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Senator John McCain to 
Discuss "New Normalcy" 
at Town Meeting 

Page 7 


Helping Students Where They Need It 

Harbin tells 
her friends about 
the "unbeliev- 
able" network 
that supports her 
through school, 
she says they're 
jealous.The jun- 
ior Afro-American 
studies major 
speaks with pride 
about the pro- 
gram that has 
helped her 
become a suc- 
cessful student. 
Jerry L. Lewis, 
director of the 
u ni ve rsity '$ Acad- 
emic Achieve- 
ment Programs 
(AAP), wants sto- 
ries such as 
Aaren's to get 
around. He wants 
people to know 
that students 
coming through his office's 
programs do more than 
achieve — they excel. He rat- 
tles off statistics to prove his 
point. Ninety-five percent of 
the students enrolled in the 


The six programs under the Academic Achievement Programs' umbrella are led by 
(l-r) Associate Director Alice Murray, Associate Director Til a nun Bey en e. Director 
Jerry Lewis and McNair Associate Director Nthakoana Peko. 

Intensive Educational Devel- 
opment (TED) program's sum- 
mer component succeed in 
meeting the university's 
requirements for admission 
the next fall. 

"Even though their academ- 
ic profile doesn't indicate a 
competitive profile." he says, 
"it does not mean that they 

See AAP, page 7 

Teachers Take On Different Academic Roles 

Teachers in Prince George's and Mont- 
gomery counties are reexamining them- 
selves as intellectual beings, no longer see- 
ing themselves as just teachers, thanks in part to 
a university-based program called Teachers as 

Funded by the University of Maryland, Prince 
George's and Montgomery county public schools 
and the Wo odrow Wilson National Fellowship 
Foundation, the program spans a semester with 
various professors from the university leading 
seminars from one to three days in length. 
According to the Wood row Wilson National Fel- 
lowship Foundation, the program was developed 
at Harvard with the surrounding school districts 

but has since emerged nationwide. 

University professors and public school teach- 
ers alike have been enlightened by their experi- 
ences in the program. Lucy Mc Fa dden, associate 
professor of astronomy, led the seminar "Solar 
System Exploration," in which she had the partici- 
pants help her with data analysis. 

"It was really useful because I had their opin- 
ions," McFadden said. She added that when the 
teachers became students again, it gave them an 
insight into what it is like to be students, which 
they could incorporate into their own lessons. 

Although the program is not designed as a 

See TEACHERS, page 3 

Making History Accessible to More People 

Driven by a desire to make 
more than 50,000 testimonies 
of Holocaust survivors accessi- 
ble to a wider audience, a team 
from the university is co-devel- 
oping an audio search engine 
that allows multilingual search- 
es and cataloguing. 

With a portion of a $7.5 mil- 
lion grant from the National Sci- 
ence Foundation, three faculty 
members of the College of 
Information Studies (CUS) are 
working with three other uni- 
versity units, IBM and a team 
from Johns Hopkins University. 

They are led by the Survivors of 
the Shoah Visual History Foun- 
dation, which was created by 
filmmaker Steven Spielberg in 
1994 to videotape and preserve 
these valuable personal 
accounts. More than 116,000 
hours of testimony in more 
than 32 languages is digitally 
housed at the Los Angeles - 
based foundation. 

"If you played the tapes eight 
hours a day, seven days a week, 
it would take 1 3 years to play 
them all," says Douglas Oard, 
who is leading the Maryland 

team of Dagobert Soergel, 
Bruce Dearstyne and David 
Doermann from the Institute 
for Advanced Computer Studies 
(UMIACS), Bonnie Dorr from 
computer science and Philip 
Resnik from linguistics. "No one 
will be able to use it without 
some form of cataloguing or 
search support." 

Tile collaboration on this 
five-year project builds on 
speech retrieval work Oard and 
his colleagues were already 

See HISTORY, page 6 

Point, Click, Give 

Now, making a donation to 
the university is easier 
than ever, for alumni and 
friends with an Internet con- 
nection and a credit card. 

The University of Maryland 
is now accepting donations 
online at, 
philanthropy (see home page 
below). Before, the university 
usually received donations by 
calling alumni and friends of 

Jodi Pluznik of Develop- 
ment Publications said the 
site was designed to allow 
users to donate 24 hours a 
day, in a more convenient 

Previous gifts have 
allowed the university to 
accumulate $415 million 
within the past six years for 
the Bold vision* Bright Future 
fund, which has raised $65 

the university and requesting 
donations over the phone or 
by having donors mail in 
pledge cards. 

By visiting the Web site, 
donors can choose to give to 
any of the schools or colleges 
within the university as well 
as to a select fund, such as the 
Tornado Victims Fund or the 
September 1 1 Memorial 
Scholarship Fund. 

About six months ago. Uni- 
versity Relations began plan- 
ning and developing the Web 
site, testing each aspect 
before officially announcing 
the she a few weeks ago. 

million more than its goal. 
The fund is designed to 
attract bright students to the 
university's undergraduate 
and graduate programs 
through scholarships and fel- 
lowships, as well as attract 
new outstanding faculty. 
Other donations have 
included a $10 million gift 
from Philip Merrill to the 
College of Journalism, now 
renamed in Itis honor; and a 
$ 1 5 million dollar donation by 
Clarice Smith for construction 
of the Clarice Smith Perform- 
ing Arts Center, 

— Cynthia Owens 

Math Reforms Add Up 
for Baltimore Students 

For Baltimore City ele- 
mentary school stu- 
dents, math class is no 
longer something to be dread- 
ed. Students feel empowered 
by an engaging, interactive 
experience that puts them at 
the center of the learning 

The change is a result of 
the efforts of Patricia Camp- 
bell, associate professor in the 
College of Education, and her 
team of colleagues who have 
coordinated with Baltimore 
teachers to completely reform 
math instruction across the 

The five-year project, 
Mathematics: Application and 
Reasoning Skills (MARS Pro- 

ject), has made such a differ- 
ence in instruction and stu- 
dent achievement that it 
recently received the Urban 
Impact Award from the 
Council of the Great City 
Schools. This consortium of 
the nation's largest urban 
school districts annually rec- 
ognizes outstanding school- 
based projects, conducted 
jointly by universities and 
school districts, which have 
had a positive and significant 
impact on teaching and 

In Baltimore, the impact of 
the MARS Project is evident in 
the classroom climate and test 

See MARS PROJECT, page 5 




dec ember 4 

12-1 p.m.. Brown Bag Lunch 
for Associate Professors 

Maryland Room, Marie Mount 
Hall. There is a tenure clock 
for promotion to associate pro- 
fessor, but none exists for con- 
sideration for promotion to full 
professor. How do faculty 
members know when they are 
ready? This workshop, con- 
ducted by Associate Provost for 
Faculty Affairs Ellin Schoinick, 
provides some markers that 
P&T committees use to evalu- 
ate dossiers. Call 5-6803 to 
reserve a space. For more infor- 
mation, contact Ellin K. Schol- 
nick at 5^252 or es8@umail. 

12:30-2:30 p.m., School of 
Music Student Honors 
Recital Gildenhorn Recital 
Hall, Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. Selected student 
soloists from the School of 
Music. For more information, 
call (301) 405-ARTS or visit 
www. claricesmi thcent er. umd . 

12:30-2 p.m.. Rewriting the 
Twentieth Century 1 102 

Francis Scott Key Hall. The 
Center for Historical Studies 
presents a joint seminar con- 
ducted by David Kennedy of 
Stanford University and James 
Gilbert, University of Mary- 
land. Buffet lunch at noon. 

12:30-2 p.m.. Sex and 
Repentance in Renaissance 
Venice 0139 Taliaferro Hall. 
With Laura McGough, affiliate 
in the Department of History 
and faculty member in the 
Department of History at the 
College of Charleston. The 
presentation is the semester's 
final event in the Works-in- 
Progress series, sponsored by 
the Center for Renaissance and 
Baroque Studies. Plan to bring 
your lunch. The Center will 
provide coffee and dessert. For 
more information, contact 
Karen Nelson at 5-6830 or 
knl, or visit 

3:30-5:45 p.m.. Moving up 
in Mathematics: Making e 
Difference in Urban Schools 

Nyumburu Cultural Center. 
MIMAUE Colloquium. Five 
years ago, faculty from the Uni- 
versity of Maryland and staff, 
administrators and teachers 
from the Baltimore City Public 
School System began to work 


The Dec. 1 1 issue of 
Outlook will be the 
last of the semester. 
Outlook will return Feb. 6. 

collaboratively to systemically 
reform elementary mathemat- 
ics curriculum, instruction, and 
assessment across 107 of the 
city's elementary schools. This 
effort incorporates profession- 
al development for teachers 
with on-site school-based sup- 
port, curriculum revision, 
instructional materials, and tar- 
geted assessments. For more 
information, contact Martin 
Johnson at 5-0246 or 

4 p.m.. Physics Colloquium: 
Experiments At The Inter- 
face Between Particle 
Physics And Astro Physics 

1410 Physics. With Steve Ritz, 
Goddard Space Flight Center, 
NASA. Call 5-5945. 

5:30-7 p.m. .Telling Stories 
with Alice McGill and Jon 
Spelman Laboratory Theatre, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. Join Storytellers Alice 
McGill and Jon Spelman as 
they demonstrate and discuss 
the art of storytelling. The 
event is free. For more informa- 
tion, contact Laura Lint h at 
(301) 405-ARTS or LL105®, or visit www. 

