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Full text of "Proceedings of the 1964 National Convention of the Socialist Party May 29 -31 Chicago, Ill."

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May 29-31 
Chicago, 111. 

■ILHIIBTG: !Ehe resolutions in the appendix do not_ include the amend^nents added 
to them on the convention floor. Tlie completed domestic and foreign sections 
of the 1564 Elatfoxm vjill \)e edited axid publish.© d 'beioxe 'Sept. 1, 1$&^. live 
edited version of the Political Action Resolution v/ill be published in Neu 
.t;nerica and distributed to the key list for discussion and guidance locally. 

In the meeoitime, amendments to the Political Action Resolution nil 1 be 
found on page 3 of the Convention Proceedings, amendments to the domestic 
platform are on pages 5,6,7,8,9,20,21, and refer to the folloy/ing documents 
1-- the appendix:: the Committee Redraft on Education and the Harrington ',7ar on 
R)verty, the Kaim Civil Rights and the Tucker Ivledical Care documents, ©le 
only amendment to the foreign platform is the jimendment V listed on page 1? 
of the Proceedings. 

/-:■:: rerr.ocratic Party (Canada).. 
Pl"-a.ja Gocialist Party (Lidia) 
lutch labour Party 
U'ai'iish liocial Penocratic Party 
Jv.-edish Ljocia,! Pemocratic Labor Party 
Estonian Socialist Party in Jxile 
Ziunainian Socialist Party in xlxile 
reople 's Socialist Party (Aden) 
7ietnar.i Socialist Party 

league for Pidustr'ial Pemocracy 

■,^r Recisters League 

Students for a Pemocratic Society 

report of the Preliminary Credentials Conmittee (iJational Committee) v/as given by I'.z 
lal Administrative secretary Petty Plkin. 

Ill:: by Seymour Steinsapir. Vo separate out those v;hose status is in question be- 
;e of length of membership. C/JiRlSP. 

1964 i[AVIUi:AL (Jijr.Y^ll'i'lOll 

-3;>- 29, 50, 51 J 1964 GiicaoO, niiiioia 

Irida:/-, LJa:, 29, 19 64 

'Ihe Convent ion was opened a,t 1:45 x'.U. by ijational Chairman Darlington Hoopes with a state- 
sent. (Appendix) 


„ Hioment of silence xias observed in menory 01 tlie comi'ades v/ho died duriiig the lasb two 
years and in memory of the former chairmen of the Jocialist International, iirich Ullen- 
hauer and /JLsiiig- /liiderson. »\inong those listed were : harry Clevenger aiid I'tancis Jiarvey, 
h.J. ; David Jones, /iriz.; J.Ii. Lane and Gordon Levett, 'fexasj ^llexander Gittes, ?la. ; 
Pert ifelson, ill.; i.fax Jpstein and Caroline Jrie, Uhio; i.irs. a. R. Greenfield, Llilton 
Porta, Gordon hcLean, '..allian '..idnyer, Liiles V;'illians, Jolni ',,'einhold, Uenry huf- 

nagel, and Uovrard I.toronoujh, Pa.; I'red '„hitney, h.h. ; Charles Grabowsiiy and John Lrodde, 
'.Jisc. ; Charlie iJye Jones, Calif.; ^Inna Jtrunsky ,, 'ailing, l.Largaret Gillan, ijam Eantor, 
I.iiry t^kplan and Pdwin Koi^pel, 11. Y,; I-Cathleen l/inston, i). C. 

Greetings and annoimcenents v/ere given by comrade lien ,/illiger on behalf of the host, the 
Illinois otate Organization. 

The Chairman read greethngs to the Convention from a number of fraternal orgaiiizations 
and parties. Those seriding greetings v/ere : 

The Ijocialist Inter:iational 

International Council of Jocial fer.ocratic ',,'omen 

Liaison I3ureau of the socialist Liternational of Latin ^'jnerica 

Llie Socialist Uiiion of Central-iJastern Juxoi^e 

The Iritish Labour Party 

Pew Per.ocratic Party (Canada), 

Praja Socialist Party (India) 

Putch labour Party 

Panish liocial Pemocratic Party 

ov.-sdish uocir^l Pemocratic Labor Party 

Pstonian Cjocialist Party in Pxile 

Isumainian Socialist Party lii lixile 

People 's Cocialist Party (Aden) 

Vietnax: Socialist Party ... 

league for Pidustrial Pemocrac;/ 

war Pesisters League 

Students for a Pemocratic Society 

ihe report of the Preliminary'- Credentials Comxiittee (h'ational Committee) \7as given by na- 
tional Administrative Secretary Petty Plkiii. 

l.DTIOii: by Seymour steinsapir. To separate out those v/hose status is in q^uestion be- 
cause of length of membership). C^IPuiISp. 

Convention Eroceedinijs -2- 

IIOTIOH: 'x'o accept the report and the recommendations of the coimnittee and to refer all 
o.ner cases to the Credentials Coinnittee, CldUll^D. 

f^'^^^;^' f°°P^^ reported on the agenda as recomiended by the national Comnittee. 
LOilOh: hy ieter heyer. Itxat Political action be moved iron ft-iday afternoen-to Satur- 
day morning. iJi.'il!ATi;D. 
■liOi'Iuh'; To adopt the proposed agenda. CiiHTfluD. 

I'he Convention Kales as proposed by the national Comittee vrere adopted. 
^LhCTlOU ^ji'' OFFlC^m UI^ yiiU DSif: 

i'i-iday - Chairman: harling'uon hoopes 

Vice Ch. ; Ja:-: ",,einrib 

Saturday- Chairman: oeymour Liteinsapir 

Vice Cii. : './iri. hart 

Sunday - Chairman: Jules Bernstein 
Vice Ch. : i\jin Draper 

Comrade Lic-c Sliachtman v/as appointed as oergeaiit-at-arm.s. 


ID'flOir: by Seymour Steinsapir. '.liat membership on the Itesolutions and Constitution Com- 

-rittoes not be incompatible v;ith membership on any other committee. C^UUtlhl). 

Credentials Commrttee_: 
Sleeted: hrom Eassford 
Joe Stetson 
L'e n ^, /'i 1 1 i '^g r 

Constitution t ee : 

Elected: Seymour Kopilov; 

Seymour Steinsapir 

Jack Cy:nFA 

Organization and Finance Coimnittee 
Elected: Sid lykofsky 

Joan Suall 

l.iax \Iohl 

Betty Slkin 

knarry Siitonen 

Bomestic Platform Committee : 
Elected: liike harriiigton 


jlrlon I'ussing 

Bachelle horov/itz 

Lula V/hite 

IJorm hill 

Eebbie i.^eier 


:xnd Education Comciittee 

Jlected: Eon Aiders on 



Peter Eeyer 
Paul Eeldman 
Pemi Ifemble 
Ea.rty Oppenheimer 

Youth Co-mr.iittoe ; 

Elected: I'ernie Bolitzer 

Kat he r ine Komat s u 
Carlie Aider son 
Charles Vaii Eassel 
Samuel Estrin 
Bave Komat su 

kesolutions Committee ; 

.elected; Julius Bernstein 
Seymiour Kopilov/ 
Seymour Steinsapir 

i-'ore ign Platform Committee : 
Elected: Saul i.Iendelson 
Ir\Tin Suall 
Alex Garber 
Bavid iickeynolds 
I.Iil-ie Parker 
Bernard Bolitzer 
Bogdan Benitch 




I!-.e follov/iiiij: vrare ap-coiiited tellers for tiic secGio:i : Jallee Llilstein, Charles Vaii L'as- 
;5l, Eomiie ILiliins, Ilaiinali Garner. 


::ichael IIarriii{Xton preGented liis resolution on the political action debate in the Jo- 
;ialist Party and David i.iclleynolds spoke for Lfarrington ' s docunent. Dick G-^onpert and 
?jter i.Ieyer presented substitute resolutions and spoke for them. ('fhese documents are 
all included in the appendix.) 'fhere was a 45 ninute discussion on all th.ree motions 
and 4 minute summaries in the sane order. 
IDTIOi.;: To accept the Harrington resolution as a basis for discussion. CilEliIGD. 

UiLJlIDiMIT: by David i.iclleynolds (accepted by harr inc't on ) . To insert on pa^e 1 betv/een 
raragraphs ending "in tlie form of a Labor Party," and the one beeimiinG' "Uther coinradcs,": 
"Gone of our members feel tlie P'arty's primary task in this period is not in the electoral 
field, whether in terms of :;ocialist candidates, an independent labor party, or in terms 
of realignment. Pather, r/hile v/e recoQ'nize that each of these three positions may have 
tactical merit in different areas, the basic task of the Democratic Socialist movement 
nust be to carry the concepts of occialism_,both its historic values aaid its present socio- 
political analysis, into those mass movements from which any really nev/ political shift 
i:i this country can occur. " ChPPLJD. 

.•iEPDiMIT : by i.iichael UaiTinjton. To add "formal" betvreen "fiorther" and "debate." 

^'^'LJh'n".!i;i:T: by David hcPeynolds. To delete "The Convention therefore ur^jes all coirorades 
and the partisans of all points of viev/ to suspend further debate and controversies on 
this question for the ne::.t period. " CJJIRLJD. 

/JMIDLihUT : by 'Jaul Lfendclson. To "insert after paragraph 3 after "if we are 'jo meet our 
responsibilities,": "'„& agree that a fundam.ental change in the present political structure 
ox the United Gtatcs is an uz-gent neceasity. The i^^i'oblems of poverty, memploynent , and 
minority oppressior, can only be solved through the emiergence of a mass popularly controlled 
rartv that unites "Pie labor, liberal, ueace and civil rights voices and in vriiich Socialists 
can play a vital part." 

iJ.TJP'DI.ITPT to Pendelson 's amendm.ent : by iiiin la^aper (accepted by Pendelson). To add; "In 
the coming pr-3sidential campaign, the Socialist Party rejects endorsement of the Democra- 
tic or Eepublican tickets in view of their failure to solve these problems. The com- 
bined amendments : CAPIlIlID. 

^UiClIDI.iSIIT : by Geynour Dtoinsapir. "The Democratic and Peptiblican parties each continue 
to present broad diversity in their approaches to both dom-ostic and foreign policy. '.;e 
have not seen any polarisation- of program which vrould allow us to identify either as a 
party representing a progressive outlook for the United otates. In saying this we are 
cognizant of the positive first steps talten by the national administration in the war a- 
gainst poverty. hovrever, these first steps are totally inadequate to meet current needs. " 

Ju.iPPfDI.LPiT : by oeym.our Jtcinsapir. To insert after the i.cndelson amendment: "But in the 
absence of a nexr political developiment , the Socialist Pai-ty must maintain itself as the 
organisation vath which those vdio seek such a developm.ent can identify. " ISI'EPIL-P 


;u.!PPDLPJPT : at the beginning of paragraph 4, to delete "for at least four years now" and 
substitute "But within this area of agreement." C;JiPIPD. 

Convention I^roceeclin; 


I.D'^'1011: Vo accept tho Ilarriiii-tou reGolution as amGiidGd 30 lar. tVuliiliJU. ' 

liOyiOII: by Geyrioirr oteinsapir. L'o refer the vrfiole document as go far passed to the 

Jditin:: Corj?.itteG. C.UffllL]]). 

MO'i'IOl.': by I;0;:7dan Benitcli. 'fo subnit the docunent to the inconinc hC for editorial 

TTork. OVUIffllDmir. 

;iaturday, I.Iay 30 ■. 19^4 

S:e Convention was called to order at 10:00, by Chairnaii oteinsapir. ",;hile a quoriin 3 

T^as :;atherinj, the Chairnan read tvro statements on Lohia's arrest and lleliru 's death v;-hich " 
had been passed by the pre-convention lIC. 'fellers appointed for the session vrere Haimah 

Garner and harry Ljiitoiiei:. . " 


'fhe Credentials CoLinittoe reported on the delegates recictcred since the previous report 

and reconnented that V/alter i.iartin as dale/;;ate and Janes hanilton as alternate fron Lidi- — 

ana be given voice but not vote. ^^^- 

liJiluil: by Villian Allen. fhat 'Jalter liartin be seated as dele{;ate and Janes hanilton be 

seated as alternate. — 

Qiairraan Steinsapir ruled that to seat then \70uld be a suspension of the constitution and ^- 

■V70uld require a tvro-thirds vote of the delegates i-)reGent. CjUffilfiP. ^^^- 

I'eil liaclay fron Vashinjtonj p. C. clained to have joined th.e Party tv;o years ago, although "^^ 

the national Office had no records of nenbership or of dues having been paid. Ue v/as e- "^^ 
lected as alternate for V/ashington, p. C. and r/ished to be seated. 

ID'flO::: by Ijcyinour Jteinsapir. f'hat he be seated. C/Jiitl^P. 

ioi.l:stic pla^pori,: 

I C2 

^Achacl harriiigton reiiortcd for the Ponestic Platforn Conniittee that the Connittee recon- -— - 

-i<3-^^0'^ "Mno"J^ "'"^^p 


organized aroLuid his draft on "war on poverty." ( This docu- 

-.vas distributed for discussion anong the locals by the national Office. 

-t was also 

reprinted ii'i hfarxior and 'fongs , Vol. II, but \7ith the entire page 4 of the original docu- 
nent nissiiig betv/een the third aiid fourth paragraphs of page 10 of hanner and fongs . ■ The 
document is available in its entirety in the appendix.) 

'fli9 Corinitteo also roportGd that fon &.lin was preparing a civil right document -.rhich would 
be available to the Convention soon, that an introduction which vras beiiig v/ritten be sub- 
riitted to the incoming i.'ational Connittee to be appended to the platforn as a non-Conven- 
tion statement, that the first four paragraphs of the proposed section on nedicare be in- 
corporated in the draft under arate.g?/ and that the rest be incorporated in a special sec- 
tion -under I'actics , that Peter j.Ieyer's document (see appendix) have sections removed to 
serve as amendments to the h'arriiigton docunent, that (in response to a suggestion fron a 
comrade that the Convention endorse the Ad-hoc Committee statement on the I'riple Revolu- 
tion) the Committee recommends that the Convention not try to discuss such a complicated 
document . 

aie BBter Lleyer docunent v/as submitted as a substitute platforn. Comrades Berg and I.Ieyer 
spoke for the Lieyer docunent and Comrades hopilov; and h'arrington for the Committee docu- 
ment. Vote on the I.Ieyer document: PAFAA'fhP. 

CCnTention l^oceediiajs -5- 

■!C"IOI?; to adopt the Committee report for further consideration. Ci'JvIlLJD. 

^j— our Steinsapir proposed that the platform include lyhat mc nean "by socialization, 
rs.-:ionalization, etc. Since no docuiaentD v;ere ready ^ the Committee proposed that this 
C€ referred to the national C'0!m:iittce. 

iZ— 13.i'h'i' : hy hen hur;;_;. To insert in the i^.edical Care document on pa{je 2 preceding that 
T^ara-jraph the folloivin^j section from the j.ieyer document : "in order to provide prescribed 
±Tujs for all citizens free of char^je, coordinate research, and climate costly duplication 
of production, we favor the nationalization of the pharmaceutical industry. I'his -jould 
ss.± the criminal recklessness v/ith v;hich nen dru{js are frequently released on the market 
and the wasteful competition a:ad advertisinc v/hich runs up drug costs. Itesearch and pro- 
duction should he coordinated r;ith university laboratories, and policy should be set by 
a council made up of representatives of pharm.aceut ical vrorkers, pharmacists, the medical 
TTTcfsssions and LiLiiversities. " Lhe Committee accepted this a-mendmenx , 

^UIIDIijlPi: b;/- '..llliam iillen. fo insert para^^xaphs ;), A, 5, 6, and 7 of the i,i3yer docu- 
zer.t into the Committee document before the paraG'raph beginning "To carry out this stra- 

'TTVi. l-'l rm. 

:n3 Co:r! 



: cu' 

'"onr • 

.0 ir 

1+ hn- 

z-'inxi" ^ 

.sort the follov/in^' paragraph before the paragraph in 
"Jhore are pov/erful forces": "'fhe rapidly 

'ivo" in our industrial syr 

to'.Tard increased autom.ation and cybernation requires that 
reaoures by devised to deal v;ith the com-ing crisis in jobs. At the present time only l^j 
cf our m.achine is cybernated cind. it v/ould be foolish to ignore the fact that cybernation 

Trill increase drastically in the 


It is clear that in ten to fifteen years 

yxr industrial slag heap v,-ill bo filled v/ith additional millio:is of jobless v/orkers v/hose 
ha:ids and braiis v/ill b.avc been replaced \7ith autom.a,ted and cybernated machines. 'ihe oo- 
cialist Party a,dvoc 

that 0.0 a tentative outline we con_sider a proposal to provide a 
^aaranteed anjiual incom.e for all fir.ericans . This v/ill not be achieved in the near future, 
but must be considered as a future necessity. The Couiicil of gconom.ic Advisors has ccti- 
zated that it v/ould require only JI5 billion to raise the level of every family income 
ir. the country to a gJjOOO level. It is clearl;/ in our means to carry out this proposal. 

A-SirDLUL^T : by jUm Drape i . In the paragraph beginning "In the strategy of the v/ar against 
poverty" delete the phrase "v/hether tlirough realignment of the existing parties or the 
emergence of a m.ass third party" and insert the vrord "may" before "differ" in the begin- 
ning of that sentence. CAlihluIi. 

AJ-L'Li)- Hi"! : by heil iaclay. In the paragraph begirniing "A majority of A-iericans are for 

the abolition of jjoverty, " to delete the vfordi; 


'in the r/ox"dj 

01 George 



Jh the paragraph beginning "In bcotern Aurope, " the ComiTiittee recommended the deletion 
of the last sentence aiid the insertion of a ncv/ paragraph after the paragraph beginning 
"In the United States." This paragraph v^ould read: "Aventually, /jierica v/ill recognize 
The necessity for vd.anning. ^ven iwj giaiit corporations utilize sopihisticated plaiining 
teclmiques for private profit in the Uiited Jtates. (They then devote part of their gains 
to denying the Governjncnt the right to utilize the same planning teclmiques for th.e pub- 
lic r/elfare). lut if poverty is to be defeated aJid a democratic society created at the 
same tine, it is not simply a m.atter of plaiuiing. There is auth.oritarian and teclmocratic 
planning as in Itance, there is corj)orate planning as in /jnerica - and there is democratic 

Convention i^oceedinns -6- 

I 3 


planning- iii whicli the people are the naliers of the basic docisionG. In ocandinavia, 
LJocialistc have denonstratcd for nore than thirty ycarc that planning can be an instru- r 
nont of expandinc freedon. ;,fe propose tliat this experience ciust be deepened and nade 
oven nore fiondaiaental, that decisions on the basic allocations of resources must not sin- z, 
ply be planned, but planned democratically. " "" 

I ^ 

ihe folloT/inj anendnents were considered under the section I'Ull iJr.Tploynent ; 

Ihe Conmitteo reconncnded the addition after "the building of 2o nillion units... lov/ 
cost housLn- pro-rair." the fcllovrhi-: 'hev; principles in the construction of public hous- 
Ln- to improve its nuality radically: a rejection of hir^h rise class and race ghettoes; _ 

the necessity of buildinc' cuch housin;: on neu lands to malce it cenuinely intcgratedj full r- 
ri-hts to tenants' comittees on public housinf^; ina^'liiative architecture." 

/iI.hlhfDJLlirT: by hen Pur^:. Instead of "decreases iii the v/orkinr; day" substitute '^the thir- 
ty hour \;eek. " CAPliL'f . 

ihe Committee also iiicorporated a nev/ section of demands entitled V /elfare . i'he section ^ 

follov:" : ~ 

V.blfaro . The successful conclusion of the v:ar a^'ainst poverty vdll involve even- -_. 

tual olim.ination of relief a:id welfare pi-ocrams in the United LJtates. ihesc are 
palliatives, first aid for the victin.s of the unjust society. Through plaiminc, >, 

noiT dofiiiitions of vrark, democratic allocation of resources, every citizen can be 
provided v/ith th_c rifcht to an increasinQ-ly dignified standard of life. Here and 
no\7, V/-C propose to brine the existing: procrams nore in line with this aim. 

V,5 support : 
. . - the expansion of social security to all ;jnerica:is as a birth ri^jht, indepen- 

dent of their experience in the labor market; 

- the,te doubling of L:ocial L:ecurity benefits and of the federal tax base 
for Gocial Cecurity; 

- complete Inderal subsidization of the TiDCU (Aid to the lependent Children of 
the Unem.ployed) procran rather tlian the present system of Federal- [jtate natching 

- raising all -welfare benefits up to the level of ader[uacy as defined by. the 
Bureau of Labor btatistics, and a total rejection of the notion that benefits 
can ever be computed as a percentage of need. 

."J.L.IfDI.UL'T: by Zen lurg. To add to the second item, after "Pederal tax base for Jocial 
Jectirity" the followhig: "all additions to Social ^:ecurity payments should be financed 
by iticreased employer contributions and allocations from general funds, rather than by 
increases in the employee .^ocial Gecurity tax. " CAlUiUj. 

.■;.uJL^DLL:jfT: by Coorgc Itipcun. To add at the end of the Full liiploynent section the 
followi^ig: '"JiGre is a widecprcad use of the vagraJicy laws tliroughout the country and 
these laws are used for many purposes, among others to sweep oyment under the car- 
pet and to talcG th.e iinem-ploycd off the m.ain streets, where they cannot but disturb the 
cor science of the people. 

"The arrests for so-called vagrancy have iiicreascd four-fold ±n the last tv/o years 
a:id this cam.paign against civil lil)erties is being coordinated by the PEL Tlie problem 
is cnpectially acute to defend the rights of workers to move freely and without intim.ida- 
tion from city to city and state to state. In many cities, as TUcson, ^irizona, and Hiil- 
adelphia, as publicized by Justice './n. pouglas, these laws are directed against the or- 








Jcr.vention Eroceediiic's -1- 

^anisinc efiorta of trade unionists and civil rioiits ficiiters. /tf-rcsted persons are al- 
?- forced to furnish their unpaid labor as part of their sentence in violation of their 
: ;n:;titutional rights. 

"Gr:;anized efforts to talco up the fijht and to create puhlic opinion to repeal these 
laTTS of the fourteenth century. 

"V^ Uocialists condenii the use of vagrancy and loiterinj laws and urge our comrades 
to T/ v/ar ajainst then by imifyin^j all civil rights organizations." 

IDi'IOII: 'fo approve in substa:icc and refer to the Jditorial Committee to detorniiie pre- 
cise formulation and location in platform. CAllRJllP. 

X— hrDlhJh'J; by ',,illian hart. .,.'fo add imder lull iJ-uploynent the f ollov/i:iG' : "The poor and 
rriaial ninorities must share in job opportuiiitios. ;,fc therefore support le;jiGlative pro- 
vision aimed at elininatin^ restrictive conditions vdiich limit the trade miion nenber- 
ship possibilities of racial ^-.lijior it ie s and tlie poor. " P_'i^L]ALL'f;. 

^-:i:DI.EL\': by Charles Pavis. fo add a separate section on pgblic 'Jransportation in Ur- 

';:a:- .vreas to be written by the Jditorial Committee and inserted . h^^ro^suitable . 

IDTIOir: by Darlington hoopes. To suspend the acenda and hear ^-reetin^js from the Jewish 
labor Eund. CATSUP. 

Ir. Jmanuel Gcherer presented G'-eotin^;s from, the Jewish Labor Pund. 

': A;-!i:p!.iL;L^T: by .'jm praper. 'Jo add to the section on A^rri culture , the following:: "iii the 
face of the com.plicated problem.s of acricultiu-c we renew our socialist insistence that 
the basis of land ownership should be occupancy and use; that cooperative farm-in^- should 
te encourac:Gd as against corporation famine;; tliat family-type farms where conditions 
I are favorable should be m.ore effectively aided under existing- agencies with a great in- 
crease of activities under the Farr.ers home Administration. :,e call for the full enforce- 
-ent of the 160 acre limitation, of the Peclamation ^ict restricting v/ater from Federally 
financed recla.mati^n projects to fam.ily-sise 

"i„fe oppose program.s vJiich seek to foster scarcity in a hLuigry v;orld as a means of 
higher incor-es to farm.ers. 

"■,/ithin the U.J. we seeh enlargement of school luiich programs and other public vrel- 
fare food programs in r-.iral areas as v/ell as cities. 

"hiternationally our food _'surplusGs ' should bo used to fight hunger, i^ far as 
possible sucl-i a program should be adm.iiiistered through the U.i:. to assure that food will 
be a vreapon i'l a v:ar agai;:st h^imai-!. m.isery, not in the cold v/ar. " 

go also insor^- in the .p-riculturo section: "J"e stand opposed to a foreign or dom.estic 
bracer- program as a cynical exploitation of the poverty of depressed groups of v;orkera. " 
Tb add to the section on ^,,'elf are the following: 

-li-esent measures to i.mprove tlie housing, education, transportation, and working 

v/orking conditions of farm workers. 
-i!ie extension and improvement of child labor lav/s to end the sha::ie of child 
farm vrork- 

-Tlae extoiision and improvement of the present Jocial Jecurity to farm \70rkers. 




.j.ilh'PiUh^i': by Ain Praper. po delete the last item in the ;igriculture section of the 
-Conmiittee document. C/JiklAD. 

Convention Proceodi:ijc -8- 

j^J.SJIIDl.lIII'r: by ',/illian ^ler . "V,'e salute the v;-ork of the ifational Fare OrQ-anization in 
its attempt to reflate prices tlirouch collective "baracining measures." iSJijJIffliJD ±0 

Ai.UnDI.tJll'j-'s hy diaries Lavis. i'o add a SGction imdcr Labor . RDl'IiriltlD TO jHJCL'iL EHUOLU- 

'jioiiu coi.c.irr'jui; . 

;iI,IL;iIDI.IL;irx' : by ;jm iraper. To include in such a section "',,g favor repeal of Taft-itartly 
and Landr^oin-Griffi:! Acts. EJZ^IISl:]) TO iJajClAL iHJUOLUTIOlilj COIIilTEJxJ. 

LDTIOi:: by iirnst 'l^panek. To submit the sections on L'ducation and ikirly Uducation to 
the national Committee to refer to a committee on education. HJiUATHD. 

Tlie folloi/in;: axiciidnen fc s trcre presented for the _:dUGation .section.; 

jii. jii:il, -• by Debbie Ileier. To substitute "a" for "the most" and to.,..delete -"betriTeen the 

ajes of '16 and 21" in the second item under Jducation. 

MMilD,: by william Ilart. To delete the last paracraph on .Education and substitute : "'„b 

favor nacsive non-nilitary federally appropriated aids to proper education at all levels. " 

Ai.i^^,D.: by Quinn j:isben. To add "A stron- national democratic collective barcaininc 

accyicy for teachers, not only to jive them a liviiic' vac<^ a.nd decent v;orking'- conditions 

but also to protect then from liarassnent by reactionaries and bi^jots. 

"A revision of the curriculi-im of all public schools to prepare children for the in- 
te^-rated-iiiterdependent technolo{;ically soph.isticated world in vrhich they v/ill live and 
to end the teachinc: of dan^^erous distortions and myths v/hich lead to racism., anti-color 
attitudes and lack of understanding of the modern world. " 

AI.lLjhD, : by ii-ancis Ifeisler. "'..fe oppose a breach in the separation of otate and Church, 
by constitutional amendm.ents or by any other methods. \,^ therefore also oppose the share- 
the-schools between public and private schools as a breach in the separation of Cliurch 
and ;jtate. " 

Ai-!::^NDi.:u.ilT s by Joyce Drown. To delete the paragraph on establisiiment of a national Volun- 
teer T'rainins' Corps . 

/iJ*.-TJiriiI.L:lfT : by i::rnst Pap-inek. To be added to the second section on iilducat ion after "fu- 
ture military service": "This compensation should be considered as money earned by their 
apprenticeship or by a:hlinj t:: the educational work load studies in higher education." 

'Aie section on Llducation and x^arly .Jducat ion was referred back to the Itomestic Platform 
Committee to be reported back to the Convention. 

iL-xli:D. : jy Lawrence Tepper. To insert: "Tlie socialist Party deno-onces the depletion of 
our natural resources by private corporations and other private-mad promoters who are de- 
secratin^i" the beauty aiid n.atural resources of the na,tion. 

"In many areas of the nation there is a groxnni^ problem of air pollution, destruction 
of xrild life, and depletion of natural resources, because of irresponsible use of fuel as 
well as pesticides and herbicides. 

"',,'e urge a strong action by government on all levels to preserve natural resources and 
to prevent further pollution of the atmosphere. " Ikil'iiiiiijJD I'jIYOIliBLY TO TikJ kjPHCL'Jj 

AliThD.: by i^rnst Papanek. To be added to the section hew lef initions of ',,ork the fol- 
lo\7ing: "I.Ian likes to v/ork and wants to contribute to and to promote v;ith his work his 
oivn well-being, the well-being of his family, of his nation, and of the human race. The 
youth of today is not only excluded from the economic participation in work, they are also 

.ijLver.tion ri-oceediiijs -9- 


55rriv6d of this inosi Gssential enotional participation therein, i.lankind, the employed 
3Cd unenplojed, youn£.- and ojd, and those v/ho are employed but -ahose work is dishonored 
T--ds:/,aeccr..-^ more arid more alienated from it l3e cause of the dishonorable organization 
zf TTork at the interest of private exploitation. ',;e r/ant to rei:istate for every indivi- 
ii£Z the dignity, honor, and joy of v/ori: in the interest of cooperation and to the bene- 
fit of all human beings." APPiiuVjJD ¥011 r,u_;iiflvl[ iJT_.H JiJl'i'IiIG. 

