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Full text of "Outlook / the University of Maryland, College Park (1999)"

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Outlook 

The University of Maryland Faculty and Staff Weekly Newspaper 

Volume 14* Number 13* November 30, 1999 



Hillary vs. Eleanor, 
page 6 

Poinsettia Sale, 
pageS 





Why We Close... Or Not 

The Inside Scoop From the Decision Makers 



Few administrative actions at the University 
of Maryland cause as much controversy as the 
periodic decision about whether to close the 
university during inclement weather. Several 
times each winter, Provost Greg Geoffroy has to 
determine whether snow or icy conditions pose 
a threat to safety that is greater than the need to 
carry on the university's operations. 

"Safety is the principal consideration," 
Geoffroy says. "Wet weather, snow and ice are 
usually uncomfortable and often inconvenient, 
but not always dangerous. Closing the university 
is a major undertaking that affects thousands of 
people, and many scheduled activities and pro- 
jects. We can't do that lightly. Nor can we take a 
casual attitude toward safety issues." 

The decision- 
making process begins about 4:30 a.m. on snow 
days, when Frank Brewer, assistant vice presi- 
dent for facilities management, arrives on cam- 
pus to assess road, sidewalk and building condi- 
tions. 

"I take note of road conditions as I drive in 
and on the campus," Brewer says. "I also check 
with UM Shuttle drivers who have been operat- 
ing during the night to see what conditions 
they've experienced. Depth of snow is not nec- 
essarily a good predictor of conditions. The type 
of snow, temperatures and winds can make even 
a light dusting dangerous." 



Last year, for example, Brewer recommended 
a delayed opening on a day when very little 
snow had fallen overnight, but it was a slick, dry 
snow that caused cars to slide and fishtail on 
campus roads. 

Brewer and his staff also consult numerous 
forecasts to determine whether conditions wUl 
worsen or stabilize as the day goes on. 

"We look at conditions throughout the area," 
Brewer says."The vast majority of our students, 
faculty and staff commute from their homes and 
many of them may experience weather and road 
conditions quite different from what we have 
here on campus." 

Brewer has created a weather center with 
numerous televisions and computers to monitor 
road conditions and forecasts from as many 
sources as possible. 

Once he has gathered as much information as 
possible, Brewer advises Geoffroy on existing 
and predicted conditions. Geoffroy then has to 
choose whether to let the university stay open 
for the day, open late to allow snow removal 
equipment time to do its work, or close for the 
day 

"Frank Brewer gives me a lot of information 
upon which to base my decision," Geoffroy says. 
"In the end, I do what I think is in the best inter- 

Corttinued on page 6 



University to Appoint Panel 
to Study Quality of Diversity 

Mote Announces Three-Step Response 
to Hate Incidents 

In the wake of a series of disturbing racial threats and other 
bias-related incidents on campus recently, University of 
Maryland President Dan Mote has announced plans for a panel 
to recommend ways to improve the quality of diversity. This is 
part of a three-step plan to deal with issues of hate and bias 
crimes on campus. 

Mote told the University Senate that he and the Senate will 
jointly establish a representative panel of senior faculty, staff 
and students to help the university "cultivate a quality of diver- 
sity that goes beyond representation and tolerance to create 
new levels of understanding." 

Mote also said that the university is committed to an aggres- 
sive pursuit of the perpetrators of hate crimes, and that the 
campus police have enlisted the aid of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, 
the U.S. Attorney's Office and the state police, which provided 
additional troopers to campus after several African American 
student leaders received threats recently through campus mail. 

The president also has called for a thorough review of pro- 
cedures for dealing with hate crimes, to ensure not only that 
they are thoroughly investigated but also that victims are treat- 
ed appropriately and receive information, protection and coun- 
seling as needed. 

"Maryland has jusdy earned a national reputation for its 
efforts to promote diversity, but quality of diversity depends on 
interaction among diverse people much more than on count- 
ing heads " Mote said. 

"We will assemble a panel of our best and brightest minds 
— thoughtful and committed individuals — to survey our envi- 
ronment and put their collective energies together to recom- 
mend to me ways to achieve greater quality in our diverse 
interactions on campus," he said. 

Mote noted that media reports suggest that there is a grow- 
ing trend toward incidents of hate and bias nationwide. 

'Incidents of hate and intolerance appear to have increased 
in both frequency and intensity throughout the country," Mote 
said. "When they occur here, such acts are inimical to the basic 
sense of safety, security and respect that we absolutely must 
have for our students to learn, flourish and grow. 

"We must address crimes of hate and threats of violence as 
criminal acts, to be sure, and we have taken aggressive steps to 
find the perpetrators of these acts and bring them to justice," 
Mote said, 

"But that is not enough. We will ask this panel to help us 
understand as a community how such divisive and hateful 
activities can occur on a campus so diverse and so committed 
to respect, civility and individual dignity for all its members." 

Campus police have reported an increase this fall in the 
number of reported incidents of hatred, bias, intimidation and 
threats directed at people because of their race, religion, eth- 
nicity or sexual orientation. 

The most flagrant incident involved threats and racial slurs 
delivered to several African American student leaders Nov. 16. In 
response to that incident, Mote organized a campus raUy 
against hatred and created a reward fund for information lead- 
ing to arrest and conviction that has grown to more than 
$13,500. 

"This reward fund is especially gratifying," Mote said. "Since 
my initial offer to put up $1,000, more than a dozen people 
and organizations have voluntarily stepped up to pledge addi- 
tional funds for this purpose. It is clear that the university's 
campaign against hate has a broad base of support." 



2 Outlook November 30, 1999 



New Program Will Help 
Enterprising Students 



The University of Maryland 
is creating the nation's first liv- 
ing-learning entrepreneurship 
program that will bring togeth- 
er undergraduate students from 
different disciplines to study 
entrepreneurship, live and 
work together in a specially 
equipped dorm, and perhaps 
even create their own startup 
businesses. 

"The University of Maryland 
already has many well-estab- 
lished, nationally recognized 
programs promoting entrepre- 
neurship and technology inno- 
vation," says William Destler, 
vice president of research and 
dean of the graduate school. 
"Now, with the creation of the 
new Hinman Campus 
Entrepreneurship 
Opportunities Program, the 
university is taking a bold step 
toward becoming the world 
leader in the teaching and 
practice of entrepreneurship." 

Beginning in the fall of 
2000, the first 60 students will 
be admitted into the Hinman 
Campus Entrepreneurship 
Opportunities (CEOs) Program, 
a joint program of the 
University of Maryland's highly- 
ranked schools of business and 
engineering. Initiated with a 
$1 .7 million gift from Brian 
Hinman, engineering school 
alumnus and successful creator 
of three high-tech companies, 
the Hinman CEO's Program 
will bring together select 
upperclass students from busi- 
ness, engineering, computer 
science, life sciences and the 
liberal arts. Working individual- 
ly and in teams, the students 
will learn how to create and 
manage new technology or 
business ventures. The students 
will live and do much of their 
learning in a special dorm that, 
in addition to residence rooms, 
will have offices, laboratories, 
and conference facilities with 
state-of-the-art computing, com- 
munications, and laboratory 
equipment. 

Top Hinman entrepreneur 
teams will be provided an 
opportunity to start companies 
in the A.James Clark School of 
Engineering's Technology 
Advancement Program (TAP), 
an internationally acclaimed 
incubator for technology-based 
companies. The TAP is a part of 
the Clark School's Engineering 
Research Center, which assists 
companies by facilitating their 
access to research, technical 
assistance and other resources 



offered by the University. 

"This is a terrific program 
that will give entrepreneurial 
students a chance to develop 
their business ideas by living in 
community with like-minded 
people," says Hinman, president 
and CEO of 2Wire, a California- 
based developer of home-net- 
working equipment, and chair- 
man of Polycom, the leading 
provider of teleconferencing 
equipment. "The ultimate suc- 
cess of the program can be 
measured in the job creation 
that will result from the stu- 
dents graduating and starling 
new and prospering enterpris- 
es," says Hinman, who prior to 
founding both Polycom and 
2Wire, started PictureTel, a lead- 
ing provider of video confer- 
encing equipment. "I just wish 
they'd had such a program in 
place when 1 was there!" 

