary will be open from 5 to 10 

weekends for entry or to obtain cer- 

semester on May 31: 

p.m. and the McKeldin and Art 

tain services. 

Weekdays: All university libraries 

libraries will be closed. 

For service hours for Special Collec- 

open Monday through Thursday, 10 

Late Night Study Room and Horn- 

tion Departments and Reference 

a.m. to 10 p.m.; Friday, 10 a.m. to 5 

bake Reserve Services: Open Mon- 

Desks, patrons should check desk 


day through Thursday from 7 a.m. to 

schedules or call for updates on 

Saturdays: McKeldin and Art 

2 a.m.; Friday from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.; 

schedule changes. 

libraries open 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The 

Sunday from 2 p.m. to 2 a.m.; and 

other five libraries — Architecture, 

closed Saturday. 

Engineering and Physical Science 

Entry into the Late Night Study 

JANUARY 27,1992 







Distinguished International Service Award 

The International Affairs Committee is soliciting nominations for 
the second annual Distinguished International Service Award to be 
presented at the International Affairs Gala in September. The award 
is designed to recognize significant contributions to the university 
during the past few decades when international programs were 
being developed for the first time. Nominations should be sent to 
Marcus Franda, director of International Affairs, 1108 Benjamin 
Building. The deadline for nominations is March 1. For more 
information call 405-4772. 


~l~ Jr 

Death Penalty Not a Deterrent to Crime 
Says New Book by College Park Professor 

At a recent press 
conference Colin 
Loflin presented 
findings on a study 
of restrictive 
licensing of 

The death penalty in this country 
is no more a deterrent to crime than 
life without parole, says Raymond 
Paternoster, a professor in the Insti- 
tute for Criminal 
Justice and Crimi- 

Paternoster is 
the author of a 
new book, Capital 
Punishment in 
America (Lexing- 
ton Books). 

"This book 
concerns the 
myths and mis- 
about the death 
penalty and the 
fact that the death 
penalty is no better a solution to 
crime than is life imprisonment," 
says Paternoster. 

Most Americans don't really want 
the death penalty, says Paternoster. 
"Public opinion shows that there is a 
great desire by citizens in this coun- 
try not to have a death penalty and 
that society prefers life without 
parole that would include restitution 

to the victim or survivors," he says. 
"We keep the death penalty because 
we mistakenly think that it gives us a 
greater sense of security." 

The problem with life sentencing, 
says Paternoster, is that it has not 
meant life without parole. 
"There is a feeling by the public that 
'they will get out in four years and 
will be released to kill again. That 
frightens people," says Paternoster. 

Currently, there are 2,500 people 
in this country on death row. 
Approximately 300 offenders are 
added to death row each year. In 
Maryland there are a little over 20 
people on death row, but no one has 
been executed since 1960. 

"We're a unique country in that 
we retain the death penalty when 
most other Western countries, such 
as Great Britain, Canada, France, Ger- 
many and Sweden, have abolished 
it," says Paternoster. "Those coun- 
tries that do have the death penalty 
are such oppressive countries as Iraq 
and the Soviet Union." 

The death penalty is also an 
expensive process says Paternoster 
because of the appeals process. 

"I don't think we realize how costly 
the death penalty is," says Paternos- 
ter. "As a rule, over $1 million is 
spent to prosecute the typical death 
penalty case. It is less expensive to 
have someone imprisoned for life. 
We save money by keeping them 

The death penalty, says Paternos- 
ter, remains racially discriminatory. 
"It's a vivid fact that throughout his- 
tory one half of the executions were 
of black offenders. A much more 
subtle form of discrimination exists 
today, discrimination against those 
who kill whites. A white life is more 
valued than a black life. Since 1977 
more people have been given the 
death penalty for killing a white than 
for killing a black, especially in the 

"The whole process of the death 
penalty," says Paternoster, "is a lot- 
tery. A matter of luck. There is not 
much to distinguish those who live 
from those who die." 