■il^a), : by Peter lieyer. To delete under i:e\7 Definitions of '„brk the item beginning 

*Ji€ utilization of the skills of 

tne agin{;. 


ID.': by Carl Dahlgren. fo substitute for the section on Ifev/ Definitions of l.brk 
thi follov^ing: "So long as physical and mental labor continue to be necessary to provide 
a 'decent living, vre should malte every effort to reduce the amount of labor required. At 
the same time vre should strive to distribute the available v/ork among all those who 0.Q- 
"ire to v,'ork, 

"I'he virtue of vrork v/as forced upon us dovm through history to keep the masses from 
readi-ng or becoming philosophers. Let us as jocialists not be the last to vrelcome the 
aer^ era when leisure and all its fruits v/ill replace subsistence and drudger. " 

*^i3). : by V/ill iam Hart. 

fo delete item ,/--3 on '"fhe fiecognition of Hon- lighting Gang 

^-^1.1:,.: by Charles Davi-. To insert v/here the deletion v/as made on the above amendment, 
the follov;ing: "The recognition of natural teen-age groups in the sl^oms as effective 
social agencies, with financial support to the groups and the possibility of payment to 
their officers as non-professional social workers." CiUiELJD. 

;.-.i}. : by Paul Albright. To insert: "Jocialists are insistent that society must la-o- 
■7iie f-r every i:-.divilual both r- adccpaate income and the opportunity for socially use- 
ful work, at tasks suited to his own individual talents and potential, so that all Amer- 
icans nay live in dignity vath v/crk and income." ACG^PfiJD TO \/OitKDD DI BY ^DlTIiiG CO"'- 

'" Oppcnheime 
;ussion of 

■:. To add in a special section before the conclusion the 
xverty can be complete without referriiig to the potential 

a1^'-."D.: by Llartir 
follov.-ing: "!fo die 
j-npact of arm.3 setbacks and disarmament on the economy. Without plajining, disarmament 
Icsji have catastrophic consequences for ^Jiaemployment . Jome 10,. of the labor force is pre- 
sently depender.t en arms spending, but/come areas this is much higher. This is so v/ell 
j understood by .taerican workers that many of them fear arms cuts because they realize that 
13-ich cuts might imperil their jobs. './hat has not been made sufficiently clear to the 
-l=erican people is that with planning arms cuts can release tremendous financial ajid man- 
poiTer resources which can help solve the ma:iy social problems associated with poverty. 

The civil rights movement, the trade union movement, and other groups who by their 
nature m.ust become involved with the war on poverty will have to confront the issue of 
disarmament sooner or later. Their demands for better schools, better housing, etc 
icrce a reconsideration of our national priorities, which run heavily (over 50,0 of the 
-ederal budget j to arms. hi a sense, therefore, the war on poverty is linked to the 
:disarmament^ issue. Ji^. the same way, the effect of disarmament, insofar as it can release 
resources, 13 liiilced to the war on poverty. 

,. ""^ do not, as many others do, uuderestim.ato the political obstacles to plannijig for , or to the use of resources now involved ii. military prof iteeriiig for the 
good of people. The civil rights movem.ent, the trade luiions, and others involved in the 

^^vc^LSVZ^^^ "t^^ ultimately have to confront and deal with these obstacles." it^PLid^'D 
^"iiVUiuliiLi i:\J Tilxj liiCui.ililG PC. 

i ifa- 

Ccmrerrtion Proceedings - 11 


■° ^-^JBy, i.fey 31, I96U 

T-e Convention was called to order at 10:15 by Chairman Julius Bernstein. 

?::-g?iTUTioN coi"n'/iiTT:^E report 

Ssrrc^jr KopiloY>r presented the report for the Constitution Committee. The Committee 
-er:— ended the following amendment to the constitution: to add to Article IX Dues and 
--r^r.:es, the follovang new section: "Section 6. International Dues, i.e. dues for 
r5:,-er.t to the Socialist International, shall be paid by all members in addition to 
---ir normal dues. The International dues shall be ■:>! per member j v/ith dual members 
^i;-!-.- a total of >2 . The International dues shall be paid annually, ^/here dues are 
paid to locals on a monthly basis, the International dues may be paid on a similar 
'=^-^2'" CiyiRIED. 

: un~ 


. lowed 





IMJnON: by Don Anderson. In Section 3, Article VII, add the following sentence at the 
eaod of the section: "For the purpose of determining whether a delegate has been a 
■BBber of the Party for 18 months, YPSL m.erabership may be included to the extent of twelve 
d.0- (12) months as membership in the Party," C/HRIED 

j This amendment was submitted by Don Anderson, Thomas Greenspon, illiam Allen, 
T.alter I'artin, Car lie Anderson, Debbie lieier, dlliam Hart, Tsn-zin Koth, Martin Oppen- 
ations -simer, Charles Davis, /alter Benson, Paul Benson. 

[hOTION: to adopt the constitution as amended. CARRI'TJ. 

The proceedings vrere interupted at this time to take the election of the National 
Conanittee, v/hich vras done by preferential voting under the 'are system. 

JCTION: by Darlington Hoopes . To create the post of Honorary Chairman of the Socialist 
Party and to elect Ilorman Thomas to this post. C'\RRI-D BY ACCL/fATION. 


Fraternal delegate Irving Abrams presented the greetings from the orkmen's Circle. 
-J David Shier and Hirschel Goldfarb were also fraternal delegates from the workmen's Circle. 

|A fund appeal to the delegates was made by Samuel H. Friedman in behalf of the National 
j Office, vhose difficulty in functioning during the summer months is well knovm. The 
•following pledges vrere made by loc?ls: New York City, .500; liashington, D.C., ..aOO; 
jSouth Side Chicago, ,150; Local Doston, ,)50; Local Nassau, ,;a50; Local Cleveland, ■;250; 

^g local Suffolk, .50,- Local Boulder, ,:100| Local/Blooraington, -36; Local San Francisco, AlOO; 

^ isconsin-, „;150; Center City Branch, Philadelphia, -50; Kentucky members, .50. A 

r.'onber of individual pledges were made: Ben llliger, 100; Sara Friedman, -50; Paul 

J, ^g_ Libright, ,i20; Darlington Hoooes, 10; Reuben i^unoff, 10; Francis Heisler, 20. One/ 
sixth of the pledges were paid immediately in cash. 

The tellers reported that 12?^ of the ballots had been marked with 1? choices instead of 
16, the error being in a duplication of one of the numbers from 1 to I6. Recommendation 
by the Committee: ^'here a person had voted for 2 different candidates with the same 
number (two li's, tvro 9's, etc.), the tellers count each duplicated vote as 3h, 8%, etc., 
and move the other, votes down one until the bottom of the list was reached, thus 
cropping the last person numbered. ACCAPTFD. 


Convention Proceedings -10- -i v - - . 

IDTIOir: To accept the CoiimittGe document as amended. CARELilD. . .^ ► : - , •. 

yilliam Hart requested permission to submit a -resolution on Fenolopj- to the. Resolutions 
Committee, despite the deadline for resolutions having passed. His request failed to = 

obtain the necessary tvro thirds vote. 

lIOTIOif: by Darlington lloopes. I'o suspend the rules and take up nominations for the ifa- 
tional Coaniittee nov,-. D^i'LA'i'LD. ■ . . 

yORuIGIf POLICY PLATlPfllJ '-■ ' ' - ■■ 

^a'ol Liendelson reported for the Foreign Policy Platform Committee that the Committee un- • 

a":iniously recommended the Iforman 'ihomc'.s draft for ibreign Policy as amended by the Plat- - 

form Committee, 'ihe Comjnittee proposed a 15 minute presentation of its document follGv;ec " 

by a 15 minute presentation of the iilphraim li-iend alternative document, vith tliree spea- ~ 

kers of 5 ninutes each on each document , after vdiich the Convention vrould decide rrfiich r 

document to discuss as a basis of amendment. 'jUxe Committee then recommended a l-jV hour - 
general discussion, fcllov/ed by votes on the amendments and a vote on the final platform. 

I.D'x'IOIT: vo adopt the procedure as outlined by the Committee. CjUiRIUD. - 

Saul I.Iendelson, spealcing for the Poreign Policy Platform Committee, presented their do- 
cument, follovred by the Jpliraim itiend presentation for his document. 

LD'x'IOlI: 'i'o suspend the agenda and take the election of national Chairman and nominations -'- 
for the national Committee at this time. CVilUlLJD. 

Parlington lloopes vas re-elected national Chairman by acclamation. 


Ifoninations for the national Committee were: 

Robert Ale:-:ander (n.J. ) i.achael Harrington (n.Y.) Gaul Liendelson (ill.) 

Julius Bernstein (liass.) V/illiam Hart (Wise.) Iteter i.:eyer (ill.) 

Bernard Bolitzer (n.Y.) Peter irons (D.C.) I.iartin Oppenheimer (Pa.) 

Mil Eriggs (Calif.) Seymour Kbpilov; (n.Y.) Eudi Pakalns (ll.Y.) 

Joyce Brovm ( Calif.) Hrvin Koth (V/isc.) ^rnst Papaiiek (n.Y.) i 

Samuel Hstrin (n.Y.) Archie Lieberman (h.J.) Jeymour Gteinsapir (H.Y.) "' 

Samuel H. Priedman (H.Y.) David i.icReynolds (n.Y.) Irvrir. SUall (H.Y.) 

Alex Garber ( Calif.) Debbie I.Ieier (ill.) jirlon 'fussing (Calif.) :. 

i\}E]JlGn BjLICY (continued) I 

iliroe speakers spoke for the itiend document and tvro speakers spoke for the Committee ~ 
document, 'flaere vrere no other spealcers for the Committee document seeking the floor. _' 

LDTIOH: by David 'i'o put the Iforman 'fhomas original draft on the floor for de- _; 
tailed consideration. DUPUA'fiJD. "' 

L.O'flOnt '.'o accept the l-Yiend docum.cnt as a basis for discussion. DUl'DAi'liD. 

I.Di'IOH: 'fo accept the Herman 'x'homas draft as revised by the Platform Committee. 

Corrv"cntion Proceedings _. 12 


Syd Bykofsky presented the Organization and Finance Committee report (see appendix). 
In reporting on item -:"2 of a recommended Socialist "war on poverty," he asked for 
n&if pledges to the pledge plan, and a number of comrades responded by making pledges 
of from ,;l to '.10 a month to the National Office. 

AJ/ENDJ'IENT : by idlliam Allen. To add to the Committee report: - "lie recommend that a 
national organizing committee be appointed by the National Committee mth power to. 
cocrdinate all organizing activity, literature, and a speakers ' bureau. Further, we 
recoirmend that such a committee obtain the servj.ces of some effective comrade to act 
as full time National Organizer. 'e further recommend that 20^ of all dues be ear- 
marked for the proposed National Organizing Committee." 

The Organization and Finance Committee reported that it vrould accept the amendment 
without the 20^^ of dues provision, 

., AI'3ENDIiENT TO AVENDI'iENT: by Don Anderson. That the Organizing Committee be directed to 
camass the Party in order to set up a separate pledge plan for it. 

MOTION, by I'ike Parker. To refer the amendment favorably to the National Committee. j 


RESOLUTIONS C OTf-rETTEF REPORT ,•' ■>■'.'."■ .i'. ■-■•,- <-,.. ::■■•■.'........ .. ■ ■ '' 

Seymour Steinsapir, reporting for the Resolutions Committee, indicated; (l) that the 
Charles Davis resolution on labor and the Draper motion on the repeal of the Taft- | 
Hartly and Landrum-Griffin Acts be approved and referred for editing^ that the domestic 
platfr-rrn take up a section on labor; C/vRRIED, 

(2)^on a resolution on ciAdl rights in 'iississippi and the civil rights protest 
;:.t thy Democratic and Republican Party conventions, that we refer this favorably 
to the NC, indicating support for the J'assissippi civil rights delegation to the 
, conventions and the protest against the racist method of electing party delegates and 
to ir'struct the National Committee to pass a resolution on thisj 

(3) that^the Charles Davis resolution on conservation be passed. 



MOTION: To; accept the i ommittee report. ' CARRIED. 


The following recommendations y/ere made unanimously by the Committee: (l) that the 
MJJ oe instructed to have published an organizational pamphlet along the^ines of the 
pamphlet "VJe, Have A Vision" and perhaps a reprint of that pamphlet, to be available free 
to individuals and locals requesting bundle orders; 

(2) that members be urged to use their rights under the FCC Act to get equal time 
on TY snd radio for Socialist Programs, and that Local Colombia, lio,, provide technical 
assistence for this; 

(3) that the NC be instructed to produce a series of basic pamphlets 

Ccrrrentlon Proceedings - 13 



t. a 



^V Eineograph for general education; 

f ^ Va) that ■ members cf the editorial Board of New. America representing the various 
-aizxts of view in the Party be appointed on the basis of their editorial skills as well 
s>s their political leadership! further, that a committee, consisting of the business 



, the editor of Mew America ,. and the National Secretary,, be appointed to assume 


:ed to 


^^:e responsibility for authorizing the financial aspects of promoting the publication 
am coordinating this activity; . . ' 

(5; that the Editor, Business ianager, and -Mitorial Committee be instructed to 
- ^^rain from conducting fund appeals during that period of the year when the Party is 
::--:?ting a national fund appeal; further, that the HAG be requested to determine and 
:--.:■;-. .:a before the Party's annual fund drive is instigated that a particular 
T-/ rentage of all funds so raised be earmarked for the use of Hew America; 

•: the Committee recommends that the Platform "diting Committee, if such a 
:.z__--ee be appointed, be urged to complete their duties as quickly as possible; it 
father recommends that the MC be charged with the duty of publishing the 196i| Platform, 
ri^ographed if necessary, and mailing one copy to each Party member on or before 
"-"— r -; 196)4, if at. all possible, so that comrades may have the Party's position on 
i5--:;c before them during the entire 196ii election campaign. 

-i^jcrity Committee Secommendation: that 

3 page of each issue of Few America be devoted 

:csic Sooialist theory, organizational and recruitment material, 
;?■■: to rafer to the KG, 





I ifejority Comrd.ttee Recommendation: that all new members joining the Party (or the YPSL) 
^5 automatically granted a 1 year subscription to Peiv America without additional cost 
;-d that renewal after such year bje left to the discretion of the individual member. 

-i-.oritj- Resolutioji: .that a subscription to New America be considered to be incorporated 
^th msmbership in the Party, and that accordingly our regular dues and the dues of 
'irZ:!. m.'^mbers joinj ng the Party be increased to include a subscription to New America 

to^ex(,eed publication and milin;^ costs, such an amount to be set by the 




.e free 


-n cinount no1 

, }IaC in consultation with the Business Manager of New. America . 

Purthei.-, that the Cornrdttee sug:p,est that the National Comnittee of the Party 
firuly nrpe th-t bho "^'.PSl similarly increase their dues to so include a subscription 
to New America o 

MO^I'ICN: To accept the majority recormiendationo CARRIED, 

AiiSlinviSNT : That this provision in the majority reconmendation be made retroactive to 
January 1, 1964. DEFEATED. 

I^e Conmittee reported as a majority rasoluticn the follov;in^ suRHQ:estion as a preamble 
to its report: "The Press ^2,nd Education Gorrmittee feels that New America b-as inadequately 
represented the views of the Party majority. It holds that the dominant line and of New imerica has been one which has not adequately posec^ socialist alternatives 
to the status quo; lather, New .tUTjerica has too frequently contented itself with playin,q 
-he role of a loyal left critic cf . the U.S. government, the Democratic Party, and the 
le£.derships of establishments in the labor, liberal, and even civil rights movementSo 
"We believe New America could attract the attention and loyalty of Party members. 

Convention Pi'-oceedings - 14 

youth and activists in various movements. But, failing a new p61icy. New America does 
not fill any real need for either members or activists in mass organizations. 
"The Gorrmittee therefore recommends: 

:a) that New America engage itself more in the intra-raovement discussions 
.■.,., ,, and controversies of our time, e.g. in civil rights, nonviolence versus 
""■;,.., arm^d defense, and the current controversy between the regular civil 
rights organizations and the so-called "irresponsihles." 
b) that New America 's editorial policy and the bulk of news articles 
accurately reflect the sentiments of the majority. 
.,'■'., c) that New Amer ica engage itself to some degree in discussion of socialist 
issufs, e.g. the role of the International, workers' councils, perspec- 
tives for American Socialism, etc. 

- .•'.■•• CARRIED. 

Majority Committee Resolution: '"'e recommend that there be established a three-member 
Editorial Committee appointed by and directly responsible to the National Committee to 
function as a supervisory committee for New America replacing that function of the 
Natior.2.1 Action Coimiittee, and. provided that the present form and function of the 

Ni?"! Ar ijerio a Board, be retained, . . - ._ DEFEATED. 

MOTION: by Jean Suall. To refer the entire report to the National Cornnittee. 

MOTIO:;i; by iviax Wein'^ib,, To table the report. DEFEATED. 

T}:.=; Cliairman ruled that Seymour Steinsapir would not be allowed to introduce a third 
motion, since a vote was in process. Comrade Steinsapir challenged the chair, and 
Gomra-io Draper assumed the chair for the vote. The chair was upheld. 

A role ..all vote was demanded on the motion to refer the report of the Press and 
Education Comnlttee to the National Cornnittee: 

IM ; . ' ■ '■ ' . •'. AGAINST 

George Papr^un ' ' ' \ Harry Siitonen - ■ _' 

Ba::ni;y- yohen ' . Joyce Brown 

Bogda^n Denitch Ann Draper 

Arlon TuEsing Paul Albright ■ .. ,._..- Satir Mickey Porges 

Jim Burnett , . Lawrence Tepper :r, ': _- • ■ 

Frank Byer^i "' "'"■"" ' ' "■ Peter Irons ■ , ■. ^ 

Alex Garber Neil laclay 

Gene Yaeger Ben Williger 

Earold Schlagel ' \ ' Saul Mendelson 

'.';, Sallee idlstein . Peter Meyer ^ ..^, . 

Tom I'&lstein '" ' Ken Burg 

Debbie i.eler ' . '' _ ' David Komatsu 

Marion Shier ' ' Charles Van Tassel 

Rose Weinrib ^ .•■'■'' Lula White 

Ivfex Weinrib •, : / ' ' ; Harry Winthrop 

t&rilyn Blumfield ' ■ ■ ;-• • Brom Bassford 

Julie Bernstein Ian Mctviahan 

Convention Proceedings - 15 

• -\ 






Bonnie Mullens 
Seymour Kooilow 
Ephraim Friend 
Reuben Kunoff 
Bernie Bolitzer 
Sid Bykofsky 
Samuel Estrin 
Paul Peldman 
Samuel Friedman 
Dick Gurapert 
Norman Hill 
Raclielle Horowitz 
Penn Kemble 
Rudi Pakalns 
Ernst Papanek 
Sejnnour Steinsapir 
Irwin Suall 
Joan Suall 
Joe Davidson 
David Fineman 


Sam Bo t tone 
Martin Oppenheimer 
Walt Lively 
Elizabeth. Young 
Carl Benson 
Walter Benson 
'Villiara Hart 
Erwin Koth 
Joe Stetson 
Tom Greenspon 
Earl Herri ck 
Carlie Anderson 
Don Anderson 
Rick Congress 
Vv'illiam Allen 
Walter i^Jartin 
Tom Barton 
Kit Koraatsu 
Joel Weiner 


i^STAIN: iviicbael Parker, Jack Cypin, Betty Elkin, David McReynolds 
Jor: 30; Against: 37; Abstain: 4. , , ■, CARRIED. 

The vote for National Committee was recorded as follows: 



Michael Harrington, N.Y. 
William Briggs, Calif. 
Saul Hendelson, 111. 
Seymour Steinsapir, N.Y. 
Peter .%yer. 111. 
Julius Bernstein, liass. 
Samuel Friedman, N.Y. 
Debbie Iceier, 111. 
David McReynolds, N.Y. 
Robert 'Alexander, N.J. 
Joyce- Brown, Calif, 
iviartin Oppenheimer, Pa. 
Irwin Suall, N.Y. 
Ernst Papanek, N.Y. 
Alex Garber, Calif. 
Seymour Kopilow, N.Y. 

















Elected: .: 

Arlon Tussing, Calif. 


Bernard Bolitzer, N.Y. 


Peter Irons, D.C. 


William Hart, Wise. 


Rudi Pakalns, N.Y. 


Samuel Estrin, N.Y. 


Archie Liebernan, N.J. 


Brwin Koth, Wise. 



Convenbion Proceedings - 16 


^ 3.. ^iiriCt'^DOl'-'- ■.!!-•.-; 

Vi/illiam Allen, Uo^ 
Don Anderson, Ind. 
Bernard Bolitzer, N. 
Ken Burg, Til. 
Jim Burnett, Calif, 
Sid BykofGky. N.Y« 
Tom Condi t, Calif. 
Betty Elkin. N-Y- 
San Estrin, N.Y. 
Paul .Peldraan, N.Y, 

Norman Hill, N.Y. 
Rachelle Horowitz, N.Y. 
Y. • ' Peter Irons, D.C. 

Phyllis Jacobson, N.Y. 
Tom Kalin, N.Y. 
Penn Kemble, N.Y. 
Ian McK'ialiani N.Y. 
Tom Milstein, Colo. 
Eudi Palcalhs, N.Y. 
Irvin/s; Panken. N.Y. 

Dick Roman, Calif, 
Dan Thomas, Ohio 
Rob Tucker, Pa, 
Arlon Tussing, Calif. 
Charles Van Tassel, 111, 
Virgel Vogel, 111. 
Ben Williger, 111. 
Alex VJollod, Pa. 
Gene Yeaser, Colo. 


/;* hii'iis:^ 

The Convention proceeded to dis-cussion of the Foreign Policy platform which had been 
postponed from the previous davo During the discussion, twenty-five amendments were 
propcrod, The cmendments were all referred to the Foreign Platform Committee to choose 
the irejor Jubs-i;i;ntive ones for discussion on the floor at a later time. The amendments 



iim3n::ifflent..I. by Ephraim. Friend: to substitute for the first paragraph on p. 4 ^: 
of th--- Cottfflittea docianent the follov;ing: "The course of the war in Vietnam demonstrates 
b.ov7 dxsastrcrs are the doMseqaenoes of relying corar^letely on military force in 
ccLTibating CuuiriunrLsrri- '" ' - li 

"It also reveals how self-d3f eating was the policy of support to the authoritarian ~«! 
end nrlxitr-,-:?/ j ogi-jievi in South Vietnam and failing to press consistently for free ^-i 
dTiaccir-itic ii'3t:'.tutj.on3 a^d serial reforrar 

'■"ilae f.lght agairst the Viet i'iinh complex, which is allied --with, and dependent on, 
Q:r:.v-?:i3±cviut Clii;:ia,. must be demcoratized if the tragedy of the loss of South East Asia '^' 
to Oonccjlc: is bo b^- a-zerted. 

"Victcr-y for the VAst Cong woixld probably result in the imnediate slaughter of 
bii-n-:':'.-.-^ c-£ thoi^sande of peasant-.:, liberals, and radicals, as occured in North Vietnam' =^ 
after '■he -aci ;:-jption o|-ipo-vfsr by Ho Cbi rlinh. Tbis success would give tremendous 
irapetuo to th-i s^ibjngati-on to the rest of non-Russian Asia, -possibly including India. 

"r;;-c-.trali";aticn, at this point, is not achievable. Until -the balance of regional 
P';wer i.^ chauged, neatralization can serve only as a polite formula to dress up the 
actuality of withdrawal and -abandonment .- ^'' 

■'There i.s no alternative, at this point, to continued resistance except surrender. J^ 
This resistance c:an have soma chance of success only if the war is ■democratized. We -^ 
•a:.'gc the American people to prost; for the democratization of the war. " ^■; 

M2Mn.;eilt_rj_: by E-ohraira Irlend. To delete item #3 in paragraph 5, p.-l. •"'■- — 

j.rnendmenb III; by Err^t Papanek, On p. 2, at the end of the paragraph continued "== 

from p. 1, add: "The Socialist Party expresses its continuous solidarity with the peo- -^-^ 

pie in Spain, Heiti, t-he Baltic States, and in every country occupied by a foreign -- 
po'.ver or totalitarian rulec We put this expression of solidarity into our Foreign 
Affairs Platform to draw again the attention of the American people to the danger which 

dictat-jrship in any country implies for a peaceful international policy. ~-^ 

-:rTe-:icn Proceedings - 17 

j^iBZLixnent IV : by Ernst Papanek. At the end of #4, on p. 7, add: ""vVe urge 
ii=lsre-*ation of the Socialist International's program for contribution by all 
Z£.-tzz^ rf 1% of their national income to the United Nations administered SUNIED in 
r.--;r- of nations in need." 

r.ent V : by Bogdan Denitch. To insert on p. 2 at the end of the 1st paragraph: 

rEj;r responsibility is placed on the Socialist Parties throughout the world to 
elcp a genuine Socialist alternative to Cornnunisrn and the status quo. This requires 
! s ctart the disengagement of the Socialist Parties and Trade Unions from the cold 
S' pclitics of their own bloc. This requires a break with the foreign policy which 
^ reez based on support of NATO and alliance with the United States. 

ii^iendaent VI : by Ian ;.lci ahan. On page 7, for the last paragraph beginning "For . 
six je^s," substitute: "The European Economic Community is essentially a recognition 
n — '~~.s need for social planning and an attempt to implement it on a reactionary basis. 

3 Sc Icr^ as the de Gaullegknd Erhards control the EEC and resist the demands of the 
DOse "-TtTean 77ork:ers ' movement for democratic planning institutions, the EEC will be a 

ents -^£-:- of the European cartels and their American friends against the peoples of Europe. 
"•T _rge our sister parties of the International and their trade union sections to take 
i=£-ii5.te steps toward a unified Socialist front in Europe which can resist the 

4 -r-crc^-chr-ents of the capitalist front of the EEC." 

■agendc^nt VII ; by Peter Irons. On p. 3, section on the UN, insert before the 
Issz sentence: "However, before the UN can be an effective insurant for securing 
rian peace and freedom, it must be democratized and the veto power of the big powers in the 
Security Council (which give them assertive control) must be ended." 








■azrendment VIII ; by Joe Davidson. On page 4, paragraph 3, delete from the words, 
•tai" under no circumstances, etc." 

.voendment IX ; by Joe Davidson. On page 5, paragraph 1, after the word "Poland" 
":he Sudentenland and East Prussia." 

Amendment X : by Joe Davidson. On page 6, paragraph 3, delete item #2. 

-■igendment XI : by Joe Davidson. Insert in the section on Latin America: "We urge 
s'rong political and material sup^-ort to the peasant government of Venezuela and. 
Tigcrously condemn the Castro and Stalinist attacks under the guise of National 

I .amendment XII . by Joyce Brown. On p. 3, last paragraph, delete the remainder 
mt the paragraph, from the words, "However, America supported the Diem regime," and 
•substitute; "America has supported the Diem regime and its successors which, v/ith their 
harassment of political opposition and forced removal of peasants from their villages, 
have been unable to carry on any kind of effective policy against the Viet Cong. In 
South Vietnam the U.S. must back democratic social reform and political freedom." 


Amendment XIII . by Joyce Brown. On p. 4, delete paragraph 3 beginning, "Therefore, 
the Socialist Party demands," and substitute the following: "The point which must be 
stressed is that the U.S. government has been carrying on a war against the people of 

Convention Proceedings - 18 ■ : ■ ; •••^•f. ' . 

Soutli Vietnam. Therefore, the Socialist Farty demands inmediate withdrawal of -U.S. 
troops and aid from South Vietnam and all possible effort hy negotiation to bring 
about neutralization in that country." 

. Jtoendment XIV : by Joyce Brown. On p. 3, add to section b, "and destruction of 
existing stock piles," and add a section d, "unilateral i:7ithdrawal from all foreign 
military bases." 

Amendment IV : .by David ^ :c Reynolds . Insert on p, 3 before the section, "Streng- 
thening the UN,": "But even if all these steps .were to fail, we vrould then say that 
since the use of nuclear weapons is unthinkable but since, however, their possession 
mal<es their use possible, we must proceed to the unilateral dismantling of American 
nuclear power, whether or not any other nation follows suit. In the final analysis no 
decent society can be preserved from destruction or decay by the balance of terror. 
In the nuclear age we imist look to new methods of defence — we must seriously examine 
the concept of non-violence which spurred the liberation of India under Ghandi's 
leadership and which has been the weapon of the American Negro in his struggle to . ■ ■ 
liberate this nation from the stain of racism." 

