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Full text of "Outlook / the University of Maryland, College Park (2002)"

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Outlook 




This Week's 
Mystery 
Photo 
Contest 



Pago 4 



THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND FACULTY AND STAFF WEEKLY NEWSPAPER 



Vol 14 me J 7 • Number 4 • February 26 , 2002 



Harnessing the 

Sun's Power 

Solar Decathletes 
to Compete in 
Washington, D. C. 

A team of university stu- 
dents and their faculty 
advisors are building a 
home for the future. It will be 
completely solar powered and 
in the middle of the National 
Mall in Washington, D.C. 

As pan of the 2002 Solar 
Decathlon this fall, 1 4 universi- 
ties will build such structures, 
with most of the work being 
done during the summer. A 
cross-disciplinary team from 
Maryland will compete against 
Carnegie Mellon University, Vir- 
ginia Polytechnic Institute, 
Tuskegee University and others 
in 10 events designed to test 
inventiveness, leadership and 
architectural and scientific skills. 

"Everything in the house has 
to be solar-powered; all the 
kitchen appliances, the electrici- 
ty. We have to run a mock 
home-based business with e- 
mail, sending faxes," says Alex 
Yasbek, a junior mechanical 
engineering major working on 
the project. "And it all has to be 
incredibly efficient" 

The Department of Energy 
and the National Renewable 
Energy Laboratory sponsor the 
event, along with BP Solar and 
the American Institute of Archi- 
tects. The winner of the seven- 
day competition will have built 
the best-looking house, measur- 
ing approximately 800 square 
feet, that can produce the most 
energy with the most efficiency. 
During the event, only the solar 
energy available within the 
perimeter of each house may be 
used to generate the power 
needed to compete in the con- 
tests. The event is the culmina- 
tion of two years of planning, 
designing and building. Contes- 
tants will have to cook meals, 
wash laundry and perform 
other tasks normal to running a 
household. They will occupy 
the home from 7 a.m. -10 p.m. 
daily. 

"We also have to have an 
electric car," adds Andrew Hunt, 
a senior mechanical engineer- 
ing major leading the team. He 
hopes to finish the home In 
June, in time for graduation and 
the final design deadline. Thirty- 
seven students are working on 
the project this semester, with 
faculty members Jungho Kim 
(mechanical engineering), Carl 
Bovill (architecture) and Jolin 
Cable (civil engineering) pro- 
viding support. 

"I'm what I'd call an extreme- 
ly distant advisor. The students 

See SOLAR, page 3 



Pretty Distraction Changes Focus 







The pages have 
yellowed in one 
of Doug Gill's 
black binders. It holds 
the sketchings of about 
2,000 newts. Each 
given with a number, 
all distinct with their 
red spots. 

The newts were his 
first major project 
when he came to the 
university in 1971 as an 
assistant zoology pro- 
fessor.The NSF-spon- 
sored research project 
on 9,000 red-spotted 
newts and giant frogs 
had him doing field 




PHOTOS BY CYNTHI4 M1TCHEI 

The work of zoology profes- 
sor Doug Gilt (I) on the pink 
lady's slipper orchid is fea- 
tured in an orchid exhibit at 
the U.S. Botanic Garden. 
Above is just one of an 
amazing variety of orchids in 
the exhibit. 



work in the George Wash- 
ington National Forest in 
western Virgnia. While 
there, he spotted thou- 
sands of pink lady's slip- 
per orchids and thought 
this plant would be a 
good subject for studying 
evolutionary ecology. 

See ORCHIDS, page 3 



Lab Measures "Wickedly Tiny" Fields 

Brain Activity Focus of New Tool 



The "crowning 
piece" of a 
collaboration 
between 
Japanese technology 
and university expert- 
ise was shown off 
recently during the 
opening celebration of 
a new lab. 

The Kanazawa Insti- 
tute of Technology 
(KTT>Universiry of 
Maryland MEG Labora- 
tory, at the Cognitive 
Neuroscience of Lan- 
guage Laboratory, aims 
to better measure the 
brain's magnetic fields. 
These minute fields 
come about as a result 
of the electrical signals 
neurons use to commu- 
nicate. MEG stands for magne- 
toencephalography, which is 
the process of measuring the 
brain's magnedc fields. Housed 
in the Department of Linguis- 




PH0T0 BY CYNTHIA MITCHEL 



MEG lab manager Jeff Walker (r) guides linguistics professor Colin Phillips' brain 
into the MEG (magnetoencephalography) machine. 



tics, the lab seeks to combine 
the Study of linguistics, cogni- 
tive neuroscience, language 
acquisition, genetic disorders 
and computational modeling. 



