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Full text of "The seventeenth convention of the socialist party of America. Milwaukee, Wis., May 20 to 24, 1932"

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The March of ISoeialism 



of the 




Socialist Party 

I MAY 20-24, 1932 

Part of the May Day Demonstration, Milwaukee, 1932 

i H^lSSV^"-T ^^'*°» WiUiam M Feigenbaum, Mary Fuller, Morri, Hillquit, Daniel W 
Hoan, Harnr W. Laidler, George Lansbury, James Oneal, Clarence Senior, Norman Thomas, Julius 
Umansky, Enul Vandervelde, J. P. Warbasse, Otto Wels, John Work and others. 

Price 10 Cents 



Why the Socialist party? Morris Hillquit 3 

Our Organization Forges Ahead, Clarence Senior 4 

Socialist Opportunities in 1932, Norman Thomas 5 

Socialist Milwaukee Points the Way, Daniel W. Hoan 6 

Socialists and Trade Unionists, James Oneal 7 

The Cooperative Movement Today, J. P. Warbasse 8 

The Darkest Crime, William M, Feigenbaum 9 

The "Red Cross" of the Labor Movement, Mary Fuller ...._.......... 10 

Education for the New Social Order, Harry W. Laidler 10 

The Strength of the Workmen's Circle, Joseph Baskin 1 1 

The School of SociaHsm, William E. Bohn , 12 

The Finnish Socialists in America, W. N. Reivo 13 

British Socialism Regains Its Strength, George Lansbury, M. P 14 

German Workers and the United States, Otto Wels 15 

A Message from the International, Emil Vandervelde 16 

From Parties in Other Lands 16 

Great Britain, James Maxton and A. Fenner Brockway 

Danzig, Johannes Man 

Canada, W. E. Small 

China, T'ang Leang-Ii 

Colombia, Antony Fonseca 

Poland, M. Gerson 

Roumania, Lotar Radeceanu 

Denmark, Thorvald Stauning and Alsing Andersen 

Austria, Robert Danneberg 

Finland, K. H. Wiik 

Holland, J. W. Albarda 

New Zealand, W, Nash 

For a Socialist Youth Movement, Julius Umansky .,„. „„ 20" 

The Spanish Revolution 20 

Give Them Hope!, Victor L. Berger 21 

Milwaukee's Socialist Daily, John M. Work 22 

The Socialist March of the States , 23 

Convention Program 32 

Delegates and Alternates , 33 


Printed hy the 


1011 Blue Island Aventie 


3 121100081215 2 

* ■ -La 

The Seventeenth Convention 

of the 






MAY 20 to 24. 1932 

Meta Berger 


Daniel W. Hoan 


Alfred Baker Lewis 


James H. Maurer 



Morris Hillquit, 

NeAv York 

Clarence Senior 

Executive Secretary 


Jasper McLevy 


James Oneal 

New York 

Joseph W. Sharts 


Lilith M. Wilson 


National Headquarters — 549 Randolph Street, Chicago, Illinois 


ii^mnr^ of 

Itrtnr ^L l^r^rr 



Why the Socialist Party? 

By Morris HIillquit 
National Chairman of the Socialist Party 

IN outward form and technical methods 
the Socialist Party is a political party 

like the Republican and Democratic 
parties. It holds conventions, nominates 
candidates for public office and conducts 
political campaigns. 

Yet there is a world of difference be- 
tween us and the old parties in character 
and substance. We have fundamentally 
different conceptions of politics and dif- 
ferent aims and ideals. We speak different 
languages and pray to different gods. 

To the old parties every election is an 
end in itself. If they win it they have 
achieved a complete victory. If they lose 
it they have lost all. 

Their ambition does not reach above 
office and power. Their social vision does 
not extend beyond the "practical" issues of 
the hour. Their politics is a cold and sordid 
game of business. 

To tfhe Socialists politics, elections, 
public office and political power are only 
incidents in the everlasting struggle for 
the attainment of a lofty ideal, mere local 
skirmishes in the great international strug- 
gle for a noble life, a better world. 

The world into which we were born 
could be beautiful and our lives in this 
twenties century could be gay and happy. 

In the course of many centuries of 
sustained effort and heroic struggle the 
human race has practically emancipated it- 
self from the domination of hostile sur- 
roundings. It has explored nature, learned 
its secrets, tamed its forces and harnessed 
t,hem to its chariot. 

It has learned to produce wealth in 
fabulous abundance and has created new 
and higher forms of life and enjoyment 
through the development of the ennobling 
sphere of scientific thought and knowledge 
and the fairyland of the fine arts. 

Every human being in the civilized parts 
of the globe could lead a life of moderate 
work and ample leisure, of culture and pleasure, of 
happiness and joy. 

But the achievements of the great human mind 
have been marred by sordid human greed, and our life 
is ugly and revolting. 

Instead of managing our common heritage of 
wealth, our rich natural resources and marvelous labor- 
saving inventions and equipment for the equal and 
ample benefit of all, we leave it, unorganized and un- 
controlled, to be grabbed off in slices by any one who 
can, in a perpetual and fierce fight for possession by 
all against all. 

The few who monopolize the world and the full- 
ness thereof, the rulers of the nations, the owners of 
the wealth and the lords of the industries, direct the 
destinies of mankind without plan or responsibility, in 
chaos and confusion, in strife and in bloodshed. 

At times tjheir whole insane system breaks down 
because of its inherent anarchy and maladjustment. 

Then industry is paralyzed; millions of workers 
are rendered idle; bankruptcy, poverty and general 
misery invade the helpless country like some deadly 
blight or pestilence. Men and women go hungry and 
ill-clad while tremendous stores of accumulated food 
and clothes rot for lack of consumers. 

At otiher times the fights of the ruling classes 

for greater wealth and new fields of exploitation tran- 
scend the national boundaries and lead to armed con- 
flicts. Then "civilized" men become savages. 

Millions of them rush upon each other in blind 
fury, killing, maiming and pillaging. All instruments 
of civilization, all inventions of science and achieve- 
ments of progress are perverted into engines of de- 
struction in the mad and ghastly dance of death. 

This is the kind of world the capitalist system 
has made for us. 

Its condemnation lies not so much in its economic 
injustice and political misrule as in the utter demorali- 
zation and degeneration of the human race which it 
brings about. 

That is why millions of men and women in all 
lands who are conscious of human dignity and rights 
have vowed themselves to the utter destruction of the 
nefarious capitalist order and to the erection of a true 
civilization of human brotherhood. 

This is why the Socialists of America persevere in 
the struggle for the realization of their lofty social 
ideal, election after election and at all times between 
elections, regardless of "practical" results and in spite 
of all setbacks and disappointments, conscious that 
they alone can save the country from utter disaster 
and convinced of the ultimate triumph of their cause. 

Our Organization Forges Ahead 

By Clarence Senior 
Executive Secretary?, Socialist Party of Amserica 

WITH all the grim determination that is given us 
by the spectacle of the working class sinking 
deeper and deeper into the morass of pauperism 
and slavery, the Socialists will enter the 1932 elections 
with their hearts and minds set on such a campaign as 
was never before seen in this country. Fortunately, 
we have something besides the will to arouse the people. 
We have better organizational and educational ma- 
chinery today than for years. 

A brief survey of t^he increases in activity and 
strength since 1928 will be profitable. Among the 
most significant items are: a doubling of our card- 
carrying membership, hundreds of times as much litera- 
ture disti'ibuted, an increase of from 400 to 4000 per- 
cent in our vote in numer- 
ous local elections, and a 
tripling of the member- 
ship of the Young People's 
Socialist League. 

Highly encouraging is the fact that the circula- 
tion of Socialist papers reporting to headquarters rose 
from approximately 301,000 in 1928 to 700,144 in 1932. 

Before the 1928 convention, the National Secretary 
reported that eighteen states would be able to get on 
the ballot without outside assistance. Only eighteen 
will not be able to get their tickets on the ballot with- 
out national aid in this election. 

During 1931, the party organized 96 new locals 
despite the impossibility of touring organizers because 
of financial difficulties. On May Day, this year, 113 
new locals had been reported organized since January 1. 
In all localities, men and women are coming into the 
Socialist party. They see in it an opportunity to de- 
velop leadersihip in the only kind of politics that will 
ever count — that which calls upon the workers to 
emancipate themselves and to build a new society based 
on human values. 

The development of this local leadership is one of 
the most heartening signs of a genuine rebuilding. For 
several years, the national organization tried to pump 
life into the locals in many states with little success. 
The party had little membership outside some of the 
larger Eastern cities. 

Within three years, the influx of young blood into 
the party has changed this situation. Every state is 
now being heard from regularly. Dozens of local papers, 
many of them mimeographed, show the revival of the 
movement. The Northwest in particular has shown a 
rapid rise in activity. 

The meeting of the party's executive committee 
on the Pacific coast in 1930 had a great influence in 
reviving the movement West of the Mississippi. 

The party has shown by dozens of unemployment 

conferences and unions that it always, has the interests 
of the victimized worker at heart. Parades, appear- 
ances before city councils, state legislatures, and Con- 
gress, mass meetings, and petitions have helped keep 
before the people the necessity for adopting the So- 
cialist program. The educational work of the party 
in years gone by was done so well that all of the So- 
cialist immediate program for unemployment is now 
accepted by intelligent persons. 

Immediate relief to miners, textile workers, and 
other strikers has been raised many times by the 
party and its agencies. A great deal of time and ef- 
:M^$^*^ fort has gone into the Mooney- 

Billings case and other working 
class struggles. All these ac- 
tivities have increased the 
following which the party 
and its leadership has 
among the workers. 
An ever larger 
number of 
trade union 
papers are 
c ar ry ing 
S o c ialist 
ers educa- 
tion classes 
are being 
corndue ted 
by Social- 
ists in all 
parts of the country. Only through an increase in this 
activity can the party be rebuilt on a firm foundation. 
This election offers those who decry the lack of 
realism and of interest in politics in this country a 
chance to remedy that condition. Everywhere, when 
the Socialists have become strong in American muni- 
cipalities, the old parties ;have merged into one capital- 
ist party to fight us. Let everyone who believes in 
honesty in politics vote Socialist this fall, and we will 
show them a merged Republocratic party on the na- 
tional field! 

This election offers the workers an opportunity to 
throw a thunderbolt of fear into the councils of the 
rulers in Wall Street and Washington, and to force 
through legislation that will bring immediate relief, 
.some measure of security, and place greater power in 
the hands of the workers. 

Previously, disgust with the Republican record of 
mismanagement and reaction has simply increased the 
Democratic vote. Today, millions are through with 
both parties. It only takes Socialist speeches, litera- 
ture, and organizers— voluntary or full-time— to bring 
people into the Socialist party and to get Socialist 
votes. Every effort brings results. 

The Socialist party is the opposition party. 
Let its voice be heard unmistakeable throughout 
this campaign! 


■A^ iS 


Socialist Opportunities; in 1932 

By Norman Thomas 

THE Socialist Party faces the most magnificent ana 
rhallenEing opportunity in its history. If we do not 
take it! it may not come in any such measure 
Socialism may have to find a new vehicle and 

We must not, we shall not fail. 


No longer do we have to proclaim to deaf ears 
the doom of t^he capitalist system, arising out of its 
mvn inherent contradictions. Its failure to conquer 
novertv— though it is armed with all the machinery of 
Plenty—does that for us. The misery and insecurity 
of ten million unemployed workers and their families, 
the depression of farmers rapidly being crowded down 
to the level not of peasants but almost of serfs, does 
that for us. The greater the abundance of things, the 
greater t,he insecurity of the toilers which make all 
wealth 1 

Only four years ago in the campaign of 1928 
American capitalism was at the peak of its arrogance. 
It had not given us true prosperity j the farmers' share 
of the national income even then had fallen by 28% 
since 1917 and 700,000 fewer workers were employed 
than in 1921. But gambling on Wail Street promised 
to make everybody rich. Men who had not work felt 
they should apologize for not being millionaires. 
Herbert Hoover, leader of the Republican party— one 
of Wall Street's two political parties — was. promising a 
chicken for every pot, and two cars in every garage. 
Jo^hn Raskob, who still holds the first mortgage on the 
Democratic party, was writing an article in that maga- 
zine of high finance, the Ladies' Home Journal, about 
the crime of poverty. It seems we could all be rich if 
we invested in the right investment trust! But Mr. 
Raskob forgot to tell us which was right. 

In this crazy world of 1928 we raised our voices 
against the war of subsidized bunk and deliberately 
propagandized racial prejudice to warn the workers, 
and to urge our standing program for alleviating un- 
employment while we press steadily forward to the 
Socialism whicih is its only cure. Not many heard. 
Then came the inevitable crash. The workers could 
not buy back what they produced. Capitalism suf- 
focated in the mass of debt it had piled up; the pohtical 
and economic aftermath of a world war, born of capital- 
istic imperialistic rivalries of capitalistic nations, added 
to the burned of depression. We came to a crisis which 
if not t^he final crisis, shows how near is capitalism to 

its end. What must we do to meet this opportunity 
and give hope again to a despairing world? 

ij'irst we must hold up the vision of a classless 
society from which war, poverty, insecurity and ex- 
ploitation will be banished. Such a vision is not 
Utopian. In a world blessed with abundant natural 
resources and marvelous machinery, poverty is as ab- 
surd as it is cruel. It is due only to a chaotic, prolit- 
mad capitalism in which our resources and great in- 
dustries are operated for the gain of absentee owners 
and not for the use of the great mass of morkers with 
hand and brain on the farms and in the offices, factories 
and schools of America. Above all things we need a 
new and revolutionarily different philosophy and loyal- 
ty to remake our world into a federation of cooperative 
commonwealths instead of a chaos of quarreling na- 
tions, suspicious races and contending classes. Ihe 
more complete is the acceptance of this revolutionary 
philosophy the sooner tjhe class struggle will end m the 
victorious establishment of a classless society. Kings 
and economic potentates do not fight their own battles; 
they fool, coerce or cajole the workers to fight against 
their own comrades and their own interests. 

Second, we must offer a program m line with our 
philosophy for meeting the desperate needs of our 
time, for relieving the misery of tthe unemployed and 
averting war. We can justly point with pride to the 
justification that time has given our opposition to war, 
and our demands since the peace that was no peace. 
This year we must present a well thought out Socialist 
opportunities program in our platform, whi^h backed 
by a strong party and strong unions can achieve So- 
cialism in our time.' , , -^ t^- 
Third, we must build our party and do it now. it 
is on this side of our triangle where we ,have been 
weakest. Our four year program above all must be a 
program to build an intelligent, aggressive party al- 
ways on the job. We must show the workers, yes and 
those of the middle class who can transcend short- 
sighted class interest for the sake of plenty, peace, and 
freedom, that there is no neutrality in the struggle 
before us, that drift is drift to disaster, that the heirs 
of the noblest American traditions of democracy and 
freedom betray their heritage if they stay in the two 
old parties with no difference between them but claim 
for office. We can get plenty of hearers. We must 
make them also believers. The hope of the world is 

CAPITALISM'S PRAYER." Oh God, curb my appetite if you must but don't take it all away from me. 


Socialist Milwaukee Points the Way 

By Daniel W. Hoan 

Mayor of Milwaukee 

its present leader- 
ship in municipal 
administration and so- 
cial welfare activities 
to the existence of a 
militant Socialist party 
with a definite pro- 
gram of municipal pro- 
gress that commands 
the confidence and sup- 
port of labor org-aniza- 
tions and public-spirit- 
ed civic associations. 

Without the untiring 
devotion of the Socialist 
party to the cause of 
good government Mil- 
waukee could not have 
lifted itself above the 
class of corrupt and 
mismanaged cities and 
attained the command- 
ing position it now oc- 
cupies. The Socialists 
have given Milwaukee 
a civic heart and a civic 

The Socialist par^y 
of Milwaukee came in- 
to being in 1897. Victor 
L. Berger planted t^e 
seed that slowly took 
root in the hearts of 
idealists, who, had the 
vision and courage to 
enlist in the movement 
for a new social order. 
It took many years 
of self-sacrificing ef- 
fort to carry on the 
educational work neces- 
sary for the enlighten- 
ment of the masses of 
workers and for the 

workers built in Socialist Vienna. 

development of the party to a position where it could 
emerge as a political factor. 

Milwaukee's city and county governments were 
reekmg with corruption. Many old party politicians 
were mdicted for crimes ranging all the way from 
bribery, extortion, financial interest in contracts, pay- 
ing and absconding money, down to stealing a horse! 
Most of them were found guilty. Like crooked poli- 
ticians m other cities, they were all Democrats, Repu- 
blicans or so-called non-partisans. There was not a 
Socialist among the lot. The fact is no Socialist has 
ever been indicted anywhere for graft or corruption 
m public office. We hand all such honors to men of 
other political faiths. 

In 1910 the time was ripe for a radical change. 
The Socialists had developed enough strength and 
leadersihip, and had shown sufficient capacity for con- 
structive service to furnish real competition to the two 
old parties. The people rallied around the Socialist 
banner and with a mighty protest vote elected the en- 
tire city ticket and a majority of the aldermen. 

The new regime promptly took the $ sign out of 
politics and substituted the word SERVICE. An earnest 
effort was made to undo the mistakes and bad practices 
of the past. Cbrruption was dealt a death blow. 
Since 1910 Milwaukee has won a national and inter- 

national reputation foi 
clean government, the 
absence of crime, the 
wiping out of vicious- 
ness, leaderSjhip in de- 
partmental service and 
for its sound financial 

The answer to this 
question is of prime im- 
portance. When local 
government is corrupt 
people lose confidence 
not only in govern- 
ment but in banks. In 
other large cities where 
city governments are 
either corrupt or bank- 
rupt, they have had 
from 12 to 70 bank fail- 
ures. There have been 
6,000 bank failures in 
the past ten years. In 
Milwaukee only one 
small bank had to be 
closed and we are as- 
sured that in this case 
the depositors will 
eventually receive back 
all their money. 

Capitalistic news- 
papers in ot^her cities 
generally give the cred- 
it for clean-up of poli- 
tics in Milwaukee to 
the Socialist officials. 
In Milwaukee capitalist 
newspapers claim it is 
due to the partisan 
"balance" existing in 
our local government. 
That is to say, they 
admit that because we 
have had some Social- 
ists in office who could constantly keep on eye on the 
other fellows we could stop them from stealing and 
becoming corrupt. By this statement they admit that 
the Socialist party can nominate officials who not only 
stay straght and (honorable in the performance of their 
public duties but that they can be trusted to keep a 
close watch on alleged non-partisan officials to prevent 
the return of the corruption of the old days. 

Why is it that the Socialist party can guarantee 
that the officials it endorses will go straight in govern- 

First of all, it consists of working people and all 
others who want the city kept clean and who demand 
good government. The party keeps a constant c^eck 
on its officials and insists that they go straight or step 
out. Any other city can clean up its Augean Stables 
by supporting the Socialist party. 

In the second place, one of the foremost planks of 
the Socialist party is the public ovmership of public 
utilities. Any man or woman who subscribes to this 
plank is anxious to demonstrate that government is a 
fair and honest employers and is fully capable of own- 
ing and managing all of the public utilities in the in- 
terest of the common citizenry. 

In t,he third place, the Socialist party looks for- 

(Continued on page 50) 


Socialists and Trade Unionists 

By James Oneal 
Editor, The New Leader 

THE modern working class is the crea- 
tion of the capitalist system of pro- 
duction. Its first reaction to capital- 
ism is the organization of societies to take 
care of the sick and to bury the dead. As 
capitalist production develops and the shop 
stage is left behind these societies become 
organizations of combat. They may carry 
over some of the benevolent features of the 
early societies but the struggle against ex- 
ploitation, to increase wages and shorten 
hours, transforms the society into a class 
organization of wage workers. 

The trade union, precisely because of 
its class composition, is a potential revolu- 
tionary organization that is ranged against 
the capitalist system. It cannot realize 
even its immediate aims without coming 
into conflict with the capitalist employers. 
If it is drawn into a conference with a 
group of employers to consider wages and 
working hours the conflict of interests 
emerges in the negotiations which often 
reveal a bitterness on both sides. If an 
agreement is reached it is a truce, not a 
permanent peace, a truce that may later 
give way to a bitter struggle between the 
organized workers and the employing capi- 
talist class. Tjhus a unon exhibits all the 
phases of a class struggle. 

Long experience in fighting for better 
conditions also reveals that the governing 
powers favor the owners of capital. Out 
of this experience comes the conviction that 
the organized workers cannot afford to be 
neutral in politics. As they fight for them- 
selves in industry so they must extend the 
struggle to the political field, win govern- 
ing powers for their class as a protection 
for tjhem in the industrial struggle. Thus 
a two-armed movement of the working 
class emerges out of the capitalist system 
of production. 

This has been the history of the organization of 
the workers in all the nations of the world except in 
the United States. The American trade unions as a 
whole lack consciousness of their mission. From this 
point of view they are still in that stage of immaturity 
through which trade unions in other countries passed 
in the seventies and eighties. 

In the meantime industry is stricken with partial 
paralysis and the trade unions face the gravest crisis 
in their history. Most of them organized upon the 
basis of trade skill find mass production invading the 
great industry like a vast flood, washing away the 
very foundations for skill and organizations of the 
skilled. Trade organization is ever more difficult to 
fit into mass production. The trade union tends to 
crumble when facing the heavy artillery of the great 
industry t,hat reduces all skills to a mass of undifferen- 
tiated labor. 

This is not theory. It is a factual interpretation 
of what has been happening for many years. It is in 
the great industries where the trade union has disap- 
peared or is disappearing and it is in these industries 
that the company unions are most numerous and most 
powerful. The quarrel between some twenty odd 
unions over members as the workers responded to the 
call for the great steel strike in 1919 shows that the 
old type of union organization, adapted to an earlier 
form of industry, is not adapted to the needs of work- 
ers in the great industries of mass production. 

Drawn by Jerger 
Capitalism's Angel of Death 

Wages are being slashed and most unions are being 
compelled to make concessions to the employing class. 
Taking advantage of the terrible unemployment situa- 
tion, the employers are proclaiming the "open shop." 
Union members are assessing themselves to provide 
for unemployed members. There is no general unem- 
ployment insurance legislation to assist the jobless and 
the whole weight of unemployment relief is in part 
met by the workers t^hemselves, supplemented by the 
degrading doles of the rich. 

Capitalism is going through severe convulsions 
and the labor unions face new problems that require 
a recasting of old views and venturing upon new and 
more fruitful policies. The fact that the organized 
workers support no party of their own in these days 
of frightful distress is humiliating. Their enemies oc- 
cupy the seats of power in Congress, the legislatures 
and in the city governments, with workers and their 
families actually starving while the Federal Govern- 
ment neglects them and feeds large sums of money 
in the form of loans to great corporations. 

The organized workers should lead the masses, in- 
spire them with the spirit of labor solidarity, formulate 
programs adequate to the needs of the jobless and the 
hungry, and awaken the fighting spirit against gigantic 
wrongs. Capitalism is shutting us up in a wage system 
tihat fails to function. It is a hideous mockery, a 
miserable failure, and members of the trade unions 
(Continued on page 50) 

The Cooperative Movement Today 

By J. P. Warbasse 
President^ The Cooperative League of ike United States 

SINCE its beginning in 1844, the consumers' co- 
operative movement has continued without reces- 
sion to grow and develop. In good times and hard 
times, in peace and in war, its expansion throughout 
the world has proceded uninterruptedly. 

