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CONFEDERATIONS.                                  22$
shall continue in force.    Or they can make  other arrange-
ments  such as they may think best (13).    Conventual and
ecclesiastical persons are not to be interfered with in the en-
joyment of their goods.    Alimentation and support are to
be given to persons retiring from the convents on any reason-
able ground  (14.)    Differences  affecting  all  the provinces
alike are to be settled on the plan mentioned in Art. 9.    In
other cases governors and their lieutenants shall adjust the
disagreements (16).    Should the course of justice in a prov-
ince be obstructed, the other confederate provinces shall aid
in a restoration of judicial order (17),    No impost shall be
laid in any province to the prejudice of another without the
consent of all (18).    Written summonses are  to be sent to
all the provinces, mentioning the business, unless it be secret,
and the deputies are to convene at Utrecht.    The absence of
deputies from members  of the union is not to prevent the
passage of business.    The absent are to be warned that, if
not present by a certain day, they will lose their vote (19).
Members are expected to give notice to those who shall have
authority to call meetings of the united provinces, of the busi-
ness which they desire to bring forward (20). v The governors
and lieutenant-governors are to swear to observe all the arti-
cles of the  confederation (21).    A similar oath is required
from all brotherhoods   and burgher-companies in all cities
and villages (vlecken) of the union.
In explanation of Art. 13 it is added that the provinces
are ready to receive any Roman Catholic towns and prov-
inces adhering to their religion, yet acceding to the league
in other respects. The stipulations are signed by the depu-
ties of Guelders and Zutphen [to which the French transla-
tion of the instrument adds, by Count John of Nassau, their
governor, for himself, together with the other deputies in the
name of the nobles of Guelders and Zutphen—nothing of
which is in the Dutch copy], and by those of Holland,
Zeeland, Utrecht and the Ommelande. Other provinces
or parts of provinces signed the articles of the union after-
VOL. II.—15