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ir V j-'LM.a 

Teaching Couch Potatoes to Critically View Television, page 3 

Find Out Who's New in Institutional Advancement, page 5 

The Shoulds and Oughts That Depress Us, page 8 

O utloo k 

The University off Maryland at College Park Faculty and Staff Weekly Newspaper • Volume 8 Number 15 • February 7, 1994 

When Yesterday's Traditions Are Thankfully Past 

A chronicle of UMCP' first two African American students 

Former Congressman Parren Mitchell fought a difficult battle to become the first 
African American graduate student at the University of Maryland at College Park in 

African American history at the 
University of Maryland at 
College Park began quietly. 
Long before the Black Student Union 
confronted University President Wilson 
H. Elkins on the steps of Marie Mount 
Hall in 1968, four years before Brown 
v. Board of Education, two African 
Americans successfully sued for admit- 
tance to College Park. 

In honor of Black History Month, 
Outlook has interviewed the first gradu- 
ate student and the first undergradu- 
ate — pioneers who opened College 
Park to African Americans. 

From the warm living room of his 
home across from Baltimore's Lafayette 

Square, former congressman Parren 
Mitchell, 71, reminisced about a day — 
August 15, 1950 — that became a turn- 
ing point in African American history at 
College Park. 

That day, in a two paragraph brief 
that belied the significance of Mitchell's 
action. The Baltimore Sun reported 
Mitchell filed a petition in Baltimore 
City Court to force UMCP to accept him 
as a graduate student in sociology. 
Mitchell's attorney, Robert Carter, and 
counsel from the NAACP, Donald 
Murray and Thurgood Marshall, were 
using Mitchell's case to contest Mary- 
land's biracial educational system. 

"1 was admitted almost immediately," 

Mitchell says. ""The university offered to 
set up a graduate program at Frederick 
Douglass High School just for me. They 
also offered to send me to an out-of- 
state school." Rather than accept quali- 
fied African American students to 
College Park, Maryland's policy had 
been to pay their tuition to schools else- 

"Strangely enough." Mitchell says, 
"some black people would get excel- 
lent educations that way." 

But not Mitchell. Although free 
tuition would have been a great help to 
someone earning a probation officer's 
salary, Mitchell didn't want to leave 
Baltimore. At 27, he had settled in the 
city where he grew up with three 
brothers and three sisters. "My family- 
was not wealthy," Mitchell says. "In 
fact, at times, we lived in dire economic 

Though Mitchell's parents never 
went to college, all except one of his 
brothers and sisters did and as they 
graduated they contributed money to 
their younger siblings' educations. At 
the time Mitchell applied to UMCP he 
had a B.A. in sociology from Morgan 
State University, then an all-black 

Contending that the University of 
Maryland had offered Mitchell "off-cam- 
pus work" as a graduate student in 
Baltimore, State Attorney General Hall 
Hammond asked City Court to dismiss 
Mitchell's case. University officials 
argued that graduate students in the 
city were being offered the "same sub- 
jects taught by the same professors" 
from College Park. Thus, Hammond 
said. Mitchell would be attending an 

"equal educational facility." 

"They were absolutely unequal," 
Mitchell says. "In an interesting strate- 
gy, the NAACP took to breaking down 
that pattern of reasoning. First they 
sued the law school, knowing the uni- 
versity couldn't possibly build a sepa- 
rate law school. Then they moved on to 
the nursing school and the other profes- 
sional schools in Baltimore." 

In late September 1950, The Sun 
reported that two professors testified 
that Harry Byrd, president of UMCP, 
instructed them to create a separate 
graduate sociology course for Mitchell 
in the city because "no colored students 
would be admitted to College Park." 
Ronald Bramford. acting dean of the 
graduate school, testified that if 

— continued on />age 6 

Hiram Whittle, UMCP's first African 
American undergraduate, today, and 
below, in 1952, with housemates from 
his dormitory. 

A Historical Look at the UMCP African American Experience 

July 29, 1949— Hiram Whittle, 18, of Baltimore files a 
suit with the NAACP in Baltimore City Court alleging 
that, because of his race, officials refused to pass on 
his undergraduate application to the College of 

August 15, 1950— Parren Mitchell, 27, of Baltimore 
files a petition to force the university to accept him as a 
graduate student in sociology. Three attorneys, includ- 
ing Thurgood Marshall, who was working with the 
NAACP, ask the court to act on Mitchell's application 
"without regard to creed or color." 

October 1950 — Ruling that the University of Maryland 
was abusing Mitchell's constitutional right to equal 
opportunity, Baltimore City Court Judge John T.Tucker 

directs the university to admit Parren Mitchell to gradu- 
ate classes at College Park. Mitchell is the first African 
American to be accepted to College Park. 

January 29, 1951 — Hiram Whittle, 20, wins his court 
battle against the state. In a special meeting, the uni- 
versity's Board of Regents vote to accept Whittle — the 
first African American undergraduate student at College 

September 1951 — Whittle applies for a dormitory room. 
State Attorney General Hall Hammond tells university 
officials: "You must make dormitory space available to 
Negro students under the same conditions and on the 
same terms as those accommodations are made avail- 
able to white students." 

1954— Supreme Court ^\ 
decides Brown v. 
Board of Education 
and the UM Board 
of Regents vote to 
accept qualified in- 
state students to all 
campuses without 
regard to race. 

1956 — The university admits out-of-state African 
American students. 

1967— The Black Student Union is established. The 
organization helps black students make the transition 

—continued on page 6 

2 Outlook February 7, 1994 

Letter from the 

Dear Outlook Readers: 

Everyone's a critic. Which is why I 
expect to hear comments both good 
and bad about the new Outlook. 

When the staff of Outlook set about 
redesigning the publication last 
December, our aim was to bring you 
not only a better looking (at least to our 
eyes) newspaper, but also a more infor- 
mative one. And. in an effort to be 
more timely. Outlook is now published 
on upgraded newsprint. The look and 
feel is different, but production time is 
shortened, our costs are significantly 
reduced, and we're better able to pro- 
vide breaking news. 

Behind our good looks you'll notice 
that we're providing more hard news 
and features about the people and 
events that make UMCP such an inter- 
esting place. 

Each issue, we'll report on the latest 
research, introduce you to some of our 
unsung heroes, keep you up to date 
about pertinent administrative news, 
and provide you with information that 
helps you get the most of what this 
campus has to offer. 

To bring you this first issue, Kerstin 
Neteler, our designer, worked and 
reworked the masthead to create just 
the right look for the front page. Even 
the newspaper's typeface was debated. 

But working her Macintosh magic, she 
was able to take editorial ideas and turn 
them into a reader-friendly layout. 

In the midst of our redesign, an assis- 
tant editor, Rita Sutter (meet her on 
page 7), was hired. Her extensive 
research helped make her article and 
timeline on UMCP's African American 
history a comprehensive piece. 
Donning cumbersome white gloves in 
the Maryland Room of McKeldin 
Library, she sifted through stacks of 
dusty photographs and yellowing news- 
paper clips from the 19"50s — all to get 
the story right. 

Our goal is to be both entertaining 
and informative — a paper that gives 
you "news you can use." 

Achieving that goal, however, 
depends on being attuned to our read- 
ers. Over the next few months, I'll be 
talking with many of you to learn what 
news and information you'd like to see 
in this publication. I'm also open to 
suggestions for story ideas from all 

If you like what you see. let me 
know. If you don't, tell me why. This 
ever-evolving publication is open to 
change; it's all part of building a better 


Kirwan Back From 

President William E. Kirwan 
returned to College Park last week after 
a 1 2-day tour of China, Japan and 

Kirwan was invited to China by the 
Chinese State Education Commission to 
award an honorary diploma to noted 
academic and emissary Wan Li, who 
played a role in opening China to the 
West during the Nixon administration. 