— Lisa Gregory 

Study Finds Restrictive Licensing of Handguns 
Reduces Homicides and Suicides 

Restrictive licensing of handguns 
has resulted in a prompt decline in 
homicides and suicides by firearms in 
the District of Columbia, according to 
a recent study by faculty members of 
the Institute of Criminal Justice and 

The study, which appeared in a 
recent issue of The Neiv England jour- 
nal of Medicine and is co- 
authored by Colin Loftin, a pro- 
fessor; David McDowall, an asso- 
ciate professor; Brian Wiersema, 
a faculty research assistant; and 
Talbert J. Cottey, a graduate 
assistant, states that restrictions 
on the access to guns in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia prevented an 
average of 47 deaths each year 
after 1976 when the law was 
adopted that banned the pur- 
chase, sale, transfer or possession of 
handguns by civilians. Homicides by 
firearms resulted in a reduction of 25 
percent per month, and suicides by 
firearms resulted in a reduction of 23 
percent per month. 

According to the researchers, 
firearms, especially handguns, are a 
leading instrument of violent injury. 
In 1.987, firearms accounted for 32,919 

fatalities in the United States, includ- 
ing 18,144 suicides, 12,685 homicides, 
and 2,1 10 unintentional fatalities, 
legal intervention-such as killings by 
law enforcement officials-or deaths 
of undetermined type. 

Sixty percent of all homicides and 
suicides during this year were com- 
mitted with guns, and handguns 
accounted for three-fourths of the 
homicides by firearms, say the 

"The most surprising feature of 
the District of Columbia experience," 
says Loftin, "is the magnitude and 
suddenness of the effect. Observers 
expected the gun-licensing law to 
have limited or graduate effects 
because it 'grandfathered' in previ- 
ously registered handguns and did 
not directly remove existing guns 
from owners." 

The researchers also found evi- 
dence that the restrictions on access 
to guns continued to exert a preven- 
tive effect even as homicide rates 
were driven up by conflict over drugs 
and other factors. 

The study also notes that there 
were no similar reductions observed 
in the number of homicides or sui- 

cides committed with by other 
means, nor were there similar reduc- 
tions in the adjacent metropolitan 
areas in Maryland and Virginia. 

"There were also no increases in 
homicides or suicides by other meth- 
ods, as would be expected if equally 
lethal means were substituted for 
handguns," says Loftin. 

"The data from the District of 
Columbia provide strong evidence 
that restrictive licensing of handguns 
reduced gun-related homicides and 
suicides, but they have limited use- 
fulness in generalizing to other juris- 
dictions or to other policies designed 
to limit access to handguns," says 
Loftin. "Comparative studies of other 
gun-licensing laws would provide 
information on which to base wider 
generalizations and increase our 
understanding of the factors that 
influence the preventive effect of 
licensing laws." 

— Lisa Gregory 






JANUARY 27,1992 

National Orchestral Institute to Hold Auditions 

Auditions for the National Orchestral Institute's (NOD fifth season 
will be held at College Park on February 22. Sponsored by the 
Maryland Summer Institute for the Creative and Performing Arts, 
the performing arts division of Summer and Special Programs at 
UMCP, the NOI is an annual full scholarship training program for 
America's most gifted advanced orchestral musicians, 
undergraduate through post-graduate. For more information, call 

Images of America Opens January 29 
At The Art Gallery 

Images of America: The Painter's Eye, 
1833-1925, featuring 63 paintings 
from the collection of Frederick and 
Joan Baekeland, opens January 29 at 
The Art Gallery. The exhibition, a col- 
lection of American landscape, 
marine, genre and still life painting, 
is not a standard textbook survey of 
19th- and early 20th-century Ameri- 
can art, but a personal selection 
reflecting the taste of two astute con- 
noisseurs, says Cynthia Wayne, an 
acting director of The Art Gallery. 

According to Wayne, the Baeke- 
land's collection was acquired over 
two decades of study and education, 
and reveals their passion for beauty 
and keen ability to discern quality. 
Their collection includes exceptional 
work by little-known or obscure 
artists along with that of well-known 
masters. Paintings by Charles Porter, 
Kate Bissell and Paul Lacroix take 
their place beside those of more 
prominent artists such as Thomas 
Doughty, Asher B. Durand and 
Albert Bierstadt. A total of 58 artists 

are represented in the exhibition, 
illustrating the most intellectual 
developments in the history of Amer- 
ican art between 1833-1925. 

