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240                              POLITICAL SCIENCE.
a sudden exigency; and relating to extraordinary meetings
and breaches of the articles of agreement (Hist, of Mass. i.,
118-120, ed. 3). In 1645, &e commissioners make prepara-
tions for war against the Narragansett Indians. In 1675, the
same body decided to raise from .the colonies (now three in
number, New Haven having been merged in Connecticut),
one thousand men against the same Indian tribe—a force
with which they ended the war.
In 1754 another union still more worthy of notice was pro-
jected by delegates from six or seven colonies who had been
called to meet at Albany in reference to negotiations with
the Indian tribes called the Six Nations. It was proposed to
establish by leave of parliament a general government,
under a president-general appointed by the crown of Great
Britain and a council of members chosen by the colonial
assemblies, these numbers to be in the ratio of the sums paid
by each colony into a general treasury. The president-gene-
ral was to have the whole executive authority. Legislative
power was entrusted to the council and to this officer, who
was to have a veto on the passage of all bills. The powers
of this government were these ,to declare war and peace, to
make treaties and regulate trade, to settle new colonies and
make laws for them until they should be erected into separate
governments, to raise troops, build forts, fit out armed, ves-
sels and use other means for general defense ; and for these
ends to lay duties, imposts or taxes. All laws were to re-
ceive the king's approval, and to remain valid, unless disap-
proved within three years. Appointments for the land and
sea service were to be made by the president-general and ap-
proved by the council; civil officers to be nominated by the
council and approved by the president-general. This plan
was agreed to by the delegates at the convention, except
those of Connecticut, who opposed it on a.ccount of the veto
of the president-general. The assembly of the same state
rejected it for this clause and for the power of levying taxes
which it contained. The other assemblies rejected it as giving
too much power to the president-general, who represented