Part of the wonder of this new 
non-invasive tool is how fast it 
came into existence, and 

See BRAIN, page 2 



Bower 
Power 

Interior decorating 
prowess coupled with 
some flashy dance 
moves can pay divi- 
dends for the aspiring 
lothario — especially in the 
animal kingdom. 

Biology doctoral student 
Gail L. Patricclli, studying the 
mating of satin bowerbirds 
for her dissertation, discov- 
ered a third skill males need 
in order to mate successfully: 
sensitivity. 

She discovered this while 
studying the curious bower- 
bird courtship ritual in the 
bird s native New South 
Wales, Australia. At the start 
of mating season, the male 
satins build two-walled 
upswept structures with 
grass, leaves and sticks. Some 
of the more ambitious birds 
furnish the area in front of 
their bower with plastic 
baubles, clothespins and 
bright feathers. Especially 
prized is the blue parrot 
feather. 

According to Gerald Bor- 
gia, Patricelli's faculty advisor 
In the biology department, 
bowerbirds are the only birds 
whose males are known to 
use interior decorating 
prowess and landscape archi- 
tecture to prove their manli- 
ness to females. Other 
species of bowerbirds build 
on a much larger scale. The 
males of one New Guinea 
species build 6-foot domed 
bowers that in the past have 
been mistaken for human 
dwellings. 

A female will circle the 
neighborhood, checking out 
all die bowers. She'll land on 
one she likes and that's the 
male's cue to begin wooing. 
The iridescent purple bird 
begins a rowdy song and 
dance routine in which he 
jumps, sings and ruffles his 
feathers. 

"The male satin bowerbird 
puts on a very intense mat- 
ing display, which is impor- 
tant for the wooing of the 
female. But if it gets too 
aggressive and threatening, it 
can also startle her," said 
Patricelli. 

As part of the mating 
process, a female may revisit 
a particular bower more than 
once before consenting. The 
male knows he's been suc- 
cessful when she crouches, 
signaling her consent. Con- 
summation is over quickly in 
a ruffle of feathers. The 
female then flies off to lay 
her eggs, and raise her young 

See BIRDS, page 3 



FEBRUARY 26, 2002 



dateline 
maryland 



YOUR GUIDE TO UNIVERSITY EVENTS: FEBRUARY 26-MARCH 5 



f ebruary 26 

11:30 a.m.. University of 
Maryland Retirees Associa- 
tion Luncheon Series Golf 
Course Clubhouse. Henry P, 
Sims, Jr. , professor of manage- 
ment and organization in the 
Robert H. Smith School of Busi- 
ness, will speak on "The New 
SuperLeadership: Leading Oth- 
ers to Lead Themselves." The 
cost is $ 13; reservations are 
required For information, con- 
tact Lynne Beilfy at 5-2469-* 

12-1 p.m., Service Learning 
Brown Bag Lunch 01 40 
Holzapfel. Hear about prelimi- 
nary results from a service- 
learning survey administered 
to 1,700 University of Mary- 
land students. Learn how Com- 
munity Service Programs can 
support you in developing and 
implementing service-learning 
courses. For more information, 
contact Marie Troppe at 4-5387 
or mtroppe@accmail.umd.edu. 
or visit www.umd.edu/CSP 

12-1:30 p.m., IGCA Noon 
Forum: From Nixon to 
Bush: 30 Years of US-China 
Summitry Multi-purpose 
Room, St. Mary's Hall. Speakers 
James Mann (Center for Strate- 
gic and International Studies, 
author and former LA Times 
correspondent) and Stanley 
Karnow (Pulitzer Prize-win- 
ning author, journalist and his- 
torian) will review the history 
of U.S.-China summit meetings 
since President Nixon's 1972 
trip to Beijing, in order to assess 
the latest Bush summit. Was 
the Bush summit substantive? 
What did it accomplish? What 
factors influenced it? A buffet 
lunch will be served: students 
$5; others $10. For more infor- 
mation and to RSVP contact 
Rebecca McGinnis at 5-0208 or 
rml65@umail.umd.edu, 