Amendment XVI : by Ken Burg. To substitute for the section entitled "Iviiddle East" 
on p. 4 the following: "The Socialist Party believes that the U.S. and the UN should 
use all possible influence to bring about not merely an end of threats but a positive 
peace on the following principles: (l) The goal of Arab unity or federation is 
desirable;. (2) The best interests of the Middle East would be served by regional 
disarmament and economic cooperation of iirab states with Israel, especially in allotment 
of vTater; (3) Israel should establish and maintain equality of citizenship for Jews 
and Arabs in Israel and should make every effort to readmit Arab refugees on a basis of 
full equality and compensation for their confiscation laws and property,, 

■ Amendment XVII : by Anne Draper. On pc 7, in the paragraph beginning, "Hence, 
the importance J' delete the first half of the second sentence so that it will begin 
with "The American programs of assistence have sagged both in quality and quantity of 
aid provided, etco" 



zz ~ 

. Amendment.. XVI 1 1 : by Barney Cohen. To replace the entire section on Latin 
America including Cuba with: "US. policy in Latin America has long been a sorry 
mess. Support to democratic administrations like Venezuela is heavily overbalanced 
by the pattern of repeated sup-oort for military juntas and reactionary dictatorships » 
The heralded program of economic aid in the form of Alliance for Progress proves to 
be insufficient. Too of ten it is directed to the traditional and corrupt propertied 
classes who-permit only a trickle to seep down' into the lower levels of society^ 
Given the situation ?;here most countries there are already 'tv/o nations' and, .where the 
rate of population growth is the greatest in the world, the failure to majiimize, the Ti .T 
stimulation of production leaves the masses in a state of absolute impoverizationc " 
The revolution of higher expectations is thus being frustrated. Decades of" U.S. 
imperialist exploitation have contributed to these disastrous consequences which are so __^ 
intolerable that the appeals of Communism fall on attentive ears. - r ' 

"In Cuba the high hopes associated with Ihe 1959 revolution against a U.S. puppet .,"'"" 
have ended in betrayalo Castro quickly took up a course toward totalitarian collectiviscT* 
Under the name of socialism, the present Cuban regime victimizes the workers and peasants 



3 no 

restion Proceedings - 19 

e-rcratic Socialists oppose the Castro regimeo Just as we sup-oort the trade unions 
i — :--;cratic forces throughout Latin America, we similarly support the democratic 
--titS and the trade unionists in Cuba in their struggles against Castro. In line with 
---- -e support those Cuban refugees who align themselves with the Cuban internal 
^ _- --razic forces , 

To the U.Sc we propose that diplomatic? relations with Cuba be immediately nor- 
l:^i and that negotiations for the resumption of trade relations be opened. Trade 
■^ luca should not be opened in such a way as to underscore and underwrite the Cuban 
^_ ''^^^•- '^'^^ rather as a m.eans of encouraging the developing of democratic institutions.^ 
at ^:-- -ith this and in the same way vfe further propose that the U.So discontinue its 
--T renaissance over Cuba and withdraw from the Guantanamo naval base... Under no 
:_::=Tances should the U.S. pursue a military solution or repeat the Bay of Pigs 
L--i:n, Such military action only drives the Cuban poiDulation back into the arms of 
-.-: =nd thus destroys the basis of an internal opposition. 

Ir the U.S. wishes to isolate and defeat CorcnMnism in Cuba, let it curb every 
- :i interference in the political life of Latin America by U.S. business corpora- 
zj. Let the UaS« ex'-end'' the hand of friendship to those revolutionary democratic- 
:.j Trho represent the masses of the Latin American people themselves. Let the U.S. 
^ ;lear that it is as implacably hostile to right wing dictatorships as it is to 
Sast" ^-~-~^^ dictatorships. And let it return to Panama the sovereighty over the Canal 
^Q_(j ~'--i ^-i permit an internationalization of the -:;anal itself," 

Lvs ■ • 

^^-endment XTX; by Dick Gumpert. To insert at the end of the section, "Disen- 
Es^e_er.t from iviilitary Comuitment," the following: "In the years since the last 
3tment ^--" "'-^ ^^^ demands of the underdeveloped nations for the right to determine their 
7S ^^^ iestiny has been a major world force. Across Africa, across Asia, across Latin 
LS of *=^-'-^- *^® peoples are driving out the agents of imperialism, exploitation and feudalism 
^ J- i^ search for a just and fraternal society. In Tanganyika, in South Africa, in 
*--^_:£ the forces of progress battle against the decadence of colonialism and repression. 
ti -he meanwhile, however, the purveyors of deceit have not been dormant. Both 
1 c^5Tit;alism a^d Communism persistently seek to subvert and abort the revolution. The 
of E"i---ists, i.iaoists and CI. A, constantly and continually attempt to pervert the course 

r-Veedom to their own ends, 
"Neither capitalism nor Conmunism of any variety can bring the anti-colonial 
revalution to its full and proper culmination. Neither the subjugation to the state 
tachine of Communism or subordination to the profit machine of capitalism can satisfy 
^ t^e democratic cravings of anti-imperialism for a society of economic political, and 

E-cis,l democracy „ ' ■ 

J " _ "'-^'e as Socialists fully support the effort to install democracy in the underdevel- 
;d °?"^ nations and call upon socialists, trade unionists, democrats, liberals, progres- 

Ei-es, and the International Socialist and Trade Union movements to fully encourage 
the s^-s-ipi^ort, physically and financially, and mrticipate with to the fullest extent of 
^- their capabilities, the Socialist and democratic revolutionary forces seeking to 

Institute social dem.ocracy." 

.g sQ Amendme n t XZ : by Lowen Berman and Don Anderson. On p. 7, to delete the paragraph ' 

t^ginning "For six years the EEC," and substitute the following; "The Socialist Party, 
ipet ^'5- A., supports the program of the Social Democratic Parties and labor unions of the 
:tivism'^~^-^°'^ ivlarket countries in which:" 



Convention Proceedings - 20 

Amendment XXI: by Lowen Barman and Don Anderson. 3:o add \7i1erever convenient a 
broad denunciation of travel bans any^vhere, not just in China, 

■Amendment XXII: by Samuel H, Friedman. To substitute for the entire section on 
Berlin and Central Europe the following: "The Berlin \Yall remains a symbol not only of 
divided Germany but of the need felt by the Communist masters of East Germany to 
imprison their subjects in their Coranunist 'paradise,' We support the legitimate 
desire^of the German people, like any other people, to unite their nation. At the 
;same time it is clear that this course Y^ill be possible only under circumstances in 
\Thich a united Germany is not rego;rded as a militai-y threat either to its neighbors or 
to the worldo 

"In the interest of peace and of stability, we favor formal recognition of the 
Oder-Neisse line as the boundary between Germany and Poland. We urge serious consi- 
deration by the Ainerican government of proposals looking toward a genuinely demili- 
tarized area in Central Europe, including Germany= We favor continuation of the U.S. 
guarantee tn the people of West Berlin of access to their city., , a "great free metropoli; 
which is. governed by the German Social Democratic Party„ 

' "The only ultimate solution to the problem of Germany lies in unification under 
democracy of that nation. It is toward that end that our government should work," 

Amendmen t, XXI 1 1 : by J^phraim Friend. On p. 3, in the paragraph on China: Delete 
the sentence, "Our American policy toward China is perhaps the greatest single factor," 
and substitute, "Ouv American policy toward China is one of the factors.," 

Amendment_XXIV: by Paul Albright, On p, 7, in -the paragraph beginning, "Almost 
as important as conservation," substitute the word "free" for "freer" in the second 

Acendment XXV; by Samuel H, Friedmano To delete the sentence marked "(3)" in 
the section on the i.iiddle East. 

DOfalEST IC FLATFORvi DISGU SSTOTx! ( continued ) 

— - — ■ ■ , ■ 

The Domestic Platform Committee, wlth.Debbie Meier reporting, presented a redraft of the 
Education and Early JEducati on sections of the Domestic Platform (see -appendix). , , 

MOTION: to accept the Coninit tee draft, CARRIED. 

The Committee also presented a civil rights platform as prepared by Tom Kahn and 
amended by the Committee (see appendix). ,' The Committee also recommended that a brief 
section be added to the civil rights section, on other minority groups, especially 
Indians and Orientals, som.ewhat similar to the one in the Meyer dociiment. 

AJViENDMENT: by Ken Burg, On p. 4, to add to the paragraph beginning, "But that goal 
cannot be achieved," the following sentence: "We urge Negroes and their allies 
to demand that all candidates for office support all these congressional reforms." 

■ ■'■■^■- - •'':' "^ . ..-i ..■ ACCEPTED. 

AMEf©I\ffiNT: by Samuel H, Friedman,, To delete "abolishing all literacy requirements" on 
p. 3 and to substitute "substitution for present state-administered literacy requiremen:. 

Proceedings - 21 


ly of 

s or 

ire so often used to bar minorities from ttie ballot, of a federal test rigidly 
lestly administered by federal officers to prevent discrimination of any kind." 


u~: by Walter Lively. To add a section indicating our criticism of state civil 
ccmLssions v/tdcli drag their feet and hinder the advance of civil rights. 


71: by Anne Draper. To add to the demand "clearence of all slums" the following: 
it all previous occupants be guaranteed better housing at fair prices when they 
:." ... _ ,. , . ... ....... .. ACCEPTED. 





Zz^ Iirnittee also recomnended that the NC add a plank on labor. 

iik-IIi;": by Ken Burg. That the Meyer document on labor and the statement on civil 

Les prepared by the pre-Convention Platform Committee be referred to the NC for 
-e inclusion in the platform. ,- ■.-,_ -.I.'' • .'. CARRIED. 

: by George Papcun. To add to the statement on civil liberties the follov/ing: 
:iemn the action of the FBI and the police generally in infiltrating left wing, 
rights organizations. We condemn the efforts on telephone tapping and invasions 
racy by use of various devices for listening in ron a citizen's home or place of 


II rr" 

3ca:ade Papcun also asked that something be included on free travel to all coun- 


tin;;': to refer the Papcun suggestions to the NC. 
■C^^ZIK: to accept the Conmittee repdrt. 

Eiz:nioN OP NC alternates 


3f the ^ 






s vote on the NC alternates is as follows: 

, :- 


Not Elected: 

---nderson, Ind. 


Irons, D.C. 


lussing, Calif. 


Van .Tassel, 111. 


.a-ilen, A. 


Palcalns, N.Y. 


Hill, N.Y. 


Yeager, Colo. 


?eldraan, N.Y. 

340 1 .,-, 

Burg, 111. 


Zahn, N.Y. 

•-■J i:. 


Burnett, Calif. 


Horowitz, N.Y. 


Condit, Calif. 


Jacobs on, N.Y. 


Bykofsky, N.Y. 


McEviahan, N.Y. 


Viiilliger, 111. 


Elkin, N.Y. 


Estrin, N.Y. 


Panken, N.Y. 


Wollod, Pa. 


Bolitzer, N.Y. 


Tucker, Pa. 
Milstein, Colo. 
Thomas , Ohio 
Vogel, 111. 
Kemble, N.Y. 
Roman, Calif, 



Contention Prccosdings 


f-S :: r'^aii'^i^so'i^; ■.."■f 


t-.T .- > •^•1 A 

Charles Van Tassel reported for the Youth Conmttee, presenting at the same tine the 
YPSL Secretary's report (see both in appendix). 

MO'HON: to accept the Committee's report, CARRIED. 


It.8 jOoflmlttee reported that they wished to bring to the floor four substantive amend- 
CDntu, r^ud, to is:?or the rest to the National Coimittee. They reconmended that the make:.3 
of ti.y amwudraents give a five minute report, followed by five minutes from the Committee 
and r.-ith three minutes for speakers both for and against from the floor. The procedure 

Ti'as {-adopted o * ' 


FRIZLiviiilJ iMBNDiiENT XXII on Berlin and Central Europe. 

MOESY^IOLDS itfvIENDK'EITT XV on Unilateral Disarmament. 

CGEF.N- MCI'®iviE:.1 XVIi: on Latin America and Cuba. 

MOTIOi:;: ty Av'Iju T-..3siPs. '^° i"5fer to the NC, 

Vvts en Gcli-2u aciendraent : 

railiCd A^'/iSNIIMB^FjJ V on Socialist Parties, ' 

MOi?;:o:]- .by Jcvacs Bxruett. To refer favorably to the: National Committee. 

Vote: '.:: Dri:i.t-"n c::iyndr;jcnt : 




MOTION: by Bogdan Dsnitch,,, To adopt the Foreign Policy Platform as so far amended 
o...:d :-3fer th:j rcrt oi' the amendments to the NC. CARRIED, 

'/iCl.'ION: by :.zm1 f.Icndelsono .That the Convention strongly urge the National 

Gc^ni ttee to c^all r. National Conference on Foreign Affairs under the auspices of the 

c;^';:' ■, - , .,. -n^-,...,, CARRIEDo 

becalms 1/ ra:^ './■■■ ■ ■ 

MOTIO:J; TO thdnk Local Chicago and, the State of Illinois Organization for their 
hospitality durirg the Gcnventiop and also to express appreciation for the skilled 
and courteous help of the secretarial and office staff. ■ ■' CARRIED. 

MOTION: To adjourn the 19^4 Convention. 


■1 ■>•■> 

i.v „ 


- (Jamcd as amended 

ia the first four years of the Sixties, there has been a political axid social 
Ival in the ISiited states. Si the Civil Eights movement, sit-ins, &eedom l^des, 
les in the streets of Birmingham and the magnificent Liirch on Washington of 
, 1963, have challenged the entire society \7ith a ne\7 dynamic. Ihe ixnions, 
inted T/ith an automating technology devoted to profit, have begun to raise the 
fercr.i for massive public intervention and planning. Itie peace movement helped cajrry 



D. -■ 

L::; rroposal for an end to nuclear testing from the province of a small critical 
rity to United States Senate approval for the Moscov;- Treaty. 

Vfe expect this ferment to continue. Hoit then can the Socialist Party best 
ize itself for effective action, in an immediate future which could well see even 
significant developments than in the past four years? 




il). - 


Vfe Socialists have always believed in a franlc and public discussion, even of 
difficulties. Given the challenge before us, \re must speak bluntly and openly 
-5 are to meet oizr responsibilities. 

Por at least four years now, the Party has had a continuing, and sometimes 
~, debate over the best tactic to advance the cause of socialism in America. In. 
; discussion several main posit ion^-rere put forth. Some of our members held that 
- independent political action could offer an alternative for the progressive forces 
;:-is country. They argue that the labor, Civil Rights and other democratic movements 
: make a decisive break vath both of the major parties and establish their ovm 
L-ical instrument in the form of a Labor Party. 

Other comrades believed that the imerican democratic left represented primarily 
the labor and Civil Bights movement is, by fai" a:id large, committed to the liberal 
•^ of the Democratic Party and felt that socialists should vrork to aid these forces 

ecome master in their ovm house, thus creating a nexr political movement in ^erica 
::'j^h realignment of the two major parties. 

I'ijially, there vrere those among us v/ho urged that independent Socialist Rirty 
;r-oral action, \7herever possible, should be an important means for the creation of 
.-iable, democratic Left in the United States, and for putting the case for Socialism 

Tliese positions, as set forth here, are roughly defined. iJany nuances and 
jriappings have been ommitted. Yet this Convention can certainly recognize in these 
chy approximations the main Lines of the debate which has consumed the ikrty during 
recent past. 




Hone of these points of vievr has vron a decisive majority in the Party, And 
Ten T/-hat we knoT^ of the internal life of our organization in the time before this 
'.vention, none is lilcely to carry a majority at this Convention. 

Under such circumstances, we see no point in once more repeating a debate 
lich is familiar to practically every delegate to this Convention. Llore importantly, 
je believe that the Party vfill not be able to carry out its socialist responsibilities 
the coming period if it primarily concentrates itself on this internal dispute to 
detriment of active political intervention in jijnerican life. 

R)litical Action Debate (cont.) - 2 - 

'Ae Convention therefore urges all conirades and the partisans of all points of 
view to suspend further debate and co-ntroversies on this question for the next period. 

2he Convention asserts that each of these positions is held by dedicated and 
nilitant socialists and that each is completely compatible with socialist principle. 
Given the Party |s inability to come to a clear decision in this question, these various 
tendencies have, in fact, each pursued its ovm policy. 

• ^.. Biis Convention must consciously recognize this reality, and seek a maximum 

of consultation and minimum of friction among the contending groups vdthin the Party. 
V,fe declare that activity along vzij of the lines ..iioted above is permissable. \/e urge 
each of the groupings to grant the socialist bona fides of the others, even ivhile 
maintaining its own distinctive position. In this way, vre hope that these contrasting 
efforts can all converge to advance the cause of socialism in ilmerica. 

Ifeny of us certainly would prefer a clear decision for our ovm. point of view. 
Since this resolution is ijnpossible, and the pursuit of it impedes the contribution we 
can all make, even v/ith our differences, vre call upon every member and each grouping to 
turn toward the movements and needs of the overv/-helming majority of jimericans and to 
test their respective views in militant action. Chen, stronger as a party and enriche^ 
by actual political experience, vre can look toward a much more positive discussion and 
decisions wMch hopefully will command the support of a united membership. 


'i^-e Automative TeclTnological-Qybernetic Revolution affecting jlmerica and the 
world is rapidly forcing the inequities of society to the explosion point. Ihe displaa 
neut of men by machines, the elimination of jobs, the world- vdde agitation against 
colonialism (manifested in the U.S. in the Civil Rights Revolution), the persistence of 
poverty, the burden of high birth rates, the alienation of man, the still present 
menace of totalitarianism and ant i-hi;ffiianism cry out for solutions. V/e as ijocialists 
are cognizant of this urgent necessity and of the need to implement a Socialist 
structure responsive to the needs of our fellov/- man. 

The forces promoting these injustices increasingly militate against man and t/. 
decent life. In their v/ar against humanity, they gain more each day and more --each 
time we acquiesce by silence to their challenge. Socialists must nov^ declare themselvei 
at war against this alliance against mankind — a v;ar on all fronts, a political v;-ar. 

Socialists must build a political army, a united front in favor of human 
dignity. In the peace movement, in the civil rights movement, in the labor movement 
we must join v/ith all progressives in this battle. 

But, first of all, a political v/ar must be fought in the political arena. It 
must be carried on in all political fields and with all progressive political allies- 
socialists, trade unionsts, and liberals. 

To this end we urge that the Party initiate Iblitical Action T/herever and wher.- 
ever possible and in whatever manner possible. VAierever feasible, the Party should 
offer Socialist candidates for office, in which case comrades should not be permitted 
to support other political parties. 

its off 
'iod. ' 




-it ical Act ion ( cont . ) 

- 3 - 

Mhexe independent electoral action is not possible, comrades shall be allovred 
inter their support for other progressive elements, provided they have first obtaine. 
T5ermission of the national Committee or the national Action Committee. 


>n we 
jng to 

. and 


V/hereas the Socialist Party is a political party by its very title, "' ' '' 

I5ierefore, be it Resolved: That the Socialist Rirty act as a political party 
- engaging in electoral campaigns in its ovm. name, and, 

Be it fiArther resolved: That in every presidential election the I^rty, at the 
izrj least, nominate candidates for president and vice-president; and as many other 
Lr.^dates, national, state and local as it deems feasible. 


Lce of 


Jid th« 






J_ j: .-/ 

. when- 



Ee draft by JDomestic ELatfom CommittQe of section on EDUCATIOII 

Education .* •• . ■ ^■;' 

Big technological society noxr conini^* into existence requires higher and higher levels 
of skill and training. Yet, of the 26 million young jnericans entering the economy 
during the decade of the 60 's, 7*6 nillion uill not finish high school and 2.3 million 
irill lad: even a grade scliool education. ip.d many millions of those graduating from 
oiir high schools r;ill, in fact, also lack the skills required "by our society. In this 
economy, such education is education for poverty. 

[Qaeref ore \ie support : 

. . .the principle of the 3enate Subcommittee on Dnployment aiid llanpov/er that this 
society commit itself to fourteen years of universaJ-s free public education. 

. . .the recognition that going to school is a productive activity and should 
therefore be compensated tVirough a "GI Bill" for all iipierican youth. 

. . .the establislxment of a ilational Volunteer Braining Corps 'pxogram, r/ith the 
financial support and s1e,tus hitherto accorded IIHOTC, for preparing young ijnericans for 
both international aiT-d domestic iteace Corps se37viGe» 

. .. .Federal aid to public education, v^ith money appropriated according to the neei 
as defined by the original Kennedy Task Force rather than the inadequate sums proposed 
in the present bill. 

. . .extensive Federal aid for adult education in the area of vocational training 
and retraining as v/ell as in the development of liberal arts educational programs for 
those above high school age. 

l^rly Education 



studies of poverty indicate that the social and psychological maiming of the children 
of the poor occurs at a very early age. I.Ioreover, crowded, poorly staffed and generaJ.1;" 
inadequate urbaii and rural slum schools are often the traJismission belt for functional 
illiteracy. A child vrho does not learn to read and Tffite in the first three grades is 
marked as a dropout by the tine ho reaches eight or nine years. A radically nev/ approac- 
to the organization of urban schools is on the agenda today in many of our major cities. 
ITot only racially integrated but economically aiid socially heterogeneous classrooms 
are required, along -vrlth many other experimental teclmiques, to provide an atmosphere 
of hope and support for children whose everyday experience denies them these things. 

Me support ; 

. . .a Federal grant for nursery and pre-school care, particularly in slum areas. 

. . .special Federal aid to reduce the teacher-student ratio in the first tliree 
grades of school in particular, and for remedial reading facilities. 

. . .the utilization of books and other teaching materials Y/-hich recognize the 
existence of cities, slums and ITegroes rather than reinforcing the American myth that 
everyone is a white, middle class suburban homeovmer (except a fev; misfits). 

. . .the drive of the iSaerican Federation of Teachers for collective bargaining, 
not only because all workers have a right to unions, but also because only a teaching 
profession that is secure can creatively meet the needs of today's children. 

irst Draft - liM ON POVTiRTY Section of SP Platform - presented by ^i. Harrington 




^ The Socialist Party believes that the current concern with the national 
l^isgrace of poverty offers a most important point of departure for political 
action, ,.-_... ^ -.. ., 

In part, America owes its new consciousness of this problem to the Negro, 
lie civil rights revolution is the first dynamic movement of militant poverty 
5lr.ce the rise of the CIO in the 1930 's. It was this irrepressible wave of 
pretest which shattered the "American celebration" of the Eisenhower years and 
c: -fronted the country, not simply i/vith the issue of race, but with the questions 
c: -inemployment, miserable housing and inferior schools as well. The chronic, high 
-evels of joblessness since 1957 becoming more and more obvious and intolerable 
jjearly also prepared the way for a nevj- consciousness. 

. • i^:: 



f In this context of a renewal of social action, we Socialists are proud of our 
r:le in articulating ideas which grew out of our participation in the common struggle , 
for ^'^ platforms in I96O and I962 had identified the peculiar nature of affluent poverty; 
STid it is -with this knowledge of having been carrying on the war against poverty 
le need-'^*'"'S t)efore it was formally announced that we $eak on this subject again in I96U., 


lie .propose a Socialist strategy in this war, a long-range viev/ of what must be 
sixnQ ccne> not simply to lift tens of millionsof Americans out of an unconscionable 
fQ^ indignity, but to create a just society for all in the process. -_ ;■ ■ iJ< 

I Ife propose a tactic for all men of good vfill in the war against poverty, 
■or us, these immediate demands and programs are informed by our socialist vision, ycb 
khey do not require a socialist commitment in order to be acted upon, 1/e have no . 
Intention of remaining aloof from the battle until it formally declares socialij;t .• ■ 
siTiS, Ue pledge ourselves to continue to vrork vdth all those Americans who 
b-jTiger for justice — ^with civil rights militants, with trade unionists, liberals, 
Ben of both religious and humanist faith — ^and our only precondition is that all of 
113 ^/age this war with all the strength at our command, 


The Socialist strategy has one basic thought: to make the war against poverty 
£ neans not simply of eradicating the misery of the poor, but of creating a just 
jscciety in America and the world. ■ •. 

Today, poverty is deeply rooted in the institutions of our society, i/here 
resources are primarily allocated on the basis of corporate profit, it. is vAolly . . 
Irgical to build and rebuild the dwellings of the middle class and the rich every 
generation and to leave the poor behind, iihere the end of economic activity is the 
bslance sheet and not the huragm need, it makes irrational sense to leave human .. • 
beings idle, run factories under capacity, and refuse to satisfy the basic necessi+iss 
cf tens of millions of /imericans. 

■ •■ . i ■ ■ _ ^' 

In the long run, the struggle against poverty demaids that the principle of 
buman needs, ascfemocratically determined, control the allocation of resources instead 
Df tile principle of profit. 

Let us be specific. America requires the immediate replacement of that 20^ of 
its housing iihich the Bureau of the Census has declared to be unfit; it must have. 




s is 









- 2 - 

according to the iJnited States Senate Subcommittee Report on T%mploym0t and J Manpower, 
an investment of between y500 and -700 billion just in order to accommodate the 
increasing urban population over the next 20 years. 

The transportation system of almost every major city is becoming more and more 
chaotic every day. 

The educational requirements of our society mount annually. The Secretary of 
Labor has said that machines now have high school diplomas; the Senate Subcommittee 
has called for fourteen years of universal, free|)ublic schooling. 

Our nation's health is in an absurd condition for the most industrially advanced 
country on the face of the earth: one half of the j^oung men %ho appear before the 
Draft Boards fail their examination, half of them for medical reasons, and the other 
half because they do not have the equivalent of a seventh grade education. 

lie have these needs: for housing, for transport, for education and for health, 

i'e have the resources to meet these needs, human, material and financial. 

There are ^S% of the American work-force now jobless, and a "true" unemploymert 

figure (counting in under -employment, those forced out of the labor market, etc.) 

would be nearer %, The Office of ^^conomic Opportunity has already warned the nation 

that, under present conditions, there will be one and a half million unemoloyed 

teen-agers in five years. A third of the male youth are now high school dropouts in 

an economy demanding oost high school skills, 

i!«b 'iinih^m's,-. ^?.9J'!.'! I- 

These terrible figures could be the description of an advantage if America would 
only take the opportunity: they represent an immense human resource for meeting the 
needs of the society as a whole. If they were employed, the war against poverty 
would not be a i'ar on the poor from above, but a vrar of the poor. 

An essential element of the Sociplist strategy is: let us hire the poor to 
teer poverty down; let us bring the poor together with the rest of th^fhation in a 
gigantic effort to build up the entire society. • -;,.-■--.■ 

In times past, such proposals would have been utopian since the general level 
of economic scarcity made it impossible to speak of such massive social investments. 
That is not true today. 

In the twentieth century, productivity per/ian hour has grown at a historic rate 
of 2.5/a per year. In recent years, this figure has increased with automation to 3.5/S 
and last year, it irdght have reached \x%. This technological progress — it ammounted 
to a ,:)20 billion increase last year — provides the material resource for raising the 
living standards and the quality of life of all Americans. 

If our technology is properly utilized, it can abolish poverty and create a 
decent society. If it is guided b;' the profit desires of a minority, it ivlll continue 
to do what it has done: institutionalize poverty, increase unemployment, create a 
metropolitan chaos "planned" by speculation, ^z'^..-^.... i^.. -. y. . .-, ..^^^^^ ^...^..^ 

America, as a consequence of this technology, has the financial means to abolish 

- 3 - 



: other I 

^oday, the U.o. spends 12 billion in Federal funds for the custodial care 
_ rsrxy— and this is a lovr estimate. The "i layer of NeK York has announced that 
of ti-^t giant city's budget is devoted to the special miseries of the poor, their 
zsez need for fire and health protection, the juvenile and adult crime problems 
tie 5_unis, and their other special problems. 

rlllions vail be required to eliminate poverty— but billions are a3r eady devoted 
aslr.-^inin.g poverty. With the middle class fleeing the central city, talcing their 

:he suburbs and leaving the problems behind, this has created financial 
::---_£ for every metropolis in Amnrica. But there are other costs as well. The 
:i5-^..ce of poverty morally corrupts a society which has the means of abolishing 
iz- tz provides a perennial source of bitter, unchanneled conflict and "vdlolence. 
n~= can no longer afford poverty, financially, morally or socially. 

•= therefore as our strategy propose joining together the human resources' and 
""-=2r. needs, the material capacity and the financial capacity, in a gigantic rjro- 
- -.:' simply for the poor, but of the poor and everyone else, for a decent society, 

7c carry out this strategy many things are required. Tito of the most important 
;e-::ratic national planning and a mass political movement which fights in the 
gainst poverty. 

There are powerful forces in American life which accept and thrive on poverty. 
r^ only a few of the most obvious, there are the slumlords and r eal estate 
--later s, the ^^ational Association of P'anufacturers, the Farm Bureau, the 
lean Jiedical Association. They have distinguished themselves at this nevr moment 
cf r£-ional consciousness by a resolute call to march backjrard socially. 

.-- rJBjority oi Americans are for the abolition of poverty. The civil rights move- 
s'-- IT .rlerstood this point dramatically in, I963, when it marched for jobs and 
ZT-^zzz.. The trade union movement must more and more understand this point if 
?-";-£ -.ion is not to continue its present career as, in the words of George Ifeany, 
r_rse rather than a blessing. The iTiigrrnts and the poor farmers and farm hands, 
zLtz the generous subsidies of the agricultural rich of the Farm Bureau, desperately 
ei -c participate in the re?rards of the most productive farm lands in the v/orld, 
rlllions of middle class people, motivated by reasons of ethics or religion, 
■■ P-'T 'Srs of radical and liberal movements, also seek an end to our national indignitji 

Thus far, the forces for poverty have been more cohesive and decisive than 
against. Every progressive social proposal made in this nation since I938 has 
^ = - "hyrarted or distorted. 


In the strategy of the war against poverty, the a nti -poverty forces must create 
= serious political movement, capable of enacting laws as well as proposing platforms, 
■^e Socialists differ among ourselves as to how this development T/ill take place, 
— -r-her through a realignment of the existing parties or the emergence of a mass third 
a ?=''7> but Yre are all committed to the proposition that the war against poverty can- 
;ontinue ^^' '^ conducted b^; politics as usual. However it mil in fact appear, there must 
,e a -« s nev.r political majority in this country — the expression of the real, the 
i>:erical and social majority. 

