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The Many 
Grooves of a 

Page 6 


University Helps 
Promote Civic 


Polls done over the past 
few years indicate that 
Americans as a whole 
believe that learning civics is 
important. But they haven't 
always transferred that concern 
into action. 

Increasingly, Americans are 
not voting. They are not volun- 
teering or taking part in other 
basic democratic institutions. 
They are not informed. 

For Peter Levine, deputy' 
director of The Center for Infor- 
mation and Research on Civic 
Learning and Engagement at 
Maryland (CIRCLE), one reason 
this is happening is straightfor- 
ward. "Civics education has 
been inadequate for more than 
a generation," he says. "And we 
are paying a price for that now." 

Increasingly, polls show 
young people arc following in 
their parent's footsteps. They 
are more cynical of government 
and less likely to vote. "Our 
research shows that the decline 
in youth civic participation is 
real and worsening," said 
William A. Galston, director of 
CIRCLE. "The future vitality of 
our democracy depends on us 
reaching and inspiring younger 

See CIRCLE, page 6 

Prepared During 
Heightened Alert 

The National Homeland 
Security Agency has 
increased our national and state 
threat condition to Level 
Orange with an associated high 
risk of terrorist attack. This 
threat condition prescribes a 
high level of alert based upon 
intelligence gathering that indi- 
cates the high likelihood of ter- 
rorist attack within the conti- 
nental United States. Specific 
targets have not been identified 
as a result of this new alert. 

The University of Maryland 
Department of Public Safety 
(UMDPS) automatically imple- 
ments response protocols 
based upon the current threat 
level at the national and local 
level to mitigate risk at this 
institution. These response pro- 
tocols activate different levels 
of operational activities under- 
taken by the UMDPS to provide 
enhanced services to the corn- 
See ALERT, page 5 

Giving Cole New Purpose 

Offices Looking for More Space Turn to Field House 

When Cole Field 
House ceased oper- 
ations as mainly an 
athletic facility last 
year, it began life as 
a multipurpose 
building, allowing 
units to move from 
temporary, cramped 
spaces to roomier 

20 departments 
will soon call Cole 
home. To prepare 
the aging building 
for its new occu- 
pants, Facilities 
employees convert- 
ed locker rooms to 
offices and practice space 
to conference rooms. For 
some, it's been a long 
process, but one worth 
waiting for. 

"Especially to come 
along at this time," when 
money is so tight, says 
Luke Jensen, director of 
the Office of Lesbian, Gay, 
Bisexual andTransgender 
(LGBT) Equity, who will 
be moving from the Com- 
puter and Space Sciences 
building. His office pro- 
vides drop-in services and 
a lounge for the LGBT 
community. However, the 


Assistant Organizational 
Development Specialist 
Denise Maple, Organizational 
Development Specialist Laura 
Scott and OOE Director Vicky 
Foxworth look forward to 
moving into their new space 
that, as pictured at right, is 
not quite ready. 

drop-in room is so small 
that a student may peek 
in, see one other student 
and leave, says Jensen . 

Brcnda Testa, director of 
Facilities Planning, says 
Cole's transition actually 

See COLE, page 4 

Budget Cutbacks Felt University-wide 

In one building, rem- 
nants of a birthday cele- 
bration lingered in a 
trash can just a bit too 
long for its tenants. An 
employee hoping for a late 
afternoon scoop of ice cream 
one day stood at the closed 
doors of the lurner Deli look- 
ing disappointed. 

All over the campus, direc- 
tors are figuring out ways to 
work around a hiring freeze 
and 5 percent budget reduc- 
tion without too significantly 
affecting services. One of the 
first signs of reduced servic- 
es came in the form of a 
memo from Harry Teabout 
III, director of building and 
landscape services late last 
month. He informed deans, 
directors and department 
heads that a reduction of 
office area cleaning services 
would begin almost immedi- 

"As you may recall, in 1991 
we absorbed major cuts to 
our budgets and subsequent- 
ly to our service levels ," he 

wrote. "Though this funding 
was never recovered, in 2001 
we were able to restore serv- 
ices to pre- 1991 levels tltrough 
productivity improvements 
resulting from the employ- 
ment of the latest technology 
and cleaning methods." 

Sandy Dykes, assistant 
director of housekeeping 
services, says her staff's 
efforts are at capacity, 
though. "We've had to fight 
back against a lot. We could- 
n't absorb any more." She 
emphasizes that classrooms, 
restrooms and public areas 
will not be affected. Office 
space workers will be re- 
assigned to more public 
spaces and annual project 

Dining Services' workers 
will not be so fortunate. 
Since many of the smaller 
campus eateries, such as the 
Deli, cut back their hours, 
employees that worked dur- 
ing those times will lose that 
hourly pay. Pat Higgins, direc- 
tor, said the decision was 

based on business volume. 

"We examined our volume 
of business during our hours 
of operation to determine 
which hours were non-rev- 
enue producing. We used this 
analysis to select the hours to 
cut in select dining loca- 
tions," she says. "It is not cost- 
effective to remain open dur- 
ing non-revenue producing 
or non-peak hours. The cur- 
rent volume of business did 
not support these additional 

Many on campus remem- 
ber the early '90s cutbacks 
that resulted in layoffs, so this 
latest round of belt-tighten- 
ing — while inconvenient and 
painful — is preferred. At least 
people can keep working, 
and they're trying to do so in 
the most effective ways. 
Dykes says that in 1988, her 
staff numbered more than 
300 people, but had fewer 
buildings to clean. Now, 
approximately 164 people 

See CUTBACKS, page 7 

New Focus 

Materials researchers have 
long sought a method to 
economically produce 
large amounts of spider silk, which 
is five times stronger than steel by 
weight. A reproductive biologist 
who helped develop goats with 
spider web silk protein in their 
milk joined the university faculty 

Carol L. Keefer, an associate pro- 
fessor in the Department of Animal 
and Avian Sciences, is excited 
about her new work at Maryland. 
Keefer said that the new biotech- 
nology program made the campus 
an attractive option. "It is exciting 
and challenging... to have the 
opportunity to work with the fac- 
ulty in the department and the sci- 
entists out at the USDA research 
center in Beltsville," Keefer said. 
Her post-doctorate work at Johns 
Hopkins University and the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania School of Vet- 
erinary Medicine was in reproduc- 
tive physiology. 

She is interested in mammalian 
embryology. "How does this one- 
cell embryo become the animal 
that it is coded to be? What I find 
particularly fascinating is how this 
cell becomes a goat, a cow, or a 

Keefer previously worked for 
the Canadian firm Ncxia Biotech- 
nologies, where she was part of a 
team that took a gene that controls 
the production of spider silk pro- 
tein and transferred it to goats' 
milk secreting cells. 

"Spider silk is the strongest fiber 
known to man," Keefer said. "It has 
numerous applications." 

Early research focused on rear- 
ing spiders using traditional silk- 
worm farming methods, but spi- 
ders aren't as docile as silkworms. 
"Spiders are very territorial, so you 
can't farm them in a herd, because 
they'll eat each other up," Keefer 
said. "They're not easy to farm like 
silkworms. Silkworms can be kept 
together in trays on a diet of 

In preliminary work, Reefer's 
colleagues at Nexia placed a silk 
protein gene into mammalian cells 
grown in culture. Silk protein pro- 
duced by these cells was purified, 
and in a process developed in part- 
nership with the U.S. Army Soldier 
Biological Chemical Command in 
Natick, Mass., was spun into a silk 
fiber. This groundbreaking work 
was published in the Jan. 18, 2002 
issue of the journal "Science." 

Keefer, who earned her biologi- 
cal sciences doctorate from the 

See KEEFER, page 7 

FEBRUARY I 8 , 2003 



february 18 

8:45 a.m.-4 p.m., OIT Short- 
course Training: Intermedi- 
ate MS Excel 4404 Computer 
& Space Science. The course 
covers creating charts to ana- 
lyze and manipulate data, and 
using drawing tools to add 
graphic objects and otherwise 
modify presentation charts. Pre- 
requisite: Introduction to MS 
Excel or similar experience. 
The class fee is $90. To regis- 
ter, visit 
For more information, contact 
Jane S.WieboIdt at 5-0443 or 

8:45 a.m.-4 p.m., OIT Short- 
course Training: Intermedi- 
ate MS Access 4404 Com- 
puter & Space Science. The 
class fee is $90. To register, 
visit www.oit.umd. edu/sc. For 
more information, contact Jane 
S.WieboIdt at 5-0443 or oit- 
training@umai I . umd. edu . 