8 p.m.. Town Hall Meeting 
with Senator John McCain 

See For Your Interest, page 8. 


december 5 

12-1 p.m.. Research and 
Development Presentation: 
A Qualitative Look at High- 
ly Achieving Women with 
Disabilities 0114 Counseling 
Center, Shoemaker Building. 
With Ruth Fassinger, associate 
professor, Department of 
Counseling and Personnel Ser- 
vices. All interested faculty, 
staff and graduate students are 
invited. For more information, 
call Vivian Boyd, Counseling 
Center director, at 4-7675. 

3:30-5:30 p.m.. Fighting 
Against Corruption in China 

See For Your Interest, page 8. 

7 p.m., Writers Here and 

Now Special Events Room, 
McKeldin Library. Poets Eliza- 
beth Arnold and Joshua Weiner. 
For more information call 5- 
3820, or visit www. inform. 

7 p.m., Nixon Revisited: 
The New Tapes and Other 
Documents Available for 
the Public 0200 Skinner Hall. 
John Powers, Archivist, Nation- 
al Archives II will present a talk 
which details the White House 
taping system during the 
Nixon administration. Powers 
will play portions of the noto- 
rious Abuse of Power tapes 
and explain the process for 
accessing archival material for 
research purposes. The presen- 
tation is sponsored by the Cen- 
ter for Political Communica- 
tion and Civic Leadership, For 
more information, contact 
Shawn J. Parry-Giles at 5-6527 

7:30-9:30 p.m.. Annual Win- 
ter Jazz Showcase Concert 
Hall, Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. Conducted by 
Chris Vadala and featuring the 
UM Jazz Ensemble and Mon- 
ster Jazz Lab Band. For more 
information, contact Amy Har- 
bison at 5-8169 or harbison®, or visit www. 
claricesmithcenter. urn d . edu. 

7:30-9:30 p.m., Le nozze di 
Figaro Ina and Jack Kay The- 
atre Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. Kay Theatre hosts 
its first opera production as 
the School of Music presents 
Mozart's timeless comic mas- 
terpiece.Tickets are $20. For 
tickets call 301405-ARTS. For 
more information, contact Amy 
Harbison at 5-8169 or harbi-, or visit 
www. claricesmithcenter. umd . 

8-10 p.m., Laudel Collegium 
Musicum Gildenhorn Recital 
Hall, Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. Directed by Tom 
Zajac. For more information, 
contact Amy Harbison at 5- 
8169 or harbison@wam.umd. 
edu, or visit www.claricesmith 

h u r so* v 

december 6 

5-7 p.m., Guarneri String 
Quartet Open Rehearsal 

Gildenhorn Recital Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. Public rehearsal by the 

world-renowned ensemble, 
artists-in-residence and faculty 
members at the School of 
Music. For more information, 
contact Amy Harbison at 5- 
8 1 69 or harbison ©warn . umd . 
edu, or visit www. claricesmith- 

december 7 

12-1:15 p.m., Health Com- 
munication in the 21st 
Century 0200 Skinner Build- 
ing. Department of Communi- 
cation Centennial Colloquium 
Series with Vicki Freimuth, 
Associate Director of Commu- 
nication at the Centers for Dis- 
ease Control and Prevention in 
Atlanta, Ga. For more informa- 
tion, contact Trevor Parry-Giles 
at, or 

7 a.m. -6 p.m., Golf Shop 
Annual Campus Sale See For 

Your Interest, page 8. 

1-2 p.m., CAWG Forum: 
Results From the National 
Survey of Student Engage- 
ment See For Your Interest, 
page 8. 

8 p.m.. Annual Kaleido- 
scope Concert Concert Hall, 

Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. A rousing program by 
University of Maryland bands 
featuring highlights from the 
winning 2001 football season. 
Tickets are $10; 55 for stu- 
dents. Call (301) 405-ARTS.* 

december 8 

8 a.m. and 10:30 a.m.. 
Breakfast with Santa See 

For Your Interest, page 8. 

8-10 p.m.. Annual Christ- 
mas Concert Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. Seasonal music from 
across the centuries, featuring 
Bach's Christmas masterwork 
the Magnificat, performed by 
the Chorus, Chorale, Chamber 
Singers and Symphony Orches- 
tra. Tickets are $15; $13 for 
seniors and $5 for children. 
Call (301) 405-ARTS. For more 
information, contact Amy Har- 
bison at 5-8169 or harbison®, or visit www.* 

december 9 

3 p.m.. Annual Christmas 
Concert Concert Hall Clarice 
Smith Performing Arts Center. 
See Dec. 8. 

december 10 

1-3 p.m.. Introduction to 
the Electronic Workplace 
(Basic Computer Technolo- 

gies) 4404 Computer & Space 
Science. Geared to the basic 
learning needs of those new to 
Windows and Web computing 
technologies. Participants will 
learn to identify components 
of the windows environment; 
use a mouse; open, save and 
manage a fde; browse the Web; 
create bookmarks of favorite 
Web sites; and log into ARES. 
Preregistration is at www. oil. and costs $20. For 
more information, contact the 
Training Coordinator at 5-0443 
or visit* 

december 11 

11 a.m.- 12 p.m., Multicul- 
turalism: Source of Jihad 
or Antidote to Jihad? 4205 

Hornbake Library. In this diver- 
sity forum, Benjamin Barber, 
who holds a joint professor- 
ship in the Department of Gov- 
ernment and Politics (BSOS) 
and the School of Public 
Affairs, will discuss how he 
deals with diversity and multi- 
culturalism in Ms book "Jihad 
vs. M eWorld "Sponsored by the 
University of Maryland Libra- 
ries, For more information, call 
Ann Masnik at 5-9263 orTom 
Connors at 5-9255. 


On page 4 of the.Nov. 27 
issue of Outlook, the photo 
credit for "Peanut Butter and 
Legos Help Make Engineer- 
ing Fun" should be Rose- 
mary Parker. 

calendar guide 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-ioow or 5-wow stand for the prefix 314 or 405. Calendar information for Outlook is compiled from a combination of InforM's master 
calendar and submissions to the Outlook office. Submissions are due two weeks prior to the date of publication. To reach the calendar editor, call 405-7615 or e-mail to 'Events are free and open to the public unless noted by an asterisk (*), 


Chifht'k is the weekly faculty-staff 
newspaper serving the University of 
Maryland campus community. 

Brodie Remington ■ Vice 
President for University Relations 

Teresa Flannery « Executive 
Director of University 
Communications and Director of 

George Cat heart • Executive 

Monet te Austin Bailey • Editor 

Cynthia Mitchel • An Director 

Laura Lee • Graduate Assistant 

Robert Gardner • Editorial 

Letters to the editor, story sugges- 
tions and campus information are 
welcome. Please submit all material 
two weeks before the Tuesday of 

Send material to Editor, Outlook, 
2101 Turner Hall, College Park, 
MD 21)742 

Telephone • (301) 405-4629 
Fax • (301) 314-9344 
E-mail • 




Workshop Seeks to Further 
Engage University in Democracy 

On Friday, Dec. 7, the Demo- 
cracy Collaborative is sponsor- 
ing a one-day workshop on 
"The Public Mission of the 
Public University." The work- 
shop will explore ways in 
wliich the University of Mary- 
land, already deeply commit- 
ted to strengthening a demo- 
cratic way of life, can be even 
more civically engaged at this 
critically important time in 
the history of our country. 
The purpose of the day is to 
examine our campus' existing 
community-focused activities 
and programs of civic engage- 
ment and to identify new pos- 
sibilities tor the future. 

A cross section of faculty 
and staff from throughout our 
institution is being invited to 

participate, as are several scho- 
lars from other universities who 
are also national leaders of the 
engaged university movement. 
These resource people — Pro- 
fessor Harry Boyte from the 
University of Minnesota, Dean 
Robert Holiister from Tufts 
University and Professor Ira 
Harkavy from the University 
of Pennsylvania — will share 
their insights about what it 
takes to bring together an 
internal university capacity 
capable of systematically mov- 
ing forward the engagement 
agenda and process. 

A report on recommenda- 
tions for the university devel- 
oped at the workshop will 
be forwarded to the adminis- 

Football Bowl Tickets 

University of Maryland Faculty and Staff can purchase tick- 
ets for the bowl to which Maryland is invited. The Terrap- 
ins will either be playing in the FedEx Orange Bowl 
Wednesday, Jan. 2 at 8 p.m. in Miami, Fla. or in the Nokia Sugar 
Bowl on Tuesday, Jan, 1 at 8;30 p.m. in New Orleans, La. 

