430 POLITICAL SCIENCE.
such regulations as the following: i. None ought to be
licensed who cannot be trusted in to fulfil the obligations
implied in the license ; and any violations should be followed
by fines large enough to secure fidelity. 2. Provision ought
to be made for examining the quality of all spirituous liquors
sold by the licensed venders, and for destroying adulterated
and hurtful compounds. 3- There ought to be no access to
or from such buildings after a certain time of night, or oa
Sundays, under penalty or liability of forfeiting the license
4. Any person seen going from such a place in a state of
intoxication, or unable to take care of himself, ought to be
arrested, and the keeper of the house should be made re-
sponsible for fostering his evil habits. 5. A rule which
prevails in some places is worthy of adoption, if it be found
a practical one after the tests to which it has been or may be
put. It is that, if a wife or a parent traces the intoxication of
a kinsman to a drinking house, after notice given to the keeper
of the house, the latter may incur a heavy penalty for again
supplying his victim with intoxicating drink. Such a rule
may be of little use in a community where there are many
drinking houses, and the next of kin may be unwilling to
give the notice. Otherwise, it would be very effectual.
6. Debts incurred for liquor drunk at the place where it is '
sold, or carried home from thence, ought not to be recoverable.
It must be sold for ready money, or not at all.
. One of the great supports of the free sale of liquors is the
feeling that personal rights are invaded by any restriction or
prohibition. I do not believe that this most ungrounded
feeling can ever be done away with entirely, and so the ques-
tion may fairly be asked whether it ought not to be taken
into account in legislation. If it is so strong as to produce
marked opposition to a restrictive law, it will have an appre-
ciable force in making such a law difficult of execution.
Prohibitory legislation always strikes 'against this law, par-
ticularly when it includes in its list of prohibited drinks malt
liquors or vinous liquors, which thousands have been accus-
tomed to regard as harmless in the use. On the other hand,