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THE  CONSTITUTION OF VENICE.                     49
persons chosen by the parties. In 1249, to avoid this diffi-
culty one was added, making the number one and forty.*
"As these forty-one electors, the councils and the people,
were assembled for a new election, in 1249, the gastaldio
Daniel swore with the assent of the people, and in their name,
that they would accept the doge chosen in the way pre-
scribed, "f The forty-one continued as the electors of the
doge for a long time, and Dandolo gives their names when-
ever a new doge is chosen.
In the year 1268, when Lorenzo Tiepolo was made doge,
particular regulations for choosing the doge were adopted,
which, with little change, continued always afterward. The
members of the great council who were over thirty years
old drew from a bag balls partly gilded and the rest plated.
The thirty who drew the gilded balls, again cast the lot for
nine of their number, whose business it was to be to appoint
forty men of different families, seven of the nine voices
being needed for a choice. These forty drew lots for twelve-
of their number, and these twelve chose twenty-five, of whom
each needed to have nine votes for his election. The five and
twenty cast lots for nine; the nine chose forty-five, each of
whom needed seven voices for his election. This body of
five and forty, after an oath to make a choice according to
their consciences, threw the names of the persons whom they
wished for doge into a vessel. If the votes were scattering,
they repeated the process until twenty-five were given for
one person, who was then declared elected. This was after-
wards altered, and the names were balloted for, until a
majority had agreed upon any one man. These successive
attempts to eliminate all private agreements, and to get an
impartial vote for a competent person by a combination of
* Comp, F. Von Raumer's Gesch, d. Hohenstauffen, v. 336. The
sketch of the Venetian constitution given by this eminent historian,
and H. Leo's notices in several of the volumes of his.Gesch. Itali-
ens, have been of much use to me.
f Von Raumer, u. s.    This fact^is taken from the margin of the
Cod. Ambros,, in Muratori, u. s., xiL, 377.
VOL. U,4