Official bowl invitations will be extended on Dec. 9. The dead- 
line to purchase tickets is Dec. 12. Public sales will begin on Dec. 
13. To purchase tickets, which cost $65-$100, contact the Terrapin 
Ticket Office at (3011 314-7070 or For 
more information, 

Men's Basketball Tickets 

■l .1 ! r, r i, .j„.,i.,., ■ .., r : ,, ^ . i , [ , . -. .- 

- T ■-' 1 - I i . ( ■ ■ !e ) ■ . . ■ i 

en's basketball tickets are still available in limited num- 
ber for the game vs. Detroit on Sunday, Dec. 9 at 6:30 
p.m. Tickets are S23. For more information, contact the 

Terrapin Ticket Office at (301) 314-7070 or mk225@umail.umd. 

edu, or visit 


Teachers! Students Again 

Continued from page 1 

means to improve teaching 
styles and it is not required 
that teachers attend seminars 
in their field, several of the 
professors commented that 
they expect, and some have 
already witnessed, alterations 
in the participants' lesson 
plans after attending a semi- 

Thomas Holtz, assistant 
research scientist in the 
Department of Geology, led 
"Dinosaurs and Their World." 

"1 hoped that some might 
include the new information, 
if for no other reason than to 
update outdated concepts in 
popular perceptions of 
dinosaurs. 1 have learned that 
some of the teachers have 
already done so this semes- 
ter," Holtz said. 

Although the seminars are 
held during a normal school 
day, the program was 
designed so diat it would not 
be a problem for the teachers 
to miss their classes. The 
school system pays for substi- 
tutes so the teachers can 
attend the program during 
the work week when they 
would be most likely to be 

willing and able to partici- 

BobTocha, who works in 
die Prince George's County 
superindent's office, 
described the program as "an 
intellectual holiday" and said, 
"it allows a person to recon- 
nect intellectually on a univer- 
sity campus while putting 
teachers in contact with real 
scholars in a seminar type set- 

Inez Williams, a teacher at 
Skyline Elementary School, 
attended "Cultural (Mis) 
Understandings: Cross-Cultur- 
a! Communication between 
the U.S. and Latin America' by 
Roberta Lavine, associate pro- 
fessor of Spanish and Por- 
tuguese. Williams said she 
chose that particular seminar 
so she would be able to 
understand the culture sur- 
rounding her Spanish-speak- 
ing students, as well as learn 
to be a better communicator. 

"I found it very enriching. I 
was able to meet a lot of 
other teachers and interact 
with them, as teachers and 
intellectuals," Williams said. 

— Cynthia Owens 

Broad Range of Projects Benefit 
from University Expertise 

Imagine doubling the amount 
of miles per gallon you get. 
The University of Maryland is 
helping to make that a reali- 
ty — for commercial vehicles anyway. 
Through the Engineering Research 
Center's Maryland Industrial Partner- 
ships Program (MIPS), the university 
recently began funding a project to 
develop a super-efficient drive train. 

The device is licensed by the 
Advanced Propulsion Limited Liabili- 
ty Corporation. This new drivetrain 
uses a hybrid gas-electric drive sys- 
tem, similar to the one in the Toyota 
Prius, wliich will be modified for use 
in commercial delivery trucks used 
by companies such as Federal 
Express and United Parcel Service. 

As part of the MIPS program, 
David Holloway, professor in the 
department of mechanical engineer- 
ing, and Advanced Propulsion 
researchers will conduct testing and 
integration of the prototype drive 
into an actual truck. They will use 
university facilities and resources to 
complete the work. 

Hybrid systems utilize gas engines 
and electric motors working in par- 
allel under the direction of a com- 
puter that determines the most fuel- 
efficient operating procedure. Fuel 
usage can be substantially reduced 
when the electric motor takes over 
operation of the vehicle at times 
when the gas engine is idling at the 
multiple stop signs, red lights and customer 
stops on an urban delivery route. The electric 
motor's battery, in turn, can be partially 
recharged by recapturing the heat energy dis- 
sipated in the brakes. 

"You can get a 50 to 100 percent increase 
in fuel efficiency depending on the overall 
system," says Holloway. "That's a huge savings 
in terms of fuel for these companies, and so 
far there are some competitors, but no one is 
really going after this market for hybrid sys- 
tems." The market has growth potential as 
companies look to cut fuel costs while meet- 
ing future EPA emissions standards. 

The drivetrain project is one of a dozen 
that MIPS has decided to support. Others 
include a project seeking to develop a mobili- 
ty system for children based on the All Terrain 
Strutters™ system currenUy produced by 
Orthotic Mobility Systems Inc. of Kensington, 
Called the Trotter™ , the new system will be 
designed to enable children with neuromus- 
cular and ordiopedic disabilities to stand and 
walk safely while eliminating the debilitating 
effects of crutch palsy, and the risks of joint 
and shoulder injury associated with the use 
of traditional crutches. 

Of the company's beginnings, Philip Neri 
Lyons, sales director, says that founder Harry 
Herman Jr. "slipped on some ice and broke 
his ankle about 10 years ago. He found using 
crutches very uncomfortable and he vowed 
that when he healed, he would design a 
crutch that was serviceable and comfort- 
able." Herman, a former nuclear physicist and 
holder of more than 25 patents for health- 
care related products, designed the features 
that would later come to characterize the 
Orthotic Mobility Systems line of products. 

"Crutches haven't changed much tlirough- 
out the years," Lyons says. "They can do so 
much damage to disabled people who have 
to use them on a daily basis." Traditional 
crutches aren't designed to hold a person's 
weight. People are admonished to not put all 
their weight on them, but they frequently do. 
Additionally, the size of the footpad can 
make maintaining stability while moving 

Lyons maintains that Strutters™ are differ- 


Philip Neri Lyons, sales director of Orthotic Mobility 
Systems, models the company's All Terrain Strutter™ 
mobility system. 

ent from crutches in that they are designed 
to securely and comfortably support a per- 
son's entire weight. Additionally, they have a 
spring-loaded mechanism connected to the 
footpad that moves much like the human 
foot and absorbs shock while helping to pro- 
pel the user. The size of the footpad, 18 
square inches, provides a much greater con- 
tact area with ground than traditional crutch- 
es and can be used on varying terrain. 

University researchers will determine the 
best design criteria for the Trotter™ system 
for children, and their work will proceed in 
two phases. The first will involve the design, 
fabrication and preliminary testing of a proto- 
type from information provided by the com- 
pany. Testing with children will be conduct- 
ed at the Human Performance Research Labo- 
ratory at the university and the need for mod- 
ifications or complete redesign determined. 

The second phase will put the Phase One 
prototype through a battery of tests, which 
will begin in association with the National 
Children's Medical Center's (NCMC) Spina 
Bifida clinic. Necessary modifications will 
then be made, and 200 of these modified 
units will be produced for formal clinical tri- 
als at NCMC and Baylor University Hospital. 
Eventually, the prototypes will be tested with 
a group of 5 to 10 children with spina bifida, 
and statistical comparisons of the results 
made between the performance of the Trot- 
ter™ and traditional crutches. 

Arthur T. Johnson, a professor in biological 
resources engineering, is the faculty member 
leading the research. He brings to the project 
35 years of experience in bioengineering, 
and human performance testing. 

MIPS is part of the Engineering Research 
Center's continuing effort to bolster the 
Maryland economy by nurturing start-up 
companies, providing consultation, and form- 
ing Industry-university partnerships. MIPS 
matches company funds, up to $100,000, for 
the one to two year projects it decides to 
support, and has supported over 654 proj- 
ects, nurtured 41 start-up companies, and 
provided consultation for nearly 200 projects 
per year since 1987. 

— Robert Gardner 

DECEMBER 4, 2001 

Women Researchers Share, Encourage 

Words and Beats 

The Black Student Union's 
Words, Beats & Life Hip-Hop 
Conference Committee at the 
University of Maryland, College 
Park is requesting the submission of 
research papers, poems, artwork (includ- 
ing but not excluded to graffiti), media 
reviews (movies, records, etc), essays, 
interviews, editorials and beats. Submis- 
sions are due via e-mail by Jan. 1 5, 2002. 
All submissions should be sent to the e- 
mail address listed below. 

Accepted works will be published in 
the first issue of the electronic 
journal and all the authors and artists 
who are selected for publication in 
the print journal will be invited to pres- 
ent at the second annual "Words, 
Beats & Life Hip-Hop Conference" at the 
university, April 8-14, 2002. 

The conference is in its second year. 
The goal of the first conference was to 
promote diversity by using hip-hop cul- 
ture as a unifying vehicle. The second 
conference will build upon the success 
of the first by including experiential 
learning opportunities, panel discus- 
sions, keynotes, a career fair, a commu- 
nity service project involving rap 
artists, an academic journal and the cre- 
ation of a scholarship for a local high 
school student. 

Goals of Journal: 

I) To promote the study and evaluation 
of hip-hop culture in an academic 

2) To promote the teaching and studying 
of hip-hop on par with other academic 

3) To approach and present the artistic 
as intellectuals 


l)The journal organizers seek partici- 
pants from a variety of areas of expert- 
ise, and welcome the contributions of 
scholars from a range of disciplinary 
backgrounds and perspectives (perform- 
ers, DJs, poets, scholars, et al.). 

