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Page 3 


The Meaning 
in Numbers 

Rankings Just One 
Measure of Quality 

Say what you will about 
rankings and their impor- 
tance, but when it comes 
to a university's prestige and 
public perception, it seems it's 
all about the numbers. 

Rankings are made up of a 
complex formula, with variously 
weighted factors, that can move 
a university up and down a list 
many consider a prime indica- 
tor of an institution's worth. 
Movement depends on how 
much the school is improving, 
changes in the factors and how 
well peer institutioas are doing. 
Reputation is especially impor- 

"When we look at national 
rankings, for programs ranked, 
almost every one is built on rep- 



utation in some way," says Bill 
Spann, associate vice president 
of the Office of Institutional 
Research and Planning (OIRP). 
"And reputations are built 

Spann uses a three-tiered dia- 
gram to demonstrate that the 
university's goal of national emi- 
nence is attainable. The first tier 
is quality, the second is a 
school's reputation and the final 
tier is eminence. So how does a 
school know when it's reached 
that level? 

"By comparisons with the 
peers you identify which are 
undeniably eminent," answers 
Spann, adding that rankings are 
not always indicators of this sta- 
tus. U.S. News & World Report 
produces the most visible and 
controversial of several such 
rankings, evaluating 16 indica- 
tors based on information sub- 
mitted from participating insti- 
tutions. It does the calculations 
to produce its annual under- 
graduate rankings. U.S. News 
also ranks graduate programs 
and specialties, and the colleges 
in which they are housed. 

Dubbed the "swimsuit issue' 
of the magazine, U.S. News' 
America's Best Colleges issue 
sells 2.3 million copies, almost 
double its sales of a normal 
issue. Not all schools are happy 
with the attention paid to rank- 
See RANKINGS, page 3 

Fourth Annual Maryland Day a Smashing Success 


Though predictions of Saturday rain threatened to dampen Maryland Day 
festivities, the sun peeked through and gave campus visitors a beautiful 
day to explore the many activities, performances and other events the 
university had to offer. Though clouds moved in eventually, the rain held off 
even through the late afternoon football game at Byrd Stadium. 

In its fourth year, Maryland Day draws tens of thousands of people annually 
who participate in hundreds of activities. 

Above, the maU hums with people and activity as the Hope Chinese School 
(foreground left) and the Gymkana gymnastics group (in the distance near large 
tent) gear up for crowd-pleasing performances. 

Where Research and Farming Meet 

Extension Educator Shares Knowledge with Farmers 

Editors' Note: This is the third in a four-part series, "The Different Faces of Extension," that Out- 
look is presenting throughout the school year. The university-run Maryland Cooperative 
Extension program reaches far beyond its agricultural roots. Each feature looks at bow educa- 
tors help individuals help themselves in a variety of ways. 

With mud-splattered 
boots and a broad 
grin, Ghassan "Gus" 
Neshawat talks about how 
excited his family was when 
they earned $23 one day last 
year by selling produce 
grown on their new farm. For 
a startup business, this 
seemed like a lot. In a few 
weeks, even more dirt rows 

will yield organically grown 
fruits and vegetables that 
Neshawat says are just the 
beginning of his new life as a 

For Caragh Fitzgerald, an 
extension educator with the 
Howard County Maryland 
Cooperative Extension office, 
this kind of enthusiasm is 
contagious and inspiring. 

"The enthusiasm is won- 
derful," says Fitzgerald. "But 
we want to get people before 
we get the phone call, 'I just 
bought eight acres. What do I 
do with it to make money?' 
People really need to be 
thinking about that before 
they purchase the land.This 

See FARMING, page 6 

Learning at a Different Level 

Program Gives Everyone a Chance to Enhance Skills 

Thick accents do not inter- 
fere with understanding 
their enthusiasm. It is clear 
that a love of learning, and a 
deep appreciation of the facil- 
itator of that process, is what 
keeps many students enrolled 
in the university's Adult 
Learning Program (ALP) class- 
es despite challenging cir- 

Run out of the Office of 
Personnel Services, the pro- 

gram offers free English for 
Speakers of Other Languages 
(ESOL), high school diploma 
preparation, introductory com- 
puter and work-specific train- 
ing classes four days a week. 
Barbara Rein, the coordinator 
and "Ms. Barbara" to many of 
her students, teaches the high 
school diploma and computer 
training courses. Rein recently 
hired Maud Hinault through 
an outside company to teach 

the ESOL courses. Rein and 
Hinault share teaching respon- 
sibilities with volunteer Al 
Folop, who has been with the 
program for 10 years. 

Students from all areas of 
the campus thank supportive 
supervisors for steering them 
toward the program. 

"In 1998, my boss tell me, 
'Mr. Wu,you can take English 

See LEARNING, page 7 

Campus for 
Smaller Budget 

With $5.1 million 
less in the pot 
when Fiscal Year 
2003 begins July 
1 , the university will need to 
come up with $30 million in 
new revenues and budget cuts 
to get through the coming year, 
President Dan Mote told the 
campus last week. 

The bottom line for the FY 
2003 budget is that it is equal to 
the FY 2002 budget that was 
left after a $5. 1 million state 
cost containment exercise in 

However, the university has 
new obligations, including $7,3 
million to annualize the cost of 
living allowance (COLA) that all 
employees received in January, 
more than $7 million dollars to 
support benefit increases, and 
nearly $4 million dollars to sup- 
port new facilities. The universi- 
ty also will honor earlier fund- 
ing commitments to programs, 
Mote said. In addition, the uni- 
versity is required to set aside 
about $4 million that could be 
used for one-time employee 
bonuses, unless the state of the 

See BUDGET, page 5 

Research and 

Inventions of the 
Year Announced 


that can boost the 
memory capacity 
of computer chips by a 
thousand times, a new net- 
work security and man- 
agement tool that uses 
three-dimensional visuali- 
zation of rT network traf- 
fic, and novel copper com- 
plexes being tested as 
anti-cancer treatments are 
■winners of the University 
of Maryland's 2001 Inven- 
tions of the Year competi- 

The winners were 
announced recently at a 
reception held by the uni- 
versity's Office of Techno- 
logy Commercialization, 
which sponsors the annu- 
al event, winning inven- 
tions are selected each 
year by an independent 

See INVENTIONS, page 4 

APRIL 30, 2002 



april 30 

10 a.m. -5 p.m.. Stabile 

Re n a TA Art Gallery, Architec- 
ture Building. The School of 
Architecture will show an 
exhibit that chronicles the his- 
tory of ancient Stabile, near 
Pompeii, Italy. The exhibit is 
open weekdays and will run 
through May 27. It is made 
possible by a grant from Irtsti- 
tuto Italians di Cultural. For 
more information, call 5-6984. 

12 p.m.. Key Diplomatic 
Players in U.S. China Poli- 
cy: China Confidential 0105 
St. Mary's Hall. With Nancy 
Bemkopf Tucker, professor of 
history, Georgetown Universi- 
ty, David Dean, Chiang Ching- 
Kuo Foundation; Julia Chang 
Bloch presides. Sponsored by 
the Institute for Global Chi- 
nese Affairs. For more informa- 
tion, call 5-0208. 

12:30-2 p.m.. Really Virtu- 
al? Dickinson Landscapes, 
Art Galleries, and Virtual 
Reality Technology in 
Humanities Scholarship 
0135 McKeldin Library. With 
Jarom McDonald, Dickinson 
Electronic Archives, and Laura 
Wells-Betz, Romantic Circles 
Art Gallery. For more informa- 
tion on this and other MTTH 
events, call 5-8927 or visit, 

4-6 p.m., Helen Zia: Notes 
of an Asian American Jour- 
nalist on Racial Profiling, 
Scapegoating and the U.S. 
Media Multipurpose Room, 
Nyumburu Cultural Center, 
Award-winning journalist 
Helen Zia is the author of 
"Asian American Dreams: The 
Emergence of an American 
People" This program is part 
of the celebration of Asian 
American Heritage Month. For 
more information . contact 
Elaine Ting at 5-5358 or, or visit 

8 p.m.. The Polaroid Stories 

Robert and Arlene Kogod The- 
atre, Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. This play explores 
the hard, dangerous world of 
teenage runaways, weaving 
mythological stories and char- 
acters together with words, 
feelings and actions of mod- 
ern-day street kids, resulting in 
a series of nonlinear snapshots 
of daily life on the street. For 
more information, call (301) 


In the photo caption for 
the April 16 issue feature 
"Directors, Fundraisers 
and Fun Baked -Goods Mak- 
ers," University Relations 
Vice President Brodie Rem- 
ington's first name was mis- 

405-ARTS or visit www. 


may 1 

12 p.m.. Being a Smart 
Health Consumer 0121 Cam- 
pus Recreation Center. At this 
program the Center for Health 
and Wellbeing will discuss 1 
strategies that will help partici- 
pants find credible information 
for making healthy choices. For 
more information, contact Jen- 
nifer Treger at 4-1493 or 
trege r® health . umd . edu . 

