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A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER FOR FACULTY AND STAFF AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND AT COLLEGE PARK
JANUARY 19, 1993
VOLUME 7, NUMBER 15
Student Astronomers Confirm "Dark Matter"
in Small Group of Galaxies
A huge concentration of mysteri-
ous "dark matter" has been discov-
ered by two College Park graduate
students and their colleagues from
NASA. The discovery appears to
confirm previous theories of where
most of the dark matter of the uni-
verse is concentrated — in and around
small groups of galaxies.
The new discovery also adds con-
siderable weight to the theory that
most of the universe's mass consists
of dark matter, the precise nature of
which remains unknown.
"It's pretty amazing that two peo-
ple just starting out in their careers as
astronomers could be involved in
making a discovery that could help
determine what will be the fate of the
universe/' says David S. Davis, 33, of
the NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center in Greenbeit, Md.
Both Davis and John S. Mulchaey,
25, of the Space Telescope Science
Institute in Baltimore, are doctoral
students in astronomy. Along with
Dr. Richard F. Mushotzky of the
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
and Dr. David Burstein of Arizona
State University, Tempe, they
announced the discovery of the dark
matter on January 4, 1993, at the
meeting of the American Astronomi-
cal Society in Phoenix, Arizona.
Dark matter is matter of an
unknown type that astronomers and
cosmologists believe makes up most
of the universe's mass.
Its existence was
deduced from the rela-
tive amounts of light
elements and isotopes
produced during the
"Big Bang" that most
scientists believe gave
birth to the universe.
Other factors sup-
porting the existence
of dark matter include
the properties of high-
temperature gas locat-
ed in clusters of
galaxies and the high
speeds at which gal-
axies are moving in
which was reported by
The hfew York Times,
The Washington Post,
Newsweek, CNN and
the CBS morning and
evening news, was
made with X-ray pic-
tures taken by the
Satellite) X-ray obser-
vatory satellite. The
pictures were taken of
the NGC 2300 group,
three galaxies located about 150 mil-
lion light years from Enrth in the
direction of the northern constellation
Cepheus. These images show that
the small group of galaxies is
The mass of this hot gas cloud is about the same as the three galaxies inside it. Astronomers
believe this means a substantial amount of "dark matter," about 20 times the mass of the
cloud, envelops the system and contains the hot gas.
immersed in a huge cloud of hot gas,
about 1.3 million light years in diam-
eter. The astronomers estimate that
:ontinued on page 2
Training in New Performance Management
Process Begins for Non-Faculty Supervisors
Classroom Climate ^ ° J '
Campus Senate Statement Z Starting in February, non-faculty
supervisors will be attending training
sessions run by the Mercer consul-
Outlook Deadlines ^-v tants to become familiar with the new
Tips & Dmes to Remember £* performance management process
(PMP), which will be implemented in
Chinese Art "PMP is an ongoing communiea-
Profes.sor Says An History Often ^ tfeffl process between supervisors and
[gnores Non-Western An jl employees which involves goal set-
ting, feedback and coaching and per-
formance review discussions," says
In Memory Of Carl Bode / Dale Anderson, director of Personnel,
Memorial Service Set 4 in 3 recent memo to a11 deans ' direc "
tors and chairpersons. "New forms
and procedures have also been devel-
oped and will be implemented at Col-
lege Park in mid-April 1993."
According to Rythee Wilkes, assis-
tant director of Personnel, special
information sessions for key senior
administrators will begin the week of
February 8, followed by training ses-
sions for all non-faculty supervisors
beginning the week of February 15.
Training sessions will conclude
Information sessions for non-
supervisory staff will also be offered
beginning in February and March,
though specific dates have yet to be
determined. Staff from personnel
services will be on hand to answer
questions about PMP and guide par-
ticipants through the new forms and
procedures. For more information,
U N I V
R S I T Y
Senate Open Hearing on Student Conduct Set for January 26
The Student Conduct Committee of the Campus Senate will hold an
open hearing on Tuesday, January 26, from 3 to 5 p.m. in the Mary-
land Room of Marie Mount Hall, to discuss the university's code of
academic integrity. For more information, call Kathleen Smith at
Statement on Classroom Climate
(On May 8, 1989, the Campus Senate
endorsed the following statement
concerning classroom climate which
had been developed by the Greer
Committee on Undergraduate
Women's Education. At that time, it
was recommended that the statement
be published periodically in OUTLOOK)
The University of Maryland at
College Park values the diversity of
its student body and is committed to
providing an equitable classroom
atmosphere that encourages the par-
ticipation of all students. Patterns of
interaction in the classroom between
the faculty member and students and
among the students themselves may
inadvertently communicate precon-
ceptions about student abilities based
on age, disability, ethnicity, gender,
national origin, race, religion or sexu-
al orientation. These patterns are due
in part to the differences the students
themselves bring to the classroom.