12:45-4 p.m., OIT Short- 
course Training: Make a 
Simple Web Page 4404 Com- 
puter & Space Science. Intro- 
duces Netscape's Web page 
editing and development tool. 
Familiarity with the World 
Wide Web and Netscape is 
required; a WAM account is 
recommended. The fee is $40. 
For more information and to 
register, contact OIT Training 
Services Coordinator at 5-0443 
or oit-training@umail.umd.edu, 
or visit www.oit.umd.edu/sc.* 

4-6 p.m.. Worldly Goods, 



Envy, and the Rise of Com- 
petition 01 35 Taliaferro Hall. 
With Dennis Romano, profes- 
sor of history, Syracuse Univer- 
sity. Sponsored by the Center 
for Renaissance and Baroque 
Studies. Light refreshments will 
be served. For more information, 
contact Adele Seeff at 5^830 
or asl8@umail.umd.edu, or visit 
www. inform . umd . edu/crbs . 

8 p.m.. University of 
Maryland Symphonic Wind 
Ensemble Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. The premier ensemble 
of the Maryland Bands program. 
For more information, call 
(301) 405-ARTS or visit www. 
claricesmithcenter. umd. edu . 



t s n m s d an 



february 27 

3-5 p.m.. Black History: A 
Multi-Ethnic Celebration 

1101 Hornbake Library. The 
Office of Multi-Ethnic Student 
Education hosts a celebration 
of Black History Month. The 
program 'will demonstrate the 
influence of Black History on 
other cultures and the world. 
Multi-ethnic faculty, students 
and staff will participate in the 
cultural activities and educa- 
tional dialogue, oral tradition, 
displays, multi-ethnic cuisine 
and entertainment. For more 
information, call 5-6822. 



february 28 

9 a.m. -12 p.m.. Building 
Healthy Relationships 

1 1 1 U Chesapeake Building. A 
Personnel Services Department 
workshop designed to provide 
participants with skills to eval- 
uate, build and enhance signifi- 
cant relationships in their lives. 
For more information and to 
register, contact Natalie Torres 
at 5-5651 or traindev@acc- 
mail.umd.edu, or visit 
www. personnel . umd .edu. 

4-5:30 p.m.. Talk About 
Teaching: The Harlem 
Renaissance 0135 Taliaferro 
Hall. Scot Reese, an associate 
professor in the university's 
Department of Theatre, will 
lead an informal conversation 
and sharing of ideas open to 
the university and local com- 
munity. Light refreshments 
will be served. For more infor- 
mation, contact Nancy Traub- 
itz at 5-6833 or nt32@umall. 
umd.edu. 



march 1 

12-12:50 p.m., Entomology 
Colloquium 1 140 Plant Sci- 
ences Building. Kevin Thorpe 
of the USDA-ARS will speak on 
"Research support for the 
national sfow-the-spread-of-the- 
gypsy-moth program." For 
more information, call 5-391 1 
or visit www.entm.umd.edu. 

12-1:15 p.m., Department 
of Communication Spring 
Colloquium Series 0200 
Skinner. Angharad Valdivia, Uni- 
versity of Illinois, will present 
"Brain, Brow, or Bootie: Latinas 
in Contemporary Popular Cul- 
ture." For more information, 
contact Trevor Parry-Giles at 5- 
8947 or tp54@umail.umd.edu, 
or visit www.comm.umd.edu. 

8 p.m.. The Academy of 
Ancient Music Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. Christopher Hogwood 
and fortepianist Robert Levin 
present an all-Mozart program. 
Tickets are $20-$40. Call (301) 
405-ARTS or visit -www£ 
claricesmithcenter.umd.edu. 



march 2 

8 p.m.. West Point Saxo- 
phone Quartet Gildenhorn 
Recital Hall, Clarice Smith Per- 
forming Arts Center. Guest 
ensemble performs a program 
including the local premiere of 
"Rivermuslc" by faculty com- 
poser L.K. Moss. Call (301) 
405-ARTS or visit www. 
claricesmithcenter. umd.edu. 



