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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

30                                POLITICAL HCIKNXK.
The consular tribunate was terminated in 3$7 tf.  c,t hy
iw.- the Lici'maii luvvs, which indicate a combination
S between the wealthy plebeian* and the poorer
citizens of that order, especially the smaller farmer**.    After
a number of years of strife and almost anarchy, in \vhu h the
tribunes C. Licinius Stolo and L. Suxltu*   I,,iU'r.uirn i> led
the  opposition, the measures   which  thry .ulvmMtc*!  wc-ic
carried.    They were the following:  i. That after drtiiirling
the paid interest from the amount owed by tlrht>r<t, the re*
mainder of a debt should Ix* paid in three insl.ilmrntH,    If it
was intended by this law not lu deduct all, bill n!y llir extra
legal amount of the interest from the capital of the rlrbt, Um
measure, as L. Lange remarks, loses   its a|iprar.nn*r of cut-
ting down a debt (tu s,f i.f $ 78, p, 492, ctl. 11; nthmvisc it
could be excused only on account of the bankruptcy of the
debtors.    2. Another article provided ** nc qui* plus quin-
gentu jugera agri possideret/' by which  is probably IM be
understood that no one should occupy more than tivr hundred
jugera of public land,    In the same article or li\v thrr* wa*
this further provision, that no erne slumld pasture on the pub*
lie land more than one hundred head of tar^c and five hun-
dred of small cattle, and that *t certain number <f free labor-
ers should be employed upon the land. (Appian, tl, t'iv., i,
 8.)   3. The third article was that no comitia for military
tribunes should be held, ant! tl a: one of the consuls should
be a plebeian,    As this was somewhat ambiguous, it wan
resolved in 411 U. CM that bath consul* might be created
from that order.   As the question of eligibility to the prin-
cipal office was now settled, it was easier to determine can*
cerning the others*     In 398 U.  Cf the dictatorship  wan
filled by a plebeian ; both censorships  were open to them
in 403, as we have before had occasion to  mention ; but
until 474 that censor who was a patrician did not allow hit
colleague to perform the lustral sacrifices with which the cen*
sus was  closed,   The power also,  which the ncnate had
before exercised at times, of pronouncing a law passed in
the comitia of the centuries unconstitutional, wai taken away