12-1 p.m.. Research and 
Development Presentation 

0114 Counseling Center, Shoer 
maker Bldg. With Jean Carter, 
psychologist and past presi- 
dent of the Division of Coun- 
seling Psychology, speaking on 
"A Look Ahead: The Future of 
Counseling Psychology." For 
more information, call 4-7651. 

5:30-6:30 p.m.. Supple- 
ments: Truth or Trickery? 

0121 Campus Recreation Cen- 
ter. Find out about the current 
research on everything from 
weight loss supplements to 
performance-enhancing sup- 
plements. Learn the facts in 
order to protect your body 
from unnecessary harm. For 
more information, contact 
JenniferTreger at 4-1493 or 

7-9 p.m., Women and Urban 
Poverty: A Talk by Kalpana 
Sharma 1201 Physics. The out- 
standing feature of most Indian 
cities today is the increasing 
number of people living in 
slums and amidst squalor. The 
impact of the absence of ade- 
quate housing, sanitation and 
water is felt most by women. 
How do these women negoti- 
ate life under these circum- 
stances? Kalpana Sharma, who 
lias written a book on Dharavi, 
a slum In Bombay with close to 
one million people, describes 
what survival means for poor 

women in Indian cities. For 
more information, call (410) 
884-2846 or e-mail rsapana®, or visit http:// 
www. india together, org/women 
/eve n ts/kalpan aO 1 . htm . 

8 p.m.. University of Mary- 
land Collegium Musicum: 
Music of Nueva Esparta 

Gildenhorn Recital Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. Vocal and instrumental 
performance by the early 
music ensemble, directed by 
Tom Zajac. For more informa- 
tion, call (301) 405-ARTS or 
visit www. claricesmith center. 

8 p.m., Awadagin Pratt, 
Piano & Zuill Bailey, Cello 

Concert Hall, Clarice Smith 
Performing Arts Center. Tickets 
are $30, $25 and $20. For more 
information, call (301) 405- 
ARTS or visit wwwclarice- 


may 2 

5:30-6:30 p.m.. Transitions 
Can Be Tough 0121 Campus 
Recreation Center. Change can 
be hard for anyone. Let the 
Center for Health and Well- 
being help you learn to make 
smooth transitions in your life. 
For more information, contact 
JenniferTreger at 4-1493 or 

7 p.m.. Physics is Phun 

1410-1412 Physics Lecture 
Halls, For more information, 
call 5-5994 or visit www, 
physics . umd .edu/Iecdem/ 

may 3 

12-12:50 p.m.. Entomology 
Colloquium 1 140 Plant Sci- 
ences. With Scott Ferrenberg, 
Department of Entomology, 
speaking on "Interspecific 
competition and its implica- 
tions for species abundance: 
What limits the population size 
of a rare herbivore?" For more 
information, call 5-391 1 or visit 
www. entm . umd . edu . 

12 p.m., John B. Anderson's 
Independent Perspective: 
Reflections on Politics, 
Reform and Democracy, 
Past, Present, and Future 
0200 Skinner. Anderson has 
been the chair of the Center 
for Voting and Democracy, a 

non-profit organization devot- 
ed to the study of how voting 
systems affect participation, 
representation and gover- 
nance. For more information, 
contact Shawn J. Parry-Giles at 
the Center for Political Com- 
munication and Civic Leader- 
ship at 5-6527 or spl72@ 

2-4 p.m.. Panel on Post- 
Colonial Representations: 
Language, Identity and Cul- 
ture 0105 St. Mary's Hall. The 
Committee on Africa and the 
Americas and the School of 
Languages, Literatures, and Cul- 
tures is hosting the panel that 
will share with Graduate Stu- 
dents from the University of 
Maryland and other area insti- 
tutions their perspectives on 
questions of language, litera- 
ture and culture in contempo- 
rary Afro-Caribbean and African 
writers of the Diaspora. All are 
welcome. Refreshments will be 
served. For more information, 
contact Safoi Babanana, 5-4039 

4:30-6 p.m., 'Dialogue in the 
Abstract': Creolization Dis- 
courses and the Daily Grind 

1140 Plant Sciences. With Aisha 
Khan of the Departments of 
Africana Studies and Antluo- 
pology, SUNY Stony Brook. 
Sponsored by the Consortium 
on Race, Gender and Ethnicity 
(CRGE). For more information, 
contact Belinda Wallace at 
b waJ I a® warn . umd , edu , or 
Barbara Shaw Perry at 5-8279. 

7 p.m., Physics is Phun 

1410-1412 Physics Lecture 
Halls. For more information, 
call 5-5994 or visit www. 
physics . umd edu/lecdem/ 

7:30 p.m., Maryland Opera 
Studio: The Coronation of 

Pop pea Kay Theater, Clarice 
Smith Performing Arts Center. 
One of the major pieces of dra- 
matic opera, Monteverdi's work 
tells the true story of Roman 
Emperor Nero and his love of 
the courtesan Poppea. Tickets 
cost $20 for adults, $ 18 for sen- 
iors and $5 for students. For 
more information, call (301) 
405-ARTS or visit www. 
claricesmithcenter. umd. edu . 


may 4 

7 p.m.. Physics is Phun 

1410-1412 Physics Lecture 
Halls. For more information, 
call 5-5994 or visit www. 

may 5 

11:20 a.m.. Logic and 
Entropy American Institute of 
Physics, One Physics Ellipse, 
College Park. With Oriy 
Shenker, Department of Philos- 

ophy, London School of Eco- 
nomics. Part of the New Direc- 
tions in the Foundations of 
Physics conference. For more 
information, visit http://carnap, or call 5-5691. 

4 p.m. and 7 p.m.. Graduate 
Concert by Deanna Costa 

Dance Theatre, Clarice Smith 
Performing Arts Center. "Dream- 
ing in Spanish'' Masters of Fine 
Arts Thesis Dance Concert. 
Cultures and Communities 
come together in one woman's 
exploration of identity. Tickets 
are $5 general; $3 students. 
For more information, call 
(301) 405-ARTS or visit www. 
c I arice smitiicenter.umd . edu . 

7:30 p.m., Maryland Opera 
Studio: The Coronation of 
Poppea See May 3- 

8 p.m.. Piano Division 
Honors Recital Gildenhorn 
Recital Hall, Clarice Smith Per- 
forming Arts Center. Showcas- 
ing outstanding piano students 
of the School of Music. For 
more information, call (301) 
405-ARTS or visit www. 

may 6 

7:30 p.m., Maryland Opera 
Studio: The Coronation of 
Poppea See May 3- 

or additional event 
1 listings, visit the 

Outlook Website 
at www.collegepub- 

calendar guide 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-xxxx or 5-xxxx stand for the prefix 314 or 405. Calendar information for Outlook is compiled from <* combination of inforM's master 
calendar and submissions to the Outlook office. Submissions are due two weeks prior to the date of publication. To reach the calendar editor, call 405-7615 or e-mail to 'Events are free and open to the public unless noted by an asterisk (*). 


Dialopk is [he weekly faculty-staff 
newspaper serving the University of 
Maryland campus community. 