Frederick Baekeland offers "Art 
Collecting: A Point of View," in the 
fully illustrated catalogue accompa- 
nying Images of America. In it, he 
remembers the beginnings of his 
interest in American paintings and 
says he found that American paint- 
ings "were not only a delightful slice 
of American history but also a highly 
seductive. of much that had 
vanished from American life." 
The catalogue also reveals that 
paintings in the Baekeland's collec- 
tion, as well as other collections, bare- 
ly reflect the monumental changes 
that took place in the United States 
from 1833-1925. During this period 
the country was evolving from a 
largely rural and agricultural com- 
munity to a more populous, urban 
and industrialized nation, yet rail- 
roads, factories and telegraph wires 
are absent from rural landscapes. The 

exhibition's organizers attribute this 
to the desire for undisturbed beauty 
rather than renewed encounters with 
the problems of everyday life. 

Images of America will be on view at 
The Art Gallery from January 
29-March 15. The Art Gallery is locat- 
ed in the Art-Sociology Building and 
is open Monday through Friday from 
noon to 4 p.m.; Wednesday evenings 
until 9 p.m.; and Saturday and Sun- 
day from 1 to 5 p.m. The exhibition 
and opening reception on January 29 
from 5:30-7:30 p.m. are free and open 
to the public. 

The exhibition was organized by 
the Birmingham Museum of Art and 
partially funded by the Corporate 
Members of the Birmingham Muse- 
um of Art, the Alabama State Council 
on the Arts, and the City of Birming- 
ham. Its presentation at the Universi- 
ty of Maryland at College Park was 
made possible through the support of 
the College of Arts and Humanities. 

— Beth Workman 

Adele Berlin Authors Book on Biblical Poetry and Rhetoric 

Biblical Poetri/ Through Medieval Jew- 
ish Eyes, Adele Berlin's newest book, 
was recently published by Indiana 
University Press. In the book, Berlin, 
professor of Hebrew in the Depart- 
ment of Hebrew and East Asian Lan- 
guages and Literatures, makes 
available in English for the first time 
an extremely important group of 
medieval and Renaissance texts on 
biblical poetry. 

"At no time in recent history has lit- 
erary theory been taken more seri- 
ously by biblical scholars or has the 
Bible been given more attention by 

literary scholars," says Berlin. "As a 
result, there is now much common 
ground between these two disci- 
plines. It is at the juncture of biblical 
and literary studies that this book has 
its place, for it seeks to present to 
members of these disciplines material 
that, for different reasons, should be 
of interest to both — namely, medieval 
and Renaissance Jewish writings on 
biblical poetry and poetic theory." 
The texts presented in the book date 
from the ninth to the 17th centuries 
and were produced in three of the 
main centers of Jewish culture: Spain, 

UMCP and Smithsonian Offer 
Art History Course 

The Department of Art History and 
Archaeology is drawing on the 
resources of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion's Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and 
Freer Gallery of Art to offer an upper 
level art history course this semester. 
The course, "Studies in South Asian 
Art: Vishnu," providing an introduc- 
tion to the ancient art of South Asia, 
focuses on the Hindu god Vishnu as 
met in his many guises in classical 
sculpture, architecture and painting. 

The colloquium will be taught at 
the Sackler and Freer Galleries by Dr. 
Carol Radcliffe Bolon, assistant cura- 

tor of South and Southeast Asian Art 
at the galleries, with special lectures 
by Dr. Milo Beach, director of the gal- 
leries, and Ms. Louise Cort, assistant 
curator for Ceramics at the galleries. 
The course is open to College Park 
students as well as students from 
other universities and colleges within 
the Consortium of Universities of the 
Washington Metropolitan Area. For 
further information, contact Doug 
Farquhar in the Department of Art 
History and Archaeology at 

Provence and Italy. According to 
Berlin, these writings, which include 
excerpts from biblical commentaries 
as well as historical, philosophical, 
grammatical and literary treatises, 
"have been neglected, by and large, 
even by scholars of Jewish studies; 
and, because most have not been 
translated into modern European lan- 
guages, they are unknown to those 
who do not read Hebrew. My main 
purpose is to call attention to the 
existence of this body of work, and to 
make it available in English transla- 

The book is divided into two parts. 
Part one contains a discussion of 
medieval and Renaissance views of 
biblical poetry and rhetoric that high- 
lights the main lines of historical 
development and suggests relevant 
connection with modern research on 
biblical poetry. 