4-6 p.m.. Works In Progress 
Seminar Series: Disserta- 
tions in Progress Marie 
Mount Hall. The following stu- 
dents will present their work: 
Branch Adams, Department of 
English," Entering into the 
Study of Renaissance English 
Drama;" Phoebe Avery, Depart- 
ment of Art History and 
Archaeology, "Peter Paul 
Rubens (1577-1640): Art in the 
Service of the State; "Bryan 
Herek, Department of English, 
"Early Modern Satire and the 
Bishops' Order of 1 599: Manu- 
script, Print and Stage;" Helen 
Hull, Department of English, 
"An Officer and a Gentle- 
woman: Representing the 
Monarch in If You Know Not 
Me, You Know Nobody.'" Light 
refreshments will be served. 
For more information, contact 
Karen Nelson at (301) 405- 
6830 or, 
or visit 

7-9 p.m., Shanta Driver 
Keynote Address Grand Ball- 
room. Stamp Student Union. 
Shanta Driver, National Coordi- 
nator of United for Equity and 
Affirmative Action (UEAA) will 
give a keynote speech that will 
be preceded by the presenta- 
tion of the African American 
Flag. A mect-and-greet session 
will follow. For more informa- 
tion, contact Robert Waters at 
5-5793 or rewaters@deans, 

Information Technololgy, Management 
and Sharing: Keys to Homeland Security 

From 3-4 p.m. on Thursday, Feb. 20, the College of Information 
Studies will host a faculty roundtable in 0109 Horn bake with 
Steve Pomerantz, formerly the head of counter-terrorism for 
the FBI and currently executive director of Mitretek's Center for 
Criminal Justice Technology. Come and share ideas and develop- 
ments in the arena of homeland security with one of the leading 
experts. Seating is limited and reservations are recommended. E- 
mail with your name, telephone number 
and a subject line of "Will Attend Faculty." For more information, 
contact Lee S. Strickland at 4-5452 or, or 

7:30 p.m., Guarneri String 
Quartet Open Rehersal 

Gildenhorn Recital Hall, Clar- 
ice Smith Performing Arts Cen- 
ter. The ensemble, now in its 
20th year performs. Free. For 
more information, visit www. 
Clarices mithce nter. umd .edu. 


february 19 

Deadline for Submitting 
Nominations for the Presi- 
dent's Commission on 
Women's Issues Women of 
Color 2003 Award For more 
information, see For Your Inter- 
est, page 8. 

Noon-1 p.m., Why There 
Has Never Been a Better 
Time to Be a Jewish Terp 

01 14 Counseling Center, Shoe- 
maker Building. Scott Brown, 
Executive Director of the Hillel 
Center for Jewish Life, will be 

speaking. For more informa- 
tion, contact Vivian S. Boyd at 

3-4 p.m., Black Europeans? 
Racism, Identity and The 
Black Athlete 3rd Floor 
Lounge, HHP Building. Ben 
Canington of the University of 
Brighton, U.K., will lecture on 
European racism and the poli- 
tics of the Black Diaspora. For 
more information contact Jane 
E. Clark at 5-2450 or jeclark® 

4-6 p.m.. The University at 
Shady Grove Open House 

9630 Gudelsky Drive, 
Rockville.The Unversities at 
Shady Grove offer daytime, 
evening and weekend graduate 
and undergraduate classes. 
Admissions and transfer coun- 
selors will be present to 
answer questions. Fall 2003 
applications are now being 
accepted. For directions and 

more information, call (301) 
738-6023 or visit wwwshady- 
grove . umd . e du/p rospec ti vestu- 


4:30-7 p.m.. Black Cultural 
Southern Dinner The Diner 
at Ellicott and South Campus 
Dining Hall. A dinner featuring 
employee recipes and cultural 
dining favorites. For more 
information, call Patricia Hig- 
gins at 4-8054. 

7-9 p.m.. The Language 
House Showcase Ground 
Floor, St. Mary's Hall. Come and 
enjoy an evening of perform- 
ing and visual arts The show- 
case is a talent show prepared 
by the Language House stu- 
dents to reflect their target lan- 
guage or culture. The program 
will include songs, dances, 
skits, instrumental music, Tai- 
Chi demonstrations and exhibi- 
tions of paintings, sculptures 
and origami. International 
refreshments will be served at 
the conclusion of the show- 
case. For more information, call 
5-6996 or e-mail pl67@umail. 


february 20 

3-4 p.m.. The Dynamic Tex- 
tual Edition, Underpinnings 
and Above with Ray Siemens 
6137 McKeldin Library. This 
lecture will address the neces- 
sary underpinnings and user- 
level functionality of a dynam- 
ic textual edition where the 
dynamic text and the hypertex- 
tual edition meet. For more 
information, contact Ann Han- 
Ion at 5-8927 or ahanlon®, or visit www. 

7 p.m.. Sixth Annual Cele- 
bration of African Ameri- 

cans in the Information 
Professions Multipurpose 
Room, Nyumburu Cultural 
Center. The College of Informa- 
tion Studies will sponsor this 
event, which provides an 
opportunity to recognize and 
celebrate outstanding achieve- 
ment and leadership in the 
field. The centerpiece of the 
celebration is the presentation 
of the annual James Partridge 
Outstanding African American 
Information Professional 
Award, named in honor of its 
first recipient five years ago. 
This years award wii! be given 
to Karen Jefferson, Head, 
Archives and Special Collec- 
tions, Adanta University' Cen- 
ter, Atlanta, Ga. Jefferson is an 
archivist/librarian whose work 
has included management, 
acquisitions, processing, refer- 
ence service, outreach and 
grantsmanship in support of 
African American initiatives in 
the academic and scholarly 
community and the general 
public. The main speaker at 
the event will be Peter R. 
Young, Director, National Agri- 
cultural Library, U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. For more 
information, contact Marietta 
Plank at (301) 405-3600 or 
mplank® dean 

8 p.m., Johannes Brahms' 
Ein Deutsches Requiem 

Dekelboum Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. The Maryland Chorus, 
University Chorale and Cham- 
ber singers, and the Maryland 
Symphony Orchestra perform 
Brahms' choral masterpiece. 
Tickets are $15 for adults, $13 
seniors, and $5 for students. 
For more information, call 
(301) 405-ARTS or visit www. 

february 21 

Noon, Behind closed Doors 

Riversdale House Museum, 
48 1 1 Riverdalc Road, Rivcrdale 
Park. More aptly subtided 
"everything you always want- 
ed to know about early 19th- 
century life, but were afraid to 
ask," the exhibit tackles the less 
elegant aspects of real life in 
the early Federal period. Open 
Fridays and Sundays, noon to 4 
p.m. Admission is $3 for adults, 
$2 for seniors and $1 for stu- 
dents 18 and under. For more 
information, call (301) 864- 
0420,TTY (301) 699-2544, or 
go to 

2-4 p.m.. Campus Conversa- 
tions in the Diaspora Confer- 
ence Room, Nyumburu Cultur- 
al Center. For more information, 
contact Toby Jenkins at 4-8439- 

february 23 

3 p.m., Johannes Brahm's 
Ein Deutsches Requiem 

Dekelboum Concert Hall, 
Clarice Smith Performing Arts 
Center. See Thursday, Feb. 20. 

february 24 

Time TBD, Kwesi Mfume 
Speech Hoff Theater, Stamp 
Student Union.The NAACP 
President will speak on the 
importance of voting to the 
Black community. For more 
information, contact the Black 
Student Union at 4-8326. 

9 a.m. -4 p.m., Web Design- 
er and Developer 101 4404 
Computer & Space Science. 
For those who are new to Web 
development, but have basic 
HTML skills. The class will 
focus on more advanced fea- 
tures and tools of Web page 
construction (tables, meta 
data, cascading stylesheets, 
Photoshop, Dreamweaver). Par- 
ticipants will have the oppor- 
tunity to develop a simple Web 
site in order to demonstrate 
their grasp of the skills and 
issues presented during four 
days of training (Mondays and 
Wednesdays, Feb. 24 to March 
5). The class fee is $160 for stu- 
dents, $200 for staff, and $260 
USM associates. Visit www.oit. for 
detailed agenda and registra- 
tion. For more information, 
contact Deborah Matcik at 5- 
2945 or 

or additional event list- 
ings, visit www college 


Oitthek is rile weekly faculty-staff 
newspaper serving the University of 
Maryland campus community. 

