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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

POLITICAL SCIENCE.

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THE STATE.—PRACTICAL POLITICS.

CHAPTER IV.

ARISTOCRACY.

177-
HISTORY offers us few examples of arislocratical states
ami compared with the number of nations ruled by
kings, and of those few the greater part have
been short-lived and transitory. Most of these examples are
supplied by small communities which ere long changed their
forms of government and became democracies, or were
merged into monarchies. Some have taken the opposite
course ; the principle of monarchy becoming weak, gave way,
as we have seen, to a powerful nobility, who broke it up into
fragments, until, in a new state of things* they could not
maintain themselves against the impulse towards a stronger,
more national government. We are entitled, by deductions
from history, to lay down the principle that aristocracy is or-
dinarily capable of no long continuance, when it is the sole
governing, or by far the strongest power in the state* A
body of nobles, equals, rivals, jealous, cannot act with any
long concert, and are not adequate to the demands made
upon them by the administratioa of a large country. They
VOL. II.--I