POLITICAL SCIENCE. mission to the power of Rome. Thus ^milius Paullus with ten legates reconstructed Macedonia soon after the battle of Pydna, in B. C. 168 ; and at the same time, with the inter- vention of five legates, Illyricum was reduced to its provincial condition. In every case a policy was followed of prevent- 'ing insurrections afterward; and provinces which had given trouble or contained the seeds of future disturbance were jealously dealt with. Thus it was ordained in the case of Macedonia that the country should be broken up into four regions, each having its own council, and composed of parts confederated together, which, with the communities compos- ing them, were left to tax themselves. Half of the annual proceeds of the former land-tax, paid to the kings, was now paid to the Romans, that is, one hundred talents. The former domains and the mines, which naturally fell to the conquerors, were utilized by them. All officials of the deposed king, Perseus, had to go into banishment to Italy. Salt could not be imported nor timber exported. The people were disarmed and the fortress of Demetrias destroyed. Intermarriages and purchases of houses and lands between the different regions were prohibited. As for the rest, the laws were continued and the communities elected their officers, but the upper class, both in the regions and the communities, were put into pos- session of the government. Much the same course was pur- sued at the same time with Illyricum, which was broken up into three parts.* Livy's observations on these transactions are worth noticing, on account of their looking aside from the evident motive of the conqueror, "It seemed good that Macedonians and Illyrians should be free in order that all the nations might perceive that the arms of the Roman people did not bring slavery to the free but freedom to the enslaved ; so that the nations which were in the enjoyment of liberty might believe that it would be secure for them and under a *Comp. Mommsen's hist, u. s., ii,, 357, omv., in the transl., Livy xlv., § 18, with Weissenborn's notes and § 29, Marquardt, uğ s.> iiL, i, p. 115.