2) The first issue centers around the con- 
ference theme, "The Power of Hip-Hop," 
focusing specifically on four areas: mar- 
keting, ethics, cross-cultural influence, 
personal influence. 

3) All submissions will be reviewed by a 
committee of professors, graduate stu- 
dents and artists. 

Submission Formats: 

■ Original Scholarship: 1 ,800 words or 

• Lyrics/Poems: 300 words or fewer 

• Art Work: including but is not excluded 
to graffiti 

• Media Reviews (movies, records, etc); 
1 ,200 words or fewer 

• Interviews: 1 ,200 words or fewer 

• Beats: 2040 seconds 

Email your submissions directly to, or if 
the file is too large for hotmail's server, 
please send a zip disk or CD to: 

Words, Beats & Life Journal Committee 
c/o Jason Nichols 
2169 LeFrak Hall* 038 
College Park, MD 20742 


Above, Computer Science faculty members participate in the "Panel on Teaching" held on Saturday, Nov. 17, 
from right to left: Larry Herman, Computer Science lecturer; Gwen Kaye, education program administrator. 
Department of Computer Science; and William Gasarch, Computer Science professor. 

In response to the very small 
number of women and minori- 
ties pursuing graduate comput- 
er science studies and moving 
into academic positions, a sympo- 
sium was organized by a few profes- 
sors in the computer science depart- 

Bonnie Dorr, Leana Golubchik, 
Dana Nau, Diane O'Leary and 
Amitabh Varshney hosted "Research, 
Careers, and Computer Science, A 
Maryland Symposium" Nov. 16-17. It 
highlighted the work of 20 women 
and minority doctoral student 
researchers from across the United 
States and Canada. Computer Science 
Department faculty participated on 
panels and joined the researchers for 
lunch. The Graduate Student Council 
hosted an evening reception. 
The participants were enthusiastic 

about their experience at the work- 
shop, hi addition to the formal ses- 
sions, the students took full advan- 
tage of networking opportunities and 
met peers who faced challenges simi- 
lar to theirs. Comments by the partic- 
ipants, gathered from evaluations, 
included: "It is a very rare experience 
to attend a conference where the 
majority of speakers are female." "I 
feel like my research got a wonderful 
shot of adrenaline!" "I feel that the 
workshop gave me the chance to 
envision some of what it means to 
continue in academics as a 
woman. . . ," and "I wish there were 
more opportunities like this." 

The two-day event offered an 
opportunity to present research, 
meet Maryland faculty and graduate 
students and participate in interac- 
tive sessions about academic posi- 

tions. The infor- 
mation sessions 
addressed practi- 
cal issues related 
to pursuing an 
academic research 
career. Faculty 
panelists offered 
advice about aca- 
demic research, 
university faculty 
hiring procedures, 
obtaining research 
funding, time man- 
agement, publica- 
tion opportunities 
and tenure. 

were welcomed 
by CMPS Dean 
Steve Halperin; 
Larry Davis, com- 
puter science 
chair and Joseph 
Jaja, director of 
UMIACS. Addition- 
al faculty mem- 
bers participating 
were Raymond Miller, Ashok 
Agrawala , Victor Basili , William 
Gasarch, Jim Hendler and instructors 
Larry Herman and Gwen Kaye. Spe- 
cial guest panelist Caroline Wardlc 
from the National Science Founda- 
tion provided information on 
research funding. 

The following university computer 
science departments were represent- 
ed by graduate research presenters: 
Toronto, Oregon State, North Caroli- 
na, Stanford, Wisconsin, Southern Cali- 
fornia, Massachusetts, Illinois, Colum- 
bia, Dartmouth.Washington State, 
Georgia Institute of Technology, Cali- 
fornia-San Diego. Cornell, Cal Tech, 
Rice, and California-Santa Barbara. 

For detailed information about the 
graduate students and their research 
topics, visit 
-oleary/ workshop/ agenda. 

Several National Journals Led by University Faculty 

Another University 
of Maryland fac- 
ulty member has 
been added to 
the long list of editors of 
national journals. Robert 
Sprinkle, associate profes- 
sor in the School of Public 
Affairs, recently became 
editor-in-chief of Politics 
and the Life Sciences, a 
peer-reviewed journal. 

Sprinkle was hired as ecfr 
tor when the previous edi- 
tor left the job, for some 
"rest," according to Sprin- 
kle. He has had articles 
published in the journal 
and applied formally for the 
position. Sprinkle said hav- 
ing a distinguished universi- 
ty's support helped him 
win the position of editor. 

A university is a good 
resource for a journal, par- 
ticularly politics and the 
life sciences, because here 
it can "become more 
prominent, bigger and bet- 
ter. It can increase its read- 
ership and influence," 
Sprinkle said. 
The journal was previ- 

ously located in England, 
but Sprinkle has brought it 
to the University Print Ser- 
vices, which will be less 
costly. He is also working 
on developing a Web site 
for the publication, which 
he said will allow the asso- 
ciation to publish more fre- 
quently than the print ver- 
sion, which is published 
twice a year. 

With the Web site, Sprin- 
kle said the journal will be 
able to review and present 
the articles to the public 
much faster than relying 
entirely on the print ver- 
sion. Articles will be avail- 
able to subscribers as soon 
as they have been peer- 
edited, rather than languish- 
ing for months, as articles 
frequently do, before being 
published in the print ver- 

This way, Sprinkle stated, 
the articles will be able to 
contribute to a debate 
within the field in a more 
timely manner Because the 
articles frequently deal 
with such issues as biologi- 

cal warfare, a decrease in 
the time to print them is 
beneficial in times such as 

The associate and con- 
tributing editors are also 
University of Maryland fac- 
ulty, which Sprinkle said 
allows for easier discussion 
amongst them. 

Bruce Golden, professor 
of management science, is 
another example of a facul- 
ty member who serves as 
co-editor In chief of a 
national journal. Networks. 
Before working for Net- 
works, Golden was editor 
in cliief of Informs Journal 
on Computing. He had to 
formally apply for the posi- 
tion with Informs but was 
able to work his way up to 
editor in chief at Networks. 

"I have been associated 
with Networks since the 
late '70s," Golden said. "I 
was kind of a member of 
the family. Everyone on the 
editorial board knew me, 
they were happy to have 
someone to recommend," 
Golden said, referring to 

Wiley, the production com- 
pany that formally 
approved him. 

Because Golden had 
expressed an interest in the 
position, which the previ- 
ous editor was planning on 
leaving, he was recom- 
mended for and offered the 
position. He was expected, 
however, to take over the 
position in early 1 999, even 
though he was still the edi- 
tor of Informs until late 
1999. As a compromise, 
Golden became editor in 
chief in July 1999. leaving 
six months during which 
he served as editor for both 

Golden also has col- 
leagues who are a part of 
the journal's editorial 
board. Michael Ball and Sub- 
ramanian Raghavan, both 
professors of management 
science, are associate edi- 
tors and Howard Frank, 
dean of the Robert H. Smith 
School of Business, is an 
advisory editor. 

— Cynthia Owens 


Transcending Boundaries Conference to Feature National Figures 

The 28thAnnuaI Maryland Stu- 
dent Af fairs Conference will be 
held Friday, February 15, 2002. 
True to its theme transcending bound- 
aries, the conference committee 
reached outside of its traditional stu- 
dent affairs community and included 
faculty, graduate students and staff 
from other divisions of the institution. 

"The conference will allow us to 
question how we can transcend 
boundaries to create a stronger com- 
munity and to better serve our stu- 
dents," said Linda Clement, vice presi- 
dent for Student Affairs. "We must 
expand traditional boundaries of serv- 
ice we provide to create a seamless, 
integrated campus experience. I envi- 
sion this conference as a forum to 
answer and ask some important ques- 

"The original concept for this con- 
ference was to provide an opportunity 
to allow professionals to step back 
from roles in which they immerse 
die mse Ives and assess what bound- 
aries are in place — at their offices, 
within their universities or in their 
lives — that keep them from reaching a 
higher level of performance and serv- 
ice ," said Jim Rychner, conference 

This regional conference traditional- 
ly draws approximately 500 student 
affairs professionals to the university. 
The committee is encouraging early 
registration because two nationally 
renowned speakers have been con- 
firmed, Morris Dees of the Southern 
Poverty Law Center and Ada Marie 
Isasi-Diaz of Drew University have 

been confirmed. They will address the 
timely issues of race, ethnicity, religion 
and the impact of fear and how to 
transcend these boundaries. 

Isasi-Diaz is an associate professor 
of ethics and theology at Drew Univer- 
sity. Since the mid-1980s, her main 

area of interest and research has been 
religious practices and understanding 
of Latinas in the United States who 
struggle for liberation. Her work in 
Cuba over the last several years focus- 
es on reconciliation and discovering 
together how to build a common 
future, Isasi-Diaz continually draws on 
her Cuban roots, focusing on the life 
journeys and struggles of Hispanic 

women as she develops a theology to 
support and empower life's daily 
struggles. She has audiored and co- 
authored several groundbreaking 
works and has been published in 
dozens of scholarly journals Some of 
her works include: "Hispanic Women: 
Prophetic Voice in Church ""Inheriting 
Our Mothers' Gardens" and "Women of 
God, Women of the People." Her work 
transcends the boundaries of culture, 
class, gender, religion and race. 