Brodie Remington *Vke 
President for University Relations 

Teresa Flannery * Executive 
Director. University 

(. uniimiiiii itioiis .mil Marketing 

George Cathcart • Executive 

Monette Austin Bailey • Editor 

Cynthia Mitchel ■ Art Director 

Laura Lee * { Iraduate Assistant 

Robert K. Gardner ■ Editorial 
Assistant & Contributing Writer 

Letters to [he editor, story sugges- 
tions and campus information ate 
welcome, Flease submit all material 
two weeks before the Tuesday of 

Sent! material to Editor. Outlock, 
2101 Turner Hall, College Park, 
MD 20742 

Telephone « (301) 405-4629 
Fax- (301)314-9344 
E-mail ' 
www.coltegcpublisher. com /outlook 


Maryland Dance Ensemble to Take Kennedy Center's Millennium Stage 

The Maryland Dance 
Ensemble takes its 
talent on the road 
next month when 
dancers will have an opportu- 
nity to perform on the Millen- 
nium Stage of the Kennedy 
Center. The Maryland Dance 
Ensemble is a repertory com- 
pany in residence in the 
Department of Dance. Works 
created by visiting artists, fac- 
ulty and students are audi- 
tioned for each concert 
series. In an evening of works 
choreographed by visiting 
artists and a graduate student, 
the ensemble of students will 
bring a highly selected pro- 
gram of dance to the Kennedy 
Center for the first time. 

On Wednesday, May 1 at 6 
p.m., 23 students, rehearsed 
by three members of the 
dance faculty, Alvin Mayes, 
Meriam Rosen and Anne War- 
ren, will present six works. 
"Bench Quartet" by Doug 
Varone, will begin and end the 
program with two different 
casts performing the work. 


Twenty-three dancers will perform at the Kennedy Center's Millennium Stage on May 1 at 6 p.m. 

The other works on the pro- 
gram arc:"Evidence First 
Hand" by Aviva Geismar, "Meet- 

ing Falling In" by graduate stu- 
dent Jennifer Martinez, "Aper- 
ture" by Doug Varone and 

"Tender Traps" by David Park- 
er. "The performance is a great 
opportunity for the Maryland 

Dance Ensemble and our stu- 
dents to be seen outside of 
campus," notes Rosen, profes- 
sor in the Department of 

Launched in 1997 as part of 
the Performing Arts for Every- 
one Initiative, the Millennium 
Stage has more than 400 peo- 
ple stop by everyday to catch 
free performances at 6 p.m. In 
just over four years, the Millen- 
nium Stage has brought the 
performing arts to nearly one 
million people, some of whom 
are experiencing them for the 
first time. "The Kennedy Cen- 
ter is a significant venue for 
our students' performance," 
notes Rosen. "Also important 
is the opportunity for our 
guest artists to have their 
works shown before a large 
and diverse audience." 

The Millennium Stage 
appearances are broadcast on 
the Internet, so if people can't 
make it to the Kennedy Center 
on Wednesday, but can make it 
to their computer, perform- 
ances can be watched live. 

Rankings: Quality Counts 

Continued from page i 

ings from a commercial, non- 
academic entity. Gerhard 
Casper, president of Stanford 
University, wrote a letter to the 
editor of the magazine, James 
Fallows, in 1996 questioning 
the publication's intent and 
suggesting a move to do away 
with such an issue. 

Recent U.S. News graduate 
school rankings caused some 
changes in the University of 
Maryland's rankings, and while 
some programs moved down a 
place or two, some of the 
changes resulted in upward 
movement of programs. Com- 
puter Science went from 1 1th 
to a tie for 12th with Georgia 
Tech and Engineering moved 
from 18th to 19th, though over- 
all the university saw several 
programs place in the Top 25 
and Top 10 categories. 

"If you want to build a quali- 
ty program, you can't build it 
on such rankings," says Nariman 
Farvardin, dean of the Clark 
School of Engineering. Some of 
the departments within the 
school moved up. "There are so 
many other indicators of quali- 
ty. The U.S. News rankings have 
criteria that I am not personally 
comfortable with. However, 
given the fact that they conduct 
them [somewhat] annually and 
they receive popular attention, 
we simply can't ignore them. 
We should try to help them cre- 
ate a true measure of the quali- 
ty of an academic program." 

One example of how the 
rankings criterion is question- 
able, says Farvardin, is in its 
choice of indicators. When 
looking at engineering schools, 
it looks at the percentage of 
faculty that are members of the 
National Academies. Most of 

those members are senior facul- 
ty."But another important com- 
ponent is the young, energetic 
faculty hustling every day, inter- 
acting with students and work- 
ing on cutting edge technology. 
That is the future of your pro- 
gram "he continues. "U.S. News 
does not look at this compo- 

Once Maryland is ranked in a 
particular category, the universi- 
ty counts that ranking until the 
category is re-evaluated. At pres- 
ent, 65 Maryland programs and/ 
or colleges rank in the Top 25. 
To help the university measure 
progress over time, OIRP keeps 
a log of U.S. News rankings. 

"The graduate rankings 
appear to be on a three-year 
cycle, but it's not consistent," 
says Spann. "Furthermore, the 
methodologies for both the 
undergraduate and the graduate 
rankings often change. Some 
critics have said that part of the 
reason they change the formu- 
las is in order to generate inter- 
est. However U.S. News says it 
makes the changes simply to 
improve them. Although the 
processes are flawed, they are 
still important." 

In an attempt to create a 
broader base from which to 
determine the university's 
standing among its peers, OIRP 
looks beyond U.S. News to 
other quality measurement sys- 
tems such as those from The 
National Research Council. 
Compiled in a database of many 
academic programmatic rank- 
ings, maintained by OIRP's Pam 
Pliillips, coordinator of informa- 
tion services, rankings informa- 
tion is presented to state legisla- 
tors as part of the "Managing for 
Results" accountability report. 

Fire and Rescue Institute Dedicates New Building 


Rescue workers, 
firefighters and 
state officials 
recently celebrated the 
grand opening of the 
Maryland Fire and Rescue 
Institute's new headquarters 
building. The 20,000- 
square-foot building houses 
classrooms, office space, 
conference areas, teaching 
labs, a multi-media auditori- 
um and in-house copy serv- 
ices. After the trailers tem- 
porarily housing the institute were destroyed in last fall's tornado, employees crowded 
into one of the institute's older training spaces until construction was complete. 
Top, the building is ready for a celebration, though storm skies threatened to 
dampen the day. Above, Steven Edwards (1), director of MFRI, talks with President 
Dan Mote and Gov. Parris Glendening before the ceremony. 

New quality measurement sys- 
tems such as those by the Amer- 
ican Association of Universities 
(AAU) and the Lombard! Pro- 
gram on Measuring University 
Quality at the University of 
Florida are emerging. 
"We live in an age of con- 

sumerism" says Spann. "The 
public wants complex issues 
boiled down to single numbers. 
This resonates with a public 
looking for simpler information 
that can be processed quickly. 
On the other hand, the quality 
of an enterprise as complex as 

the University of Maryland Is 
difficult to adequately describe 
in a few bullets. The tension 
between producing short, brief 
descriptions of quality and 
deeper, more informative analy- 
ses has only one resolution. We 
will have to do both." 

APRIL 30, 2002 

Stop Dieting! 

And Listen to 
Your Body 

It's that time of year 
again. We shed the bulky 
wool sweaters for more 
revealing swimsuits, 
shorts and tanks. We have 
long forgotten our New Year's 
resolution to lose weight, just 
to be reminded of it by April's 
heat wave. 

Unable to zip up last year's 
summer shorts isn't the only 
reminder of our expanding 
waistlines. The media contin- 
ues to report that we are get- 
ting fatter. More than 60 per- 
cent of us are overweight or 
obese, even though we spend 
more than $33 billion a year 
on weight loss products and 

We continue to be sold on 
diets being the way to weight 
loss. Would you follow any 
other procedure that has only 
a 5 percent success rate? 
Approximately 95 percent of 
dieters regain the weight 
within two years. Diets don't 

When I suggest to my 
clients that they stop dieting, 
many respond with looks of 
panic on their faces. "I would 
feel lost without following a 
diet" and "If I don't diet I'll get 
fat" are common reactions. I 
then point out that diets make 
us fat. Statistics suggest that 
for every 100 pounds we lose 
on diets, we regain 125. After 
the shock and resistance of 
letting go of dieting, clients 
breathe a sigh of relief and 
ask, "What next?" 

