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Full text of "Outlook / the University of Maryland, College Park (2000)"

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Outlook 

The University of Maryland Faculty and Staff Weekly Newspaper 

Volume 15 - Number 10 • October 31, 2000 




Pumpkin seasons kicks off, page 4 




Assistant research scientist Christopher Shuman at the South Pole, January 2000. 

University Scientist on Expedition 
to the South End of the Earth 



To learn how the 
Earth's climate has 
varied in the past 
and how it might 
change in the future, scientist 
Christopher Shuman is will- 
ing to go to the bottom of 
the world. 

On Oct. 30, Shuman, a re- 
searcher with the university's 
Earth System Science Inter- 
disciplinary Center, began his 
fourth trip to the frozen con- 
tinent of Antarctica. 

Shuman, who also has con- 
ducted research near the top 
of the world in Greenland, 
will spend more than a 
month traversing 750 miles 
of the western Antarctic's 
Polar desert with other U.S. 
members of the International 
Trans-Antarctic Science 
Expedition (ITASE).This will 
be his second visit as part of 
ITASE, a project to drill and 
bring back Antarctic ice 
cores for analysis. 

In an interview just before 
he left, Shuman explained 
that studying these ice cores 
allows scientists to examine 
historical fluctuations in 
atmospheric temperature and 
other atmospheric condi- 
tions. The interior of 
Antarctica is an ideal place to 
obtain ice core samples for 
such studies because none of 
the moderate amounts of 
snow that fall there melts. 

"Our goal is to take ice 
cores... that have layers that 
correspond to the year by 
year accumulation," Shuman 
said. "These layers preserve a 
record of the atmospheric 
conditions present over hun- 



dreds and in some cases even 
hundreds of thousands of 
years." 

Shuman said he and other 
scientists hope that by study- 
ing core samples from Ant- 
arctica they will learn more 
about the impact human 
activities may have had on 
the atmosphere over the con- 
tinent. 

Temperature and other 
information from the last 200 
years is compared with that 
from years prior to the time 
that mankind started burning 
fossil fuels extensively in an 
attempt to separate out natu- 
ral variability in the atmo- 
sphere over Antarctica from 
human-induced changes. 

One of Shuman s jobs on 
the expedition will be one 
most people hope every win- 
ter to avoid: shoveling snow. 

But this low-tech activity 
is actually one of the most 
important parts of the expe- 
dition. Scientists studying ice 
core samples estimate the 
atmospheric temperature for 
a given year based on the 
amounts of key isotopes of 
elements like hydrogen and 
oxygen that are present in a 
given year's layer of snow. 

Because the first few 
meters contain snow from 
the most recent years, the 
sample-based estimates for 
temperature and other atmos- 
pheric variables for these lay- 
ers can be compared with 
actual readings taken by 
satellites and ground weather 
stations for those years. Good 
samples from the recent lay- 
ers thus are essential for cali- 



brating, or setting the accura- 
cy for, data derived from 
much older layers. 

Samples from the first few 
meters have to be collected 
by hand, Shuman explained, 
because the ice coring equip- 
ment has a tendency to break 
up the uppermost layers of 
snow so they can't be ana- 
lyzed as accurately. 

Shuman said that while his 
scientific expectations for 
this expedition are high, they 
are tempered by his knowl- 
edge of the extremely diffi- 
cult and potentially hazard- 
ous conditions presented by 
the Antarctic. Even in Novem- 
ber, which is late spring for 
that part of the world, tem- 
peratures will be below zero 
Fahrenheit. The potential for 
high winds and life threaten- 
ing white out conditions is 
ever-present. 

On an Antarctic expedi- 
tion the possibility is always 
there that conditions and cir- 
cumstances will result in a 
team having to be pulled out 
without achieving their 
major scientific goals. 

"There is just such a 
broad range of challenges to 
surviving. And that's assum- 
ing that everything works as 
well as it can, that major 
equipment failures don't hap- 
pen, that major storms don't 
catch you in dangerous or 
difficult circumstances," he 
said. "You have to be pre- 
pared for the minimum 
expectation, which is that 
you don't get any real com- 
plex science done but you 
do come home safely." 



Combining Reading and Science 
Boosts Students' Achievement 



Put a salamander in the middle 
of the table in a third grade class- 
room and you get the students' 
undivided attendon. The questions 
start coming fast and furious. 

Tapping into that curiosity may 
be the key to helping older ele- 
mentary school children make the 
transition from reading stories to 
reading for comprehension and 
knowledge, say a group of 
researchers at the University of 
Maryland. 