Dees is the son of an Alabama 
farmer and witnessed firsthand the 
painful consequences of prejudice 
and racial injustice. In the late 1960s 
Dees began taking controversial cases 
that were highly unpopular in die 
white community. Recognizing the 
need for a nonprofit organization dedi- 
cated to seeking justice, Dees and his 
partner founded the Southern Poverty 
Law Center. 

Dees" success has not been limited 
to the law. He founded one of the 
largest publishing companies in the 
South. He was Democratic presidential 
nominee George McGovern's finance 
director, served President Jimmy 
Carter as finance director in 1976 and 
Senator Ted Kennedy as the national 
finance chairman for his 1980 presi- 
dential campaign. He has also 
authored several books, including: "A 
Season For Justice, Hate on Trial: The 
Case Against America's Most Danger- 
ous Neo-Nazi," and his latest book, 
* Gath ering S torm : Ame rica's Militia 
Threat." His work transcends the 
boundaries of injustice, race, hatred 
and fear. 



Project: Math as an Interactive Experience 

Continued from page 1 

scores of students in the 
107 elementary schools 
where the program is in 
place. Campbell says stu- 
dents are comfortable open- 
ly raising questions to build 
their understanding of math 
concepts. On the standard- 
ized Comprehensive Test of 
Basic Skills Terra Nova 
(CTBS) given in Spring 
200 1 , students showed 
gains of 17 to 24 percentile 
points over 1998 scores 
across grades one through 

The improvements are 
attributed to development 
of a structured, standards- 
based curriculum that was 
systematically implemented 
across the district, 
enhanced professional 
development that's helped 
teachers improve math 
knowledge and a new 
instructional model focused 
on asking questions and 
questioning answers, 

"The real focus of this 
project has been on profes- 
sional development,'' says 
Campbell. "Unless you 
change the way teachers 
teach, you're not going to 
change students' achieve- 

The change in Baltimore 
has come about tiirough a 
collaborative approach, 
with the university becom- 
ing a full partner in assess- 
ing the problem and devel- 

oping solutions that work 
for the district. The MARS 
Project is one of several ini- 
tiatives in the College of 
Education aimed at helping 
to develop solutions to the 

"We believe real 
change can be best 
achieved when local 
teachers work as full 
partners with univer- 
sity researchers to 
address real-world 




problems of urban school 

The college's recently 
created Maryland Institute 
for Minority Achievement 
and Urban Education pro- 
vides an organizing struc- 
ture for working wiUi dis- 
tricts to develop systemic 
reforms aimed at closing 
the minority achievement 
gap. "The MARS Project is a 
wonderful example of the 
kind of project the institute 
will foster with schools and 
districts across the state," 
says Dean Edna Mora Szy- 
manski."We believe real 
change can be best 

achieved when local teach- 
ers work as full partners 
with university researchers 
to address real-world prob- 

Campbell says the MARS 
Project has helped teachers 
focus on what they want to 
teach and how they want to 
teach it. Some 1 ,600 teach- 
ers have received more 
than 60 hours of profession- 
al development training, 
and 45 have become spe- 
cialized instructional sup- 
port teachers for mathemat- 
ics able to provide on-site 
assistance to classroom 

Drawing on the best 
research available on math 
teaching and learning, 
Campbell has helped Balti- 
more teachers move away 
from the "demonstrate and 
practice" approach to focus 
more on content and 
understanding. "We have to 
engage the kids in the 
work of doing the math, 
focusing first on building 
their understanding, then 
expecting them to prac- 
tice," she says. 

In the urban school set- 
ting of Baltimore, teaching 
for understanding was an 
even bigger challenge than 
Campbell had anticipated. 
It became clear early on 
that the students needed 
to be empowered in the 
classroom, to see them- 

selves as doers rather than 
observers. The interactive 
strategy of asking questions 
and questioning answers 
has proven to be a practical 
solution. As students move 
through the grades, the 
questions progress from 
what's the answer, how did 
you get it?' To why did you 
do it that way?' To 'how do 
you know you're right?' 
Making sense of the math 
has become a public exer- 
cise with students encour- 
aged to ask questions of 
each other and the teach- 

"As a result of the 
reforms developed through 
the MARS Project, there arc 
clearly growing expecta- 
tions that students should 
be able to show a progres- 
sive understanding of matii 
as they move through the 
grades," says Campbell. "All 
indicators point to contin- 
ued improvements in stu- 
dent learning." 

The school system has 
expressed a continuing 
commitment to support 
the reforms once the grant 
project ends next May. 
Campbell says the key to 
ongoing success is to make 
support and training easily 
available for teachers in 
the classrooms. "Training 
and support are what really 
make the difference," she 


This fall Professor John Ruppert, along 
with seven other artists from Germany, Slo- 
vakia, the United States and Poland, was 
invited to participate in an exhibition at the 
Municipal Museum of Bydgoszczy, Poland. 
Participating artists were to transform 
gallery spaces into works of art. Ruppert's 
flight to Poland was originally scheduled to 
leave from Dulles Airport on Sept. 1 1 . 
Because of the events of that day, Ruppert 
did not get to Bydgoszczy until a day and a 
half before the exhibition. The outcome of 
the project was greatly influenced by the 
time constraints and quality and availability 
of materials, as well as the uncertainty of 
the times. The sculpture was titled "Cru- 
cible" and was made of chain-link fence and 
industrial ash, illuminated by a single high- 
intensity light. 

Sarah E. Reilly is the new director of 
development for the College of Arts and 
Humanities, with Constituency Programs. 
She previously served as the assistant direc- 
tor of foundation relations in University 

Carle n Ruschoff, director of teclinical 
services for the University of Maryland 
Libraries, has been elected to a three-year 
term as a board member of PALINET, a multi- 
type library network dedicated to the sup- 
port of resource sharing and technology 
initiatives throughout Maryland, Delaware, 
New Jersey, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, 

Distinguished Physics Professor Roald 
Sagdeev received the 2001 James Clerk 
Maxwell Prize during the 4 3rd annual meet- 
ing of the American Physical Society's Divi- 
sion of Plasma Physics in Long Beach, Ca., 
Oct. 29-Nov. 2. According to the American 
Physical Society, Sagdeev, a native of the for- 
mer Soviet Union, received the award "for 
an unmatched set of contributions to mod- 
ern plasma theory." He also is director of the 
university's East-West Space Science Center 
and serves as a senior associate at the Cen- 
ter for Political and Strategic Studies. The 
center was founded by Sagdeev's wife, 
Susan Eisenhower, granddaughter of former 
president Dwight D. Eisenhower. 

The university community claims five of 
the "50 Brightest Washingtonians," 
selected because they set the standard 
worldwide in their fields. 

• Physicist William Phillips, professor 
with CMPS and Nobel Prize winner 

• Livestock expert Larry Johnson, scientist 
at the Department of Agricultures Beltsville 
Research Center and holder of a doctorate 
(AGNR) from Maryland 

• Architect Hugh Newell Jacbosen, archi- 
tecture graduate (ARCH), who is designing 
the Samuel Riggs IV Alumni Center for the 

• Meteorologist Eugenia Kalnay, professor 
and chair of meteorology (CMPS), who con- 
ceived the three- and five-day weather fore- 

• Art historian David Driskell, distin- 
guished university professor of art (ARHU), 
who had the namesake for the campus Cen- 
ter for the Study of the African Diaspora 

DECEMBER 4, 2001 


. fc Ottthoki feature, rxtraatrriatlat, trill take acatsiwuti $impses into uni&trsity employees' fines outside of their day 
join, llv welcome stay suggestions; call Monette Austin Beaky <u (3Qt) 405-4629 wrsend tlirm to outbok@accmail, 

Puppy Power Has a Hold on Volunteers 


Continued front page 1 

Janet Brennan was 
never much of a dog 
person. But now she 
says her friends can 
hardly believe that 
she spends several 
hours a week working with 
stray pups. 

Brennan, a coordinator for 
Language Instructional Tech- 
nology for the School of Lan- 
guages and Literatures, is a 
volunteer foster manager for 
the Prince George's County 
SPCA/Humane Society. She 
spends about three hours a 
day doing what she can to 
give stray dogs good homes. 

Last year Brennan was 
looking for puppies on the 
Internet and found the PGSP- 
CA Web site, She noticed 
that not all the dogs had pho- 
tos. Brennan said she was 
looking for a way to volun- 
teer and thought that, since 
she had a digital camera, she 
could volunteer her time to 
take pictures of all the dogs 
for the site. 

She went to one of the 
monthly dog shows to take 
pictures and ended up taking 
home a dog, Newman, a llasa 
apso stray who had been liv- 
ing at a shelter and was about 
to be killed and needed a fos- 
ter home. Most of the dogs 
are rescued from shelters or 
given up by owners who can 
no longer take care of them. 