Part two presents translations of 
individual excerpts, preceded by a 
brief autobiographical note on the 
author, the general contents of the 
work from which the excerpt was 
taken, and a summary of the excerpt. 

Berlin also is the author of Poetics 
and Interpretation of Biblical Narrative 
and The Dynamics of Biblical Paral- 

'The Telegram," a 1918 
oil painting by William 
McGregor Paxton 

Adele Berlin 

JANUARY 27,1992 







Annual Minority Student Job Fair 

The 15th annual Minority Student Career and Job Fair will be held 
Wednesday, Feb 19 in the Grand Ballroom of the Stamp Student 
Union. The fair is co-sponsored by the Office of Minority Student 
Education and the Career Development Center. One hundred 
organizations ranging from non-profit to private, federal, state and 
local agencies will be represented. Open to both undergraduate and 
graduate students, as well as alumni, the fair offers opportunities to 
learn more about internships and co-op programs as well as 
full-time positions. For more information, call 405-5616 or 314-7225. 

Researcher Links Fat Intake to 
Gland Hormone 


Many factors contribute to the 

standing obesity may lie in the 

a rapid weight gain and a preference 

decisions we make about what we 

adrenal gland, not the stomach. 

for fatty foods. Clearly, says Cas- 

eat. Taste preferences, 

Their research provides compelling 
evidence that hormones secreted by 

tonguay, elevated glucocorticoids 
play a role in the intake of and prefer- 

^V cultural practices and 

affordability all influ- 

these small glands perched on top of 

ence for fatty foods. 

^-JJ ence the composition 

the kidneys play an important role in 

Castonguay cautions, however, that 


determining the amount of fat that 

a treatment for obesity based on his 

H^^j ^i^^^ logically determined 

people include in their diets. 

findings is a long way off. "We're 


< 1 

^^ y Jm mechanisms also 

The hormones, called glucocorti- 

not ready to even think about using a 

2 1 

^^P -A ^k guide our selection o! 
^m \ foods to meet our 

coids, regulate the body's blood level 

drug to block glucocorticoid recep- 

£ 1 

3 1 

and use of glucose, a sugar that is a 

tors in the brain," he says. "We still 

a 1 

UJ 1 


W^rf ,. JF\\ ■^^ \ bodies' nutritional 
:..«•.-"- ' -' S r .L'^&. j needs. Although we 
,•'.•*', \ ffipfc^ don't always eat right, 
, *» l^^a^^Bl these mechanisms 

primary source of energy. Cas- 
tonguay has demonstrated that obese 

don't know how these hormones are 
modulating fat intake. We don't 



rats have a higher than normal level 

know if it's controlled by the brain or 


of these hormones and that they pre- 

by a structure or system outside the 

_ „, _ ensure that our diets 
Thomas W. Castonguay ... , 
8 ' remain balanced. 

fer to eat high fat foods. 

central nervous system." 

Castonguay has also shown that 

To try to answer these questions, 

Why then, do some of us get fat? 

removal of the adrenal glands, which 

Castonguay plans to inject the hor- 

Why don't these physiological mech- 

eliminates the glucocorticoids, causes 

mones directly into the brains of rats 

anisms stop us from getting too much 

obese rats to reduce the amount of fat 

that have had their adrenal glands 

of a good thing? The work of 

that they include in their diet. When 

removed. He wants to see if this will 

Thomas W. Castonguay, associate 

glucocorticoid supplements are given 

restore the rats' preference for fat fol- 

professor of human nutrition, has 

to these adrenalectomized rats, their 

lowing fasting. 

shed some light on these questions 

preference for fat is restored and they 

If Castonguay finds that brain injec- 

and advanced our understanding of 

gain weight. 

tions restore obese eating habits, he 

the physiological basis of obesity. 

According to Castonguay, normal 

will then try to determine the specific 

"We've learned more about obesity 

rats that have gone without food for 

brain sites involved by applying the 

in the last five years than ever 

one or two days also have high levels 

hormones to discrete brain areas. 

before," says Castonguay, a physio- 

of glucocorticoids. When given free 

"What we're trying to do," he says, 

logical psychologist who also is a 

access to a variety of foods, these rats 

"is bridge the gap between nutrition 

researcher with the Maryland Agri- 

also prefer to feed on high fat foods. 

and the brain." 

cultural Experiment Station. 