JohnT. Guthrie, an educational 
psychologist in Maryland's College 
of Education, and his team are join- 
ing forces with Frederick County 
Public Schools to test the long- 
term viability of an instructional 
approach that uses hands-on sci- 
ence to build interest in reading 
for information. The five-year, $34 
million project, recently funded by 
the National Science Foundation, 
will involve some 3,600 third, 
fourth and fifth grade students in 



16 schools across the district. 
Co-investigators include Allan 
Wigfield, Department of Human 
Development, and Pedro Barbosa, 
Department of Entomology. 

The study is prompted by a 
growing national concern that too 
many students are deficient in 
comprehension skills. The 
National Assessment for 
Educational Progress (NAEP), for 
example, reports that 40 percent 
of grade four students score 
"below basic" on the national read- 
ing assessment. 

"We know that reading compre- 
hension is influenced by both cog- 
nitive and motivational factors," 
says Guthrie. "Students must poss- 
es both specific reading skills and 
strategies as well as confidence 
and desire to read the new infor- 
mation." 

The approach of concept-ori- 
ented reading instruction (CORD 
provides motivation with themed 

continued on page 3 



Economist Guillermo Calvo Awarded 
King Juan Carlos Prize in Economics 



The setting was formal — 
"terribly formal," as Guillermo 
Calvo puts it. 

In the imposing Madrid 
headquarters of the Bank of 
Spain, at a ceremony rich in 
protocol, the director of the 
University of Maryland Center 
for International Economics 
and Distinguished University 
Professor received die King Juan 
Carlos Prize, 

The prestigious award goes to 
internationally recognized econo- 
mists, generally to individuals of 
Spanish or Latin American origin. 
Calvo, a native of Argentina, ac- 
cepted the prize from the king 
with a formal bow on Oct. 26. 

Last week's solemnity and re- 
cognition contrasted with the 
atmosphere at another distin- 
guished gathering of economists 
nearly six years ago— a meeting 
that eventually helped solidify 
Calvo 's reputation. But on that 
April day in 1994, "a hush fell over 
the room when I spoke.They 
thought I'd lost my mind," he says. 

At a Brookings Institution 
panel discussion on economic 
activity, Calvo said a monetary cri- 
sis loomed in Mexico, and he pre- 




Guillermo Calvo 






dieted the 
collapse of 
the Mexican 
peso. As if 
that were 
not enough, 
Calvo said 
the crisis 
would be so 
significant 
for the global economy that the 
United States would end up spen- 
ding $25 billion to keep Mexican 
banks afloat. 

Most other economists in the 
room were stunned and thought 
Cairo's prediction outlandish. 
Trade figures showed a healthy 
movement of products in and out 
of Mexico. "The conventional wis- 
dom said Mexico was doing 
everything right," he explains. 

But Calvo looked at a different 
set of figures. At the time, as a sen- 
ior analyst at the International 
Monetary Fund, he and colleagues 
were looking not at the flow of 
trade, but the movement of capital. 
Just a few years earlier — when 
the U.S. economy was in reces- 
sion — American dollars moved 
south into Mexican banks. By mid 
'94, though, the U.S. economy had 

continued on page 2 



October 31, 2000 





Calvo Earns Economics Prize 

continued from page 1 



Maryland 



november 



12:15*1 p.m., Discussion: 
"Public History and History 
Advocacy: The View from the 
National Coordinating Com- 
mittee for the Promotion of 
History," with Bruce Craig. 
Please feel free to bring your 
lunch to this informal session. 
01 25 Key Hall. For information, 
contact Dr. Bruce Dearstyne 
at bd58@umail.umd.edu. 

4-5 p.m. .Astronomy Colloqui- 
um; "Infrared and Microwave 
Emission from Ultrasmall 
Interstellar Dust Grains."WIth 
Dr. Bruce Draine, Princeton 
University. 2400 Computer & 
Space Science. Contact Derek 
Richardson at 5-8786 or at 
coIl-request@astro . umd . edu. 

7:30 p.m., Performance: "L'EB- 
sir d'Amore" by Donizetti. 
Maryland Opera Studio with 
Francois Loup, director and 
Louis Salemno, guest conduc- 
tor. Ulrich Recital Hall, Tawes 
Theatre. Also Nov. 3 and 4 at 
7:30 p.m. and Nov. 5 at 3 p.m. 
Contact Shawn Eigenbrode, 5- 
7283 or seigenbr@deans.umd. 
edu. For tickets, call 5-7847.* 

7:30-10 p.m., Poetry Reading: 
"Voices from the African Dia- 
spora "featuring Ethelbert Mil- 
ler, Merle Collins, Lillian Alien, 
Abena Busia.Tanya Shirley and 
Hayes Davis. 2203 Art/Socio- 
logy Bldg. Sponsored by the 
Committee on Africa & the 
Americas, 5-6835. 



novem 



10-11 a.m., Workshop: "Helpful 
Counseling Referral Resource." 
Faculty and staff may refer stu- 
dents needing assistance cop- 
ing with issues common among 
college students to the Coun- 
seling Center's Life Skills work- 
shops. Five 1-hour weekly ses- 
sions begin Nov. 2 and address 
stress, self-esteem, assertive- 
ness, conflict and anger, and 
relationships. Shoemaker Bldg. 
Contact Dr. David Petersen, 4- 
9792 ordp91@umail.umd.edu. 