The honorary degree of Doctor of 
Public Service, given to Li for his 
groundbreaking work in agricultural 
resource management, was originally 
supposed to be presented at UMCP in 
1 989, but Li was unable to visit the 
United States at that time. Leonard 
Raley, assistant vice president for 
Institutional Advancement, says Kirwan 
recognized Li in the Great Hall of 
People, the Chinese equivalent of par- 
liament, and Li, so honored by the occa- 
sion, wore the cap and gown home. 

Part of the formal and flowery ceremo- 
ny was nationally televised, Raley says. 

Kirwan spent five days in China, 
strengthening existing relationships 
with Fudan and Peking Universities, 
and visiting the Great Wall and the 
Forbidden City in Beijing. 

After leaving China, Kirwan travelled 
to Tokyo where he met with officials 
from the National Diet Library, the 
Japan Foundation, and the Center for 
Global Partnership to discuss UMCP's 
stewardship of the Gordan W. Prange 
Collection and the commitment to mak- 
ing it accessible in Japan. The McKeldin 
Library houses the collection of cen- 
sored Japanese documents gathered 
during allied occupation of that country 
after World War II. 

The Japanese have provided funding 
to help preserve the collection, and the 
National Diet Library is participating in 
a joint effort with UMCP to microfilm 

End quote 

How far has the relationship between the institution and the African- 
American population at the University of Maryland come, and how 
can it be improved? 

"I think it's come a long way since integration. We've made 
tremendous strides with graduate rates, especially Ph.D.'s. 
What we need to work on is creating a climate and a culture 
that increases awareness of diversity." 

— Javaune Adams-Gaston, Director 
of Athletic Student Services 

"I still think the relationship is very poor. It could be improved 
if the university could make us feel that we are part of the uni- 
versity. I feel that they misuse us. They will find a way to 
upgrade things for the white employees, but when they get 
around to us, they say that there's nothing they can do." 

— Tony Coleman, Physical Plant 

"At one time the University of Maryland was a segregated 
institution. When I arrived in 1972, we all knew each other by 
name because we were so small in population. Now, I know 
only a small cadre of the black population. I don't know more 
than a third or 50 percent of the black faculty and staff that I 
see on campus or at functions. One of the great assets of our 
mock trial team is that we are the most diverse team in the 

nation. But it would be nice to have a black person in the position of a dean or a 

vice president." 

— Noel Myricks, associate professor of Family Studies 
and head coach of the Maryland Mock Trial Team 

"I've been here for about 21 years. I see they've made some 
changes, but African-American and classified employees are 
still struggling. We still have a long way to go. We all should 
learn more about an individual, learn more about cultural dif- 
ferences. Instead of seeing color, seeing a person as an indi- 
vidual. Diversity year has helped a lot." 

— Angela Bass, Administrative Aide, 
Human Relations Programs 

the magazines. 

In Taiwan, Kirwan had breakfast 
with members of the Taiwan Alumni 
Club. later, the president discussed the 
extension program for the University of 
Maryland in Taiwan. 

At a dinner in Taipei, Kirwan con- 
gratulated C.S. Shen, another 
Taiwanese alumnus, on his appoint- 
ment as President of Tsing Hua 

President Kirwan also committed to 
exchange agreements with Tsing Hua 
University and National Taiwan 
University, which Raley calls the 
"Harvard of Taiwan." 


Next Issue: The unsung 
heroes of Deep Freeze 
'94. Meet the campus 
employees who did the 
tough jobs during the 
week-long ice storm. 

Study Links Optimism to Good Health 

Optimists are more likely than others 
to pay attention to potential health 
problems. Consequently, they may 
enjoy better health. 

"These findings are surprising," says 
Lisa G. Aspinwall a University of 
Maryland at College Park psychology 
professor who recently announced her 
conclusions after studying optimism for 
seven years. 

"Both popular belief and psychologi- 
cal theory hold that optimists, because 
they deny threats, will be less attentive 
to warnings about their health, and will 
suffer for it," says Aspinwall. "But I 
found no evidence that optimism func- 
tions like denial." 

Webster's dictionary defines an opti- 
mist as "someone who anticipates the 

best possible outcome." A study by 
Neil Weinstein of Rutgers University 
found that 70 percent of the general 
population believe that they are at 
lower risk than other people for experi- 
encing negative events. The same per- 
centage was found in the groups who 
participated in Aspinwall's study. 

Aspinwall studied the responses of 
young adults when asked to read 
health-related information on six illness- 
es ranging in severity from a wart to a 
brain tumor. "If optimists deny threats, 
they should only want to read non- 
Ihrcatening information," says 
Aspinwall. Instead, her research found 
that optimists spent more time reading 
the severe risk information, and they 
remembered more of it than did people 

low in optimism. 

And, given a choice of reading neu- 
tral, positive or negative information 
about the risks of their health behav- 
iors, optimists paid more attention to 
the negative information than other 
people did. 

"These findings are contrary to prior 
research that assumed that people stay 
optimists by tuning out negative infor- 
mation," says Aspinwall. "Instead, opti- 
mists actually pay more attention to 
risk-relevant information, which may, 
over time, translate into better health." 

Conversely, explains Aspinwall, pes- 
simists high levels of worry may 
impede risk-reduction behavior. 



Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff newspaper 
serving the College Park campus community. 

Vice President for Institutional Advancement 
Kathryn Costello 

Director of Public Information 
Roland King 

Director of University Publications 
Judith Bair 

Jennifer Hawes 

Assistant Editor 
Rita Sutter 

Design & Layout 
Kerstin Neteler 

Al Danegger 

Editorial Intern Production Interns 

Stephen Sobek Jennifer Grogan 

Regan Gradet 

Letters to the editor, story suggestions, cam- 
pus information & calendar items are wel- 
come. Please submit all material at least two 
weeks before the Monday of publication. 
Send material to Editor, Outlook. 2101 Turner 
Building, through campus mail or to University 
of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Our 
telephone number is (301) 405-4629. 
Electronic mail address is jhawes@umdacc. Fax number is (301)314-9344. 

February 7, 1994 Outlook 3 

Exploring African American Life and Culture 

New Course Takes Advantage ofD.C.'s Wealth of Archival Materials 

Marilyn Pettit, left, and Dean Ann Prentice, of the College of Library and Information 
Services, believe that African American resources are underutilized. 

The way Marilyn Pettit figured it, if 
she was going to be teaching near 
Washington, D.C., she might as well 
make full use of all the area has to offer 
her classes. Little did she realize that in 
the months following her initial hiring 
interview her idea would become reality. 

An assistant professor of library and 
information services who last fall joined 
the faculty of the university after a stint 
at New York University, Pettit had 
remarked to Dean Ann Prentice that 
she'd "like to teach a course that would 
take advantage of the richness and 
wealth of archival material in the city." 
The papers of Duke Ellington and Mary 
McLeod Bethune, among others, are 
housed less than 20 minutes away. 

Having long believed that African 
American resources are "underappreci- 
ated and underutilized," Prentice 
perked up when she heard that, and 

just three months later, with the help of 
a matching grant from the Diversity at 
UMCP: Moving Toward Community 
Initiative, she has developed a course 
called "Sources of Diversity: Materials in 
Archives and Libraries for the Study of 
African American Life and Culture." For 
now, it will be offered only in the sum- 
mer, beginning this year, though its 
499-numbered designation makes it 
available to both undergraduate and 
graduate students. 

While acknowledging the introduc- 
tory course is a trial-run, Prentice makes 
no secret about her ambitions. 

For starters, she hopes to see "stu- 
dents from a number of other disci- 
plines take the course." Those interest- 
ed in sociology, art history, music histo- 
ry and anthropology, Prentice says, 
would especially benefit from such a 

She also has broadly conceived it as 
a kind of recruiting tool. As she sees it. 
the course could serve as bait in luring 
"those students who haven't really set- 
tled on an area of interest." And, 
because the course is interdisciplinary. 
Prentice believes the department may 
be able to reach out to students who 
might otherwise never have thought to 
consider library and information ser- 
vices as a major. 

Though she is not limiting herself 
only to minority students, if the course 
were to attract them "to doing archival 
work," she'd be delighted. Prentice has 
no statistics, but says the percentage of 
minorities doing archival work in this 
country is paltry at best. "And even 
those who are doing it," she says, by 
way of explaining the appeal of the 
course, "may not know enough about 
the resources available, particularly in 
this part of the country." 