Brodie Remington ■ Vice 
President for University Relations 

Teresa Flannery • Executive 
Director. University 

Communications and Marketing 

George Cathcart * Executive 

Monetre Austin Bailey ■ hilitor 

Cynthia Mitchel • An Director 

Robert K. Gardner ■ Graduate 

Letters to the editor, story sugges- 
tions and campus information arc 
welcome. I 'lease submit ;ill material 
two weeks before the Tuesday of 

Send material to Editor. Outlook, 
2101 Turner Hall. College Park, 
MD 20742 

Telephone ■ (301) 405-4629 
Fax • (301) 314-9.144 
E-mail ' 
w ww.collegepublishe r.ram/ outlook 

calendar guide 

Calendar phone numbers listed as 4-xxxx or 5-xxxx stand for the prefix 314 or 405. Calendar information for Outlook is compiled from a combination of inforM's 
master calendar and submissions to the Outlook office. Submissions are due two weeks prior to the date of publication. To reach the calendar editor, call 
405-7615 or send e-mail to 


Libraries Showcase Some of Their Treasures 

An array of rare books, 
manuscripts, maps, pho- 
tographs, artwork and mem- 
orabilia is now on display in 
the first floor exhibit gallery 
in Hornbake Library. 

This new exhibit, titled 
"Treasures of Special Collec- 
tions," celebrates the trans- 
formation of Hornbake 
Library into one of the pre- 
mier special collections facil- 
ities in the mid-Atlantic 
region. 1 1 features riches 
from Marylandia, Rare Books, 
the National Trust for His- 
toric Preservation Library, 
LTniversity Archives, Histori- 
cal Manuscripts and Literary 
Manuscripts, as well as 
broadcasting treasures from 
the National Public Broad- 
casting Archives and the 
Library of American Broad- 

On display are items that 
show the exceptional variety 
and significance of primary 
source materials available to 
the public in Special Collec- 
tions at the Libraries. Exhibit 
viewers will find many inter- 
esting items on display, 

James Joyce's "Ulysses," 
first edition (1922) 

One of only 100 copies 
signed by the author, this vol- 
ume is arguably the most 
influential novel in modern 
times and a much sought- 
after work of 20th century 

Maryland Agricultural 
College cadet uniform 
and dress sword (c. 1914) 

The all-male MAC student 
body was originally organ- 
ized as a corps of cadets. 
The young men were 
required to wear wool uni- 
forms wherever they went 
on campus — to class, in the 
dormitory, at mealtime, and 
at work on the college's 
farm. Company commanders 
carried a sword for dress 

An original NBC chime 
box (early 20th century) 

Announcers in pre-tape 
days actually had to strike 
the notes live on the air; in 
later years this famous three- 
tone sequence became the 
first audio trademark in U.S. 

Mark Twain's "Sketches, 
New and Old" (1875) 

Twain inscribed this copy 
to Mary "Aunty" Cord, a for- 
mer slave, whose life 
inspired Twain in his sketch, 
"A True Story, Repeated Word 
for Word as 1 Heard It"; 

Djuna Barnes artwork 

Barnes was an extraordi- 
nary modernist American 
author, best known for her 
no ve I " Nigh twood "(1936), 
but also began her career as 
an artist and illustrator. 

John White's Americae 
Pars, Nunc Virginia Dicta 

This is the first map print- 
ed that contains cartograph- 
ic reference to the Chesa- 
peake Bay and the oldest 
item in the Maryland Map 

Postcards from the San 
Francisco earthquake 


These unique postcards 
depict the destruction of his- 
toric buildings in that region 
of the country. 


Above: In 1930, the "state of the 
art" in radio voice transmission 
was this Western Electric car- 
bon microphone. 

Left: These first editions of each 
of Djuna Barnes' works repre- 
sent almost her entire oeuvre 
outside of her journalism. 
Barnes, who published rarely 
and is pictured here, was con- 
sidered a hey figure in mod- 
ernist literature during the years 
between the two World Wars. 

Storyboard for the lower 
case "a" segment of 
"Sesame Street" (undated) 

This popular program 
from Children's Television 
Workshop assisted genera- 
tions of children with read- 
ing skills by focusing on a 
different letter or number in 
each episode. 

Fyon Su was the first Kore- 
an student to receive a 
degree from an American 
co Lege or university, graduat- 
ing from the Maryland Agri- 
cultural College (forerunner 
of the University of Mary- 
land) in 1891 . Upon complet- 
ing his education, he worked 
briefly for the LInited States 
Department of Agriculture. 
Tragically, he was killed by a 
train at the College Park rail- 
road crossing on Oct. 22, 
1891, only months after his 
graduation. He is buried in 
Beltsville, Maryland, and 
today is a highly revered fig- 
ure, in Korea. 

The exhibit is open to the 
public from 10 a.m. to 5 
p.m. Monday through Friday, 
and noon to 5 p.m. on Satur- 
days when the Maryland 
Room is open. For more 
information, visit www. lib 
umd . edu/H BK/s ho wcase . 

Marylanders Deeply Skeptical of 
Campaign Financing System 

Marylanders overwhelm- 
ingly believe large cam- 
paign contributors buy 
political influence, yet see small- 
er political donations as legiti- 
mate and important, according 
to a new study from the Univer- 
sity of Maryland and the Univer- 
sity of Baltimore. 

The results of the statewide 
poll also show that a substantial 
majority favors some reform 
measures in Maryland regulating 
contributions and spending. 
While a majority favors public 
funding of campaigns, only 29 
percent were willing to use tax 
dollars to implement such a plan. 
"The distrust of the system Is 
so widespread that it largely cuts 
across ideology and political 
affiliations," says Paul Herrnson, 
director of the Center for Ameri- 
can Politics and Citizenship at 
Maryland, who analyzed the 
results. "Three out of four Mary- 
landers see the current system as 
corrupt, and the vast majority 
embrace at least some reforms," 

At the request of the State 
Commission on Public Funding 
of Campaigns in Maryland, the 
survey questions were added to 
a more comprehensive poll on 
political attitudes conducted by 
the Schaefer Center for Public 
Policy, University of Baltimore. 
Participants were asked to indi- 
cate how strongly they agreed or 
disagreed with a series of state- 
ments about the impact of politi- 
cal contributions and possible 
reforms. The telephone survey 
of 804 Marylanders was con- 
ducted last December and has 
an error rate of plus or minus 4 

Attitudes Toward Campaign 
Finance System 

Marylanders expressed what 
the study calls a "marked skep- 
ticism" toward the current 
fund raising system. Among the 

• Contributions influence 
elected officials: 94 percent 
agree or strongly agree. 

• Contributors have greater 
access to elected officials: 84 
percent agree or strongly agree. 

• Donors too often pressure 
office holders for favors: 80 per- 
cent agree or strongly agree. 

■ Office holders too often 
pressure donors for money: 59 
percent agree or strongly agree. 

• Money is a major source of 
political corruption: 75 percent 
agree or strongly agree. 

• Money is the most impor- 
tant factor in elections: 67 per- 
cent agree or strongly agree. 

• Candidates/elected officials 
spend too much time fundrais- 
ing: 69 percent agree or strongly 

Yet the survey respondents 
did not wholly reject the notion 
of campaign contributions: 73 
percent agreed or strongly agreed 
that contributions represent 
legitimate political involvement. 

Contributors were more likely 

than non-contributors to believe 
giving money to a campaign 
influenced elected officials. Of 
those who gave to a campaign in 
the past four years, 85 percent 
said contributions have a moder- 
ate or great deal of influence on 
elected officials. But 71 percent 
of those who did not give thought 
contributions have a moderate 
or great deal of influence. 

There was substantial dis- 
agreement — along racial, gender, 
political and ideological lines — 
concerning the impact of cam- 
paign financing on the candida- 
cies of women and minorities. 

Attitudes Toward Reform 

The survey revealed strong 
support for some reform propos- 
als, including elimination of "soft 
money" contributions. The Bi- 
partisan Campaign Reform Act of 
2002 prohibited such contribu- 
tions at the federal level, but party 
and political action committees 
in Maryland can still accept 
them. Among the findings: 

• Limit spending by candi- 
dates: 76 percent approve or 
strongly approve. 

• Ban soft money contribu- 
tions: 70 percent approve or 
strongly approve, 

• Limit TV advertising by or 
for candidates: 63 percent 
approve or strongly approve. 

• Ban contributions by politi- 
cal action committees: 55 per- 
cent approve or strongly 

• Public funding for statewide 
and General Assembly candi- 
dates: 53 percent approve or 
strongly approve. 

Opinions on soft money divid- 
ed along racial, partisan and ide- 
ological lines. Blacks favored a 
soft money ban in Maryland far 
more than whites — 60 percent 
versus eight percent. Liberals 
and moderates favored a ban 
more than conservatives — 86 
percent versus 68 percent. 