The university's launching 
of the Hinman entrepreneurs 
program will build on the 
spring 2000 initiation of an 
important new entrepreneur- 
ship curriculum program in the 
Robert H. Smith School of 
Business. The Entrepreneurship 
Citation Program is a curricu- 
lum of four undergraduate 
courses that will focus on the 
essential aspects involved in 
starting, managing, financing 
and developing growth strate- 
gies for new ventures. The pro- 
gram will culminate in a busi- 
ness plan for each new student 
venture. 

Hinman entrepreneur stu- 
dents will be able to partici- 
pate in the citation program as 
well as take advantage of other 
relevant programs of the uni- 
versity's Dingman Center for 
Entrepreneurship in the Smith 
School of Business. Nationally. 
the Dingman Center is ranked 
among the best in entrepre- 
neurial business education, 
while the Smith School's MBA 
entrepreneurship curriculum 
ranks third in the nation. 

"Graduates of the Hinman 
CEO's Program will be able to 
take away a lot of things from 
the program, but the most 
important will be knowledge 
and experience that will give 
their entrepreneurial ventures 
a much higher probability of 
success when compared with 
others," Destler says. "And the 
higher success rate for Hinman 
entrepreneur graduates will 
translate into more economic 
success for our state, region, 
and nation," 



Brian Darmody Named Assistant VPfor 
Research ana Economic Development 



Brian Darmody was recent- 
ly promoted to assistant vice 
president for research and 
economic development under 
the newly created Office of 
Research and Graduate 
Education headed by Vice 
President for Research and 
Dean of Graduate Studies 
William Destler. All of this is 
part of President Dan Mote's 
plan to make the university a 
pre-eminent research institu- 
tion. 

Darmody, a long-time assis- 
tant in the president's office, 
started his career at the uni- 
versity as a legal counsel and 
was responsible for local, 
state and federal relations. 
More recendy Darmody 
served as senior advisor for 
economic development. 

In his legal and legislative 
duties Darmody developed a 
number of university research 
initiatives, including amend- 
ing the state ethics law to 
allow faculty entrepreneurs 
into the university's high tech 
incubator; reformed state pro- 
curement policies to grant 
more flexibility to principal 
investigators; developed the 
university first technology 
transfer office; devised the 
capital budget strategy to 
build new technology incuba- 
tors at the university and 
across the state; and created 
the university's first compre- 
hensive web site of services 
the university offers to private 
sector businesses 
(www. onestopshop . 
umd.edu). 

Two years ago Darmody 
created and successfully lob- 
bied for legislation that creat- 



ed the Maryland Technology 
Development Corporation, a 
quasi-public organization that 
will help Maryland universi- 
ties and federal labs commer- 
cialize technology in a more 
efficient manner. 

Darmody also advocated 
bringing a number of major 
capital projects to locations 
near campus, including the 
$80 million FDA Center for 
Food Safety and Applied 
Nutrition, now under con- 




Brian Darmody 

strucdon adjacent to the 
College Park/University of 
Maryland Metro Station, and 
the American Center of 
Physics, home to the American 
Physical Society, the American 
Institute of Physics and other 
national physics organizations. 
Darmody was also involved in 
the recruitment of the $60 
million Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco and Firearms 
National Laboratories reloca- 
tion project to a site north of 
the campus. 

Destler says that Darmody 



will carry over his expertise 
to die research and graduate 
studies division. "He's going to 
spearhead our activities in the 
area of economic develop- 
ment and build support for 
federal research funding." 

Darmody explains that the 
move will allow him to focus 
his efforts. "When the state 
legislature was in session I 
was devoting a lot of time 
defending the university's 
budget and other legislative 
matters," he says. Now 
Darmody lias more time to 
devote to fostering external 
relationships with the 
Congressional delegation and 
business organizations to 
help the university grow into 
a more prominent research 
university. 

"Dr. Mote wants to expand 
the university involvement in 
the private and federal sec- 
tors. Our research profile has 
grown tremendously over the 
years, and this is a very excit- 
ing part of the university's 
expanding mission in local 
and state economic develop- 
ment," says Darmody 

Ross Stern will be the new 
local and state government 
liaison in the president's 
office. Now that Darmody is a 
member of the research and 
graduate studies office, he 
plans to promote greater 
coherence among the many 
campus units delivering ser- 
vices to business in Maryland 
and in the region. 



What to Do about Electronic Junk Mail 

The Office of Information Technology has received numerous inquiries over the past several 
weeks concerning the influx of unsolicited, commercial (or "junk") electronic mail received by 
university faculty and staff. While the university's acceptable use guidelines (see 
www.inform.umd.edu/aug) prohibit the sending of unsolicited electronic messages (including 
"mass mail", "chain mail" and "commercial messages") by users of our computing resources, it is 
difficult to prevent the unwanted e-mad from being received by university mail servers and even 
more difficult to identify and hold accountable the author of the message when it originates from 
a non-university Internet connection. 

OIT advises university e-mail users to ignore these messages and delete them as appropriate. 
On the other hand, OIT encourages you to keep the message and contact Project NEThics 
(405.8787 or NEThics@umail.umd.edu) in the Office of Information Technology or the University 
of Maryland Police Department (405.3555) if you believe a message constitutes illegal activity, vio- 
lates campus policy or is part of a pattern of behavior. More information is also available from an 
eariier Outlook article (see www.inform.umd.edu/outiook/I998-04-07/cEck.htmI). 



Outlook 



Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff newspaper serving the University of Maryland campus community. Brodfe Remington, Vice President for University Relations; 
Teresa Flartnery, Executive Director of University Communications and Director of Marketing; George Cathcart. Executive Editor; Jennifer Hawes, Editor; 
Londa Scott Forte. Assistant Editor; David Abrams, Graduate Assistant: Erin Madison, Editorial Intern. Letters to the editor, story suggestions and campus infor- 
mation are welcome. Please submit all material two weeks before the Tuesday of publication. Send material to Editor, Outlook, 2101 Turner Hall, College Park. MD 
20742-Telephone (301) 40&4629; e-mail outlook@accmail.umd.edu; fax (301) 314-9344. Outlook can be found online at www.inform.umd.edu/outtook/ 



November SO, 199 1 ) Outlook 3 



Christine Clark Named Executive Director 
of Human Relations 



Christine Clark of the University of 
Cincinnati has been named executive director 
of the Office of Human Relations, effective Jan. 
2, President Dan Mote announced last week. 

Currently associate professor and coordinator 
of the Urban Educational Leadership Doctoral 
Program at Cincinnati, Clark has a broad back- 
ground in multi-cultural education and program- 
ming in higher education. 

"I am delighted that Christine Clark has 
agreed to provide leadership for the continuing 
development of a culture of 
diverse people enriching each 
others' experiences by learning 
and working together," says 
Mote. "It is more important 
than ever for us to assert our 
values and goals as we con- 
front the forces that would 
spread hatred and intolerance 
in society and even on campus. 

"Christine has a national 
reputation as an energetic, pas- 
sionate, visionary leader in the 
field of diversity enhancement 
and training,'' Mote says. "She 
will further establish us a place 
that honors and respects all 
people, of all races, religions, 
ethnicities and sexual orienta- 
tions." 

Clark has taught and administered programs 
to foster diversity at every educational level, 
from elementary school to graduate school, in 
New Mexico and Massachusetts, as well as in 
her current position in Ohio. 



"I look forward to the opportunity to further 
the development of human relations programs 
at the University of Maryland," says Clark. 
"Maryland has come a long way to earn respect 
and establish its role as a leader among universi- 
ties that value diversity and the strength of 
multi-culturalism. I am honored by Dr. Mote's 
confidence in me." 