4-5 p.m., Lecture: "Zinc and 
Thyroid Hormone: Do the mo- 
lecular predictions hold true?" 
by Dr. Hedley Freake, Dept. of 
Nutrition Science, University 
of Connecticut. 0200 Stunner. 
Sponsored by the The Gradu- 
ate Program in Nutrition, Con- 
tact Dr. Phylis Moser-Veillon at 
5-4502 or pv6@umail.umd.edu. 




Your Guide to University Events 
November 1-9 



4:3&6:30 p.m., Wellness Fair. 
"Walk Down the Path to Well- 
ness." Test your body composi- 
tion, heart rate, flexibility, nutri- 
tion IQ, body awareness, and 
stress level. Prizes will be given 
to each individual who finishes 
each test. Center for Health and 
Wellbeing, 0121 Campus Recre- 
ation Center. For more informa- 
tion or to register, 4-1493 or 
Treger@health.umd.edu. 

4:30 p.m., Presentation: "Culture 
Wars in Brazil, or How I Came 
to Love a Populist-Dictator Who 
Committed Suicide and Became 
a National Icon," a multi-media 
presentation for undergrads, 
graduate students and faculty. 
Pizza follows. Sponsored by the 
Department of History. 0106 
Key Hall. For more information, 
contact Robyn Muncy at 5- 
4272 or rm87@umail.umd.edu. 

8 p.m., Performance: "Maryland 
Dance Ensemble." Tawes Theatre. 
For information, call 5-7847.* 



november 



7:30 p.m., Performance: "LElisir 
d'Amore" by Donizetti. Maryland 
Opera Studio. (See description 
in Nov. 1 listing.)* 

8 p.m.,Performance:"Maryland 
Dance Ensemble." Tawes Theatre. 
For information, call 5-7847.* 





novem 



1 1 a.m. to 1 p.m., Reception: 
"Love Makes a Family: Lesbian, 
Gay and Transgender People 
and Their Families ." At the 
Parents'Association Gallery, 
Stamp Student Union. (Details 
in For Your Interest, p. 4.)* 

12 noon, "Joint Service Project." 
A half day of community service 
with individual students, depart- 
ments, and student organizations. 
At the Nyumburu Cultural Ctr. 
Contact Toby Jenkins at 4-8439. 

7:30 p.m.,Performance:"L'FJisir 
d'Amore" by Donizetti. Maryland 
Opera Studio. (See Nov. 1.)* 



noM 




3 p.m.,Performancc:"L'Elisir 
d'Amore" by Donizetti. Maryland 
Opera Studio. (See Nov. L>* 



november 6 



4-6 p.m.,Colloquium:"Environ- 
mental versus Genetic Effects 
on Phenolic Variation in Oaks: 
Consequences for Herbivorous 
Insects," with Rebecca Klaper, 
Dept. of Entomology. 1 140 
Plant Sciences. Contact 5-3938 
or db40@umail.umd.edu, 

november 7 



2 p.m.,Lecture:"When C- 
Command Fails: Principles of 
Priority and Finality." With 
Derek Bickerton, University of 
Hawaii. Sponsored by the Dept. 
of Linguistics. Contact Graciela 
Tesan, graciela@wam.umd.edu. 

6-9 p.m., OIT Workshop, "Intro- 
duction to Adobe Photoshop." 
4404 Computer and Space 
Science. Call 5-2938, or register 
online at www.umd.edu/PT.* 

november 8 



12-1 p.m., Brown bag lecture 
and discussion: "Enhancing the 
Campus Climate for Racial/ 
Ethnic Diversity: A Framework 
for Institutional Success," with 
Dr. Jeffery Milem, associate pro- 
fessor, Counseling and Person- 
nel Services. 01 14 Counseling 
Center, Shoemaker Bldg. For 
more information, contact 
Stacey Holmes at seholmes® 
wam.umd.edu or 4-7690, 

12:30-2 p.m., Panel Discussion: 
"Environmental Security in 
Southern Africa." The Harrison 
Speaker Series presents Dr. 
Helen Purkitt, U.S. Naval Aca- 
demy. CIDCM Conference 
Room, 01 39 Tydings Hall. For 
more information, 5-7490 or 
kcousins@gvpt . umd .edu 

5 p.m., Symposium: "Context 
and the Community: Race, Eth- 
nicity and Masculinity." With 
David Savran, Brown Univ., and 
Harry Ham, Stanford Univ. In 
conjunction with 8 p.m. perfor- 
mance of SubUrbia (details in 
For Your Interest, page 4.). 
Laboratory Theatre, 2740 Cla- 
rice Smith Performing Arts Cen- 
ter. To reserve a space, contact 
Theatre Prof. Catherine Schuler, 
5-6688 or cs93@umail.umd.edu. 