In forty-two countries the national federations of 
their cooperative organizations, numbering 230,000 
societies with 70,000,000 members, are united in the 
International Cooperative Alliance. This international 
union has been in operation without interruption for 
thirty-eight years. It is t^he only international organ- 
ization that was not destroyed by the war. Its con- 
gresses represent a true league of nations. 

The consumers' cooperative movement goes on 
developing skill in performing the useful functions, 
such as are carried on by profit business, and training 
millions of people in the technique of running their own 
business for serving themselves. In many lands the 
enterprises for distribution, production and service 
which the consumers own and carry on for themselves 
are the largest and most efficient of their kind in the 
country. These include distributive stores, factories, 
mills, mines, farm lands, banks, insurance societies, and 
public utilities of every lorm. 

The British movement, which began with twenty- 
eight members, now has over 6,000,000, representing 
more than one- third of the families of that country. 
Its businesses and services in many fields have sur- 
passed in capital, turnover and efficiency many of the 
largest competing profit businesses. 

The movement in Denmark, Switzerland, Czecho- 
slovakia, and several ot;her countries has excelled the 
British movement in proportion of members to popula- 
tion. Every country in the world has its growing co- 
operative movement. South Africa, New Zealand and 
Australia show an increase of cooperation similar to 
the European countries. One of the most remote, Ice- 
land, has a cooperative movement which is steadily 
supplanting capitalist commerce; 
more than one half of the business 
of that country is carried on by the 
cooperative societies. 

In Switzerland the cheapest 
and most efficient electric power 
for the consumers is that supplied 
by the cooperative consumers' so- 
cieties. In Sweden the largest and 
most efficient flour mills are own- 
ed by the federation of consumers' 
societies whose members use the 

In many countries these so- 
cieties in their conflicts with the 
big trusts are winning signal vic- 
tories which are demonstrating 
production, distribution and service 

The Dole Line 

by the consumers as being more efficient than profit 

The movement in the United States is making 
substantial progress. During the past decade, this 
has been chiefly in quality rather than quantity. The 
movement is developing on a sound basis. Educa- 
tion and training are emphasized. Understanding 
of cooperative technique, history, aims and philoso- 
phy are widespread among all classes. A more secure 
and substantial movement exists than at any time. 

In this country are 2,500 distributive societies. A 
recent development is the formation of over 500 so- 
cieties among the farmers for supplying gasoline and 
other motor requirements. These organizations are 
already federating and going into production. 

Cooperative housing in this country is particularly 
successful. In New York City are more than a score 
of such cooperatives in which working people are 
t,heir own landlords who have made themselves the 
owners of more than $20,000,000 worth of property. 

Cooperative banking is also making steady pro- 
gress. The insurance societies are demonstrating 
noteworthy success. While capitalistic wholesales are 
failing, the cooperative wholesales are at least con- 
tinuing to supply their member societies. 

Since 1916 the societies in the United States have 
been moving toward solidarity. The Cooperative 
League is the national union which is affiliated to the 
International Alliance. Its member societies are the 
most substantial in t^he country. Failures among them 
are rare. Even outside of The League, the failures 
of cooperative societies are comparatively fewer than 
in profit business. 

Cooperative societies and their members naturally 
suffer from the general economic depression. This is 
particularly so where the members are employed in 
profit business as is most generally the case. Where 
members are employed by coope- 
rative societies and where those 
societies are providing their mem- 
bers with the essential things of 
life, the working conditions are 
best and employment is most secure. 
As cooperation develops and 
encroaches more and more upon 
the profit method of business, the 
economic life is stabilized and made 
more secure. This is a fact which 
all countries are learning. Co- 
operation in action in these dis- 
tressing times is holding up to the 
world an example of the pract- 
icability of the service motive in 
industry and the superiority of the 
cooperative method whereby the 
people train themselves to supply 
their own needs. 

The Darkest Crime 

By William M. Feigenbaum 

UN E M - 
i s t h e 
darkest crime 
of Capitalism. 

The men 
■and women 
who have built 
up the most 
glittering civil- 
ization in all 
history have to 
suffer from 
uncertainty of 
their future 
and even of 
their lives. 
Capital ism 
normially con 
sists of cycles 
of dreadful 
overw'ork for 
those who do 
its work, and 
of no work at 
all when they 
have done 
their work too 

The most 
ludicrous fea- 
ture of Capi- 
talism is the 

fact that men and women starve in the midst of plenty, 
that at the very time the breadlines are lengthening 
vast quantities of food and other necessities of life 
are being destroyed in order to keep prices up. Pros- 
perity for some depends upon distress for others. Pro- 
gress and improvement in the machinery of production, 
necessarily spell disaster to millions. 

There is little the matter with our machinery of 
production. There is something terribly the matter 
With our machinery of distribution. It can be sum- 
med up in two words: the PROFIT SYSTEM. 

One of the most amazing features of Capitalism 
has been the multiplication of labor-saving devices. 
From the loom and the spinning-machines through the 
railroad and the steamboat to the typesetting machine, 
the teletype, the sound-film, and the innumerable ap- 
plications of electricity, Capitalism ihas benefitted by 
the saving of human labor. 

Modern efficiency has been an inexhaustible gold 
mine to those who are divinely placed by virtue of the 
ownership of pieces of paper to reap the benefits of 
the modem machinery. 

Modern efficiency has become an unmitigated 
curse to the men and women who do the work of the 

Under capitalism;. . . . under the profit-system, un- 
employment is inevitable. For the employer who thinks 
in terms of human beings rather than in terms of profits 
is shoved to the wall. 

Only under Socialism can there be a permanent 
solution of the problem of unemployment, because 

FOR THE NEEDS OF HUMANITY, after which those 
who have created the world's wealth will be in position 
to enjoy what they have created. 

Tihose who are unemployed, those who are hungry, 
those for whom the future is black cannot, however, 
wait for Socialism. 

There is something to be done NOW. 
, We do not want to depend upon the aid of our 
neighbors, who may be as badly off as we are. We do 

After banking hours. 

Drawn, by Irving D. Hoffman 

not want to be satisfied with a miserable existence on 
starvation wages, or a spot to peddle apples. 

Socialists demand that a new principle be establish- 
ed, and at once, the principle of SOCIAL RESPON- 

Those who are suffering, those for whom the future 
is black are not responsible for their plight. Once 
upon a time the late Theodore Roosevelt sneered that 
there are many people who are "unemployable." Not 
even the most bitter enemy of humanity dares fling 
that sneer at the unfortunates any more. 

Society is responsible; WE DEMAND that Society 
face the issue. 

There are the exploiters who have waxed fat on 
the unbelievable productivity of the social system. LET 
THEM SUFFER NOW, if need be, 


That the states and the nation recognize the fact 
that society is responsible for the welfare of every 
man and woman in the country. 

That there be a comprehensive system of unem- 
ployment insurance, not as a dole or as a charity but 
as a right earned by those who created the wealth of 
the world and who should now be permitted to be enjoy- 
ing leisure they themselves ,have won. 

That in all government expenditures human wel- 
fare come first and that it be preferred at all times 
and under all circumstances to profits, to interest and 
dividends, and especially to war preparations. 

That the unemployed be officially recognized as 
a part of the nation with a special interest of their 
own, to be preferred to all other classes during the 
present distress. 

Already the unemployed are organizing. Already 
in many cities the Socialists have organized many of 
the unemployed in councils, so that their demands 
may be heard and so that they will be treated af 
human beings and not as objects of bitter charity 
The unemployed situation is a vivid picture of Capital- 
ism in all its hideousness. Against Capitalism af 
breeder of unemployment, Socialists wage unrelent^ 
ing war. 

The "Red Cross" of the 
Labor Movement 

By Mary Fuller 

AS a result of the numerous pitiful stories of con- 
ditions in the West Virginia coal field, a com- 
mittee was organized in 1924 by t^he League for 
Industrial Democracy in conjunction with the American 
Civil Liberties Union to investigate the situation and 
tind out practical ways of help. This was the nucleus 
of the Emergency Committee for Strikers Relief and 
was the start of sending clothing and money to work- 
ers m coal regions, textile centers and other places 
where industrial conflicts arose. The Civil Liberties 
union presently withdrew, leaving the Emergency Com- 
mittee under the sponsorship of the L.I.D. 

The committee has since functioned as "Labor 
Ked Cross," collecting money and sending relief to 
the workers who were making these courageous strug- 
gles. The list of sympathizers who have made this 
possible has reached to-date fifteen thousand. Con- 
tnbutions have ranged from a postage stamp to $500. 
They have come from people to whom ten cents is a 
serious sacrifice. Men living on old age pensions have 
sent a mite; a mountain hermit, living on beans and 
corn meal, contributed too. In response to the vigorous 
appeals sent as occasions arose by Norman Thomas, 
Chairman of the Committee from its inception, money 
has come from every state in the Union, from Canada, 
Mexico, Honolulu, and England. 

Jn 1926, relief was still greatly needed in the coal 
lields, while in Passaic, 10,000 men and women were 
involved m a strike which became famous for the un- 
usual brutality of the police. Thomas was among 
those taken to jail. $37,000 was raised for Passiac, a 
large part being used to furnish milk to strikers' chil- 
dren. Speakers were sent week after week to encour- 
age and support the workers. 

The next year a strike of the Paper Box Makers 
took place m New York; a short and bitter struggle. 
Kelief was sohcited and given to these men and women. 
Coal strikes were fairly universal in 1928. Colo- 
rado, Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania 
were the chief centers of conflict. As much as $60,000 
was contributed for the relief of these many miners 
and, m certain districts of Pennsylvania, the services 
o± a physician were obtained to give much needed 
medical care. 

Intolerable conditions forced the textile workers 
m New England and the South to make their protest 
Assistance of $2,500 was given to New Bedford mill 
strikers in 1928. The following year found the mill 
people ^ m Elizabethtown, Tennessee, revolting. The 
Gastoma tragedy took place. The "Marion Massacre" 
±ollowed immediately after. The Committee sent in- 
vestigators to the South; also $20,000 with numerous 
bundles of clothing. The strike in Marion was called 
by the Union only after the United Textile Workers' 
representative had telephoned to New York and asked 
T?Jn^?^^^^ Committee if relief would be available. 
^ 19d0 brought matters to a climax in Danville, Vir- 
ginia; simultaneously a critical situation arose in the 
mines of West Virginia. The Emergency Committee 
came to the rescue in both places wit,h funds and cloth- 
mg.^ Danville received about $7,000. When last sum- 
mer s evictions made a tent colony necessary in West 
Virginia, the Committee bought tents and helped these 
people set up their meager housekeeping in them, 
bteady relief has been sent to them, $20,000 havine- 
been transmitted to date. 

The Pittsburgh miners and AJlentown strikers 
received help during 1931 which was collected and 
distributed by a Socialist Party committee, to which 
the Emergency Committee contributed $500. 

In the winter of 1932, when New York saw 
perhaps a million people out of work, the Inter- 
national Ladies Garment Workers had the courage to 
"^TI^ ^rr^^^ involving 20,000 workers. Representatives 
ot the Union called on Norman Thomas for assurance 


that the machinery of the Committee could be counted 
on to see them through. $1,500 was raised. The strike 
was settled speedily, the Union achieving its principa] 
demands. ^ 

_ Without a committee to investigate the conditions 
m these industrial conflicts and to make urgent re- 
quests for relief, the plight of strikers would have 
been even more desperate than it was. The American 
Ked Cross has refused to give assistance even when 
starvation and freezing were the alternatives— since 
industrial exploitation, unlike the World War, is not an 
"act of God." 

Education for the New 
Social Order 

By Harry W. Laider 
Co-direcior, League for Industrial Democracy 

THE LEAGUE for Industrial Democracy was or- ' 
ganized in 1921 with the aim of "education for a 
new social order based on production for use and 
not for profit.' It is the successor of the Intercollegiate 
bociahst Society formed in 1905 by Jack London, Upton 
bmclair, George Strobell and others. A brief outline 
of its current activities will show well it is fulfilling 
its purposes. 

During 1931, the League's lecturers, including 
Norman Thomas, Paul Blanshard, Paul Porter, Harry 
W. Laidler, Karl Borders, Mary W. Hillyer and Jack 
Herlmg, spoke at over 230 college meetings and ad- 
dressed over 400 public meetings in most of the states 
m the Union, reaching nearly 200,000 people. This is 
m addition to campaign meetings and radio programs. 
Ihe League conducted, in cooperation with local 
groups, significant lecture series on vital social prob- 
lems m 28 cities of the United States. It continued 
Its college work of organization and at the end of 
the year had student representatives in about 175 
colleges and study groups in about 130 institutions 
01 (higher learning. 

It continued to expand its popular and scientific 
pamphlet literature and to sell tens of thousands of 
copies of Its pamphlets. Its present pamphlets in- 
clude works by Thomas, Laidler, Stuart Chase, 
Abraham Epstein and Prof, John Ise. 

The work in its city chapters, during the year 
continued to expand. Its New York Chapter of over 
1000 members conducted bi-weekly radio programs on 
baturdays over a number of N. B. C. broadcasting sta- 
tions. Other city chapters exist in Philadelphia, Detroit 
and Chicago. Chapters are being formed at St. Louis, ) 
±5u±±alo, Schenectady, Syracuse, Paterson, N. J., and 
Los Angeles. 

The League held several student conferences in 
New York and Chicago and its regular June Con- 
terence at Camp Tamiment, Forest Park, Penn. and 
Waukesan, 111. 

■Yxr I* • ?f"*^i^cted considerable research work, Harry 
W Laidler's "Concentration of Control in American 
Industry, being the product of the Research Depart- 
ment of the League. 

During the summer of 1931, the League organized 
two groups of students and instructors for a six weeks' 
workers educational experiment among the mining 
camps of West Virginia and at Hopewell, Virginia. 

In cooperation with the Emergency Committee for 
btrikers Rehef, it helped to raise over $26,000 for 
distribution among the strikers of West Virginia, 
Paterson, Allertown and Lawrence. Its special num- 
bers of Unemployed and Disarm, pictorial magazines 
on unemployment and peace, edited by Edward Levin- 
son and Mary Fox, sold over 400,000 copies. 

The League has a non-college membership of 2400 
and a college membership of several thousand. From 
June 23rd to June 26th, 1932, it is holding a conference 
at Camp Tamiment on "A Socialist Plan for America." 
£?.? Chicago office is holding its conference from June 
16th to June 19th. 

The Strength of the Workmen's Circle 

By Joseph Baskin 
General Secretary, The Workmen s Circle 

WHEREIN lies the strength of the Workmen's 
Circle ? What hidden force holds together the tens 
of thousands of workingmen and workingwomen 
who belong to it? Why is their loyalty to the order 
so staunch? 

To begin with, the Workmen's Circle has from its 
very inception never indulged in phrases, never sought 
for surface effects. It devoted itself first of all to t|he 
direct material needs of the masses. The Workmen's 
Circle was created in opposition to the then existing 
Jewish and other fraternal orders. The members con- 
sisted of workers, of people who passed the whole day 
in sweatshops, where the bosses always sought to 
squeeze the very marrow out of their bones. And when 
they thought of founding an order of their own, it was 
their wish to create a place for themselves that would 
be free from alien influences^ a place where they would 
be able to speak their minds freely and vnthout hind- 
rance. They knew that when other elements were pre- 
sent, they could not enjoy the same freedom as when 
they were by themselves. And if in their material life 
and the bitter economic struggle they were forced to 
make compromises and concessions, they felt that there 
was no room for compromises in their spiritual life. 
In their own organization they could be alone and 
display their full selves. They did not fear at all that 
the name Workmen's Circle might not be popular and 
might alienate people. 

The Workmen's Circle is not a mummified dogmatic 
organization that lives only on dry and hackneyed formu- 
las, nor do we want 
the Socialist Party to 
be a dogma-bound 
organization. The 
success of our Order 
consists in this, that 
it has always march- 
ed abreast of life 
and has ever adapt- 
ed itself to the needs 
and exigencies of 
the times. 

The Workmen's 
Circle has made ex- 
periments. It began 
with a certain form 
of payments to this 
or that fund; it 
created institutions 
to meet the need of 
the movement; and 
the time came for 
changes to be made 
in these forms, and 
for fresh institutions 
to be established, 
the changes were 
carried out and the 
institutions set up. 
And when in the 
course of time cer- 
tain elements made 
their appearance in 
the Workmen's Cir- 
cle that were bent 
on destroying every- 
thing that the Amer- 
ican labor movement 
had created, the 
Workmen's Circle 
did not hesitate for 
a moment, but took 
adeliberate and 

definite stand. The Friend, official organ of the 
Workmen's Circle, declared at the time, that when 
proud flesh begins to grow on a body, one must not 
hesitate for a moment to apply the scalpel in order to 
remove the proud flesh. Accordingly, the proud flesh 
was excised; and no matter how many attacks were 
made upon the Workmen's Circle in the course of the 
years, they were always repulsed with heavy losses 
to the attackers. 

And the Workmen's Circle resumed its course. 
Again it created, again it built, seeking to extend its 
activity to all kinds of fields. It enlisted the women- 
folk, setting up a separate and virtually independent 
organization for them, which organization has become 
one of the chief assets of our Order. 

The Workmen's Circle has also begun to attract 
the younger elements to its ranks. It has organized 
youth clubs, now united into a Young Circle League, 
and has given them the means for developing their 
potential strength, for bringing to the surface the pent- 
up energies of the young who are beginning to think 
and to feel, whose leisure is devoted not only to athlet- 
ics, but also to culture, to enlightenment, to prepara- 
tion for their future role in the political and social life 
of the country. 

And because the Workmen's Circle has managed 
to combine all these things, to create useful institu- 
tions, to give its members the maximum benefits they 
need, and at the same time to retain and preserve its 
idealism pure and unalloyed, — because of all this has suc- 
ceeded in cementing 
its myriads of mem- 
bers into one power- 
ful organization, in- 
to a well-knit body. 
Every member of 
the Workmen's Cir- 
cle is therefore con- 
scious of his duty to 
work for his organ- 
ization and, if neces- 
sary, to fight for it. 
The strength of tihe 
Workmen's Circle 
lies in the collective 
love and devotion of 
the rank and file to 
their organization. 
Each member feels 
that he bears the 
responsibility; and 
whether he happens 
at the moment to be 
one of the higher of- 
ficers of the army, 
or a mere private in 
the ranks, he per- 
form.s his tasks and 
duties with the same 
conscientio u s n e s s 
and devotion. 

Happy indeed is 
an o r g a n i z a tion 
which has been able 
to create such an 
army around itself. 
And we shall all feel 
proud of the Social- 
ist Convention if it 
will create such uni- 
ty, harmony, loyal- 
ty, and discipline in 
the Socialist ranks. 

Dravm by Gan Kolski 
'Give us this day our daily bread/' 


The School of Socialism 

William E. Bohn 

Educational Director, Rand School of Social Science, 

SOCIALIST propaganda like advertising must be 
varied in manner and substance. The salesman 

must gain attention, interest, understanding, and, 
finally, must get his man, and make his sale. Winning 
people for Socialism, and keeping them won, is much 
more complex. For Socialism is not a patent medicine, 
a magic formula, a cure-all. It is as big, as compelling, 
as important, as the personality of the individual So- 
cialist permits. If a man is sold on Socialism, that is 
just the beginning. If he deepens^ his understanding 
every day of his life by activity and thought he will 
constantly increase ,his usefulness and his satisfaction. 

We are not out just to win votes. We are winning 
people for a new conception of life and the creation 
of a new world. We have more to offer them than any 
other movement in the world. Perhaps the failure with 
Which we have most reason to charge ourselves, is fail- 
ure to give our best to our new members and to wage 
workers whom we have a chance to reach. We are 
too likely to be content with superficial appeals, slo- 
gans, and catc,h-words. 

A genuine understanding can be arrived at in many 
different ways. Our fundamental appeal is to wage- 
earners, and for wage-earners the normal approach is 
through the understanding of the wage-system, the 
profit system. We tell workers that they are being 
robbed. If they will inquire when, where, how, by 
whom, by what process they are robbed, they will be led 
from their personal interests to an understanding of 
our industrial mechanism. And if from this they go 
on to discover why they are especially exposed to want 
and danger at the present time, they will arrive at an 
understanding of history, of social evolution. With 
such an understanding their allegiance to Socialism 

will be strengthened and their usefulness to our move- 
ment greatly increased. They will achieve some sense 
of the grandeur of the cyclic process in which they ai'e 
privileged" to participate, and their work to win others 
for the movement will have the depth and power which 
goes with their understanding. 

Such an understanding of life demands study. The 
deepest study involves participation, observation, the 
tracing of relations, causes, effects. Books are merely 
an aid. But there is great advantage in study which is 
directed, consecutive, purposeful. 

Such study the Socialist Party has always included 
in its plans and according to its means it has made 
practical provision for it. One of the surest signs of 
growing vitality during the past few years is the in- 
creasing number of classes formed by our local or- 
ganizations all over the country. Nearly every day 
we receive, at the Rand School, requests for help in 
starting study groups. Such requests have come from 
Florida and from British Columbia and from many 
places in between. 

Such educational work does not require elaborate 
machinery or learned leadership. It does require care- 
ful planning, wise choice of the field of study, and 
determination to devote time and energy to a project 
extending over months or years. Wherever our com- 
rades have such -wisdom and determination they can 
have a successful class in the study of Socialism. The 
Rand School is a national institution in the sense that 
it receives support from loyal comrades scattered from 
Boston to San Francisco. Its activities are necessarily 
limited by inadequate resources, but it is performing 
nothing more than its duty in offering to assist in every 
possible way any Socialist group which plans to or- 
ganize classes for the study of Socialism. 

HOOVER VILLE in St. Louis. Every large city has its "Hooverville" where the hardest hit victims of capital- 
ism cling to life in shacks or hovels they have made for themselves. 



The Finnish Socialists in America 

By W. N. Reivo 

Secretary, Finnish Federation of the Socialist Party 

THE four years since the last National 
Convention of the Socialist Party, 

have not been in any way exeptional 
in the annals of the .Finnish Language 
Federation. As is to be expected, the 
language federations are diminishing in 
influence and importance as the Party 
grovi^s and gathers members from the 
native Americans. 

While the Finnish federation has not 
materially lost members during the peri- 
od in question, neither has it gained 
much. The younger element, those born 
here of. the Finnish parents, seldom join 
the federation branches. They do, how- 
ever, join the Socialist Party direct in 
the communities where there is a party 
branch. Thus the gains that would other- 
wise be lost, are gathered in by the 
American mem^bership. Undoubtedly 
this is the case with all foreign speak- 
ing people here. Their youth do not 
follow in the footsteps of their parents 
directly, though they largely uphold the same ideals 
as their parents. 

In spite of the fact that it is rather difficult to get 
new members at the present time, owing primarily to 
the prevailing unemployment, the prestige of the Fin- 
nish Federation is now much greater than it has been 
since the split in 1920. We gain adherents in the pro- 
portion that the Communists lose them. We are reach- 
ing out again to the Middle and Western states vdth 
our paper, which gained a considerable number of new 
readers and subscribers last year, particularly among 
disillusioned Communists and others who have either 
been opposed to us or have been indifferent. 

Our active part in the Socialist Party affairs is 
negligible. We feel that the American element should 
direct and control the American labor movement in all 
its branches. No foreign element can be of great help 
to the Socialist party directly, but only by the pro- 
paganda it carries on among its own nationality. The 
time when the Socialist party was largely dominated 
by the foreign element is particularly the unhappiest 
time of the Party. However, it is for the American 
element to increase its membership so that it will 
stay in control. 

