24 POLITICAL SCIENCE.
person of the tribune was sacred, he or lite helpers could
rescue an arrested person out of the concur*; IKUU^, and thus
protection was afforded to this nnlrr on the ptinnpu; <*| nnc
power in the state counteracting another. Fr»»m this begin-
ning, the tribunitian office grew in important;** and < Hku nry
until, although without impcrium, it hecatne rqu»j**>n^U MIU
with that of consul ; and the siih*<:qiu:nl liiM <r\ n| K»nm?
turns very much on the contests in which tribwu; * ,w nn one
side principal actors* And this, t»»of w.i* the t-ise »»H* r the
old distinctions as to the political rights of the twu
had become obliterated. The plcbn had ere I»»nt% if enj
the right of suffrage, two assemblies in ulmli UK y awltl
exercise it, the comiiia of the centuries and ih.il **f the tiibcs.
The patricians met with them in the first, *m llu: fwumw
ground, and had their own assembly, lliat of llic « •**?*«* % be-
sides. IJut this, in the course of years, became an unintpor«
tant, antiquated body, where no political rights were lud^ed,
and only certain forms and usages required its rxi^trnce,
The appointment of tribunes both parlies seem t*» have
regarded as involving the existence of tu-o kiiuh t«f perHiinH
in the state; and it really perpetuated that political duality
out of which it grew, more than any other measure in Knnun
history. The tribunes, when united, could hinder any meas-
ure, block the wheels of the senate, and procure the
following persons, etc/* He then givra the name* of //•/, ami the
sacral oath. So in ix., 41, he says that Publilius Volera (who i* railed
Pubhus in the present text), got a law to be panned cuncrrning the
tribunitian elections, to transfer them from (he
which the Ronmns call the iw&fe, to that of the trilxr*. 811 aUo x.v
4. And Livy 5ayH» iLf 58 (282 A. u, c). tributiit cumiiii* crrai! iri-
bunt sunt Wachsmuth, Huschke, Mommsen (u. H,, i.. j6i, Iran*.),
accept this view, which in itself is extremely improbable, Schweg*
ler, R6m» GeschM ii,? 543 *eq., L, Lange, R6m. Alt., i*, 440, ed LV
reject it as a historical blunder. Niebuhr, Walter, Arnold! hift, of
Rome, i., 148, note 34, think that the €urm confirmed the choice.
See the references in Schweglcr. Rein in Paiily1* Rcal-Frurycl, vi,f
»H4, dissents from this, Bekker tries to show that the choice took
place in thecpmitut centuriata (Handb., il» a, 253-359), and Lange*
agrees with him.