306 POLITICAL SCIENCE. racy the number of persons willing to go into political life is the larger the more it approaches to the absolute character; and as they are found everywhere and are unknown beyond their own narrow precinct, they will naturally oppose intrud- ers into their province. And yet, why should not the people have a right to choose their representative where they can find the best man, since all represent the whole country? In the elections to the state legislatures it is to a considerable extent state law, we believe, that the person elected must reside within the limits of the district. Under 'the constitu- tion of the United States a member of congress must reside in the state from which he comes, but not necessarily in the district which sends him. Thus a man in the city of New York might represent the district around Buffalo. But very seldom has an example of this occurred. It seems to me to be a pity that widely known and highly esteemed men should not be eligible everywhere, as in Great Britain and France, where the principal men are sought after, on account of some connection of their ancestors or their own reputation, by a body of electors they have never seen. The lot of England might have been quite different from what it is, if instead of this usage it had been necessary for a member of the house of commons to be an actual resident of the shire or borough which returned him ; if indeed, as long as the rotten borough system continued, that had been possible. The representa- tives from small boroughs would have carried little knowledge and no experience into their new sphere, and would have been liable to be browbeaten or bribed. The men on the other hand from abroad/ chosen by small places, would feel grateful to them for their choice, and be mindful of their in- terests. But far beyond this advantage is that of raising up a body of statesmen able to give themselves to politics, tolerably sure of being called into the steady service of their country, and to a great degree in situations which place them above corrupting influences.