We have often been asked by the active American 
comrades, what will be the attitude of those thrown 
out of the Communist party toward the Socialist party ? 
Will they come back and again take an active part in 
the labor movement in the ranks of the Socialist party ? 
The answer is in the negative. They are not coming 
back. They are bitter toward the old labor movement. 

THE RED FLAG exercises by Socialist youth during 
the Labor Olympic games in Vienna in 1931. 

Their mind has been poisoned by the lies and perverse 
propaganda which they were fed while in the Com- 
munist movement. There are exceptions, to be sure; 
we have many erstwhile Communists now active in our 
ranks, but there has been no general return and will 
not be. And I think that only comparatively few of 
those who went to the Communist movement, are cap- 
able of understanding the failure of that movement 
and why only the Socialist party program is feasible. 

We do not look forward to a much larger mem- 
bership than we have now. And perhaps it would be a 
mistake if the youth joined us directly and stood aloof 
of the body of the Socialist Party just as the older 
element does now. 

The future of the Socialist party in America is 
in the native born stock. The days of the language 
federations are past. They will continue to live and 
function, but they should not be expected to become 
an active, virile element again. Let them have their 
own way among the immigrant population, which is 
dwindling year after year thru old age and assimila- 
tion. Let them keep up their social activities, but let 
us not ask of them more than is reasonable, as is very 
often done. 

May this national Socialist convention succeed in 
forming plans whereby the membership of the Socialist 
party will continue to grow even more that it has 
grown in the past, though even that has been gratify- 
ing to those of us who have seen the movement thru 
its various phases during the trying times of the last 
fifteen years. 


it- L. U-_— _-- 

British Socialism Regains its Strength 

By George Lansbury, M. P. 
Recent Leader in Parliament of the British Labor Party 

MY COLLEAGUES in the British Parliament join 
me in sending cordial fraternal gretings to our 
Socialist comrades in America. We hope your 
Milwaukee conference will be a great success. We are 
conscious of the difficult and trying economic condi- 
tions which beset the workers in your country, and 
earnestly hope that the masses of America and the woirld 
will learn from "the industrial chaos and ruin to which 
modern capitalism has brought them, that Sociahsm is 
the only scheme of life which can bring peace, prosper- 
ity and plenty to mankind. 

Here in Britain we are slowly but very surely 
getting through the difficulties which the desertion of 
some of our leaders brought upon us eight months ago. 
Our nearly seven million voters remain solidly with us, 
and every day adds recruits to our cause. Our Party 
is intact and is solidly with us. There is no depression, 
no despair in our ranks, but a calm, certain confidence 
that time and the economic and moral forces which 
silently and surely move the world, are pushing man- 
kind along the road to Socialism, without regard to the 
action or inaction of leaders who fail to stay the course 
and who, on the day of battle go over to the enemy. 

We fifty Labor men who carry the flag of Social- 
ism in the House of Commons, are faced by a huge 
party of five hundred and sixty-five led by o^i^ late 
leader. This combination has no common bond ot 
unity e X c ei p t its 
hatred of Socialism, 
We may at this 
moment say with 
truth that reaction 
is in control of Bri- 
tain and that the 
men who govern us 
gained their posi- 
tion by a campaign 
of distortion and 
m i s r ,e p r e s entation 
such as our elector- 
al fights have sel- 
dom, if ever, wit- 
nessed before. 

Their victory is 
sure to be short- 
lived. Such methods 
in any walk of life 
bring only Dead Sea 
[frujit — ^and this is 
the case with the 
present government. 
Their policy has al- 
ready failed. All the 
money - market 
scheming and gam- 
bling has availed 
our people just noth- 
ing at all. On or 
off the Gold Stan- 
dard has been all 
the same to them. 

McDonald (building 
that job's done." 

Wages and salaries all have been reduced. All our 
social services and unemployment payments have been 
severely curtailed. Our budget balances. In spite o± 
all this, poverty stalks abroad in what were formerly 
our great industrial centres. With an almost unlimited 
power of production, with an abundance of raw mate- 
rial, the only policy the present ramshackle Govern- 
ment can adopt is one of tariff restrictions and reduced 
consumption. In the midst of a world crammed full 
of goods and enormous unused natural resources, and 
multitudes of unemployed workers, this Government, 
called to office to save the nation, simply falls back 
on a discredited policy of economic nationalism which 
leaves our people worse off than before. 

Consequently our minds are more than ever fixed 
on Socialism. We will continue the work of social 
service— such as work or maintenance for the unem- 
ployed, pensions for widows, orphans, the aged and in- 
firm, better education, housing and health services, 
etc ■ but our major effort is to make Socialists. The 
past fortv years have been spent in creating our organ- 
ization and our great Party machinery. We shall use 
this in an ever-increasing effort to secure a majority 
at the next election for pure and simple Socialism, 
There is no other road for us to tread. 

We know that Socialism cannot be imposed on our 
people either from above or from below. We understand 
^ ^ that our task may 

be a long and dif- 
ficult one to accom- 
plish. We pin our 
faith to political der 
mocracy, believing 
that circumstances, 
conditions and our 
propaganda will en- 
able people to see 
the truth. We are 
also certain that 
however difficult 
our task may be, 
there is no other 
road along which the 
workers can travel 
out of the competi- 
tive abyss into which 
what is described as 
human progress has 
plunged them. All 
the same, we have 
faith and confidence 
in ourselves and our 
fellow men and wom- 
en. We are fighting 
against man-made 
conditions, Whait 
man has made, man 
can and will undo. 
Because of this faith 
we greet today and 
tomorrow with a 
cheer, quite certain 

T^ u wn 1-1,.=,^^ that we shall see our 

Drawn by Will Dyson . , 

"Thank God victory if we toil 

his platform). "Thank God 


and faint not. 

German Workers and the United States 

by Otto Wels 
Chairman, SociaUDemocrattc Party of Germany 

NEVER have we 
European S o - 
cialists missed 
the existence of a 
strong and influen- 
zal Socialist move- 
ment in the United 
States so much as 
at the present time. 
For we all feel that 
there can be no 
hope from tho^e 
parties which at the 
present time are 
contending for pow- 
er in the United 
States for the solu- 
tion of world prob- 
lems, political and 

The economic 
crisis has severely 
affected our conti- 
nent, and particular- 
ly our country, 
Which lies in the 
heart of Europe, As 
the committee of 
experts at Basle has 
made perfectly clear, 
full one third of 
German economic 
life is practically 
extinguished. These 
facts and others, ex- 
press themselves in 
the formidable fig- 
ures of about 7,000,000 unemployed this winter 


No More War 


despair which has gripped the needy masses is being 
taken advantage of by the parties of the extreme right 
and left in their unscrupulous attacks, particularly 
against the Social-Democratic Party and against the 
Socialist trade unions. Under no circumstances would 
German Fascism under the leadership of the charlatan 
Adolf Hitler have grown so strong and dangerous were 
it not for the cruel pressure and the continuance of 
the economic crisis. It really is amazing that the 
Republic has been able to weather the winter without 
civil war and chaos. For this thanks in the first place 
is due to the political schooling, discipline, cool-headed- 
ness and devotion of those millions of workers who re- 
mained true to the Social Democracy. At the moment 
of greatest danger when everyone thought that it was 
impossible to curb the advance of Fascism in Germany, 
the Republican Schutzbund, the Reichsbanner, together 
with the workers' sports alUances, formed an '*Iron 
Front" and accepted the challenge against the immi- 
nent danger of reactionary dictatorship and by support- 
ing the Hindenburg candidacy in the recent elections 
brought about the first substantial defeat of Hitler. 

However we are not deceiving ourselves. We know 
that the Fastist peril will not be really overcome until 
a decided improvement in economic conditions begins. 
The longer the economic recovery takes, just so much 
more difficult will it be for us to successfully defend 
the republican constitution and the rights of the work- 
ing class. Precisely on these grounds do we impatiently 
await the political decision which must form the basis 
for such a recojvery. By this I mean, above all, the 
necessity for cancellation of all reparations and debts, 
without which the world cannot emerge from its pre- 
sent crippling condition of insecurity and of interna- 

tional tension. 

The Hoover 
moratorium w a, s 
proclaimed instantly 
because German life 
was on the brink of 
general collapse. It 
saved Europe from 
Immediate chaos, but 
brought no improve- 
ment worth talking 
about, above all not 
in Germany. The 
Hoover declaration 
certainly was a meri- 
torious step, but was 
no solution. A real 
solution is the press- 
ing need of the mo- 
ment. The longer it 
takes, the more cer- 
tain is it that it will 
work out imperfect- 
ly. It is a well 
known phenomenon 
and it must con- 
stantly be reitera- 
ted, that in all di- 
seases of the human 
body, such as cancer, 
a timely operation 
which nips the 
growth in the bud 
could save the pa- 
tient, but the longer 
one waits for sur- 
gical intervention, 
the more doubtful are the chances of success. 

Our opponents in Germany have been attributing 
all of the ills of the world to "Marxism." To this we 
can reply with a twofold example.— Italy and the Unit- 
ed States. Both in Italy, where Marxism has been 
rooted out, and in the United States, where the Social- 
ist movement has as yet had little influence on political 
and economic thought, the economic crisis is hardly 
less overwhelming than in Germany. To be sure there 
is this difference, that we in Germany, thanks to our 
Parliamentary and trade union strength, have created 
social legislation which saved the proletarian victims 
from the worst effects of the capitalistic economic crisis. 
But we do not like to make use of the argument of 
the slight influence of Socialism in the United States. 
It would please us much more if we could point to the 
fact that in the new world the Socialist movement had 
also become a vital force. And yet it seems to me that 
it isn't so far fetched to say that the opportunity ot a 
powerful upward swing for Socialism in America seems 
more favorable because of the economic crisis. 

The illusion of capitalist prosperity through w;hich 
in previous years even American workers had permitted 
themselves to be deceived and used as tools for the 
Capitalist parties has been fearfully shattered. The^e 
bitter lessons must bring about the amikemng of the 
working classes of the United States. Therein lies the 
great and portentious task of the Socialist Party m 

If the world crisis can serve to enlighten the mass- 
es and at the same time help American Sociahsm to 
the important position which, in the interests of the 
world labor movement it ought to have, it will at 
least have had that propitious and useful effect. 





i :; 

A Message from the International 

By Emil Vandervelde 
President of the Labor and Socialist International 

IN the midst of the many preoccupations which at 
this time press upon the Socialists of Europe, I send 
our American comrades gathered at Milwaukee, the 
greeting of the Socialist and Labor International. 

The time is past when the many groups of workers 
in the United States can believe in the possibility of 
maintaining the advantages which their exceptional 
situation assured them unless they build a great labor 
party independent of the machines of the two old 

You have always, comrades, and with admirable 
perseverance, made strong efforts to build in the Unit- 
ed States a solid Socialist party intimately bound up 
with the other sections of the International, 

It is in the name of the International that I send 
you heartiest wishes for success in the new struggle 
that you are entering upon. 

From a superficial observation one might believe 
that in Europe our cause is in a slump. Save for the 
smaller countries of the west and the north and indeed 
in Spain, Socialism recently — in Great Britain and 
Germany has ^ met with serious setbacks. There is 
not one of the great powers that has not at its head 

a conservative or fascist government. In proportion 
as the economic decomposition of capitalism grows 
more grave, the frightened bourgeois turn to every 
means, of force or of corruption, to battle the masses 
and beat down their efforts toward deliverance. 

But nonetheless, signs of recovery are to be seen. 
In Germany, the presidential elections have taken from 
the Hitlerites any hope of succeeding with force j and 
furthermore, close upon their recent electoral success, 
their own parliamentary action can only have the ef- 
fect of rapidly discrediting them. 

In Great Britain a recent by-election, which re- 
turned our friend Greenwood to the House, is a clear 
proof that the English workers are recovering. In 
France, the elections of the 1st and the 8th of May 
showed a genuine victory for our Socialist comrades. 

But more than ever, it is important that on both 
sides of the Atlantic a balance of Socialist forces spring 
from your progress and your victories. 

It is with the hope that very soon the workers of 
the United States will achieve the success merited by 
their spirit of struggle and sacrifice, that I send you, 
comrades, our sincere best wishes. 

From Parties in Other Lands 


By James Maxton, M. P. 
Chairman, British Independent Labor Party 

PERMIT me on behalf of the Independent Labor 
Party in the British House of Commons to con- 
vey my good wishes to the convention of the So- 
cialist party of America. 

The capitalist countries of the world are facing 
great difficulties for which no capitalist solution has 
been found. Ten of millions of workers are unemploy- 
ed and hundreds of millions are in dire poverty. 

The difficulties of capitalism pro- 
vide the opportunity for Socialism 
and I hope that just as the capitalists 
of America have led the world in re- 
cent years in the important develop- 
ments of their system, the Socialists 
of America will assume a place at the 
head of the workers* struggle. 

form of social insurance, the reductions in wages and 
the intolerable contrast of privation in the midst of 
plenty should awaken the workers and all _ men and 
women with a social conscience to a determination to 
plan and establish a new system of society — Socialism. 

The tragic fact about the present situation is that 
the old system of capitalism is failing more rapidly 
than the will to create a new system of Socialism is 

This is a challenge to Socialists everywhere and 
I hope that the devotion and ability of American So- 
cialists will be equal to the task despite the heavy 
obstacles which face them. Socialists everywtiere are 
looking to a vast increase in the Socialist vote in Amer- 
ica as an indication that its workers are learning the 
lessons of their terrible experiences of the last year. 

By A. Fenner Brockway 
Independent Labor Party 

I AM glad to extend greetings to the 
Socialist Party of the United Sta- 
tes meeting in national conven- 

All over the world we are now 
witnessing the collapse of capitalism. 
No country is suffering more from its 
failure than the United States. The 
terrible scourge of unemployment, un- 
relieved in the United States, by any 

The Face of Fascism 



By Johannes Man 

Social Democratic Party of the 

Free City of Danzig 

THE Socialist working class of the 
Free City of Danzig, which at 
this time is engaged in the keen- 
est defensive campaign against its 
reactionary regime, sends your con- 
vention heartiest greetings. Our wish 
is that you may succeed in strength- 
ening your movement, and that on 
one of the most difficult fronts of the 
Socialist International, you may con- 
tinue to labor for the ascendency of 
true democracy and for the victory 
of the working class. 

By W. E. Small 
Secretary, Independent Labor Party of Manitoba 

AT the meeting" of the General Executive of the In- 
dependent Labor Party of Manitoba held March 
15, I was instructed to extend greetings to your 
organization from our Party here when you meet in 
Convention in May. We wish you every success in 
your fight this year in the Presidential Campaign 
knowing the struggle you have ahead of you. 

We are just launching our campaign in Manitoba 
for the Provincial elections, having nominated six can- 
didates to contest the ten seats in Winnipeg. There 
are ten to be elected from Winnipeg as a whole and we 
have the proportional representation system in force 
here. At present we have three labor representatives 
and hope to double the number for the next House. 


By T ANG Leang-li 

Author of **The Inner History of the Chinese 

THE Chinese Revolution is as yet unfinished, but it 
should be realized that it did not start in earnest 

until after the reorganization of the Kuomintang 
in 1924. Revolutionary propaganda among the peas- 
ants, workers and soldiers has been made possible only 
by the spread of popular education which, in spite of 
nearly two decades of political chaos and practically 
no Government assistance, increased the literacy rate 
from 1 per cent in 1910 to 15 per cent in 1928, rising 
to 50 per cent in some provinces. 

Moral casualties occur in every revolutionary 
movement, but the meaning of the National Revolu- 
tion is gradually being realized by the masses, and 
the betrayal of the Three Principles by the mandarins 
and the militarists will therefore have only a passing 

Moreover, in China the acknowledged leaders of 
the people are the intellectuals, the depositaries of 
revolutionary tradition. The progressive industrial- 
ization of the country is everywhere breaking down 
the spirit of provincialism and parochialism, and if 
feuda.H militarism and foreign privjilege still i:-eign 
supreme in Qhina, the new social and political con- 
sciousness among the masses has sounded their death- 


By Antony Ponseca 
Secretary^ Labor Party of Colombia, S. A. 

TOGETHER with all the members of the Labor 
Party of Colombia, I hail and greet everyone who 
has worked for the unification and solidarity of this 
great party of ours. The victory of our great cause 
throughout the United States of America, will mean 
not only for the whole world, but in particular for all 

the Latin American countries, a new era of prosperity 
and power. 

The complete victory of the Socialist Party 
throughout the world will forever bring happiness and 
contentment to all those who have performed their 
duties to the best of their ability. Opportunity now 
knocks at our door. Let us join forces to give a 
mighty blow to despotism and slavery which, in past 
years, have been imposed upon the masses of humanity. 


By M. Gerson 
For the Independent Socialist Party of Poland 

IN sending heartiest greetings to the convention of 
the Socialists of America, I am expressing the earn- 
est hope of many thousands of workers in Poland 
that vour fight during the coming presidential election 
may begin a new era in the American Socialist move- 

Since the end of the War the American Dollar has 
been the almighty, all-pervading Supreme Being of the 
international capitalist class, and Ford and Rockefeller 
the prophets of the new Faith. The eyes of all capital- 
ists were eagerly turned to your Continent, where a 
new religion came into being, where the arch-angels 
of PROSPERITY were to banish forever the evil spirits 
of Socialism, poverty and unemployment. 

The miracle hoped for by the bourgeoisie of all 
nations, that their fortunes should be built by satisfied 
workers, by workers who asked for no unemployment 
insurance, no old-age pensions, no protection of any 
kind from the State — that dream seemed to have been 
realised by the genius of American capitalists. 

But the romantic attachment of the lion and the 
lamb could not withstand the cold blast of capitalist 
reality. When the crisis came, the new Fordism threw 
off its mask and the old, familiar grin of brutal ex- 
ploitation appeared to the world. The shooting of 
workers at the Ford plant was very much like the 
shooting of workers in Czarist Russia, and the liberty 
of labor organizations under Fordism and under Fascism 
seemed strangely related to each other. 

We are now witnessing the collapse of super- 
capitalism in the most super -capitalistic country of the 
world. When the teeming millions of American work- 
ers, instead of remaining silent and suffering witnesses 
of the process, change into active accusers and fighters, 
the triumph of international Socialism will be near. 


By LoTAR Radeceanu 

For the Social-Democratic Party of Roumania 

WE ARE following your campaign with the greatest 
interest and are with you in spirit at your con- 
vention deliberations. The world-wide political im- 
portance of American Socialism has grown to such 
proportions that the political ascent of the American 
working class would have far reaching consequences 
for the proletariat of Europe, and especially for those 
countries which are still groaning under the oppressive 
burden of reaction. 

From all we hear of your struggles, you are at the 
point of clearing the way for the ascendency of Social- 
ism now also in America. The hope of the future and 
the proletarian solidarity of the Roumanian workers 
accompanies you in this campaign, which you are pur- 
suing not alone for the proletariat of America but for 
the international world proletariat as well 


Greetings from Across the Seas 


By Thorvald Stauning 
Prime Minister of Denmark 

I SEND the convention of the Socialist 
Party of America the most hearty greet- 
ings of the Social-Democratic Party of 

Our party has always been strongly 
interested in the international cooperation 
both of nations and of the labor and Social- 
ist movements of the nations of the world. 
Cooperation and solidarity is what man- 
kind wants at this time, where capitalist 
chaos is threatening to ruin both the "new" 
and the "old" world. 

First and foremost the working class 
both in the towns and in the rural districts 
must understand the immense importance 
of solidarity, nationally and internationally. 
I am glad to be able to tell our com- 
rades in the United States that the Danish 
workers have fully understood the truth of 
these words. During the war as well as 
after the war they have preserved the unity 
of their trade-unions and of .their political 
movement. All endeavours to split up the 
movement have been repelled, and owing 
to this the Social-Democratic party has 
become the strongest political party m 
Denmark, rallying about its candidates 
600,000 votes in the general election of 1929 
or not less than 42 percent of all votes 

The result of this election was a coali- 
tion government, consisting of 9 Socialists 
and 3 members of the Radical Democratic 
party. The basis of this government • was 
a joint program comprising disarmament 
and a number of important, social, economic 
and cultural reforms. 

The two conservative parties, who still 
have a small majority in the Senate (Land- 
sting) opposed this program and so it has not until 
now been possible to realise it. But the electorate of 
the two government parties will not give up their 
democratic and social policy, but continue to fight 
until the conquest of the Senate by the democratic 
parties has been fulfilled. 

The vast international crisis has hit Denmark 
very heavily. Unemployment has increased terribly. 
The farmers also are suffering greatly from the con- 
sequences of the capitalist system. The government 
has succeeded in passing important measures to ease 
the pressure of the crisis on farmers and unemployed. 
The workers understand that the present government 
is of great importance to them also in this situation, 
and still wider circles outside the working class are 
learning that capitalism and not Socialism is the real 
danger of society. 

So I feel convinced that the democratic and So- 
cialist movement will increase and at last triumph in 

In this spirit we greet our comrades of the United 
States, promising ever to give our contribution to the 
international progress of democracy and Socialism, 

Prom Het Volk (Amsterdam) 
The Sailors Vote for Disarmament, 

By Alsing Andersen 

General Secretary, Social-Democratic Party 
of Denmark 

AS secretary of the Social-Democratic Party of 
Denmark I send the American Socialist comrades 
the most cordial wishes for a good result of the 
next important campaign. 

We know your energetic fight to rally workers of 
the United States of America for Socialism. We under- 
stand the difficulty of your task, but there is no doubt 
that the development of capitalism and its catastrophic 
consequences will open the eyes not only of the work- 
ing class but of hundreds of thousands of other citizens 
of the United States. 

The Danish people understand the vast importance 
of Socialist influence. The present government is com- 
posed of 9 Socialists and 3 Radical Democrats with 
the leader of our party, Th. Stauning, at its head. 

Copenhagen, the metropolis of Denmark, and a 
number of other municipalities, are administered by 
Socialist majorities; and in this country (with only 


QV millions of inhabitants) the Socialist party counts 
17IJ0O members in Socialist organizations spread over 
Jhe whole country--in every town and m almost all 

^'^'^T^o'^'et'"^^^^ our fight, firmly convin- 
A o^ft the people of the United States will respond 
?o the appeal of the Socialist Party of America, 


By Robert Danneberg 
(President of the Vienna Diet) 

For the Executive Committee of the Social 
Democratic Party of Austria 

WE in Austria are following the activities of the 
Socialist Party in the United States with great 
interest The development of capitalism in Amer- 
ica has shown that the hopes placed upon that country 
also were false and that the period of swollen "prosper- 
ity" is being followed by the fearful crisis everywhere. 
We are convinced that, as in the whole capitalist world, 
the working class of the United States also will learn 
something from, this crisis. Although the crisis brings 
economic hardships and dreadful misery, it certainly 
ought to produce a mental shake-up and fill the work- 
ing class with the determination to triumph over the 
capitalist economic system. _ -n i j 

We hope and wish that your convention will lend 
fresh impetus to the Socialist movement in the United 
States and that you will succeed in utilizing the coming 
presidential campaign for energetic propaganda for 
the ideas of Socialism. 


