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war, etc. This meant that the haughtiness of the old fami-
lies was a thorn in the eye of the men of the new family who
had put no trust in them." *
The balia which restored Cosimo was continued for five
years, and again for the same period.    But the names of
those only went into the bag who were either partisans of
the Medici or were harmless, for all obnoxious or suspicious
persons had been incapacitated to exercise political power
for a term of years or for life.    At the end of ten years after
Cosimo's restoration, in a time of discontent with the reign-
ing policy, another commission or balla was given to two
hundred and fifty citizens to reform the state, at which time
existing banishments were prolonged, others were added to
the list of banished ones, others, two hundred and forty-five in
all, were disabled from holding office.   Now also, as well as in
H33 Just before Cosimo's banishment, and in 1434 just after
his restoration, a board of ten persons called accopicttori was
created to manage the drawings for magistrates*    These per-
sons, in 1444, whose office lasted until a new sqnittinio should
take place, received power to select the magistrates,    " Thus
everything that the people or the balia had done was subject
to the revision of those ten " (Capponi, ii., 282), men ready
for anything that should be required of them.    So miserable
and contemptible had the  constitution  of Florence   now
become. +
Cosimo and Lorenzo kept their places under the forms of
an effete constitution dishonestly administered, Piero, Lo-
renzo's son was unequal to the task of defending the city,
and the Medici were expelled for eighteen years in 1494, to
be restored by a foreign power.
The estimate of the Medicean state given by F, Guicciar-
diani in his work "Del Reggimento di Firenzc" is on the
whole so just that we will introduce a passage from it into
*Lorenzo, L, 147.
h^ ?P?va iollow!n8 the restoration of Cosimo was chosen
by lot but by the voice of "an enraged multitude." Cavalcanti,