Such is the breadth of Prentice's 
thinking that, six months before any 
syllabi have been handed out, she's 
already made plans for the course to be 
videotaped, in hopes that what Pettit 
has to offer may reach a wider 

Prentice also is planning to advertise 
the course nationally — she's targeted 
various archival journals and even The 
Chronicle of Higher Education — to 
"attract people from other parts of the 
country." And if the first summer 
course is successful, "we'll do other 
ethnic groups." Already on the board: a 
course in Hispanic archival material. 
And maybe even one in Native 
American archival material. 




...the percentage 
of minorities doing 
archival work in 
this country is paltry 
at best. 

— Ann Prentice 

Turn on, Tune In, and Take a Critical Look at the Boob Tube 

While teaching at the University of 
New Hampshire in the early 1970s, 
John Splaine also directed its "Upward 
Bound" program for low income young 

Bui as he tried to prepare these stu- 
dents for college, he realized that he 
was having a problem communicating 
with them. They had grown up watch- 
ing television in much the same way 
that be had grown up reading. 

"We were coming from different 
mediums, so it was like two ships pass- 
ing in the night," Splaine says. 

Since then, Splaine, an associate pro- 
fessor of education policy, planning and 
administration, has dedicated his 
research to helping people watch tele- 
vision critically. 

"Young people are watching televi- 
sion three to five hours a day and only 
reading for 20 minutes," Splaine says. 
"My job is to help teachers understand 
the effects of TV and teach that to chil- 

There are generally three things that 
he wants people to get from his 
approach: all of television is planned for 
effect; editing can help achieve whatev- 
er the effect is; and because televisions 
are so small, shows and commercials 
are manipulated to keep the viewer's 

Splaine, who has taught at the uni- 
versity since 1973, has studied camera 
angles and techniques and found that 
they can be compared to grammar. 

"Anything other than a medium 
close-up is a distortion," Splaine says. "A 
zoom magnifies what someone is saying 
like an exclamation point." 

Splaine says that a camera angled up 
towards someone suggests power and 
control, while one angled down at a 
person suggests submission. A camera 
positioned from the side suggests that 
the person is not telling the truth, 
because their eyes are hidden from the 

"Just like you edit in writing, you can 
also edit visually," Splaine says. "Lots of 
people think that because it's a picture, 
it's real. Wrong! It could be real." 

Editing can influence the way an 
audience will receive something, 
Splaine says. If someone is giving a 
speech and the screen moves to people 
in the audience, whether they are boo- 
ing or cheering will have an effect on 
how the speech is perceived. 

And the images move constantly: 
every two seconds on MTV, every four 
seconds on the average drama show, 
and 20 times in the average 30 second 

"In order to keep us attentive [televi- 

sion producers] are very creative," 
Splaine says. "They know that they have 
to paint on a small screen." 

Television also relies on repetition, 
Splaine says. 

During one basketball game, there 
were 104 commercials. Thirty-two were 
for cars and car-related products and 16 
were for alcoholic beverages. There 
was one commercial at half-time that 
told people not to drink and drive, but 
the message that got across to the view- 
er was one of cars and beer side by 
side, Splaine says. 

"I just want people to get off the 
couch and start thinking for them- 
selves." Splaine says. 

Although he finds it hard to weave 
his research into his teaching curricu- 
lum, he does set aside time in his class- 
es to talk about watching TV critically. 
But Splaine has also found a real world 
outlet to test his theories. 

He made a presentation at a seminar 
for professors that was held by the C- 
SPAN cable network in 1987, and that 
grew into part-time work as a consul- 
tant for the public affairs network. 

"They wanted their employees to 
learn about what I was studying," 
Splaine says. He works with them, help- 
ing them ask good, open-ended ques- 
tions. "C-SPAN attempts to be as objec- 

John Splaine 

tive as possible," says Splaine, "and my 
job is to help them meet that goal." 
Splaine has authored two books, 
Critical Viewing: Stimulant to Critical 
Thinking, and Educating the Con- 
sumer of Television: An Interactive 
Approach, both directed at junior high 
and high school students, as well as 
many articles on the subject. 


4 Outlook February 7, 1994 

Calendar Feb. 7- Feb. 16 


No Mommy Me #1, by artist Joyce Scott. 

The Works of African- 
American Sculptors 

Beginning Feb. 2 and continuing 
through April 11 is the Art Gallery's 
newest exhibition, Sources: Multicultural 
Influences on Contemporary African- 
American Sculptors. Guest curator 
Stephanie Pogue, professor and chair. 
Department of Art, has selected five cel- 
ebrated artists: Melvin Edwards (New 
York City); Martha Jackson-Jarvis 
(Washington, D.C.): John Scott (New 
Orleans): Joyce Scott (Baltimore); and 
Denise Ward-Brown (St. Louis), who 
work from the junctures of many com- 
munities and cultures. 

The artists' sources include Native 
American myths, jazz music, western 
abstraction and South American textiles. 

Edwards' assemblages of welded 
steel twist and project in a demeanor of 
contained aggression. The artist uses 
materials such as locks, chain links and 
railroad spikes to create wall-based 
sculpture that suggest masks, body 
parts or devices of torture. 

Bits of glass, ceramics, stones and 
tile cascade and flow over the floor and 
walls of the Art Gallery in Jackson- 
Jarvis 's exhibit. Amidst the streams of 
particles stand seven ornately decorat- 
ed sarcophagi. 

John Scott creates abstract struc- 
tures which allude to traditional African 
objects such as musical instruments 
and spears. Some of these architectural 
configurations are floor-based, others 
are wall-based and some connect the 
two surfaces. 

Using beads, cloth and leather, Joyce 
Scott creates small figurative sculptures 
which act out sometimes startling narra- 
tives. Her figures are frequently used to 
confront stereotypes, especially racial 
ones, in a manner both humorous and 
gravely serious. 

Ward-Brown uses doors, tables, 
frames and windows which she assem- 
bles into sculptures often suggesting 
new functions and meaning. 

On Thursday. Feb. 3, at 7 p.m., there 
will be a panel discussion with the 
artists and guest curator entitled 
"Balance and Identity" in room 2309 of 
the Art-Sociology Building. The event is 
free and open to the public. 

The Art Gallery is located in the Art- 
Sociology building. Exhibition hours are 
Monday — Friday, noon to 4 p.m.; 
Wednesday evenings until 9 p.m.; and 
Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m. 

Open Rehearsal: Thu., Feb. 10. 
Guarneri String Quartet, 7 p.m., Tawes 
Recital Hall. Call 5-5548 for info. 

Concert Society at Maryland Olde 
Musicke Series: In., Feb. u, Tallis 
Scholars, 8 p.m., Washington National 
Cathedral, tickets are $18-25, (Students 
$8). Free pre-concert symposium at 6 
p.m. Call 403-4240 for info.* 

Creative Dance Lab: Sat., Feb. 12, 
Creative Dance for 4- to 6-year-olds, 10- 
10:45 a.m., Studio 36, Dance Building. 
$65, checks made payable to UMCP. 
Call 5-7039.* 

Creative Dance Lab: Sat., Feb. 12, 
Basics in Modern Dance for 7- to 9-year- 
olds, 10:45 a.m.- 12 noon, Studio 36, 
Dance Building. $80, checks made 
payable to UMCP. Call 5-7039 for info.* 

Creative Dance Lab: Sat., Feb. 12, 
Modern Dance/Choreography for 10-to 
18-year-olds, 12 noon- 1:30 p.m., Studio 
36. Dance Building. $90. Checks made 
payable to UMCP. Call 5-7039 for info.* 


Public Affairs Discussion: Mon., 
Feb. 7. "The Influence of the Media On 
Public Policy," Jodie Allen, editor of the 
Washington Post's "Outlook" section. 
12:15-1:45 p.m., 1412 Van Munching. 
Call 5-6330 for info. 