Classroom instructors should be par-
ticularly sensitive to being equitable
in the opportunities they provide stu-
dents to answer questions in class, to
contribute their own ideas, and to
participate fully in projects in and
outside of the classroom.
Of equal importance to equity in
the classroom is the need to attend to
potential devaluation of students that
can occur by reference to demeaning
stereotypes of any group and /or
overlooking the contributions of a
particular group to the topic under
discussion. Joking at the expense of
any group creates an inhospitable
environment and is inappropriate.
Moreover, in providing evaluations
of students, it is essential that instruc-
tors avoid distorting these evalua-
tions with preconceived expectations
about the intellectual capacities of
It is the responsibility of individual
facultv members to review their
classroom behaviors, and those of
any teaching assistants they supervise,
to ensure that students are treated
equitably and not discouraged or
devalued based on their differences.
Resources for self-evaluation and
training for faculty members on class-
room climate and interaction patterns
are available from the Office of
Due to a restructuring in the Office
of Public Information and staff open-
ings that have not yet been filled,
OUTLOOK will be understaffed this
term. You can still expect a weekly
issue, but here are a few tips on how
you can help:
Plan Ahead. OUTLOOK will be
published every Monday (except
March 22) through May 10. The
deadline for news and calendar items
is at least two weeks before publica-
tion date, Monday (see the accompa-
Pick Up Your Pen. If you have an
idea for a news story, feature or op-
ed, and can write clear, economical
prose (or know someone who can),
we'd be more likely to run the fin-
ished product, especially if you can
supply it on a computer disk.
Intrepid email users may even want
to try an upload-download procedure.
But OUTLOOK reserves the right
to edit all submissions and extends
no guarantee of publication. So
before you fill your blank page or
screen, give us a call or send an email
message to propose the news value,
length and format of your idea. FYI:
the average OUTLOOK piece is less
than 500 words.
Be Patient. We'll do our best to
ensure OUTLOOK provides informa-
tive, interesting and timely reading
for College Park faculty and staff. If
your concern is not ours, tell us why
it should be. But remember that time
and space limitations, along with
fewer bodies now, will inevitably
lead to some stories being bumped to
another issue or not covered at all.
For questions or more information,
contact: John Fritz, editor, OUTLOOK,
2101 Turner Bldg., 405-4629,
Dark Matter Exposed
By Graduate Students
continued from page 1
the cloud has a mass equal to 500 bil-
lion times that of the sun.
"Most galaxies are in small groups
like the NGC group," Mulchaey
explains. "The universe is like the
pre-industrial United States, in which
the most conspicuous population
concentrations were in a few big
cities, but in which most people actu-
ally lived in small towns and rural
America. Now \ through the ROSAT
pictures] we have found where most
of the dark matter in space hangs
out — in the little towns of the uni-
verse, the small groups of galaxies,
rather than in the rich clusters where
we have mostly looked before."
The astronomers acknowledge
that further research is needed to
confirm a discovery of this apparent
magnitude. If their findings hold up,
however, scientists will need to
reassess their understanding of the
relative locations of dark matter and
ordinary matter and what they mean
to the expansion and ultimate status
of the universe.
"The discovery of this large
amount of dark matter suggests that
the universe may eventually halt its
expansion," Davis says.
— Gary Stephenson
Outlook is the weekly faculty staff newspaper serving
the College Par* campus community.
Vice President for
Director of Pub fie Information
Director of Creative Services
John T. Consoll
Kerstin A. Netaler
Layout & Production
a I Danegger
Letters to the editor, story suggestions, campus infor-
mation & calendar items are welcome. Please submit
all material at least two weeks before the Monday of
publication, Send it to Editor Outlook. 2101 Turner
Building, through campus mail or to University of
Maryland. College Park, MD 20742. Our telephone
number is (301) 405-4621. Electronic mail address is
email@example.com. Fax number is (301) 314-9344.