"I thought I would have 
this smelly dog in my house 
that would have all of these 
psychological problems," 
Brennan said. But she was 
wrong. Newman lived with 
her, her husband and her 
other dog for a month and 
has since been adopted by 
friend and Maryland graduate 
student Tony Wagner. 

Once thinking she would- 
n't get too involved, Brennan 
now says she's obsessed. As 
part of her volunteer duties, 
she reviews adoption applica- 
tions, makes home visits to 
applicants, gives advice to fos- 
ter parents and writes for the 
PGSPCA newsletter. She also 
made it her personal goal to 
have a picture of every dog 
up on the Web site. 

That's how Kristin 
Regn, an instructional 
and multimedia design 
coordinator in Personnel Ser- 
vices, was attracted to PG- 
SPCA. Regn was online look- 
ing for pet rescue services 
and came across the PGSPCA 
site with photos and a list of 
each dogs character traits. 
She went to a dog show to 

Tony Wagner (I) holds his adopted dog Newman, 
Brennan !r) as a foster pet. 

"You have to 
love this dog. 
It's going to pee 
on your floor 
and chew your 
furniture and 
want to go out 
at 2 a.m." 



who first lived with Janel 


Kristin Regn 

who sent an e-mail saying 
that through the photo, 
she and the dog formed a 
"special connection." 

"You have to love this 
dog. It's going to pee on 
your floor and chew your 
furniture and want to go 
out at 2 a.m.," Brennan 

The PGSPCA is strict 
about their adoption poli- 
cies because they want to 
make sure the dog will be 
in a stable environment. 
There are often several 
applications pending at a 
time for one dog. While 
the dog is in the applica- 
tion process, they live in 
foster homes such as 
Evoy's and Regn's, and 
Brennan and Evoy go 
through the applications 
thoroughly making sure 
that the pet and owner 
would be a good fit. 

"When it all clicks- 
when the dog has a perfect 
home the people have a ; ; ' 
great dog, then it's a won- 
derful feeling," said Regn, 
who most recently fos- 
tered two puppies who 
were adopted a few weeks 

Evoy said that she plans 
to continue fostering dogs. 

"It's nice knowing that 
you give all of these dogs a 
second chance to have a 
nice home," Evoy said. "All 
of these dogs have been so 
wonderful and so unique 
that I can't imagine any of 
them being put down." 

meet a dog and ended up tak- 
ing home a Jack Russell-Brit- 
tney Spaniel mix. She and her 
boyfriend were his foster par- 
ents for five weeks before he 
was adopted by a family. 

Jennifer Evoy, a gifts proces- 
sor for the Terrapin Club, 
came across PGSPCA by way 
of the internet as well. Evoy. 
who already has an older dog 
(who will turn 16 in January) 
said she was looking to foster. 
Since last April, she has fos- 
tered seven dogs and become 
a foster manager like Bren- 

Regn, who comes from a 
family that adopted a dog, 
said,"! have a big space in my 
heart for another adopted 

She and her boyfriend, who 
are both juggling hill-time 
jobs and classes, are looking 
to adopt, but know that now 
isn't the best time. They've 
been volunteering as foster 
parents for the past four 


"For us fostering is a 
good mix of two worlds 
because we can have a 
dog and have the fun of 
taking care of the dog 
and helping the dog 
out," Regn said. "We 
can't make a commit- 
ment right now to the 
1 5 years that a puppy 
would live. We can 
make a two-month 
commitment at a time." 

The volunteers said 
they enjoy working 
with people and help- 
ing them to understand 
the responsibility of 
taking care of dogs. 

"The primary thing is 
we want people to be 
educated about dogs 
and making the right 
choice," Brennan said. 
She urges against falling 
in love with the pic- 
tures on the Web site 
like one woman did 

Top Ten Ways to 
Help Needy Animals 
Over the Holidays 

1. Donate your old towels, 
blankets, animal carriers and cages 
to your local Humane Society or 
rescue group. 

2. Sponsor a toy and treat drive 
at work or include these items 
when donating nonperishable food 
to local food drives. 

3. Encourage your friends, 
neighbors and relatives to spay or 
neuter their pets. 

4. Buy a free grooming gift 
certificate for a rescue dog. 

5. Make a "in memory of" 
donation for a pet that meant a lot 
to you. 

6. Donate your used vehicle to 
your local rescue group. 

7. Report any acts of cruelty to 

8. Adopt your next pet, don't 
buy from a pet store. 

9. Offer to walk dogs for your 
local shelter or rescue group, 

10. Volunteer with the SPCA or 
local shelter. 

-Janel Brennan 

doing in an IBM-sponsored lab in 
Hombake Library. 

"We need to learn what kinds of 
things people need and what kind 
of people need it," says Oard. A 
master's student will head to the 
foundation to further analyze what 
researchers' needs may be and 
how the new technology may 
meet those needs. 

Chris McCarthy, public relations 
coordinator for UMIACS, says 
much of this technology exists, but 
in a basic form. The tools being 
developed will provide a myriad of 
more specific applications. For 
example, current speech recogni- 
tion technology has difficulty rec- 
ognizing accented speech. 
Through this project, researchers 
will be able to search through tes- 
timonies even though individuals 
may not speak in readily recog- 
nized words. 

New search tools will extend 
audio search technology on the 
Web, which is now limited to 
broadcast new audio files. The 
technology could be used for a 
broader range of applications. As 
Oard and colleagues work out new 
ways to catalogue and search the 
Shoah Foundation's large collec- 
tion, they are also creating ways to 
tap into other oral histories. 

"We're going to make plans for a 
series of four workshops for schol- 
ars so they can advise us on their 
needs for this material and we can 
:;; faelp thehv understand the : materi- 
al," says Oard, 

He predicts that access to cul- 
tural heritage projects will 
increase because a more affordable 
and effective storage and retrieval 
system will be available. 

"It is now practical to collect 
large amounts of this material," he 
says, "but it won't be useful if you 
cant affordably use it." 

The foundation has professional 
cataloguers listening to the testi- 
monies, trying to capture what 
they can, but it is an expensive 
undertaking. The NSF's $7.5 mil- 
lion is a good investment. 

"Each [cataloguer] spends 4-5 
hours on each interview," which 
average two hours long, says 

"One of the important things 
about this technology is that we 
can do things that the cataloguers 
might not have anticipated "says 
Oard. "We could find things that 
the cataloguers may not have 

Oard cautions, though, that 
increased access to information 
creates the need for new policies 
that shape the way technology is 

"We need to try to understand 
the implications of this technology 
on society. That's one reason we 
do this at a university," so conversa- 
tions can be informed by people 
from several related departments, 
he says. 

By involving the state's two pre- 
miere research universities in this 
project, Oard says there is the 
potential to foster the develop- 
ment of new companies working 
on new information technologies. 
It is also "an opportunity to enrich 
the academic discourse," he says. 


Senator John McCain to Speak 
at Town Hall Meeting 

Senator John McCain 
will visit Memorial 
Chapel on Tuesday, 
Dec. 4 at 8 p.m. for a Town 
Hall Meeting. The event, enti- 
tled "A New Normalcy: Amer- 
ica Post-September 1 1th," 
will allow audience mem- 
bers to ask die senator ques- 
tions about the most press- 
ing issues we face as a 
nation today. The event is 
free and open to the public. 
Senator McCain will also 
be presented with the first 
Millard E.Tydings Award for 
Courage and Leadership in 
American Politics by the 
Center for American Polidcs 
and Citizenship. The award 
wUI be presented by the 
Center's Director, Paul Her- 
rnson, and the Centers Exec- 
utive Board Chair, Senator 
Joseph Tydings. Presentation 
of the award will be accom- 

panied by the announce- 
ment of a new undergradu- 
ate fellowship to be present- 
ed in Senator McCain's 
honor in spring 2002. 

McCain was first elected 
to represent the state of Ari- 
zona in the U.S. House of 
Representatives in 1982. He 
served two terms in the 
House before being elected 
to the Senate in 1985. He 
was re-elected to a third 
Senate term in November 
1998. In that election, he 
received nearly 70 percent 
of the vote, a total which 
included 65 percent of the 
women's vote, 55 percent 
of the Hispanic vote, and 
even 40 percent of the 
Democratic vote. 

Throughout his public 
career, McCain has been a 
leader in critical issues fac- 
ing our country. He has 

waged a determined cam- 
paign against pork barrel 
spending, fighting for 10 
years to pass a line item 
veto. He has been a persist- 
ent proponent of lower 
taxes, genuine deregulation 
and free trade. He is a 
respected voice for a strong 
national defense and for 
sound foreign policy. 

McCain has been an out- 
spoken advocate for the 
reform of government insti- 
tutions and campaign 
finance reform, Recently, 
millions of Americans rallied 
to his campaign for the pres- 
idency. In 1997, he was 
named one of the"25 Most 
Influential People in Ameri- 
ca" by Time magazine. 