6-9 p m., OIT Workshop: "Inter- 



calendar guide: 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-xxxx or 5-xm stand tor the prefix 314 or 405. Events are free 

and open to the public unless noted by an asterisk (*), Calendar information for Outlook is compiled 

from a combination of intorM's mssler calendar and submission; to Ihe Outlook office. 

To reach the calendar editor, call 4057615 or e-mail to outtooh@accrnail.ijmd.edu. 



■ 



rebounded and American dollars were moving north again. 
Mexican banks might not have the capital they'd need to pay 
off depositors. 

By the end of the year, his prediction would turn out to be 
correct— right down to the $25 billion dollar bailout. From 
then on, Calvo was looked at as something of an economic 
prophet. "Intellectual resistance kept people in policy circles 
from recognizing the full implications of globalization of the 
economy," he says. 

Last week, in his acceptance speech, Calvo pointed to 
another emerging trend also the result of globalization: global 
money. Panama, for instancle, has adopted the U.S. dollar as 
the basis of its economy, and he predicts other countries will 
follow. "The idea is less crazy than it sounds, and not a bad 
one." Eventually, the dollar and the Euro-dollar might link up, 
he says. "The world would begin to look like a single country 
from an economic point of view" 

But to keep globalization steady will require discipline. In 
his Madrid presentation last week, Calvo called it "time consis- 
tency," Policymakers need to follow through with their eco- 
nomic policies. "They need to stick to schedules and do what 
they promised. If they don't, they will lose credibility and 
weaken their ability to manage their economies," he says. The 
success of efforts to stabilize developing economies, including 
those in Eastern Europe, depends on this kind of discipline, he 
says. "It's a hard lesson to teach, though. It's a case where a 
soft heart and good intentions can lead you astray.'' 



november 5 

Terps take on the 

Wolfpack 

3:30 p.m. is kickoff time 
for the Maryland home 
game vs. North Carolina 
State, which will be tele- 
vised regionally by ABC- 
TV The game will be played at 
Byrd Stadium. 




mediate Microsoft Excel." 4404 
Computer and Space Science. 
Call 5-2938, or register online at 
www. umd. ed u/PT. * 

8 p.m.,Performance:"SubUrbia," 
opening night. Eric Bogosian's 
taut exposure of the American 
dream. Pugliese Theatre. (Details 
in For Your Interest, p. 4.)* 



n 




3-4 p.m., Distinguished Scholar 
Teacher Lecture: "Beyond This 
Point, There Be Dragons: Map- 
ping the Journey to Expertise," 
by Patricia Alexander, Dept. of 
Human Development. The 
Atrium, Stamp Student Union. 
Reception follows the lecture. 
For more information, contact 
Rhonda Malone, 5-2509 or 
rmalone @d e ans . umd . edu . 

4:30-7:30 p.m., OIT Workshop: 
"Introduction to Microsoft 
Powerpoint." 3330 Computer 
and Space Science. Register 
online at www.umd.edu/PT, or 
call 5-2938.* 

8 p.m.,Performance:"Mestra 
Cobra Mansa," a demonstration 
and participatory workshop on 
the Brazilian martial arts form 
capoetra. (See details in For 
Your Interest, page 4.)* 



Outlook 



Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff 
newspaper serving the University of 
Maryland campus community. 

Brodte Remington 'Vice President for 
University Relations 

Teresa Flannery • Executive Director 
of University Communications and 
Director of Marketing 

George Calrjcart • Executive Editor 

Cynthia Mite he! * Assistant Editor 

Patty Henetz • Graduate Assistant 

Letters to the editor, story suggestions 
and campus information are welcome. 
Please submit all material two weeks 
before the Tuesday of publication. 

Send material to Editor, Outlook, 2101 
Turner Hall. College Park, MD 20742 

Telephone- (301)405-7615 

Fax ■ (301) 314-9344 

E-mail * ourJook@aeeiruil.umd.edu 

Qittloak tan be found online at 
urutu. infomi.iimd.edu /outlook/ 







Ry\.K 






Outlook 



Judy Shepard on Campus for "Building Bridges" 



A little more than two years 
ago, University of Wyoming 
student Matthew Shepard 
was beaten, tortured, 
robbed and tied to a wooden fence 
near Laramie, Wyo. He lay in a hospi- 
tal on full life support until he died 
five days later without regaining 
consciousness. 

His assailants, now serving life 
sentences without parole, said 
they attacked Shepard because he 
was gay. 