What is next is a process 
called the non-diet approach 
to weight management. Sever- 
al of the principles behind 
this approach include: 

1. Listen to your body. We 
are born with an incredibly 
tight mechanism for weight 
control. Internal cues that tell 
us when we need food 
(hunger pangs) and when we 
have had enough (taste acuity 
drops and hunger subsides, 
replaced by a feeling of sati- 
ety). We have lost this internal 
mechanism because we have 
ignored it while dieting. Diets 
tell you when, what and how 
much to eat. Also, our "super 
size value meal" mentality 
causes us to eat through our 
fullness. I work with clients to 
help them get reacquainted 
with these internal cues. 

2. Practice gentle nutrition. 

Make food choices that honor 
your health and taste buds. 


Continued from page I 

Creativity and Science 

Jane Jakubczak, University 
Health Center nutritionist 

Healthy eating is defined as 
eating primarily healthy foods 
and having a healthy relation- 
ship with food. We need to 
include favorite foods because 
we are constructing a diet the 
taste buds will live with for 
the rest of their lives. After 
several weeks of adding 
healthy foods, the nutrient- 
poor foods begin to get 
crowded out. 

3. Respect your body. 
"Accept your genetic blue- 
print. Just as a person with a 
shoe size of eight would not 
expect, realistically, to squeeze 
into a size six, it is equally 
futile (and uncomfortable) to 
have a similar expectation 
about body size. It's hard to 
reject the diet mentality if you 
are unrealistic and overly criti- 
cal of your body shape." (Intu- 
itive Eating, 1995) 

4. Experience the enjoyment 
of moving your body. It is easi- 
er to get out of bed for a brisk 
morning walk because it feels 
good, as opposed to walking 
just because it burns calories. 
Reframe your focus. 

Taking the focus away 
from the scale, calo- 
rie/fat counting, or 
points and placing it on 
enjoying healthy foods and 
daily movement because they 
make one feel better is the 
goal. As an academic commu- 
nity, we get nervous when we 
don't have numbers to prove 
we are doing well. But as 
many of my clients tell me, "it 
is so liberating." 

"Having the willpower to 
stay on a diet can give you a 
temporary sense of power 
and control, but being an 
Intuitive Eater gives you a life- 
long sense of self-empower- 
ment." (Intuitive Eating, 1995) 
Interested in learning more 
about the non-diet approach 
to weight management? I 
highly recommend the book 
"Intuitive Eating" by Evelyn 
Tribole and Elyse Resch. I will 
be conducting a weight man- 
agement series this summer 
using this approach. Keep an 
eye on FY1 Digest and Outlook 
for more details. 

— -Jane Jakubczak, University 
Health Center nutritionist 

Editor's note: Living, a new Outlook health and weUbeing col- 
umn, seeks to offer the campus community information 
encouraging healthy living inside and out. Columnists are 
from the Health Center, the Center for Health and WeUbeing 
and the Wellness Research Lab, 

panel based on creativity, novelty and poten- 
tial overall benefit to society. Among the 33 
past winning inventions, 25 have been 
licensed or optioned and five are base tech- 
nologies for university start-up companies. 

Physical Science 
Invention of the Year 

The 2001 Physical Science Invention of the 
Year is a process to create polymer-based 
nanocomposites dial could save chip manufac- 
turers time and money while greatly increas- 
ing the memory capacity of computer chips, 
CDs and other high-density information stor- 
age devices. On computer hard disks, data is 
recorded and stored as tiny areas of magnet- 

grated with a network forensics database and 
deliverable over the Web. 

The prototype clearly Identifies both nor- 
mal patterns of network traffic and deviations 
from the norm and creates multiple views that 
provide rapid visualization of the network traf- 
fic. It also maps the Internet protocol, or IP, 
session parameters (such as the port and net- 
work address) to three-dimensional spatial 
axes, color and time, which enables accelerat- 
ed visual data mining and event reconstruc- 
tion — important keys to network forensics 
and warding off hackers and cyber thieves. 

In addition to network security and foren- 
sics, this technology could also be used for 
remote visualization in telemedicine, visualiza- 


II to r) Chuan Sheng Liu, interim vice president for research and dean of the Graduate School; Sufi 
Ahmed and Steven Bullock, research graduate assistants; Peter Kofinas, associate professor of chemical 
engineering; and James A. Poulos, executive director of the Office of Technology Commercialization. 

ized iron or chromium oxide. Peter Kofinas, 
associate professor of chemical engineering, 
and research graduate assistants Steven Bul- 
lock and Sufi Ahmed have developed a method 
that produces polymer-templated nanoparti- 
cles based on cobalt iron oxide. These 
nanoparticles have superparamagnetic proper- 
ties and can act as a data storage material. 

The nanoparticles, which are smaller than 
the wavelength of light, self-assemble at room 
temperature when created using the method 
of Kofinas, Bullock and Ahmed. Each individual 
nanoparticle of the oxide process can hold 
one bit of information — a zero and a one. 
Each square centimeter of this nanocomposite 
oxide can store 1 10 gigabytes of data per 
square centimeter, which is 1 ,000 times more 
than the information storage capabilities of 
today's computer chips. 

This new memory would be cheaper, faster, 
denser and non-volatile. It also would use sig- 
nificantly less power. These oxides could be 
used for many other applications as well, 
including biomedical applications and magnet- 
ic sensor technologies, such as DVD and CD- 
ROM discs. 

Information Science 
Invention of the Year 

It has become increasingly hard to manage 
and analyze the network traffic dynamics of 
large-scale networked IT environments. And 
the traditionally used network visualization 
tools, which operate in two-dimensional 
space, are becoming inadequate and aged. To 
address these problems, Ravindra Kulkarni, a 
faculty research assistant in the Office of 
Information Technology, has developed a 
three-dimensional/four-dimensional network 
traffic visualization technique that is both in te- 

flon of large multiparameter databases, interac- 
tive shared data collaboration, metadata visual- 
ization, and to enable public access to govern- 
ment and corporate data archives. 

Life Science Invention of the Year 

Steven Rokita, a professor of chemistry and 
biochemistry, and Kenneth Karlin, Lei Li and 
Narasimha Murthy of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, have developed novel copper com- 
plexes that are being tested as anti-cancer 
agents by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). 
The NCI's initial results show that the copper 
complexes are able to selectively bind and 
cause damage to unique structures of DNA, 
such as those present in cancer cells. 

Metals are useful as anti-cancer medicines 
because they can either bind to DNA or acti- 
vate the molecular oxygen that people 
breathe to cause damage to the DNA. Iron and 
platinum are already used in a number of anti- 
cancer drugs. The Maryland-Johns Hopkins 
research partners are hoping to see copper 
added to that list. One of their copper com- 
plexes is now slated for in vivo studies at NCI. 

The Office of Technology Commercializa- 
tion (OTC) at the University of Maryland 
was established in 1986 to facilitate the 
transfer of information, life and physical sci- 
ence inventions developed at the university 
to business and industry. In the past 15 
years, OTC has recorded more than 1,075 
technologies, secured more than 1 60 patents 
and executed more than 550 license agree- 
ments, generating more than $19.5 million 
in technology transfer income. In addition, 
24 high-tech start-up companies have been 
formed based on technologies developed at 
the university. 


Professor Warns: Watch What You Eat 

Scientists, doctors, farm- 
ers and consumers can 
work together in fight- 
ing and preventing the 
spread of fbodborne illnesses 
and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. 

In an ongoing project with 
the Joint Institute for Food 
Safety and Applied Nutrition (a 
partnersliip with the universi- 
ty and the Food and Drug 
Administration), Jianghong 
Meng, an associate professor in 
the Department of Nutrition 
and Food Science in the Col- 
lege of Agriculture and Natural 
Resources, is doing research 
on meats that are causing ill- 
ness, as well as spreading 
antibiotic-resistant bacteria to 

Meng said the original pur- 
pose of the study was to show 
the scientific community that 
there is a problem in die food 
industry. He and his colleagues 
have found that raw meats do 
cause illnesses and that some 
meats do contain antibiotic- 
resistant bacteria. These stud- 
ies were conducted on retail 
meats in the greater Washing- 
ton, D.C. area. Their current 
studies are focusing on the 
impact of those problems on 
the human body. 

"We have organisms in our 
food supply and a lot of them 
are resistant to antibiotics," 
Meng said. 1 How do we solve 
the problem?" 