march 3 



7:30 p.m., Spiderwoman 
Theater: Persistence of 
Memory Kogod Theatre, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. This three-woman 
Native American company 
delivers uniquely earthy 
humor that challenges stereo- 
types. Post-performance ques- 
tion-and-answer. Tickets are 
$25. For more information, call 
(301) 405-ARTS or visit www. 
claricesmithcenter. umd . edu . 



march 4 

2 p.m.. Modern France/ 
Modern Italy: Aspects of 



Braili: Teaser headline 




Continued front page 1 

when. The team began 
working last September. 
it colleagues at NIH 
; been working on this 
jre us," said Colin 
Phillips, a professor in the 
linguistics department. "And 
they're still working on it. 
"What's been phenome- 
nal is the support from KIT 
They've realty pushed 
things through. They had a 
team of 10 people from 
Japan here. On September 
1 1 , half of the group was an 
hour from Dulles. They 
were diverted to Detroit. 
' stayed there for a few 
( and still came here to 
t. The president of KIT 
lobby carpenter. He 
came with his tools and his 
overalls and went to work. 




the Future Multi-Purpose 
Room, Language House. 
"Toward a New Italian Cinema: 
Emerging from die Shadows of 
the Video Age," with Millicent J. 
Marcus, Mariano DiVito Profes- 
sor of Italian Studies, Universi- 
ty of Pennsylvania. Refresh- 
ments will follow. 

4-6 p.m.. Political Violence 
Seminar 3121 Symons Hall. 
Jack Mack Faragher of Yale Uni- 
versity will speak on "Without 
these compromises it would 
be impossible to exist in this 
country: Allegiance, Neutrality 
and Violence in Acadia, 1604- 
1755." Discussions are based 
on pre-circulated papers avail- 
able in the History Department 
office that can be requested at 
history center® umail . umd .edu. 

8 p.m.. Annual Big Band 
Invitational Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. A presentation of the 
University of Maryland School 
of Music and Maryland Pre- 
sents. Free. Call (301) 405- 
ARTS or visit www. 
clarice smithcen ter. umd .edu. 



march S 

4 p.m., Distinguished 
Lecturer Series: What's the 
Matter in the Universe? 

1412 Physics Building. Vera 
Rubin, senior fellow in astrono- 
my at the Carnegie Institution 
in Washington, DC, examines 
the dark parts of the universe. 
Call Anna Salajegheh, 5-8140. 

4:15-6 p.m.. Perspectives in 
Minority Achievement 1121 
Benjamin. Panelists Kenneth 
Strike, Carol Parham and James 
Richmand will discuss school 
policies and academic acliieve- 
ment. For more information. 
contact Martin L. Johnson at 
mj 1 3@umail.umd.edu. For a 



He had a blast of a time." 
Like many projects at 
Maryland, the lab combines 
the talents of several disci- 
plines. Electrical engineers 
assisted with the signal pro- 
cessing techniques. The 
physics department 
worked on the critical area 
of MEG recording. Cogni- 
tive neuroscientists tended 
expertise, Phillips sees this 
type of collaboration con- 
tinuing. 

Those involved hope the 
lab becomes a resource for 
neuroscientists in the 
greater Washington, DC 
area and beyond, "The MEG 
is the best one of its kind in 
North America," said 
Phillips. "We're pretty 
amazed ourselves." 



summary of the presentations, 
visit www.education.umd.edu/ 
MIMAUE. 

5:30 p.m., Daniel Heifetz: 
Strange Bedfellows Labora- 
tory Theatre, Clarice Smith Per- 
forming Arts Center. With banjo 
player Buddy Watcher. Part of 
the Take Five series. Free. For 
more information, call (301) 
405-ARTS or visit www. 
claricesmithce nter. umd . edu . 

7 p.m., Chinese Film Series 

Basementi-St; Mary's Hall. *!Not 
One Less," directed by Zhang 
Yimou, 1999. For more infor- 
mation, visit www.inform.umd. 
edu/igca. 



calendar guide 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-xxxx or 5-xxxx stand for the prefix 314 or 405. Calendar information for Outlook is compiled from a combination of inforM's master 
calendar and submissions to the Outlook office. Submissions are due two weeks prior to the date of publication. To reach the calendar editor, call 405-7615 or e-mail to 
outlook@accmall.urnd.edu. 'Events are free and open to the public unless noted by an asterisk (•). 