And finally, all of these proposals require democratic national planning. 

- u 


In 'Western TJuropej, practically every party and social class has understood the 
need for national planning; the French conservatives under De Gaulle as Trell as the 
Socialists J th^ritish Tories as well as the Labor Partyj the Italian Christian 
Democrats as well as the workers' parties in the government coalition., In Scandinavia 
Socialists have demonstrated for over thirty years that planning and freedom are not 
antagonistic but complementary terras. 

In the hnited States, to a large p/rt because of the I'/illful and v/ell-finenced 
obscurantism of American reaction^ planning is still lAorongly associated x^rith 
totalitarianism at the worst and bureaucratic inefficiency at the best. 

■ This nation mil have to come of age politicrlly if it is to conquer poverty. 

As Socialists, we believe in planninr, through the democratic allocation of 
resources and the public control of the commanding heights of the economy. Public 
corporations like TVA have already made a tremendous contribution to this society, 
■expanding freedom rather than inhibiting it. The giant corporations which dominate 
this economy are far distant from the individual entrepreneuer of the free enterprise 
myth. They are huge, rationally structured com'i:3lexes, often utilizing those planning 
techniques which they deny the government itself, but still ruled by the socially 
irrational principle of pursuing profit rather than satisfying human needs. 

' ¥e are for he democratic ownership and control of these centers of power, these 
institutions which havR more financial resources than most of the states and which 
make decisions affecting our lives more profoundly than most of the laws of the 
Congress. .._.,.. 

In putting forth these ideas, ve do n t call for the bureaucratization of 
American .society. The American corporation has already demonstrated an enormous 
ability- to centralize, to bureaucratize, to alienate decision from theg'eat mass of 
the people. Rather, we propose the only m-dern alternative to bureaucracy and -the 
tyranny of minorities: the democratization not simply of American politics but of 
the American econony and society as well^. 

These, then, are some of the most important elements of a Socialist strategy in 
the y/ar against poverty. They v,ould direct our social energies toward making this 
wai* the means of creating a just and democratic society through the abolition of 
poverty c 

^ ■ ' ' --■-;'•' TA cries AGAINST POV^-HTY ''' ' *'^' '^ " ' 

As it has been announced by President Johnson and supported by civil rights, 
labor, and liberal organizations, the current war against poverty is most emphatically 
not a socialist undertaking, Neither the Administration nor any of its principal 
allies has proposed a fundamental change in property ovmership or the way in which 
resources are allocated, 

■ Thus, this vfar is waged on the basis of a reform of capitalism. 

As we have made plain, we believe that real succesp/n this struggle leads beyond 
the limits of the profit economy. At the same time, we support reforms of "the present 
system, because of the conviction that whatever can be done here and now to alleviate 
human misery must be done, and because we believe that the consciousness of the 







s - 

le f^^^sity of more basic transformation will not come out of the blue'' but in the' pro - 
pss of fxghtmg for immediate gains. ^ 

't^L^ Therefore Socialists join mth the most militant and advanced sections of the 
-^-m forces to battle in the present to push the limits of the possible as fsr'as 
™^ "Will go. 



Sone of the most important demands in 1964 are: '^'^ 'i'^-i-^-El'-ciS l^.m.i.1:'- ■. . . . 

Full Employment. There can be no effective beginning of a war against poverty 
Long as chronic, high unemployment persists. Under such conditions, even the 
Lnal and most modest proposals for job training in the Economic Opportunity Act of 
.-. Tfill fail— because cne cannot train a man for a non-existent job. ,. ^ « 

Toward the aim of full employment, vie support: 

.. . .the AFL-CIO call for an immediate passage of a )2 billion appropriation for 
elerated public wrks, as an urgent first step toward a massive public works propram: 
. . .the majority proposal of the Senate Subcommittee on Employment and ifenpow^- 
an addxtionaL added expenditure of :)5 billion a year on socially useful projects 

. . .the building of 2.3 million new dwelling units per year for the next ten 
s, with the deficiency of privately built housing to be made up by a massive 
:lic low cost housing programj 

. . .an increase in the Federal minimum wage' to )2 an hourj extension of coverage 
all workers including farm laborersj 

»_-■ : • •!°"'P"-'-^°'^y registration of job vacancies mth a revamped and effective 
iR^ted btates Employment Service j 

. .the establishment of Federal minimums for State unemployment compensation: 
. .the establishment of unemployment benefits to cover the entire period of 
iploymentj extension of coverage to all workers not now covered; - " - '■ - 

- -u* • ^?^^®^^^ "^^ ^^^ working day, increases in vacation time and the ■•expansion 
I xhe sabbatical principlej 

. . .the- vesting of pension and other fringe benefit rights for workers- ' * 
^ . ..-the "older ^Torker's program" providing adequate income for human beings ^^' 
remered economically "obsolete" lonR before they qualify for Social Securtiy. 

Depressed Areas. The depressed area legislation passed in the first years of the 
■ecfy Administration shows the price exacted by the Dixiecrat-Republican coalition: 
refusal of funds to many industrial areas; their concentration in the South, often 
er the control of a white racist power structure; the denial of rationa.l planning 

We support: ■ - ■■ - 

. . .the Appalachian Bill, as the beginning of a beginning of a commitment to ' 
it region; -^^^ i£)^■ ..■;.■ < !'• « v.^^ nf='r 

. .the principle of regional authorities in depressed areas planning; -« -• • 
. .a crash program for education in rural depressed areas; "' ""*' ^T'?--. .;:. 
. .Federal grants to depressed area community action programs, mth the proviso 
sat all groups in a community, and particularly minorities, have a right to ^ 
-rticipate in the direction of the program; 

. . .the creation of TVA type Authorities in the vmr against poverty in Appalachia, 
the Ozarks, and in thn Columbia and Missouri River Valleys. ' ■• -"•- 


6 - 

Agriculture. The scsndal of poverty in the richest fields in history is well 
known. In recent years, agricultural productivity and misery have been the simultaneous 
wonder of the nation, 1/e therefore propose: 

• . .the extension of minimum wage and collective bargaining rights to migrants 
and farm v.orkers; 

, . .the expansion of the Migrant Health Act to cover hospital care and medicine; 

. . .the planned abolition of the entire pattern of migrant labor through 
technological progressend the more efficient use of local labor markets; 

. . .the loan and grant program for poor farmers under the Economic Opportunity 
Act of 1961;; 

. . .the planned encouragement of cooperative farming as against corporation 

. . .the planned development of a leisure or tourist industry in the rural 
depressed areas vfhere this is possible. 

Planning , '.'e are, as noted before, committed to Socialist planning, with all 
of its implications of the democratization of the economy. Put, short of such a 
basic transformation, many advantages from planning can be obtained vri. thin the 
context of reforming, but not fundamentally changing, the present system. As immediate 
steps Tim favor : 

. . .the implementation of the "imployment Act of I9U6 through the presentation 
each year by the president of a national full employment budget, making up any • ■ 
deficiencies of jd: creation in the private sector through public action; 

. . .the expansion of the role of the Council of ' conomic Advisors, -.Thich should 
be charged v/ith projecting grovfth trends en a long term basis and putting forth 
legislative remedies for deficiencies in the private and public sector; ■ • 

. . .the immediate initiation, under the Department of Labor, of a long range man- 
power study, so as to provide a rational basis for calculation on the part of 
educators and other planners; • ■ 

. . .social planning for T'^ays in which to achieve social and racial integration 
in housing and to transcend the present policy of segregating lovz-cost housing both 
by income and by minority status, ■ ■ • 

Education . The technological society now coming into existance requires higher 
and higher levels of skill and;6raining. let, of the 26 million young Americans 
entering the economy during the decade of the '60' s, 7.6 million ■.•/ill not finish high 
school and 2.3 inillion i-dll lack even a . grade school education, Tn this economy, 
such a situation is education for poverty. 

Therefore we support: 

. . .the principle of the Senate Subcommittee on ^'imployment and ManpoTrer that 
this society commit itself to fourteen years of universal, free public education; 

. . .the recognition that going to school is the most productive activity for 
Americans between the ages of I6 and 21 and should therefore be compensated as .work 
through a "G.I. Bill" for all American youth vdthout reference to their past- or • 
future military service; 

. . .the establishment of a ^-ational Volunteer Training Corps program, t ith the 
financial support and status hitherto accorded NROTC, for preparing young Americans 
for both international and domestic Peace Corps service; 

. . .Federal aid to education, Tdth noney appropriated according to the need as 
defined by the original Kennedy Task Force rather than the inadequate aims proposed 
in the present bill. 


- 7 - 


Ltaneouf Early Education . Studies of poverty more and more indicate that the social and 

|E7:::ological maiming of the children of the poor occurs at a very early age. 

L—=:veT, crowded, poorly staffed and inadequate urban and rural slum schools are 
mts mf'^r. the transmission^telt for functional illiteracy, A child who does not learn to 

r»=^i and write in the first three grades is marked as a dropout by the time he 
.cine; rsi'es eight or nine years. 

We support: 
^i'ty I . . ,a Federal grant f or nirsery and pre-school care, particularly in slum areas; 
. . .special Federal aid for reducing the teacher -student ratior^n the first 
grades of school, and for remedial reading facilities. 

New Definitions of Work . Part of the enormous problem of poverty in contemporary 

,ca is that technology is destroying precisely those skilled and semi-skilled 

which were once the point of entry into the economy for immigrant and other 

Tsrished groups. This shift in the shape of the American manpovrer system is a 

:icularly burden for Negroes and other minorities v/ho are denied the oppor- 

ities which this nation once provided to those at the bottom, ^dth our present 

lediatefcaorledge of the future of the labor market, it is clear that there are hundreds of 

fee -sands, even millions, vho vail bn unemployable, or fit only for miserable under- 

ec:l:yment, so long as our present definitions of work prevail, 

We therefore propose that the ^Jnited States recognize that the elimination of 
tedious and routine work cp.n be a blessing, for it allov/s for new definitions of 
lould Jerk, Specifically, in the automated economy, the growth industry for jobs is the 
fensn care of human beings, thn one function which no machine can ever perform. 

;e man- ^^^ ^ start, here and now, in acting on this principle, v/e propose a vast 

rtranrion of non- and semi-professional social work, and particularly those activities 
cirh T/ill involve the poor themselves in the war against poverty. For example, we 

don E---* 


. , ,the utilization of the skills/6fthe aging, and particularly the aging poor, 
13 part of the expansion of nursery and pre-school education; 
'^'^^^ ' . , ,the employment of non-professionals as teacher's and social worker's aides; 

. . .the recognition of non-fighting gangs in the slums as effective social 
high igencies, vdth financial support to the groups and the possibility of payment to 
tbeir officers as non-professional social workers; 

. . .the creation of non-professional community service employment in public 
. icr^ising and neighborhood centers; 

. . .the expansion of the "hone tovm youth corps" program under 1he Economic 
^ J|3CX!rtunity Act of 196[i, Y/ith special relevance to thetraining of such volunteers 

U- ^s'tJ types of Bocial work. 







These are some of the ideas x& Me socialists propose for the strategy and 
tactic of the war against povertyo 

Whether viewed in terms of immediate reform or of the long range transfor- 
nation of the society, each one of these proposals. is related to the fundamental , 
options of American life. Thepor are only the most obvious victims of a technology 
which has mastered its creators and anarchically "planned" this nation^ Put the 
rest of the people of this country faces these problems as well. It is clearly 
possible to rescue those who have been left behind by economic progress; but, more 
than that, it is possible to rescue them in such a vray as to create a more decent an 
democratic society for every Americanc 

It is this understanding of the inter-relation between poor in the affluent 
society and the spiritual and political ppverty of the entire affluent society 
Toich is the specifically Socialist contribution to this struggle. 'e seek, not 
simply the abolition of the physical and mental poverty of the slums, but the 
abolition of the less obvious poverty of the '^ over -developed" society itself o J^e 
coarch the human dir.encion of life for the poor and for everyone. 

■ ^.^ 1 *^_', ''^» 

pi vi^sL 

ihi.V;'iiu r. ! j;T' I'-vY u.i'>nH ■'■'. rv;''^: ;•.''.'(•» 



\,'- * -J 'I • '.• f # . 



oUE-LIlyTJH BY F^'-^xlR F. IvLoYxJR, CIIlCilGO , ILLIiiOlLi 


Me live in an age of plenty. La all ages previous to this one, men have been 
restricted both as individuals and as a group by their lack of control over both the 
T^rld they live in and their ovm society, ivien did not understand the v/orld around 
r.-.em, and so they could not control it. 

ilOv; science has given us at least the basic knovj-ledge of nature necessary to free 
ran from slavery to it, and with the possibility of control over the things of nature 
:;~es the necessity of control over our ovm social institutions. V/ithin the limits 
:; the present social system, each advance becomes a danger. Automation can greatly 
reduce the burden of labor, or cause unemployment. Atomic energy can produce vast 
-ew poTv-er for industry, or destroy civilization. Ifeychology can free man from inner 
foars, or be used to brainv/ash him. V/e have the capacity to build a stable and pros- 
perous society, more democratic and peaceful than the v/orld has ever seen. Instead, we 
live T/ith uncertainty and fear, and both democracy and peace seem more remote each day. 

She rest of our social problems lies in the method by which our economy is or- 
ganized, in the organization of production. Ihe division between management and labor, 
■-izneen the making of decisions and their execution, is reflected throtighout society. 
;-6 3ause the notion of the economy is determined from outside the process of production 
i-self, there are recurrent crises, and the economy moves jerkily, like a puppet on a 
sTring. Lien rebel against the attempt to malte them into robots. Even where there is 
-: conscious struggle against m.anagement, there is aji unwillingness (and an entirely 
:-:rrect one) to cooperate uiuiecessarily, to do more than is strictly required, or to 
?3int out to management the stupidity of any of its mistalces. 'fhis-' struggle betvreen 
lioor and management, vrtiether open or concealed, conscious or not, is a continual 
i:urce of disruption and crisis. 

. . ■ : -■• -.. ^ . ' 

Lbreover, the division in production is reflected throughout the society: in the 
jroliferation of bureaucracy; in the attempts to control men's private lives; in the 
rrinciples of hierarchy and subordination, of giving and taking orders, v/hich domiiiate 
cur social institutions; in a school system geared to the needs of the economy rather 
^an those of the students; in fear, mental illness, alcoholism and drug addiction. 
JBn cannot be robots for half their waking day and free citizens of a democracy the 
rther half. V/here men are subordinated to machines, they are also subordinated to 
crher men. 

socialists propose the ending of this contradiction. Me believe that men should 
T^-:e their destiniep into their own hands, and shape society to fit the needs of the 
:-e:ple rather than those of profit. a!he necessary precondition for this is the social 
c^^ership and democratic control of the means of production and distribution. Industry 
mould be the property of the people as a whole, its policies should be determined by 
---ose most directly affected by it, and production should be managed by the producers 

. . Hie proposals in this platform are mixed. Uome are welfare measures, aimed at 
ra-ing life m this society less destructive to the individual, and at eliminating some 
:i the more glaring results of its contradictions. Others are aimed at attacking the 


principles of capitalist organization in various sectors of the economy. Hiey are 
structural reforms, steps toward a human organization of h-uman society. In making thes 
proposals we have been guided by the following criteria: (l) the need to democratize 
society, to increase men's control over their ov/n lives, and to eliminate artificial 
divisions in the community; (2) the securing of the material stability necessary to 
allow the free development of society and of each individual; (j) the need to plan 
the allocation, development and conservation of our resources both for ourselves and 
for our children. \/e have therefore favored approaches which aimed at redistribution 
of income in a more equal v/ay; attacked bureaucracy, hierarchy and parasitism; increase 
democracy; and aimed at building a v/orld of peace and freedom. V/e have opposed 
approaches vdiich would result in the domination of large numbers of men by bodies over 
which they have no control, or vrould give either future generations or the people of 
other nations the burden of supporting our prosperity. 

V,'e do not offer these proposals as a blueprint for a perfect society, nor in the 
hope of having them adopted piecemeal in the present society. Y/e offer them rather 
as examples of what could be accomplished with our present resources and teclinology, 
serious attempts to deal vrlth social problems within the limits of capitalist society. 

If any of them vrere to be adopted in isolation, v/e assume it would be in the 
bureaucratic manner. ][& believe, however, that these proposals offer reasonable 
guidelines in the struggle for a better society. 

Bie Ttaierican economy is the most advanced network of production in human history. 
Ibr the last 35 years, however, it has been artificially sustained through one vfholesc 
or sectional crisis after another. 'Jhe role of the state has become the key factor irJ 
the economy. Permanent government intervention has become necessary in transportationj 
agriculture, and banking, and many other industries are supported by tariffs, tempore 
subsidy or government contracts, in addition to those covered by the various regulatoz 
bodies. One-fifth of the national product is now consumed by government bodies, nearl 
half of that by the Department of Defense alone. 

Bi 'spite of this massive intervention and support, the economy is still basically] 
unstable and is characterised by persistent unemployment and v/idespread layers of 
poverty and deprivation. As more young people enter the labor market, and as auto- 
mation extends further into the economy, these trends will be heightened. I.fe.ny of thsj 
faults of the economy can be eliminated only by a basic change in its nature, but 
others are a conseciuence of the unwillingness of the iimerican miling class to accept 
structural reforms, such as have been carried through in many nXiropean countries. 

It should be obvious that the resources of our nation are sufficient to eliminate 
poverty, even v/ithin the confines of capitalism, i'he widespread and varied aspects 
of poverty, however, mean that it can be attacked only by basic overhauls of major 
sections of the economy. 'ihe problem of rural poverty cannot be solved without resold 
the agricultural crisis. Ihe problems of urban poverty cannot be met vathout elimin- 
ating unemployment and providing adequate housing and social welfare services. 

5 - 


ng thei 



•y to 


! and 

'Ut ion 


IS over 
e of 

n the 


jininediately, there must be an extension of minimuKi v;age benefits to all workers, 
iren's allov/-ances, an expansion of the school hot lunch program, a:ad increased 
e1 security and disability benefits. Ifciemployment benefits should continue as 
as a person is luiable to find work, but the elimination of unemployment and an 
sr.sion of social services are the solution to the problem of poverty. \h are 
:sed to subsidy plans v/hich v/ould imply permanently condemning any section of 
LT society to a life on the dole. 

EIvIPLOYI,KirT ,:•>..■.. :■. 

rlrictional unemployment, that of men simply "between jobs", could be greatly 
■!i:ced by requiring all job openings to be listed v/ith the Federal linployment Service, 
ri:-.g a teletype service connecting all offices so that jobs in other areas could be 
ned, and providing ample relocation and retraining alloxTances for persons unable 
find work in their area. Unemployment benefits should be raised to at least 2/5 
regular income, and long-term unemployed \70rkers over 50 should be given the 
icn of retiring on full Social security benefits. 

'ihis v/ould not eliminate the basic problem of -unemplojonent . Ihe main means of 
rhting unemployment must be the extension of the benefits of labor-saving devices to 
r. individual by reducing the amount of labor he must perform. \7e favor the 30 
rjj? workvreek, v/ith no reduction in pay, retirement at 60, and paid vacations of at 
izz 3 Tireeks for all \70rkers. Jxi addition, students should receive cost-of-living 
Lowances while attending college or trade school. 

tor in 
■tat ion, ■ 
ulatorj ; 


if the problems of our economy are to be eliminated there must be increased planning 
: the use of our resources. The only question is whether that planning will be 
locratic or bureaucratic, ',,'e suggest that the function of planners should be to 
mulate alternative plans for ' development and use of our industry, using computers 

iet ermine all probable consequences of each plan, and submit the plans to a full 
;cussion by those affected by them, followed by amendments and a vote. Only if 






iTlarjiing is fully democratized can it be consistent vath the development of a rational 
az-i democratic society. 

'Jiere must be an effective program of area redevelopment, with relocation sub- 
ies for both men and industries, if the country is to grow without reciirring pro- 
-lens of local and regional deprivation. To vreaken the powerful interests v,rho vrould 
j^ose democratic planning, and to coordinate the key sectors of the economy, we favor 
jLr immediate socialization of barJcing, oil, steel, mining, and transportation. 


iimerica needs an expanded program of social v/elfare services, to protect her citi- 
s against economic mischance, insure a minimum standard of living for all, and 
tain human dignity. 



- 4 - 

'< i-LlDlCAL CiJLJ 

In order to provide .prescribed drags for all citizens free of charge, coordinate 
research, and eliminate costly duplication of production, we favor the nationalization 
of the phamaceutical industry, 'ihis would end the criminal reclilessness with which 
new drugs are frequently released on the market and the wasteful competition in 
advertising which runs up drug costs. Eesearch and production should he coordinated 
with University laboratories, and policy should be set by a council made up of repre- 
sentatives of pharmaceutical v/orkers, pharmacists, the medical professions and 


Social Security should not be, as it is today, merely a palliative measure 
designed to supplement the earnings of retired citizens. It must be extended to becoms 
a true national pension plan, designed to supply the full economic security necessary 
for a dignified and fruitful old age. Payments must be much higher than they are now, 
they must be pegged to the cost-of-living index, and they must be available to all 
persons of appropriate age regardless of their prior contributions in taxes. Additions 
benefits should be financed by increasing the employers' contributions and by allotment 
from general funds, ilae retirement age should be immediately lowered to 60; maternal 
and child services must be greatly expanded; family allowances must be made for childre 
of low-income families. Orphan beneficiaries, for whom payments now lapse when they 
reach age 18, must have access to a special fund for college scholarships or for 
training for a trade. 

iiulViUJj ILLifUSS 

'Jhere must be expansion and strengthening of social services, and in particular 
of both hospitals and outpatient clinics to deal more adequately with mental illness 
and the ravages of community and family deterioration -.vhich result from the 
capitalist system, jh particular, the problem of alcoholism and narcotics addiction 
should be deal-^vith through a system of outpatient clinics, and the present pimitive 
approach to narcotics addiction should be entirely abandoned. 


The majority of "crime" stems directly from the nature of the social system 
under which ue live. Ihe first object of crime prevention should therefore be the 
elimination of the social and environmental causes of "criminal behavior" as well as 
a revision of the archaic and antiquated notions of what constitutes an offense agains" 
the social order. Vithin the franev/ork of present society, the function of corrective 
i:istitutions should be to rehabilitate crijainals and to fit them for a useful and 
honorable role in society, Me favor the abolition of capital punishment, the insti- 
tution of leaves of absences from prison and of extensive retraining and relocation 
of prisoners, a curtailment of excessively lengthy sentences and the abolition of all 
local aiid state laws requiring registration of ex-convicts. hi addition, procedures 
for safeguarding the rights of accused persons must be strengthened, and no record 
should be kept of arrests v/hich have not resulted in convictions. 

- 5 - 

iliaiIiri3Hl,i^Iu.[ Oi.' J0CJ.1L 3i^mcU3 

1 Goordina:^ 
■-'ith v/hich 
5n ill 

' of repre- 


3d to becoz: 


iy are nor/,| 

to all 

y allotmer.i 

maternal ^ 
for childx^ 
■len they 



diet ion 

:r:^=_ services are not charity but a ri^-ht of oTt 

--^--:ratxc red tape ar.d contenpt fo? reSpient f v hf f ""^ °^ ^"^^ community. 
-- :::.ces must be eliminated. \toe shouS f v.hich je ::^eates many social 

: among recipients v.ith ail aid tVeventuort'"''' f '' °" developing niutual 
•- .: representative organisations of t^:^^^:,^^^-^^-^^ distribution of 


^'Sii^s !^'riSSii^yinrtr,2:s^^°Sf' r ^ -^- -- -- 

' :f;-nal unions, and the dispeS of ^^.e^ ^th!' 'I' f ^^^ °^ P°-r ^-n. 
- ..iilxns internal union life. Yet the SoSw 7 ^''^''''^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^o^^^i- 

--• ar.d potentially the most powerful, l^oZl:^ ""^""T ""^"^^^^ *^^ "^°^^ i^" 
^ers have any permanent staie S socifl refo ' "^.""^^'''''^^^""'^ ^°°i^^^- 0^^^ 
'-'- --Eduction do they acquire the Zolfs^Ti^T "f"" ^^ o^g:anizing on the 
^ ^ne political life of the nation! ^ ~^^ ^^ self-confidence to inter- 

5 favor immediate steps to strengthen tho l oi.^ 

-red democratizing the stJuotuS: of unxons L^T^' • '^ organizing the 
^-^Plifying contracts and placing more pol^ ,^^/^*^^^:^^^ P^v/er to the local 
■-- 2r.ov stev.ards and grievaiice comJ^tLf ^^^^ ''"-^^ management in the 

- 'J^-ere should be provisions foTr:!:!! of° iT' "°'' ^"'^^°* *° ranic-and-file 
^3 CI off3.cers to that of the higLstSaid l^b ^nxon officials, a reduction in 
■ :^ixce. committees chosen by allthe .tor^f ^"^ '''" ^'°^' ^^ limitation on 
__2j^action .*ere there is more than one^ioT "\" '°\ '^"^'^ '^ ^^^^^-'i *° 
-^-on Of un.ons .ith the end goal o/^^^^^i^^ ^^.^^^^^n to.ard 

tofr^sSS.:^ Sd Jhe°^:^::S: ^^ ^^ ^^ --t ne. cont^l over s ■ 
.-ement-s control of production by "e^'p'S.^ tT'^'^ "''"^^^^ ^^°^^ ^^^-ach 
_ --= the elimination of the present f oil^T J^^^^^l^^^ ^t work, and by 
- 3.0PS. ,he dreazy monotony olp'oduS' "st'^bP^ ^troducing self -management 
-:::;f ;!^^ff ^°^° frequent breis. mL fiS^t i^ ?f ^^!^^ ^^ ^°^ation of vmrk, 
-=-- nt should be put at the center of ail dfmf L ! '^ ^'°^^ '''^^ ^^ ^^lier 
-. -.--xon v^iaich has members out of ..ork! ^^''^-'^^' ^^^^ overtime should be banned 

^^^^^it^a^ :^.^^;^z r fr^-^^i^^^ -ts should 

- 'itW^ -ab_ goods. ,.age La S^ legislSlo^L'^'.t' '"^ '°'"''' *^-^^P°^ 
--c^_..xthout exception. I]lacklisting and weeS^'oul S°^'?.^ f^^^^^^ ^o all 

. be outlar/ed. ^^^^^-^Ut of militant workers by 


-..^.^jjoxuu. blacklisting 
procedures should be outlawed. 


S^^^ S'S^uSLf SsToi'Tr p'o^lft^^"^^" tr^.fo^,, f^„ a 

stfer oi our population to an urban woifcins-olasa 

- 6 - 

OTOUT) concentrated in the G^eat cities of both the Iforth and the Gouth. 'Ae rela- 
tively powerless ?aid isolated sharecropper has become a city-drreller, aJid this has _ 
produced a conscious and powerful movement for equal rights which is the most dynamic 
force in i-imerica today, even though it has as yet involved only a minority of the 
Ilegro people. 

flieir status as a miiiority, ?aid the impossibility of achieving their demands _ 
through legislative action, has caused Ilegroes to tal<:e up the powerful weapon of direc 
action, flie sit-in, the boycott, and the picket line have been used to compel busines^ 
firms and local governments to yield to their demands. Ilegroes have rightly resisted 
the demand that they should submit their rights to referenda. 

Direct action by a minority, however, has its limits, ifegroes can eliminate^ 
some of thcr worst aspects of racial discrimination by direct action, but no amouno of 
picketing and sit-ins can produce jobs where there are none- It is as workers as_ 
well as members of minorities that ilegroes, ftierto Ricans and llexic^-.toer leans must 
fiFht, for most of their needs are social needs -housing, jobs, schools, medical care. 
lEinority groups, rdiile not ceasing their struggle against discrimination, must fom ax. 
alliance with the white working class to compel the ending of unemployment and the 
provision of adequate housing and social services. Only such a movement can make the 
necessary social alterations to end poverty, ignorajice cUid discrimination. 

■ Tn their stioiggle for their rights, ifegroes are opposed by both major political 
parties, '^he myt Jin that civil rights and other social gains are held bade only by 
the "Republican-Dixiecrat" bloc must be exposed. 'Ae big city Democratic machines aiia 
the suburban liberals are as much the enemies of minorities as the Eepublicajis, aithou^ 
they give more lip service to civil rights (especially to measures affecting only the ^ 
Gouth). Similarly, many southern Democrats have just as good (or bad) a voting recora 
on issues other than civil rights as most northerners. Gouthern power m the Houses 
of Congress depends on northern consent. It is not the "Republican- Dixiecrat jaiiance 
but the whole system of politics in .America which is rotten. As a bare minimum, 
ilegroes should refuse to vote for any congressional candidate who is not pledged to 
vote against Congressional seniority lules, and should demand enforcement of the _ 
section of the XlV iimendment which would strip Southern states of representation in th( 
House for voter-dis crimination. •, •-. 

