24 POLITICAL SCIENCE. person of the tribune was sacred, he or lite helpers could rescue an arrested person out of the concur*; IKUU^, and thus protection was afforded to this nnlrr on the ptinnpu; <*| nnc power in the state counteracting another. Fr»»m this begin- ning, the tribunitian office grew in important;** and < Hku nry until, although without impcrium, it hecatne rqu»j**>n^U MIU with that of consul ; and the siih*<:qiu:nl liiM <r\ n| K»nm? turns very much on the contests in which tribwu; * ,w nn one side principal actors* And this, t»»of w.i* the t-ise »»H* r the old distinctions as to the political rights of the twu had become obliterated. The plcbn had ere I»»nt% if enj the right of suffrage, two assemblies in ulmli UK y awltl exercise it, the comiiia of the centuries and ih.il **f the tiibcs. The patricians met with them in the first, *m llu: fwumw ground, and had their own assembly, lliat of llic « •**?*«* % be- sides. IJut this, in the course of years, became an unintpor« tant, antiquated body, where no political rights were lud^ed, and only certain forms and usages required its rxi^trnce, The appointment of tribunes both parlies seem t*» have regarded as involving the existence of tu-o kiiuh t«f perHiinH in the state; and it really perpetuated that political duality out of which it grew, more than any other measure in Knnun history. The tribunes, when united, could hinder any meas- ure, block the wheels of the senate, and procure the following persons, etc/* He then givra the name* of //•/, ami the sacral oath. So in ix., 41, he says that Publilius Volera (who i* railed Pubhus in the present text), got a law to be panned cuncrrning the tribunitian elections, to transfer them from (he which the Ronmns call the iw&fe, to that of the trilxr*. 811 aUo x.v 4. And Livy 5ayH» iLf 58 (282 A. u, c). tributiit cumiiii* crrai! iri- bunt sunt Wachsmuth, Huschke, Mommsen (u. H,, i.. j6i, Iran*.), accept this view, which in itself is extremely improbable, Schweg* ler, R6m» GeschM ii,? 543 *eq., L, Lange, R6m. Alt., i*, 440, ed LV reject it as a historical blunder. Niebuhr, Walter, Arnold! hift, of Rome, i., 148, note 34, think that the €urm confirmed the choice. See the references in Schweglcr. Rein in Paiily1* Rcal-Frurycl, vi,f »H4, dissents from this, Bekker tries to show that the choice took place in thecpmitut centuriata (Handb., il» a, 253-359), and Lange* agrees with him.