People with Cushing's Syndrome, a 

Castonguay and his colleagues 

genetic disorder that produces 

— John Bowersox 

have learned that a key to under- 

increased glucocorticoid levels, show 


Entomologist Uses Biocontrol on Trees and Shrubs 

Before Michael J. Raupp began 

tics of control. 

inaccurate perceptions about them. 

studying the ladybird beetle, Chilo- 

Raupp poses this theoretical ques- 

Raupp and his colleagues have 

corus kuwanae, his biological control 

tion: does C. kuwanae control armored 

found that up to 95 percent of pesti- 

efforts for pests were targeted at tra- 

scale pests by achieving a low, stable 

cides used on landscapes and in nurs- 

ditional agricultural systems. 

equilibrium or by local extinctions? 

eries may be unnecessary. But they 

Raupp's "opportunity to embark on 

He is seeking the answer not only to 

remain optimistic about implement- 

research benefiting all client groups 

help researchers better understand 

ing biological controls in these set- 

in the state" (through the Maryland 

predator-prey interactions, but also 

tings because of successful laboratory 

Agricultural Experiment Station) 

to help pesticide applicators and 

studies. Also, Raupp, Jack Drea (a 

involves evaluating how effectively 

those opposing pesticide use to 

research entomologist at 

C. kuwanae, the euonymus scale 

achieve workable compromises. He 

USDA-Beltsville Agricultural 

predator, controls ornamental crop 

believes the application of biological 

Research Center), entomology gradu- 


control strategies is a cooperative 

ate student Brenda Bull and Bartlett 

Raupp, professor of entomology, 

effort that benefits plant producers, 

Tree Expert Company have released 

says the production of ornamental 

caretakers and consumers. 

C. kuwanae along with the application 

plants in greenhouses and nurseries 

Related to the concept of coopera- 

of conventional pesticides in the 

is by far the largest agricultural crop 

tion is Raupp's concern that pesticide 

shrubs of a Baltimore housing unit. 

industry in the state. And yet, he 

applicators have an erroneous image. 

As with all biological controls, says 

says, "statewide, well-documented 

"Some people think lapplicatorsl just 

Raupp, "there is no instantaneous 

scenarios are unknown for systems 

like to go out and squirt chemicals 


involving ornamental plants." 

and that they're defiling the environ- 

However, this evaluation, which 

By studying C. kuwanae, which so 

ment. But at the heart of their busi- 

may take two or more seasons, will 

far has had varying success, Raupp 

ness is the preservation of the 

provide the field results necessary to 

plans to understand thoroughly its 

aesthetics and quality of landscapes 

validate the utility of this approach. 

behavior and life history and thereby 

and the environment. 

develop optimal release strategies for 

With proven and effective biologi- 

— Kevin Miller 

control of the ladybird beetle, as well 

cal controls, Raupp says, pesticide 

MAES Science Editor 

as white peach and San Jose scale 

applicators will rely less on chemicals 

pes'ts, and determine the characteris- 

to achieve control, which may alter 






JANUARY 27,1992 

PITCrew at the Ready 

It was a gray, cloudy morning when you arrived on campus and 
you left your car lights on. Now, at quitting time, your battery is 
dead. Not to worry. The PITCrew booths that you have seen 
around campus have jumper cables. All you have to do is leave a 
driver's license or student or staff ID with the booth attendant and 
you can borrow, free of charge, those much needed jumper cables. 
The PITCrew is another service of the Department of Campus 

Black History Month Highlights 

February is Black History Month. 
The Office of Campus Activities will 
distribute a comprehensive calendar 
of events and activities taking place 
at the university. 

The following are some highlights. 

Black History Month Opening Cer- 
emonies will be held Thursday, Jan- 
uary 30 at 3:30 p.m. in the Colony 
Ballroom of the Stamp Union. For 
information, call 314-7174. 

"We Are Family" will be held Satur- 
day, February 1 at 6 p.m. in Memorial 
Chapel. Sponsored by the Depart- 
ment of Physical Plant, the event will 
feature spiritual and gospel music 
and experiences. For information, 
call 405-3248. 