.. On the social field, ilegroes and their allies must fight for better housing and 
schools, oi:pose tlie resent urban renewal policies with civil disobedience ii necessar; ^ 
and demand"" dispersal of public housing projects to prevent ghettoization. iliere shoul; 
be vadening of apprenticeship programs, with minority groups as tlie major recipients, 
and i''jr€ legislation vdtli teeth. _ _. .,,.-_, 

■ h-i tlaese struggles, there must be aii unremitting effort to combat racial prejudic 
among white workers, who are essential allies in tlie Iiegro struggle, llie emphasis m 
demands should be on equal riglits and economic demands, rather than on extensive demai" 
for "preferential treatment" vdiich are raised by middle-class ilegro groups. Me say th 
even though we realise that ilegroes liave every riglit to preferential treatment on the 
basis of the nation's history of exploiting and oppressing tliem. 

Lfexican-itoericans and lUerto liicans are faced with many of tlie same problems as 
Ilegroes, and many face a language barrier as v/ell. 'flieir fight, like that of the 

- 7 - 


of dire:! 

-53, is linked with the fate of the vrt)rking class as a v,rhole. Cultural bars must 
r-=r::ved and Spanish recognized as a legal language in states where it is spoken by 
re=.ble minority, such as ifev: York and Texas. Hhere should be massive economic 
tc lUerto KLco and Llexico, and U.S« control over Ilierto Eico should be removed. 

^erican Indians as vrell are entitled to compensation for the murder and theft 
^: rated upon them by our ancestors. iUll citizenship rights must be combined lyith 

i- bus 


; as 
.s must 
;al care, 
form S3 
. the . 
.ake the ^. 

-:-y of lidian areas, and there should be no forced assimilation. Biere must be 
t:_:- -e economic aid to Indians on the reservations as vrell as benefits for those 
^ierrcing the difficult process of adjusting to the main society. \le support the 
f; "3 of the ihn- Indian Ibvement to replace the white man|s legacy of poverty and 

;i3 with one of pride and self-reliance, and fully endorse its demands for an end 


by * 
.ines ai";-' 
, altho\4 
nly the 

g record 


ed to i_._ 

■rraaty violations. Chere must be an end as vrell to persecution of the ilative 

r^can Church and other Indian religious groups. ' " *" 


In the post TTar period, mechanization and large scale farming have vastly cha'i.icjsd 
z^z-are of our agriculttu?al system. Half of U.S. farm land is nov^ held ixi units of 
C acres or more, owned by less than A'/o of farmers. Low agricultural vrages, the 
-re of the government price support program, and scarcity of credit have combined to 
;mall farmers to the T/all. '2he decline of cotton and the introduction of large- 
".:9ef rauiching in the South has resulted in the eviction of many tenant farmers, 
nechanization. Erom I94O to I96O, agricultural production was raised by 50^^ 
-.5 farm population fell by I/3. 


33cialists recognize occupancy and use as the only valid claim to farm land. V/e 
srzr socialization of corporate farms and these with absentee ovmers, and their 

ersion into cooperative farms or distribution to farmers whose land is insufficient 
economic farming. Tenant farming should be abolished. There should be a strength- 
of the family farm tlirough cooperative credit, purchasing and marketing facilities, 
he federal government giving financial aid. 

in ta 

ng and 
re shou 

The present system of farm price payments, which drives up consumer prices and 
-ts the agricultural market, should be abolished, in its place there should be an 
-support program based on aggregate prices of commodities in a free market, and 
^^^^ at raising the income and living standards of farm families to those of urban 
■ Ci^^s. The padcing and grain storage industries should be socialized. 

asis in 
i/'e de: 

say t. 
on the 



3ie problem of farm capital allocation is that credit is allowed by banks on the 
u-s zz collateral rather than marginal productivity of capital. This has resulted in of most small farms, particularly in the S^uth. loans from 
> -r^rmers Home Administration and Production Credit ilssociations are based upon a 
^e:n- flexible payment schedule, but their capital is inadequate for the job. In 

-.:.0T., PCA's also allot credit on a collateral basis and tend to become conservative 
their lending policies. FM funds must be at least doubled, and FllA should under- 
H^A loans and provide PGA with its use-supervision facilities. There must be an 
n of farm credit imions and the EDAj and the goveniment should underv/rite 
capital for cooperatives. 


Tliere must be overall farm policies aimed at increasing production of meat, fruity 

..- 8 - 

ve^retables and industrial crops. \hea.t, potato, and cotton production should be reduc^ 
fflxere should be a soil bank progran stressin^j the purchase of land and its permanent 
retirement from production, and purchase of entire farms rather than small sections. 
Bie emphasis should be on soil conservation, reforest: -ation, and the development of 
pasturage . 

IhCTi laborers ' vraffes (vAich at present iwidercut the living standards of both ur| 
v/orkers and working farmers) must be raised, and a planned program for reducing the 
number of full-time migratory harvest v/orkers must be inaugurated, combined with 
retraining and relocation programs for farm laborers. 

Industry must be decentralized to facilitate the provision of adequate social 
services to farm families, and to help break down the present division betvreen town 
and countryside. 


Lbst /inericans live in cities, far from the points of primary production — amines,! 
forests, farms, fisheries, [l!iey are therefore unaware that the natural resources on 
Tiiich our "affluent society" depends are running out. Our children and their children 
may live in a very different world, one where there is little or no steel, coal or oil.| 
is iron ore and other metals run out, ;ye v/ill have to turn increasingly to v/ood and 
plastics. But the forests are also being rapidly depleted, as are the veiy soils iii 
which we grow our ^ food and even the fish in the sea. V^th long-term conservation and 
development policies, v/e can leave future generations a beautiful heritage, \jithout 
such policies, v/e will leave them problems which will make these of today seem child's 


Tile overvThelming majority of our farmland has suffered from serious soil ero ,ior 
and a large amount has been so damaged as tO' be close to useless. JDepletion of soil 
fertility, though it has been partially arrested, is still a serious problem. At the 
rate depletion of vital mineral elements \ras proceeding when the soil conservation 
program was started 50 years ago, the nitrogen and potassium would be completely 
exhausted in about 4OO years (earlier in some areas, and of course agricultural useful- 
ness would cease long before total depletion). Oais process has been slowed, but not 
reversed, primarily because of the ladi of regulatory powers by Soil Conservation 
Districts and the fact that many areas are not covered by SCD's. V^ favor strong 
soil conservation laws, increased funds for the igricultural Conservation Program 
and the soil Conservation Service, grants-in-aid to farmers for conservation practices 
to be paid annually on a scale sliding with good and bad crop years, and extensive 
retirement of land for reforestation and conversion to pasturage. 



3iere are 624 million acres of forest in the U.S. of which about 46I have com- 
mercial value. 25;,. of this forest acreage is owned by the government, and the rest by 
over 4,000,000 private owners. lb further complicate things, 75^o of the private 
forest is in small holdings averaging 62 acres each. Uie rest is primarily ovmed by 

'H^LUi '"•'.]. iVl-'.^t. 


- 9 - 

)e re duo 
; ions . 
Lt of 

■ the 


lumber and mining companies. There is no effective regulation of private 

.•! + 


jrees as a crop are a lonc-temi investment. It takes from 40 to I50 years for a 
:o grow to conmerical liffiiber size. Scientific forest management is thus a project 
must embrace several generations of men. Fevr private individuals are capable of 
sort of planning,- only a public agency can accomplish it. 

■,.fe advocate a national Ibrest Ran under the. supervision of the U.S. Ibrest Service 
:he lepartment of Agriculture. xMs would begin vfith socialization of large timber 
r^s and of lumber and pulp mills, thus bringing nearly half of present timber 
:.s well as all timber processing under the control of regional Yimber Corporations 
: controlled by forestry men and v;orkers in the woods and mills, die USPS \TOuld 
_ .ven extensive regulatory power over the remaining private v/oods, and small- 
•i^'-cs adjacent to large public ones would also be socialized. Since an increase in 
:.:-^T°L,9"'°^" i^ required to keep pace vath present lumber use, an extensive program ■ 
-plcmting, reforestation and scientific cutting could be initiated on both privat^ 
~^olic land. ...^ .,- ->,- ^--i- - 

3ie use of public grazing land could be stabilized in conjunction with the librestrvr 
LT extension of cooperative grazing associations, such as those in Ibntana, and 
::-^ them consultative status on Regional ibrestry Boards. 

l.;i)i i)^r,VA-Ji 


;0..^ --0 



J.1 mines should be socialised and placed under the management of those who xrovk u 
nen. An extensive national geological survey should be undertaken to catalogue ' 

national resources and facilitate the drawing up of plans for extension or ra- 
tion of mining operations. Pedera relocation subsidies and encouragement of nexr 
izvj should be planned for areas v/here operations like unproductive coal mines 
:o be phased out of existence. ~ '- • •• ' — 


At the 
ion p, 

ut not I 




act ices 




'Z.U fr 

3 corn- 
rest by 

3d by 

licisting wildlife and prinitive areas must be preserved as they are, and new 
eational areas must be developed for the future. 

. -c "bii' :., iiousurG -"' - 

Private industry has displayed its inability to provide adequate housing for the 
-20X1 people. Jxisting federal plaais are incorrectly oriented toward single-family 
-ings, which are extremely uneconomical. Liiltiple dwellings v/ith large units and 
3-xrrounding space are needed. JDestruction of existing housing, even "slum" 
=ir.~, should cease vvatll adequate provision is made for good low cost housing'. 

7fi advocate an increase in public housuig, v,ith an orientation toward permanent 
lence rather than temporary use. ].b demand an end to the present bureaucratic 
---strati-on of public housing projects and the transfer of management powers to 
,ed committees of tenants. Competent architects should be hired to ensure that 
- public housing does not have the appearance and atmosphere of a barrack. 

- 10 - 

As lone: as private rental is permitted to exist, we favor a rent ceiling of 
T/o of o^vner's equity plus a cost allowance based on the average maintainance and heating 
costs of comparable buildings. V/e believe that the federal government should require 
this ceiling of all nev; buildings in aiiy way subsidized vrith federal funds, and ±avor 
a moratorium on all evictions except by petition of fellow tenents. 

\fe favor the establisliment of a Cooperative Housing Bank to be financed by the 
Federal Ctovernment and controlled by Cooperative Mousing Societies, grants-in-aid to 
homoomers for repairs a^d construction, and special prograjas for housing ohe a^ed, 
students and others with special problems or needs. 

Vfe oppose proposals for rent subsidies on the grounds that they are in reality 
subsidies to landlords rather than tenants, that they would involve vast amounts of 
bureaucratic red tape, that they might well be used to relocate people in slums as 
present welfare policies do, and that they are primarily designed *° f Jf™^^!^^f^Son 
to ixrban renewal programs and avert demands for l0T;-rent housing until the destruction 
of present lovr-xent housing is complete, at which point they can be discontinued at 
the pleasure of the government and the landlords. 

t FOBElGli 10 Lie Y 

i; , — — — — 


ae world today is characterized by the division between the advanced industrial 
countries of Europe, llorth imerica, and Japan, and the backward agricultural or semi- 
industrial areas of ^rica, Asia and Latin ismerica. die advanced couiatries a^e in a 
position to dictate prices of industrial and agricultural goods on the T;orld market, 
and that market operates to constaJitly widen the gap between them. 

igainst this background there has been a constant struggle among the advanced na- 
tions for a favorable position in regards to trade and military alliances with the 
underdeveloped nations. The struggle is at present primarily ^t^'l^f" ^^^iJi'.V oT 
U.S.S.E., whose ruling classes seek to consolidate their present "atmospheres of 
influenc;-. and extend them into the other's domaiia. ;.l^e U.S. has ^-J^J^^,^ °^^°^,3^, 
the defensive in this struggle by the skill of Soviet rulers in exploiting their recent 
re^olutionaiy heritage and their command of a debased l^--f'lf^f°^;^ Screas^ly 
have used force where propaganda or economic pressure have failed, but liave increasingly 
turned to a policy of attempting to bribe the rulii^ classes of the underdeveloped 
Stions with foreign aid. 'Jhe reactionaar character of this "aid" is open to any 
viewer. It is often tied to crippling repayment provisions and preferential trade _ 
agreeiaents. 3h addition, the bulk of it is frequently in the foxm of militaiy supplies, 
further distorting the alreadi^ unbalanced economics of these la^ds by building up 
^ed forces they can neither afford to support nor caJi utilize for oXKT purpose other 
than the suppression of popular movements. 

m socialists, we oppose the rule of iSnerican capitalism both at home and abroad. 
Y;fe call for a democratic foreign policy, based on a respect for the righ.s of foreign 
nations, and aimed at a peaceful, balanced and democratic development of the economy ^' 
of the underdeveloped areas. \!e advocate massive economic aid without strings, 
airinistered through international agencies; an end to all military aid aiid an 
embargo on all foreign shipments of U.S. weapons other than small alias; and a^i end to 
interference in the internal affairs of other nations. \.fe see these as steps toward the 



elimination of national boundaries and the creation of a democratically integrated 
•Kirld economy and human culture. 

Specifically, xre call for — v/ithdrawal of U.St troops and militaiy aid from Viet 
Van and Laos; restoration of diplomatic and trade relations with China and Cuba; 
iissolution of liATO and SUaTO; internationalization of the ftinama Canal; recognition of 
all existing national boundaries; withdrawal of all overseas military bases; disarma- 
ment and unification of Gennany; progressive elimination of all tariff barriers to 
foreign goods; the end of military government in the JEkcific Islands Crust Territory; 
and the ceding of the Guantanamo ilaval Base to Cuba. 



IDTi:]: This draft is incomplete. Sections need to be added on disability, Uducation, 
"irban Problems, Civil Liberties, ilnance and 'taxation. Governmental and local Iteform, 
and possibly llransportation. 

ibr many of these planks the I96O Hatfoim sections vrill suffice. 




3 cent 







L to 

LTd the! 

by Thomas Kahn, Amended by Platform Committee 


The Socialist Party vigorously proclaims its dedication to ,.^ 
:l-il rl'^';hts revoluition. We salute the couraq;eous men and women, 
r.~ many In our own ranks, whose commitment to freedom has been 
=1 en picket lines and in jail cells, in marches and demonstrations, 
_! "he day-to-day tasks of the movement for com.plete racial equality. • 

That movem.ent has scored dramatic victories, especially in the 
1 :i public accommodations. However, since 1960 the '-^oals of the 

t have been broadened and deepened. Southern activists quickly 
rfi that there were just so many lunch counters one could inte<?;rate 
XT chanf^inr' the sheriff or state lef^lslator. (Indeed the develop- 
' rississippl since the Freedom Rides and Jackson sit -in? have 
-hat there can be little if any DroT, without some Fep;ro 
I_-i:sl representation.) In the fall of 1962 SFCC, SCI-C , fORF and the 
, ■" erbarked on a voter ren;istrPtlon campaicn throvr-hout the South. 
r^:" sctlon continued in Greenwood, Danville and Plaquimine demandinrr 
t zT the rircht to vote, the intep;ration of public accommodations or jobSo 
t -". the sprin-^ of 1963 the conscience of i^merlca. was stunned b^- 
C" -res of do^s bitino: children, ministers beinn; hosed, women beinn; 
zr -i to the ^round by policemen, and Blrmlno-ham reverberated throuRh- 
t :rthern Negro communities o Ivassive demonstrations took place In 
t:;"o, Detroit and New York, not only in sympathy with the southern .,.^,. 
r^-ent but ralslno: demands for the North as well. President Kennedy 
I.iTSntly introduced civil rights legislation, and the movement em- • 
rx-i on a new sta,n;e. 


I Birmingham Introduced the package deal: for the first time 

pr:rs of all classes demanded jobs, housing and an end to segregated 
C". lities; for the first time the vote was used simultaneously with 
r " ' stratlons ■ to oust reactionary forces. The now historic Ivisrch on incorporated the demands of Birmingham In a fundamental sense* 
e arch brought together /m.ericans in all walks of life in an unforget- 
tlf expression of mass suoport for the abolition of racial segregation, 
5:rim.lnation and economic exploitation. Representatlnc^ the coalition 

. egroes, labor, liberals and church groups the March projected an 
cr-ring pymbol: the weldlno- of the most progressive forces in American 
>ty Into an alliance for social reform. The farch was followed, in 

St, not by a lull, but by first a period of evaluation and planning 
then local group by local group took to the street dem_andlng public 
,, better houslnfi and most dramatically of all quality Inte.fTrated. 

)o1e . These demands and demonstrations pose new nroblem.s in the effort! 

create a year-round alliance such as that which existed on the rarch 

jfeshington . . t . 

Socialists are devoted to buildlnT and streno-thening that 
Lance. For we recognize that the struggle of the Negro for full social. 
;tical, and economic freedom cannot succeed unless It wins allies on 
basis of common Interests, and unless those allies reflect the com.- 
aent to action, struggle and sacrifice that have characterized the 
'o struggle- A/e also recognize, as did the i arch, that the demands ^[ 
freedom and jobs are Inextricable -- that civil rights and poverty, 
incompatible, that real freedom is not merely the absence of 

Civil Rights Platform ' " ''^''"'^ - 2 

restrictions but the presence of means. 

In this central fact Socialist? perceive new Dossibilities 
for deepening the mass base of the civil rights revolution and of 
attractino: to its banner rrrowin^ numbers of hitherto nncommitted x^^hites, 
To oursue those possibilities, with militant, determination, is the 
radical alternative to frustration and stalemste. 

Events of recent times have demonstrated anew that the "Negro 
problem" is an extreme manifestation of the "American problem." In his 
struggle for equality, the Negro is more and more running up against 
imbalances and injustices that are structural to American institutions c 
The effort to secure jobs through direct action collides with the 
spreading blight of technological uneniployment . . Integration of housing 
and schools is thwarted by the mushrooming of racial slums and the 
deterioration of urban educational systefhs. 

Thus, ten years after the Supreme Court decision destroying the 
legal basis of segregation, the Negro unemployment rate is up 250^. 
Disproportionately concentrated in unskilled and semiskilled jobs, 
Negroes have been disproportionately victimized by automation, which is 
destroying those jobs. In agriculture, too, mechanization has hit the 
Negro hardest. Leaving the farms of the South, the Negro comes to the 
cities, in search of blue-collar jobs at a time when those jobs are 
shrinking. Those who fail in the search join the growinr^ ranks of the 
unemployed; those who succeed will be tomorrow's unemployedo 


In the year 1964, two out of every three Negro families lives 
in poverty or deprivation. This is not an accident of our economy; it 
is an embedded social injustice, one which is agrrpavated, instead of 
relieved, by technolo^^ical progress that should assure r^aterial abundance 
to all Americans. By eliminating lower industrial jobs, automation 
makes it impossible for the Negro to be":in "at the bottom" and work 
his way up. i'hen mBchines have hi^h school diolomas, anii the average 
educational attainment of the Negro population is 8.? years, economic 
catastrophe looms. 

To head off this catastrophe, to integrate the f'egro f^^l^y int( 
American economic life, reouires more than "pref erentlr 1 treatment.". It 
requires full employment at decent wa,-^-es . Only under such conditions can! 
those in the lowest occupational categories be engaged in the economy. 

The job problem is profoundly related to housing and schools- 
The growth of ghettoes, resultin.n; from the : Igration of Negroes to the 
central cities and exodus of whites to the suburbs, reflects an 
occupational as well as racial separation. Th° suburban -bound whites 
tend to be employed in the expanding white-collar/industries. They 
leave behind the semiskilled, unskilled, and unemployed Negro and other 
minority workers, desperately in need of decent housing and a wide rang; 
of social service. Thus the dem.and for adequate, attractive public 
housing becomes no less a civil rights dem.and than the integration of 
public accommodations » 

-11 Rlp;hts Platform 

- 3 - 


r .' 

As the flums grow, the difficulties of achieving school Inte- 
ntion mount. Civil rights organizations are unfairly made to bear the 


rhi t e ? . 

[n his 


-ir.t of 
■^-. the 

the "bussing 

G problem, /s Socialists, we hasten to point out 

need for bussing arises not out of the irrationallty^f Ne-^ro 
-ers but out of the historic and continuing refusal of this society 
rear down its slums and rebuild its cities on the basis of intellip-ent 
.sne, planning -- a refusal which grows daily more unconscionable " ' 


_rect proportion to our exoanding technolo^Tica 1 





3 Socialists, too, we hasten to point out that it was onlv 
brr. the Negro comiTiunity took to the streets that white urban America 
eran to re-examine the quality of its schools. It was only when Fe^roes 
"t.-.eld rent and closed down construction sites, that the oroblem of low 
5t housing and full em.ployment were confronted, >'egroes have learned 
^11 the lessons of American history: it is only by stay-'ng in the 
s--rets, only by malntainins continuous pressure against all institutions 
f-_iT progress Is made. 

: the 
:o the 
r the 

Again and again — in employment, housing, education, and other 
ir-is of llfe--the struggle to asstire equality for the Negro unveils 
isr^-ifying social and econom_ic inequalities that distort American institu- 
:.-.3, victimizing the poor of every color. Today, thanks overwhelmingly 
r civil rights revolution, the poor are gaining visibility. But visl- 
Li'y is not enough. Grass roots mobilization. Is necessary, and that 
zilization must be translated Into political action. 


y; it 



A program for civil rights must be geared, first of 
lition of every vestige of segregation and~"discrimlnation. 
cialist Party therefore demands federal legislation; 





outlawing discrimination and segregation in all public 

abolishing all literacy requirements in voting. 

Practices Commission 

establishing a Federal Fair Employment 
with ironclad enforcement powers. 


ions ca 
nomy .' 

hoola » 
o the 


e range 
n of 

# enabling the Attorney-General to initiate lertal 
any civil rights are violated. 

# terminating federal aid to states, com_rrunltles, 
tions practicing discrimination. 

suits when 

and instltu- 

# establishing a Federal Community Relations Service and giving 
permanent status to the Federal Civil Rights Commission.! 

# enforcing Section II of the Fourteenth Amendment — i.e., 
reducing Congressional representation of states in proportion 
to their disfranchisement of qualified voters. 

Civil Rights Platform 

. 4 _ 

In demanding such legislation, we are demandin.3; only the most 
elementary protection of human rights, rights which ?re beyond dispute in 
a democratic society. 

But even the passage of this legislation x^rill not substantially 
alter the daily existence of the mass of Negroes so Ion's; as r)overty and 
unemployment stalk the Negro community, so long as mushrooming slums and 
deteriorating schools continue to wall them off from the affluent white 

geared to 

We therefore demand a f^JSO billion federal public works program 

# clearance of all slums 

# rebuilding of urban centers around vast educational 

which feature maximum application of inodern technology to 
the. educational process and which are thoroughly integrated 


rehousing of all slumdwellers in new middle and upper income 
public housing and cooperative housing at the subsidization 
of municipal, state and federal governments. Such a housing 
program, coordinated with the construction of r^odern educa- 
tional complexes, would replace today's slums with new, 
racially integrated comtnu.nities and olace education at the 
center of our social life. 

Such a public works program adequately 
would offer employment to the unskilled and semis 
Negroes i The number of stich workers involved in 
Increased at will through the proportionate reduc 
increased leisure time to be used for spcie 

Thus a combined public wor 


programs . 

could provide" fairly immediate employment for the 
and simultaneously lay the foundations f 


skills required b;- 

the changing structure of the 

planned and financed, 
killed — to the »r>ass o: 
public works could be 
tion of their workweek, 
ty's benefit, in rnassiv 
ks and retraining progr 

masses of unemployed 
or the upgrading of 
labor force. 

■ The inability of the private sector of the economy to generate 
jobs, especially for Megroes and other minority workers, has now become 
incontrovertibly clear. Expansion of the public sector on the basis of 

ling of the economy is a civil rights goalo 

deniocratic central plannii 

But that goal cannot be achieved 
alone = It requires allies « One essential 
m.ust be the trade union riovement . But just 
must recognize the importance of an allianc 
if it. is to achieve its goals, so also the 
more sensitive to the importance of this al 
automated society can threaten the very exl 
as a vital institution in our society unles 

by the civil rights movement 
ingredient of such an alliano: 
as the civil rights movement 
e with the labor movement 
labor movement m.ust become 
liance. Our Increasingly 
stence of the labor rnovement 
s it rieets this challenge. 

■i-hts Platform '■-' 

5 - 

e most] 

ty and! 
ums a I 

progrcf *-= 


;y to 


c mcotr.^- 
ew, P 
at .the ^^ 

The civil rights and trade union movements have during the 
c-rriod often relied upon eacb^bther for cooperation and support based 
rrtual self-interest. But this alliance may well be threatened 

her by the lukewarm support given to the demands of an increasingly 
-ilitant civil rights movement by many sections of the labor move- 
i.-.d by discriminatory practices existing within many unions » Under 
:ircumstances the labor movement cannot expect to remain exempt 
rressures by the civil rights movement, pressures directed at 
zing government intervention to obtain rights denied by the union 
11 as direct-action by civil rights groups directed at both 
-ers and unions . 

Regardless of the difficulties which face the buildin'^ of such 
liance between Negroes, labor liberals and religious grouos, it is 
rial to the creation of the p61itlcal force which can break through 

r.^ressional deadlock. The Dixiecrat-Republican stranglehold over 

— and over the nation must be irreparably broken. The senlority- 
- must be ended and Rule 22 ended to eliminate f ilibusterinp; , 
T3sional reapportionment, presaging greater oolltical t^eoresentation 
rr^ressive urban forces, must be vigorously oressed, ""^^ver^TArhere the 
'.-ness of the major party politicians to subordinate civil rights: to 
;?-n advantage rust be challenged. The challenge come from the 

:ommunlty and its white allies, welded into a mass political 
rnt . 

e i^a s s 
uld be 
n rna s s 
ng oro 
.n: of 

The alternative is social stagnation and frustration of 
That nourishes reactionary or futile movements, or violence. 



Socialist Party does not have a Dixiecrat wing; nor does 
Y6 a Goldwater wing. Our support of the civil rights revolution ■ 
ii rnthusiastic participation in the building of the mass movement 
r^h alone can assure the revolution's victory -- is therefore 


r become 
lasis of 


call all Americans to an equal commitment . 

1 allianj 
Lenge . 

MMi 55§£yi.T!OJf - Charles Davis, I.iaryland 

Me reaffirm tlie right of all r^orkers to org-aJiize into iitiions 
^. of their choice and their right to strike in order to gain their denaiids. 

ihis is especiall;v' true of v/orkers employed "by governnental insti- 
tutions. \7e must oppose those laws and customs in our country that deprive 
governmental v/orkers of the traditional right of all workers to strike. 

lathout the right of governmental v;orkers to strike , the call 
for a socialized society v/ould be feared by a grov;ing multitude of public em- 
ployees as a way of creating a totalitarian society as vrell as depriving them 
of an improved standard of living and personal rights. 

',,'e support the right of employees of non-profit institutions 
such as trade unions to organize into unions of their choice. V/e connend those 
trade union leaders \7ho have accepted this principle and have applied it in 
■■' their own organizations. 'ihese leaders have set a decent example to private 
employers as v/ell as governmental administrators. 

Amendments by Anne fraper. To include in such a section, "Me favor repeal of 
Taf t "Hart ly and Landrum- Gr i f f in Ac j s . 

• • ^' l^I§^-iii^'c^^[ -• diaries Davis, llaryland ' 

• r . ■ 

Ihe oocialist Party deno^ances the depletion of our natural resources 
by private corporations and other profit mad promoters v;ho are desecrating the 
beauty and natural resouz-ces of the nation. 

nil many ■ areas of the nation there is a gro'.Ting problem of air 
pollution, destruction of wild life, and depletion of natural resources, because 
of irresponsible use of fuel as well as pesticides and herbicides. 

Me urge strong action by govorn:iient on all levels to preserve 
natural resources and to pxavent further pollution of the atmosphere. 

LiLiDlCAL CiUffi 

Lfedical needs are so essential, and their costs are so capricious and unpredlc- 
tatle, that we should long since have provided for them socialistically in the same 
rat ter-of -fact xray that we socialistically protect ourselves against crime and fire. 
nd in this opinion, above all others, we Socialists are confident v/e speak for the 
rreat bulk of the American people, xrho throughout this century have consistently favored 
cvery medical reform that was offered. 'I'he absence of socialized medicine in this 
country is disgraceful evidence of the power of a moneyed minority to thv^art democratic 

'iTtlb permanent crisis in medical costs reflects basic changes in technology and the 
economy, and cannot be confronted in any basic sense by piecemeal legislation. Current 
reform proposals are too little and too late, and sometimes vffongheaded. Especially 
alarming is the effort to use tax funds to svrell the coffers of private insurance 
companies . 

Eresent proposals for Social Security health benefits are good as far as they go, 
"rat do not go far enough even vathin the framework of their ovm limitations. At vez:^^ 
least they should include medical, surgical, dental, and psychiatric fees, Funeral 
erpenses should be assisted, /^nd v;e are distressed that hospitalisation payments should 
:e limited as to time: Those vrho need more than 90 days of hospital care are fev; and 
represent very little money in national terms, but the private tragedy is immense. Fox 
romanitarian reasons vre support the current proposals as the best of a bad lot, and we 
— Icome the precedent of paying for health costs through Social Security mechanisms; 
ra.t xre insist that at best it is only an inadequate stopgap. 

V/hat vre need — what even less prosperous nations have long enjoyed — is insurance 
Tf-Tough tax funds for the best possible medical care for eveiy man, vroman, and child. 
'k call upon Americans everyivhere to work y^ith us for this goal. 

