Skip to main content

Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

See other formats

36                                 POLITICAL SCIENCE.
B. C.), it seems to have stood at the head of the Phu'tiician
colonies in Africa, for the Persian kinj; planned an expedition
against it by name (Herodot., iii, 19), which \\x* broken up
by the refusal of the Phoenicians to make war on thru- child*
ren. About the same time Mag> flourished, who, an-nrciin^
to Justin (B. 19), laid the foundations of ihr Punic pourr, and
was followed in his martial career by his sons awl grandsons,
A war with the natives now broke out, pnu:n*lwj; fioni a
demand of theirs for payment of a ground rent tt the soil
of the city, which was endod by the payment of \vlul had
been long due. Some time afterwards the Aftioi^ were
forced to return this money. Wars likewise were \ta;.;el uiih
Sardinia and the Greeks of Sicily, who sent lit Sjuiu for
help. At this time ambassadors came from 1 Units uitlmng
the Carthaginians to refrain from sacrificing human vu'timn,
from eating dog's flesh, and from burying rather than burn*
ing their dead, which, if the story is worthy f a edit, Mt'im
to show that he looked upon the colonists of bis subjects in
Phoenicia as his subjects also, More important i* what Justin
goes on to say, that Carthage, disturbed by the power
of Mago's posterity, *' chose a hundred judges from among
the senators, whose business it should be to demand account*
from the military leaders on their return from their warn, and
induce them so to make use of their military power a* to
respect judicial sentences and laws at home." We may per-
haps explain this as the fear of the aristocracy that one of the
leading families would try to gain tyrannical power. We sec in
the narrative also that the native tribes were at one lime power-
ful enough to fight with Carthage on equal terms, and. again,
that the city had but recently begun ita career of conquest
and colonial settlement outside of Africa, Conquest did not
enter into the purposes of the first settlers any more than into
the objects of Venice or of the British East India Company
The noble families and the old firms of Tyre emigrated, for the mott
part, to the secure and flourishing daughter city," (Mommten, Hiit,
of Rome, ii.f 19, Amen ed of transl.)