Less than a majority would 
support increasing limits on the 
amounts political parties or indi- 
viduals can contribute to candi- 
dates. Parties can now give up to 
$6,000, individuals up to $4,000. 

Support for public funding of 
campaigns varied widely by ide- 
ology and party. A majority of 
Democrats (57 percent) favored 
the idea, but only a minority of 
Republicans (47 percent). More 
liberals (70 percent) approved 
than conservatives (55 percent). 
But when the question was 
phrased in terms of using "tax 
money" to support campaign 
costs, overall approval dropped 
to only 29 percent. 

An executive summary of the 
report is available at www. cape, 
umd . ed u/rp ts/MDCampFi nSrvy- 
pdf. Herrnson has conducted a 
series of studies over the past 
several years tracking campaign 
finance in Maryland. These are 
available online at www. cape. 

FEBRUARY I 8 , 2003 

Book Bag 

War after 
September 11 

Benjamin R. Barber, 
Robert K. Fullinwider 
and Judith Lichten- 
berg. William A. Gal- 
ston, director of the 
Institute, contributed 
the introduction. The 
volume was edited by 
Verna V. Gehring. All 
present or former 
scholars of the Insti- 
tute for Philosophy 
and Public Policy. 

(Rowman & Little- 
field Publishers, 2003) 

A collection of 
essays that considers 
the just aims and 
legitimate limits of the 
U.S. response to the 
terrorists attacks. 

Liberal Pluralism: 
The Implications of 
Value Pluralism for 

Political Theory 
and Practice 

William A. Galston, 
director of the Insti- 
tute for Philosophy 
and Public Policy 

(Cambridge Uni- 
versity Press 2002), 

Galston defends a 
version of value plu- 
ralism for political 
theory and practice, 
arguing that it under- 
girds a kind of liberal 
politics that gives 
great weight to the 
ability of individuals 
and groups to live 
their lives in accor- 
dance with their deep- 
est beliefs about what 
gives meaning and 
purpose to life. 

Canine Courage: 
The Heroism of 

Tiffin Shewmake, 
School of Public 

( PageFree Publish- 
ing, 2002) 

An in-depth look at 
dog heroism and loy- 
alty. The book is 
about trained and 
untrained dogs who 
save lives and help 
their disabled owners. 

Making a Place for 
Community: Local 
Democracy in a 
Global Era 

Thad Williamson, 
David lmbroscio and 

WAR after. -n 

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Gar Alperovit* 

Gar Alperovitz is 
the Lionel R. Bauman 
Professor of Political 
Economy, all are from 
the College of Behav- 
ioral and Social Sci- 

(Routledge, 2002) 
Presents an 
extraordinary array of 
community building 
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a blueprint for 
rebuilding the heart 
of American demo- 
cratic life — its towns 
and cities. 

Launching into 

Development and 
Politics in Five 
World Regions 

Marcus Franda, 
professor of govern- 
ment and politics 

ILynne Rienner 
Publishers, 2002) 

Examines the 
spread of the Internet 
to five world regions 
and factors impinging 
on its growth and 

China and India 
Online: Information 
Technology Politics 
and Diplomacy in 
the World's Two 
Largest Regions 

Marcus Franda, 
professor of govern- 
ment and politics 

(Rowman & Littfe- 
field Publishers, Inc., 

This third volume 
in a series compares 
the politics and diplo- 
macy of information 
technology develop- 
ment in the two most 
populous nations. 

The Moral 
Foundations of 

Eric M. Uslander, 
professor of govern- 
ment and politics 

(Cambridge Univer- 
sity Press, 2002) 

Declining optimism 
and increasing eco- 
nomic inequality have 
caused a decline in 
trust. The book seeks 
to explain why people 
place their faith in 
strangers and why 
doing so matters. 

To submit your book to Book Bag, send an e-mail in the above format to Cover images can be accepted as scanned jpeg 
files, which can be sent to The next Book Bag 
will appear March 18, 2003. 

Cole: Refurbished Offices, New Tenants 

Continued from page 1 

began in the days of former 
Senior Vice President of Acad- 
emic Affairs and Provost Gre- 
gory Geoffroy. He envisioned 
giving this field house and 
Preinkert Gym over to aca- 
demic purposes as space 
became an issue. Newer 
offices, such as Jensen's, took 
up residence where they 
could, though not always in a 
place that made sense. Eng- 
lish teaching assistants, now 
moving into Preinkert, called 
temporary trailers west of 
South Campus Dining Hall 
headquarters. Others have 
just outgrown their original 
room, such as the Office for 
Organizational Effectiveness 
(OOE). Now housed in the 
Mitchell Building in a cubicle 
and one office, OOE will 
move into one suite in Cole. 

"We have three staff people 
and one work study student. 
Two of us fit comfortably in 
space the Office of Institu- 
tional Research and Planning 
has kindly shared with us," 
says Vicky Foxworth, director 
of OOE "We're excited. Well 
have three times as much 
space as we do now... which 
is very helpful given the 
nature of our work and the 
range and quantity of the 
projects we're undertaking 
for campus clients ." 

To help determine who 
would get to move into Cole, 
David Falk, assistant vice pres- 
ident of academic affairs, 
went to a council of deans 
meeting to solicit requests, 
since most of the cost of 
reusing the building would be 
borne by that body. Testa says 
"a very modest amount" 
agreed to by the administra- 
tion and the Department of 
Academic Affairs funded the changes. A 
working group of deans "wrestled with 
assignments and assessments," says Testa. "It 
was a consensus of win-wins. . .with very lit- 
tle pain in the process." 

Making the transition requires a lot of 
coordination and input from those moving 
into the buildings, says Testa. While some 
may just need "paint and patch" work, other 
tenant spaces need complete reworking. 
Campus Recreation Services will manage 
the facility through a full-time person. Curt 
Callahan, who was assistant athletic direc- 


In the Cole office space formerly occupied by men's basketball 
head coach Gary Williams, work crews make headway on reno- 
vations. Top: Locksmith and all-around building expert Kelly 
Smith installs new locks on doors. Above. Sonny Adams paints 
trim in the reception area while Rick Williams (background) 
paints window trim in an office. 

tor, operations. He also will work with stu- 
dent affairs on non-athletic events that use 
the field house floor. Callahan, who's been 
with Maryland athletics for several years, 
seems a perfect fit for the new responsibili- 

"There's no ownership of Cole," explains 
Director of FM Operations and Maintenance 
Jack Baker. "Curt will be in a position to 
bridge between academic affairs and facility 
issues beyond broken doorknobs. He'll be a 
tremendous asset and will make my life 
much easier when dealing with Cole." 


ere is a list of who is, or will be, moving into Cole Field House and Preinkert Gym. 
Many of the occupants are divisions of larger schools, colleges or departments: 

Cole occupants 

Agriculture and Natural 
Resources' Urban Forestry 

Army ROTC 

Art History 

Asian American Studies 

Baltimore Incentive 
Awards Program 

Behavioral and Social Sci- 

College of Computer, 
Mathematical, and Physical 
Sciences' Association of 
Women in Mathematics 

Campus Recreation Svcs. 

College of Education 

Health and Human Perfor- 

International Programs 

Philip Merrill College of 
Journalism's Knight Center 

LGBT Equity Office 

Libraries, storage 

College of Life Sciences' 
Marine Estuarine Environ- 
mental Sciences/Conserva- 
tion Biology programs 



Staff Ombuds Office/ 
President's Commission on 
Women's Issues 


Preinkert occupants 

School of Architecture 

Division of Academic 

School of Public Affairs 

Hubert Humphrey Jour- 
nalism Program 

East Asia Freeman pro- 

College of Arts and 

College of Behavioral and 
Social Sciences 

General purpose class- 


It's a Dirty Job, But Someone's Got to Do It 

Editor's note: This is the first in a tux)-part series on the 
university's solid waste management division. Journalism 
student Melissa Ostrow spent a morning with two 
employees as tbey went about their jobs. In this week's 
installment, she rides around in the front-end loader. 

My alarm blared 
and I quickly 
got out of bed 
and tried to brush off the 
sleep. Showered and 
filled with hot oatmeal 
by 4:30 a.m., I was off. I 
thanked the skies that I 
didn't have to do this 
every day. 

Today, 1 was going to 
he picking up garbage 
with the solid waste 
guys at the University of 

Every week people all over 
the country have a scheduled 
day where they collect the 
garbage around their house 
and put it on the curb. By the 
time they wake the next 
morning or return from work 
in the evening, all the garbage 
they had accumulated is 

I would be spending half 
the morning riding around on 
the front -end loader with 
Renay Bell, or, as the guys call 
him, "Rey," and the second 
half of the day with Mark Wil- 
son on the rolloff trash truck. 