\7e urge a system, of socialized medicine under which the citizen is free ~: zr.zzse 
doctor and the type of caz-e he desires. V/e would encourage, through tax i:-.ce:-~ives 
d other measures, cooperative aiid other plans under v;hich physicians are hirei :n a 
'-alary basis to provide complete medical care; a total divorcement of payjnez'.z b frcn 
rsdical procediires is essential if we are to achieve in fact the ideal of preventive 
:are v;hich science has nor; made possible. Yet fee-for-service piecework medicine should 
:e allowed to continue where the people in a given community v/ant it. For adrJ-nis- 
Tration of socialized medicine should be local, \7ith the public participatir^ 
i=mocratically, and the Federal government should confine itself to providing funds 
£r.d regulating standards. 

We favor drastic government action in support of the costs of medical education. 
Ihe ranks of the medical profession must no longer be restricted to those Trhc are born well-to-do families. Me favor subsidy of the costs of training nurses and medical 
Technologists. Me favor a decent v/age scale for hospital vrorkers, and defend their 
ns'ht to form unions and to strike: It is scandalous that hospitals sho-old subsidize 
T.'.emselves by sweating their employees. V/e support, and favor extension of, present 
r:.vemment hospital-building programs; every community should possess a medical center 
Tith emergency-ward and nursing-home facilities. 


Medical Care 

- 2 - 

Erescribed drugs must be available to all citizens without cost to them. An inde- 
pendent e:overnment corporation should enter and become a major competitive entity in 
the pharmaceutical industry. The original proposal of Lienator Kefauver, to limit the 
extortionate profit of drug firms, should be revived and enacted. At the same time, 
drug, companies sliould continue to receive financial incentives for genuine pharmaceu- 
tical research. The government should engage much more heavily in pharmaceutical 
research. Government controls over licensing and advertising of drugs must be strin- 
gently enforced, and current efforts to water dovm recent reforms in this area must be 
resisted. Appointees to controlling agencies, here as elsewhere, must no longer be 
chosen in terms of their acceptability to the industry they control. 

• 'cSf^^, ,:,ii 

>i"r\:.':ii.'V\M:irr trv: ,.^^'■'^':ii . C^'.■ XJ "iri? 

•jx: jt-'r* 

, a Lido hoi.. 

• isr.1, a. 

JLti^J V 



L«'..tJ>'3.'7 ').■'> :.'?0'ji •.•:ij ''■ .' T';?:!^ :,'."; :■.■ !'..'.i'vX-.> J 

1 ^^ r t'l ' . c 

lO.^n^y jjjcv. 

■'i'.^ii-js't &i" 

- 1 

iiOiC-A:! VilUi.;*^ DiU^V iV>ii I'OiHIGi. jA>LiCY .^o xiJYIjJ^ ^Y xluiU^iUiLi OuIm.SL'jI 

LiocialioG fro.-r. its uac-imiiii;:; liac bcGii truly iiit eruct ioiial . it lias been concernGd for 
!ie peoi3les of tho v/orld. It lias looked to the -yorkei-G of the v/orld not only to prevent \7ar 

to briii^j tr^ic peace. 

xce of frecdon, eq^iiality of rit;;,iitj and fraternity. 

renocratic socialiGto do not support the policies of the ij:ierican capitalist establish- 
znt or those of the totalitarian Conn-ujaist "bloc. ,,e are not appeasers or neutralists but 
jlitical opponents of both blocs. Year after year they have shovm a vAllinGiiesG to use 
mod force to crush any revolt ajainst their douination. in Hungary, in fibet, in aiba, in 
latenala aiid Panania, both the U. ii. and Conmunist blocs have used inporialist tactics. I£)r- 
:, kxos and Vietnan have been the battlegrounds of the tv^o rival blocs and the people of 
leso countries are the victlas. 

^'iP opponents of our ot,ii cotablishnent we do not accept political responsibility for its 
lrrei/;n policy or nilitaiy comitnentc. Under both i'er.iocratic and Hopublican adrainistrations 
bi-partisan policy of nilitary containnent of Coninunion throu£;h nilitaxy and political al- 
iiiCGS, including alliances -.vith reactionary and dictatorial recines, malces clear the in- 
.ility of the current Gstablislment to offer a prOi:;reGGivG alternativo to the spread of 

liiism. Brazen interference uy tho U. u. in lirasil and the rocont decision to adopt an 
ren more favorable attitude tov/ards open nilitary dictatorships underline the inability of 
capitalist ^ipierica to ally itself \7ith mass popular democratic novenents and G'uarantee con- 
-ued political victories for the Gonmunist bloc. 

uur role is to offer an alternative foroiG'n policy r/hich can rally dGnocratic-nindGd, 
tace-oricnted people to a stru^'ule a^-ainst our establisriraent \7ith0ut any illusions about 

1: rival inperialist bloc. 

In our recent 'ilatforr.c 



ve insisted that the prorenuioites for an enduring- peace, 
tcreasiiijly a peace of free do~ and fraternity, v/orG thcsG : 

1- Disarnar.Gnt do^rn to a police IgvgI r/ithin nations and betr/Gon nations. 

2- '.he developnent of the III or a:,-cncic3 set up by the Uli to inspect and control dis- 
p.ent and increasiiia-ly to provide lav; as tlie Gsscntial alternative to rrar. 

3- lb isolation, but disonQacenent iron nilitary connitnents to police the v/orld and to 
frpcsG our ,p.erican GOlutions by force of arns in the recurring' crises v;hich tend to poison 

world's hope of peace. 

4- .1 cooperative policy in tlio struculc a^'ainnt the poverty v/hich nodern science and 
.rrlmolo^y can noxr conquer to a decree that never before v/as possible. This calls for eco- 
cnic aid and other forrao of help to exnerc^inc nations v/ith the largest possible use of the 

„e supported this four-point pi'o^a-an by insistinj that it is an absolute necessity to 

war as the final arbiter in the anarchic society of nations. 'fo live xre must find an 

utcrnativo to the new kind of thernonuclear war v/hich, accordinG' to Eresidont Ifennedy, 
:uld destroy 3OO nillion lives in its first hour. 

■,b support all efforts by the peoples livinc under Coixiiuiist dictatorship to free thcn- 
LVGs, 'fhe detente in the Cold ",,ar, conbined with the jrowinc' rift between lixssia and China 
increasing; polycentrisn in tlie Connunist world open nany new opportunities. iicreasinc 

to r:ain G'^Gater independence and for the people 

jrtunities novr exist for the satellites 

Etrucale for {greater froodOEi ac^ainst their -overnnents. ii the Connunist parties thcn- 
plves dissident currents have appeared willing to ally thenselves v/ith the peopls aG^ainst 
rca-ines. ilie battle for denocracy there cannot be v.'On by the ClA or the Cold i,arriors 
'.^shincjton but by the people themselves fiG'htinc their totalitarian, rulers. \jQ remain va\- 


T^GPittiiT- in our hostility to the Comnmist re-inGs aJid to the Coninmiist parties which gg( 
to oGtablish their ovm totalitarian rule. ;.g supporters of the colonial revolutions wo 
stress the danger o^- a dependence or alliance v;ith the Coninmist bloc or the local Connmi; 
parties. buch alliances cndancer the revolution aiid increase the already iS^Qc.t danger oi 
development towards sincrle party authoritarian reciaes. 

OLir -DrcrequisitcG ol looacc nust he rapidly achieved in a ivorld m which the principal 
rivals, the Uo oil and the ULih, are neither of then powerful enoueh by nilxtary tlireats or : 
the aispeal to arns to control or contain each other, '-foday their respective alliances ar-3 
hi -reat disarrav. our /jiericaii alliances are in confusion, the aost important of then, 
ifATO, nost of all.le Gaulle has all but talcen i^i-ance out of ilAl'U, and two nenibers, Greece 
and ^'lurkey, are ouite literally at sword points over (J/-prus. ±t is quite ouvious that a.._ 
■perican policy, 'fouiided on containment by firm alliances and the power to work xmxnaG^ic 
destruction, has failed to c^vc us security acainst Avar. ,.■-'. - - •' •■• 

This is : 

In what follows, the primary criticism and the emphasis of the analysis i 
toward ;jnerican foreicn policy errors ajid alternate policies for this co^ontry. ^_ 

case because we put forth these ideas, not as a complete accountinc of the interna oionai 
situation, but as loroposals for new departures within our ovm land, uowever, tnis appro: 
should not be mistdcen for the theory that the Cold './ar or any of the present crises are 
sole responsibility of the -..festern bloc. 'Aic expansion of ComnruUiist totalitariaiiism inoc| 
i 'astern ^Urope and attempts on the part of the ICremlin to establish its hecononym other 
parts of the world are a major source of the Cold ' learinG these lacts m mind, let . 
see how our prerequisites for peace arc faring today: . ' ■ • -' " ■ ■ • • 

I. pis armament . ihere has been 
ban, the iftissian refusal to cent 
obvious desire, not only of the 

a rcla:mtion of tension broujht about by the partial te; 
inue aid to China in developing the atomic bomb, and the 
aissian people but of the &emlin, to avoid nuclear war. 
e cncouraG-inc discussion in hiah places concerninc some ^ 
including the myth that there is justification for contii: 

the Cold 

us incrGasinc'ly under the povrcr 
a:,'ainst vrhich i^csidcnt Jisenhower warned us and lessens 
jainst poverty. ihe arms economy is demonstrably not th£ 
provide the maximum omiployment . 

Si the U. J. there has be^un to b 
the iT/tlis of our foreicn policy 
the immense diversion of funds t 
the military- Indus trial complex 
ability to vmG'G successful v/ar a 
Tfay to conquer poverty or even t 

i^e-'oito -t'-b -b-c-i'-iown d" containment by uiliuG" up weapons of overkill, negotiations 
"P-eT-oi^d^GoT.n--"nt t-"ocessarily draa- Llie Uo:. as well as the Uouil has rejected, often 
without true discussion, various su^estions which mh^ht have made for progress. .OTg 
/jaeT-icans t^^crc is a false sense of security because of our luieasy detente witn tne uL,oiJ 
bnci'ed%y boasts of our ir.m.ense milit.-^y superiority whicli, however, the x^ntaGon insist^ 
must be incr^-s-d at enorm.ous cost. m a world so irrational, or passionate, with so ma- 
contcntions between nations, we dare not trust ourselves to live lUidcr conditions where 
-ovcrnnents or their acents have such easy access to the weapons of total destruction. 

hence the inuiense need of pushinc toward General disarmament. ii this effort, the 
socialist ibrty pledGos itself to the followinG pro-ram: 

(1) opposition to further Ibderal appropriations for an unrealistic civilian defense v/h: 
tends to produce in the .-ffiericaii public a false sense of security aiid to justify in the 
of other nations the fear that v;e may be preparinG for \7ar. 

(2) Opposition to a multinational fleet carryiiiG thermonuclear bombs. Only ;,est Germrnr 
our allies truly wajits the fleet in the belief it will ultimately Give them access to be 


JSGibili-ty vastly dictLirljiiac to noisliboriii- states vrfiich ronGnber the past. 

orinuiaisJ. -J^PPO^'t ^'^ 'the Geneva CoiiiGrence for every sincere, intelli.^jGnt approach to {jencral clis- 
er of "farient either hy roffional a£;reGnents, aiiectins, let us say, Central ^urope, or by parallel 
phased reductions. 

.1 Ijro^-rai.1 of unilateral initiatives includinG' 

a) drastic cuts in nilitary appropriations; 

b) inncdiate cessation of testiii- aiid nanufacturin^,- of nuclear vreapons; 

c) repeal of present conscription lav/s. 

LjtrenrcthGninrc the Un. universal disarmancnt r;-ill neither be obtained, nor, if niracu- 
3ly obtaiiied, maintained ercept rjider inspection and control by a :;enuincly international 
jrity. As the end of blood feuds v/itliin corxiunitios lyac brought about by progress of 
so rust lav; be nade an alternative to xrar cnonrj the nations, ynis requii-es a strenjth- 
S of the v.: or of ajcncios set up by th.c ui; v/ith consent of its nenber nations. Lhe 11," 
3 its ov;n police force, r.orc adeouate means of nediation ai^d adjvidication of disputes, 
:one limited povrars of "caication. It is not onoucdi to dcliate the ]!■: in terns of for or 
linct. jocial JGts pledi::e thenselvcs^ to_ proaote not only a heartier support of the prin- " 

of the Uir but constructive 

ool . 

for strenr.'thenin;': it 

Disenr;ar:cnent from nilitary coirimitnents to police the v;orld . SiGse military commit- 
:ts have formed too larje a part of our forei{;n policy. hi the nodern vorld no nation, 
even our ovm, has the -.yi'sdcm, or the povrar, to police the \70rld by the diabolical meaiis 
:.-ar. 'fhis fundanontal principle should GT-^iL^Q our ip.ericaii policy in dealinj T;ith the many 
r-3es vrhich tlireaten the v;orld in both henispheres. It is the biisiness of tlie U. U. to xroxk 
peace and v;-orld dcvelcpnont. 

in the li{;ht of th.ece principles 
:h no\7 trouble this earth. 

let us examine the most important of tliese criset 

'-^'-^i^"^a. and Southeast ,j3ia . Jjnerican foreiGn policy by v/hat it has done and left undone 
in no small decree responsible for critical conditions in Southeast ^isia. U-ccr ^j^ierican 
icy to;rard Ch-ina is perhaps th.e G-eatcst sincle factor. -..ashinGton has persisted in the 
^ejious folly of refusiiiG' to reco-nise the effective G'overnment of over one-fifth of the 
^:ple of the r/orld. It has persisted in the ridiculous assertion that Chiajic, ineloriously 
.von out of Chiia I5 years ajo, Chiang \iho has never dared hold a plebiscite to confirm 
porrcr in yaiv;a:i, is still entitled to recognition as representative of China, one of the 
I'ive, in the seciu-ity Cou_ncil of the uli". he represents nothing but the seventh .-jjaer- 
:--. Aeet and the -.Thole -.rorld Inio^ it. It is fazitastic to bclicvG that xic csM have acpree- 
op^ uoutheast Jipia, r-Uich less on c'^naral disarnanent, v;ithout Chinese assent, 'j.lie 


-St Party ur:Tontly demands irimediate ne 

tne u. 

foctivG ;:overrj:iGiri; of Chiia ^"' -■" 
^presentation in the ^3em.bly of tlie Ui,', and 

::ot iat ion lookinr: to the recor;nition of the 
and even more by the Uif. Vaivran should be r^xven 
ts independence rocoG'nised. Leav;hile, the 

.. should permit some crichan^e of people to people betvroen the b. J. and Cliina throuG-h 
Lolition of travel restrictions. It should encourace trade, except that there should be 
enbarGro on trade in v/capous or the materials out of v/hich v/eapons arc made. 

Vietnam, is one of the most difficult ic 


facinj jicrican policy andjbeforc^ 

■oposals, let us note some of the major determinants of the situation. Iho v;ar of i^rench 
rlonialism ajaiist the Vietnam.e3e people ended in political and military defeat and drove 
:vj people into the arms of llo Clii hinh 's Coamunist-led Viet lasih. ,.ith the Geneva settle- 
nt, the IMited States had the opportiuiity to demonstrate the democratic alternative to 
snnunist totalitarianism in that country. . However, iiperica supported the Diem refine, a 

BT - 4 

Government ^rliicli increasingly reoenbled, in its author it ariaaaisn and unpomlaritr the P. 
rai puppet state unsuccessfully supported by the i^Pn-h ■■ hon +1. '^^"P'^^^"^' «^Q ^'^ , 
f- ^-lly expressed rtself /.ucf of ^r^^ 'f^.cS'l^^Z^:^::^^^^ 
fexted and the chax^ffe itself took the forn of a nilitary coup d'etat, i a reSlt S the 
events, the Connuiaist Viet Con^ cP^err m numbers and popular support. 

2ie Chinese Conmunists, of course, shared responsibility for this entire situation J 
S^? !^" ,^^°^™- ^-i^l^ - P--- - their strategy of establishi.a/thene,:om:n; ver 
all ot ^utheast i^ia. l^ragxcally, the errors of :^stern policy facilitated tSis desiS^ 

l^^t the present time, there is no easy solution to this crisis. Yietnam has become s" 

iSd tto 5 ed T^7 f '^^'^^^'-'^f''^^ --^^ ^- --t difficult to pursue. On tL ^the:' 
hand, the airuod ^ is spending lives and money in a cruel and unpopular uar which se^ 
headed toward another Pienbienphu. Hot only are American lives beinc lost? buTtens of 
thousa..ds Of Vietnamese are bein^^ killed in this Ghastly As the m.ilitary si? ation 

rrr^' T""' ^' f^°^" '^'''^''^ ^°i^^^ -ill ^- -ai-d ^-ff^^o that the be carried to 
iforth /letnam or China itself. Poth of these policies contain a c-at potentiS for es^ 

