Skip to main content

Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

See other formats


whom was superior to the rest. After the kings, came mod-
erate democracies without a noble class. They had some
kind of league between themselves, but not so close a one as
to prevent their taking different sides in the Peloponnesian
war.* When the Macedonians became predominant in Greece,
the Achasans fell under their control, either receiving garri-
sons of that power into their cities, or obeying tyrants who
were- devoted to its interests. The league or union was
intermitted during this time until 279, when the invasion of
Greece by the Gauls, and the confusion in Macedonia, before

Antigonus Gonatas secured his power, presented a favorable
opportunity for its reconstruction. This was effected by
the four most western of the cities, and was joined within five
years by three others  JEgium, which expelled its Macedoni-
an garrison, Bura, and Ceryneia, which were either freed from
or forsaken by their tyrants. Three others,  all that remain-
ed of the twelve old states, ^Egeira, Pellene, and Leontium,
came in somewhat later, f The latter was not a member of the
old confederacy, and Ceryneia succeeded to the place of JE<r&,

The federal constitution in its new shape was formed about
2744 Like the members of previous leagues, the members
retained their city assemblies and magistrates, and the same
arrangement was of course maintained when other city-states
were admitted into the confederacy ; nor was there any reor-
ganization of local districts subordinate to each state, but, as
Mr. Freeman points out, the dependent cantons of states
within the league had no direct share in its concerns. Yet
they may have beeridemes, containing citizens with full rights,
like those of Attica,

Mr. Freeman regards the league as a staatenbund and not

* An evidence that the league subsisted at the time when Helice
was overwhelmed by an earthquake, is furnished by Strabo, b. viii.
s, p. 385, a passage referred to by Mr. Freeman and others.    It
shows also that the people of Helice would not do what the
asked of them by vote.

JK, F. Herm. says 280, L,  188.