In 1 998-99, while an assistant professor of 
education at New Mexico State University, she 
was a Fulbright Senior Scholar with the U.S.- 
Mexico 



Ira Bi 



Senate Confirms Ira Berlin 
Presidential Appointee to 
Humanities Advisory Board 




"Christine has a national 

reputation as an 

energetic, passionate, 

visionary leader in the field 

of diversity 
enhancement and training/' 

— Dan Mote, 
University President 



Commission for 
Educational and 
Cultural Exchange. 
Clark is a nationally 
known speaker and 
writer on diversity 
topics. 

Clark's new 
book , " Becoming 
and Unbecoming 
White: Owning and 
Disowning a Racial 
Identity," was pub- 
lished recendy by 
Greenwood Press. 
It is a primer on 
how whites can 
develop an anti- 
racist consciousness. 

Clark has her bachelor's degree from Franklin 
and Marshall College in Pennsylvania, and her 
master's and doctoral degrees from the 
University of Massachusetts. 



i Berlin, distinguished university professor of history, was 
among seven persons confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a presiden- 
tial appointee to serve on the National Council on the 
Humanities - the 26-member advisory board for the National 
Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Berlin begins his six-year 
term during the National Council's spring 2000 meeting in 
Washington, D.C. 

"It is a pleasure to welcome such as distinguished historian as 
Ira Berlin to the National Council on the Humanities," says NEH 
Chairman William. R. Ferris. "He is an admired leader in his field, 
and will contribute immensely toward providing the keen insight 
and judgement that will help guide* the NEH as we look ahead to 
the new millennium.'' 

"Ira Berlin has had a phenomenal year," says James Harris, dean 
of the College of Arts and Humanities. "His research has long 
been recognized for it groundbreaking value, but the internation- 
al attention his recently published works gained for him and his 
selection to the National Endowment for the Humanities bring 
ever greater distinction." 

A preeminent historian and award-winning author, Berlin 
uniquely masters the ability to restore stories dating back to the 
first slaves brought to the Americas. In an era when many 
Americans struggle with slavery's legacy — battling over such 
issues as affirmative action, official apologies and lingering preju- 
dices — they lack a true picture of the long, complex and varied 
history of slavery. His recent books, Many Thousands Gone and 
Remembering Slavery. African Americans Talk About Their 
Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation, were released 
with widespread acclaim and address the issues of diversity 
among slave life in North America. 

Created in 1965 as an independent federal agency, the NEH sup- 
ports learning in history, literature, philosophy and other area of 
the humanities. Grants sponsored by the NEH enrich classroom 
learning, crate and preserve knowledge and bring ideas to life 
through public television, radio, new technologies, museum exhi- 
bition, and programs in libraries and other community places. 



Maryland Psychology Center Offers Affordable, High Quality Services 



Tucked away on the second floor of 
the Zoology- Psychology Building the 
Maryland Center for Anxiety Disorders 
and the Psychology Clinic are discreetly 
providing closely supervised, high quali- 
ty services to the community, at a rea- 
sonable price. Also benefitting from the 
clinics are the graduate students in the 
clinical psychology program, who are 
receiving hands-on training and experi- 
ence in treating patients. The center 
also provide opportunities for faculty 
and student research. 

"Whether patients are depressed, 
anxious or have study or work prob- 
lems, they can call here," says Robert 
Brown, director of the Psychology 
Clinic and associate professor of psy- 
chology. "We're not set up to handle 
emergencies," he says, but the clinics do 
see numerous patients each week, 
whether individuals, couples or families. 

"Patients here are usually seen by 
students, not faculty," says Brown. 
"These are advanced graduate students 
who have been coached and taught by 
their supervisors (faculty)." In addition, 
says Brown, most sessions are recorded 
on videotape for additional review by 
the supervisor. 

"We deal with psycho-social issues 
here," says Brown" "we don't have the 
capacity to prescribe medications." The 
faculty who supervise in the clinics are 
licensed psychologists who have exper- 
tise in anxiety disorders (such as obses- 
sions, compulsions and phobias), seri- 



ous mental illness and other types of 
emotional problems. Couples and fami- 
lies also are assisted whether they are 
seeking to enhance their relationships 
or have problems, says Brown. 

Brown says he hopes the depart- 
ment will hire faculty who work specif- 
ically with children. Until then, only the 
anxiety clinic is staffed to see cliildrcn. 

Fees for die clinic, which arc 
on a sliding scale, are modest, 
starting at $10 per session. 
Faculty and staff who wish to 
use the clinic, says Brown, 
would be charged either on a 
sliding scale, or at the co-pay 
rate they would pay through 
their medical insurance, 
whichever is less. 

Brown conducts telephone 
interviews, or intakes, to deter- 
mine the client's area of need. 
He then refers that client to the 
appropriate supervisor within 
the clinic. 

During the intake, Brown tells the 
patient he or she will be seen by stu- 
dents under supervision. He also deter- 
mines their income level to give an esti- 
mate of what the session will cost 
them. 

Colanda Howard a fourth year gradu- 
ate student in clinical psychology, says 
having the professors as supervisors 
makes for a better relationship and 
experience. "You get educated very 
quickly as each patient brings in differ- 



ent problems and the supervisor pro- 
vides direction. 

"We see mostly anxiety patients, 
right now," says Howard, "But we may 
get a patient into the clinic who, for 
example, suffers from depression. A 
supervisor can guide you as to what 
do, what is needed. It teaches you how 
to adjust to each situation." 



"Whether patients are 
depressed, anxious or have 
study or work problems, they 
can call here," 

— Robert Brown, 



Psychology Clinic Director 



"We used to place our students in a 
wide variety of agencies," says Brown. 
"Now we can supervise them here 
where we can closely oversee their 
training before sending tiiem to intern- 
ships.'' 

Prior to meeting with the client, the 
student talks with his or her supervisor 
to discuss the patient's situation. "This 
is very much a training clinic," says 
Howard. "The supervisors change each 
semester, so you get experience work- 



ing with different styles. 

"Training here is almost like course- 
work, where you're being taught a 
hands-on-skill," says Howard. "The way 
the set-up is, it's almost like 'E.R.' where 
you learn as you go." 

Prior to the opening of the clinic, 
Howard says students went outside the 
university to get their clinical experi- 
ence. Hers was at a prison in 
Maryland. "We didn't like the travel, 
and here we were in our first year, 
second semester going into a prison. 
Now the legwork for students is 
reduced, because they're bringing the 
training here," she says. 
Nancy Heiser, a second year graduate 
student in clinical psychology, works 
in both the anxiety disorders and the 
general clinic. She estimates, of the 
two to three patients she sees each 
week, 60 percent are from outside 
campus, 40 percent on campus. 
"This is very positive for students 
and the community," says Heiser. 
"There weren't a lot of anxiety clinics 
available in the community before this 
one opened," she says. 

Brown says he hopes the clinic will 
be a community resource. "The sliding 
scale is greatly appreciated by patients," 
he says. He also encourages faculty and 
staff to take advantage of the clinic if 
they are interested. "If they don't know 
whether or not we have services useful 
to them," says Brown, call the Maryland 
Psychology Center at 4054808. 



4 Outlook November 30, 1999 



dateline 



mary 



mem 
'land 



Your Guide to University Events 
November 30 - December 9 



November 30 



3 p.m. Lecture: "The Internet, 
Electronic Media .Trust and Qvil 
Society," Ric Uslaner. department of 
government and politics. 01 17 
Reckon! Armory. 

4 p.m. Physics Colloquial" The 
Acceleration of the Solar Wind," 
Leonard Flsk, University of Michigan. 
14 10 Physics Bldg. 



December 1 



7:30 a.m. Dingman Center for 
Entrepreneurship:" Finding the Right 
Partnership-Choosing a Financial 
Partner," James Harvey, CEO of 
Ikimbo. Inc. Pooks Hill Marriott, 
Bethesda, Md. 403-4290.* 

Noon. Center for Health and 
Wellbeing Brown Bag Lunch: 
"Osteoporosis." Learn about osteo- 
porosis and how exercise and diet 
can help. 0121 Campus Recreation 
Center. 4-1280. 