By K. H. WiiK 

General Secretary, Social Democratic Party 
of Finland 

YOU may rest assured that we, on this side of the 
Ocean, are closely and with the greatest interest 
observing the development of the events m America, 
This is certainly the case with us, Finns, for we are a 
small nation and numerous of our compatriots have 
emigrated to the United States, mostly workers and 

Socialists. . j. « • t 

We quite understand that the victory of Socialism 
is difficult as long as the greater part of the popula- 
tion of the big country in the West remains outside 
of the Socialist Movement. We have seen many ex- 
planations about the fact that America, a pioneer 
country in so many respects, lags so far behind with 
regard to Socialism. Very many of its workers are 
following bourgeois ideas and are unable to see the 
wood for the trees. But the terrible crisis of the last 
few years must have tended to open their eyes. It is, 
indeed, a crisis of the whole of Capitalism. The whole 
of rich America is suffering — you may rest assured 
that we are closely watching what happens to you 
over there. And when the workers of U. S. A. finally 
grasp the meaning of the soul of capitalism, as well 
as the aims and ways of Socialism,, then Socialism will 
become an irresistible power that will remould the 
world and make all Its working people happy. 

We are, with deepest sympathy, watching the ef- 
forts of those who are trying to make Socialists of the 
American workers. May your efforts be crowned with 
success, and may the economic crisis that has caused 
such a lot of suffering still have the good effect to 
open the eyes and hearts for Socialism. 


By J. W. Albarda 
Social Democratic Party of Holland 

IT is with hopes and expectations that the Socialists 
of Holland are looking to the large continent on the 
other side of the Atlantic Ocean, The great work 
which Socialism has to perform in the world cannot be 
fulfilled in Europe solely. The collaboration of the 
mighty industrial United States is indispensable for 
the perfect triumph of Socialism and for the maintain- 
ing of world peace by the proletariat. 

The European Socialists understand why Socialism 
in North America has up to now remained behind the 
Socialist labor movement in Europe. They are con- 
vinced however, that capitalism in North America too 
will not fail to produce a strong Socialist movement. 
This is everywhere the fruit of capitalist development, 
everywhete heralding the end of capitalism. The Dutch 
Social Democrats hope the Socialist Party of the U, 
S. A. may succeed in leading the American labor class 
to social democracy. We hope your convention may 
contribute to this end. 

Holland is a small country with eight million in- 
habitants. Needless to say this country cannot exert 
a great influence upon the policies of Europe. It did 
not take part in the great war and its population, to 
the large majority, dislikes participation in a war. 

The Social Democratic Party of Holland (S.D.A.P.) 
was founded in 1894. At the beginning it was faced 
with great difficulties because a relatively large part 
of the laborers were then under the influence of anar- 
chism. The S.D.A.P. succeeded in ridding the laborers 
of this influence. At its foundation the party had 
about 600 members, whereas on the 1st of January, 
1932, its membership amounted to nearly 80,000. 

In the same proportion the political strength of 
the Party increased. At the 1929 election for 
parliament we received somewhat over 800,000 votes 
and 24 seats. The total vote was ove 3,300,000 and 
the total number of seats in the parliament 100. The 
S D A P. is the second greatest party in parliament. 
Only the Catholic party is stronger. This party re- 
ceived in 1929 over million of votes and 30 seats. The 
time is coming when the S.D.A.P. will be the strongest 
party of Holland. . , , . 

The Dutch labor movement is pressing hard tor 
disarmament. After the war the S.D.A.P. demanded 
not only international disarmament, but also the im- 
mediate disarmament of Holland. The Social Demo- 
cratic fraction in the Second Chamber of Parliament 
presented, in 1925 a bill for national disarmament. 
This was rejected in 1927 with 51 votes against d2. 
Since that time the movement for disarmament has 
continued and become stronger. 


By W. Nash 
Secretary, New Zealand Labor Party 

ON behalf of the National Executive of the New 
Zealand Labor Party, I send fraternal greetings 
and good wishes to the members who assemble at 

your Convention. . u j.^ ^o,t 

The economic difficulties facing the World to-day 
call for real constructive methods, and I am satislied 
that the next step in World progress must be recon- 
struction on Socialist lines. -n i i 4-^ ,.^-nv 
The Movement in New Zealand will look to your 
Convention with hope that the political Movement m 
the United States will start a canapaign m connection 
with the coming Presidential Election that will so in- 
fluence public opinion in the States that y^i^hm ^^ .<:^P: 
paratively short time we shall see the first Sociahst 
President of your Republic. 


For a Socialist Youth Movement 

By Julius Umansky 
National Chairman, Young Peoples Socialist 
League of America 

SO MANY sentences have been uttered and written 
about the stirring of American Youth that it is 
superfluous to add another rhapsody on the imag- 
ined awakening of the stultified younger generation. 
It is because young men and women are not beyond 
redemption, especially so if their surroundings may be 
influenced by Socialist propaganda, and that condi- 
tions are extensively propitious for the dissemination 
of the fundamental logic of Socialism, that the writer 
desires to be heard. 

Alluring as it is to the revolution-around-the-comer 
mentality, one^ should experience great difficulty in sub- 
scribing entirely to the generalization that "American 
Youth is Awakening," or a Youth Movement has arisen, 
merely because some scattered student, church-youth, 
of YMCA groups have sprinkled points of light amid 
the darkening industrial shadows hovering over the 
contemporary American scene. Even though lists be 
compiled of innumerable instances of social intelligence 
displayed by such organizations, these would dwindle 
into measureless insignificance with the compilation 
of other lists proving conclusively not only that the 
social consciousness of the Young American is absolu- 
tely nil, but— and this is far worse—, that he is incon- 
testably reactionary. 

If one bears in mind the well-nigh unmitigable 
filth and squalor, the ineffable helplessness and utter 
hopelessness which have been bestowed by a viciously 
inhuman Capitalist Industrial State upon great sections 
of the unorganized working-class, as its inexorable 
fate, in relation to the puerile, undigested quips of the 
Capitalist-bred Campus -radical or church rebel, it he- 
comes clear that the utterances have simply been con- 
science-sating prayers. 

The writer has been motivated neither' by the 
intention of holding in contempt nor of exposing to 
ridicule what may have been an epileptic instance of 
misdirected sincenty. He is registering a protest 
against the stupid and meaningless bantering that must 
be clarified through supervised, disciplined education 
and experience, which the Socialist Party and the 
Young People's Socialist League of America may af- 
ford, and he is furthermore urging the young rebel to 
support his professed radicalism with sane and wam- 
tained action. 

Having lived with and talked to inhabitants of raill- 
towns, mining-towns, large industrial centers, as well 
as farming regions, in many parts of the United 
States, the writer is convinced that among the work- 
ers—who know exactly how prosperous they are — , 
there exists a restive discontent and disgruntlement 
that is not only wide-spread but startlingly profound. 
No thorough-going radical must fall into the error 
of sneering at the apparent gullibility (notwithstand- 
ing what has been said), of the American people; for 
that very gullibility arises from an ignorance whose 

dissipation through effective Socialist organization and 
education carries with it the eradication of the cre- 
dulousness which is so deplorable. 

To make the worker conscious of his role, to in- 
dicate clearly what his action shall be, is a task of 
such magnitude against the formidable opposition of 
the ruling class, that able young men and women have 
become unprecedently essential as organizers in the 
cause of Socialism. 

The Young People's Socialist League of America 
desires to attract and to provide a training ground for 
young people of any shade, creed, or sex, who can be 
made to realize the necessity for a commonwealth 
founded upon the principle of service for the many 
rather than profit for the few, to be created through 
the Organization, Education, and Solidarity of the 
working-class, , . „ 

How real this is to be for the ensuing years oi 
unrest depends largely on the encouragement and sup- 
port which the Socialist Party must give toward the 
development of the Young People's Socialist League into 
a true Socialist Youth Movement. 

The Spanish Revolution 

By RemIGIO Cabello, President, and 

Manuel Rebor, Secretary, 

Socialist Party of Spain 

NOW, when Spanish life is being subjected to a far- 
reaching social revolution, in which the organized 
workers of our party and of the General Labor 
Union have played such an active part, we feel inspired 
to know that our efforts to build for the future are 
being watched with so much attention and sympathy 
by our foreign comrades. „ - ,. ^ t> j. ^ 

' We wish first to thank the Sociahst Party ot 
America for the good wishes it has extended to our 
workers' revolution begun a year ago. The voices of 
American Socialists, and of our comrades m other 
countries of the world, assure us of an international 
working-class solidarity which impels us to strive 
mightily to finish the work we have begun to strength- 
en the Spanish republic, and to give it, at the same 
time, a social content which can serve as an example 
to other European republics. 

We feel intimate ties to the workers of all coun- 
tries, and we feel sure that the comradeship of all 
Socialists, inspired by a single ideal, will never fail on 

anv occasion. . i • . x • +1,^ 

In a special manner, we have a vital interest m tne 
affairs of your country, which has engaged in so many 
scientific and social experiments which we must take 
into account in making our own plans. 

We hope that the workers of America can hol^ 
high the colors of Socialism, and build their party - 
the immediate future, not only in numbers, but m vil 
social significance. , . -, ^ 4.- 

We are glad to offer this testimonial of our grati- 
tude and affection, which we extend with all the emo- 
tion aroused by the historic hour in which we live, 


Give them Hope! 

By Victor L. Berger 
{An Editorial PubUshed July, 1907) 

THE most formidable obstacle in the way 
of further progress— and especially in the 
propaganda of Socialism— is not that men 
are insufficiently versed in political economy 
or lacking in intelligence. It is that people 
are without hope. 

Popular effort has so often been thwarted 
bv selfish cunning— great moral enthusiasm 
has so often been dissipated by the suspicious 
organization of the ruling classes that men 
have lost heart. 

Despair is the chief opponent of progress. 

Our greatest need is hope. 

The majority of our fellow workers know 
of public measures that would be beneficent — 
if an upward step were possible. But they 
claim it is impossible under the present sys- 
tem. Some of them wait for some great "re- 
volution" that is to come '*some day." Others 
do not wait for anything. They do not expect 
anything. They have lost hope. Why? 

Both the so-called "revolutionists" and the "let- 
it-go-as-it-is-men" are overwhelmed by a multitude of 
incidental obstacles which are in themselves of small 

Petty disappointments cloud the small horizons 
of these people. Thus they are shut off from the sight 
of the great universal and historic forces that are 
working for progress — ^for Socialism — and even for 
progress beyond Socialism. 

Only these forces work slowly. Slowly and surely. 

Victor L. 

SH * * * 

Revolutions — and special evolutions — are brought 
about in human affairs not so much by. the dissemina- 
tion of a multitude of ideas, as by the concentration 
of a multitude of minds upon a single idea. 

And this idea must be near enough and comprehen- 
sive enough and of sufficient importance to stir the 
very soul of the masses. 

Mere theoretical or dogmatic phrases — no matter 
how "clearcut" — are not capable of producing the uni- 
versal enthusiasm required to institute any fundamen- 
tal innovations. 

Besides, doctrinarism and dogmatism lead to splits 
and to the formation of political sects. But when 
people are constantly absorbed in doing things, and 
in preparinp- for still greater things, the petty jealous- 
ies and small causes for strife and dissension dis- 
appear . 

* * * * 

Furthermore, I say, we ought to have "uniformity" 
in general principles and general tactics only. We 
ought to leave minor details to the different state or- 
ganizations. Especially where the movement is old 
and well rooted, where there are plenty of tried leaders 
and where the membership is experienced, they are 
fully capable of the righteous settlement of all in- 
cidental questions without interference from the outside. 

Instead of more uniformity we ought to have 
more unity. 

And we can gain this only when we leave details 
to the various subdivisions — and concentrate the ef- 
forts of our propaganda on the simple realities, self- 
evident and capable of being understood by all. 

The first such central truth, to be proclaimed tire- 
lessly by every Social Democrat, is that the earth is 

large enough and wide enough to supply all | 
the good things of life to every human being 
born on it. 

Add to this that the triumphs of modern 
science make it possible for men to satisfy 
every natural craving, every healthy desire, 
every reasonable hope and dream, without 
any man being compelled to sacrifice another 
being for his purpose. 

This means that this world, now made a 
hell by human greed, abetted by ignorance and 
prejudice, might as well be a heaven. 

It means that the misery caused by capi- 
talism on one hand and poverty on the other, 
san be displaced by happiness and plenty for 

Following this, one can demonstrate from 
history that this capitalist system did not al- 
ways exist, but succeeded the feudal system, 
Berger whi&h had followed a system of slavery — each 

of these succeeding systems being better and 
more human than its predecessor. 

And we can then easily show that the trusts are 
the natural outcome of capitalism and competition and 
cannot be legislated out of existence as long as capital- 
ism exists. 

^ * * * 
The immediate effect of the practical acceptance 
of these self-evident truths is always wonderful. 

Convince men that our country is large enough 
and rich enough to give them all an opportunity to 
work and earn enough to support their families m 
comfort, to educate their children properly and to be 
absolutely secure in sickness and old age. 

Convince men that their present poverty is un- 
necessary. Proclaim that capitalism is simply a P^ase 
of civilization as feudalism was and Socialism will be 
— that nothing that is, lasts forever. 

Convince them of this and you have them **for 

Only take care not to have them tie their hopes 
for the future to any catastrophe that is to bring the 
millenium "at one stroke." Take care not to have them 
hope for any Messiah. 

It invariably leads to fatalism of one kind or the 
other and destroys the incentive for continuous and 
hard work at the present time. 

Fatalism is always fatal to real progress. 

« 4: 4t « 

Therefore, Social-Democratic propagandists, do 
not weary your hearers with statistics or the defini- 
tions of "surplus value." Do not confuse them by 
trying to explain all the intricacies of the capitalist 
system and by describing the beauties of the co-opera- 
tive commonwealth. 

Teach them that in order to get a better world we 
shall have to work for it and fight for it. 

Work and fight are the "Messiahs" of proletarians. 

Teach the -proletariat that the highest patriotism 
consists in working and fighting for the new world. 
And that to work and to fight for it is the sublime 
mission of this generation and possibly also of the 

Nothing else in this world can compare with this 
work in importance. 


Milwaukee's Socialist Daily 

By John M. Work 
Associate Editor, Milwaukee Leader 

THE Milwaukee Leader came into existence December 
7th, 1911. Since that time it has been an institu- 
tion in Milwaukee and Wisconsin. 
Battling for the rights of labor from its initial 
number the Leader has had a stormy career. At first 
it had a financial deficit. Because of the number, 
purchasing power and loyalty of its readers it over- 
came that difficulty and was on a self-supporting basis 
when the war came in 1917. Realizing that it was a 
commercial war, the paper took a frank anti-war and 
pro-peace attitude. 

In October, 1917, the Leader's second-class mailing 
right was withdrawn. This was a terrific blow. It 
cut off nearly the whole of the mail subscription list — 
about 14,000 at one clip. War fans also bulldozed some 
of the advertisers into withdrawing their patronage. 
For a time it looked as if suspension would be inevit- 
able. But the Leader's family of readers in Milwaukee 
city and county— the readers who received the paper 
by carrier and were therefore not cut off by the with- 
drawal of the outgoing mail right — showed their met- 
tle and rushed to the rescue. The paper successfully 
passed through the crisis, and continued to tell the 
truth as it saw it. 

In August, 1918 — the withdrawal of the outgoing 
mail right not having knocked the Leader out — its 
enemies thought to finish it by cutting off its incom- 
ing mail. All mail addressed to it was sent back, 
stamped "Undeliverable under the Espionage Act." 
This was another severe blow. Neither subscribers 
nor advertisers could write to the paper and have their 
letter delivered. Any ordinary newspaper would have 
been crushed. But the Leader's family of readers is 
not ordinary. They came gloriously to the front again, 
and again its enemies were baffled. 

The office of the paper was raided twice by the 
Department of "Justice." The files of the paper and 
parts of the records were taken and kept for months. 
The editor-in-chief was indicted, tried, and sentenced 
to serve twenty years in the federal penitentiary, be- 
sides being plastered with other indictments and twice 
ousted from Congress to which he had been elected. 
The publishing company itself was indicted, and the 
associate editors were threatened with indictment. 

All these persecutions failed to kill the paper 
or to dampen the spirit of its publishers and editors. 
In June, 1921 — two and a half years after the armistice 
— the outgoing and incoming mail rights were restored. 
The editor-in-chief's conviction was reversed and the 
other indictiments dismissed. 

In addition to being a newspaper with the usual 
features of a daily paper, the Leader contains features 
which are not found in the ordinary dailies. These 
concern both America and foreign countries. The edi- 
torial page endeavors to give truthful and punchful 
interpretations of current events. The editorials are 
widely reprinted. The remainder of the editorial page 
is devoted to articles designed to give the readers a 
liberal education in economics, politics and kindred 
subjects, together with some lighter features. 

During the entire period of its existence the paper 
has been in the vanguard of social progress, working 
for better conditions, a higher civilization and the 
brotherhood of man. 



The publications of the L.LD. to-day play 
a more aggressive part in the attack on 
capitalism than ever before. Sociahst Party 
members use L.I.D. literature at street 
corner meetings, at forums, in classes of 
workers' education. 

A few titles: 

Unemployment and Its Remedies 

by Harr^ W. Laldler, 1932, 104 pps 25c 

Waste and the Machine Age 

by Stuart Chase, 1932, 64 pps. ...........J 5c 

Looking Forward — Radical ask-me- 

another question book, 1932, 72 pps 15c 

How America Lives 

by Harry W. Laidler, 1932, 64 pps. .....15c 

Social Management of America Forests 

by Robert Marshall, 35 pps .10c 

New Capitalism and the Socialist 

by Harry W. Laidler, 1931, 47 pps. --10c 
Why I Am A Socialist 

by Norman Thomas, 1932 .— . 5c 

Important books for Socialists: 

By Norman Thomas 

America's Way Out: A Program for 

Democracy, Macmillan Co. 1931 $2.50 

As I See It Macmillan Co., 1932 ......$2.00 

By Harry W. Laidler 

History of Socialist Thought. The only 
volume in English containing a survey of 
all schools of socialist thought. Thomas 

Y. Crowell .. $3.50 

Concentration in America Industry, The 
best work on the subject. Thomas Y. 

Crowell $3.75 

The Road Ahead, with illustrations by 
Mabel Pugh. A primer of socialism and 
capitaHsm. Thomas Y. Crowell ...,--$1.00 

By Charles Cross 

A Picture of America. A photo story of 
our country as it is and as it might be. 
Simon and Schuster, Inc. Special L.LD. 
price $ 1 .00 

A discount of 30% is allowed on orders 

exceeding $2.50 

Write at once for publications catalog and special 

prices in quantities. 

League for Industrial 

New York: 112 E. 19th St. 
Chicago: 20 West Jackson Blvd. 



The Socialist March of the States 


THE Socialist Party of California is muc.h better 
prepared today than it was in 1928. Membership 
at the end of 1928 was 252. Today it is over 800. 
In 1928 there were ten locals and branches in the state, 
today, there are forty-three. At the present time, with 
no political campaign immediately before us we are 
distributing more than 75,000 pieces of literature a 
month and holding an average of well over one hundred 
and twenty five meetings. 

Today we have a rapidly growing Socialist press. 
All of the leading Socialist weeklies carry California 
near the top of their circulation lists. The circulation 
of the New Era has reached eight thousand and is 
growing rapidly. 

Today the younger Socialist element is represented 
with eight circles of the Young People's Socialist 
League, where in 1928 there were none. They are 
active League for Industrial Democracy chapters at 
the University of California, Scripps College and 
Pomona University, and social problems groups at 
Stanford and the University of California. Socialist 
speakers have addressed nearly every college in t)ie 
state within the past three months. In Berkeley the 
L.I.D. group has branched off a regular local of the 
Party, which is one of the most aggressive and active 
branches in the state. Our organizers, in Berkeley, 
Los Angeles and in the field, our State Secretary and 
many others in responsible positions are young people. 
These comrades, guided by the counsel of those who 
have been with the movement for years, have built 
what is practically a new Socialist Party in California 
in less than three years. 

T;he last state convention, held in Los Angeles in 
February, was the largest, and most enthusiastic in 
many years. Delegates from sections where a year 
ago there had been no Socialist activity reported big 
meetings and growing membership. The convention 
made plans for two new organizations under party 
control, the Socialist Christian League and the So- 
cialist Union Labor League. The Socialist Christian 
League has already attracted new people into the 
movement and created much favorable comment. The 
Socialist Labor League is developing a Socialist Labor 
Press Service for the papers of organized labor. More 
than a dozen labor papers that are the official organs 
of central labor bodies are carrying Socialist news and 
editorials. Five editors of these papers are members 
of the Socialist party. Central Labor Councils in San 
Diego and San Bernardino endorsed the Socialist Un- 
employment Insurance Petition and many others are 
expected to in .the near future. 

Work among the unemployed has been very fruit- 
ful. A year ago an unemployed conference of more 
than three thousand was organized in Los Angeles, and 
as a result of their agitation a five million dollar bond 
issue was forced through the city council to provide 
work for the jobless. Conditions in the soup kitchens 
and employment agencies were cleaned up. A similiar 
organization of nearly eight hundred was organized in 
Pasadena. Through our work with the unemployed 
many new and valuable members came into the party. 

The Socialist party has now open a state-wide 
drive for signatures for our Unemployment Insurance 
Initiative Petition. More than 110,000 signatures must 
be secured to place the measure on the ballot at the 
general election and from present indications we are 
^*^™<ient that we will aquire the required signatures 
with little difficulty. This work has revived interest 
m the Party and has brought back into activity several 
quiet locals. 

Socialist groups and organizations are becoming 
established and stabilized. Branches are securing their 
own buildings for headquarters. The Los Angeles mem- 
bers are operating a Labor College on the entire second 
floor of a large building, a small co-operative store 
has been started and is functioning successfully on a 
small capital. Tjhe New Era is being issued without 
interruption and is gaining circulation. The state office 
has pushed the sale of literature and has sold to date 
more than three thousand pamphlets, to be resold by 
locals at five cents each and up, and has ordered five 
thousand more copies of the A.B.C, of Socialism, sel- 
ling 3,000 copies. 

The Socialist Party of California feels confident 
that the vote for Socialist candidates this fall will be 

an inspiring increase. 


State Secretary, 

Los Angeles, California 


ON assuming the duties of State secretary-treasurer 
in 1929, I found the movement at low ebb in mem- 
bership and finances. General apathy was in the 
saddle. By persistent efforts we were able to revive 
the movement. Continuous work eventually got re- 
sults. We were able to revive such places as Hart- 
ford, New Haven and Stamford and new locals were 
added at Norwalk, New Britain and Easton. 

We prevailed upon locals to enter into the local 
elections. In a number of municipal elections in 1931 
the Socialist vote was far beyond our expectation, par- 
ticularly in cases such as Bridgeport and Meriden. 
Good showings vere also made in Wallingford, Hart- 
ford, Hamden, New Haven and Norwalk. 

Financially, the state office now has a cash balance 
on hand and is proud to say that we are one of the 
states that is paying one dollar per member per year 
to the national office. In 1930 we invited the National 
Executive Committee to meet in Connecticut and the 
publicity we received and meetings held with members 
of the Committee had a good effect. From time to 
time we have had paid special organizers in the field 
for organizing pui'poses. Thousands upon thousands 
of leaflets have been furnished to the locals by the 
state office without any charge. The results have 
been wonderful, as the municipal elections have proven. 
Very enthusiastic reports are coming into the state 
office from all locals in the state. Already plans are 
being made for the national campaign. Our state con- 
vention is to be held June 26th in the Maenner Chor 
Park, West Haven. This will be one of the largest 
conventions in the history of Connecticut. 