Outlook 



Outlook is the weekly faculty-staff 
newspaper serving the University of 
Maryland campus community. 

Brotlir Remington • Vice 
President for University Relations 

Teresa Planner) • Executive 

Director of University 

C Communications and Director of 

Marketing 

George Cathcart ■ Executive 
Editor 

Monette Austin Bailey " Editor 

Cynthia Mitchel • Art Director 

Laura Lee * Graduate Assistant 

Robert K. Gardner • Editorial 
Assistant & Contributing Writer 

Letters to the editor, story sugges- 
tions and campus information are 
welcome. Please submit all material 
two weeks before the Tuesday of 
publication. 

Send material to Editor. Oiitdwfc. 
2101 Turner Hall, College Park. 
MD 20742 

Telephone • (301) 405-4629 
Fax -(.101)314-9344 
E-mail • outlook@accmaii.timd.edu 
www. co II egepublisher.com/oudook 




OUTLOOK 




feH$ 









Orchids: Beautiful and Often Immortal 

Continued from page 1 

per and become such a name 
in the field that Christine Flana- 
gan, manager of public programs 
of the U.S. Botanic Garden, invi- 
ted him to be featured in the 
cxliibit "The Allure of Orchids." 
The exhibit began in January 
and will run until April 7. 

"The sense of the exhibit is 
that these plants have the 
power to entrance people," said 
Flanagan. "It's a huge invest- 
ment of his life, all focused 
around this population of 
lady's slippers. There are not 
many things that can bewitch 
people to that sense." 

The national garden asked 
him last fell if he would partici- 
pate. A video crew came to his 
home in University Park to 
shoot the four-and-a-half minute 
film that plays at the exhibit. 
His dining room was turned 
into a set and an oversized 
photograph of a Canadian land- 
scape served as a backdrop. 

Along with the film, the 
exhibit features a large diorama 
resembling his study site in the 
national forest, complete with 
pine trees and laurels. 

Although orchids have been 
a part of much of Gill's 31 
years at Maryland, he has other 
interests as well. As a young 
boy in New Jersey, he thought 
he would spend the rest of his 
life as a bird watcher, but his 
activities have expanded into 
studying and teaching topical 
biology in Costa Rica, aiding in 
restoration of Maryland's Bast- , . 
em Shore grasslands and 
singing with the Choral Arts 
Society of Washington. 



, it was beautiful," Gill 
said, seemingly still in awe of 
the memory of the flower. His 

ork with the orchid has led to 
his inclusion in a U.S. Botanic 
Garden exhibit running until 
April. 

His background had taught 
him that orchids had special 
and specific interactions with 
insects, but he found no evi- 
dence of such in his orchids. 
They weren't even reproduc- 
ing. Gill says it took him 25 
years to figure out why. 

"They are effectively immor- 
tal," he said about die flowers, 
adding that they're older than 
some of the trees in the forest. 
His findings were ground 
breaking, showing what hap- 
pens when forest fires arc sup- 
pressed before doing their nat- 
ural duty of knocking down 
trees, and giving plant life an 
open 1 space to rejuvenate;-; { - -..- . -.•; 

"Fire is a positive feature not 
only for the orchids, but all of 
the plants on the forest floor," 



PHOTOS BY CYNTHIA MITCHEL 

Orchid growers have created 
unique varieties for the exhibit 
"The Allure of Orchids" at the U.S. 
Botanic Garden. 

Gill said."There is no plant that 
wants to be on the floor of a 
shady forest." Therefore, they 
don't reproduce. 

Gill tested his findings by 
conducting an experiment 
with the National Forest Ser- 
vice by burning sections of the 
park. On the sections burned, 
he saw reproduction in the 
orchids living in open space. 

He has traveled all over talk- 
ing about the pink lady's slip- 



Gill will give a slide pres- 
entation of his orchid 
discoveries on Saturday, 
March 16 at 7 p.m. (doors 
open at 6:30 p.m.) at the U.S. 
Botanic Garden, West Wing, 
located at the SE corner of 
the Mall, directly in front of 
the Capitol. Pre-registration 
for free tickets required. Con- 
taci'Katle Palm at (2ui) 226- ;l ' rl 
8038 or KPatm@AOC.gov. 