Noon. Research & Development 
Seminar "The Impact of Community 
Violence on Preschool Children and 
Their Families," Sally Koblinsky, 
Family Studies. 01 14 Counseling 
Center, Shoemaker Bldg. 

4 p.m. Astronomy Colloquia: 
"Gamma-Ray Bursts as a Probe of the 
Very High-Redshift Universe," Donald 
Lamb, University of Chicago. 2400 
Computer & Space Sciences Bldg. 

4:30-6 p.m. Institute for Chinese 
Global Affairs Lecture: "China's 
Military and China's Security" David 
Shambaugh, director of political sci- 
ence and international affairs, 
George Washington University. 2 1 02 
Shoemaker Bldg. 54)213. 



December 2 



4 p.m. Meteorology Lecture: Louis 
Uccellini, director of the National 
Centers for Environmental 

Predictions, NOAA/NWS. 2400 
Computer and Space Sciences Bldg. 

4 p.m. Committee on the History 
and Philosophy of Science Lecture 
Series: "Concatenation of Scientific 
and Technical Book Publishing in the 
United Sates," Marcel LaFollette, 
George Washington University, 1117 
Francis Scott Key Bldg. 5-5691. 

6:30 p.m.WMUC FM 20th 
Anniversary Party Celebrate 20 years 
of 10 watts. Featuring six hands, 
four DJs, and cake. Rachel 
Weintraub. 4-7867 or 
wmuc.umd.edu. 

8 p.m. University Theatre. "Julius 
Caesar," a play by William 
Shakespeare, Tawes Fine Arts Bldg. 
5-7847 or 
www.inlbrM.umd.cdu/THET/plays.* 



December 3 



8 p.m. University Theatre: "Julius 
Caesar," a play by William 
Shakespeare. Tawes Fine Arts Bldg. 
5-7847 or www.inforM.umd.edu/ 
THET/plays.* 



December 4 



9:30 a.m. - 4-p.rn. Institute for Global 
Chinese Affairs Conference: "Huizhou 
Historical Archives and Culture." 
Huizhou Culture often refers to the 
unique political, social, commercial 
and arts traditions originating from 
southern Anhui and is regarded as the 
third most important regional 
Chinese culture, next only to Tibet 
and Dunhuang Caves. Lecture Room, 
National Archives 11,8601 Adelphi Rd. 
5-0213 orrml65@umail.umd.edu. 

8 p.m. Annual Christmas Concert. 
Memorial Chapel, 5-5570.* 

8 p.m. University Theatre: "Julius 
Caesar" a play by William 
Shakespeare.Tawes Fine Arts Bldg. 
5-7847 or www.inforM.umd.edu/ 

THET/pfays," 



December 5 



2 p.m. Annual Christmas Concert. 
Memorial Chapel. 5-5570." 

8 p.m. University Theatre: "Julius 
Caesar," a play by William 
Shakespeare. Tawes Fine Arts Bldg. 
5-7847 or www. inlbrM.umd.edu/ 
THET/plays.* 

5 p.m Annual Christmas Concert. 
Memorial Chapel. 5-5570.' 



December 7 



i p.m. Physics Colioquium:"Recent 
Discoveries in Gamma Ray Burst 
Astrophysics," Neil Gehrels, NASA- 
Goddard. 1 4 10 Physics Bldg. 

8 p.m. School of Music: "20th Century 
Winds'Tawes Fine Arts Bldg. 5-7847. 



December 8 



Noon. Center for Health and 
Wellbeing Brown Bag Lunch: "Stress 
Management.'' Learn stress manage- 
ment techniques and discuss how to 
reduce stress in your life. 0121 
Campus Recreation Center. 4-1280. 

7 p.m. Writers Here and Now Speaker 
Series featuring Michael Cunningham, 
winner of the PEN/Faulkner Award 
and the Pulitzer Prize for his novel, 
"The Hours." Fourth Floor, McKeldin 
library. 

7:30 p.m. School of Music: Winter 
Jazz Showcase Concert. Experience 
the talent from the university's two 
premiere jazz classes — the Jazz 
Ensemble and Jazz Lab Band — as they 
perform under the direction of direc- 
tor of jazz studies, Chris Vadala. 



Meshkin Brothers Create a Surfbuzz on the Internet 






A college degree is great, but having a 
whiz kid brother doesn't hurt either. 

After earning his degree in government 
and politics from the University of Maryland, 
interning on Capitol Hill and working in the 
private sector, Brian Meshkin decided to 
team up with his younger brother Alex to 
earn big bucks on the Internet, They formed 
their own company, Surfbuzz.com. 

The Meslikin brothers launched their pro- 
motional Web site yesterday. Surfbuzz com- 
bines everyday Web surfing with direct mar- 
keting. The site generates revenue from 
advertisers, while consumers use it to get 
free stuff. Members can keep up with finan- 
cial news, chat, e-mail and search the 
Internet while earning "BuzzPoints" for each 
action they do online. They can then use the 
points to purchase various products. 

Nineteen-year-old Alex planned to follow 
in his 23-year-old brother's footsteps at the 
University of Maryland, but the lure of entre- 
preneurship was too strong. Like other 
young "techie" businessmen, the 
brothers decided 
to forgo 
cubicles and 
job security 
for the 

promising but 
uncertain bust 
ness world. 
' 1 always took a 
unique 

approach toward 
everything, 
always looking 
for an alternative 
way to make 
money, to start my 
own business," Alex 
says. His business 
career began at 
Glenelg High School 
in Howard County, 
where he sold candy 
out of his locker. Alex 

also discovered a knack for the stock market 
in a government class mock stock market 
exercise. He multiplied the funny money his 
teacher allotted each student ten times. 

Surfbuzz members can use their 
BuzzPoints in an online "BuzzAuction," where 
they bid on over 40,000 products like cars, 
trips and Super Bowl tickets. For the promo- 
tional site, a Porsche Boxter is on the auc- 





tion block. 

Membership to Surfbuzz.com is free. And 
Alex says Surfbuzz members can get some- 
thing for free every day. "The first day you 
join the site, you may win a CD," he says. 
Besides cars and trips, the auctions have 
smaller items that require only a small 
amount of points. 

Like other successful Web companies 
such as Amazon.com and Ebay.com, Surfbuzz 
hopes to find its niche in cyberspace. 
Competitors JikeAllAdvantage.com and 
Beenz.com are similar to Surfbuzz, but those 
companies require users to purchase items 
in order to earn points. "We reward you for 
what you're already doing," says Brian. 

The company is based in Atlanta, Ga., 
where many of the companies' executives 
formerly worked for giants like World 
Airways and NASCAR. President Mike Jensen, 
as well as vice presidents Paul Krause and 
Carolyn Reeves 
O'Brien came to 
Surfbuzz from 
Georgia-based 
Coca-Cola. 
Surfbuzz also has 
offices in Orem, 
Utah, where the 
software and 
programming 
work is primar- 
ily done, and 
New York City. 
Alex and 
Brian are still 
forming the 
company — 
now 17 
employees 
strong — 
and solicit- 
ing adver- 
tisers.The broth- 
ers are co-founders, co-chairmen, 
and co-CEOs. They admit that they're not all 
business — the endeavor is fun, too. 

"Working with your brother is a wonder- 
ful experience in the sense that you've been 
working together a long time and it's some- 
one you trust," says Brian. Togetherness has 
its drawbacks, though. They are around each 
other so much, they never know when the 
workday stops. 

— DAVTDABRAMS 



Colony Ballroom, Stamp Student 
Union. 5-5542 or 
mb287@ umaii . umd . edu. 



December 9 



Noon. Institute for Chinese Global 
Affairs Brown Bag Lunch: "Research 
in Modern Chinese literature: 'The 
Dream Chamber," "Yuh- wen Kuo, 
National Taiwan University. The talk 
will be given in Chinese. 5-0213.* 

4 p.m. Meteorology Lecture: 
"Oceanic Normal Modes and 
Applications to Problems of Ocean 
Tides and Circulation," D.B. Rao, 
National Centers for Environmental 
Prediction, NOAA, 2400 Computer 
and Space Sciences Bldg. 



