CONSTITUTION OF FLORENCE. 71 At this time some changes took place in the councils,* but far more important was the institution of the The Guelfic party. . , - , r . . . . Guelfic party, which had for its prime object to manage the confiscated property of Ghibellines, and which, besides receiving the approval of the pope and the king, was formally established by law of the state. The property referred to was divided into three parts, one of them assigned to the commune, another to the Guelphs who had suffered when their enemies were triumphant, and a third kept to- gether in the hands of this corporation. The Guelfic party had captains and other officials, and was partly a police to watch the Ghibellines, partly a board to give aid and counte- nance to foreign Guelphs, and partly the guardian of these extensive estates. In 1273, Pope Gregory III. spent some time in fruitless peace of cardinal attempts to reconcile the parties in Florence. Latino. After his death, his sister's son, Cardinal Latino, was commissioned by Pope Nicholas III., to carry out Gregory's projected peace. This was at the solicitation of Ghibelline exiles, and the court of Rome was the more will- ing to adopt this policy because the Hohenstauffen family was now extinct, and Charles of Anjou, the head of the Guelphs, was not very obsequious. The peace known by this cardinal's name, the leading provisions of which are given by Ammirato (i., 159, b. 3) involved, besides some restitution of estates, and relegations of certain persons together with promises of reconciliation to be made between individuals of the parties, the appointment of fourteen men, eight Guelphs and six Ghibellines, who were to be put at the head of the state. The fourteen were chosen for two months by electors appointed by the retiring fourteen, assisted by citizens called to aid them in this work. They continued to be the supreme magistrates, or signoria, from 1280 to 1292. * Comp. Villani, ii., 16, Macchiav., vol. 2, p. 287 of his works, Milan ed. of 1803.