INDEX. 6J3 EXILE, as a penalty, not aharshonenow, 376; with hard labor, etc,, 377, EXPIATION as a ground of punishment considered, 332. Ex POST facto laws, 293. FAMILY communities, 90-95. FAMILY rights enumerated, 84; their vast importance, 84, 85 ; blend jural and moral considerations, 85. See Marriage, Polygamy, Divorce, Parental Power. FEUDAL monarchy, 528-535 ; feudal sys- tem,its nature, 529; beneficia, vassalage, exemptions, ibid, ; exemptions or im- munities, 520, 521; broke up the old counties, 532 ; put jurisdiction in great landholders' hands, ibid.; theory of king, as proprietor of the soil, 533 ; rights of vassals over th,eir vassals, 534; how the kings broke up the system, 535; weakness of feudal states, ibid. FICHTE (the elder) on the right of revo- lution, 419. FILMER, Sir R., his patriarchial theory of the state, 166 ; refuted by Locke, ibid. FINES for offences, damnuni, mulcta, 361, 362. FLINT, Prof. R., on Montesquieu, 170, 171; on a theory of Cousin, 143. FLORENCE, institutions of, ii. 60-951 early Florence, 60 ; as a commune, 60, 62, 63 ; relations in theory to the em- peror, 61; divided jurisdiction, 62 ; classes of inhabitants, 63 ; early laws, ibid* ; the Podesta, 64, 65; quarrels of Guelphs and Ghibellines, 65, 66, 67, et seq. ; il primo popolo, 67, 68, et seq. ; the capitan.ot 68 ; victory of the Ghibel- lines, 69; the two podestas, ibid. / the arts or guilds, 69,70 ; the thirty-six, 70; the Guelphic party, 71; the fourteen, ibid. ; the priors, 72 ; the inferior guilds, 73; ordinances of justice, 73-75 ; the gonfalonier of justice, 75; priors' coun- cil, or college 76 ; contests of parties, 77,78; councils and reform in them, 78 ; way1 of doing business in councils, 79; squitt'mio, 80; the divieto, 81 ; the Duke of Athens, 81, 82; final loss of power by the grandi, 82 ; plans of the Guelphic leaders, 82, 83 ; ammonire> 84; tumult of the ciornpi, ibid.; Lando, changes in favor of lower guilds, 85; reaction, 86; Maso degli Albiis/.i and the Ottimati, 87, 88; RinnWu clegli Albizzi, his government of Florence, 88, 89; procures the banishment of Cosimo dei Medici, 89; is, himself, ban- ished with his leading partisans, 89; the sway of the Medici, 90-93 ; new consti- tution and the great council, 92 ; over- throw of republic, 93 ; Florence not a democracy, but an aristocracy ending in oligarchy, 93, 94 ; the balln, the par* lamwto* cap. 89, 90,94; citizens' rights taken away, 73-7Si 89, 94; want of balance in the constitution, 94; activity in arts and social life, 94, 95- FOREIGNERS and their children, relation of to their adopted country, 385. FORM of government, no one alone indi- cated by theory, 288; depends on character of people, etc., 289. Division of forms made by Aristotle, 466, 467 ; by Plato, 467; by Polybius, 468, 469; by Montesquieu, 473. Simple and mixed forms, 470, 471. Spirit of govts., 478; Aristotle's subdivisions, 479- 483. Other divisions within the same polity, 483, 484. Divisions in the pres- ent work, 485, 486. See Monarchies, Aristocracies, Democracies, Compound Forms, Confederations; also England, Dutch United Provinces, etc. FRANCE. French empire, 509, 510. French democracy, ii. 138, 142. See Democracy. Central administration and government of, 368-371. FRANQUEVILLE, Ct. de, on constitution of French municipalities, etc., ii, 381. FRANK pledge. See Responsibility. FREEDOM, a general term for all or most rights, 33. FREEMAN, E, A., on representation of small places, 297; on confederation, ii. 167 ; on the Achaean league, 182- 192, passim ; on the Lycian league, 193- FREE speech, right of, no; in collision with right of reputation, 112. FUSTEL de Coulanges, on religions of early tribes, 460.