Calendar Guide 



Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-xxxx or 

5-xxxx stand for the prefix 314- or 405, Events 

are free and open to the public unless noted by 

an asterisk (*). Calendar information for Outlook 

is compiled from a combination of 

inforM's master calendar and submissions 

to the Outlook office. 



Tore; 



reach the calendar editor, call 405-7615 or 
e-mail Outlook@ac email, umd.edu. 









■ • n 



■■ 













November 30, 1999 Outlook 5 



Confederate Prisoner's Sketchbook Viewed by Great Grandson 



Almost 135 years ago, in a 
Civil War prison camp at Point 
Lookout, a young Confederate 
prisoner recorded his experi- 
ences in captivity in an extra- 
ordinary watercolor sketch- 
book containing 62 bound 
drawings. Recendy, the sol- 
dier's great grandson came to 
the University Libraries to 
view for the first time this 
sketchbook, which has been 
housed in the Maryland 
Manuscripts Collection since 
1989- 

Richard M. Brooks Sr., the 
great grandson of John Jacob 
Omenhausser, the prison artist, 
came from his Richmond, Va,, 
home to see not only the 
sketchbook at the Libraries but 
two other similar notebooks, 
one at the Maryland Historical 
Society in Baltimore, and the 
other at the Maryland State 
Archives in Annapolis. These 
two sketchbooks of prison life 
during the Civil War, plus a 



third book housed at 
Allegheny College in 
Meadville, Pa., are also believed 
to be the work of 
Omenhausser. 

Ross Kimmel, a supervisor 
in the Department of National 
Resources in Annapolis and a 
Civil War historian, accompa- 
nied Brooks and his wife dur- 
ing their state of Maryland vis- 
its. It was Kimmel who, in the 
course of his research, 
apprised Brooks of the sketch- 
books and their whereabouts. 

After looking at the three 
sketchbooks, Brooks conclud- 
ed that the one at the 
University Libraries surpassed 
the other two in clarity and 
artistic quality. Each of the 62 
drawings is tided and annotat- 
ed with humorous captions 
and ink inscriptions identify- 
ing specific buildings, figures 
and events. 

The Austria-born 
Omenhausser had lived in 





Shirley and Richard Brooks view the sketchbook of his great grandfather, John Jacob Omenhausser. 



Richmond for 30 years when 
he enlisted as a private in 
Company A, 46th Virginia 
Infantry, in 1861. Captured and 
released soon after in 1862 in 
a prisoner exchange, he served 
with his unit until 1864 when 
he was captured a second time 
near Petersburg, Va., and sent 
to Point Lookout. 

Omenhausser's work pro- 
vides a detailed record of 
prison life at Point Lookout, 
now a Maryland state park. 
Though not a professional 
artist, he had some basic skills 
as a draftsman. Impoverished 



prisoners at Point Lookout, 
such as Omenhausser, often 
capitalized on whatever manu- 
al skills they had to produce 
items for sale or barter. He like- 
ly produced numerous collec- 
tions of cartoons for sale or 
trade and, in turn, obtained 
brushes and ink necessary for 
his work. 

A year after his release from 
Point Lookout, Omenhausser 
married and subsequently sup- 
ported his wife and two 
daughters as a candy maker. 
He died in 1877 and is buried 
in Richmond. 



Soon after the Omenhausser 
notebook was obtained by the 
Libraries, it was sent out for 
conservation treatment. Most 
of the interest in the watercol- 
or sketchbook, according to 
Lauren Brown, curator of 
Archives & Manuscripts, comes 
from art, history and American 
studies students and faculty. 
Brown also notes that a muse- 
um has expressed an interest 
in borrowing the booklet for 
an exhibit. 



Campus Workshop Sparks Dialogue on White Awareness 



Thirty-five members of the campus 
community participated in a white 
awareness workshop tided "To 
Be(come) or to Un-Be(come)?:A 
Critical Examination of Whiteness 
Studies" on Nov. 5. 

The goal of the workshop was to 
engage participants in a critical dia- 
logue on whiteness studies within both 
personal and sociopolitical spheres. 
"Ultimately, the 
goal of the work- 
shop was to exam- 
ine manifestations 
of white privilege 
and racism at the 
university and to 
develop strategies 
for addressing and 
eliminating them," 
says Paul Gorski, 
co-facilitator of the 
workshop and 
coordinator of the 
Student 
Intercultural 
Learning Center 
(SILQ within the 
Office of Human 
Relations Programs. 

"Part of the rea- 




PI VERITY 
AT 1>MCP 

MOVING 
TOWARP 
COMMUNITY 



son whiteness studies have recendy 
become so popular is because people 
finally got a clue that it is no longer 
okay for me, as a white person, to sit 
around and wait for people of color to 
solve racism problems. It is my obliga- 
tion as a white person to understand 
the role of my race in racism," adds 
Gorski. 

Issues surrounding whiteness and 
whiteness studies were addressed 
at the workshop, but the majority 
of the afternoon surrounded a 
dialogue about privilege. Small 
group discussions and an experi- 
ential activity called "Cross-Walk" 
sparked this discussion. 
Participants at the workshop 
determined that "whiteness" Is a 
very complex issue because peo- 
ple have different dimensions of 
identity, e.g., ethnicity, gender, sex- 
ual orientation, religion and social 
class. 

Defining this concept is impor- 
tant in the development process. 
According to Gorski, the starting 
point is to reflect on oneself 
before moving on to some type 
of action. 

"It [the workshop] was a very 



good time to start exploring the idea of 
whiteness. We had a good dialogue and 
began to focus on the issue," says Linda 
Sarigol, the film collectors supervisor 
with the University Libraries. 

A discussion about racial and gender 
Issues at the university illustrated that 
changes still need to be made. 
Workshop participants who experi- 
enced racism or had examples of privi- 
lege at the university shared their sto- 
ries. These stories gave other workshop 
participants concrete examples that 
there is still work to do at both a uni- 
versity and societal level. 

"The workshop was excellent, but it 
is a shame that some of the directors 
and administrators did not attend. I see 
the same faces at these diversity-related 
events, which makes me question very 
deeply whether the 'administration' and 
the people with 'decision power' have 
a commitment to these issues. They 
need to show a commitment with 
action," says Ron Abbit, assistant direc- 
tor of Campus Recreation Services. 

Gorski, a Ph.D. graduate from the 
University of Virginia, in educational 
evaluation, facilitated the workshop 
with Miriam Phields, a doctoral student 
and intern in the Counseling Center. 



Gorski wrote his dissertation about 
racial and gender identity in white 
male multicultural educators and facili- 
tators. His study focused on the individ- 
ual processes of self-development. "It is 
the process of examining my own 
experience that moves me forward," 
says Gorski. 

"I hope this workshop introduced a 
conversation about whiteness and, ulti- 
mately, I hope it comes to what we can 
do on this campus to break through 
and address racism and privilege in the 
future," says Gorski. 

*Note:There will be another event 
related to white awareness on Tuesday, 
Nov. 30, 6-8p.m., in the Cambridge 
Community Center, Room 1111 .This 
event is a cinema and conversation ses- 
sion focused on "White Privilege." 
Cinema will be used to spark dialogue 
about this important topic. It is co- 
sponsored by Office of Human 
Relations Programs, National 
Conference for Community Justice, 
College Park Scholars, and the Academy 
of Leadership. Contact Bridget Turner, 
5-8190 or bt38@umail.umd.edu 

—JAMIE FEEHERY-SIMMONS 



« Outlook November 30. 1999 



Why We Close... Or Not 



continued from page 1 

est of the university communi- 
ty as a whole. 

"Sometimes, what's best for 
the whole university is still not 
in the best interests of every 
individual," Geoffrey says. 
"Weather conditions vary con- 
siderably across the region, and 
while travel may be safe for the 
vast majority of us, It may 
not be for everyone. 

"We encourage faculty 
and supervisors to exer- 
cise leniency with regard 
to absences on those 
days. If people can't get 
here safely, they should 
not be unduly penalized. 