Roots author Alex Haley will lecture 

Tuesday, February 4 at 7:30 p.m. in 
the Grand Ballroom of the Stamp 
Union. For information, call 

Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, a play by 
August Wilson and sponsored by 
University Theater, will be per- 
formed in Tawes Theater February 
20, 21, 22, 27, 28, and 29. For infor- 
mation, call 405-2201. 

"Umoja Sasa: African Storytellers" 
will be held Tuesday, February 25 at 
6 p.m. in the Stamp Union Atrium. 
The program, sponsored by the 
Stamp Union Program Council and 
Resident Life, features a group of 
African storytellers telling stories 
involving audience participation. For 
information, call 314-8495. 

Silver Spring Freshman to be 
UMCP President for the Day 

For part of a day early next month, 
William E. Kirwan will relinquish the 
reins of his post as the chief executive 
officer of the University of Maryland 
at College Park to become a college 
freshman again. 

At the same time, Magali Theodore, 
a Banekker Scholar from Silver 
Spring, will don the mantle of presi- 
dent of the university for part of the 

day, Tuesday, February 4. A fresh- 
man French major, Theodore won a 
recent raffle drawing in which stu- 
dents, for $1 each, purchased the 
chance to sit in Kirwan's chair for a 
day. Proceeds from the raffle support 
activities and programs of the Stu- 
dent Alumni Association. 

Theodore will preside over the 
campus from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. 

New Organization to Promote Asian Issues Formed 

The recently organized Asian Facul- 
ty, Staff and Graduate Student Asso- 
ciation will hold its first spring 
meeting Tuesday, Feb. 5 from 4-5:15 
p.m. in room 1102 of Francis Scott 
Key. A talk on "African-American 
and Asian Relations in the U.S." will 
be presented by Tsze Chan, assistant 
professor of the Afro-American Stud- 
ies program. 

The event is the first in a series of 
three general meetings and seminars 
this semester held by the association 
to bring together the diverse Asian 

groups at the university and to 
encourage the participation and 
influence of Asian communities on 

The second seminar, "Persisting 
Asian Cultural Teachings and Asian 
American Women in the U.S.," will 
be presented March 4 by Seung- 
Kyung Kim, assistant professor of 
Women's Studies, and Bonnie Oh, 
assistant dean of Undergraduate 
Studies, who was elected president of 
the association last fall. 

Chemistry Professor Glen E. Gordon Dies 

Glen E. Gordon, 56, professor of 
chemistry and an internationally rec- 
ognized authority in nuclear and 
environmental chemistry, died of 
pneumonia January 13 at George 
Washington University Hospital. 

Born in Keokuk, Iowa, Gordon 
grew up near West Point, 111. He 
earned his Ph.D. in nuclear chemistry 
at the University of California in 1960. 

After serving as an associate profes- 
sor at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Gordon joined College 
Park in 1969 during the development 
of the Maryland cyclotron. He spear- 
headed the use of high resolution 
gamma-ray detectors for a wide 
range of studies in nuclear fission, 

reactions and structure and in 1977 
received the American Chemical 
Society's national award for Nuclear 
Applications in Chemistry. 

Gordon recognized the potential for 
using nuclear techniques of chemical 
analysis in environmental studies. 
His work on the identification of 
sources of pollutants has been an 
important factor in developing regu- 
lations for cleaner air. 

A memorial service was held at the 
campus Chapel January 17. The Glen 
Gordon Memorial Scholarship has 
been established and contributions to 
it may be made by contacting the 
Chemistry department. 

Retired Physics Professor 
R.G. Glasser Dies 

Robert Gene Glasser, 62, a professor 
and pioneer in the use of computers 
for physics experiments who retired 
from College Park in 1989, died of 
cancer on January 8, 1992. He lived 
in College Park. 

Glasser, who came to the university 
in 1965, was a professor of both 
physics and computer science. He 
contributed significantly to the dis- 
covery of the properties of strange 
particles in the 1950s and 1960s, 
using first the nuclear emulsion and 
then the bubble chamber technique. 
More recently, he worked on experi- 
ments at the Deutsches Elektronen- 
Synchrotron in Hamburg, Germany 
that first observed the quantum of 
the strong interaction field known as 
the gluon. 