— ^— — BM
O O K
JANUARY 19, 1993
Seven Theatre Scholarships to be Awarded
Seven theatre scholarships will be available to talented incoming
undergraduates for the 1993-94 school year. Five full-tuition schol-
arships will be sponsored by the College of Arts and Sciences, and
two $1,000 scholarships by the Theatre Patrons Association. The
awards are granted on the basis of applications, recommendations,
academic reports and auditions held February 28. Requests for
applications should be made to the Theatre Department's Scholar-
ship Committee no later than February 10.
College Park Advances Study of Chinese Art
"One of the reasons for
an undergraduate student
to pursue a liberal arts
education is to become a
larger person, broader in
intellectual and aesthetic
experience, and deeper in
empathy towards other
peoples and cultures,"
says art history professor
Jason Kuo. And one of the
best ways to learn about
other peoples and cul-
tures, Kuo believes, is
through the visual arts.
He feels that learning about the
richness of creative expression in the
visual arts of foreign cultures helps
students appreciate and respect other
cultures, particularly in a world
where differences in culture and eth-
nicity often bring conflict.
Unfortunately, one of the major
civilizations in the world has been
largely ignored in the area of art his-
tory. But Kuo has taken a major step
toward bringing that civilization
into the mainstream of art history
This summer, 25 faculty members
from colleges and universities across
the country will travel to College
Park to attend the Summer Institute
for College and University
Faculty on the Art of Imperial China.
According to Kuo, who will serve
as the Institute's director, many col-
leges and universities teach only
Western art, and the others treat non-
Western art as after-thoughts or
appendices. "It is no wonder
that non- Western art in general
and Chinese art in particular are
still either misunderstood or lit-
tle understood by many experts
on Western art, let alone our
undergraduate students," says
An understanding of Chinese
art is important because it
embodies some of the most
important legacies of
Chinese civilization for the modern
world, says Kuo. Among these lega-
cies are the strong importance placed
on education and the educatability of
all peoples, the profound respect for
nature, the emphasis on human
morality and historical memory, the
strong ideals of political unity and
social harmony, and the optimistic
faith in the human potential for indi-
vidual and collective good.
Through the Summer Institute, 25
professors who teach art history or
world civilization will study major
art forms of Imperial China with rec-
ognized scholar-teachers and will be
given creative and practical methods
as well as necessary resources for
incorporating what they learn in the
institute into their curriculum.
Participants, who will be chosen
through a national competition, are
required to commit to the incorpora-
tion of Chinese art into their curricu-
lum through personal
statements and letters of
support from their deans
"Although the immedi-
ate beneficiaries of the
institute will be the 25
college teachers, the
intended beneficiaries are
thousands of college stu-
dents of these teachers
over the next few years,"
Funded by a $165,000
grant from the National
Endowment for the Humanities and
sponsored by the Department of Art
History and Archaeology, the insti-
tute is the first of its kind to focus on
Chinese art. It also is noteworthy for
the prestigious organizations it is
bringing together. The institute's fac-
ulty will consist of scholar-teachers
from such leading universities as
Columbia, Harvard, Princeton, Stan-
ford and Yale. All have extensive
experience in teaching and research
in Chinese art, literature and history,
and many of them have recently pub-
lished major studies or organized
major exhibitions. Five of them have
served as chairpersons of art history
departments. Curators from the
Smithsonian Institution also will
serve as faculty.
"The College Park area is an ideal
location for the institute," says Kuo,
"because it has one of the best collec-
tions of Chinese art outside China."
Participants will have access to
the Smithsonian Institution's
Freer Gallery and Sackler
Gallery, the Hackerman House,
Walters Art Gallery Museum of
Asian Art, the Baltimore Muse-
um of Art and an extensive col-
lection of materials at the
Library of Congress.
— Beth Workman
National Prtee for Literature Awarded to College Park Professor
Jose Emilio Pacheco, professor in
the Department of Spanish and Por-
tuguese, has been awarded Mexico's
National Prize for Literature, given
for overall lifetime achievement in
the field of literature. Pacheco accept-
ed the award Friday, December 18,
from Carlos Salinas de Gortari, presi-
dent of Mexico, during a presentation
at Los Pinos, Gortari's official residence.
Pacheco, world renowned poet,
novelist and critic, is the author of
more than 15 books of poems, includ-
ing Reposo del fit ego and Miro la licrra;
several novels, including Moriras tejos
and Las bat alias en el desierto; and sev-
eral anthologies and short stories.
In 1980 he was awarded Mexico's
National Prize for Journalism and in
1986 was appointed to El Colegio
Nacional de Mexico, a select, distin-
guished group which represents the
elite of intellectual life in Mexico.