In the aftermath of their son's 
death, Dennis and Judy Shepard 
established the Matthew Shepard 
Foundadon to honor the causes 
Matthew Shepard espoused, espe- 
cially gay and lesbian equality and 
prevention of hate crimes. 

On Nov. 10, Judy Shepard will be 
a featured speaker at the campus- 
wide "Building Bridges: Looking 
Back, Looking Forward" presenta- 
tion. The week-long event will pro- 
vide the university and surrounding 
communities with opportunities to 
increase awamess and understand- 
ing of hate and bias crimes and how 
to prevent them. 

Organizers said the week's 
events will focus on local, national 
and international issues to help the 
campus community collaborate on 
more effective ways to redress hate 
and bias. 

"Budding Bridges" begins with an 
opening ceremony at 6 p.m. on Nov. 



6 at the Nyumburu Amphitheater. 
Immediately following the ceremo- 
ny will be a candlelight vigil to 
remember and honor victims of 
hate crimes. At noon on Nov. 6, the 
campus police department will 
sponsor a "human circle" on 
McKeldin Mall. 

Matthew Shepard 's story will be 
the subject of three talks. The first, 
on Thursday, Nov. 9, will feature 
James Hurst, University of Wyoming 
vice president for student affairs. 
Hurst was the campus spokesman 
who handled the media deluge 
when Shepard was murdered and 
during the trials of the two men 
who killed him. 

"The case study is an administra- 
tive overview. We are looking at it 
through an administrative lens," said 
Jeanne Steffes, coordinator for 
Resident Life training and academic 
support programs. "We're trying to 
use that potentially as a training tool 
for others who work with hate 
crimes. What can we learn from the 
Madihew Shepard case as a case 
study?" 

Judy Shepard will join Hurst at 
noon on Friday, Nov 10, to speak 
about Matthew Shepard's legacy. 
She also will be the sole speaker at 
a 3 pm. forum where she will talk 
about her personal journey. 

"Here's a mother who lost her 
son, murdered just for being gay," 
Steffes said. "She brings the mother 



and famtty perspective." 

Syndicated columnist Roberto 
Rodriguez also will describe his per- 
sonal journey through hate as pan 
of the "Crossing Borders to Build 
Community at UMCP" which is 
running concurrendy with the 
"Building Bridges" event. After 
Rodriguez' address, sched- 
uled for 4 p.m. in the 
Nyumburu multi-purpose 
room, there will be an 
open dialogue on race 
relations on campus and 
in the community. 

"WeVe moved out of 
the awareness stage and 
we're trying now to do 
some knowledge-build- 
ing," said Christine 
Clark, executive direc- 
tor of the Office of 
Human Relations Pro- 
grams. "Students want 
opportunity for dia- 
logue." 

Other events will 
include worship services, 
photo and text exhibits, 
discussions on issues such 
as diversity, violence and the 
gay and lesbian campus expe- 
rience. 

A complete listing of events 
and sponsors can be found at 
www. inform .umd . edu/ 
nowandthen/news/bb.html/. For fur 
ther information, call 301-314-7608. 



From 
Confrontation 
to Connection 



k 



Syndicated columnist Roberto Rodriguez 

will describe his "Journey Through Hatred" in 

the second of four events in the series "Crossing 

Borders to Build Community at UMCP" from 4-6 

p.m. on Thursday, Nov. 9. in the Nyumburu Cultural 

Center Multi-Purpose Room. 



i 



Rodriguez will tell the story of being beaten to within 
inches of his life by the Los Angeles County Sheriffs De- 
partment for filming their beating of another man and how 
he reclaimed his own humanity in an all-consuming 20-year 
struggle with hatred of police officers and white people. 

"Rodriguez's deeply moving presentation details the road he 
has traveled to heal himself and his communities of origin, 
and the work he does today to bring people together across 
social identity groups with dignity and respect to work for a 
more just future," said Christine Clark, executive director of 
the Office of Human Relations Programs, which is sponsor- 
ing the "Crossing Borders" series as part of the Diversity 
Initiative. 



immediately following this program, from 6-8 p.m., in 

the same location, Rodriguez will participate in 

"Connecting, Confronting, Understanding Across 

Races; An Open Dialogue on Race Relations" with 

interested members of the campus and larger 

local communities. Both the program and the 

dialogue are a part of the campus-wide 

"Building Bridges: Looking Back, 

Moving Forward" week of events 

aimed at combating hate on 

campus and beyond. 



" 



r 



Academy of Leadership Presents 
First Alumni Achievement Award 



Brian Woolfolk, class of 
'92, received the James 
MacGregor Bums Aca- 
demy of Leadership's first 
annual Distinguished Alumni 
of the Year Award at an alum- 
ni dinner held on Oct. 20 in 
the Founder's Room at the 
Inn & Conference Center. 