Connecticut extends greetings to the Milwaukee 
Convention, and may its deliberations be the means 
of building a powerful working class political organiza- 
tion in the United States. 

State Secretary, 
214 Pacific Street, 
Bridgeport, Conn. 


AFTER the 1928 elections, Idaho Socialist activity 
dropped to the point of nil. This continued to be 
the condition until 1930 when a few comrades 
called a few county conventions and nominated a few 
local candidates, but the votes were so small in number 
that no tabulations were made. 


During the summer of 1931 an Acting State Secre- 
tary of the Party was appointed by the National Ex- 
ecutive Committee. A local was finally organized at 
Twin Falls. This local has been making some progress 
toward a state-wide revivel. We are trying hard, at 
this time to have 200 Socialists and sympathizers 
gather at Boise for a State Nomination Convention on 
May 24th. Our efforts will be centered on getting 
four presidential electors on the ballot as well as all 
State candidates. 

At the 17th annual State Federation of Labor Con- 
vention held at Idaho Falls last December, the Acting 
State Secretary of the Socialist Party was a delegate. 
Comrade James D. Gra^ham, of Montana was a frater- 
nal delegate. The two Socialists present stirred the 
convention to such an extent that there have been com- 
pliments received from different parts of the county 
on its progressiveness. 

In the immediate vicinity of Twin Falls, George F. 
Hibner, formerly Kansas State Secretary, has con- 
ducted a number of rural Socialist rallies. We are 
trying to have speakers of national note make this 
territory in the near future. All members are urgent- 
ly requested to get in touch with the State Secretary 
to the end of building up the State organization. 

Acting State Secretady, 
Twin Falls, Idaho. 


THE Illinois Socialist Party tho weak, polled over 
19,000 votes for Norman Thomas in 1928. The 

vote surprised many, including most of the Party 
members, and gave new life to the movement. In the 
last four years the Illinois movement has grown rapidly 
and is on a firmer basis than for some time past. New 
blood is constantly coming in and new branches are 
being formed all over the state. A vital, enervating 
spirit pervades the whole movement and we are strid- 
ine- forward to our first goal: to make Illinois again 

The revival at first centered only in Chicago. It 
soon extended to all parts of the state. Lack of funds 
kept the Party from growing far more rapidly. Activity, 
however, breeds activity. T,he Chicago movement took 
to holding streets corner meetings. New blood came 
in. The younger element came out in force. Outdoor 
meetings were held oftener and were bigger and better 
all the time. The Yipsels, co-operating wholeheartedly, 
trained several of their members as speakers and utih- 
zed them all over in conjunction with Party speakers. 
Other comrades caught the spirit and came out to 
help. More literature was distributed; one branch even 
published t;heir own paper for several months, about 
20,000 copies each month, in the distribution of which 
most of the members of the branch participated. 

The new blood coming in forced a faster pace. For 
the first time in years, meetings were held in the 
State. College groups began to be organized thru the 
influence of the L.I.D. Existing branches began to 
take on a livelier attitude. In the State six branches 
are using City Halls and Schoolhouses for their meet- 
ings, while others have places of their own. In Cook 
County, the Local has rented a large headquarters, 
where both the State and County offices are located; 
the 6th C. D. Branch meets there regularly and the 
Yipsels use the hall (seating about 150) almost three 
times a week for forums, lectures, study classes, etc. 

The make-up of the party itself has changed con- 
siderably. Where previously we had a majority of 
small businessmen and white collar people, we now 
have a mixture of almost everything known, excepting 
capitalists. The Party is truly a workingclass party 
now. Large numbers of miners, laborers, carpenters 
and mecjianics built again the real workingclass psy- 

chology so necessary to our movement. The student 
type and intellectual also came in, giving our move- 
ment that mixture of brawn and brain that spells 

A recent law passed by the State Legislature 
designed to keep all minority parties off the ballot 
seemed for a while to have succeeded. The law re- 
quired at least 25,000 signatures to our petitions, about 
23,000 more than were required four years ago. How- 
ever, with the movement growing as it is and evidenc- 
ing further growth we are determined to go ahead and 
have nominated a full state ticket, with Roy Burt as 
Governor and Ethel Watson Senior as Lieut. Governor. 
The petitions are out and signatures are being obtain- 
ed. A lot of hard Jimmie Higgins work is now being 
done to obtain these and at the same time to build 
the movement bigger and stronger. It is a task that 
calls for tremendous efforts and many sacrifices but 
the Illinois Socialists are going ahead with enthusiasm 
in their efforts to put over this campaign and build for 


State Secretary 
3036 Roosevelt, Rd. 
Chicago, Illinois. 


WHILE other states are telling their record of 
progress for Socialism, it becomes my duty to ex- 
plain Louisiana's lack of progress, 
Louisiana made some progress prior to the World 
War, which hds nearly all been lost. About the year 
1900, a few pioneer Socialists were imbued with the 
idea of forming a state organization, which was ac- 
complished in 1903. We then had twelve locals and 
a membership of 400. 1908 found about 36 locals in 
the state, and 2,538 Socialist votes were cast. In 1912 
the Socialist vote had increased to 5,249. By 1916 the 
party had increased to nearly 100 locals and more than 
a thousand members, but under new election laws, the 
Socialist ticket was not placed on the ballot and the 
vote declined, or was not counted. During the World 
War, the State Office was raided, the records taken 
and lost or destroyed; the State Secretary, J. R. Jones, 
advised to quit if he wanted to retain his liberty. The 
state organization ceased to function. 

Nothing was done to revive the state organization 
until the 1928 campaign, at which time there were 
no locals and only four Members at Large in the state. 
The National Office appointed the writer, who had been 
State Secretary from 1909 to 1914 to again take up the 
duties of State Secretary and revive the state organi- 
zation. We have carried oh since but the obstacles 
to be overcome have as yet been insurmountable. The 
old spirit seems to have been crushed completely. 
The Election Laws have made it practically impossible 
for a new party to function. In order to have a voice 
in local and state elections, the Louisiana voter registers 
Democrat. Voters registering party affiliation are 
not eligible to sign nomination papers for a new party 
or an independent candidate. Nomination Papers, to 
place a candidate's name on the ballot for state, and 
national offices, must have 1,000 signatures of qualified 
voters who have not registered as Democrat or Repub- 
lican. A new registration is required every four years 
on January 1st following the Presidential elections, 
which will not help us out for the 1932 election. 

Louisiana will require a concerted and intensive 
campaign of education and organization to overcome 
the handicaps created by the Democrat Party, for any 
opposition party. Until funds are to be had, when 
speakers and organizers can be sent out, we must de- 
pend on volunteer workers. This field is ripe for such 
workers. War time prosperity and prosperity psycho- 
logy are gone. There is more of a spirit of revolt 
against conditions, than there is an intelligent under- 



.rnnfline' of what is wrong and the remedy, 
standing ^o^^ workers, and the State Office is ready 
and willing to co-operate in every effort to advance 
Socialism and the party org^an^zat^on. ^^^^^^ 

State Secretary, 
1100 Common St. 
Lake Charles, La. 


A STATE convention was recently held in Lewiston, 
Maine with some fifty delegates from all parts of the 
state. The convention laid plans for the state cam- 
paign committee, nominated a full slate of candidates 
for state wide offices, for Congress and for presiden- 
tial electors, and adopted a state platform. While 
our loyal Finnish comrades and a few members at 
large never dropped their interest in the party, this is 
the first time since the war that the comrades in Maine 
have nominated a state ticket and started their own cam- 
paign. It has been due partly to the increase in the 
number of members at large throughout the state and 
partly to the formation of new and fairly active locals 
in Portland and Lewiston. 

State Secretary, 
Portland, Me. 


THE Socialist Party in Maryland, as all over the 
country, took its slump after the war and with the 
breaking out of internal trouble. We lost all but 
one language federation branch. The Western part 
of the state is largely made up of railroad and mine 
workers and in building the party the greatest number 
of our members were also members of unions and be- 
came leaders in both organizations. Then came the 
famous Western Maryland rail strike which after a 
short time was lost. The leaders, mostly Socialists, 
were black-listed and soon driven out of the state. ^ Then 
came the miners strike, its betrayal by the Lewis ma- 
chine, and after a bitter struggle, in which Comrade 
Elizabeth Oilman raised a great deal of money and 
the party helped as much as possible, the strike was 
lost. With the disappearance of the labor unions there 
disappeared also the Socialist locals and all activity 
excepting during state and National elections when 
some work was directed from Baltimore, where a hand- 
ful of us did all we could to keep together some form 
of organization. The Socialist vote fell all over the 
state and held only in proportion to the Socialist activ- 
ity, so Baltimore's loss of voting power was less. 

In the last two years there has taken a marked 
change. We started publication of the Maryland Leader, 
and little by little our activity has been increasing. 
Some of the old members began to come back, branches 
were organized. With the aid of Comrade Polin, a new 
man in Baltimore, there sprang into being a branch of 
the Verband which promises to be a live one and is 
partly responsible for the formation of another Verband 
branch of old comrades in a different part of Baltimore. 
In another part of the city in the last few months the 
Hampden English-speaking Branch has been organized. 
Two other branches have been organized in other parts 
of the city. 

Outside of Baltimore the job of rebuilding is harder, 
yet there is beginning to be progress. We expect the 
National Campaign in Maryland to be the best one 
m a great number of years. We expect to reach more 
people with the message of Socialism; in- 1952 than 
ever before for at no time have the people been as 

^?^fi5 ■ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^6 ^^ *^^ story, and a great deal 
01 the time and money will be spent in the part of the 

state where we had at one time a strong Socialist 
Party and a large vote. I think the party in Maryland 
is on the up-grade in activity and must later show 
an increase in membership and vote. 

State Secretary, 
1029 E. Baltimore St., 
Baltimore, Md. 


IN membership, Massachusetts, has only held 
its own, but it has been gaining steadily in pro- 
paganda activity and votes for the past couple of 
years. The loss of members has been among those 
who did comparatively little Socialist work while the 
gain in membership has been mostly among younger 
people and among those willing to do over again the 
work that once made the party a power in this state. 
In 1931 we distributed three times as many leaflets 
and held twice as many open air meetings as in 1928. 
1932 has begun with a considerable increase in the 
leaflets distributed, and a very marked increase in the 
number of indoor meetings held. 

We have trained a number of younger speakers 
who are carrying on where the older members left off. 
We have circularized all the trade unions and all 
the Protestant churches in the state offering to send 
them speakers and have done the same with the Work- 
men's Circles and Workmen's Sick and Death Benefit 
Societies. More than forty churches have taken our 
speakers, and a number of younger clergymen includ- 
ing twenty students at Boston University School of 
Theology have joined the party. Thirty trade unions, 
most of the Workmen's Circles and a few of the Work- 
men's Sick and Death Benefit branches have also taken 
Socialist speakers. 

We have introduced bills in the state legislature to 
lower the age lirnit for old age pensions, to raise the 
compulsory school age, to provide part pay for the un- 
employed through a system of unemployment insurance, 
to get rid of injunctions in labor disputes, to protect 
peaceful picketing, and to tax more heavily unearned 
incomes, inheritances, and the proceeds from gambling 
on the stock exchange. ; These bills have gained for us 
some publicity and have served to put the Democratic 
and Republican legislators on the spot for our campaign 
fire when they failed to vote for them. We are now 
getting signatures to put unemployment insurance on 
the ballot in a number of representative districts. We 
expect to have more local candidates than we have 
ever had before. 

Except for the metropolitan papers in Boston, we 
generally get fairly good newspaper publicity. In ad- 
dition, some of our members are using to good effect 
the correspondence columtns of those papers that have 

them. , . X i. 

We have taken an active part m every important 
strike where our help was welcomed, going on the 
picket line, raising relief funds with the generous 
aid of the Workmen's Circles, and addressing strike 
meetings. In the New Bedford and Lawrence textile 
strikes, the Boston and Chelsea shoe strikes and the 
very recent strike of garment workers, we gave great 

help. - - . • ii. • 

We have helped out the Communists m their 
strikes by providing, bail for them when arrested. This 
has been very helpful in blunting the attacks of the 
Communists upon us. Every time they attack us, we 
point out that it was we who bailed out their leaders 
in the Sacco and Vanzetti case and in one of the Law- 
rence strikes, and this makes the crowd laugh at the 
Communist attacks on us and so infuriates the Com- 
-munists that they indulge in still wilder and still more 
obviously untrue lies against us, and thus lose still 
more sympathizers among their hearers. The conse- 
quence is that the Communists have lost votes. steadily 


Neither Old Party Reaction 
Nor Liberal Contusion 

The ^e\¥ Leader 

Official Or§an of the Socialist Partig 

'Timely Topics" ..„ by Not^man Thomas 





Covered by a special staff of foreigri correspon- 
dents, over 100 special correspondents in the states, 
and supplemented by the full news service of the 
Labor and Socialist International, The Amsterdam 
International, The World-Wide Labor News Ser- 
vice, The Federated Press, The Labor and Social- 
ist Press Service, and the A. F. of L. Weekly 




Assistant Editor 



$1.00 for 6 months 
$2.00 a year 

Sample Copies Free on Request 


1Q91 w>iilp we have gained votes so that we had 
''"rnch larleivre than they in 1930 although they 
Lfa much larger vote than we in 1924. 

The present situation has caused a tremendous 
TTTPrease in interest in the party. Members are jommg 
bv mail, something we never had before smce the war. 
More people than ever before have been writing m for 
Tiformation, and the more attentive and sympathetic 
crowds which our speakers get have encouraged in- 
creased propaganda activity. 


State Secretary, 

3 Joy Street, 

Boston, Mass. 


THE split and the war wiped out the Socialist party 
as an organization in Nebraska. In 1916 we had 
a ticket in the field and polled about 9,000 votes; 
since then, the party locals have disappeared. The 
Communists claimed that the party lacked a revolu- 
tionary spirit; the opportunists Joined the Democratic 
and Republican parties earnest. The few socialists 
left were full of pessimism. They answered any at- 
tempt to organize again with, "It's no use; we are 
getting too old, weary, and tired; our hope is in our new- 
generation." At the same time they failed to train 
their children to their ideas. 

1928! Comrade B. C. Vladeck, then National Cam- 
paign Committeeman, wrote me a personal letter and 
asked me to do all I could for the 1928 campaign; 
also offered me the management of the Norman 
Thomas campaign of 1928. I failed to find any records 
of the Socialist party in our state but I found a few 
aged comrades and lighted the torch in their hearts 
again. We started in the dark to hunt for Socialist 
sympathizers or for plain people with human hearts. 
We appealed to them and found a very small group 
of aged comrades and a few sympathizers, and thanks 
to our lost Comrade, Dr. Gifford — ^who will be honor- 
ably mentioned in our history, as a Socialist, and as a 
famous oculist, and who helped us so much with his 
personality and with financial aid — we succeeded^ in 
getting on the ballot, in overcoming all the hardships. 
We polled over 5000 votes in 1928. The Socialist Ver- 
band of about 15 members and the Workmen's Circle 
of about 150 were the only organizations to help us 

1932! — What a difference! Comrade Clarence 
Senior, our National Secretary, came to Omaha in 
February and made a start — a good start. We held 
a convention of over 400 people. Comrade Hoan/spoke 
and aroused the audience. People came in truck loads 
and in private cars from many miles away. Many 
joined the party, and behold! the young people, full of 
energy and revolutionary spirit, formed a Local in 
Omaha and a good one in North Platte and another 
in Lincoln. Including attempts to organize a Bohemian 
local, there are prospects for forming three or four 
more in the near future. Thanks to Hy Fish of the 
Y.P.S.L., a local of that organization has been formed 
in Omaha. 

The interest shown by scattered Socialists and sym- 
pathizers all over the state is very encouraging. And 
even if the law makers of our state have hung up many 
locks on the election doors, we will break the locks 
and will be on the ballot of Nebraska with nearly a 
lull ticket, and many thousands of citizens of Nebraska 
will express their confidence in our Party and their 
belief in our principles. I can see no other result! 
We can't live any longer under the present conditions, 
ine capitalist society has outgrown its usefulness, 
i^ocialism must and will take the place of capitalism. 
Comrades! Now is the time to organise a -^trong 

revolutionary Socialist movement, and to fight des- 
perately for the cause of Socialism. We will win — ^we 
must win! 

State Secretary 
2512 Caldwell Street 
Omaha, Nebraska. 


THE New Jersey Socialist Party organization is 
moving forward with steady strides. There has 

been an increase in the Socialist vote at every 
recent election. We rose from 1,885 in 1928 to 5,614 
in 1931. In the 1932 election the party will, have can- 
didates in all of the 14 congressional districts for the 
first time in many years and more than half of the 
21 counties will have Socialist local and Assembly 
candidates. Since January 1, 8 new branches have 
been organized with a total of approximately 100 new 

The state committee, composed of two delegates 
from every organized county, meets twice a month. 
The state executive committee, composed of comrades 
H. David of Union County, Matilda T. Alexander of 
Essex County, George Bauer of Hudson County, Henry 
Cox of Bergen County, and Morris Stempa of Camden 
County, together with state secretary Andrew P. 
Wittel, transact the party's business between the meet- 
ings of the state committee and direct the organiza- 
tion work of the state office. 

An Old Age Pension bill was enacted in New 
Jersey last year, chiefly through the untiring efforts 
of Helen L. Alfred, a member of the Socialist Party 
in Local Essex County. 

The party membership in N. J. is largely composed 
of foreign language fedaration members. There are 7 
branches of the Jewish Socialist Verband, 3 of the 
Finnish Federation, 4 of the Polish Federation and 
two of the Italian Federation. We have 21 English 
speaking branches. There is a live Building Trades 
Branch affiliated with Essex County local which is 
carrying on propaganda activities among the various 
local unions and winning increasing numbers of union 
men to the Socialist Party. 

The most encouraging recent event is the organ- 
ization of the new English speaking branch in Trenton, 
the state capital, with 21 charter members. The lead- 
ing local of the state is Local Essex County. It has 
the largest membership and is most active in all propa- 
ganda activities, Essex County showed the largest 
increase in votes in the 1931 election. The successful 
open forum during the winter months and the con- 
tinuous open air meetings all summer keep this busy 
local humming with Socialist activity the year around. 
A close second is Local Camden County where the 
party is growing rapidly and extending its influence 
to neighboring unorganized counties. 

A live new branch in the city of Bridgeton, recent- 
ly organized, is due mainly to the efforts of the Camden 
comrades. Camden is the headquarters of ^^e NEW 
VIEW, a monthly paper owned and published by the 
state organization. The Camden comrades deserve 
high credit for handling the difficult ^ob of getting out 
this state paper in a thoroughly efficient manner. The 
New View is published monthly and at present has a 
subscription list of about 1,500. The subscription 
price is 25 cents per year. Local Union County has a 
vigorous organization going forward by leaps and 
bounds The very efficient campaign for Mayor ot 
Linden, netted the Socialist candidate over 800 votes, 
a record achievement. 

Of the remaining organized counties Local Bergen 
County shows the greatest activity. Two promising 
new branches have recently been added to this county 

^ n 


Organization Edncation Solidarity 

The Socialist Youth Movement Is With 

You In the Stru^Sle 

of New York 

Winston Dancis, 

City Secretary 

City Office 


New York New York 

of Cliicago 

Janet Adler McDowell 

City Secretarj' 

Ed Weiner 

City Org-anizer 

City Office 


Chicago Illinois 


Young People's Labor League 

Montreal, Quebec 

Circle One 

Detroit, Michig-an 

Circle 2, Seniors, Queens 

Woodhaven, New York 

Eugene V. Debs Circle 

Chicago, Illinois 

Circle One, Senior 

Reading", Pennsylvania 

Circle One 

St. Louis, Missouri 

Circle One 

Buffalo, New York 

Circle One 

Allentown, Pennsylvania 

Circle 5, Senior 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Circle One, Senior 

Cleveland, Ohio 

City Executive Committee 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Circle One 

New Bedford, Massachusetts 

Circle One 

Camden, New Jersey 

Karl Marx Circle 

Chicago, Illinois 


Young People's Socialist League 


549 Randolph Street 
Chicago, Illinois 


organization and two more are in prospect. Local 
Passaic County is waking- up to its opportunity for 
qocialist propaganda in the great industrial centers of 
Paterson and Passaic City. New branches in both of 
these cities have recently been organized. 

Local Hudson County is also stirring with a re- 
vival of party activity. A full county ticket and con- 
erressional candidates have been nominated. Mucih 
sacrifice and much devoted service on the part of the 
Hudson County comrades has for many years gone 
into the purchase and upkeep of the building of the 
Socialist Educational Club at 256 Central Ave., Jersey 
City, N. J. This building is well known as the head- 
quarters of the state organization during past years. 

The Socialist Party of New Jersey enters^ the 
Presidential campaign fully conscious of its great 
opportunity and determined to make the most of it. 

State Secretary, 
105 Springfield Ave., 
Newark, N. J. 


ONE-THIRD of the sixty-two counties of New York 
State have local organizations of the Socialist 

Party, two-thirds have locals and members-at- 
large. In 1928 one-fifth of the dues-paying member- 
ship of the Socialist Party was in the Empire State; 
in 1931 the proportion had increased to one-fourth. 
In 1931 our dues-paying membership was 80% larger 
than it was in the presidential year of 1928, and we 
expect that it will be twice as great before Election 
Day rolls around. Towns which have shown no signs 
of activity since the World War are reorganizing. 
Although five- sixths of our membership is concentrated 
in the city of New York, the largest proportion of dues- 
paying members to population happen to be found in 
the upstate counties of Rockland, Schenectady and 

One-tenth of the Socialist vote of the United 
States was polled in New York State in 1916. In 1920 
the proportion had risen to one-fifth, and in the last 
presidential election it was more than one-third. While 
Louis Waldman, our candidate for Governor in the 
presidential year of 1928, got 101,859 votes, he received 
120,444 votes in 1930 on a much smaller total registra- 
tion. In the city of New York our votes in recent 
years have been particularly notable. The 176,697 
vote polled by Norman Thomas as candidate for Mayor 
in 1929 was a record-breaker, but while Thomas re- 
ceived 37,816 votes for Mayor in the Borough of Man- 
hattan in 1929, he got 48,464 votes when he ran for 
the office of Borough President last year. This 
Borough only gave him 15,016 votes for President in 
1928, Bronx County, which gave Thomas only 8,904 
votes in 1928, gave him 39,181 votes the following year. 

The last four years have witnessed a vast change 
in the attitude of the young people toward the Socialist 
movement. In many branches of the party, particular- 
ly in New York City, the younger element predominates. 
This is due to a large extent to the work carried on by 
the Young People's Socialist League. Seven hundred 
young workers and students are organized in about 
thirty-five circles of this League in the metropolitan 
area of Greater New York. Weekly educational pro- 
grams develop its members' knowledge and understand- 
ing of Socialism, labor history and problems, politics 
and sociology. District or borough, and city commit- 
tees arrange mass meetings on anniversaries, during 
the election campaign, on International Socialist Youth 
Day, etc. Thousands of leaflets have been printed or 
mimeographed by the Yipsels and distributed at schools, 
stores and factories. Dozens of street-corner meet- 
mgs are held weekly. Funds are collected by tag-days, 
coupon books, stamps and other devices for the relief 
and defense of Kentucky, West Virginia and Pennsyl- 

vania miners, and for textile workers in Paterson and 
Allentown. Many Yipsels have spoken, done cleiical, 
commissary and other work for the Butchers, Garment 
Workers and other unions. On the social side these 
young people have organized dramatic groups, base- 
ball and basket ball teams, hiking expeditions and other 
activities which attract the youth of both sexes. They 
cooperate actively with the regular Socialist Party Or- 
ganization in all its election campaigns and demonstra- 
tions, particularly in doing the "Jimmy Higgins" work 
which is so necessary if we are to function and add 
to our adherents. There are vigorous and active cir- 
cles of the Y.P.S.L. in Buffalo, Syracuse and Utica, 
and contacts have been made in other upstate cities 
which are expected to result in the organization of more 
circles in the near future. 

