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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

POLITICAL SCIENCE.
according to their importance. "When fundamental laws
were to be considered, or changes made in the fundamental
laws of the constitution, or measures were to be taken regard-
ing the federal act itself, or organic institutions or other
arrangements of common interest to be adopted/' the diet
was to form a plenum or general assembly, in which every
member had at least one vote; the six greatest powers four
apiece (viz.: Austria, Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria Hanover, and
Wiirtemburg) ; Baden, each of the Hessian states, Holstein,
Luxemburg, three each ; Brunswick, Mecklenburg-Schwerin,
Nassau, each two. The question in which of these assemblies
a matter should be discussed, was to be decided in the ordi-
nary assembly and by a plurality of votes. This assembly
was to have for its office the preparation of projects of resolu-
tions to be submitted to the general assembly, and its deci-
sions were to be by a simple majority ; while in the general
assembly a vote of two-thirds was necessary to reach a valid
conclusion. "But in neither assembly, when the question
related to the acceptance or change of fundamental laws or to
organic institutions, or to individual rights or affairs of religion,
was the simple plurality to be sufficient. The diet was to be
permanent, and could not adjourn for more than four months."
All the members of the confederation engaged to defend not
only Germany as a whole, but also each federal state in case
of attack, and mutually guaranteed all their possessions com-
prised within the union. It was made unconstitutional, when
a "federal war" was declared, for any member to negotiate,
or make an armistice or a treaty of peace with the enemy on
its own private account; and while the right of forming alli-
ances of every kind was retained, they bound themselves to
contract no engagement directed against the safety of the
confederation or of the different states composing it. They
engaged also to make war on one another under no pretext
whatever/ but to submit their differences to the diet without
resort to force. A plan of conciliation, and if this should fail,
the prospect of a court of arbitration (austragalinstanz), is
held out as a thing of the future (Art. xi.). Other articles