236 POLITICAL SCIENCE.
well as the religious fell into the background. The liberties
of the country assumed, in the feelings of the upper classes,
relatively less importance. Then the French revolution was
able to spread more there than in Switzerland, owing both to
the proximity of France and to the greater dissatisfaction of
the masses with the government; and when its period had
passed, republican government was condemned by history.
The liberties of both republics were provincial liberties, and
the experience of the Dutch provinces—owing, indeed, to
their situation—had shown the need of a union which their
constitution could not afford. The Orange family in one of
its branches was still on hand to make a line of-kings out of.
And the powerful voice of all Europe would have been lifted
up louder than it was at the restoration, if the country had
offered a stout resistance to the change of polity, because
republics seemed to have in them a revolutionary element.
United States of America.
No people in modern times has been led to choose its form
of government by a clearer voice of providence, as expressed
in its whole history, than the people of the United States.
The principal considerations which justify this assertion and
justify the right of our union to exist, are chiefly these :
I. There were affinities enough in the colonies to unite
Union of English them together, and differences enough to keep
colonies natural. ^^ jn ^ condition Qf separate states. All,
with one exception, were of English origin; they brought
with them English law and municipal institutions; they had
a common reverence for the mother country, and long had no
thought of any more independence than their charters gave
them. The only exception, New York, became English by
the peace of Breda (1667), so early that it was easy to impress
an English stamp upon it. On the other hand, the differ-
ences were quite as noteworthy. In the most northern colo-