"We also encourage 
faculty to make every 
effort to let students 
know if they are unable 
to come to class on those 
days. The easiest way is to 
record a voice mail message 
informing their students that 
class is canceled. Many stu- 
dents have expressed frustra- 
tion to me when they come to 
school on snowy days only to 
find that their professors have 
canceled class." 

Geoffroy also notes that he 



decides the university's status 
independently of what other 
schools, colleges and universi- 
ties may do. 

"We all have different con- 
siderations," he says. "Even 
University College, which is 
adjacent to us, may close on 
days when conditions are quite 
safe here on campus. They con- 
duct programs at numerous 



"We encourage faculty and 
supervisors to exercise leniency 

with regard to absences on 

those days. If people can't get 

here safely, they should not be 

unduly penalized." 

— Greg Geoffroy, Provost 



other facilities, including 
schools and community col- 
leges, which may be closed. So 
they are at the mercy of those 
facilities. We will make every 
effort to stay open as long as 
safety is not jeopardized." 




Are We Open or Not? 

How to Find Out Reliably 




Winter is just around the corner, bringing 
with it the promise of the holiday season, leaf- 
less trees andTerps basketball. What's less cer- 
tain at this time is whether the Redskins will 
be playing football in January and whedier the 
university will be open or closed when snow 
storms blow in. 

With thousands of members of the universi- 
ty family living miles from the College Park 
campus, getting the word out broadly and in a 
timely fashion is critical. As the campus official 
responsible for announcing whether the uni- 
versity will close for the day, open late, close 
early or stay open in spite of the weather, I 
want to be certain that you know how to get 
reliable, timely information. 

Normally, when the weather is marginal or 
worse, Provost Greg Geoffroy makes a decision 
about the university's status between 5 and 
5:30 a.m. (see accompanying story) and com- 
municates that decision to me. I then start mak- 
ing a series of phone calls that trigger the place- 
ment of the announcement on the university's 
Web site, on its weather emergency phone line 
and in the news media that carry school status 
announcements. 

Those are the three places where you can 
get information about the university's status 
during inclement weather: the university Web 
site (www.maryland.edu), the telephone line 
301405-SNOW (7669) and the area's radio and 
television stations.The first two are reliable 



and have information by 6 a.m. on snow days, 
whether we're open or not. 

We also work hard with local radio and tele- 
vision stations to get the word out, but they 
are not as reliable as the information sources 
we control ourselves. 

We notify more than two dozen TV and 
radio stations throughout the Baltimore- 
Washington area when we close or open late. 
Unfortunately, the message sometimes gets gar- 
bled by the media. For example, many of them 
don't distinguish between University of 
Maryland, College Park and University of 
Maryland University College. Channel 4 in 
Washington last year twice failed to announce 
we were closed after we had notified them, 
and this fall, when Hurricane Floyd brushed 
by, they announced we were closed when we 
weren't. 

The best source will be the university's Web 
site, because we can put more information there 
than in any other medium. For example, we can 
post details about the weather forecasts and 
conditions that lead to decisions about closing. 
The Web site also provides users an opportunity 
to provide comments about weather-related 
operations, which will be forwarded to decision- 
makers. 

Have a great, safe winter! 

—GEORGE CATHCART, 
DIRECTOR, UNIVERSITY RELATIONS 



MacGregor Burns Compares the Leadership Styles of Eleanor and Hillary 



Earlier this month, acclaimed author James 
MacGregor Burns took a break from his book tour to 
talk to students, staff and faculty about first ladies 
Eleanor Roosevelt and Hillary Clinton. The brown bag 
lunch chat, "Eleanor and Hillary: A Comparison of 
Leadership Styles," was held Nov. 15 at the Academy of 
Leadership in Taliaferro Hall. 

Bums recendy published "Dead Center: Clinton- 
Gore Leadership and the Perils of Moderation," co-writ- 
ten by Georgia J. Sorenson, 
chronicling the "troika" of 
Hillary, Bill, and AI Gore. In addi- 
tion to his research on Hillary 
Clinton for "Dead Center," Burns 
also has first-hand knowledge 
of Roosevelt from his years as a 
White House intern during die 
depression. The women's 
Committee in the Academy of 
Leadership asked him to con- 
trast the two women as the 
nation mulls a possible Senate 
run by Clinton. 

The hour-long lecture and 
discussion was divided into 
two parts half, devoting equal 
time to the lives of Roosevelt 
and Clinton. 

Burns highlighted several 
qualities the two women have in common, such as 
coming from well-off families, good schooling and 
often-adversarial relationships with the press. They 
both committed their share of political faux pas and 
both struggled with unfaithful husbands. They have 
both been criticized for using their positions to affect 
political change rather than assuming more traditional 
roles as first ladies. 

Burns described Roosevelt as individual more inter- 
ested in furthering the liberal cause than maintaining a 
household. Early in FDR's political career, Eleanor 




Eleanor Roosevelt 



made the unfortunate gaffe of telling reporters that 
the first family was "getting along" with 1 1 servants— 
not a popular statement to make during the depres- 
sion. But that experience and her presence on the 
campaign train with her husband taught her the ropes 
of politics. She always fought her husband over the 
Republican aspects of the New Deal, Burns said. He 
credited her for being a powerful leader on the home 
front during the war and caring for her husband dur- 
ing a horrible bout with 
polio that confined him to a 
wheelchair. 

As an intern in 1941 
Burns remembered being 
invited by Eleanor 
Roosevelt to a special din- 
ner with other staff mem- 
bers. World War II broke out 
that day, and he was sure 
the event would be can- 
celled, but Roosevelt hon- 
ored the invitation. Burns 
credited her with always 
honoring her commitments. 
"She was a real political 
pro," he said. "When she 
said she would be some- 
where, by God, she was 
going to be on dme." 
Roosevelt went on after her stint as first lady to 
make multiple contributions to society as an author, 
columnist and United Nations ambassador. Burns 
called the Universal Declaration of Human Rights she 
helped compose as chairperson of the United Nations 
Human Rights Commission "one of the greatest docu- 
ments of all time." 

In 1918 Eleanor found love letters documenting a 
long affair between her husband and her social secre- 
tary. Although the affair was quite tame by today's stan 
da ids, Eleanor's self-esteem was shattered by the dis- 



Hlllary Clinton 



covery. But Burns said the couple became closer as a 
result, largely because FDR knew that the political fall- 
out from a divorce would be detrimental to his career. 
Burns said Hillary Clinton's uncomfortable initiation 
into politics mirrors Eleanor's in many ways. "She fum- 
bles a bit wliiie finding her way," said Burns, who 
called the press response in the aftermath of her failed 
national healthcare campaign a "huge over reaction." 
"Defeat is the name of reform,"he said, "because 
change is difficult." 

Comparing Hillary Clinton 
the politician to her husband, Burns 
said he considers her more forth- 
right and equally policy-minded. But 
he said the first lady lacks the 
President's skills of "transactional 
leadership," a term used to describe 
Clinton's ability to barter political 
favors in order to pass the programs 
most important to him. 

Many members of the audi- 
ence were interested in Burns' take 
on Hillary Clinton's New York Senate 
campaign." I don't really understand 
her ambition to be a Senator," said 
Burns. He does not think that Hillary 
will run. He noted that the Senate is 
about compromise and not suited 
for individuals like Republican New York City Mayor 
Giuliani or Clinton. "Neither of them is going to be 
happy in the Senate," he said. 

Burns said tiiat Hillary Clinton's most important 
contribution is the example she sets for other women. 
He considers her a traUblazer for women in politics, 
much like Eleanor Roosevelt was for her time. 
"(Roosevelt] carried off that role so well," he said, "that 
she's paved the way for other people." 

— DAVID ABRAMS 




November 30, 1999 Outlook 7 



Master Forecaster: Rasmusson Continues to Weather the Storm 



JL V -H-s 



■other Nature is perverse," says Eugene 
Rasmusson with a laugh.The 70-year-old 
.senior research scientist in the depart- 
ment of meteorology should know. He has spent his 
life studying the weather. 

