42 POLITICAL scn:Ncr:, comparison. The aristocratic qualities of ('.irthaKC ar<* obvi- ous from what has been said, ami its place is amon^ those republics, all whose institutions are intended f»»r peace, but which betake themselves to war in mdrr to M*ctitr commer- cial advantages. For the purjwrK **f uar lh« y find it mrcrv sary to employ mercenary troops, \\nae and Carthage were equally forced intothi**; Nuinidian-* and Ihrnans com- posed the armies of this republic, much as tin* snldii rs gath- ered by condottieri composed llioM.* of \\nur, linrnilcar made his mad attempt in become a tyrant in ( aitha^v with the help of mercenaries in the time of A^atlhnUs ami at the end of the peace of 24* H.c. (=- 5*3 * * *'•! ^ilh lb«' K«*m.tns a most formidable war, threatening the very rsislcttcc of Carthage, broke out against, the hired troops and ihr Africans who made common cause with them, (l'ulyh>9 i.» ^»5 miw,) The democracy neither at Carthage nor at Witter lia«l jjrcat strength or power of combination, Vet the People* t*»»« •« * * t * pnnctpai leaders in the war* witlt Komc, the war party, had the people as their support, while the peace or oligarchic party was .strong in the council of unc hundred and the senate, We may add that Aristotle scerm to have estimated too highly the constitution of Carthage. But ii* faults and the faults of a commercial aristocracy, such a* it WHAV become apparent from the events of the century after that great philosopher's death* Carthage, being a mercantile aristocracy, had the jealousies which rivals in trade call forth, The other Phcnician colonies came under its control, or stood in the relation of allies whose friendship could not be trusted, Thus, Utica sectm to have always been jealous or hostile toward the more powerful state, and Gadcs was willing to desert the Carthaginian cause by making peace with Rome. The foreign possessions of Carthage, besides those in Spain, and along the African coast, lay on the islands of Sardmia and Corsica; the Balearic Isl- ands came under its jurisdiction, and it long contended with tita Greeks for the dominion of Sicily.