With pioneers of our American Socialist movement 
and the rising generation working hand in hand the 
future of the Socialist Party of New York State is 

State Secretary, 
7 East 15th St., 
New York City. 


THE Socialist organization of Ohio, more than in 
any other state, felt the brunt of the split in 1919. 

It was in that year that the Ohio State convention 
of the Party, instructed its delegates to press for the 
adoption of the 21 points imported from the Third In- 

There is no im,perative need to tell of the con- 
sequences of the Communist tactics. The Ohio or- 
ganization, with a membership of about eight thou- 
sand, was claimed by the Communists. Here and there 
some weakened locals remained loyal to the Socialist 
Party. A call for a State Convention was felt to be 
the immediate step necessary to concentrate our forces. 
At that convention, only four locals responded to the 
call. Their representatives were charged with carry- 
ing on the work of the party under circumstances far 
from encouraging. 

Credit must be given to the loyal and patient 
captains who guided our ship through the menacing 
storms and brought us safely to the shore. 

About three years ago an awakening of the work- 
ers was noticed in many parts of the state. A new 
situation had arisen. A million workers lost their 

The Socialists of Ohio are charged today with 
capitalizing this grave situation. This charge is 
honorably accepted by every member of the Party as 
well as by the Executive Committee of the Ohio or- 
ganization. The activities of the State Office and of 
the locals and branches have increased to an extent so 
as to assure the expected results. The distribution of 
a quarter of a million leaflets within 15 months is an 
outstanding record for any state organization. The 
sympathy and the confidence of the people, and the 
workers in particular, have been considerably regained. 
This confidence was clearly expressed in the last 
municipal election when we were able to put a ticket 
in the field. 

The agents of capitalism were not slumbering. 
A new election law was adopted in 1929. The require- 
ments to be recognized now as a legal party are bur- 
dening the comrades with great responsibilities and 
compels every loyal member to be more active. The 
Socialist Party of Ohio is attempting to overcome the 
obstacles created by the new law. 

A new event of great importance commands the 
sincere consideration of the Socialists in Ohio. A con- 
ference of Ohio ministers, representing every domina-^ 
tion of the Protestant churches in the state, unanimous- 
ly adopted a resolution condemning the present system 



The Power 


_ - focal point of the struggle between 

economic feudalism and democracy.... ,.. 

outstanding issue of the 1932 campaign.... 

the title of the latest New Republic 



"It is an amazingly compact and comprehen- 
sive handbook of significant facts — facts 
which the Power Companies cannot dispose 
of by crying 'Bolshevik'." 


"When Raushenbush strips off his coat and 
steps into, the ring for some in -fighting with 
the ohm and erg lads of the power trust, he 
places his riveter's punches with the accuracy 
and persistency of Dempsey in his prime. . . 
Take the last dollar that the power gang has 
left you and go get that book." 


"If I were recommending one contemporary 
book alone it would be Stephen Raushenbush's 
*The Power Fight'. Not only is it indispen- 
sable on the supremely impo'rtant power 
issue — the last word on the subject — but its 
implications and revelations are precisely 
the needed intellectual dynamite to clear the 
ground of the debris of our collapsed econo- 
mic structure." 


"Mr. Raushenbush raises many fair questions 
which it is the duty of power industry spokes- 
men either to answer or plead guilty of, and 
clean house. Utility executives would do well 
' to buy and read it. It is the complete indict- 
ment against them; it is their enemy at his 
worst. This reviewer read every word of it 
and enjoyed it immensely.'* 

at your Bookstore $1.00 
($2.10 in cloth, mailed) 

or direct from: 


421 West 21st Street, New York 

of capitalism; holding responsible the "profit motive*' 
for all evils. They call upon the government to take 
over the basic industries, means of transportation 
and public utilities; and to operate in the interests of 
all the people. This resolution, which was severely 
criticized by the capitalist press, leads to a profound 
understanding between the advocates of Socialism and 
the ministers in our state. The Party in Ohio has ac- 
cepted this opportunity. A new policy of cultivating 
the friendship of all shades of liberals and, in the 
meantime, retaining our identity as a revolutionary 
party is being adopted. 

At the last State Convention we adopted a resolu- 
tion for unemployment insurance and instructed the 
State Executive Committee to prepare a definite plan 
for indemnity to be paid by the state to the unemploy- 
ed. Our bill, which was presented to the Ohio Com- 
mission for Unemployment Insurance, differs from the 
general bill of the Socialist party. Our bill frees in- 
dustry and labor from taxation and puts the burden of 
taxes upon incomes, inheritances and gifts. We realize 
that taxing industry in our state would minimize the 
chances of withstanding the competition of industries 
in other states where Unemployment Insurance is not 
a part of the state responsibility. In addition to this 
we found that there is a great margin between the 
payroll of industry where organized labor is employed 
and industry where non-organized labor is employed. 
To apply a scheme for taxing industry upon the basis 
of the payroll would add an additional charge upon 
these parts of industry where organized labor is em.- 

Our bill is supported by many organizations. There 
is an indication of the full support of organized labor. 
At present, the officers of the Trade Union Unemploy- 
ment Insurance League have expressed their full agree- 
ment with our plan, and promise to get the support of 
their organization. SIDNEY YELLEN, 

State Secretary, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 


UTAH can report some activity, especially in the 
smaller towns. The locals in Ogden and Salt Lake 

City have been marking time waiting for the open- 
ing guns of the 1932 campaign. 

But in Duchesne County John 0. Watters, assisted 
by the members of the local, plans to nominate a county 
ticket. At Leota, in Uintah County, Thomas Hiett 
has addressed a well attended meeting in the local 
church. A ticket is planned in Uintah County. 

D. C. Grundvig at Green River; A. B. Cowley at 
Cleveland; Bert Westover at Huntington; J. Ernest 
Child at Orangeville; all in Emery County are each 
working for a county organization and ticket. A. S. 
Johnson at Moab in Grand County is undertaking or- 
ganization work locally and in San Juan County. At 
Mt. Carmel Birt Gardner recently mailed out 200 pack- 
ages of Socialist literature to residents of that part 
of the state, 

P. M. Peterson of Gunnison in Sanpete County, 
assisted by N. P. Christensen of Centerfield, promoted 
a large meeting which was addressed by W. R. Snow 
of Everett, Washington. At Cedar City Snow lectured 
to 200 people at a meeting presided over by Wm. J. 
McConnell. While in the state Snow spoke three times 
in Ogden and once in Salt Lake City, putting new 
life into the movement. 

The recent referendum for state officers of the 
party resulted as follows: For State Committee, E. 
G. Locke and Isabel Adamson of Salt Lake City; W. 
C. Sumer, N. Steimle and G. Gigliotti of Ogden; 
for State Secretary 0. A. Kennedy of Ogden. 

State Secretary, 
2910 Washington Ave., 
Ogden, Utah. 




VIRGINIA never had a strong Socialist movement 
Wore the war. The largest Presidential vote 
ever po led was 1,062 for Benson in 1916. Per- 
hat)s we are fortunate, in that this early weakness 
™d us the "Class of '17"-that group of Comrades 
who can never seem to become mspired again^ their 
fees having burned out in that trying period The old 
^anSiol went to smash in 1918, and the last Local 

*^^^^^ftTr^many^years without a shadow of an organ- 
ization, a small group, including the writer met m the 
darkest hour of "Prosperity," resolved to build anew 
a Socialist party in Virginia. An organization Con- 
vention met in August, 1928, formed a State Organi- 
sation with 15 charter members and launched a cam^ 
naign for Thomas for President. The election brought 
little comfort, Thomas polling a bare 250 votes m a 
total of 305,000. , . ^^ 

"Prosperity" ended in October, 1929, and m Nov- 
(.mber we celebrated an increase in membership and 
aTote of 460 for Governor, in a total of 270,000. 1930 
brought the first great advance, with our vote for 
Senator stacking up to 7,944 in a total of 146,000, while 
our membership grew to nearly 100. 

Since September, 1930, the writer has been en- 
gaged full time as Secretary and organizer. 

1931 was the first full year of activity. We in- 
creased our vote tremendously and tripled our mem- 
bership. In 26 counties and 6 cities where we ran can- 
didates, our vote averaged 16% of the total. 

Space does not permit a description of the ex- 
cellent work of our "Unemployed Legion," our Peace 
activity, literature distribution, organization methods, 
etc. We have toured many speakers in the last 15 
months, including Norman Thomas, Miorris Hillquit, 
Jacob Panken and James H. Maurer. We have also 
employed local talent extensively, our main speakers 
being Herman R. Ansell, John J. Kafka, W. F. Billings, 
John C. Davis, G. Gary White and the writer. 

At this writing we have five locals in the state, 
with about 400 red card Members, We are just launch- 
ing a vigorous drive to build new Locals in a dozen 
cities and counties before July 1st. Our goal in this 
campaign is 1,000 members, at least 20 Locals, and 
30,000 votes or roughly 10% of the total. We really 
believe we'll get there! 

This spring we are making vigorous Municipal 
campaigns in Hopewell, Richmond and Norfolk. Elec- 
tions fall on June 14. We will place a full Congres- 
sional ticket in the field this fall, together with our 
Presidential ticket, and will open our campaign July 
1st, the first 10 weeks being devoted to intensive or- 
ganization work. We will make a special drive among 
the Negroes for membership and votes. This has al- 
ready met with favorable response. We expect to form 
Yipsel circles soon. 

Within another year we expect to constitute a real 
threat to capitalist control in Virginia, and we consider 
ourselves the spearhead for an invasion of the South. 

State Secretary, 
Post Office Box 893, 
Richmond, Virginia. 


LOCAL Washington, D. C. has nearly doubled its 
membership since 1932. A new branch and a study 
club are among recent accomplishments. Out of 
this study group of young people came the signers 
for a new local and they inaugurated street meetings, 
^the first Socialist street meeting held in Washington 
since Wilson proposed to make "the world safe for thr 



Have you an LJ.D. Lecture Series in your 

28 Cities and towns had the series last 

Next January seven circuits will be in the 

Hundreds of letters demand the series for 
cities and towns which were not repre- 
sented. In the South, in the Atlantic 
States, in the Middle West, Socialists 
were active sponsors. 

A Typical Program of Eight 
Discussion Lectures: 

1 . T\\& Heritage of the Froniier — Sodal Forces 
in America 

2. Education Limited, Schooh-Press^Radio 

3. Men and Machines, Concentration in Industr}^ 
4 The Nem Proletariat, White Collars and 

PL D's, 

5. Men and Land. T axes-Farmer s-Rents 

6. The Literature of Revolt 

7. National Security. Building for Peace 

8. A NeTv Philosophy for a New Age 

Some of our speakers: 

Oscar Ameringer 
Andrew Biemiller 
Paul Blanshard 
Karl Borders 
McAlister Coleman 
Frank Crosswaithe 
Paul Douglas 
Powers Hapgood 
Jesse Holmes 
John Ise 
Colston Warne 

Maynard Krueger 
Leo Krzycki 
Harry Laidler 
J. B. Matthews 
Reinhold Niebuhr 
Clarence Senior 
Norman Thomas 
Carl Thompson 
B. C. Vladeck 
Louis Waldman 
James Yard 


Write at once for full information 

L. L D. Lecture Series 

League for Industrial 


New York: 112 E. 19th St. 
Chicago: 20 W. Jackson Blvd. 




Mueicipel Auditorium 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

(Changes will be announced in the Daily Convention Bttlletin,) 

THURSDAY. May 19, 1932 
N. E. G meets at the New Randolph Hotel, 4th and Wisconsin 


N. E. q. at New Randolph 

Organization Conference 

Organizers and secretaries are especially invited 

Committee Room, Mmiicipal Auditorium, 5 th and Kilbourne 

10 a. m- Problems of Organization in Large Cities 

Julius Gerber. New York City, Chairman 

William W. Busick, Los Angeles — Leo Krzycki, Milwaukee 
2 p. m. Small Town and Rural Problems 

State-wide Organization 

Jasper McLevy, Bridgeport. Chairman 

David George. Hopewell, Va. — ^Amicus Most, Charleston, W,Va. 
8 p. m. Reception to N. E. C, delegates and visitors by Mayor Daniel W. 

Hoan, City Hall. 



8:30 a. m. Registration of Delegates starts. Auditorium Lobby 
10 a. m. Convention opened by National Secretary, Clarence Senior 
Roll call of delegates 

Address of welcome, Daniel W, Hoan, Mayor of Milwaukee 
Response, Temporary Chairman 
Adoption of rules of Convention 
Election of Chairman 
Election of Committees 


Business session 
Nominating session 
8 p. m. Mass Meeting, Main- Hall, Auditorium 


10 a. m. Business session — Juneau Hall, Auditorium 
2 p. m. Business session — Juneau Hall 
6 p. m. Convention supper, Pfister Hotel 

Business sessions as required 

This program is subject to the action of the Convention in determining its orvn procedure, 


Delegates and Alternates Elected to the 
^Seventeenth National Convention 

of the 



Manford Ettinirer 
Sam Sandberg 


Mrs. Marion Alderton 
WiHiam Busick 
Mrs. Wm. Busick 
Kate Crane Gartz 
H. A. Hedden 
George Kirkpatrick 
Mrs. Irena Kotowa 

A. Levin 
Julius Levitt 
David Lyon 
Mervin Levy 
John Packard 
Mrs. John Packard 
Joseph Pietruszewski 

E. E. Porter 
Chaim Shapiro 
Sam Weisenberg 
Joe Zameres 
Elenora Zamorska 


Morton Alexander 

B. L, Coleman 
J. A. Kimber 
Carle Whitehead 


Minnie Cederholmi 
Fred Cederholm 
Walter E. Davis 
Arnold E. Freese 
Jasper McLevy 


Marx Lewis 


Sam Silver 


J. J. Patton 


Chas. Weintraub 


Ivar A. Anderson 
Morris Blumin 
Roy Burt 
George Chant 
John Collins 
Jess Cripe 
Adolph Dreifuss - 
Morris Franklin 
Anton Garden ^ 
Owen Geer 
Dr. R. B. Green 
Meyer Halushka - 
Ben Larks 

F. Matteoni ** 
Paula Milgrom 
Hyman Schneid - 
Fannie Schneid ^ 
Morris Seskind 
Carl Sweet 

Fred Wellman 
\\^^^ Zaitz 
Oscar Elet 
Harold Kelso 
Donald Lotrich 
Jane McDowell 


Eugene Cooney 
Powers Hapgood 
Edward Henry 
Phil Reinbold 
Wilbur Sheron 
H. W. Daacke 
R. Johnson 
H. L. March 
W. R. Richards 
Roy Wilson 



Joseph Cornell 

Mrs. M. Haddeman- Julius 

Fred Hurd 

Roy Ingraham 

Ross Magill 

M. L. Phillips 

Anton Shular 


Ida A. Beloof 

Ralph Gilman 

A. J. Graham 

Enoch Greer 

John Stone 


J. L. Stark 


Donald M. Smith 
Gordon Watt 


Charles Bernstein 
Elizabeth Gilman 
S. M. Neistadt 



Leo Arkin 

Joseph Bearak 

Albert Sprague Coolidge 

Charles Hill 

Alfred Baker Lewis 

Eileen O'Connor 

George E, Roewer 

Lester Shulman 

Glen Trimble 


Hallen Bell 
Francis King 
Axel Londal 
Walter Morris 
Arthur Rubenstein 
R. Benedict 
Walter Bergman 
Harry Riseman 
Jean Seidell 
Neil Staebler 


P. R. Anderson 
Leo Gisslen 
J. A. Gonstead 
Morris Kaplan 
August Prohofshy 
Sigmond Slonim 
Lynn Thompson 
O. P. Victorian 
Mrs. George Daggett 
Mrs. J. A. Gonstead 
E. H. H. Holman 


B. Cohen 

Joseph G. Hodges 
G. A. Hoehn 
H. Ommerman 
Mrs. Ray Moss 
H. J. Sutton 


James D. Graham 


Gray Bemis 
Samuel Lerner 
John M. Paul 
Wilbur E. Sanford 
Harry Uerling 

William Bishoff 
Glenn Griffith 


Emil Hangas 


John Williams 


George Goebel 
Henry Jager 
Harry Nelson 
Herman F. Niessner 
Morris Stempa 
Andrew P. Wittel 


Samuel E. Beardsley 

A. Belsky 
Simon Berlin 
Morris Berman 
Paul Blanshard 
Heywood Broun 
N. Chariin 
Samuel De Witt 
Wm. M. Feigenbaum 
Esther Friedman 
Henry Fruchter 

G. August Gerber 

Julius Gerber 

Wilho Hedman 

Louis Hendin 

Morris Hillquit 

William H. Hilsdorf 

Robert A. Hoffman 

Prof. Vladimir Karapetoff 

Wm. Karlin 

Harry W. Laidler 

Algernon Lee 

Olga Long 

Bela Low 

Herbert M. Merrill 

Ray Newkirk 

James Oneal 

Samuel Orr 

Jacob Panken 

Bernard J. Riley 

Louis Schaffer 

Charles Solomon 

Carl P. Svenssen 

Monroe M. Sweetland, Jr. 

Norman Thomas 

Jules Umansky 

B. C. Vladeck 
Sarah Volovick 
Louis Waldman 

Mrs. Theresa B. Wiley 
Jack Altman 
Jacob Axelrad 
Murray Baron 

Rev. Aug. G. H. Batten 

Joseph Beckerman 

Richard M. Briggs 

Emil Bromberg 

Ethelred Brown 

Sofus W. Christensen 

August Claessens 

Winston Dancis 

Nathan Fine 

Samuel H. Friedman 

W. L. Herman 

Arthur Jacobsen 

Joseph Laventhal 

Edward Levinson 

Louis Lison 

J. B. Matthews 

I. Minkoff 

Paul Porter 

Carl Parsons 

Sol Perrin 

S. Romualdi 

Elizabeth C. Roth 

J. G. Roth 

Henry Rosner 

Theodore Shapiro 

Joseph Tuvin 

Girolamo Valenti 

Joseph Viola 

A. N. Weinberg 

William Young 



Dr. Allen C. Adams 

Oscar Ameringer 

Newman Jeffery 

Dr. M. Shadid 

A. B. Zigler 


Mrs. Newman Jeffery 


J. Duddle 
Joseph Martinek 
Alex Ranen 
Joseph W. Sharts 
Meyer Weintraub 
John Wilier t 
Max Wohl 
Sidney Yellen 

Chas. Pintner 
Frank Tancek 


Geo. R. Buickerood 
Chas. Kolb 
V. P. Martin 
Albert Streiff 


Franz Daniel 
Fred Gendral 
Jesse George 
Jacob Halderman, Jr. 
Darlington Hoopes 
Anna Krasna 
Sarah Limbach 
James H. Maurer 
Leo Pryzblinski 
Geo. Rhodes 
Joseph Schwartz 
Joshua J. Sherman 
Geo. W. Snyder 
J. Henry Stump 
William J. Van Essen 
James S. Van Horn 
Birch Wilson 
Lilith Wilson 
Chas. W. Young 
Anton Zornik 


Jacob Pavlow 


Frank Perlman 



George Clifton Edwards 

G. W. M. Taylor 



Mrs. Earl M. Webber 

Earl M. Webber 


Herman Ansell 
David George 
Winston F, Dawson 
Richard L. Johnson 


Will Everett 
John M. Glenn 
John F- McKay 
Walter A. Werth 
Helen Coates 
H. O. Fuhrberg 
Stella K. Garrison 
Leo Welsh 


Amicus Most 
J. H. Snider 
Mrs. Nora Frank 



Dr. M. V. Baxter 

John Banachowicz 

Joseph Becker 

Al Benson 

John Buresh 

L. P. Christiansen 

Wm. Coleman 

Carl P. Dietz 

Paul Gauer 

Otto R. Hauser 

Daniel W. Hoan 

John F. Huehnl 

Leo Krzycki 

Dr. J. W. Mudroch 

Alfred Nabor 

Walter Folakowski 

Wm. Quick 

Max Raskin 

Emil Seidel 


Joseph Lunn 
W. W. Wolfe 



Charles Glaser 


George Makela 


S. Polio 


Samuel Levitas 


Chas. Pogorelec 


Pius Grigaigis 


J, Trzaska _ _ 


Milifi^ankee Leader 

The Only English 

Dally Socialist 

Newspaper in 

the Nation. 

$6.00 a year by mail to any part of the 
United States 



We held a banquet on March 20th, with Morris 
HlUauit and Charles Edward Russell as speakers. 
Street meetings are to be our principal activities during 
the warm weather, and we earnestly invite any com- 
rade who intends to visit our fair Capitol City, and 
Bspecially, "Soap Boxers," to give us notice in advance. 



637 Munsey Building, 

Washington, D. C. 


DECEMBER the fifteenth 1931 was a momentous day 
for the Socialist movement in the "Mountaineer 


On that date two able young Comrades left New 
york City to organize the State of West Virginia. 
Murray Baron and Amicus Most arrived in Charleston 
a few days later and commenced a whirl-wind cam- 
paign to put the state back on the Socialist map. 
These brilliant, untiring Comrades with fury zeal and 
anf lagging energy began to tell the people of our state 
certain facts about Socialism, and how they told it! 
Into drab tent-colonies, where starvation, misery and 
moral despair stalked; on the wind swept mountain 
sides, where desperate, striking coal miners and their 
starving progeny miserably existed. These miners 
had been forcibly evicted from their humble homes 
by the minions of Capitalist law. Our organizers at 
once began to stir up these people, and the people 
heard them gladly. 

New Locals, and good ones, began to form. Every 
where these gallant young representatives of militant 
socialism appeared and spoke a strong Local was 

From the historic Great Kanawha Valley in the 
south to the rugged mountains of the eastern pan- 
handle our fiery young disciples preached the truth of 
Socialism. The Court House auditorium resounded 
with their stirring appeals. To city, town, hamlet, and 
cross-roads villages their went in their mission. 

The Fairmont Times, in a front page article, 
stated that last night our Court House was jammed 
with a crowd estimated to 1,800, at the greatest political 
meeting held in Marion, hundreds were turned away. 

Our Comrades in their work in West \'irginia have 
received an enormous amount of very favorable public- 
ity in the press. They have addressed Central Labor 
Unions and made favorable impressions. Their effort 
has caused the Socialist party to rise Phoenix-like 
from the ashes of the past, has caused the hearts of 
our old time Socialists to sing with joy, has inspired 
our new Comrades with an invincible spirit to carry 
forward our standard; and to work for Socialism. 

Dr. M. S. Holt, a young Comrade of ninety years, 
when they came to Weston regardless of inclement 
weather, was one of the "Jimmy Higgins'* who went 
out to pass hand-bills and tack up posters advertising 
the meeting.. This gallant Comrade was in his element, 
and thoroughly enjoyed the experince. 

