g0 POLITICAL SCIENCE. to hold office, and then to put the names in a bag or bags ready to be drawn by lot, and kept under watch until the time for drawing came. In 1328, the committee consisted of ninety- eight, and every one was rejected who got only sixty-eight votes out of this number. The bags were put into a coffer, and the coffer was fastened with three locks, one of the keys of which was committed to the captain of the people, and one to the friars of each of two religious houses. The coffer was opened under due regulations three days before the expiration of the term of the actual priors, and a new set were chosen. In 1343, when the squittinio was made by two hundred and six citizens, thirty-three hundred and forty-six were set aside (if I understand the passage), so that only a tenth remained for the drawings to be made every two months.* In' the provisions of the balia of the important year 1393, we read (Capponi, ii., 515) that if any persons whose names were put into the bags for priors deserved to be gonfa- lonieri, they could be taken out and put into the bag for that magistrate, and, furthermore, that persons whose names were in the bag for that magistrate, if judged to be unfit for the office, might be taken out and put in the bag for priors in the same quarter. (Si6.) These " indorsations," at one time, took place once in five years ; bags were provided for the priors, and separate ones for the gonfalonieri of justice and the same process must have been gone through with the collegi. So also the councils were chosen by lot, and the names put into the bags for each guild, not at the time when the squittinio for the higher officials was made, but when occasion re- quired,f It is evident that in the selections of persons fit for office, Capponi, i., 242, "post a partito.3346, manon rimasero," etc. ' 1'? b' 9' fUr°n° Jlominati— di cluali non rimase il T Aretino's Greek account of the constitution of Flor- ence, ed. Neumann, p. 80.