Woolfolk is the founder of 
Mattox & Woolfolk, a Washing 
ton, D.C., government 
relations and lobbying 
firm dedicated to pro- 
viding services to 
minority-owned busi- 
nesses and diversity 
training programs to 
corporations. 

"It's clear that Brian 
Woolfolk took the mes- 
sage and die mission 
of the Academy to 
heart," says Academy 
Director Nance Lucas. 
"Using his own prodi- 
gious talents and lead- 
ership, Brian has 
moved forward to 
develop the leadership 
of others, particularly 
those who have been histori- 
cally underrepresented in 
public life." 

After receiving his Bache- 
lor of Arts degree in criminal 
justice from the university, 
Woolfolk earned a law degree 
from the Marshall- Wythe 



School of Law at the College of 
William and Mary. Before open- 
ing his own firm, Woolfolk 
worked on Doug Wilder's pres- 
idential campaign, was a legis- 
lative assistant to Congressman 
Robert Scott, and served as a 
Democratic counsel on the 
House Judiciary Committee. 
Founded in 1981,The Aca- 
demy of Leadership fosters 




Brian Woolfolk '92 (right) is congrat- 
ulated by Kathy Whitmire, former 
Houston mayor and Academy senior 
fellow, and Maryland Delegate Paul 
Carlson, also an Academy alum. 



principled leadership through 
scholarship, education and 
training, with special atten- 
tion to advancing the leader- 
ship of groups historically 
underrepresented in public 
life. For more information, 
www. acad emy. umd . edu . 



Combining Reading and Science Boosts Student Achievement 

continued from page 1 



science lessons along with spe- 
cific instruction in reading 
strategies aimed at building 
comprehe nsion . 

It was developed by Guthrie, 
working with a small group of 
Prince George's County teach- 
ers from 1993 to 1997. Guth- 
rie's data-driven theory shows 
how context increases all 
aspects of reading. 

Students tested in the CORI 
program showed increased 
reading comprehension on 
both program and state tests, in- 
creased motivation to read, in- 
creased curiosity about all areas 
of science and increased knowl- 
edge of science concepts. 

"By integrating science and 
reading, we introduced a power- 
ful motivating force that pushed 
children to seek out answers to 
their own questions," says Guth- 
rie. "They became self-motivat- 
ed readers and also mastered 
the subject matter outlined in 
the science curriculum." 

The Frederick County proj- 
ect is an effort to see if those 
successes can be replicated on 
a larger district-wide scale in 
every-day classroom settings 
and to determine whether 
there is a cumulative benefit 
over time. 

The CORI model will be test- 
ed against a straight "strategy 
instruction" approach that is 



not integrated with any other 
subject matter. Strategy instruc- 
tion is expected to increase 
reading skills, but not the long- 
term motivation for reading. 

The CORI and strategy 
instruction models will be com- 
pared to the "traditional instruc- 
tion" approach which empha- 
sizes reading a variety of infor- 
mation sources with the expec- 
tation that students develop 
better strategies over time. 

"From our earlier work we 
know that not all students are 
able to develop good reading 
strategies on their own with 
the traditional teaching meth- 
ods," says Guthrie. "These are 
the students who seem to bene- 
fit most from CORI. But for all 
students, stronger reading moti- 
vation leads to higher reading 
comprehension." 

Frederick County is a good 
test site because students have 
not achieved at the desired lev- 
els on the state reading and sci- 
ence assessments. In 1999,49.3 
percent scored "below satisfac- 
tory" in reading, and 52.2 per- 
cent were "below satisfactory" 
in science on the statewide 
assessment. Although the coun- 
ty is improving, Guthrie notes 
they are seeking innovations in 
instruction. 

The project will begin with 
12 third-grade classrooms in the 



fall of 200 1 . A three-year longi- 
tudinal study evaluating 
progress in reading strategics, 
reading motivation and science 
knowledge will track students 
from third through fifth grades. 

Children's development will 
be charted using statistical tech- 
niques of growth curve model- 
ing. The district's teachers and 
reading specialists will receive 
specialized i raining to enable 
them to implement the instruc- 
tional model in their classes 
and to sustain the program 
upon conclusion of the project, 

"The Concept Oriented 
Reading Instruction study is a 
perfect example of the way in 
which College of Education fac- 
ulty can help the state improve 
K-12 student achievement," says 
Dean Edna Szymanski. "The 
study uses research-based 
strategies to improve student 
learning and applies rigorous 
research methodology to evalu- 
ate how well those strategies 
actually work." 

Other members of the inter- 
disciplinary research team 
include Patricia Richardson, a 
policy specialist and the super- 
intendent of schools in St. 
Mary's County, Maryland, and 
Clare Von Seeker, a statistician 
in the Department of Measure- 
ment and Statistics, in addition 
to seven graduate students. 