eioZ ^IVTnl ■'': '"i'Vf" °f.'°"' '''''''' "°"'' "°' "^-^^" 2°^^^--^* ^^^- - --:^thing 
ei^c oau ^/ouid lay waste to the ^j'lobe'. ■--..- ^ 

~~~"^ ' ■ • . ' - .'.I 

1^7? ^#^^: /'^""^ ^^'° continuing threats of ,lrab nations to destroy Israel menace 
peace. Ihe Socialist 1-xrty believes that the U.S. and the Ulf should us^ all possible S I 

principle.. ^,1; xhe ^joal of ^ab luiity or federation is in itself admirable but cannot hJ 
desirably achieved on the basis of hate of an Israel that is here to stay (f) ITllo 

r::s:omr coSrSsr:r^°'b'i f ^^^^ r^-' ^^°^^^ ^^ --^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ 

ana economic cooperation of ,irab states vath Israel, especially in allotment of r/iter i^-ir. 

insssrirua r;;:?^oit-'"'^i '°'-?^°^^ °^^^^ ^-^^^^^^ °'^- ^^^ ^---i Siid^esSiLr^ 

Sfor? to re.S?? A^"^. citizenship for Jev;s and ;^abs i:a Israel aiad should malce every 

tf :::p1:::^?:ls sfr fLS°.rioSiSt::5! "^^"^ -^™-^' - — ^- -^ 
Jlga if ifffe?i^-diXrSf sl::^\s:\s^^^^ SSLSi-tih. 

" t" S 1^'^-: J ^°^^f ^-i-'ed withi:! the frane.ork of a Germa..y outside 111.11^1^' 
fr^":'. .^"^ i^ssians vAill not accept German luiity v/ithin IJJ^O, and so lonr as this vo^U 

Sit d ".:?f Se'r r'''^?.'° r°^^ '"^ ^^^^^"^ ^^^^- -^^- E:st^rm:;:3n^d' S 
tne only realistic hope of achieving German self-determination would be v^ithin the ront- 
of German disarmaanent a German pledge to remain out of the military SlSc^s fa s 
xlar approach ;.orked out successfully u. the case of Austria), ^^^^-^^ (^ 3. 

considtr'^hf ;t'n? -^"^^ f T ^'°^^™--^t under pressure from feris and Pomi even t 
i;ed Sea^S cSSl Cf'" ' '^' ^''"^ """^'-^" "^^^^^^^ l°°kinc toward a denilit^-. 

-drw^:? i^ss^s^^^d'^Scriits'Sof it"r ^^^^^^^-^^ ^^ ^'^^^^^- " ^-.«- ^•^^- 

»- 5 

;he I-ac 

:n f orr 
•f the 

ion by 
■ over 

one s: 

ch see2 




Drt_ b:. 
f nen 


3 iii- 

)t be 



' undo: 





3 on text 
I sin- 

r to 



',,6 ur^je consideration of plans to c'uarantee access to ',,est i3erlin under supervision 
the Ul-i. ^ approach to some such guarantee would be aided by a formal rcco{jnition of 
; Uder-IJeisse line as the boundary betv/een Gerraony and ll)land. Urig-inally v/e Liocialists 
Lticized the postvrar afireement that established this line, but, after the passage of 19 
•s and the extensive movements of peoples, it cannot be changed \7ith0ut \7ar and should 
re cognized by the U.J. 

:,frica . ttexij of the problems of ,,irica arc similar to those encountered in ^outh ;ji!Grica 
.iPia- but Ai'r:-ca also has unique problems, particularly in trying to establish viable 
cr.oraies axid building nations out of the complexity of tribalism and the confusion created 
he artificial borders set up by th.e colonial povrers. fespite all these problems, ^ifrica 
shown its ability to produce outstandirig leaders, and to move from colonialism to freedom 
-:-. far less violence and confusion than might rightfully have been expected. 

oocialists are discouaged over developments in Ghaiia aiid elsewhere, v^here the trend is 
rord absolute one-party rule with a denial of any effective freedom for political opponents. 
: in general the record is good. 

racism and fascism of the Union 
3anbique. ;,e have i( 
rovcrnment of itrtugal w'cre m.aldLii-g- 


The ;."'ajor -nroblcm of .Africa is, of course, the violont 
dth ,.frica a:id the TortuguGSG colonies 01 Jiigola and ...oaanbique. ;,e have for years 
j.:ed that the Union of boutl: ,.frica and the _ 
Eolntiovi of the "oroblem increasingly- difficult . juch. a- nonviolent resolution now seems im- 
rrriblc. Itovolutionary milita,ry centers are now opera,tirig in various parts of ilfrica. 
nir.- ai~-d canipping" vcl-oiiteers for militaiy action within LJouth Africa, Jngola and i'czajy- 
ch violent activities are certain to increase v;ith the passage 01 time. Jince all 



^is of bhan'^e have been made illegal in these areas, vre must declare our moral support lor 
::3e revolutionary elements seeking, even, by means of violence, to overthro-j the governm.ent 

jouth .'ifrica and to drive the Portuguese from ^'iigola cuid Llosambique. ",,e plead with the 
:ions of the world to hasten the liberation of these areas, thus minimizing the agony 
rough v;hich these areas vrill cthervfise pass. 

\.b call for a total -.vcrldwide boycott on trade with ^outh Africa and xbrtug-al. \,e de- 
d an absolute embargo on the shipment of military supplies to these countries. 'Jiilo we 
not ag^oe with these ^'^frican states that seek the expulsion of ll)rtugal and gouth Africa 
ni the U. ir. , for we believe membership in the U. L". must be universal, \ie strongly urge the 

11 moral weight of the U.U. be cast openly aiid relentlessly against the Union of gouth 

z-ica and the government of Tortugal. 

Latin ;jneriGa includin.T Cuba. U.g. policy in Latin ;j:ierica has consisted essentially of: 

1. M inadequate program of economic aid. 

2. i.iilitary aid that has often been utilized to preserve oligarchies and military re- 


.3. The attempted utilisation of the Urganisation of A'^^erican gtates to carry out A^-er- 
an strategy in relation to Cuba and Aussia. 

4. The use of the CLl to subvert governments. 

favor : 

1- A g'reat expansion of U. Li. economic aid to democratic governments in Latin .perica 
at are carrying out fundamental economic and social reforms and that do not utilize aid 
"ograms to bolster rulin.g oligarciiies. 

2. Au ond to all military aid. 

3. A'^- ond to all demands on the members of the Organization of APerican states for 
essure against Cuba. 

Iff - 6 • : r. 

4. i'he rc'turn to Panama of soverc%nty over the Caiial Zone, and the internationalizat^ 
of the operation of the Panaina v'anal. 

\:e are opposed to the totalitarian Castro re^'ine. our synpathies lie v/ith the trade 
union and democratic opposition to the Castro re^'inie. hov/ovei'j since the past relationship 
of the U. U. to Cuba v;a3 that of bein^' its economic overlord, and the sponsor, directly and 
indirectly, of the infanous latiota regime, v/e favor a U.J. policy today that can be summed 
simply as: IUJ.WJ1 Oil'' CblSA. 

"G quire 3 ; 



jl negotiated normalization of trade and diplomatic relations, with 
Pes tor at ion of the sugar rpacta. 

.S -f-l-,fq-r^. 

',1 from G-uani 

imo . 

Cessation of violation of Ciiban air space, 

Lbn- intervention by the GLl in th.e activities of C-aban exiles. 


d to the 

r r:^. 1 V 

ities of the Ca.atro regim.e in 

; in/; to export totali- 

tariai^.ism. to Hie rest of 'Latin Jj:ierica. lut this is not a, serious military threat, and can 

,,c arc 

be only i^olitically by the positive achievement of democra.tic social revolution in LatiiJ 


IV. ;,0rldT7ide '.,'ar on Poverty , Illiteracy and ll'evcntable hisoasc . The anti-colonial revo-l 
lution is an accom.plishod fact; it can no longer be halted, '.here colonialism or neo-colonJ 
alism. still hangs on, dom.ocratic socialists oppose it vrithout compromise. '.here inperialisi 
rule has been thro^7n off, how-ever, neiv and serious I'^r'oblems arise, for colonial domination 
is too often replaced by indigenous dictatorships. 

There are those v/ho claim that democracy is incompatible v;ith economic progress in tl"j 
underdeveloped r/orld. Conceding the possibility of democracy only under advanced industri; 
ization, they portray it as an actual imj^ediment in the m.odernization of non-ii:dustrial soc 
ieties. Theirs is a familiar apology for tyranny. 

femocratic socialists reject this defense of tyranny in the guise of economic effi- 
ciency, hecent devolopm.cnts reveal that democracy and industrial progress are not inimicc 
',,ithout program.s of m.asoive aid, far mxore extensive than the Alliance for Progress, the ha"J 
not nations caimot be brought into the m.odern v/orld. ^liid v/ithout corresponding achievemen: 
in the struggle for democracy, progress in the colonial countries becomes a shaia aj:; 
a deception for their depressed peoples. Thus democratic socialists call for m.axiinim effc: 
hi econom.ic aid and for political support to democratic develop)m.ents everyvmere. 

Ii underdovGlc^^ed arcL 

:ocialist and dcm.ccratic pa: 


m.ust place themselves in tl. 

forefront of 'genuine social rcvoluti; 

aim.ed a 

.-rying out effective land reform, moder 

nisation and industrialisation in a. dcr.ocratic and revolutionary framev/ork. Ljuch a polic;;;,' 
means unrorhtting struggle to expand the popular institutiono of the peoiile , the trade lui; 
"political "oarties, neasont ^ 

^eason'u and sr^udem 
development. ",,c rcm.ain convinced tha' 
+;1to n'^^onle thGms''^lv^-'~". h^ ^iTi-iTipi-iri -i-i-^nti 



■jnicr. ai-one 

form a healthy ba£ 

ill tendencies -.yhich increase the participation of 

:e ana 

, it ut ion s v/il 1 

il soci: 

Juch dem.ocratic revolutionary regiriCs offer the only road to development othe: 
than the authoritarian path chosen by all too many in despair or the totalitarian road im.- 
posed on others. 

The marvels of science maice possible a v/orld\7ide conquest of poverty as the hungry 
millions in nations caught in the revolution of rising expectations are increasingly axraxe 


f - 7 

oy camiot eat ar.d drink iiidovcndencQ , caid independence does not automatically s^Iyc then 
;capc fron hunG"er a:id desperate want. It ic nauncGa to tliiiil-: that peace con be secure ii 
.G oxiatliiG^ inequalities of staiidai'ds of livin^^ are to Lg frozen in perpetuity. i:evertiie- 
:SG, despite sone {genuine c'encrosity of aid by the u. J. and other more economically dovel- 
ed countries, the econonic cap betvreen the advoJicod and the enercinG" nations tends to 
.den. Bie econonic law is ; "2heii as has, /;itn.i' 

IlencG the inportaiico of econonic aid and friendly help to our neighbors it; a v/orld 
.ere v/e are all of necessity nei^^hbors. 'flie U. Li. has done sone {jood thinjs - one thiiilzs of 
:e l.Jarshall Haia and the Pfeace Corps - but our .jaerican procrans have sacced both in quali- 
r and quantity of aid provided. Indeed there have been at the sane tine other policies of 

U.S. Government - especially in terns of the failure of the stabilisation of raw naterial 
:.-nnodity pricec-that have had a detrinental effect on the "liave-not " world. Certain funda- 
sntal princii^les have been toe nuch. neglected. 

1. The primary eneny is poverty. ',,0 jlpicricans ar-e not buying; friends in a competitive 
rket but helpiniS' peoples to conquer poverty, illiteracy and preventable disease, 'fhen 
iendship will talce care of itself. 

2. ].'e /ipericans do however have a ri{;ht and duty to see to it that our aid be honestly 
d competently administered. 'Jliose jovernnents that sho\7 some respect for freedom as -well 

honesty do have an especial claim.. 

5. LUlitary aid is no proper part of a cooperative v/ar on poverty. It should be ex- 
uded. V,tishin{jton 's policies have too often served only to streni^then for a tine nilitai^' 
otators vriio somehow are regarded as champions of the free nations so lon^ as they are not 
nmunists. f'oo often ^imericans have degraded the noble vrord, free, by making it a nei"e 
■•nonyn for non-Comjnuniot . 

4. Aii ideally can best bo adninistered throu{;h agencies of the Ull to \7hich all belong, 
ir avoids the youn{; man ai^d rich uncle sort of relationship betv/een nations, iience, the 
should be used v/hen possible. 

3. 'fho jreat purp;ose of aid is not to alleviate irim.ediate hunger , important as that 
, but to put new peoples ov. their feet in our modern economy. therefore, we must keep al- 
ys before us the necessity of craatiiij a sound basis for universal prosperity. This re- 

u,ires a socialist approach, llineteenth-century .Uaerica is no pattern for poor overcrov:ded 
lions in today's vrorld. There must be social planning and investment for the comm.on jood. 

>) be ui 

t;rpe of plaiTnin^- mrast (a) be concerned for the conservation of natural resources j 
oncerned te ch.eck the explosion of populations. These facts should be con- 


\'i^ mild f 0''i2? -' ""iiG 2? 2- <^ '^'^'^ f i"!"^ "t GTS '^ 

:ainst poverty 


r.tcrnational a.^reomcnts on the use and protection of natural resources. It denands 

socialist Par ty d enands 


ill nations permitti:!^- and encourarrin,',' information on birth control and naliini^- available 
acilities for it. i:o^/els of science con save us from the ruin of exliaustion of natural 

resources and the heedless mult ii^li cat ion of human beinj 

iilnoct as inportaiit as conservation of natural rcsourcGS and birth control is the pro- 
clem of trade amon^j sovereii^n nations of widely differinj econonic ctrenjth. Tlie {;e;acral 
-Dvement amon^; the developed coiuitries should be towaxd freer trade, but arran^enents should 
be m.ado to {juarantee at least for a considerable period an adequate base price for conr.iodi- 
'ies from developin^j nations primarily dependent ujjon exports of rav/ materials such as tin, 
jpper, cocoa, or coffee. 

ibr six years tlie Juropiean Jconom.ic Comxiunity has j^rovided its menber pojjulations with 
\2Xi increasiiic" standard of living- thro-u^h planned industrial productivity and with substantial 
(rates of econonic G'^ovrth. Because of this, all social democratic parties and labor luiious in 
Ivh^ Connon Llarket continue to support the l^ilC although a politically integrated iJurope iias 

airou^jh their Liason Lureau, these parties have recently presenteu. 

M - 8 

not yet been attained, 
a prOi^^ran whereby: 

a. The aeraber states dele{;ate a part of t'lcir sovereiG'n rights to joxopean institu- 
tions subject to effective control by dcnocratic partliamcntary representation, 

b. Llenbership in the _;_;c will be open to all democratic countries in ^rope acceptr: 
the aims and obligations of the European ii-eaticr;, and 

c. Protect ionist policies v/ill be replaced by a consciousness of iJUC's responsibili- 
as the largest trading bloc in the vrorld, especially in relation to underdeveloped areas. 

'fhis program is designed to create the conditions for the Socialist United states of 
V.festern Liirope. If achieved, this means the realization of one of the most profound goals 
democratic socialism. It would change Liirope from a chopping block to a base for vrorld 
socialism and the alternative to both liberal capitalism and Communist totalitarianism. 

'ilie Socialist Party is avrare that in offering this platform, it is not proposing easv 
sclutions to fiindam.ental problem.s. It believes that it is shov/ing the road which men and ' 
nations must travel, to escape literal destruction in the thermo-nuclear age and to find i:: 
stead the peace, freedom and fraternity of v:hich so many of our ancestors have dared to 
dream. Me offer otir proposals and demands in the faith that v;hat men must do to live they 
will learn to do in tine. 


all i 




to tl: 
by pc 
a:i st 
2nd d 


zent ; 

-t 1£ 




■ iiiQtitu- 

e accepti 

pons ib ill 
i areas. 

itates of 
-i^d goals 

3inc easf 
3en and ' 
5 find i:.. 
'.d to 
■ve they 


iiY JfllB^lUI FRJEim JJe'feated 

The vrorld, today, faces four crucial problens : ■ ' 

1. the prevention of nuclear v/ar 

2 the _ containment and comterinc of the expansion of totalitarian" collect ivisr. in 
all Its varieties, Ikssian, Chinese, Cuban, Iforth Vietnaraese, etc 

3. the achievenent of full independence and democratic freedom for colonial ■'..eo^^e^ 
(Itr4 ! Sr-beiofr "'^ "'' ''" '^'''"'' °' ' denocratic socialxst society/ ^' ^' 
other '^ofir^ ^°^^ °^ preserving and insuring peace depends on the achievement of these 

-„ ,?''\''°^tl° ^'"^" ^"°" ''^°"^ 1^^ ^ ^^^^ 0^ renunciation and piecemeal capitulatior 
.0 the totalitarian powers. She precarious situation iii the uorld caraiot oe nornali-.ed 
-? if.ilT' °f ^°^^^=°^;f ^^^ ^° «-^e so-called security fears of the expansionist totalitari- 
^ stctes. ihese -.vould only open the door to nev; opportunities for crisis blaclanail and 
..laear diplomacy. A series of secondar;y- triumphs for China or iiussia would lead to an 
^f deSeStioS!"''"''^''^ l^Ggonony and, ultimately, to a devastatiiag provoked by pai.ic 

,,,,f7,!r?''^'^ ""^ ^-^"^^-"^^^i^- °^^ «^^s imperialist status ^uo or the division of the 
.rorld aaito Biq xower spheres of interest are not pathv/ays to peace or even to a stable 
le ent e.. 

It is illusory to expect that recognition of Communist China or the border arra-e- 
nen.s of .he I^assian empire r.ill reduce the drives of these totalitarian states. 

V.hile the arms race betv/een the major blocs aggravates existing rivalries 

it i£ 

*'\';rtf ""T"; 'f conflict between the different social systems and imperialism oloc3 
lo not_the product of poor diplom.acy, ideological fanaticism or psychological aberration. 
It IS important to recognize that, at this stage, the maintenance of totalitarian c^ass 
rale and exploitation provides the dynamic force for aggression and expansion. 

The conflict differs from previous m.odern im.perialist contests. It now ii^vol-es 
powers with antagonistic social and political systems, whose primai^ goals are not the 
relatively secondary ones of financial gain or economic exploitation ?f a gSen ter^x! 
tory Poth are systems of exploitation that m.ust. and will be eliminated, S order' to 
establish a society of equality and full freedom. . 

The social consequences of a victory for, or extension of, totalitarian collect ^^^e 
systems are, however, of such immediate life and death importLce that socialistsl^d 
liberals ca.mot adopt a policy of i^idifference or abstention from the struggle ^aSs^ 
.e totalitarian powers. The destruction of the free labor movement, the plSsi^^^': 
quidation of socialist and other radicals, the brutal suppression of democrat Ic^Ir^~s 
are the inevitable consequences of any extension of totalitaria^a collectivism" 

.vJTfTJT ""'-T f !"" ''"-' capitalism but every diplomatic and military move must be 
?o icy So n4ter ho T f ^^^^^^/^ ^^^^ - strengthens totalitarS x^ale. 1-y 
Sle of ThJ^nftuT sounding, .vlaich augments the power or extends the ar^a of 

rule of the totalitarian powers must be fought as reactionary a^iti-democrati:; T^- 

Me reject the idea that we s hould look on totalitarian collectivist victories with 

.h-i.h iL ^^'"' ^'^^''?^°f °^ '^""^^ ^°°i^ a^^d. industrial equality and democracy -.o all peoples, 
^hich can oe accomplished only by the building of a democratic socialist society. 

LlF - 2 

equanimity because a certain de{p?ee of liberalization has taken place or ngr talce place 
ill the future. It is not enough to say one is opposed to or one denounces the evils oi 
totalitarianism. Socialists ajnd radicals, xiho axe true to their cause, and not to radi- 
cal pirrases, must help educate the iijnerican vrorkinG class to the need for a democratic 
foreicn policy \7hich cannot be carried out without some bases in military power. 

It is important to be juided by the av/areness that totalitarian collectivism (Uon- 
munisn) derives enormous political, and hence military, strength by being able to prese 
itself as the ally of opt>ressed peoples mid exploited classes. It is just as important, 
however, to recocniae that I^ussian and aiinese military and political power depends m^ 
no small measiire on their enormous military machLnes and industrial capacity. .Any niil- 
tary succdss they achieve, no natter how reactionary politically, enliances their polite 
cal power in the short run, with disastrous pliysical consequences to the subjugated 

Iblitical and military forms of resistance cannot be separated. '..e fail in our re- 
sponsibility if xre were to say that military resistaiice to totalitarian collectivism isi 
the province of the government and not the concern of socialists v/ho are against capi- 

nothing in the support of specific policies lilce the arming 

the talzi: 

of iidia, the keepiiig 
of troops in Vfest Iterliii or the talcing of proper, military backed, democratic steps in 
Laos and Gouth Viet Ham. requires the political support of capitalism or any loss in thej 
politic-al independence of labor and socialist movements. 

It must be iraiil'ly admitted that socialists and progressives vriio/try to fashion a 
policy which tal:es into acco-ant both the political and military aspects of the struggle 
against Communist '^yranriy face, the danger that one or the other set of considerations 
may be submerged by the other, i./e, hov/ever, have faith in the ability of socialists 
and other fighters for freedom to maiiitain a proper balance. 

llie Socialist Rirty urges the Jtoorican people to adopt an aggressively democratic 
foreign policy - the prime means of changing the political and ultiLiately the military 
balance of povrer. 

'Jie enlargement of areas of political and social democracy abroad requires the full 
extension of democracy at home. • ■ -- ■ ' — 

■file pressure and sustaining drive for an aggressively democratic and revolutionary 
foreign policy can be provided only by the political and social forces working to elim- 
inate all political, social, and economic inequality in the U. LJ. A. 

!i^ effective struggle against totalitarian tyranny is deeply dependent on the a- 
chievement of industrial and social democracy, at lior.e. 'fo relax either one is to v/eak-i 
en the other. 



ft-v j*-M 

::.' !i T ' 

"-i-zation aiid Fi:iQiiGe Corinittec EeporT 



3 rs 

.:g political aiid orj'a-iizational opportunitieG for our Party are objcctivelj better 
:han for naiiy years. L\it r^hether or not the Party takes advantage of tlicse oppor- 
;" depends partially upon our ability to noct the necessary or/;anizat ional and fi- 
1 obligations and re quire nents. ',/e are certain that these challenges can be net 
nenbers have the connitment to support and build the Jocialist Party. The follOT/in^; 
lort stinnation of just a fev; of the most important tasks aiiead. 

• _ - i 2: at ion al Act Iv it io s 










-t is essential that our nembers have more contact v/ith the Uational Office and v/ith 
;. other in order to adequately discuss and e:^chanje experiences and coordinate our day 
/ political and organizational activities. 

1. Mo nove that Ilainmer Sc Ton.-rs be expanded into a discussion and organizational 
.-:tin which v;ill be published on a quarterly basis and distributed free to all nien- 

. hafflmer Ci Tongs should not be United to discussion articles but should include 
-rts from locals, individual nembers and the national office about political activity 
:he m.any areas of socialist vrorh in rdiich our nembers are engaged. 

2. Me reconm.ond that, vriicrever and v/henevcr feasible, local and regional conferences 
:rganisGd for the purpose of intensive education and discussion by our membership and 
:--ds concerning major areas of concern to the Party, i.e., civil rights, peace, a:id 

ie union activities. i."e further recommend that the national office and/or leading 
rades participate 211 these conferences. 

3. To regions in lyhich there are no organised locals, but in v/hich nenbers.-at-large 
re a perspective and a desire for activity and contact v/ith each other, v/e recommend 

■t they sot up aii informal state or regional Conference and elect a Chairman and a Liec- 
rary to keep iii touch with each other and the national office. ';/e further recomn.Gnd 
-t all m.em-bers -at -large to set up such informal organizations until such time 

ire develored 

their areas. 

[Socialist Max on Poverty 

The first place to declare a 

igainst Poverty is 

n our national office, and t;g 

• this bocanse vo must here aiid nor;- commit ourselves to consideriiig as top priority 
all organizational needs the regular payment of national staff salaries, rent and u- 

Ilot only do v;e 

ideauate salaric 

but v/e have been unable for 

"y years to pay oven these salaries regailarly. If v;e vant to carry out the progTr-an 
i activities that v;e are rGcom.r.Gnding at this convention, the membership must talce full 
sponsibility for raising the fur.ds that are required. ]lc arc convinced that, if every 
mber does his share, the funds required are definitely -rithin our reach. 

1. If every member regjilarly paid his agreed-upon dues, regardless of the amoimt 
the dues, the Ilational Office v/ould receive an additional w4,000 a year. This should 

E unj-iecessary to point out to nembers of the socialist Pcarty, but luifortunately it is a 
=ality. Primarily the responsibility for collecting full dues regularly lies vath the 
reals and their officers. i.fc lurge, therefore, that responsible Party members assume the 
Bcessary task of collecting these dues. 

2. Pled,Te Plan . It is an appalling fact that the Party Pledge Plan, vdiich is one of 
:.G most effective ways to ensure a regxilar income for the Ilational Office, has the support 
* less than 5^j of the nembers. Yet \7ith this very minimal support the Pledge Plan brings 

currently :j6,G00 a year. It is clear that if every member pledges an average of just 
.1.00 per m.onth, the financial probler^s of the organization vrould be considerably alleviated. 
is essential that every corn-ade financially able to do so nal:o the ma>:inun monthly pledge 
the national Organization. It is further recommended that every local without exception 
iioosG one connradG v/ho v/ill talce responsibility for the regular collection of monthly pledges 
n his area. 


V/e reconnGiv4 that the national Coniaittee appoint a National Pinance Director, v;ho 
T/ill ho responsible throughout the year for plaaininr; ways and riethods of raising ad- 
ditional funds a:id vho v.-ill also supervise the fund drive. 

This fii^ancial proiTa;- for our Liocialist .tr .^'ainst Poverty nust be carried out 
m order to iisure tlie operation of the National Office to the fullest extent necessary 
and to inpleraent our organizational plans and political procrans. 

bUbnitted by the Organization and finance Connittee 
[jocialist Party Convention, I964 


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1 i.^,.-^ ... .'.cfLSt"! :i/n^ 



Secretary's Beport - Convention, I964 

+, +■ -"^ I T^"" ^^^^ convention three events have gladdened the hearts and affected 

the activity of the ir^embers of the Socialist Party: the Civil Bights strug^^e feoTe 
a_national stz^g.^le, poverty in the United otates became a political iss^receiJS^ 
vxde publxcxty a^d Mssia and the United States negotiated a nuclear test birtrea?y ■ 
T/hich most of the countries of the world also signed. Treaty 

^., ^_^" Civil iUghts struggle first began to develop into a national struggle in 
.ipril, 1963, when nation^Tide demonstrations in support of the Birmingham marchers 
^^re organized. Socialist Party members are proud of the role they played L 
these first nation wide demonstrations, since we were responsible or hejed^o o^^I^e 
t!tv rr^"^, ^" ?"'^ demonstrations that took place throughout the co^t^ ^o^ 

tj't^fJi^'''"" IT'"''- - •''''-^ '^^ ^™"'^^^ "^^^^^ ''^^'^' dem.onstrations brokf out 

in most of the northern cities and many southern cities towns, and the call for ' •' 

'er. n 1' V ]^-^^S^^--^ out. .ibout one-third of our entire Membership fat 

national office, i^y others joiaaed the marchers. Our usual biennial conference was 
changed to l/ashmgton, U.C, takiiag place im^iiediately after the ll^xoh, and the sub ect 
T^s, of course Civil Bights. SUch speal.ers as A. H.ilip i>,ndolph, Ja^Tsllrler 

SrColTof'Sp? Sf S; T.^r"'"^' congressman v^. litts V^JnoJ^rkll, ^ 
T f. P n ' ^^- ^'^^'"'^ Calloway. and -.illoughby ,Ibner of the Fegro-^erican 

labor Council, and Cleveland Bobinson of District 65, m, led the di'cussSn in 

tlT^rZTteVJ.'"' ^^^^^^' participated wi^h ifo'civSlSSrLtJvists 
+SV., TZ 1 country. ^ince that time members throughout the countrv li-vp ro-n- 

ScLs .''^ ^'^^ ""'t7 ™'' '" '°^^^-' ^^"'^ ^'^' acti^ties, helpS^g S ^gLSe 

^e Svll M^S ^°^°°^^^! -^^^^^ strikes, a^d voter registration projects. SUp^St of ■ 

^^mberlLfSll Zm™ ? r"'°^''^^^ '^^^ P-i^-iPal activity of' socialist Party 
--moers and. will conuinue to be so m the future. ■, 

:i:her .^meriSa '''t%f^uJri",°r'^"it' --^'^T', ^^^-^^^^ton, wrote a book entitled The ' ■" 

^;,=^¥?rg: book To '^' ? '! \— ^^^^^ ^"^°^"^ ^°^^->^ P^^^^ to a favaraWJ 
-ie t^ol^thi^ P^ -^ .7 '''■^'' ^'^ °^^'"^" ^*^^-^ " discussed less favorably. ..fe 
?'4 iV ^^^'i^^t Eemedy saw this article and asked for a copy of ill^e 's book "■-■ 

-^j:^ ^- an '.affluent_soeie;y..^dtove^i ^dLpr^SleSf" ^S^ SSt, ' 
-'i, -■:^^^''"*°^\^f ^^f ^ ^™^ a year m L^aiice to find himself very much ±r. demand -^s 
...turer. I., ^^-^^o^ pxesent^our^i,eas on^how to fight_ poverty, a fight thatT. h^ve 


:en carrying on for sixty years, the Socialist Party'Peld anct^'^e- --.tionnl .nnf.^ v. 

'"^^^r.^^^j^'-^'^r^' ,^^^^- ^-^ i^ thisi:nf:;en:r::s ss :r^^~ 

-::i">^' -;°f^-^\-^-<=fas, ^^ron Levenstem, Pay Pennett, Seymour Llelman, Pay=rd 

--=:";w^? t^VJSSi 1 ?''" "' ''! ^"''^' Packingi,,,3e V..rkers, a.^ Lvl^ett 
^':Z VctiZ If^^^^ One hondred members or close friends ' '" 

-■i^^ed fifty LnlfcLir; 'f °^^^^°^^\^^-' ^^^ern United States Joined with t^o 
-"^-■•=;Ser jLTlrL h ''"■"f''^ "'"'' ^^"°^"" °^^ ^^^^^- ^'^^-^.^ articles in our 

--3 suSot^"^^^ presented and will continue to present our ideas on 

'- TTnif.?^^^'^"^^''? '"^^""l "^ ''^''^^^' ^°^^"S ^^ it did SO shortly after Bussia and 
_= United States stood for a number of r=inv=5 -^r -fho ^^-^ ^^ j ct-i.oex iiubsxa ana 

a i-umuer 01 aays at the ed^e of a nuclear war, was welcomed 

(iiecretaxy 's Bsport) - 2 - 

by Oocialist Ikrty members as a first step toward the disarmament under the auspices 
of the UIT v/iiich v/e have advocated, ahd ifomaJi Thomas, whose efforts in behalf of peace 
have been noted for many years, presented testiinony for us before the Senate Jbreim' 
^Iffaxrs Committee. ^ 

1964 finds us celebrating the 100th aiiniversary of the Socialist Liternational, 
with ceremonies centering aromid Brussels in Geptomber. ihe Gocialist Ikrty sent four 
delegates to the bxennial Congress of the Liocialist liiternational in ^imsterdam, in 
1963. 'fhey introduced for us resolutions on civil rights in the ISiited States and 
on anti-Gemitism in the USSE, resolutions which were accepted by the Congress. Ihe 
national office also played host for several days to the delegation sent by the 
socialist International to Latin America in .ipril-Lby-, I963, with ifoman -Ihomas and 
Ifcbert Alexander being particularly helpful and knowledgeable on the situation in the 
latin MeTxcoxi countries. At the present moment, brother parties of the Socialist 
International form the governments in ^veden, Ifonvay, and Ifenmark, a:id help form the 
governments of Austria and Italy. Ihe Sritish Labor P^ty, also a brother' Darty, has 
every expectation of winniiig the elections which will take place in Great iritai^ this 
fall. .■•^: 

On lijjr 9, the jJugene V. Dsbs I^oundation dedicated the home of Dj^ene V. Eebs 
as a museum and labor research center in Terre Ifetute, Ihd. ircxman 2ionas, who spoke 
at the dedication ceremonies, reports that the foundation enjoys wide local support, 
as well as the support of many labor unions and Socialists. 

laro .1 ^"-other major event arranged by the Socialist Party was the tour in late 
1962 .hroughout the United States and Canada of Dr. 5. Stark :ia-ray, ^resident of the 
^cialist ..edical ilsso elation of liigland, whose fifty lectures aiid twenty 'IN and radio 
appearances were est mated to have presented over 40,000,000 people with the advantages 
01 socialized medicine. 

^ Iforman Biomas led a campaign for amnesty for Junius Scales, the orlLy mith 
Act p^soner m the L^ited States, a campaign which reached a successful conclusion 
when President Ifenned/ signed the pardon on Christmas, I962. Ihe Socialist Ikrty also 
conducted a relief campaign for the benefit of the unemployed fentucky miners, cooperated 
111 the campaigns of the Committee on .ifrica and the Committee for a '^^^ -^r-^ir and 
Domed with liberal and other radical organizations in protest ir-- irju-tic- ir"'such 
places as the Lommican Republic and Vietnam. One of our repbe-^s wa- o'^e of the 
hostages held by the lolivian miners early in I964, and the national office sent 
ff S^?h ^l T^ socialists throughout the world urging their support a:id intervention 
Z f f-° ^°.^,*age3. 'AG secretary of the Socialist international received word from 
President Paz r^stensoro of Lolivia that the telegrams received from well known Socialists 
had a great influence in finally effecting their release. 

ijaong the major resolutions passed by the National Committee and t'^e ilational 
Action committee m the past two years were those on shelters, on the Cuban"crisis S 

coSflfcf "^n ':'rr' ''!^ '"'°-^""' ^^^^^ ^"-^^ n^ovements, o^ peace, on f dScJL 
T^f^^ l^ southern Airioa, for foreign aid, against nuclear weanons, a-ainst 
l^nflTt ^"^^^*°^^^^^^' ^h- ^^liance for Progress, Cuba of I963, and Vi^tlS ,e pre- 
sented testimony m li^shington to end the importation of liracer^s, in suppSt of tSe 


[secretary I s Report) - 5 - 

=3t 3aia 'iteaty, aiid rii support of the iaii^-/iiiderson i.iedicare Bill, iformaii 'Jiiomas 
-^sentcd testimony in 'behalf of the Socialist Party before the Judiciary CooEiittee 
"the* House of Representatives and before the Ljonate Gonmittee on Conmerce in behalf 
t the Civil KiG:hts Bill. 'iTiis testimony was reprinted by ifcw ;jaerica in a special 
:3-^e in July, 19 63, an issue vriiich had a circulation of approxinately 20,000. 

'x'liree nev; locals have been chartered since the last convention: Ifeu Orleans, 
teredo, and Columbia, ho., the last local beinc chartered only tlaree days a^o. Hirough- 
:t the couiitry generally our most active locals are primarily in the larger cities, 
iicaco, Ilev; York Cityr liast Bay i\rea, and to these nust also be added our local iii 
raider, Colorado, 'fliese locals have been extremely involved in comriuiiity activities, 
-inarily in civil rights, have conducted a great nunbor of public meetiiigs and 
kucationals, aiid have, in the case of Chicago, Uexr York, and Los .^geles, nm extrenely 
Kiccessful L-cbs Day Dinners, with A- Hiilip Randolph being honored in Hew York City, 
^th speakers James Viechsler, Jim Carey, Richard Parrish, and llornan Thomas paying 
