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Full text of "Political Science Of The State"

412                             POLITICAL SCIENCE.
absurdity is there in wishing to have children of a particular
class taught within the denomination ? It is true also that
they pay less in taxes by far than the ratio of their numbers
would require ; but for the state the children are a body, they
are counted and schooled as so many polls. If there were no
compulsory education, as there is not in many states, one an-
swer would be, " keep your children away; " but it is not an
answer in the interests of the state's order and safety, nor in
that of sectarian kindness and peace.
In many cases where the Catholics are so few that no sepa-
rate school could be supported, there will be little trouble met
with from this " Bible question." If in others the number of
complainers is great, I would without hesitation advise the
giving up of the Scriptures as a reading book for the sake of
peace, and the more readily because it will always be read in
a perfunctory, unintelligent way. But further than this we
ought not to go. The state ought to do nothing to break up
the communities into factions with different educations; its
object is to produce a unity and common feeling everywhere.
If separate schools were allowed for the Catholics, Protestant
sects would follow, and thus we should have strictly sectarian
education, the evils of which would spread far and wide over
society. If, again, the Catholics would be content with hav-
ing their children allowed to be absent from reading of the
Bible or from school prayers ; or if their priests should wish
to have a time given during the week, at the school, for reli-
gious instruction, I do not see how any serious objection could
be offered. In regard to the main question it seems certain
that neither sectarian schools will be paid for by the money
of the state, nor that the system of common schools will be
given up.
There is a subject of great practical importance connected
Moral training, with education by the state, on which a fewre-
Can the state under-                                            '                                                ...
take it?               marks may find a place here without being inap-
posite. Of what use to the state is the education of the chil-
dren, when it only aids in opening the mind, without giving:
any moral principles to the pupil whatever ? No small part