When I got to their trailer 
at 4:45 a.m., Rey had already 
clocked in and gone to get 
the truck. So I sat with the 
other five men, while they 
threw on their coveralls and 
drank their coffee. They all 
seemed pretty lively for this 
early hour. 

"It's OK, not hard work, you 
just have to get used to the 
hours. I like the hours now 
no traffic coming or going 
from work," said Chester 
Tapp, who has been at the 
university for nine years. 

Not one minute after 5 a.m. 
my chariot arrived, a large 
white and red frontend loader 
with a big terrapin on the 
side. Rey greeted me with a 
smile and helped me pull 
myself into the large truck. 
Inside smooth jazz played on 
the radio and a small televi- 
sion hung from the wind- 
shield. The television was to 
help Rey see what was going 
on behind him. He doesn't 
want to crush any students. 

The smooth melody of the 
radio was soon interrupted 
by the loud engine and the 
beeping sound that signaled 
the hazards were on. I 
thought the beeping would 
torture me like water being 
dripped down your face, but 
the sound just blended into 
the atmosphere. Rey always 
keeps the hazards on in the 
morning to make sure people 
know he is there. "There arc a 
lot of drunks out at 4 a.m.," 
Rey says. 

Rey is a big guy, around 
6'3", born and raised in the 
District. He attended Howard 
University on a football schol- 
arship "That is all I did," he 
says as he talks about his stu- 

"... trash has to be 
moved every day, 
because nobody 
wants to be around 

— R.EY BELl 

dent days. Rey was in the 
accelerated chemistry pro- 
gram, because he wanted to 
be a dentist, but football and 
partying got the best of him. 

"I didn't really learn. Being 
an athlete, you need to stick 
to the books, so that when 
sports can't carry you, you 
have something to fall back 

After three years at Howard, 
he left school to travel around 
the world, following his high 
school sweetheart (who he 
eventually married) on her 
tour of duty in the Navy. 

We pulled up to our first 
dumpster hidden 
behind one of the academic 
buildings. The giant claws 
came from under the sides of 
the truck and hooked into the 
handles on the dumpster, lift- 
ing it. It just hung there, look- 
ing weightless. Then Rey 
backed away from the curb 
and the large claws lifted the 
dumpster over our heads and 
shook the contents into the 
back of the truck. After the 
dumpster was empty, the 
arms came back down and 
placed the dumpster back in 
its original place. Then he 
pushed a big button and we 
heard the compressor squish- 
ing all of the garbage into the 
back of the truck. Rey and the 
other solid waste guys have 
to have either a class A or B 
classified drivers license and 
receive a physical every two 
years to drive the trucks. 

Rey's family owns a solid 
waste trucking company. His 
uncle didn't want to "move 
on with the times," so Rey 
came to work for the univer- 
sity. He could never work for 
a private company, he says, 
because it would be an insult 
to his family. 

The main thing Rey wor- 
ries about while working on 
campus is the kids. They 
don't pay attention. Students 
have the privilege of a clean 

campus, but when they see 
this large truck cruising down 
the road, they just walk right 
into its path. They never seem 
to notice the large truck or 
the men that keep their 
school clean. The students are 
also the reason Rey does the 
administrative buildings first 
thing in the morning. The 
drivers are not allowed near 
dorms before 7 a.m. 

One morning, Rey thought 
he saw a carpet lying in the 
middle of the road, then he 
realized it was moving. He 
pulled over and saw that it 
was a drunk kid lying in the 
middle of the road. Occasion- 
al weird occurrences aside, 
his days are pretty much the 

According to the Environ- 
mental Protection Agency, 
each U.S. citizen creates 
about 1,628 pounds of 
garbage a year, with about 
34,160 students and 28,147 
faculty and staff, one can only 
imagine the amount of 
garbage produced on cam- 
pus. The truck's arms can 
pick up 1 0,000 pounds of 
garbage without any problem. 
Rey usually doesn't have to 
worry about a dumpster 
being too heavy unless a con- 
tractor has put dirt in it. 

Most schools with smaller 
populations don't have their 
own crews and trucks. 
Besides being a large state 
school, the campus was here 
before College Park really 
became a city, so the school 
has always had its own solid 
waste department, according 
to Robert Stumpff, coordinator 
of General Services. 

Several of the dumpsters 
overflow and Rey has to pick 
up what people haven't made 
the effort to put into the 
dumpster. I was annoyed that 
people were so inconsiderate, 
but Rey didn't seem to mind. 
It's worse for him when peo- 
ple don't tie things up and 
Styrofoam gets all over the 

Does he like his job? "I like 
it. It's hassle free, because 
nobody else is out here, but 
you and the truck," he said. 
"It's just a job. 

" [Butj nobody knows what 
we go through, they just 
know that they want their 
dumpsters emptied. The trash 

has to be moved. You may be 
able to go a few days without 
an electrician or a plumber, 
but trash has to be moved 
every day, because nobody 
wants to be around garbage. 
You get rats and roaches." 

The City of College Park 
serves a much smaller popula- 
tion, 25,000 people, and has a 
little less garbage (6,568 tons, 
21.4 percent of which is recy- 
cled) but those people all live 
here year-round. However, 
instead of just six guys on 
staff like at the university, 
they have about 25 workers. 

Last fiscal year, campus 
workers picked up 9,596.37 
tons of garbage with 1,963.20 
tons recycled (.7 percent 
higher than the required 
amount). That is a lot of 
garbage for guys whose 
salaries range from $22,210 
to $32,210. The pay range is 
about the same as city work- 
ers, with the same benefits — 
it is a myth that garbage men 
get paid well. With that in 
mind, I had to ask why do the 
guys do it? 

Rey does it for his kids, two 
teenage girls. Working for the 
university will allow them to 
go to college with reduced 
tuition. Each day he wakes 
up, leaves his house in Upper 
Marlboro and works from 5 
a.m. until 1 :30 p.m. He picks 
up his girls at school at 3-30, 
then heads to his second job, 
at a hospital, from 4:30 p.m. 
to 12:30 a.m. 

Rey regrets not finishing 
college. "If I could do it again, 
I would have left sports to 
high school." He tells his girls 
"to shoot high, the sky is the 
limit, that way they can't say 
they didn't try." 

Alert: Ready 

Continued from page 1 

munity and to engage the com- 
munity in a collaborative state of 
vigilance against threatening 

The UMDPS wants to make the 
campus aware of the impact of 
this state of alert to the campus 
community by providing general 
information about the institutional 
response that can be expected 
and what is expected of communi- 
ty members during these uncer- 
tain times. 

For the duration of the height- 
ened threat condition, the UMDPS 
will engage in the following 
activities on a daily basis to aug- 
ment normal safety and security 

■ Maintain an institutional liai- 
son with loci] . state, and federal 
agencies to facilitate information 
sharing with the campus commu- 

■ Provide increased uniformed 
police officer visibility at designat- 
ed areas and during campus spe- 
cial events. 

What you can do as a 
community member 

Public Safety is calling on cam- 
pus community members to be 
vigilant in immediately reporting 
suspicious activity observed on 
campus. Individuals' intimate 
knowledge of personal space and 
areas they frequent on campus 
enable them to best judge persons 
or conditions that are out of place 
or suspicious. 

To report anything that seems 
out of the ordinary, immediately 
call the UMDPS at x91 1 from a 
campus phone or (301) 405-3333 
from off campus or cell phones. 

The community's assistance in 
alerting officers to suspicious con- 
ditions, events, or persons is a criti- 
cal component of maintaining a 
safe and secure campus. 

Direct any questions to the Pub- 
lic Information Officer, Major 
Cathy Atwell, at (301) 641-8679 or 
e-mail her at CAtwell@umpd.umd. 
edu. For more on the campus' 
plans, go to 

People are also encouraged to 
learn more about preparing for 
specific emergencies by visiting 
additional Web sites below: 

• wwwmcma.domestic-prepa- (Maryland 
Emergency Management Agency 
overview of the MD Threat Alert 
System and guidance for citizens, 
businesses and schools) 

(Maryland State Police Counter 
Terrorism Cyber Tip site) 

disaster/bep repared/hsas . h tml 
(American Red Cross Homeland 
Security Advisory System) 

ready/security. pdf (Federal Emer- 
gency Management Agency site 
dealing with national security 
emergencies and terrorism). 


oo 3 

Home Web Use Offsets Personal Use at Work 

Computer Guy Stays in the Music Mix 


Geoffrey Curtis spends his off hours in several areas of the entertainment industry. 