Eibute to him, James Parmer and Bayard Pustin as speaJcers in Chicago, and llorman 
hiomas as the feature speaker in Los iUigeles. ilev/ York City also ran a Socialist 
bnr+y candidate -for the position of councilman at largo, the candidate being Richard 
b-rish A lar-e number cf our members in lieu York City, Cliicago, and the L5an Erancisco 
t-a have been arrested because of their civil rights activities. Other locals active ., 
C running monthly forums aiid their local civil rights campaigns include Tucson, ilassau, 
boston, l^iladclphia, Reading, Cleveland, Eetroit, and Wisconsin. The national otfice 

:cs received little information as to recent activity In locals ilev; Orleans, L^eattle, 4 
, -ffolk, northern ilew Jersey, Central Ilev; Jersey, Camden, \/ashington, Pittsburgh, 
-o^-^do ai^d Axm Arbor, although v;e know that these locals are meeting aiad shouldering ■ 
-heir fii-^ancial res^^onsibilities. Indiana menbers-at-large have been extremely active r 
hrd bave or-anised themselves into an unofficial state-wide group with constant _ 
Uomimication with each other. V,'e also have canters of member-at-large activity in 
Trestern I.Iass. and in Lindsberg, Itinsas. 

I In the pact two years monbership in the liocialist Party has remained approxi- 

h-tely the sam.e, as far as num.bers go, but in each year members have increased some- 
':r ^, V ^.i,,^,cial contributions to the national office. Finances still remain a 
-^oble- ^ho^ovP-, especially since our fund drives in the past two years have aUained 
;;iy1;;-t°£ls'of tL ouota needed. In I963, dues ai^d the fund drive each contributed 
^0^; 0^ onr 'total ii^come. 'Tlic members subscribing to the pledge plan contributed 
'■•■•other 17'' l-it--atuT'e sales accouiTtcd for 8>., contributions added another l%o, and 
Jach miscellaneous sources of incom_e as bequests, fund raising meetings and dinners, 
r^o^^-P.^eroes, etc. contributed another 15>- l^on this, you can see that members have 
been -e-Tio'^-ibl^ ^or 57',^ of our income and that we have been dependent upon outside 
sources^'for the remainiiig 45'/^ ^ situation which leaves us constantly uiacertain of how 
v;e are to m.eet our obligations. 

L-te in I962 v;c piiblishcd our I962 platform ojid at the present tim.e we are 
about to publish a pa:nphlet on civil rights by Tom liUm, a revised version of "\/e 
T^ave A Vision... A Deep Paith, " and the I964 platform, which should reach you by .he 
first of oeptember. Our literature sales remain good, with Harrington's jM 2^ . 
toerica being the leader in numbers sold, ilorman Thomas' new book, Socialism Re-^xamined , 
and Harry Fleischuan 's llorman Thomas: A Eiography have contributed greatly to our 

(Secretary'; Report) - 4 - 

income from literature. ■'....."-••. 

IXiring' the school year of 1965-64, the general topic of debate for the high 
schools arid colleges xfas socialized medicine. Me were fortunate in raising sufficient 
funds to publish 10,000 copies of Tucker's Ihe_ Case for Socialized Lie di cine and were 
able to distribute these free to the debaters. In addition, -we sold some 3,000 copies 
directly to students throughout the counti^^. 

Ifew /aiaerica has also been beset by financial ■ as v/ell as with pro- 

duction and mailing problems. Because of these problems the last issue of Volume III 
of Ilew America was not published until February, but all subscribers receive a full 
twenty-four issues for each v4 subscription. 'Ihe national office has londertaken to 
do the mailing of all bundle orders, in order that they may reach the locals as soon 
as possible. !I!he problem of getting subscriptions to their readers in a reasonable 
length of time has been a major project for the hew jlmerica staff for the past six 
months, and vre' believe that you will soon see improvement on this. 

A major subscription drive undertaken by ile\7 jlmerica in I963 resulted in 
many new subscriptions. It is plain to see that liew imerica fills a real need and 
that our niunber of subscribers is limited primarily by the ammoioiit of money that we 
have for m.ailings to the various lists that are available to us. 2he reports from 
readers across the country indicate generally a satisfaction in the continued im- 
provement of Ifew America, and we pledge ourselves to try to continue this improvement, 

iiterest in the ideas of the Socialist Party is extremely high today, and 
resistance to joining us is at its lovrest in the past twenty years. It is up to us 
to make knovm our ideas as widely and as frequently as possible, both locally and 
nationally, in order to make the next two years a period of real growth for the 
Socialist Party. --..,...- 


National Secretary, Y 

• L 

The Young Peoples Socialist League is in a state of serious 
sis today. To be precise, it has almost ceased to be a functioning 
pganization of national scope.. 'Jhlle a few areas are healthy and growing, 
■it are in real trouble.: Our membership has declined, and many chapters 
_iTs become inactive or have simply disappeared, li/hen I took office I 
Fr::nd some 20 - 30 unprocessed membership applications {dating back as 
Li-g as six months). With these and new membershins since December (71), 
jir'total membership has still declined. During .the winter re-regis- 
r?.tion alone, 110 members were dropped. At present we are down to 

pa id-up members. It should be. noted that the w.o. has eliminated 
15 previous practice of carrying "paper", members on the rolls long 
"rer they stopped paying dues or considering themselves members of the 

Vi/hile a few areas, such as Austin, Texas, and the Cleveland 
'ea, report growth and successful work, this is more than balanced by 

aaces such as New York City, where the chapter became totally inactive. 

Timbers -At -Large have also declined (through lack of re-registration), 
-though most of our new members today come from At-Large and small, 

Uolated chapters. 

It is easy to see how this state of affairs has been reached, 
-er since we dropped Anvil and Challenge early in the history of the 
t=w YPSL, we have had virtually no publications or pamphlets expressing 
--I- socialist viewpoint on major issues. Although the National Organi- 
E^tio n has intermittently sent a field organizer on a long tour, such as 
ih^ tours arranged for comrades Burnett and Brown, these can be honestly 
:-^'aracterized as token efforts rather than a consistently applied emphasis 
■n field organization. VJhile our activity in the civil rights movement — 
Ind during 1961-1962 the Student Peace Union — enabled us to recruit, 
■.-hen these movements either shifted away from white campuses or declined 
entirely the YPSL was unable to recruit on its own merits. Thus our 
present state of collapse is not a sudden phenomenon, but follows from 
:fur persistent failure in the past to provide serious publications or 
^-3al^ field organization. The YPSL today is paying heavily for its 
'nertia in the past. Another important factor is that the former 
"eadership and in many cases the rank and file of many YPSL chapters 
iave left the campus, either leaving politics altogether or shifting 
hheir activities to the SOCIALIST PARTY. 

Yet it must be em^phasized that the prospects for Socialist 
rowth are better today than any time during the previous decade, 
'equests for YTSL speakers -- from places such as High Schools on 
he ^ast Coast and College discussion groups in the Fid-West — are auite 
eavy. l-ilhen, as happened recently, the oresident of a college student bo 
^ody offers to set up an all campus meeting for a YPSL sr)eaker, it is 
'trao-ic that we cannot furnish a speaker. In the wake of the April SP 
conference in Washington, som.e 20 high school students wrote the YPSL 
national office requesting information about socialism and the ^SL* II 
the ITSL is to live, if it is to take advantage of the renewal of interest 
in politics, it must get out of its comfortable pessimism and start 
recruiting a new base of active members. 

YPSL Report 

- 2 - 

Toward this the ITSL IIPC has Droposed the following; 1) that 
the N.O. should build a fund of OSOO from contributions from friendly 
SPers and others, maintain tight control over N.O. spending, and finance 
five field secretaries for the first month of the coming school year. 
Anyone who has tried to build a YPSL chapter realizes that this time, when 
new students first arrive on the campus, is crucial. The NAC proposes 
that these five organizers should be representative of the various points 
of view within the YPSL, and should cover different areas of the country, 
preferably around where they now live. Comrades from the left-wing 
tendency and Tom Kahn of the realignment tendency have already indicated 
their willingness to do the job, 2) The NAC has adopted a policy of 
printing all proposed pamphlets meeting reasonable standards of quality 
and relevance, as long as they fall within the YPSL statement of purpose. 

• f . -. - 

•1 . 

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-vities at 

YOUTH COMi-.'ITTElj: REPORT - Accepted 

Y.P.S.L. Is in a state of crisis. Membership has declined-' 
the national level have all but ceased to exist. There are 

.xoxca wo i^ii^ lit* o iuiia J. xcvcx iia V c C1J.X uut ueaseu t; o exist;. rni 
paid-up members at present, of which 180 are member s -at -la rG;e . 

inactivity. Two chapters have since appeared in New 
'onx high school chapter and a Lower East Side chapter. 

about 50 Ivembers-At -Large have joined 
organization Is so weak that it can hardly 
:italize on the opoortunities for Its growth which seem to exist. 

Recruitment continues -- 
:ce January. But the 

There is a critical problem of finances -- but under present 
■ditlons few funds exist for any but a minimum of routine functions. 


The immediate cause of the problem is the factional spirit which 
'evalls in the organization. (A subsidiary factor has been the graduation 

of • the Y.P.S.L. of almost all the older comrades, who provided leader- 
:ip in the past.) This factional spirit has paralleled a similarly 
itense factional situation in the Party -- but has not mirrored the 
:rty's divisions. The Y.P.S.L.'s factions are unique to it alone. 

Many members of manorlty factions have left the Y.P.3.L. or 
snsferred their activity to the Socialist Party, Although there have 
en sincere efforts on the part of all tendencies within the organization 
tually to co-exist, these have been outweighed up to now by an unf or- 
nate atmosphere of distrust and by the lack of complete acceptance 
thin the' Y.P.S.L. of the concept of a multi-tendancy organization. 

Present plans of the Y.P.S.L. Include the fieldin^ of a number 
field organizer-3 in the early fall (on a non-factional basis), 
imphlets have been solicited from leading members of minority tendencies. 

The Committee urges Party mem.bers to give sympathetic attention 
p the present Y.P.S.L. problems -- which certainly need the help of 
lore mature and experienced comrades, if it is to be straightened out, 
»ne Party itself needs to become more active and less torn by factionalism 
that has prevailed In the past. Among the specific projects which would 
telp the Y.P.S.L. would be an increase in Party literature, including 
Issuance of the new pamphlet by Tom Kahn. 

!'/e suggest that the best approach for the Party to take to 
the Immediate problem is for individual Party comrades of experience to 
loncern themselves with the problems of the Y.P.S.L. and to render such 
idvlce as would contribute to untangling some of the factional knots 
?hlch are presently thwarting activity. 

EROPOS^D- ■cQingiiTioii AGiJifM VK)-: wn^.:. 

Eriday, 12 :00 noon 
~"'"' ''!• Chairman Iloopes opens convention' and remarks - 15 minutes 

-^.r_^-.: ■ '-Z r^" '',: r •) r -, •■ ,- ! & .f . T . ;'\ ■ ' . Y S'^T 


,. 2. Lienor ials - 5 minutes. 

/■ t';^. Greetin{js- and announcements by Local Chicane - 10 minutes. 

4. Heport of Preliminary Credentials Coiamittee (lIc) - 10 minutes." 

, 5. Eeport and adoption of proposed a^-enda and rules - 1 hour. 

6. Election of officers for each of three days - 50 minutes. 
7- .Ifoninations for convention committees - 15 minutes. 

'8. Greetings from fraternal dele^jates - 10 minutes. ^ • 

_•.,-■ 9' Political action, for I964 - 5 hours. M^ \o . ' ' ' '*'' 

^.^ 10.. i^nouncement of "convention committee elections and meetings -.10 minutes. 


ir;o Pteport o-f Pomestic Platform Comjnittee - 5 hours. -c-t^f^'tJ 

■12.' -Report of Poreicn Platform Committee - 4 hours. 

15. Komination of national Chairman and ilational Committee - 30 minutes. 

Sunday, S-.^O 2i.lL ■ " "ff" noV'n ^^V ' .' ' ' t nl S'ledrje^-jo M 

' " 14. Report of Constitution Committee - JO minutes. 

15.' Election of Ilational and national Committee - 20 minutes. 

„ 'i 3-§A " Report of Organisation and Finance Comjiittee - 1 hour. 

F- f ! tn'i- 

' TJ. ifominations of national Comjnittee .Uternates - 15 minutes. 

18. Report of Youth Comjnittee - 1 hour. ' -^ - 

... f.; ' ' ■ ■-t, 

[l%- ^-Election of IIC alternates - 20 minutes. • , •■,"■: 

20. Report of the Press and Education Committee - 1 hour, ■ / iU.aow 

X' ^.. .-^ •■■ . J ■. '• -^ :r-y^:>'-ui ■ 

21. Continuation of unfinished business. 

22. Mjo-urn. 




£ro posed Rules 

, officers of the d.ay( Cliaimaii aaid Vice-Cliairmaii) for all 3 days shall be elected at 
--5 opening' of the first session, Itiday, liiy 29. 

;. llie national Secretary shall serve as the convention secretary mth. power to appoint 
T-Lch assistants as necessary. 

-. A permanent 3er{;eant-at-Ams shall he appointed by the chairman of the first session 
-A he in turn shall appoint such assistants as he sees fit. 

1. Gomjaittees shall be elected as f oIIoits : .■ ' -^ •' • _- ; 

a) Credentials 5 members ' . - 

b^ Domestic Platform • 7 " " ■ 

c) l^reit^n Platform: ■' ' 7 " - ,'. •-■..- .. 

d) Or^janiaation ^ Pinance 5 " 

e) Press & Hducation 5 " ■ " ■ 

f) ConstitLition ' ' 3 n , . • ■' - -;• "-^ ■ 

c) Youth • ■ 5 " ' • ■ .■•-■..:■■ •- 

h) He solutions 3 " 

;. The chairman of the first session shall appoint four tellers v;ho shall distribute 
and count ballots during the course of the convention sessions. • . ■ - 

•S. Except as provided in the agenda, discussion from the floor shall be limited to 5 
minutes for each speaker, but the convention may limit or extend the tine by majority 

7. ho delecate shall be recognized a second time on the same subject until all delegates 
desiring to spealc shall have had an opportunity to do so. . . w^ 

8. aiie previous queGtion may be moved by majority vote. Committee nom,inations shall not 
be closed uiitil there are no further : nominations apparent to the chairman. 

9._ Robertas Riles of Order shall be used except lyhen in conflict with the national con- 
stitution or these rules. when the previous c[uestion has been carried, one delegate for 
each side nay speah for 5 minutes. In the case of a committee report, a spokesman for 
both the majority and minority, if any, shall speak. 

10. Each state or local delegation may designate alternates to fill vacancies in its de- 
legation m accordance with the rules of the state. Each delegation shall elect a secre- 
tary who shall inform the national Secretary of any changes in the delegation at the open- 
ing of each session. 

11. ho delegate shall be bound by ipnit rule. This does not apply to instructions on spe- 
cific issues given delegates by the .body that elected them. 

12. llembers and alternates of the Hational Committee vriio are not elected delegates shall 
have the status of delegates but withput vote. 

13. Convention committees shall be elected by secret ballot and the candidates receiving 
the highest number of votes shall be elected. On all other elections, except for the Ifa- 

i^oposed Kules - 2 

tional Conunittee and national Chairman, and on all resolutions and motions, the votes 
shall be "aye" or "nay" or by a shov/ of delegates' badges, except that when demanded by 
50^0 of the registered delegates, the vote shall be a roll call. In all elections v/ithout 
contest, secret ballots may be dispensed with. 

14- All resolutions or comjnunications 
from the floor shall be referred by the 
sicn. No resolutions v/hich may be offe 
accepted without the consent of 2/3 of 
the course of the discussion, anendinent 

15- Acceptances and declir^ation."? shall 
tee and officer has been completed. Ho 
one committee. 'i'his shall not apply to 

requesting action and all resolutions offered 

Chairman to the proper committee without discus- 
red after Saturday, liay 30 at 11:00 Jai, shall be 
the delegates present and voting. Hov/ever, in 
s may be presented on the subject under discussion,! 

be called after the nominations for each commit- 
delegate shall be.eligible to serve on more than 
the Credontials Committee. 

16. 'fhese rules may be suspended by a 2/3 vote of the delegates present and vofcing. 

17. All resolutions shall be presented hi vnriting. •.-- <■ 

18. If any putative delegate '0 credentials have been disputed or disallowed by the pre- 
liminary credentials comm-ittee, this shall not affect his right to be nominated for con- 
vention committees. Prior to the election of such committees the permanent credentials 1 
committee shall report and the convention shall vote on the seating of any such delegate. 

19. A quorum shall consist of a majority of the registered delegates. 

i>. . •^, 1,:..: 

1'.. . ■• - '■ 

) 1 :;^^ ^! 

t-' . ->. .!. 



OiElIUlG ffiJII^lEi:^ OF ilATIOlfilL ClUIffi.uUI 


Llie 1964 Conven-bion of the Ljocialist Party ic nor; open foz- business. Those 
delcG-atea v;ho have not registered v/ill kindly do so innediately so that they nay be seated 
and have a vote in orj^ranisin^- the Convention. 

],.y opcnin- renarhs -.rill be brief, but I hope that you vail thinlc they ore per- 
tinent to the natters that r/ill cone before us. If ever, any\There, there v^as a need for 
a live, active cocialist Party, the place and tine is the United states in 19 64. 

'Jie V.o^^o Civil Rijhts Revolution of 19 63, v.diich culninatcd in the I.larch on 
'./ashin^ton for Jobs and ErcGdon last AuGUst, has clearly ejiposcd the noral banl^iruptGy 
of both the penocratic and P.o publican parties. respite the obvious need for i^ronpt and 
effective Federal legislation.. +0 renovo the stanp of legality iron flacrairt racial dis- 
crinination in voting, housing, enploynent, schools, public acconodations and facilities, 
Concrcos in its I963 session passed no Civil Eights lav;. 

The bill now before the oenate starts v;ith the vrords, "This Act may be cited 
as the Civil Eights Act of I965," but v;e are almost in the middle of I964 and it is not 
yet lav;. It v;as a very mild measiire to begin v;ith - not nearly as strong as the pre- 
sent Human Eolations Acts of several of the states uhich still have a long T;ay to go to 
end racial discrimination. The House weakened the Fair Employment Practices section of 
the bill by denying enforcement pov;ers to the Commission, and nov; the Senate leaders of 
both parties have agreed to v;eaken it further in order to get the votes necessary for 

They still, have not stopped the filibuster and v;ill likely v;eaken it even, 
more before they do. I^ the time it is passed, it v;ill be about as effective as the so- 
called Full Em.ployment Act of I946, v;hich is a mere declaration of public policy and does 
not provide jobs for the unemployed. i 

In the field of racial discrimination, our public policy was declared by Fe- 
deral Constitutional amendments one hundred years ago, but we have not yet enforced it. 
Despite pious platform statements, neither the Republican nor Pemocratic parties have 
any intention of enforcing such public policy now or in the immediate future. Civil 
Eights for Negroes have been a football of national politics for a century, and the old 
parties T;ould like to keep it that v;ay. 

The Goldv;ater and V/allace primary campaigns are providing a sounding board 
for the rightist opponents of civil rights and all other liberal legislation, and v;ith- 
out doubt are influencing some of the wavering Senators to vote against closure. Until 
we can build a truly effective party on the left to provide a couiiterbalance to this 
influence, the chances of obtaining any meaningful social legislation are indeed poor. 
■¥ery little such legislation has been adopted since the Socialist Party ceased to be 
an effective gadfly. 

Tliese are some of the reasons v;hy v;e must have a strong viable democratic 
Socialist Psrty in the United States. Neither the Eepublican nor the Pemocratic party 
has _ or v.-ill serve the needs of the American people. Tlie Socialist Party is the only 
political party in this country which has vAoleheartedly supported the Negro's struggle 
for equality in. all phases of civil and industrial life. 


OpeiiiJag Remarks -2- - ^ ^ , 

r+i ' Tmmff People's Socialist League have taken I 

I..fen.l3ers of the party e^d of the ™f J^^Sil'l^eedom, and in other non- | ^ 

.- ^nT^t in the ¥^ch on V/ashington for JODs ^^ nomrade V/alter Dergman, 

an active part m tne -"J^ discrimination. Some, like Comraae w ^activities,, a 

v-^oTe>-t protests against racial ai-sox Q+j^ers have gone to jaxl tor tnese 4 

in planning and carrying ou^s ^^^ ^^ ^^^^e the rising .„epiy. 

our o.n communities in the Horth. Je - ^^^^^^^ integration South, but deeply 

our friends and ^^^f ^°f ' "J'^equaUty in the North. 
3,esent the Hegro 's demand for etiuaiii-^ 

Eepuhlican parties have faiiea. J. ^^ adequate medical oare lor 

-7 s^-4>+inr, nf mir neople amidst plenty, T^xi-e -c^^ cViiftinr of population irom 

farm to oity to ^I'^f ' "fi^^pleorof^oial legislaWon staoe 1958. 

parties to pa.s an outstanding pxece ^^^^^^ 

-^ .0 .e su.e ^e.iaent ^o'--^,-- gSr/^^rpuSiraUeS^iion"^.: Le;/a:t 

i. a Eood t.^. .eoause It has ^--f^^,:^*^^SSr fal? sbare of our pro.perxty. 
that mtillone of '»---=^/j^^;,''°* ^^ffsx different things. 
M declari-n, a .ar and v.n.nxn„ xt a ever .dnceiUia^orgsased 

,2,^^haJiSiiii^S:^^f^^^2I^^^ po.e.t. ^ the *ited States, 

■rdr=rr.irooSoLroeTthee.iisthe.eof. .., ,„ .-- 

^ •+ ^o- nf iq6A is good as far as i>^ S°®^V 
rPhe proT^osed Economic Oppostunity Ac. of 19b4 ^ ^ direction, hut 

; +n miplifv for better jobs. is a soep i^- ^ President Johnson s 

-T^vninir"- young men to quaiiiy lui. „ , • ^„-) T?pTmer's Union, said, iresxawii. ... 

SjSil.^^^"--; 1 l^?i^Se:iiTaction of .hat need, to .e done to 

nipe out poverty in .Inerioa." ,,, , ,,..,, minted 

« 0.. .ashinston Confe.enoe on B'-f^- ,f "fal'sLf ofthr ^^^ds oJeatad 
„,rt tv,.t fceaident Johnson-s prograa is ah ^f ^ f ™^ t„li ^, that the United 
Tpovfrty^'ut does not touoh its real -f « J" =\f^° trial nation, .and that, our 
'4*:! Ls't.e highest rate °f--f°Xryefr,*iS private industry J=/^--^f^^. 
4rk fo^ca is increasing one million eacii y , n. ^ ^-P^uoe uii — r^ "^'""nt the Kovei 

FofoS; one hundred -venty-five ^^^^^^^^^1^^,^^^^:^:^^^^^^ 
„»r.t must pro ^ H^,. nev, .lobs m the pup i_ 

refiise to do that. 

^ a.- +™-iirp -billion dollars a year. 

Harrington says tl^-^rrSei'for hS'aSSS 'a^'on poverty to one .illion 
^resident ^oMson has linked t.e.ud|etJor^^is^ ^Lt'irirtrL^Sk 

■on a balanced budget. It is aib _ 

l;psn±iig Remarks -3- 

The tax cut v/as supposed to he the first big blov/ against poverty. Eat 
li>e other recent tax measures, most of its benefits go to the irealthy. One-half 
:f the sarings go to the one-eighth of the taxpayers T/ho have incomes over 310,000.00 
1 year. The theory is that the wealthy uill invest these savings, and thus cause the 
economy to grov^ and provide jobs for the unemployed. It may actually produce a short 
-ime spiirt until the election is over, but since most of the investment r/ill be in 
automating equipment, the long term effect will be to reduce rather than increase 

A tax cut would ha\-e been much more effective against poverty, if it had 
rrought about a genuine redistribution of income by drastically increasing- the pur- 
chasing power of the lowest paid workers. For example, Congress could have eliminated 
some of the tax loopholes, which favor the very wealthy, and used that money in a 
iiassive public housing project, which would have provided better paying jobs and 
decent ^homes for the slum dwellers. They could have increased the basic i^'600.00 
scemption, T/hich would give the poorest people more money to spend for food and 
clothes, but they didn't do either of these things. 

iny attempt to abolish poverty in the United StateR. 

it., a 

which does 

not make 

is doomed to 

a direct frontal attack on the profit system, which is its basi c oau^r. -.. . 

abject failure ,. It is like tiyijig to end a typhoid epidemic without purifyinglhi" 
polluted water supply. People get sick faster than you can cure them even with 
modern drugs. 

"Ife have the manpower, 
plenty for all, bu 

oymers of bu siness and industry _ and their Republican and lemocratic'repres^Sti^s 

the industrial 

vre deliberately refuse to use them 

capacity., and the knovMiow to produce 
Uliy? Because the wealthy 

m Congress are planning for private profit instead of thTFublic wel f rtp . That ■ s 

T+ l< 

T7hy.' They intentionally t Ian pover ty for millions of their' fello w humR_n Lir.^.\~ 
order that they may have hi/rher p rofits and m ore richP.^ fn-r -^bom^e lves. ' 'Jh^ s~^rJ 

' ' ^^' "basically undemocratic/eGonomic°policy, y/iiich gives enormous' wealth 
to a few and leaves two-fifths of our people in poverty and deprivation, cripples 
the United btates in its struggle to win the poor peoples of Asia, ^ifrica,' aid 
Latin imerica from Communism. Government officials boast of the billions of dollars 
T;hich our government gives' in foreign aid, but fail to publicize the fact that most 
of the aid benefits the well-to-do upper classes, and almost none seeps dom to the 
very poor T;ho need it most. 

_ They also fail to point out that in m^ost aid-receiving coimtries . Americaia 
private investors take back more i n profits^ch yea^r than our governnii^ir"^^I^^;n ^"" 
aid. ..a-om poverty stricken LatJiT A merica alone they take more than on e billion d~1- 
r?af.V Itfv"^ P ^o-^^t.s. ■&i_other words, foreign aid, as administered by botFJe-;^.: 
qratic^ and Republican administrations, enables American investors to make a profit 
and helps the poor people only slightly and incidentally. 

,,,,.+,. . - ^™^ °f .^°^ ^'^'^- ^^ v/ondering why I take your time to attack the evils of 
o? a oii,^^' .°f '^^^f^ ^°^- ^ undaubtedly aware. The only reason for the existence 
LjI J^f A I' ^^^" ^'^^^^^ capitalism aaid to advonat. nno.i.1 .-.._ - ._^ ^^^^ 

£!l L f . ° '^^ ^-^ '"^'^" '° ^^^°"^'" socialise ^ T itT^tr^A^.. 

iirst, last and all the time, is a f raud, and does not deserve, and win r.n+. L. 
tam the enthusiastic support of ardent Social i.i:. , ,^r j...-.^ ^.l .-. -^^mmniiig ynu n 7" 

Opening Remarks -4- 

rij"-; --'. 

these evils is to emphasize the incompetency of "both the Eepublican and Democratic 
parties to solve them, and therefore, the necessity of having a strong vialble Social- 
ist Pajrty. 

Comrades, xre have to make up our minds vfhether vfe are Socialists or liberal 
Democrats . Vfe cannot be both. Hiere is a_ba_sic. difference, which seems to be bluxred 
iji the minds of some of o\ir Comrades, ^e Democratic Party is a capitalist party 
and is financed by the beneficiaries of capitalism. Democrats, both liberal and 
conservative, seek to preserve, protect and expand the private profit system. 

In addition to the failures which I have already recited, the Democratic 
Party is the firmest supporter of the war economy and the garrison state, llany 
liberal Democrats are ardent militarists. 2hey fall over one another in their rush 
to vote military appropriations. At the same time they cut grants to the United 
nations to the bare rajnimum. 

Ilow-can Socialists possibly reconcile such a program .\7ith our platform or 
the principles of democratic Socialism? 'Ihe Socialist Party's support of such candi- 
dates will only confound the hopeless confusion which already envelops the ^erican 
political scene. Iforse than that, it will destroy any chance of rebuilding the 
Socialist movement in the United States. People v/on 't .join the Socialist Party to 
support Democra t s^ they T/ill^ .jo in -D e mocratic clubs . ■ 

. ... Host of us joined. the. Socialist Party to vrork.for Socialism and against 
capitalism. Y/e can ^t do that by supporting a capitalist party, whose every caaadidate 
is pledged to defend the profit system, and v/ho never, misses an opporti;inity to deny 
that he is a Socialist... Ife make. S ocialists by constantly pointing out the e vils of 
£gH^^§y:g.'^.-§^..-'r:-ri?Jflg Q"- ^ cont inual fire against all parties and candidates who 
s upport it . '.- 

Vfe should stop soft-pedaling the mistakes and the false positions of liberal 
Democrats. Vfe should never hesitate to condemn them, when they do thiJigs which are 
contrary to our Socialist Platform and principles. Vfe should point out the reasons 
for these differences, namely, that the Democratic Party supports the profit system 
and is anti-Socialist, and we should not expect its members to act lUce Socialists. 

■■ If it vrere not. for these differences, vre could all be Democrats with a 
capital D, and there would be no reason for the existence of the Socialist Party. 

But these vital differences do exist, and we must have a Socialist Party to present 

our viewpoint. It is our job to build the Socialist Party, and we can best do that 
by emphasizing the difference betvieen it and both the capitalist parties, and point 
out T/hy ve are right and they are wrong. 

I h-'G giv-i-you r, f; ._ e::ampleiil-of the maiiy things that we can aiid should 
talk and vncite about. Heaven knov/s there are plenty morei Let's get on yixth the . 
job of building the Socialist Party. 



r: V i..u-J 

Tucson : 

George Papcun 

Bay Area: 

Ifev/ Perspectives Branch: 
• Barney Colien 

R^g-dan Denitch 
Arlon Tussing 
iforman ;jatir 
San rtancisco Local; 
liarry Siitonen 
University i3ranch: 
Joyce iJroivn 
Jinne liraper 
Jan Carrell 
Ja^ies IBurnett 
Los ii^igeles: 

ftiul Albright 

Lackey Ibrges 

Ibulder : 

Erank I^ers 
Alez Garber 
Gene Yaeger 
Tom ItLlstein 
IJarold Schlag-er 
Lially Mlsteiii 
JUstrict of Coluinbia: 


Illinois : 
State : 

Ifeter irons 
Heil ilaclay 


iten williger 
Cjainn iirisben 
Debbie I.Ieier 
Saul Hendelson 
ftter i.Ieyer 
iforth Side Chicago: 

liarion ahier 
■ ~^-~ itose V/einrib 

I.-iax I/einrib 
South Side Chicago: 
Ifen ]3urg 
iaiton Davis 
Olive Golden 
Ib.vid Ebmatsu 
a)bert Palter 
Charles Van Tassel 
Lula Vhite 

liassachusetts : 

Julius Lernstein 

Detroit ; 

Bonnie Liillins 
uexr Jersey 

Camden : 

Ifcrris Stempa' 
iforthern llevf Jersey: 

Ilarry i4.nthrop 
ihxT York State 

iJassau : 

Seymour Kopiloir 

Yetta Shachtman 
aif f oik : 

Jack Q5rpin 
Reuben Kunoff 
IJevr York City: 

DroEi Dassford 
Bernard Bolitzer 
Syd I^kofsky 
Betty Elkin 
. Samuel Kstrin 
Ikul Feldman . 
Samuel II. itiedman 
Dick Gumpert 
LUchael lIa3:-rington 
Iiorman Hill 
Eachelle Horowitz 
Itenn Kemble i. 
Ian lIcLlalian ■*" 

, . Budi I^alns 
t . . ■ iJrnst Ikpanek 

Seymour Steinsapir 
, IrvTin Suall 

Joan Suall 

Ohio : 

ifax liOhl 

S>^lvia l;bhl "^ 

J^an Thomas 

Berks Coimty: 

Alfred Eckenrode 
Ikrlington Hoopes 
Philadelphia : 

Central Branch: 

Uamiah Garner 
.• Carl l£ihlgren 
Joe Davidson 

•iO-l : 

/ 1 1 rxi- ^'^ 


Delegates, 19^4 Convention 

- 2 - 

y,fest side Eranch: 
•'■■' iJartin Oppenheimer 

MalteT Lively 
Elizabeth Young 

ilarvey ICLeiman 

Carl Eenson 
waiter Eenson 
'/alter Ltibbert 
'.jilliam Hart 
jiTivin Koth 
Joe Utetsoii 

ii-ancis lleisler 
Connecticut ; 

iTom G-reenspon 
iJarl Ilerrick 




Carlie ^mderson 
IDn Anderson 
LDv/en Eerman 

James Lertin 
Katherine Bert in 

Charles Davis 

i.llliam Allen 
Y^ter Llartin 
Ifennsylvania : 

Havid Fineman 
Young I^ople 's Socialist League: 
Tom Barton 
Ifl-t Komatsu 
Joe \;einer 

fegistered Alternates ; 
San ii-ancisco: 

Chicago : 

Tom Condit 
i,!ike ftirker 


jjpliraim ii'iend 
■Lhx Sliachtman 

Alex ',;ollod 

i<ick Congress 


-3 AI ?!£: S? CUliVllirTlOII 



ID^?IO!^: To accerT tIs H-rrir-^cn resolution as a basis for dxscussion. i\)r: 42; 

^.eiDISilT (Ii?5::-::i5:; Jcr: 36: gainst ;33. CiifflJU]}. 

^IfDIiLirP (.-^r.iels::-., -i zhs azner.dnent to :.!endelson 's amendments l^r;44; iiffaitist : I9. 

I.DTIDI?: To accept -.- lla^r -.-;-.- resolution as amended so far. ibr: 42: J^ainst : 21. 

R)Ee st ic Plat fen 

J -"i-' ■ 


The Peter i.Ieyer docuaer.t ^ras submitted as a substitute platform for the Committee do- 
cument. Vote on the Lleyer document: I-br: 13; .gainst; 58. ISJSEATED. 
ilOEITIir/IIIIT (iaien): ?or: 35; i^jainst : 25- CARRffil^. 
il-MIDIEifT (Ifeiclaj): Por: 17; i^ainst : 42. DEilJATED. 

Jk^eiSl B^licy ' Platform, p. 10 

IvDTIOil (Pineman): ^or: 5; igainst : 5I. UEFiJATEI). 

I.DTION on the Eriend document: For: 4; Against: 60; Abstain: 12. IL'I'Ii.^'SD. 

IDTIDir on the Thomas- Plat form Committee draft: Ibr: 64; Against: 2' ; Abstain: 2. 

Cons titutio n Coamittee He port , p. 11 

IDTIOII (Anderson): Por: 32; i^ainst : 16. CAfiRIKD. 

to:^anxz ation and Pinance Committee Report . p. 12 

IDTIOII (Parker): Per: 45; i^ainst : I9. CAREIL'D. 

?F1^.^. SM liducation Committee Report , pp. I3-I4 

LDTIOn on majority coamittee recommendation about --^- .pae-e of Hew ^erica : to refer 
to the ITC. Por: 45; ijainst : 21. CARRIED. 

Vote on the preamble to the Committee report: Por: 43; Against: 29. C/iRRlED. 
Vote on the majority committee resolution, p. I4: Por: 29; i^ainst : 36. DDiEA'iSD. 

i:&i'.ei'"51 i^lic .Y Committee Report , p. 22 

FREJPLIiUI AJMTDIKIfT XXII: Por: 21; .\sainst : 25. DEFJAIED. 
IICRUrJOLDG /J-EirDIMIT XV: Por: 22; Against: 28; Abstain: 4. DEF^J/LTBD. 
COIEII ;J,E1TDI.IE1IT XVIII. LDTIQir to refer: Por: I5; jigainst : 57. 'dcFiJATjJD. 
Vote on the amendment: Por: 13; jfeainst : 38; Abstain: 1. DUFUATUD. 
HillTCn /J£IiriiilJlTT V: Por: 27; igainst : I4. CAIffllED.