43^ I laws concerning cruelty to ani- j
mals, 431-433; as among the Hebrews, j
432» 433 I laws against gambling, 433 ! |
and other sports attended by gambling,
ibid.; sumptuary laws Common, but in- i
operative, 434, 435 ; Muntesquksu doeh
not object to them, unless in a republic,
436; tariffs in the interest of murals,!
436, 437; is moral legislation solely ;
prohibitory ? 437; remarks on
MOKKM'Y, his* communism, 313, |
MuKKT y Prenderyast, on the municipal ,
system of Spain, ii. 388, 389. •
MoKiJCK, on the Prussian rural coin-'
mimes, ii. 389. ',
MoTU'.v, J. I*., on the Hutch abjuration
of allegiance to Philip H., ii. 220, n. 2,
cited, ////*/., n. r, I
MUNICIPAL and rural government, cen-
tral and self-government compared, ii. ;
371-373 i uily government should be for :
all cities on tho same plan, 374; diffi-
culties in city government, 375 ; amount
of power to be given to cities, 376; rules ,
in Illinois and Pennsylvania, 374-377;
who ought to vote in city elections ? :
378; especially for raising taxes, 379; j
elections of chief officers, 380; choice of .
mayors, etc., in England, 381 ; of city-;
councils there, ibid. / best way of elect-
ing in the United Status, $32 ; mode of
election in France, 381, Government '
of rural communities, 383; in New;
England, 384, 385 ; in New York and ;
some other states, 386; powers of super-
visors, /'/'A/* ,* importance nf the county '
in this system, /<W< / town and parish ;
systems giving way in England to new ;
boards, 387 ; government of communes \
in Belgium, ////i/. / municipal system in '
Spain, 388, 389; rural communities in
Prussia, 389; the Russian rnir, 389,
390; county government, 390, 391. i
NEW ZEALAND, its government, 451,
NATURAL LAW,/W /w/wwfc, law of na-
ture and nations, definition of by Gro-
tius, 3; by Macintosh, MM
NojilUTY. Seu Aristocracy*
NORWAY, the storthing divides into two
parts, ii. 303.
WhNCK to law, 386, Sec Loyalty.
Obedience to magistrates, its limits, 387.
'KTrr., no right of holding, 299.
UAHON, correlative to rights, 10-
14; prohibitory, 16. See Rights.
.MuNs on justice, rights, and natural
OPINION, public, its relation to penalties,
37^ I ought to be controlled by the
state's opinion, 380.
OiiAcLKat Delphi, its theocratic control
in U recce, 500.
OKI;ANIXATION r»f a state generally not
of human forethought, 282,
KArisM, ii. 127.
PALiiv, W. on rights, 131.
PAKIXJ.NS sometimes necessary, 380;
aburrs of, //'/</,/ limitations on power
of grunting, 381.
PARLIAMENT. Origin and use of the
xv(»rd, ii, 62, 360 ; P. of England, i., 561-
579, House ttf lords, 561-565. H. of
commons, its origin and growth, 565
and omv. ; union of knights of shires
and representatives of burgesses to form
it, 565, 566; this union in a degree ac-
cidental, 566; burgesses at first weak,
566 ; importance of statute of annual
parliaments, 507 ; violation of this rule
by the feints, S&7» 568; power of grant-
ing or refusing supplies, 568 ; right of
petition, 560; out of this grew right of
legislation, 569, 570; political power
of P., as to depose kings, 571 ; to decide
who was rightful .sovereign, 572 ; jeal-
ousy of churchmen, 573; judicial pow-
ers of P,, 574; privileges of P., 575,
576, No early uniformity at first in
Miiimuming members of house of
commons, 576; inequalities of repre-
sentation, 577; aristocracy's influence
in returning members of commons,
578 ; reforms of 1832, 578 ; omnipotence
of P, , 578-S79.
PAKMAMKNTS of France, esp, P. of Paris,
ii, 3^0-363. A judicial body, an off-
shoot ot the king's curia or council,