Solar: Competition Tests Inventiveness 

Continued from page 1 



came to me because I'm director 
of the Graduate Project Manage- 
ment Program, well after they 
were underway" says Cable. 
"Every couple of weeks we 
review where they are. I gave 
some guidance on the design." 



more people aren't building 
completely solar-powered homes 
— yet, 

"It's not something realistic 
within the next 10 years" says 
Yasbek. "But now people do use 
solar-heated hot water." 




South Side Perspective 

An architect's rendering of the back (south) side of the home. The roof is 
covered in solar panels. 



Most of the $90,000 in materi- 
als needed to build the house is 
being donated or sold at reduced 
prices. Students not only plan 
and design the home, but must 
raise funds as well. Hunt says 
seed money also came from the 
Department of Energy, He says 
the cost could be as much as 
$200,000 to buy everything at 
full price. One solar panel, which 
harnesses enough energy to run 
one light bulb, costs $300, 
Expense is one of the reasons 



"And as the price of fossil fuel 
rises, more people will be using 
solar energy," says Hunt, citing 
California's energy crisis as an 
example. Sales of solar panels hit 
record levels. 

As part of the competition, 
decathletes must maintain a Web 
site that tracks the team's 
progress. Hunt and Yasbek say 
though the Maryland site is up 
(www.solartech. umd.edu), the 
team is not posting all of its 
developments. It's a strategic 



move designed to throw off their 
competitors, though both stu- 
dents acknowledge they may not 
be alone in this tactic. 

"We want them to think we're 
the underdog," says Yasbek. "Then 
later we'll put everything up." 

Hunt says according to organ- 
izers, Maryland is already ahead 
of most since it's begun con- 
struction on a plot of grass near 
President Dan Mote's house. "So 
he can look out the window and 
see how we're doing " jokes Hunt. 

The project requires dozens 
of hours of work and Yasbek and 
Hunt have made adjustments to 
their schedules to accommodate 
the load. Both credit the compe- 
tition with helping their futures, 
Yasbek is considering studying 
architecture as a result of his 
work with the decathlon. Hunt 
has a standing position with 
Clark Construction, a sponsor, 
after working as an intern for the 
company last semester. As for 
the house, its future is a bit 
uncertain. The ski club would 
like it for a chalet. The team's 
considered giving it to Habitat 
for Humanity. 

"No matter what, I don't want 
it to sit somewhere on a back lot 
of the campus and rot," says Hunt. 



Birds: Real Men Decorate 

Continued from page t 



alone. Animal behaviorists 
generally believe the channel 
of communication between 
the birds is one-way. 

"In pair-bonded species," 
Patricelli explained, "males 
and females collaborate to 
rear young, so it's been 
expected and demonstrated 
that courtship involves 
reciprocal communication, 
but in species such as the 
bowerbird, in which the 
male has many mates and no 



students. "It was tricky, but 
not terribly difficult "he said. 
"We built a sheet metal 
skeleton, and a taxidermist 
did the bird's exterior. We 
inserted a small computer to 
control the bird. Of course 
we called that the 'bird 
brain.'" 

Once the bird was con- 
structed, Patricelli stealthily 
placed the robot into the 
bowers of males she'd been 
studying with one of the 36 




PHOTO BY DAVID HINKLE 



The "fembot" bowerbird in a bower and her remote control. 



role in raising the young, it's 
been assumed that commu- 
nication during display was 
essentially one way — the 
male saying 'Mate with me.' " 

Patricelli and Borgia, how- 
ever, weren't convinced that 
the conversation was that 
one sided. To gauge the 
importance of female com- 
munication in successful 
mating, they devised an 
experiment. It required some 
specialized equipment and a 
cooperative effort between 
two disciplines not usually 
linked: biology and mechani- 
cal engineering. The result: a 
remote controlled mechani- 
cal female bowerbird, which 
researchers dubbed the "fem- 
bot ," designed to look like 
and mimic the actions of a 
real female. With the ability 
to fluff her wings, tilt her 
head, and assume the mating 
stance, a slow crouch with a 
tip, the robot could give all 
the signs to the courting 
flesh and blood male. 

"We wanted to control the 
signals given by females dur- 
ing courtship," explained 
Borgia of the experiment's 
methodology. "Females have 
fewer moves than the male 
in courtship, so we could 
realistically duplicate the 
female's behavior with a 
mechanical bird." 