October 31,2000 



Fnr Yniir Inters 




Simmering in SubUrbia 



The upcoming University Theatre production 
"SubUrbia" is a graphic look at today's youth and the 
world as seen through their eyes, directed by Karl 
Kippola. Performances of Eric Bogosian's taut expo 
sure of the American dream begin on Nov, 8. 

The scene for "SubUrbia" is the parking lot of a 
mini-mall convenience store in middle America. Three 
twenty-something friends reminisce about high school 
glory days and examine their stagnant lives while 
awaiting the arrival of their friend who has made it big 
as a rock star. Through humor, anger and angst, the 
playwright exposes some truths about young people 
in today's America. 

The frustrated characters in "SubUrbia," who know 
what they want but are not as aware of how to go 
about getting it, are waiting for good things to happen 
to them while taking no action to improve their situa- 
tions. The play contrasts these people with the owners 
of the convenience store, who embody the traditional 
pursuit of the American dream. They work hard and 
have goals, but are seen as outsiders intruding on the 
world of the young men and women who are at the 
play's center. 

Audience members will have the opportunity to 
discuss "SubUrbia" with cast and faculty members after 
each performance. A discussion examining "Who is 
En tided to Participate in the American Dream?" will be 
held Wednesday, Nov. 8 at 5 p.m. in the Department of 
Theatre Conference Room, 2804 Clarice Smith 
Performing Aits Center. 

Performances take place Nov. 8-1 1 and Nov. 14-18 at 
8 p.m., and on Nov, 12 and Nov, 19 at 2 p.m., at the 
Pugliese Theatre. For tickets and information, call the 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, 301405-7847. 



Make Dance, Not War 



Mestra Cobra Mansa, a demonstration and participa- 
tory workshop on the Brazilian martial arts form 
capoeira, is coming to Maryland courtesy of the Inter- 
national Capoeira Angola Foundation. Capoeira is, by 
origin, a martial art said to be developed by African 
slaves, who disguised it as dance in order to practice 
the art without arousing the fears of their enslavers. Its 
acrobatic and ritualized dance has long been associat- 
ed with education and liberation. 

The demonstration will take place on Thursday, 
Nov. 9 at 8 p.m. at the Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center, Dance Studio Two. A post-performance discus- 
sion will follow. Limited seating is available. For infor- 
mation, call the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, 
301405-7847. 



The Art and Science of Bach 

Professor Christoph Wolff, William Powell Mason 
Professor of Music and Curator of the I sham Memorial 
Library at Harvard University, will give the first of the 
Graduate School's Distinguished Lectures for this year. 
He will lecture on "Bach's Music and Newtonian 
Science: A Composer in Search of the Foundations of 
His Art." 

Wolff has written extensively on the history of 
music from the 15th to the 20th centuries. His Jobann 
Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician (2000) is to 
date the most complete biography of Bach, addressing 
the development of the compose rs musical mind and 
of all his musical gifts— those of the harpsichordist, 
organist, organ expert, music teacher, composer, con- 
ductor and music director. He emphasizes Bach's role 
as musical equivalent to Isaac Newton's striving as a 
physicist in the era of exploration between the 17th 
and the 18th century. 

The lecture will take place on Monday, Nov. 1 3 at 4 
p.m. in 200 Skinner. 



Jumpin Jack-o'-lanterns! 



The De- 
part- 
ment of 
Natural 
Resource 
Sciences and 
Landscape 
Architecture, intent 
on attracting the attention of 

prospective students in creative ways, sponsored a pumpkin- 
carving contest on Oct. 25 on Hornbake Plaza, iack-o -lantern 
fans turned out enthusiastically for the event, which featured 
a timed carving contest, apple cider and pumpkin pie. Faculty 
staff and student carvers and their compatriots voted on the 
final sculptures — and then, presumably, took them home to 
embellish their front lawns for the holiday. 



A Win-Win Proposition 



Have a research project undergraduates could help 
develop or execute? Consider joining the more than 
300 faculty and staff members who are part of the 
Undergraduate Research Assistant Program (URAP). 

URAP, administered by the Office of the Dean for 
Undergraduate Studies, introduces undergraduates to 
the discipline and rewards of scholarly research. 
Students spend four to six hours a week working with 
or under the direction of a faculty mentor on that fac- 
ulty member's research. At the conclusion of the 
assistantship, they will receive an Undergraduate 
Research Assistant notation on their transcript. Partici- 
pation in the program "makes the big store small" for 
undergraduates, since it allows them to work closely 
with faculty members outside the classroom and gives 
them the opportunity to make significant contribu- 
tions to faculty research. It also allows faculty mem- 
bers to get the serious and skilled help they need. 

