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COMPOSITE  GOVERNMENTS.                          155
perpetual guardianship, and that those which lived under
kings might believe that they would find these kings for the
present milder and juster, out of consideration of the Romans,
and that, if at any time war should break out between these
kings and the Roman people, its issue, while it would bring
victory to the Romans, would bring liberty to them." That
among other considerations, the impression to be made on
other nations was a motive is unquestionable, but these Mace-
donians who could not buy a house out of their own district
were certainly free within but a small territory, and in this,
as in every case, the policy of easily managing and easily
spreading conquests was the main consideration.
The treatment of other Greek states shows the same entirely
selfish policy, and none more than that of Rhodes, which had
been a privileged ally of Rome, and had abstained from all
sympathy with Macedonia in its last struggles. The Rhodi-
ans, owing to an ill-advised attempt on their part, suggested
by a Roman officer, to act as mediators between Perseus and
Rome, incurred the displeasure of the senate, their possessions
on the mainland were taken from them, which yielded one
hundred and twenty talents annually, and irritating obstruc-
tions were placed in the way of their commerce. The island
subsequently received harsh and mild treatment from Rome
by turns. Under Claudius, as Tacitus says, "liberty was
restored to the Rhodians, having been often taken away or
confirmed according to their merits in foreign wars or their
ill-conduct in domestic seditions." (Annal. xii., 58.) In the
same passage it is said that the inhabitants of Ilium at the
same time were freed from every public obligation or service.
This favored place, the home of the mythical ancestors of
Rome, had been exempted from paying tribute by Julius
Caesar, who also enlarged their territory—privileges which re-
mained for some length of time afterward.
The system of provincial rule, complicated in itself, was
made further so by the exemptions or privileges granted to
certain places. Most of these places were situated in the
Greek-speaking part of the empire, as in Sicily, Achaia and