— Nossa J. Richman, associate 

director, Center for American 

Politics and Citizenship 

AAP: Encouraging, Expecting Excellence 

Continued from page 1 

cannot succeed here with 
the right supportive environ- 

He goes on. The retention 
rate for first-year students at 
the end of the spring 2000 
semester was better than the 
university ;$ rate. Also, appro#- , 
imately 40 percent of the 
students who take the sum- 
mer courses place in English 
101 the following fall, with 
most of the rest being 
placed by the next semester. 

"In math, 25-30 percent 
place into Math 1 10 or 1 13, 
which is a higher percentage 
than those in the general 
population who go through 
Math 001 or 002." 

There's more: One hun- 
dred percent of the upper- 
classmen enrolled in the 
Ronald E. McNair Post-Bac- 
calaureate program graduate 
with bachelor's degrees and 
70 percent go onto graduate 
school. Many take top hon- 
ors at national conferences 
for research done while still 
undergraduates . 

Under the AAP umbrella, 
six programs exist to nurture 
students at several places in 
their educational pursuits so 
that they reach their full aca- 
demic potential. Each com- 
ponent works under the 
guidance of a staff member 
with at least 15 years of serv- 
ice to the campus. Lewis, 
who has been on campus 
since 1988, credits his staffs 
longevity to their belief in 
their work, and its human 

Below is a brief summary 
of each program: 


Begun as a pilot program 
in 1967 and fully implement- 
ed the following year, the 
IED program provides aca- 
demic assistance, counseling 

and help with identifying 
and acquiring financial aid. 
Students enroll in a summer 
bridge program, a six-week 
residential program in which 
students take math, English, 
reading and study skills 
courses. They also .take one 
college-level course. 

"This is the largest part of 
the program," says Lewis. "It's 
a comprehensive safety net." 

Under the guidance of di- 
rector Alice Murray, IED par- 
ticipants receive individual 
attention and plenty of work. 

"They w ill work you," says 
Aaren. "They let you know 
that there are certain things 
required of you. It builds 
your confidence." 

As part of the two-year 
program, students enroll in 
EDCI 288D, a three-credit 
course that covers the same 
four areas of the summer 
program and adds mandato- 
ry tutoring. This required 
component is certified by 
the International Reading 
Association at Level 3, the 
only such program on cam- 
pus, and one of just three in 
Maryland, to earn this dis- 
tinction. Counseling during 
die freshman year is also 
required, which helps stu- 
dents with scheduling class- 
es, career choices, etc. 

Student Support Services 

This federally funded pro- 
gram works in tandem with 
IED and allows for a broader 
range of services. It is the re- 
sult of a 1972 award the uni- 
versity received based on the 
Federal Higher Education Act 
of 1965 as amended in 1968, 

Academic Support for 
Returning Athletes 

"This is for athletes who 
left, for any reason, to help 
them transition back," says 

Lewis. "They receive tuition 
remission for being a part of 
the speakers forum," that 
sends athletes into schools 
to talk about the importance 
of education.The program is 
co-run by the College of Edu- 

Ronald E. McNair Post-Bac- 
calaureate Achievement 

Under the guidance of 
Nthakoana Peko, associate 
director, talented, full-time 
juniors and seniors are 
encouraged to expand their 
academic experience. Also 
federally funded, the 1 Oyear- 
old McNair program is 
designed to prepare tradi- 
tionally underrepresented 
students to pursue doctoral 
degrees. Participants may 
come from the Eastern Shore 
campus and Frostburg State 
University as well. There are 
approximately 156 McNair 
programs in the country. 

Educational Opportunity 

The newest addition to the 
AAP family, this program was 
started by Lewis in 1998 to 
serve low income, first gener- 
ation college Prince George's 
county adult students from 
primarily the Lanham area. 

"We identify people who 
want to go back to school, 
all ages. It could be vocation- 
al, trade, a high school diplo- 
ma," explains Lewis, who 
stresses that students are not 
being recruited for this cam- 
pus. The initiative grew out 
of a national grant competi- 
tion offered by the U.S. De- 
partment of Education. It is a 
$1 million, four-year program. 

"We just submitted a propo- 
sal for an $800,000 grant for 
another four year grant. This 
second one will target the 
Hispanic community," he says. 


"'Less than I percent of American college students are currently 
taking all the other languages (Spanish, French, German), many 
of which are critical to our national needs," says Richard Brecht, 
director of the National Center for Foreign Languages at the 
University of Maryland. For a number of Central Asian languages, 
like Pashto, which is spoken by millions in Pakistan and 
Afghanistan, die 1998 enrollment at American universities was 
r, for Farsi, it was 6 14. While the number of students studying 
lie, between 5,000 and 6,000, is significantly higher, only a 
minority take advanced courses that would enable them to read 
and speak the language one day. "Universities are enrollment- 
driven " Dr. Brecht says, "and since there has been no market for 
Arabic, few universities can maintain it. Plus, the isolation of our 
continent, the fact that English is spoken throughout the world, 
has an impact. We are not a culture that has traditionally valued 
different languages." Brecht 's appraisal of the foreign language 
gap appeared in the New York Times, Nov. 1 1. 

But with the economy slowing down before Sept. 1 1, corpora- 
tions appear to have plenty of capacity to produce everything 
consumers need, so it is doubtful that they would spend any 
extra money adding to their plants. "Giving large corporations 
any money right now does not really help very much "says Peter 
Morici of the University of Maryland's Robert Smith School of 
Business. "They are not going to build anything until they see 
some demand. It's a tax package that might have made some 
sense before Sept. 11, but makes little sense after it* Morici 
ike of tax cuts in the Baltimore Sun, Nov. 11. 

a competitive news story many journalists rate as the most 
ortant of their careers, a fact censored in one place is likely 
to surface in another. Recognizing such pressure, some terrorism 
specialists place die blame on the sources who disclose the 
information to reporters in the first place. "The people who 
started talking about [additives to aerosolize anthrax] really 
should be locked up, and I mean that literally," says Milton Leiten- 
berg of the University of Maryland, who has studied biological 
weapons for 30 years. He fears the disclosures increase the odds 
of a large-scale biological attack. Leltenberg's harsh judgement 
appeared in the Baltimore Sun, Nov. 1 1 , He is affiliated with the 
School of Public Affairs. 

For example, the Mid-Atlantic Center for Mathematics Teael 
and Learning is a coalition of three universities, two large schc 
districts, and one state department of education. The universities 
are offering $25,000 annual fellowships to university students in 
mathematics education doctoral programs, while also working 
with Delaware state education officials and the Prince George's 
County, Md,, and Pittsburgh districts to increase die subject-area 
knowledge of their math and science teachers. Both goals of the 
Mid-Atlantic Center project are necessary to ensure that the next 
generation of teachers has strong content knowledge and can 
communicate effectively with students, the leader of the project 
said. "The problems have a wide scope" said JamesT. Fey, a pro- 
fessor of curriculum and instruction and mathematics at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, College Park and the director of the center. 
"What NSF asked for each of these centers to address is a fairly 
long list of things." The t Iniversity of Maryland and its partners- 
Pennsylvania State University in University Park and the Univer- 
sity of Delaware in Newark — have struggled to fill faculty posi- 
tions for mathematics education in recent years. Fey said. He 
explained the goals of the Mid Atlantic Center in Education 
Week, Nov. 7. 

"No one Ukes the idea of a draft, but we've never tried a draft 
that didn't have battle as the recruits' ultimate objective. Right 
now, the military appears to have enough volunteers willing to 
fight so that we don't need to force young people into harm's 
way. But our battlefront is not only in the barren reaches of 
Afghanistan. As President Bush said in his speech last Thurs 
calling for new opportunities within Americorps, our country 
needs 'a commitment to service in our own communities.' What 
better time to enlist young people to help their country than 
right now?" Robin Gerber of the Academy of Leadership penned 
an opinion/editorial for the Christian Science Monitor, Nov. 13- 

DECEMBER 4, 2001 

Manage Stress with Yoga 

Campus Recreation Services is 
offering Yoga for Stress, a three- 
hour yoga workshop to improve 
relaxation and concentration 
skills. The first will be held at 
Ritchie Coliseum on Thursday, 
Dec. 13 from 5-8 p.m. The sec- 
ond will be held on Saturday, 
Dec. 15 from 10 a.m.-l p.m. in 
the Campus Recreation Center. 

Register early to reserve a 
space in the class of your 
choice by visiting the CRS Web 
site at Reg- 
istration ends on Dec. 6 and 
costs $20. Payment can be 
made by VISA, Discover or 
Mastercard. For more informa- 
tion, contact Laura Sutter at 
(301) 405-PLAY, (5-7529) or, or visit 
www. ers. umd .edu . 

Fighting Corruption in 

The Institute for Global Chi- 
nese Affairs presents "Fighting 
Against Corruption in China," a 
lecture by Professor Angang 
Hu, School of Public Policy & 
Management.Tsinghua Univer- 
sity, Beijing, China on Wednes- 
day, Dec. 5 from 3:30-5:30 p.m. 
in room 0200, Skinner Hall. 