Beginning with his childhood on the Kansas prairie 
during the Dust Bowl days and continuing through a 
half-century long, distinguished career, Rasmusson has 
been observing the weather. Driving him is a desire to 
understand the intricacies and complex interactions 
of the atmosphere, land, rivers and sea. 

Rasmusson is one of the world's best known 
experts on the "El Nino" phenomenon, the irregular 
warming of the waters of the eastern equatorial 
Pacific off the coast of Peru roughly every two to five 
years. It is associated with air pressure and wind pat- 
tern changes that alter the weather, sometimes disas- 
trously, in nearly every corner of the world. 

Recently, Rasmusson was inducted into the 
National Academy of Engineering for his contributions 
to understanding climate variability and establishing 
the basis for practical predictions of El Nino. 

Rasmusson is accustomed to answering questions 
about how El Nino is likely to affect winter weather. 
He obliges them with his friendly demeanor and 
patient way of explaining things, frequently telling 
reporters what a typical "El Nino" winter weather pat- 
tern is likely to entail for different parts of the world: 
wetter, drier, colder or warmer. 

Having been an operational and research meteorol- 
ogist, he can also explain how and why weather fore- 
casting has improved dramatically in the last 40 years. 
He readily concedes, though, what drives the decades' 
lond — and centuries' long global weather patterns 
remains a mystery. "Mother Nature is always ready to 
throw a curve ball," he says.This happened in 1983, 
when he published a famous article on the El Nino 
phenomenon during the biggest recorded El Nino of 
the century."It followed none of the composite pic- 
tures" he had developed. 

Born on an isolated Kansas farm in February 1 929, 
Rasmusson was the oldest of five boys and two girls. 
His ethnic Swedish and Norwegian parents had come 
to the states from Scandinavia in the 1870s. 

Rasmusson came of age in the decade of the Great 
Depression. It was also die decade of the Dust Bowl, 
when a series of unprecedented droughts in the Great 
Plains devastated farming life. 

Fanning was the only way of life that had been 
known for generations and the Dust Bowl was one of 
Mother Nature's crudest curve balls ever. Between 
trying to grow wheat and raise catde during the worst 
of die Dust Bowl years, young Eugene took an early 
interest in the weather.As he explains it, "Life on the 
farm, where weather was so crucial, oriented me 
toward paying attention to the weather." 

Of that time, he says, "farm life was Spartan."The 
family had no running water and no electricity. 

He attended school through the eighth grade in a 
one-room schoolhouse. His parents had never gone 
beyond the eighth grade and his father "wasn't 
thrilled' when his oldest son decided to go to high 
school in Iindsborg, a tiny town of 200 people. 

But Rasmusson was delighted to Eve there with his 
maternal grandmother. The house had electricity and 
running water. "For the first time in my life, 1 could 
flush a toilet," he laughs. Town life was a major and 
welcome change from he rigors of farm life"! didn't 
have to milk the cows, "he adds, 

FoUowing high school, Rasmusson decided to go to 
college. "This was really the only method of escape 
from the farm," he says. Beginning in the faE of 1946, 
he went to Kansas State CoUege in Manhattan, Kansas. 

Degree options were mostly engineering related. 
Meteorology programs were almost non-existent. 

Rasmusson majored in civil engineering, graduating 
in 1950 with a bachelor of science degree. He also 
signed up for the four-year advanced ROTC program, 



Eugene Rasmusson 



which got him a reserved commis- 
sion. This was to prove fortuitous 
when the Korean War broke out that 
year. 

In May 1951, Rasmusson was 
ordered to Warren Air Force Base in 
Cheyenne, Wyo., ending a brief stint 
with the Kansas State Highway 
Commission as a surveyor. He was 
sent to Lackland Air Force Base in 
San Antonio, Tex., where he was 
given a battery of tests to see where 
he would be most useful. The result: 
either research and development or 
meteorology. 

He made his choice, and in the 
fall of 1951, was sent to the meteo- 
rology department at the University 
of Washington in Seattle for a one- 
year, non-degree training program. 
His first forecasting job began in 
1952 at Vance Air Force Base in Enid, 
Okla. From there, he was sent to 
Elmendorf Air Force Base in 
Anchorage, Alaska, to work as a fore- 
cast shift chief in the Alaska Weather 
Center. 

Following his 1955 discharge, 
Rasmusson spent six months work- 
ing for the Pacific Telephone 
Company before becoming "lone- 
some for meteorology." He wrote to 
the II. S. Weather Bureau (predeces- 
sor to today's National Weather 
Service) and landed a job in the river 
forecast center, where he was responsible for forecast- 
ing Mississippi River stages above Cairo, 111. In I960, 
he got a job as a state forecaster for southeastern 
Missouri. 

That same year, Rasmusson got married — on a swel- 
tering August day in the tiny town of Newmindin, 111. 
"It was so hot, I thought I'd die that day," he remi- 
nisces. Next year, he and his wife, Georgene, celebrate 
their 40th wedding anniversary. They have four daugh- 
ters and three grandchildren. 

In the early '60s, Rasmusson took night courses at 
St. Louis University in a mechanical engineering mas- 
ter's degree program, and graduated in the spring of 
1963- The idea of a formal graduate degree in meteo- 
rology "still never entered my mind" says Rasmusson. 
However, that summer he was asked by his Weather 
Bureau supervisor to take a one-year assignment at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 
department of meteorology. 

"It was so awesome, so great, second to none," says 
Rasmusson of MIT's meteorology department.AU the 
great weather scientists were there, including the peo- 
ple who first devised the concept of numerical weath- 
er forecasts in the 1940s and 1950s. When the one- 
year assignment was extended to two, he enrolled as a 
formal Ph.D. student, earning his Ph.D. in meteorology 
from MIT in 1966. 

Over the next two decades, Rasmusson worked on 
research designed to see if computer models could 
accurately mimic the observed general circuladon pat- 
tern of the atmosphere. He helped prepare what was 
for a long time the "bible" of the general circulation 
model: "The National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA) Professional Paper 5, 
September 1971, Atmospheric Circulation Statistics." 
Computer model outputs for years were compared to 
the statistics, based on years of observational data, pre- 
sented in diis book. 

Rasmusson did not turn to El Nino-related work 
until the 1 970s, It was, as he describes it, one of the 
"targets of opportunity... a plum waiting to be picked." 
The contributing factors, he says, were a new NOAA 
emphasis on ocean-climate interactions; and the 




National Climatic Data Center's desire to create a sur- 
face temperature data set for the tropical Pacific. 

-In 1969, the famed Norwegian scientist Jacob 
Bjerknes had linked together the El Nino phenome- 
non with the periodic shifting in atmospheric pres- 
sure patterns across the equatorial South Pacific, 
referred to as the "Southern Oscillation." 

This is where die acronym ENSO comes from: the 
El Nino-Southern OsciEation.A warm episode is called 
an EI Nino or warm ENSO and a cold episode is caEed 
a La Nina or a cold ENSO. 

Rasmusson did extensive work creating composite 
maps of what a "typical" warm and cold ENSO 
episode features. It was in 198 J, when a major warm 
ENSO episode triggered global weather havoc, that 
the term "El Nino" first entered the popular press. 
In 1986, Rasmusson came to the University of 
Maryland's department of meteorology as a senior 
research associate. Early on, he gave frequent lectures 
and was in charge of the department seminar pro- 
gram. He also wrote proposals for scientific studies 
funded by the National Science Foundation and the 
Office of Global Programming. Today, Rasmusson is 
mostly retired from active research. He sits on numer- 
ous committees and recently served as president of 
the American Meteorological Society. His appointment 
as research professor emeritus is pending. 

When asked why ENSO episodes have been so fre- 
quent and so intense in the past 20 years, Rasmusson 
readily concedes he doesn't know. Looking back on 
the historical record, he says, there was a similar peri- 
od in the late 1 9th century. 