Horticulture Colloquium: Mon., 
Feb. 7, "The Maryland Forest 
Conservation Act," Elmina Hilsenrath, 4 
p.m., 0128 Holzapfel. Call 5-4355 for 

Africa and Africa in the Americas 
Brown Bag Presentation: Wed., 
Feb. 9. "Trailing Chester Himes." 
Norlisha Crawford, 12 noon. Dean's 
Conference Room. Francis Scott Key. 
Call 5-21 18. 

Celebrate Learning (A Series of 
the Division of Letters and 
Sciences): Wed.. Feb. 9. Sharon 
Harley. "Locating Self: Historical and 
Personal Notes on the Study of 
Women's Work.' 7 p.m. 1250 
Zoology/Psychology, Opening remarks 
by Daniel Fallon, reception to follow. 
Call 4-8418 for info 

Speech Communication 
Colloquium Series: Fri., Feb. 1 1. 
Nancy Struever, Johns Hopkins 
University, "The Rhetoric of 
Familiarity," noon. 0104 Skinner. Call 5- 
6526 for info. 

University Honors Program 
Spring Lecture Series: Fri., Feb. 1 1 . 
"Gender and Structural Economic 
Change," Rhonda Williams, Department 
of Afro-American Studies, 1 p.m., 
Basement Lounge, Anne Arundel. Call 5- 
6711 for info. 

Horticulture Colloquium: Mon., 
Feb. 14, "Role of Sorbitol in Apple Fruit 
Growth and Development," 4 p.m., 

0128 Holzapfel. Call 5-4355 for info. 

Lecture: Tue., Feb. 15, "Leadership in 
the African American Community," 
Yolanda King, the daughter of Dr. 
Martin Luther King, Jr., 7 p.m., Hoff 
Theatre. Sponsored by SEE Productions, 
the Student Union Program Council and 
the Committee on Undergraduate 
Women's Leadership. Tickets are $3 for 
students. $7 for non-students and will 
be available in both the ticket booth at 
Stamp Student Union and through 
l'icketmaster. Call 4-8495 for info.* 


Women in International Security 
Conference: Mon.. Feb. 7. 
"Proliferation and International Stability 
in the 1990s," 1-9 p.m., Washington 
Hotel. Call 5-7612 for info. 

Counseling Center Research and 
Development Meeting: Wed.. Feb. 
9. Donald Tuitt. President, Black 
Student Union. 12 noon-1 p.m.. Testing 
Room, Shoemaker. Call 4-7690 for info. 

College Park Senate Meeting: 

Thu.. Feb. 10, 3:306:30 p.m., 0200 
Skinner. Call 5-5805 for info. 

University of Maryland System 
Board of Regents Meeting: Fri., 
Feb. 1 1 , 10:30 a.m., Stamp Student 
Union. Call (301)445-2739 for info. 

Counseling Center Research and 
Development Meeting: Wed., Feb. 
16, Verna Wilson. 12 noon-1 p.m.. 
Testing Room, Shoemaker Building. Call 
4-7690 for info. 


Women's Studies Sixth Annual 
Polyseminar: Tue., Feb 8. Buchi 
Emecheta. Nigerian sociologist and 
renowned novelist. 8 p.m., 2203 Art- 
Sociology Call 5-6877 tor info. 

Molecular and Cell Biology 
Graduate Program Seminar: Wed., 
Feb. 9, "The Role of Abl Tyrosine 

Kinase in Cell Cycle Regulation, "Jean 
Wang, University of California at San 
Diego, 12:05 p.m., 1208 Zoology- 
Psychology. Call 5-6991 for info. 

Meteorology Seminar: Thu., Feb. 
10, "How Clouds Foil a Run-Away 
(ireenhouse Effect in the Western 
Tropical Pacific," Albert Arking, 3:30 
p.m., 2324 Computer and Space 
Sciences. Call 5-5392 for info. 

Geology Seminar: Fri.. Feb. 11, 
Student Day III, N. Katyl, K. Ratajeski 
and B. Shane, 1 1 a.m., 0103 Hornbake. 
Call 5-4089 for info. 

Molecular and Cell Biology 
Graduate Program Seminar: Wed., 
Feb. 16, "Growth Factors: Identification 
and Function in the Uterus and Early 
Embryo," Louis Guillette, University of 
Florida, 12:05 p.m., 1208 Zoology- 
Psychology. Call 5-6991 for info. 

Special Events 

Take Another Look Fair: Wed., 
Feb. 9, Grand Ballroom, Stamp Student 
Union. Call 4-7174. 

Black History Month Cultural 
Dinner: Wed.. Feb. 9. 5:30-7 p.m.. 
Denton. Ellicott. and South Campus 
Dining Halls. Call 4-7758 for info 

See and Taste a Culture: Mon.. 
Feb. 7. through Fri., Feb 1 1. Parking 
Garage 2. travelling display on diversity 
in the workplace. Food sampling Thu.. 
Feb 10. at noon. Call 5-3214 for info. 

Calendar Guide 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4- 
xxxx or 5-xxxx stand for the prefix 
314- or 405- respectively. Events are 
free and open to the public unless 
noted by an asterisk (*). For more 
information, call 405-4628. 

Listings highlighted in color have 
been designated as Diversity Year 
events by the Diversity Initiative 

England's acclaimed Tallis Scholars will perform a program in honor of the 400th 
anniversary of the death of Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina at 
the Washington National Cathedral on Feb. 11. 

February 7. 1994 Outlook 5 

Office of Institutional Advancement Increases Its Ranks 

Several new — and some familiar — 
employees recently joined the Office of 
Institutional Advancement working in 
the areas of alumni programs, devel- 
opment and public information. On 
this page. Outlook introduces you to 
these friendly faces on campus and 
tells you something about the role they 
play in helping to advance the 

Alumni Programs 

Jack Fracasso, the new associate 
executive director in the Office of 
Alumni Programs, is not so new to 
UMCP. Since 1989, he has served as 
associate director of the Office of 
Undergraduate Admissions. In his new 
position, Fracasso is responsible for the 
administrative functions of the alumni 
office as well as staffing the alumni 
advocates committee. 

Fracasso has extensive experience in 
communications, strategic planning, 
management, and public relations. He 
received his B.A. degree in English from 
Brown University, his M.A. in communi- 
cations from the University of California 
at Davis, and is working on a Ph.D. in 
policy sciences at the University of 
Maryland at 

Gretchen King, 
former director of 
student and spe- 
cial alumni pro- 
grams, is now the 
director of alumni 
clubs. King, who 
has been with the 
College Park 
Alumni Assoc- 
iation since 1992, 
has worked with 
volunteers both at 
College Park and 
at the University 
of Missouri at St. 

Before coming 
to Maryland, King 
was coordinator 
of constituent 
relations at the 

University of Missouri at St. Louis, 
where she worked with the Parents 
Council and the African American chap- 
ter of that school's alumni association. 
King received a cum laude B.A. in print 
journalism from Southern University in 
Baton Rouge, La., and an M.A. in jour- 
nalism from Northern Illinois 

Public Information 

Rita Sutter recently joined the staff of 
Outlook as assistant editor. Sutter is a 
journalist who spent three years as a 
stringer with the Philadelphia Inquirer's 
New Jersey Bureau and two years as a 
freelance writer in New York City. 

Sutter earned her B.A. in journalism 
from Temple University. In addition to 
contributing feature articles and pro- 
files, she is responsible for coordinating 
the news pages of Outlook. 

Cassandra Robinson, the new senior 
media relations specialist in the Office 
of Public Information, comes to College 
Park from Virginia State University in 
Petersburg, Va., where she was director 

James Dunn 
of the Office 

Gretchen King and Jack Fracasso of Alumni 

of university relations. 
During her five years at 
VSU, Robinson was 
responsible for the univer- 
sity's entire public rela- 
tions program, including 
media relations, communi- 
ty relations and publica- 
tions. At UMCP, she coor- 
dinates media relations 
activities for the campus 
units dealing with aspects 
of government and poli- 
tics. She also covers the 
College of Education, edu- 
cation reform and UMCP 
institutional issues. 