According to a pamphlet 
created by the college, an esti- 
mated 76 million cases of food- 
borne illness occur each year 
and while most go untreated 
or unreported, about 325, 000 
cases require hospitalization 
and 5,00fl are fatal. The bacte- 
ria, or pathogens that cause 
these illnesses include Camply- 
obacter, E. Coli and salmonella. 

Foodborne illness, or any ill- 
ness that is transmitted 
through food, can appear in 
different forms. The most com- 
mon symptom is diarrhea, but 
there can also be severe infec- 
tions that are accompanied by 
fever and body sores. Such ill- 
nesses can be lethal for those 
who are immunodeficient. To 
further complicate the matter, 
when a human is infected with 
antibiotic resistant bacteria it 
may compromise the treat- 



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Nutrition and food science professor Jianghong Meng investigates antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens 
found in retail meats. He said he hopes the research will lead to change, making food and drugs safer. 

m.ent of illness by doctors, 
Meng said. 

The bacteria's' development 
of a resistance to antibiotics 
has led Meng and his col- 
leagues to the study of how 
such resistance occurs. The 
overuse of antibiotics in ani- 
mals can cause resistance. 
Antibiotics are used in ani- 
mals when they get sick as 
well as to prevent diseases 
spreading to an entire stock. 
They are also fed to animals to 
promote growth. Some bacte- 
ria react to these antibiotics 
by dying, while others survive 
and multiply. Those surviving 
bacteria may then become 
resistant to several kinds of 

Some suggestions Meng and 
his associates have developed 
are to stop feeding animals for 
growth promotion and to stop 
giving animals the same antibi- 
otics used in humans. 

Meng said that some compa- 
nies are aware of the problem 
and don't like what he is 
doing. Still, others in the food 
industry are trying to persuade 
their suppliers in the animal 
industry to stop use of antibi- 

otics and pursue different 
measures. "Some farms have 
been active and correspon- 
ding. It's promising," he said. 
He added that Europe has 
banned the use of antibiotics 
for growth promotion. 

"Food isn't the only prob- 
lem," Ming said. He warns 
against antibiotic misuse in the 
medical community as well. 
People should only use antibi- 
otics when necessary and with 
a prescription, following a doc- 
tor's instructions, he cautioned. 
When antibiotic treatments are 
left incomplete, and the infect- 
ed bacteria are still alive, those 
bacteria can become resistant 
to certain antibiotics as well. 

Since this work is done in 
partnersliip with the FDA, 
Meng said, "They will develop 
their own programs and policy 
based on our research find- 

Meng, who has been work- 
ing on this project since 1998, 
said the group is currentiy 
studying the mechanisms of 
resistance and looking to find 
out how resistance is trans- 
ferred between bacteria resist- 
ant genes and the association 

of mutated bacteria. 

"We hope that the informa- 
tion can be useful for new 
drug development, new antibi- 
otics," he said. 

What can the 
consumer do to 
prevent food- 
borne illness? 

■ Don't eat raw meat or 
seafood. If you choose to eat 
sushi, be selective and care- 
ful about where it's coming 

■ When preparing meals 
at home, don't cross-con- 
taminate foods. For exam- 
ple, when cutting raw chick- 
en on a cutting board, clean 
the board well and wash 
your hands before chopping 
vegetables on it. 

■ When storing cooked 
food, put it in the refrigera- 
tor. Don't leave it out on the 
stove or countertops. 

Budget: Layoffs Not Expected; Tuition Will Increase 

Continued from page 1 

economy in the fall requires the money to 
be returned to the state. That would 
amount to a further $4 million budget 

Mote said that university leaders will 
work to find "creative ways to maintain 
our momentum and continue our large 
steps forward." To meet these obligations, 
Mote said he is asking all units to operate 
on a budget 2 percent lower than the 
budget they started with last July. Since 
all units reduced budgets by 1.5 percent 
last October, this means an additional 0.5 
percent less than current operating budg- 
ets. In order to raise additional revenues. 
Mote also plans to ask the Maryland 
Board of Regents to increase resident 

tuition by 5.5 percent and non-resident 
tuition by 7.5 percent beginning in the 
fall 2002 semester. 

"These last actions I take most reluc- 
tantly, but given the circumstances, I see 
no alternative," Mote said. The president 
had previously stated his reluctance to 
increase tuition by more than the long- 
agreed four percent level except as a last 

The university has no plans to lay off 
current employees, Mote said, but some of 
the current 500 vacant positions may have 
to remain vacant after the governor 
reviews budget reduction plans from each 
state agency in May. 

Mote also announced that the General 

Assembly did not support the university's 
request for merit and COLA funds for 
2003- Although there will be no salary 
increases, "we understand that this deci- 
sion was necessary to support our dedicat- 
ed faculty and staff and prevent lay-offs," 
he said. 

There are "indications that this is a 
short-term problem that will not dim our 
achievements," Mote said. He noted that 
research funding and private giving to the 
university remain strong, and partnerships 
with government and business are increas- 
ing. "As we grow in stature as a research 
university, we will be called upon more 
and more to ensure our own success," 
Mote said. "We are up to the challenge." 


Michele Gelfand, an assistant 
professor of psychology, has 
received the Ernest J. 
McCormick Award for Early 
Career Contributions from the 
Society for Industrial and Orga- 
nizational Psychology (SIOP). 
One of SIOP's top honors, the 
award was presented April 1 2 
at the society's annual confer- 
ence in Toronto and recognizes 
scientific achievements in 
industrial-organizational psy- 
chology during the early years 
of a person's career. Gelfand has 
been on the Maryland faculty 
since 1996. 

Ira Berlin will lead the Organi- 
zation of American Historians as 
its 96th president. Berlin is Dis- 
tinguished University Professor. 
His most recent book, "Many 
Thousands Gone: The First Two 
Centuries of African-American 
Slavery in Mainland North 
America (1998)," won the Ban- 
croft Prize for best book in 
American history, the Frederick 
Douglass Prize for best book on 
the history of slavery and the 
OAH Elliot Rudwick Prize for 
best book in African American 

Dominic Cossa, chair of the 
voice division in the School of 
Music, was nominated for a 
Governor's Arts Award. The 
award is sponsored by Maryland 
Citizens for the Arts Foundation. 
Winners will be presented at 
the ArtSalute Gala on May 8 at 
the Walters Art Museum in Balti- 
more. The Governor's Arts 
Awards are the most prestigious 
honors given by the state to 
Maryland artists, educators and 
businesses that have demon- 
strated an exemplary commit- 
ment to the arts. 

Maryland Research magazine, 
just two years old, received a 
bronze medal in the CASE com- 
petition, special constituency/ 
research magazines. It was one 
of 20 magazines entered in the 
competition. University Publica- 
tions staffers Megan Michael, 
Tom Ventsias and John Consoli 
contributed to the publication, 
which is published by the 
Office of Research and Gradu- 
ate Studies. 

Constituency Programs 
announces the appointment of 
Paul Allison as assistant dean 
for development and alumni 
Relations in the College of 
Behavioral and Social Sciences. 
Allison began his new duties on 
April 29. A seasoned fundralsing 
professional, he comes to the 
University of Maryland from 
senior development positions at 
Oregon State University and the 
Institute of Technology at the 
University of Minnesota. 

APRIL JO, 2002 

Executive Training Group 
from China Completes 
IGCA Program 

A27-person exec- 
utive training 
delegation from 
China's Henan 
Province recently partici- 
pated in a commence- 
ment ceremony after fin- 
ishing a six-month training 
program run by the Insti- 
tute for Global Chinese 
Affairs (IGCA). 

Henan Province, which 
at 94 million people is 
one-third the population 
of the entire United States, 
is located in eastern China 
about 400 miles south- 
west of Beijing and the 
same distance northwest 
of Shanghai. The executive 
training delegation con- 
sisted of some of the 
province's most effective 
mid-career leaders respon- 
sible for Implementing 
reform at municipal, coun- 
ty and provincial levels. 
This was the second dele- 
gation the province has 
sent to the University of 
Maryland; the first delega- 
tion completed their pro- 
gram in August 2001. 