Besides his physics research, Glasser 
played an important role in helping 
to set computer science policy for the 
University of Maryland at College 

Glasser was born in Chicago, Illi- 
nois. He attended the University of 
Chicago, where he obtained his B.S:, 
M.S., and Ph.D. degrees. Glasser 
moved to the Washington, D.C. area 
in 1955. He was a fellow of the 
American Physical Society. 

JANUARY 27,1992 



o o 



Dance Department to Offer Spring Classes 

The Department of Dance announces the spring session of the 
Creative Dance Lab, a high quality, low cost community dance 
program for children and teens. Through explorations of the 
elements of space, time, and energy, children learn to use movement 
as a means of self-expression. Saturday classes in creative 
movement and modern dance start Feb. 1. Call Liz Rolland at 
405-7039 for more information. 


L*^ ■ 

^fc-?^ ^ 

1l ■ v 

m 1 [ J 

The award-winning 
Cleveland Quartet celebrates 

5^p*^^ ^1^1 

1 * 1 

its tenth season with The 


Concert Society at Maryland 
in an all-Beethoven program 
on Feb. 1 at 8 p.m. at the 
Center of Adult Education. 
Tickets are $17 standard 
admission, $15.30 faculty and 
staff, $14.50 seniors, and $5 
students. Call 403-4240 for 




and its Applications to Water 
Resource Management." Eliska 


Center for International 

Art Gallery Exhibition: 

Speech Communication 

Tel-Or, The Hebrew University, 

Meteorology Seminar: "How 

Security Studies at Maryland 

"Images of America: The 

Colloquium: "Living with 

Israel, 4 p.m., 0128B Holzapfel. 

Supercomputer Compilers 

(CISSM) Speaker, Linton F. 

Painter's Eye, 1833-1925." 63 

Cancer Vicariously: An Analysis 

Call 5-4336 for info. 

Work," William Pugh, Computer 

Brooks, U.S. Department of 

paintings and watercolors of 

of a Prime-Time Televised 

Science, 3:30 p.m., 2106 

State, noon, Student Lounge, 

landscapes, marine views, 

Experience of Illness," Vicki 

Guarneri String Quartet Open 

Computer and Space Sciences; 

Morrill Hall. Call 403-81 14 for 

genre scenes and still lifes from 

Freimuth, Speech 

Rehearsal, works by graduate 

refreshments, 3 p.m. Call 


the collection of Dr. and Mrs. 

Communication, noon, 01 47 

student Tom Licata and 

5-5392 for info. 

Baekeland, Jan. 29-Mar. 15; 

Tawes. Call 5-6524 for info. 

Beethoven. 7 p.m., Tawes 

Horticulture Colloquium: 

opening reception, Jan. 29. 

Recital Hall. Call 5-5548 for 

History and Philosophy of 

"Bud Dormancy in Fruit Trees: 

5:30-7:30 p.m., The Art 

Center for International 


Science Colloquium: 

New Physiological and 

Gallery. Call 405-2763 for info. 

Development and Conflict 

"Philosophy of Technology in 

Biochemical Events," Miklos 

Management (CIDCM) 

the (former) Soviet Union," 

Faust, USDA-ARS, Beltsville. 4 

Workshop: "Democracy, 

Helena Gourko, Byelorussian 

p.m.. 0128B Holzapfel. Call 

Peace and the 

University, Minsk, 4 p.m., 1116 

5-4336 for info. 

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," 


IPT. Call 5-5691 for info. 


Palestinian, Israeli, and 

Women's Basketball vs. 

American scholars, 2:30 p.m., 

Ecology Seminar: "Genetic 

Asian Faculty, Staff and 

Georgia Tech, 7:30 p.m., Cole 

Black History Month Opening 

2100 Center of Adult 

Analysis of a Hybrid Zone 

Graduate Student 

Field House. Call 4-7064 for 

Ceremonies, 3-4:30 pm.. 

Education. Call 4-7703 for info. 

Between Golden-collared and 

Association General Meeting 


Colony Ballroom, Stamp 

White-collared Manakins in 

and Seminar: " 

Student Union. Call 314-7174 

Schubert Concert: (to 

Panama." Tom Parsons, 

African-American and Asian 

for info. 

celebrate his 195th birthday) 

Smithsonian Institution, noon, 

Relations in the U.S.," Tsze 

Die Wintereisse. James 

1208 Zoo/Psych. Call 5-6945 

Chan. Afro-American Studies, 


Meteorology Seminar: "Solar 
Variability: A Terrestrial 

McDonald, tenor, Ruth Ann 
McDonald, piano. 8 p.m.; 

for info. 