Robinson earned her 
B.A. in journalism from 
Southern University and 
A&M College in Baton 
Rouge, La. She then com- 
pleted her M.A. in journalism at the 
University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. 

Leslie Copeland, Julie Liffrig and Lee 
Poston are the new media relations spe- 
cialists in the Office of Public 

Copeland, former public affairs man- 
ager at the American Counseling 
Association in Alexandria, Va., is 

responsible for 
developing a 
media relations 
program that 
publicizes stu- 
dents' achieve- 
ments as well as 
activities and 
programs which 
enhance the 
experience at 
UMCP. She will 
also coordinate 
media relations 
for the psycholo- 
gy department, 
| university 
| libraries, gradu- 
° ate studies and 
research and the 
College of 
While at ACA, 
she coordinated all public affairs activi- 
ties, including assessing public and 
media relations needs, and creating 
policies, programs, projects and goals. 
Copeland received her B.S. degree 
from Syracuse University's S.I. 
Newhouse School of Public 

Liffrig joins UMCP after serving as a 
public information director for the 
University of North Dakota Alumni 
Association and the University of North 
Dakota Foundation in Grand Forks, 
N.D. She coordinated all internal and 
external communications and edited 
the alumni newspaper, annual report 
and all other printed materials. At 
UMCP, she coordinates media relations 
for arts and humanities and performing 
arts, as well as women's and environ- 
mental issues. 

Liffrig earned her cum laude B.A. in 
journalism from the University of North 

Poston comes to the University of 
Maryland from Vanderbilt University 
Medical Center where he was an infor- 
mation officer. He pitched stories to 

, Brenda Schuster, Ronald Morse and Stephen McDaniel 
of Development. 

local and national media, served as a 
hospital spokesman and edited and 
designed VUMC Reporter, a weekly 
medical journal. At UMCP, Poston is 
putting his medical/scientific know- 
how to work covering engineering, 
agriculture, life sciences and health and 
human performance, as well as health 
care and telecommunications issues. 

A graduate of University of 
Tennessee at Knoxville, Poston earned 
his B.S. in communications. While at 
UT, he majored in journalism and con- 
centrated his studies in governmental 
public relations. 


James Dunn has joined the corpo- 
rate/foundation relations staff, having 
primary responsibility for enhancing 
the university's funding from founda- 
tions. Dunn received his B.S. in market- 
ing from UMCP ('88) and has worked 
since graduation at the Kennedy 
Center. He worked on the center's 
annual fund campaign and on the writ- 
ing and editing of development division 
literature. Dunn is also an accomplished 

Stephen McDaniel was inspired to 
leave the sunny Virgin Islands to 
become a senior development officer 
here, with primary responsibility for the 
Colleges of Education and Life Sciences. 
Prior to taking his position at the 

University of the Virgin 
Islands, McDaniel worked 
for 12 years in develop- 
ment for the United Negro 
College Fund. He holds a 
bachelor's degree in 
African American Studies 
from the University of 
Maryland Baltimore 

Ronald Morse has 
come to College Park as 
development's director of 
international programs. 
Morse earned two degrees 
§ from the University of 
| California at Berkley and his 
" Ph.D. in Japanese Studies 
from Princeton. He worked 
for the Departments of 
Defense, State, and Energy 
from 1974 to 1981, then 
established and directed the Asia 
Program at the Woodrow Wilson 
International Center located in the 
Smithsonian Institution until 1988. He 
worked subsequently for the Library of 
Congress and has his own firm, 
Annapolis International. He has been a 
Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Posts 
and Telecommunications Policy of the 
Japanese Ministry in Tokyo, Visiting 
Lecturer at the Naval Academy, and an 
adjunct faculty member at the Fletcher 
School of Law and Diplomacy. Morse 
will be raising support for international 
programs, with principal focus on 

Brenda Schuster is the new director 
of the Colonnade Society, coming to 
this position from the Thayer School of 
Engineering at Dartmouth College. She 
was director of annual giving and alum- 
ni affairs at Thayer, where she was 
responsible for increasing annual sup- 
port and participation and establishing 
leadership gift clubs. Prior to assuming 
those duties, Schuster was a develop- 
ment research analyst and an admission 
counselor for Dartmouth. She holds a 
B.A. in English from Plymouth State 
College in New Hampshire. Schuster's 
principal charge is to help development 
greatly increase support for the univer- 
sity at the Colonnade level. 

Rita Sutter, Lee Poston, Julie Liffrig, Leslie Copeland and Cassandra Robinson 
recently joined the Office of Public Information. 

6 Outlook February 7, 1994 

Yesterday's Traditions 

continued from page 1 
Mitchell had been a white man he 
would have been assigned as a student 
at UMCP. 

By October 3, Judge John T. Tucker 
had heard enough. Mitchell remembers 
Tucker as a "crusty conservative" who 
he thought would certainly rule against 
him. But Tucker ordered the university 
to admit Mitchell to College Park. 
Because Mitchell would be unable to 
exchange views with other students 
and take part in campus activities. 
Tucker said, he would not be getting an 
equal education in Baltimore. 

Soon afterward, the graduate student 
realized that his lawsuit was the easiest 
part of his education at UMCP. 

Each day began with a long com- 
mute to reach a school where mal- 
administrators and students were open- 
ly hostile to African Americans. 

"I didn't have an automobile," 
Mitchell says. "I took the bus to College 
Park and walked up that long, long hill. 
No one smiled at me. No one talked to 

"One time, I went to the cafeteria, a 
big cavernous room, and as I walked 
past each table, the students got quiet. 
It was uncomfortable." 

Another painful experience Mitchell 
has not forgotten was when one of his 
professors used the adjective "niggard- 
ly" in a lecture and some of his class- 
mates chuckled. 

Mitchell says although most faculty 
members ignored him, he was befriend- 
ed by one anthropology professor who 
invited him for a family dinner. 

Mitchell does not harbor wistful, 
pleasant memories of his time at UMCP. 
Looking back, he remembers University 
of Maryland President Harry C. Byrd as 
a "notorious segregationist" who was 
"worse than the most rabid segregation- 
ist in the deep south." 

In 1952, Mitchell graduated with a 
master's degree in sociology and began 
teaching introductory sociology courses 
at Morgan State University. In the 
1 960s. with the initiation of President 
Lyndon B. Johnson's War On Poverty 
Program, Mitchell was appointed direc- 
tor of the Baltimore City Community 
Action Agency. Mitchell met with peo- 
ple in church basements and meeting 
halls all over the city to learn how he 
could help them. "They told me to run 
for congress. I said no. I had no real 
interest in political life. I was much 
more interested in civil rights." 

Nonetheless, Mitchell was finally per- 
suaded to run in 1 967, six weeks before 
the election. He lost by a "couple of 
thousand votes", which convinced his 
supporters that he could win if they'd 
had more time to campaign. In 1970, 
Mitchell ran again and won, serving 16 
years in the House of Representatives. 

Today Mitchell, who never married, 
directs the Washington-based Minority 
Business Enterprise, Legal Defense and 
Education Fund which he established in 
1984. The elder statesman of civil rights 
works with lawyers, filing suits wherev- 
er a "pattern of discrimination against 
minority businesses can be estab- 

If Parren Mitchell remembers the 
reality of desegregating UMCP as a 
painful battle against official prejudice, 
Hiram Whitde— the first African 
American undergraduate — regards his 
year here much more benignly. In the 

snug, book-lined library of his home in 
the Forest Park section of northwest 
Baltimore. Whitde, 63, recounted his 
own story. 

Whittle was a 19-year-old student at 
the segregated Morgan State when the 
Baltimore office of the NAACP asked 
him if he'd consider being a test case. 
Whittle, who wanted to be an electrical 
engineer, agreed. At that time, he was 
living in East Baltimore with his six 
brothers and two sisters. Whittle was 
the fifth child in a family of strict 
Jehovah's Witnesses, and the first to go 
to college. 