Whether or not it is related to the phenomenon of 
global warming, he answers, "maybe yes, maybe no." 
He notes the Dust Bowl droughts were not associated 
with any ENSO episodes. He then recaEs that dust 
storm winds across the prairie periodically knocked 
over the family out-house. 

"Mother Nature is perverse," he says. 

—RICHARD TODARO 



I 



8 Outlook November 30, 1999 



for your 




•vinli 



lectures • seminars • awards 



etc 



Database Design 

Faculty, staff and gradu- 
ate student computer train- 
ing is being offered in 
"Designing a Relational 
Database," Friday, Dec. 10, 
from 9 a,m,4 p.m. There 
is a fee of $ 100 for train- 
ing and text book. 

This course, to be 
taught in lecture format, 
deals with the issues sur- 
rounding database design. 
The course is not specific 
to any one database appli- 
cation and is ideal for any- 
one preparing to create a 
database, for those prepar- 
ing to transfer a database 
from one application to 
another, and for database 
designers and users who 
wish to 

have a firmer grasp of 
design considerations. 

Seating is Limited and 
web-based preregistration 
is required at 




Poinsettia Sale 



Just in time for the holiday season, the 
department of natural resource sciences and 
landscape architecture will host a poinsettia 
sale on Dec. 10 and 17 from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 
p.m. in the Harrison Lab at Route 1 . 

The sale will feature over 40 varieties with 
bract colors of white, different shades of red, 
pink and bicolors. 

For more information, call 405-4376. 



www. inform, umd . edu/ShortCour ses. 
Questions about course content can be 
directed to oit-traming@ 
umail.umd.edu; questions about regis- 
tration can be directed to the OIT 
training services coordinator at 405- 
0443. 

Lilly Atlantic Conference 

The fourth annual Lilly Atlantic 
Conference on College and University 
Teaching will take place April 7-9, 
2000, at Towson University, and is 
cosponsored by Towson, Miami 
University and the University of 
Maryland. Proposals are due Dec. 1. 

To get a copy of the call for propos- 
als, contact Lisa Solomon at 
<ls209@umail.umd.edu> or 405-9980. 
Information is also available on the 
CTE web site at 

<www. inform. umd. edu\CTE> under 
the header upcoming special event. 

Illness in High Office 

Jerrold Post discusses "When Illness 
Strikes the Leader: The Psychopolitics 
of Illness in High Office "Tuesday, Dec. 
7 from noon-l:30 p.m. in Room 1 102 
Taliaferro Hall. Post is professor of psy- 
chiatry, political psychology and inter- 
national affairs at The George 
Washington University. 

Post worked for the U.S. government 



for more than two decades, founding 
and directing the Center for the 
Analysis of Personality & Political 
Behavior, which provided political psy 
chology assessments of foreign 
leaders for the President and 
other senior officials for use in 
crisis situations and in prepara- 
tion for summit meetings. A 
member of the editorial boards 
of Political Psychology and 
Terrorism, Post also has conduct- 
ed research on crisis decision- 
making for the Carnegie 
Corporation of New York. Most 
recently, he is coauthor of 
"Political Paranoia: The 
Psychopolitics of Hatred" (Yale, 
1997). 

Drinks and cookies will be 
provided. Bring your own lunch. 
This event is sponsored by the 
Center for the Advanced Study of 
Leadership, a program of the 
Academy of Leadership. For 
more information, contact Scott 
Webster at 405-7920 or "sweb- 
ster® academy, umd . edu ." 



Bottled Water Blues 
Banished 

The Office of Procurement 
and Supply recendy received 
some complaints about missed 



deliveries and billing problems from 
Crystal Springs, the university's bot- 
tled water contractor. The company 
took the university's complaints seri- 
ously and has assigned a new cus- 
tomer service representative, Jason 
Kolovich, who can be reached at 1- 
800-344-1618 x3104. 

If you need to call Kolovich, have 
ready your department name and 
location, telephone number and the 
customer account number. If you 
have further problems or any con- 
cerns regarding this contract, call 
Tammy Yanulevich at 405-5830 or e- 
mail her at tyanul@purchase. 
umd.edu. She will be doing the con- 
tract administration for this bottled 
water contract. 
Procurement is sorry for the incon- 
venience and appreciates customers 
calling the problem to procurement's 
attention. 

Power Point Prep 

Faculty and staff computer training 
in "Creating Presentations with MS 
PowerPoint (Office 97)," is being 
offered Tuesday, Dec. 7 and Thursday, 
Dec. 9, from 9 a.m.-noon both days. 
There is a fee of $60 for training and 
course materials. 

Participants with basic Windows and 
word processing skills will learn to cre- 
ate slide content outlines, incorporate 
clip art and graphics, animate slides, 
prepare audience handouts and speak- 
er notes, and be acquainted with style 
and formatting techniques that will add 
power and appeal to slide presenta- 
tions. 

Seating is limited and web-based 
preregistration is required at 
www. inform . umd . edu/Short Courses . 
Questions about course content can be 
directed to oil-training® umail. 
umd.edu; questions about registration 
can be directed to the OlTTraining 
Services coordinator at 405-0443. 

Orlando Furioso 

Daniel Javitch, professor of compara- 
tive literature at New York University, 



addresses "The Poetics of Variation in 
Orlando Furioso"Thursday, Dec, 2, at 3 
p.m. in the Language House (St. Mary's 
Hall). All are welcome to attend. 

The event is sponsored by the 
department of French and Italian. A 
reception follows the lecture. 

For more information, contact 
Giuseppe Falvo at 405-403 1 or 
falvo@umd5.umd.edu. 

Putting Together a Web site 

The Mini-Center for Teaching 
Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture and 
Society presents "How to Put Together 
a Web site " a basic HTML hands-on ses- 
sion, Tuesday, Nov. 30, at 6:30 p.m. in 
Room 4133 McKeldin Library. 

For more information visit the Mini- 
Center's Web site at 

otal.umd.edu/amst/mini-center/ or con- 
tact the administrator Sandor Vegh at 
veghs@otal.umd.edu 

Ethical Conflicts Resolved 

The campus community is invited to 
participate in a seminar tided 
"Resolving Ethical Conflicts in 
Professional Practice," featuring Civil 
Engineering Professor Richard McCuen 
Friday Dec. 3, from 2-4 p.m., in the ITV 
Building. The goal of this course is to 
develop your awareness of the com- 
plexity and significance of value con- 
flicts in professional environments and 
to demonstrate an optimum approach 
to resolving such conflicts. The 
approach for resolving ethical conflicts 
recommended by the Institute for 
Professional Pracdce will be intro- 
duced 

and illustrated using case studies, 
including a videotape of a case study of 
an entry-level professional confronted 
by a value conflict in the workplace. 

For a detailed course description 
and registration form call 405-4905 
with your name, phone and fax num- 
ber. Cost for the university community 
is $45 per person. 



National Players' 'Julius Caesar" Opens Dec. 2 



The National Players will present William 
Shakespeare's murderous tale of greed and 
deception, "Julius Caesar," Dec. 2-5. 
Performances of the classic play wiU be held 
in Tawes Theatre Dec. 2A at 8 p.m. and Dec. 5 
at 2 p.m. 

One of Shakespeare's most frequently per- 
formed plays, "Julius Caesar" exposes a dark 
world of political betrayal in which assassins 
and avengers misguidedly seek justice. 
"Behind the pomp and grandeur of any 
empire or organization are people," said 
Mitchell Hebert, director of "Julius Caesar." 
"People who place their trust in the leader- 
ship of others. What happens when this trust 
is violated? To what ends will others go to 
seek justice? Just how fragile is the fabric of 
love that holds a friendship or marriage 
together? In 'Julius Caesar,'we examine those 
questions." 

Tickets are $10 standard admission, $7 for senior citizens, students, and standard 
groups, and $5 for senior citizen and student groups. Tickets are available dirough mail 
order now or by phone charge beginning Nov. 22. For reservations or additional informa- 
tion, call the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center Ticket Office at (301 ) 405-7847 week- 
days from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. 




JULIUS