Skip to main content

Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

See other formats

atives from the states that were members ; one in the spring
and one in the autumn. At both times, however, the meet-
ing took place first at Pylse, and in the spring meeting was
adjourned regularly to Delphi. It consisted of a /3ov\rj or
council, and of an assembly of the people from the several con-
stituent races who happened to be present. The council was
composed of two members from the several races or nations,
or twenty-four in all. Thus, at one time, Athens and one of
the smaller city communities, belonging to the lonians, sent
deputies together, according to a rule of rotation which is not
on record, although it is probable that the turn of Athens
came oftener than that of its smaller sisters. The members
of the council were called hieromnemones, or officers to take
care of sacred affairs, a word of very early origin, perhaps
referring to the guardianship over the temple and oracle at
Delphi. With these officers, who seem alone to have had a
vote, were associated the pylagorce or orators, sent by the
states to give advice and speak on the affairs of the council,
and who were indefinite and variable in number. These
were chosen at Athens by lifting the hand, and were (at one
time, at least) three. The hieromnemones were appointed by
lot either for a year or for a Delphic period. The nations in
the council were thus equal in their vote, each sending two,
"so that the hieromnemon from Dorium or from Cytinium
had as much power as the one from Lacedaemon, and he
who came from the Ionian state of Erythrse or Priene as
much as the Athenian delegate." (JLsch. de fals. leg., p.
280, $ 36.)
-^Eschines the orator, to whom we are indebted for nearly
all we know of the constitution or the Amphictyonic gather-
ing and council (de fals. leg. u. s., and in Ctes., p. 405, onw.),
says that an oath was taken "by the confederate states in the
old times that they would destroy none of the cities that had
part in the council, nor shut them out from the use of their
running waters either in war or in peace ; and that, if any
member transgressed in this respect, they would make an ex-
pedition against it and destroy its cities. An additional oath
VOL. II.12