"The NAACP was filing suits against a 
number of schools and I was asked to 
be a part of their program to open up 
the University of Maryland College of 
Engineering," Whittle says. "Donald 
Murray was the lead counsel, but 
behind him was the whole NAACP staff, 
including Thurgood Marshall." Also an 
African American, Donald Murray sued 
to enter the University of Maryland 
School of Law in 1934. 

On January 31, 1 95 1 , before 
Whittle's case could go to trial, the 
University of Maryland Board of Regents 
held a special meeting and, acting on 
the advice of the State Attorney 
General, voted to admit Whittle to 
College Park "immediately." 

There was "no other action to take," 
an unidentified board member said to a 
Baltimore Sun reporter. 

In addition, the board announced 
that the state's biracial education sys- 
tem "must be abandoned unless actual 
equality is provided in facilities for 
negroes." Board members also decided 
African American students should be 
admitted to UMCP unless taxpayers and 
lawmakers wanted to slate funds specif- 
ically for improvements to segregated 
schools. Stressing that future policy was 
for the legislature to decide, the board 
emphasized its opposition to past 
"makeshift policies" regarding African 
American students because "they have 
neither given Negro students equal 
facilities nor prevented their entering 
the university." 

The university's objections to the 
biracial education policies were not 
humanitarian. Officials were concerned 
only because none of the state's poli- 
cies had held up when challenged in 

In Whittle's suit, the regents fell thai 
there were no legal grounds to deny 
him entry to the university. So, in 
February 1951. Whittle transferred from 
Morgan State, where he'd gone for two 
and a half years. 

"For my first semester, the NAACP 
arranged for me to live with a lady in 
Lakeland. It was a small community of 
colored people who lived right outside 
of the campus," Whittle says. 

Whittle says going to school at 
UMCP was "no different from going to 
Morgan State." 

"I didn't know the difference," he 
says. "I was that busy. 

"The same college atmosphere that 
existed at Morgan State existed at the 
University of Maryland." 

Professors treated him the same as 
any other student. Whittle says, and he 
doesn't recall encountering the overt 
prejudice that Mitchell struggled with. 
"Many of the students were from 
'Baltimore and in those days we really 
didn't have a racial problem here in the 

Marjory Brooks, dean of the College of Home Economics, speaks at a student rally on 
the steps of Marie Mount Hall in October 1968. 

city," he says. "Oh yeah, we 
had segregation, but among 
the kids we didn't really have 
a racial problem." 

The following year Whittle 
applied for a dormitory room 
and the university, legally 
bound, honored his applica- 

Whittle was given his own 
room in a dormitory originally 
built to house World War II 
veterans who were going to 
school on the GI Bill. Whittle 
recalls his transition into dorm 
life as uneventful. 

"No problems," he says. "It 
wasn't anything new to me. 
Just the general social environ- 
ment you'd find on any col- 
lege campus. 

"Also, I have pretty much 
always operated in an interra- 
cial environment," Whittle 
says of his lifelong participa- 
tion in the Jehovah's 

Although his dormitory 
arrangements were satisfacto- 
ry. Whittle found the educa- 
tional requirements of the 
College of Engineering to be 
too rigorous. After one year he 
left College Park and. shortly 
after, moved to New York 
City. Since 1963, Whittle has 
worked for Baltimore City 

In the past 43 years the uni- 
versity has not succeeded in 
eradicating the effects of its 
discriminatory history, but the 
climate for African Americans 
has improved markedly. Since 
the mid-1950s the university 
has executed a number of pro- 
grams to help recruit and 
retain minority students. And 
a 1 992 study by the magazine 
Black Issues in Higher 
Education ranked UMCP as 
number one nationally among 
non-historically black schools 
in the number of baccalaure- 
ate and doctoral degrees 
awarded to black students. 

"It's true that the University 
of Maryland has made much 
progress, but that doesn't 
mean that racism doesn't exist 
there," Mitchell says. "I think 
black students must be vigi- 
lant against any forms of 


African American Experience 

continued from page I 

to college life and succeed in their academic pur- 

1967 — The Black Explosion newspaper is pub- 
lished by the Black Student Union. 

1971 — Nyumburu Cultural Center opens as part 
of the Intensive Educational Development 
Program's efforts to support African American stu- 
dents. Director J. Otis Williams says that the cen- 
ter plays a major role in the cultural, social and 
academic life of College Park students. "We seek 
to bridge the gap between the diverse groups of 
students at College Park by focusing on African 
American culture and history, and by sponsoring 
academic courses and lectures." 

1970—3.4 percent of full time students are 
African American. 

1971 — Black Faculty and Staff Association is 
formed. Today UMCP employs almost 1,000 
African Americans as staff and faculty. 

1978 — The university implements the Benjamin 
Banneker Scholarship Program. Originally, the 
program offered two-year scholarships with 
stipends of $1,000 per year to all minority stu- 
dents. But the university found that the funding 
was not significant enough to attract 
high-achieving African American students to 
UMCP. In 1988, UMCP increased the value of 
the scholarship and limited it to African 

Banneker scholarships are merit based and 
currently provide full financial support for four 
years of study at UMCP. Overall, the cost of the 
Banneker Program accounts for approximately 
one percent of UMCP's total financial aid budget 

1980 — 7.5 percent of full time students are 
African American. Headline in the Ebony Spotlight, 
published by the Black Student Union, proclaims 
"All White School Integrates." 

September 1985 — Several Black Explosion staff 
members change the name of the historical publi- 
cation to Eclipse. With the cooperation of the 
Black Student Union, the campus NAACP chapter 
and the Nyumburu Cultural Center, Black 
Explosion continues to be published through the 
cultural center. 

1990 — 11.2 percent of full time students are 
African American. 

1993-94 — Fifteen percent of the freshman class 
is African American. Also, African Americans 
make up 7 percent of College Park's graduate 


February 7, 1994 Outlook 7 

Take note 

Coastal Research Lab 
Awarded $720,000 Grant 

A $720,000 grant from the Andrew 
W. Mellon Foundation will allow a 
UMCP research team to study coastal 
erosion through field and laboratory 

Five researchers and a host of gradu- 
ate students from the university's 
laboratory for Coastal Research will 
spend three years performing field 
investigations of coastal processes and 
beach erosion from Stuart, Fla., to 
Nantucket, Mass. The grant also will 
fund a computer mapping analysis of 
shoreline changes to assist with predict- 
ing erosion trends. 

"Over 70 percent of the U.S. beaches 
are currently eroding, and $8 billion has 
been spent on beach nourishment in 
the last decade," says Stephen 
Leatherman, director of the laboratory, 
who will oversee both projects. "With 
hundreds of cities on the beach,' we 
have literally drawn a trillion dollar line 
in the sand across which the sea must 
not pass or enormous damage results." 

Leatherman is an internationally 
known expert on coastal processes. He 
and his colleagues would like to study 
the cyclical patterns of coastline 
change, which he calls "templates of 
change." Leatherman says that many 
beaches and inlets go through cycles, 
during which the beaches may actually 
increase in size before eroding. 

MBA Program is the Tops 

The College of Business and 
Management's MBA program got top 
marks in the Princeton Review's 1994 
Guide to the Best Business Schools, 
ranking among the top ten in several 

The Review gives brief descriptions 
of the top 70 business schools in the 
country, then ranks the schools accord- 
ing to student surveys conducted last 
spring. Maryland ranked number one in 
the categories of helping students 
develop strong accounting and market- 
ing skills and in having a very effective 
job placement office. The business 
school ranked number six in helping 
students develop strong operations 
skills. And in the categories of best 
overall skills and helping students 
develop strong quantitative skills, 
Maryland ranked eighth. 

Other areas in which the business 
school hit the top ten were student 
diversity, quality of library facilities and 
alumni networking. In addition, 
Maryland enjoys top ten status in terms 
of its social life and student cama- 

Steinway Makes a Grand 
Donation to Archives 

Several documents and other corre- 
spondence involving the late concert 
pianist Josef Hofmann and the firm of 
Steinway and Sons will soon be accessi- 
ble to the public at the International 
Piano Archives at Maryland (IPAM) 
located in the Music Library. The docu- 
ments were donated to the IPAM by 
Henry Z. Steinway, a descendant of the 
famous piano-crafting family. 