Almost everyone can 
remember the guy 
who came to the 
party with the best 
music. No matter what was 
playing, after his tapes started, 
it was always a better party. 

Geoffrey Curtis, University 
Relations' assistant LAN manag- 
er, is that guy. 

Since leaving Wilde Lake 
High School in Columbia, Md., 
Curtis has been either a DJ or a 
producer of mix tapes for com- 
merical radio stations, major 
record labels and parties. Inter- 
estingly, he got his start, he 
says, because he didn't like 
what he heard on the radio. 

"People liked them and after 
a while, they would ask me if I 
would do some tapes for 
them," says Curtis. "Finally, 
somebody asked me if I'd con- 
sidered submitting these tapes 
to radio stations. I hadn't." 

An AM Baltimore station, 
WEBB 1 360, was known to 
play tapes submitted from the 
public. Though amateur, the 
quality had to be good. Curtis 
called the manager and asked 
what he needed to do. 

"He said, Put together three 
mixes, one mix per song.' So I 
did 'Huevo Dancing' by Fresh 
Face, Buffalo Gals' by Malcolm 
McLaren and the Supreme 
Team and 'It's in the Mix' by 
Iceberg Slim. I put it on a 60 
minute, TDK tape and I still 
have it and it still plays." 

The station liked his work 
and began playing Curtis" songs 
on the radio. He remembers 
when he heard his work on air 
for the first time. "It was April 
1, 1983. 1 remember the date 
because it was April Fools Day 
and when I told people my 
stuff was on the air, no one 

believed me." 

Curtis continued working 
for WEBB while he went to 
Howard County Community 
College for a data processing 
degree. Calling education his 
"cushion," he paid for it 
through his work as a DJ for 
parties. He moved on to UMBC 
to get a bachelor's in informa- 
tion systems management, and 
didn't need financial aid until 
near the end. 

His double life continued 
after Curtis left the Baltmore 
station in 1 988 to work at 
urban station WPGC-FM 95.5.A 
friend pulled him on board to 
do production work, even 
though there really wasn't a 
position available. "But my mix 
tapes gave the station an 
advantage," says Curtis. He also 
started working as a DJ on Fri- 
days, from 7 p.m. to midnight. 
Curtis stayed at the Washing- 
ton, DC. station until 1994. You 
can now find him on-air at Bal- 
timore's WERQ-FM 92 ("92Q") 
from 5 to 6 p.m., and then 
again from 1 1 p.m.-l a.m. on 

Though he sort of "fell into" 
his music career initially, it is 
now something Curtis pursues 
with purpose. At the same time 
he began working forWPGC, 
he picked up production work 
for Warner Brothers Records, 
Columbia Records, Atlantic 
Records and East- West Records. 
Some of his most recognizable 
mixes, both for Atlantic 
Records, are "One in a Million" 
by late R&B singer Aaliyah and 
"Bass Power" by Raze featuring 
Doug Lazy. Curtis says, because 
record companies send new 
music to him for possible air- 
play at 92Q, he takes the 
opportunity to pitch mixes to 

company representatives." I 
counter sell," says Curtis with a 

Most of his work is done in 
his townhouse basement stu- 
dio in Columbia through his 
company, Edgemix Productions. 
He would love to work with 
legendary R&B group Earth, 
Wind and Fire, and he is about 
to work on a song by another 
legend, the Isley Brothers. 

As if working at the universi- 
ty and working for major 
record labels isn't enough, Cur- 
tis collects and shows films. He 
owns more than 1 00 movies 
he bought from private film 
dealers, though because of 
licensing reasons he rents films 
from a distributor for his pub- 
lic shows. He was inspired by a 
man who shows movies in the 
summer at Columbia's Lake 

"Why do 1 like movies?The 
reels look neat! At least to a 10 
year old they did. That film 
comes to life on the screen. I 
started showing movies when 1 
was 12 to the neighbor- 
hood... There was an open field 
behind my house. I would bor- 
row movies from the Enoch 
Pratt Library in Baltimore. 1 
wouldn't charge, but I sold 
popcorn, that's how I got 
around the whole allowance 

In 1980, he showed his last 
film for a while, "Saturday 
Night Fever." He started back 
again in 1996, showing Dis- 
ney's "101 Dalmatians" with 
Glenn Close." I started again 
because a neighbor encour- 
aged me to. We've had a huge 
influx of little kids." 

Curtis says he's available for 
private parties, both as a DJ 
and for movie showings. 

American workers spend 
more of their personal 
time using the Internet 
to do office work at home than 
they do using the Web for per- 
sonal purposes on the job, 
according to the 2002 National 
Technology Readiness Survey 
(NTRS), co-sponsored by the 
Center for c-Scrvice at the 
Robert H.Smith School of Busi- 
ness and Rockbridge Associ- 
ates, Inc. 

The survey, cotiducted last 
December, found that employ- 
ees with Web access at both the 
office and at home, spend an 
average of 3.7 hours per week 
engaged in personal online 
activities while on the job, but 
they spend more time — an aver- 
age of 5.9 hours per week — 
using the Internet at home, for 
work-related purposes. 

"Businesses often clamp down 
on persona] use of the Internet 
at work, citing concerns about 
productivity, but this study indi- 
cates "workers more than make 
up for it at home," said Roland 
Rust, director of the Center for 
e-Service at the Smith School. 
The survey suggests companies 
should accept some personal 
use of the Internet at work as 
not only inevitable, but as posi- 
tive to the organization. Totally 
segregating work from personal 

activities might result in a net 
decline in work performed, not 
to mention lower workplace 

Fully 85 percent of survey 
participants with online Web 
access at work admitted using 
the Internet on the job for per- 
sonal purposes. The survey 
found that workers who do not 
have Internet access at home 
spend more time doing person- 
al Web business at work— an 
average of 6.5 hours per week 
compared to the 37 hours per 
week spent online by those 
who do have home access. 

"The Internet gives people 
more freedom and flexibility, 
allowing a busy person to leave 
the office on time to have din- 
ner with the family, and then 
finish up work-related loose 
ends using the Internet at 
home," said Charles Colby, presi- 
dent of Rockbridge Associates, 
Inc. "Many people conduct per- 
sonal business on the Web at 
■work to take advantage of high- 
speed Internet access. As we 
see better infrastructure intro- 
duced at home, we may see less 
workplace time spent on per- 
sonal Internet activities," 

The survey results, including 
detailed tables, can be viewed 
online at www.rhsmith.umd. 


Continued from page 1 

Reviving Civics 

Editor's note: tittllottk's feature, extracurricular, wilt take occasional gltmpsfs iitt<> uniivrsitv cmjtloy- 
ees'titrs oatsUle of their day jobs. We welcome story suggestions; call ManetteAusttH Bailey at 0Ot) 
40$*4$29 <>r send them to tntUook9ticcinait, 

To try and tackle this prob- 
lem, CIRCLE and the Carnegie 
Corporation of New York 
recently completed what is 
being called a landmark report 
on how to improve civic educa- 
tion at all grade levels. A diverse 
group of nearly 60 leading 
experts and practitioners 
helped write The Civic Mission 
of Schools report. 

Released Feb. 13 during a 
Washington, D.C., news confer- 
ence, the report focuses on 
schools as the best place for 
civic education to be taught. 
"Schools are the only institu- 
tions with the capacity and 
mandate to reach virtually every 
young person in the country," 
according to the report. It goes 
on to note "Many non-school 
institutions. . have lost the 
capacity or will to engage 
young people." 

The Civic Mission of Schools 
recommends a number of ways 
schools can develop what it 
calls "competent and responsi- 
ble citizens." They include: 

• Providing greater instruc- 
tion in government, history, law 
and democracy. 

• Discussing current events 
and issues, especially those that 
young people view as important 
to their lives. 

• Giving young people the 
opportunity to take what they 
learn and apply it through com- 
munity service. 

• Offer extracurricular activi- 
ties that let kids get involved 
with their communities. 

• Encourage participation in 

student government. 

• Encourage student partici- 
pation in events that simulate 
democratic procedures and 

The report provides what it 
calls a "framework" for creating 
more effective civic education 
programs around the country. It 
recommends, for example, that 
there be national standards for 
civics education, that elected 
officials actively promote civic 
education by visiting schools, 
that schools of education 
should strengthen their civics 
offerings and the federal gov- 
ernment needs to increase the 
amount it spends on civic edu- 

One bright spot: the report 
says young people are increas- 
ingly involved in community 
service and volunteering. This 
is a "positive trend" the report 
says schools can build on to 
help engage students in civic 

But as CIRCLE'S Levine says, 
much more needs to be done: 
"Without civic education, peo- 
ple cannot participate fully in 
political life and in their com- 
munities. And if people do not 
participate, then important 
issues are handled by elites or 
not addressed at all." 

