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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

164

POLITICAL SCIENCE.

found to exist in the Spanish colonies. To a considerable
extent they purchased their land from the aborigines, and no
attempts were made to enslave them that we are aware of.
These natives, being in the condition of hunters of wild ani-
mals, were scattered about, and for a time mutual jealousies
did not disturb their intercourse with the new settlers. When
they came into conflict the English had the general advantage.
Slavery was introduced at an early day into the colony of
Virginia, nor did any of the colonies object to it afterwards
for a long period. In the northern ones the products capa-
ble of cultivation did not call for many slaves. But the demand
for slaves created by the products of the soil continually in-
creased, in the southern, until a separation of interests and
character arose between them and their northern neighbors.
The colonies in the West Indies, obtained to a great extent
by conquest, and those in the more northern parts of North
America, won from the French, have been brought into the
same system which we have spoken of above.     Local gov-
ernors appointed by the crown, a council and a local legisla-
ture, are everywhere to be found.    In the colonies to the
north of the United  States a successful attempt has been
made to introduce the principle of confederation under the
supremacy of the British sovereign in council.    In  one of
them, French law is blended to some extent with English.
One dependency of Great Britain, or rather one circle of
India as a depend- dependencies of vast extent and with a vast
encyofGt. Britain. p0pUiati0n, has had a most singular history, so
far as its relations are concerned towards the British empire,
We refer to the East Indian territory.    A trading company,
with a charter (1600) from a sovereign distant by half the
earth's circuit, is forced by its position into conflicts with native
princes.   Forts in two or three parts of India become centres
of power.   The French are driven out of the country.    The
company not only acquires a control over a large part of
India, but also can influence English politics.    But, in 1784,
by Mr. Pitt's bill, a board of control, appointed by the crown,
was associated with the directors of the company.    In 1858,