Hofmann, who died in 1957 and 
whose papers belong to IPAM, was con- 
sidered one of the world's greatest 
pianists during the period between the 

two World Wars and rated on a par pro- 
fessionally with the likes of 
Rachmaninoff and Paderewski. He was 
a Steinway artist throughout his career. 
The pianist's correspondence with the 
Steinways related primarily to business 
matters, progress reports on his career, 
reflections on his concert performances 
and some mechanical inventions for the 
improvement of the piano that he 
advanced to the Steinways. 

A number of photographs are also 
part of this collection. 

Birnbaum to Help Redefine 
Higher Education in Japan 

Robert Birnbaum, an education pro- 
fessor who studies higher education, 
has assumed the position of vice presi- 
dent and dean of faculty at Miyazaki 
International College, a new education 
venture that may redefine higher educa- 
tion in Japan. The two-year position 
began in January and the college will 
open in April 1994. 

Located on the Japanese island of 
Kyushu, Miyazaki International College 
is a new four-year institution that is a 
cooperative effort by Japanese and 
American educators to prepare 
Japanese students to function as effec- 
tively in other cultures as they do in 

"Japan and the United States are 
both world powers who often find it 
difficult to understand each other, even 
as their political, social and economic 
interests are becoming more intercon- 
nected," notes Birnbaum. To improve 
international understanding, the college 
will focus on comparative culture, help- 
ing students to bridge cultural and 
national boundaries by offering courses 
in the social sciences and humanities, 
supported by English language courses. 

Literacy Tutors Post 93 
Percent Success Rate 

Students at Northwestern High 
School are passing the Maryland 
Functional Reading Test and Writing 
Test in record numbers, thanks to 
UMCP students who are serving as liter- 
acy tutors. 

Ninety of the 96 students tutored in 
preparation for the Reading Test admin- 
istered in October passed it, according 
to Linda Conley, Northwestern High 
School Reading Specialist. Conley, who 
describes Northwestern as a melting 
pot that presents a unique literacy chal- 
lenge, says "The positive influence 
College Park students have on our stu- 
dents is immeasurable. They made a sig- 
nificant difference in the success of the 

According to Conley, there are 40 
languages spoken at Northwestern. 
Nineteen of the students tutored were 
learning English as a second language. 
All were identified by the English teach- 
ers as "students at serious risk." 

Some of the College Park tutors also 
had been at-risk students. Theresa 
DiPaolo, who initiated the program 
eight years ago, says, "Students who 
may have had some problems them- 
selves know what it's like to stumble 
and can share their experiences." 

Ralph Schlenker, Executive 
Director of ISR, Dies 

Ralph Schlenker, Executive Director 
of the Institute for Systems Research 
(ISR) in the College of Engineering, 
died Jan. 24 in Gettysburg, Pa., after a 
sudden illness. 


In brief 

Lesbian and Gay Luncheon— The Lesbian and Gay Staff and Faculty Association is 
holding a brown bag lunch on Tues., Feb. 15. from noon to 1:30 p.m.. in the 
Maryland Room. Katie King, from the Women's Studies Program, will discuss a 
new UMCP course on lesbian and gay issues. The Domestic Partnership Benefits 
Task Force also will make a report. New members are welcome. To be included on 
the mailing list, call Lee Badgett at 405-6384 or e-mail her at 359120@umdd. 

Rapturous Retirement— Employees enrolled in the TIAA/CREF Retirement Plan 
who retire after Oct. 1, 1993, with 25 years of creditable service will receive the 
state health insurance subsidy for their covered dependents. Any questions on this 
matter should be directed to the benefits office at 405-5654. 

Senate Scoop— The College Park Senate calendar for Spring 1994 is as follows: 
Thursday, Feb. 10; Monday, Mar. 7; Thursday. Mar. 31; Monday. April 18; and 
Thursday, May 5. All Senate meetings convene at 3:30 p.m. in Room 0200 
Skinner Building. 

Super Student Employees — The Job Referral Service invites faculty, staff and com- 
munity employers to nominate student employees who have exemplified initiative, 
reliability and other fine work qualities. Students who work part-time, full-time or as 
volunteers are all eligible but must have been employed for at least six months. 
Each department/organization may nominate more than one student employee. 
Scholarships ranging from $650 to $2,500 will be awarded to the top five finalists. 
Nomination deadline is Feb. 22. For more information, contact Jacqueline James- 
Hughes at 314-8324. Forms are available at 0119 Hornbake Bldg., South Wing. 

Outstanding Service Awards — The Office of the President requests nominations 
for the 1994 Outstanding Service to the Schools Award to be given to a select 
number of university faculty and program staff in recognition of their exemplary ser- 
vice to the schools. The award honors members of the campus community for their 
work with school-aged students and their teachers in Maryland. Nomination pack- 
ets may be picked up from deans and director offices. Two letters of endorsement, 
including one from school system personnel, must be submitted along with the 
nominee's vita to: Dr. Thomas D. Weible, Acting Director, School/University 
Cooperative Programs, 3119 Benjamin Building, by March 7 to receive full consid- 

Go International — The deadline for applications to the International Travel Fund is 
Feb. 15, 1994. Funds, which cover air fare only, are available for UMCP faculty 
members planning to conduct research abroad. Please note that travel to confer- 
ences, conventions or other international meetings will not be supported. To obtain 
further information or application forms, contact Valerie Williams in the Office of 
International Affairs, 405-4772. 

Deadline for MARC Awards — The Maryland Assessment Resource Center (MARC) 
is seeking nominations for its annual award bestowed on the higher education 
institution which has conducted the best assessment project. Each Maryland pub- 
lic institution of higher education may select one project, completed within the 
past five years, for submission. Included among the judging criteria are extent of 
faculty involvement, importance of the topic and significance of the activity with 
respect to the campus mission, evidence of dissemination and cost effectiveness. 
Materials to be submitted include copies of the original project report, a project 
summary, a letter of endorsement from the unit head and a letter of endorsement 
from the Chief Academic Officer, Vice President or President. Submissions are due 
by Monday, Feb. 21. For more information, call MARC at 405-7871. 

Schlenker joined the ISR in Sept. 
1989. As executive director, he played 
a major role in the evolution of the 
institute's education and industrial col- 
laboration programs. He developed a 
variety of industrially supported 
research initiatives and was instrumen- 
tal in developing outreach programs for 
high school math and science students 
and teachers. 

He earned his B.S. in civil engineer- 
ing from Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute and his M.S. in civil engineer- 
ing from Purdue University. 

In lieu of flowers, donations in his 
memory can be made to the American 
Heart Association New Jersey Affiliate 
Memorial Program, 2550 Route 1, 
North Brunswick, N.J. 08902-4301. 

Planning the Future 

"Collaborations and Partnerships: 
The Next Twenty Years" is the theme 
of the 20th Annual Student Affairs 
Conference to be held on Friday, Feb. 
18, at the Stamp Student Union. Topics 

for this year's national conference 
include future directions for national 
associations, administrative and leader- 
ship issues, gender bias in student com- 
munication, and issues related to 
accommodations for students with dis- 

Arthur Levine and Lee Knefelkamp, 
renowned in the field of higher educa- 
tion, are keynote speakers. Levine is a 
senior faculty member at the Harvard 
Graduate School of Education and 
Knefelkamp, a recipient of the UMCP 
Distinguished Scholar-Teacher Award, 
is professor of higher education at 
Teachers College, Columbia Llniversity. 
She is widely respected for her work in 
student development theory and for her 
accomplishments in multicultural 

In addition to keynote addresses, 
there will be other prominent speakers 
and round table discussions. For more 
information, contact Pat Schaecher at 

8 Outlook February 7. 1994 

Simon Says: 

An economics professor tells how to pull yourself out 

Julian Simon tortured himself into 
depression and has lived to write a cog- 
nitive therapy book about it. 