We must now add a word of praise our esteemed 
National Executive Secretary Clarence Senior, who in- 
duced Comrades Most and Baron to come into West 
Virginia, and who has so earnestly cooperated with 
them and who has so wonderfully helped our State 
Uifice and the various Locals which have been estab- 

On December 15th there was no organization in 
our State. We now have 14 Locals, and a Member- 
p^P-3,^-Large of 67. Some Local meetings are at- 
tendedhy as many as 300 people. A lot of pioneer 
work has been done by our excellent Organizers that 
wiu result in the formation of a host of Locals in the 
«ear future. There are now approximately 600 en- 

roiled Socialists, where three months ago we had not 
one in West Virginia. 

Baron and Most, in their labors, have added a new 
significance to our State Motto, which translated from 
the latin is "Mountaineers, Always Freemen." 

It now becomes the bounden duty of every Social- 
ist in our capitalist controlled state to carry forward 
the torch of Liberty which was re-lighted by our worthy 
Comrades Baron, Most and Senior. Forward! to Victory. 


State Secretary, 
Box 218 Star City, 
West Virginia. 


THAT the Socialist Party in the Keystone State is 
gaining ground is apparent to anyone familiar 

with recent developments. For years confined only 
to large industrial centers such as Reading, Philadel- 
phia and Pittsburgh, the party is now steadily knitting 
its way across the state. New branches are springing 
up in even the smallest communities. Our old mem- 
bership is energetically resuming Party work. 

The organization now consists of over ninety 
branches, four county organizations, twelve Young 
Peoples Socialist League Circles, a total membership of 
2,000 are fully paid up-to-date. 

Our outstanding stronghold is Reading. Here, 
last November, the Socialist administration was de- 
feated by a merger of the old parties. But in the six 
months since the election, the party has gained over 
600 new members in Reading and the comrades report 
work unprecedented in the history of this old Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch con^nunity. 

What tireless effort lies behind their success! 
Think of a Party organization that regularly distri- 
butes on a Sunday morning, into 55,000 working class 
homes a small propaganda paper, called the "Pioneer." 
During the last campaign, 427 street and hall meetings 
were held throughout Berks County. Over a period of 
two years, a large and beautiful recreational park has 
been purchased and developed at Sinking Springs, 
where the workers of Reading may disport themselves, 
attend open air lectures and concerts, engage in ath- 
letics and sports. To be sure, there is a Socialist base- 
ball team, one of the best in the entire territory, with 
plenty of Socialist fans. At the Labor Lyceum in the 
city, a large circulating library has been created, 
specializing in literature devoted to Socialist, history, 
economics, etc. The weekly "Labor Advocate" has been 
steadily growing in circulation. 

Throughout the state, four successful unemploy- 
ment conferences were held to back the unemploy- 
ment insurance bills introduced at Harrisburg by our 
two Socialist legislators, Darlington Hoopes and Lilith 
Wilson. The Philadelphia conference was composed 
of a large number of trade unions; the Pittsburgh con- 
ference was also very successful with over fSty six 
organizations represented. The hearings held in Harris- 
burg brought delegations from all parts of the state. 
The so-called liberal governor, Pinchot, and his sup- 
porters after having stumped the state, promising a 
program of jobless failed to back our social legislation. 
The Socialist proposals were the only concrete measures 
offered during the entire session, showing up the hoUow- 
ness of their liberal pretensions. 

Notable among the year's activities was the par- 
ticipation of the party in great strikes. In the textile 
strikes which took place following wage cuts in Allen- 
town, Philadelphia and Reading, the party responded 
by raising much needed relief and by active participa- 
tion. In the desperation walk-out of the soft coal 
miners in western Pennsylvania, throughout five coun- 
ties^ and through some forty relief stations, the So- 
cialist Miners' Relief carried on not only during the 

(Continued on page 41) 



new book 

As I See It 

"Norman Thomas is one of America's most 
useful men. He doesn't make automobiles or 
radios; he tries to make people think. He doesn't 
make bridges or battleships, he distributes ideas 
.... His integrity and his courage, combined 
with unwavering allegiance to a well defined 
social theory, have commanded for him the respect 
of those who don't dare vote for him." 

Philadelphia Record 

At All Bookstores $2.00 


(\^ \i. 

Read the autobiography of 
America's famous social novelist! 



A Book of Reminiscenses 
At last the man who wrote the revolutionary 
''Oil," "The Jungle," and 'The Wet Parade" 
tells his own story. It is as fearless as his novels, 
the forthright statement of a life spent battling 
for important causes. "Told with gusto and dis- 
regard of restraint."— N. Y. Herald-Tribune. $2.50. 

On sale at all bookstores 
Farrar & Rinehart, Publishers, New York 


''The Jewish Socialist Verband Branch of 
Los Angeles greets all the Delegates, Of- 
ficers and Members of the Socialist Party. 
We wish you success in all your delibera- 
tions and nominations, and hope that the year 
1932 will be a banner year for the Socialist 
Party of America and that at the next elec- 
tion, the Socialist Party will be placed among 
the leading parties in the country. 






Cloth Hat, Cap ^ Millinery 

Workers' International 






Young Circle League 

M. V. Halushka, Director 

KX'tfAWorkers' Gymnastic. 
/ ^ Sport Alliance 

Arbeiter Turn & Sport Bund von America 

Affiliated with the Socialist Workers' Sport 

Karl Keinath, Pres. 

1287 Madison St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Middle West District: Herman Strauwald, 

19 Roscoe St., Chicago, 111. 

There are Workers' Sport Clubs in the larger 
cities of the United States. Men, Women, and 
Children are welcome. Comrades! Help ns build 
up a mighty Workers' Sport Movement. Visit our 
training or exercise halls. Workers' Sport is 
Mass Sport. Mass Sport is Education for Social- 
ism. Come and see our work at Cleveland, Ohio* 
September, 3, 4, & 5. 


Creetings from 




This institution, owned and controlled by 


has done practically all the printing needed 
by the National Office S. P., Illinois State 
Office S. P., Cook County S. P. and 
Young People's Socialist League, National 
Office and City Circles, for the past ten 

The entire crew is listed among the member- 
ship of the Socialist Party, 

They also belong to the Chicago Typo- 
graphical Union, No. 16, and the Press- 
men's Union. 

Millions of leaflets. Papers, and other pro- 
paganda and office matter are turned out 
by this organization. Perhaps more Socialist 
literature is printed here than by any other 
printing concern in the United States. 

We sincerely invite all the organizations to 
give us a trial, feeling assured that they will 
be satisfied with our service. 


E. CLEMENTE, Sec'y. 




Editor of 


Demand Carmen 


Made by 

John Weisert Tobacco Co- 

St. Louis, Mo. 


A Harbor of Safety 

The Lar^eft Jewish Workers* Fraternity 


offers both SECURITY and 
FULL LIFE: Z?ij its numerous 
benefits it relieves i?ou of man}^ a 
lQ?orr^^; b^ its multitudinous and 
varied activities it affords you a 
full scope for inclinations and apti- 


15 not merel'^ an insurance order; 
it is an organization with a soul. 
Enjoy its protection and the friend- 
ship of thousands fighting the battle 
of Labor and striving for a better 


INSURANCE: from $100.00 to $3,000.00. 

SICK BENEFIT: $8.00, $18.00, $23.00 or $28.00 a week. Besides most 
branches pay extra local benefit fro(m $4.00 to $10.00 a week. 

Twelve months* treatment in SANATORIUM or from $400.00 to $600.00 ih 

FUNERAL EXPENSE for the Entire Family. 

The Workmen's Circle has: 




throughout the United States and Canada 


for Consumptive Members and Family 







for Children and Adults 

A Fund is being raised for 


For further information inquire at 

The lil^orkmen's Circle 

175 East Broadway, New York, N. Y. 


Socialist Party 

Bronx County 

SAM ORR, Chairman 

SOL PERRIN, Treasurer 

MURRAY GROSS, Organizer 

Ist A. D. 3rd A. D. 

Sth A. D. 7tli A. D. 

2nd A. D, 4th A, D. 

6th A. D. Sth A. D. 











United Jewish Socialist 

Labor Party Poale Zion 

Zeire Zion of America 

and its Youth Organization 


Send Greetings to the 
National Convention of the Socialist Partly 

May the Convention stimulate American Socia- 
lists to greater activities and determination to win 
our American Labor masses to the cause of 
Socialism, its political and economic aims. 

1 1 33 Broadway 
New York, N. Y. 

Czechoslovak Federation 


3551 W. 26th Street 
Chicago, 111. 










(S. J. RES. No. 3.) 

Sentimentalists favor "reduction of armaments." Reduction is bunk! 
It means scrapping a few worthless battleships in order to have plenty of 
money for effective modern weapons such as poison gas and bombs which 
wipe out whole cities. 

Capitalism and Militarism are twin brothers. While we fight Capitalism, 
Militarism stands ready to strike us down. All over the world, foreign armies 
and navies are conquering and oppressing the native workers.— At home, armed 
police are on the job. 

Comrades, let us stand for Disarmament by Example. 
It is endorsed by the Independent Labor Party of Great Britain, the 
Labor Party of Norway, the Social-Democratic Party of Holland and of 

Our 1930 Congressional platform called for the U. S. "setting an ex- 
ample of voluntary disarmament regardless of the military or naval poKcy of 
other nations." 

Comrades, give your support to the Total Disarmament Amendment 
S. R. No. 3 now before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Follow Eugene Debs 
who gave it his "unconditional ertdorsement." 

For further information apply to: 

The Pennsylvania Committee for Total Disarmament 



(Continued from page 35) 

strike but for months thereafter a continuous program 
of relief From all over the country Socialists respond- 
ed generously with money, food stuffs and clothing. 

This effort was not in vain. So different from 
the Communists who, after spreading the area of the 
strike zone, quickly withdrew when they saw the strike 
dwindle from defeat into a state of hopelessness, the 
committee carried on for five months after the Com- 
munists left the field. At the close of this period, 
many of the community kitchens were transformed 
into Socialist educational and recreational centers. 
A corps of Party workers regularly visit these centers, 
providing lectures, motion pictures and other forms 
of entertainment. Branches and an active member- 
ship has sprung up in many of these communities. 

One of the functions of the state office has been 
to assign to our foreign federations, of which the 
Jugo-Slav is the largest, a share of the regular political 
and organization work. Many candidates for public 
office are drawn from the membership of these bran- 
ches. The state office not only regards these branches 
as integral parts of the Socialist party of Pennsylvania, 
but makes these organizations the bases for the or- 
ganization of English speaking groups. This policy 
has proven beneficial to both the state organization 
and to our foreign branch members. 

With the spring primary activities just closed, 
the entire state organization has been set in motion. 
A complete state ticket is in the field. Thirty one of 
thirty four districts will have Socialist candidates for 
congress. Three of our locals have agreed to subscribe 
to one half of Pennsylvania's quota toward the Na- 
tional Fund. With confidence the Party faces the 
future, keenly realizing the importance of tasks which 
are ahead. 

State Secretary, 
613 Lyceum Bldg., Penn Ave. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

The Polish Socialist Alliance 

THE Polish Socialist movement in America, which 
began in 1896 and from the beginning of its ex- 
istence has worked hand in hand with the Amer- 
ican Socialist movement, is active among the Polish 
workers, enlightening them and organising them for 
the struggle to liberate the working class, and for the 
realization of Socialism. In all the political and indus- 
trial struggles of labor the Polish Socialist alliance 
has taken an active part. 

Because of the economic depression and the inabil- 
ity of the ruling classes to remedy the situation, the 
Socialist movement of America faces its greatest op- 
^^^.V^^^J^- ^^ should be our task to increase the ranks 
ot the bociahst Party, so that our work and our ideals 
may penetrate the trade union movement of America. 

Let us increase our efforts to the end that our 
•socialist ideals may reach and find a response in the 
mmes, mills, factories and offices, and may our message 
find its way to the millions of unemployed workers 
who will realise the need of voting for the interests 
o± their own class, which today is best represented by 
Socialist Party of America. 

May the year 1932 begin the triumph of American 


J. Trzaska, 
Secretary General, 
19-23 St. Marks Place, 
New York, N. Y. 

You will be Pleased with the Courteous 
Service and Treatment received at the 




4th Street and Wisconsin Ave. 

In the heart of the City 



$1.50 up without Bath 
$2.50 up with Bath 

Moderate Price Dining Room in 

Arthur R. Melanson, Mgr, 










Branch No. 16 

Milwaukee, Wis. 




The Milwaukee Federated Trades 
Council was organized February 20, 
1887, and received its charter from 
the American Federation of Labor 
August 14, 1887, Its aim and object 
is to educate the workers to organize 
and unite on the industrial and politi- 
cal field if they want to maintain their 
inalienable rights to life, to liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness. 


Republican Hotel 


Moderate rates, Cafeteria, Cafe and Sandwich 
Shop in connection 


Comrades All: Greetings and Welcome 

Milwaukee Sewerage Plant 
Employees Union No. 17992 


Simon Libros 

Office Workers Union 

No. 16456 
Jacob Hahn, Pres. Pearl Barndt, Sec'y. 

516 Metropolitan Block 


Jewish Branch 


Comrades: We Welcome You to Milwaukee 

The Austro-Hungarian 
Branch S. P. 



Soc. Party of Pottstown, Pa. 



25th Ward Branch S. P, 



Hazelette Hoopes 


Darlington Hoopes 


Italian Branch 

Enthusiastically Greets the Delegates 


Reading Labor Advocate 


Published in Reading, Penna. $1.00 per year 

Greetings from the 

West Side Women's Branch 



Northwest Branch 




9th Ward Branch 




New York StatelCommittee 

Herbert M. Merrill, Secretary 

New York City Office 



Executive Secretary 



Coney Island Branch 
^ Astoria Branch 

15 — ^-"CTferighton Beach Branch 
r"'^^ 8 A. D. New York County 

-? .2 A. D. Kings County 

Jf 13th and 19th A. D. Kings County 

Midwood Branch Kings County 
Branch 2 18th A. D. Kings County 
Branch 3 22nd A, D. Kings County 

And the Workmen's Circle Branches 

Branch Two 

Branch Three 

Branch 42 

Branch 54 

Branch 224, Witebskei 

Branch 275, Mohliver^ 

Branch 277, Zronitz-Podoler, Prog. 


Finnish Branch 


John F. Lahii 
Wilho Hedman 
John Ericsson 
William Pekkf^rinen 
M. W. Bruun 
Kustl Viiiala 
Victor Ratia 
Oscar Honkanen 


5th Avenue 

John Wiralaina 
Kirsti Jappinen 
Jda Thulin 
Alex N arena 
Mikko Lyytikainen 
Hilda Kunsela 
Olga Long 

of Finnish Br.: 

Singing Society, 

Dramatic Club, 

Sewing Society, 

English to Foreigners School, 

Naturalization Aid Committee, 

Y. P. S. L. Circle. 

1^ Deutsche Sprachgruppe 
^der Sozialistischen Partei 

Versammlungen der Branches: 

Yorkviile: Jeden 1. u. 3. Donnersta^ im 

Labor Temple, 243 Ost 84 Str. 
Bronx: Jeden 3. Dienstag im Monat in 

398 Ost 152 Str,, Apt. A-44. 
Brooklyn: Jeden 4. Freitag im Queens 

County Labor Lyceum, 785 Forest 

Ave., Ridg-ewood. 
Hudson County: Jeden dritten Mittwoch 

in der Fraternity Hall, 256 Central 

Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
Newark: Jeden 1. Freitag im Newark 

Labor Lyceum. 
Frauen-Versammlung: Jeden L Freitag 

im Monat im Soz. Hauptquartier, 241 

Ost 84 Str., New York City. 



Greetings from 







„ ^„„.-^^ — ' * 




and the Members of the Socialist Party 





Seventh Congressional 

District Branch 



• Meets 
Every Second and Fourth Wednesday at 

John M. Collins, 


1424 North Mason Avenue 

Arthur W. Gladwin, 


5143 North Menard Avenue 

I. A. Anderson, 


3239 Potomac Avenue 

Mr. and Mrs, Roy E, Burt 
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Milgrom 
Dr. R. B. Green 
John M. Collins 
Oscar Elei 
Henry Duel 
Thomas Slater 
Geo. Koop 

Simon H. Cripe 
Jacob Kraiovil 
Fred Grote 
Mr. and Mrs. G. V, Johnson 
Edw. Verier g 

Dr. E. V, Williams 
/. A. Anderson 
Fred Ehling 

M. V. Halushka 
Alex Levin 
Samuel Levin 
Frank Bessen 
Alois Berger 
Oscar Hausske 








Gen. President 


Gen. SecV-Treas. 


August Bellanca 

Hyman Blumberg 

Abraham Chatman 
Jack KroU 

Leo Krzycki 

Samuel Levin 
Anzuino D, Marimpietri 
Abraham Miller 

Sidney Rissman 

Frank Rosenblum 
Mamie Santora 



Stephen Skala 







of the 


endorses all the candidates nominated at 
your convention and urges our member- 
ship to vote for the Socialist Party candi- 

Comrades! We will be with you and 
wish you great success in the November 

Isadore Schuckman, 

Financial Secretary 




of the 





sends its fraternal greeting-s to the Nation- 
al Convention of the Socialist Part}^ of 

Clothing- workers, along* with the other 
workers in this country are in the midst of 
a stupendous depression. An orgy of wage 
cuts, reductions of working forces, and 
general attacks on the conditions that orga- 
nized workers have so laboriously won, are 
the order of the day. 

There is only one way out of the wild- 
erness: the organization of powerful labor 
unions along industrial lines, commi^tted 
to a policy of independent political action. 

Mav vour deliberations blaze the wav for a 
real class conscious labor movement in the 
United States. 

New York Joint Board 
Amalgamated Clothing Workers 
of America 

Abraham Miller, Secy-Treas. 



of the 





extends fraternal greetings to the Con- 
vention of the Socialist Party. Inde- 
pendent political action by labor is 
becoming more urgent all the time. 
Labor must assume leadership and 
save civilization from disaster. We 
hope that you will bring to the 
American working class a message of 
cheer, hope and ultimate victory. 

Samuel Levin, Manager 



""^'••^ • - ■'■ ■" ^:^^~..-,-,-p..---^-.^- --■,;;,^^Eia^— "-^f.- --",,■ ,TT^ 


Union Square and 15th Street 
New York, N. Y. 

^ishin^ ;pou Success 
in :gour Deliberations 

M. Girsdansky 

49^ ^ r^ ^^-^ -"^ 

The Xatioii's 


Equitable distribution; of income. 
Public ownership and operation of^ 
power sites and plants, f ^**^ ^^ 

Free trade. 

Recognition of Russia. 
Total disarmament by the United 
States independently of other 
Simultaneous estabhshment of a 
system of employment offices 
and a system of unemployment 
Increased governmental control of 
the communications system and 
of all other public utiUties, with 
eventual pubUc ownership and 
management of these systems. 
J. (Rigid control and regulation of 
U V I banking in the interest of the 
\jr \J community. 

SodaXi^i^ Will find in The Nation every 
week informed, radical discussion of every 
important issue before the American public 
in this depression-election year of 1932, 

Read The Nation 
26 weeks for $2 

26 issues bought at the News Stand cost $3.90 

i The Nation 20 Vesey Street New York 

i Please enter my subscription to The Nation for 
i 26 weeks, beginning immediately. I enclose $2. 



Annual Subscription $5. 

Socialists and Trade 

(Continued from page 7) 

have nothing to lose and much to gain by ranging their 
organizations against the whole system. j_ 

Socialist Party members have ^.S^ave responsi 
bilitv in awakening members of the unions to the needs 
of the hour They should carry on a continuous educa- 

dona? crusade against archaic i<lf,%f ^P^^S^^^^ave 
have left the unions almost Jielpless m this grave 
emergency. Inter-union cooperation, consolidation of 
uS wherever possible, workers education fostering 
of the ideal of labor solidarity, breaking ties with the 
parties of capitalism, are all necessary work of the 

^^^^^^ife^e^'^^ t%riS^t?weenh^- Socialist move- 
mpnt and the organized workers but there is misunder- 
Xnding In all countries but the United States the 
?wo mo^vements cooperate and move fo^^.^>^d as \wo 
slctions of the labor army for the same aims and the 
sfme ideals. Both movements are weak because of 
Sons; bot,h will be strong when there is under- 

^'^tlTp^SurermusTbe argued away Sectarian- 
ism must giVe way to the ideal of the who e workmg 
cl^ssrfthl United States, skilled and unskilled, black 
and white, of all races and nationalities, men and 
women alike, welcomed with open -ms fo he um 
the cooperatives, to workers educational classes, ana 

tn our own political organization of labor. 

to our own p ^ ^ ^ g i ^ 

fiehter as well. The lines of battle are bemg drawn 
by industrial changes. There is no middle ground^ 
It is for the worker to chose whether he will be with 
the exploiters for Capitalism or with his class for So- 
cialism and the end of the economic hell mto which 
millions are plunged. 

Socialist Milwaukee 
Points the Way 

{Continued from page 6) 

ward to the time when through the failure of private 
o^^ership; and because millions of men and women 
arunaWe to secure employment, it will be necessary 
Sr government to take over and operate deniocratically 
all the means of production and distribution so that 
hours of toil may be limited and the producers given 
the full product of their toil. Believing in this pro- 
nosition which is Socialism, as the only and fmal, sub- 
stitute foTthe breakdown of Capitalism, every Socialist 
is mUitantly working to keep the government clean 
and efficient so that the people will have the required 
faith to make Socialism a practical success. 

In the recent municipal election the people of Mil- 
waukee have given the Socialists a greater ^antol 
cower than at any other time since the first bocialist 
^Ztaistration in^910. The prospects never were 
brighter for the gradual carrying out of our municipal 
program to the end that still greater progress may 
be made. 

Compliments of f\Q 

Cooperative Bakery 


543-553 Oshom St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 






Three Cheers for the Delegates 

Bessie and Albert Halper n 

18th A. D. Kings County /^ i ^ 


We are few here but earnest and gaining by slow 
degrees and more and more, despite our handicap. 
If we do not all travel to Milwaukee it is only 
because of the big distance and the big cost. 
Greetings and Good Luck! 

Palo Alto Local, Calif. 

M. S. ALDERTON, Secretary 

Our Sincere Greetings for a Successful 

Local No. 275 A. C. W. A, 


Local Marin County, Calif. 


Greetings from 

The Christian Socialist 


Teaches Socialism is the Necessary Economic 

Expression of Real Religion. Editor E. E, Carr. 

Chief Contributing Editor, U. M. McGuire. 

Sample copy 10c. 

Convention Greeting from 

Stamford, Conn, Local 
Socialist Party 

Fraternal Greetings and Warm Hopes for 
Our Future Service to America 



Fraternal Greetings from 

William H. Schieldge 


Joseph Rollason 

Manchester, Conn. 


Louis Pinkham 
Henry W. Pinkham 


Greetings from Atlanta, Georgia 

Mary Raoul Millis 

May Your Convention be a History- 
Making One Toward Socialism 

Workmen's Circle Br* 710 


Greeting the national convention of our party, 
we expect a most efficient plan for the ideal 
class solidarity and unity of the workers. 

Jugoslav Soc. Branch No. 20 


From Comrades 

M. L. and Rose Polin 


Wishing you best success 


2657-2659 SO. LAWNDALE AVE. 


Jewish Socialist Verband 


Fraternal Greetings 



To Our Readers : 

Flowers for All Occasions 

5ee or Call Comrade 



Now at 74 - 2nd Ave., Cor. 4th St., N. Y. 