Most recently, Pacheco was recog-
nized for 25 years of literary journal-
ism. He now writes for Proceso.
The National Prize for Literature is
Mexico's most prestigious award and
one of the most prestigious awards in
literature throughout the world. For-
mer winners include Nobel Prize
winner Octavio Paz, Juan Rulfo, Car-
los Fuentes and Fernando del Taso, In
addition to National Prizes for Litera-
ture and Journalism, Prizes for Art
and Science also are awarded.
The award consists of one hun-
dred million pesos (more than
$30,000 U.S. dollars), a gold medal
and a diploma.
The Halt of Great
Harmony in the
Beijing, China, 1420.
Photo by Jason Kuo.
The Mine-Dragon Wall
in the Forbidden City
Beijing, China, 1420.
Photo by Jason Kuo,
19 9 3
Look for the Quilt, Familiar Faces in the Parade
Having recently performed for the American College Theatre East
Regional Festival in Uhaca, New York, members of the cast and crew of
University Theatre's Quilt — A Musical Celebration have been invited by
the NAMES Project to join other friends, volunteers and panel makers
to march in the Inaugural Parade on January 20, 1993. The group,
which consists of several professional actors from the Washington D.C.
area, theatre faculty and student actors, will carry 100 new Quilt panels
during the walk from the Capitol to the White House.
A memorial service for Carl
Bode will be held Friday,
February 5, at 3 p.m. in
W-E11NK5DAY. JANUARY 6. 1993 ■ VOLUME 312, NUMBER 44
Carl Bode, teacher and noted historian
By Mike Bowler
Cart Bode, educator, biogra-
pher of H. L. Mencken and histo-
rian of Maryland, died of a stroke
yesterday at his home in Chester-
town. He was 81.
A prolific writer with bound-
less energy. Dr. Bode produced a
steady stream of poems, books
and essays untrl III health inter-
vened about a year ago.
He was the first biographer of
Mencken and founded the Men-
cken Society In Baltimore, a fo-
rum for Mencken scholarship and
fellowship. In 1978 he wrote
'Maryland; A Bicentennial Histo-
ry.' and he authored dozens of
columns, most of them in a light
vein, for The Euenlng Sun edito-
rial pages from the early 1970s
into the 1 990s.
A native of Milwaukee, Carl
Bode came to the University of
Maryland College Park in 1947 as
a young professor of American lit-
erature. His specialty — Henry
Thortau — naturally led to an
interesl In Mencken.
"He was the last [Mencken bi-
ographer! to rneei and listen to a
good many of those who actually
knew Mencken,' said James H,
Bready. who writes a column for
the Sunday Sun on Maryland au-
thors, "so he became a valuable
Meanwhile. Dr. Bode taught
undergraduates for 35 years a(
College Park, expanding from
American literature to "American
studies,' a kind of modem sociolo-
gy that allowed him to examine
the often-quirky behavior of fel-
low citizens. He retired to "emer-
itus" status In 1982, and he and
his second wife, the former Char-
lolte Smith, whom he married In
1972, moved to the Eastern Shore
about a year and a half ago.
Through most of his last dec-
ade of teaching and first decade of
retirement. Dr. Bode wrote occa-
sional columns for The Euenfng
Sun. They were usually framed In
the first person and often poked
fun at humankind's foibles. The
columns covered life on the uni-
versity campus. But Dr. Bode also
discussed "perceptive witches I've
known." basketball coach Lefty
Drlesell as "Christian educator."
and the "porkettcs" — wives of
pork producers In the Midwest.
"Carl brought the editorial
pages a sparkle and a wit and a
class that the rest of us found it
very hard to five up to," said Brad-
ford Jacobs, the retired Evening
Sun editor who engaged Dr. Bode
as a columnist. An admiring letter
writer called the columnist "a
combination of Mark Twain, Ring
Lardner. Art Buchwald and Rus-
His eldest daughter. Barbara
Bode, said Dr. Bodes "proudest
moment was being named a fel-
low of the Royal Society of Litera-
ture." That occurred in the late
1950s, when Dr. Bode took leave
from College Park to be a cultural
attache for two years at the
American Embassy In London.
Or. Bode received academic de-
grees from the University of Chi-
cago and Northwestern Universi-
ty, as well as honorary degrees
from three Maryland colleges —
the University of Baltimore, Salis-
bury State University and West-
ern Maryland College.
He was the founder and first
president of the American Studies
Association and a member and
former president of the Thoreau
The family said services and
burial will be private, but a me-
morial service Is being planned at
the University of Maryland In Col-
Dr. Bode's first wife, the for-
mer Margaret Lutze. died In 1970.