From 1962 until 1975, in a daily ritu- 
al of self-excoriation, the economist 
reviewed his faults and failures and ago 
nized over his perceived worthlessness. 
"1 was a prisoner of my mental habits, 
as we all are, but 1 was imprisoned in a 
particularly painful way," Simon says. 

In the introduction to Good Mood: 
The New Psychology of Overcoming 
Depression, Simon writes that for 13 
years he refused to allow himself to do 
many of life's pleasurable things 
because he thought he should suffer. 
And for a long time. Simon says, he felt 
powerless to understand why. 

Initially, he consulted psychiatrists 
and psychologists, but they were 
unable to do anything substantive for 
him. Outside of moments when he was 
absorbed in work, participating in 
sports or making love, Simon was over- 
whelmed by a grim sense of hopeless- 
ness and helplessness. 

Only once did Simon experience a 
momentary release from despair. 

He and his wife were visiting friends 
in the country. It was the first time they 
had been away from home since Simon 
became depressed six months earlier. 
They slept out-of-doors and when 
Simon woke in the morning he heard a 
bird trill and was overcome by a "radi- 
ant, delicious inner peace." After a few 
hours, though, he was depressed again. 
But the temporary lightening of his spir- 
it gave Simon hope for redemption. 

In the early 1970s, an Orthodox 
Jewish friend suggested Simon follow a 
precept of the Sahbath and be deliber- 
ately cheerful and happy at least this 
one day of each week. Simon thought 

this was a wonderful philosophy. 
Summoning all of his willpower, the 
professor made a rule that he would not 
work, or think about work, or let him- 
self be angry with anyone from sunset 
Friday night until after sundown on 
Saturday. In this way he was able to 
sustain a feeling of contentment 
throughout the Sabbath. 

In 1975, Simon cleared a backlog of 
work from his desk and in a rare 
unrushed period decided to focus on 
himself. "I said, 'you ought to think 
about this seriously. Start first thing in 
the morning when the mind is fresh 
and creative.'" 

Simon went to the library, brought 
home a bag of books on depression, 
and taught himself about cognitive ther- 
apy by reading the seminal works of its 
chief proponents, Aaron Beck and 
Albert Ellis. "The key element in Beck 
was that you can change your own 
head," Simon says. "That's the radical 
element so different from Freudian psy- 
chology which holds that you are a vic- 
tim of your childhood." 

The idea that he could control his 
feelings was an epiphany for Simon. 
Equipped with this new knowledge, he 
cured his depression in a month. "I 
knew that that was it." he says of the 
experience. "But I waited a week to tell 
my wife." 

Coming from anyone else this pro- 
nouncement might seem incredible, but 
Simon's life has been full of provocative 
headlines since then. 

In the Dec. 3, 1993. issue of the 
Washingtonian, Simon was described 
as "an iconoclastic professor of business 
administraUon" who "has led the way in 
arguing that doomsayers frightened by 
overpopulation and global shortage of 

natural resources 
are dead wrong. " 

Simon's incen- 
diary economic 
theories have 
been written 
about in the Wall 
Street Journal, 
The New York 
Times, and the 
Washington Post. 
New York Times 
Magazine called 
him the scourge 
of the environ- 
Of the blues, mental movement. 
The Aug. 18, 
1985, issue of Washington Post 
Magazine featured him on the cover, 
and asked. "What Population 
Explosion?" Simon accused environ- 
mentalists of being prophets of doom. 
The Population Crisis Committee called 
his work supply-side demographics. 

Inspired by his success with self-ther- 
apy, Simon expanded Beck and Ellis's 
theories. He developed the concept 
that depression arises from making neg- 
ative self-comparisons. "It is the combi- 
nation of this negative self-comparison 
plus helplessness that is theoretically 
new," he says. 

Simons book combines past cogni- 
tive therapy methods with a detailed 
examination he calls self-comparisons 
analysis which "sharpens the concept 
of negative thinking to a precise formu- 
lation of a mood ratio with two parts. 
The numerator' is the situation that 
person believes to be true. The 'denom- 
inator is the state the person uses as a 
benchmark. A mood ratio widi the 
numerator being less positive than the 
denominator, together with a sense of 
helplessness, causes sadness, loss of 
self-worth, and eventually depression." 

Although Simon's explanation of 
"self-comparisons analysis" may sound 
as if he's targeting an audience of 
depressed social scientists, his logic is 
simple. "Whenever you think about 
yourself in a judgmental fashion," he 
writes, "your thought takes the form of 
a comparison between the state you 
think you are in and some other hypo- 
thetical benchmark' state of affairs." 
That benchmark with its "oughts" 
and "shoulds" is what causes trouble. 
Simon says harsh self-comparisons com- 
bined with a feeling of poweriessness 
to change is what causes chronic 

Report from the Staff Caucus of the College Park Senate 

This is a request to all of our classi- 
fied co-workers on campus from the 
members of the Staff Caucus of the 
College Park Senate. Although we are 
only a small portion of the senate, we 
want to effectively represent our hun- 
dreds of co-workers at UMCP. This 
means we need your input in order to 
advocate for solutions to problems and 
issues that are important to you. So far. 
we are aware of three problem areas 
important to us and our co-workers. 

The first problem is the general lack 
of consideration and respect for the 
campus staff. The jobs we do keep this 
institution operating and operating 
well. However, too many decisions that 
affect our work lives are made without 
adequate consideration of the impact 
these decisions have on staff. Awards 
and individual recognition are fine, but 
daily respect and consideration is para- 

Another problem area is pay. We 
have been forgotten and ignored too 
long. The Staff Senators have written 
President Kirwan seeking his active 
support for a more fair distribution of 
the proposed state pay raise. We sup- 
port all UMCP workers getting the same 
dollar amount of the raise as opposed 
to getting the same percentage amount. 
This distribution is much more equi- 
table for the lower- and mid-level classi- 
fied pay grades and Series 4() workers. 

The third issue we are very con- 
cerned about is our health insurance. 
We cannot tolerate another year like 
1 993 when our insurance costs rose to 
criminal levels. On top of this, the open 
enrollment period was too short and 
complicated by many staff never receiv- 
ing the necessary literature to make an 
informed decision. 

Additionally, there are two staff 
vacancies in the senate. One is in the 

category of Service and Maintenance 
and the other is in the Overtime 
Exempt Classified category. If you are 
interested please call your Staff Senator. 
Following is a list of Staff Senators 

depression. Good Mood comes with an 
IBM compatible disc to help users ana- 
lyze their thoughts and help them- 
selves. Psychiatrist Kenneth Mark Colby 
developed the psychotherapy program 
for depression based on the theory in 
Simon's book. 

Simon stresses that as much as he 
strongly believes that people must take 
responsibility for curing their own 
depression, he is not anti-drug. "1 am 
not trying to deny their role, or say that 
all depressed people should handle 
their depression by talking to others or 
handling it themselves." What he is say- 
ing is that it is "unwarranted" to think 
diat all depression is "biochemically 

Simon offers encouragement for 
those suffering from depression. "Keep 
in mind that most people's depressions 
end, and end very quickly," he says. 
"Remember you are not simply a 
patient that has to be patient. Many of 
us can take a huge role in helping our- 
selves. Take the active mode instead of 
the passive mode. You are not simply a 
ball that the world is bouncing." 

As for Simon, he's sustained his 
healthy outlook. "Depression has 
caused me to accentuate the positive," 
he says. "I've thrown away a lot of my 
ties. I'll never wear a dark tie again. And 
if I had a personalized license plate it 
would say laughs'." 

—RiiA surruR 

Julian Simon 

and their phone numbers. It is very 
important that you contact us to talk 
about the issues and problems that are 
important to you. 

Martha Best 

Behavioral and Social Sciences 


Julius Breakiron 

Physical Plant 


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Police Department 


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Campus Programs 


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Health and Human Performance 


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Hornbake Library 


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Police Department 


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Grounds Maintenance 


Anne Petrone 



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Physical Plant 


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Building Services 


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