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396 POLITICAL SCIENCE.
board having no connection with the parties in the place should
make the selections. It is unnecessary to say that a police
in cities ought to be under strict surveillance and liable to
speedy trial, exposing them to loss of place and other penal-
ties. The constables and other rural police may be,elected
by the community with safety, for in country townships the
character of every one is known, and the office, being not
generally capable of furnishing an entire support, will be less
sought for on party grounds.
3. The responsibility of the arresting officer is a principle
of law which is essential to individual liberty, and yet the
most careful officer may arrest the wrong person and do him
serious harm. In cases, therefore, where the officer is in-no
respect blameworthy for the fact or the manner of the arrest,
the society ought to be responsible, since the evil is inciden-
tal to a system necessary for its security.
4. As we have already remarked, a detective police ought
not to be a body by itself, although its functions are analogous
to those of a court, while the functions of other policemea
have more of an administrative character. The most expe-
rienced, the best acquainted in the corps with the haunts and
friends of knaves, will naturally be set apart for this work.
It is strictly a public duty. What right, then, has any private
man, who has lost notes or bonds, to compound through th$
detective with the thief? Will not the possibility even of
thus escaping the consequences of a crime by giving up parj:
of the plunder tend to increase the number of criminals ?
And will not the detective, acting as an agent of a private per?-
son, be turned aside from his proper duty of bringing knavesjtf
justice, so as to think mainly of the percentage that will
to him ? Nay, may he not be led to help on a crime by
practice of private persons, to instigate a rogue first and
to screen him afterwards ? Where the detective knows wi
the culprit is, and will not bring him to light unless an adv;
tageous bargain is made with the injured party, he
himself an accessory to the crime. Where the injured
is guilty of compounding of felony he is punishable by