We wish to announce that since April 1st we 
have added a new line to our flower business. 
We are carrying a full line of fresh fruits, 
candies and nuts arrang-ed in baskets, or pot- 
teries for steamers, hospitals and condolences. 

Please call Drydock 4-8880—8881—0355 

Special reduced prices to Socialist Party 
members and to labor organizations. 



To the National Convention from 



The State of F lowers and Sunshine 
The Playground of the Capitalists 

Refuge of the Proletarians. 

State Executive Committee 

J, J. PATTON, Chairman, 

1101 East Lloyd St., Pensacola, Florida 

909 N. Newport Avenue, Tampa, Florida 

621 Olivia Street, So. Jacksonville, Florida 
M. E. EDSON, State Secretary. 

Rt. 1, Box 375-A, Seffner, Florida 

Best Wishes 


244 Lafayette St., 

New York City 





Pants Makers Union 
Greater N. Y. 

M. Blumenreich, Mgr. 
N. Novodor, Sec*y. 





7 E. 15th St. New York, N. Y. 


First magazine of its kind since the 
International Socialist Review 

Just out. Subscribe at once, $1 a year and 
keep abreast of Socialist discussion. 

8926 Wisconsin 

Phones 10429 ( p^- i,,^,-^^ 
6452 hChickering 


Lessee & Mgr, 


For Entertainments, Receptions, Meetings, 
Weddings, Banquets, Rehearsals, Smokefrs 
Balls, Conventions, Etc, Etc. \ 
723^725-727 SIXTH AVENUS^^ 
;> Bet. 41st and 42nd Streets 


Unity House 

Forest Park, Penna. 




The Meeting Place of iV. Y. — N. /. and 
Penna, Socialists 

Operated on a non-profit basis by the . 
International Ladies Garment Workers Union 1 


Purity- Co-operative 

Telephone Armory 4-3456 

Branch Bakeries: 

425 - 10th AVENUE 
419 - 11th AVENUE 

Branch Butcher Stores: 

427 - 10th AVENUE 







of the 




Greetings ^^ 





Ladies^ Cparment 




The Workmen^s Furniture Fire 
Insurance Society 

Executive Secretary 

The Workmen's Furniture Fire Insurance 
Society reached its 60th anniversary this year 
— 1932. It has grown from a small beginning 
to a formidable organization, with inherent 
strength for still greater growth in the future. 
The Society was not begun as an enterprise 
for gathering in profits, but as an organiza- 
tion having for its aim the mutual help and 
protection of its membership by providing 
them with household insurance at actual cost. 

The Workmen's Furniture Fire Insurance 
Society began to function in 1872. At the be- 
ginning progress was slow and somewhat dis- 
couraging and Were it not for the fact that 
overhead expenses were negligible, it is doubt- 
ful whether it could have survived the first 
year. The faith of its founders continued and 
they soon had the satisfaction of seeing their 
Society on a solid foundation and with a con- 
stantly growing membership. 

The main purpose of the Society was to 
afford security against fire losses for workers' 
household goods, provide prompt and equitable 
indemnity for such losses, and render this serv- 
ice at a cost less than the commercial fire in- 
surance companies. To accomplish this it re- 
quires not only a small overhead expense, but 
what is more important, sufficient capital to 
pay the fire indemnities. The capital is sup- 
plied by its members, as every member upon 
joining must pay, upon taking out insurance 
on ihis furniture and household goods, one 
dollar on each hundred dollars of his insurance, 
which goes towards the "Guarantee Fund," 
which is the capital of the society. As no 
interest is paid on these deposits, all the in- 
come from this capital, which is invested ih 
state and national bonds, mortgages, etc., is 
used for the expenses of the society and also 
for a reserve fund. 

All the ovei^head being more than covered 
by this income, the members do not have to 
pay any large premiums. Thus it is possible 
for a worker for the sum of $1.50 to $2,00 a 
year to insure a value of from $1,500 to $2,000. 
Other fire insurance companies charge from 
$3 to $22 a thousand. 

The Workmen's Furniture Fire Insurance 

Society has one rate for all its members, no 
matter where they live. Thus it lives up to its 
ideals of cooperation and solidarity. Control 
of the society is vested in its membership who 
annually elect all the officers and members of 
the Board of Directors. The salaries of the 
chief executives are only nominal. 

The Society has made steady progress. It 
has branches all over the country, especially in 
the principal industrial centers. New branches 
are chartered in any town or city where there 
is a water supply and a fire department as 
soon as at least 30 applications are available. 
The membership at the close of 1931 has risen 
to 60,000 with an insurance value of $75,000,- 
000.00; its available assets amount to $1,000,- 
000.00. This shows conclusively that the 
society is on a solid foundation with every 
indication of becoming in the near future one 
of the greatest fire insurance societies in the 
country, always continuing the cheapest fire 
insurance available. 

Plans are now being completed to convert 
the Society into a Mutual Company at the 
same time retaining all its present cooperative 
features. This conversion will widen the scope 
of the Society as it will enable it to insure 
the dwelling as well as the household of its 
members. It is hoped tbat sometime during 
the year 1933 the Society may be in a position 
to embark on this new field of house insurance. 

Organized self-help and self-administra- 
tion should be the guiding principles of all 
workingmen's economic organizations. They 
are the gainers by following this principle^ 
The story and the great success of the Work- 
men's Furniture Fire Insurance Society is a 
striking proof of this principle. Every one 
capable of thinking for himself should per- 
ceive tjiat in organizations such as the Work- 
men's Furniture Fire Insurance Society can 
be seen in a small way how ultimately co- 
operative enterprises on a gigantic scale will 
supplant private enterprises. 

Any one interested can obtain further in- 
formation by communicating with the Main 
Office of the Society, 227 East 84th street, 
New York City. 




Socialist Greetings from 

Michigan Socialist Society 


R. Naysmith, President 

Arcadian Magazine, 

Eminence, Missouri, extends greetings to the So- 
cialist Party of America. We invite you to get 
acquainted with the Ozarks through our unique 
monthly journal. $1.00 per year. Single copy, 20c, 

O. E. Rayburn, Editor. 

Fraternal Greetings from the 

Finnish Branch ^., 



Port Chester, N. Y. 


Greetings to our Comrades 

^ Sunnysidc Branch S. P 



Henry Garless 

NEWAaiK, N. J. 

A^" We Send Our Greetings and Best Wishes 
Y^ for a Successful Convention 


' Amalgamated Cooperative 




Orange. — Fin. Sec, Joseph Mego, 6 Cross Street, 
West Orange, Phys., Max T. Weinmann, 714 
•Scotland Rd., Orange. 3rd Sunday of m., 10 
A. M., Foresters Hall, 9-11 Tom^pkins St., 
West Orange, N. J., Branch 119, 

Comradely Greetings 

Meyer Weintraub 


Rockland County Local 


Thomas W. Davis, See'y. jC^ 

Merritt Crawford, Organizer - ,^-r / 

North Highland Ave. R \ 





Fur Dressers' Union Local 2 

957 Willoughby Ave. V 


S. Mendel, Sec'y. 


Branch Wilkes-Barre 


Ernest Carey, Sec'y- 
Benj. Fox, Treasurer 
Fred Gendral, Organizer 


Hempstead Branch 



West Philadelphia Branch 

of Local Philadelphia 



To the Natioeal Cooveimtfloini of the Socialist 
by Local Cook Coiuiinityo With conffideece ^ 
forward to the delllbeiratfloes amid decSsfiomis 


Socialist Party 
of Cook County 

A. DREIFUSS, Executive Secretary 
3036 Roosevelt Road, Chicago, III. 


Jackson Park, 

6tli Congr. District, 
7th Congr. District, 
10th Congr. District, 
Blue Island, 
Jugoslav No. 1, 
Jugoslav No. 20, 
Northwest Jewish, 
Douglas Pk. Jewish, 
Cicero- Berwyn 


22nd Ward Bohemian 
23rd Ward Bohemian 
21st Italian, 
26th Ward Italian, 

George 5. Wheeler, 
Perry Tolby, 
Carrie Julick 
I, A, Anderson, 
R. C. Ohen, 
John Coreham^ 
R. E, Wolsele}), 
Sam Fishman 
Peter Bernik, 
Geo Maslach, 
M. Blumin, 
Philip Gihrik 

Ant Jecmen, 
Karl KissUng, 
Charles Erba, 
Peter Vojiik, 
Eleanor e Zamorsl^a, 
R. Bartolozzi, 
C. Stefani, 

5528 Dorchester Ave., Chicago, 111. 
5704 West 64th Street, Chicago, III. 
3036 Roosevelt Road, Chicago, 111. 
3239 Potomac Ave., Chicago, III. 
1 725 Wilson Ave,, Chicago, 111. 
10151 Wallace St, Chicago. 111. 
1310 Chicago Ave., Evanston. 111. 
13135 Western Ave., Blue Island, 111. 
3204 S. Karlov Ave., Chicago. 111. 
837 Fullerton Ave., Chicago. 111. 
1714 Humboldt Blvd.. Chicago. 111. 
3200 Ogden Ave., Chicago. Ill 

2125 Elmwood Ave., Berwyn, 111. 
2140 Lincoln Ave., Chicago, 111. 
2224 S. Homan Ave., Chicago, 111. 
2654 S. Clifton Ave., Chicago. 111. 
847 Lincoln St.. Chicago. 111. 
2151 S. Leavitt St.. Chicago, III 
2613 N. Fairfield Ave., Oiicago, III 


Fraternal Giieetlngs 


Best Wishes for a Successful Convention 

from the 



Executive Secretary 



Member of the Cooperative League of U. S. A. 

Largest and One of the Oldest Credit 
Unions in Massachusetts 

Assets $900,000 

Reserve Funds $ 70,000 

Membership 2,350 

All the thirteen members of our Board of 
Directors are members of the Socialist Party 

Workers' Credit Union 

48 Wallace Ave., Yrjo Makela, Pres. 

Fitchburg, Mass. John Suominen, Traes. 

What caused the depression 

Socialists know that capitalism's greed 
caused, the depression; they have njot 
seen the details so concisely stated as in 





^'Packed with immensely useful infomation' 
Norman Thomas. 

''The most deadly exprose of the absurdi- 
ties of finance ever Written by anybody'' — 
Burton Rascoe. 

The price, $2.50, will include a year's subscrip- 
tion (60 cents) to The Arbitrator, a monthly 
paper for the under -dog, and snappy. 

ARBITRATOR PRESS, 114 E. 31st St., N.Y.C. 

Best Wishes 


Local Berks 
Socialist Party 


Socialism Explained 

By W. H. Richards 

A 48-page booFthat's "Little but Mighty." 

IN an imaginary conversation between father 
and son in 1950 it vividly portrays the So- 
cialist System in action and the contrast 
between that and the old. T*|he boy (19) has 
grown up under the new system, reads history, 
and is amazed. The father explains how the 
change was made. All work 5 hour days, a month 
or more vacation each year. Retire at 50 but 
stay on the payroll for life. No rich, no poor, 
education for all. Free health service. No fear 
of want or dependency in old age. 

So powerful is this book that a million 
copies distributed will bring VICTORY THIS 

Will YOU HELP by ordering a dozen or a 
hundred? You can easily sell them a 10c, for 
thousands are inquiring about Socialism. Single 
copy 10c. Dozen 70c Fifty $2.25. 100 for $4.00. 


411 Mass. Ave. 

Indianapolis, Ind. 



sends its 

best wishes for 


29 E. 7th Street 
New York City 


'Purposely Published for Propaganda* 


No comet has struck this earth 
yet — but The Campaigner has, 
and every week it does more 
damage to the people's op- 

$1.00 a year 

540 W. Juneau Ave. 



Published Daily & Sunday 
Bannerbearer of Socialism m the U. S. 



Founded 1878 

>^. \ Subs. $3.25 quarterly 


National German Labor Weekly 
Subs. $3.00 year 

PubHshed by N. Y. Volkszeitung 


Ohio Sends Sincere Greetings 

We, the members of the Ohio organization of the Socialist Party of America, greet you 
delegates of the 1932 Convention. We hope that in your deliberations and in your selec- 
tion of our candidate for President the sincere interests of the movement will be your gui- 
dance, Ohio offers the nomination of its honored son, 



30S Prospect and Fourth Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio 

Local Cuyahoga County, 

Mrs. Jennie Kullman, Secy, 

10729 Hathaway Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 
Jugoslav Branch 27, 

Ivan Babnik, 1053 E. 67th Street 
Jugoslav Branch 28, 

Frank Hribar, Sec'y, 10805 Avon Ave, 
Jugoslav Branch 49, 

Louis Zgfonik, Sec'y, 723 E. 160th St. 
Jugoslav Branch 6 

Math Bizyak, Sec'y, 13101 Crossburn Ave. 

13101 Crossburn Avenue 
Finnish Branch, 

Alex Kari, Sec'y, 5517 Biddulph Avenue 
German Branch, 

Louis Kunz, Sec'y, 2746 W. 14th St. 

Bohemian Branch, 

Joseph Lochner, Sec'y, 8708 Fredrick St. 
30th Ward Branch, 

Max M. Klein, Sec'y, 9919 Parkgate Ave. 
32nd Ward Branch, 

Philip Yontez, Sec y, 17107 Waterloo Rd. 
2nd District Branch, 

Suchie Wexler, Sec'y, 10213 Olivet Ave. 
Central Branch, 

Robert L. Garvin, Sec'y, 1607 Schoaf Rd. 

Jewish Branch, 

L Axelrod, Sec'y, 11430 Superior Ave. 
Polish Branch, 

L. Lazarowski, Sec'y, 1075 E. 79th St. 
Bohemian Women's Branch, 

Mrs. M, Martinek, Sec'y, 3593 E. 104th St. 

LOCAL DAYTON — L. C. Coy Sec'y, 628 Nicholas St., Dayton, Ohio. 
FINNISH BRANCH — Emil Wiljamaa, SecV, 1328 Lake Ave., Ashtabula, O- 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH ~ Pauline Glagovsek, Sec'y, Box 188, Blaine, Ohio. 
LOCAL NELSONVILLE— Geo. Galantin, SecV, R.F.D. 4, Nelsonville, Ohio. 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH 11— Joseph Snoy, Sec'y, R.F.D. 1, Box 7, Bridgeport, Ohio 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH— John Merzel, Sec'y, Box 344, Powhatan Point, Ohio. 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH— Albina Kravanja, Sec'y, Box 66, Glencoe, 0,hio. 
LOCAL BUTLER COUNTY— Ralph Jackson, Sec'y, 615 Baltimore Ave., Middletown, O. 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH 9— Jacob Bergant, Sec'y, R.F.D. Box 19, Lisbon, Ohio. 
LOCAL GALLIA COUNTY— J. F. Day, Sec'y, Bladen, Ohio. 

LOCAL FRANKLIN COUNTY— David T. Davis, Sec'y, 1415 N. 6th St., Columbus, 0. 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH— Ignac Zlemberger, Sec'y, Box 213, Piney Fork, Ohio. 
FINNISH BRANCH^ — E. Sarkkinen, Sec'y, 22 Paradise Apts., Fairport Harbor, Ohio, 
LOCAL LUCAS COUNTY— Leon Schonbrun, Sec'y, 2118 Franklin Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 
POLISH BRANCH— W. Zitek, Sec'y, 168 Bronson Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 
LOCAL MIAMA COUNTY— Kenneth B. Johnson, Sec'y, R.R. 1, Piqua, Ohio. 
LOCAL MUSKINGAM COUNTY— Clark T, Norris, Sec'y, Box 589, Zanesville, Ohio. 
LOCAL SUMMIT COUNTY— Saul Reaven, Sec'y, 505 Lonardo Ave., Akron, Ohio. 
JUGOSLAV BRANCH— 222, John Kosin, Sec'y, 1006 State St., Girard, Ohio. 
LOCAL TRUMBEL COUNTY— Central Committee, Albert Beatty, Sec'y. Box 58 

Warren, Ohio. 
WARREN BRANCH— Albert Beatty, Sec'y, Box 58, Warren, Ohio. 
HUBBARD BRANCH— H, C. Fuller, Sec'y, 31 Main St., Hubbard, Ohio. 
FINNISH BRANCH— Frank Heiskala, Sec'y, 310 Austin Ave., S. W., Warren, Ohio. 




Harold G. Gelwicks, 920 College Ave. 

Wooster, Ohio. 
W. G. Spiegle, R.F.D. 1, Bucyrus, Ohio. 
Vem Spiegle, R.F.D. 4, Hicksville, Ohio. 
W. H. Maurer, Box 588, Athens, Ohio. 
John H. Keller, 852 W. North St., Lima, 


Joseph A, Siemer, 27 S. Valley Street, 
Corning, Ohio. 

C. E. Sheplin, 628 W. Main St., Ravenna, 

J, A. C. Meng, 729 Fairmont Avenue 
Youngstown, Ohio. 


The Rand School 
of Social Science 

7 East 15th Street 

Now concluding its twentieth year as a Socialist 
and Labor Educational Institution, sends Greet- 
ings to the delegate of the Socialist Party Conven- 
tion and expresses the hope that its deliberations 
may be harmonious and successful. 

Socialist Greetings 



Conducted by the 



Educational Camp 
Society, Inc. 

The People^ s House 
Home of the Rand School 
Ben SeNITZER, Manager 


7 EAST 15th ST. 
New York, N. Y. 


Booksellers to the Radical 


BEN JOSEPHSON, Associate Director 

New York Office: 

Necessary additions to your library: 

Socialist Fundamentals, D. P, Berenherg .... .50 

A Worker's World, D, P. Berenherg ........ .05 

America's Way Out, Norman Thomas 2.00 

American Labor Year Book 1932 ....3.00 

Piesent Day Socialism, Morris Hillquit 10 

Bolshevism at a Deadlock, Karl Kautsl^y ....1.75 

Shall Labor Form Its Own Political Party? 
Debate between Matthew Woll and 
Morris Hillquit '. ............ .10 

Mail orders taken 
from any part of 
the world. 




You Must Visit 


Nationally Famous 

Only 2 Blocks East, 1 Vi Blocks North of 


1041 N. 3rd ST. Opposite Sieinmeyers 

A room for one or two with private bath 
at $2.50 per day 


and only four blocks from Auditorium 

Boston Central Branch 


>^ - '^^ to keep the 


Before the Public 
By Using 
Peace Stamps on All Your^ Letters 
50 like this Cut for 50c 

World Peace Posters, Inc. 

31 Union Square 

New York City 

Jewish Daily Forward 


Jos, Bernstein, Mgr, 

Branch L Paole Zion - Zeire 
Zion of Milwaukee, Wis. 

Greets the Delegates to the National No- 
minating Convention of the Socialist Party. 

We wish you success in your delibera- 
tions and hope that all your aspirations will 
become realizations. 

L. Perchonok, Sec'y. 


from the 



Local 39 A.C.W.A. 


Jack Gossman, Sec'y 
333 So. Ashland, Chicago, Illinois 


Support igour Cooperatives] 

Bniy ie cooperative storeSo How can we Ihope to free oMr= 
selves from the capitalist yoke while we contioiae to speed 
our earelegs io the capitalist Ibiusiiniess? 

The Cooperative Movement calls mipon workers and far= 
mers to recognize their own interests and lend their buying 
power to cooperative, not capitalist, enterpriseo Thias they 
will weaken the arm off Capitalism and strengthen the arm 


cooperativeo Iff yoia have none, Organize One. 


. Tl|e Cooperative League 

1 i% of ther. !$.A. . 


167 WEST 12th STREET 

Central educational union of 390 consumers' 
societies which number 150,000 mlembers 
and do a business of $30,000,000 yearly. 

Eastern States Cooperative League 

167 West 12th St., New York, N. Y. 
District : New England, New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania 

Unft^ CMpe^jitil^ Society 

Fitchburg, MSss:— 

Stores, bakery, dairy; 

600 members; 1931 sales $330,000 

United Cooperative Society 

Maynard, Mass. 
Stores, bakery, dairy ; 
1931 sales $250,000 

Consumers Cooperative Services, Inc. 

433 West 21st Street, New York, N. Y. 
Cafeterias, credit union, apartment house ; 
4000 members; 1931 sales $531,000 

Cooperative Trading Association 

4301— 8th Avenue, Brooklyn,- N. Y. 

Stores, bakery, restaurant ; 

2600 members; 1931 sales $344,000 

Central States Cooperative Leagrue 

1410 No. Main St., Bloomington, 111. 
District: Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and 
Michigan ' . 


Northern States Cooperative League 

2100 Washington Ave, No., Minneapolis, Minn. 
District: Minnesota, Wisconsin, upper Michi- 
gan and North Dakota 

Franklin Cooperative Creamery Association 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Retail milk and dairy products 

4200 members; 1931 sales $2,639,854 

Cooperative Trading Company 

Waukeg-an, 111. 

2000 members; 1931 sales $766,000 " 



Style Builders, Inc 

Co-Operative in Structure 
Idealistic in Operation 


The only men's clothing manufacturing organiza- 
tion co-operatively owned, controlled and managed 
by the workers. 

A pioneer organization in the United States demon- 
strating the ability of workers to manage both 
production and distribution of commodities. 

A Successful Co-Operative In: 
That Deserves Your Patronag 

Socialist Party (U. S.) 

The inarch of socialism, 




Style fc- 

refi : 


All Sales Made Direct to the 


For Further Infon 

Style Bn 


926 W. Ji 




mi ill 


1 6 m 



i s 

s ^ s 

50 < W 

21 S ?»: 


Northern Illinois University 

DeKgIb, Illinois 601 15 

SfldllSI SOCIALISM '"sociAUST pabi^8<«usm»»ISjs«^ ^^:^^_:^ 

Food or Bullets is Issue, Socialists Wan 

dkrtnce SeniWr national Sec-L^j,^ — — 

retary. Tells o! Pwes* * ' \ j ------- 

Made by caus« ^IFcdcral Insurance 

th« «ci!r« to ^lua*' 

hue Memli e* SO'" 

1 WMMI. ^-c 

^ For Aged Worker$ ^^ 
§>';a« Sought at Hearing ' 

2 ft 1 ■ 

Socialii^t Party Asks Creation j "^<^ 5^1 ' ****«» Soc 

Of Deparhncnl to Super-' /<f ., ^*<^ ^««««9i ^' ,. ^ 
vise Care at Hearing in ^^^* f^ ' -^^ C% "*«■ 

House Cominiuee ^^ f^f/ " ""^^ 


1 Proteelion of Ubor in old afee uiged i|' ^^/C 
- <;^ by wttne«g«a teitifyin^ hffore the Hou«e ? ^^/ 
^ < ConttnittM «n Labor Feb. 20. ' ^/:7 

'^ Cr;ation ef » Fedtml tfr]»»Ttment of ^ 



3 PBGE£FfORTsC.^^^%^\i 




Party LeadcM Seiul Documentwy Evideiite to Show 1 

itxt How Ruling €!*•» 1* Preparing to SUuj 

perate Victimi of CapiUlum— Urge Fed enl 

Ution For Relief at Escape From Deluf 

Which Now Appears to he the Final An 

jEjgry Men y' ''Women 

»A *iINGTON^>/VV» ^^<W sent to »1I met 


tee ^rill eo & 
the west, wit 
lag this t«nlt J 

for dtvtlopme.y tlO^' (jS^^ \*^ 


Candidates (n State 'ttecelved 

t\fearty Double the Support 

Obtained in 1928. 


,^,..«xv«- ,^. 

;; wia ti.*t