4:15-5:15 p.m., 1 102 F.S. Key. 
Call 5-2842 for info. 

Ecology Seminar: "Parental 

Perspective," Judith Lean, 

pre-concert symposium. Peter 

Women's Studies Panel 

Investment and Life History 

Naval Research Laboratory, 

Beicken, German Languages, 7 

Discussion: "'We Were There: 

Engineering Research Center 

Variation," Peter Frumhoff. 

3:30 p.m., 2106 Computer and 

p.m., Tawes Recital Hall. Call 

African-American Women and 

Reliability Seminar: 

Zoology, noon, 1208 

Space Sciences; refreshments, 

5-5548 for info. 

the Civil Rights Movement," 

"Designing Buildings that Fail: 

Zoo/Psych. Call 5-6945 for 

3 p.m. Call 5-5392 for info. 

UMCP students, staff, and 

Code Development and 



faculty, noon-1 :30 p.m. (bring 

Theoretical Analysis," Ross 

"Writers Here and Now" 

lunch), 0105 Hornbake Library. 

Corotis, John Hopkins U„ 

Center for International 

Reading: Charles Baxter. 3:30 

■ ^BS "^"» ■ ■ ^^ ■ « ■ ■ ■ 

Call 5-6877 for info. 

5:15-6:15 p.m., 2110 Chemical 

Development and Conflict 

p.m., 1 120 Surge Building. Call 

and Nuclear Engineering Bldg. 

Management (CIDCM) 

5-381 9 for info. 


Physics Colloquium: Studies 

Call 5-3887 for info. 

"Brown Bag" Seminar: 

^^^^^■^^^^■V ^r ■ ^^r ■ ■ w^r B 

of Materials by Numbers," Uzi 

"Protest Rebellion and Reform: 

History and Philosophy of 

"We Are Family" Program, 

Landman. Georgia Institute of 

The Resolution of Ethnic 

Science Colloquium: "Science 

spiritual/gospel music. 

Technology, 4 p.m., 1410 

" Admission charged for this 

Conflicts in Western 

Without Induction," Frederick 

sponsored by Physical Plant for 

Physics. Call 5-5953 for info. 

event. All others are free. 

Democracies,' Ted Gurr, 

Suppe, CHPS/Philosophy. 4 

faculty, staff, students and the 

Government and Politics, 12:30 

p.m., 1116 IPT. Call 5-5691 for 

community, 6 p.m., Memorial 

p.m. (bring lunch), 2nd floor, 


Chapel. Call 5-3248 for info. 

Mill Bldg. Call 4-7703 for info. 

Engineering Research Center 

Concert Society at Maryland, 


Physics Colloquium: "Time 

Reliability Seminar: 

Cleveland Quartet performs 

Center for International 

Asymmetry," Jonathan 

'Comparing Reliability 

Beethoven, 8 p.m., Center of 

Development and Conflict 

Halliwell. MIT, 4 p.m., 1410 

Approaches — Nuclear Power, 

Adult Education. Call 80-4240 

Management (CIDCM) Annual 

Physics. Call 5-5953 for info. 

Manufacturing, and Process 
Control Industries," Kenneth 

for info and reservations.* 

Phillips Lecture: "The Middle 
East Peace Process," Amine 

Business Seminar: "Family 

Rebeck, RWD Technologies, 

Gemayel, President of Lebanon 

Business Issues and Answers," 

5:15-6:15 p.m., 21 10 Chemical 

1982-1988, 3 p.m., 1240 

Dingman Center for 

and Nuclear Engineering Bldg. 


Zoo/Psych. Call 4-7703 for 

Entrepreneurship Seminar 

Call 5-3887 for info. 


Series. 6-9 p.m.. Stouffer 

Horticulture Colloquium: 

Harborplace Hotel, Baltimore. 


"Basic Aspects of the 

$35 includes dinner. Call 

Anabaena-Azolla Symbiosis 

Dominique Smith at 5-2151 by 

Jan. 23 to register.' 







JANUARY 27, 1992