For more information, visit the URAP Web site 
(www.inform.umd.edu/ugstAJRAP) or call Penny Asay, 
coordinator for research programs, at 301-405-9342. 

I inclusive Family Values 

In celebration of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Trans- 
gender families, the Office of Campus Programs, the 
Office of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Equi- 
ty, the Parents Association Art Gallery, and Student En- 
tertainment Events are hosting the critically acclaimed 
photo- text exhibit "Love Makes a Family: 
Lesbian, Gay and Transgender People and 
Their Families.'' 

Photographs by Gigi Kaeser depict a 
variety of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and trans- 
gender families of all races in familiar 
family settings. The black and white pho 
tos arc accompanied by text edited by 
co-creator Peggy Gillespie from in-depth, 
candid interviews with family members 
about their lives, their relationships, and 
the ways they cope with the realities of 
prejudice, bias, and intolerance on a day- 
to-day basis. 

The exhibit is currently on display in 
the Parents Association Gallery of the 
Stamp Student Union through November 
12th.The Art and Learning Center will 
host the opening reception on Saturday, 
Nov. 4 at 11 a.m. This reception coincides 
with the University of Maryland Family 
Weekend. Family Weekend provides an 
opportunity for families to visit their stu- 
dents and participate in activities across 
campus. For more information, contact 
Will Simpkins, Coordinator, LGBT Student 



Involvement and Community Advocacy at 301-314- 
7174 or wsimpkins@union.umd.edu. 

Windpipes and Wind Instruments 

Under the direction of Edward Maclary, the Mary- 
land Chorus performs choral masterpieces by Mozart 
and Copland, featuring acclaimed faculty soprano 
Linda Mabbs and the Annapolis Symphony Orchestra. 
Join the Chorus on Sunday, Nov. 5 at 3 p.m. in the 
Memorial Chapel for this free event. 

On Sunday, Nov. 6, in the Tawes Theatre, conductor 
John E. Wakefield leads die Maryland Symphonic Wind 
Ensemble's program including works by Vaughan Wil- 
liams, Handel and Hoist. For information, 301-405-5542. 

Assessing the Educational Experience 

Last spring, a team of Campus Assessment Working 
Group members and graduate students held a series of 
focus groups with university seniors on their experi- 
ence with academics and diversity, and their transition 
out of the university. To follow up, CAWG is sponsor- 
ing "Senior Voices: Reflections on Academics, Diversity 
and Transition," where the findings of this project will 
be presented and participants will be invited to dis- 
cuss the implications. 

The forum will take place on Friday, Nov. 3 from 12 
noon-1 : 30 p.m. in the Maryland Room, Marie Mount 
HalLA light lunch will be served. For more informa- 
tion, contact the Campus Assessment Working Group 
at CAWG@umail.umd.edu or 301-405-5590, or visit 
their Web site at www.umd.edu/cawg. 



Decisive Differences 



The Whiting Turner Lecture Series for Entrepre- 
neurs Fall Series presents Thomas Scholl, chairman of 
Paratek Microwave, Inc., for his lecture "Decision- 
Making: Entrepreneurs Rush in Where Bureaucrats 
Fear to Tread!" 

Mr. Scholl will describe what it's like to start a high- 
tech company. He'll provide anecdotal examples of 
some of the differences between working at a high- 
tech start-up company versus a Fortune 500 company, 
particularly with regard to decision-making. 

The lecture takes place on Wednesday, Nov 8 at 4 
p.m. in Room 1 202 of the Glenn L. Martin Classroom 
Building. Refreshments will be served. For more infor- 
mation, contact Cornelia Kennedy at 301-405-2150, or 
ckennedy ® accmail . umd . edu . 

Focus on Early Modern Women 

The Center for Renaissance and Baroque Studies is 
sponsoring "Attending to Early Modern Women: 
Gender, Culture and Change," from Nov. 9-11. 

The conference is the fourth in a series that explores 
the lives and work of early modern women from an 
interdisciplinary perspective. Participants will reflect 
on the history and future of early modern women's 
studies, asking what has been learned during the last 
25 years of research on women and how technology 
can best be utilized to facilitate research and teaching. 

In addition to the future of scholarship in the field, 
the symposium will focus on the complex interaction 
between women and gender, considering when a 
focus on women is appropriate and when it is more 
fruitful to discuss gender. 

Several distinguished scholars will present research 
and lead workshops as they approach different topics 
from a variety of disciplines, including English and 
world literatures, art and history, philosophy, theater 
and the history of science. Professors and graduate stu- 
dents are invited to attend lectures and participate in 
interactive workshops, which are structured around 
four central themes: stories, goods, faiths and pedagogy. 

For registration information, e-mail crbs@umail. 
umd.edu, call CRBS at 301-405-6830 or visit the confer- 
ence Web site at wwwinform.umd.edu/crbs.