Hu's lecture will focus on 
corruption and anti-corruption 
strategies in China including 
the types of Chinese corrup- 
tion and the estimation of eco- 
nomic loss due to corruption In 

Hu is one of China's leading 
authorities on China's econo- 
mic policy and regional devel- 
opment, including the fight 
against economic corruption, 
China's so-called greatest social 
pollution. He is a senior 
research fellow at Harvard Uni- 
versity. He also is director of 
the Center for China 5tudies at 
the Chinese Academy of Sci- 
ences and a member of China's 
top academic think tank, the 
China Study Group at the Chi- 
nese Academy of Sciences. 

Student Engagement 

Results from the National Sur- 
vey of Student Engagement will 
be presented this week at the 
Campus Assessment Working 
Group (CAWG) forum. The 
annual survey tracks undergrad- 
uates at four-year colleges and 
universities, providing informa- 
tion about the quality of the 
undergraduate experience. It 
asks students how they spend 
their time, what they feel 
they've gained from their class- 
es, their assessment of the qual- 
ity of their interactions with 
faculty and friends and about 
other important activiUes. 

Last spring, university fresh- 
men and seniors participated in 
the survey, and this forum will 
highlight what they had to say. 

The forum will take place 
Friday, Dec. 7 from 1-2 p.m. in 
the Maryland Room, Marie 
Mount Hall. RSVP by Dec, 5 to For 

more information, contact 
Eowyn at (301) 405-3867 or, or visit 

Breakfast with Santa 

Bring friends and family and 
join Santa for a breakfast buffet 
featuring a baker's basket of 
breakfast pastries, cereals, 
French toast, sausage, hash 
browns, Moo Moo's Breakfast 
Bake, 99-cent mimosas and 
more. Tliis is a great chance to 
share wish lists with Santa. 
The breakfast will take 
place on Saturday, Dec. 8 at 
the University Golf Course. 
There are two searings: at 8 
a.m. and 10:30 a.m. Reserva- 
tions are required; please call 
(30 1) 3 1 4-6631 . The price for 
faculty and staff is $8.25; chil- 
dren 6-14, $4.25; children 5 
and under, free. All prices plus 
tax and gratuity. For more 
information, contact Nancy 
Loomis at (301) 314-6631 or 

Golf Shop Annual Sale 
and Faculty/Staff Buffet 

The Goff Shop will hold its one- 
day annual holiday sale with a 
15 percent discount on cloth- 
ing and selected items for all 
university employees. 

Month-long holiday gift cer- 
tificate specials include two 30- 
minute golf lessons for $50, a 
round of golf with cart for $38 
and 6 range tokens for $ 1 0. 

The sale will take place Fri- 
day, Dec. 7 from 7 a.m.-6 p.m. 
For more information, contact 
the Golf Shop at (301) 403- 
4299 or 

In addition, die Golf Course 
will host its annual Holiday Fac- 
ulty/Staff Appreciation Pro Shop 
Sale and Holiday Buffet on Fri- 
day, Dec. 8. The shop will offer 
a 1 5 percent discount to faculty 
and staff all day. From 1 1 a.m.-2 
p.m., Mulligan's Grill will serve 
a buffet with oyster stew, chef- 
carved roast beef and turkey, 
salad and fruit bar, spinach 
lasagna and more. The cost is 
$11.95, or $995 with any Pro 
Shop purchase (reservations 
recomended for groups). 

For more information, con- 
tact Nancy Loomis at (301) 
314-6631 or nloomis@dining. 

Give the Gift of Bugs 

Looking for that perfect gift for 
the entomologist in your life? 
The Department of Entomolo- 
gy has you covered. T-shirts 
bearing a realistic likeness of 
the Megalodacne heros 
designed by John Davidson, a 
professor in the department, 
arc available for $12. 

The gray short-sleeved shirts 
feature a red and black design. 
Sixes for children are small and 
medium, and adult sizes range 
from small to extra large. 

For ordering information, 
contact Andie Huberty at (301) 
405 7518 or ah97@umail. 

Physics Is Phun 

Mark your January 2002 calen- 
dars for the Department of 
Physics' public lecture-demon- 
stration program series Physics 
is Phun. 

In its 20th year, the program 
is hosted by Richard Berg and 
the staff of the Physics Lecture- 
Demonstration Facility and 
assisted by numerous invalu- 
able volunteers. This free pub- 
lic program presents physics at 
the high school level through 
the use of demonstrations. 

The subject of exploration 
this month is "Going in Circles 
with Physics," featuring rota- 
tional physics, including angu- 
lar momentum and coriolis 

The program will be held 
three days in a row: Thursday, 
Jan. 10, Friday Jan. 1 1 and Satur- 
day, Jan. 12 (snow dates: Jan. 
17, 18 and 19). 

Doors open by 7 p.m. and 
the program takes place from 
7:30-8:45 p.m. in the Physics 
Department Lecture Halls, 
1410-1412 Physics Building. A 
sign language interpreter is 
available with adequate notice. 
To volunteer, call Bernie at 
(301) 405-5949 a week before 
the program. For more informa- 
tion, call (301) 405-5994 or visit 
www. physics, umd . edu/lecdem/ 

Searching for Common 
Ground: Between 
Military and Peaceful 
Responses to Terrorism 

The Center for International 
Development and Conflict 
Management (CIDCM) is offer- 
ing an intensive evening and 
weekend program in the field 
of alternative dispute resolu- 
tion, to provide experiential 
learning and multiple perspec- 
tives on ways to bring about 
conflict transformation and 
peace-building. This winter's 
program will also provide an 
opportunity to address issues 
of immediate global concern: 
how to understand and effec- 
tively respond to terrorism fol- 
lowing the attacks of Sept. 1 1 . 

The weekend workshops 
will aim to bring together advo- 
cates of both military and non- 
violent approaches to combat- 
ing terrorism in order to pro- 
mote constructive dialogue, 
identify useful policy options 
and avoid painful schisms and 
mistakes experienced during 
earlier involvements in Viet- 
nam, Iraq and Afghanistan. 

The seminar will take place 
Thursday, Jan. 3 from 6-9 p.m. in 
0139Tydings Hall. For more 
information, contact John 
Da vies or Edy Kaufman at (301) 
314-7709 or (301) 314-5907, or or 

Winter Evenings at 

The Riversdale House Museum 
hosts winter evenings Dec. 27 
and 28 from 7-9 p.m. Celebrate 

Christmas past at the decorated 
mansion. There will be music, 
costumed interpreters, chil- 
dren's games, gingerbread bak- 
ing in the open hearth kitchen 
and refreshments — all by the 
natural light of candles. Admis- 
sion is $5 per person (children 
4 and under are admitted free). 

The Riversdale House Muse- 
um is located near the Univer- 
sity of Maryland at 481 1 
Riverdale Road, Riverdale Park, 
Maryland. For further informa- 
tion, call (301) 864-0420;TTY 
(301) 699-2544, or visit 
www. pgpa rks . com . 

Accommodations for individ- 
uals with disabilities are avail- 
able upon request. Please con- 
tact the facility two weeks in 
advance of the program start 
date. Additionally, the Depart- 
ment of Parks and Recreation 
requests 72 hours notice for 
the provision of sign language 

Test Tension Treatment 

The Maryland Center for Anxi- 
ety Disorders, Department of 
Psychology announces aTest 
Anxiety Treatment Program for 
children and adoiescents. 
Young people often perform 
poorly on examinations, even 
though they studied hard and 
knew all the material the night 
before the test. One reason may 
be test anxiety, which affects a 
number of school age children 
and adolescents. Severe test 
atuqpry can result in poor 
examination scores, limit aca- 
demic achievement, affect self- 
esteem and may be related to 
other severe fears. For more 
information on this skills-ori- 
ented program or to schedule 
an evaluation, contact the cen- 
ter at (301) 405-0232. 

New Work On Slavery 

The Joint Consortium for the 
Study of Slavery and Freedom 
presents a graduate student 
forum, "New Work on Slavery" 
on Tuesday, Dec. 4 from 6-8 
p.m. in the Multipurpose Room 
in Nyumburu Cultural Center. 
Graduate students from area 
universities will be presenting 
their work. 

Those presenting include: 
Jennifer Dorsey, Georgetown 
University, "Slavery and Free- 
dom on Maryland's Eastern 
Shore"; Paul Gardullo, George 
Washington U ni versity, " SI a very 
and Memory in American Histo- 
ry"; Gordon Gill, Howard Uni- 
versity, "Language of Resistance 
in the Slave Society of Berbice"; 
Max Grivno, University of Mary- 
land, "Slavery on the Margins: 
Northern Maryland "; Cheryl 
LaRoche, University of Mary- 
land, "From Slave Ships to 
Cemeteries: Archeology as an 
Alternative Path to History"; 
Matt Mason, University of Mary- 
land,"The Political Impact of an 
Assertive African American Pop- 
ulation in the Early U.S. Repub- 
lic"; and J. Santiago Mauer, 
Howard University, "Castas de 
Nacion: African Ethnicities and 
Slavery in Colombia."