Professor Gregory Walsh 
of the meclianical engineer- 
ing department designed the 
faux female with some of his 



cameras Borgia and his team 
of graduate students main- 
tain in Wallaby Creek, Aus- 
tralia. After some problems 
with the prototype, the 
researchers perfected the 
robot. 

When the males returned 
to find the robot in their 
bowers they immediately 
began their mating dance, 
and Patricelli controlled the 
robot's movement from a 
hidden vantage point. 

"Our experiment showed 
that the preferred males 
were those who could give a 
liighly intense display but 
who could tone down the 
intensity to avoid startling 
the female "said Patricelli. 
"The less successful males 
either didn't pick up on the 
female's signals and were 
scaring her, or they were not 
displaying intensely enough. 
For the benefit of both, 
females should signal their 
level of comfort with the 
male's display. Our experi- 
ments confirmed this." 

Borgia put the results in a 
larger context."Like humans, 
bowerbirds have evolved a 
high level of intelligence, but 
each species lias come to this 
point with a very different set 
of ancestors. The example of 
bowerbirds has led some to 
suggest that in humans and 
bowerbirds, intelligence may 
have been driven by compe- 
tition to show off to the 
opposite sex." 



FEBRUARY 26, 2002 




Looking for a Few Good 
Adults 

The Adult Health & Develop- 
ment Program needs more 
adults over 50 for its one-on- 
one program. Student staffers 
are paired with adults age 50 
and older to improve health 
and sense of well-being. Stu- 
dents are trained to serve as 
friendly coaches helping their 
member get into a health and 
well-being groove by applying 
gerontological health theory 
and research. 

If you know of anyone who 
might benefit from physical 
and social activities and health 
education, call Dan Celdran at 
(301) 405-2489. The program 
runs for nine Saturdays ending 
on May 4 (off during Spring 
Break). Or visit the Web site, 
www. inform . umd . ed u/AH DP. 





Talking About 



The Center for Teaching Excel- 
lence presents a Teaching and 
Learning Conversation: Leading 
Rough Draft Workshop Sessions. 

Students often benefit from 
class time spent on peer review 
of writing assignments, or rough 
draft workshop sessions. This 
workshop will focus on several 
approaches to integrating 
rough draft workshop sessions 
in class as well as strategies for 
helping students become criti- 
cal readers of peer writing. It is 
specifically designed forTAs; 
however, ail members of the 
University of Maryland commu- 
nity interested in teaching and 
learning are invited. 

The workshop will be held 
March 5 from 2-3:30 p.m. in the 
Maryland Room, 0100 Marie 
Mount Hall. Light refreshments 
will be served. RSVP requested. 
Contact Mary Wesley at (301) 
405-9356 or mwesley ©deans. 
umd.edu, or RSVP online at 
www. umd . edu/CTE/rsvp . html . 



Call for Nominees: 
BFSA Outstanding 
Achievement Awards 

The 15th Annual Conference 
for African Americans in Higher 
Education is titled "Building 
Bridges: Developing Collabora- 
tive Relations and Strategies for 
Success in Higher Education." 

The Black Faculty and Staff 
Association is seeking nomina- 
tions for this year's Outstanding 
Achievement Awards. Awardees 
will be honored at the May 30 
awards banquet. The categories 
for nomination are: 

James Otis Williams 
Award 

The James Otis Williams 
award honors a person who 
has served as a leader and a 
mentor to African Americans 
within the University of Mary- 
land community. 

Rhonda Williams Award 

The Rhonda Williams award 
honors a person who has made 
an outstanding contribution to 
the advancement of African 
Americans within the Universi- 
ty of Maryland community. 



University Service 
Awards 

The University Service 
Awards recognize individuals 
who have demonstrated com- 
mitment to the mission and 
goals of the University of Mary- 
land African American commu- 
nity. Awards will be presented 
to one non-exempt and one 
exempt university employee. 



this month is "When You re 
Hot, You re Hot," featuring ther- 
modynamics and its applica- 
tions. 

The program will be held 
three evenings in a row; Thurs- 
day, March 14, Friday, March 1 5 
and Saturday, March 16. 