The White House is also try- 
ing to jump-start the issue. The 
civic education report was a pri- 
mary topic during a youtii sum- 
mit held there Feb. 17. 

For a copy of the report and 
a list of the contributors, visit 
www. c ivic missio nof schools, org. 


Cutbacks: Prioritizing 

Continued from page 1 

clean more than twice the 

"We're being mega-pro- 
ductive" saysTeabout. 

Departments also have 
the option of hiring extra 
housekeeping services, 
such as is being done in the 
Clarice Smith Performing 
Arts Center. Another large 
venue, the Campus Recre- 
ation Center, is cleaned by 
23 people who work 
through the Department of 


"We've had to fight 
back against a lot. 
We couldn't absorb 
any more." 


Resident Life. However, 
Comcast's offices, training 
and practice spaces are 
cleaned by only six Facili- 
ties Management person- 

In Operations and Main- 
tenance, the hardest hit 
shop is heating, ventilation 
and air conditioning, which 
is looking at a 30 percent 
vacancy rate. Director Jack 
Baker says it is difficult to 
hire technicians because he 
can't compete with private 
sector wages. "We're histori- 
cally understaffed.. .and the 
budget cuts just made a 
bad problem worse." 

He says of all the com- 
plaints and concerns he 
hears, those dealing with 
work environment are the 
most frequent and vehe- 
ment. Unfortunately, it will 
be more difficult to 
respond to people's needs 
as he loses people and 
can't replace them. "If we 
have a whole building 
problem, for example, that 
will take precedence over 
an office problem. 

"We've got to pull back 
and prioritize the work. It's 
an interesting exercise." 
Baker says he can be faced 
with decisions such as 
responding to a researcher 
with thousands of dollars 
and years of research at 
stake or a lecture hall of 
500 students taking a test 

in a too-warm or too-cold 

What would be helpful, 
says Baker, is if people 
could be more understand- 
ing. Logging 1 5 calls to his 
shops about the same con- 
cern will not necessarily 
speed up response time. 

To minimize confusion 
and frustration with her 
department, Dykes is work- 
ing on a schedule to post 
on the Facilities Manage- 
ment (FM) Web site that 
lets people keep track of 
what cleaning services 
their building or floor will 
receive and when. Her peo- 
ple work in two shifts, one 
from 4 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. 
and the second from 10 
p.m. to 6:30 a.m. 

"The first four hours of 
the first shift, before peo- 
ple come on campus, are 
the most productive," she 

One way the campus can 
help housekeeping is to 
know their office's status. 
Many office or academic 
areas are off-master, mean- 
ing that neither Dykes nor 
Teabout have master keys 
that will allow them to 
come in and clean or dump 
trash. Tenants of those 
spaces often ask house- 
keeping to come in while 
the offices are open, "but 
we don't have people just 
wandering around looking 
for open doors," says Dykes. 
To find out an office's sta- 
tus, faculty and staff can 
call FM's lock shop at 001 ) 

Overall, directors say the 
campus community has 
been supportive, both 
those working and those 
receiving services. It's a 
"we're all in the together" 
attitude people adopt. 

"We have received some 
questions regarding our 
shortened hours, but since 
the current budget crisis 
affects all of campus, our 
customers seem to under- 
stand, or are trying to 
understand, the business 
decisions we have made," 
says Higgins. Echoing other 
directors sentiments, she 
adds, "We certainly regret 
the inconvenience." 

Global Peace Trends Persist Despite New Crises 

The number of 
regional and 
civil wars 
around the world has 
continued declining 
to unprecedented lev- 
els over the past two 
years — despite a rash 
of high profile interna- 
tional crises — accord- 
ing to a new report 
from the university's 
Center for Internation- 
al Development and 
Conflict Management 

The report, "Peace 
and Conflict 2003," 
shows that warfare 
has decreased 60 per- 
cent globally since 
1991 ■ International 
crises have dropped 
nearly 50 percent. The 
number of democra- 
cies has doubled since 
1985. In the last two years alone, 
nine separatist wars have moved 
from the battlefield to the negoti- 
ating table. 

But the report warns that this 
new stability in former trouble 
spots is fragile, A potential war 
with Iraq and nuclear tensions 
with North Korea head the list of 
challenges that cast a shadow 
over the recent increase in 
peace and security. Others 
include the ongoing struggle 
against terrorism, unresolved 
tensions in Afghanistan and the 
former Yugoslavia, increasing vio- 
lence in Colombia and the face- 
off between nuclear powers 
India and Pakistan. 

The new peace "is carrying 
forty-eight unstable regimes, thir- 
ty-three societies recovering from 
recently ended wars and twenty- 
five societies still locked in vio- 
lent struggles," the report says. In 
a world of increasing tension, 
these poor and war-ravaged soci- 
eties are prone to instability and 
state failure. This combination of 
growing tension and vulnerable 
societies presents crucial chal- 
lenges to U.S. policy makers. 

The report cautions against "the 
perception, especially in the Unit- 
ed States, that some security 
threats are impervious to peaceful 
or multilateral solutions." Military 
force may be necessary to contain 
some crises, says Ted Robert Gurr, 
a principal author of the report 
and professor of government and 
politics, "but war shifts interna- 
tional attention and resources 
away from long-term constructive 
efforts at conflict management. 

On the above graphic, the darkest areas represent areas with the greatest risk of new out- 
breaks of armed conflict. The medium shaded areas are countries facing serious risk and 
the lightest areas are lowest risk countries.. 

And it risks spillover effects that 
destabilize other areas." 

The war on terror also poses 
special risks for U.S. policy mak- 
ers."The transformation of the 
'global war on terrorism' to a 
'clash of civilizations' would most 
certainly lead to a major reversal 
of established trends in warfare, 
democratization and prosperity," 
says Monty Marshall, a principal 
author of the report and research 
scientist at CIDCM. "Initial victo- 
ries are often followed by costly 
obligations and long-term risks." 

Diplomatic engagement and 
political pressure has worked best 
at containing recent conflicts, the 
report says. Sanctions, quarantines 
and military interventions have 
been more problematic. 

The centerpiece of "Peace and 
Conflict 2003" is a unique cata- 
logue and ranking of conflict 
within nations; what it calls a 
"peace and conflict ledger." Using 
eight measures of capacity for 
building peace and avoiding 
armed conflict, the ledger assigns 
red or yellow flags to mark unsta- 
ble situations, green flags to stable 

Africa has the greatest concen- 
tration of red flags. Yellow flags 
mainly mark Asia, while the Mid- 
dle East is ringed by red flags 
from North Africa to the Caucasus 
to Afghanistan. The ledger shows 
Nigeria and Congo-Kinshasa 
among the most critical countries 
in Africa. In Asia, a tangle of tlueat- 
ening crises is topped by the 
nuclear threat in the Pakistan- 
India conflict. 

The potential for renewed con- 

flict is balanced by strong gains 
and some surprising successes, 
mainly the persistence of the new 
democracies formed after the end 
of the Cold War, the report says. 
Most remain fragile though, 
deserving "redoubled internation- 
al encouragement and support," 

Another success story is the 
endurance of diplomatic solutions 
to conflicts once thought 
intractable, "The first years of the 
new millennium have produced a 
virtual cascade of peace talks and 
settlements in civil wars and 
negotiations in international con- 
flicts," the report says. The Israel- 
Palestine conflict is among the 
very few in which negotiated 
solutions have failed. 

CIDCM issued a similar report 
in 2001. The updated version says 
gains in peace and democracy 
have been sustained over the past 
two years and in some instances 
have improved. During 2002, 
peace accords were reached in 
two of the world's longest and 
most deadly civil wars, in Angola 
and Sudan. International diplomat- 
ic pressures helped push India 
and Pakistan back from the brink 
of nuclear war. 

The report is available online 
and_conflict_2003.htm. The 
Carnegie Corporation of New 
York and the William and Flora 
Hewlett Foundation funded the 
report. CIDCM is an interdiscipli- 
nary research and training center 
specializing in civil and interna- 
tional conflict, second track 
diplomacy and the global digital 

Keefer: Leaves Spider Silk Work to Focus on Embryology, Biotechnology 

Continued from page 1 

University of Delaware, and her 
Nexia colleagues successfully 
transferred a spider's silk pro- 
tein gene into goats' eggs. These 
eggs were placed into the 
womb of surrogate mother 
goats. The resulting kids (young 
goats) had spider silk protein in 
their milk. 

