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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

INSTITUTIONS,  LOCAL AND SELF GOVERNMENTS.     357
acquired great dimensions.    Such, for instance, was the cen-
sorial power, an offshoot from that of consul, and the imperial
power or principate, which shows the same growth by aggre-
gation of several magistracies into one.    (Comp.  166.)
.   3. The major-domus or mayor of the palace was an office
which, somewhat like the viziers of the sultans
Major domus.                       ,
of Bagdat and about the same time, yet from
smaller beginnings, took its position ultimately as the first
power in the state. The name belonged to the principal do-
mesticus or house-servant, who appears in the palaces of the
kings of various German tribes, as of the Franks, Burgun-
dians, Lombards, West-Goths, and Anglo-Saxons. The name
domesticus was borrowed from the Romans of the lower em-
pire, where certain officials attached to the emperor's person
were so called. Under the Frank kings of the first line some
of these domestici are found entrusted with the care of the
king's palaces and provisions, they manage his estates, they
are present at his decisions in courts, they even act as provin-
cial magistrates, sustaining the duties which were ordinarily
committed to counts. The major-domus was, at first, simply
the head-servant of the house, and answers to the seneschal
(from sin, a German root denoting duration, age, force or
prominence', and scalk, Ger. schalk, servant, old or head-servant,
as marescalk, our marshal, denoted horse-servant). Major in
major-domzis has left its descendants in the Germ, meier,
maier, a steward or bailiff, then a tenant of a farm, in the Fr.
and Engl. maire, mayor, who must originally have been the
seignior's officer to look after his revenues in the city. The
major-domus was also called senior-domus, major.-domus-pala-
tii, and by other names.
The major-domus, par eminence, or, as we will call him,
the mayor of the king's palace, came, as the head domestic,
to have important political as well as other functions com-
mitted to him. The education of young boys trained up in
the king's palace for the king's service, the maintenance of
discipline and peace among the magnates and in the land, the
education of kings who had succeeded to the crown in their