Doors open at 7 p.m. and the 
program takes place from 7:30- 
8:45 p.m. in the physics depart- 



Non-Credit Adult and 
Infant/Child CPU 

Learn how to act in emergency 
situations and how to recog- 
nize and care for life-threaten- 
ing respiratory or cardiac emer 
gencies in infants, children and 
adults. This 6.5-hour course 
includes CPR for adults, infants 



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PHOTO BY CVNTHIA MITCHEl 



Identify the image in this photo and get a chance to win a prize! Send your guess 
to: Mystery Photo, Outlook, 2101 Turner Hall or outiook@acanail.umd.edu. All 
correct entries will be placed in a drawing. Deadline for entries is 5 p.m. Feb. 28 
and the winner will be announced in next week's issue of Outlook. 



Local Community Award * 
The Local Community Award 
is given to a member of the 
local community who has made 
an outstanding contribution to 
African Americans in higher 
education on a local level. 
National Service Award * 
The National Service Award 
recognizes an individual who 
has shown a commitment to 
the advancement of African 
Americans in Higher Education 
on a national level. 

(* Individuals of local or 
national status need not be 
employees of the University.) 
For more information, con- 
tact Serena Mann at (301) 405- 
3610 or sm an n ©deans, umd. 
edu, or visit www.inform.umd. 
edu/hfsa/conference. 



Physics is Phun 

The Department of Physics 
continues to present the public 
lecture-demonstration program 
series Physics is Phun. In its 
20th year, the program is host- 
ed by Richard Berg and the 
staff of the Physics Lecture- 
Demonstration Facility and 
assisted by numerous volun- 
teers. This free public program, 
which presents physics at the 
high school level through the 
use of demonstrations, aims to 
educate, inform and entertain. 
Interactive experiments are 
available, with volunteer super- 
vision, 30 minutes before each 
program. 

The subject of exploration 



ment lecture halls, 1410-1412 
Physics Building. A sign lan- 
guage interpreter is available 
with adequate notice. To volun- 
teer, call Bernie at (301) 405- 
5949 a week before the pro- 
gram. 

For more information, call 
(301) 405-5994 or visit www, 
physic s . umd . edu/lecdem/ 
phph.htra. 



Innovation in Teaching 
with Technology Award 
Nominations 

Nominations for the University 
of Maryland Award for Innova- 
tion in Teaching with Technolo- 
gy are now being accepted. Co- 
sponsored by the Office of 
Information Technology and 
•the Office of Undergraduate 
Studies, the award recognizes 
outstanding accomplishments 
in the use of technology to pro- 
mote excellence in teaching 
and learning, and it helps high- 
light the many ways in which 
the university has taken leader- 
ship in this critical area. Those 
who have created innovations 
in teaching with technology 
are invited to consider applying 
for this award. Individuals or 
groups may apply. The applica- 
tion deadline is March 5, 2002, 

Details can be found at 
www.oit.umd.edu/telAJMITT/. 
Or contact Ellen Yu Borkowski, 
director, Academic Support 
Office of Information Techno- 
logy, at (301) 405-2922 or 
eyb@umd.edu. 



and children. 

Campus Recreation Services 
will offer two classes, Sunday, 
March 10 or Saturday, May 4, 
each from 10 a.m. -4:30 p.m. 
Register online at www.crs. 
umd.edu until one week prior 
to class date. The cost is $45. 
Payments for courses can be 
made by credit card (VISA, MC, 
Discover). 

For more information, con- 
tact Laura Sutter at (301) 405- 
PLAY or ls220@umail.umd.edu, 
or visit www.crs.umd.edu. 



Learn to Create Truly 
Useful Web Applications 

Can your Web site accept and 
store user information? Does it 
return information specific to 
user requests? 

You can learn advanced tech- 
niques to create a truly interac- 
tive Web site in the eight-ses- 
sion data-based Web applica- 
tions course. For those who 
already know HTML, OIT will 
teach programming (with ASP, 
VBScript and JavaScript) as well 
as concepts of database design 
and usage. Then combine tech- 
niques for an impressive Web 
presence. 

The class will meet April 1 5- 
May 8 on Mondays and Wednes- 
days from 6:30-10 p.m. The fee 
is $495 including books. Regis- 
ter early, as space is limited. 

For more information, con- 
tact LearnIT staff at (301) 405- 
1 670 or Iearnit@oacs.umd.edu, 
or visit www.LearnIT.umd.edu.