Skip to main content

Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

See other formats

38                          POLITICAL
power of Mago's family.* The first point of resemblance to
the Sparta polity which Aristotle men limit i*> flic common
feasts of the political clubs (tratpt&v) similar to the Spartan
phiditia, of which nothing whatever is known , + the next in
the board of the hundred and fmr, answering in the rphuri
of the Lacedaemonians, which however is in hr preferred
to the cphorate, inasmuch as the memtn ^ .*: hmrit ac~
cording to merit, while the latter arc Liken fi'm ihr Mnlinary
citizens. The kings and senators arc much .dtkr MI buih
states; but in Carthage* with yreatrr tviMiotu, it U tint re-
quired that they should belong to tin* -Mine family, and they
arc elected t > their office. The Carthaginian pMhiy IraiiN, he
goes on to say, at one time more to the flrm*rr.itic;, at an*
other more to the oligarchic form ; and !*oiyimi* re-marks
(vL, 51), that the people had already kcitiitc, before the
great war with the Romans, the chief powrr in the state.
Its constitution resembled those uf Koine and Sparta, but
had already passed its acme, The question, what affair*
should be brought before the people, it was the province, as
Aristotle remarks, for the kings* and the senate to decide; if
they agreed* there was no need of referring the matter, but
otherwise it went down to the people ; and when thus nub*
mitted, the assembly was competent nut only to hear and
vote but to debate on the resolutions, a power, **tyji he, not
conceded to them in the other polities (u, ff \ 3). He
speaks next of boards called pentawttits, as* having mutt of
the important affairs in their hands; as filling their own num-
ber by captation when there is a vacancy, m choosing the
council of *' the hundred," and as holding their office longer
than the other boards; but of all this we know nothing from
* In ii. t 8,  if he asserts that Carthage never had a tyrant Camp.
B, St. Hilaire's note in his transl, Thi* *cem* to prove that Cbtl-
cedon, not Carthage, is referred to. The same is indicated by vii.f
or VM 10, g 4, where he calls it a democratic state.
f Livy, xxxiv., 69, speaks of a matter ai the aubjcct of common
conversation " in circulis conviviisque/' but these word* am have no
political sense.