The Advanced Public 
and Business Leadership 
Research and Develop- 
ment Program custom- 
designed by the IGCA for 
the Henan group is one of 
the IGCA's Executive 
Development Programs. 
Since 1996, the IGCA has 
offered these programs for 
mid- to high-ranking exec- 
utives from the People's 
Republic of China. They 
are ranked the best such 
programs in the world by 
China's Foreign Experts 
Administration, a govern- 
ment body that introduces 
foreign experts to China 
and coordinates Chinese 
participation in training 
programs abroad. 

The IGCA's Executive 
Development Programs 
bring to America young 
Chinese leaders most 
involved in implementing 
their country's reforms. 
Here they meet with gov- 
ernment, business and aca- 
demic leaders to discuss 
how U.S. institutions work 
and why they work the 
way they do. With practi- 
cal examples, these lead- 
ers gain understanding of 
U.S. organizations and pro- 
fessions with which they 
will be interacting, as well 
as ideas they can later 
apply to situations they 
encounter in China. 

During their six-month 
stay, members of the 
Henan delegation exam- 
ined such issues as region- 
al and community eco- 
nomic development, envi- 
ronmental protection, the 

legislative process and 
human resources manage- 
ment. Through the IGCA 
program, they met with a 
wide range of state and 
local authorities and busi- 
ness leaders.They also 
worked with university 
faculty from the Robert H. 
Smith School of Business, 
the Department of Gov- 
ernment and Politics, the 
School of Public Affairs 
and other divisions and 

In addition to the 
recent groups from 
Henan, the campus has 
hosted training groups 
from the provinces of 
Shaanxi Jiangsu, Fujian, 
Anhui, Xinjiang and Inner 
Mongolia; the cities of Bei- 
jing, Shanghai, Nanjing and 
Wuxi; the Ministry of Sci- 
ence and Technology; and 
the Ministry of Foreign 
Trade and Economic 
Cooperation. A group from 
Jiangsu Province com- 
pletes its program on April 

Through its experience 
with each group of young 
Chinese leaders it has 
hosted, the IGCA has 
learned a great deal about 
how China is implement- 
ing reform at the local 
level, and in turn the 
members of each delega- 
tion have learned a great 
deal about how the Unit- 
ed States operates.The 
institute hopes to com- 
plete the exchange by 
sending U.S. government 
officials, business leaders 
and scholars to China to 
learn from the experi- 
ences of the different 
provinces and the country 
as a whole. 

Speakers at the Henan 
group's commencement 
ceremony included Vice 
Governor of Henan 
Province Chen Quanguo, 
Minister Counselor in the 
Education Division of the 
Chinese Embassy Qian 
Yichen, Deputy Director 
of the Department of Poli- 
cy and Regulation of 
China's Foreign Experts 
Bureau Zhang Xinmin, 
Vice President for Univer- 
sity Relations Brodie Rem- 
ington, IGCA Director and 
Interim Vice President for 
Research and Graduate 
Studies Chuan Sheng liu, 
IGCA Executive Director 
Justin Rudelson, IGCA Pro- 
fessional Programs Direc- 
tor Kenneth W. Hunter, 
and Li Zhimin, leader of 
the Henan delegation. 

— By Christine Moritz, 

Office of International 


Farmings Preserving a Way of Life 

Continued from page 1 


Above, Caragh Fitzgerald, a Howard County Extension educator, talks with Gus Neshawat about plans for his 
newly plowed land. Below, a fall showcase of products from Howard County farms. 

viduals build their knowledge base, while valuing 
and incorporating what people may already know. 

Fitzgerald extends her teachas-you-go approach 
to her field work. Instead of simply giving brief 
answers when asked to visit a farm and trou- 
bleshoot crop problems, Fitzgerald tells farmers 
that she'll come out, but they will have to go with 
her so she can show them what to look for and 
help them figure out the source of the problem. 

"It gets me on the property and it gets them 
talking to me and finding out what Extension is 
about," she says. "I'm always looking for the teach- 
able moment " 

Though Extension has always been about taking 
care of rural families, its move from a more serv- 
ice-oriented organization to one with a stronger 
educational component means a shift in how agri- 
culture educators (still called ag agents by many) 
operate. As faculty members based in the College 
of Agriculture and Natural Resources, educators 
teach in non-traditional settings, and they arc 
required to conduct research or other scholarly 
work and disseminate findings just like their Col- 
lege Park colleagues. So Fitzgerald is excited about 
an experimental plot of land she is both learning 
from and teaching with. 

The Central Maryland Research and Education 
Center (CMREC) Clarksvilk facility is home to 
some cows, forage crops and a host of researchers. 
Fitzgerald and fellow educator Bryan Butier, along 
with collaborators from the USDA Agricultural 
Research Service are studying just less than a 1/2 
acre of the land dedicated to cool-season potential 
new cover crops, or crops that can hold soil 
against erosion, suppress weeds, or provide nitro- 
gen to subsequent crops. In particular, they would 
like to find new crops that work well for organic 
commercial vegetable farmers. The results also 
will be useful with non-organic farming techniques. 

As Fitzgerald walks through the research plot, 
she points out what each plant is and talks about 
how it fared during winter. A trained chemist with 
a background in soil science, she talks easily about 
biomass and plants' levels of nitrogen relative to 
what is needed by the main crops. 

"Chemistry is a very controlled system, agricul- 
ture is not, though it can be manipulated. We have 
to make everything work together," she says. "It's 
one of the things that's really exciting about this. 
We don't know all the answers here, but we're 
looking for input from farmers all the time." 

As a matter of fact, farmers were recently invit- 
ed out to CMREC and two local farms to look at 
the cover crop research and demonstrations of 
new structures that can be used to extend the 
growing season. It is a mutually beneficial informa- 
tion loop; what Fitzgerald and her colleagues 
study, they can share with farmers, who in turn 
tell them what works and doesn't work on their 
farms, which is data plowed back into educators' 
research. Fitzgerald is satisfied with the exchange. 

"The heart of Extension is its responsiveness to 
the local community," she says. 

class slows people down a little bit and gives them 
more information and time to think," she says. "And 
we encourage couples to come together." 

Neshawat didn't slow down too much. He and 
his wife.Taghrid, attended Fitzgerald's first Begin- 
ning Farmer Series in the fall of 2000. It is 
designed for those new to farming to collect a 
wealth of information over four weeks. In the 
series, Fitzgerald, her collaborator Ginger Myers, 
an agricultural marketing specialist with the 
Howard County Economic Development Agency, 
and invited speakers teach the students about 
agricultural opportunities, production and man- 
agement practices, business planning and available 
resources. Each prospective farmer receives an 
enormous three-ring binder, which students fill bit 
by bit with resource information and mock sce- 
narios that include broken machinery and fighting 
business partners. 

Not fazed by the hefty information, Neshawat 
quit his full-time job as a medical assistant within 
six months to pursue farming. He now works 
approximately four of his 17 1/2 acres in Glen- 
wood, Md. under the business name Jasmine Farm, 
where he also grows herbs. 

Neshawat says his wife was hesitant at first, but 
since they began working the land together, she is 
"more into it." The couple's youngest, 6-year-old 
Jasmine, is the most enthusiastic of their four chil- 
dren, who range in age from six to 15. 

Fitzgerald came to the county about three and a 
half years ago finishing graduate school. Home is 
rural northern Maine, so she understands the pull 
of farming, getting to "do stuff with your hands 
and see things grow." She wants to help preserve a 
way of life. Even now in her home county, high 
school students get pulled out of school to help 
with the fall potato harvest. 

"Farms are really closely related to lifestyle "she 
says. "But also we try to get them thinking about 
the business side of it. I'll ask, 'How's your busi- 
ness plan going?' It helps them think: 'Where do I 
want to go with this?'" 

In the spirit of education under which Exten- 
sion operates, Fitzgerald worked with Myers to 
create the beginning farmer class two years ago as 
a way to disseminate a large amount of information 
to a large number of people. She would spend 30 
minutes or more at a time on the phone answer- 
ing the same questions about farming over and 
over. The class also allows Fitzgerald to help indi- 


Learning: GEDs to Job Safety 

Continued from page 1 

classes,' I was with Work Control and 
they would page me and I couldn't 
understand the page. They would 
have to tell me very slowly," says 
Zhen Wu, who now supports lab 
courses in the Department of 
Mechanical Engineering as a mechan- 
ical engineer. Though he still speaks 
English with some hesitation, he cred- 
its Rein for helping him secure a job 
more suited to his training. Wu, who 
was an engineer in China, still drops 

and three-ring binders with handouts 
handy. And she's known for spending 
plenty of time with students, some of 
whom work for a long time complet- 
ing their coursework. 

