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20                                POLITICAL SC1KNVK.
except those sums which are paid over in thr cniiMil* ; * * ami
its permission is required by the orn^irs \\hni, in rarh lus-
trum, they build or repair public buildings which call fur by
far the most important and considerable outlay*," (T^iybM vi ,
13.) The consuls in the field, and rlict.it**r uKn, fl<*;if*mlri|
on the senate for their supplies, The public Uwt \VMS umlrr
their control, so that they could send out rolmiirs iiitil ^Mgn
plots of ground to settlers. They j*r,tnt:l injury f*<r public
shows, and for the purchase of grain to In* diMributril ammtj*
the people, gave presents to foreign amb;iv,at!n!H, ami a
dower to the daughters of men vvh > had cicsi*rvr1 well nf the
public. They could even remit tribute smptm*rl in ihr prov-
inces or in Romef or required them to In* paid ,ift*r ihry
had been remitted, " Such ^ifts the senate* alwayn mailr with
the reservation/* says Apptan (!ber.f ^ 44), " that ihry ^luaild
be valid as long as should seem good to the senate awl the
people.11
(4.) In a certain sense the senate had n share in legislation,
not as a properly legislative body, but by the Wright if their
authority and influence over the proposer* c*f law*, ulni were
willing to follow the advice of the body l< which ihry be-
longed, or \vho dreaded the senate's opposition. Hut, be-
sides this, senatnsconsulfai without the sanction nf the* prop!*,
in a number of cases acquired the force r*f lawn. Such was
the case in the provinces, when the laws might be reg*rkd
as a part of the administration in the given cane ; and at Rome
a decree which was intended to bind a magistrate in a partic-
ular instance, and which properly was binding on him only
when he consented to obey it, and for hia year of office, might
be found by the succeeding magistrates a convenient guide
for their practice, and might thus grow into a custom. This
influence over legislation was not confined to the department
of administration, but extended itself into both civil and crim-
inal law. (Lange, u, s,, p, 380.) Hence, under the empire
it could be said that " a senatus consultum had the force of
* Present in Rome, Laage, u. s., p. 377.          f Lange, p, 378.