There are many possible uses 
for the spider silk. "The one I 
find most exciting is the pro- 

duction of medical sutures, 
because you can have really fine 
but strong medical sutures for 
doing really fine surgeries," . 
Keefer said. "These have to go 
through trials and testing to be 
sure [that they are safe], but 
they would be biocompatible 
and biodegradable, so they 
would last long enough to do 
the effective work of a suture 
but would then break down." 

If enough silk can be pro- 
duced, sheets of fabric might be 
woven and used to make spider 
silk bulletproof vests that are 
much stronger and lighter than 
Kevlar.The silk may also be 
used to make fishing line. 

Keefer said that for now she 
will have to leave her research 
with silk-producing goats 
behind, but hopes to develop a 
research association with Nexia 

in the future. In her research at 
Maryland, Keefer will try to 
develop an embryonic stem cell 
model in goats, "One of the pro- 
posals for embryonic stem cells 
and also adult stem cells is that 
they be used for research pur- 
poses to study disease process- 
es and for medical therapies. 
But the problem is we need 
other animal models to study 
how this really works, because 

you don't want to try these 
things for the first time with 
humans, and currently this work 
is only passible with mice," 
Keefer said. 

Once she has settled into life 
at Maryland, Keefer will help 
develop undergraduate and 
graduate programs in animal 

— Stephen E. Madier, 
graduate journalism student 

FEBRUARY I 8 , 2003 

Safety Training Session 

The Department of Environ- 
mental Safety (DES) hosts a lab- 
oratory safety orientation train- 
ing session each month. This 
training is offered to assure reg- 
ulatory compliance. The next 
training session will be held on 
Thursday, Feb. 20, 9:30 to 1 1 
a.m., in room 3104 Chesapeake 
Building. Space is limited. To 
reserve a seat, contact Jeanette 
Cartron at (301) 405-2131 or 
j cartron @ac email . umd . ed u . 

Perfect Illusions: Eating 
Disorders and The Family 

Airing on PBS stations nation- 
wide on Monday, Feb. 24 at 10 
p.m., this new documentary- 
focuses on the dramatic experi- 
ences of four families whose 
lives have been affected by eat- 
ing disorders. 

In observation of the 2003 
National Eating Disorders 
Awareness Week, the Universi- 
ty Counseling Center offers: 

■ Informational hand-outs 
for copying and distributing 

* Resources for treatment 
and support 

• Walk-in hours: Counseling 
Center (4-765 1), on Tuesday 
and Wednesday, Feb. 25 and 26, 
8:30 a.m. to noon; the Health 
Center (4-8142) on Wednesday, 
Feb. 26,8:30 a.m.-noon. 

For further information on 
the film, visit www.nationaleat- and click on 
"Perfect Illusions ." 

Read Across America 

Four hundred volunteers are 
needed to read with four hun- 
dred second-grade children on 
Thursday, Feb, 27 from 10:45 
a.m. to 1 p.m. The event will 
be held in the Clarice Smith 
Performing Arts Center Lobby. 
Volunteers will be matched 
one-to-one with a child, so they 
must be available the entire 
time. Departments, student 
organizations, classes and other 
groups are welcome to volun- 
teer together. 

For more details and to 
receive a sign-up sheet, Contact 
Elsa Clausen at (301) 314-READ 
or A 
prompt response is appreciat- 
ed. The event is sponsored by 
America Reads/America Counts, 
a federal work-study tutoring 
program and a unit of the 
office of Community Service. 

Nominations: Teaching 
with Technology Award 

Nominations for the "Universi- 
ty of Maryland Award for Inno- 
vation in Teaching with Tech- 
nology" are now being accept- 
ed. Co-sponsored by the Office 
of Information Technology and 
the Office of Undergraduate 
Studies, this award recognizes 
outstanding accomplishments 
in the use of technology to 
promote excellence in teach- 
ing and learning, and it helps 
highlight the many ways in 

New Time for Spring Commencement 


Maryland seniors planning to graduate in May have some schedule changes to 
make. The campus-wide commencement ceremony is being moved from 
Friday, May 23 at 9:30 a.m. to Thursday, May 22 at 7 p.m. The new 
Comcast Center remains the venue. The student procession will now begin at 6:30 
p.m. with the platform party marching in at 7 p.m. Franklin Raines, the CEO of 
Fannie Mae, will be the commencement speaker. 

According to President Dan Mote, "An evening event that brings graduates 
together with their friends and families before the college and department celebrations 
will increase the spirit and success of our commencement activities." 

The individual school graduation ceremonies will take place on Friday, May 23 at 
9 a.m., noon and 3 p.m. 

which our university has taken 
leadership in this critical area. 
If you qualify, please consider 
applying for this award. Individ- 
uals or groups may apply. The 
application deadline is Feb. 28. 
For more information, visit 

Jazi Night Returns to 
the Golf Course 

live Jazz is back for the spring 
semester at the University Golf 
Course, every Thursday, begin- 
ning Feb. 6 through March 1 3, 
from 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. Jazz 
night features our favorite uni- 
versity jazz band Cheek to 
Cheek. For more information, 
contact Chris Cantore (301 ) 
314-6630 at ccantore@dining. or visit www.dining. 
umd . edu/locations/golf_course . 

Nominations: Women of 
Color Award 2003 

Each year the President's Com- 
mission on Women's Issues 
honors one or two outstanding 
Women of Color on our cam- 
pus for their exemplary contri- 
butions to the university com- 
munity. The guidelines for 
award nominations are avail- 
able online at www.inform. 
umd .edu/PCWl/awards.html . 
These guidelines delineate 
what student, faculty and staff 
nominees are expected to have 
accomplished to be considered 
for the honor. Additional rele- 
vant accomplishments may 
also be indicated. Nominees 
needn't meet every single 
accomplishment, only a pre- 
ponderance of them. 

The deadline for receipt of 
the nomination is Wednesday, 
Feb. 1 9. Presentation of Awards 
will be on Thursday, March 6 
from 2-4 p.m. in the Maryland 
Room, Marie Mount Hall, 

Send nominations to Mary 
Cothran at the Office of Multi- 
Ethnic Student Education in 
1101 Horn bake Library. For 
nomination forms and more 
information, call (301) 405- 

Bull and Oyster Roast 

Come to the University Golf 
Course for the Annual Bull and 
Oyster Roast on Feb. 20. begin- 
ning at 6 p.m. The menu fea- 
tures traditional favorites, 
including: fried and steamed 
oysters, oyster stew, oysters on 
the half shell, seafood imperial, 
roast beef, barbecue chicken 
and desserts. See the entire 
menu at 
I ocations/golf _course/e ve nts . 
html. The cost is $26.95 per 
person, plus tax and gratuity. 
Club members, faculty, staff 
and their guests pay $21.95 per 
person, plus tax and gratuity. 
Reservations required. 

For more information, contact 
Nancy Loomis at (301) 3146631 

Maintain the Momentum 

Join fellow alumni, parents, stu- 
dents, faculty, staff and special 
guest Coach Gary Williams for 
the seventh annual Terrapin 
Pride Day today, Feb. 18 from 
noon to 2 p.m. at the Miller 
Senate Building, Conference 
Center East, 1 1 Bladen St. in 

Annapolis. As legislators face 
some of the most difficult 
budget decisions in more than 
a decade, your support of the 
university is more important 
than ever. 

Connect with newly elected 
Gov. Robert Ehrlich and Lt. 
Gov. Michael Steele, as well as 
other state legislators to high- 
light the university's accom- 
plishments and ensure our for- 
ward momentum. Build sup- 
port for our flagship institution 
by rallying in Annapolis. 

A light lunch will be provid- 
ed. Buses will be leaving from 
Cole Field House sharply at I i 
a.m. Buses will be leaving from 
Annapolis starting at 2 p.m., 
returning to Cole by 3 p.m. 

To reserve a seat on the bus, 
please email Tara Brown at or 
call Tara at (301) 405-0789. 

Sponsored) Courses 

Learn to use a statistical analy- 
sis package in a few hours. 
Each course is held on campus 
and costs $39. The courses are: 

• SPSS Fundamentals: Learn 
data manipulation and simple 
statistical analysis. Feb. 18, 1 to 
4 p.m. 

■ SAS Statistical Analysis: 
Learn to analyze and interpret 
univariate and multivariate sta- 
tistics. March 11,1 to 4 p.m, 

■ SPSS Statistical Analysis: 
Learn to analyze and interpret 
univariate and multivariate sta- 
tistics. March 18, 1 to 4 p.m. 

For more information, contact 
LearnIT Staff at (301) 405-1670 
or, or