"I'm getting my GED," says Linda 
Petaway, area supervisor in Cole Field 
House. "I finished the English part, but 
I Med math the first time. I've been 
going there for [a few] years, but off 
and on. It's work, but I'm going to do 
it this year." 


Students attend one of the Adult Learning Program's high school diploma preparation 
classes. (I to r) A rely Vilfatoro, Cynara Moraes, Victoria Cerna and Robert Bisnath. 

in for ESOL classes. 

"People come here looking for help 
with everything from learning how to 
read to people who want to go to col- 
lege," says Rein, who's been with the 
program just over a decade. "Most 
want to get their high school diploma. 
Some already have a degree from their 
country, but need a U.S. diploma to 
take college courses." 

Doris Climes is one such student. 
Though she isn't taking courses now, 
Climes, who works with housekeep- 
ing in Cole Field House, wants to earn 
a master's in psychology to go along 
with the bachelor's she holds from the 
Dominican Republic. Her goal is to 
become a workplace counselor. She 
has taken basic English, conversation 
and computer classes through ALE She 
intends to go back in preparation for 
taking the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL), which is required 
of international students looking to 
study in the United States. 

"It's going to be hard," she says. 

Rein understands. She and Hinault 
work with students from several coun- 
tries for whom mastering English is 
the first step to improving personal 
and work situations. "You have to go 
really slow," explains Hinault. "It's hard 
for people who have been here a long 
time. They speak English, but not cor- 
rectly. And there arc some beginners 
who have been here 18 years and can 
barely speak English, I'm seeing the 
other side of America." Hinault is from 
France and has taught in ScoUand, 
Tennessee and Washington, D.C. 

Several times a week, students make 
their way to the ALP program office, 
housed in Building 006, or the HVAC 
building. There are no exterior signs 
that indicate learning is going on 
inside, but black and white photos of 
several graduates sit on top of each 
computer in the lab, each subject grin- 
ning and clutching a diploma. Though 
diploma and college entry testing isn't 
done on campus, Rein makes sure her 
students walk into a community col- 
lege test site as prepared as possible. 
She keeps shelves of resource books 

Petaway, who oversees Climes, says 
after their 4 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. shift, 
many of her employees are tired and 
some don't have adequate transporta- 
tion, but Petaway encourages any 
employee who can to take advantage 
of ALP's courses. 

"We're trying to get everyone over 
diere," she says. Since many of the stu- 
dents come from Facilities Manage- 
ment and Dining Services, there are 
work-specific training programs where 
students can learn English while they 
learn measurements, names of cleaning 
implements and products or about 
first aid when using chemicals. 

"They learn how to dilute chemicals, 
grounds people learn how to work 
with ratios and proportions," says 
Rein. A Dining Services-specific train- 
ing program helped employees learn 
names of foods and to understand stu- 
dent requests in the dining halls. 

Rein touts the triplicate benefits of 
ALP; the university, its employees and 
Rein come away with good things. 
"People feel good about themselves. 
They often want to improve otiier 
areas of their lives. Some of the super- 
visors say, 'So-and-so never talked to 
me before. Now they're talking and 
asking questions.' It builds confidence. 
For the most part, students are looked 
up to for coming here, but sometimes 
they have to be strong. I tell them that 
only people who don't feel good about 
themselves will try to keep you back. 

"People thank you every day for 
doing your job. This is a teacher's 

Interested employees may receive 
help with their learning needs 
through classes, a drop-in learn- 
ing center and/or individual tutoring. 
Assistance is available on an on- 
going, as needed basis throughout 
the year during normal daytime work 
hours. For information, or to register 
for classes, contact Barbara Rein, 
Adult Learning Program coordinator, 
at (301) 405-5652. 

"The deception that a machine could 
be like a person is troubling to most 
people, and diat's why over the years 
the repeated attempts to make 
machines smarter, intelligent, although 
the designers thought it was cool, is 
consistently rejected by consumers." 
(Ben Shniderman, professor of com- 
puter science and founder of the 
Human Computer Interaction Labora- 
tory, continues liis battle to make 
computers more people friendly and 
less like designers think they should 
be. (NPR's All Things Considered, 
April 18) 

"We try to make a big university 
small," said CD. 'Dan' Mote Jr.. presi- 
dent of the University of Maryland, 
College Park. "It's like getting in a 747 
and sitting on the upper deck. We 
make it smaller for them but are still 
giving them access to die whole uni- 
versity." (President Mote speaks about 
reinventing undergraduate education 
to the Baltimore Sun, April 21) 

"It took in any graduate from a Mary- 
land high school," (William Destler ) 
recalled. The freshman class was at 
least 5,000 students, and it was 
expected that many of them would be 
weeded out. Most introductory classes 
were large lectures. Facing an unpleas- 
ant financial picture, administrators 
realized they needed to take action. 
We decided to literally transform the 
institution and become a nationally 
recognized undergraduate university," 
Destler said. "We came up with cre- 
ative solutions to make the big store 
small." (Desder, provost of the universi- 
ty and a long-time faculty member, 
speaks to the Baltimore Sun about the 
changing face of undergraduate educa- 
tion. April 21) 

The distrust and personal attacks 
between elected officials arc not sur- 
prising, experts say, because they 
reflect a larger cultural shift in the last 
decade. "It used to be when people 
disagreed they could disagree without 
being disagreeable," said Eric Uslaner, a 
political science professor at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland who has written 
about the rise in incivility among 
politicians, "Nowadays if you don't 
agree with me there must be some- 
thing wrong with you." (San Jose Mer- 
cury News, April 22) 

Vietnam is a war whose next chapter 
is constantly being rewritten, whose 
photographic icons, even now, are 
being reshuffled and recdited. That's 
not surprising, according to Susan D. 
ivtoeller, a University of Maryland jour- 
nalism professor. In her book "Shoot- 
ing War: Photography and the Ameri- 
can Experience of Combat" (Basic 
Books, 1 989), Moeller writes that at 
least since the Spanish American War, 
still photography has bared "the 
essence of war for Americans ."Even in 
today's media climate of sound-bite 
saturation and 24-7 video streaming, 
she argues, still photographs retain a 


unique ability to encapsuUite the way 
we experience and remember wars. 
"Still photography has contributed the 
most icons of war to our conscious- 
ness. . . " On the other hand, Moeller 
says, many early Images of the war 
made by Western photographers were 
"literally wrapped in the flag." "You 
have stories told by Larry Burrows of 
photos he was forced to take for life 
magazine, of making the American 
flag really prominent in pictures of 
U.S. boats going up and down the 
Mekong." (Moeller Ls interviewed by 
the Los Angeles Times upon the 
release of a controversial volume of 
Vietnam war photos taken by North 
Vietnamese. April 24) 

David A. Kirsch. a newly hired assis- 
tant professor of entrepreneurship at 
the University of Maryland's Robert H. 
Smith School of Business, lias received 
a $300,500 grant from the Alfred P. 
Sloan Foundation to study and archive 
the boom and bust of the dot-com 
business era. "I've always been attract- 
ed to lovable losers. Studying success 
is so obvious, it's so trite," said Kirsch, 
who has a doctorate in history of tech- 
nology from Stanford University... 
Those who got rich during the boom- 
and-bust years will have die resources 
to tell their side of the story, Kirsch 
said — and likely "blame someone 
else, you can bet." Instead of delving 
into the blame game of the dot-com 
era's high fryers, Kirsch wants "to pro- 
duce a history of the Internet working 
class." (, Washington 
Post, April 24) 

Even so, exercise physiologists stop 
short of prescribing vigorous exercise 
or a one-size-fits-aU workout plan for 
everyone. "People always ask me. 
What's the best physical activity?" 
Hagberg says. "My answer is: the one 
that you wiU do. If walking is the 
upper limit of what you like and will 
do, then walking it is. We are all indi- 
viduals and you have to customize 
this." (James Hagberg, professor of 
kinesiology, preaches the gospel of 
exercise, no matter the age of the 
individual, to The Washington Post, 
April 23) 