Surviving. In addition to his
wife. Charlotte, and daughter.
Barbara, of Washington, are two
other daughters, Janet Bode of
New York City and Carolvn Bode
of Santa Monica, Calif.
First day of spring semester classes
Univetsrty College Arts Program
Photography Exhibit: "lm press ions-
East and West," 8 a,m.-8 p.m. daily,
Umversrty College Center of Adult
Education Gallery, through March 28,
Call 985-7154 for info.
West Gallery Art Exhibit: 'The ideal
Copy," 8:30 a.m,-4:30 p.m. weekdays
through Jan. 29. 1309 Art/Soc. Call
5-1442 (or info.
Men's Basketball vs. Oklahoma. 8 p.m..
Baltimore Arena. Call 4-7070 for info.*
Women's Basketball vs. University of
Virginia. 7:30 p.m.. Cole Field House.
Tickets are S5 for adults. S3 for children
and seniors. Call 4-7070 for info,*
UM Observatory Open House: Multiple
Stars," Michael A'Hearn. 8 p.m.,
Observatory. Metzerott Road. Weather
permitting, telescope observation will fol-
low. Call 5-3001 for info.
Committee on History and Philosophy
of Science Lecture: "The Interpretation
of Data.' Frederick Suppe, 4:15-6 p.m..
1407 Chemistry, Call 5-5691 tor info.
p.m.. 1113 Computer and Space
Science. Call 5-4855 for info.
Choral Reading Session, led by Paul
Traver, Berlioz's Requiem, 2-5:30 p.m..
Tawes Recital Hall. Can 5-5571 for info.
Concert Society at Maryland:
Parnassus, Anthony Korf. conductor, and
Susan Marucki, soprano S p.m..
Conference Center Auditorium; Precon-
cert discussion, 6:30 p.m. Tickets are
S17 regular admission. £15,30 faculty
and staff. $14.50 seniors, and J7 stu-
dents. Call 403-4240 for tickets and
CIDCM Brown Bag Lunch Seminar: "The
Relevance of the International Protection
of Human Rights to Democratization and
Peace." Edy Kaufman, 12:30-1:30 p.m..
2136 Mill. Call 4-7703 for info.
Committee on History and Philosophy
of Science Lecture: "Monte Carlo
Methods and Simulation Modeling: An
Introduction." Paul Smith. 4:15-6 p.m..
1407 Chemistry.Cal! 5-5591 for info.
Olngman Center for Entrepreneurs hip
Seminar: 'Founders and Investors-
Partners or Adversaries?" 6-9 p.m..
Stouffer Harborpiace Hotel, Baltimore.
Fee is 120 for UMCP faculty, staff and
students. Call 5-2151 for Info. *
Choral Reading Session, led by Paul
Traver, Orff's Carmtrta Buram 2-5 p.m..
Tawes Recital Hall. Call 5-5571 for info.
Meteorology Seminar: "Statistics and
Sensitivity of a Double Gyre Ocean
Model," John McCalpin. U. of Delaware,
3:30 p.m.. 2114 Computer and Space
Science. Call 5-5392 for info.
Graduate Student Government Meeting.
3-5 p.m.. 1143 Stamp Student Union.
Call 4-8630 for mfp.
Horticulture Social, for faculty, graduate
students, and staff, 4 p.m., 1102
Holzapfel. Call 5-4336 for info
Space Science Seminar: "The Steady-
State and Dynamical Structure of a
Shock," GaryZank, U. of Delaware, 4:30
Meteorology Seminar: 'A Challenge of a
NASA Earth Probe Mission: How to
Measure Rainfall From Satellites When
You Can't," Benjamin Kedem, 3:30
p.m.. 2114 Computer and Space
Science. Call 5-5392 for info.
•Admission charged for this event. All
others are free.
Note: when calling from off-campus
phones, use the prefix 314- or 405-
respectively for numbers listed as
4-XXXX or 5-XXXX,
Anthony Korf conducts Parnassus, an acclaimed chamber music
ensemble, January 23 at 8 p.m. at the Conference Center
Auditorium. There is a pre-concert discussion with Pulitzer Prize-
winning composer Mario Dadlvosky at 6:30 p.m. Tickets are $17
regular admission, $15.30 faculty and staff, $14.50 seniors, and
$7 students. Call 403-4240 for tickets and info.
A N U A R Y 19
19 9 3