Choosing a double major for purely 
expedient reasons can backfire, says 
Patricia Cleveland, assistant dean in 
the University of Maryland's Robert H. 
Smith School of Business. At the Smith 
School there had been so many dou- 
ble majors — up to 25 percent — that 
it was necessary two years ago to 
impose restrictions because, in Ms. 
Cleveland's words, "the more double 
majors, the more demand on faculty 
resources. Employers like a combina- 
tion such as business and computer 
science if the student knows why he 
is doing it," she says. "He can span both 
areas; he understands the techniques 
and knows what users need. It's bad if 
he isn't clear about his reason beyond 
I kind;i like marketing'." Washington 
Tunes, April 22) 

APRIL 30, 2002 

Foundations of Physics 

The Foundations of Physics 
Group affiliated with the newly 
formed Committee for Philoso- 
phy and the Sciences (CPaS) is 
co-sponsoring a conference 
titled New Directions in the 
Foundations of Physics, Friday- 
Sunday, May 3-5 at the American 
Institute of Physics in College 
Park. Funding for the confer- 
ence comes from the Universi- 
ty of Maryland (College Park 
and Baltimore County campus- 
es), Georgetown University and 
Johns Hopkins University. 

Register by e-mailing your 
name, institutional affiliation 
and which days you plan to 
attend to jbub@carnap.umd. 
edu. There is a daily on-site reg- 
istration fee of $10 ($5 for stu- 
dents) to cover food costs, 
payable either by check or cash 
(credit cards not accepted). 

For the program, abstracts of 
papers and other information, 
philphysics/calendar.htnil. Also 
check the Web site for any late 
changes to the program. 

For more information, call 
(301)405-5691 ore-mail 

New Urbanism and 
Smart Growth 

The School of Architecture and 
the National Center for Smart 
Growth Research and Educa- 
tion at the University of Mary- 
land will host the 5th National 
Academic Symposium on New 
Urbanism in College Park, Mary- 
land, May 3-5. The symposium 
will feature presentations on 
new urbanism and smart 
growth and related topics such 
as transportation, environment, 
public health, technology and 
urban form, city patterns, and 
social equity. 

For more information, contact 
Elisa Vitale at C301) 405-6635 or, or visit 
http : //www. smartgro wth . umd . 
edu/ncws/ne wurbanism . 

Better Speech and 
Hearing Month 

May is Better Speech and Hear- 
ing Month — a good time to 
take stock of your own hearing 
and seek help if you have a 
problem. Even a very slight 
hearing loss can have an 
impact on daily life. You may 
have hearing loss if you: 

• Frequently ask people to 
repeat themselves 

• Often turn your ear toward 
a sound to hear it better 

• Understand people better 
when you wear your glasses or 
look directly at their faces 

• Lose your place in group 

• Keep the volume on your 
radio or TV at a level that oth- 
ers say is too loud 

• Have pain or ringing in 
your ears 

People who see themselves 
in these statements should see 
an audiologist for a hearing 

Celebrate Spring at The Rossborough Inn 



*•" he Garden Patio at The Rossborough Inn Is open and diners can enjoy the Fair Weather Fare a la 

carte luncheon menu offered Monday through Thursday, and the ell you care to eat luncheon buffet 
every Friday. Lunch is served from 11:30 a.m. until 2 p.m., weather permitting. Come early as space 
Is limited. Reservations will not be taken for the Garden Patio. 

The Main House offers a la carte luncheon service Tuesday through Thursday and a luncheon 
buffet every Monday and Friday. Reservations are encouraged for the Main House, but not required. 

In 1856, The Rossborough Inn became the headquarters for agricultural experimentation at the 
Maryland Agricultural College. The building was restored in 1940 and since then has been used mainly as 
the Faculty-Alumni Club. For more information, call (301 ) 314-8013. 

test. Hearing loss is treatable; 
there is no reason for anyone to 
miss the important sounds of 

The university's Speech and 
Hearing Clinic will offer free 
hearing screenings during the 
week of May 6-10 from 9 a.m. 
to 2:30 p.m. each day. Screen- 
ings are open to the university 
community and the general 
public and will be offered in 
the clinic, room OllOLefrak 
Hall. Call (301) 405-4218 to 
schedule an appointment. 

John W. King 
Achievement Award 

Nominations for the John W. 
King Achievement Award, the 
Student Disablity Achievement 
Award and the Faculty Disabili- 
ty Achievement Award will be 
accepted through May 1. 

The presentation of these 
awards will take place on 
Thursday, May 16 from 3:30 to 
5 p.m. in Hombake Library on 
the classroom side. 

For further information, con- 
tact Dottie Bass at (301) 405- 
56 18 or 
RSVP by May 9. This event is 
hosted by the President's Com- 
mission on Disability Issues. 

Center for Teaching 
Excellence Listserv 

Sad to see that the Center for 
Teaching Excellence work- 
shops are done for the semes- 
ter? Want to keep up with 
exciting events happening with 
CTE and share information and 
ideas about teaching with your 
colleagues on campus? Sub- 
scribe to the CTE listserv (a 
low-traffic listserv)! 
Here's how: 

1. Send an e-mail to 

2. leave the subject line 

3- In the text of the message 

space, type SUB CTETCH-L 
I firstn ame ] [ I astnam e ) . Note : 
you must use your first and 
last names. 

You should get a confirma- 
tion right away Hope to see 
you in cyberspace! 

For more information, con- 
tact the CTE at (301) 314-1287 
or, or visit 
http ://www umd . edu/cte . 

Scholarships for Women 

The USM Women's Forum is 
pleased to announce that the 
deadline for applications for its 
Scholarship Program has been 
extended to Saturday, May 4. 

Women students are encour- 
aged to contact Beverly Green- 
feig in the Returning Students 
Office of the Counseling Cen- 
ter, 2201 Shoemaker Building, 
at or 
(301) 314-7698. 

For more information, contact 
Chris Aggour at (30 1) 405-1 290 
or, or 
visit http://www.inform.umd. 

Minority Achievement 
Awards Reception 

The President's Commission on 
Ethnic Minority Issues estab- 
lished Minority Achievement 
Awards to recognize faculty, 
students, staff and individual 
units that have made outstand- 
ing contributions to the Univer- 
sity's equity efforts. The awards 
also recognize those who have 
worked to improve the racial 
climate on the College Park 
campus. Each year PCEMI pres- 
ents these awards to individuals 
in each category. 

The PCEMI Commission and 
the President's Office invite 
you to attend an awards recep- 
tion on Tuesday, May 7 from 3 
to 5 p.m. in the Rossborough 
Inn garden. 

Acceptances only by May 1 

to the contact person below. 
(Please identify any special 
needs you may have.) For more 
information, contact Jacquje 
Staton at (301) 405-7211 or 
Jstaton® deans . umd . edu . 

Distinguished Historian 
to Give Rundell Lecture 

Linda Gordon, one of the coun- 
try's most distinguished histori- 
ans of gender and of 20th-cen- 
tury America, will be giving the 
2002 Rundell Lecture in Ameri- 
can History at 4 p.m. on May 6. 
Her lecture, "Whiteness and Cit- 
izenship on the Southwestern 
Frontier, 1900-1945," will take 
place in the Multipurpose 
Room of the Nyumburu Cultur- 
al Center. The lecture is spon- 
sored by the Department of 
History and the Center for His- 
torical Studies. 

Gordon's lecture marks the 
last event in this year's Center 
for Historical Studies program. 
For more information, contact 
Stephen Johnson at (301) 405- 
8739 or history center@umail. 

Professional Concepts 
Exchange Conference 

Mark your calendars for the 
20th Annual Professional Con- 
cepts Exchange Conference for 
non-exempt staff being held on 
June 3- The purpose of the con- 
ference is to promote the goals 
of professionalism and excel- 
lence among the support staff 
of the University of Maryland. 
This year's theme is "United We 
Stand: Strength of the Support 
Staff." The Professional Con- 
cepts Exchange Conference is 
sponsored by the President's 
Commission on Women's 

For more information, con- 
tact Barbara Scafone at (301) 
405-5866 or bscafone®